Chernobyl Liquidators Research Paper

Length: 4 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Government Type: Research Paper Paper: #76186567 Related Topics: Russian, Disaster Management, Pain Management, Fire Safety
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Chernobyl Liquidators: An Analysis of Government Response and Deployment

When the Chernobyl nuclear accident took place, the government responded with Chernobyl Liquidators. Their effectiveness has been questioned, and the way they have been treated after the fact has also been questioned. As with most disasters that are cleaned up by human beings, people who were on that team often get sick at a later date. There is sometimes no rhyme or reason to why some of them get sick and others do not, but there are generally deep concerns about whether anyone who does become ill is compensated correctly for the pain and suffering that have occurred in their lives. The Chernobyl incident occurred on April 26, 2986, and there were many people from the Russian population that were called in to help clean up. They were called clean-up workers, but they also gained the name "liquidators." Certificates were given to more than 600,000, recognizing them as liquidators and acknowledging their help in the matter (Cheney, 1995).

Of course, those people were exposed to radiation. Then, in the 1990s, the U.S.S.R. dissolved. That made it very difficult to acquire any of the health records for the individuals who had worked as liquidators in the past. They are scattered in various countries throughout that region, and the Russian government has not been faithful about keeping accurate records of the Chernobyl incident. It is likely that there are not even good estimates regarding the actual extent of the damage. Physicians in Belarus did studies, however, that showed cancer diagnoses to be approximately four times higher in the population of liquidators than it is in the standard, overall population of Russian people (Cheney, 1995). The figures quoted by any and all agencies are completely controversial, so there is no certainty to any of the data. Further, there is no way to get or prove certainty in the...

...

People who study the incident are left with more questions than answers.

Chernobyl has been classified as the worst nuclear disaster in history (Read, 1993). The cost of the cleanup crippled the economy in the U.S.S.R. For some time, and the human cost was also very great. Even now, there are still people feeling the effects of the cleanup in which they participated after Chernobyl. A systems test on the day of the incident resulted in a power surge that was unexpected. Because of the surge, workers attempted an emergency shutdown. Instead of working correctly, this caused another, more aggressive power surge to take place. A reactor vessel ruptured because of this, and explosions began. The graphite moderator was then exposed to the air, which caused its ignition. The fire that occurred from this ignition sent radioactive smoke and fallout into the air (Medvedev, 1991). People who lived nearby were evacuated, and many of them were resettled somewhere else because it was not safe for them to return to their homes and businesses after the disaster.

Nuclear issues are not like floods and fires, where people can go home after the immediate danger has passed. Instead, radiation lingers and continues to cause problems for a long period of time. There was a multi-disciplinary response to the incident, but in some cases there was nothing to be done. Unprotected workers who did not expect the explosion and resulting fire and smoke cloud received a lethal dose of radiation within just a few minutes time. There was nothing that could be done for those individuals. The dosimeters that were used to measure the radiation after the incident did not register high enough to tell workers the actual radiation level. They only showed "off scale," which indicated that the radiation was above 0.001 R/s (Medvedev, 1990; Read, 1993). It is highly possible that the radiation levels were much higher in some areas and some cases, but could not be measured as such. The lower readings meant that the reactor crew chief assumed the reactor was still intact. The other evidence - reactor fuel and pieces of graphite lying around the building - were completely ignored by the chief and his crew. They remained in the building until the morning, pumping water into the reactor. Within three weeks, the majority of them were dead of…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Cheney, G.A. (1995). Journey to Chernobyl: Encounters in a Radioactive Zone. Chicago: Academy.

Medvedev, G. (1991). The Truth About Chernobyl. VAAP. New York: Basic Books.

Medvedev, Z.A. (1990). The Legacy of Chernobyl (paperback ed.). New York W.W. Norton & Company.

Read, P.P. (1993). Ablaze! The Story of Chernobyl. UK: Random House.


Cite this Document:

"Chernobyl Liquidators" (2012, February 05) Retrieved September 28, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/chernobyl-liquidators-54019

"Chernobyl Liquidators" 05 February 2012. Web.28 September. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/chernobyl-liquidators-54019>

"Chernobyl Liquidators", 05 February 2012, Accessed.28 September. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/chernobyl-liquidators-54019

Related Documents
Radiation Safety in Industrial Hygiene
Words: 3388 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Physics Paper #: 5185776

Radiation Safety in Industrial Hygiene Nature has it that all living things depend on a certain type of radiation to survive. This is evident in many ways for instance we can see because our eyes sense and become aware of the radiation in the form of light; then there is infrared radiation that allows is to keep ourselves warm in the cold weather, radiation is used for cooking, whether it is

Radiation Protection Radiation Safety Manual
Words: 2384 Length: 9 Pages Topic: Healthcare Paper #: 38285415

It is carried out under the auspices of the Ministry of Health, acting through the Russian Federation Department of Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance (DSES). DSES is responsible for a wide range of areas of public health, including radiation protection." (Vincent, 1998) Quality Assurance Quality Assurance is statistically determined and tracked within each department when a radiation emitting device is in use. The Performance Improvement Team has overriding authority in this area

Radiation Three Types of Radiation Is the
Words: 567 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Physics Paper #: 70103717

Radiation Three Types of Radiation Radiation is the term given to the emission of various particles, typically from the nuclei of atoms (BCS 2011; Nave 2011). The universe has many different sources of radiation, and there are also different types of radiation depending on the source and, to a much greater degree, the exact particles that are involved in the radiation (Nave 2011). Understanding the different types of radiation is useful for

Radiation Therapy/Medical Dissymmetry My Program
Words: 329 Length: 1 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 62516865

My education consists of a Bachelors degree in Radiological Science, I also maintain a high grade point average (gpa), and pride myself on the care given to my study and work history. Although I already have a bachelors degree in the field of radiology, that is not enough. I wish to obtain a higher understanding of the subject matter, addition hands on experience, and the opportunity to use all the

Radiation Control with Types and Effects
Words: 1755 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Environmental Science Paper #: 97664213

Radiation Radiation can be described as energy that is in the form of streams or waves of particles. Numerous types of radiation surround us. When most individuals hear the term radiation, the thing that comes to their mind is nuclear power, radioactivity, and atomic energy. Radiation, however, has several other forms. Visible light and sound are some familiar kinds of radiation. Other kinds of radiation include television and radio signals, infrared

Radiation Oncology the Basics Radiation
Words: 852 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Disease Paper #: 95672112

This technique is not as effective as a primary method of treating cancer Side Effects of Radiotherapy Fatigue, changes to the skin, and loss of appetite are all common side effects of radiation treatments. For treatments in the head and neck region, saliva production is also often inhibited, exacerbating appetite issues Loss of appetite also contributes to fatigue, and doctors recommend eating small meals more frequently as well as taking frequent short