1000+ documents containing “body image”.
Body Image and the Difference Between Europe and America
The concept of body image is really a perception involving imagination, emotions and physical sensations about our body. (America Now Short Readings from Recent Periodicals) This does not remain the same, but keeps on changing, and depends a lot on our moods, the environment that we live in and the practical experiences in life that we have. Often we do not realize the factual situation within it. It involves a lot of our psychology and depends a lot more on our self-esteem than the real physical attractiveness that we have according to others. People do not directly tell us this, but this is what we feel. The transmission of this knowledge is cultural and through the family and friends. (Body Image: International Eating Disorder Referral Organization)
Most of the people involved are not happy with the bodies they have. There are some differences….
America Now Short Readings from Recent Periodicals. Retrieved from http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/book.asp?disc=& ; id_product=1149000370& compType=TOC Accessed on 10 June, 2005
Body Image: International Eating Disorder Referral Organization. Retrieved from http://www.edreferral.com/body_image.htm#improving%20body%20image Accessed on 10 June, 2005
Body Image. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio1/onelife/personal/body_image/media.shtml Accessed on 10 June, 2005
Boston, John Cloud. Never Too Buff. Time Europe. 24 April, 2000. Vol: 155; No: 16. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/europe/magazine/2000/0424/bodyimage.html Accessed on 10 June, 2005
The follow-up interview was conducted by an independent researcher and focused on the massage intervention's effects. The results indicated that showed that each of the three women felt positively regarding the intervention. It is possible that they simply did not want to provide negative feedback, but there is no evidence that they found the massage unhelpful in adjusting to their new bodies. redin (1999) concluded that intervention techniques like massage can go a very long way toward making women more comfortable with their bodies after mastectomy and should be part of an overall wellness plan for these women, because their mental and emotional states are important, as well as their physical state. In summary, the literature indicated that there is still much more to be studied where women's health and wellness following mastectomy is concerned. The nursing implications related to this issue are vital because it is nurses who….
Body Image Disturbances After Mastectomy
The main concerns for many women after a mastectomy are pain and anxiety about the possible return of the cancer. However, another concern that is often overlooked is a woman's body image. She is not always able to reconcile how she looks now with 'being a woman.' The purpose of this paper is to show the importance of these kinds of issues to the field of nursing. In a study by Bredin (1999), the issue of body image after mastectomy was addressed from the point of therapeutic massage and listening to help women feel better about the way that they look now. The purpose of the article was to show whether this type of intervention was beneficial to these women. The sample for the study was limited to three participants because the intervention was so time consuming. The method was for these women to participate in two semi-structured interviews of one hour each and six sessions of therapeutic massage. Initial interview and massage sessions were conducted by the study's author. The follow-up interview was conducted by an independent researcher and focused on the massage intervention's effects. The results indicated that showed that each of the three women felt positively regarding the intervention. It is possible that they simply did not want to provide negative feedback, but there is no evidence that they found the massage unhelpful in adjusting to their new bodies. Bredin (1999) concluded that intervention techniques like massage can go a very long way toward making women more comfortable with their bodies after mastectomy and should be part of an overall wellness plan for these women, because their mental and emotional states are important, as well as their physical state. In summary, the literature indicated that there is still much more to be studied where women's health and wellness following mastectomy is concerned. The nursing implications related to this issue are vital because it is nurses who often mentor to the emotional and mental state of their patients. Nurses can use these kinds of techniques to help patients recover better.
As noted above, during the hunter-gatherer phase of mankind, the desirable physical appearance of the male of the species would have been one that contributed to their ability to hunt and kill the large mega-fauna that roamed the land. y contrast, modern males may not be expected to be able to take down a wooly mammoth, but a healthy physique equates to good genes for reproduction and even modern women may therefore be more attracted to men who exhibit superior physical qualities. The studies of body image issues among modern women have typically focused on the impact played by various societal factors, most especially idealized role models as exemplified by ultra-thin fashion models (Rothblum, 1994). As noted above, although there remains a paucity of timely and relevant research in this area as it applies to men specifically, Lee and Owen (2002) suggest that it is not an unreasonable extension….
Based on its illegality in most sports settings, it has been difficult for researchers to develop accurate estimates of anabolic steroid use but the studies to date indicate that it is widespread. For example, Blouin and Goldfield (1995) found that more than three-quarters (78%) of the sample of competitive body-builders they analyzed reported anabolic steroid use; likewise, one-in-five recreational body-builders reported such use. Another study of 16- to 19-year-old Swedish students conducted by Kindlundh et al. (1999) determined that 2.7% of these males had used steroids. Other researchers, though, found significantly lesser rates with Drewnowski et al. (1995) determining that just 0.6% of non-sporting adolescent males used steroids. Yet other studies have found a range of usage rates among different groups, with Wroblewska (1997) citing steroid usage rates of between 4% for males in general up to 75% for competitive body-builders. These respective rates translate into an enormous amount of money, with annual national spending in the United States for anabolic steroid intended for non-medical applications amount to approximately a half billion dollars in 1993 alone (Lee & Owens, 2002). Whatever the true percentages, the studies to date suggest that there are significant numbers of males engaging in musculature-building regimens that include steroids use that may carry severe healthcare consequences, including both physical and mental health issues, particularly aggressive behavior (Lee & Owens, 2002). Because the difference between harsh reality, expectations and desired outcomes contributes to self-esteem, to the extent that men (and women) fail to live up to their idealized versions of themselves will likely be the extent to which body esteem problems will result (Brownell, 1991).
Drive for Thinness
Because many eating disorders have been viewed as a female-specific problem as it relates to body image perceptions, there has been little attention given to the same forces as they apply to men. The disparities between the incidence of eating disorders between men and women would appear to justify this focus on women, with most studies that include men in their analysis at all placing the prevalence rate for men significantly lower than their female counterparts (i.e., rarely more than 10% of anorexics and 20% of bulimia cases being male (Hsu, 1990). Despite these findings, other researchers emphasize that males suffer from anorexia and bulimia (Buckley, Freyne & Walsh, 1991; Carlat & Carmargo, 1991). The causes of such eating disorders among males appear to be similar to those experienced by women as well. For example, studies have found that males who suffer
Body Positivity and Social Media Body Positivity and Social MediaAbstractThis research paper proposal explores the impact of body positivity content on individuals' body image. Applying a mixed methodology approach, the study aims to assess whether exposure to body positivity videos through TikTok and Instagram leads to improvements in body image perception. A pre-experiment survey will assess participants' initial feelings about their body image, including comfort, happiness, satisfaction, tendency to compare, and impact on self-perception. After exposure to body positivity content, participants will complete the same survey to evaluate changes in their body image perception. Quantitative data will be analyzed using a paired-samples t-test, comparing the experimental and controlled groups. Qualitative feedback will be collected to gain deeper insights into participants' experiences. The study anticipates an improvement in body positivity among the experimental group compared to the controlled group. The benefits of this study are that it will help to show….
Alleva, J. M., Karos, K., Meadows, A., Waldén, M. I., Stutterheim, S. E., Lissandrello, F., & Atkinson, M. J. (2021). “What can her body do?” Reducing weight stigma by appreciating another person’s body functionality. PLOS ONE, 16(5), e0251507. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251507
Cataldo, I., De Luca, I., Giorgetti, V., Cicconcelli, D., Bersani, F. S., Imperatori, C., Abdi, S.,Negri, A., Esposito, G., & Corazza, O. (2021). Fitspiration on social media: Body-image and other psychopathological risks among young adults. A narrative review. Emerging trends in drugs, addictions, and health, 1, 100010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etdah.2021.100010
Ferrara, E., & Yang, Z. (2015). Measuring Emotional Contagion in Social Media. PLOS ONE,10(11), e0142390. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142390
Media Exposure in Body Image Attitudes Using a One-Way Design
Research Methods- Investigating the effects of media exposure in body image attitudes using a one-way design
his research tries to analyze the connection in between media use and body discontentment by comparing the media with the internal element of self-confidence and various other social elements such as peer and adult mindsets. A sample of 30 female undergraduates finished measures of media exposure. he paper develops three specific conditions that were analyzed and that had stimuli created for them; these three conditions were the idealized figures, the non-idealized figures and control images of no figures. Moreover, social/environmental impacts and self-confidence showed to be the toughest signs of body frustration, which recommends that the indirect result of media messages on body frustration is a vital location for additional evaluation.
hin models and starlets seem to rule the requirement of beauty in today's media, ever-present….
This research of body discontentment in females (idealized figures, non-idealized figures and control figures) is essential due to the fact that body frustration might result in hazardous disordered-eating habits such as anorexia or bulimia nervosa (Garner, Olmstead, & Polivy, 1983). Body discontentment has actually been linked to media usage because media are frequently recognized as sources ladies count on for info about their physical look (idealized figures, non-idealized figures and control figures), and thin models and starlets are seemingly the requirement in present media (projected idealized figures). Cultivation and social contrast concepts have actually been utilized to analyze the association in between media usage and body discontentment (idealized figures, non-idealized figures and control figures). The objective of this job was to draw from the 2 concepts to analyze the effect of media exposure on internalization of the thin suitable (projected idealized image) and body frustration in context with various other social/environmental elements like peer and adult mindsets.
The first phase in the task was committed to comprehending the standard relationships amongst internal and social/environmental elements-- consisting of media, friends and parents-- and the internalization of the thin suitable. When become part of the statistical analysis, the media exposure measures did not appear to have substantial connections to internalization of the thin suitable (projected idealized figures). Total TV exposure and dramatization exposure appeared to have considerable connections to internalization of the thin suitable however their effect appeared to be eclipsed by various other aspects. This outcome contributes to the concerns about the importance of total TV exposure vs. exposure to certain categories, and their association with girls' approval of slimness (projected idealized figures) as a social and cultural worth. Nonetheless, the absence of proof of a connection in between genre-based exposure and some thin-ideal truth shows needs to be seen thoroughly due to the manipulated nature of the exposure measures. The absence of a regular circulation for those seeing measures makes it tough to make conclusions about their relations with internalization of the thin suitable. Although general media exposure was not connected, a media connection appeared. Up contrast with media figures was the toughest media aspect connected to internalization of the thin perfect and its contribution to the model was equivalent to self-confidence. Nevertheless, generally talking, peer mindset towards slimness was the main aspect connected with internalization of the thin suitable.
This observation recommends the resonance could play a fundamental part in forming the mindsets that are associated with
Indeed, if there is only one type of beautiful person, it contributes to increased insecurity in women who happen to be a different shape or size from the "ideal" women perpetuated in the popular culture.
According to Dank, Norton, Olds and Olive (1996), there has a lengthy association between dolls and ideal proportions, a relationship going back to Greek times. For example, pre-18th century dolls were manufactured so as to reflect classically ideal proportions, and many believe that the contemporary versions as manifested in arbie and Ken ideals are completely unrealistic, especially during a period of increasing global diversity. Some studies have focused on the actual physical measurements and proportions of the dolls, comparing them to adults (Dank et al., 1996).
One such study determined that it was not the chest measurement of arbie that was out of proportion, as some consumers and critics have suggested; rather, it is actually her….
Austrian, Sonia G., ed. 2002. Developmental Theories through the Life Cycle. New York: Columbia University Press.
Chodorow, Nancy. 1995. Family Structure and Feminine Personality. In Tong & Tuana, eds., 1995.
____. 1978. The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Cohn, Lawrence D. & Nancy E. Adler. 1992. Female and Male Perceptions of Ideal Body Shapes: Distorted Views Among Caucasian College Students. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 16, 69-79.
Fashion and Body Image
Fashion industry, body image, and self-esteem
The fashion industry has established itself as a multimillion industry with more and more players jumping onboard each waking day. ith the new agencies fro the fashion industry opening shop, there are higher standards of beauty set in the fashion industry. This means each agency would like to have the most beautiful models rolling out of their agency and representing the best and most famous brands in the world.
As a result, there have been more and more stringent rules on the selection of the appropriate candidates fro the agencies to me molded into a final product to be rolled, out in the market. This has made the fashion industry to act as a modern human trafficking and slavery for the participants and the society at large.
This paper purposes to look into the portrayal of good image as per the fashion industry in….
Business Network. Body Dissatisfaction and the Media - Brief Article - Statistical Data
Included. Nutrition Research Newsletter, 2000. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0887/is_5_19/ai_62296769/?tag=rbxcra.2.a.44 Accessed May 6, 2011.
Disorder Eating. Anorexia Nervosa Statistics (U.S.). 2010.
http://www.disordered-eating.co.uk/eating-disorders-statistics/anorexia-nervosa-statistics-us.html . Accessed May 6, 2011
Male Body Image
The need for gender-specific survey instruments and measures of body image is clear, given that the same instruments and methods used to measure female body image likely do not apply to male subjects. Future research undoubtedly will be devoted to the development, perfection, and standardization of male body image measures. Since conducting this research two new instruments have been proposed. One attempts to go beyond muscularity, including categories such as body fat, youthfulness, body hair, and penis characteristics. The instrument is called the Multidimensional Male Body Concerns Questionnaire (MMBCQ), and includes more than 30 different items along five dimensions. The MMBCQ was developed by usticus (2010).
A second instrument that has recently been developed is called the Male Body Dissatisfaction Scale (MBDS). Proposed by Ochner, Gray & Brickner (2009), the MBDS enables the correlation of body image variables with other psychological variables like self-esteem. Moreover, the MBDS is important….
Ochner, C.N., Gray, J.A. & Brickner, K. (2009). The development and initial validation of a new measure of male body dissatisfaction. Eating Behaviors 10(4): 197-201.
Rusticus, S.A. (2010). Going beyond muscularity: developing a multidimensional measure of male body concerns. Retrieved online: https://circle.ubc.ca/handle/2429/23469
" Despite the fact that "beauty is in the eye of the beholder" social and economic norms and standards make a clear difference between women in particular when it comes to their tagging in the society. There is a clear cut idea that the attribute of "beautiful" or "attractive" is also synonymous to higher rates of productivity.
Beautiful women are considered to be better assets for the companies and employers tend to perceive them as being more open minded and better communicators (Mobius and Rosenblat, 2006) There are those who consider that discrimination based on physical appearance is similar to that related to race and sex (ebster, 1983). More precisely, ebster argues that "attractiveness effects usually derive from the structure of the society. Beauty or its opposite often function as a status cue; that is, when it activates patterns of widely shared cultural beliefs it is a status characteristic just as….
Amanda B. Bower and Stacy Landreth. "Is Beauty Best? Highly vs. Normally Attractive Models in Advertising." Journal of Advertising Vol. 30, No. 1 (Spring, 2001), pp. 1-12
Bower, Amanda B. "Highly Attractive Models in Advertising and the Women Who Loathe Them: The Implications of Negative Affect for Spokesperson Effectiveness." Journal of Advertising. 2001. Available at http://www.allbusiness.com/management/consumer-demand-management/823915-1.html
Chia-Ching Tsai, Chih-Hsiang Chang. "The effect of physical attractiveness of models on advertising effectiveness for male and female adolescents." Adolescence, Winter, 2007. Available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2248/is_168_42/ai_n27483312/
Dia Sekayi. "Commercialism in the Lives of Children and Youth of Color: Education and Other Socialization Contexts" Journal of Negro Education. Vol. 72, No. 4, (Autumn, 2003), pp. 467-477.
advertising aims to convince us to buy things, ads seldom portray people that look like us. The billboards, the commercials, the polish, the panache, the beauty products that promise a drink from the fountain of youth all offer, in what ever form they choose a chance at a viable, workable self-esteem. But these offers are intangible and indeed elusive. One can usually only attain the skinny legs and the full voluptuous lips by plastic surgery or starvation. Most women who are featured on the cover of major magazines are altered. Either made lighter, darker, thinner or larger in breast size. These "false body images," do not accurately portray the general population, and in the end does more to damage self-esteem than its claims to resurrect it.
The average female fashion model wears sizes 0-4, while the average American woman wears between a size 12 and a size 14. Over the….
Bordo, Susan. Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body. San Jose: University of California Press, 2004.
Dittmar, Dr. Helga. Consumer culture, identity, and well-being: The search for the 'good life' and 'body perfect'. United Kingdom: Psychology Press, 2008.
Killing Us Softly 4. Dir. Sut Jhally. Perf. Jean Kilbourne. 2011.
Levine, Dr. Michael. The Prevention of eating problems and eating disorders: Theory, research and practice. Gambier: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2006.
omen around the world and throughout time have modified their bodies, willingly or under coercion, in order to achieve a culturally desirable aesthetic. ith her body as central to her role, status, and identity, females manipulate their bodies or their bodies are manipulated for them. In some cases, the body modification is an overt sign of patriarchy, because it enables greater control over the woman's life. This is especially true with Chinese foot binding, which was outlawed in 1911. ith her feet bound, the woman could not walk properly and was therefore literally bound to be docile and subservient to the husband (Crossley). In other cases, gender and aesthetic norms are what dictates the body modification practice. Usually the body modification in these cases also feeds into a patriarchal culture in which the female's value on the marriage market is ascertained by her appearance. Modern forms of body modification….
ASAPS. Statistics, surveys, and trends. 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.surgery.org/media/news-releases/the-american-society-for-aesthetic-plastic-surgery-reports-americans-spent-largest-amount-on-cosmetic-surger
Crossley, Lucy. "The last living Chinese women with bound feet more than 100 years after the centuries-old symbol of beauty and status was banned." The Mail. 8 June 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2652228/PICTURED-The-living-Chinese-women-bound-feet-100-years-centuries-old-symbol-beauty-status-banned.html
Gluckman, Ron. "Stretching One's Neck." Retrieved online: http://www.gluckman.com/LongNeck.html
Harding, Andrew. "Burmese women in Thai 'human zoo'"BBC News. Retrieved online: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7215182.stm
The purpose of this historiography is to use secondary sources that will make for a greater understanding of my topic and how it relates to American body culture. In the last six decades obese people have faced discrimination in American society because of their physical appearance. Typically, society has categorized obese people as unhealthy individuals; their appearance causes discomfort; they are viewed pessimistically by employers and their career opportunities as a result have been limited. While more than 27% of the American population is obese, the federal government does nothing to prevent employment discrimination against obese or overweight people. The focus of this paper will be to analyze the issue of cultural discrimination against obese and overweight individuals and provide recommendations for changes with regard to the treatment of obese people in society so that they might be more accepted socially and enabled to fit more seamlessly into mainstream American….
The course readings and many other sources show that young women suffering from anorexia are suffering from a skewed body image. In most western societies, the ideal female form is tall and thin, sometimes extremely thin. When young women mature, they begin menstruation, but they also begin to form their curves. They gain fat in their hips and breasts, and sometimes in other areas, too. Many see these curves as feminine, but others see them only as fat, and the goal is to not be fat at any cost. They become obsessed with gaining weight, and will do anything to remain thin and ideal to society. They want to conform and to fit in, and so they turn to anorexia in an attempt to maintain a body image that is really far from ideal. In many cases, they cannot see their own image at all. Even when they lost startling….
Media Negatively Affects the Body Image Concerns of Adolescent Girls
Among adolescent girls, body image concerns are not uncommon. The hypothesis of this paper believes that media negatively affects the body image concerns of adolescent girls. The independent variable is the adolescent girls and the dependent variable is the media. This is because adolescent girls can be affected by a lot of other things when it concerns body image, this can come in the form of their peers, society and even history. These variables can affect the concerns on body image of adolescent girls in both a positive and a negative way. However, this paper will only discuss the negative affects which body images are supplied by media to adolescent girls with.
The theoretical approach which best suits this study is the Psychodynamic Approach. This is because the concerns regarding body images are implanted in the minds of these adolescent girls unconsciously.….
Anschutz, D.J., Van Strien, T., & Engels, R.C. (2008). Exposure to Slim Images in Mass Media: Television Commercials as Reminders of Restriction in Restrained Eaters. Health Psychology. 27(4); 401-408.
Cheng, H.L. & Mallinckrodt (2009). Parental Bonds, Anxious Attachment, Media Internalization, and Body Image Dissatisfaction: Exploring a Mediation Model. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 56(5); 365-375.
Clark, L., & Tiggemann, M. (2008). Sociocultural and Individual Psychological Predictors of Body Image in Young Girls: A Prospective Study. Developmental Psychology. 44(4); 1124-1134.
Dohnt, H. & Tiggemann, M. (2006). The Contribution of Peer and Media Influences to the Development of Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem in Young Girls: A Prospective Study. Developmental Psychology. 42(5); 929-936.
CL's "Hello itches" and the Post-Feminist Representation of the ody
In the music video by CL entitled "Hello itches," CL has managed to escape the constriction of the typical K-pop girl group (sexy, innocent, seductive, chic) by asserting a more aggressive, masculine-mimicking (gagsta-rap-mimicking to be exact), hyper-sexual attitude of domineering vibes; yet, in doing so, she has fallen into another and separate trope -- not the trope of the cute/sexy K-pop artist but rather the trope of the strong, feminist, sexually assertive/aggressive pop artist (a trend represented in various modes by others such as Nicki Minaj, Iggy Azalea, eyonce, Lady Gaga). CL's performance in the video channels the swagger of chauvinistic hip-hop artists, who wave and strut and bounce in front of the camera while surrounded by their posse and/or cadre of scantily clad women. For CL, her posse is the cadre of women -- but here they are donned in….
Gill, Rosalind. "Postfeminist media culture: Elements of a sensibility," European
Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 10, no. 2 (2007): 147-166.
McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media, critical edition, edited by W.Terrence.
Gordon. Berkeley, California: Gingko Press, 2013.
Body Image and the Difference Between Europe and America The concept of body image is really a perception involving imagination, emotions and physical sensations about our body. (America Now Short…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
The follow-up interview was conducted by an independent researcher and focused on the massage intervention's effects. The results indicated that showed that each of the three women felt…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
As noted above, during the hunter-gatherer phase of mankind, the desirable physical appearance of the male of the species would have been one that contributed to their ability…Read Full Paper ❯
Body Positivity and Social Media Body Positivity and Social MediaAbstractThis research paper proposal explores the impact of body positivity content on individuals' body image. Applying a mixed methodology approach,…Read Full Paper ❯
Communication - Journalism
Media Exposure in Body Image Attitudes Using a One-Way Design Research Methods- Investigating the effects of media exposure in body image attitudes using a one-way design his research tries to…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
Indeed, if there is only one type of beautiful person, it contributes to increased insecurity in women who happen to be a different shape or size from the…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
Fashion and Body Image Fashion industry, body image, and self-esteem The fashion industry has established itself as a multimillion industry with more and more players jumping onboard each waking day. ith…Read Full Paper ❯
Male Body Image The need for gender-specific survey instruments and measures of body image is clear, given that the same instruments and methods used to measure female body image likely…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Miscellaneous
" Despite the fact that "beauty is in the eye of the beholder" social and economic norms and standards make a clear difference between women in particular when it…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
advertising aims to convince us to buy things, ads seldom portray people that look like us. The billboards, the commercials, the polish, the panache, the beauty products that…Read Full Paper ❯
Health - Nursing
Female Body omen around the world and throughout time have modified their bodies, willingly or under coercion, in order to achieve a culturally desirable aesthetic. ith her body as central…Read Full Paper ❯
The purpose of this historiography is to use secondary sources that will make for a greater understanding of my topic and how it relates to American body culture. In…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Miscellaneous
The course readings and many other sources show that young women suffering from anorexia are suffering from a skewed body image. In most western societies, the ideal female form…Read Full Paper ❯
Media Negatively Affects the Body Image Concerns of Adolescent Girls Among adolescent girls, body image concerns are not uncommon. The hypothesis of this paper believes that media negatively affects the…Read Full Paper ❯
Communication - Language
CL's "Hello itches" and the Post-Feminist Representation of the ody In the music video by CL entitled "Hello itches," CL has managed to escape the constriction of the typical K-pop…Read Full Paper ❯