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Barack Obama Essays (Examples)

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Obama Speech on Racism and Unity
Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43015976
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A More Perfect Union: Race and Unity
Issues of race are so sensitive because of the history of race in America. As Obama points out, race was an issue that “divided the colonies”—it was the “original sin of slavery” for America (1411). Some of the people who settled America had among them a racist ideology that allowed them to view blacks as inferior. They wanted to protect their power structure and way of life and that meant allowing slavery to continue. Race served as the pretext for this power grab. They pointed to racial superiority as their reason for being able to hold slaves. Even today people hold this racial view, which is why it is still such a sensitive issue: the nation is still divided.
Obama’s speech is a message of unity because throughout, he notes that he has brothers and sisters of all races—“of every race and…

Works Cited
Obama, Barack. “A More Perfect Union.”

Obamas First Year in Office
Words: 1988 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74209909
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With the one-year anniversary of President Trump’s swearing-in as President of the United States, comparisons between his first year and office and his predecessor’s first year in office are bound to be made. Therefore, it is a useful exercise to re-examine the first year in office of Barack Obama following his swearing-in as President of the United States in 2009. This paper will examine Obama’s inaugural year in order to answer the question: Did Obama have a successful first year in office? As the evidence shows, Obama’s first year in the White House was indeed very successful.


The methodology used for this study consisted primarily of Internet searches, using Google and Google Scholar. The primary key words used to drive the searches were: “Obama’s first year in office,” “Obama 2009,” “Obama first year success,” “Obama 2009 accomplishments,” and “Obama first year successful or not.” These searches led to…

Haywood and Obama -- Leadership
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98702819
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Both people and organizations want leaders. People want leaders to assist them in accomplishing their goals. Organizations want leaders to not only motivate, but to provide organizational direction for employees to follow. According to Kouzes and Posner (1994), five key behaviors for what is wanted of leaders from both people and organizations are: "(a) challenge the process, (b) inspire a shared vision, (c) enable others to act, (d) model the way, and (e) encourage the heart" (Kouzes and Posner, 1994, 960). his is the basic rubric we will use to evaluate the efficacy of Obama and Hayward in their overall approach to the oil spill issue.

ony Haywood Background and Response -- ony Hayward is a British businessman and joined British petroleum as a rig geologist in 1982, quickly rising through the ranks in a number of increasingly complex roles, finally becoming the CEO of the company in May 2007.…

Tony Haywood Background and Response -- Tony Hayward is a British businessman and joined British petroleum as a rig geologist in 1982, quickly rising through the ranks in a number of increasingly complex roles, finally becoming the CEO of the company in May 2007. His tenure ended with BP in October 2010, largely due, most believe, because of the circumstances and his management of the BP oil crisis in the Gulf (Milmo, 2010). Perhaps Hayward was hoping for a quick fix, or did not quite understand the enormity of this crisis, because he initially downplayed the incident by referring to a "very big ocean" and a "relatively tiny" amount of oil leaked with a potential impact as "very modest" (Webb, 2010). Needless to say, over the course of the next several weeks, that "very modest" impact seemed like an inappropriate response. It was not that Hayward lacked empathy for the situation, but it seemed the crisis so integrated his personal life that he found that an appropriate example for the world. On May 27th he changed his view from modest to an "environmental catastrophe," and on May 30th told a reporter, "we're sorry for the massive disruption [the spill] caused to… lives… There's no one who wants this thing over more than I do, I'd like my life back (Durando, 2010). Widely criticized as a selfish comment, it was likely not made in that vein, but certainly phrased in a way that may have seen more victim than leader. Subsequently, on June 2nd, Hayward apologized for the "hurtful and thoughtless comment when I said that I wanted my life back" (BP Chief Apologizes, 2010).

Hayward's appearance before a Congressional Subcommittee in mid-June was also less than stunning. While he acknowledged that BP would address the situation in a responsible manner, he refused to take ownership of the problem, stating, "This is a complex accident, caused by an unprecedented combination of failures. A number of companies are involved, including BP, and it is simply too early to understand the cause" (Mouawad and Krauss, 2010). Subsequently, BP's Board removed Hayward from day-to-day management and public scrutiny of the situation, and within months Hayward was no longer CEO of the company.

Barack Obama Background and Response- History was made in November 2008, not just American history, but world history as the United States elected its first African-American President. but, the election of a Black man as President, as unheard of as it might have been just 50 years ago, or even 25 years ago, was history because it was a national catharsis -- a repudiation of the greed, avarice, and selfishness that had so characterized American society for the past eight years. Obama's election was a referendum on a new America -- a younger America with an optimistic, but not Pollyannaish, view of the grave

Consecutive Executive George W Obama
Words: 4436 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Methodology Chapter Paper #: 7688432
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Kant was no exception to the paradigmatic priorities (i.e. objectivity as knowledge) of the era, and brief reference to the episteme is serves accuracy in discursive analysis of this heritage within American politics and policy thought. For instance, Kant's Critique of Judgment is enormously influential in establishing a connection between judgment and political and moral precepts to conduct in communities. Intellectual lineage to Kant's model of Enlightenment 'reason" combines ritish Empiricism with Continental Rationalism; and partly explains why his philosophical proposition that the existence of persistent war against non-liberal states is a requirement to perpetual peace is reiterated in scholarly expiation since the Enlightenment period, making Perpetual Theory of War as lasting as seminal reference (ehnke, 2009, Caranti, 2006 and Murray, 2003). Discourse Analysis toward the study's cause-and-effect analysis is derived from speeches and interviews taken from the ush administration in Table 1.

Table 1

President ush -- Speeches and…


Behnke, a. (2009). Eternal Peace, Perpetual War? A Critical Investigation into Kant's Conceptualisation of War. Conference Papers -- International Studies Association, 1-18.

Bolton, J. (2010). Obama's Next Three Years. Commentary, 129(1), 24-28.

Brose, C. (2009). The Making of George W. Obama. Foreign Policy, (170), 52-55.

Caranti, L. (2006). Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace? Reflections on the Realist Critique of Kant's Project. Journal of Human Rights, 5(3), 341-353. doi:10.1080/14754830600812357.

Gay Stance Against Obama Relationships
Words: 362 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 51757442
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Subsequent to his homosexual life, McClurkin had chosen to follow the path of the church, which, he claims, had cleansed him of his "unnatural" behavior. During a recent speech, McClurkin had declared that he does not agree with homosexuality and that the act is a very perverted. (Keith Boykin)

Apart from hiring anti-gay people to run his campaigns, Obama has stated during an interview that he did not directly agree to a marriage between two persons of the same sex. Despite that, he also stated that he does not wish to interfere with people's preferences, as that would mean that he would also interfere with the concept of an American life.

orks Cited

1. Boykin, Keith. (2007). Barack Obama and the Gay Issue. Retrieved January 21, 2008 from Keith Boykin eb site:

2. (2008). Obama Says He Is Against Same-Sex Marriage but Also Against Ending Its Practice in Calif.…

Works Cited

1. Boykin, Keith. (2007). Barack Obama and the Gay Issue. Retrieved January 21, 2008 from Keith Boykin Web site:

2. (2008). Obama Says He Is Against Same-Sex Marriage but Also Against Ending Its Practice in Calif. Retrieved January 21, 2008 from ABC news Web site:

President Obama's Nobel Peace Prize
Words: 1730 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 221408
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Indeed, arguably he is playing a little loose with the terms here, for persuasion, while it may be based on logic, is rarely simply logic. Rather it is logic combined with at least a coating of emotion.

In the following passage toward the end of his speech Obama uses language that I believe to be persuasive in a way in which Aristotle would approve, for Obama is using facts to build a case for his point-of-view rather than simply trading in emotion that he has called up for the occasion: This is not sophistry.

And that's why this award must be shared with everyone who strives for justice and dignity -- for the young woman who marches silently in the streets on behalf of her right to be heard even in the face of beatings and bullets; for the leader imprisoned in her own home because she refuses to abandon…

Mccain & Obama John Mccain
Words: 1279 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 10408910
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Under such conditions, a withdrawal could be completed by 2010.

It is my belief that neither candidate is in a position to manage the economic crisis. For instance, both have made energy independence a strong component of their policies, yet energy independence is a decade or two away. This is a noble long-term goal but will not address today's economic issues. McCain's economic ideologies are rooted in 20th century economic logic. His reliance on the trickle-down approach fails to recognize that capital is fungible. Therefore, applying more capital to the top of the economic food chain will not necessarily increase wealth at the bottom. It may merely be investing outside the country if opportunities overseas are better, which at present they often are. Holding the line of taxes will not spur growth, nor will it reduce consumer debt. Moreover, he cannot balance the budget in light of his lack of…

Gay Rights and Obama's Approach
Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 32439850
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If he is opposed to the law, why speak of upholding it? Obama consistently pursues a cautious, bipartisan policy regarding most major social issues -- despite the substantial lack of bipartisanship on the part of conservatives in the U.S. Congress. He has been willing to sacrifice the once-sacrosanct public option for health care, and does not seem to wish to raise divisive topics such as gay marriage before a legislature whom he is desperately trying to placate.

This is also true regarding the 'don't ask, don't tell policy' regarding gays in the military. Obama's language has been slightly stronger on this issue, perhaps because gay men and women have come out who have served with distinction in Iraq: He has said: "I believe 'don't ask, don't tell' doesn't contribute to our national security. In fact, I believe preventing patriotic Americans from serving their country weakens our national security" (Obcamb 2009).…

Works Cited

"Gay bishop invited to prayer at Obama inauguration event." On Top magazine. January 12,

2009. October 22, 2009 

Linkins, Jay. "Obama once supported gay marriage." Huffington Post. February 12, 2009.

Ethics and Morality Obama's Housing
Words: 1556 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81921071
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The bottom line for many - in terms of moral obligation - is the fact that Americans rely on their government to: a) protect them from attacks from terrorists (which the government did not to prior to the attacks on 9/11); b) spend their tax money responsibly without corruption (which neither the Congress or the hite House has done in recent years); c) only wage war when the nation is under direct threat of hostility (which it didn't vis-a-vis the Iraq ar); d) be honest with citizens (which the government has not been - to wit, the executive branch has on numerous occasions over the past few years censored empirical science in the name of political ideology); and e) protect the Constitution (which the executive branch has not done in all cases, i.e., recent memos released by the Justice Department show the executive branch believed it could assume broad and…

Works Cited

Merle, Renae. (2009). One in Five Homeowners 'Underwater'. The Washington Post.

Retrieved March 2, 2009, at .

Press Room U.S. Department of the Treasury. (2009). Relief for Responsible

Homeowners One Step Closer Under New Treasury Guidelines. Retrieved March 3, 2009 at .

Mccain Obama Comparison One Ethical Issue
Words: 1003 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4973482
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An example of a powerful group that supports abortion is the National Organization of omen. They do not see a fetus as a life and do not define it as such. Conservatives have many supporters that respect life and believe that it begins at conception. Many religious organizations support those that are pro-life. Pro-life supporters often come to this conclusion because of their moral convictions. They cannot justify taking a life and many believe that life begins at conception. Many would only believe that abortion is acceptable only if the mother's life is in danger or in severe cases of rape.

The issue of choice could be radically changed if McCain wins the presidency and is successful in overturning Roe v. ade. Both sides of the political fence can look into the future and see something very good happening or something very bad happening. This is why the presidential candidate…

Works Cited

Barack Obama: Change We Can Believe in." Barack Obama Online. Site Accessed September 14, 2008. 

Bardes, Barbara. American Government and Politics Today. Belmot: Thomson/Wadsworth. 2004.

Charlie Gibson interview GOP vice Presidential Candidate Sarah Palin." Site Accessed September 14, 2008. 

McCain for President." John McCain Online. Site Accessed September 14, 2008.

Internet and Politics Both Barack
Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10410264
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Although the issues addressed on Obama's website are indeed important and critical, their perspective is in my view too general. omney on the other hand tries to narrow down to the specifics. It is therefore unlikely that any user would feel left out in having his or her issue addressed. Basically, both websites are easy to navigate with the link to the homepage being consistent. Further, in both cases, functionality is enhanced with the clear labeling of each item of functionality. This makes both websites rather user friendly. However, it is much easier in my opinion to contact omney's campaign team than it is to contact Obama's campaign team. In Obama's website, the user has to scroll all the way to the bottom of the lengthy pages so as to access the contact details. The leaner pages in omney's website allow the user to easily contact the campaign team with…


Obama for America (2012). Barack Obama. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from: /

Romney for President, Inc. (2012). Mitt Romney. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from:

Bush v Obama Foreign Policies
Words: 3671 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 74573903
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The administration's disregard for international norms led to the excesses at Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq, and attempts to circumvent congressional oversight over the activities of the Administration backfired. Faced with increasing criticism at home and the inability to stabilize Iraq, the Bush Administration began to temper its approach with realism. The Administration agreed to a bipartisan Iraq Study Group, led by former Secretary of State James Baker and Democratic Congressman Lee Hamilton (Baker & Hamilton, 2006). The report prepared by the group was quite critical of the Bush Administration's policies in Iraq, and though many of those criticisms were rejected, the Administrated still took the criticism seriously, and a year later began to pursue a new approach, which eventually helped to decrease the level of violence in Iraq.

The Obama Administration's approach to Iraq War reflects the liberal views of Obama who warned in 2002 that "a U.S. occupation…


Ahmad, I. (2010). The U.S. Af-Pak Strategy: Challenges and Opportunities for Pakistan. Asian Affairs: An American Review, 37(4), 191-209.

Bacevich, a. (2010) Washington Rules: America's Path to Permanent War. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Bacevich, a., (November 6, 2005) the Realist Persuasion. The Boston Globe, retrieved on March 13, 2011, from 

Baker, J.A., & Hamilton, L.H. (2006) the Iraq Study Group Report: The Way Forward -- a New Approach. New York: Vintage Books.

Psychological Analysis Barrack Obama Analysis
Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64402288
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However, his sense of self-respect is rendered incomplete because of his father. The struggle he experienced demonstrated this and though it did not define his whole being as he is now, it was the primary component in his life that made it a challenge to meet his need for esteem.

2. As the current president of the United States, Obama can be said as a successful person. However, it cannot be said that he is fulfilled and has achieved self-actualization. The absence of a father figure in Obama's life remains a struggle in his life that could determine his successful realization for self-actualization.

3. Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs demonstrates how individual needs are categorized by levels and are comprised of different factors that may or may not apply to the individual. Using the Hierarchy of Needs alone, the theory cannot explain fully Obama's psyche, personality and behavior. Maslow's theory…


Barak Obama. (2012). Biography. Retrieved: 

MacFarquhar, Larissa. (2007). The conciliator. The New Yorker. Retrieved:

Decline of President Obama's Popularity
Words: 443 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: A2 Coursework Paper #: 45406027
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While it is true that the study included a very large population, on the basis of which the authors are perhaps justified in claiming validity and reliability, the variables included concentrate solely on academic results. The underlying causes of these results, beyond the classroom, are not considered. tudent motivation and academic preparation, for example, can have a significant effect upon student performance. Parental education could also have an important impact upon the performance of these students. Parents with a higher education level, for example, might be more likely to enrol their children in the AP program. At the same time, the influence of such parents could have an impact upon student motivation and the perception of academic performance as important. In general, therefore, the study is too focused on homogeneous influencing factors to truly provide an accurate account of the reasons for better academic performance. While the AP program may…


Johnson, J.B., Reinolds, H.T. And Mychoff, J.D. (2008, Aug). Political Science Research Methods, Sixth Edition. CQ Press

Matthews, J. (2007). Studies Find Benefits to Advanced Placement Courses. Washington Post. Retrieved from:


President Obama and Criminal Control Policy
Words: 993 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81596150
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Comorbidity and Continuity of Psychiatric Disorders in Youth After Detention." The criminal justice issue selected is: juvenile detention reform. The article presents information of CCJTDC or the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center. Some things to highlight is the comparison to nationwide statistics stating 90% of detainees are male. Of the detainees in juvenile detention centers, the majority are racial/ethnic minority. Because the majority are non-white, the researchers looked for potential participants that fit within the strata. The range is ages 10-14, Hispanic males and females, African-American males and females, and non-Hispanic white males and females, however greater focused was placed on Hispanic and African-American youth.

One aspect of reform lies in changing the growth rate of transfers from juvenile court to adult criminal court. These kinds of transfers typically result from "judicial waiver on a case-by-case basis, automatic transfers based on the type of offense, criminal history, and age…


Abram, K., Zwecker, N., Welty, L., Hershfield, J., Dulcan, M., & Teplin, L. (2015). Comorbidity and Continuity of Psychiatric Disorders in Youth After Detention. JAMA Psychiatry, 72(1), 1-11. 

R, O. (2015). President Obama for the prisoners. The Economist. Retrieved 9 June 2016, from 

Shahidullah, S. (2008). Crime policy in America. Lanham: University Press of America.

Analyzing Obama's Speech Through Aristotle
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72926986
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Obama's speech is a good example of Aristotle's rhetoric in practice.

The object of Obama's speech is to win the presidential nomination. His speech is persuasive. He is appealing to the populace of South Carolina (and to that end, he praises them and calls them "the good people of South Carolina").

Analyzing Obama's speech is interesting not so much because of the beauty of the speech -- it is indeed a work of art, poetic -- but also because it teaches us much about rhetoric. We see Aristotle's lesson through the subject and form -- through the craft -- of the speech.

Look at the patterns, for instance, of his speech -- the point so f contrast: The people voting for him, for instance, span a diversity of differences: "They are young and old; rich and poor. They are black and white; Latino and Asian and Native American." Nonetheless, this…

Sociology Racism What Is Obama's Race Barrack
Words: 898 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98895472
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What is Obama's race?

Barrack Obama's biography and upbringing are spiced up by interaction with different races as perceived by the modern world. He was born of a white mother from Hawaii in American and a black African father from Kenya. Moreover, Obama was raised, for a better period of his young life, in Jakarta, Indonesia together with his stepsisters. Therefore, to answer the question of Obama's race is a daunting task. He is neither fully white nor fully black due to the parental racial difference. Obama himself, in his book "Dreams from my father" strengthens this aspect of his life. He says that he was segregated by both the white fellow students and the black ones as well while at high school.

Thinking race globally

Racism is a social aspect of human life more than anything else is. It involves the segregation of a particular group of…

Relate President Obama's Second Inauguration and Relate to the Book
Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91215437
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Second Inaugural Address: President Obama

Giving an inaugural address is a massive endeavor, and requires an extensive amount of preparation for the speaker. Public speaking requires more structure and detail than ordinary conversation: even a short speech given by a student to the classroom requires research, audience analysis, and above all practice. As a U.S. president entering his second term, it was incumbent upon President Obama to give a speech that would address the needs of a very diverse audience on January 21, 2013 and to satisfy a wide range of often-competing audience needs and concerns.

President Obama had to tread a delicate balance in his speech in terms of the issues he covered. On one hand, he was speaking to many people who had fought long and hard to elect him. They wanted him to celebrate his past, present, and future accomplishments. But President Obama was also speaking to…

Works Cited

Obama, Barack. "Second inaugural address." The Washington Post. 21 Jan 2013.

[9 Feb 2013]

Relate President Obama's Second Inauguration Speech to the Book
Words: 696 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 782530
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President Obama's "Second Inaugural Address:" Rhetorical analysis

Knowing one's audience is a critical component of giving a good speech. hen President Obama gave his second inaugural address, although he had been reelected by a significant majority, he knew he was still facing a divided country. To show his respect for patriotic values, he began his speech invoking both God and country yet in a manner that stressed the need for concrete government actions to deal with the nation and the world's problems. "For history tells us that while these truths may be self-evident, they've never been self-executing. That while freedom is a gift from God, it must be secured by his people here on earth."

Obama addressed his speech to the American public at large, but he also had a clear eye upon his Republican critics, in his use of specific phrases and themes. His first term began with a…

Works Cited

Obama, Barack. 'Second Inaugural Address." Full text available 9 Feb 2013:

Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1
Words: 1373 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: Array
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Memory, Identity, And Body

In a hypothetical situation, Barack Obama and Miley Cyrus are both involved in a horrific accident. As a result they are both horribly injured and only one can live. They undergo an operation wherein the parts of the brain that support specific episodic memories, but only those specific parts, are transferred. The body of Miley is given the brain pieces of Obama and the body of Barack Obama is given the brain pieces of Miley. The person who is now in Miley Cyrus's body awakens and the doctor states that Miley has survived. hile the body is now that of Miley Cyrus as well some would say is the soul, the memories she has, memories which shape personality; are those of Barack Obama. The doctor makes this supposition only because of how Miley looks, but does not consider the impact of the inclusion of a brain…

Works Cited

Nimbalkar, Namita. "John Locke on Personal Identity" Mens Sana Monographs 9.1 (2011): 268-

75. Print.

Sacks, Oliver W. The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. London: Picador, 1986. Print.

Williams, Bernard. "The Self and the Future." The Philosophical Review 79.2 (1970): 161-80.

Affordable Care
Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80184714
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Affordable Care Act signed law President Barack Obama March 2010. Many provisions law directly affect

Several different important elements exist as part of the Affordable Care Act, specifically as it pertains to community and public health. One of the most salient of these is the commitment that the act makes towards preventative care -- which directly impacts public health. A large part of the goal of this act is to improve the general wellness of the community by helping people to maintain their health. A healthy community, quite frankly, will have less need for more expensive medical care if it can maintain its health in the first place. In this respect, the fact that individuals can now get a free checkup from their doctors helps to reinforce this preemptive approach to enforcing wellness. Also, the act has made many diagnostic procedures related to a general examination free or available to…


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). Key features of the Affordable Care Act. Retrieved from /healthcare/facts/timeline/index.html

American Nurses Association. (2014). Health care transformation: the Affordable Care Act and more. Retrieved from

2008 Democratic Presidential Primary --
Words: 7199 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46180969
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Meanwhile in the journal Du Bois Review (Parker, et al., 2009, p. 194) the authors point to racism and patriotism as key themes for the 2008 Democratic primary election. "Race was a consistent narrative" used by those opposed to Obama, Parker explains (p. 194). Both Clinton and the Republicans "used racial references" to attack Obama, including the attacks on Obama "for his perceived inability to connect to 'real working Americans'" (p. 194).

The Republican sideshow called "Joe the plumber" attacked Obama with the charge that Obama was "seeking to take money from hardworking 'real Americans' to give it to 'those people'" (p. 194). Clinton questioned Obama's patriotism suggesting that he was not a "real" American. Parker notes that when Governor Dukakis ran for president as a Democrat, he was attacked but no one questioned whether he was "a real American as they did with Obama" (p. 195).

The authors present…

Works Cited

Alter, Jonathan. "Leading Democrats to Bill Clinton: Pipe Down." Newsweek. (2008).

Retrieved March 17, 2010, from

Balz, Dan, and Johnson, Hanes. The Battle for American 2008: The Story of an Extraordinary

Election. New York: Viking, 2009.

The Armenian Genocide Resolution
Words: 1491 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35385712
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United States President Barack Obama had made a promise during the 2008 presidential elections that he would state the actions that Turkey committed in 1915 were an act of genocide against the Armenian people. However, every year since that promise, President Obama has broken it, always avoiding offending Turkey in order to keep their NATO ally happy and fighting alongside the United States. This is because not only is Turkey the only Muslim majority nation in NATO, making it a more important ally than Armenia, but it the country also has the second-biggest military in NATO (the first being the United States). As the battle in Syria wages on, and ISIS continues to grow along with problems arising in other parts of the Middle East like Iran, the United States is looking to do anything to keep Turkey on their side.

What is left is then a broken promise to…


Hovannisian, R. (1992). The Armenian genocide. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Lakoff, G. (2008). The Political Mind: Why You Can't understand 21st-century Politics with an 18-th century brain. New York: Viking.

Tapper, J. (2015). Obama again breaks promise on Armenian genocide. CNN. Retrieved 13 May 2016, from 

Wafford, T. (2015). HILLARY'S SHIFTING STANCE ON THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE. Retrieved 13 May 2016, from

Perception of Leadership Styles and Trust Across Cultures and Gender
Words: 523 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 73246955
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56th President of the United States which has represents an unprecedented race in the American Democratic Party between Senators Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. he relationship of Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton's leadership styles from the perspective of four distinct variables: gender, culture, trust and likelihood of voting. he author believes that the perception of fairness is the single most essential leadership trait which leaders should acquire in order to garner trust and commitment among voters. Consequently, the author also believes that this also applies to leadership in the business world.

he article conducts a literature review that focuses on different aspects of leadership. here is some controversy in the study of leadership as the author alludes to. here are several research studies that show that there is empirical evidence to suggest that leaders play a critical part in an organization working toward organizational goals. However, some of works have…

The article continues to illustrate various components of leadership and how they are presented in the literature with Obama's and Clinton's leadership styles and campaign messages as the focal point. For example, the article mentions that Barack Obama's winning Democratic Party Nominee Elections campaign, his change message in particular, was far superior in 2008 from an ethical standpoint. This seems to be a fairly loaded assumption that is difficult to test empirically.

He contrasts Clinton's campaign as a more top down approach based on her political life that allowed her to mingle constantly with the political elite. By contrast, Obama's career formed from a more bottom up approach in he worked as a community organizer in Chicago. It is noted that transformational leadership can be facilitated by the level of trust in the leader. Therefore, based on these criteria, it is assumed that Obama's level of trust based on his bottom up career development would be higher and more legitimate among the populace. Although this seems like a reasonable statement, it is still highly speculative without any empirical analysis being conducted on the two candidates.

The actual experiment works to test some of the hypotheses that were generated in the literature review. The independent and dependent variables were measured with a survey that used the Likert Scale to measure responses. The study concludes that the leadership styles of Obama and Clinton are striking different. Barack Obama was perceived as a transformational leader while Clinton was perceived more as a transactional leader. Although I intuitively agree with the study's findings, the evidence that is presented is subject to some skepticism. There are a plethora of limitations that the study had to overcome to be able to test the hypothesis. One obvious one was the sample size. Another limitation that the author alludes to is the cultural variables of the sample which oversimplifies culture into either East or West categories as opposed to more specific geographies. Although I found the article interesting, I'm not sure that it adds significant value to the study of leadership.

American Foreign Policy Theories it Has Been
Words: 1102 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45870938
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American Foreign Policy Theories

It has been said that all politics are local, meaning that whatever the issue, an individual always views it from the perspective of their own personal life. And since their personal life exists in a local environment, a person's view of a political issue is always clouded by local circumstances. oarke and Boyer, in International Politics on the World Stage assert that a nation's international policy can often be guided by their internal circumstances. In other words, a nation's foreign policy is often the result of domestic politics. This type of thinking has often been associated with what has been termed "realism," a theory that asserts international politics is shaped by conflicts between different nations caused by their domestic political circumstances. A newer type of realism, called "neorealism," actively attempts to shape world politics according a nation's internal needs, and has been enacted in many nations.…


Indyk, Martin, Kenneth Lieberthal, and Michael O'Hanlon. (2012). Bending History:

Barack Obama's Foreign Policy. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute. Print.

McCormack, James. (2010). American Foreign Policy and Process. Boston, MA:

Gengage. Print.

Advertising and Public Relations Serve to Communicate
Words: 1541 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 43564571
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Advertising and public relations serve to communicate ideas and convince the audience of something. Politicians are among the most prolific advertising spenders during election campaigns and can have enormous public relations machines. This is especially true of Presidential candidates, who must first run for their party's nomination and then must run for President. We know that Hillary Clinton went from frontrunner to loser in the race for the Democratic Presidential nomination in 2008. There are lessons to be learned about the different factors that contribute to selling an idea, in this case Clinton as President, to different audiences. This case study will evaluate Clinton's campaign leading up to the Democratic primary using the OSTE model. The OSTE model focuses on research, objectives, strategies, tactics and evaluation.


The Hillary Clinton campaign at the time of the case was a large organization. It featured both extensive advertising and public relations, backed…


Cree, C. (2008). Hillary Clinton's approach to social media killed her campaign. Success Creations. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from 

Gawiser, S. & Witt, G. (2012). 20 questions a journalist should ask about poll results. National Council on Public Polls. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from 

Murray, M. (2008). The primary vs. general election fallacy. NBC News. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from (2008). Hillary Clinton. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from

Perfect Union the Newly Elected
Words: 987 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 94286676
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hite racist people have since regarded any non-white person residing in the U.S. As a potential criminal.

Several attempts have been made in order to change people's opinions and to make all the people in the U.S. And in the whole world feel and act equal. Such attempts have been made so that people would no longer differentiate their fellow humans because of morally wrong reasons.

Barack Obama is the 44th U.S. president and the first Afro-American person to have ever been in charge of the U.S. office. His career previous to his designation as U.S. president is filled with achievements which have made him a feasible nominee for the office.

During his campaign, Obama has been put to test when he had been reported to have attended a church that had reverend expressing extremist racist thoughts. During his speech from the 18th of March, 2008, he chose to relate…

Works Cited

Obama, Barack. 2008. A More Perfect Union. Retrieved January 22, 2008 from truthout Web site:

Social Marketing Dragonfly Effect Social Marketing and
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Social Marketing Dragonfly Effect

Social Marketing and the Dragonfly Effect: The Case of Barack Obama

"All of this happened because of you. Thanks, Barack," that was the message Barack Obama sent to all of his many online supporters on the night he won the historic presidential election (Chang & Aaker 2010 p 20). Part of Obama's success was his ability to capitalize on the emerging trends of social media. In his teams' efforts, the dragonfly model was implemented seamlessly, allowing him to gather a specific focus, grab attention, engage and finally empower his audience.

In his first run for president, Barak Obama implemented new and innovative strategies utilizing tenants of social media to help spread the message of his campaign. Not only did Obama utilize existing social networking platforms, but he also hired a team to create his own that was featured on his campaign website. Here, the research states…


Chang, Victoria & Aaker, Jennifer. (2010). Obama and the power of social media and technology. The European Business Review, 16-24.

Green, Douglas W. (2011). The dragonfly effect. Web. 

The Dragonfly Effect. (2012). How Obama won with social media. Case Studies. Web.

2008 Presidential Elections - Mccain
Words: 2256 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 23414383
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S. such as providing affordable healthcare for all, paid for by raising taxes on the wealthy; making a sincere effort for energy independence, and generating more jobs while investing in renewable energy and conservation (Borosage and Heuvel).

America, after decades of its love relationship with Conservatism, topped by eight years of the disastrous Bush presidency that has left the country on the brink of financial collapse and almost universal dislike, was indeed ready for change. it, therefore, decisively rejected the candidate -- McCain -- who promised more of the same and chose the candidate for change.

as the U.S. In Need for Change?

That there was a need for change in the U.S. is a no-brainer. On the domestic front, the U.S. is facing perhaps the most formidable economic meltdown since the Great Depression of the 1930s. In eight short years, the Bush administration has managed to turn a huge…

Works Cited

Borosage, Robert and Katrina Heuvel. "What Obama Needs for Progressive Reform." The Nation. September 01, 2008. November 17, 2008. 

Grunwald, Michael. "For Obama, Race Remains Elephant in the Room." Time Magazine. Monday, Sep. 15, 2008. November 17, 2008.,8599,1841109,00.html 

It's time America should take a chance and make Barack Obama the next leader of the free world." The Economist. October 30, 2008

Jakes, T.D. "Will a Black President Really Heal the Racial Divide?" Time Magazine. November 04, 2008. November 17, 2008.,8599,1856574,00.html

Blackwater the Private Contractor Dilemma
Words: 3059 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 67030567
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Vermont's Junior Senator, Bernard Sanders introduced to the Senate the Stop Outsourcing Security Act S. 2398. The Stop Outsourcing Security Act will help solve the lack of oversight of contractors in Iraq by requiring that by June 2008, "the President shall submit to each specified congressional committee a report on the status of planning for the transition away from the use of private contractors for mission critical or emergency essential functions by January 1, 2009, in all conflict zones in which Congress has authorized the use of force" (s 2398). This bill will examine contractor activities and ensure that renewals will only happen if the president certifies that contractors have undergone background checks and are clear of any crimes that could lead to additional problems with their work in the future. It will also allow congress to have access to information of private military companies including, the number of persons…

Works Cited

Addicott, Jeffrey F. "Contractors on the "Battlefield": Providing Adequate Protection, Anti-Terrorism Training, and Personnel Recovery for Civilian Contractors Accompanying the Military in Combat and Contingency Operations." Houston Journal of International Law 28.2 (2006): 323. Questia. 16 July 2008 .

Broder, John M. "Report critical of guard firm; Blackwater sought to cover up Iraq shootings, study finds." 3 October 2007: 4. Lexis Nexis 13 June 2008. 

Greenwald, Robert "Iraq for Sale" (Documentary Film) 2005 Information Website:

Krugman, Paul. "Hired Gun Fetish." The New York Times. A29. 28 September 2007. Proquest. 5 July 2008.

Race in March of 2010
Words: 1580 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68920223
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" All African-Americans straddle the line represented by their double consciousness, often walking back and forth between multiple identities. The double consciousness may be especially apparent for African-Americans from Caribbean descent who also address the issues related to the immigrant experience.

African-Americans have a unique history among Americans. The slavery experience has defined the black identity, and has created a legacy of racism that persists even with an African-American president proving that most social barriers have been broken down. hile the election of Barack Obama can be viewed as a major breakthrough in race relations, the al-Mart incident also shows that the country has a long way to go before identifying, acknowledging, and healing its own double-consciousness. After all, Americans believe they are the heralds of freedom, justice, and equality. The al-Mart incidence proves otherwise.

orks Cited

American Experience. "Marcus Garvey: Special Features." Retrieved May 4, 2010 from


Works Cited

American Experience. "Marcus Garvey: Special Features." Retrieved May 4, 2010 from 

Hildebrand, Jennifer. "The Sound of Double Consciousness: A Case Study of the Life of Roland Hayes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for the Study of African-American Life and History, Hyatt Regency, Buffalo, New York USA, <

ot Available>. 2009-05-25

Marcus Garvey Web site. Retrieved May 4, 2010 from

Rick Santorum's official campaign put out the next ad, entitled Obama Ville. It was released on March 23, 2012. It creates the image of empty American towns in 2 years, and uses very dark imagery and almost horror-genre like angst. The images of the residents of these towns are cast in dark shadows, and with depressing old infrastructure. This advertisement is painting the picture that in the next 2 years President Obama will destroy the American way of life. The second half of the ad shows the face of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran, as that country defies America and seeks Nuclear Power. The end of the advertisement has the image of "Obama Ville, coming to a town near you," in a pseudo 1950s Hitchcock style, and plugs the official website of Rick for more content on this subject (Santorum, Obama Ville, 2012). Despite airing so recently, Mitt Romney…

Works Cited

Chen, H. (2009). AI, E-government, and Politics 2.0. Intellegent Systems, 64-86.

Crawford, K. (2009). Following you: Disciplines of listening in social media. Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 525-535.

Crowe, T. (2012, March 1). Santorum more electable than Romney? Retrieved from Catholic Vote: 

Gabriel, Trip. (2012). Wisconsin Votes in Primaries." NYTimes. Retrieved from /2012/04/04/us/politics/wisconsin-votes-after- fiercely-fought- battle.html?_r=1&scp=8&sq=primary%20advertisements&st=cse

Poll Data to Help Predict Outcome of 2012 Presidential Race
Words: 823 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65293879
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Presidential Election Poll Data 2012

National Poll Data: 2012 Presidential Election

We are waist deep into election season. Now is the time for frantic fundraising, polling, and campaigning. ecent polls show a lot about the political beliefs and behavior of upcoming American voters. Analyzing poll results can help forecast the next president of the United States. After examining three polls in particular, a strong prediction can be made showing now President Barack Obama as the next likely president of the United States.

One ongoing poll helps paint a very detailed picture of how the two candidates are fairing within the American presidential race of 2012. This was a detailed poll that is continuously producing numbers base don interviewing registered voters. It is being conducted by Gallup Politics. Beginning in April 2012, representatives from Gallup Politics have asked registered voters "Suppose the presidential election were held today, if Barack Obama were…


Elliott, Scott. (2012). Latest polls & pundit ratings changes. Election Projection. Web. Retrieved September 29, 2012 from 

Gallop Politics. (2012). Election 2012 Trial Heat. Obama vs. Romney among registered voters. Polls. Web. Retrieved September 29, 2012 from 

Rainey, James. (2012). Mitt Romney's 47% comment alienated undecided voters: Poll. Los Angeles Times. Web. Retrieved September 29, 2012 from,0,5822326.story

Strategic Use and Impact of Social Media in the 2012 Elections
Words: 3709 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39248298
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Strategic Use and Impact of Social Media in the 2012 Elections

The goal of the research is to find evidence of the use and impact of social media in U.S.'s 2012 presidential elections. This is because it was reported that President Obama won the elections because of the ground operation presented by volunteers of his elections' campaigns (CNN ire 1). I chose this topic since reports in state media indicated that the Republican Party was heading in the pre-election polls, but in the end, the Democratic Party won due to the use of technological innovation (Edsall 1). An in depth analysis of the research problem intends to reveal that the presidential contest favored President Obama, for using social media. Social media is increasingly an easy, fast, and effective way for people to have personal contact through technology. The intention is to prove the political premise that the most effective means…

Works Cited

"Changing Face of America Helps Assure Obama Victory." Pew Research Center for the People & The Press. People-Press. 7 Nov 2012. Web. 19 Apr 2013.

"Election 2012: Barack Obama wins with 'Better Ground Game'." CNN Wire. 7 Nov 2012. Web. 19 Apr 2013.

Blow, Charles M. "Election Data Dive." New York Times. Nov 9, 2012. Web. Apr 19, 2013.

Edsall, Thomas, B. "Campaign Stops: What We Already Know." New York Times, The Opinion Pages. Nov 4, 2012. Web. Apr 19, 2013.

Economics - Macroeconomics Economics Various
Words: 1129 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75949107
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S. The societal system practiced in France serves as a model towards which the U.S. aspire.

President Barack Obama's healthcare reform plan is considered by many as being a socialist experiment that will significantly hurt the economy (CBS, 2009). In opposition, the President has stated that he does not intend to implement a healthcare system that depends on the government. Instead, he would prefer a system in which the government competes with private insurance companies for selling coverage.

The Invisible Hand Principle

The invisible hand principle was developed as an opposition to the protectionist system. This principle is actually a metaphor describing the self-regulating characteristic of the market. In other words, such a system can be implemented due to a combination of factors, like self-interest, competition, supply and demand. Adam Smith, who developed this theory, considered that the action of these forces and their effects are able to allocate resources…

Reference list:

1. Eddlem, T.R. (2009). Obama needs to learn "opportunity cost." The New American. Retrieved February 26, 2010 from;col1 .

2. Dorrien, G. (2009). Is the Economic Crisis a Sin? Newsweek. Retrieved February 26, 2010 from

3. Steele Calls Obama Health Plan "Socialism" (2009). CBS News. Retrieved February 26, 2010 from .

4. Remarks by the President on Financial Rescue and Reform. The White House. Retrieved February 26, 2010 from  

Martin Luther King Jr 's Iconic Speech I
Words: 1010 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75259120
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Martin Luther King Jr.'s iconic speech "I Have a Dream" in relation to some of the reactionary racism fuelled by Barack Obama's ascendancy to the White House. Many people believe that Obama's election to President of the United States was a fulfillment of King's infamous speech and it is not difficult to see that Obama's speech "A More Perfect Union" can easily be compared to King's speech as well. The two have quite a bit in common for important figures from different eras, and one of the things that they have in common is that racism is still alive and well in the United States. While King was faced by rampant public racism of his time, Obama has faced a new kind of racism that King was never subjected to -- Internet racism. In the months leading up to his being elected to President, the amount of threatening remarks on…


Netter, S. (2010). "Racism in Obama's America one year later." ABC World News.

Accessed on 15 April 2011: (2011). "Martin Luther King -- Biography." Retrieved on: 15 April 2011: 

Southern Poverty Law Center. (2008). "Racist attacks on Obama growing more heated."

Gender & Race in the
Words: 1126 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93815160
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"The incompetence was color-blind," he said, adding, "the real stumbling block was indifference to the problems of the poor," Scott continues.

In his speech announcing his official candidacy, Obama stated, "...Beneath all the difference of race and region, faith and station, we are one people." The Rev. Al Sharpton has said that Obama "doesn't want to look like he's only a black candidate." The Scott article notes that Obama's advisors are saying he is "entirely comfortable with his identity...proud to be an African-American but not limited by that." And moreover, Obama carries a "peculiar burden as a presidential candidate," Scott asserts, and that burden relates to whether or not he calibrates his words, "blacks as well as whites are likely to parse them for anything they might signal about racial issues." That said, it is also true that Obama grew up in Hawaii and Indonesia, a long way from black…

Works Cited

Balz, Dan. (2007, January 17). Race and Gender Make Democrats' Field Historic. Washington Post. Retrieved January 13, 2008, at .

Nagourney, Adam. (2008, January 14). Race and Gender Are Issues in Tense Day for Democrats. The New York Times, Retrieved January 14, 2008, at .

Scott, Janny. (2007, December 20). A Biracial Candidate Walks His Own Fine Line. The New

York Times, Retrieved January 14, 2008, at

Rules America G William Domhoff's
Words: 1061 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 7691345
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Rahm Emmanuel, the son of an Israeli immigrant, fits the elite 'profile' less well but was highly prominent in the Clinton Administration, thus reflecting a 'hold over' of power rather than a radical break with the previous Republican administration. Emmanuel also has an MA from Northwestern University. Obama senior advisor David Axelrod was a prominent member of the Chicago media and has a degree from the University of Chicago. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner is a career civil servant. Geithner is also the former President of the Fed of New York State, where the financial industry of the nation is based (Pijanowski 2010).

hile members of the current Democratic-lead cabinet may have more public policy and legal expertise than corporate experience, overall Domhoff's thesis seems to receive at least some support, given their biographies. Additionally, while recent Latina Supreme Court appointee Sonya Sotomayor might seem to be a deviation from an…

Works Cited

"Barak Obama: Biography." June 2, 2010. 

Domhoff, G. William Who Rules America? New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002.

Pijanowski, Jeff. (2009, February 5). "List and Bios of Obama's Key White House Staff

Presidency and Congress
Words: 1325 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48682628
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Clinton, Bush, and Obama administrations and their support from Congress. With Barack Obama the first Democratic president since Bill Clinton, there are bound to be comparisons between the two administrations. They have some commonalities, such as a desire for health care reform, that are difficult to ignore. What the Obama administration manages to accomplish remains to be seen, but comparisons to their first year in office can now be analyzed for similarities and differences.

The Clinton administration ran on a platform of being "outsiders" in Washington D.C., and they believed they could clean up Washington and give the government back to the people. Unfortunately, that did not happen. The Clinton administration was extremely controversial, especially because of the sex scandals and the Whitewater Scandal that turned up during the first year of Clinton's presidency. He may be most remembered for the Monica Lewinsky affair, but he did accomplish many things…


Carroll, C. (2009). Bush deficit vs. Obama deficit in pictures. Retrieved 1 Dec. 2009 from the Heritage Foundation Web site: .

Dickinson, M.J. (1998). No place for amateurs: Some thoughts on the Clinton administration and the presidential staff. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 28(4), 768.

Editors. (2009). Bill Clinton's transformative change vs. Barack Obama's incremental change. Retrieved 1 Dec. 2009 from the Talk Web site: .

Eksterowicz, A., & Hastedt, G. (1998). Modern presidential transitions: Problems, pitfalls, and lessons for success. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 28(2), 299+.

Bloodshed in Libya March 19 2011 Is
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Bloodshed in Libya

March 19, 2011 is marked as a yet another day of bloodshed and violent atrocities by the French and the U.S. armed forces within the boundary of Libya. his day ensures a more intensive and fierce unconstitutional war imposed by the United States of America. he war was announced by the American forces with the launching of the deadly omahawk cruise missiles at the sovereign state of Libya (Middle East) in order to shatter the air forces of Kaddafi. he irony of the prevailing tension in the Middle east countries -- Libya and America is that congress does not permits the volition of the official boundary of Libya and the situation advocates the fact that it is not congress that has announced a war against Libya but it is rather the mischief maker of the planet the U.S.A. that has poked the nose in the tension existing…

The second aspect that highlights the conservative and cunning approach of the American policy makers is the violation of the War Power Resolution. The War Power Resolution was passed by the congress in 1973, but the essence of the treaty declined with the permission the congress granted to America to impose a war against Iraq. This opened a new horizon of bloodshed and lust of America to poke their nose in the national as well as the international affairs of all the countries.

Libya has been the center of intra-country violence since the regime of Kaddafi and with the bombing of bevy of such a heavy missiles at its cost is a serious misery. I my opinion no country should be targeted as Libya just due to the national conflicts. The political economy theories advocates the needs of a constructive conflict among all the nations of the world in order to sustain the momentum of worldwide developments and healthy competition. No country just on the basis of its wealth and military should be given a chance to violate the privacy and security of the other countries. The United Nation Organization was established after the World War I to ensure peace and sustain the humanitarian models of conduct within the world, the need of the hour is the United Nation Organization should restore its dignity and mission. Rather than acting as a puppet for the super powers of the world it needs work for the eradication of subjugation of injustice and inequality.

The major issue that needs to be resolved immediately is to segregate and sort out the real intention of the U.S.A., because with each unconstitutional war the U.S. imposes the complexity of the simple statement "war against terror" increase. The American policies should now adopt a clear stance that if they are imposing war against terror, humanity, religion or peace.

Realism and Liberalism in U S
Words: 1425 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 30462303
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President Obama's remarkable ability to combine his liberal inclinations on humanitarian issues with expertly wielded applications of America's economic and military superiority was presaged in an article published by Harvard Magazine before ballots had been cast in the 2008 election. When professor of international relations Joseph S. Nye Jr. boldly declared that "the old distinction between realists and liberals needs to give way to a new synthesis that you might choose to call 'liberal realism'"4, (2008, pg. 36), he

3 Douthat, oss. "Obama the ealist." The New York Times, February 07, 2011.

4 Nye, Joseph S. "Toward a Liberal ealist Foreign Policy: A memo for the next president." Harvard Magazine 110 (2008): 36-38.

provided a startlingly accurate prediction of President Obama's methodically effective strategy of relying on liberalist motivations to enact firmly realist foreign policy directives in relation to Iran.

Other commentaries on American public opinion towards Iran have focused…


Cohen, Warren I. "The Dispensable Nation: American Foreign Policy in Retreat' by Vali Nasr." The Washington Post, May 03, 2012. /opinions/the-dispensable-nation-american-foreign- policy-in-retreat-by-vali-nasr/2013/05/03/b7b01178-ac14-11e2-a198- 99893f10d6dd_story.html (Accessed May 4, 2013).

Douthat, Ross. "Obama the Realist." The New York Times, February 07, 2011. /2011/02/07/opinion/07douthat.html?_r=0 (Accessed May 5, 2013).

Esfandiary, Dina. "Why Iranian Public Opinion Is Turning Against the Nuclear Program." The Atlantic, March 16, 2012. - iranian-public-opinion-is-turning-against-the-nuclear-program/254627 / (Accessed May 5, 2013).

Nye, Joseph S. "Toward a Liberal Realist Foreign Policy: A memo for the next president." Harvard Magazine 110 (2008): 36-38. pdfs/0308-36.pdf (Accessed May 4, 2013).

Michael Kimmel's Transforming a Rape
Words: 2314 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16777762
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Having grown up in an era where sex-based discrimination was legal, they understand how easy it would be to return to that era. This has led to a characterization of second-wave feminists as somehow militant, a label that even third-wave feminists might apply to them.

Looking at the 2008 Democrat presidential primaries, the conflict between second and third wave feminists became apparent. Many second-wave feminists felt that it was a woman's duty to vote for the female candidate because having a woman run as a serious contender in a presidential primary could be an isolated event. In contrast, many third-wave feminists, though thrilled that Clinton was taken seriously as a candidate, simply did not think that her candidacy would be an isolated event; instead, they believed that women would continue to make credible candidates in presidential elections. Moreover, many third-wave feminists, like the author, seemed to find racial barriers more…

Black Films as a Reflection
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The Aftermath

Uncle Tom characters were common in both white and black productions of the time, yet no director before Micheaux had so much as dared to shine a light on the psychology that ravages such characters. By essentially bowing to the two white men, Micheaux implied that Old Ned was less than a man; an individual whittled down to nothing more than yes-man and wholly deprived of self-worth. At this point in the history of black films, with some of the most flagrant sufferings of blacks exposed to the American public, the only logical path forward that African-Americans could take was to begin making cogent demands to improve their collective social situation.

Slowly, black characters in film took on greater and more significant roles in film. Sidney Poitier was one of the most powerful film stars of the mid twentieth century. In roles like the 1950 film by…

Reference List

Finlayson, R. (2003). We Shall Overcome: The History of the American Civil Rights

Movement. Lerner Publications Company, Minneapolis, MN.

King, Jr., M. And Jackson, J. (1963). Why We Can't Wait. Signet Classic, New York,


Use of Stem Cells in Parkinson's Patients
Words: 2013 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79904362
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Stem Cell Research / Parkinson's

Since Barack Obama has become president, the field of stem cell research has been given new life. One of Obama's campaign pledges

was to allow deeper research -- including the use of federal research funds -- into the use of pluripotent stem cells in order to find solutions for some of the terrible diseases Americans suffer from. Among those medical problems is Parkinson Disease (PD). This paper reviews and delves into the literature in terms of the potential of stem cell interventions into Parkinson Disease (also called "Parkinson's Disease").

ho is the leading authority on stem cell research?

There is no one "leading authority" reflected in the literature; however there are renowned scientists that are considered pathfinders in this field. Dr. Diane S. Krause, Associate Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Associate Director of Stem Processing at Yale University is "…one of the discoverers of previously…

Works Cited

Gallup Poll. (2011). Stem Cell Research. Retrieved March 7, 2012, from .

Gogel, S. Gubernator, M., and Minger, SL. (2011). Progress and prospects: stem cells and Neurological diseases. Gene Therapy, 18(1), 1-6.

Krause, D.S. (2002). Plasticity of marrow-driven stem cells. Gene Therapy, 9(11), 754-8.

Lo, Bernard, and Parham, Lindsay. (2010). Resolving Ethical Issues in Stem Cell Clinical

Current or Proposed Law That Impacts the Delivery of Human Services
Words: 1323 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90140034
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Affordable Care Act

A current law that impacts the delivery of human services is the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, signed into law by President Barack Obama in March 2010. The legislation (most commonly known as the Affordable Care Act but also referred to as "Obamacare") basically overhauls the existing healthcare statutes and is aimed specifically at reducing the number of Americans who are not covered by health insurance.

Reliable Sources Available to Cover the Law's Implications

There are multiple reliable sources from which to gather information about this major change in the way the healthcare services are available in the United States. The law's implications are spelled out very clearly by the federal website (National Center for Biotechnology Information / National Library of Medicine / National Institutes of Health) (Rosenbaum, 2011).

The Act "…establishes the basic legal protections" that up until now have not be available to…

Works Cited

Department of Health and Human Services. (2012). Civil Rights -- Laws and Regulations

Enforced by Office of Civil Rights. Retrieved February 9, 2013, from .

Frank, John. (2013). Sen. Phil Berger spreading bad healthcare information, policy experts say.

Charlotte Observer. Retrieved February 9, 2013, from