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Boston Marathon Bombing / Sacco Vanzetti
There are several poignant similarities existent between the trial of Saaco & Vanzetti, which took place in the early part of the 20th century, and in the bombing of the Boston Marathon and its aftermath, which took place in the early part of the 21st century. Both events involved immigrants. During the epoch in which both events occurred, there was a social climate in the United States in which the respective immigration groups involved in both of these two events was feared. Additionally, there were significant political occurrences taking place during each respective event that both justified and magnified the aforementioned fears. Finally, each of these events resulted in death and a widespread panic (for varying periods of time) across the country. Although there were also some pointed differences existing in these two events -- such as the fact that one of the perpetrators…
D'Atillo, Robert. "Sacco-Vanzetti Case." www.writing.upenn.edu No date. Web. http://www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88/sacvan.html
Foster, Peter. "Boston Bomber Arrested: Tamerlan Tsarnaev's hateful rage behind American dream." The Telegraph. 2013. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/10007975/Boston-bomber-arrested-Tamerlan-Tsarnaevs-hateful-rage-behind-American-dream.html
The New York Times. "Sacco and Vanzetti Executed in Boston." www.learning.blogs.nytimes.com 2011. Web. http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/08/23/aug-23-1927-sacco-and-vanzetti-executed-in-boston/
Zalkind, Susan. "The Murders Before the Marathon." Boston Magazine. 2014. Web. http://www.bostonmagazine.com/news/article/2014/02/25/waltham-murders-boston-marathon/
Boston Marathon Bombing
The Boston Marathon is one of the track's most storied events, which was established in 1897. esearch shows that the event typically attracts about 500,000 spectators and requires certain qualifying times for athletes to compete. On April 15, 2013, at least two improvised explosive devices (IEDS) placed close to the finish lines of the Boston Marathon denoted approximately three hours after the winners completed the course (Berke, 2014). The two explosions placed by Dzhokhar and his brother Tamerlan Tsarnaev denoted within seconds of each other killing three as well as, injuring more than two hundred and fifty people. This paper is therefore a summary of the Boston Marathon Bombing; giving reasons to what led the two brothers to commit these crimes. The paper will also analyze the media in regards to the bombing.
What led (Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev) to commit these crimes?
Following the Boston Marathon…
Berke, R. (2014). Boston bombing suspect: Immigration history should not factor in death penalty. CNN. Retrieved June 5, 2014, from http://edition.cnn.com/2014/05/01/justice/boston-marathon-bombing-tsarnaev/
Brown, E. (2014). Why Did Dzhokhar Bomb Boston?. Outside Online. Retrieved June 5, 2014, from http://www.outsideonline.com/news-from-the-field/Whyd-Dzhokhar-Bomb-Boston.html
Outside Online. Retrieved June 5, 2014, from"
Ortiz, E, (2014). Boston bomb suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev penned confession in boat
This occurred with religious leaders telling them how the U.S. is root causes of all of their problems. After they returned, the two were angry and wanted to lash out. (Bodden, 2014) (Feifer, 2014)
A major sporting event, was the best way of achieving these objectives. The Boston Marathon was the perfect target. This is because it was open and the security was lax in contrast with others. Second, there were large crowds of spectators and participants. This meant that there would be tremendous amounts of collateral damage. (Bodden, 2014) (Feifer, 2014)
They chose the finish line, as it was the one point with the most publicity it receives and could injure the greatest numbers of people. The plan called for detonating one bomb and then having a second explosion during the rescue. This made first responders and the general public their targets of opportunity. (Bodden, 2014) (Feifer, 2014)
Bodden, V. (2014). Boston Marathon Bombings. Minneapolis, MN: ABDO.
Feifer, G. (2014). Russians. New York, NY: Twelve.
Boston Marathon Terror Attack
Two bombs exploded next to the finish line of the Boston Marathon at about 2.50PM. The explosions occurred at an interval of 15 seconds. The bombs had been planted 180 yards apart (Fielding et al., 2014). There were an estimated 5600 athletes participating in the race at the time of the explosion. The first explosion took place on 671 Boylston Street which happened to be near the finish line. The second explosion occurred on 755 Boylston Street. This was 180 yards away from the initial explosion site (Fielding et al., 2014; Gates et al., 2014). Multiple injuries have been reported. There were immediate treatment and triage efforts put into motion immediately after the incident occurred. The rescue efforts involved the police, EMS, health personnel and the marathon spectators nearby.
It had been an afternoon full of fun and pomp, but the incident turned the…
Fielding, R., Bashista, R., Ahern, S. A., Duggan, C., Giacobbe, C., Lawn, M.,. .. & Packard, C. (2014). After action report for the response to the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombings.
Gates, J. D., Arabian, S., Biddinger, P., Blansfield, J., Burke, P., Chung, S.,. .. & Gupta, A. (2014). The initial response to the Boston marathon bombing: lessons learned to prepare for the next disaster. Annals of surgery, 260(6), 960-966.
Holman, E. A., Garfin, D. R., & Silver, R. C. (2014). Media's role in broadcasting acute stress following the Boston Marathon bombings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(1), 93-98.
Starbird, K., Maddock, J., Orand, M., Achterman, P., & Mason, R. M. (2014). Rumors, false flags, and digital vigilantes: Misinformation on twitter after the 2013 Boston marathon bombing. iConference 2014 Proceedings.
Boston Marathon Bombing
On April 15, 2013 two pressure cookers bombs exploded near the finish line of the Boston Marathon. This resulted in three deaths and it injured 264 people. In the next week, a manhunt and shoot out occurred between the perpetrators (i.e. Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev) and law enforcement. The result is that one them was subsequently killed by the police and the other was critically injured. They were originally from Chechnya and immigrated to the United States when they were teenagers. (Bodden, 2014)
In the aftermath, it was determined that both were motivated by radical Islamic views. Yet, they were not a part of an organized terrorist group. At the same time, each one had trouble integrating into American society and felt like outsiders. The combination of these factors meant, that they turned to extremist elements to find comfort and support. (Bodden, 2014)
To fully understand their…
Alvarez, A. (2014). Violence. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Bodden, V. (2014). Boston Marathon Bombings. Minneapolis, MN: ABDO.
Feifer, G. (2014). Russians. New York, NY: Twelve.
Criminal Justice -- Boston Marathon Bombing
"Predatory criminality" is a popular theme that follows the psychological theory of criminality in modern news media and social media. The inherently evil criminal is seen as deviant and separate from society. This entertains the public while absolving them of any guilt and encouraging them to cheer when the heroes defeat the villains. The Boston Marathon Bombings are a good example of the theory of predatory criminality and of the psychological theory of criminality.
Boston Marathon Bombings as Predatory Criminality
"Predatory criminality" involves criminals who are driven by animal urges and cravings, illogical, and essentially evil and who commit violent, dramatic, and irrational crimes (Surette, 2015, p. 60). The media tends to focus on this type of criminality because the public is fascinated by it and because it makes it appear as though this type of crime is due to the individual criminal's deficiencies,…
NBCUniversal Media, LLC. (2013, April 15). Two bombs explode at Boston Marathon. Retrieved from highered.nbclearn.com: https://highered.nbclearn.com/portal/site/HigherEd;jsessionid=993DF2CE2CF2BD5412128D1526D20D41?si=mdc.edu&cuecard=64042&
Surette, R. (2015). Media, crime and criminal justice: Images, realities and policies, 5th ed. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.
Incident Response to the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombings
Although named for its venue, the Boston Marathon is sponsored by a number of different cities in the greater Boston area and is held annually on Patriot’s Day which is the third Monday in April (About the Boston Marathon, 2018). First run as an all-male event in 1897, the Boston Marathon has since become an international event that draws both male and female contestants from around the world with a global audience. On April 15, 2013, two Kyrgyz-American brothers detonated two homemade bombs near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, causing hundreds of casualties – many of them severe and involving the loss of limbs – a well as three fatalities. The purpose of this case study is to provide an analysis of the effectiveness of the incident response to these bombings, including the role of first responders and the law…
A successful trade dress infringement lawsuit requires that a company have a distinctive trade dress and that the similarity between the trade dress was likely to confuse consumers. Even though AE's catalogue may have been very similar to A&F's, both companies used their trademark and symbols throughout their catalogues, which sold different types of clothing in totally different manners (A&F used sexuality to market its clothing, while AE used the image of family). The difference in clothing type, marketing angle, and the liberal use of marks and symbols meant that there was no risk of consumer confusion; therefore A&F was not entitled to protection under the Lanham Act.
2. The New York Times discovered that 24 employees were sending inappropriate and offensive e-mails, which violated its corporate policy. The issues facing the Times where whether the employees had a right of privacy in their emails and whether the…
Technology Boston Bombings
The Use of Technology in the Boston Bombings Investigations
The Boston Marathon bombing incident was an act of terror that took place on April 15th, 2013 during the annual Boston Marathon. During the event, bombs were positioned in proximity to the race's finish line. The bombs killed two individuals and injured over two hundred fifty others would where close by. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev were the primary suspects in the case that were identified by the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI). A day after the bombings a massive manhunt ensued to find the individuals. However, one of the interesting aspects about the case is how the FBI was able to identify the suspects. An unprecedented amount of digital data was available for use and the FBI and other organizations utilized crowdsourcing techniques to help funnel through the data.
The advent of digital technologies coupled with the…
Bio. (2014, April 3). Edward Snowden Biography. Retrieved April 3, 2014, from Bio: http://www.biography.com/people/edward-snowden-21262897
Boston, C. o. (2014). After Action Report for the Response to the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombings. Boston.
Johnson, C. (2012, July 16). Scientist's game helps map the brain. Retrieved from The Boston Globe: http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2012/07/15/mit-scientists-crowdsource-effort-map-connections-brain/v1CEwhwl90GDjKzL6oTC4L/story.html
Kelly, H. (2013, April 26). After Boston: The pros and cons of surveillance cameras. Retrieved from CNN: http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/26/tech/innovation/security-cameras-boston-bombings/
Ritz-Carlton Boston Common Update
The demographics for Ritz-Carlton Hotels, according to CMO Chris Gabaldon, are "multigenerational, multinational and multicultural," and clearly affluent people make up the majority of guests (Palmer, 2011). The Ritz-Carlton 90+ properties do business in 17 languages; of course the Boston Common property is prepared for more than English-speaking guests by having Spanish and French-speaking staff on hand. The average guest at a Ritz-Carlton is 47 years of age, and when Ritz-Carlton coaxes a guest to become "actively engaged" that guest spends 23% more than another guest only "moderately engaged"; hence, Ritz-Carlton's sought-after demographics are for those who are most likely to become actively engaged with the hotel's offerings (workouts, tours, dining). Ritz-Carlton Boston Common, like other Ritz-Carlton hotels, is targeting teenagers, offering special healthy meal menus, massages and fun scavenger hunts because if teens are happy, their parents will be happy, and will return.
Palmer, Alex. "Ritz-Carlton CMO reinvents luxury." Direct Marketing. Retrieved February
11, 2016, from http://www.dmnews.com . 2015
Ritz-Carlton, Boston Common. "Area & Activities: Attractions." Retrieved February 11,
2016, from http://www.ritzcarlton.com .
Police Labor Conflict in Boston: Summer 2004
This report aims to discuss a recent negotiation that occurred in the city of Boston in June of 2004. As the 2004 election comes to a close and as of this writing we still have no official winner for the office of President of the United States. The Democratic Party is patiently awaiting the results of the vote from the state of Ohio. But that is not the only issues the Democrats faced in this will campaign for President. In May and June of 2004, the Democratic National Convention slated for a rousing Boston welcome was instead greeted by the Boston Police Union's bid for a major strike that targeted Boston's Fleet Center where the Democratic National Convention was to be held. The strike was a thorn in Mayor Thomas M. Menino's side as he tried to present Boston as a labor…
Associated Press (2004). Police Union, Boston Break Off Talks. phillyburbs.com, June. Retrieved November 2, 2004, from http://www.phillyburbs.com/pb-dyn/news/24-06142004-316115.html
Carnell, Jim. (2004). Contract settled Anger remains. Retrieved November 2, 2004, from http://www.bppa.org/pax/pax_current.asp
Van Voorhis, Scott, & Meyers, Jack (Tuesday, June 8, 2004). Cops give DNC labor pains: Unions won't cross picket line. The Boston Herald.
April 15, 2013 is Patriots' Day in Massachusetts, and a particularly notable day in Boston because of the running of the marathon. Local news coverage in the morning consisted of pre-race interviews with runners and spectators. By mid-afternoon, tragically, the focus had shifted from the elite athletes and their sport to the explosions that killed two and injured many others. The explosions occurred before millions of people, both those at the scene and those watching on television in the Boston area, where the entire event is covered live.
Reporters spoke rapidly in excited voices. There were reporters at the scene and in the studio. They all struggled to make sense of what happened and tried to relay to viewers what little information was known. At first, there was speculation that the explosions were an accident, but it soon became apparent that small bombs were detonated deliberately to disrupt the…
Dyson, Michael Eric. "Frames of Reference."
"Breaking News." CBS-Boston Affiliate. WBZ, Boston. 15 April 2013. Television.
There are many examples of God's love, but much violence as well. The Bible is full of stories of warring peoples, fighting to the death for their beliefs. Persecution of the Jews, seen on a massive scale as late as the 20th century's Holocaust, was fueled by the New Testament, as Jews were blamed for the crucifixion death of Jesus Christ. Even after World War II, Jews in the U.S. faced persecution through restricted access to certain colleges, clubs and organizations. The Ku Klux Klan, known for targeting African-Americans, has also targeted Jews.
The 20th century saw considerable violence in Northern Ireland, as Protestants and Catholics murdered each other in the name of their respective branches of Christianity. Like radical Muslims, a relatively small number of people believed that violence was the answer, and the only way to demonstrate their commitment to their God.
The Westboro Baptist Church has garnered…
Jonsson, P. (2010). Why is the Westboro Baptist Church picketing Elizabeth Edwards' funeral?
Christian Science Monitor 12/11/10.
Khan, D. (2008). The five pillars of Islam. Faces 24(6), pp. 12-13.
Rid, T. (2010). Cracks in the Jihad. Wilson Quarterly 34(1).
ainwright v Gideon
In 1961, a man named Clarence Earl Gideon was arrested for stealing coins and alcohol from a Panama City, Florida, pool hall. He was a poor man and could not afford a lawyer. Following his conviction, he served five years in prison. During that time, he sent a handwritten letter to the Supreme Court in which he explained that he had been forced to fend for himself in court, without legal representation. Because of Mr. Gideon, the Supreme Court justices declared that criminal defendants have a right to legal aid (Gest). It was a right decision by the Supreme Court. The United States was founded on the principle that all men should be equal. By providing criminal defense to the poor, the court is leveling the playing field so that everyone receives the same fair treatment. Since crimes are committed disproportionately by the poor, the Supreme Court's…
Donaghue, Erin. "Defending Dzhokhar Tsarnaev: Renowned Attorney Judy Clarke Will Fight for Bombing Suspect's Life." CBS News. 2 May 2013. Web. Retrieved 7 May 2013 from http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-57582573-504083/defending - dzhokhar-tsarnaev-renowned-attorney-judy-clarke-will-fight-for-bombing-suspects-life/
Gest, Ted. "One Poor Man's Legacy." U.S. News & World Report 114.11 (1993): n. pag. Web. 7 May 2013.
"The Right to Counsel." Sixth Amendment Center. N.p., 2013. Web. 07 May 2013. .
Staples, Robert. "White Power, Black Crime, and Racial Politics." Black Scholar 41.4 (2011): 31-41. Web. 7 May 2013.
shared between Boston Marathon runners and designer clothes from United Colors of Benetton, one will find that all of them are being tracked using a technology which has lasted for ten years known as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). It revolutionized supply chain management dramatically for corporation for the next three years. Due to the fact that retail chains which are large in size like al-Mart being in need of main suppliers to back up technology of RFID by January 2005, most of the corporations are going to take the coming 12 to 18 months still on trial of figuring out the way systems can be implemented that gives them opportunity to apply the technology in order to track their products starting with manufacturing to main distributors.
Technology of RFID has several uses not just simple tracking of people, animals as well as merchandise. Tags from RFID are made up of…
Douglass Locke, (1992)," Software architecture for hard real-time applications" Real-Time System.
Henry Jordan (1998),"Inventory Management in the JIT Age, "Production and Inventory Management Journal.
P.A. Laplante (1997)," Real-Time System Design and Analysis" An Engineer's Handbook.
P.A. Laplante (1997)," JIT Points the Way to Gain in Quality, Cost, Real-Time," APICS.
" In fact that showdown with labor "produced a cultural shift, a new sense of what can be appropriate in business management." The entire Reagan era, according to ill, a well-known conservative commentator - who wrote this piece at the time of Reagan's passing - is remembered "more for the tax-cutting and deregulating that helped, with the information technologies, to shift the economy into a hitherto unknown overdrive."
Another event that made Reagan a hero at a time when America needed heroes occurred in the spring of 1981, when Reagan was shot in an attempted assassination. The New York Times (Silk, 1981) reported that Reagan's "unruffled demeanor" immediately after being seriously wounded, along with his "jokes to his wife and the medics" all helped to "turn fear into rising respect for Mr. Reagan himself," journalist Leonard Silk reports. A "growing number of Americans decided that they had elected themselves a…
Arnett, Robert. (2007). Eighties Noir: The Dissenting Voice in Reagan's America. Journal of Popular Film & Television, 34(3), 123-129.
Brant, John. (1983). Duel in the Sun. Runner's World.
Clines, Francis X. (1982). White House Winces at Economist's Words. The New York Times.
Retrieved May 9, 2007, at http://query.nytimes.com.gst/fullpage.html.
But despite these strides, the negative as well as the positive legacy of sports in American culture cannot be ignored.
About Title IX. (2010). University of Iowa. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutE.html
Douglas, Scott. (2005). unning through Kenya. Slate.com. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.slate.com/id/2117122/entry/2117123/
Gettleman, Elizabeth. (2006, July). eview of William C. hoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves.
Mother Jones. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://motherjones.com/media/2006/07/forty-million-dollar-slaves
Johnson, Jenna. (2010). NCAA graduation rates. The Washington Post. etrieved September 20,
2010 at http://voices.washingtonpost.com/campus-overload/2010/03/another_ncaa_bracket_player_gr.html
Lehrer, Jonah. (2010, August 24). How to raise a superstar. Wired Science. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2010/08/how-to-raise-a-superstar/#ixzz107NwUSGh
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2010 at http://www.marathonguide.com/history/olympicmarathons/chapter25.cfm
Williams, Kam. (2006). eview of William C. hoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves. AALBC.
etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://aalbc.com/reviews/forty_million_dollar_slaves.htm
Witt, Jon. (2006). The…
About Title IX. (2010). University of Iowa. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutRE.html
Douglas, Scott. (2005). Running through Kenya. Slate.com. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.slate.com/id/2117122/entry/2117123/
Gettleman, Elizabeth. (2006, July). Review of William C. Rhoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves.
Mother Jones. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://motherjones.com/media/2006/07/forty-million-dollar-slaves
omen in American History
The contribution woman have made to the United States over the years is profoundly important, and probably not recognized to the degree that it should be recognized. This paper reviews and critiques the contributions of women from five periods in history: from 1865 to 1876; from 1877 to 1920; from 1921 to 1945; from 1946 to 1976; and from 1976 to the present day.
omen in America -- 1865 to 1876 -- Sojourner Truth
One of the brightest lights in the movement to free the slaves was Sojourner Truth, likely the best-known person in the abolitionist movement. She was actually very active in the movement to free the slaves before and during the Civil ar, and she helped organize and lead the Underground Railroad movement. The Underground Railroad shepherded runaway slaves away from Southern slave states and up into New York State, Pennsylvania, isconsin, Minnesota and…
Baker, Sara Josephine. (2007). Sara Josephine Baker: Physician and Public Health Worker.
Harvard Square Library / Notable American Unitarians. Retrieved June 11, 2011, from http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/unitarians/baker.html .
Encyclopedia Britannica. (2006). Hull House. Retrieved June 12, 2011, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/275272/Hull-House .
Jewish Virtual Library. (2006). Golda Meir. Retrieved June 13, 2011, from http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/meir.html .
The author of this report is to answer to three major questions as it relates to the DNC scenario advanced by the story that preceded it. The first question is the legal claims relating to the use of the LAD. The second question is the basis that should be used to deny Amnesty International from getting their permit and the implications that this could cause. The final question requires the identification and analysis of any legal claims that might arise if Greenpeace has a protest in the shopping mall and how pat-downs and other security measures may lead to legal or protest-related issues. While the Miami and other personnel have a responsibility to keep the peace and keep people safe, they need to tread very carefully when limiting free speech and/or freedom of assembly as well as over-aggressive use of less-lethal technologies and interventions that can still maim…
Granick, J. (2014, March 20). Obama Press Attacks Degrade the First Amendment In The Name of Security. Forbes. Retrieved June 26, 2014, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/jennifergranick/2014/03/20/obama-press-attacks-degrade-the-first-amendment-in-the-name-of-security/
Hutchinson, B. (2013, April 16). Boston Marathon bomb devices were pressure cookers filled with nails, ball bearings: report. NY Daily News. Retrieved June 26, 2014, from http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/boston-marathon-bomb-devices-made-pressure-cookers-filled-nails-ball-bearings-report-article-1.1318278
Stephens, A. (2012, July 24). A Closer Look at Less-than-Lethal Weapons Fired at Anaheim Residents on Saturday Afternoon. Navel Gazing. Retrieved June 26, 2014, from http://blogs.ocweekly.com/navelgazing/2012/07/naui_huitzilopochtli.php
Define and discuss terrorism. Who chooses to participate in a terrorist campaign, and why? Evaluate such mitigating factors as politics, nationalism, and religion.
'Failed states' are defined as states that can no "longer perform basic functions such as education, security, or governance, usually due to fractious violence or extreme poverty" (Failed states, 2012, Global Policy). This has potentially disastrous consequences not simply for the residents of the state itself but for all nation-states. "Within this power vacuum, people fall victim to competing factions and crime" such as terrorism (Failed states, 2012, Global Policy). The beliefs of terrorists can be linked in some instances to the mentality spawned by a failed state -- that personal accomplishments are meaningless and the only hope can be found in the hereafter.
I would define terrorism as violent actions outside of the context of the conventional rules of war that specifically target civilians or…
Ola, L. (2014). Boko Haram offers to swap kidnapped Nigerian girls for prisoners. Reuters.
Terrorist Surveillance Techniques: An Overview
The United States and most other major powers routinely engage in surveillance of terrorist groups and individuals likely to perpetuate terrorist activities. This was one of the rationales for founding the Department of Homeland Security: so the U.S. government could become more mindful of terroristic threats arising within the nation's borders as well as abroad. Yet terrorist organizations themselves also engage in surveillance before launching an attack for logistical reasons and to "assess the psychological impact of a successful attack" (Nance 2008:187). Locations are not simply selected for strategic reasons but also because of the emotional resonance they have for the public. Law enforcement agencies must therefore be mindful of how to spot likely terrorist surveillance techniques as well as how to be well-versed in surveillance for their own purposes.
Most major law enforcement agencies deploy two primary forms of surveillance: overt surveillance (such as…
Characteristics of terrorist surveillance. (2014). LAPD. Retrieved from:
Nance. M. (2008). Terrorist recognition handbook. 2nd Ed. CRC Press.
Razzaq, A. (2012). The detection and prevention of preparatory terrorist attacks. Police Link.
Terrorism in recent years has hit an all-time high. Affecting millions of people, radical groups and organizations see terrorism as a favored tactic or approach for bringing to fruition their extreme ideological agendas both domestically and internationally. Terrorism globally chose the United States and other western countries to target in their extremist agendas. The United States government became aware of terrorist efforts after the September 11 attacks. Since then the U.S. has devoted time and resources into developing a counterterrorism and intelligence framework in order to respond to any ongoing and future terrorist attacks/activity.
Counterterrorism refers to the processes that consist of the offensive measures taken to avoid, deter, forestall, and react to terrorism. The United States regarded counterterrorism missions as distinctive operations by clandestine, undercover, or low discernibility means. Counterterrorism presently is categorized as a fundamental task for the United States government. The government has fashioned or redefined distinct…
Jensen, T. (2014). National Responses to Transnational Terrorism: Intelligence and Counterterrorism Provision. Journal of Conflict Resolution. doi:10.1177/0022002714545221
Park, A., & Tsang, H. (2015). A Systematic Approach to Develop a Computational Framework for Counter-terrorism and Public Safety. tsas.ca. Retrieved 12 March 2015, from http://library.tsas.ca/media/TSASWP14-09_Park-Tsang.pdf
Park, A., Tsang, H., Sun, M., & Glasser, U. (2012). An agent-based model and computational framework for counter-terrorism and public safety based on swarm intelligence. Security Informatics, 1(1), 23. doi:10.1186/2190-8532-1-23
Walsh, P. (2015). Building Better Intelligence Frameworks through Effective Governance. International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, 28(1), 123. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08850607.2014.924816#.VQRQL47F9j8
noble cause" and how it relates to law enforcement daily? What positives and negatives can you identify? How can organizations control the "noble cause"?
The 'noble cause' of law enforcement is to uphold public safety. The idea that the highest good of law enforcement is to protect the public can be useful and important in the manner in which it motivates police officers to realize that they have a higher duty. When there is violence or crime, officers must run into danger, versus away from it like ordinary people. However, with this idea there are many profound, problematic implications. The idea that the cause is so noble that nothing can get in its way can act as psychological self-justification for officers to violate the law. When this occurs, no one benefits because evidence can then be thrown out of court, if it was obtained in violation of the suspect's civil…
Benoit, Carl A. (2011). The public safety exception to Miranda. FBI Bulletin.
High court allows warrantless search. (2011). Boston.com. Retrieved:
When various news reports begin to surface about these kinds of issues, is the point that many patients could become nervous about the underlying levels of quality and safety (despite their outstanding reputation).
A good example of this can be seen with the death of a patient at the facility, when the primary alarms failed to notify the staff that his condition was changing. While, this may not be a major issue (for most people), the fact of the matter is that individual attention has been overlooked. (Kowlyzki, 2010) When the public hears about situations such as this, they will begin to become concerned about what is taking place at the facility. This is the point that many individuals will go to other hospitals in the area. The main reason is out of concerns about a lack of oversight at the facility (despite the well-known reputation it has and the…
Case Study. (2010). Denneen. Retrieved from: http://www.denneen.com/experience/byservice/massgeneral.shtml
Epilepsy. (2011). Web MD. Retrieved from: http://www.webmd.com/epilepsy/epilepsy
Joint Commission Finds Problems. (2007). HC Pro. Retrieved from: http://www.hcpro.com/HOM-68483-2912/Joint-Commission-finds-problems-at-Massachusetts-General.html
Minus the Bat. (2010). Selfish Giving. Retrieved from: http://selfishgiving.com/tag/Massachusetts-general-hospital
Definition of Concept/Theory: The American Dream is one of the most pervasive elements of American consciousness and identity. It is the cornerstone of the myth of meritocracy in America, as the American Dream suggests that anyone can achieve upward social mobility simply by working hard. The American Dream is one of the chief motivating factors for foreign immigrants, who flee war-torn, poor, or otherwise problematic places abroad to seek asylum and opportunity. Although the American Dream has come true for many Americans, including immigrants, the achievement of upward social mobility and integration with the dominant culture in America remains elusive. The American Dream is more a myth than a dream.
Example 1: Drash, W., Basu, M. & Watkins, T. (2013). Boston suspects: Immigrant dream to American nightmare. CNN. 20 April, 2013. etrieved online: http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/19/us/Massachusetts-bombers-profiles/index.html?iid=article_sidebar
This article is about the suspects in the Boston marathon terrorist attacks. The article focuses…
Drash, W., Basu, M. & Watkins, T. (2013). Boston suspects: Immigrant dream to American nightmare. CNN. 20 April, 2013. Retrieved online: http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/19/us/Massachusetts-bombers-profiles/index.html?iid=article_sidebar
Silver, R. (n.d.). Interviews and stories (personal).
The author of this report is asked to pick out a military or terrorist attack that has occurred since the World War II era and assess it from a case study and analytical standpoint. Specifically, there will be a focus on the failures and issues that occurred before and during the event. For the purposes of this report, the author has chosen the proverbial elephant in the room and that would be the 9/11 attacks on September 11th, 2001. The author of this report will conduct this study in four major sections, those being an overview of what happened, the pre-event and event actions that occurred, the missed indicators and the lessons learned. As with any scholarly research, any sources used for this report will be cited and given credit. While preventing terrorist attacks in general is exceedingly hard, 9/11 was entirely preventable and is a sterling example of…
Bradner, E. (2015). TSA screeners failed tests to detect explosives, weapons
CNNPolitics.com. CNN. Retrieved 28 June 2015, from http://www.cnn.com/2015/06/01/politics/tsa-failed-undercover-airport-screening-tests/
CBS,. (2015). Boston Bombings - News, Pictures & Videos - CBS News. Cbsnews.com.
Retrieved 28 June 2015, from http://www.cbsnews.com/boston-bombings/
I was in the back of the pack the first mile. I hear a dull roar, at first I think it is my ears popping. I realize it's the sound of the crowds.
My coach's voice, roaring out the mile splits. My first mile at 5:20, second at 11:20, and later I learn I finished at 16:54. My teammates from the other races, I think I can pick out their voices, cheering. All I can think of is the pain. During moments like these I know love cross-country more than anything else in the world. You only go through such intense pain for something you love. The last hill is the longest one of all, they call it the "Reservoir," I think because you need every reservoir of your energy to survive.
I know I have no hope of winning. The team has no hope of winning, but my legs…
In practical terms, there is very little difference between Gatorade and PowerAde. Both are forms of dietary supplements which often pose an unknown source of danger for individuals growing up to be sportsmen. All the growing up sportsmen should be educated on the subject as they are likely to face troubles in their life later, otherwise.
Many products that are marketed provide good returns for the marketing organization, but little benefits for the user.
The products are sports drinks and they are promoted with the images of sportsmen and Michael Jordan appeared on Gatorade bottles, but he did not get the benefit of having his own flavor. Now there is a new favorite of the sports world, and he is LeBron James, and his image will be the advertising for PowerAde's Flava 23. When the flavor was selected, James was a part of the process. The process took…
Anemia and Blood Boosting. Sports Science Exchange. Vol: 14; No: 2; 1998. Retrieved from http://www.gssiweb.com/reflib/refs/276/sse81.cfm?pid=38 Accessed 21 September, 2005
Davis, Jeanie, Lerche. Sports Drinks Go Way beyond Gatorade. 19 April, 2002. Retrieved from http://my.webmd.com/content/article/18/1676_55034.htm Accessed 21 September, 2005
Dietary Supplements. Retrieved from www.wolverineaquatics.com/New/parents/Articles%20for%20parents/Dietary%20Supplements.doc Accessed 22 September, 2005
Gibala, Martin. J. The Role of Protein in Promoting Recovery from Exercise. Retrieved from http://www.gssiweb.com/reflib/refs/692/sports_science_news_protein.cfm?pid=38 Accessed 21 September, 2005
Injustice and the Media
There was a point in the not-too-distant past when it was reasonable to perceive the media as a force collectively aimed at informing the public, exposing corruption, surfacing scandal and general performing the responsibility of protecting the people's right to know. However, several forces have permeated the so-called 'fourth estate,' diluting the media's acceptance of this responsibility. At one end of the spectrum, the growth in value of cable news such as CNN or MSNBC has created a highly monetized and commercially-motivated form of news. At the opposite end of the spectrum, the increasing visibility of social media such as Facebook and Twitter in spreading news stories has removed much of the accountability or professionalism from our media outlets.
The result is that our media outlets rarely have the motivation to ensure that a well-informed public is made aware of injustice in all its forms.…
Boettger, B. (2012). The Social Responsibility of Social Media. Media Post.
Chiyamwaka, B. (2008). Media Ethics: A Call To Responsible Journalism. Hippo Lodge Liwonde.
Christians, C.G. (2007). Utilitarianism in Media Ethics and Its Discontents. Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 22(2-3), 113-131.
Daily Graphic. (2009). Ethical, Responsible Journalism Essential for Media's Success. Modern Ghana.
Annotated ebography: eapons of Mass Destruction (MD)
ith the attacks on September 11th, 2001, the United States came face-to-face with the reality that our security strategy is far from impenetrable. To the contrary, the terrorist attacks on the orld Trade Center and the Pentagon, and more recently, the Boston Marathon bombing, proved that we are quite vulnerable to mass casualty events. Perhaps most worrisome is the concern that such an event might be carried out with eapons of Mass Destruction (MD). In light of the alleged cause for the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 and continued tensions with North Korea over its nuclear development program, the issue of eapons of Mass Destruction is what the remains in the headlines and in discussions on America's military and defense strategies. Additionally, a wide range of online resources exist with the design of compiling knowledge, presenting information and promoting defense…
Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction. Archive. http://govinfo.library.unt.edu/wmd/about.html
Department of Defense. National Military Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction. http://www.defense.gov/pdf/nms-cwmd2006.pdf
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Weapons of Mass Destruction http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/terrorism/wmd
Global Security. Weapons of Mass Destruction. http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/
The recent rash of unexpected emergencies to rattle the nation, from the Boston Marathon Bombings to the Oklahoma City Tornado, has demonstrated the power of instinctive action in times of crisis, as onlookers and passersby have sprung into action at a moment's notice, caring for the wounded, administering medical assistance, and managing recovery efforts. While these widely publicized incidences of catastrophe causing the human instinct to intuitively make sound decisions are indeed convincing, it is important to remember the often overlooked role that logic and reasoning also play in such endeavors. When a person witnesses an explosion and immediately acts to tourniquet a victim's wounded limb, the action may appear to be purely instinctual, but in reality, the human brain's immense capacity for logical thought has provided the framework for these actions to be undertaken. Throughout this person's life, the fundamental knowledge of blood loss and its associated risks, impromptu…
Cholle, F. (2011). The Intuitive Compass: Why the Best Decisions Balance Reason and Instinct. Jossey-Bass.
Kant, I. (1908). Critique of Pure Reason, 1781. Translated by Norman Kemp Smith.
Terrorism and the American Psyche
The attacks of September 11, 2001 not only affected those who were killed and injured, but also millions of ordinary Americans. The impact of this act of terrorism, along with a constant stream of attacks and threats of attacks have substantially altered the American psyche. Immediately after the attacks, Americans across the nation began to suffer from symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. In addition to this, Americans have suffered through a number of psychological effects of terrorism including fear, anger, and vulnerability. All in all, the effect of terrorism on American society has been one of altering the way Americans feel about their safety and their place in the world. In a sense, Americans no longer viewed their world as predictable, orderly, and controllable.
ell known psychologist, illiam E. Schlenger, stated that the attacks of 9/11 "represent an unprecedented exposure to trauma" within the…
Hamblin, Jessica and Laurie Slone. "Research Findings of the Traumatic Stress Effects
Of Terrorism." U.S. Dept. Of Veteran Affairs: National Center for PTSD. Web.
11 Oct. 2012. http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/pages/research-findings-traumatic-stress-terrorism.asp
Silke, Andrew. "The Psychological Impact of the Continued Terrorist Threat."
troubling and why?
Of all the trends identified in the readings, the one that I found the most troubling was the increased sophistication of terrorists. The globe is ever expanding in terms of communication and connection. People, who a few centuries ago where not even aware that other lands and other peoples even existed now can, with the click of a few buttons, interact instantaneously. ith the advent of the internet, satellites, and international communication via wireless connectivity, the ability to acquire information is limitless. If you can the ability and the knowledge, then there is literally nothing you cannot access via the web. Computer hackers have been able to acquire even the most confidential, top-secret, and sensitive of information from sources as high as federal governments. The report states, "[Terrorists] are also seen as improving their technological sophistication across many areas of operational planning, communications, targeting, and propaganda…terrorism has…
Perl, R. (2006, July 21). Trends in terrorism. Congressional Research Service.
Changing hreats/Historical Eras
Discussion response: Changing threats
he American public's perception of threats has clearly shifted since the tragic events of 9/11 from an emphasis on state-based actors in the wake of the Cold War era to non-state-based actors in the era of terrorism. Rather than threats to American security projected as something which occurs 'over there' in foreign lands, or the threat of destruction through nuclear war, the fear of home-grown attacks has grown and been further exacerbated by additional highly-publicized, more recent terror incidents, such as the Boston Marathon bombings. States such as New York that are deemed high-priority threats are working harder to coordinate anti-terror efforts with federal agencies and are seeking to consistently engage in coordinated anti-terror exercises and planning activities, to ensure a more seamless response in the face of a likely future onslaught. "he 9/11 Commission Report highlighted the need for improved operational coordination…
The treatment of alcohol has undergone seismic shifts over the course of American history. Once largely unregulated, alcohol sales were prohibited through the 18th Amendment in 1920, a law which was then summarily repealed by the 21st Amendment in 1933 (Lerner 2013). The perception of alcoholism as a moral crime has also changed and increasingly drug addiction of all varieties is viewed through the lens of disease, rather than as a moral failing.
Throughout the 19th century, during the 'first era' of how alcohol was perceived, alcohol was almost entirely unregulated -- even children could purchase alcohol or walk into bars. Temperance reformers condemned strong drink as breaking up families and causing crime. The Temperance movement gained traction, cumulating in what could be called the 'second era' of crime and punishment in the form of Prohibition. However, this proved ineffective and "the growth of the illegal liquor trade under Prohibition made criminals of millions of Americans. As the decade progressed, court rooms and jails overflowed, and the legal system failed to keep up" (Lerner 2013). There was a rise in organized crime and a decline in respect for law enforcement amongst previously law-abiding citizens, particularly given that the law was so poorly and inconsistently enforced.
Even though Prohibition was eventually overturned, the public view of alcoholism as a disease with biological as well as moral consequences has been slow to take root during the 'third era' of
M1D1: Concept of Homeland Security Enterprise
HSE (Homeland Security Enterprise) was designed to better coordinate the resources of all law enforcement functions that fall under the auspices of the DHS. DHA strives to provide law enforcement agencies with "the tools to identify and combat threats in their communities," including access to its information (Strengthening the Homeland Security Enterprise: Progress Report 2011, 2011, DHS). "Because state and local law enforcement are often in the best position to notice the first signs of a planned attack, homeland security efforts must be integrated into the police work that they do every day, providing officers on the front lines with a clear understanding of the tactics, behaviors, and other indicators that could point to terrorist activity" (Strengthening the Homeland Security Enterprise: Progress Report 2011, 2011, DHS). DHS has created 'fusion' centers "to train state and local law enforcement to recognize behaviors and indicators related…
Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Is the United States "winning" the war on terrorism? Are we losing? How do you define winning? (300-400 words) to the following questions and post it to the discussion forum, "Winning." In your response, please cite examples from current events that support your answer.
As early as 2008, the Council on Foreign Relations noted that there was increasing evidence that the U.S. was 'winning' the war on terror: "al Qaeda has not managed to mount any major attacks on an American target, much less on the American homeland, since 9/11. Those attacks that have succeeded have been fairly minor compared with past al-Qaeda atrocities: a 2004 assault on the U.S. consulate in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killed five local employees and no Americans" (Blake 2008). Since then, attacks on U.S. soil, such as the Boston Marathon bombings, while absolutely devastating to the individuals personally affected, have been relatively…
Communication, particularly within a military setting is critical. As the world economy continues its rapid change and innovation, communication techniques must also adapt. Integrated communication between varying branches, nations, and agencies is therefore needed to thwart national security threats. These threats often arise quickly and unexpected. The September 11th terrorist attacks; the Boston Marathon Bombing, and ISIS are all examples of rapid strikes. In many of these instances, military personnel had information that would have been useful in successful prevention. Unfortunately, integrated communication infrastructure was lacking, costly many American lives. Now, the threats are even more deadly. Cyber attacks on American business, the miniaturization of deadly bombs, and the ability to manufacture nuclear arms are problems that will be faced in the future. Swift communication is therefore needed to abated and diminish the prevalence of these threats.
To begin, the military uses both internal and external military communication platforms. Internal…
1) Nageshwar Rao, Rajendra P.Das, Communication skills, Himalaya Publishing House, 9789350516669, p.48
2) Schramm, W. (1954). How communication works. In W. Schramm (Ed.), The process and effects of communication (pp. 3 -- 26). Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
Social Media Can Strengthen Emergency Communication
By Jeff Ferenc (2014)
Tertiary healthcare facilities and health care systems are increasing incorporating social media networks and backup emergency communications systems into their emergency response protocols. At present, 40% of American hospitals use social media in some fashion as part of their emergency response systems, an increase of 8% from 2012. Based on the effectiveness of using social media networks for these purposes to date, the author recommends that all hospitals incorporate this strategy into their emergency response systems. The effectiveness of social media networks for emergency response applications is due in large part to their ubiquity and the prevalence with which these networks are used by a majority of Americans today. Therefore, adding social media networks to an emergency response system allows hospitals to better respond to disaster situations.
The author cites some recent examples from the field in support of these…
Ferenc, J. (2014, May). Social media can strengthen emergency communication. Health Facilities Management, 27(5), 5-8.
Terrorism has been a hot topic in the news for over a decade. It has impact people on an international level with countries like France, England, and the United States experiencing attacks. Currently Isis, a terrorist organization, has generated chaos in the Middle East. Government have been destabilized and peace and security jeopardized. Atrocious acts of violence have occurred from child beheadings to rapes and torture. Terrorism threatens the social and economic development of any place it affects.
Furthermore, terrorism directly affects human rights. People lose freedoms and face subjugation from regimes of terrorist organizations. All of which have negatively diminish ones enjoyment of life as well as their human rights. International, national, and regional political leaders make promises and claims that counterterrorism measures will not encroach on human rights. Former President George Bush for example, preached on preserving human rights amidst counter terrorism efforts. However, living up to these…
Ahmed, S. (2015). The 'emotionalization of the "war on terror": Counter-terrorism, fear, risk, insecurity and helplessness. Criminology And Criminal Justice,15(5), 545-560. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1748895815572161
Enders, W., Sandler, T., & Gaibulloev, K. (2011). Domestic versus transnational terrorism: Data, decomposition, and dynamics. Journal of Peace Research, 48(3), 319-337. doi:10.1177/0022343311398926
Feinberg, M. (2015). International counterterrorism -- national security and human rights: conflicts of norms or checks and balances?. The International Journal Of Human Rights, 19(4), 388. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13642987.2015.1027053
Fenwick, H. (2015). Counter-terror strategies, human rights and the roles of technology. International Review Of Law, Computers & Technology, 25(3), 107. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13600869.2011.617430?journalCode=cirl20
Terrorism Affects Tourism in Istanbul
The terror group, Islamic State, caused an explosion near Istanbul's historic Sultan Ahmed Cami Mosque (popularly known as the Blue Mosque). This raised serious concerns with regard to tourism in the country of Turkey. This recent explosion, which claimed the lives of ten tourists, followed another terror bombing incident in the country's capital Ankara, on 10th October, 2015, which claimed the lives of over a hundred individuals. Following the nation's tense situation, travel specialists from Turkey started raising concerns (Parvan, 2016). Turkish tourism could suffer a serious blow in light of the 12th January terror attack, in Istanbul's historical hub, near the famed Blue Mosque. According to Turkish travel specialists, considering that Turkey borders Syria and has been a target of terror attacks earlier, tourists were already uneasy about visiting. Thus, the events that transpired on January 12 will do nothing, but aggravate their qualms…
Bajpai, P. (2015). The Paris Attacks And The World Economy -- Investopedia. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/111715/paris-attacks-and-world-economy.asp
Calder, S. (2016). Istanbul bombing travel Q&A: How significant is the attack? How will it affect tourism in the city? Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://www.independent.co.uk/travel/news-and-advice/istanbul-bombing-travel-qa-how-significant-is-the-attack-how-will-it-affect-tourism-in-the-city-a6807626.html
Chebib, K. (2016). Impact of Istanbul Attack on the Turkish Economy and Tourism. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://blog.euromonitor.com/2016/01/impact-of-istanbul-attack-on-the-turkish-economy-and-tourism.html
Dalay, G. (2016). Turkey's terrifying challenges after Istanbul attack. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2016/01/istanbul-attack-pretext-demonise-refugees-turkey-160113114154831.html
Solitary confinement represents one among the best means of keeping modern-day prisoners from communication and conflict, but has the most injurious effects on their health. Individuals imprisoned in conditions of solitary confinement demonstrate more psychotic behavior compared to normal prisoners; this includes higher rate of suicides (Thesis Statement). After a prisoner loses his/her mental capacity of understanding the reason for his/her imprisonment or punishment, subjecting him/her to solitary confinement is pointless. If one loses one's ability of understanding punishment, the consequences associated with one's actions become irrelevant and have no value. Thus, solitary confinement is crueler than capital punishment.
Lately, the subject of whether or not solitary confinement constitutes greater torture for prisoners than capital punishment (or death penalty), is gaining popularity (Writer Thoughts). The debate has reached a juncture where the favored option is capital punishment.
Solitary Confinement/Capital Punishment Background
During the early part of the 19th…
Berke, Jeremy. "Famous U.S. Judge Admits There's a Punishment That's Just as Bad as the Death Penalty -- If Not Worse." Business Insider. N.p., 19 Jan. 2016. Web. 3 Mar. 2016. .
Biggs, Brooke. "Solitary Confinement: A Brief History." Mother Jones. N.p., 2 Mar. 2009. Web. 3 Mar. 2016. .
"Introduction to the Death Penalty." Death Penalty Information Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2016. .
Keim, Brandon. "The Horrible Psychology of Solitary Confinement." Wired. N.p., 10 July 2013. Web. 2 Mar. 2016. .
Running Room Case Study
Question 1 Do a SWOT on the Running Room.
The Running Room's strengths include the fact that the Running Room offers personalized service and quality shoes expressly designed for running and for the unique sports needs of runners. Also, the relatively low cost of opening up and maintaining the store means that it is easy to enter the market on a store-by-store basis. The Running Room's weaknesses are that the store has a relatively small niche market, that of serious runners and/or health conscious, older consumers. While serious runners do not generally patronize stores like Foot Locker, more generalized athletic shoe stores such have a wider market base and can sell more varieties of cheaper shoes at volume.
The threats to the Running Room include the store's primary competitors in the form of small independent outlets that exhibit local market strength based on longstanding customer loyalties.…
history of Terrorism
There are many different definitions for terrorism, depending on the country or organization. Broadly speaking, the first deliberate acts of violence registered in the history of the human civilization that were conducted with no regard for human life or dignity, aiming at spreading and controlling though fear could be labeled as acts of terror. Terrorism is generally thought to include the idea of spreading fear for the purpose of controlling a group of people, communities or entire populations and influencing decision making at different levels. So, terrorist acts are the result of radical, extremist thinking, being produced because some people need to make their voices heard and think that fear is the best, most efficient, the only way to do it.
Government officials and academics alike, have a hard time coming to a consensus when it comes to a definition of terrorism, especially for the purpose of…
Adults ith Learning Disabilities
It has been estimated (Adult with Learning Disabilities) 1 that 50-80% of the students in Adult Basic Education and literacy programs are affected by learning disabilities (LD). Unfortunately, there has been little research on adults who have learning disabilities, leaving literacy practitioners with limited information on the unique manifestations of learning disabilities in adults.
One of the major goals of the (Adult with Learning Disabilities) 1 National
Adult Literacy and Learning Disabilities Center (National ALLD Center) is to raise awareness among literacy practitioners, policy makers, researchers, and adult learners about the nature of learning disabilities and their impact on the provision of literacy services. This fact sheet provides: a definition of learning disabilities in adults; a list of common elements found in many useful LD definitions; and a list of areas in which LD may affect life situations of adults.
In 1963, the term "learning…
Author Unkown. Adult with Learning Disabilities
Corley, Mary Ann & Taymans, Juliana M. Adults with Learning Disabilities:A Review of Literature
Are more encouraged by praise that is delivered physically rather than verbally -- such as by a handshake or a pat on the back rather than by a verbal "good job."
Kinesthetic learners also tend to absorb information when given a great deal of tactile stimulation. I will explore this in greater detail below.
Kinesthetic learners are generally better at expressing themselves in concrete ways. This includes expressing emotions. When kinesthetic learners interact with people who are primarily visual learners there may be significant gaps between the two in how emotions are expressed and understood. For example a kinesthetic learner might offer to change the spark plugs in her boyfriend's car while he (a visual learner) might well prefer to have gotten a card with a romantic poem in it from her.
It should be easy to see from this brief overview of the traits of a kinesthetic learner why…
Sternberg, R.J. (1996). Successful intelligence. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Trudeau, F. & Shephard, R. (2008) Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance. International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity 5: 10.
Vyse, Stuart (2005). Where do fads come from? In Jacobson, Foxx & Mulick. Controversial therapies for developmental disabilities. NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
Essay 2: In what collegiate extracurriculars did you engage? (400 characters)
As Vice President of Phi Kappa Sigma, I co-managed the annual $30k budget, participated in 100+ hours of community service, volunteered for the Rutgers Dance Marathon, raised funds for the Embrace the Kids Foundation, and organized the annual Phi-Esta fundraiser for the Eric Legrand’s Foundation with several other fraternities. I also volunteered for the Leukemia Lymphoma Society.
Essay 3: Did you work for compensation during college during the year or the summer? (300 Word limit)
Yes, every summer I worked full-time. During the summers of my undergraduate career, I worked at Selco Associates, a distribution and warehousing company. There I coordinated with management personnel to provide high quality customer service. I also managed apparel and footwear inventory for major companies and assisted in opening new accounts. This experience helped me to develop communication, organization, and problem-solving skills that I…
Soon thereafter, she started working with CNN channel in handling their Washington bureau. For the forthcoming seven years, Couric was engaged with CNN bureaus across the nation as a producer and also as an on-air reporter. She returned to Washington in 1987 taking up job as a reporter at an NBC affiliate station. She rose from her ranks to hold the number two position as a reporter at the Pentagon for the Washington bureau of the NBC news. ("Katie Couric Biography," n. d.)
For the next three years she was in charge of covering the U.S. invasion of the Panama as also Persian Gulf War in her Pentagon position as also as a new post at the NBC's morning newspaper, Today. In the early part of 1991, she discharged her role as a co-anchor of Today. Her immense popularity with the viewers was because of her pleasant and charming demeanor…
Banting, Erninn. (2007) "Katie Couric"
Weigl Publishers Inc.
Clarke, Kristin. (2002) "First Among Equals: Barbara Walters on Leadership" Executive
Update, Retrieved 21 March, 2009 at http://www.asaecenter.org/PublicationsResources/articledetail.cfm?ItemNumber=13267
data collection includes survey form, structured interviews using closed ended questions, and gathering information regarding a sample size appropriate to analyze and draw conclusion on the basis of the research results. The statistical techniques are used for data analysis to analyze collected data in quantitative research methods. The qualitative data is gathered through case study method and open ended question of an unstructured interview from notable sample. The qualitative methods of research are also equally popular in understating the ignored aspects of a topic. The research question discussed below is addressed on the basis of qualitative and quantitates research methodology.
What is the role of social media in affecting law enforcement?
The usage of internet has increased over the past years. Internet technology has encouraged a revolutionary change. Starting form the desktop computers, laptops, handheld computers, to a variety of internet enabled cell phones has created a huge…
Clarke, B. (2012). Deconstructing the rioters: a case study of individuals convicted and sentenced in Greater Manchester. Safer communities, 11(1), 33-39.
Denef, S., Bayerl, P.S., & Kaptein, N. (2013). Social Media and the Police -- Tweeting Practices of British Police Forces during the August 2011 Riots.
Frank, R., Cheng, C., & Pun, V. (2011). Social Media Sites-New Fora for Criminal, Communication, and Investigation Opportunities. Public Safety Canada.
Fresenko, V.L. (2010). Social media integration into state-operated fusion centers and local law enforcement potential uses and challenges (Doctoral dissertation, Monterey, California Naval Postgraduate School).