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omen in Genesis
In the Book of Genesis, women are portrayed mostly in a negative light, and are judged by their obedience to God and the patriarchs and how well they fulfill their duties as wives and mothers. God has a plan for the world, but repeatedly the sins of humanity interfere with it, and from Eve onward, women are often portrayed as particularly weak, dishonest or untrustworthy. Adam's duty was to protect the Garden of Eden while both he and Eve were required to "be fruitful and multiply, fill the earth and subdue it"(Gen 1:28). Because of the disobedience initiated by Eve, humanity is expelled from paradise. Even after God destroys the world in the Great Flood, he commands Noah and his sons to repopulate the earth, although their wives are not even given names (Gen 9:1). Nor do Lot's wife and daughters have names, although he clearly has…
Bellis, Alice Ogden. Helpmates, Harlots and Heroes: Women's Stories in the Hebrew Bible, 2nd Edition. Westminster John Knox Press, 2007.
Jeansonne, Sharon Pace. The Women of Genesis: From Sarah to Potiphar's Wife. Augsburg Press, 1990.
Lapsley, Jacqueline E. Whispering the Word: Hearing Women's Stories in the Old Testament. Westminster John Knox Press, 2005.
Menn, Esther Marie. Judah and Tamar (Genesis 38) in Ancient Exegesis: Studies in Literary Form and Hermaneutics. Leiden: Brill, 1997.
In the Book of Genesis, God creates the universe. He begins with the creation of light and then in the following days creates all the things that exist in the world, including mankind. God wants man to be his avatar on Earth, but mankind fails him. First man and woman are thrown out of the Garden of Eden and thrust out into the cruel world. God gets so fed up with humanity that he floods the world, having Noah stay alive with two of every animal to repopulate the world. The new world is equally corrupt but God promises not to flood the world again. Instead he assigns Abraham the task of breeding and teaching His word to the Jews, the chosen people of God. Genesis ends with the Jews traveling to Egypt where they will become the slaves of the Egyptians and punished for practicing the worship…
"This is my covenant with you: I will make you the father of not just one nation, but a multitude of nations. . . I will give you millions of descendants who will represent many nations. Kings will be among them" (Genesis 17:4, 6).
Then, in relation to how Joseph ended up where he did -- why was he loved more than his siblings? We know Joseph was born was Jacob was in his "old age" (Verses 2-3), but it was more than that. Historically, scholars say that Jacob recognized that having a child with Joseph's mother, achel, was a blessing from God because she was barren for many years. "Then God remembered achel's policht and answered her prayers by giving her a child. She became pregnant and gave birth to a son. 'God removed my shame,' she said. And she names him Joseph. . . " (Genesis 30:22-23). The…
Abela, a. (2001). "Is Genesis the Introduction of the Primary History?" in: Wenin, a.,
The Book of Genesis. Leuven University/Peeters Press.
Adar, Z. (1990). The Book of Genesis: An Introduction to the Biblical World. Magnes Publishing Company.
Alter, R. (1996). Genesis: Translation and Commentary. Norton.
The details of the relationship between the mistaken 'husband' are explained as well, unlike Genesis 12, where Pharaoh is merely said to have taken Sarah, with no further explanation: "And God said unto him [Abimelech] in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her" (Genesis 20:6).
God defends Abraham in words, not simply in the presentation style of the story of Abraham: "he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live" (Genesis 20:7). If the king does not, he will die. The king goes to Abraham and again, in involved dialogue complains that he was not told of Sarah's real identity, and almost sheepishly, Abraham admits his fear: "Because I thought, Surely the fear of God is not in this place;…
The King James Bible. Full e-text available on 2 Nov 2007 at http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis%2020;&version=9
God then decides to create a helper for man in the form of a woman (Eve), created by taking "one of his ribs," whereby Adam proclaims that Eve is the "bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh" and that she is his wife ("they shall be one flesh").
Thus, the only differences between these two versions is that the creation of the earth and the heavens serves as a centerpoint for the first and the creation of Adam and Eve serve as the focus for the second version. As to the religious truths to be found in these versions, the most basic truth is that God created everything, from the earth to the sky to water to the "beasts of the field" and lastly man and woman in the form of Adam and Eve. All of this was of divine creation, meaning that God and only God created…
However, as time went by Cain became jealous over the kinds of crops that were produced by Able. This resulted in Cain murdering his brother one day while he was in the field. When questioned by God about what happened, Cain lied and said he did not know where he was. (Damrosch) ("Genesis 1 -- 4")
God knew this and banished him from the area for these sins. After having another son, is when Adam and Eve were able to have a sense of retribution (with someone who could follow these higher ideals). This allowed everyone to talk to the Lord directly about the challenges and issues they are dealing with. (Damrosch) ("Genesis 1 -- 4")
These insights are showing how Genesis 1 -- 4, is focusing on humankind's potential to be servants of the Lord and walk in paradise. However, after being overcome by temptation is when various sins…
"Genesis 1 -- 4." Bible Gateway, 2102. Web. 23 Aug. 2012
Damrosch, David. The Longman Anthology of World Literature. New York: Longman Publishing Group, 2008. Print.
It was clear that Cain had murdered his brother, an offense that is unthinkable in today's modern context. When Cain refused to admit his sins, God punished him in the same manner as he had punished Adam and Eve. God had cast Cain out of his homeland, just as He had done with Adam and Eve; "And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand. When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth," (Genesis 4:11-12). Cain followed in the footsteps of his earliest ancestors.
This tells a lot about the character of God as represented by the Old Testament. Essentially, He is omni-benevolent when His followers are true to following His demands. In fact, God rewards in great measure. Yet, He can…
Jacob Gen 28; 10-17 Gen 35; 9-15
Someone could ask if it is possible for man to secure the blessings of God solely through their own efforts; or perhaps, if a believer has to cling to God, and completely lean on Him in order to receive His blessings. More often than not, believers find themselves in situations whereby they are forced to fight the temptation to rely on their own 'guts' regarding temporal things, and to God when their own attempts fail. The scripture brings out plentiful illustrations of this. One of the most significant instances is documented in Genesis 32 where Jacob wrestles with God in an attempt to ensure the security of his blessings.
The Book of Genesis is surrounded by a great deal of conflict, with most people arguing that the text is complicated, and that the book comes out as if it was woven out of…
Borgman, P. (2001). Genesis: the Story We Haven't Heard. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.
Constable (n.d.). Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable. StudyLight. Retrieved 31 March 2014 from http://www.studylight.org/com/dcc/print.cgi?bk=0&ch=48&vs.=1
DeLashmutt, G. (2014). Teaching Series from Genesis: The Story of Jacob -- Genesis 25-33. Xenos Christian Fellowship. Retrieved 31 March 2014 from http://www.xenos.org/teachings/?teaching=134
GSLC. (n.d.). Genesis 28:10-17: "God's Promise to Jacob and to Us -- I Will Not Leave You." GLSC Deltona. Retrieved 31 March 2014 from http://www.gslcdeltona.com/home/180004789/180004789/docs/Genesis%2028_10-17.pdf-sec_id=180004789
GENESIS & COSMOLOGY
In chapter one of the Book of Genesis as found the Holy Bible, it states that "In the beginning, God created the heaven and the earth/and the earth was without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep/and God said, let there be light; and there was light" (verses 1-3). It then states "And God said, let there be lights in the firmament of heaven to divide the day from the night/and God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also/and God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth" (verses 14, 16, & 17). These six verses relate the Biblical origins of the universe according to God's design, yet scientifically, this description is invalid and erroneous, due to the most…
Genesis 12:10-20 and the Modern World:
Genesis 12:10-20 is a text about Abram and Sarai in Egypt that is considered as one of the great epos narrated in the ook of Genesis. efore the narration of this story, Abram is portrayed as an individual with several positive attributes including righteousness and humility. However, the story highlights several troubling concerns and questions regarding Abram's character, beliefs, and behaviors in relation to God and Sarai. These troubling questions and concerns have become the subject of interest and study throughout the ages. Actually, the concerns have been examined in various commentaries, adaptations and interpretations, and plot extensions. The story has mainly been examined from two schools of thought starting with a description of Sarai's beauty, attractiveness, and sexuality from the male perspective
. The second school of thought is typical expressions of male sexual discourse in light of Abram's disturbing behavior. Therefore, Genesis…
Cochran, Brian T. "Genesis 12:10-20: "The Struggle to Walk by Faith" Redeemer Reformation
Church, April 22, 2014, http://storage.cloversites.com/reginapresybeterianchurch/documents/Gen.%2012.10-20.pdf
Deffinbaugh, Robert L. "When Faith Fails & #8230; (Genesis 12:10-13:41)." Bible.org. Last Modified May 12, 2004. https://bible.org/seriespage/when-faith-fails-8230-genesis-1210-1341
Enhancements to Inductive Bible Study. InterVarsity/USA Bible Study Task Force. Last Modified April 1999. http://www.intervarsity.org/sites/default/files/uploaded/bible-studies/communal/enhancements_to_ibs.doc
The call of Abram (Genesis 12:1-9)
God promises. (Genesis12:2-3)
To make his name great.
To bless those who bless him.
To make him a great nation.
Abram leaves Haran and journeys through Canaan (Genesis 12:4-8).
With lot his wife Sarai and all his possessions.
He was 75 years old.
Abram pitched a tent and an altar at Bethel.
Abram in Egypt.
Abrams moves to Egypt because of famine.
Sarai claims to be Abram's sister in Egypt and is taken up by pharaoh who is later punished with diseases by God for his refusal to let Israelites go.
Abram is sent away by pharaoh with his wife and wealth.
Abram and Lot separate. (Genesis13:1-18)
They quarreled over the land.
Lot moves to Sodom and Abram remains in Canaan.
Abram rescues Lot. (Genesis14:1-24)
A. Other kings rise against the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah and seized their wealth including Lot.…
After finishing chapter 1 of Genesis it seemed clear that when God created human beings it was with the intention of their purpose being to master and reign over the world. During chapter 2, the clarity of this meaning becomes a bit more muddled. e are left with the uncertain conclusion that God's creation needed regular upkeep and that humankind was put on the earth to make sure that it happened. Some theologians have argued that the subsequent naming of all of the animals in Genesis 2:19-20 suggests dominion over the world through the act of naming. However, in contrast to the explicit earthly authority granted humans in Genesis chapter 1, the "power to name animals" rings a bit hollow.
Nonetheless, despite these contradictions between chapters 1 and 2 in Genesis, a rough picture of the purpose -- if not the explicit meaning -- of life for human beings takes…
"Genesis." The Bible. [client should insert remaining citation information for this source, which was provided]
Lewis, Shannon. "The Meaning of Life; the Image of God." For What it's Worth. 31 Aug. 2007. 26 Feb. 2008 .
The book demonstrates faith during suffering, emphasized through Job's tribulations.
A book of poems, written primarily by David in praise of God.
A book of wisdom, often regarded as an instruction manual for a Godly life.
A book intended to help readers avoid painful situations of life experienced by Solomon.
Song of Solomon
This book is about love the sanctity of marriage.
A book about judgment and comfort, written by Isaiah.
A book of repentance, written by Jeremiah.
A book of poems that grieve Israel's ruin.
This book is a history of the fall of Jerusalem and God's judgment.
A history of Daniel's banishment in Babylon.
This book illustrates God's love for his people. Hosea's wife cheated on him Hosea drew closer to God because of it.
This book urges God's people to do right. Locusts are an example…
Pentateuch consists of the first five Books of the Bible. The Pentateuch is the same as what many people mean when they refer to the Torah, which is the first five books of the Tanakh. These books are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. In both Jewish and Christian tradition, Moses is considered the author of most of the Pentateuch and the belief is that God dictated the books to Moses (Fairfield, N.p.). However scholars generally agree that the books actually reflect compilations of earlier writings by various different authors. Taken together, the five books introduce the reader to God. They explain that God is the creator of the universe and everything in it, how the world has imperfections despite being a divine creation, God's unique relationship with man, and the beginnings of the special relationship between God and his chosen people (Fairfield, N.p.).
The Pentateuch begins with Genesis. Genesis…
Fairfield, Mary. "Pentateuch: What is the Pentateuch?" About.com. N.p. 2013. Web. 29 Oct.
Jacob's Unique Mission / Position/Opponent
Perhaps one of the most useful ways to understand the unique position and mission of Jacob, rather than merely thinking of him as someone who could simply do what they wished without consequence, and to think that he was "wrestling" with a merely human opponent, is to look deeper into why Jacob was indulged by God as he was.
If one thinks about a modern situation, such as the deployment of American troops in Iraq, in comparison to Jacob, the issue becomes much clearer. Like the Iraq soldiers, Jacob is playing by rules that no one else is using, against a sort of invisible enemy that may or may not exist. Also like the Iraq situation, Jacob, it seems, is waging more of a symbolic than concrete type of war; in Jacob's case, it appears that a struggle with faith is taking place, while God…
Alter, R. Genesis: Translation and Narrative. New York: WW Norton and Company, 1997.
Tao Te Ching and Genesis
The Book of Genesis, the first book in the bible is generally considered to be in the genre of Narrative. Tradition attributes the writing of the Book of Genesis to Moses in roughly, 1400 B.C.E., but this theory is almost certainly incorrect. More current scholarship suggests that Genesis was not written as a single complete and whole document all at one point, but rather was pasted together from at least four separate documents, the earliest of which probably dates from no earlier than 800 B.C.E. As with all dates surrounding the provenance of biblical documents within the Old Testament, it is very difficult indeed to determine the actual date of composition and scholarly disagreements about the time of its composition result in the formulation of proposed dates of composition that vary by literally hundreds of years. Genesis was written in Hebrew, although there are a…
How could that be true when that child was left in the woods to die?
Oedipus is calmed, but he still sets out to solve the murder-mystery and punish the man who committed regicide. As more details come to the surface, however, Oedipus starts to get a bad feeling. The evidence indeed points to him: Laius, he learns, was slain at the same crossroads where Oedipus took the lives of a group of men. as Laius among them? Apparently so…as Oedipus also learns that he was the babe whom Jocasta and Laius abandoned -- and indeed has grown up to ruin the house by killing his father and marrying and having children with his mother Jocasta. Jocasta (sensing that this might be the case) had pleaded for Oedipus to halt the investigation, but determined to know the truth, Oedipus called the herdsman who found him tied to a tree to…
New Revised Standard Version Bible. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 2009. Print.
Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Internet Classics Archive. Web. 10 Dec 2011.
Unequal Pairs in Genesis
The source of hostility experienced by humankind has a long record and an intricate web of linked causes and ascription of causes. The highly charged concerns that human beings experience in the contemporary world are as a result of something more central and at the heart of people. Abel and Cain were brothers, but brothers who felt humiliated and threatened by actions and attitudes of each other. They were brothers who sought for exceptional favor and blessings from the same Creator they worshipped in distinctive ways. However, God accepted the sacrifice presented by Abel and rejected that of Cain. The rejection of Cain's sacrifice and acceptance of Abel's sacrifice demonstrate the need for people to choose between salvation and eternal torment, righteousness and wickedness.
The story of Cain and Abel follows upon the tale of sin of humanity, and represents humanity's further estrangement from God. The…
Bible Society in Australia Staff. (2008). Holy Bible: New international version. Australia: Bible Society in Australia Incorporated.
GENESIS HISTORY OR MYTH?
Genesis is the first book of the Bible. It contains incredible stories of the creation of the universe, man's fall from grace, the story of Noah and the great flood, and the stories of the first generations of man. This book is perhaps one of the most controversial as well. The contents of the book are not as source of dispute. However, the interpretation of the content is a source of great scholarly debate for many reasons.
The first source of debate is exactly what type of work Genesis constitutes. Conservative Christians consider Genesis to be a history. Using this interpretation, events in Genesis happened exactly as written. Other more liberal interpretations consider Genesis to be something other than a historical account. There are many liberal viewpoints on how to categorize Genesis. Some believe that Genesis is an allegory, others a myth, and still others compare…
Boice, James Montgomery. Genesis. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1998.
Dolphin, Lambert. Introduction to Genesis. May 24, 2000. http://ldolphin.org/Accessed September, 2002.
England, Donald. A Christian View of Origins. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Bppks, 1972.
Howe, George. Creation Research Society Annual. Ann Arbor, MI: Creation Research Society,
Creation Myth Analysis
Case Study of the History of iblical Creation Narratives
What Is Myth?
What Is History?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 Myth?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 History?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 oth Myth and History?
An Analysis of the iblical Creation Narrative of Genesis 1:1-25 and Egypt's Possible Influence on the Historical Record
God created the world in just six days, and rested on the seventh, but scholars have not rested at all over the millennia in their investigation of its account in the historical record, particularly Genesis 1:1-25. Given its importance to humankind, it is little wonder that so much attention has been devoted to how the universe was created and what place humanity has in this immense cosmos. Indeed, the creation of the universe and the origin of mankind are the subject of numerous myths around the world, with many sharing some distinct commonalities. According to S.G.F.…
Aldred, Cyril. The Egyptians. London: Thames & Hudson, 1961.
Andrews, E.A.. What Is History? Five Lectures on the Modern Science of History. New York:
Macmillan Co., 1905.
Austin, Michael. "Saul and the Social Contract: Constructions of 1 Samuel 8-11 in Cowley's 'Davideis' and Defoe's 'Jure Divino,' Papers on Language & Literature 32, 4 (1996),
Likewise, other passages create more problems than they solve from a modern perspective: "Why did Rachel remove the teraphim, the sacred images, when she left her father's house? Why Rachel and not Leah, the eldest? Teubal, though, points out that if these events are viewed in terms of the fundamental humanity of the individuals involved, their actions and motives becomes more clear to modern observers. "These episodes, and many others in the Genesis texts, are bewildering only if they are seen as occurring in a patriarchal society." Notwithstanding the high regard that women were almost universally provided in terms of their supportive counsel and motherly devotions, these attributes did not carry with them any sense of social authority in a patriarchal society, but were rather confined to the homes of the individuals involved. According to Teubal, "The vivid stories depicting Sarah's removal of Ishmael from the line of inheritance, Rebekah's…
Bacon, Benjamin Wisner. 1892. The Genesis of Genesis. Hartford, CT: The student publishing co.
Bruno, J.E. 1973. God as Woman, Woman as God. New York: Paulist. In Phipps, 1989.
Eichrodt, Walther. 1961. Theology of the Old Testament. Philadelphia: Westminster.
Headlam, Walter. 1934. "Prometheus and the Garden of Eden," Classical Quarterly 28, pp. 63- 7. In Phipps, 1989.
Holy Bible begins with the Book of Genesis, the account of mans creation. Many religions and their followers have recounted the stories of Genesis throughout history, basing principles, education, and values upon the words within. Yet by closely examining the two stories of creation, one can begin to see that there are two different versions of the story of man, and that these two stories are sometimes in contrast with one another.
In Genesis 1, verses 1 through 2, as well as 4, the name "Elohim" refers to the name of the creator. Yet in Genesis 2, 4-25, the word "Yahweh" refers to the creator. This tends to suggest, from the very start, that the stories are two different ones, rather than extensions of one another. If they had been two accounts of the same story, the names would be the same.
In the first story of Genesis, verses 2-24,…
Myth, Literature, and the African World
The book Myth, Literature, and the African World, was published in 1976, twenty years before the author, Wole Soyinka, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
In his Preface, he clearly wants to convey that African academia has created a kind of "intellectual bondage and self-betrayal" by not facing up to truths about the fact that African literature must not be merely "an appendage of English literature." This was written twenty-eight years ago, of course, and because the instructions ask that "only this reference" be used, one cannot know if indeed African universities now have a section for "Comparative Literature" -- which would presumably allow for the inclusion of literature about Africa, by Africans. And that literature would, hopefully, be reflective of what African cultures were like during the continent was dominated by European colonial powers -- something that Soyinka clearly would like…
Soyinka, Wole. Myth, Literature and the African World. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 1976.
. Wole Soyinka, Myth, Literature and the African World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976), ix.
In Genesis 2, God rested on the seventh day. Then, in Genesis 2, God creates the first man and the first woman. God created "a garden eastward in Eden" (Genesis 2:8, p. 58), where he put the first man he had formed (Adam). Then God created "every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil" (2:9, p. 58). God made a river to water the garden, and the river had four heads: Pison; Gihon; Hiddekel; and Euphrates. Then God said "It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him" (2:18. p. 58). God then sent Adam into a deep sleep, and as he slept, formed a woman (Eve) from Adam's rib to be his companion in the…
Genesis 1-2. The Old Testament. In the Norton Anthology of World Literature, Beginnings to a.D. 100, Vol. A (Pkg. 1). Sarah Lawall et al. (Ed.). New York: Norton, 2002. 56-58.
Ruth: The Evil Convert?
The book of Ruth is relatively unique in the Bible, or so it appears, because it alone of all the Old Testament books encourages racial harmony, intermarriage, and the production of half-breed children. Of course, Ruth is a convert to Judaism and is often among Jewish scholars presented as a perfect example of a proselytized individual. Despite this, she is still special among the Old Testament heros (or heroines) because she is presented both as a foreigner and as a righteous woman. Even Rahab, that famous prostitute from Jericho whose actions saved Joshua and allowed him to lead his people to destroy her city (killing every man, woman, and little child with the exception of her family), is not presented as being truly admirable. Rahab's actions are tainted by a certain fallenness, and there is certainly no sense that upright Jewish girls should seek to follow…
The narrative genre, specifically an "epic," continues in the second book of the Bible, or "Exodus," which explains the story of the Israelites in Egypt to the Holy Land, and ends with the legal genre. The narration includes the introduction, which provides the transition from Genesis and seven parts of 1) the sufferings of Israel in Egypt and God's help is promised; 2) God's power that is shown through the plagues inflicted on Pharaoh and allowing the Israelites to leave; (3) the love of God shown by the trek of the Israelites to Mt. Sinai, even when the people show disbelief; 4) the making the Covenant at Mt. Sinai with its legal ordinances; 5) the directions for building the Tabernacle where God is to dwell in the midst of the people; 6) the Covenant's renewal based on the demands following worship of the Golden Calf, and 7) the building and…
His exorcism begins in the return to Vietnam and his final view of the doomed war. As he was first in, he is among the last out as the North Vietnamese take Saigon.
The postscript was published in 1996 and details some of the anxieties Caputo experienced while writing the memoir and the difficulties he had handling his fame and notoriety after its publication. The author on his experiences that, "My mind shot back a decade, to that day we had marched into Vietnam, swaggering, confident, and full of idealism. e had believed we were there for a high moral purpose. But somehow our idealism was lost, our morals corrupted, and the purpose forgotten (ibid., p. 345)." This is a profound change in his perception of the war when he first came to Vietnam in 1965.
The moral conflict plays through the entire book. The personal choice for him was…
Caputo, Philip. A Rumor of War. New York, NY: Holt Paperbacks, 1996. Print.
Biblical narrative of Genesis, the characters are less clearly defined as personalities than the heroes of Homeric epics. Instead, their sense of moral worth as human beings is defined by their actions. Adam and Eve are the first human beings, not unique human beings in terms of their heroism. They defied the orders of God, ate the apple of the tree of knowledge, and brought sin into the world. Homeric characters are more sharply defined by their innate character traits: Odysseus is clever, Penelope is faithful, and Achilles is short-tempered but highly adept in battle.
Homeric characters are also less clearly judged by their morality in the sense of their obedience to the gods. Odysseus harms the son of Poseidon and is judged harshly, even though he only blinded the Cyclops in self-defense to protect himself and his men. But Athena values Odysseus and protects him because of his cleverness,…
Jacob Wrestle in Genesis 32:24
The Bible if full of apparent contradictions, where information in one passage appears to conflict with information given in another passage. A historical understanding of the social and political circumstances surrounding the authorship of each book of the Bible often helps clarify these apparent inconsistencies and reconcile them into a single theology, which, if not completely consistent, is at least cohesive. However, Genesis 32:24, in which Jacob wrestles with an unnamed man, presents a dilemma. The passage refers to the person as a man, but also suggests that Jacob is wrestling with God. In fact, the passage is sufficiently ambiguous that even commentators have found themselves unable to reconcile its contradictions. By examining what commentators have said about the passage, it may be possible to gain a greater understanding than one gets from simply examining the text.
Jerome Kodell recognizes the ambiguity in the text,…
Kodell, Jerome. 1980. Jacob wrestles with Esau: (Gen 32:23-32). Biblical Theology Bulletin:
Journal of Bible and Culture, 10(2 May): 65-70.
Molen, Steven. 1993. The identity of Jacob's opponent: Wrestling with ambiguity in Genesis
In Japan anime may be given the rating of PG-13 however that same anima in the United States may be considered mature. It is evident though this genre has proven to be popular and continues to grow there are discrepancies between the perceptions of American and Japanese parents alike. It is evident through research that there is and will continue to be a fine line between parenting cultures in Japan and in the United States. It becomes easy to say that though anime may be more that American parents have bargained for the material is not beyond what can be seen as usual in Japan. The parental issues in Evangelion are not directly dealt with; this is congruent with some aspects to Japanese cultures where these issues are seen as weakness and therefore are hidden and dealt with internally or in private.
Bornstein, Marc H., and Linda R.…
Bornstein, Marc H., and Linda R. Cote. "Mothers' Parenting Cognitions in Cultures of Origin, Acculturating Cultures, and Cultures of Destination." Child Development 75.1 (2004): 221-235.
Bornstein, Marc H., et al. "A cross-national study of self-evaluations and attributions in parenting: Argentina, Belgium, France, Israel, Italy, Japan, and the United States." Developmental Psychology 34.4 (1998): 662-676. PsycARTICLES. EBSCO. Web.
Gardiner, Debbi. "Anime in America." [email protected] Inc. 39 (2003): 14. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web.
Hasebe, Yuki, Larry Nucci, and Maria S. Nucci. "Parental control of the personal domain and adolescent symptoms of psychopathology: a cross-national study in the United States and Japan." Child Development 75.3 (2004): 815-828. MEDLINE with Full Text. EBSCO. Web.
The book The Divine yans, is based on a traditional family, steeped in long tradition and hierarchy. The yan clan lives in St. John's, Newfoundland, and is a study of the interaction between family members who are often torn between tradition, family loyalty, and the ongoing process of actualization. Donald yan is the editor of the local newspaper while his brothers and sisters manage the local funeral home. Draper, Donald's son, travels to the newspaper office one day to surprise his father with a birthday cake, only to witness something traumatic (a suicide) that becomes the genesis for his exploration of myth within family, coming of age, and coping with his father's death. It focuses on the idea that in all families, dysfunction may be the operant paradigm, regardless of the public facade that traditions and hierarchical structures point. As Draper moves to explore the events that surround…
Johnston, W. (1999). The Divine Ryans. New York: Broadway Books.
Genesis of the Bible is the sovereignty of God throughout the four events described in the first 11 chapters: the creation, the fall, the flood and the Babel dispersion. In the next chapters, up to chapter 50, there is presented God's relationship to four outstanding people; Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph.
Throughout centuries, skeptics developed theories that sustained the idea that especially the first eleven chapters of the Genesis are to be considered as series of legends and myths rather than actual historical facts. Let us have a look first at the reasons that could make us believe the contrary: the sources. There are two main literary sources: the priestly source and the Yahwist narrative.
The myths of the Creation and destruction of the world can be viewed in a much larger sense as attempts to explain a culture's believes and practices, as a reflection of that culture's own view.…
Kaiser, Walter, 2001-2005, Challenging Believers to think and Thinker to Believe available from http://www.apologetics.com/default.jsp?bodycontent=/articles/historical_apologetics/kaiser-gen1-4.html ; Internet, accessed 17 October 2005.
Grigg, Russell, M.Sc. (Hons.), ? http://www.answersingenesis.org ?Creation Ex-Nihilo? Dec 93 - Feb 1994, Vol. 16 No. 1, pp. 38-41, available from http://www.christiananswers.net/q-aig/aig-c024.html ; Internet; accessed on 17 October 2005
Meade replied (p. 189) that "...neither the United States Government, myself, nor General Kilpatrick authorized, sanctioned, or approved the burning of the city of Richmond and the killing of Mr. Davis..."
Subsequent chapters in Schultz's book deal with the complications of retrieving Dahlgren's body and giving it a proper burial in the north, and with an ill-fated attempt by the Confederates to create chaos and draw blood in northern cities (Chicago among them) by sending disguised mercenaries down from Canada.
But Chapter 22 ("Desperate Measures: ho rote the Dahlgren Papers?") is loaded with Schultz's own beliefs and the views of others as regards the legitimacy of the papers. The people in the south believed the papers were real, and those in the north chose to believe the opposite. On pages 242-245 Schultz reprints what he asserts are the actual orders that Dahlgren was carrying with him. Back and forth, back…
Hall, James O. 1999. Gunning for Davis. Civil War Times Illustrated 37 (February): 66-68.
Mullen, Richard. 1999. Civil War Comes to Virginia. Contemporary Review 275 (September):
Schultz, Duane. 1998. The Dahlgren Affair: Terror and Conspiracy in the Civil War. New York:
W.W. Norton & Company.
working through R. Paul Stevens' book, a reader is struck by how different this approach is to the ministry and the laity. In fact some of the ideas and passages are radically different from what one might expect in a book like this. The fact that Stevens places such enormous emphasis on laity is in fact refreshing to the reader; maybe it is special to me because my father was a minister and put tremendous faith in the lay "pastors" in our church. Those laypersons carried out many functions in the church that otherwise fall into the responsible hands of my father. But, in the bigger picture, all believers can be ministering to the world about the good news of Christianity. This is the overriding point in Stevens' work. It shouldn't be left up to the clergy alone to minister to the congregation and the community; in fact laypeople are…
Stevens, R. Paul. 2000. The Other Six Days: Vocation, Work, and Ministry in Biblical
Perspectives. Cubao, Philippines: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing.
This again stresses that God's love has nothing to do with Israel's attractiveness and everything to do with God's grace.
"Kept the oath" (v. 8). God's love is faithful. We should not be surprised that God chose Israel in its weakness. This is exactly what God did in Genesis 12:1-3. The promise of children and a land made to an old, childless couple seemed impossible. Yet they conceived, and the promise of land is about to be fulfilled for Israel now, on the verge of the Jordan, attesting to God's faithfulness.
"Covenant loyalty" (v. 9) is an excellent rendering of the hendiadys "the covenant and the loyalty." (Hendiadys consists of two nouns joined by "and," expressing a single idea.) The word for "loyalty" (hesed) is of the essence in covenantal situations, since it refers to the mutual commitments pledged by each of the parties. On the human side, it becomes…
"Aseret Hadiberot," Cited in:
Berrigan, D. No Gods But One: Deuteronomy. Eerdmans, 2009.
Bevan, D. Literature and the Bible. Rodopi Press, 2006.
Sometimes as the authors mention, could be done with looking at movies that are considered romantic or even things that are just on the television. Some even feel that being in a setting that feels romantic or just looking at somebody that might be friend or even a stranger.
The authors do a thorough job in mentioning how sensuous inputting that can come from within. Maybe there is no particular event or situation that may stimulate a person's sexual desire, instead a person's sexual awareness could possibly grow out of relaxing and also body oriented time.
The chapter also makes the point that spending time with your spouse is what will most likely get you to get interested in a sexual way. As the chapter relates, this is mostly true if a person's sexual experience is normally fulfilling and void of and free anxiety. The chapter makes the point that…
Balswsick, J. a. (2007). Authentic Human Sexuality: An Integrated Christian Approach. Boston: IVP Academic.
Martindale, E. (2009). Things to Know Before You Say Go. New York: Courage To Bloom; 2nd edition.
Penner, C.P. (2003). The Gift of Sex: A Guide to Sexual Fulfillment. Boston: Thomas Nelson; Rev Upd edition.
Rosenau, D.D. (2005). A Celebration of Sex for Newlyweds. Boston: Thomas Nelson.
Paradise Lost, Book I Analysis
Use of Imagery in Paradise Lost -- Book I
Paradise Lost offers an introduction to the story of original sin. Milton uses powerful imagery and allegory to relay the Biblical account of the fall of Adam and Eve in the Book of Genesis and forfeiture of the Garden of Eden. The story of good and evil is presented in a unique and interesting narrative form. In Book I, we are introduced to Satan the Devil (also referred to as the Serpent) who fancies himself equal to God and declares war against him. Many angels chose to follow Satan and all are cast out of Heaven by God. Book I takes us on the journey of Satan and his ban of fallen angels as they are face their exile and torment in Hell. Chaos, as Hell is referred to, is a dark and unclean place. Much…
Pirnajmuddin, H. (2008). Milton's "Dark Divan" in Paradise Lost. Explicator, 66(2), 68-71.
Though the Bible was written chronologically depending on time some mistakes were made in reference to that time but the mistakes are negligible the message are compatible from one to another from the Book of Genesis to the last book of evelation. There 8 accepted books of the Bible namely; Historical, Poetical, Major Prophets, Minor Prophets, The Gospels New Testament Historical, Epistles and the Prophetic Book evelation.
According to Christian foundation, Historical books purpose is to trace the origin and history of man, the Poetic Books brings out the civilization of man and the experiences of human heart, while the last division of the Old Testament which is the Prophetic Books exposes the theme of sin, what the man needs to do to reconcile back with God and the anticipation of the Messiah.
However the Gospels are combined together with Acts, as Historical Books covering the fulfillment of the…
On the other hand, Christianity also stipulates a hell for those who do not believe its teachings. In the Christian tradition, a person's body is separated from his or her soul upon death. The soul is then judged, and can be sent to heaven, hell, or purgatory, though some Christian faiths do not believe in purgatory. In addition, Christians believe that they will be reunited with changed bodies in heaven, and that a judgment will take place on earth at the end of days. Though Christians look at death joyously, they are also understand the necessity of praying for forgiveness and reiterating their beliefs as death approaches.
Thus, Christianity's view of death is similar to Judaism's in some ways. Both believe that death is the result of sin. Some Jews even believe in a similar heaven and hell, and both religions share a God that has created these things. The…
Women in Aztec Creation
Compare and Contrast
Women in Aztec creation story and women in the Book of Genesis (The Holy Bible) creation story
Compare and Contrast the women in Aztec creation story and women in The Book of Genesis (The Holy Bible) creation story
Women have been the part of arts, philosophy, and theology since the history. Women and their creation has been a subject of interest and many myths and stories are affiliated with the creation of women. The paper compares and contrasts between the women in Aztec creation story and women in the Book of Genesis. There are a few universal roles of a woman. Like giving birth to children, raising kids and feeding them and taking care of the husband and his house. However, beyond this conventional role, there is a lot more than that a woman does and that she is expected to do. The…
Anne, J., (2013), "Judaism 101: Creation Stories," Retrieved from:
Aztec Creation Story, (2012), Retrieved from:
The real question is not which party is right or wrong, but rather, what lessons can be learned and applied to modern man.
The Warnings in Genesis 7: 21-24
In these verses, we learn that God tried to warn his children, but on the day of the flood, they were still eating and drinking without abandon. They did not heed the final warning. This demonstrates that God was not set on his resolve to destroy humankind. He was acting the part of the father, giving his children one last time to change their ways. God gives his children many chances to repent. It is clear that he wishes them to repent, rather than to destroy them. First, he gives them 120 years, then a final week, and then on the day set for the flood to occur, he gives them one final chance. They can save themselves at any point…
Constable, Thomas. Notes on Genesis. 2005 Edition. [online] 2005. Available at http://soniclight.com/constable/notes/pdf/genesis.pdf .Internet.
Hardy, Randy. What Does Genesis Say About the Genesis Flood? 1999. Available at http://www.amen.org.uk/cl-north/narrativ.htm . Internet.
Hayut-Man, Yitzhak. The Book of Genesis as a Redemptive Scenario and Guide for Re- Biography. The Academy of Jerusalem - New Genesis Exegesis. The HOPE Cyber Library. [online] 1997. Available at http://thehope.tripod.com/TORENOW0.htm . Internet.
Henry, Matthew. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. [online] (1706, 2008). Available at
Furthermore, this same prophecy made to Oedipus himself leads him to flee to Thebes -- which in turn leads to the murder of Laius on the road and his subsequent marriage to Jocosta. And finally, it is Oedipus' "wish to know the seed from where [he] came," that results in the ultimate knowledge of his birth, his true nature, and his ultimate downfall (Oedipus the King. 1295).
hile the Book of Genesis seems to suggest that the crux of man's nature is knowledge seeking, man is also by nature a prideful, self-serving being, inherently motivated by a keen desire -- or perhaps even instinct -- to preserve him self. For example, regarding God's call of Abram in chapter 12, it is not the mere pleasure of serving God and righteousness that motivates Abram to follow God, but rather God's promise to establish and preserve Abram's name. "I will make you…
Broadman & Holman's NIV Pocket-Size Bible. Pocket-Size ed. Nashville, TN. Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2005. Print.
Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Trans. Ian Johnston. Malaspina Univeristy-College, 2010.
The Biblical story of Joseph, in the Book of Genesis, describes a personal success story in which Joseph overcomes obstacles and achieves his dreams. Jacob and Rachel's twelfth son, Joseph was favored as the youngest child. As a result, Joseph's siblings grow jealous of him, especially because Joseph seems confident and sure of himself. His brothers plot to sell Joseph to a group of Ishmaelites, who in turn sell Joseph to a eunuch in the court of the Egyptian Pharaoh. Through divine intervention and guidance, Joseph ends up prospering in his new surroundings through his foresight as a businessman. He becomes the sole proprietor of corn during a widespread famine. As a result, Joseph's brothers are forced to buy his corn and a family reunion ensues, causing the entire tribe to relocate to Egypt. The story of Joseph is one of the most ideal Biblical allegories for personal success.…
'Famous Quotes: Success." About.com. Retrieved online 28 July 2005 from http://quotations.about.com/cs/inspirationquotes/a/Success3.htm
Genesis. From The Holy Bible: King James Version. Retrieved 28 July 2005 online from Bartleby.com at http://www.bartleby.com/108/01/
Gorgias, Encomium of Helen
In the English language in the twenty-first century, the term "sophistry" still exists to refer to a plausible-sounding but misleading argument, an evaluatively negative term to describe bad reasoning. Although the term derives from the original Sophists in Athens in the 5th century BCE, the modern usage of the term is inaccurate in describing the likes of the Sophist Gorgias. By examining Gorgias' "Encomium of Helen" and the related "dissoi logoi" fragment (sometimes attributed to Protagoras) we can see the real origins of sophistry in legal argumentation. In a society -- like that of Athens, or like most of the contemporary world -- that believes in jury trials as a means of obtaining justice, a work like Gorgias' "Encomium of Helen" represents the idea that even the most unlikely candidates deserve a good defense.
Athenian sophists like Gorgias were basically teachers of rhetoric. Because Plato frequently…
Anonymous. "Dissoi Logoi." An Introduction to Classical Rhetoric: Essential Readings. Ed. James D. Williams. West Sussex, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. 54. Print.
Gorgias. "The Encomium of Helen." An Introduction to Classical Rhetoric: Essential Readings. Ed. James D. Williams. West Sussex, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. 64-66. Print.
Criminals of the Bible written by Mark Jones in the year 2006. Criminals of the Bible examines and studies the subject matter of the different criminal acts committed by different persons in the Bible. These criminal acts in the book are considered as a measure against Mosaic Law, a law that was common for an extended period of time within which the Bible was written. In addition, Mark Jones, the author, takes into consideration peer studied assessments of criminal law theorists both in the 21st century and even before. The Bible is such an intriguing and interesting book. It consists of numerous stories from the creation story to the end of the world that can be fascinating and keep one enthralled with the different characters. The book offers a societal, legal and political context of the criminal acts that took place at that point in time (Jones and Johnstone, 2012).…
Cochran, R. F., VanDrunen, D. (2013). Law and the Bible: Justice, Mercy and Legal Institutions. USA: Intervarsity Press.
Hiers, R. H. (2009). Justice and Compassion in Biblical Law. New York: The Continuum International Publishing Group.
Jones, M. (2006). Criminals of the Bible: Twenty-Five Case Studies of Biblical Crimes and Outlaws. New York: Faith Walk Publishers.
Jones, M., Johnstone, P. (2012). History of Criminal Justice. USA: Elsevier.
The fact that Lysistrata's "came to power" by virtue of her own leadership abilities which were recognized and celebrated by their peers rather than having them thrust upon her from above is pointed out by Ober (1989), who reports, "The Athenians' demonstrated concern with native intelligence, their distrust of elite education, and their respect for the authority of the elders are parodied by Aristophanes, who mimics rhetorical topoi in the speech of Lysistrata, the female demagogue:
Listen to my words
I am a woman, but I'm smart enough
Indeed, my mind's not bad at all.
Having listened to my father's discourses
And those of the older men, I'm not ill educated. (Lysistrata 1123-27 quoted in Ober at 182)
Indeed, Lysistrata's leadership qualities were clearly demonstrated in her ability to organize the women of Athens to show the warring men of the city just who in fact had "the power" suggests…
Abusch, T. (2001). "The development and meaning of the epic of Gilgamesh: An interpretive essay." The Journal of the American Oriental Society, 121(4): 614.
Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.
Brodie, Thomas L. Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, & Theological Commentary. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
DeLashmutt, Gary. (2007). "Genesis 1:1-2:4 -- the Beginning of Our World." Xenos Christian Fellowship. [Online]. Available: http://www.xenos.org/teachings/ot/genesis/ .
The divisions ere as such:
1. The highest class amongst the slave as of the slave minister; he as responsible for most of the slave transactions or trades and as also alloed to have posts on the government offices locally and on the provincial level.
2. This as folloed by the class of temple slaves; this class of slaves as normally employed in the religious organizations usually as janitors and caretakers of priestesses in the organization.
3. The third class of slaves included a range of jobs for slaves i.e. slaves ho ere appointed as land/property etc. managers ere included in this class as ell as those slaves ho ere employed as merchants or hired to help around the pastures and agricultural grounds. A majority of this class included the ordinary household slaves.
4. The last class amongst the slaves also included a range of occupations of the slaves extending…
works cited at the end.
If I were to conclude the significance of Paul's letter to Philemon and his approach to demand Onesimus' hospitality and kinship status, I can say that it was clearly his approach towards his demands that has made the letter such a major topic of discussion with regards to slavery. If Paul had taken an aggressive approach and straight away demanded the release and freedom of Onesimus, the letter would not been preserved in the history books for the generations to follow; that is a surety. I say this because it was Paul's approach and choice of language structure that caused for a large amount of debate to follow. It has been this debate, whether it has been on slavery or the various interpretations of his language structure, that has allows this letter and the relevant history to live on through the centuries. Of course, it is important to understand Philemon's role here as well, because it was his choice to treat the letter with a certain amount of respect and dignity that contributed to the letter's longevity as well. If Philemon had chosen to disregard Paul's requests and thrown away the letter as one that was not worthy of consideration, nobody would've even had the chance to debate the letter's significance in history. This again takes me back to the language structure adopted by Paul as he was able to soften his approach of the numerous demands as well that helped Philemon play his part of respecting what was demanded. Interestingly enough, Onesimus did go on to take on the duties as a bishop! To think that this line of action came about with only a choice of softening one's demands is extra-ordinary and the credit goes solely to Paul!
JM.G. Barclay, Colossians and Philemon, Sheffield Academic Press, 1997
Bartchy, S.S. (1973). First-Century Slavery and the Interpretation of 1 Corinthians 7:21 (SBLDS 11; Atlanta: Scholars Press) 175.
In Genesis 3:15, God said, "I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will bruise your head, and you will bruise his heel." According to some biblical experts, this is an oblique reference to the coming of Messiah.
This is taken by many as one of the earliest Messianic prophecies describing Satan's brief victory over the Messiah and the Messiah's ultimate victory over Satan. It is mentioned here because the offspring (Messiah) is described as being of the woman (Eve). This is extraordinary as the nation of Israel has always been patriarchal; people are mentioned in terms of their fathers, not their mothers. Because of this, many see this verse as also being a prophecy of Messiah's birth through a virgin
Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus)
The Book of Genesis also makes reference to the importance of the lineage or the heritage…
Alexander B. On the threshold of the New Millennium. 30 Dec. 2006. http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/new_millennium_threshold.htm http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=96960198
Clements, Ronald E. One Hundred Years of Old Testament Interpretation. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976. Questia. 31 Dec. 2006
A OMPARISON BETWEEN
THE FLOOD MYTHS IN THE EPI OF GILGAMESH
AND THE BOOK OF GENESIS
The Biblical story of the Flood as found in the Book of Genesis contains many similarities to the Mesopotamian myth known as the Epic of Gilgamesh; in fact, it appears that the Biblical account as related by Noah, ca. 1400-1200 B..E., may have been entirely derived from the Epic of Gilgamesh, written some six hundred years earlier in 2000 B..E. when the so-called Flood Myths had their origins.
Among these similarities between the two ancient accounts is that the Gods were very displeased with how their creation, being Man, was behaving on Earth which served as the main impetus for destroying every living thing that breathed, swam or walked. In Genesis, chapter 6, verses 5-7, we find "And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every…
Clough, Brenda W. A Short Discussion on the Influence of the Gilgamesh Epic on the Bible. Internet. July 3, 1999. Accessed March 5, 2003.
Kovacs, Maureen G. The Epic of Gilgamesh. Connecticut: Stanford University Press, 1989.
Magill, Frank N., Ed. Masterplots. Vol. 4. New York: Salem Press, 1964.
Mendelsohn, Isaac. Religions of the Ancient Near East. New York: Library of Religion, 1955: 100-06.
The Holy Bible. Authorized King James Version. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1960.
Christian knows the earliest verses in the ible. The ook of Genesis proclaims powerfully, that man was created in the image of God. We are also told that Man was created so that he could hold "dominion" over all of other God's creation. Yet, soon after, there was the Fall. And God cast Man out of the Garden of Eden to suffer on earth burdened by the pains of the Original Sin. Through Christ's advent and resurrection, we are informed that Christ was also the image of God and also in the image of Man; and, that we have a way out from our sinful ways. The doctrine of the Image of God emerges as a powerful mandate for good Christian Living. The rewards are eternal salvation and the restoration to how we were originally created. As the book of Revelations relates, the consequences of not doing so would consign…
Baker, W.H. (1991). In the image of God: a biblical view of humanity. Chicago: Moody Press.
Edwards, R.B. (1972). Reason and religion; an introduction to the philosophy of religion. New York,: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Kazantzakis, N. (1960). The last temptation of Christ. New York,: Simon and Schuster.
Masson, R. (1982). The Pedagogy of God's image: essays on symbol and the religious imagination. Chico, CA: Scholars Press.
Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam
The Creation of Adam (1512) as conceived and depicted by Michelangelo represents a significant moment in art history because it brings a humanistic style of expression and sense of realism to the art world that had not existed prior. The work is focused almost exclusively on the Body as a subject. The two figures—God the Father and Adam—represent the majesty of the human anatomy in its ideal form: muscular, flexible, unique, authentic, poised, admirable, beautiful and proportional. In the painting, God is mostly draped with a thin cloth; Adam is completely nude and his position (reclined with one knee propped up while he stretches backwards and reaches forward languidly) suggests one of royalty being wakened after a long slumber. Indeed, the idea that Adam is like royalty is one that Michelangelo infuses into the scene giving the painting its high-minded rapturous quality, which is much in…
Religion in the Bible
From the earliest period to the time of Christianity, the people's religion experienced drastic changes. In many ways, the books of Old Testament foreshadow Christ in the offices of prophet, priest and King. The book of Samuel, for instance, shares this thought with all Scripture. Many spiritual lessons and prayer were taught in the books of Samuel. People during Samuel and Elijah's time lived to serve God. They knew without reservation that following the Lord with all their heart was the highest calling of any man or woman, boy or girl. People were holy, humble, and kind. Most of the time, they sought not their own good but always for the good of others.
In the books of Job and Ecclesiastes, people's perspectives on religion have changed. Religion did not fill up their lives. There is not much about Jewish religion in this book. The writer…
Literary Characters in Exile
Exile can be the self-imposed banishment from one's home or given as a form of punishment. The end result of exile is solitude. Exile affords those in it for infinite reflection of themselves, their choices, and their lives in general. Three prominent literary characters experience exile as part of the overall narrative and in that, reveal a great deal about themselves to themselves as well as to the readers. The three narratives in questions are "The Epic of Gilgamesh," "The Tempest," and "Things Fall Apart." All of the main characters of these narratives experience exile as a result of actions taken by the protagonists at earlier points in the story. The protagonist in each respective story are exiled because of their choices and the exile forces each character to face consequences that ultimately bring their inner character to the surface in a more direct manner…
Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. New York: First Anchor Books Edition, 1994.
Mason, Herbert. Gilgamesh A Verse Narrative. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003.
Shakespeare, William. "The Tempest." Ed. Barbara A. Mowat & Paul Werstine. New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 1994.
Sutton, Brian. "Virtue Rather Than Vengeance": Genesis and Shakespeare's The Tempest." Explicator, Vol. 66, No. 4, 224-229.
Calvin also taught that another way God begins to deal with a person to make him/her restless is knowledge.
Under the influence of the Spirit of God, a person is borne upward; traveling upward toward the knowledge of God. Conscience, as far as human understanding reaches, is a source which constitutes the unconditional starting point for the beginning of knowledge of God; for the revelation of Jesus Christ.
For Calvin, "revelation is not immediately revelation of Jesus Christ. But revelation of the harsh judgment of God, although this is certainly finally oriented to Christ."
Basically, Calvin did not have any revelation problem as the center of his theology. He began with the reality that a person is alienated from God, but that God seeks the individual out and entices him/her to a way in which community with God may be discovered again. Calvin argued sin has damaged human reason; that…
" (This statement appears to fly in the face of his detailed emphasis on trying to be terribly thorough at other times throughout the book; and his seeming editorial neurosis creates doubts in the minds of the reader as to precisely how consistent and valid his values are vis-a-vis what he believes to be true.)
Those biblical students probably read his book and had a sense that he was in a classroom, behind a podium, lecturing to them, when, on pages 18-20, he discusses pre-history (Stone Age) and Neolithic Jericho. His bias towards places and people who are in some way connected to Scripture comes across numerous times in obviously favored passages.
To wit: one can almost hear his voice as he describes the relative distance in time to make his point about the advent of the Israel we know today. "Difficult as it is for us to realize, it…
Bright, John. (1959). A History of Israel. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press.
Noll, K.L. (1999). Looking on the Bright Side of Israel's History: Is There Pedagogical Value in Theological Presentation of History? Biblical Interpretation: A Journal of Contemporary
Approaches, 7, 1-27.
William F. Albright
A Study of W.F. Albright and How iblical Archeology Helped Shape His
William Foxwell Albright was first and foremost a believer in the religion of Christianity, a fact that greatly influenced his role as a iblical archeologist, or "historian of religion," according to critical scholars like J. Edward Wright and David Noel Freedman.
Yet Albright himself never claimed to be anything more than dedicated to interpreting "the unfolding scroll of history," in which he saw the Revelation of Christianity -- the fulfillment of the prophets of the Old Testament.
Or, more appropriately, as Albright himself wrote in 1940, the purpose of his work was "to show how man's idea of God developed from prehistoric antiquity to the time of Christ, and to place this development in its historical context."
In other words, Albright sought to illustrate in a real, contextual way the truth of the Christian…
Albright, William F. From the Stone Age to Christianity: Monotheism and the Historical Process. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1940.
Albright, William F. From the Stone Age to Christianity, 3rd edn. NY: Doubleday,
Albright, William F. "How Well Can We Know the Ancient Near East?" Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 56, no. 2 (June, 1936), 121-144.
" (Polkinghorne, p. 4)
As with Lewis before him in our discussion, Polkinghorne supplies a reason for the certainty of God's presence in scientific affairs most simply because he believes there is no other more likely or rational explanation for certain accomplishments. Like Lewis, Polkinghorne simply places beyond the grasp of human capacity a certain loosely defined category of things that must inherently be accounted for by the unseen power of a higher being called God. This premise is a surprising one to extend from a discussion extolling the beauty of scientific accomplishments in that it satisfies itself on the basis of highly unempirical arguments. The central premise of Polkinghorne's text mirrors both in the blindness of its faith and the flaws in its presentation the central premise of Lewis' assertion. Namely, both proceed from the idea that because there are remarkable things for which explanations appear to be so…
Lewis, C.S. (2001). Mere Christianity. Harper San Francisco.
McGrath, A.E. (2004). Theology: The Basics. Wiley-Blackewell; 1st edition.
Polkinghorne, J. (2003). Belief in God in an Age of Science. Yale University Press.
Had the Enlightenment adequately prepared 19th century readers for Darwin's Origin of the Species? The Enlightenment view of the science of life was neatly summed up by Diderot in his Encyclopedia, in many ways a signature product of the Enlightenment's dedication to setting forth the foundations of human knowledge. As Diderot notes in his prefaratory comments, what we call biology falls under the heading of "Natural History":
The divisions of natural history derive from the existing diversity of the facts of nature, and the diversity of the facts of nature from the diversity of the states of nature. Either nature is uniform and follows a regular course, such as one notes generally in celestial bodies, animals, vegetables, etc.; or it seems forced and displaced from its ordinary course, as in monsters; or it is restrained and put to different uses, as in the arts. Nature does everything, either in…
Campbell, John Angus. Why Was Darwin Believed? Darwin's Origin and the Problem of Intellectual Revolution. Configurations 11.2 (2003) 203-237.
Cosans, Chris. Was Darwin a creationist? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48.3 (2005) 362-371.
Darwin, Charles. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Sixth Edition. Project Gutenberg. Accessed 25 March 2012 at: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/2009/2009-h/2009-h.htm
Diderot, Denis. "Detailed Explanation of the System of Human Knowledge." The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert Collaborative Translation Project. Translated by Richard N. Accessed 25 March 2012 at: http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.did2222.0001.084
This ritual takes place on the eighth day after birth and the ceremony itself involves both religious and surgical elements and may be performed by a surgeon of a specially-trained Mohel who has both surgical and religious knowledge. After the circumcision is performed, a festive meal almost always follows as a symbol of thanks to God and to the prophet Abraham.
One of the most complicated religious rituals of Judaism is the ar Mitzvah for boys and less frequently, the at Mitzvah for girls. These words mean "the son or the daughter of the commandment and mark the coming of age of a male or female child" (Harvey, 325) who is then seen as an adult and is responsible for observing the commandments set down by Moses and to fill adult roles in the congregation of the synagogue. This ritual traditionally occurs on the Sabbath following the child's thirteenth birthday…
Grissom, Harold J. "Ritual Practice in American Religious Sects." The Journal of Religion. (April 2006): 239-48.
Hall, Manley P. The Psychology of Religious Ritual. Los Angeles: Philosophical
Research Society, 2003.
Harvey, Graham. Ritual and Religious Belief. UK: Equinox Publishing, Ltd., 2005.
Eating Disorders and Gender
There are medical conditions which more commonly occur in one gender over another. These conditions can be either mental or physical. Very often, they are both mental and physical conditions. Certain medical situations are extremely severe and can potentially result in serious harm to the body or perhaps even death. There are certain conditions which being with a mental impression, a false belief that has been ingrained within the mind which then manifests itself in the body of the individual. One of the most common and most disturbing types of condition is known as an eating disorder. By this term, it is meant that the patient suffers a mental conditioning which makes them either unwilling or unable to eat in a healthy manner resulting in either over or under eating and malnutrition. Eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia are the result of psychological issues on…
Bates, Daniel. "Globalization of Fat Stigma: Western Ideas of Beauty and Body Size Catching
on in Developing Nations." Daily Mail. 2011. Print.
Battiste, Nikki & Lauren Effron."EDNOS: Deadliest Eating Disorder Is Quietly the Most
Common." ABC News. ABC News Network, 14 Nov. 2012. Web. 19 Nov. 2012. .