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(Byd and Byd, 1993)
The pocess of healing can be found, fo example, in Luke 13:10-17, which efes to a woman who has been cippled fo eighteen yeas. The healing takes place by the laying of hands on the women by Chist. In John 5:1-18 we have the stoy of a seiously ill man placed at pool waiting fo healing. This episode stesses the impotance of listening to Chist's instuction and the man is healed when Jesus tells him to take up his pallet and walk. The aspect of instuction and counsel in the pocess of healing will also be dealt with in moe detail in the discussion section. The healing though thought is also stessed in Matthew 8:2-4, when Jesus cues a man of leposy.
Easton's Bible Dictionay efes the tem healing in the Bible to Ephphatha which is "...the Geek fom of a Syo-Chaldaic o Aamaic…
references to healing that may be useful as bibliotherapy to the empowerment of rehabilitation clients. www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=biblical+counseling++%20publication:%5b%22The%20Journal%20of%20Rehabilitation%22%5dThe Journal of Rehabilitation. www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=biblical+counseling++%20pubdate:%5b19930628;19930704%5dJuly 1, 1993
Retrieved Sept 3, 2007, at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-14567664.html
Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible:CHAPTER 12.
Retrieved October 3, 2007, at http://bible.crosswalk.com/Commentaries/JamiesonFaussetBrown/jfb.cgi?book=pr&chapter=12#Pr12_18
Crosswalk Com. Retrieved October 3, 2007, at http://www.crosswalk.com/
Critics have interpreted the love described in these lines not as the love between people, but the love that god has for man and humanity in general. The saintly appearance of the woman is also an allusion to the bible.
Pa Joad is a symbol of the common man who is struggling in a world dominated by sin. The famine and all its terrible consequences are used by the author to suggest the devastating consequences that sin can gave upon the human soul. The salvation is to be found in Jesus Christ who stands as a symbol of a set of values such as love and the sacrifice of the self. Accepting Jesus and these new values will remove sin from one's life.
The relationship that is established between the Joad family and Casy can be considered similar to the one which is created between Jesus and man. On the…
Biblical allusions in the grapes of wrath. University of Southern Queensland. Retrieved April 30, 2010 from http://www.usq.edu.au/artsworx/schoolresources/thegrapesofwrath/biblical
Biblical allusions and imagery in Steinbeck's the grapes of wrath. Retrieved April 30, 2010 from http://www.azete.com/view/17194
Bloom, H. The grapes of wrath, Bloom's modern critical interpretation. Young adult. 2006
Coers, D.V., Ruffin, P.D., Demott, R.J., French, W.G. After grapes of wrath: essays on John Steinbeck. Ohio University Press. 1995
Biblical values coespond to the appopiations of things and pinciples deived fom God's chaacte and will, which makes it the only system of efeence that is etenal, flawless, and standad. As such, these values must look upon the ingedients of which the attitudes, actions, and ministy itself is constituted as well as the objectives which ae aimed fo. Thus, it is undestood that a ministy must be thooughly biblical in the sense that this is accepted as the only petinent way fo God to be pesent within the congegation. Howeve, the tanscending of pactical puposes into ideology is needed and this is whee philosophy is able to espond. Although, by studying that which is woldly, man can accumulate easonable knowledge in elation to the existence of ou wold, the univese, and the values upon which these ae built, this in itself is not enough. Futhemoe, although geneal insights can lead…
references, ministries can structurally organize themselves to maintain the basic functions of the church such as these appear to derive from passages in the bible. These primarily functions are to evangelize which is to outreach people outside churches, to encourage those within the church by strengthening their belief and affirming the ministry's position, to reach God through the intermediary of prayers and worship, and to teach by means of addressing the Bible. In relation to these functions, the philosophical foundations help define God's purpose for all that which is worldly and for life itself. Furthermore, philosophical foundations of ministry address the mission of churches and the motivation for living and working in accordance and for the fulfillment of objectives. The importance of philosophical foundations resides in that God, as the only known reality, has created man and that man, therefore, is similar to God. Through divine revelation, knowledge is build upon and that divine revelation comes about as a result of ministries around the world. Ministries then resolve to deal with specific areas that maintain a balance between the underlying, universal mission of the Church and the means by which the former is achieved.
Easley, Michael J. (2007). Foreword. The measure of a healthy church: How God defines greatness in a church. By Gene E. Getz. Chicago: Moody Publishers.
Hull, Bill. (2007). The disciple-making pastor: Leading others on the journey of faith. Grand Rapids: Baker Books.
Biblical foundation is of utmost important for a practicing Christian in today's tenuous, and arduous, times. There are several different sources that acknowledge the fact that "the truth of the Bible is applicable to every area of a person's life: to every sphere of society, to every aspect of creation" (Fey, no date). The Bible helps to provide the word of god in a relatively unadulterated form. As the preceding quotation suggests, the knowledge contained within this book helps to provide a degree of truth that transcends a variety of facets of life itself. Therefore, the relevance of the Bible will be discussed in this document in terms of its relevance to Christian philosophy and worldview, to the truth about society, to the roles of the teacher and the learner, and in the roles of society, government, church and family in the development of curriculum.
In terms of a Christian…
Dobson, J. (1992). The Strong-Willed Child. New York: Living Books.
Fey, M.A. (No date). "A Real Foundation." Focus on the Family. Retrieved from http://www.focusonthefamily.com/faith/christian_worldview/why_is_a_christian_worldview_important/a_real_foundation.aspx
No author. (No date). "Romans 12: 2." Bible Gateway.com. Retrieved from http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Romans+12%3A2&version=NIV
Josephson, M. (2011). "Commentary: What is character?." What Will Matter. Retrieved from http://whatwillmatter.com/2011/11/commentary-what-is-character-751-2/
In Effective Biblical Counseling, Larry Crabb shows how church-based and faith-focused counseling provide ideal models for deepening Christian lives and Christian communities. The goal of Christian counseling is not to make people happy, but to spread the word of the gospel by opening minds and hearts to God's word. With serving God as the primary goal of spiritual counseling, Crabb's approach is distinctively Christian and therefore provides a strong foundation for future work.
eframing the counseling process as being oriented toward God is a radical departure from traditional psychology. Traditional psychology serves the ego and the self, not God. Christian counseling serves God first and foremost. Individuals who come to the Christian counselor do so precisely because they need to know how they can serve God better, even if their problems are articulated in more mundane or selfish ways. The Christian counselor's objective is to liberate the person…
Crabb, L. (1977). Effective Biblical Counseling. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.
"Personal Integrated Counseling Theory." Retrieved online: http://coltsfankana.wordpress.com/2011/03/30/personal-integrated-counseling-theory/
Turning Wisdom into Wine: Semiotic Analysis of Counseling Words in the ible
A iblical Word Study provides counselors with a deeper understanding of the concepts, tools, and techniques of counseling. This understanding promotes spiritual and psychological wholeness, providing a framework for the client to achieve his or her goals. A Word Study is an engaging and thoughtful process requiring both critical and creative thinking. Taking words commonly used in counseling settings, we search for those words using helpful online databases like the lue Letter ible's. The following Word Study examines two sets of words: those related to counseling in general; and those related to addiction in particular. The Word Study will describe both Old and New Testament usage for the words. The counseling-related words include "counsel," "wisdom," and "help." The addition related words include "wine," "desire," and "restraint." The iblical Word Study is a semiotic exercise that strengthens the…
Blue Letter Bible (2012). Dictionary and Word Search for 'avah (Strong's 183). Blue Letter Bible. 1996-2012. 15 Nov 2012. < http:/ / www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=H183&t=NASB
Blue Letter Bible (2012). Dictionary and Word Search for thel? (Strong's 2309). Blue Letter Bible. 1996-2012. 15 Nov 2012. < http:/ / www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G2309&t=NASB
Blue Letter Bible (2012). Dictionary and Word Search for epithyme? (Strong's 1937). Blue Letter Bible. 1996-2012. 15 Nov 2012. < http:/ / www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G1937&t=NASB >
Robinson, Haddon . Biblical Preaching: The Development and Delivery of Expository Messages. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2001.
For any preacher who finds himself becoming lazy about the preparation of his sermons, Haddon . Robinson's book, Biblical Preaching: The Development and Delivery of Expository Messages, serves as a major wake up call. Robinson does not in any way espouse a lazy approach to preaching. As he states so eloquently, "Thinking is difficult, but it stands as our essential work. Make no mistake about the difficulty of the task. It is often slow, discouraging, overwhelming. But when God calls us to preach, He calls us to love Him with our minds. God deserves that kind of love and so do the people to whom we minister."[footnoteRef:1] Consequently, Robinson confronts the preacher whose sermon preparation relies on "inspiration" instead of preparation. Robinson's argument for expository preaching demonstrates…
What I Will Do Differently
Robinson's book has definitely had an effect on my perception of my role as a pastor. I am now convinced that no pastor should approach the pulpit with anything less than a well-prepared, well-researched, and well-prayed-over sermon. I believe that being lackadaisical about my role as a pastor would be flirting with disaster; therefore, I am convinced that it is essential that all pastors should be diligent to set aside a sufficient amount of time each week precisely for the purpose of preparing their address. This should be any pastor's priority as the pastor's address is the avenue in which he most directly affects the body of Christ. In addition, many members of the body view the pastor as a major representative of God and believe that the pastor's words are divinely appointed by God. Consequently, the assumption that any warm fuzzy feelings or sense of inspiration are sufficient preparation for an address can never truly be appointed by God.
Part of any pastor's sermon preparation should include setting aside a definitive amount of time to get to know his sheep. As Robinson explains, "The letters of the New Testament, like the prophecies of the Old, were addressed to specific assemblies struggling with particular problems. Our expository sermons today will be ineffective unless we realize that our listeners, too, exist at a particular address and have mind-sets unique to them."[footnoteRef:2] Without this type of thoughtful interaction with the church members, no minister can adequately do his job. By getting to know your flock, you will enable yourself to be able to minister to their needs in your sermon. This direct application would certainly be more effectual than a dry sermon that lacks real-life application. After all, is not the purpose of a sermon to draw people (myself as a preacher and my flock) closer to God in all truth and heart and soul? If that is indeed the purpose, than how can a pastor who is a stranger to his flock ever truly please God? [2: (Robinson 2001)]
Views in the New Testament
Besides the Hebrew Bible which mainly refers to the Old Testament, the New Testament also has its views about poverty and social justice. The New Testament majorly makes use of the Christian virtues throughout the whole book with Jesus His disciples being the main mentors. Most of the Christian virtues given by Jesus and the latter seem to be favoring the poor. The prayer that Jesus gave His disciples to recite gives the insight for the need of social justice in the society: "…love your neighbor as you love yourself…" Mark 12:28-34 (Grassi, 2003). This verse indicates that if an individual is rich then he should find a way of making his neighbor be in the same status. This makes the New Testament no different from the Old Testament since this is the greatest commandment that was given to the Israelites. This commandment was given…
Grassi, J.A. (2003). Informing the future: Social justice in the New Testament. New York:
Malchow, B.V. (1996). Social justice in the Hebrew Bible: What is new and what is old.
Minn: Liturgical Press.
Thus, the inspirational message that has become so important in the Christian community seems somewhat hollow when this story is critically analyzed.
Summary of the Views of Other Authors
Depending on the viewpoint, faith and belief of the individual providing the explanation, the origin and point behind the book of Job there is vastly different. Some view the work in a similar light to that of Viktor Frankl who survived a Nazi extermination camp. Like Frankl, Job is a character that is to be admired and emulated because of his unfaltering belief in his God. Others view the story as a lesson that reveals the nature of God and how the good in one's life can only come from Him whereas each negative event that occurs in life results from influence from Satan.
My Own Interpretation
My view of the work is one of skepticism and criticism. As a work…
Works Cited www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=82301691
Glatzer, Nahum N. Essays in Jewish Thought. University: University of Alabama Press, 1978.
Gutierrez, Gustavo. On Job: God-Talk and the Suffering of the Innocent / . Trans. O'Connell, Matthew J. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1987.
The most surprising thing I learned was that I actually had some long-held resentment. Fortunately for me, these resentments were not over any really significant issues, but they were things that held me back. I had always noticed that the most attractive and smartest people seemed to be at an advantage to other people, and I had a hard time struggling with the idea that some people start out with a competitive edge, which others do not have. I seemed to resent these people in general, but there were two specific people from high school that I found myself thinking of in anger. I had actually not responded to a friend request from one of them on a social networking site, though, in hindsight, I realized that, while I perceived that person as being snobby, I could not actually recall any incident where she treated me poorly. I began…
Adams, Jay. The Christian Counselor's Manual: The Practice of Nouthetic Counseling. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1973.
Adams, Jay. Competent to Counsel. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1970.
American Psychological Association. "Controlling Anger before it Controls You." Psychology
Topics. APA. 2010. Web. 9 Apr. 2010.
They can then clearly abandon their idol worship.
(B) Gideon's story remains one of the most relevant ones in the Old Testament. People today are bombarded by an influx of information. This information can lead the individual toward or away from God. Just as the Israelites distanced themselves from God to their detriment, so too have modern human beings neglected their faith in favor of materialism. Discerning the will of God amidst terrible temptations and modern equivalents of idol worship requires similar tests of faith that Gideon presented.
For example, a person can clearly ask of God for proof of His will. The simplest means by which to discern the will of God is via scripture itself. Reading scripture leads to the embodiment of God's will. Often the answers to big and small problems is contained clearly in scripture.
When scripture seems ambiguous, the individual needs to seek solace in…
Studies have shown that despite the biblical appurtenance, the evidence of life in Tel-Dan is obvious starting with as early and sixth century BC. Of the utmost archeological importance however is the offering of evidence relative to existence of King David as a real figure, as stated by Jesus, and not just a mythical character, as initially believed by some researchers. The inscriptions found in Tel-Dan mention the House of David and are written in ancient Aramaic. Most of these inscriptions were found in front of the gate complex and the largest of them reveal a size of 32 by 22 centimeters. The stele found was broken by time and past conflicts, but it represents a great value as it is the first laic evidence to suggest the existence of King David. "Although the broken stele raises serious historical problems, it is one of the most important written finds in…
Tel-Dan, Camp S'dei Chemed International, http://www.campsci.com/iguide/tel_dan.htm last accessed on June 1, 2009
Tel Dan, Common Ground, http://www.co-ground.com/common/teldan.html last accessed on June 1, 2009
Tel Dan -- Archeology in Israel, The Jewish Magazine, http://www.jewishmag.com/59mag/dan/dan.htm last accessed on June 1, 2009
Tel Dan Excavations, Word Press, http://teldan.wordpress.com / last accessed on June 1, 2009
Some films ae about myths, some films ae mythic, and some films ae both. Both Cecil B. DeMille vesions of "Ten Commandments" ae both about myths and mythic on thei own. The moal content of the film is coupled with thei content: which is dawn diectly fom Biblical myths.
The animated Deamwoks poduction "The Pince of Egypt" is about the myth of Moses just like the "Ten Commandments" movies. "The Pince of Egypt" does delive a moal message, although one that is milde in tone than eithe of the "Ten Commandments" movies, Kie-lowski's "The Decalogue" o David Hugh Jones' "The Confession." Futhemoe, animation enhances the mythic components of "The Pince of Egypt." Because the film is animated, viewes can suspend disbelief and suende to the powe of myth.
Kzysztof Kie-lowski's "The Decalogue" attains mythic dimensions as a film because of its poweful moal messages. The moal meaning of "The Decalogue"…
references, and therefore it is neither mythic or about a myth.
In religious doctrine, formalism is a process of shifting concepts away from abstract or spiritual principles toward specific objects, structures, dress, languages or diets. It has often been challenged, as to if these ideas are supporting theological beliefs and principles in Christianity. To see their different interpretations requires carefully examining the examples from Jacob, Esau, Laban and the Gibeonites. These elements will illustrate how they are applied and if these concepts are considered to be an acceptable part of divine practices. (Holy Bible New International Version, 2007)
Jacob and Esau
In the case of Jacob and Esau, formalism appears in the form of a birthright. This occurs when Esau believes that he is entitled to be the carrier of Abraham's (i.e. God's) ideas. The problem is that Esau is immoral and will often make up his own interpretations. They are based upon what he wants and the different…
Holy Bible New International Version. (2007). Lebanon, TN: The Gideon's.
While replete with theological demands for life and moral requisites, very few passages in the Bible allow for open analysis of Jesus' own position in ethical politics. While the gospels proffer more opportunities for development, Matthew 3:38-45 is the crux of these keyholes into the structure of the Christ. Extolling followers to be like the flawless Christ, this lesson in enemies and love is the foundation of the Christian ethical ideal. In its corollaries to Hebrew texts and historical social mores, the message of radical non-retaliation and call for perfection demands thorough analysis of not only its strengths, but also the conflicts and textual keys that provide its ultimate opacity.
Both the ospels of Matthew and Luke provide illuminating insight into Jesus' teachings, most plainly through the Sermon the Plain in Luke and that of the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew. Each draw upon the cultural norms…
Guelich, Robert A. The Sermon on the Mount: A Foundation for Understanding. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1982. p. 220.
Weaver, Dorothy Jean. "A Transforming Nonresistance." The Love of Enemy and Nonretaliation in the New Testament. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox, 1992. p. 41.
Dickey, Samuel. "The Revolutionary Attitude of Jesus." The Biblical World, Vol. 50, No. 5. (Nov. 1918.) p. 278.
Adam, Eve, Cain, Able and the Decalogue
A Decalogue is a basic set of rules which underscores biblical authority and ideals. These principles relate to Adam, Eve, Cain and Able by showing how humankind is supposed to act and attitudes that should be embraced. (Lehman, 1995) In Genesis 1-4, it is illustrating the way this is influencing how God looks at humans and his purpose for them. However, these views change once Adam and Eve eat from the tree of knowledge. They are subsequently expelled from the Garden of Eden. Their children Cain and Able are supposed to be a new generation who is embracing these ideals. Yet, Cain become jealous of Able and kills him. (Holly Bible New International Version, 2006)
In Exodus 19, these insights are built upon with Mosses telling everyone to respect Mt. Sinai as a holly place. Moreover, the passages from Isaiah 18:3,…
Aaron, D. (2006). Etched in Stone. New York, NY: T & T. Clark.
Greenman, J. (2012). The Decalogue through the Centuries. Louisville, KY: Westminster.
Hoffman, Y. (2010). The Decalogue in Jewish and Christian Tradition. New York, NY: T & T. Clark.
Holly Bible New International Version. (2006). Grand Rapids, MI: Biblica.
In order to maintain strength in Christ, the learner should therefore be able to maintain a well-thought out worldview in the face of criticism and so-called "evidence" that others level to the contrary. Indeed, the teacher and the learner interact to construct the strength of such a viewpoint.
The role of society is a difficult issue when considering the Christian worldview, its encouragement and its construction. One cannot for example, especially in today's culture, expect society to subscribe to a single faith paradigm, although in the mind of many this would be the ideal solution. Instead, society's role from the Christian viewpoint can be expected at most to offer tolerance and a platform on the basis of which religion and religious education can thrive. The problem is however that the social influence is so strong that Christians themselves often tend to be led astray by the less desirable activities perpetuated…
Barrick, Audrey. (2007, Feb 7.) Study Compares Christian and Non-Christian Lifestyles. Christian Today U.S. Correspondent. Retrieved from http://www.christiantoday.com/article/american.study.reveals.indulgent.lifestyle.christians.no.different/9439.htm
Bennett, Malcolm David. The Origins Left Behind Eschatology. Xulon Press
Craig, W.L. And Moreland, J.P. Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview.
Croucher, Rowland. (2003, Oct 19). Children and New Age (Beware, Says James Dobson). John Mark Ministries Retrieved from http://jmm.aaa.net.au/articles/5476.htm
The Obedience of Moses
Of all of the Old Testament heroes, I have always found the character of Moses to be the most fascinating on a personal level. Perhaps the most fascinating character of Moses is that he is reluctant and unpretentious (Ward, 2004). The first great feat of Moses was the lead the Israelites out of Egyptian bondage. After that, Moses becomes the Israelites direct link to God. In serving as such, he transformed the face of the Israelites from a repressed group of former slaves to that of a great nation. Moses was a great leader and was held by high regard to as people, but I have always found his humility to be inspiring, as well as his worthiness to talk to God directly.
I have always felt that Moses relationship to God was inspiring. Moses' relationship to God was personal. It was also one…
Definbaugh, B. (2012) The Burning Bush (Exodus 3:1-15). Bible.org. Retrieved June 6, 2012
Padfield, D. (2011). Five Great Bible Covenants. The Church of Christ in Zion, Illinois.
Retrieved June 6, 2012 from http://www.padfield.com/2004/covenants.html
In the Bible, there is a major focus on what is considered to be adultery and a woman who is taken as a part of these concepts. To fully understand different theological interpretations requires comparing the conclusions from Matthew 5: 17 -30, Job 31, John 8: 8- 12. Genesis 38, Number 5: 11 -- 31 and Hosea 4: 14. These insights will illustrate specific practices which are considered to adultery.
Matthew 5: 17 -- 30
In this book, adultery is considered to be anyone who is looking at a woman lustfully. Evidence of this can be seen in Matthew 5: 27 -- 30 which says, "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.' But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. If your right eye causes you to stumble, gouge it…
Holly Bible New International Version. (2007). Lebanon, TN: The Gideon's.
Historically, women have been subjected to a wide range of oppression by the patriarchal male societies in which they live. It is almost a universal phenomenon that the female gender is suppressed by the more powerful male gender. This historical precedent is cemented by the negative depiction of women in the Bible. Throughout this text, women are directly or indirectly responsible for a great deal of the suffering of mankind, beginning with the eating of the apple from the tree of knowledge by Eve. For better or for worse, and most often it is for the worse, the women of the Bible heavily influence the events of those around them and indeed influence the course of history as related in this text. The influence of women can be seen in the books of Genesis, Deuteronomy, and the book of Ruth.
In Genesis 19: 30-38, the story is told…
In the Bible, one of the most important sayings is Lex Talionis. This involves the concepts of life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand and foot for foot. These ideas are influencing human behavior and the way someone embraces different morale standards. To fully comprehend these teachings requires carefully examining the readings from Deuteronomy 17: 8-13 and 19:15-21. Together, these elements will illustrate the way humankind is supposed to be living in accordance with these ideals.
The interpretation of the formula, Life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.u
The concept of Lex Talionis is designed to show the way God will disperse vengeance and retribution against someone who goes against his philosophy. This can happen, with God utilizing various tools to extract revenge. In some cases, this may not come in the form of literal…
Holly Bible New International Version. (2007). Lebanon, TN: The Gideon's.
Can you provide any testimony of having received illumination?
One of the areas of discord in modern Christian discussion is God's view of homosexuals and homosexuality. Many Christians believe that God has labeled homosexuality a sin and considers that sin to be so grievous that it would warrant damnation. Other Christians believe that God, specifically through Jesus, had a message of love and that such condemnation of homosexuals would go against his message. I spent considerable time thinking about this issue, and was specifically pondering the issue while reading the Bible one day. I found myself drawn to certain passages that day, and, reading them, I felt as if I received a message that day, which was that Christianity was never intended to be a theocracy. It did not resolve my uncertainty about the seemingly conflicting messages about how one should treat homosexuals, but it did make me certain that…
Biblical Summaries and Significance
II Corinthians 5:11-21
Life is full of sacrifices, even in the life of a believer and Paul wanted believers to know that Christianity would not be a walk in the park. Paul is quick to assure readers that he is motivated by a fear of the Lord, which is a good thing from the Christian perspective. This kind of fear is not the same kind of fear we realize when we are afraid of something bad happening to us. When Paul is speaking about being a good influence on those around him, he is pointing to the fact that he is doing it for the glory of God and for no kind of personal gain. Paul also wants believers to be motivated by the awesome nature and love of God. Paul also exhorts believers to spread the word about Christ. This is
These scriptures are…
The enemy at the gates comes because Israel is unprepared militarily, but also because it has forgotten that the land is a gift from God.
Deborah acts as a spur to the new men of Israel, to become willing warriors again and to defend older values. She is a mother of the new Israel, giving birth to a new era. Deborah's expression of her mission evolves as a poem of praise to the Lord, in which she uses both her own femininity and righteousness as a rallying point and call to arms. According to Deborah, the men of Israel have refused their obligation, not raising a shield of defense or a spear of attack when their city gates are threatened. But hope is still offered, as Deborah, as a mother of Israel, can give birth to the nation's full potential, provided that Israel's princes follow her heart. Interestingly, Deborah does…
Judges." New International Version. 2007. http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=judg%205:2-5:31&version=31 ;
Keathley, Hampton. "The Role of Women in the Book of Judges." Bible.org. 2007.
25 Sept 2007. http://www.bible.org/page.php?page_id=1481
In the Bible, it talks about divorce, marriage and birth. This is designed to provide humankind with a blueprint as to areas that should be respected and those tactics which are most effective in the process. To fully understand what is taking place requires examining each one. This will be accomplished by looking at these concepts in order to gain a greater understanding of them. Together, these elements will highlight theological principles and their impact on stakeholders.
In the Bible, divorce is designed as an avenue to prevent couples from effectively running away from their problems and not respecting the institution of marriage. This is occurring with God discouraging these practices and associating them with adultery. Evidence of this can be seen in Deuteronomy 24: 1 -- 4 which says, "If a man marries a woman who becomes displeasing to him because he finds something indecent about…
Holly Bible New International Version. (2007). Lebanon, TN: The Gideon's
Biblical Principles in the Field of Psychology
Biblical Principles in Psychology
This question is still a subject of debate in the academia. One of the two definitions of psychology is through the biblical vantage point and thus using religious material to enrich it would be welcome in the broad sense that psychology finds a place in the biblical arena. Outside this consideration, psychology is generally considered as the subject interested in studying human and animal behavior. Nevertheless, the soul is a very important subject in the study of psychology. First off, psychology attempts to address issues such as the nature of human soul, explores the origin of a soul, and attempts to establish the purpose of man's soul and what might be at the final destiny of a soul.
There have been mixed reactions to whether biblical principles should be used in the field of psychology. For…
Cosgrove, M. (1979) "Psychology Gone Awry" Grand Rapids: Zondervan
Wayne, J. (2010) "Modern Psychology and the Bible" Available Online:
In this way, it has a consistency since, not measuring itself against fluctuating essences such as physics, biology, psychology, and the other sciences; it asserts that existence can be gauged only by the human's reaction and response to his own existence. And that each human has to work out for himself how to live his life (Flynn, 2006).
On the other hand, existentialism can be inconsistent since, history seems to indicate that it has often followed the fashion of the moment and country. There have been times when existentialism has been more Christian (such as with Kierkegaard) and times when it was not only atheistic but contra- religious too (e.g. Nietzsche). These moods seem to correspond with the religious mood of the moment. 'Authenticity' it seems has been defined by the social, historical, and political aspects of the country and moment. In that way, existentialism could become Christian (Kierkegaard or…
Flynn, T., 2006. Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Harrison, P., 2004, Elements of Pantheism; Religious reverence of nature and the universe, Coral Springs, Florida: Llumina Press, 2nd edition.
Kuhn, T (1962) the Structure of Scientific Revolutions 3rd ed. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press
iblical Hope" from the perspective of an Evangelical Christian and as to what exactly "iblical Hope" means. Further this paper will examine what the Holy ible has to say about hope and will contrast "iblical Hope" with worldly hope. This paper will further examine a case of someone without hope and finally examine a personal view of hope.
There are many views and perspectives of hope throughout the many religions and beliefs of mankind. Hope is defined by Webster as being: "belief that something good may happen" "cause or belief for hope." There are two types of hope expressed by an individual one of which is worldly hope and the other being that termed iblical Hope.
Worldly hope will last only so long and will not assist one with eternal matters, that being those things of the spirit of a person. Eternal hope is the only hope that in actuality…
Biblical Hope" (nd) located [Online] at: http://www.bibleone.net/print_es7.html
"When Hope is Lost: Dealing with Depression" (nd) located at: http://www.gospelcom.net/rbc / ds/cb973/page4.html
The Holy Bible.1990)King James Version Thomas Nelson Inc.
"Admitting the Failure of Misplaced Hopes" is key to finding hope
Biblical narrative of Genesis, the characters are less clearly defined as personalities than the heroes of Homeric epics. Instead, their sense of moral worth as human beings is defined by their actions. Adam and Eve are the first human beings, not unique human beings in terms of their heroism. They defied the orders of God, ate the apple of the tree of knowledge, and brought sin into the world. Homeric characters are more sharply defined by their innate character traits: Odysseus is clever, Penelope is faithful, and Achilles is short-tempered but highly adept in battle.
Homeric characters are also less clearly judged by their morality in the sense of their obedience to the gods. Odysseus harms the son of Poseidon and is judged harshly, even though he only blinded the Cyclops in self-defense to protect himself and his men. But Athena values Odysseus and protects him because of his cleverness,…
Christian Church acknowledges its missionary function as truly the core of Christianity, the heart of the Church. Through Christ's teachings, mission is the foreground of His legacy to the Church, the instrument for redemption. The guiding principles at the basis of the Church's mission exist as transparently related by the ible which in itself transcends all worldly knowledge and phenomena. God, as the Holy Trinity, reveals Himself through the biblical record in order to communicate with man candidly and openly, sends His only son into the world in order to claim Him back to the offspring of wholeness, and puts forth a missionary pattern for His followers: "A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another." (John 13:34, 15:17 King James ible) "And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the…
Abraham, William, James. The Logic of Evangelism. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1989.
Blauw, Johannes. The Missionary Nature of the Church. New York, Toronto, London: McGraw-Hill Company Inc., 1974.
Bosch, David, C. Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission. New York: Orbis Books, 1991.
Flett, John, G. The Witness of God: The Trinity, Missio Dei, Karl Barth, and the Nature of Christian Community. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2000.
The Bible implores young people to be leaders in their spiritual communities, for youth can be the pallbearers of faith. "Don't let anyone look down on you because you are young, but set an example for the believers in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith and in purity," (1 Timothy 4:12). For a church to remain relevant for today's youth, it must actively communicate with young people using the symbols, language, and activities that the current generation appreciates and understands. The challenge is to retain core church values while still packaging traditional Biblical truths in new ways. In other words, churches need to be careful not to sacrifice core values, but to always help young people see how faith and service are important parts of spiritual growth, social functioning, and overall health and happiness.
The church I currently attend does a good job of keeping young people active…
Huizenga, D. (n.d.). Is church relevant? Ignite Your Faith. Retrieved online: http://www.christianitytoday.com/iyf/faithandlife/mylifeinyouthgroup/25.18.html
Taylor, J. (n.d.). Top ten reasons the church is losing our youth. Justin Taylor: Between Two Worlds. Retrieved online: http://thegospelcoalition.org/blogs/justintaylor/2013/02/11/top-10-reasons-the-church-is-losing-our-youth/
"Why Young Adults are Leaving the Church." Relevant Magazine. Retrieved online: http://www.relevantmagazine.com/god/church/features/27595-why-young-adults-are-leaving-the-church
An educator who possesses a biblical worldview and a Christian philosophy of education means that the instructor views life, life’s purpose, and all of history from the standpoint of the Christian religion. For such an instructor, the Incarnation is the most important moment in all of history, because it is the moment in which God became Man and the beginning of the redemption of mankind was initiated. The biblical worldview incorporates into such a teacher’s perspective the Old Testament conception of human nature: the fall of man, through the first sin; the loss of the kingdom of Heaven; the consequence of sin being sickness and death; and the longing for eternal companionship with God, the Creator of all things. This worldview and the Christian philosophy which goes with it, provides one with a path to moral education as well: it allows one to inform the character and grow in…
1. What were the historical contexts for the composition of the J Source, the E Source, the D Source (briefly) and the P Source?
Based on their different styles, biblical scholars original believed that Moses combined two different sources to write the early chapters of Genesis, 200 years of research by 539 BCE determined that there were four different authors, termed J (Yahwist which describes as "primitive anthropomorphic view of God), E (Elohist which "shows a deeper awareness of God's distance), D (Deuteronomist which "reflects the later and more sensitive concern of the prophets to the ethical demands and oneness of God over the whole world") and P (Priestly which "brings together the complex institutional, cultic, and legal aspects of Israelite faith") (p. 97), respectively, a system that is still followed today.
2. How did that affect the content and message of each?
The four different authors of the early…
The purpose of David Powlison’s Biblical Counseling Movement is to provide readers with a history of the approach and then to provide readers with Powlison’s own perspective on what works and why. The aim of the book is to provide context about the nature of Biblical counseling, how it has been used throughout history, and then to make rational, common sense assessments about how it can be applied in one’s own life and career. Thus, the primary goal of the book is to give the reader context and the ability to implement the acquired knowledge in practice.
Development of Problems and Personal Need
The issues came about when Jay Adams reasoned that modern psychology was really just “bad theology” as Powlison puts it. There was a personal need among patients and providers who knew better to provide a Biblical counseling approach that could truly address the needs…
The Bible is an interesting book when it comes to trying to explain the existence of beasts on the planet prior to the time of the making of all that is "very good," namely the shaping of Adam and Eve their role in shaping humanity's nature. Not surprisingly, some of that interest when it comes to the beasts that we know of as dinosaurs, real problems exist. Math problems exist, for example, as there seem to be many more numbers of types of such creatures than biblical translations account for. Science problems also exist, given the ways in which fossils are aged and time is documented. Medical problems exist, since the remains of the once living beings contain evidence of diseases and unhealthy biological designs, which weren't supposed to happen. And even logistical problems arise, such as whether dinosaurs could fit on the Ark.
Yet to at least…
Communion and Stewardship:: Human Persons Created in the Image of God. http://www.philvaz.com/apologetics/p80.htm (accessed October 21, 2011).
Dinosaurs, Free Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinosaur (accessed October 20, 2011)
Dinosaurs and the Bible. Clarifying Christianity. http://www.clarifyingchristianity.com/dinos.shtml (accessed October 21, 2011).
Dinosaurs in the Bible. Genisis Park: Exhibit Hall 1. http://www.genesispark.com/genpark/bible/bible.htm (accessed October 21, 2011).
Paul's epistle to the omans offers a thorough framework for what would become the Christian worldview. In omans, Paul outlines core themes related to the natural world, human identity, human relationships, and culture. The way Paul delivers the message that became the heart of Christian doctrine was to present not a systematic theology, but a reasoned outline of why the teachings of Christ offered something new and potentially meaningful.
One of the themes in omans, and particularly in the first several chapters, is Paul's view of the natural world. In omans, Paul spends a good deal of time on the nature of creation and the human relation to it. As of omans 1:3, at the start of the letter, Paul is already referring to Jesus's "earthly life," thus focusing on the physicality of Christ and linking Jesus to the natural world. Paul understands that much of his audience will…
Ellis, J. (2012). The Christian worldview and Romans. The Power of Grace. Retrieved online: http://joelellis.blogspot.ca/2012/07/christian-worldview-romans.html
Frank, B. (2013). Christian worldview. Retrieved online: http://brandonsfrank.wordpress.com/2013/10/26/christian-worldview-2/
West, C. (2013). Biblical worldview essay. Retrieved online: http://christianwest12.wordpress.com/2013/08/06/biblical-worldview-essay/
Jesus firmly established this truth when He spoke of the reward his faithful servants will receive. The Lord isn't looking for people who will fund the gospel out of their possessions. Instead, He wants to develop faithful stewards who will become mangers of His assets. The better these stewards manage His affairs, the better the quality of life He will provide for them.
Many people believe that preachers are out to get your money. Don't believe the lie "All Preachers Want is your Money, If you don't trust Gods prophets, you will not prosper. Lack of trust comes from the enemy for he knows if he can break your trust relationship with the man of God, he can block you from God's prosperity. Get behind him, encourage and submit to him. The obedient Christian is to trust and respect his God appointed leaders, for God gave them to the Church…
Effective Biblical Counseling
The primary goal of counseling should not be to “make the client happier” but rather to get one to a point where the client wants instead to do God’s will. This is the Christian approach to counseling that often goes missed and it is a goal that many people seeking counseling often forget they should be trying for, even though they are Christian. They imagine that if they do everything right they should be rewarded with peace and happiness—and yet the Christian’s life is only peaceful and happy when it is lived in accordance with God’s will, and that is the point that Crabb (1977) makes here. The goal of counseling should be to get the patient to see how he or she could be more in line with God’s will because that is where peace is to be found.
Development of Problems and…
baptism was "dipping." The word was widely used in the New Testament in Jesus' teachings and also in the letters of Paul. Jesus uses the term 'baptism' to refer to the death/suffering that awaited him (Mark 10:38)[footnoteRef:2]. He draws parallels between the suffering that awaited him and some form of immersion -- which he was to be drowned in. He says that the immersion was necessary and until he emerged from it, his work is incomplete (Luke 12.50). It therefore means that, right from the start, baptism symbolized Christians sharing in the suffering of Jesus Christ by immersing themselves into a mold similar to that of the suffering of Christ. Paul talks of baptism 'into' Jesus' death (Romans 6.3). Christians experience this as they celebrate Good Friday and also during the Holy Communion as they break the bread.[footnoteRef:3] [2: Williams, Rowan. eing Christian: aptism, ible, Eucharist, Prayer. 2014: 1] [3:…
"Baptism Is a Public Statement about Your Relationship with Jesus." NorthRidge Church. Accessed May 26, 2015.
Best, Thomas F. Baptism Today: Understanding, Practice, Ecumenical Implications. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press, 2008.
Britton, Dennis Austin. Becoming Christian. Oxford: Fordham University Press, 2014.
Ervin, Howard M. Conversion-initiation and the Baptism in the Holy Spirit: A Critique of James D.G. Dunn, Baptism in the Holy Spirit. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1984. Print.
However, the narrator eventually comes to acknowledge his ignorance after the blind man presents him with matters as seen from his point-of-view. John 14:22 applies perfectly in this situation, considering that it promotes the concept that individuals are probable to express more appreciation toward the world as a whole and toward things that previously seemed uninteresting. James 3:16 also applies in this situation because it emphasizes that jealousy and selfish ambition are probable to disrupt the peace within a family. The narrator has trouble enjoying life to the fullest because he is jealous and envious with regard to his wife's friends.
"The Lottery" shows Mr. Adams as the first persons who draws a ticket during the lottery and it would be absurd for someone to consider that this does not stand as a reference to Adam as the first man that God created. The fact that Tessie Hutchinson refrains from…
Carver, Raymond, "Cathedral," (Random House, 01.12.2009)
Jackson, Shirley, "The Lottery," (Dramatic Publishing Company, 1953)
Ross, Gary, "The Hunger Games"
all-E's appreciation for the world and his Eden-like naivete (versus the terrible knowledge brought about by Eve's discovery of the living plant that will bring back humanity), shows how false and world-weary the humans have become in their consumerist bubbles.
There is one particularly marked difference between all-E and the traditional Christian vision of divine grace offered in the Bible, thought. The concept of salvation is usually conceptualized as ascending to heaven and losing one's ties to the earth. For all-E, however, the only grace comes when human beings and the robot return to the planet and reconnect with the ability to move in an earthbound way and to love the earth, as embodied in the tiny planet that still survives and leads them there.
French, Phillip. "all-E." The Guardian. 20 Jul 2008. 6 May 2014.
Genesis. Bible Gateway. 6 May 2014.
Murphy, M. "Anatomy of…
French, Phillip. "Wall-E." The Guardian. 20 Jul 2008. 6 May 2014.
Genesis. Bible Gateway. 6 May 2014.
Biblical Views of Science, Technology, And Business
One of the more difficult aspects of trying to live a biblically-inspired life is that the Bible is, in many ways, a historical document. It was written thousands of years ago and describes events that are, in many ways, very unlike the challenges faced by modern human beings. This is particularly true in the 21st century, when modern science, technology, and business advances seem to be, at times, in direct opposition to the Bible or biblical teachings. That view ignores the basic underlying premise of the Bible, which is that it is both a historical document and a living document. As a living document, it has the ability to grow with the advances of mankind. In fact, it does not actually grow with mankind; on the contrary, as man's understanding expands to encompass more of the universe, as reflected in advances in science,…
Crampton, W.G. 1997. The biblical view of science. Retrieved September 2, 2014 from The
Trinity Foundation website: http://www.trinityfoundation.org/journal.php?id=163
Fooshee, G. 2014. 10 financial principles that are biblical. Retrieved September 2, 2014 from Back to the Bible website: http://www.backtothebible.org/10-financial-principles-that-are-biblical.html
Hibberd, P. Unk. To what extent is utilitarianism compatible with Christian theology? Discuss
Biblical Worldview: How Genesis 1:26-27 Affects My Choice of Professions
A belief that is foundational to the Christian faith is that people are made in the image of God as explicated in Genesis 1:26-27. Given this centrality, it is reasonable to posit that this biblical worldview also affects Christians' choices of professions in varying degrees. To gain some fresh insights into this issue, this paper provides an explanation concerning how this belief affects my relation to people in my chosen vocation of foster parent and group home director, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning this biblical worldview in the conclusion.
The unique status of humankind is clearly established early on in the Old Testament in the Genesis 1 account. For instance, the New International Version (NIV) of Genesis 1:26 states that:
Then God said, "Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so…
Blatt, Susan Mcnair. A Guidebook for Raising Foster Children. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey, 2000.
Peterson, Anna L. Being Human: Ethics, Environment, and Our Place in the World. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2001.
Biblical Events Which Were Significant in the Development of the Bible
This is a collection of praise songs or poems that were meant to praise God. It was an honest communication with God as well as response to Him. The psalmist was so open with his praise to God that it has over the years been considered the best praise that there is offered to God, with many believers in the Bible referring to it constantly for praise verses or quotes that they would like to give to God. Indeed, it is one of the books that are referred to severally even in the New Testament. Two thirds of the book of Psalms is attributed to David. David was known to be a good poet, musician, founder and organizer of temple music as well as a singer who often used stringed instruments to accompany the psalms/praises when he…
Campbell L., (2015). Psalms: Overview, Authorship, Canonicity, Genre. Retrieved August 3, 2015 from http://www.xenos.org/classes/psalms/psweek1.htm
Grace Communion International, (2015). Where was Golgotha? Retrieved August 3, 2015 from https://www.gci.org/Jesus/golgotha
Spiro K., (2015). Crash Course in Jewish History: King Solomon. Retrieved August 3, 2015 from http://www.aish.com/jl/h/cc/48937102.html
The Bible Study Site, (2015). Who Wrote the Book of Psalms? Retrieved August 3, 2015 from http://www.biblestudy.org/basicart/who-wrote-the-psalms.html
iblical Worldview: Romans 1-8 Teaching
My analysis of Romans chapter 1-8 will cover the following areas of interest; culture, the natural world, human relationships, and human identity. Paul was inspired to write the book of Romans by the fault line, an obvious crack in the Roman society and culture which Paul adopted in framing his letter to the Romans. My view of the world is that, the sins the Romans committed since the days of Paul have not stopped even today (Ecclesiastes 1:9). I think we can learn an important lesson from Paul's letter to the Romans in that, Rome at that time was suffering severe moral decadence and the society we have today has been ravaged by total moral decay just like Rome. In my opinion, the society generally is not likely to change and that every individual needs some kind of divine intervention and revelation and salvation to…
BibleGateway Romans 1-8"BibleGateway Romans 1-8." Biblegateway.com. Accessed April 14, 2016 from https://www.biblegateway.com/ .
Jackson, Christopher. "Worldview essay on romans chapters 1-8."2014. Accessed April 14, 2016 https://wordofGod1968.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/worldview-essay-on-romans-chapters-1-8/
Piper, John. "The Mighty and Merciful Message of Romans 1-8." 2002. Accessed April 14, 2016 http://www.desiringGod.org/messages/the-mighty-and-merciful-message-of-romans-1-8
Turner, Eddie. "A Christian's worldview from Romans 1-8." 2015. Accessed April 14, 2016 http://www.palestineherald.com/community/a-christian-s-worldview-from-romans/article_1070760e-8426-11e5-994f-2b27b8170b1b.html
Communicative Theory of Biblical Interpretation
Any theory is a composite of residual aspects of earlier theories and fresh compositions illuminated by the present context. The several theories that have been applied to the study of Scriptures are no exception, and this discussion will explore how several theories have come to coalesce in the communicative theory of Biblical interpretation. The relation of literary criticism, structural criticism, and reader-response criticism to the Biblical interpretation as seen through the lens of communicative theory will be discussed. Aspects of contextualization, relevance theory, and speech-act theory are explored with regard to the influence of these constructs on the development of modern communicative theory.
Communicative theory. The written word is a special form of communication -- a mysterious way for people to experience the inner thoughts of another being. The Bible, as a written record of the experiences and history of ancient Israelites and Christians, provides…
Allen, R. (1984). Contemporary Biblical interpretation for preaching. Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press.
Brown, J.K. (2007). Introducing Biblical hermeneutics: Scripture as communication. Ada, MI: Baker Academics.
Definition of reader response criticism. Critical Approaches. VirtuaLit - Interactive Poetry Tutorial. Retrieved http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/virtualit/poetry/critical_define/crit_reader.html
Fish, S. (1970). Literature in the reader: Affective stylistics. New Literary History, 2 (1), 123-162.
The process of studying Scripture usually requires and involves more than reading surface text because an individual has to conduct an in-depth study. An in-depth study of text is a necessary process towards understanding the meaning of a passage from Scripture and grasping it fully. In essence, for an individual to gain a rich understanding of the meaning of a passage from a Scripture from different perspectives, it is important to conduct an in-depth study rather than just surface reading of the text. One of the most important aspects of gaining understanding of the meaning of a text is identifying who or what determines the meaning of that passage from the Bible. There are several exegetical methodologies and methods for Biblical interpretation that help in in-depth study of Scripture in order to know its meaning.
There are different methods of Biblical interpretation that are utilized to help…
In other words she is seen in this light as a double threat to the country.
Consequently, she interferes in the issues and "frames" Naboth in a clever and callous plot. She succeeds in enlisting others in the community to support her actions against Naboth and he is accused of blaspheming against God and going against the King. She encourages the King to kill Naboth and to "...take him out and stone him to death." As a result Naboth is murdered and Jezebel is seen as being a cold and manipulative figure who will go to any lengths to achieve her ends.
However, from a more pragmatic historical perspective some scholars question the iblical text. As one study states,
The fantastical tale of Naboth's death... stretches the reader's credulity. If Jezebel were as hateful as the Deuteronomist claims, surely at least one nobleman in Jezreel would have refused to assist…
Atkinson J. Jezebel. http://latter-rain.com/eschae/jezebel.htm . (Accessed 9 May 2008)
Kings 18:4. IBS. (Accessed 9 May 2008)
Biblos com. (Accessed 9 May 2008).
Courteau, Sarah L. "Was the Lady a Tramp?." The Wilson Quarterly, Autumn 2007, 92+. Database online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5023471656.Internet .(Accessed 11 May 2008).
Crabb's book, Effective Biblical Counseling and the theories presented there. This paper will examine how Crabb treats some of the more popular theories in the book and how he is able to summarize them for the reader -- largely accomplishing this in a very accessible manner.
For instance, Crabb's treatment of Abraham Maslow's theory of classical needs hierarchy is extremely astute and user-friendly. Crabb explains how the need on the lowest rung of the hierarchy needs to be met and completed in order for the individual to be able to have sufficient motivation to get the subsequent need met and so on (Crabb, 1986). According to these ideologies, the lowest needs are the physical ones: food, water and comparable needs -- these are the needs that the organism must fulfill in order to survive (Crabb, 1986). The following need is the need of security, which encompasses a general sense and…
Crabb, L. (1986). Effective Biblical Counseling. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing.
Over the decades, theologians have been constantly debating the various interpretations of hell. This is because some will provide different explanations to understand what is happening and the lasting effects on the mindset of individuals. For instance, certain philosophers believe that hell is place full of flames, smoke and tremendous amounts of heat. They feel that its intensity increases the overall amounts of eternal suffering. This serves as a cautionary tale about what sinners can look forward to.
However, there are others who think that hell has a different look and feel. In some cases, they believe that it is: an analogy, a concept of purgatory or conditional immortality. To fully understand these contrasting interpretations requires comparing them with each other. This will be accomplished by examining the ideas from the book Four Views on Hell. Together, these elements will illustrate the shifting views and interpretations.
Kalil, Mohamed. Between Heaven and Hell. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kvanvig, Jonathan. The Problem of Hell. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
LeGoff, Jacques. The Birth of Purgatory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.
Miles, Todd. A God of Many Understandings. Nashville: B&H Academic, 2010.
Therefore, the Word of God is to be found in the fundamental truths of the Bible, not in a literal interpretation thereof.
A genuine and honest fundamentalism is not a literal translation of any one or even any era's version of the Bible. Rather, a real fundamentalism refers to the Word made practice. For example, we view the Word of God in the actions of saints. We learn about those who have devoted their lives to serving God. We raise our families in a spiritual sense, eschewing materialism and imbuing our lives with the truths inherent in the Bible. Ultimately we refer to the essence of Jesus Christ's love. Instead of clinging even to what the Apostles said about Jesus, we endeavor to listen intently to what Jesus would have said through his actions. Actions do speak louder -- and are longer-lasting -- than words.
Thus, the Pontifical Biblical Commission…
Goal of Christian Counseling
Dr. Larry Crabb sees human problems through two lenses: the first category involves problems that result from "…natural or physical causes" (things the individual has little or no control over). Examples of those kinds of problems include learning disabilities, a chemical imbalance within the person, and other issues that result from "perceptual dysfunctions." Crabb's goal is to fill the basic needs of a person, and under Christian counseling he feels the basic need is for "personal worth," which can be satisfied through two important inputs. One is a kind of "longing for significance" -- that is, the person longs for a purpose, for importance, for a meaningful job that has a positive impact. The other is to have security through being accepted (p. 2).
Part ONE: Goal of Rogerian Theory of Counseling (Client-centered therapy)
The client-centered approach by Rogers is designed to allow the…
Andrews, Linda Wasmer. (2010). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Encyclopedia of Depression.
Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press.
Cherry, Kendra. (2010). Client-Centered Therapy. About.com Psychology. Retrieved February
18, 2013, from http://psychology.about.com .
A Comparison of the Biblical Creation Narrative and the Babylonian Enuma Elish: Substance vs. Form
Every culture known has some sort of explanation for how the world and the universe as we know them came into existence. Creation stories have helped cultures to make sense of natural phenomena that they did not understand, and also in many instances demonstrate the perspectives and basic instructions for how ongoing human civilizations are meant to interact with the world. Many early creation myths appear to have a high degree of commonality, and it has even been suggested that at times the creation myth of one culture was simply taken by another culture and adapted to suit its own needs and purposes. This paper will examine one such instance and the two creation myths at stake, revealing that while the form of the myths may be highly similar, the purpose and substance…
Henry, M. (2011). Complete Commentary. Accessed 13 March 2011. http://www.studylight.org/com/mhc-com/view.cgi?book=ge&chapter=001
Jamieson, R. (2011). Biblos.com. Accessed 13 March 2011. http://bible.cc/genesis/1-1.htm
King, L. (1902). Enuma Elish. Accessed 13 March 2011. http://www.sacred-texts.com/ane/enuma.htm
New International Version. (2011). Accessed 13 March 2011. http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis+1&version=NIV
It made me love God even more than before because I was aware that he made the constant effort to take care of me no matter the circumstances. Granted, I don't know what "effort" means in the world of the omnipotent but nonetheless I felt as if I mattered to God and that He truly cares for me.
Though I learned an abundance from my experience fasting, I do feel some improvements could be made in order for me to have an increasingly meaningful experience next time. The most obvious aspect of fasting I could improve on for later occurrences would be logistics. I had a lot on my plate the day I chose to fast and did not have free time anytime soon. If I were to have a day free of errands to accomplish, my mind would be free to focus on fasting and the meaning behind it.…
Melchizedek is a mysterious Biblical figure about whom very little is known. He is alluded to in the Old Testament only in the Book of Genesis, and is referred to a few times in the New Testament in the Pauline text Hebrews. No actual historical data exists to support the existence of Melchizedek the man, although the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls did lead to some scholars believing that Melchidekek was indeed an historical figure ("Melchizedek"). Universally, Melchizedek is thought to be a priest of the highest order, as well as the king of Salem (usually considered to be another name for Jerusalem). When his character first appears in Genesis, Melchizedek appears to Abraham, offering him bread and wine in honor of Abraham's victories. Therefore, Melchizedek was a high priest and kingly figure. He is sometimes equated with Shem, son of Noah ("Melchizedek"). Biblical references would place his life…
Huie, Bryan T. (1997). Was the Logos Melchizedek? Retrieved online at http://users.aristotle.net/~bhuie/melchiz.htm
'Melchizedek. (2005). Wikipedia. Retrieved online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melchizedek
'Melchizedek Priesthood." (2000). Bible Dictionary. Retrieved online at http://scriptures.lds.org/bdm/mlchzdkp
The Nag Hammadi Library: Melchizedek. Giversen, Soren and Pearson, Birger A. (Trans). Retrieved online from http://www.gnosis.org/naghamm/melchiz.html
History of Judaism: From biblical origins to the modern period." It discusses Genesis 1-11 and what these texts tell us about the origins of Israelite religion? What do the major episodes in these 11 chapters of the Torah tell us about the differences between classical Mesopotamian paganism and the origins of Israelite thought and religion?
History of Judaism: From biblical origins to the modern period
Genesis is the book of beginnings. That is what the word itself means, and it takes us back into the very dawn of human history. It opens with an awareness of the greatest material fact in all human life; a fact that we are all subconsciously aware of almost every waking moment, that is, that we are living in a universe. Then this galaxy itself is moving at incredible speed through the vastness of space in conjunction with millions of other galaxies like ours. It…
Langer, Ruth, Jewish understandings of the religious other., Theological Studies, 06-01-2003, pp 255.
Clifford, Richard, A History of Israelite Religion in the Old Testament Period, vol. 1: From the Beginnings to the End of the Monarchy.(book reviews). Vol. 56, Theological Studies, 09-01-1995, pp 566(2).
Nahum Sarna, "Understanding Creation in Genesis" in Frye, Is God a Creationist?, pp 155-173.
Chris's biblical statement "I am the light of the world." Specifically, it will describe the events that surround the "I am" statement, how the "I am" statement relates to the revelation of God in the Old Testament, and how the statement reveals the deity of Christ. The semantics of the Bible are awesome. Since it was written in ancient tongues, they can be translated in many ways, and so it is with this passage where John repeats Christ's words, "I am the light of the world." Light can mean many things to many people, but here, light really means love, and Christ is a reflection of God's love of all the people of Earth.
A am" also has many contextual meanings in the Bible, and together, these words affirm Christ as a deity and the Son of God. Thus, Christ not only affirms his own place and purpose on Earth,…
Borg, Marcus J., ed. Jesus at 2000. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.
Knight, George A.F. "The Light of God in Action." The Christian Century 16 Dec. 1998: 1212.
Rollins, Wayne G. The Gospels: Portraits of Christ. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1963.
The Holy Bible: King James Version. New York: Books, Inc., Publishers.
That must be obvious by now."
How ironic it is that the director and the lawyer talk so condenscendingly to Cincinnatus, in the same manner that Christ is talked to by the Pharasees and the Saducees.
The entire first part of the story lends an air of similarity to the New Testament that is undeniable.
Using it as a foreground for the remainder of the story enhanced the overall veracity of such a narrative. To read the allusions made to the life of Christ and at the same time to the life of Cincinnatus was an intriguing ploy by Vladimir that allowed the reader to both explore and understand the methodology of which he was using to present the story.
Further references and allusions throughout the story are as evident as the ones written about above. One of the easiest to discern came towards the last of the book when…
Nabakov, Vladimir, Invitation to a Beheading,
New Testament, King James Version
Since biblical times, children have been mentioned and admonished about social transgressions. The first man and woman, according to the Christian Holy Bible suggest that Adam and Eve, both children of God, were in trouble from the outset; the consequences were dire with no "out" such as rehabilitation. Today, of course, we see that rehabilitation is the primary focus for children's behaviors. Further, social attitudes toward children differ around the world in various cultures. These attitudes have changed over time, of course. The purpose of this paper is to detail differences in perception of children throughout history, with a particular emphasis in the periods between 1824-1960 and, in contrast the "modern" period after 1960.
The age at which children are considered responsible for their own actions (e.g., marriage, voting, etc.) has also changed over time, and this is reflected in the way they are treated in courts of law.…
Melchiorre, A. (2004) At What Age?...are school-children employed, married and taken to court? Retrieved from: http://www.right-to-education.org/node/53
Rachel K. Jones and April Brayfield, Life's greatest joy?: European attitudes toward the centrality of children. Social Forces, Vol. 75, No. 4, Jun 1997. 1,239-69 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Akers, R.L. (1973). Law and Control in Society. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Richard Nelson's Presentation Of Deuteronomistic History
The beginning of DH's history saw him incorporate the existing book of Deuteronomy 1-3, 31, 34 where he furnished it with an enclosing framework. Joshua1-12, 23; Judges 2-16; I Samuel I through II Samuel 20; and I and II Kings are the books labeled the Deuteronomistic Historian (DH), an editor who managed to assemble items of older material from scribal in Israel's tradition. Since DH was an original author, his significant aggregate data was a coherent whole that gave it distinctive theological outlook. In his work, he recounted past events in a systematic manner and traced the interplay of cause and effect thus, explained the meaning and significance of recent developments for a readership that is contemporary.
The DH gives a pessimistic outlook where he gives a central interpretative theme of Israel's fate in the land being hinged on the obedience or disobedience…