It is like parents taking away their teenager's car after a drunk driving incident or grounding him after seeing poor grades. Free will is a privilege when exercised in public and hence it must be used with caution so as to not hurt others. Yes societal peace is more important than use of violent free will. It must be understood that if free will is being exercised properly, it cannot be taken away since even the government doesn't have rights. This is because positive use of free will doesn't hurt anyone than thus government has no reason to go against the person. It is like using credit cards at public places. Having a credit card is a privilege not a right but banks demand that you use it properly without accumulating debt. However if you fail to follow the rules, they have every right to cancel you card and take…… [Read More]
Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess. The author of this paper takes the reader on an exploratory journey though the story and examines several facets of its foundation. There were five sources used to complete this paper.
A CLOCKWOK OANGE
Throughout history, authors have used their works to explore various aspects of society. One of the most controversial yet analyzed works of literature in history is, A Clockwork Orange, by Anthony Burgess. The work has inspired and provoked many literary conversations around the world, and treated its readers to a uniquely brutal look at the dark side of human nature. In A Clockwork Orange, Anthony Burgess portrays how man deals with conflict, which leads to the understanding and acceptance of differences through the use of conflict, theme, and philosophy.
The story allows an intense study of human nature, by using brutal tactics of shock value to draw the reader in and…… [Read More]
The stunning 1971 film, by Stanley Kubrick, "A Clockwork Orange" has thrilling and frightening factors that would astound and bring extraordinary terror to its audience. The movie depicts a story of the nature of violence brought by the youths in England. From my experience of watching the film, the brutalities the movie has demonstrated can easily produce diverse reactions from the viewers the same way it had brought in me different senses and feelings of disbelief after watching.
The film was set in a futuristic England terrorized by gangs of juvenile delinquents spreading violence, terror, and heinous moral destructions. The settings were made somehow a mixture of old English and modern backdrops. Slightly unsettling, there were changes in the setting that would make the audience wonder why such a background and film set was used, developing reality and fantasy techniques between diverse scenes.
The combining style of settings…… [Read More]
" (Burgess, 1962, 147). Here, Burgess shows the reader that conditioning, which worked but robbed Alex of his basic humanness, failed while the simple act of growing up eventually changed Alex on a much more permanent basis.
Clockwork Orange is full of examples of conditioning, and of behavioral psychology. It is presented in an overall negative light by Burgess, who held the view that conditioning robs man of his ability to choose, and thus robs him of his humanity and free will. While the conditioning concepts did "work" in the book, they worked too well, altering Alex's ability to fight for himself, enjoy music, literature, and even relations with others. In the end, it was the natural process of growth and change that altered Alex, not that of the meddling of psychologists. While this concept may not apply to all aspects of behavioral psychology, there is something to be said…… [Read More]
hile "Kubrick's authorial style was viewed by both supporters and critics as an aloof criticism of the social scene" (Staiger 54), it is apparent that none of these supporters cared to question why, in fact, masculinity is so often contingent on "excessive displays of virility and violence" which it then uses to paradoxically maintain "its aspirations to the normal" (DeRosia 63). In depicting Alex murdering a woman with a gigantic phallic symbol, Kubrick is not taking pleasure in the act or encouraging us to do so; rather, he is showing us a rather extreme, aestheticized reflection of the relations between men and women in society, as the artist perceived them. hat a Clockwork Orange, then, presents us with is an aestheticized version of violence that comes about not merely as a means of social control, but as the result of relations between men and women that have been strictly codified…… [Read More]
Alex's beating of the droogs is certainly a way of reasserting his authority in the group, but it is, at the same time and just as strongly, part of this individual gratification: reasserting his leadership within the group also means that his ego feels the power given to him over the rest of the gang, who now appear as the other victims of violent assaults in the movie.
The only moment when one of the violent acts turns wrong is also the moment when Alex's ego suffers, as he is almost subdued by his victim and, eventually, because of her fight, he is unable to leave the scene crime and is caught by the police. As such, the close connection between the individual ego and the delinquency of the characters in the movie is understated once more.
Some of the sociological theories can also be used to address the acts…… [Read More]
An American Alex would be against classical music, with anarchists normally being associated with hard rock music. Moreover, he would find it perfectly normal to use drugs instead of drinking milk in a club that has dummies for tables. The reason for which a Hollywood producer would not have his psychotic character drinking milk is that he or she would unquestionably find such a scene to be sick, and, thus, not to be presented to a general public.
Most American movies presenting young people fighting for anarchy want to teach a lesson. They want people to understand that society is good and that it is not worth fighting it, since you only harm yourself in the process. In contrast, Kubrick shows that the system is bad and obsessed with maintaining control over people. After Alex is freed from prison, he can no longer be free, as his mind continues to…… [Read More]
He could not be tamed not did he want to be. His was a wild spirit and one that held no regard for human life or morality. hat we learn from both authors is that there must be a balance in our lives. Josephine and Constantia were too dependent and therefore did not make any decisions on their own. This is fine until they have no one to make decisions for them. Then all things become difficult and dramatic. Alex was defective in that he did not depend on anyone's opinion at all. He was left to his own devices and, considering the fact that he was a wild young teenager, which is not such a good thing. Both stories illustrate how man is a social creature and depends upon human interaction to a certain point.
hile the stories seem to take place in different worlds, we must remember what…… [Read More]
Then I ferret for poetry on the specific subject that boosts me. Generally, I love Tennyson and Emily Dickinson; perhaps I go, as I do in literature, for the relevant and inspiring.
Poems that have had the greatest impact on me include Joaquin Miller's Columbus: particularly the stanza:
What shall I say, brave Admiral, say,
If we sight naught but seas at dawn?"
"Why, you shall say at break of day, 'ail on! sail on! sail on! And on!'"(Derek, 2002, p.134)
Philosophers of literature argue regarding the impact literature may or may not have on the ethical psyche. Tolstoy's 'What is Art?" For instance, maintains that literature has a strong impact and, therefore, one should choose one's readings carefully. Plato asseverated, likewise, recommending literature as part of the diet of the Philosopher king. Ruskin, too, maintained that literature should be employed for the betterment of society, whilst in Confucian thought,…… [Read More]
Kubrick himself suggested the baton be passed onto Spielberg due to that director's unique abilities.
The play was originally-based Brian Aldiss's short story "Supertoys Last All Summer Long," on which a.I. is based, in 1983 (Corliss 1-3). In the Kubrick formulation, the world is a lot darker and Gigolo Joe is much more aggressive. According to Corliss in the "Joe was much more aggressive, more twisted." Here he is, in Spielberg's word, David's "scoutmaster." Spielberg did this to solve many of the problems Spielberg had with the text, Joe being one of the biggest problems. By softening things and making them more human and less dark, he provided solution to the problem (Ibid 1). The Flesh Fair and Rouge City are vintage Kubric and remained a part of the body of the work. Garish scenery completes this menagerie Spielberg identifies himself with the abandoned child (ibid 2).
It is the…… [Read More]
His floating away at the end of the movie seems to suggest that he is indeed dead, and that the film has been the final moments of his brain creating illusory perceptions. The fact that this is not explicitly decided reveals the film's perspective that this doesn't really mater -- perception is the method we use to interact with "reality;" the realizations that Wiley comes to and the knowledge he receives is not mad any less valid or important by the fact that none of the encounters he experiences might actually have happened.
The fact that we have such strong intellectual and emotional responses to fictive films is an indicator that perception, to a large degree, creates reality. The nature of truth is also explored in the documentary Standard Operating Procedure. The main philosophical issue in this film is how the framing of an event can affect truth, or at…… [Read More]
Instead, he proved that art can be achieved through more than one means and that his movies would ultimately achieve great results in the film industry.
The main reason for why Kubrick has drawn many critiques for his movies is that he chose to satirize society through a series of cliches.
Similar to Kubrick, Park Chan-Wook, the South-Korean filmmaker, has intended to make movies that would bring together both comedy and drama into films that have a touch of satire of the society.
Park's films are generally recognized for the direct way that he uses to make his audience better accustomed with his work. Both Park and Kubrick have abused extreme violence and S.F. In their movies, but this only added to the dramatic feeling that one gets when viewing one of their creations. Kubrick and Park stand out from the rest of the film directors for the reason that…… [Read More]
That the post modernists rejected the psychotherapy of the modernist era is by no means suggestive that the artists of the era have escaped psychological analysis. Because of the extreme nature of the pop culture, it has presented a psychological windfall for study in excessiveness. It is represented by an excess of economic affluence, drugs, sex, and expressions of behavior. The excessiveness is found not just in the music industry, but also in literature, film, and paintings and photography. It is all encompassing of all art expressions.
One important definition of the post-modern, as a radically sceptical and questioning attitude of mind, is that provided by the philosopher Jean-Francois Lyotard (1984), who wrote of it in terms of 'the death of grand narratives', with Marxism and Freudianism particularly in mind. Lyotard would see as futile attempts to consider the modern and post-modern in terms of historical periodisation. For him,…… [Read More]
She said, "What is the point? I don't want to make myself feel that way. I would rather watch something that makes me feel good." Having no need for meditated horror, Fan simply said, "Oh you mean like Nightmare on Elm Street or something?" when asked about films.
Local legends and urban legends were of more interest for Fan because they pointed to the real world and genuine human need to understand crime and victimhood. As a victim of a crime, Fan said that she felt no matter how good a person is, bad things can still happen to them. It is philosophically difficult to understand, and the most important thing is to not be depressed and get on with life.
Daymien is an African-American gay male. He is 30 years old and the boyfriend of one of my brother's friends. I interviewed Daymien because he is a…… [Read More]
Pop Art on Society
During the fifties, America experienced tremendous growth in many aspects of society. As a result, technological advancements led to sophisticated aspects of American life. Media and advertising became mass media and the invention of the television paved the way to a new generation of communication. This was also an era of exploration among generations. Traditional forms of art began to experience growth and "culture" expanded into many sub-cultures.
Some of the trends that surfaced were New York City turning into an "international center for painting and architecture" (Davidson 1147), mass circulation of paperback books, network television suddenly becoming the world's most powerful form of mass communication, and rock and roll becoming the language of youth (Davidson 1147).
The explosion of such artistic expression was greeted with optimism, but mostly with pessimism, "warning against moral decadence and spiritual decline" (1147). On one had, the "highbrow intellectuals" argued…… [Read More]
Full Metal Kubrick
In the years following the Vietnam War, from 1979 -1989, many movies were created to depict this event from an American point-of-View. The genre of war movies, became inundated with new films based on this violent conflict. The purpose of this essay is to explore Stanley Kubrick's movie Full Metal Jacket as it relates to film media and how it represents this particular era in both history and art. This essay will discuss how this film played an impact on American culture and film in general.
Stanley Kubrick is often noted as one of the best film makers who has ever picked up a camera. His legend is based upon his intellectual capacity and his daring and innovative styles of film that never seem to become outdated and remain fresh and current despite them being decades old. Kubrick had great success as film maker in the…… [Read More]
After all, when Marcellus is raped, the audience has witnessed the murder of two college students by Marcellus' hit men, and knows that Marcellus had a former ally thrown off of a roof for an unknown reason. In addition, it is because of Marcellus' orders that Vincent, whom the audience has grown to like, is killed at Butch's house. Marcellus is clearly not a good man, and yet, nothing in the movie suggests that he deserves to be raped by Zed and Maynard. It was significant that Tarantino chose Marcellus, the most criminal person in the movie, as the rape victim. It was even more significant that Tarantino chose Butch, the person with the most motive to see Marcellus injured, as Marcellus' rescuer. ather than dehumanizing people, the violence in the movie humanizes the monstrous Marcellus, both by depicting him as a victim and by showing him getting revenge. By…… [Read More]
The shots in the scene reuniting Indy and Marian are impersonal, long shots and medium shots.
The scene introducing the relationship between Indy and Marian quickly cuts in to the Nazi whose expertise is one of torture. He has come for the same thing Indy has, and the close ups are Marian's facial expression of fear as she's about to lose her eye to a red hot poker. Indy comes to the rescue and the final Nepal scene is a montage of dynamic action where Indy and Marian make their escape.
The film cuts to the Middle East, where Indy and Marian have traveled, as have the Nazis, in search of the ark. The first part of this Act II, so to speak, introduces Indy's good friend and his Middle Eastern contact. The scenes in the Act II employ a series of medium and long shots as Indy and Marion…… [Read More]