62+ documents containing “chernobyl”.
Chernobyl Liquidators: An Analysis of Government esponse and Deployment
When the Chernobyl nuclear accident took place, the government responded with Chernobyl Liquidators. Their effectiveness has been questioned, and the way they have been treated after the fact has also been questioned. As with most disasters that are cleaned up by human beings, people who were on that team often get sick at a later date. There is sometimes no rhyme or reason to why some of them get sick and others do not, but there are generally deep concerns about whether anyone who does become ill is compensated correctly for the pain and suffering that have occurred in their lives. The Chernobyl incident occurred on April 26, 2986, and there were many people from the ussian population that were called in to help clean up. They were called clean-up workers, but they also gained the name "liquidators." Certificates were given to….
Cheney, G.A. (1995). Journey to Chernobyl: Encounters in a Radioactive Zone. Chicago: Academy.
Medvedev, G. (1991). The Truth About Chernobyl. VAAP. New York: Basic Books.
Medvedev, Z.A. (1990). The Legacy of Chernobyl (paperback ed.). New York W.W. Norton & Company.
Read, P.P. (1993). Ablaze! The Story of Chernobyl. UK: Random House.
Some experts say that limits of 500 picocuries are harmful, especially to developing fetuses. hen we have conflicting information at this level, then it becomes hard to know what information is the best information. To ere on the side of caution, however, when one is facing harmful radiation levels, would logically be the course of action to follow. Except for cleanup at Chernobyl, there was nothing to be done about the accident. The question is, what kind of oversight was done to ensure that Chernobyl was cleaned up?
Chernobyl was not the first nuclear reactor the world has experienced. The first such accident happened in the United States, at Three Mile Island (TMI). In early 1979, a nuclear reactor in Pennsylvania was the site for the worst (known) accident in American history. Today, that reactor remains closed down, and the site at Three Mile Island, stands as a stark reminder to….
Baverstock, Keith, and Dillwyn Williams. "The Chernobyl Nuclear Catastrophe: Baverstock and Williams Respond." Environmental Health Perspectives 115.5 (2007): 239+. Questia. 5 Dec. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5022670046 .
Blankenship, Steve. "The Battle of Chernobyl." Teaching History: A Journal of Methods 33.1 (2008): 43+. Questia. 5 Dec. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5026739330 .
Chernobyl forum refers to an assembly of organizations that was formed in 2003 on 3-5 February in Vienna, which is the headquarters of international Atomic Energy Agency. It was founded so as assess and to give reports concerning the environmental and health consequences of Chernobyl (Clark, 2006).
Organizations involved in the Chernobyl Forum
There are various organizations that came in to give hand after the Chernobyl accident occurred. Their aim was to fully get over the stigma that was brought by the tragedy. Though there are several organizations that came in we will concentrate on two only.
This organization works very closely with International Chernobyl esearch and Information Network (Chykin, 2007). It concentrates on rehabilitation of the areas that were affected during the accident and upgrading public capabilities so as to manage public exposure.
UNICEF: This organization specializes on ensuring that mothers, young people and children have good health. At the same time UNICEF….
In contrast, nuclear systems today are planned to respond to disasters. Even the Japanese power plants had extensive fail-safe mechanisms. The problem was, that while the Japanese had prepared for the possibility of an earthquake, they had not prepared for the danger of a tsunami following shortly afterward: "all the affected reactors initially managed to shut down automatically as planned, and begin emergency cooling operations. None of the reactors, for example, suffered damage that prevented the insertion of the control rods. hen the Fukushima-1 lost power, the backup diesel generators started up as planned. But they were then knocked out an hour later, apparently by the tsunami" ("Japan's nuclear crisis," CS Monitor, 2011). Chernobyl, in contrast, was caused by human error, and the plant had no fail-safe mechanisms for even a single disaster.
hile the operators at Chernobyl may have been poorly trained, the firefighters who worked to contain the….
Barringer, Felicity. "The long half life of Chernobyl." The New York Times. March 16, 2011.
[March 18, 2011] http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/03/16/the-long-half-life-of-chernobyl/?scp=2&sq=Chernobyl&st=cse
Bradsher. Keith & H. Tabuchi. "Last defense at troubled reactors." The New York Times.
March 16, 2011. [March 18, 2011] http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/16/world/asia/16workers.html?_r=1&hp
The Chernobyl nuclear disaster is one of the worst ever catastrophe to strike the world. On April 26, 1986 the unit 4 reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine was totally destroyed by the explosion that was triggered by the sudden surge in the power output. Radioactive material got scattered all over the place leading to severe radiation hazard which was not restricted to Ukraine and the places in the immediate vicinity but affected most of the nations in the European continent. The severity of the problem can be ascertained by the grave environmental implications and the serious damage it caused to the ecosystem. Let us study the disaster with respect to the impact on the environment and its effect on the health of people.
The Accident (A brief outlook)
The Chernobyl accident occurred when the operators pushed the parameters beyond the safety limit as an experiment. For days….
Roberta Crowell Barabalace, "Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster revisited," Accessed on November 12th, 2003, http://environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/hazmat/articles/chernobyl2.html
Nuclear Energy Agency," "Chernobyl: Assessment of radiological and Health Impact," Accessed on November 12th, 2003, http://www.nea.fr/html/rp/chernobyl/c05.html
Nuclear information center, South Australia," "The 1986 Nuclear Disaster at Chernobyl," Accessed on November 12th, 2003, http://www.ccsa.asn.au/nic/NucHazards/Chernobyl.htm
4) Jason Manning, "Chernobyl," Accessed on November 12th 2003, http://eightiesclub.tripod.com/id231.htm
egions of overlapped accountability and authority wanted to be obviously recognized previous to any disaster. A lasting infrastructure needed also to be in place and upheld for any proficient completion of defensive actions. Such an infrastructure had to comprise quick communications systems, involvement teams and observation networks. Mobile ground observation teams were needed, as was airborne observation and tracking of the plume. Many countries reacted to this need by setting up such observation networks and rearranging their crisis reaction (Chernobyl: Assessment of adiological and Health Impact 2002 Update of Chernobyl: Ten Years on, 2010).
Logistic issues linked with intervention plans and migration clearly needed to be in place and practiced long ahead of the disaster, as they are too difficult and protracted to be put into place during the short period accessible throughout the development of the disaster. Intercession measures and the stages at which they should be initiated needed….
Backgrounder on Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Accident. (2009). Retrieved November 18,
2010, from USNRC Web site: http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/chernobyl-bg.html
Beehner, Lionel. (2006). Chernobyl, Nuclear Power, and Foreign Policy. Retrieved November
18, 2010, from Council on Foreign Relations Web site:
It is quite clear that their attitudes toward the event are expressed in their words and photos, and that their hearts linger with the children of Chernobyl, the children with brain tumors, hydrocephalus, birth defects, cancer, and numerous other ailments that have been tied to the radiation that permeates the area. These children are the unsung victims of the disaster, and people no longer think of them, or their plight. These authors attempt to change that by bringing their condition to the public and forcing them to look at what still goes on inside ussia. They show how the government largely ignores the area, the children, and the problem. Hopefully, work like theirs will change society's attitude both toward the aftereffects of this horrible disaster and toward nuclear power in general. Safeguards were not in place in ussia, in fact, the safeguards were turned off the night of the….
Croce, Marie. "Children of the Damned; the After-Effects of the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster Have Turned the Village of Lapachy into a Hell on Earth." Daily Record (Glasgow, Scotland) 10 Feb. 2001: 34.
De Jong, Antoinette, and Robert Knoth. "Nuclear Nightmares: Twenty Years Since Chernobyl." Pixie Press.org. 2006. 6 Dec. 2007.
Baverstock, Keith, and Dillwyn Williams. "The Chernobyl Accident 20 Years on: An Assessment of the Health Consequences and the International Response." Environmental Health Perspectives 114.9 (2006): 1312+.
In its attempt to be a leader in the nuclear power industry, the Soviet Union took risks that proved to be disastrous. Soviet nuclear power reactors were built with a major design flaw, and on the 26th of April 1986 this design flaw caused the greatest nuclear energy disaster in history of the human race. Nuclear power reactors are extremely complicated pieces of machinery with a variety of safety features built into them, however, the Soviets' design had a problem; in the event of a total power failure the system was designed to use back-up generators to power the cooling system and prevent a total meltdown. But the back-up generators required a period of time to reach maximum output, some 60-75 seconds, and in this time the core could possibly begin to meltdown. (Smith 2) Soviet nuclear engineers had hypothesized that a fan used for cooling another part of….
Chernobyl Nuclear disaster took place in 1986 in Ukraine which is a former Soviet State. This plant was built back in 1970 and consisted of 4 reactors. The plant was scheduled to undergo a scheduled and controlled shut down so as to test the generator's ability to produce electricity using the plant's safety system. eactor 4 of this plant exploded after interior energy increased beyond control discharging radioactive debris and smoke on close by cities and created a radioactive cloud that spread out to a big region of the U.S.S.. And Europe. This catastrophe involved over 500,000 workers, and over 18 million ubles. It was considered an International disaster due to the large area that it impacted negatively.
Immediately after the incident, firefighters arrived at the scene and tried to put off the fires. Lieutenant Pravik was among the first commandants to arrive at the scene and he died in 1986….
Alexey V.Y.; Vassily B. Nesterenko; Alexey V. (2009). Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences) Wiley-Blackwell.
Berger, E.M. (2010). The Chernobyl Disaster, Concern about the Environment, and Life Satisfaction. Kyklos, 63(1), 1-8
Davletbaev, R (2001). Last shift Chernobyl. Ten years later. Inevitability or chance? Moscow: Energoatomizdat.
Jargin, S. (2012). Debate on the Chernobyl disaster: on the causes of Chernobyl overestimation. International Journal Of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation, 42(1), 29-34
Accountability for Dangerous Mitigation Efforts
When the Chernobyl nuclear accident took place, the response framework was nowhere near what it should have been. As such, many people died and many others became sick in later years from the effects of the radiation to which they had been exposed (Cheney, 1995). The main reason behind so much sickness and death was that the workers at the nuclear plant did not recognize or acknowledge the severity of the incident. Even with pieces of the reactor lying on the ground around them, they still felt that they could still pump water into the reactor and stop any further problems (Medvedev, 1991). In the meantime, there was so much radiation being released that the workers who were in the plant ended up dying within days from the heavy doses of radiation they received. They did not put on protective gear. Some of the workers who….
For example, the EP has the right to bring an action for failure to act, and can also take action to have the ECJ review acts of the Council or the Commission.
Despite those protections, the ECJ determined that the legal remedies provided for in the Euratom Treaty and EEC treaty might be ineffective or uncertain.
For example, an action for failure to act cannot be used to challenge a measure that has already been adopted.
In addition, though the EP has the right to seek a preliminary ruling on the validity of such an action, such a ruling does not mean that anyone will actually bring an action for annulment.
In fact, even though the Commission is required to respect the EP's prerogatives, it is not obliged to adopt the EP's positions as its own.
As a result, the ECJ concluded that the legal remedies available to the EP were not sufficient to….
These massive walls of water travel faster than a commercial jet as they descend upon cities and islands. The energy and force of a Tsunamis is the massive transference of potential energy, caused by the shifting currents of the ocean, into kinetic energy that active pushes the Tsunamis forward. In 2004, one tsunami traveled 375 miles in a mere 75 minutes, about 300 miles per hour. Energy however is not just limited the massive, and the mystical, it is present in every form of life. In our own bodies, energy is the driving force behind why our heart pumps blood and why we have the ability to breathe. We use chemical energy, kinetic energy, heat energy, etc. To power the basic functions of our bodies.
imply put, energy drives every stage of life, it is in attempting to find the factors that influence how energy is used and cultivated that….
Simply put, energy drives every stage of life, it is in attempting to find the factors that influence how energy is used and cultivated that has established the sciences. There are limitations to energy however, detailed by the fundamental laws of physics such as the law of conservation of energy. Scientist's everyday is attempting to fine hone and find the limitations of scientific knowledge. In the hopes that one day we will find an indisputable source of energy that will never wane in force, the dream of "perpetual motion."
Serway, Raymond a.; Jewett, John W. (2004). Physics for Scientists and Engineers (6th ed.). Brooks/Cole
Walding, Richard, Rapkins, Greg, Rossiter, Glenn (1999-11-01). New Century Senior Physics. Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press
Nuclear Energy: isks vs. eward
Every source of energy has its own drawbacks. This is more so the case taking into consideration the recent energy source related accidents including but not limited to coal-mining mishaps, the nuclear crisis in Japan, the B.P. oil spill, etc. In this text, I will amongst other things concern myself with nuclear power and the consequences associated with the development of the same.
As I have already pointed out in the introductory section, every source of energy has a set of drawbacks. For instance, while there are a number of benefits associated with wind energy, the same also has several disadvantages. In the words of Eccleston, March and Cohen (2011), "wind farms can interfere with radar, creating a hole in radar coverage affecting aviation and national security." The author further points out that wind energy is largely unpredictable. Similarly, although hydroelectric power in the opinion of Eccleston,….
Eccleston, C.H., March, F. & Cohen, T. (2011). Inside Energy: Developing and Managing an ISO 50001 Energy Management System. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Ginley, D.S. & Cahen, D. (Eds.). (2011). Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability. New York: Cambridge University Press.
McKinney, M.L., Schoch, R.M. & Yonavjak, L. (2012). Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Miller, G.T. & Spoolman, S. (2007). Environmental Science. Belmont, CA: Thompson Higher Education.
ritish Airways Flight 9
The Institution of Mechanical Engineers report entitled "Volcanic Ash: To Fly or Not to Fly? reports that the prediction of "ash movement and dispersal has become more sophisticated over the years. In the UK, the Met Office uses Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modeling Environment (NAME), computer model, developed after the Chernobyl accident in 1986." (2010, p.3) This model is reported to have tracked various atmospheric dispersion events and to have as its purpose the prediction of "how far and how concentrated, emitted particles will be dispersed, using a number of factors, such as wind, rainfall and particle size…" (Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 2010, p.3) On June 24, 1982 ritish Airways 747-200, Flight 9 near Jakarta Indonesia ran into trouble when the crew accidentally flew into a volcanic ash cloud from Mount Galunggung in west Java, Indonesia. The ash caused severe damage to all four engines and the aircraft lost….
Guidance for Flight Crews and Controllers (nd) Retrieved from: www.skybrary.aero/index.php/Volcanic_Ash
Marks, Paul (2010) Engine Stripdowns Establish Safe Volcanic Ash Levels. 10 Apr 2010. Retrieved from: www.newscientist.com/article/dn18802-enginestripdowns-establish-safe-volcanic-ash-levels.html
Moody, Eric (1986) Down to a Sunless Sea: Anatomy of An Incident. The Log, April 1986. Retrieved from: http://www.ericmoody.com/Page1.pdf
Volcanic Ash: To Fly or Not to Fly? Institution of Mechanical Engineers -- The Background Science of Engineering. October 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.imeche.org/Libraries/IMechE_Report_Library/IMechE_Volcanic_Ash_Report.sflb.ashx
Management Strategy to Utilize Meta-Analysis Technique for Nuclear Energy and Waste Disposal and Create Social Sustainability
This research proposal explores the link between public perceptions of nuclear power, how those perceptions are formed, and what influence those opinions have on energy policy. These issues are important in light of two realities. First, nuclear energy is declining in its share of global energy. Second, nuclear energy offers what might well be the best solution to climate change. Given the threat posed by climate change, it makes sense that nuclear power would be increasing in share, not decreasing. This esearch proposal seeks to look at some of the issues facing nuclear power, and how it can overcome these issues to increase share going forward.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents v
List of Tables viii
List of Figures vii
Chapter One: Introduction 1
Topic Overview 7
Problem Statement 8
Purpose Statement 10
Social Dimension in Nuclear Energy 3
Abokeng, A.K. (2005). Understanding Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90, 845-848.
Alic, J. (2012). Six things to do with nuclear waste: None of them ideal. Oil Price.com. Retrieved June 17, 2015 from http://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy/Nuclear-Power/6-Things-to-do-with-Nuclear-Waste-None-of-them-Ideal.html
Alley, W. & Alley, R. (2013). Too hot to touch: The problem of high-level nuclear waste. Review by Konikow, L. (2013). Hydrogeology Journal.
Bangert-Drowns, Robert L. & Rudner, Lawrence M. (1991).Meta-analysis in educational research.Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2(8). Retrieved September 4, 2008 from http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=2&n=8
Chernobyl Liquidators: An Analysis of Government esponse and Deployment When the Chernobyl nuclear accident took place, the government responded with Chernobyl Liquidators. Their effectiveness has been questioned, and the way…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
" Some experts say that limits of 500 picocuries are harmful, especially to developing fetuses. hen we have conflicting information at this level, then it becomes hard to know what…Read Full Paper ❯
Transportation - Environmental Issues
Chernobyl forum refers to an assembly of organizations that was formed in 2003 on 3-5 February in Vienna, which is the headquarters of international Atomic Energy Agency. It was…Read Full Paper ❯
In contrast, nuclear systems today are planned to respond to disasters. Even the Japanese power plants had extensive fail-safe mechanisms. The problem was, that while the Japanese had…Read Full Paper ❯
Chernobyl Disaster The Chernobyl nuclear disaster is one of the worst ever catastrophe to strike the world. On April 26, 1986 the unit 4 reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power…Read Full Paper ❯
egions of overlapped accountability and authority wanted to be obviously recognized previous to any disaster. A lasting infrastructure needed also to be in place and upheld for any…Read Full Paper ❯
Family and Marriage
It is quite clear that their attitudes toward the event are expressed in their words and photos, and that their hearts linger with the children of Chernobyl, the…Read Full Paper ❯
Chernobyl Disaster In its attempt to be a leader in the nuclear power industry, the Soviet Union took risks that proved to be disastrous. Soviet nuclear power reactors were built…Read Full Paper ❯
Chernobyl Nuclear disaster took place in 1986 in Ukraine which is a former Soviet State. This plant was built back in 1970 and consisted of 4 reactors. The plant…Read Full Paper ❯
Accountability for Dangerous Mitigation Efforts When the Chernobyl nuclear accident took place, the response framework was nowhere near what it should have been. As such, many people died and many…Read Full Paper ❯
For example, the EP has the right to bring an action for failure to act, and can also take action to have the ECJ review acts of the…Read Full Paper ❯
These massive walls of water travel faster than a commercial jet as they descend upon cities and islands. The energy and force of a Tsunamis is the massive…Read Full Paper ❯
Nuclear Energy: isks vs. eward Every source of energy has its own drawbacks. This is more so the case taking into consideration the recent energy source related accidents including but…Read Full Paper ❯
ritish Airways Flight 9 The Institution of Mechanical Engineers report entitled "Volcanic Ash: To Fly or Not to Fly? reports that the prediction of "ash movement and dispersal has become…Read Full Paper ❯
Management Strategy to Utilize Meta-Analysis Technique for Nuclear Energy and Waste Disposal and Create Social Sustainability This research proposal explores the link between public perceptions of nuclear power, how…Read Full Paper ❯