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Physical Evidence List and Explain Five 5

Words: 1424 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80582572

Physical Evidence

List and explain five (5) ways that show how authentication or identification of physical evidence can be accomplished (also called "laying the foundation").

Authentication of physical evidence can be accomplished by:

Testimony of a witness who has first-hand knowledge. This is enough for authentication if the person involved has personal diligence that a matter is what is claimed to be.

A non-expert person who must have been well-acquainted with the specimen and did not acquire the knowledge for the purpose of betrayal, such as a spouse or roommate.

Allowing the jury or an expert to put in comparison the evidence purported with the specimens which have been authenticated is enough for authentication.

Distinctive qualities and associated circumstances such as sending a bill to a particular address and getting payment from the bill or other appearance, contents, substance, as well as other internal design qualities when admitted together with…… [Read More]

References

Dressler, J. (2002). Understanding Criminal Procedure. Newark, New Jersey: LexisNexis.

Gaines, L., & Miller, L. (2006). Criminal Justice In Action: The Core. Belmont, California:

Thomson/Wadsworth.

S.Bransdorfer, M. (1987). Miranda Right-to-Counsel Violations and the Fruit of the Poisonous
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Pesante 2008 There Are Three Basic Security

Words: 1281 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22814377

Pesante (2008), there are three basic security threat parameters important to information on the Internet: "confidentiality," "integrity," and "availability." In addition, Pesante addresses three particular concepts that are related to the people to whom information is made available to who need this information for their work in the organization and can be trusted with it: "authentication," "authorization" and "non-repudiation." I think that it is very important to high or very high security requirements in all six areas. Companies should take advantage of all existing opportunities, both in the technical and the non-technical, social / personal area to ensure the highest possible level of information security within their organization. Whereas technical mechanisms are primarily needed to reduce risks resulting from an attack external to the organization, social and personal counter-measures need to be implemented, if the primary source of attack is expected to be internal (see Boran. 1999, p. 6).

Confidentiality:…… [Read More]

References

Boran, S. 1999. An overview of corporate information security. Combining organisational, physical & it security. PP. 1-9. www.boran.com/security/sp/security_space.html.

Pesante, L. 2008. Introduction to information security. PP. 1 -- 3. www.us-cert.gov/reading_room/infosecuritybasics.pdf.

Information technology protection manual published by the German Federal Office for Information Security. 2011. BSI TR-03127 - Architecture electronic identity card and electronic resident permit (informative translation) (pdf, 1,03 MB). PP. 1 -- 39. www.bsi.bund.de/gshb/english/menue.htm
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Physical Security Controls to Document the Importance

Words: 1746 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64070953

Physical Security Controls

To document the importance of physical security controls as it relates to the massive pervasiveness of online theft and cyber crime

Background information on the identification and authentication of people.

With the advent of the internet it is often very difficult to properly identify the individual in which business is conducted with. With the extreme ease of the internet comes the secrecy of potential criminal lurking through the shadows. Identification and authentication therefore have profound impacts on how to better protect assets from criminals.

The importance of information systems security and how it relates to globalization

Information systems, particularly those that store personal information, often are very senstivie to criminal activity. Therefore physical store techniques mandate that sensitivity information be locked away and under intense surveillance. Aspects such as disposable drives, printers and workstations should also be considered.

C. Brief overview of the paper.

i. The remainder…… [Read More]

References

1. Backhouse, J., Hsu, C., & McDonnell, A. (2003). Toward public-key infrastructure interoperability. Communications of the ACM, 46(6), 98-100. Retrieved April 25, 2009, from ACM.

2. Bala, D. (2008). Biometrics and information security. Proceedings of the 5th annual conference on Information security curriculum development, 64-66. Retrieved March 31, 2009, from ACM.

3. Boatwright, M. & Lou, X. (2007). What do we know about biometrics authentication? Proceedings of the 4th annual conference on Information security curriculum development, 31, Retrieved March 31, 2009, from ACM.

4. Chan, A.T. (2003). Integrating smart card access to web-based medical information systems. Proceedings of the 2003 ACM symposium on Applied computing, 246-250.Retrieved February 13, 2009, from ACM.
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Secure Sockets Layer Ssl Is Defined by

Words: 724 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74532503

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is defined by Techtarget (2010) as a common employed protocol used for the management of security of information being transmitted over the internet. SSL has been recently succeeded by the Transport Layer Security (TLS), a protocol that is based on SSL. SSL operates on the program layer that is located between the Transport Control Layer (TCP) and then Hypertext Transfer Protocol. PCI (2008) referred to SSL as the established industry standard that is used in the encryption of the channel between a given web browser and an appropriate web server in order to ensure that there is privacy and reliability in the information that is being transmitted over the given channel.

SSL is basically included as part of the web browsers as well as Web servers. Patel (2008,p.223) indicated that the SSL protocol was originally developed by Netscape in order to ensure that the security of…… [Read More]

References

GeoCerts (2011). Understanding SSL Certificate Authentication

 http://www.geocerts.com/ssl/understanding_authentication 

Onyszko, T (2004). Secure Socket Layer

 http://www.windowsecurity.com/articles/secure_socket_layer.html
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Physical Security Controls Using Attached Annotated Outline

Words: 1671 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23250260

Physical Security Controls

Using attached Annotated outline provide a 5-page paper Physical Security Controls. I attached Annotated Outline Physical Security Controls. You references I Annotated Outline.

The advancement in technology has given rise to numerous computer security threats. It has become quite difficult to identify people online because many people use the internet with fake identities. This has made it easy for people to conduct criminal activities online. Online security of computer systems should be combined with physical security to ensure that no unauthorized person gain access to the systems. A physical security control can be termed as any obstacle used to delay serious attackers, and frustrate trivial attackers. This way a company or organization can be assured of the security if its information and computer systems. Majority of organizations use computer systems to store sensitive company information and employee data. This data needs to be properly secured to ensure…… [Read More]

References

Backhouse, J., Hsu, C., & McDonnell, A. (2003). Toward public-key infrastructure interoperability. Communications of the ACM, 46(6), 98-100.

Boatwright, M., & Luo, X. (2007). What do we know about biometrics authentication? Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 4th annual conference on Information security curriculum development, Kennesaw, Georgia.

Shelfer, K.M., & Procaccino, J.D. (2002). Smart card evolution. Communications of the ACM, 45(7), 83-88.
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Network Password Policies and Authorization

Words: 547 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 39338168

All network authorized personnel must be instructed to use "strong" passwords consisting of at least 8 characters; they must include at least one upper and one lower case letter, at least one Arabic number, and at least one "special character" in addition to avoiding any form or abbreviation of the user's first or last name (Boyce, 2002; Kizza, 2005).

Network administrators must also implement applications capable of ensuring compliance by automatically rejecting improper password choices. Additionally, administrators must require authorized users to change their passwords at specific intervals. Finally, office managers must monitor compliance with common-sense rules about behavioral aspects of password security, such as prohibiting divulging passwords to co-workers, requiring users to log off if they leave their terminals, and by providing training into recognizing attempted social engineering to obtain secure information through deception (Larson, 2007).

Likewise, authentication layers can also significantly enhance network security. In that regard, the…… [Read More]

References

Boyce J. (2002). Information Assurance: Managing Organizational it Risks. St. Louis,

MO: Elsevier.

Kizza JM. (2005). Computer Network Security. New York: Springer.

Larsen R. (2007). Our Own Worst Enemy: Asking the Right Questions About
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Access Control Types of Access

Words: 1816 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33098167

These certificates are issued by the certification authorities (CAs) and they contain the name, expiration dates as well as serial numbers of the certificates.

OS Hardening

Operating system hardening is the process of addressing the various security issues and vulnerabilities in a given operating system via the implementation of the latest Operating system patches, updates, hotfixes as well procedures and policies that are necessary for reducing the number of attacks as well as system downtime.

Application hardening

Application hardening is the process of addressing the various security issues and vulnerabilities in a given operating system via the implementation of the latest application patches, updates, hotfixes as well procedures and policies that are necessary for reducing the number of attacks as well as system downtime.

Transmission / emote access protection protocols

The transmission protocols that are necessary for the information assurance include the used of https as well as FTP. Https…… [Read More]

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Job Portal Security the Objective

Words: 3023 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16042206

XML is used not only to represent the data but also as a messaging protocol called SOAP; and (6) Portal Integration is another popular integration methodology in use today. It doesn't involve expensive and time consuming technologies and processes that EAI and data warehousing require. Also, it is the most customer-facing of all the methods described in this section. This means that it can be highly personalized and customized to the customer's requirements. In future, portals will present their functionality as web services so that multiple portals from different vendors can be integrated.

Architecture of Portals

The portal, when speaking technically, is "a framework that enables developers to plug various software components called portlets, and then deliver the aggregated content to multi-devices." (Mohan, 2003) Integration may be accomplished through using HRML, JSP, Java eans, Java servlets, XSL that transforms XML through XSL transformation or even CGI. Sun Microsystems' Java Community…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Mohan, Sajeev (2003) Mechanics of Oracle Portal and Identity Management. Online available at  http://download.oracle.com/owsf_2003/36786_Mohan.doc 

Reducing the Costs of it Security Management (2006) Sumner Blount eTrust Solutions Online available at  http://i.cmpnet.com/ittransformationcenter.techweb.com/pdfs/reducing_costs_security_mgt.pdf 

Building a Portal? Vive La Difference (2001) Information Week. 5 November 2001 Online available at  http://www.informationweek.com/news/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=6508083 

Oracle Solutions for Workforce Excellence - HR Transformation: Transform HR from an Administrative Function to a Strategic Partner.  http://www.oracle.com/global/uk/hcm/9575%20Transformation-2-9-4.pdf
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System Security As a Manager How Would

Words: 842 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90139576

System Security

"As a manager, how would you plan on securing organizational data? How does security effectiveness and relative cost figure into those plans?"

The more critical aspect of any enterprise-wide security management strategy is to align system resources to the strategic initiatives and goals of an organization. Increasingly this is being accomplished through the use of role-based access and authentication privileges and process workflows that audit and evaluate use of sensitive information (Shih, Wen, 2005). The role of enterprise security management drastically changes however when ubiquitous Web Services are used for capturing, aggregating, analyzing and effectively using confidential data to make financial decisions (Phifer, 2011). The intent of this analysis is to evaluate how intrusion and intrusion detection systems can be used in the 21st century, state-of-the-art IT systems that are to a large extent Cloud-based and often have remote access points that make them particularly vulnerable (Phifer, 2011).…… [Read More]

References

Microsoft TechNet. (2011). Enterprise security best practices. Microsoft. Retrieved from http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd277328.aspx

Thibodeau, P. (2011, July 18). U.S. government CIO warns of IT vendor cartel. Computerworld. Retrieved from  http://www.computerworlduk.com/news/public-sector/3291866/us-government-cio-warns-of-it-vendor-cartel/ 

Phifer, L. (2011, July 11). 5 best practices for securing remote access. E-security Planet. Retrieved from  http://www.esecurityplanet.com/views/article.php/3937121/5-Best-Practices-for-Securing-Remote-Access.htm 

Shih, S.C., & Wen, H.J. (2005). E-enterprise security management life cycle. Information Management & Computer Security, 13(2), 121-134.
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Hashes Can Be Attacked In Addition Describe

Words: 717 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49877891

hashes can be attacked. In addition, describe some scenarios where a hash has been used as part of an authentication scheme, and the validity of a particular authentication using that scheme have been challenged.

Hashes are one type of a variety of cryptographic methods of providing a one-way encoding of information. A hash value can only be recreated using the exact same information again. "The cryptographic value of the hash lies in the fact it is impossible to retrieve the original information from the hash itself." (Miseldine, 2004)

One of the most common and familiar forms of hashes is a password. But although passwords may have significance to the user, viewed from a computer's point-of-view, a hash is merely an unordered collection of values, each of which is identified by a unique key or combination of letters, values, and other symbols. Replicating these keys can only retrieve the value of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hash Functions." (2004) Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia.

Retrieved on June 27, 2004 at  http://www.freesoft.org/CIE/Topics/142.htm 

Menon-Sen, Abhijit. (October 1, 2001) "How Hashes Really Work." Retrieved on June 27, 2004 at  http://www.perl.com/lpt/a/2002/10/01/hashes.html 

Miseldine, David. (June 14, 2004) "Password Hashes." Site point. Net log. Retrieved on June 27, 2004 at  http://www.sitepoint.com/blog-post-view.php?id=175017
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Icloud and Ios 6 Integration-

Words: 829 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3616791

As each device in the family has 5GB and is about to run out, we upgraded each iCloud memory configuration at the store, although it is also possible to do this online as well.

e purchased a 100GB upgrade for the MacBook Air, and also added a 50GB upgrade for the iPad2. The ease of doing this was impressive and we were able to also get the iCloud options configured to be consistent across all devices. The options for what to store and how to archive it was impressive. Apple has made usability and streamline configuration of the iCloud a high priority and it shows.

Lessons Learned

The value of the Genius Bar was evident in how quickly the problem was solved. The expert also explained each of the new features of the iOS operating system and showed how the iCloud tabs in Safari were replicated in real-time to the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Frakes, Dan. "Hands-on with iOS 6: Safari." Macworld 2012: 54. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 5 Dec. 2012 .
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Information Technology IT Solutions

Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 96711717



Portability

M

In the event that Myra decides to expand her business, portability becomes more important. However in this situation portability is not as important due to the single location and the access to cloud technology.

Security

L

There is not much security risk in this approach to the problem. Beautician scheduling is not regarded as a high risk activity.

Data Quality

L

Names and time are all that are really needed in this software. As long as that quality is fine, there are no problems with this area.

Authentication

L

Once again the lack of a need for high security denotes the lack of importance of this area. Authentication is not that important since the scheduling software is more like a common good to be used by all.

Encryption

L

Only basic encryption is needed in a software application such as this. There is no reasonable excuse for any…… [Read More]

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Security Issues and Features of

Words: 975 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 41801696

The authors have expertise with Oracle databases and use examples from the enterprise products this software vendor provides to make their point regarding security of highly distributed networks. One of the more valuable aspects of this specific paper is the focus on how to create a multilevel secure environment in an enterprise. The authors have done enterprise-level database security work in their careers and this article and research communicate their expertise clearly.

In the article Data Security: A Security Implementation for elational Database Management Systems (Nilakanta, 1989) the author contends that information architectures must rely on a stable database management system (DBMS) to scale securely and reliably across an enterprise. The author provides insights into several different security procedures and approaches to defining a secured operating environment for enterprise-wide DBMS implementations and use. There are also guidelines for defining security clearances and recommendations on hwo best to use encryptions for…… [Read More]

References

Feeney, T.R. (1986). Security issues and features of database management systems. Information Age, 8(3), 155-155.

Fulkerson, C.L., Gonsoulin, M.A., & Walz, D.B. (2002). Database security. Strategic Finance, 84(6), 48-53.

Harris, D., & Sidwell, D. (1994). Distributed database security. Computers & Security, 13(7), 547-547.

Nilakanta, S. (1989). Data security: A security implementation for relational database management systems. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 17(1-4), 415-415.
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Intruder Has Gained Access to a Secure

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76540556

intruder has gained access to a secure place despite the said place having in place several security precautions such as code entry and CCTV. It is important to note that an intruder who succeeds in gaining access to a secure place can do just about anything he or she wants, from alteration to information theft to destruction.

Analysis of the Situation

While some organizational security precautions like code entry may make it difficult for outsiders to gain access to secure areas and/or equipment, such security measures can in some circumstances be circumvented by unscrupulous insiders. In our case, a number of factors could have eased or facilitated the intruder's access to the secure place.

The security cameras could have been unplugged or compromised.

The intruder could have used stolen code access data to gain access.

From the above, it seems highly likely that the intruder could have colluded with insiders…… [Read More]

References

Garcia, M.L., 2007. The Design and Evaluation of Physical Protection Systems. 2nd ed. Burlington, MA: Butterwort-Heinemann.

Newton, M., 2008. The Encyclopedia of Crime Scene Investigation. New York, NY: Infobase Publishing, Inc.
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Components Associated With HPC

Words: 2032 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 97182293

High Performance Computing (HPC) is a term that has emerged in today's world to replace the yesteryears' custom of supercomputer. In the previous years, supercomputer is a term that generated thoughts of extremely complicated machines that were solving problems that humans could not really understand. Since supercomputers permitted entry of at least seven figures, they were commonly used by engineers and scientists who needed to deal with such figures rapidly. However, this concept has paved way for the emergence of commodity-based supercomputing that is commonly known as High Performance Computing. The main focus of High Performance Computing (HPC) is the ability to process huge amounts of data in short periods of time. High Performance Computing (HPC) is associated with various technologies with varying software and hardware requirements for administrative and operational tasks needed to process data securely.

The Concept of High Performance Computing

Eadline (2009), states that high performance computing…… [Read More]

References

Ajith, C. (2012). Planning for a HPC Seismic Data Processing Facility. Retrieved September 25,

2014, from  http://www.spgindia.org/spg_2012/spgp061.pdf 

Appelbe, B. & Bergkamk (1996). Software Tools for High Performance Computing: Survey and Recommendations. Scientific Programming, 5, 1-22. Retrieved September 25, 2014, from  http://www.cs.cornell.edu/bergmark/appelbe96software.pdf 

Bookman, C. (2003). Linux clustering: building and maintaining Linux clusters. New Riders
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Webmd Web Portals Like Webmd

Words: 1255 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56327208

Jurisdiction issues may also affect the insurance and the coverage provided by the agency as insurance coverage is also restricted to certain regions and not outside those jurisdictions.

Identity Theft: Another issue or the problem is that of identity theft, which is considered to be the fastest growing crime in America as millions of victims have been reported over a period of last couple of years. Giving out information on website whether it is email or other security or personal details requires care & caution on part of both consumers as well as WebMD management.

Jargons: The information available for the consumers at times can be in a technical language. Jargons may create confusion among the consumers and may misguide them. Most information is available in easy to understand language but the provision of glossary of terms may help the consumers in understanding the true meaning of the content available…… [Read More]

References

Phillips, B. (March 2000). Ecommerce Management -- a Matter of Breadth and Depth. Business Communications Review. 30(3): 14.

Leaffer, T. (2006). The Digital Health-Care Revolution: Empowering Health Consumers; Anywhere and Anytime Access to a World of Medical Information Is Helping Consumers to Take Better Charge of Their Health. The Futurist. 40(3): 53+.

Promoting Patient Safety: An Ethical Basis for Policy Deliberation. The Hastings Center Report. 33(5): 1+.
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RFID Technology in the Military Radio Frequency

Words: 4247 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54788131

FID Technology in the Military

adio frequency identification (FID)

adio frequency identification (FID) is a term used to refer to an electronic system that transmits in form of serial numbers that are distinct, the identity of a person or an object in a wireless manner with the aid of radio frequencies. The FID is categorized under the wider automatic identification technologies category (Association of Automatic Identification and Mobility, 2011). The FID are intelligent bar codes that are connected to a networked system and can communicate back and forth with it.

The FID is nowadays used all around us, from the supermarket items to the pet ID tags, toil booths, gas stations and several security items. Unlike the predecessor UPC bar-code, the FID does not require any contact or line of sight in order for communication to be enabled between the tagged item and the centre of the system. The data…… [Read More]

References

Army of Robots, (2011). Development of Military Robots. Retrieved September 10, 2010 from  http://www.armyofrobots.com/discussion-development-military.html 

Association of Automatic Identification and Mobility, (2011). Technologies: RFID / What is

RFID? Retrieved September 10, 2010 from  http://www.aimglobal.org/technologies/RFID/what_is_rfid.asp 

Brian F, (2011). Pros and Cons of RFID Technology. Retrieved September 10, 2010 from  http://ezinearticles.com/?Pros-and-Cons-of-RFID-Technology&id=522015
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Applying Watson's Nursing Theory to Assess Patient

Words: 1000 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42278568

Applying atson's Nursing Theory to Assess Patient Perceptions of Being Cared for in a Multicultural Environment" describes the validness and authentication of the nursing theory of care by Jean atson. She was of the view that the best which a nurse can give to the patient is care as humans are naturally gifted with it and it is irrespective of ethnical, racial, cultural or social basis. The article describes the implications of this theory in such environment where the nurses and their patients have ethnical and cultural difference and they do not even understand each other's language. It is a case study designed to explore Saudi patient's perceptions of important caring behaviors by staff nurses. It was concluded by the data obtained that the patients rated overall caring behaviors as most important irrespective of their cultural differences with the caregiver. Hence atson's theory was proved in a multicultural environment, but…… [Read More]

Works cited

Nicely, Bruce. (2011). Virginia Henderson's principles and practice of nursing applied to organ donation after brain death. Progress in Transplantation, Vol 21, No. 1, March 2011.

Wakifa et.al. (2009). Applying Watson's Nursing Theory to Assess Patient Perceptions of Being Cared for in a Multicultural Environment. Joumal of Nursing Research, VOL 17, NO 4, DECEMBER 2009.

Walling, Allan. (2006). Therapeutic modulation of the psycho-neuroimmune system by medical acupuncture creates enhanced feelings of well being. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners; Apr 2006; 18, 4; ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source pg. 135
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ABC Healthcare S Technical Security Recommendations

Words: 3096 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 95283387

Technical Security Recommendations for ABC Healthcare IT Infrastructures

ABC Healthcare has been facing a multitude of challenges ranging from the security of the IT infrastructures to the compliance of regulatory policies. In the United States, the lawmakers are increasing putting more restrictive in the regulatory environment because there have been more attacks in the healthcare environment, damaging the organizational information systems and using worms and virus to gain access to non-authorized sensitive data. The issues are making the stakeholders of ABC Healthcare demand for more flexible access to their information systems. Moreover, increasing regulatory pressures within the healthcare environment with regards to the management of the information systems has made ABC Healthcare to decide to implement more prudent information systems security. The goal of ABC Healthcare is to implement good information systems to abide by regulatory policies of HIPPA and SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley). Typically, both SOX and HIPAA mandate healthcare organizations…… [Read More]

Kizza, J.M. (2015). Guide to Computer Network Security. Springer.

Krogh, P. (2009). The DAM Book: Digital Asset Management for Photographers, 2nd Edition, p. 207. O'Reilly Media.

Mell, P. & Grance, T. (2011). The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing (NIST SP 800-145). National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
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Network Performance for Davis Networks

Words: 5282 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 13903902

Network Implementation for Davis Networks Inc.

In the proposal, effort is made to develop an affordable local LAN for Davis Networks Inc. The effort involves provision of wireless Internet connection to all individuals for their desktops and laptops from the current high speed connection they have at an affordable price (800 USD -- 1000 USD). Provision of the internet to the same location costs approximately 700 USD including all other expenses like doing the wiring etc. To implement the project, there are various obstacles that have to be considered like electric poles, trees and walls. The core location is the Computer Center building. It has the highest speeds of connection. From this building, there will be distribution to the surrounding buildings located between 500 and 1000 meter range. The establishment of the network needs 5 Wireless Access points (WAP) having Omni antennas (A, B, C, D, E) and two directional…… [Read More]

References

Chapter 2 Wireless Networking Basics (2005).

Deep, G., Kush, A. & Kumar B. (2010). PROPOSAL FOR LOW COST WIRELESS NETWORKING. International Journal of Computing and Business Research (IJCBR) 1(1).

Kadhim, D., J. & Hussain, W.K. (2006). Design and Implementation of a Proposal Network Firewall. Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, 2(1), pp 52-69

Kadry, S., & Hassan, W. (2008).Design and Implementation of System and Network Security for an Enterprise with World Wide Branches. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 4(11), 1361-1370.
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Monitoring Auditing Intrusion Prevention Detection and Penetration Testing

Words: 3908 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 41669413

Auditing, Monitoring, Intrusion Prevention, Intrusion Detection, and Penetration Testing

"Unlike IP fragmentation (which can be done by intermediate devices), IP reassembly can be done only at the final destination. What problems do you see if IP reassembly is attempted in intermediate devices like routers?" [ ]

IP fragmentation is defined as the IP (Internet Protocol) that breaks datagrams into smaller fragment to assist packets passing through links and forming a smaller MTU (maximum transmission unit) than its original size. However, the fragments reassemble themselves when reaching the receiving hosts. After the receiving hosts have received the fragmented IP packet, they have to reassemble the datagram before passing it to the higher layer. In practices, the reassembly happens in the receiving hosts, however, a reassembly may be carried out by the intermediate router. For example, the NAT (network address translation) is designed to reassemble the fragments to the translate data streams.…… [Read More]

Reference. San Francisco.No Starch Press Series.

Kukoleca, M., Zdravkovic, M., & Ivanovic, I. (2014). Securing Linux Servers: Best Practice Document. AMRES/RCUB.

Rehman, R.U. (2003). Intrusion Detection with SNORT: Advanced IDS Techniques Using SNORT, Apache, Mysql, PHP, and ACID. Indianapolis, Prentice Hall.

Security Site (2016). Snort Analyzer. Retrieved 23 November 2016 from  http://asecuritysite.com/forensics/snort?fname=nmap.pcap&rulesname=rulesportscan.rules 

Tews, E., & Beck, M. (2009). Practical attacks against WEP and WPA. In Proceedings of the second ACM conference on Wireless network security, 79-86.
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IPV6 in Distributed Virtual Private

Words: 3653 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28564574



Vey High - IPSec woks at the potocol level, independent of applications, theefoe scalability is best-in-class

Compaing the technological and opeational benefits specifically in the aeas of client access options, access contol, client-side secuity, installation, and client configuation highlights just how diffeentiated the IPv4-based IPSec vs. IPv6 -based SSL potocols ae fom each othe. In analyzing these diffeences, Table 3: Compaing Technological and Opeational benefits of IPv6-based SSL and IPv4-based IPSec VPNS, was ceated. Stating fist with the client access options, IPv6-based SSL can suppot a clientless inteface though its bowse at longe addess lengths, suppot fo semi-clientless though Java and ActiveX clients developed in AJAX, and also in a full client configuation. This flexibility in use of the IPv6-based SSL potocol is leading to significantly highe levels of adoption oveall. IPv4-based IPSec has a single client access option that needs to be pe-installed on evey system. Requiing a full…… [Read More]

references/ssl.html.

IPSec VPNs: Conformance & Performance Testing. 12 Jan. 2003. White Papers Ixia. 11 Apr. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on May 28, 2008 from location:  http://www.ixiacom.com/library/white_papers/display?skey=ipsec 

Lehtovirta, J (2006). Transition from IPv4 to IPv6. White Paper, 1, Retrieved June 3, 2008, at http://www.tascomm.fi/~jlv/ngtrans/

Kent, S. Security Architecture for the Security Protocol (2007). Network Working Group. Nov. 1998. Javvin Network Managing & Security. 05 Apr. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on June 4, 2008 from location:

http://www.javvin.com/protocol/rfc2401.pdf
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Database Administration Today in Evaluating

Words: 3489 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 95290228



Design citeia exist at the levels of the technical, system integation aspects of the database to othe systems though XML. This integation is citically impotant to ensue that the applications ceated can be effectively used ove time and not have any scalability issues. Thee is also the need fo designing the databases at the pesentation laye to povide fo scalability and flexibility of being able to ceate applications elatively quickly at the potal level. This is especially impotant fom a Business Pocess Management (BPM) standpoint as databases must be able to suppot the vaious pocess wokflows as defined as pat of business pocess e-engineeing effots ove time. Thee is also the need fom a design standpoint to have a continued development initiative going to captue use needs ove time and include them into the next geneation of database updates. The use of councils to ceate update plans and define the…… [Read More]

references and real-time workload in information services. Information Systems Research, 11(2), 177-196.

Pangalos, George (1994). A tutorial on secure database systems. Information and Software Technology, 36(12), 717.

Gerald Post & Albert Kagan (2001). Database management systems: Design considerations and attribute facilities. The Journal of Systems and Software, 56(2), 183-193.

Ji Ma, Mehmet A Orgun. (2008). Formalising theories of trust for authentication protocols. Information Systems Frontiers, 10(1), 19-32.

Reagan, J., & Rowlands, I.. (2007, January). Key Technologies Enabling a Seismic Shift in Enterprise Data Management. Business Intelligence Journal, 12(1), 17-25.
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Information Technology Hilcorp Energy Company

Words: 3743 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 97129244



emote access controls.

Network security management.

Password policies.

Compliance with the policies and procedures of the company is very vital to the organization, and the policies and procedures should be clearly communicated to the appropriate business teams.

Intruder: The suggested treatment for the attack by the external intruder such as hacker is to ensure that all communication within the organization is encrypted to deter the unauthorized access to the company data. Moreover, the organization should use antivirus to protect the company data from the attack such as Trojan horse, worm, virus etc. Compliance to policies and procedure is so vital to assure an organizational IT security.

Disgruntled Employee: Company needs to evaluate each personnel before being allowed to handle sensitive information. There is a need to conduct background check on each employee. The background check could verify potential employee criminal background, and social background. Employee should be asked to sign…… [Read More]

References

Graham, I. (1996). Graham Information Security and Management Services. Information Security Summit on 29-31.

Harn, L. Lin, H. & Xu.Y. (1994). Cryptography for PC/workstation security. ACM SIGICE Bulletin Homepage archive. 20 (1).

Hilcorp Energy, (2011). Vision, Mission, Values. Hilcorp Energy Company.USA.

Kumar, R. Jindal, R. Gupta, A. et al. (2011). A Secure Authentication System- Using Enhanced One Time Pad Technique, IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, 11(.2): 11-17.
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Overarching Objectives and Background and

Words: 7976 Length: 29 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49101745



Summary of work completed

To help ensure that affected personnel had an opportunity to communicate their needs for the solution, a telephonic interview with a work coordinator at Ames Central Travel Office was conducted recently; in addition, this telephonic interview was followed by a personal visit to the Ames esearch Center in order gain a clearer understanding of the current workflow process. The end users of the solution provided very insightful suggestion as to what features they would like incorporated in the system. This meeting was highly productive and helped illuminate the numerous steps that were involved in travel request processing and administration that were unclear or unknown prior to the visit.

Because the software development team for this project is currently working on other initiatives, a meeting has been scheduled with them to discuss the scope and duration of the entire project. Preparatory to this meeting, hard copies of…… [Read More]

References

Ames fact sheet. (2010). NASA. Retrieved from  http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/pdf/ 

283944 main_NASA-Ames-factsheet-2008.pdf.

Center overview. (2010). NASA. Retrieved from  http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/about/ overview.html" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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Health Care Situation Medical Error Due to

Words: 2468 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27484220

Health Care Situation: Medical Error Due to Doctors' Bad Handwriting

Identify a health care news situation that affects a health care organization such as a hospital, clinic or insurance company.

I have identified the following health care news situation as the topic of my paper: "Poor Handwriting of Doctors and its implied risks for the Patient, Hospital and Medical Malpractice Insurance." Poor handwriting of physicians resulting in poor legibility of entries into patients' medical records carries very dramatic risks for all above-mentioned interest bearers. It can result in severe health danger for the patient and - in extreme situations - even cause a patient's death. Doctors' bad penmanship has long been seen a problem within organized medicine and the patient safety movement. Three American Medical Association (AMA) policies dating back to 1992, urge doctors to "improve the legibility of handwritten orders for medications" and review all orders for accuracy and…… [Read More]

References

Berwick, Donald M. & Winickoff, David E. (1996). The truth about doctors' handwriting: a prospective study. BMJ Vol. 313 (21-28 December 1996). 1657-1658. www.bmj.com/content/313/7072/1657.full, accessed 21 August 2011.

Bruner, Anne & Kasdan, Morton.L. Handwriting Errors: Harmful, Wasteful and Preventable.

1-4. www.kyma.org/uploads/file/.../Harmful_wasteful_and_preventable.pdfSimilar, accessed 22 August 2011.

Gallant, Al. (22 November 2009). For a secure electronic health record implementation, user authentication is key. 1-2). searchhealthit.techtarget.com/.../User-authentication-is-critical-for-pl.., accessed 24 August 2011.
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Access Control in Information Security

Words: 2594 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 5835263

" (Tolone, Ahn, Pai, et al. 2005 P. 37).

Table 1 provides the summary of the evaluation of various criteria mentioned in the paper. The table uses comparative terminology such as High, Medium and Low and, descriptive terminology such as Active, Passive, and Simple, and the standard Yes (Y) and No (N). The research provides the solutions based in the problems identified with the access controls evaluated.

Table I: Evaluation of Access Control

Criteria

TMAC

SAC

Matrix

TBAC

C-TMAC

BAC

Context-AW

Complexity

Medium

Low

Low

Medium

Medium

Medium

High

Understandability

Simple

Simple

Simple

Simple

Simple

Simple

Simple

Ease Use

High

Low

Medium

Medium

High

High

High

Applicability

Medium

Low

Medium

Medium

High

High

High

Groups of users / Collaboration Support.

Y

Y

Low

Y

Y

Y

Y

Policy- Speci-cation

Y

Y

Low

Low

Y

Y

Y

Policy -Enforcement

Y

Low

Low

Low

Y

Y

Y

Fine-grained control

Y

N

N…… [Read More]

References

Ahn, G.J. & Sandhu, R. (2000). Role-based authorization constraints speci-cation. ACM Trans.

Inf. Syst. Secur. 3(4).

Bullock, a. And Benford, S. (1999). Framework of the Access control for multi-user collaborative environments. In ACM Group. Phoenix, AZ.

Gauthier, F. & Merlo, E.(2012). Fast Detection of Access Control Vulnerabilities in PHP Applications. 2012 19th Working Conference on Reverse Engineering.
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Information System on Ethical and

Words: 6479 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96967103

They have a moral obligation to the South African people in this area for many reasons. First, they have an obligation to make certain that they can participate in the global economy to give their citizens the same chances for advancement as other nations. Secondly, they have a moral obligation to do everything possible to keep their citizens safe.

When one discusses the topic of security in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), much of the discussion focuses on the technology itself. Currently, the South African banking industry is attempting to establish standards that represent best practices in information security (Tshinu, Botha, and Herselman, 2008). These measures currently focus on the technological aspects of information security. However, the development of industry-wide best practices must take all sources of vulnerability into consideration, including the moral and ethical responsibility to keep information safe.

Therefore, the development of best practices cannot ignore the human…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Anderson, R. & Moore, T. 2006. "The Economics of Information Security." Science [Online] 314 (5799), pp.610-613, October 27, 2006. Available at:

 http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~rja14/Papers/toulouse-summary.pdf  (Accessed June 20, 2010).

Anderson, R. & Moore, T. 2007. "The Economics of Information Security: A Survey and Open Questions." Fourth Bi-annual Conference on the Economics of the Software and Internet Industries. January 19-20, 2007: Toulouse, France. [Online] Available at:

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Bluetooth Technology

Words: 7972 Length: 28 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16680382

BluetoothTM is a low cost, low power, short-range radio technology- originally perceived as cable replacement alternative for the cable / wire connected devices such as mobile phone hand, headsets, and portable computers. The BluetoothTM's goals expanded to include standardized wireless communications between any electrical devices and created a notion of Personal Area Network. The write-up traces history of BluetoothTM starting with its unusual name to formation of Special Interest Group, SIG's formation, its growth culminating into implementation of version 1.0b.

Version 1.0 of the Bluetooth came out in 1999-starting as early as 1994 by engineers from Ericsson. The specification is named after Harald Blatand- a tenth century Viking. Ericsson Corp. founded the Bluetooth SIG in February 1998, Intel Corp., IBM Corp., Toshiba Corp., and Nokia Mobile Phones. In December 1999, core promoters group enlarged to include four major players, namely, Micorsoft, Lucent, 3 Com and Motorola.

Then, the components of…… [Read More]

References

Books

Bluetooth Revealed, Brent, Miller. September 2000, Prentice Hall PTR

Bluetooth Demystified, Nathan Muller, J.J. September 2000, Prentice Hall PTR

Web Addresses
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Security and Control of Health Data

Words: 3766 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68825610

Health-Care Data at Euclid Hospital Security and Control: A White Paper

Protecting Health-Care Data

The efficiency of the modern healthcare system is increasingly becoming reliant on a computerized infrastructure. Open distributed information systems have been initiated to bring professionals together on a common platform throughout the world. It needs to be understood that easy and flexible methods of processing and communication of images; sound and texts will help in visualizing and thereby cure illnesses and diseases effectively. Another aspect is that the easy access and usage can risk patient privacy, accountability, and secrecy associated with the healthcare profession. Therefore, Information Technology -- IT must be able to focus mainly on improving the health of the patient and should not put the patient's health in danger. (IO Press)

This implies that right data has to be made available to the right person at the right time. IT strongly affects the confidentiality…… [Read More]

References

A WWW implementation of National Recommendations for Protecting Electronic Health

Information.  http://medg.lcs.mit.edu/people/psz/secman.html 

Accessed 21 September, 2005

IO Press. Retrieved from  http://www.iospress.nl/loadtop/load.php?isbn=9051992661
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Protection of Digital Health Information With Increase

Words: 1333 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1234850

Protection of Digital Health Information

With increase health information technology store access patient information, likelihood security breaches risen. In fact, Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ): In United States, a whopping 97% increase number health records breached 2010-2011

Ensuring that patient information is protected at all times is vital for any health care institution. Patient information records contain sensitive information that can be used for malicious purposes like identity theft, credit card fraud, and leaking of information for malicious intent. The advancement and use of technology has made it easier for patient information to be accessed within the health care facility Shoniregun, Dube, & Mtenzi, 2010.

This increases the speed of service delivery to the patient and improves the care given to the patient. Technology has allowed for the use of portable electronic devices by the healthcare practitioners in entering and accessing patient records and information. Portable electronic devices are small…… [Read More]

References

Green, M.A., & Bowie, M.J. (2005). ESSENTIALS OF HEALTH INFORMATION Management: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES: Principles and Practices. Independence, KY: Thomson/Delmar Learning.

Harman, L.B., & Association, A.H.I.M. (2006). Ethical Challenges in the Management of Health Information. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Laurinda B. Harman, C.A.F., and Kesa Bond. (2012). Electronic Health Records: Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security. American Medical Association Journal of Ethics, 14(9), 712-719.

Shoniregun, C.A., Dube, K., & Mtenzi, F. (2010). Electronic Healthcare Information Security. New York / Heidelberg: Springer.
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Network Design Network ABC Network Design a

Words: 3772 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10270326

Network Design

Network

ABC NETWOK DESIGN

A Comprehensive Proposal and Design for ABC Inc. Network equirements

Network Proposal Overview

Telecommunication Overview

Telecommunication Proposal

Network Configuration Management Plan

In order to meet the needs of the customers, ABC Inc. must insure that productivity is not hindered by the growth of the company. The employees at ABC Inc. must have a robust network so that customer service is not jeopardized. The accounting firm has grown from five to fifty employees with the acquisition of a large account. Currently, each employee has their own standalone computer which contains Windows 7, Office 2010 and QuickBooks accounting software. The company does not have a network in place. Currently information is shared by copying data to a flash drive and each workstation has a stand-alone printer. The objective of this proposal is to provide a centralized solution for all of ABC's network needs.

Given the highly…… [Read More]

References

Amsel, E. (1988). Network security and access controls. Computers & Security, 7(1),

53.

Bray, O., & Hess, M.M. (1995). Reengineering a configuration-management system.

IEEE Software, 12(1), 55-63.
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Comprehensive Study of Cryptographic Methods in Practice Today

Words: 4113 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73473775

Internet Encryption

he growing sophistication of internet, along with advancing abilities of individuals to hack into electronic systems is creating a growing need for improved encryption technology. he internet is becoming a domain all to itself, with its own rules, and requirements. he internet is creating new opportunities for the business and communication industries. It is also creating new demands. he internet is now facing a period in its evolution similar to the period of our country's history of westward expansion, and settlement

Wild Wild West years of the internet have passed with the bursting of the ech bubble in the early 21st century. Now business is building entire enterprises on the net. As hundreds of thousands of dollars change hands based on digital bleeps, the needs for government, business, and individuals to protect their data is becoming of paramount importance. Who will be the exas Ranger's of the internet,…… [Read More]

The Promotion of Commerce Online in the Digital Era Act of 1996, or "Pro-Code" Act: (1997) Hearing on S. 1726 Before the Senate Comm. On Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 104th Cong. 13.

U.S. Government Restrictions on Cryptography Exports and the Plight of Philip Zimmermann, 13 GA. ST U.L. REV. 581, 592-600 (1997)

Yoshida, J. (1996, Oct. 14) Intel Weighs in on DVD Encryption, Elecrtronic Engineering Times.
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Network Security

Words: 9364 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59921852

networking and TCP/IP and internetworking. Also discussed are risk management, network threats, firewalls, and also more special purpose network devices. The paper will provide a better insight on the general aspects of security and also get a better understanding of how to be able to reduce and manage risk personally at the workplace and at home.

In today's world, the Computer has become a common feature in any organization anywhere in the world. This may be due to the fact that a computer can be accessed by anybody who knows how to handle it and also because it can store a lot of information both confidential and general. A computer is connected through a physical network that allows a person or many persons to share any information necessary. (Conceptual Overview of Network Security) Though network security in Information Technology is an issue that has been discussed endlessly, implementation has definitely…… [Read More]

References

Bolding, Darren. "Network Security, Filters and Firewalls." Retrieved from ACM Cross Roads Student Magazine, 17 January, 2001  http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds2-1/security.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004

Curtin, Matt. "Introduction to Network Security March" 1997. Retrieved at http://www.interhack.net/pubs/network-securityAccessed on 03/09/2004

Home Internet security: Protection against network security attacks" Retrieved at http://www.buildwebsite4u.com/articles/home-internet-security.shtml. Accessed on 03/09/2004

Magalhaes, Ricky M. "Network Security recommendations that will enhance your windows" network" Oct 22, 2002. Retrieved at  http://www.windowsecurity.com/articles/Net_Security_Recommendations.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004
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Information Technology IT Security Systems

Words: 3128 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51446477

Computer Security Systems

The report provides new security tools and techniques that computer and IT (Information Technology) professionals, network security specialists, individuals, corporate and public organizations can employ to enhance security of their computer and information systems. In the fast paced IT environment, new threats appear daily that make many organizations to lose data and information that worth billions of dollars. In essence, the computer and IT security professionals are required to develop new computer and IT security tools and techniques to protect their information resources.

The present age of universal computer connectivity has offered both opportunities and threats for corporate organizations Typically, since corporate and public organizations rely on computer and network systems to achieve their business objectives, they also face inherent risks which include electronic fraud, eavesdropping, virus attack and hacking. In essence, some hackers use malicious software with an intention to gain access to corporate computer systems…… [Read More]

Reference

Abdel-Aziz, A. (2009. Intrusion Detection & Response - Leveraging Next Generation Firewall Technology. SANS Institute.

Burr, W. Ferraiolo, H. & Waltermire, D. (2014). IEEE Computer Society. NIST and Computer Security.

Chadwick, D. (2012). Network Firewall Technologies. IS Institute, University of Salford.

Osterhage, W. (2011). Wireless Security. UK, Science Publishers.
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Windows Server 2008 and Internet

Words: 1433 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 9458016

This occurs when a server happens to receive more connection requests that are incomplete and that it cannot possibly handle. This kind of attack's source code were released in 2006 by 2600 and Phracks two well-known underground hacker magazines. The second threat is IP Spoofing which is an attack which involves the impersonation of a legitimate host user at the IP layer. The third one is sequence number attack. The third one is TCP session hijacking. The third threat is denial of service attacks Security strategies to address various threats that are addressed by IPSec that users who use unsecured TCP/IP face

In order to ensure that users of unsecured TCP/IP don't fall victims to the threats outlined above, the following strategies must be employed;

Countering SYN Flooding:

The ISPs that are responsible for the IP packets must block the non-internal addresses that are responsible for the flooding. The attacker…… [Read More]

References

CEEnet (2000)Applications of IPSec

http://www.ceenet.org/workshops/lectures2000/Richard_Perlman/ipsec/tsld002.htm

Ferguson, B Poulton, D and Barrett, D (2004). MCSA/MCSE 70-299 Exam Cram 2:

Implementing and Administering Security in a Windows 2003 Network
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Gilbert Law Evidence Gilbert Law

Words: 3911 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28128338

This type of evidence includes perception and memory, is subjective, and can be inaccurate. Almost all evidence must be sponsored by a witness who has sworn or solemnly affirmed to tell the truth. All persons are presumed to be qualified to serve as witnesses in trials and other legal proceedings, and all persons are also presumed to have a legal obligation to serve as witnesses if their testimony is sought. Witnesses are generally required to give their testimony in the form of statements regarding what they saw, heard, felt, tasted, or smelled, and they are generally forbidden to express opinion or draw conclusions. A person who is not testifying as an expert will be allowed to present an opinion as testimony if his opinion is both rationally based on his perception and helpful to an understanding of his testimony. Opinions of a competent layperson are specifically permitted by rule, statute,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Waltz, Jon R. And Park, Roger C. (1998) Gilbert Law Summaries: Evidence. 17th Edition. New York: Harcourt Brace Legal and Professional Publications.
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Cryptography

Words: 4153 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91116179

In addition electronic purses can be reloaded using ATM machines or traditional tellers (if the card is connected to a banking account).

Additionally, electronic purses are usually based on smart card technology and necessitate a card reader to fulfill a transaction. Equipment including point of sale (POS) terminals, ATMs, and smart card kiosks can be outfitted with card readers (Misra et al., 2004). Every time the user utilizes the card reader to complete a transaction; the card reader will debit or credit the transaction value from or to the card.

The author further asserts that Smart cards can be utilized for various purposes.

In most cases they are used as stored value cards (Misra et al., 2004). Stored value cards can be utilized at the time of purchase and are preloaded with a certain amount of money. These cards can be discarded after they have been used; however, most stored…… [Read More]

References

AL-KAYALI a. (2004) Elliptic Curve Cryptography and Smart Cards GIAC Security Essentials Certification (GSEC). Retrieved October 8 at  http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/vpns/1378.php 

ECC. Retrieved October 8 at  http://planetmath.org/encyclopedia/EllipticCurveCryptography.html 

Frauenfelder M. (2005) Make: Technology on Your Time. Oreily Misra, S.K., Javalgi, R. (., & Scherer, R.F. (2004). Global Electronic Money and Related Issues. Review of Business, 25(2), 15+.

Mitrou N. (2004) Networking 2004: Networking Technologies, Services, and Protocols. Springer Murphy S., Piper F. (2002) Cryptography: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press: Oxford, England.
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Gilbert's Summaries Contracts the Law

Words: 5347 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78221030

Not all offense levels are entitled to a jury trial and each jurisdiction has its own standard in this regard. As a general rule, however, any offense involving the possibility of incarceration as a sanction is entitled to the benefit of a jury trial. This same standard is applicable, as well, to the right of every defendant to be represented by counsel. In all cases, regardless of the seriousness of the offense, the rules of criminal procedure grant the defendant the right to confront any and all witnesses involved in the formation of the charges against him. This right includes the right to cross-examine all such witnesses and to require their attendance at trial through the use of a subpoena.

The distinguishing factor that separates criminal trials from civil ones is the burden of proof. Criminal Procedure in all U.S. jurisdictions requires that guilt in the criminal court is based…… [Read More]

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Worth 2 Points Each Problem

Words: 2366 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93498796

It also has only printable characters

Washington

The character is unsuitable since it contains more than 8 characters. It can be guessed by dictionary attack since it is a common name

Aristotle

The password is unsuitable since it has more than 8 characters. Can be guessed by a dictionary attack since it is a common name

Tv9stove

The password is suitable since the character length does not exceed eight characters and it contains printable characters

12345678

The password is too obvious so it is unsuitable

Dribgib

The password is suitable since it does not contain more than 8 characters. It also contains printable characters.

Problem 3.6

95*95*95*95*95*95*95*95*95*95 + 6.4 million

=95^10/6.4 million

Chapter 4

Question 4.1

DAC is used to define the basic access control policies to various objects. These are set according to the needs of the object owners. The MAC are access control policies that are system-controlled. The…… [Read More]

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Network Vulnerabilities That Avionics Are

Words: 2859 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 26903300

In this manner, it makes network management and filtering a lot easier. Even though SPF can protect the network infrastructure against certain attacks that are known to exploit the weaknesses that are inherent in the various network level protocols, it can never provide protection at application level. The application defense needs more awareness of the content of the payload.

Circuit Proxy Firewall (CPF)

This type of firewall operates by relying as an relaying agent that exists between the external and internal hosts (Stephen, 2004). The whole idea is to protect the network's internal hosts from direct exposure to the outside environments.

The CPF firewall operates by accepting various requests from the internal hosts for the sake of establishing the connection to the external world. It then destroys the device's initial IP address as well as the header of the network layer.

Disadvantages of CPF

The payload is then encapsulated in…… [Read More]

References

[1] N. Thanthry, M.S. Ali, and R. Pendse, "Security,

Internet Connectivity and Aircraft Data Networks,"

IEEE Aerospace and Electronic System

Magazine, November 2006
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Security Issues in IEEE Wlan

Words: 6613 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95819917



Despite its clear benefits and advantages in terms of ease of use and cost effectiveness, there are certain risks associated with wireless networking. These risks are discussed further below.

Review of the Literature.

Security Risks Associated with IEEE WLAN 802.11. The applications for wireless communication technology continue to develop and expand; today, at least, the 802.11b is the standard of choice for wireless router communication used with network installation (Gonazles & Higby 2003). "The integrity of the transmitted data is a valid 2.4 GHz. At this wavelength medium, the propagation of wavelength maintains strong connectivity" (Gonzales & Higby 2003, p. 30). The technology of WLANs actually dates back to the mid-1980s; during this period, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) freed up radio frequency (rf) to the industry. "Initially, this was viewed as a broadcast reception procedure and very little thought went to broadcast transmission" (Gonzales & Higby 2003, p. 30).…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Alexander, Steve. 2004. Computers and Information Systems. In Encyclopedia Britannica Book of the Year [premium service].

Anderson, Robert H., Tora K. Bikson, Richard O. Hundley & C. Richard Neu. 2003. The Global Course of the Information Revolution: Recurring Themes and Regional Variations. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.

Bliss, R. Marion. September 5, 2003. Homeowners Connect to Wireless Fidelity. The Washington Times, p. F29.

Brookshear, J.G. 2000. Computer Science: An Overview. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley.
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Communications in Business Why Should

Words: 578 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61869009

Guided media includes Twisted Pair, Coaxial, and Fiber Optic. Unguided media includes terrestrial microwave, satellite microwave, radio and infrared technologies (Warner, 2008). The security strategies for each class of media must taken into account how each codes, decodes and manages the stream of data across these media types.

For guided media there are several levels of security including access, protocol stability and security, locking data elements and packets, and the use of Cyclic edundancy Checking (CC) for accuracy and authentication of specific access points,. These media also require the use of protocols that can be used for protecting down to the packet level data being transmitted. The reliance on advanced TCP/IP protocols and options is a case in point.

For unguided media the challenges are more significant as these are by nature broadcast technologies. The protocols that these networks transmit must be protected down to the packet and frame level,…… [Read More]

References

Heegaard, P.E., & Wittner, O.J. (2010). Overhead reduction in a distributed path management system. Computer Networks, 54(6), 1019.

Kritzinger, P.S., Krzesinski, a.E., & Teunissen, P. (1980). Incorporating system overhead in queuing network models. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 6(4), 381-390.

Viennot, L., Jacquet, P., & Thomas, H.C. (2004). Analyzing control traffic overhead vs. mobility and data traffic activity in mobile ad-hoc network protocols. Wireless Networks, 10(4), 447-455.

Warner, M. (2008). IP-based centralcasting. Broadcast Engineering, 50(6), 62-n/a.
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Memo on Trip Report for the Lecture or Presentation

Words: 332 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96132148

attended a lecture on wireless LAN security that outlined security threats and discussed measures a company needs to take to mitigate risks. The presentation focused on the IEEE 802.11b standard for port-based network access control that provides authenticated and somewhat encrypted network access to 802.11 wireless networks. The findings of the lecture indicated that this standard is still too immature to adequately secure wireless networks.

IEEE 802.11b deploys Wireless Equivalent Privacy for encrypting wireless traffic, which is basically insecure with its current implementation of static keys. A firmware upgrade known as Temporary Key Integrity Protocol has been introduced to offer better encryption by using fast-packet rekeying to change encryption keys frequently. However, security may still be compromised even though it may be harder to do so since there is less traffic with identical keys. The 802.11b standard requires the use of the Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service server for authentication…… [Read More]

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Security Issues of M Commerce

Words: 5074 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25740607

wireless Web is truly' the next major wave of Internet computing

A its potential for bringing people together and expanding commerce is even greater than that of the wired Internet."

Edward Kozel, board member and former CTO of Cisco systems (AlterEgo, 2000, p. 12)

The integration of the Internet into our modern culture as a driving force behind business, convenience, services and merchandise acquisition has created a new set of desires for modern consumers. The trend started with the ease and availability of services and products being offer4ed through radio and television advertising, and then infomercials and shopping channels. The internet brought the availability to purchase products, goods, and information from our desks and kitchens. Now trough wireless hotspots and wireless devices, society is following their desires toward a marketing distribution channel which motivates them to pay for internet access, and mobile commerce (m-commerce) anytime, anywhere, and instantly. These sets…… [Read More]

Bibliography

AlterEgo (2000). Building the intelligent internet: Making the case for adaptive network services. [www.alterego.com].

Albright, B. (2000). Mobilize this!. Frontline Solutions, May, 28-32.

Bansal, P. (1.1.2001) Smart cards come of age. The Banker.

Barnett, N., Hodges, S. & Wilshire, M. (2000). M-commerce: An operator's manual. McKinsey Quarterly, 3,162-171.
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EMV Standard Implementation in Iranian

Words: 2202 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 41434288

The rates of reduction of these cases were noted to be about 20% per year as from 2004 when the standards were introduced (UK Payments Administration LTD 2009). The exact phenomenon observed is as indicated in Appendix A.

Mechanism

The mechanism involved in the protection of the card details by means of the EMV technology is discussed by various scholars and organizations. SPA (2010, 1) clearly explains that the need for authenticating data in the various EMV systems is to ensure that the cars being used is genuine. This is made possible via a system referred to as the Card Authentication Methods that is dependent on the capabilities of the chip itself.

How the EMV system protects payment cards

EMV Implementation Challenges

Extant literature has been dedicated towards the study of the various challenges that face the implementation of the EMV technology. Gareth Ellis Solution Consultants (2007,1) clearly point out…… [Read More]

References

ATM Media,(2010).Challenges to migrating to EMV.

http://www.atmindustryinfo.com/2010/03/challenges-in-migrating-to-emv.html

APACS (2007) Fraud -- The Facts 2007

 http://www.apacs.org.uk/resources  publications/documents/FraudtheFacts2007.pdf
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Mobile Adhoc Networks Manet the

Words: 3549 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 62064636

Much work remains to enable a seamless

Integration, for example that can extend IP to support mobile network devices. (Chlamtac, Conti, and Liu, 2003)

4G is stated to begin with the assumption "that future networks will be entirely packet-switched, using protocols evolved from those in use in today's Internet." (Chlamtac, Conti, and Liu, 2003) It is reported that a 4G wireless network that is all IP-based "has intrinsic advantages over its predecessors." (Chlamtac, Conti, and Liu, 2003)

IP is stated to be both compatible with and independent of "the actual radio access technology" meaning that 'the core 4G network can be designed and evolves independently from access networks. Using IP-based core network also means the immediate tapping of the rich protocol suites and services already available, for example, voice and data convergence, can be supported by using readily available VoIP set of protocols such as MEGACOP, MGCP, SIP, H.323, SCTP.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Macker, J. And Corson, S. (1999) Mobile Ad Hoc Networking (MANET): Routing Protocol Performance Issues and Evaluation Considerations. Network Working Group. Naval Research Laboratory, January 1999. Online available at:  http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2501.txt 

A Survey on Attacks and Countermeasures in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (2006) Silcon.com

Springer Science+Business Media. 10 May 2006.

Gaertner, Gregor and Cahill, Vinny (2004) Understanding Link Quality in 802.11 Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 55-60, Jan./Feb. 2004,
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XBRL Adoption at Hmrc and

Words: 17839 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 52024391

Within these findings are many insights and differences in opinion as to the benefits and caveats of XBL adoption. In the a case of HMC, privacy issues are a key factor in the reason for their partial adoption of XBL, rather than the full adoption undertaken by CH. The interviewees were from varied backgrounds and included three from HMC and four from CH. They included persons from many different facets of the project. They included interviews from accountancy, the Manager of Online Services, a Technical Architect, and a Process Advisor. These interviewees represent technical personnel who are directly involved in the project implementation. The list of interviewees also included senior management, including the Head of Development, Senior Project Manager, and Business Systems Analyst.

The interviewees represent diversity in opinions among those in various phases of the project. They represent numerous disciplines that are involved as well. Each professional was concerned…… [Read More]

References

Keeling, D. (2009). HTML - XML - XBRL - iXBRL - what's it all about-AccountancyAge. August 17, 2009.  http://keelinguncorked.accountancyage.com/2009/08/html-xml-xb.html
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Building a Secure Workflow Management

Words: 11534 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 30861705

Each onion router removes a layer of encryption to uncover routing instructions, and sends the message to the next router where this is repeated. This prevents these intermediary nodes from knowing the origin, destination, and contents of the message.

1.4.

Lecture Survey.

The predicted solution of the problems related to e-government administration depends on answering the following questions as brainstorming ideas to solve the problem and the features provided by the system or application.

1. An important step for processing of e-Government.

2. To ensure the confidentiality of information such as contracts for military weapons and other by Providing a high level of security as it is based on singing the data by combining multiple key values like user id, date stamp and transaction id which produce an encrypted key utilized and used only internally by the system for authentication and validation of user privileges. This procedure would make it…… [Read More]

References

Averyt, William. (2005). E-Government Reconsidered: Renewal of Governance for the Knowledge Age. American Review of Canadian Studies 35(4): 769-770.

Chaffee, a. (2000-08-17). "What is a web application (or "webapp")?"

Cohen, JE. (2000). Examined Lives: Informational Privacy and the Subject as Object. Stanford Law Review 52(5): 1373.

Bourquard, J.A. (2003, March). What's Up with E-Government? Digital Government Isn't a Silver Bullet, but as Part of a Long-Term Plan it May Provide a Means to Reduce State
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It Security Plan & Implementation

Words: 5733 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 51789407

Second, the specific connection points thoughout the netwok also need to be evaluated fo thei levels of existing secuity as well, with the WiFi netwok audited and tested (Loo, 2008). Thid, the Vitual Pivate Netwoks (VPNS) and the selection of secuity potocols needs to be audited (Westcott, 2007) to evaluate the pefomance of IPSec vs. SSL potocols on oveall netwok pefomance (Rowan, 2007). Many smalle copoations vacillate between IPSec and SSL as the copoate standad fo wieless connections, defining the advantages and disadvantages as the table below has captued.

Table 1: Technical Analysis of Diffeences between IPSec and SSL

IPSec

SSL

Topology

Site-to-site VPN; mainly configued in a hub-and-spoke design

Remote-access VPN

Secuity

Session authentication

Authenticates though digital cetificate o peshaed key

Dops packets that do not confom to the secuity policy

Authenticate though the use of digital cetificates; dops packets if a fatal alet is eceived

Confidentiality

Uses a…… [Read More]

references/ssl.html>.

Lin, Y., Chen, S., Lin, P., & Lai, Y.. (2008). Designing and evaluating interleaving decompressing and virus scanning in a stream-based mail proxy. The Journal of Systems and Software, 81(9), 1517.

Robert Loew, Ingo Stengel, Udo Bleimann, & Aidan McDonald. (1999). Security aspects of an enterprise-wide network architecture. Internet Research, 9(1), 8-15.

Loo, a. (2008). The Myths and Truths of Wireless Security. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 51(2), 66.

OpenReach (2002) IPSec vs. SSL: Why Choose?. Jan. 2002. Open Reach. Security Tech Net. 20 Mar. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on October 6, 2009 from location:
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Virtual Private Network VPN Now

Words: 1051 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97194752



Centralized telesaving control

Managing cost-effective use of dial links centrally may no longer be possible.

Overhead

VPN tunnels impose overhead for dial-in users: encryption algorithms may impact the performance of the user's system, there will be an increased protocol header overhead, authentication latency will increase, PPP and IP compression will perform poorly (compared to a direct link), and modem compression won't work at all.

Support issues

eplacing direct-dial links with VPN tunnels may produce some very painful faultfinding missions. Due to the complexity of VPN carrier networks, the opportunities for "hand-washing" are enormous.

econnection time

Using tunneling may increase the reconnection time for dial users. With the VPN carrier L2TP model, the client has to go through two authentication phases: one on contacting the VPN carrier POP, and another on contact with the enterprise Security Gateway.

Multimedia

Applications such as video conferencing only work acceptably over low latency links that…… [Read More]

References

Bird, T. (2001). Virtual Private Networks. Retrieved April 21, 2005, from Vpn.shmoo.com

Web site: http://vpn.shmoo.com/vpn/FAQ.html

Virtual Private Networks. (n.d). Retrieved April 20, 2005, from Cba.unomaha.edu

Web site:  http://cba.unomaha.edu/faculty/garfathr/web/vpn_pros_cons.html
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What Information System Holds in Accounting Industry's Future

Words: 7679 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50658433

Information System holds in Accounting Industry's future?

Looking through the glass and estimating what the future holds for any individual or profession is always a difficult exercise as the trends in any business or profession may change and so the path of development. It is better to look at the experience of some companies whose systems have changed over the past few years and thus try to estimate what is likely to happen.

There are many changes that have come to the world through the development of Information Technology and Computers. All the changes have come over a relatively short period of twenty years, and in many cases both industry and concerned humans are yet to adjust to the changes. There are many changes which have come in the accounting industry also, and those changes give an idea of what is likely to happen in the future.

The organization where…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Anders, Susan B. (February, 2005) "Website of the Month: Legalbitstream" The CPA Journal.

Retrieved from  http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/2005/205/essentials/p70.htm  Accessed on 12 July, 2005

Anders, Susan B. (July, 2005) "Website of the Month: Kaplan CPA Review" The CPA Journal.

Retrieved from  http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/2005/705/essentials/p70.htm  Accessed on 12 July, 2005
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Policy Formulation in a World

Words: 5010 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31469771

This balkanization is partially driven by the lack of integration between various segments of itself, and this is primarily a technological limitation. Yet the far broader and more difficult challenge in this regard is the segregating of knowledge not just for profit, but for lasting competitive advantage between nations. On the one hand there is the need for competitive differentiation in company's offerings, yet in others including the sharing of primary research in medicine and biomedical fields and stem cell research there is the ethical responsibility to share these insights gained to foster solutions to the world's most pressing medical problems. M. Van Alstyne and E. Brynjolfsson, researchers on the growth patterns and threat of Internet balkanization from MIT, remark in their conference paper from a 1996 conference that the balkanization of science is a significant threat. The two MIT researchers cite the studies they have completed showing how despite…… [Read More]

References

ESRI (2006). Environmental Systems Research Institute. Retrieved from the Internet on July 14, 2006. (www.esri.com)

Gates Technology Foundation (2005). Interviews and on-site visits with GIS planners and network technicians while donating servers, laptops, and desktop computers for a major PC manufacturer. Onsite interviews in Seattle, Washington. April, 2005.

HHS (2006). Federal Register Data on Poverty Line Statistics by size of household. January 24, 2006. See table 1 of this document.

Pew Center for Internet Research (2006). Key statistics downloaded from the Internet on February 14, 2006.  http://people-press.org/
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Technical Document for Hans Tech

Words: 3059 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40379026

6: Existing Cable and Wireless Design

The company will establish wireless access using the LWAP (lightweight access point). The LWAP will be distributed to all the facilities through the WLS. Typically, WLS will be installed to assist in providing the traffic tunnel and failover authentication. To enhance the security of the WLAN, the company will install the encryption system at the wireless access point, the encryption protocols will contain WPA/WPA2, and there will be an AES encryption at all the wireless access point using the 802.1 X authentication.

The company will redesign the local backbone infrastructure in order to increase the network bandwidth. There would be 100 BASE-T4 cabling to the 7 Cisco 2613 routers. The cabling system will assist the company to achieve efficient network connectivity for future growth. The 100 BASE-FX (fiber) cabling will be attached to the Cisco 7507 routers, which will assist in achieving more expansion…… [Read More]

References

Cisco (2011). Product Overview. Cisco Inc. USA.

Cisco (2012). Cisco Network Availability and Operations Optimization Service. Cisco System Inc.

Chen, T. Horng, G. & Yang, C.(2008).Public Key Authentication Schemes for Local Area. Informaticia.19(1):3-16.

Guillen, P. E. & Chacon, D. A (2009). VoIP Networks Performance Analysis with Encryption Systems. World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology. 58: 688-695.
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Mobile Security

Words: 1535 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 35660798

Mobile Device Security

Analysis of Routing Optimization Security for Mobile IPv6 Networks

Defining and Implementing Mobility Security Architectures

Approaches to defining, implementing and auditing security for mobility devices have become diverse in approach, spanning from protocol definition and development including IPv6 through the creation of secure mobile grid systems. The wide variation in approaches to defining security for mobility devices has also shown the critical need for algorithms and constraint-based technologies that can use constraint-based logic to isolate and thwart threats to the device and the network it is part of. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the recent developments in constraint-based modeling and network logic as represented by mobile IPv6 protocols and the role trust management networks (Lin, Varadharajan, 2010). These networks are predicated on algorithms that are used authenticating the identity of specific account holders, in addition to defining a taxonomy of the factors that most…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Allen, M. (2006). An IT manager's insight into mobile security. The British Journal of Administrative Management,, 22-23.

Barber, R. (2000). Security in a mobile world - is Bluetooth the answer? Computers & Security, 19(4), 321-325.

Goode, A. (2010). Managing mobile security: How are we doing? Network Security, 2010(2), 12-15.

Komninos, N., Vergados, D., & Douligeris, C. (2006). Layered security design for mobile ad hoc networks. Computers & Security, 25(2), 121-130.
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Major Strategic Issues of Facebook

Words: 815 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Questionnaire Paper #: 31409641

e-Commerce

MAJOR STRATEGIC ISSUES OF FACEBOOK

Identify the major strategic issues of Facebook

Facebook strategically aimed creating a platform for social interactivity in the internet. The team used the existing website technology to facilitate this interaction. In order to expand into new markets without losing what originally made it popular, Facebook must ensure that the new products are connected to its original idea in one way or the other. For instance, as an advertising tool, Facebook should make sure that corporate and businesspersons who need marketing own Facebook accounts where people connect with them.

Major Characteristics of Web 2.0

Allows web-based applications to be accessed from any place

Simple applications are used to solve specified problems

Its value is more anchored on the content rather than the software used to display the same content.

Sharing of data is straightforward.

Is uses a bottom-up distribution pattern rather than top-down.

User friendly…… [Read More]

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Ommerce E-Commerce E- Commerce E- Commerce E-Commerce

Words: 4770 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31711606

OMMECE

E-Commerce

E- Commerce

E- Commerce

E-commerce revolution has immensely affected all the industries, including the real estate industry. By using websites the real estate agents can transmit the information about the properties to a wide range of people. In addition to that, it can also enable the real estate agents to set up information communication channels directly between the real estate agencies, investors and developers. By mass media advertisements, the retailers can target a huge audience, including a number of potential buyers. In this technique the agencies usually use a simplex, one way communication channel, to communicate with the audience. A single advertisement is generated for the entire market, therefore, it is cost efficient. (Jianliang et al., 2013)

E-commerce enables the real estate agents to have personal contact with their clients. By having an interaction with the clients, the agents can better understand their requirements and can provide them…… [Read More]

References

Basu, A. And Muylle, S. (2007). How to Plan E-Business Initiatives in Established Companies. MIT Sloan Management Review.49 pp.27-36 Retrieved from:  http://www.business.ulst.ac.uk/intlbusiness/courses/bmg814m1/BasuEBusiness.pdf  [Accessed: 7 Jun 2013].

Beal, V. (2010). 4 E-commerce Regulations Need to Know. E-Commerce Guide. Retrieved from http://www.e-commerce-guide.com/solutions/building/article.php/3910211/4-E-commerce-Regulations-to-Need-to-Know.htm [Accessed: 7 Jun 2013].

Coburn, R. (2012). The Essential Elements of Computer Network Security. Retrieved from:  http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Essential-Elements-of-Computer-Network-Security&id=7039466  [Accessed: 7 Jun 2013].

FBI (2011). Internet Social Networking Risks. Retrieved from:  http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/counterintelligence/internet-social-networking-risks  [Accessed: 5 Jun 2013].
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ERP and Information Security

Words: 8373 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74211420

EP and Information Security

Introduction to EP

Even though the plans of information security include the prevention of outsiders to gain access of internal network still the risk from the outsiders still exists. The outsiders can also represent themselves as authorized users in order to cause damage to the transactions of the business systems. Therefore, strict prevention measures should be taken to avoid such situations.

The threats of both the hackers have been increased with the software of the enterprise resource planning (EP) (Holsbeck and Johnson, 2004). By performing acts of deception, the system privileges are neglected by them and take old of the assets which are mainly the cash. Its continuous integration has not succeeded in eliminating the threat of hackers who are either the insiders or enter through the perimeter security.

Considering the financial losses caused from the system-based frauds, errors and abuse by business transactions, new ways…… [Read More]

References

Bell, T., Thimbleby, H., Fellows, M., Witten, I., Koblitz, N. & Powell, M. 2003. Explaining cryptographic systems. Computers & Education. Volume 40. pp 199 -- 215.

Blosch, M. & Hunter, R. 2004. Sarbanes-Oxley: an external look at internal controls. Gartner. August.

CobiT Security Baseline. IT Governance Institute. http://www.itgi.org

Dhillon, G. 2004. Guest Editorial: the challenge of managing information security. International Journal of Information Management. Volume 24. pp 3 -- 4.