Citizen Kane Essays (Examples)

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Expressive Works of Art

Words: 1423 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72475298

Orson elles' Film Citizen Kane (1941) on Expression in Film; the Film Industry; and on the Theory of Director as "Auteur"

The expressive meaning of the cinematic masterpiece Citizen Kane, directed by Orson elles in 1941, cannot be summed up succinctly. ithin Citizen Kane, everything is significant; not a single frame is wasted or extraneous. Each separate portion of the film contributes to its overall impact as one of the greatest cinematic achievements, if not the greatest, ever. The film is, quite simply, a tour de force of film directing; cinematography; mise-en-scene; editing; sound (it is considered the best sound film ever made (Mast and Kawin; Giannetti); acting; "aesthetic realism" (Bazin, p. 43) and an amazing (even to this day) synthesis of all these elements and more. Therefore, analyzing one line, or one key scene, or even a long series of scenes from Citizen Kane and declaring any of these…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bazin, Andre. What is Cinema, Vol. II. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California:

University of California Press, 1971. 40-45.

Giannetti, Louis. Understanding Movies. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall,

1993. 445-480.
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Directors Have the Task of

Words: 1386 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71189675

Those two instances music was used to tell the story vs. simply dialog.

The film is filled with Capra quips, parts of business, and artistic tropes such as the invisible baseball game Willoughby performs when discussing fixing up his arm. Norton constantly cleaning his glasses and a duet between John and his fellow tramp the Colonel with the harmonica and ocarina are just some of the memorable and charming scenes Capra became well-known for. Capra also did, much like Welles, an assortment of montages and self-parody. Meaning, Capra had vertically challenged people signifying the "little people" in promotional photos for Doe.

The setting and set design of "Citizen Kane" was quite lush and grandiose. Everything from the animals in the zoo and the fake octopus puppet were larger than life. Music seemed narrate the movie just as much if not more than the dialog. Even when in the newspaper setting,…… [Read More]

References

Welles, O. (Director). (1941). Citizen Kane [Motion picture]. United States: Warner Home Video.

Hawks, H. (Director). (1940). His girl Friday [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia TriStar Home Video.

Capra, F. (Director). (1941). Meet John Doe [Motion picture]. United States: Alpha Video Distributors.
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Trip Pack and Re-Pack Your Goals and

Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16643707

trip: Pack and re-Pack your goals and dreams

Isn't it everybody's dream to be rich, talented and world famous? Well you better prepare for the worst.

Unless you get a grip on reality before it's too late, the road to superstardom is an unfulfilling and pitiful path that dead-ends in a tragic nightmare, according to the storyline of three modern films.

The main characters of the films "Nashville," "The Rose" and "Citizen Kane," all worked hard to make it to the top but hit the downhill slide as their original goals were lost in the quagmire of excessive behavior that followed meteoric success. The characters of these films illustrate that fame, wealth and superstardom without direction can blind us and isolate us from the very real people with whom we share the world. Where did they go wrong?

Let's take a look to avoid the pitfalls.

In all three pictures,…… [Read More]

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Media and Film

Words: 1948 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28918560

Shattered Glass

Stephen Glass, the protagonist of the film, played by Hayden Christensen, works for The New Republic as a reporter. His use of colorful stories to draw attention from readers earns him a solid reputation amongst his peers and his employers. Michael Kelly, an editor that backs Glass' eventually discovered false stories, gets fired for standing up for himself. Glass then writes a hacker story that he himself did not check and is therefore caught in the first real instance of the movie of corruption. A reporter, wishing to earn or maintain a good reputation, fabricates a story.

How it was discovered, was when Charles Lane becomes weary of the so called, "credible sources," of Glass' piece. When he discovers that Glass never went to the restaurant he said he did and never went to a hacking convention, and only relied on online, false sources, Glass gets suspended. Many…… [Read More]

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Orson Welles

Words: 1177 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19439546

Orson elles to Visual Arts

One of the most influential motion picture directors and producers of the 20th century was Orson elles, whose well-known radio rendition of "ar of the orlds" in 1938 panicked an entire country long before September 11, 2001. Shortly after "ar of the orlds," elles would go on to direct "Citizen Kane" in 1941, regarded by some film critics as the greatest motion picture ever made. Although "Citizen Kane" would remain his crowning achievement, elles went on to make several more movies, including some of the biggest money-makers of their time. To determine how elles' career started and what his contributions to the visual arts have been, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature, followed by a summary of the research, important findings, and an assessment concerning what was learned regarding this topic and rationale in support of that conclusion.

Review and Analysis

The…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Belsey, Catherine. Culture and the Real. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Benamou, Catherine L. (2009). "Everybody's Orson Welles: Treasures from the Special

Collections Library at the University of Michigan." Michigan Quarterly Review 48(2):

187-188.
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Luis Bunuel and Orson Welles Influential and

Words: 1232 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99007864

Luis Bunuel and Orson Welles: Influential and evolutionary Filmmakers in Film History

In the history of film, two important directors are recognized all over the world because of their great contribution to the development of film throughout the years. These two directors are Luis Bunuel, director of the Surrealist film "Un Chien Andalou" (An Andalusian Dog) and Orson Welles, director of the American classic film, "Citizen Kane." Both directors have given significant contributions to the history of film that are currently and still in practice. There are numerous filmmakers who are equally qualified to be considered as influential filmmakers, but Bunuel and Welles' contribution surpasses the other directors' contributions and revolutionary practices that changed and shaped the world and history of film at present.

Luis Bunuel is a Spanish director who was known primarily for his contribution the Surrealist movement that emerged along with the French Impressionist movement during the…… [Read More]

References

Bordwell, David and Kristin Thompson. "Film Art: An Introduction." New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co. 1997. p. 455.

Sarris, Andrew (Ed.). "Interview with Film Directors." New York: Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc. 1995. pp. 457-78.

Stone, Judy. "Conversations with International Filmmakers." California: Silman-James Press. 1997. pp. 569-77.
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1947 Film Possessed 1947 by

Words: 1051 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52638992

The setting then shifts to ashington, D.C., where a younger Louise is in love with an unmarried construction engineer, David (Van Heflin). David, however, finds Louise overbearing and does not return her love, which only makes her want David even more, to the point of obsession. An obsession or a quest (e.g., Sam Spade's quest for the Maltese falcon; the young reporter's quest to find "Rosebud" in Citizen Kane, is also a frequent film noir element, although in general, within film noir films, the main character's quest is more mysterious than Louise's overt, obsessive quest for David's love.

Film noir often also contains plot coincidences, or odd confluences of events (e.g., Kane just happens to meet Susan Alexander on a dreary night when his marriage has just come apart). Such a coincidence within Possessed takes place when David happens to turn up at the home of Louise's employer, a wealthy…… [Read More]

Water, e.g., lakes, swimming pools, puddles, reservoirs, steamy showers, etc., especially when tied to mysterious or ominous circumstances or events, is another common element often used within film noir. Roman Polanski's Chinatown (1974), a later film noir classic, for example, features swimming pools; mysterious trickles of water; a reservoir, etc., all of them tied to the nefarious activities of the film's villain. In Possessed, Pauline, also a villain of sorts (Louise's tormenter) drowns herself.

Film noir often frequently contains a "femme fatale," such as the female main characters in The Maltese Falcon; The Big Sleep; and Chinatown. The femme fatale is a beautiful and seductive woman. She seldom actually kills anyone, although she may be involved in a plot to kill someone, or may otherwise contribute toward another person's (usually a man's) death. In Possessed, Louise's character is an odd a twist on the "femme fatale" stereotype, in that she is, quite literally, the person fatal to David, when she shoots and kills David in the end.

All in all, Curtis Bernhardt's film Possessed (1947) is neither a pure woman's film nor a pure example of film noir, but instead contains elements of each. If it is a woman's film, a woman's film, it is a twisted and ironic example of that, since its main female character is not one with which female (or any) viewers can identify, and her circumstances are atypical of most women's. However, the film does possess elements of unrequited love; of a woman alone facing difficulties, and of a love triangle: all typical elements of women's films. Possessed contains some, but not all key elements of film noir; including images of darkness; shadows, or haze; stark lighting; unusual camera angles; stark, washed-out appearances, and the element of water in connection with death.
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Man Who Shot Liberty Valance

Words: 2725 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98705335

Man ho Shot Liberty Valance and the Brilliance of John Ford

John Ford's The Man ho Shot Liberty Valance (1962), a classic western with a few film noir elements included, is elegiac in the sense that its narrative strategy is that of eulogistic remembrance by now-Senator Ransom Stoddard, of horse rancher Tom Doniphan, who once saved Stoddard's life and changed it much for the better, and who was the real man who shot Liberty Valance. According to Robert Horton, "This may be the saddest estern ever made, closer to an elegy than an action movie, and as cleanly beautiful as its central symbol, the cactus rose" ("Editorial Reviews"). Upon Tom Doniphan's death in the small fictional town of Shinbone (state unknown) Ransom and Hallie Stoddard arrive back in town to pay their final respects to Doniphan who sacrificed so much of himself, and so much of his own future happiness,…… [Read More]

Works Cited.

Berardinelli, James. "Dances with Wolves: A Film Review." Top 10 of the 90's.

Retrieved May 28, 2005, from: .

Ford, John. (Dir.). The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance. With John Wayne and Vera Miles.

Paramount, 1962.
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Production Gaumont-British Producer Michael Balcon Screenplay and

Words: 3346 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3443954

Production: Gaumont-British; Producer: Michael Balcon; Screenplay and Adaptation: Charles Bennett and Alma Reville from the novel by John Buchan; Principal Actors: Madeleine Carroll, Robert Donat, Lucie Mannheim and Godfrey Tearle

The 39 Steps was based on the John Buchan novel, written in 1915. Hitchcock freely adapted and changed the premise of the novel that very little of the original plot remained. Buchan, who was also the British Governor General in Canada at that time, was initially upset; but, after he saw the final product, he admitted that the film was much better than his novel.

This was the first time that Hitchcock used the now often-repeated theme of sympathy for the man unjustly framed and on the run, all the while attempting to clear his besmirched name and find the real culprit. Hitchcock also used the techniques of combining two scenes unrelated visually but by sound. The director relied more…… [Read More]

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Scorsese's Journey Through Film Scorsese's

Words: 1314 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10915731

Scorsese equates him with "a magician enchanted by his own magic." This freedom allowed Welles to create from narrative techniques and filmic devices a masterpiece that is self-aware of its own form. It intends to communicate this self-consciousness to the audience, thus contradicting the classical canons of filmmaking whereby the camera ought not to be noticed and the shots should be seamless. In other words, Welles expanded the art form of cinema, using the camera the way a poet uses a pen. He even created fake news footage in unique ways to enhance the film's appearance. His immense influence can be seen more on the art form as later with Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey.

Censorship was still rife in Hollywood. The league of decency suppressed adult themes. Elia Kazan's adaptation of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) was censored. What we would see now as almost innocent -- a…… [Read More]

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Future of Television I Hate

Words: 4811 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21513370

The governments of China clearly believe that if they do not ban shows where the premise is based on the voting then it could lead their citizens to want the right to vote in the government on their own opinions. The influence that television has, in this case by indirectly helping Chinese citizens move in the direction of being slightly more "democratic," is seen as a threat- it is hard to believe that television could threaten the national security of a world super power.

The current influence that television has on individual's lives is only growing stronger as technology continues to develop. Recent developments have shown that television will now be in "three-dimensions," so that individuals who view TV can be full immersed in the movie or show they are watching ("ho Needs It"). But is that even necessary when nine out of ten homes have televisions in their homes…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adams, Paul C. "Television as a Gathering Place." Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 82.1 (1992): n. page. Print.

"An Interactive Feature." Economist. 29 April 2010: n. page. Web. 18 Oct. 2011. .

Blockbuster Bankruptcy, . "Blockbuster Bankruptcy 2010." Blockbuster, 2011. Web. 18 Oct 2011. .

Chen, Jason. "Google TV Review: It's Kinda the Future." Gizmodo, 26 Oct 2010. Web. 18 Oct 2011.  http://gizmodo.com/5672946/google-tv-review-its-kinda-the-future .
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Film History

Words: 8657 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24941469

movie industry in America has been controlled by some of the monolithic companies which not only provided a place for making the movies, but also made the movies themselves and then distributed it throughout the entire country. These are movie companies and their entire image revolved around the number of participants of their films. People who wanted to see the movies being made had to go to the studios in order to see them. They made movies in a profitable manner for the sake of the studios, but placed the entire industry under their control and dominated over it. The discussion here is about some of those famous studios inclusive of that of names like Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Culver, RKO, Paramount Studios, Warner Bros, 20th Century Fox, Walt Disney Studios, Universal Studios, Raleigh Studio, Hollywood Center Studio, Sunset Gower Studio, Ren-Mar Studios, Charlie Chaplin Studios and now, Manhattan Beach Studio.…… [Read More]

"What better way to annoy the Hollywood liberals than to remind them every single day that

George W. Bush is STILL the President?" Retrieved from https://www.donationreport.com/init/controller/ProcessEntryCmd?key=O8S0T5C8U2 Accessed 15 September, 2005

"What's interesting about the business is that it's no longer the movie business" Retrieved from  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/hollywood/picture/corptown.html  Accessed 14 September, 2005
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Samurai Shichinin No Samurai Is

Words: 1088 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25315919

This film is distinguished from the average samurai film by the director's "masterful handling of cinematic technique," in which he captures the essence of a scene in a mere few moments with a series of glances rather than dialogue and special effects.

Moreover, Kurosawa creates a moral complexity of good and evil, creating sympathy for both the samurai and the farmers, and although the samurai are portrayed as heroic while the farmers are weak, he "also points out that heroic deeds are not always performed for noble reasons, and that there are different kinds of heroism." Kurosawa creates a "delicate juxtaposition between the samurais' graceful art of combat and the barbaric reality of war."

At the end, Kambei, the leader of this small group of samurai, realizes that the farmers, although weak, are the lucky ones, for they are at one with nature, "participating in the timeless ritual of life,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arnold, Gary. "Seven Samurai Still Gritty and Great at 50." World and I. October 01

2004. Retrieved October 08, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web sit.

Akira Kurosawa. Retrieved October 08, 2005 at  http://www.filmref.com/directors/dirpages/kurosawa.html 

Jidaigeki. Retrieved October 08, 2005 at http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/j/ji/jidaigeki.htm
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Examining a Contemporary Feature Film

Words: 4159 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29890079

French New Wave/Auteur Theory and Tarantino

Quentin Tarantino: An Auteur

French New Wave cinema is a cinematic movement of the 1950s and 1960s established by French filmmakers and film critics who founded the Cahiers du Cinema that felt cinema had become too commercialized, formulaic, and unoriginal. This critical contention eventually led to the development of the auteur theory. Throughout various essays and critiques, Cahiers du Cinema critics sought to revolutionize cinema and analyze the function of writer in relationship to director. Cahiers du Cinema critics further argued that directors should be the driving vehicle behind a film and not writers. The criterion for an auteur, as defined by film critics in France and the United States, is still evident to this day. Through his unique writing and directing style, and through the use of mise-en-scene in his most recent film Inglourious asterds,[footnoteRef:1] Quentin Tarantino has demonstrated he is a contemporary…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Astruc, Alexandre. "The Birth of a New Avant-Garde: Le Camera-Stylo." L'Ecran Francais, No.

144, (March 30, 1948). transl. In "The New Wave: Critical Landmarks," by Peter Graham (Secker & Waurburg, 1968). pp. 17-23.

"Creator: Quentin Tarantino." TV Tropes.

 http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Creator/QuentinTarantino?from=Main.QuentinTarantino .
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Enron The Smartest Guys in

Words: 1034 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68960826

These acts of corporate rapaciousness make it clear how easily ordinary citizens can be hurt when executives try to make money 'creatively' by moving money rather than producing a product or fulfilling a real service. Enron is often mistakenly called an energy company, but it was really more of a speculative entity. This is another illuminating aspect of the documentary for those viewers who may only know about the Enron debacle through the popular media. The company existed only to show profits on its balance sheet, and to do so it tried 'every trick in the book' to keep its stock price high.

One of the most shocking revelations is how the Enron Company single-handedly created the California energy crisis: in case anyone is wondering why nothing has been said about the crisis since Enron folded, is because there never was a real crisis. The documentary has conclusive proof that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room." Directed by Alex Gibney. 2005.
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Causes of Terrorism

Words: 2694 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4960511

The debilitating economic conditions and return of foreign investors within the country has a direct impact on the financial circumstances of businesses on the stock market (Freeman & Logan, 2004).

Skyrocketing prices of consumer commodities and everyday necessities are observed when the nation is likely to experience poor financial and economic situation. Consumer conference gets badly damaged when the prices fluctuates on the higher side. These reasons only create imprecise ways of earning money and surviving for the livelihood, which escalates terrorism (Freeman & Logan, 2004).

The tourism industry of any nation gets equally affected if high incidents of terrorism are recorded. This is typically due to the reason that tourist, sightseers, and travelers would give less preference to the countries with increased episodes of the heinous crime in comparison to the rest of the countries. Even though, the country is making great efforts to promote its tourism industry on…… [Read More]

References

Bjorgo, T. (2004). Root Causes of Terrorism: Myths, Reality and Ways Forward. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Corlett, J.A. (2003). Terrorism: A Philosophical Analysis. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.

Durmaz, H. (2007). Understanding and Responding to Terrorism. Amsterdam, Netherlands: IOS Press.

Freeman, E.M. & Logan, S.L. (2004). Reconceptualizing the Strengths and Common Heritage of Black Families: Practice, Research, and Policy Issues. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas Publisher.
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Implementing Compassionate Immigration Reform

Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87974345

Identifying Optimal Immigration Policies

In 1870, the United States had a population of about 39 million people with virtually no immigration laws in place (U.S. historic population, 2017). In fact, it was not until several individual states began passing various types of immigration laws after the Civil War that the federal government enacted any limitations on immigration to the United States at all (Early American immigration policies, 2017). Although the situation in America is far different today, these early immigration policies were based on the same exclusionary issues that they are today. For instance, the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and Alien Contract Labor laws of 1885 and 1887 were intended to prevent workers from specified countries from entering the country (Early American immigration policies, 2017). In other words, over the past century and a half or so, foreigners have increasingly been regarded as some type of political, economic or…… [Read More]

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Xeriscaping A Great Way to

Words: 2555 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61918806

In this regard, Norton points out that, "Once xeriscaping becomes an element of the community's identity, and citizens encourage a change in the tastes of their neighbors, a trend toward less water use and more native habitat might build on itself, providing increasing returns on a small investment. Investments such as this could pay increasing returns in lowering per capita demand for scarce resources and buffer the economy against shortages and rising prices" (2002: 265). Likewise, Vogel reports that because the technique can help to save water in all types of climates, xeriscaping has become increasingly popular in many regions of the United States.

In reality, xeriscaping is not a mysterious or difficult process, but it does require taking several principles into account that can help reduce water usage. First and foremost, the area to be xeriscaped must be regarded as an interrelated network of soil, plants and water. Despite…… [Read More]

References

Hepner, Ruth. 2006, October 11. "Selecting Drought-Resistant Plants." The Washington Times:

4.

Hughes, Donald J. An Environmental History of the World: Humankind's Changing Role

in the Community of Life. London: Routledge, 2001.
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Legislative Strategy Project

Words: 1882 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83189632

Self-Executing Rules (Deem and Pass)

The self-executing rule, also known as 'deem and pass' has recently been criticized by Newt Gingrich and Joe Scarborough. The self-executing rule is a method of procedure that the U.S. House of Representatives use to approve legislation. This rule is in the form of a simple resolution and serves to specify which bills are under consideration by the House. When the House votes to approve a rule that in inclusive of a self-executing provision, the House at the same time agrees to dispose of a matter that is separate as the self-executing rule specifies. This allows modifications or amendments to bills to be passed simultaneously to the bill underlying the modification or amendment. While this procedure does serve to streamline the process of legislation, and is reported to have been used on 85 different occasions in the five years between 2005 and 2010 (Oleszek, 2005,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Conason, Joe (2010) The Impeccable Bipartisan Pedigree of 'Deem and Pass'. Salon 17 Mar 2010. Retrieved from:  http://www.salon.com/2010/03/17/ornstein/ 

Kasperowicz, Pete (2012) House votes to 'deem' Ryan Budget as Being Passed By Congress. The Hill's Floor Action Blog. 17 Apr 2012. Retrieved from:  http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/archives/individual/2010_03/022879.php 

Newhauser, Daniel (2012) House GOP Uses Once-Reviled Tactic for Budget Measure. Roll Call. 18 Apr 2012. Retrieved from:  http://www.rollcall.com/issues/57_123/House-GOP-Uses-Once-Reviled-Tactic-for-Budget-Measure-213880-1.html 

Oleszek, Walter J. (2006) Self-Executing Rules Reported by the House Rules Committee. Congressional Research Service.
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Plan for Little Whinging

Words: 2782 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30066521

psychiatrist, Viktor Frankl, while suffering numerous hardships in his life as a prisoner of war in a Nazi work camp that included being isolated from the rest of the world including his family along with the prospect of facing at the hands of his captors death every day began to question the meaning of his own existence and the meaning of life in general. Frankl eventually came to the conclusion that people derive meaning from their lives as either as result of their suffering, their ability to love another, and their work (Frankl, 1985). A person's work helps them to define a sense of themselves, contributes to their feeling that they are useful, and helps to keep them active (Frankl, 1985; Shacklock, 2006; Waddell & Burton, 2006). These benefits occur at any age; therefore, by continuing to remain in the workforce elderly people can both produce benefits to their community…… [Read More]

References

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2006). Retirement and retirement intentions. Canberra: Author.

Beier, M.E., & Kanfer, R. (2013). Work performance and the older worker. Sage Handbook on Aging, Work, and Society, 16, 65-97.

Center for Disease Control. (2012). Older employees in the workplace. In National Center for chronic disease prevention and health promotion. Retrieved September 25, 2014, from  http://www.cdc.gov/nationalhealthyworksite/docs/issue_brief_no_1_older_employees_in_the_workplace_7-12-2012_final508.pdf .

Cummings, T., & Worley, C. (2014). Organization development and change. Stanford, CT:
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Environmental Hazards as a Consequence of Crude

Words: 9344 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22808838

Environmental Hazards as a Consequence of Crude Oil/Natural Gas Exploration, Transportation, Refining and Storage

Ever since crude oil was first successfully drilled in the U.S. In Titusville, Pennsylvania, in 1859, the demand for oil has only been increasing over the years in countries all over the world. (Camden, 1883) Crude oil, from which various petroleum products are obtained, is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon component found trapped in rocks below the earth. The word "petroleum" means "rock oil" or "oil from the earth." Natural gas is another form of hydrocarbon that is also found in nature. oth crude oil and natural gas have excellent combustibility and are good sources of energy. Crude oil is not used in the extracted form; but it is refined to obtained products such as gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), naphtha, kerosene, gas-oil and fuel oil. Secondary products during the purification of crude oil are obtained are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Associated-Press, and Reuters. World's Biggest Oil Rig Sinks. 2001. CNN. Available:

http://www.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/americas/03/20/brazil.rig.02/.August 2, 2004.

AWMA. Oil Spills - a Fact Sheet. 2000. Air & Waste Management Association. Available:

 http://www.awma.org/education/oilspills.htm . August 1, 2004.
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US Foreign Policy

Words: 1320 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63245547

U.S. Foreign Policy

American foreign policy occupies a unique place in the world. American foreign policy regarding interacting with other nations is a non-homogeneous mixture of politics, economics, and the unique American culture which believes that both the success of political and economic agenda's cannot be separated from the ways which a country treats it's people. To be specific, American has a difficult time forming positive relationships with nations that oppress, imprison, or otherwise trample their people's basic human rights to life, liberty and the individual pursuit of happiness. As he stated during his administration, President Jimmy Carter described the connection between human rights and American foreign policy this way.

Human rights is the soul of our foreign policy, because human rights is the very soul of our sense of nationhood."

American foreign policy is also seen as a function of the president, and the president must take the lead…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Allen, M., and P.P. Pan. Bush touts U.S. values to Chinese. Washington Post, 2002, February 22, p. A01.

Carter, J. Openings to Cuba: We must find common ground. Washington Post. 2002, May 24, p. A35.

Kane, John. American Values or Human Rights? U.S. Foreign Policy and the Fractured Myth of Virtuous Power Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 33. 2003

Sullivan, K. Carter urges democracy for Cuba. Washington Post, 2002, May 15, p. A14.
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Capital Punishment the Issue of Whether Capital

Words: 1376 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36582072

Capital Punishment

The issue of whether capital punishment is justified in a civilized world that is progressively concerned with achieving human rights and dignity for all its citizens is a subject that challenges the very scales of justice. On the one hand, the imposition of the death penalty prematurely terminates a human life and precludes any chance of rehabilitating criminals as productive members of society. On the other hand, abolishing the death penalty implies endangering society with the presence of known, dangerous anti-social elements who may one day become eligible for parole or worse escape from prison. Thus, the scales need to be weighed taking into consideration that society's primary responsibility is to ensure that its honest and upright citizens are able to lead a secure and safe life. Indeed, it is the purpose of this paper to demonstrate that the scales of justice need to necessarily be tipped in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Jacoby, J. "When Murderers Die, Innocents Live." The Boston Globe.

Sept. 28, 2003. Accessed Feb. 29, 2004:  http://www.boston.com/news/globe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2003/09/28/execution_saves_innocents/ 

Kane, G. "To murder victims' families, executing killers is justice." The Baltimore Sun. Feb.5, 2003. Accessed Feb. 29, 2004:  http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/local/bal-md.kane05feb05,0,6385621.column 

Murdock, D. "A sure way to prevent prison escapes." Mar 30, 2001.
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A Recent Headline in a

Words: 7816 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50936522



"Forecasts by Moody's Economy.com now use a 20 percent drop in median
existing-home prices from their 2005 peak as a baseline, with prices
weakening through at least mid-2009" (Shinkle, 2008, p. 44). Moody's
director of housing economics Celia Chen, states in the same report that
the 20% decline is the good news and that the bad news is that it could
easily be more than that. The worst-case scenario is a lot more than that.
"You want the darkest? Forty percent, she says. There's your apocalypse"
(Shinkle, p. 45).
Websites that track foreclosures indicate that "the US-wide total of
loans foreclosing was running at 2.5 million in 2007, up by 70% from about
1.5 million in 2006" (Dumas, 2008, p. 23). The problem is that the teaser
rates that were initially set in 2006 will reach their peak in 2008,
ultimately affecting another approximate 1.5 million mortgages, with
another round…… [Read More]

References

Aldrich, P.; (2008) UK banks preparing to access BoE's emergency liquidity
scheme, Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group Limited 2008, accessed May
18, 2008 at
 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/money/main.jhtml?view=DETAILS&grid=&xml=/mon 
ey/2008/05/16/cnbank316.xml
Altfest, L.J.; (2008) What the subprime mess means to you, Medical
Economics, Vol 85, No. 2, p. 24
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Financial Management Criticisms of Medical

Words: 1240 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90608063

To demonize the concept of universal healthcare with the word 'rationing' "buys into the myth that we don't have rationing of medical services now. But we do. It takes many different forms. It is commonplace for health insurance companies and HMOs to deny patients beneficial treatment. They find a variety of excuses for doing so, and may not openly admit it, but we all know that it happens. Medicare rations drugs by requiring co-payments that many patients can't afford. Emergency rooms ration care by making people wait so long in line that some just give up and go away" (Singer 2011).

Question 3

The recent decimation of many retirement funds means that more and more members of the elderly are eligible for both Medicare and Medicaid. The elderly on fixed incomes often struggle to afford medications not currently covered within the provisions of Medicare because of the "doughnut hole" in…… [Read More]

References

Kane, Robert, Rosalie Kane, Neva Kaye, Robert Mollica, Trish Riley, Paul Saucier, Kimberly

Irvin Snow & Louise Starr. (1996). Managed care.

Retrieved August 12, 2011 at  http://aspe.hhs.gov/Progsys/Forum/basics.htm 

Leonard. Sean. (2011). How to fix Medicare. Salon. Retrieved August 12, 2011 at  http://www.salon.com/technology/how_the_world_works/2011/05/25/the_long_march_to_healthcare_reform/index.html
View Full Essay

Walking as an Intervention for

Words: 2284 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25871799

2).

According to Kane and Houston-Vega, Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia and manifests as "an insidious memory impairment, with other possible symptoms including aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, and disturbances in executive functioning" (p. 286).

In a highly multicultural society such as characterizes the United Kingdom today, identifying any relevant cultural factors that must be taken into account when formulating walking regimens as proposed herein. For example, Kane and his colleagues report, "There are differing epidemiological rates for dementia among the various ethno-cultural groups. Additionally, there are differing values, beliefs, behaviors, attitudes, coping strategies, and needs related to Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia. This is evidenced by an expanding body of literature that describes the effect of mental health concerns, such as dementia, on diverse ethno-cultural groups" (p. 285).

Beyond the challenges to the provision of a cost-effective, community-based walking regimen is the difficulty involved in…… [Read More]

References

College of Occupational Therapists Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct. (2005). College of Occupational Therapists. [Online]. Available:  http://hsc.uwe.ac.uk/practicesupport/ .

Ebersole, P. & Hess, P. (1998). Toward healthy aging: Human needs and nursing response. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Evans, S. & Garner, J. (2004). Talking over the years: A handbook of dynamic psychotherapy with older adults. New York: Brunner-Routledge.

Hill, R.D., Thorn, B.L., Bowling, J. & Morrison, a. (2002). Geriatric residential care. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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United States Has the Highest Rate of

Words: 13726 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23718315

United States has the highest rate of confinement of prisoners per 100,000 population than any other Western country. Analyze this phenomena and discuss actions that you feel are necessary to combat this problem.

The United States currently has the highest incarceration rate of any nation worldwide. For example, greater than 60% of nations have incarceration rates below 150 per 100,000 people (Walmsley, 2003). The United States makes up just about five percent of the world's population and yet it houses 25% of the world's prison population (Walmsley, 2009). In 2008 there were more than 2.3 million people held in United States prisons and jails, a rate of approximately 754 inmates per 100,000 people (Sabol, West, & Cooper, 2009). So if we only count adults in the population that translates into a one in 100 American adults is locked up. ussia is the only other major industrialized nation that comes close…… [Read More]

References

American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2002). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.

Breggin, P.A. (2008). Brian disabling treatments in psychiatry: Drugs, electroshock, and the psychopharmaceutical complex. (2nd Edition) New York: Springer University

Press.

Burton, R. (2002). The Irish institute of nutrition and health. In Diet and criminality.
View Full Essay

Validity of Data America Considers

Words: 15529 Length: 56 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27742090

Instead of pretending that racism and its effects no longer exist, we need to strengthen affirmative action and devise a new set of policies that directly tackle the racial gap in wealth." (Derrity, 1).

That, in a nutshell, is the position of this paper. America has not given affirmative action enough time to act. Moving forward, we should continue our affirmative action policies, but with an end in mind. Economists and sociologists, along with help from America's captains of industry and human resources experts, should devise an ideal time frame whereby affirmative action will end, and set outside and inside goals for this time frame as well.

But for now, affirmative action must continue, and continue with gusto, to reverse the horrors that America's history has caused.

CHAPTER 2: REVIEW of RELATED LITERATURE

History of Affirmative Action review of the history associated with affirmative action is the first step to…… [Read More]

Gratz v Bollinger, No. 02-516, U.S. Supreme Court. (2003)

Grutter v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 306. (2003)

Fordyce v Seattle, 55 F. 3d 436.
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Elder Care the Baby Generation

Words: 5100 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76486184

Ruth E. Mathias and a.E. Benjamin (2003) report that social workers are becoming increasingly concerned about elder abuse in long-term care settings (p. 174). A study conducted by these social scientists/authors, reveals that Medicaid related agency care demonstrates no harmful or increase in the abuse suffered by elderly people receiving care through private agencies, but that there is little social worker oversight, and because of that, reports and information supporting that fact can be misleading at this point in time (p. 174). Mathias and Benjamin reported, too, that direct care provided by family members was proven to be less abusive to the elderly than services rendered by state and private providers (p. 174).

The most concentrated areas of consumer complaints reported was the difficulty in scheduling services, language barriers, and high care-giver/assistant turnover (p. 174). These are areas of concern, because the elderly are often suffering levels of dementia that…… [Read More]

Litwin, H., & Zoabi, S. (2004). A Multivariate Examination of Explanations for the Occurrence of Elder Abuse. Social Work Research, 28(3), 133+. Retrieved July 31, 2008, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5007316778 

Matthias, R.E., & Benjamin, a. (2003). Abuse and Neglect of Clients in Agency-Based and Consumer-Directed Home Care. Health and Social Work, 28(3), 174+. Retrieved July 31, 2008, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001999500 

Thorslund, M., & Parker, M.G. (1994). Elder Care in the Priorities Discussion. The Hastings Center Report, 24(5), 29+. Retrieved July 31, 2008, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002212664
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Religion Augustine Divine Grace and

Words: 6715 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32713443

In Chapter 5, the great churchman informs us that Water is in fact an apt designation for the Divinity, better than any of the other elements.

Water possess the unique properties of being more moveable than earth (though less movable than air) while at the same time being essential to the creation and sustaining of life, as in the way water must be added to the soil in order for plants to grow.

This signification of matter first conveys its end, that is, that for the sake of which it was made; secondly, its formlessness; thirdly, its service and subjection to the Maker. Therefore, it is first called heaven and earth; for its sake matter was made. Secondly, the earth invisible and without form and darkness over the abyss, that is, the formlessness itself without the light, as a result of which the earth is said to be invisible. Thirdly,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=101597555 

Augustine. Augustine of Hippo, Selected Writings. Translated by Clark, Mary T. New York: Paulist Press, 1984.

Augustine. Confessions, Trans. Albert C. Outler, Ph.D, D.D. (1994, orig. pub. 1955).

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=101602917
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Geopolitics and American Foreign Politics

Words: 977 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34388855

Such was the case with Vietnam and Iraq (Hanhim ki, 2004). The people of these nations have to deal with the absence of utilities and the destruction of the nation's infrastructure (roads, hospitals, schools). The people also have to deal with the general instability of the country and the government caused by the American invasion.

While many American families have lost loved ones in the war, the majority of Americans are not personally affected by the war in the manner that the Iraqi people are affected. Not only are such policies detrimental to people who have to live through war, Americans suffer in far reaching ways (Pierce). According to an article entitled "American Values or Human ights" contains a quote from Henry Kisiinger which states, the tradition known as American exceptionalism, within which American values were historically embedded, was one of the most important casualties of the Vietnam War...he claimed…… [Read More]

References

Garfinkle, a. (2003). Foreign Policy Immaculately Conceived. Policy Review, (120), 61+.

Klare, M. (2008). The New Geopolitics of Energy. Retrieved July 29, 2008, at  http://www.thenation.com/doc/20080519/klare 

Hanhim ki, J. (2004). The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kane, J. (2003). American Values or Human Rights? U.S. Foreign Policy and the Fractured Myth of Virtuous Power. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 33(4), 772+.
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Improving Affordability in Higher Education

Words: 4115 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24507059

("House Passes Bill to," 2006, p. A06)

Another general false conception is that "colleges are increasing need-based scholarships as opposed to merit-based scholarships... (however,) the College Board's annual report shows that at the state level, the percentage of merit-based grant aid increased from 10% of all aid during the 1993-1994 academic year to 26% of all aid in 2003-2004." These and other misperceptions, perhaps contribute to the fact most Americans don't pressure legislators to insure college access funding becomes more of a priority. (Chitty, 2006) "Ultimately, if America is going to continue to lead in the global economy, an infusion of public funds into higher education is essential," William Kirwan, chancellor of the University System of Maryland, insists. (Chitty, 2006) "If we in higher education take the lead in cost control, efficiency, and effectiveness, then we're going to have the chance to restore public trust and justify an increase in…… [Read More]

References

Burd, Stephen. (2006). Plenty of Ideas About Student Aid, but No Road Map. Government & Politics Volume 53, Issue 2,-Page A40. Retrieved 4 December 2006 from: bin/printable.cgi?article=  http://chronicle.com/free/v53/i02/02a04001.htm .

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=109643104

Camara, W.J. & Kimmel, E.W. (Eds.). (2005). Choosing Students: Higher Education Admissions Tools for the 21st Century. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Chitty, Haley. (2006, June 1). "High access, low priority: the rhetoric related to the importance of student aid does not match reality.(FINANCIAL AID)," University Business.
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Abortion Discuss the Legal and Ethical Issues

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32635388

bortion

Discuss the legal and ethical issues involved in Roe v. Wade

With the advent of 70's and particularly, aftermath of the decision of the Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade during 1973, abortion policy has become a controversial issue in the merican politics. (Levine; Staiger; Kane; Zimmerman, 1996) The decision in Roe v. Wade reinforced the right of women to privacy with regard to her own body, incorporating the termination of pregnancy. (Pozga, 2010) Roe v. Wade delineated more specifically the rights of fetus as well as the mother on the basis of the magnitude of viability. (Killion; Dempski, 2000)

The decision in Roe v. Wade which accorded constitutional protection to abortion, which voided the state laws which banned it, was a decision which had several legal and ethical concerns. This verdict in Roe v. Wade damaged the cornerstone of the ethical principles against the issue of killing. The…… [Read More]

An ultrasound neither informs legally nor medically -- irrespective of that, it notifies them aesthetically. Women are compelled to view at an image of a fetus; however, the woman who desire to abort already has prior knowledge of the ultrasound image of fetus. Additionally, there is the concern for ultrasound prices. As per the law the patient is expected to take the burden of the compelling procedure. The law entails a fine of $2,500 for not complying with the legal necessities. Such incorporation of ultrasound is visualized as a method to financially dissuade women for resorting to a legal medical procedure. Irrespective of the ethical issues of the abortion the government is not expected to emphasize moral issues on its citizen legally. This law on this ground is regarded as appalling & the offensive government encroachment that is framed to embarrass women desiring to avail legal healthcare. (Fox, 2012)

Such laws pertaining to necessities of ultrasound for abortion is lacking in significant arenas and is not the most successful methods to insure that an abortion thinking mother gets advantages from the powerful influence of ultrasound. Particularly, all of these laws need that some ultrasound information be accorded to the woman from the doctor who is attending the woman. The attending doctor definitely desires that the women must select the option for abortion since the doctor will be paid for abortion. It is pertinent that any need that this person offer ultrasound information would be distorted and skewed by the attending doctor to persuade the mother to abort her baby. Secondly the limitation of the law is that it compels a mother to attain information that she does not require. This imposes problematic public relations. (Glessner, 2012)

An analysis of several laws enacted reveal that they are insufficient in assuring that a woman desirous of undergoing abortion will really view an ultrasound image of her child. Some of these laws simply necessitate that woman be told of
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Nurses Role in Recognizing and

Words: 1807 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49612063

For one it is possible that the success rate may be limited by the number of participants willing to participate in a case study in the setting selected for purposes of this study. The results should suggest that multiple interventions including direct patient communication, early intervention to identify patients at risk for abuse and patient education to provide "community resources for abused victims" (Litwin & Zoabi, 2004: p. 133). The researcher predicts that sociodemographic as well as "dependency factors" may play a significant role in elder abuse (Litwin & Zoabi, 2004: p. 133). By using a case study approach the researcher hopes to limit non-participation and maximize response rate by as much as 90%. Observational analysis will also help facilitate better data collection and interpretation.

eferences

Adler, P. & P. (1987). Membership oles in Field esearch. Beverly Hills: Sage

Berg, B. (1989). Qualitative esearch Methods for the Social Sciences. Boston:…… [Read More]

References

Adler, P. & P. (1987). Membership Roles in Field Research. Beverly Hills: Sage

Berg, B. (1989). Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Britton, A. (1996). "Advice about empirical research." ABC Study Guide, Available:

 http://www.mdx.ac.uk/www/study/Research.htm#QualitativeData
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Young Adults Housing Policy Does the Welfare

Words: 1528 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58399271

Young Adults Housing Policy Does the Welfare System Encourage or Discourage Young Adults to ecome Pregnant in UK

The specific purpose of this research is to scrutinize the impacts of the UK enefits System on the growing demographic of teenage mothers. ut in order to track down the list of genuine impacts, one must first understand how the system works. Generally speaking, each credible or qualified group is broadly categorized into whether they are taxable or non-taxable. That is to say, those groups of deserving people such as the sick or the low income groups are entitled to the various bonuses they receive, provided that they fulfill a certain taxation criteria. {Inland Revenue, 2001}

Literature Review

Ingham (2005) in this article gives a detailed background and development of the Teenage Pregnancy Policy in England over the last few years which has become part of the National Policy. It gives the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Arai, L. (2003).British policy on teenage pregnancy and childbearing: the limitations of comparisons with other European countries. Critical Social Policy, SAGE Publications, Vol. 23(1): 89 -- 102; 030496.

Ingham, R. (2005, September).Teenage Pregnancy Policy in England. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, Journal of NRSC, Vol. 2, No. 3.

Journal of Child Health Care, (2001, December). Review: Teenage pregnancy: a reflective analysis

5: 143-149,
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Misery the Rhetor for a

Words: 1383 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20937687

Ultimately, the man must fight back and destroy her in order to get back to civilization. The character displays elements of the borderline personality as well as obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Annie ilkes is presented as an obsessive-compulsive personality in the way she keeps her home, in the way she becomes dedicated so thoroughly to this writer and his works (and especially to the one character of Misery, with whom she identifies so closely), and in the expectations she has placed in the past on her patients and now on this particular patient. Davison and Neale identify the obsessive-compulsive personality as a perfectionist, preoccupied with details, rules, schedules, and so on. They state that such people are also work rather than pleasure oriented. They are inflexible, and their interpersonal relationships suffer as a result (Davison and Neale 269-270).

Annie ilkes is seen as obsessive-compulsive in the way everything has to be…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bitzer, Lloyd F. "The Rhetorical Situation." Philosophy and Rhetoric (1991), 1-14.

Davison, Gerald C. And John M. Neale. Abnormal Psychology. New York: John Wiley, 1994.

Ebert, Roger. "Misery." RogerEbert.com. 30 November 1990. December 2, 2007.  http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19901130/REVIEWS/11300301/1023 .

Reiner, Rob. Misery. Castle Rock Entertainment, 1990.
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Raiders of the Lost Ark

Words: 1249 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63801771

The shots in the scene reuniting Indy and Marian are impersonal, long shots and medium shots.

The scene introducing the relationship between Indy and Marian quickly cuts in to the Nazi whose expertise is one of torture. He has come for the same thing Indy has, and the close ups are Marian's facial expression of fear as she's about to lose her eye to a red hot poker. Indy comes to the rescue and the final Nepal scene is a montage of dynamic action where Indy and Marian make their escape.

The film cuts to the Middle East, where Indy and Marian have traveled, as have the Nazis, in search of the ark. The first part of this Act II, so to speak, introduces Indy's good friend and his Middle Eastern contact. The scenes in the Act II employ a series of medium and long shots as Indy and Marion…… [Read More]

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Music What Makes Music Great

Words: 765 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54335782

There is more to it than meets the eye (or ear), and repeated listenings make that even more apparent.

Great music also depends on great performances, and that is another reason to listen to it more than once. Each artist interprets music a bit differently, and so, no performance will be exactly alike. This is true of all types of music, even classical. Even though the scores are the same, each musician, director, and arranger sees the work differently, and adds a bit of their own interpretation or personality into the piece. Thus, the same song sung decades ago by the Beach Boys does not sound like the same song today sung by a young rap or hip hop artist.

Do these theories apply to pop music, as well? In many aspects, yes, they do. There are certainly many songs in pop music that are complex and detailed, with different…… [Read More]

References

Features to Listen for in Classical Music." Classicism and Classical Music. 123-124.
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Film the Early Years of

Words: 849 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87691284

However, in spite of the fact that the film was promoted as a motion picture displaying real-life events, it appears that the director did not hesitate to modify a series of aspects about the environment that he shot in and the story itself. The protagonist's wife and children were not actually his and Flaherty correctly believed that audiences would be more deeply impressed if he presented the story from a more spectacular point-of-view. Even with this, one can still claim that the film is a documentary because it presents viewers with its own creation.

Many individuals took advantage of the fact that documentary films were very influential and devised propaganda strategies using motion pictures. Many individuals involved in this affair considered that fiction films no longer had a strong appeal and that society was more concerned about seeing 'cinema verite'. Many filmmakers got actively engaged in creating films discussing political…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Aufderheide, Patricia, "Documentary Film: A Very Short Introduction," (Oxford University Press, 2007)

Ellis, Jack C. And McLane, Betsy a. "A new history of documentary film," (Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005)

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