Athletic Training Essays (Examples)

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Athletic Injuries

Words: 3570 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68475215

athletic coach I have garnered a wide variety of skills, as well as an extensive understanding of the standard practices and procedures an individual in the field of exercise science should possess. My past experiences have provided me with substantial knowledge of the principles involved in the prevention and care of athletic injuries. With the following, I hope to illustrate that my experiences and subsequent research have provided me with a broad awareness of typical athletic injuries and treatments as they apply to exercise science.

When a member of my dance squad sprained her ankle it became necessary for me to tape it as to provide additional support. I employed the traditional Gibney basket weave procedure. This consists of an interwoven network of stirrup strips "which cover the plantar surface of the hindfoot and extend proximally on both the medial and lateral aspects of the leg, and horseshoe strips, which…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Boyle, Daniel J.M.D. Sports Medicine for Parents and Coaches. Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1999.

Brown, Lee E. And Vance A. Ferrigno. Training for Speed, Agility, and Quickness. New York: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data, 2000.

Garrick, James G.M.D. And Peter Radetsky, Ph.D. Anybody's Sports Medicine Book. Toronto: Ten Speed Press, 2000.

Levy, Allan M.M.D. And Mark L. Fuerst. Sports Injury Handbook. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1993.
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Athletic Trainer

Words: 819 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86305146

career of an athletic trainer, including the background necessary for the career, the necessary education, and job opportunities for athletic trainers. Athletic trainers form a necessary backbone of most professional sports organizations, and many private organizations. A professional athletic trainer can make the difference between a life-changing injury, or returning to the game. Athletic trainers are an essential and integral part of modern sports medicine, and as sports and athletics increase in importance in our society, they will continue to play an important part in our healthy lives.

Athletic trainers have been around for centuries, but today, most trainers are certified, and not only work with sports clubs or educational facilities, they can work in gyms and fitness centers, and even corporate workout centers.

Certified athletic trainers (ATCs) are medical experts in preventing, recognizing, managing and rehabilitating injuries that result from physical activity. Athletic trainers can help you avoid unnecessary…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Author not Available. "Athletic Trainer." NortheastAHEC.org. 2003. 25 Sept. 2003. http://www.neahec.org/hc/HealthCareerPgs/AthleticTrainer.html

Editors. "What Does a Certified Athletic Trainer Do?" NATA.org. 2003. 25 Sept. 2003. http://www.nata.org/downloads/documents/306CareerInfoBrochure.htm

Hibberts, Rob. "How to Start Your Career." Cerro Coso Community College. 1998. 25 Sept. 2003. http://athletics.cerrocoso.edu/sportsmedicine/how_to_start_your_career.htm

Kornspan, Alan S., et al. "Career Opportunities in Sport and Exercise Among College Students." College Student Journal 36.3 (2002): 367+.
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Sports Psychology

Words: 1616 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48252289

Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership

Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or otherwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervisor, a respected person, someone who controls aversive power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ryan, 1982). A leader may possess have one or more of these characteristics, depending on the individual.

In addition to leadership characteristics, leaders may also differ in their leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or possessive style of leadership means that the leader takes complete charge of the team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach may leave much of the responsibility to the athletes and spend more time on the critical issues.

Chelladurai (1993) proposed a normative model of decision styles (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in coaching (Butler, 1996). A casual observer of the dynamics on a typical competitive sport…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Butler, Richard J. Sports Psychology in Action. Arnol, 1996.

Challadurai, P. Leadership in sports organizations. Canadian Journal of Applied Sciences, 5, 226-231. 1980.

Chelladurai, P. Discrepancy behavior and satisfaction of athletes in varying sports. Journal of sport psychology, 6, 27-41, 1984.

Chelladurai, P. Managing Organizations for Sport and Physical Activity: A Systems Perspective. Holcomb Hathaway, 2001.
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Training Program Principles Steps and

Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21148806



Among the criteria that should be evaluated in any progressive training program must include the duration and intensity of exercise and they types of exercise to be used (Browder and Darby, 1998). Guidelines for the program with time might include utilization of short-term or high intensity exercises interspersed with lower intensity and longer duration exercises (Browder & Darby, 1998). This suggests alternating strength-training events with cardiovascular endurance activities to maximize aerobic and anaerobic activity within the body.

Exercise testing should also be employed as part of a well-defined and systematic progressive strength-training program (Browder & Darby, 1998). Exercise testing may include but is not limited to measuring metabolic capability, current fitness levels and strength capability, training goals and body fat content among other factors. A strength-training program should also involve determination of exercise workloads which can be assessed using MET tables established by the American College of Sports Medicine (Browder…… [Read More]

References

American College of Sports Medicine. (1995). ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (5th ed.). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.

Browder, K.D. & Darby, L.A. (1998). "Individualizing exercise: Some biomechanical and physiological reminders." Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 69(4): 35.

Wathen, D. (1994). "Exercise order." In T.R. Baechle (Ed.), Essentials of strength training and conditioning, (431-434). Champion: Human Kinetics Publishing.

Principles Steps Guidelines
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Sports Illustrated -- Lance Is

Words: 1644 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45247384

One of the most pressing problems with the doping incidents is that punishment is so lax in many arenas. The WADA recommends a two-year ban from the sport, but increasing the time could reduce the number of doping incidents. An athlete might be less likely to turn to performance enhancing drugs of any kind if they knew they could face a ban for life, or a five-year or more ban from their chosen sport. Laws regarding the use of banned substances should be reviewed and updated so they are the same for each sport, and so they increase the culpability of the players involved. Since many of these athletes serve as heroes and role models to the children of the world, they owe it to them to come clean, stay clean, and support stricter enforcement in their specific sports. Lance Armstrong, in his comeback maneuver, could serve as a catalyst…… [Read More]

References

Editors. "Anti-Doping Expert Promises to Test Armstrong for 'Everything'." ESPN.com. 2008. 26 Sept. 2008.

http://sports.espn.go.com/oly/cycling/news/story?id=3609575

Murphy, Austin. "Armstrong Returns With a New Team and a Winning Cause." Sports Illustrated.com. Sept. 2008, 26 Sept. 2008.

http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2008/writers/austin_murphy/09/25/lance-armstrong-return/index.html.
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Athletic Facility Management Facility Liability

Words: 2221 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23197403

259). These authors assert that crowd management and crowd control constitute two additional vital issues that athletic facility management needs to address when hosting events at any stadium or venue.

Event managers also need to understand the type of event(s) they host and understand that variuos events draw different types of crowds, as no two crowds are alike and each crowd typically behaves in different manners. Abbott and Geddie (2001) warn: "Crowds can behave violently, resulting in destruction of property, personal injury, and, in extreme cases, death. Crowd management plans should be adjusted to meet the needs of the event and the potential crowd" (p. 260). Event managers need to prepare for the unexpected that might occur. They need to also realize that football game may require more security officers than a golf game.

Event managers also need to be aware of the surrounding location of the stadium or venue.…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Abbott, J. & Geddie, M.W. (2001). Event and venue management: Minimizing liability through effective crowd management techniques. Event Management. Cognizant Comm. Corp.

Vol. 6, pp. 259 -- 270. Retrieved July 10, 2009 from   http://www.popcenter.org/problems/spectator_violence/PDFs/Abbott.pdf  

Borkowski, R.P. (2006). When good facility go bad. Athletic Management. Retrieved July 12,

2009 from http://www.athleticmanagement.com/2007/01/15/when_good_facilities_go_bad/indx.php
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Sports Race and Gender Sports

Words: 1706 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77228108

But despite these strides, the negative as well as the positive legacy of sports in American culture cannot be ignored.

eferences

About Title IX. (2010). University of Iowa. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutE.html

Douglas, Scott. (2005). unning through Kenya. Slate.com. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.slate.com/id/2117122/entry/2117123/

Gettleman, Elizabeth. (2006, July). eview of William C. hoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves.

Mother Jones. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://motherjones.com/media/2006/07/forty-million-dollar-slaves

Johnson, Jenna. (2010). NCAA graduation rates. The Washington Post. etrieved September 20,

2010 at http://voices.washingtonpost.com/campus-overload/2010/03/another_ncaa_bracket_player_gr.html

Lehrer, Jonah. (2010, August 24). How to raise a superstar. Wired Science. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2010/08/how-to-raise-a-superstar/#ixzz107NwUSGh

Lovett, C. (1997). The fight to establish the women's Olympic marathon race. Olympic Marathon, Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc., Westport, CT. etrieved September 21,

2010 at http://www.marathonguide.com/history/olympicmarathons/chapter25.cfm

Williams, Kam. (2006). eview of William C. hoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves. AALBC.

etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://aalbc.com/reviews/forty_million_dollar_slaves.htm

Witt, Jon. (2006). The…… [Read More]

References

About Title IX. (2010). University of Iowa. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at  http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutRE.html 

Douglas, Scott. (2005). Running through Kenya. Slate.com. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.slate.com/id/2117122/entry/2117123/

Gettleman, Elizabeth. (2006, July). Review of William C. Rhoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves.

Mother Jones. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://motherjones.com/media/2006/07/forty-million-dollar-slaves
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Sport Stadium Risk Assessment Sport Venue Management

Words: 1421 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80649408

Sport Stadium Risk Assessment

Sport venue management face challenges in determining the level of a potential threat (Hall). Risk must be identified, measured, and evaluated to be effectively managed. It should include assessments for threats, vulnerabilities, and criticalities for information that helps to protect critical assets, physical and human, against terrorist attacks and other threats, such as fan behavior that can cause harm to others or physical assets. Protection measures can include access control, use of CCTV security cameras, adding lighting, performance of background checks, credentialing, checking backpacks, enhancing communication networks, as well as developing and updating emergency response and evacuation plans.

There are three types of risks that need to be assessed. Mission risk prevents the organization from accomplishing goals and missions. Asset risk can harm physical assets. And, security risks can potentially cripple actual data and people. These risks are identified by surveys, inspections, employee interviews, and the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Hall, S., Marciani, L. Cooper, W.E., & Rolen, R. "Introducing a Risk Assessment Model for Sport Venues." The Sport Journal, 10(2), ISSN: 1543-9518 (2007). Retrieved from http://www.thesportjournal.org/article/introducing-risk-assessment-model-sport-venues.

Hall, S., Marciani, L., & Cooper, W. "Sport Venue Security: Planning and Preparedness for Terrorists-related incidents." The Smart Journal, 4(2) (Spring/Summer 2008). Retrieved from  http://www.thesmartjournal.com/venues.pdf .
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Sports Psychology -- Setting Measurable

Words: 522 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76765022



Specific Strategy

1. Lose weight through improved diet.

Specific strategy -- Identify the foods that are responsible for my unwanted body weight; eliminate those foods entirely on a permanent basis to establish a lifelong diet capable of allowing me to maintain my ideal weight for decades.

2. Establish optimal physical fitness training routine.

Specific strategy -- Establish a consistency to my fitness workouts that will enable me to meet my goal; permanently eliminate those barriers to consistency that have sabotaged those efforts previously.

3. Stop smoking.

End the repetitive cycle of smoking cessation followed by relapse and subsequent attempts focusing on the number of cigarettes smoked per day or per month. Stop making excuses for "comfort" and habitual smoking by never allowing smoking to be enjoyable ever again. Allow only the (smoking) equivalent of a maintenance dose of nicotine when absolutely necessary and only under circumstances that eliminate any possible…… [Read More]

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Sports and Conditioning Coach Becoming

Words: 1400 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51867606

Although the coach may not work out with the client every session, he or she may be called upon to demonstrate many of the moves and to assist the client, depending on the nature of the session and the client's needs. For some coaches, the 'best' part of work -- the involvement with people committed to fitness -- may also be the worst part, because their schedules may make it difficult to find time to work out alone. Even then, the coach may be so exhausted from helping others he does not have the motivation to condition himself. But this is vital, so the coach can assist clients in an injury-free fashion.

A typical 'day in the life' of a sports and conditioning coach will vary depending upon the coach's practice setting. A private trainer might get up at 5:30am to go to the house of a busy executive he…… [Read More]

References

Kinesiology. (2011). University of Michigan. Retrieved November 16, 2011 at http://www.umich.edu/units_kines.php

Sports management. (2011). Syracuse University. Retrieved November 16, 2011 at http://falk.syr.edu/SportManagement/Default.aspx

Waehner, Paige. (2011). How to become a personal trainer. Retrieved November 16, 2011 at http://exercise.about.com/cs/forprofessionals/a/personaltrainer_2.htm
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Sports Nutrition the Stuff of

Words: 1524 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70597020



Matt gave Ed two eggs on toast with half-a-grapefruit and orange juice for breakfast (Independent on Sunday, 2002). Ed took fish oils and multivitamins on a daily basis. These were immediately followed by a good fiber and protein meal in minutes or strength during his warm-up sessions. Matt gave Stu chicken, basmati rice, couscous and egg and Jaffa cakes for his "insulin." Matt's intention was to bring extra protein straight into Stu's tired muscles. He also served Stu with nuts for his snacks (Independent on Sunday).

Commercial high-carbohydrate electrolyte sports drinks fill the football player's need, especially within the first 15 minutes after strenuous activity. These drinks also appeal more than plain water while contributing their value (Mannie, 2001).

ILIOGRAPHY

usiness Wire (2004). 3-a-day dairy teams up with national football league to tackle kids' nutrition and fitness in schools. usiness Wire: Gale, Cengage Learning.

Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Business Wire (2004). 3-a-day dairy teams up with national football league to tackle kids' nutrition and fitness in schools. Business Wire: Gale, Cengage Learning.

Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOEIN/is_2004_Sept_8/ai_n6185691/?tag=content;col1

Independent on Sunday (2002). The programme. Independent Newspapers UK Limited

ProQuest Information and Learning Company. Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4159/is_20020922/ai_n1266483/?tag=content;col1
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Sports Nutrition Proposal Contemporary Sports

Words: 1154 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41750758



References

Elliot, D.L., Moe, E.L., Goldberg, L., Defrancesco, C.A., Durham, M.B., & Hix-mall, H. (2006). Definition and Outcome of a Curriculum to Prevent Disordered Eating and Body haping Drug Use. Journal of chool Health, 76(2), 67+. Retrieved February 15, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5028537762

Maletto, Pete. (2008, October 1). ports nutrition: past, present and future: in order to understand where this market is headed it's important to know where it's been. Nutraceuticals World. Rodman Publications, Inc. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-188444472.html

Ray, Tracy R., & Fowler, Rachel. (2004, eptember 1). Current issues in sports nutrition in athletes. outhern Medical Journal. outhern Medical Association. 2004. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1123332696.html

haw, Greg, Cox, Greg, & Barnard. Janelle. (2007). ports nutrition: case studies 2. Nutrition & Dietetics: The Journal of the DietitiansAssociation of Australia. Dietitians Association of Australia. Retrieved February 15, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-165578876.html…… [Read More]

Sports nutrition vital for athletes.(2005, May 15). New Straits Times. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-108754539.html

Tallon, Mark J. (2007, November 1). Enzymes' new potential in an emerging wellness market. Functional Ingredients. Penton Media OH & IL. Retrieved February 15, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1399950491.html

2008, March 1). Sports nutrition goes natural. Functional Ingredients. Penton Media OH & IL. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P31456902041.html
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Training Needs Analysis

Words: 3802 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78554620

Training Needs Analysis

Abstract/Introduction: This paper focuses on "Strategic rganizational Culture Management and Its Training Needs" as a tool to preserve a company's competitiveness in a given market. While there seems to be unanimity that "Strategic rganizational Culture" has become a necessary asset of the modern company, there is the question of whether such culture can be managed and whether such management can be trained. The purpose of the paper is to reflect the current state of art in the area by reviewing both academic and professional (practical) orientations. By discussing the implications of that research it aims to provide conclusion drawn from the available research by showing that "Strategic rganizational Culture Management" is an aspect of managerial leadership that is accessible to and in need of ongoing training.

Main Part: A strategic plan maps out the direction a company will follow to achieve an organizational vision or goal. Strategic…… [Read More]

Organizational culture theory. 18 November 2010. 1-5. Accessed 4 December 2011.

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Training and Development Underwood Ryan

Words: 785 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50995794

The author states that, over the course of workshops designed to elicit preferences, tastes, and feelings, he "remained the odd man out. I'm pursuing my dream career already, while everyone else (aside perhaps from the publicist) had come searching for answers to a particular set of problems and concerns. Skepticism may be the proper mind-set with which to enter into a coaching relationship, but you have to want to be coached. I didn't. I was just some jerk trying to play along. The group felt it. I felt it. So after one lost weekend, I didn't need any coaching to decide not to return for a second one." (Underwood, 2005, 85)

This desire on the part of the participant to want coaching thus is vital -- individauls must be motivated to seek advice and to execute that advice, whether motivated by the prospect of a promotion or orgaizational loyalty. But…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Underwood, Ryan. (February 2005) "Are you being coached?" Fast Company. Feb 2005 Issue 91: p.83. Retrieved 8 Feb 2005 at http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/91/open_playbook.html

Underwood, Ryan. (February 2005) "Coaching School Dropout." Fast Company. Feb 2005 Issue 91: p.85. Retrieved 8 Feb 2005 at http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/91/guinea-pig.html
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Sports Psychology -- Achieving Specific

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7276500



Monthly Interventions

Complete 4 workouts during Weeks 3 and 4, each. Establish a routine that lends itself to long-term maintenance of the 4-week plan over a much longer term (i.e. For life).

Begin to live a fitness lifestyle that does not require constant short-term effort to maintain.

Goal #3 -- Stop smoking permanently

Daily Interventions

Create a list of specific situations in which smoking will no longer be permitted at all (i.e. wakeup cigarette, smoking with other people under any circumstances, smoking after meals, and smoking in any situation that is either enjoyable or comfortable). Decide what specific method will be used to make smoking purely "maintenance dose"-related (i.e. standing on one leg, smoking in the cold, smoking only with one palm on the floor, etc.) Inform friends of methodology to avoid any misinterpretation of intentions.

Weekly Interventions

Identify any lapses in the rules established in Week 1 and take…… [Read More]

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College Sports and Recreational Activities Are Traditionally

Words: 1433 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45138881

College sports and recreational activities are traditionally dominated by men. Although there have been dramatic increases in women's involvement in sports at the college level, men continue to make up the majority of the participants and spectators of events and activities. The availability of high-quality recreational facilities for athletic training as well as general fitness and maintenance is necessary and integral to sports programs in colleges. It may be assumed that these types of facilities are mostly utilized by men due to their predominant participation in sports and recreation activities.

Even though participation in campus sports and recreational activities still involves men more than women, this doesn't necessarily mean that men value the importance of sports and recreation in college more than women. Milton (1998) was interested in this concept and investigated beliefs among men and women in college as to whether the development of new, high-quality sports and recreation…… [Read More]

Reference

Milton, P. (1998). Female and male prioritization of the availability of campus recreational facilities. National Intramural-Recreational Sports Association Journal, 22(2), 30-1.
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Increasing Sport Injuries

Words: 2348 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66618732

Sports Injuries

Competitive sports participation opportunities for children continue to grow. Nowadays, children begin their regular sport participation between the ages of 4 to 8 years. Most children enjoy sports and show great enthusiasm for participation. However, the situation changes when young athletes get involved in the elite-level championships organized and directed by adults. Children's play becomes transformed from informal playground games to highly organized sporting events that mirror adult professional sports.

The effects of such intensive training and participation in elite-level competition on young athletes have been investigated. However, most of the research has been devoted to athletes above 10 years of age who are involved in individual sports. Little has been done to explore the impact of the elite-level competition on children under 10 years old participating in team sports.

Indeed, the idea that organized, supervised athletic competition benefits pre-pubertal children is very controversial. However, since more and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AAP. "Organized Athletics for Preadolescent Children." Pediatrics 84, 1989:583-4.

Ad Hoc Committee on Sports and Children of the FIMS Education Commission. Sports and children. Position stand of the International Federation of Sports Medicine and World Health Organization on "Organized Sport for Children." Olympic Coach, Summer 1997: 6-8.

Backx, F. "Injuries in persons and high-risk sports; a longitudinal study of 1,818 school

Children." The American Journal of Sports Medicine 19, 1991:124-30.
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Motivation in Sport

Words: 19272 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9769558

Motivation in Sport

Take a look at the animal world and you will find the proof that game is an inherent feature of the virtually evaluated species. This has an important part in literacy and evolution. We witness many a mock fights between kittens and pups so as to enhance their stamina, speed, tolerance and will. Through such hatred free games, they rub their hands for survival and satisfy their urge for challenge and ecstasy. The human species is not just a species of animals based on reason. There is an unquenchable thirst in the humans for wisdom, truth and joy. These spiritual features are the ones which differentiate human beings from animals. In the proceeding development of human civilization, sports and games have had a part in revealing the human ability.

At each and every phase of the evolutionary process, sport has had an important part in giving a…… [Read More]

References

Anshel, M.H. (1997). Sport Psychology: from Theory to Practice. (Third Edition). Scottsdale, Arizona: Gorsuch Scarisbrick

Bakker, F.C., De Koning, J.J., Van Ingen Schenau, G.J., & Gert, D.G. (1993).

Motivation of young elite speed skaters. International Journal of Sports Psychology, 24, 432-

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.
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Gender Matter in Sports There

Words: 2514 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10104952

234). Culturally, trainers may simply be paying more attention to girls' injuries due to our culture's tendency to protect females more than males (Tierney, et al., 2005, p. 278) and/or boys may simply under-report concussions due to "macho" tendencies to play through pain in order to continue playing (Covassin, et al., 2012, p. 926). Hormones may contribute to the greater incidence of concussions among female high school athletes because researchers have found that estrogen protects male rats from brain trauma but actually makes female rats more vulnerable to brain trauma (Makdissi, et al., 2013, p. 319). Whether caused anatomically, culturally, hormonally or for some other reason, the fact remains that girls are reportedly highly more likely to sustain concussions in sports such as soccer and basketball. Consequently, gender matters in the sports injury of concussion.

3. Conclusion

Development of a masculine identity is psychologically fundamental for males and particularly for…… [Read More]

References

Allan, E.J., Gordon, S.P. & Iverson, S.V., Fall 2006. Re/thinking Practices of Power: The Discursive Framing of Leadership in the Chronicle of Higher Education. Review of Higher Education, 30(1), pp. 41-68.

Bourdieu, P., 1978. 'Sport and Social Class,' Social Science Information, 17(6): 819-840. [Online]

Available at:  http://ssi.sagepub.com/content/17/6/819.ciatation  [Accessed 21 May 2013].

Chesebro, J.W. & Fuse, K., Summer 2001. The Development of a Perceived Masculinity Scale. Communication Quarterly, 49(3), pp. 203-278.
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Sport Obermeyer Case Study I Answers Attached

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72372311

sport obermeyer case study I answers attached file

Started: Jul 14 at 2:33am

ptsWhy does Sport Obermeyer place two production orders with their suppliers, each comprising 50% of their total season needs? Choose the best single answer.

Why does Sport Obermeyer place two production orders with their suppliers, each comprising 50% of their total season needs? Choose the best single answer.

They would be better off ordering just once, because then they would face a newsvendor problem for which the optimal solution is known.

This allows them to take advantage of the positive correlation between early orders from retailers and total demand.

This increases their odds of not suffering from quota restrictions.

This gives them more time to refine their product designs.

This allows them to defer production of their lowest value and easiest to forecast items until after the Las Vegas trade show.

This lowers their carbon footprint.

Question…… [Read More]

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Training in Organization

Words: 316 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83240301

training is an element where a trainee can demonstrate his understanding of what is being taught. By reacting on the subject being taught, based on the sense of his reactions, a trainee can show the level of knowledge he already gained. Reaction can include raising questions and demanding for more explanation on a particular topic. Even though the element of reaction can demonstrate how much depth of knowledge a trainee had reached, it cannot be used as a method to evaluate the trainee's skills of the subject taught. This is because a trainee may have the ability to explain the things he learned but may be unable to apply them.

Result is an element of training where the overall skills and ability of a trainee, on the area of learning that was taught, can be measured. With results, such as results on how a trainee performed during the training's practices,…… [Read More]

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Sports Happenings of the 1960's

Words: 539 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93981666

The 1960s are remembered for the wonderful acts that he put across as he eventually led the Philadelphia 76 ers to an NBA title. He is known as the only basketball player to have scored 100 points in a single game.

Wilma Rudolph is yet another person who generated much controversy in the world of sports during the 1960s as a result of her outstanding performances. Similar to Chamberlain, she experienced a great deal of health problems as she was growing up. However, this did not stop her from winning three Olympic gold medals as she demonstrated that determination was the key to success, regardless of the circumstances. In spite of the fact that she had polio and pneumonia, the athlete struggled until she became the best in her field of work. She was not discouraged by doctors who expressed doubt regarding her regaining her ability to walk consequent to…… [Read More]

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Sport as a Vehicle for Change

Words: 4806 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14005972

Social Change Through omen's Sports

Promoting Social Change Through omen's Sports Leadership

The problems that cry out for social change solutions

No one who is intelligent, literate, and who is paying attention could avoid the fact that much of the world today is in need of fresh and creative ways to resolve cultural and social conflicts and to build better communities where families feel safe and futures seem secure. ar, bloodshed, racial rage, and mindless military carnage -- in addition to the disturbing, ongoing violence against women -- make up too much of the front pages of daily newspapers. Dramatic social changes are desperately needed, and the plans for those changes have yet to be drawn up by present political leadership in the United States and elsewhere.

Over the first week in October, for example: suicide bombers killed 19 innocent tourists in Bali; car bomb blasts killed numerous citizens and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Association of University Women. (2004). Report Card on Gender Equity. Retrieved October 5, 2005, from   http://www.aauw.org  .

Christofides, Nicola J.; Jewkes, Rachel K.; Webster, Naomi; Penn-Kekana, Loveday; Abrahams,

Naeema & Martin, Lorna J. (2005). "Other patients are really in need of medical attention" the quality of health care services for rape survivors in South Africa. Bulletin of the World

Health Organization, 83(7), 495-502.
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Training Women for the Military

Words: 3228 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76933795

In those days prior to 2003, TADOC gave recruits nut-and-bolt basics, then sent the new Soldiers to their units where the real training started....nTo achieve "Soldier" status, recruits now spend 21 days in the field during basic training. The training focus has changed dramatically from what was primarily a standards, discipline and soldierization process to one of intensive combat skills. (Leipold, 2009)nHowever, such changes have tended to come about without any sort controlled, rigorous study. There is nothing wrong about changes that come from within and that grow organically out of the requirements of an organization. However, a controlled experiment offers certain key advantages because it can cast off old attitudes and biases.nI have already described the control group in this experiment. The three experimental groups add different elements to the equation. The first of these experimental groups is actually one that I predict will reduce the overall fitness of…… [Read More]

References\nEvans, M. (2005). Women pay painful price for equal military training. The Times, retrieved 9 February 2010 from http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article434024.ece.\nhttp://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100121052640AAZ1xPL \nhttp://www.military.com/military-fitness/fitness-test-prep/physical-fitness-test-anxiety \nLeipold, J. (2009). Not your father\'s basic, anymore, retrieved 8 February 2010 from \nhttp://usmilitary.about.com/od/armyjoin/a/newarmybasic.-u5p.htm.\nO\'Reilly, K. (1981). Dick and Jane in basic training. Newsweek. \nhttp://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953209-\n2,00.html#ixzz0fYEyTybe \nRichards, T. (n.d.) What is comprehensive cognitive-behavioral therapy? \nRetrieved 10 \nFebruary 2010 from \nhttp://www.socialanxietyinstitute.org/ccbtherapy.html.\nSegura, L. (2009). Veterans Decry Institutional Sexism in Military, retrieved 11 February 2010 \nfrom http://www.alternet.org/reproductivejustice/79877/.
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Sports Nutrition by Pramukova Szabadosova

Words: 339 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34898719



5. The authos conclude that, "Maintaining an enegy balance and a nutient dense diet, undetaking pudent taining, appopiately timing nutient intake, and obtaining adequate est ae the conestones to enhancing pefomance and/o taining adaptations," (Pamukova, 2011, p. 109). Some spots nutitional supplements have also been poven effective in the liteatue. Some of those supplments incease enegy availability and othes aid in ecovey.

6. The oiginal hypotheses wee boad and theefoe easily poven by pefoming a eview of liteatue. Scientific data on spots nutition is a complex subject aea, and a summay of infomation highlights majo findings.

7. Pamukova, B., Szabadosova, V. & Soltesova, A. (2011). Cuent knowledge about spots nutition. Austalasian Medical Jounal 4(3): 107-110.

8. The authos efeence thei souces heavily thoughout each section of the eseach analysis, using footnotes that coespond to the efeences section at the end of the epot.

9. Thee ae no tables, chats, figues,…… [Read More]

references section at the end of the report.

9. There are no tables, charts, figures, or any other visual aids used in the current article.

10. There are no tables used, and therefore no legends.

11. No direct quotations are used in the article. The research consists of skillful summaries and paraphrasing.
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Training Needs Analysis Practices for Managers A

Words: 17400 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42802134

Training Needs Analysis Practices for Managers: A Study of Saudi Arabia Private Firms

Training needs analysis (TNA) is defined by Mabey and Salman (1995:158) as a "process of collecting data which allows an organization to identify and compare its actual level with its desired level of performance." The authors also indicate that this performance could be interpreted as meaning the competencies and attitude necessary for the staff to do the job effectively. Moreover, Armstrong (1996:536) states that "training needs assessment is partly concerned with finding the gap between what is happening and what should happen.. This is what has to be filled by training ." Figure (1.1) depicts this gap.

Figure

The training Gap

WHAT SHOULD BE

TRAINING GAP

WHAT IS

CORPORATE OR FUNCTIONAL ATANDARDS

KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL REQUIRED

TARGETS OR STANDARDS OF

PERFORMANCE

CORPORATE FOR FUNCTIONAL RESULTS

KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL POSSESSED

ACTUAL PERFORMANCE OF INDIVIDUALS

Source: Armstrong (1996)

Gibson…… [Read More]

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Training Adult Vocational Specifically as it Relates to the Pawnbroker Industry

Words: 1212 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52595168

improve or inder te effectiveness of non-workplace-Based training programs for te American pawnbroker industry?

Overview of te Industry:

In te United States, tere are two main functions of a pawnbroker. Te first is making small loans, secured by personal property. Te second function is te sale of mercandise.

According to te Florida Pawnbrokers Association, loans are te ig profit center for pawnsops. "Te retail side also generates an average of 27% of te sops revenue. Te Association stated, "In 1996, te nation's 9,100 pawnsops generated $4 billion in revenue."

Pawnbrokers are regulated in te United States mostly at eiter te state or local area. Wile tere is no uniformity among te regulations, laws, or ordinances, it seems most are issued licenses, required to make reports to law enforcement, and obviously proibited from trafficking in stolen mercandise.

Te amount te pawnbroker is permitted to carge as fees and interest vary, but…… [Read More]

http://www.capitol.state.tx.us/tlo/77R/billtext/SB01370I.HTM;Internet;

Various statistics, U.S. Department of Labor and Industry, available at  http://www.dol.gov/ .; Accessed March 25, 2003.

U.S. Department of Labor ID Code is: 191.157-010
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American Sports of NFL and NBA and Their Influence in Popular Culture

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70386722

ports and popular culture (NFL/NBA)

Prelude

Pop Culture

Popular culture entails all forms of mass communication such as:

Newspapers

Radio

Magazines

Music

Books and Cartoons and comics

Advertising

It is somewhat different compared to higher forms of cultural art such as:

Classical music

Artworks

Conventional theatre

In terms of mass communication, popular culture means messages which are intellectually and artistically limited primarily designed to entertain and humor the viewers (Hollander, 2014). Following the industrial revolution, the people had a lot of time to spare which led to a huge demand for entertainment and amusement and gave height to media. The increasing supply of goods also made it necessary for the advertisers to attract the consumers and mass media could reach a large number of audiences at the same time (Hollander, 2014).

ports

The physical activities have always been in the life of human beings in the form of different leisure…… [Read More]

Sports have played a huge role in the American society on the whole as they have become a necessary part of the popular culture. American football is quite a popular game which brings NFL (National Football League) in limelight. NFL is same to same as other sports have an off season too when they are on a season break. Leagues such as NBA (National Basketball Association), MLB (Major League Baseball) and NHL (National Hockey League) follow the same pattern which builds the hype for them (Lee, 2012). It enables the public to forget all about sports for a while until it swings back in action again. The off season usually consists of training sessions, gym, trading players, NFL Combine and NFL Draft. These activities are heavily kept watch of by loyal fans followed by intense discussions (House, 2012).

Super Bowl is intensely popular in United States. Even the non-followers are somehow influenced by it as they hear news about it or by viewing it. The news channels mention regularly and social media is definitely on fire with news and updates. A famous band plays during halftime while a draw exists for watching the advertisements during the game and halftime (Lee, 2012). Companies are compelled to dish out loads of cash to display advertise themselves as the Super Bowl progresses. These ads are usually creative and funny and sometimes mixed. People for the sake of fun choose a particular team and cheer it till the end or otherwise friends pick a team and contend that it will win the title. It's sort of a public gathering event where food is enjoyed and drinks are taken in huge quantities. Tostitos and Doritos are chips found mostly at super Bowl parties while in case of drinks Coke, Pepsi and Budweiser. For the sports fans, it's their day off as they spend the entire day in front of a TV or mocking the opponent's team for fun. TV shows often give reference to Super Bowl just as Christmas and Halloween. Betting on a high level is also involved for the winning team, people are cut some slack from office, schools and colleges as it's the biggest event of the year (Hollander, 2014).

In 'Popular culture and the rituals of American Football' by Mark Axelrod, several cultural practices in America regarding football are mentioned. Before the ports went global, there were a lot of rituals and myths
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Motor Processes in Sport

Words: 4377 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51724219

Motor Processes in Sport

Tom is an 18-year-old goalkeeper who recently moved up in class from youth to adult football. He was an early maturer and has a history of being more advanced in soccer than his peers but now a weakness is exposed. He never learned to kick with his left foot and this has been a problem at this level. The current paper discusses the proposed reasons for his difficulty and outlines a plan of intervention.

Understanding the Effects of Early Maturation as They Apply to Tom

The traditional view holds that early maturation in boys has more positive consequences for psychosocial adaptation than late maturation. The early literature by researchers like Mussen and Jones (1957) described early-maturing boys during late adolescence (17 -- 18 years) as having higher self-esteem and self-confidence, a more positive self-image, and as being more socially mature, which may have led to more…… [Read More]

References

Baddeley, A. (2003). Working memory: Looking back and looking forward. Nature Reviews: Neuroscience 4 (10), 829 -- 839.

Banister, E.W. (1991). Modeling elite athletic performance. In H. Green, J. McDougall and H. Wenger (Eds.), Physiological testing of elite athletes (pp. 403 -- 424). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Brewer, J., Balsom, P.D., & Davis, J. (1995). Season birth distribution amongst European soccer players. Sports Exercise Injury, 1, 154-157.

Castaneda, B. & Gray, R. (2007). Effects of focus of attention on baseball batting performance in players of differing skill levels. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29 (1), 60-77.
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Flow States and Sport Performance

Words: 2445 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78417902

Flow States and Sport Performance

The attention of an individual focus on the movements of the body, power of the muscles, force of the lungs, and the strength beneath the feet in the context of running a race,. This is an indication that an individual is living in the moment utterly absorbed in the present activity. It is essential to note that time seems to fall away. According to the description by the positive psychologists, the encounter or experience during the running process is known as the flow. It is vital to note that the flow refers to the state of complete immersion in an activity. The mental state of the flow relates to the ability of an individual to be involved in the activity for its own sake.

Understanding the Psychology of the Flow

It is ideal to note that people experience diverse or different flow states. Some might…… [Read More]

References

Cowen, L.W. (2004). What Is Hypnosis? Journal of The Australian Traditional-Medicine

Society, 10(3), 105-107.

Faymonville, M., Boly, M., & Laureys, S. (2006). Functional neuroanatomy of the hypnotic state. Journal Of Physiology (09284257), 99(4-6), 463-469.

Ferrell, M.D., Beach, R.L., Szeverenyi, N.M., Krch, M., & Fernhall, B. (2006). An fMRI
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Classic Class Ancient World Sports

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64747505

Greek Sports

Sports in the ancient world evolved from the military traditions and are a reflection of the important elements of ancient life. When we consider the different elements of the ancient games, we see violence, beauty, the power of the gods and a social function, all of which are important factors in the ancient Greek games. This paper will explore the connection between sport, military and art in the ancient Greek and Roman worlds.

Sports & Military

Sporting tradition probably came from Greece, and Greek cities were surely the first to host massive sporting events on the scale of the Olympic Games. In this time, societies had strict rules with regards to the roles that people played in society. Wars and armed conflict were frequent, as a means gaining territory and power, as the Greek world was little more than a collection of loosely-tied city-states and small kingdoms. The…… [Read More]

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Attributions for Success or Failure in Sport Performance

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70241170

SUCCESS & AILURE IN SPORT PERORMANCE

Sports can be attributed to drastic changes of emotions and expectations by sports fans from their favourite teams or players, based on their performances. These performeances represent the strength, capability and potential of a sportsman or a team. Sports is one of those things where it is almost inevitable to get a result where there is a victor and loser. Sports can be understood as a non-lethal, healthy combat or duel amongst two sportsmen or teams who fight for awards, honours or even bragging rights over each other. This makes the notions of success and failure an integral function of the nature of sports. Through this paper, it is targeted to carry out a thorough analysis and understand the various reasons for which the success and failure in sports performances are witnessed by sportmen and fans. This discussion would aid in determining and developing…… [Read More]

For sport achievement, a greater influence might be exerted on subsequent attributions and effort related to sport may be more quantifiable and salient. In sport behavior, the abilities related to the cardiovascular fitness and strength is fluctuating over time and unstable, in accordance to the analysis of the sport situation. In intellectual tasks, it was perceived that the ability attributions for failure were precluded by the motivational bias, however in sport tasks, the motivational bias will be reduced in attributions for failure (Rejeski & Lowe, 1980). For failure outcomes in sport, this will result in an increase in perceived personal responsibility.

In compare to intellectual tasks, the perception of effort levels must be more quantitative in sport tasks. In compare to attributions for academic achievement, the epistemological status of effort and ability might be different for sport achievement. In sport settings, the relationship between task difficulty and the outcome might be mediated by the effort information suggested by the significant effort obtained on task difficulty by outcome interaction (Allen & Et.al, 2009). In sport tasks, the effort information is both more quantifiable and more phenomenally salient.

A fundamental role is played by causal ascriptions in the proposed theory about emotion and motivation. Few dominant causal perceptions are found in contexts related to achievement. With globality and intentionality as other possible causal structures, controllability, stability and locus are the three common properties that have been shared by the perceived causes of failure and success (Weiner, 1985). Shame, pride, hopelessness, gratitude, pity, guilt and anger are the variety of general emotional experiences that affect all three dimensions of causality. In expectancy of
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Preferred Leadership Styles in Sports

Words: 1869 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57753320

sports leadership. The writer explores what it takes to be an effective leader in the world of sports. Terms are defined and literature is examined to present the most important characteristics in the role of coach. There were eight sources used to complete this paper.

Sports can be the foundation for building a successful life. Whether the participant plays childhood league sports, school sports, or goes on to become a professional player the skills and traits that are developed during that time help shape the total person. Because of the important impact that sports can have on a person's total development the way a team is handled becomes a key factor in the sports industry. Most people who have had children participate in sports leagues have either experienced or witnessed both good coaches and bad coaches. On the school level teams coaches quickly develop reputations based on how they lead…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

http://www.syhi.org/coaches%20corner%20folder/article%20coaching_youth_sports.htm

Planning a Preseason Team Meeting

Leadership: what does it take? (Special Feature: Leadership Training).

NZ Business; July 1, 2002; Baker, Glenn
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Rugby Training School in the

Words: 2765 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71748786

First of all, the marketing plan identifies the need for opening a rugby training school in the Denver Metro Area, given in this case by the fact that, however there exist several rugby clubs, they generally do not offer training services. Then, a second objective of the marketing plan is to identify the customers which would purchase the new product or services. In this case, it would be represented by all those who wish to practice rugby but have no place to learn it.

Another objective of the marketing plan is to help the management of the organization decide on numerous product related issues, such as the launching of the product or service, its placement onto the market, decisions related to the price of the service or the promotion strategies used to familiarize the customers with the new service. All these represent decisions which must be made prior to the…… [Read More]

References

Denver City Search, Sport Clubs and Gyms, 2008, http://denver.citysearch.com/yellowpages/results/Denver_CO/page15.html?gcats=200&cats=374,last accessed on February 15, 2008

Black Ice Women's Rugby, 2008, http://www.blackicerugby.com/intro.html, last accessed on February 15, 2008

Denver Barbarians RFC, 2008, http://www.denverbarbarians.comlast accessed on February 15, 2008

Denver Highlanders Rugby Football Club, 2008, http://www.denverhighlanders.org, last accessed on February 15, 2008
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Gender in Sports in the

Words: 1857 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9741790

Ironically, as we have seen, we live in a capitalistic society. A sometimes unwilling engine of this equity has been revenue generating sports. hat will be absolutely necessary will be the demand of female consumers who will vote with their wallets in favor of equity. However, they will only do so if they are properly educated. The portrayal of women as equal partners of women in society appears to be a permanent feature of American society. Baring some major social change in society, this trend is likely to continue. As noted above, the place for gender integration in sports on the playing field and court will ironically probably take place on the living room couch in front of the television or in front of the computer. Non-athletes will determine for good or ill the status of gender in sports. They have before and this will certainly continue into the foreseeable…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Eastman, Susan Tyler, and Andrew C. Billings. "Biased Voices of Sports: Racial

and Gender Stereotyping in College Basketball Announcing." Howard

Journal of Communications. 12. (2001): 183-208. Print.

"HR and Employment Law News." Hr.blr.com. HR BLR, 3 October 2003. Web. 4
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Philosophy of Sports but IT's

Words: 2208 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46917024

Even the much despised soccer is popular amongst American youths. Yet Americans cheer on their favorite individual stars in all of these sports, especially if the starts engage in charity efforts to justify their bloated salaries. The tension remains about what good sports do for both the individual or society, and Americans today are clearly using sports as a means of practical self-improvement like the Greeks as well as a means of collective identification like the English: "in the 1950's or 1960's, few people exercised; baseline fitness-consciousness was just above zero. Today, 20% of the U.S. population works out on a regular basis, while an additional 60%+ can be classified as...'Consciousness III' -- those persuaded of physical fitness, but who by their own admission, don't get enough exercise. As behavior lags enlightened attitudes, 4 out of 5 adult Americans are true believers in exercise and fitness." But the protests remain…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ancient Olympic Events," Peruses Digital Library Project, Edited by Gregory R.

Crane, 2007, Tufts University, 29 May 2007, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu.

Dillon, Sam. "Schools Cut Back Subjects to Push Reading and Math." The New York

Times. 25 Mar 2006. 29 May 2007. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/26/education/26child.html?ex=1301029200en=0c91b5bd32dabe2aei=5088partner=rssnytemc=rss
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Flexibility Training

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2632254

flexibility training has to offer in everyday life of people by helping them to function more effectively. Moreover I shall discuss constructing a class specifically for this kind of training and also shed some light on the ways music can help motivate and improve the performance of the people undergoing the flexibility training.

BENEFITS OF FLEXIBILITY TAINING:

Flexibility comprises full range motion of the various joints of the body and encompasses all components of the musculoskeletal system and specific neuromuscular pathways of the body. Flexibility varies from person to person depending on his age, gender, body temperature and the type of joint to be moved. It helps in the reduction of low back pain and injury (Bach, Green, & Jensen) and also helps improve the posture and muscle symmetry. (Corbin, C.B., & Noble, L). In addition to all this it decreases severity due to injury, delays the onset of muscular…… [Read More]

References:

1) Bach, B.K., Green, D.S., & Jensen, G. M- Article Title: A comparison of muscular tightness in runners and non-runners and the relation of muscular tightness to low back pain in runners. Publication Year: 1985.Journal Title: Journal of Orthopedic Sports Physical Therapy. Volume: 6.Page Number: 315+.

2) Corbin, C.B., & Noble, L-Article Title: Flexibility: A major component of physical fitness. Publication Year: 1980.Journal Title: The Journal of Physical Education and Recreation. Volume: 51.Page Numbers: 23-24, 57-60.

3) Anonymous-Flexibility training. Posted on: 15/11/2005.Available from:  http://www.mamashealth.com/exercise/flextrain.asp  [Accessed on: 16/11/2005]

4) Lee Crust-Ergogenic aids. Posted on: 2005. Available from: http://www.pponline.co.uk/encyc/0951.htm [Accessed on: 16/11/2005]
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Starting a Sports Program at

Words: 2797 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42154822



8. Staffing

The sports center at the newly opened high school has to employ at least the following:

Two coaches, preferably one male and one female, each to manage the same gender teams. This measure is to be implemented in order to reduce the chances of immoral conduct on school premises, but no discriminations would be committed during the selection and hiring processes.

One medic is required to be easily reachable and assist sports injuries or otherwise medical necessities. Hiring a new medical professional would be redundant and meaningless, coming as such to a conclusion that the already hired school medic would also assist the medical needs of the sports center.

One counselor. Similar to the school medic, it could initially be stated that the role of sports counselor would be played by the already hired school counselor. However, such a solution is not the most viable one in the…… [Read More]

References:

Conrad, M., 2006, the business of sports: a primer for journalists, Routledge

Delaney, T., Madigan, T., 2009, the sociology of sports: an introduction, McFarland

Mac, B., 2010, Code of ethics and conduct for sports coaches, BrainMac,  http://www.brianmac.co.uk/ethics.htm  last accessed on July 6, 2010

2010, Sports and exercise safety, Kids Health, http://kidshealth.org/teen/safety/safebasics/sport_safety.html# last accessed on July 6, 2010
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Boost for Women's Athletics but

Words: 3098 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40019638



Secondly, the report alluded to by CSC asserts that in "gender symmetric" sports there are "far more scholarships available for women (32,656) than for men (20,206)." The third bullet point in the CSC press release points out that men's volleyball is the "by far the most difficult" scholarship at the Division I level; there are reportedly 489 high school athletes for every full ride NCAA scholarship.

The "underlying" data that CSC used to put together their press release comes from two NCAA reports: "1981-82-2006-07 NCAA Sports Sponsorship and Participation Rate Report" and "2006-07 NCAA Division I Manual." Also factored into the report is data from the national Federation of State High School Associations. And so what is the College Sports Council calling on the federal government -- and the Department of Education (DOE) -- to do? The press release says that "women are accorded far more opportunities to compete and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Association of University Women. "Report Card on Gender Equity." Retrieved

June 28, 2009, from   http://www.aauw.org  . (2004).

Brake, Deborah. "Revisiting Title IX's Feminist Legacy: Moving Beyond the Three-

Part Test." Journal of Gender, Social Policy & The Law, 12(3), 453-473. (2004).
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Cardiovascular Program 60-Year-Old Walk-A-Thon Training

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58189815



Walking: Slow down your walking to a regular pace for 5 minutes.

If needed utilize heat or ice therapy to knees after walk.

Friday

Stretching: Sit down on the floor and reach for your toes. Hold this position for 1 minute and do not bounce. Next, sit with your legs crisscrossed, place your arms out to the sides and rotate your center slowly from side to side. Finally, stand up and face the wall. Slow begin walking your feet away from the wall until you feel a stretch in your calves.

Walking: Walk at a regular pace for 5 minutes.

Increase your pace for 8 minutes.

Frequency: Once per day

Intensity: Your heart rate should be at 80 bpm during the fast-paced walking. If you find that it is becoming hard to breath, then slow down to a normal pace until your breathing is back under control.

Walking: Slow down…… [Read More]

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Women in the Workforce Training Plan Breaking

Words: 1937 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94183325

Women in the Workforce

Training Plan: Breaking the Glass Ceiling at Intuit

Intuit revolutionized the accounting industry with innovative applications that assist with financial analysis and tax preparation. Since 1983 Intuit has been a proud leader providing our most famous products: Quicken and TurboTax to a wide variety of customers from individuals to small businesses and corporations. We have prided ourselves on providing an excellent workplace that sparks creativity and builds long-term relationships. Our atmosphere is one of continual learning and growth.

However, this focus on growth always means that there is room for improvement. The following examines a new training plan to help take advantage of one area that could be improved. Intuit attracts young movers and shakers. However, women have recently complained that their needs are being ignored. The following will examine a plan to include women in the Intuit mix in a way that allows them truly…… [Read More]

References

Intuit Inc., (2008, August 13). Intuit Unveils Small Business Connected Strategy. Intuit.

Retrieved from http://about.Intuit.com/about_Intuit/press_room/press_release/2008/0813.jsp li, M., Metz, I., & Kulik, C. (2007, December 4-7) Workforce gender diversity: Is it a source of competitive advantage? Paper presented at the 21st ANZAM conference, Sydney,

Australia Retrieved from  http://eprints.qut.edu.au/40898/1/40898.pdf 

Griffiths, M. & Moore, K. (2010). 'Disappearing Women': A Study of Women Who Left the UK
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Conditioning Training and Participating in

Words: 2801 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50961003

(MRN, 1) This is to indicate that brain cells
are more actively produced by physical activity, convincing neurological
theorists that regular athletic orientation will improve one's academic
capacity and intellectual clarity. Still, as with other beneficial aspects
of an athlete's physical and intellectual growth, sporting activity must be
pursued in at least some degree of moderation. For both the implications
of what Metzl refers to as overuse and the consequences of an overly
centralized focus on athletic activity, there may be real and long-term
repercussions to failing to balance this emphasis with other healthy or
meaningful activities. Especially concerning bone and joint injuries,
overuse of specific parts of the body in a continuous and monotonous manner
will result in chronic pains and ultimately, lifelong localized injuries.
Therefore, especially when training for an endurance event, where sustained
energy is crucial, in training moderation can be a key to the prevention of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Beginner Triathlete (BT). (2008). The Original 13 Week Sprint Training
Plan. Beginner Triathlete.com.

Harr, E. (2003). Triathlon training in four hours a week: from beginner
to finish line in just six weeks. Rodale.

Hiller, W.D.B.; O'Toole, M.L.; Fortess, E.E.,; Laird, R.H.; Imbert, P.C. &
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Aerobic and Anaerobic Training on the Performance

Words: 11051 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64965063

Aerobic and Anaerobic Training on the Performance of Female High School Soccer Players

The purpose of this study is to look at aerobic and anaerobic conditioning and exercise. Female soccer players are used for this study and the results of how well they do on specific tests are measured. The goal then becomes to see whether those that perform better on these tests are also better soccer players and to therefore conclude whether this type of training and exercise has an effect on the performance of female high school soccer players.

Since the researcher is a coach for a high school female soccer team, the ease with which this data can be collected and analyzed is significant. The importance of a study such as this should not be underestimated, as there are many athletes that could likely benefit from both aerobic and anaerobic exercise if it is found that there…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bangsbo, J. (1994). The physiology of soccer: With special reference to intense physical exercise. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 150(suppl. 619), 1-156.

Borrie, A. And Bradburn, D. (1998). A correlation of two aerobic power tests and three sprint performance tests. Journal of Sports Sciences, 16, 20-21.

Carter, J.E.L. And Heath, B. (1990). Somatotyping: Development and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Deshaies, P., Pargman, D. And Thiffault, C. (1979). A psychobiological profile of individual performance in junior hockey players. In Psychology of Motor Behavior and Sport - 1978 (edited by G.C. Roberts and K.M. Newell), pp. 36-50. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
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Goals Athletes Set in Training and Competition

Words: 1560 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44450403

Goals Athletes Set in Training and Competition

Perhaps the biggest mistake a researcher can make it to assume that if research has been done, that means the research is good research. In actuality, there is a significant amount of bad research available and those who rely upon it can easily draw bad conclusions. While there are an infinite number of ways that research can be bad, probably the most significant risk in bad research is research that detects a relationship (correlation) between two or more different variables and, from that relationship, seeks to suggest that there is causation between two or more of those variables. This can be due to an improper conclusion, but it can also be due to faulty research design that has failed to account for all of the other variables that could impact the results.

Defining Good esearch

It can be difficult to define good research…… [Read More]

References

Denscombe, M. (2007). The good research guide for small-scale social research projects, 3rd

Ed. Poland: Open University Press.

Munroe-Chandler, K., Hall, C., Weinberg, R.S. (2004). A qualitative analysis of the types of goals athletes set in training and competition. Journal of Sport Behavior, 27(1), 58-74.

Shuttleworth, M. (2008). Validity and reliability. Retrieved March 9, 2012 from Experiment
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Intermittent Hypoxia Erythropoiesis Mitochondrial Biogenesis Effects on Behavior Including Endurance in Athletics

Words: 5326 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57479416

Intermittent Hypoxia, Erythropoiesis, Mitochondrial Biogenesis, Effects on Behavior (including Endurance in Athletics

A test of fourteen senior male national squad rowers was conducted by Telford and co-workers (1994) in order to ascertain whole blood viscosity at higher 100 s-1 (BVH) shear rate and low 0.1 s-1 (BVL), red blood cell mean cell volume, white and red blood cell count, blood parameters of haemoglobin concentration. In order to evaluate the performance of rower, rowing ergometer was used for the 2500 m continuous effort. The results of rowers included Hb 15.5 g.dL-1, Hct 45.5%, BVL 64.1 cP, BVH 4.2 cP, and a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 24.6. BVH demonstrated by the rowers was significantly (p… [Read More]

Wu H, Kanatous SB, Thurmond FA, Gallardo T, Isotani E, BasselDuby R, Williams RS. Regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle by CaMK. Science 296: 349 -- 352, 2002.

Wu Z, Puigserver P, Andersson U, Zhang C, Adelmant G, Mootha V, Troy A, Cinti S, Lowell B, Scarpulla RC, Spiegelman BM. Mechanisms controlling mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration through the thermogenic coactivator PGC-1. Cell 98: 115 -- 124, 1999.

Zhang, Y., Hu, Y., Zhou, F., Kong, Z. (2005). Effects of 'living high, training low' on the immune function of red blood cells and on endurance performance in soccer players. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness: Vol 3, No 2.
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Personal Reflection on my Sporting Competition

Words: 916 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68368223

Sporting Competition

It was a beautiful summer, as I was thinking about the junior world championship in Bucharest, I was very nervous and my legs literally felt like they weighed a million pounds each. As I climbed up the stairs and stepped on the mat, I felt as if I stepped onto a giant Tempurpedic mattress.

My feet sank in, and my heart was beating a faster mile a minute. I knew that the next thing to do is to read my daily affirmation before each match and this would calm me down. However, this was the world championships, the biggest stage that a boy of between 17 and 20-year-old could wrestle at in the world. I knew that going into the match is going to be a big challenge because I was up against a two-time world champion who had accumulated a lot of experience in the field.

Compared…… [Read More]

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Job Fair Brochure Half Time Sports Bar

Words: 518 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44872416

Job fair brochure: Half Time Sports Bar & Grill

Looking for a fun place to work? Love sports? Love to eat? The Half Time Sports Bar & Grill is a rapidly-expanding local franchise that offers traditional American food in a relaxed and homey setting. Customers can watch their favorite sports while they are served by a dynamic and engaging wait staff. Behind the counter, equally enthusiastic line cooks prepare the perfect burgers, fries, wings, and seafood to go with the football, basketball, and baseball games on-screen. The beer is cold, and the atmosphere is filled with a sense of friendly rivalry. Half Time Sports Bar & Grill needs new wait staff and cooks: do you have what it takes to serve on our team?

Servers must be motivated, and used to working in a fast-paced environment. Earning potential is high, given that customers often order multiple appetizers, drinks, and entrees…… [Read More]

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Best Sports Coaching Style

Words: 2837 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65576702

Autonomy-Suppotive Coaching

Autonomy-Suppoting Coaching

Not unlike the wold of business, many eseaches and pundits have evaluated and looked at the wold of spots as a way to analyze whethe and how cetain coaching styles ae beneficial o non-beneficial in tems of the pefomance and outcomes of the team in question. Of couse, the question is a multi-faceted one and analyzing such a question in a contolled envionment can be difficult. Samples sizes and "apples to apples" compaisons can be difficult. Even so, thee ae many takeaways and points of analysis that can and should be undetaken so as to gauge the efficacy of a team if it is subjected to the suppotive-autonomy coaching ac as opposed to othe methods.

Autonomy-Suppotive Coaching

The subject of this epot is an analysis of whethe autonomy-suppotive coaching is o is not beneficial and effective in boosting pefomance of the athletes subjected to the method.…… [Read More]

references for male and female coaches. Women in Sport and Activity Journal,

21(2), 6

Hodge, K., & Lonsdale, C. (2011). Pro-social and antisocial behavior in sport: The role of coaching style, autonomous vs. controlled motivation, and moral disengagement. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33(4), 527

Klomsten, A.T., Skaalvik, E.M., and Espnes, G.A. (2004). Physical self-concept and sports: Do gender differences still exist?. Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum

Publishers, 50(1-2), 119-127
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Snowboarding and Having Patience With the Sport

Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91764625

Snowboarding and Having Patience to Succeed in the Sport

In basic terms, snowboarding is essentially a sport involving the use of specially designed equipment to descend a snow-covered slope. Considered a rapidly growing sport; snowboarding like any other sport undertaken during winter carries a significant level of risk with most injuries taking place amongst beginners. With that in mind, proper training is paramount. However, to master snowboarding and ultimately succeed in the same, the need for patience and an open mind cannot be overstated.

Even to a beginner, watching professional snowboarders going down snow-covered slopes makes snowboarding look relatively easy. However, nothing could be further from the truth. Indeed, it should be noted that for many beginners, the sport comes across as being rather frustrating to master. Further, to learn the relevant moves, maneuvers and safety precautions; beginners must attend demanding snowboarding lessons and allocate a significant amount of time…… [Read More]

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Aerobic Exercise or Resistance Training to a

Words: 989 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20983693

aerobic exercise or resistance training to a very low calorie diet are Donnelly JE, Jacobsen DJ, Jakici JM, and Whatley JE, "Very low calorie diet with concurrent vs. delayed and sequential exercise" published in 1994 in the 18th volume at page 469 of the International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolism Disorders (Donnelly et al.) and Bryner RW, Ullrich IH, Sauers J, Donley D, Hornsby G, Kolar M, and Yeater, R, "Effects of Resistance vs. Aerobic Training Combined With an 800 Calorie Liquid Diet on Lean Body Mass and Resting Metabolic Rate" published in 1999 in the 18th volume at page 115 the Journal of the American College of Nutrition (Bryner et al.). Both publications examined the hypothesis of whether the addition of either aerobic exercise or weight training to a very restricted diet increased various desirable measurements such as weight loss, fat free or lean mass body weight, and…… [Read More]

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How Personal Trainers Use Resistance Training

Words: 593 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48968243

ISSA Personal Training

One of the biggest challenges with personal training is creating a customizable program to help everyone throughout the process. This is problematic, as each person has different requirements. As a result, it is imperative to consider a number of variables. In the case of Steve, he is in excellent condition from running. However, he is lacking any kind of serious muscle mass and definition. To help him bulk up, there will be a focus on: his BM / DC, target heart rate, professional responsibilities, fitness tests / methods of evaluation / data collection methods and why a specific strategy was recommended. Together, these different elements will offer a better understanding about how to customize a personal training program for him. (Beachle, 2012)

Calculate the Client's BM and DC

Steve's current BM is 1,784 calories per day. This is the total amount his body is burning without do…… [Read More]

References

BMR Calculator. (2015). Calculator.net. Retrieved from: http://www.calculator.net/bmr-calculator.html?ctype=standard&cage=27&csex=m&cheightfeet=6&cheightinch=0&cpound=170&cheightmeter=180&ckg=60&x=70&y=23

Calorie Maintenance Level. (2015). A Calorie Meter.com. Retrieved from: http://www.acaloriecounter.com/diet/calorie-maintenance-calculator-daily-calorie-requirements/

Karvonen Calculator. (2015). Brain Calkins. Retrieved from: http://www.briancalkins.com/HeartRate.htm

Beachle, T. (2012). Weight Training. Campaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
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Benefits of Early Leadership Training for Youth

Words: 1066 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1209423

Leadership Training for Youth

Annotated Bibliography

Allen, S.J. (2007, Spring). Adult learning theory & leadership development," Kravis Leadership Institute, Leadership Review, 7, 26-37.

The authors explore the relationship between leadership development and adult learning theory, specifically behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, and social learning theory. Leadership is studied within learning theories framework.

Charbonneau, D., Barling, J, and Kelloway, E.K. (2001). Transformational leadership and sports performance: The mediating role of intrinsic motivation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31(7), 1521-1534.

The authors sought to test a model of transformational leadership with regard to its indirect effect on sports performance through the mediating effects of the athlete's intrinsic motivation. University athletes rated the transformational leadership of their coaches and their own intrinsic motivation, while the coaches assesses the athletes' performance. Kelloway's mediator tests (1996, 1998) were used to model the relationships. Intrinsic motivation was found to be a mediator of transformational leadership and sports performance,…… [Read More]

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Leadership Training and Experiences for Youth The

Words: 2205 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78041606

leadership training and experiences for youth. The research methodology was carefully drafted and developed as the best means for exploring this concept. A mixed methods, non-experimental, correlational study will be conducted to examine how problem solving, communication, and the building of self-esteem, contributes to early leadership training and development for youth in rural and inner city communities. While few research methodologies are perfect, this one has a tremendous amount of inherent strengths. One of the benefits of using a more mixed methods approach is that it will allow the researchers to gather data about this issue in a more comprehensive manner. Using both quantitative and qualitative approaches empowers the researchers to gather a wider net of data and to be able to process it from a larger variety of perspectives.

If anything, the wealth of previous literature supports this exact methodology for this particular subject matter. The study, "Personality and…… [Read More]

References

Boyd, B. (2001). Bringing Leadership Experiences to Inner-City Youth. Journal of Extension.

De Lisle, J. (2011). The Benefits and Challenges of Mixing Methods. Caribbean Curriculum, 87-120.

Ipregroup.com. (2013). Advantages of mixed methods in impact evaluation. Retrieved from ipregroup.com:  http://ipregroup.com/2013/04/advantages-of-mixed-methods-in-impact-evaluation/ 

Judge, T. (2002). Personality and Leadership: A Qualitative and Quantitative Review. Journal of Applied Psychology, 765 -- 780.
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Family Dollar & Modell S Sporting Goods Analysis in Business

Words: 1004 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67821314

FAMILY DOLLA & MODELLS ANALYSIS

Family Dollar & Modell's Sporting Goods Analysis

Academic Institution

Family Dollar & Modell's Sporting Goods Analysis

The award winning series Undercover Boss is a CBS reality show series that is about a senior management boss of a corporation who works as an undercover in a bid to discover, along with understanding the operation of the whole business. This likewise helps them to be able to recognize if there are any gaps in the corporation so that they can come up with the best way of speaking to them as a result. However, As CEO of Family Dollar, I am going to compare 2 positions from Undercover- Boss season 5 episodes 7. I would compare distribution center "warehouse" and Sales associate.

My name is Xavier Lewis, CEO of Family Dollar. Since 1959, when Family Dollar first swung its doors open to the public their doors (Leonard,…… [Read More]

References

Lambert, S. (Director). (2014). Undercover Boss Modell's Sporting Goods [Motion Picture].

Lambert, S. (Director). (2014). Undercover Boss S05E07 Family Dollar [Motion Picture].

Leonard, J. (2009). Family dollar stores.

Thompson Jr., A. S. (2008). Crafting and executing strategy. . New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
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Analyzing Scandal and Controversy in Sports

Words: 2629 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23260718

Scandal/Controversy in Sports

The following will take a look to see if scandal and controversy benefit sports.

Background of Sports Industry and Scandals

Sports in the U.S. is a multi-billion-dollar industry. Companies try to engage with clients by aligning the services and products they offer with this well-known industry via sports funding and endorsement. The benefit of this involvement has been well-recorded in the sports marketing literature (Hughes and Shank, 2005). The effect on business brands in case a scandal surfaces regarding an athletic supporter like a player, coach, or a team however, is less well-known. Several sports scandals, for instance, the rape case surrounding Kobe Bryant and the University of Colorado recruitment scandal raise very serious questions regarding the effect of sports scandals on amateur and professional athletic institutions, participants, sponsors, as well as other stakeholders.

Whereas conventional corporate sports supporters like Nike maintain omnipresence, several other different kinds…… [Read More]

References

Alessi. (2014). TheRichest - The World's Most Entertaining Site. Top 10 Sports Betting Scandals and Controversies - TheRichest. Retrieved June 21, 2016, from http://www.therichest.com/sports/top-10-sports-betting-scandals-and-controversies/

Doorty, A. (2016). Odyssey. Is Scandal Good for Baseball? Retrieved June 21, 2016, from http://www.theodysseyonline.com/are-scandals-good-for-baseball

Fisher, R., & Wakefield, K. (1998). Factors leading to group identification: A field study of winners and losers. Psychology & Marketing, 15(1). Retrieved, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6793(199801)15:1%3C23::AID-MAR3%3E3.0.CO;2-P/abstract

Garg. (2010). The Hoya. Scandals Show Need to Pay College Athletes. Retrieved June 21, 2016, from http://www.thehoya.com/scandals-show-need-to-pay-college-athletes/
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Employees Training and Development Plan

Words: 2080 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50702300

Freud and Erikson Theory

Compare and Contrast Freud and Erikson Theory

This essay begins by discussing Psychoanalytic Theory proposed by Sigmund Freud; the theory portrays that human behaviour is the result of conflict between the biological drives that develop slowly from childhood and play a significant part in determining a person's character. After a short review of the Psychoanalytic theory and evaluating it against modern psychoanalytic perspectives, the study will then cover a quite different theory i.e. Erikson's theory that reduces the significance of biological contributions. Erikson's Theory supposes that character/personality development is determined by not only biological factors but also by historical, ethnic, and cognitive factors. Erikson's theory explains challenges or issues that people face in the modern world. The fact that words such as "inner-space," "identity crisis" and "lifespan" have gained prominence in spoken and written language is testament to Erikson Theory's relevance. The Erikson's theory also has…… [Read More]

References

Cherry, K. (n.d.). Freud vs. Erikson: How Do Their Theories Compare? Retrieved November 16, 2015, from http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/ss/Freud-and-Erikson Compared.htm#step2

Difference Between Erikson and Freud (2011, April 5). Retrieved November 16, 2015, from http://www.differencebetween.net/science/difference-between-erikson-and-freud/

Hayes, N. (1999). Access to Psychology. London, UK: Hodder & Stoughton Educational

Jarvis, M. & Chandler, E. (2001).Angles on Psychology. Cheltenham, Australia: Nelson Thornes Limited.
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An Assessment of the Issues Associated With Internal and External Training Provision

Words: 917 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90131767

House and External Training

Most firms will pride some type of training and development for their employees. This may be provided formally such as dedicated training sections and development programs, as well as informally though peer-to-peer-based learning. Formal training may be provided in-house, or though external providers, each approach has advantages and disadvantages. Each will be considered separately.

In-house Training

In house training refers to training that is provided directly by the employer. For larger firms there may be a dedicated training department, which may be provided through classroom-based learning, on-the-job training and development, and may also be provided or supported though elearning (Jones, Beynon, Pickernell, & Packham, 2013). For smaller firms it is more likely to be task focused, with on-the-job training and support provided by peers and management (Jones et al., 2013).

By developing in-house training, there are many advantages. Firstly, the firm is able to control the…… [Read More]

References

Buchanan, D., & Huczynski, A. (2011). Organisational Behaviour. Harlow: FT/Prentice Hall.

Jones, P., Beynon, M., Pickernell, D., & Packham, G. (2013). Evaluating the Impact of Different Training Methods on SME Business Performance. Environmental Planning C Government and Policy, 31(1), 56-81.

Quinn, J. B. (1999). Strategic outsourcing: leveraging knowledge capabilities. Sloan Management Review, 4(4), 9-21.
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Leadership in Sports One of

Words: 4027 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14229476

It was after this season that Phil Jackson left the Platoons of Albany and joined the Chicago Bulls as an Assistant Coach, and as it is generally said, the 'rest is history'. (Lakers Coach Phil Jackson signs with WMA and Original Entertainment)

In a nutshell, a leader can be seen as a person or an individual who is inevitably the most important person within the group or organization where he is working or associated with in any way. It is this very leader who is most often responsible for the successes and the failures of the group or the team, which is under him. However, it is sometimes said that success and failure also lies in the hands of the followers, and in nay sort of organization or group, it is in the hands of the follower that the leader's goals and dreams are generally carried out or executed. Chris…… [Read More]

References

DuPree, David. Phil Jackson, Zen and Now. USA TODAY. 6 June, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.usatoday.com/sports/nba/02playoffs/2002-06-05-cover-jackson.htm. Accessed on 24 January, 2004

Empowerment: Developing Effective Followers. Retrieved From www.surcon.com/Surcon_Empowerment.doc+the+career+and+leadership+of+Phil+Jackson&hl=en" http://www.surcon.com/Surcon_Empowerment.doc. Accessed on 24 January, 2004

Evaluate Performance Constantly. Retrieved From www.teamsthatwin.com/ftp/EVALUATE%2520PERFORMANCE%2520CONSTANTLY.pdf+how+was+Coach+Phil+Jackson+effective+in+enabling+players+to+reach+their+peak+performance+levels+&hl=en" http://www.teamsthatwin.com/ftp/EVALUATE%20PERFORMANCE%20CONSTANTLY.pdf. Accessed on 24 January, 2004

Lakers Coach Phil Jackson signs with WMA and Original Entertainment. William Morris Agency, Press Releases. Retrieved at http://www.wma.com/0/press/pressreleases/Phil_Jackson_Final.html. Accessed on 24 January, 2004
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Lawrence Sports Inc Today's Companies

Words: 2751 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77903019

Foremost, unlike the previous alternative solution, the profitability of the sports equipment manufacturer would not be negatively affected by problems in the vendor-supplier relationship.

A b) Supplier-vendor relationship

Unlike changes in the priority of payments, the contracting of a bank loan would not affect the relationship between Lawrence Sports Inc. And its purveyors. The suppliers would still receive their payments at regular dates and would therefore continue delivering high quality commodities in a timely and efficient manner. If something, the relationship would improve as more orders would be made and the company would have a better possibility of honouring its obligations to the suppliers.

A c) Ability to resolve the problem now and in the future

The immediate future could pose some threats as the company would also have to pay the bank loan. However, the additional financial resources would allow the company to further invest in their human resource…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cameron, E., Green, M., April 2004, Making Sense of Change Management: A Complete Guide to Methods, Tools and Techniques of Organizational Change, Kogan Page Limited

Mathis, R.L., Jackson, J.H., January 2005, Human Resource Management, 11th Edition, South-Western
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Education Gainesville FL Major Sport Management Minor

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85661080

Education

Gainesville, FL

Major: Sport Management Minor: Business

Financed 100% of tuition with merit-based scholarships

Experience

Bank of America

Miami, FL

Executive Development Program (Sales Manager)

Dec 2011- Present

Managed a $10 mortgage collections business by leading and coaching a team of 31 associates

Exceeded sales plan 9 out of 12 months as manager.

Increased same store sales by 4.2% within the Mortgage Collections business

Helped develop the community service initiative "Bag Hunger," generating $2,900 to feed low income families in the South Florida area

Zen Fitness?

Gainesville, FL

Personal Training Intern (30 hours per week)

Jan 2010- May 2010

Pioneered a successful corporate fitness program for over 60 employees designed to increase productivity and overall efficiency within the work environment.

Generated over $9,000 dollars of revenue through successful implementation of corporate fitness programs

Sears Holdings Co

Ocala, FL

Executive Management Intern

May 2009-Aug 2009

Learned successful operation and management…… [Read More]

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Odor Beaters Athletic Shoes the Market for

Words: 2441 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75315359

Odor Beaters Athletic Shoes

The market for athletic shoes has grown into a multi-billion dollar global enterprise in the last several decades. Athletic shoes comprise about 33% of a $48 billion market, growing annually (National Shoe Retailers Association, 2012)

Athletic footwear includes athletic, sport, and active lifestyle footwear for men, women and children. It may be performance oriented, outdoor oriented, or even casual, but is designed to aid individuals in sporting activities.

One interesting fact about athletic footwear is that it has evolved over the last few decades to also become a fashion statement. Basketball shoes, for example, are worn not just on the court, but as everyday "urban" outfits, thus drastically increasing the size of the market.

Odor in shoes, particularly those worn in sporting events in which there is heavy perspiration, are considered one of the most irksome issues for athletic shoe wear, requiring regular inserts, use of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bible, L., Kerr, S., & Zanini, M. (2006). The Balanced Scorecard - Here and Back. Management Accounting Quarterly, 7(4), 18-29.

Bulgarella, C. (2005, February). Employee Satisfaction & Customer Satisfaction. Retrieved from Guidestar Research:  http://meetingmetrics.com/research_papers/whitepaper_cs_es_relationships.pdf 

Gruenwald, T., & Genz, D. (1999). Modern Methods of Ice Fishing. Channhassen, MN: Creative Publishing.

Kaplan, R., & Nortin, D. (1992, March). The Balanced Scorecard - Measures that Drive Performance. Retrieved from Harvard Business Review: http://www.stevens-tech.edu/MSISCourses/450/Articles/ValueOfIT/TheBalancedScoreCard.pdf
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Virtual Training in Corporate America

Words: 2938 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51146380

Virtual Training in Corporate America

Dynamics

Organizational Selection

The Geography of Virtual Training

The Virtual Training Campus

Quality/Effectiveness of Virtual Training

Computers have revolutionized almost every aspect of the modern world. Communication is now expected to be instant and global, and with this, comes the expectations of the modern employee and organization. The Internet, for instance, offers a way to reach out globally to communicate, share data, develop concepts, and train. The idea of virtual training, for instance, allows training to occur on almost any subject regardless of the location of the trainer or learner. It can be adapted to fit almost any environment, and provides both a huge cost-savings to the organization, as well as a way to both ensure viability and similarity in content and relevance and insertion of new information.

Our study consists of two basic approaches to the question of virtual training, honed for clarity to…… [Read More]

References

Retain Your Customers in a Down Economy. (2009, March). Retrieved from EDS Viewpoint Paper: http://www.allantgroup.com/pdf/WhitePaper-RetainYourCustomersinaDownEconomy.pdf

The Next Generation of Training. (2011, December). Retrieved from 3gselling.com:  http://www.3gselling.com/resources/whitepaper_the_next_generation_of_training.html 

Bullock, C., & Tucker-Klein, J. (2010, June). Virtual Work Environments in the Post-Recession Era. Retrieved from Brandman.edu: http://www.brandman.edu/pdf/virtual_teams_brandman_forrester_white_paper.pdf

Cardinale, M. (2012, June). Sports and Fitness Science - Virtual Training. Retrieved from Marcocardinale.blogspot.com:  http://marcocardinale.blogspot.com/2009_12_01_archive.html
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Advocacy Training in Counselor Education

Words: 2700 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52453618

This was prepared by a specialist on the subject and would probably cut down incidences of the disease. (Advocacy Group Issues Guides for Diagnosing ADHD) There are some communities who need constant help and one of them is the Latino community and the help from counselors and advocacy is certainly welcome. Victims in the Latino community suffer due to their language barrier and immigration status. (Counseling and eferral Services for the Latino Community)

III. New Framework for Advocacy in Counseling/Counselor Education Programs

A. Identifying injustices or need to improve conditions within profession:

There has been a finding that developmental framework is required for a developmental framework as the foundation for any type of counseling. This has been noted by different experts and they have stated "that career guidance and counseling services would be greatly improved if theory and research could identify those traits and trends of development observed in adolescence...…… [Read More]

References

Advocacy Group Issues Guides for Diagnosing ADHD" (28 May, 1997) Education Week.

Retrieved at  http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/1997/05/28/35add.h16.html?querystring=advocacyAccessed  30 August, 2005

Counseling and Referral Services for the Latino Community" Retrieved at http://www.consejo-wa.org/domesticviolence.htm. Accessed 30 August, 2005

Counselors" (2004) U.S. Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos067.htm. Accessed 30 August, 2005
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Ethics on Sports It Is

Words: 5409 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90192963

D., What is Altitude Training section). The Website promoting products that Hypoxico Altitude Training Systems offers, reports that when a person is exposed to hypoxia, oxygen reduced environments, his/her body "struggles to produce required amounts of energy with less available oxygen. This struggle triggers the onset of a range of physiological adaptations geared towards enhancing the efficiency of the body's respiratory, cardiovascular and oxygen utilization systems" (Hypoxico Altitude Training, N.D., Why it Works section). In consideration of controversial perceptions regarding ethical conclusions relating to hypoxico, Lippi, Guides and Franchini stress that the "spirit of sport" needs to be developed to include the notion of ethics and authenticity. Lippi, Guides and Franchini, nevertheless, report that they do not entirely agree with the assumption that teleologically, no evidence suggests that more harm than good comes from these particular devices. They note that a universal ban on passive training regimens, such as hypoxic,…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Avans, D.E. (2007). Youth and ethical dilemmas in sport. Research Quarterly for Exercise

and Sport. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.

Retrieved June 04, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1160166064.html

Bach, G. (2006). The Parents association for youth sports: A proactive method of spectator behavior management. JOPERD -- the Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 77(6), 16+. Retrieved June 4, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5017424445
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SPORT2SPORT Agnecy Analysis Sport 2

Words: 5224 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83294370

This aspect is greatly leveraged upon by Sport2Sport as different target populations share their experiences on company's Facebook page. There is also an aspect of quick customer response having the potential of going viral over the internet. This makes companies such as Sport2Sport to focus on customer satisfaction and prompt response. Although it may seem untraditional not to focus on traditional advertising and marketing mediums, the paradigm shift in approach to marketing and advertisement has led this agency to effectively spend their marketing budget on online campaigns and maintenance of web-presence.

IV- Organizational structure

Better Business Bureau (BBB) has reported that Sport2Sport is a limited liability company (LLC) with its current rating at A-. The highest possible rating that an agency can get with BBB is A+ (BBB Business eview, 2013). The length of time that the firm is in business is the only potentially negative factor reported by the…… [Read More]

References

Annual Report. (2013). Sport2Sport Limited Liability Company Annual Report. DEPARTMNET of the SECRETARY of STATE, North Carolina NC. Retrieved from: [http://www.secretary.state.nc.us/soskb.web.mvc/search/Filings/9433134]

BBB Business Review. (2013). Better Business Bureau: Business Review Sport2Sport LLC. Retrieved from: [ http://www.bbb.org/raleigh-durham/business-reviews/sports-and-recreation/sport2sport-in-cary-nc-90205195 ]

CNN Money. (2012). Best Places to Live. Retrieved from: http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/best-places/2012/snapshots/PL3710740.html

Facebook.com/CarySport2Sport. ( n.d). Sport2Sport. Retrieved from: [https://www.facebook.com/CarySport2Sport]
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Physiological Effects of Endurance Training

Words: 2589 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97922192

Physiological Effects of Endurance Training

Endurance training produces many physiological changes, both during training and after the training period is complete. These changes are biochemical and also involve changes in the cardio-pulmonary system. The correct way to perform endurance training has been a subject of controversy in recent years. There are many differences in training methods. These differences and the effects of endurance training will be the subject of this research. The jury is still out as to what constitutes the perfect duration and intensity of training program.

Studies have shown that a focused training program can increase maximum oxygen intake by 15-30% over a three-month period (7) and that can increase to 50% if the training is sustained for over 2 years. The body makes many metabolic adaptations as well. These adaptations drop rapidly in the first few weeks after training is stopped (1).

Duration and Intensity of Different…… [Read More]

References

1. Acevedo EO, Goldfarb AH. Increased training intensity effects on plasma lactate, ventilatory threshold, and endurance. Med and Sci in Sports Exercise, (21), 563-568, 1998

2. Finn, C, Effects of High-Intensity Intermittent Training on Endurance Performance. Sportscience (5)(1), sport sci.org. Jour. 1-3, 2001.

3. Foss M.L., and Keteyian S.J. Fox's Physiological Basis for Exercise and Sport. WCB Boston, Mass., McGraw-Hill. 1998.

4. Hawley JA, Myburgh KH, Noakes TD, and Dennis, SC. Training Techniques To Improve Fatigue Resistance And Enhance Endurance Performance. Jour of Sports Sci, (15), 325-333, 1997.
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Do Proteins Help the Body as Related to Sports Exercise and Nutrition

Words: 3010 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90075003

Proteins are often called the building blocks of life. In fact, the very word "protein" implies their importance in the body: it is a Greek word meaning "first place." Approximately fifty percent of the dry weight in animal cells is comprised of protein (Campbell 71). They play a roll in almost everything the body does and "are used for support, storage, transport of other substances, signaling from one part of the organism to another, movement, and defense against foreign substances." (Campbell 71). Proteins are essential to the proper functioning of every organism known to man.

The human genetic code holds the instructions for the making of over ten thousand different types of proteins; all with specific purposes. Additionally, "Proteins are the most structurally sophisticated molecules known." (Campbell 71). In comparison to other molecules, proteins are enormous and come in nearly every shape imaginable. However, despite their variety and size, proteins…… [Read More]

Works Cited

1. Berning, Jacqueline R. And Suzanne Nelson Steen. Nutrition for Sport and Exercise. Gaithersburg: Aspen Publications, 1998.

2. Campbell, Neil A. And Jane B. Reece. Biology: Sixth Edition. New York: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data, 2002.

3. Ronzio, Robert, PHD. The Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Good Health: Second Edition. New York: Facts On File Inc., 2003.

4. Ryan, Monique. Complete Guide to Sports Nutrition. Boulder: VELO Press, 1999.
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Business Plan -- Rocky Mountain Sports Fishing

Words: 2090 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76681575

Business Plan -- ocky Mountain Sports Fishing, LLC

Business Description

Definition of the Market

Services Offered

Organization/Management

Marketing Strategy

Financial Management

ecreational fishing is a multi-billion dollar industry in the United States, both for salt and freshwater. Conservative estimates show that there are upwards of 30 million individuals with more than a 1-2 time/annum interest in the sport. This has an overall impact on the economy of $125 billion (Williamson, 2012). Consumer demographics show that it is primarily a male oriented event. Mobility and technology have improved the sport in the last two decades, as well as maps, surveys, and handheld sonar and GPS devices. For this reason, as an organized sport, it is chiefly an upper middle and above income sport that also may require several thousand dollars in travel expense. There are even contests for ice and sport ice fishing in the U.S. And Canada.

Sport fishing is…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Hummel, R. (1994). Hunting and Fishing for Sport: Commerce, Controversy, Popular Culture. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University.

Kotelnikov, V. (2001, January). Customer's Perspective of Quality. Retrieved from E-Coach: http://www.100ventures.com/business_ guide / corsscuttings / bizsys_customer.html

Skorupa, J. (1991, September). Eco-Tourism Arrives. Popular Mechanics, p. 92.

Turban, E. (2002). Electronic Commerce: A Managerial Perspective. New York: Prentice Hall.
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Nurse Training in Cardiac Procedures

Words: 9322 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74651339

The procedure itself and the hospital stay associated with it is only one small chapter in the patient's life. They will eventually go home and will have many years after the procedure. It is important for the nursing staff to make a positive impact on how they feel about the procedure. The procedure will represent a lasting memory to the patient. If the patient perceives this to be a time of strength and care from nurturing individuals then it will help them to be able to develop the coping mechanisms necessary to learn to live with the after-effects of the procedure.

If the patient sees this as a negative experience, then it could produce unwanted effects such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, or other emotional problems that could have an effect on their ability to cope with the life changes. Those that develop appropriate coping mechanisms will be more likely…… [Read More]

References

Knoll, N., Rieckmann, N., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Coping as a mediator between personality and stress outcomes: A longitudinal study with cataract surgery patients. European Journal of Personality, 19, 229-247.

Lippke, S., Ziegelmann, J.P., & Schwarzer, R. (2004). Initiation and maintenance of physical exercise: Stage-specific effects of a planning intervention. Research in Sports Medicine, 12, 221-240.

Lippke, S., Ziegelmann, J.P., & Schwarzer, R. (2004). Behavioral intentions and action plans promote physical exercise: A longitudinal study with orthopedic rehabilitation patients. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 26, 470-483.

Lippke, S., Ziegelmann, J.P., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Stage-specific adoption and maintenance of physical activity: Testing a three-stage model. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 6, 585-603.
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Ping Pong Club Report Sports

Words: 1063 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21607673



The identification of internal and external environment of the club may help us develop a clear strategy. Strategy basically is a plan of action designed to achieve a specific goal. Application of business strategy may be helpful here. The most common analysis that is used to develop a business strategy is SWOT analysis. SWOT means strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Strengths and weaknesses are positive features of an internal environment, while opportunities and threats are features of an external environment. For developing the strategy, it is also important that our club exercises honesty in facing both internal and external problems. We need to take a broad approach so that we do not ignore relevant issues or miss anything. We need to examine the past challenges and learn from the mistakes. We also need to seek opinions and the perceptions of other professional managers and coaches so that we use all…… [Read More]

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Cockfighting Is a Sport That

Words: 2939 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46195886

With this being understood the cockfight blend has an influence on the societies in which they are carried out (Turner, 2001).

As it relates specifically to Latin America, there are 20 countries that compose the region. In the Latin American country of Mexico cock fights are very common ("Cock fights in Mexico"). In fact cockfighting shares the same amount of popularity as charreadas and bull-riding rodeo activities ("Cock fights in Mexico"). In addition the prevalence of cockfights is as common as the late-night entertainment that occurs during village fairs ("Cock fights in Mexico"). In Mexico, cockfights tend to draw both male and female onlookers; these individuals place bets on which gamecock will win the fight ("Cock fights in Mexico").

In many regions around the world the sport of cockfighting is illegal ("Cock fights in Mexico"). However, within the country of Mexico, cockfights are legal and a central body in the…… [Read More]

References

Aizenman, N.C.

Tuesday, August 15, 2006; Getting Physical, Talon by Talon, in the Cockpits of Nicaragua. Washington Post. Page A10

Cockfights in Mexico

Retrieved from; http://www.surf-mexico.com/culture/cockfights.html
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Leadership Principles in Sports What

Words: 708 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41023314

In the old days, coaches and managers viewed people as objects, but that view is shifting, in part due to the concepts of Servant-leadership. The central meaning came to Greenleaf after reading Hermann Hesse's short novel Journey to the East; Greenleaf concluded that a great leader first serves others, and "true leadership (Spears 3) emerges from those whose primary motivation is a deep desire to help others." By first serving, then leading, the leader has a hands-on grasp of what the priorities are, and do those being served (whether baseball players or office staffers) become healthier while being served? Do they grow as persons, become smarter and more likely "themselves to become servants?"

Meanwhile, author Dennis Kinlaw's "total quality management" (TQM) concepts focus much attention on something that is vital to all sporting situations and teams - improvement. Teams rarely stay exactly the same; they are either getting worse, or…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kinlaw, Dennis. Continuous Improvement and Measurement for Total Quality: A Team-Based

Approach. Homewood, ILL: Pfeiffer & Company, 1992.

Lad, Lawrence J., & Luechauer, David. "On the Path to Servant-Leadership." Insights on Leadership: Service, Stewardship, Spirit, and Servant-Leadership. Ed. Larry Spears. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1996. 54-65.

Manning, George. & Curtis, Kent. The Art of Leadership. Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin. Pages Mehrabian, Albert. Silent Messages. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company,
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Cert Official What Specific Training

Words: 1691 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71138756

The other categories of biological weapons which need dispersal devices are regarded as having lower risk due to the sensitivity of the biological agents to heat, light and shock. (Unit 8: Terrorism and CET)

5. Effectiveness of the Training:

The training is effective on the grounds that team learns about (i) Disaster Preparedness: Under this team members are instructed to ready themselves and their neighborhoods for the various hazards which might catch them unaware (ii) Team organization & Disaster Psychology: Dealing with organization and management principles needed for a CET to function effectively covering critical incident stress for the victims as also workers. (Starting a CET Program - Step 7: Delivering Training)

The various reasons are (i) CET Training support a collaborative effort between emergency services and the people inside the community. The CET program equips people with practical knowledge regarding disaster preparedness for hazards which may strike their areas…… [Read More]

References

Nuclear Power Plant Emergencies. Retrieved at http://training.fema.gov/emiweb/downloads/12-NuclearPowerPlants-IG-Rev2.doc. Accessed 4 September, 2005

Rimer, Deb. Teamwork Counts; Anticipating the Best, Preparing for the Worst. Sedgwick County Newsletter. 10-12, August, 2004. Retrieved from www.rbcertaa.org/NL%207-03.pdf" http://www.sedgwickcounty.org/cert/CERTIssue%2001.pdf. Accessed 4 September, 2005

Starting a CERT Program - Step 7: Delivering Training. Retrieved at  http://www.cert-la.com/manuals/Delivering-Training.pdf . Accessed 4 September, 2005

Unit 8: Terrorism and CERT. Retrieved at http://training.fema.gov/emiweb/downloads/IG-CERT-Unit8Rev2.doc. Accessed 4 September, 2005
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Sales Planning for Aspen Athletic

Words: 363 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65373364



The club employees will have to simultaneously meet two pivotal conditions -- they must be highly skilled, trained and able to perform their job, and secondly, they must be obliging and polite with the customers. Since the company does not offer a material product but a service, its employees represent the link to customers and they are the ones able to generate client satisfaction. This in turn materializes in returns and sustained revenues.

Aside promotional operations, facility location and human resource training, it is necessary to set the pricing strategy. This should be a penetration pricing strategy which implements lower prices in the first months in order to attract customers. Once the customer base is solidly formed, variable pricing strategies will be implemented, which will set the retail prices in accordance with the costs incurred in the delivery of the services.

eference:

Forecast and Plan Your Sales, Business Link, http://www.businesslink.gov.uk/bdotg/action/detail?type=ESOUCES&itemId=1073790733…… [Read More]

Reference:

Forecast and Plan Your Sales, Business Link, http://www.businesslink.gov.uk/bdotg/action/detail?type=RESOURCES&itemId=1073790733 last accessed on July 14, 2009