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Multi-Sport Background and Division 1 Recruitment

Words: 940 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 66439495

Participation in multi-sport has emerged as one of the most vital components towards college recruitment including division 1 recruitment. The significance of multi-sport background in high school in enhancing college division 1 recruitment rankings and opportunities is evident in the fact that 100% of college football award winners in 2016 played another sport in high school (Spilbeler, 2016). While seven of these award winners played three different sports during their high school years, nine were track and field athletes, eight were basketball players, one was a wrestler, one played soccer, and one played Australian Rules football (Spilbeler, 2016). These statistics highlight the influence of a multi-sport background in enhancing ranking, opportunities and success for college division 1.

Single-sport participation has traditionally been utilized as the premise for college recruitment and rankings. However, the past few decades have been characterized by increased recognition of the role and significance of a multi-sport…… [Read More]

References
Felder, M. (2013, March 8). The Inside Info on What College Football Recruiters Really Look for in Prospects. Bleacher Report. Retrieved November 13, 2017, from  http://bleacherreport.com/articles/1558720-the-inside-info-on-what-college-football-recruiters-really-look-for-in-prospects 
Spilbeler, B. (2016, December 8). All National College Football Award Winners Played Multiple Sports in High School. Tracking Football. Retrieved November 13, 2017, from  https://www.trackingfootball.com/blog/national-college-football-award-winners-high-school-multiple-sport-backgrounds/ 

 
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Creatine or Glutamine as a Dietary Supplement

Words: 1407 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 97202612

Dietary Supplement for Athletes or Bodybuilding

Creatine is a dietary supplement that has been popular for more than thirty years amongst athletes and bodybuilders (Feldman 1999: 45). Its alleged benefits include enhancing muscle-building and recovery. The use of dietary supplements, particularly amongst adolescents and young adult athletes has increased in popularity and may even be endorsed by coaches and parents. Creatine is not recommended for young athletes because of questions about the long-term safety of its use, but pressures to 'be the best' have increased as the margin between first-class and second-class athletes grows ever more razor-thin (Dunn et al. 2001).One study found that "62% of adolescent athletes believed supplements improve performance, with 50% consuming dietary supplements" (Dunn et al. 2001). In another study of attitudes of young athletes Dunn (et al. 2001) found widespread acceptance of the use of creatine and belief in its benefits, even amongst athletes who…… [Read More]

References

Beck TW, Housh TJ, Johnson GO, Coburn DW, Malek MH, Cramer JT. (2007). Effects of a drink containing creatine, amino acids, and protein, combined with ten weeks of resistance training on body composition, strength, and anaerobic performance.

J Strength Cond Res, 21:100-104.

Buford, Thomas W. (et al. 2007). International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand:

creatine supplementation and exercise. Retrieved:
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Inverted U Hypothesis

Words: 1647 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97562588

INVERTED U. HYPOTHESIS

It has been established that competitive state-anxiety normally follows a certain pattern of one-sided feelings of anxiety as well as inadequacy that combines with increased arousal of automatic nervous system (Fazey, 2008). Accordingly, the theory of Inverted U. hypothesis was formulated to explain this aspect, and it is widely applied in sports psychology. Inverted U. hypothesis a theory that suggest that there is a relative amount of anxiety and arousal that triggers one to perform higher- extremely little arousal or anxiety and too much arousal or anxiety will lead to poorer performance. This present paper briefly discusses the Inverted U. hypothesis in sports psychology.

Discussion

Until presently, the traditional Inverted theory had been the key model employed by sports psychologists to explain the arousal-performance relationship. Nevertheless, various sport psychology researchers have criticized this relationship, and the modern trend is a change towards a higher multidimensional perspective of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Fazey, J. (2008). The inverted-U hypothesis: a catastrophe for sport psychology? Leeds, British Association of Sports Sciences.

Pascuzzi, D.L. (2005). The effects of anxiety on gross motor performance a test of the inverted-U hypothesis. Thesis (M.S.) -- Western Illinois University, 1975.

Reeve, J. (2000). Understanding motivation and emotion. Fort Worth, TX, Harcourt College Publishers.

Schnabel, C., & Wagner, J. (2008). Union membership and age: the inverted u-shape hypothesis under test. Luneburg, Univ., Inst. fur Volkswirtschaftslehre.
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Cardiovascular Alterations Sudden Death of

Words: 911 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25926719

Therefore, it is very crucial for all the nurses examining the athletes to carefully differentiate the murmurs of the behaviors of athletes and recommend if it is safe for them to continue sports behaviour.

Discussion 2: Anaphylactic Shock

Anaphylaxis shock is a very dangerous and life threatening allergy reaction that needs right, quick and aggressive treatment on time. Due to lack of recognition, the exact evidence of this condition is difficult to know. There are also no laboratory markers or any particular tests that can be used in the emergency to diagnose this situation.

According to the Canadian Pediatric Surveillance Program it is "a severe allergic reaction to any stimulus, having sudden onset and generally lasting less than 24 hours, involving one or more body systems and producing one or more symptoms such as hives, flushing, itching, angioedema, stridor, wheezing, shortness of breath, vomiting, diarrhea or shock" (Simons, Chad and…… [Read More]

References

Bille, K., Figueiras, D., Schamasch, P., Kappenberger, L., Brenner, J., Meijboom, J and Meijboom J. (2006). 'Sudden cardiac death in athletes: the Lausanne Recommendations'.

Eur Journal Cardiovascular Rehabilitation. 2006 Dec; 13(6):859-75.

Maron, B.(2003). Sudden death in young athletes. N Engl J. Med. 2003;349: 1064 -- 75

Simons FER, Chad, ZH and Gold M. (2002). Real-time reporting of anaphylaxis in infants,
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Washing and Use of Testosterone The Action

Words: 960 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41458739

Washing and Use of Testosterone:

The Action of Hand Soap Bacteria:

Hand washing is an important practice for body hygiene because of its seeming effectiveness in preventing the transmission of bacteria. Actually, it is believed that hand washing helps to lessen the risk of bacterial infection through removing and destroying bacterial cells. Generally, the use of hand soap while complying with the good washing practices help an individual to destroy bacteria in the hands, which in turn decreases the spread of diseases or illnesses. The need to wash hands using hand soap is attributed to the accumulation of bacteria on the surface of a person's hands because of numerous opportunities brought by day-to-day activities. For instance, a person encounters bacteria every time he/she touches another individual, touches raw meat, and handles money. The bacteria can get into the individual's hands and under his/her fingernails and spread if he/she touches any…… [Read More]

References:

Angkadjaja, S. (2012). What Makes Antibacterial Soap Antibacterial? Retrieved from Illumin

University of Southern California website:  http://illumin.usc.edu/printer/68/what-makes-antibacterial-soap-antibacterial/ 

Singer, N. (2006, August 10). Does Testosterone Build A Better Athlete? The New York Times.

Retrieved December 4, 2013, from  http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/10/fashion/10Fitness.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
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Ephedrine Abuse the Use of

Words: 987 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92079996

However, these studies did not separate the effects of ephedrine from that of caffeine and so more intense research is awaited in this direction. [Robert a] it is to be noted that caffeine and ephedrine work synergistically which could be dangerous in patients with pre-existing cardiac or blood pressure abnormalities. Caffeine affects the adenosine-mediated dilation of blood vessels by antagonizing its receptors. The resulting increased availability of free adenosine monophosphate furthers the activity of ephedrine and catecholamine stimulation resulting in reduced cardiac refractory periods and increased cardiac output and consequently elevated blood pressure. [Charles N. Krome]

It is necessary to look into the inherent risks associated with the use of ephedrine. Ephedrine has a very high percentage of adverse reactions compared to all other herbal supplements. As reported by ent et al. (2003), ephedrine alone accounts for around 64% of all adverse medical reactions due to herbal products. This in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Daniel Ari Kapner, 'Infofacts Resources: Ephedra and Energy Drinks on College Campuses," Accessed 26th April 2008, Available at,  http://www.higheredcenter.org/pubs/factsheets/energy-drinks.html 

Michael P. Schaefer, Jay Smith, Diane L. Dahm and Matthew C. Sorenson, 'Ephedra Use in a Select group of Adolescent Athletes'. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2006) 5, 407-414, available at  http://www.jssm.org/vol5/n3/6/v5n3-6pdf.pdf 

3) Robert a. Robergs1, Tommy Boone2, Donna Lockner3, "Exercise Physiologists Should not Recommend the Use of Ephedrine and Related Compounds as Ergogenic Aids or Stimulants for Increased Weight Loss," Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, Volume 6 Number 4 November 2003, available at  http://faculty.css.edu/tboone2/asep/RobergsV2.doc 

4) Charles N. Krome, 'Cardiac Arrhythmia in a Professional Football Player. Was Ephedrine to Blame?' The physician and Sportsmedicine Vol31, No 12, Dec 2003.
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MLB Players MLB Baseball Players

Words: 491 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73274232



easons for MLB Players

Furthermore, MLB owners have enjoyed high double-digit return-on-investment for many years. By showing teenagers that steroids are not the cool nor healthy way to become more physical fit, they finally have the opportunity to show the world that they are not all Montgomery Burns (Saving the Puerto ican League).

If most people believe that the way to get ahead is to work hard, then most people will work hard, and more wealth will be created. On the other hand, if people believe that wealthy people should not have to work, then people will attempt to gain wealth without working, leading to a zero-sum economy. If most people expect public officials to be honest, then dishonest officials will be identified and punished" (eforming Our Beliefs Concerning Health Care).

Conclusion

From there, MLB baseball players participate to prevent teenage athletes' steroid use because they want to present a…… [Read More]

References

Steroid Use in Teen Athletes. http://www.***.ca/lib/essay/69_4.html

Saving the Puerto Rican League.  http://sportslaw.blogspot.com/2007_08_01_archive.html 

Reforming Our Beliefs Concerning Health Care. http://www.tcsdaily.com/article.aspx?id=062107A

Politics.  http://grg51.typepad.com/steroid_nation/politics/index.html
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English Topic Steroid I Specific Details Topic

Words: 2834 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40751721

english topic Steroid. I specific details topic Steroid Use Sports. steroid ? famous types steroid sport function type. good bad effective steroid athletes steroid ? steroid affect short-term long-term.

Steroids: are they a necessary evil?

Society traditionally encouraged people to experience progress in any field that they possibly could and this made it difficult for some to keep up with the fact that the world was constantly changing. In their struggle to keep up and even to be recognized for their contributions, some individuals have turned to using controversial methods. Athletes are provided with difficult choices as they feel the need to satisfy the needs of their fans. Society is indirectly responsible for the fact that some athletes use steroids because of the pressure that it puts on their shoulders. Many athletes today use steroids at the expense of their own health because they know that this is one of…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Dilingham, Michael, "Steroids, Sports and the Ethics of Winning," Retrieved December 4, 2011, from the Santa Clara University Website:  http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/ethicalperspectives/steriods-ethics.html 

Dodgshon, Robert, The Age of the Clans: The Highlands from Somerled to the Clearances (Edinburgh: Birlinn, 2002)

Hecht, Annabel, "Anabolic Steroids: Pumping Trouble," FDA Consumer Sept. 1984

Sender Aaron J. "Anabolic Steroids for non-therapeutic use," Retrieved December 4, 2011, from the New York University Website: http://www.nyu.edu/classes/jaeger/anabolic_steroids.htm
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Do Proteins Help the Body as Related to Sports Exercise and Nutrition

Words: 3010 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90075003

Proteins are often called the building blocks of life. In fact, the very word "protein" implies their importance in the body: it is a Greek word meaning "first place." Approximately fifty percent of the dry weight in animal cells is comprised of protein (Campbell 71). They play a roll in almost everything the body does and "are used for support, storage, transport of other substances, signaling from one part of the organism to another, movement, and defense against foreign substances." (Campbell 71). Proteins are essential to the proper functioning of every organism known to man.

The human genetic code holds the instructions for the making of over ten thousand different types of proteins; all with specific purposes. Additionally, "Proteins are the most structurally sophisticated molecules known." (Campbell 71). In comparison to other molecules, proteins are enormous and come in nearly every shape imaginable. However, despite their variety and size, proteins…… [Read More]

Works Cited

1. Berning, Jacqueline R. And Suzanne Nelson Steen. Nutrition for Sport and Exercise. Gaithersburg: Aspen Publications, 1998.

2. Campbell, Neil A. And Jane B. Reece. Biology: Sixth Edition. New York: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data, 2002.

3. Ronzio, Robert, PHD. The Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Good Health: Second Edition. New York: Facts On File Inc., 2003.

4. Ryan, Monique. Complete Guide to Sports Nutrition. Boulder: VELO Press, 1999.
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Technology in Paralympic Games Article Review

Words: 1265 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13350238

The Critique: Begin with a Brief Summary

In this article, Burkett (2010) tries to identify the role that technology can help Paralympic athletes to compete in different sporting activities. The study focuses more on how technology can be made relevant to individual needs of Paralympic athletes. Moreover, it highlights the weaknesses and strengths in technologies used in the summer Paralympic games held in Athens and Beijing.  The objective of the study was to ensure that relevant technology could be provided the 2012 London Games. The study is important and necessary because different technologies have been used before to help Paralympic athletes compete in different games, but some of them have failed the athletes. Moreover, Burkett (2010) seeks to provide solutions to an existing problem and make Paralympic athletes able to compete well during the Paralympic games. The researcher does an in-depth analysis of the peer-reviewed literature on technologies available for…… [Read More]

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Deliberate Play Being a Coach

Words: 1222 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12307648

The Sports Imagery Questionnaire provides feedback to the researcher, coach, parents and players on how the player views what he or she is learning and the perceived purpose and benefits of imagery training. The findings from one recent study showed that "Elite and intermediate athletes used imagery more frequently and deliberately and perceived imagery to be more relevant and requiring more concentration than recreational athletes" (Nordin, Cumming, Vincent, McGrory, 2005, p. 346). If these findings are correct, and there is no reason to doubt that they are not, then the way to enhance top level performance in sporting activities is to have the players practice the art of imagery.

It is not surprising that athletes are now incorporating imagery into their training regimes. Advertisers have known for some time the effectiveness of imagery on consumer's spending habits. Many radio advertisements are created with the thought that the consumer must 'see'…… [Read More]

References

Bolls, P.D.; Muehling, D.D.; (2007) the effects of dual-task processing on consumer's responses to high and low-imagery radio advertisements, Journal of Advertising, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 35-47

Cote, J.; (1999) Long-term athlete development, associated coaching pathways, and implications for coach education, Queens University, www.icce.ws/conference/documents/ICCE2005/LTAD.PPT, Accessed April 15, 2008

Da Matta, G.B.; French, K.S. (2002) the influence of Deliberate Practice and social support systems on the development of expert and intermediate female volleyball players in Brazil, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC,

Nordin, S.M.; Cumming, J.; Vincent, J.; McGrory, S.; (2005) Mental practice or spontaneous play? Examining which types of imagery constitutes deliberate practice in sport, Journal of Applied Sports Psychology, Vol. 18, Issue 4, pp. 345-362