Collective Bargaining Essays (Examples)

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Collective Rights

Words: 649 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85715131

Collective argaining and Civil Rights

Postal Service (USPS) entered into a Collective argaining Agreement (CA) with the American Postal Workers Union (APWU) in November of 2000. This CA addressed issues such as wage increase and promotion procedure, reassignment and reduction in force protection, as well as accommodation for deaf and hard of hearing postal employees. Specific measures for accommodating deaf and hard of hearing employees were established. Instituting the use of training videos with captions and using sign language interpreters during meetings, especially safety meetings, are a couple of measures outlined in the 2000 CA.

With the events that occurred on September 11th, 2001, and subsequent mailings of the potentially deadly biochemical Anthrax, safety of our U.S. Postal Service workers became a top priority. Numerous meetings were held to inform and instruct employees of potential hazards and proper handling procedure for packages suspected of containing anthrax. Vital information and procedures…… [Read More]


1. Deaf/Hard of Hearing Task Force Update. Retrieved 8/17/05, from APWU

2. Goldberg, (11/21/2000). Collective Bargaining Agreement Between American Postal Workers Union, AFL-CIO and U.S. Postal Service. Retrieved 8/17/2005, from APWU

3. Kloepfer, Gary, (4/20/2004). Certified Interpreter Should Have Been Used for Safety Talk ((Airs # 40281-K98C-IK-C02029061). Retrieved 8/17/05, from John Durben

4. No'l Decker, ( 5/14/2003). Deaf Employees File Class Action Lawsuit Against the United States Postal Service for Civil Rights Violations. Retrieved 8/17/05, from APWU
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Collective Bargain Some of the Differences Found

Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65055380

Collective Bargain

Some of the differences found in state governments and how they treat their employees can be discerned by how many or how few collective bargaining rights those employees are afforded. For example, West Virginia allows their employees the right to join unions and have exclusive bargaining while Arizona and Arkansas; while allowing employees the right to join unions, do not offer exclusive bargaining. Although these three states do not offer collective bargaining policies per se, they differ from other states that are in the same category by offering their employees the right to join unions and have the unions bargain for them. Some states, such as Virginia and North Carolina, have passed laws against public employees joining unions at all.

Those states that do not allow for collective bargaining are oftentimes able to accomplish the goals and objectives of collective bargaining by offering local governments the right to…… [Read More]

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Employee Relations Industrial Conflicts and Collective Disputes

Words: 1899 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58788488

Employee elations:

Industrial Conflicts and Collective Disputes:

Efficient and good industrial relations are usually dependent on the consistent, just and reasonable treatment as well as participation of the staff in issues and decisions that have an impact on them. The ideological framework of industrial relations involves the maintenance and enhancement of human resources procedures and policies. This framework of industrial relations also ensures that there is unbiased and consistent application of joint and consultative agreements. In this case, it includes the approved procedures of tackling disputes, grievances and issues regarding discipline. Industrial conflict basically refers to all the expressions of displeasure in the employment relationship particularly those that are related to employment contract and the effort bargain.

This type of conflict can also be defined as a pulling out from work by a group of employees or the rejection by employers to permit employees to work (Prit, 2008). The major…… [Read More]


Gernigon, B, Odero, A & Guido, H (2000), 'ILO Principles Concerning Collective Bargaining,'

International Labour Review, vol. 139, no. 1, viewed 4 June 2011,

Industrial Relations -- (n.d.), Collective Bargaining Process, Industrial Relations

--, viewed 4 June 2011,
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Merging of Unions in Recent Years Collective

Words: 340 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27820945

Merging of Unions in ecent Years

Collective Bargaining -- Labor relations Topic: The merging unions recent years Essay Question: What reasons unions, affiliated AFL-CIO amalgamated, merged unions recent years site examples mergers? Essay 250 words length APA format.

Technological changes or the changes in the marketplace have also made unions to merge or become obsolete. According to Sloane and Witney (2010)

unions that are faced with technological changes and are on the verge of becoming obsolete have merged with other unions in order to die respectfully. A good example is the Cigar Makers which merged its 2,500 members with the etail Wholesale, and Department Store Union. The merger was done because the Cigar Makers union had been faced with changes in the marketplace that it could no longer manage.

Growth of the managerial conglomerate is another reason why unions have merged. For example, The Tobacco Workers, Bakery and Confectionery Workers…… [Read More]


Holley, W.H., Jennings, K.M., & Wolters, R.S. (2011). The Labor Relations Process, 10th ed. Boston, MA: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Sloane, A.A., & Witney, F. (2010). Labor relations (13th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
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Settling Disputes

Words: 885 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92970727

Collective Bargaining Dispute

Seattle's $15 Minimum Wage Agreement: Collective Bargaining eborn?

The article covers the negotiation process that was held over a number of weeks in Seattle between the business class, the labor movement and the concerned task force. It was a classic example of the tradition of collective bargaining as it was used in the case of the Seattle workers to negotiate for the increment of the pay rise from $9.32 per hour to $15 per hour. The mayor spearheaded the entire process and it came to be adopted by the business community, labor and the task force that were involved in the entire process of negotiation and bargaining. This model of bargaining has been hailed as a unique one since it is like none other experienced in the U.S. Indeed of the 24 members who were involved in the collective bargaining, 21 of them endorsed the proposal and…… [Read More]


Meyerson H., (2014). Seattle's $15 Minimum Wage Agreement: Collective Bargaining Reborn? The American Prospect.
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Country's ER Systems the Intent

Words: 2994 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41406488

Australia began shifting to a limited Welfare State at the end of the Second World War (1945) and has continually supported privatization and deregulation. The 1904 Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act and 1988 Industrial Relations Act (IRA) both have set a strong precedent for workers' rights and the right to create and form unions. From an ER standpoint these laws and compliance requirements are also constrictive as they are one-size-fits-all in approach.

Role of Stakeholders- the Government, Unions, Workers,

Both Australia and Germany are comparable in the depth and sophistication of systems, processes and procedures to support stakeholders. Of the two, Germany ahs been architecture far more to support and protect the unionized work. The German Trade Union Confederation, combined with the German series of laws to protect the worker has lead to protectionist approaches when it comes to allowing new businesses into Germany. MNCs looking t expand into Germany…… [Read More]

Labour Laws

China is very clear on its use of labour laws, with a country-wide precedent set in 1995 with their Labour Law of China. This was the first employment law enacted by the CCP. There is also the Labour Contract Law passed in 20087 that require all employers to provide employees a written contract within a year of employment, and fines employers who do not do this. There are also labor dispatch providers and support for verbal contracts in the Labour Contract Law of 2008. In 1993 China based the Enterprise Minimum Wage Regulation and amended it in 2004 to serve as a framework for the countries' growing economy.

The Labour laws in Australia on the other hand are much more oriented towards a shared level of responsibility and arbitration. The Australian ER reform includes the ACTU/Federal ALP Government accord passed in 1983 and 1993 and the Industrial Relations Reform Act of 1993. The Workplace Amendment (Work Choices) Act of 2005 and Fair Work Act of 2009 all support the more progressing nature in ER relative to Germany.
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Multiple Elements of the Perceived Prescriptive Nature

Words: 699 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36500305

multiple elements of the perceived prescriptive nature of collective bargaining agreements and analyze the arguments to the contrary.

The various elements of a collective bargaining agreement include: a signed contract and the terms / conditions that must be followed. Inside the document there will be a number of provisions that will be spelled out such as: employee rights / responsibilities, the authority of management and how any kind of changes can be made to the labor agreement. The combination of these factors is important, because they are creating a foundation for protecting the employees. While at the same time, they are establishing provisions to ensure that the staff is able to meet the objectives of the organization. This is the point that the agreement is addressing the needs of both sides.

However, some will argue that collective bargaining hurts the ability of an employer to adapt to changes. In some…… [Read More]


Hess, F. (n.d.). Collective Bargaining in Education: Negotiating Change in Today's Schools.

Pynes, J. (n.d.). Local Government Labor Relations.
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History of Canadian Labour The

Words: 2158 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65406702

" (Rouillard, 1987) There was a desire to "humanize the economy" based on the value of work being "more important than capital since the individual had to take priority over the accumulation of goods." (Rouillard, 1987)


In 1958 this liberal humanism of the CTCC "manifested itself in a new theme that appeared...economic planning." (Rouillard, 1987) Abuses of the system were corrected by the intervention of the state even though it was symbolic intervention only and it even "further directed the economy toward satisfying the real needs of individuals." (Rouillard, 1987) the CTCC gradually became nondenominational over the years and finally in 1960 the CTCC dropped 'Catholic' from its title and "all direct references to the Church's social doctrine." (Rouillard, 1987)


The work of Calliste entitled: "Sleeping Car Porters in Canada: An Ethnically Submerged Split Labour Market" (1987) states…… [Read More]


Calliste, Agnes (1987) Sleeping Car Porters in Canada: An Ethnically Submerged Split Labour Market. Canadian Ethnic Studies. 1987 Canadian Ethnic Studies Association.

Gindin, Sam (1987) Globalization, Nationalism, and Internationalism (1987) the Modern Era (1960-1990).

Iacovetta, Franca (1987) From Contadina to Workers: Southern Italian Immigrant Working Women in Toronto, 1947-1962. The Modern Era. (1960-1990)

McDowell, Laurel Sefton (1987)the Formation of the Canadian Industrial Relations System During World War Two. Labour/Le Travail 1987 Memorial University of Newfoundland.
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Taylor Law Overview Employee Rights

Words: 997 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34784590

Striking is not deemed to be an acceptable method of dispute resolution under the Taylor Law. According to Section 209, an impasse is deemed to exist if the parties fail to achieve agreement at least one hundred twenty days prior to the end of the fiscal year of the public employer. Specific provisions of Section 209 pertain to certain, select public employment bodies, such as police and fire unions, which must submit directly to binding arbitration because of the vital nature of the services they provide. The PERB can assist resolution by appointing mediators, and if this fails, it can create a fact-finding board with the power to make recommendations. If an impasse is still manifest the dispute is shifted to the chief executive officer of the government involved and to the employee organization involved.

Union security

Public employees are allowed to unionize by law (and, indeed, it could be…… [Read More]

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Union Labor Disputes Canada Wal-Mart

Words: 6077 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74391495

But when it just recently occurred in 2004 at a store in Jonquiere, British Columbia, the reader must appreciate that a real battle had been won. The original efforts of that particular store for example had the local labor Commission reject certification by a margin of 74 to 65. When the union announced that it won the coveted certification at Quebec, it was quite a blow to the retailer. The Quebec Labour elations Commission issued the order certifying the United Food and Commercial Workers Union (UFCW) as the bargaining agent of employees in Wal-Mart's store in Jonquiere. As noted, the reason a victory of this magnitude is huge is because of the policies and tactics used by Wal-Mart. The retailer works diligently to prevent its workforce from engaging in any collective action and they have consistently shown that they are willing to cross the line to guarantee their position.

Wal-Mart…… [Read More]


Baek, Seung Wook. (2000.) "The Changing Trade Unions in China." Journal of Contemporary Asia: March.

Budd, John W. (1994). "The Effect of Multinational Institutions on Strike Activity in Canada." Industrial and Labor Relations Review.

Corbett, Brian (2002). "Southern hospitality." Ward's Auto World, August.

Delsohn, Gary. (1997.) "UPS Strike May Revive American Labor Movement." Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News: Sept.
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Benefits Role and Criticisms of Labor Unions

Words: 3319 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16689905

Role of Labor Unions in Industrial Relations

In their definition, labor unions have always been known as organizations that have always aimed at getting their members both financial and non-financial benefits. The role of labor unions is however bigger than that and they have been known to aid in helping employers improve the productivity and discipline of their workers. Labor unions respond to issues differently. This is explained by the differences in industrial relations contexts and also policies of different states as well as strategies of the various employers around the country.

Employees come together to form a labor union to achieve a common goal. Labor unions have several goals. Some of the goals include agitating for higher retirement benefits as well as other benefits for its members. They also seek to increase the number of workers assigned for specific job tasks. They ensure that employees work under good and…… [Read More]


Baglioni, G. And C. Crouch (eds.) (1990) European Industrial Relations. The Challenge of Flexibility (London: Sage).

Barrow, C. (2013). Industrial Relations Law. New York: Routledge.

Blanpain, R. (2007). Decentralizing Industrial Relations and the Role of Labor Unions and Employee Representatives. New York: Kluwer Law International.

Blanpain, R., & Baker, J. (2010).Comparative Labor Law and Industrial Relations in Industrialized Market Economies. New York: Kluwer Law International.
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Professional Issues in Nursing Things That Surprised

Words: 2128 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40801035

Professional Issues in Nursing

Things that surprised me

The chapter on collective bargaining has some surprising aspects with respect to nursing. Collective bargaining has a number of difficulties while being implemented at nursing profession. Nurses have a number of predicaments that can easily bar them from accessing and delivering quality services to patients. In order to arrive at an equitable ground where success is determined and assessed by use of collective bargaining, nurses and any other worker should exist in groups of palatable ground of service.

As indicted in chapter 17 of the book, nurses and many people working in organizations have difficulties in accessing policies that demonstrate their capabilities. Nurses encounter difficulties, which are often directed to their organizations. Nursing is a difficult activity that deserves a lot of sacrifice and affection from the people involved. Moreover, it is surprising to know that there are no direct segments within…… [Read More]


Huston, C.J. (2010). Professional issues in nursing: Challenges & opportunities.

Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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Private Labor Union Enrollment Has

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46919047

They also stand to receive more from collective bargaining arrangements, because they are often negotiating with public officials who have a direct role in allocating funds for projects and salaries, versus the private sector, where wages and demand for labor is highly influenced by consumer demand. Private sector employees also know if that if they bargain too hard, the competitive nature of their organization may be compromised.

In Chapter 2 of the text Local government labor relations: A guide for public administrators entitled "Bargaining unit determination" by Joan E. Pynes and Joan M. Lafferty, the authors detail the nature of collective bargaining agreements. Employees who the LMRA requires to have separate representation (such as professional workers); individuals excluded from the definition of employee (such as children and spouses); employees who do not regularly perform the type of work of the bargaining unit; and employees whose interests are more closely aligned…… [Read More]

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Letter Against Unionization Dear Mr Hines Thank

Words: 1880 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42334858

Letter Against Unionization

Dear Mr. Hines

Thank you for our recent discussion regarding the American Professionals Union's attempt to organize our nursing staff. The nurses have made their many grievances known and I have listened intently to their rationale about unionizing. With the widespread shortage of nurses, many hospitals have given way to unionization. This is not a new trend. It is a popular way for nurses to resolve challenges and negotiate salaries. The American Nurses Association first endorsed collective bargaining in the later 19040s and at the time, viewed it as the road to improving both wages and working conditions (Carrell & Heavrin, 2007). Today, nurses' attention has shifted from wages, benefits, and work conditions, to also include patient issues. ecent strikes in California, Minnesota and Pennsylvania have focused on nurse to patient ratios in particular, after extensive research revealed a direct correlation between minimum nurse to patient ratios…… [Read More]


Carrell, M.R., & Heavrin, C. (2007). Labor relations and collective bargaining: Cases, practice, and law (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Harrison, M. (2012). Nurses Need the Right to Strike to Protect Patients. Nursing Standard, 26(34), 33.

Gillen, S. (2012). Under deconstruction -- employers chip away at Agenda for Change. Nursing Standard, 26(34), 12-13.

Sherwood, C. (2012) Untruths. Retrieved June 7, 2012 from
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Nursing Risks When Dealing With

Words: 759 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37292338

Characteristics of Nursing Employment Settings Without Collective Bargaining

Collective bargaining, which is what is done by unions, is generally thought by most people to be beneficial, but there are some health care settings where the nurses choose not to be part of collective bargaining agreements or unions. These employment settings are generally characterized by nurses who have an affinity for their job, and who would do that job as a volunteer if they did not get paid. In other words, these nurses believe that they are doing what is right for their patients, and that is what matters to them. Sure, many of them have bills to pay and mouths to feed at home, and they understand the value of their paycheck. However, they want to be paid on the merits of what they are doing, not because a big group of people got together and said that they were…… [Read More]

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ADA When a Reasonable Accommodation

Words: 413 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69942601

The union, however, must be part of the process of determining a reasonable accommodation where the reasonable accommodation would cause a material, substantial or significant change in working conditions" to the unionized employees (Johnson, 2007).

However, negotiating reasonable accommodations, "may conflict with the NLRA prohibitions on direct dealing and unilateral changes to terms and conditions of employment," which must be established during the collective bargaining process (Johnson, 2007). Thus the provisions of the ADA and NLRA may conflict. Furthermore, unlike Title VII, the "ADA does not contain an exception for collectively bargained seniority systems. Most likely, therefore, an employer can not automatically reject a requested accommodation that conflicts with or affects the terms of a collective bargaining agreement, such as request for a light duty job without the requisite seniority or a request for job restructuring, but must show that the accommodation would be an undue hardship, that is, unduly…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Laurie M. Johnston. (2007). The ADA and Collective Bargaining Issues. DLRP.

Retrieved 10 Jun 2007 at
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Educational Sector Is Often Approached

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26890402

These techniques gather information and create networks of people and they help promote the interests of the unions at the level of policy making.

In terms of the future, this is difficult to foresee. Nonetheless, a feature which gains more and more popularity is the possibility for the No Child Left Behind Act to further increase the bargaining powers of the teacher and their unions. In such a context then, the policy making process would be more influenced by the teachers' unions.

At the same level of impasses which need resolution, Joan E. Pynes and Joan M. Lafferty take a more distant approach. Unlike Paul Manna, who emphasizes on the specifics of the NCLB act, Pynes and Lafferty take a more objective stand to the problems in the public sector and create a list of the means to be used in resolving impasses; their approach is more distant and more…… [Read More]


Gewertz, C., Collective bargaining bumping up against No Child Left Behind Law, Education Week,  last accessed on November 9, 2011

Manna, P., Teachers unions and No Child Left Behind

Pynes, J.E., Lafferty, J.M., Impasse resolution in the public sector
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Grievances and the Mis interpretation of

Words: 1266 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36481741

The union, as the filer and continued impetus behind the grievance, has the burden of proving that the company in some way violated its labor contract in so doing. The level of proof needed is fairly basic; the contract can be carefully read by the arbitrator, and any actions that were illegal according to the terms of the contract could be identified. The burden of proof must lie with the union just as an alleged criminal is supposedly "presumed innocent until proven guilty" -- it is a basic logical necessity. The company can no more prove that it has not violated the contract and more than a suspect can prove he did not rob a bank (for exmple); it is impossible to prove a negative. If the contract had been violated, there would be clear evidence of this for the union to point to.

Instead, the union's accusation is full…… [Read More]

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Communication Workers of America

Words: 2444 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6815401


We tend to think of labor unions as a thing of the past. Not, of course, that workers no longer need protection. But since the beginning of the first eagan administration, we have become used to workers' rights being chipped - and sometimes hacked - away by the powerful interests of capital. (The same powerful interests, of course, that unions were designed to fight against). The overall percentage of workers who belong to unions has been falling for generations, in part because of eagan-era legal decisions that lessened the power of unions and in part because of globalization and a shift away (in the United States and in othe First World countries) from the heavy-industrial jobs that have tended to be the most heavily unionized, as Boeri (2001) notes.

But even as heavy industry is losing jobs and unions are losing those same workers, in other parts of the…… [Read More]


Boeri, T. (2001). The Role of Unions in the 21St-Century. Oxford: Oxford UP.

Riccucci, N. (1990). Women, Minorities, and Unions in the Public Sector. Miami: Greenwood.

Stadelbacher, D. (2003). Interview,

Wheeler, H.N. (2002). The Future of the American Labor Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
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Labor Negotiating Practices the Issue of Labor

Words: 1715 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34401992

Labor Negotiating Practices

The issue of labor negotiating practices is one of the most important issues that companies must address. This is because the sensitiveness of labor problems is reflected in their legal implications. The battle between employers and employees becomes more and more difficult and requires advanced negotiation skills.

Company's Stance towards Labor Issues

The company that is analyzed in this case is represented by the companies that joined their forces in order to purchase Twinkies and other important brands from Hostess in their attempt to invest in their revival. These companies are represented by Metropoulos and Co. And Apollo Global Management. The potential of these brands has been acknowledged by the two companies that are interested in opening up new production plants. This means that they will hire a large number of employees. However, the issue in this case is that these companies are not interested in allowing…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Feintzeig, R. (2013). New Twinkie Maker Shuns Union Labor. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 20, 2013 from

2. Farrell, J. (2013). Twinkies and Labor Unions: Explaining the Hostess Collapse. Retrieved May 21, 2013 from
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How Unions and Management Can Get Along More Effectively

Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84358055

Unions and Collective Bargaining

Employees join labor unions because the union represents the rights of the employee in the bargaining process with the company. This can be helpful as there can be a lot of subtle nuances within a contract that only an experienced representative would understand. Another reason employees join labor unions is to have solidarity with other employees, which allows them to exercise grievances more effectively. A union is an organization that is meant to look out for the interests and rights of laborers, so an employee will join the union for these two reasons: to protect his interests and to better assert his rights.

Two reasons that organizations prefer that unions do not represent their employees is that unions can often bog down the contract process and put up obstacles in the way of what the organization wants to accomplish in terms of employee compensation. The other…… [Read More]


Fecteau, M. (n.d.). Legal Boundaries of Collective Bargaining. Clas.Wayne.Edu.

Retrieved from

Jeanty, J. (n.d.). Collective Bargaining and Employee Rights. eHow. Retrieved from

Schwartz, B. (2015). The Legal Rights of Union Stewards. MA: Work Rights Press.
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Unions the Worker and Benefits

Words: 960 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78355552

(AFL-CIO, 2011e) These are the benefits to workers from unions and the result when they are not allowed to have unions. There are problems and benefits to the business from unions rather than workers from the unorganized sector.

The Business:

From the point-of-view of business also the unions have helped the business boost productivity. As per the contention of Professor Harley Shaiken at the University of California-Berkeley where unions exist there is greater productivity, less absenteeism and better workplace communication and team spirit. There is also the possibility of having a better trained workforce. Consequently it leads to better performance, and competitiveness, and health safety and product quality. This in turn gives the firm a competitive edge in the economy. The study by Harley Shaiken shows that from 1943 to 1973 the wage rise and the rise in productivity were correlated while after 1973 with the union and collective bargaining…… [Read More]


AFL-CIO. (2011a) "America's Union Movement." Retrieved 26 January 2010 from

AFL-CIO. (2011b) "Collective Bargaining Raise Wages -- Especially for Women and People

of Color" Retrieved 26 January 2010 from /joinaunion/why/uniondifference/uniondiff4.cfm

AFL-CIO. (2011c) "Nonunion worker pay is significantly lower in nearly all occupational groups" Retrieved 26 January 2010 from
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Employee Representation a Labor Union Refers to

Words: 640 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79335944

Employee Representation

A labor union refers to an association of employees that have come together in pursuit of common goals, such as better pay. Labor relations are wider in scope; they refer to the interactions between the labor unions (employees' representatives) and employers - and usually deal with the maintenance of collective bargaining agreements.

Labor relations date way back to the formation of the very first significant unions: the Knights of Labor, the American Federation of Labor (AFL), and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). The Knights of Labor, however, failed to achieve its objectives due to its large membership. AFL, unlike the other two, initially restricted its membership to skilled tradesmen. However, with the 1935 formation of CIO, which incorporated both skilled and unskilled laborers, conflicts resulted and the two unions later merged.

Question Three

Enacted in 1926 and later on expanded to rope in the airline industry, the…… [Read More]

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Air Traffic Controller Representation Pro-Or

Words: 1794 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36762936

In this regard, Osorio adds that, "The strike put deregulation on hold, giving the airlines a respite from intense competition and more time to plan for the post-deregulation era" (2000, p. 114). The PATCO strike also severely hampered further governmental employee unionizing activities for decades (Osorio, 2000).


The research showed that in 1981, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization engaged in an illegal strike for more money, better working conditions and updated equipment that violated Title VII of the Civil Service eform Act of 1978. Notwithstanding the legitimacy of the union's demands, the manner in which they pursued them was violative of the law of the land and the President of the United States took matters into his own hands as chief executive officer and fired the lot of them in response, replacing them with supervisors, military air traffic controllers and newly hired controllers. The PATCO strike also had…… [Read More]


Grimes, P.W. (1999). The decline of strike activity and the post-PATCO era. Atlantic Economic

Journal, 32(2), 37.

Manheim, J.B. (2001). The death of a thousand cuts: Corporate campaigns and the tttack on the corporation. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Minchin, T.J. (2000, Spring). Torn apart: Permanent replacements and the Crossett Strike of
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Republicans Attack on National Labor Relations Board

Words: 2502 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49523530

GOP Aacks on NLRB

Labor Movemen & Srucure of he NLRB

In his paper I explore he sae of he curren relaionship beween he Republican Pary and he Labor movemen in he Unied Saes. In par one I briefly race he hisory of he labor movemen in he Unied Saes and he passage of he Naional Labor Relaions Ac and he emergence of he Naional Labor Relaions Board. . In he paper's second secion, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he sae level-wih special aenion paid o Wisconsin and Ohio. In par hree, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he naional level wih respec o heir aacks on he Naional Labor Relaions Board, focusing specifically on he House's refusal o appoin and approve anymore Board Members and heir recen passage of he Proecing Jobs from Governmen Inerference Ac. Finally, I explore boh he fuure prospecs of union busing sraegies and…… [Read More]

to the Board's duties and mission. The site houses a copy of the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 and its subsequent amendments, in addition to an explanation of the duties of the NLRB, its dispute resolution process, directions regarding how to file a complaint, and the life cycle of labor law violations.

Zieger, R.H., & Hall, G.J. (2002). American workers, american unions: The twentieth century. (pp. 13-56). Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Zieger and Hall catalogue the history of the American Labor Movement by beginning with a frank look at the state of unregulated industry in the first quarter of the twentieth century. They move on to catalogue the rise and fall of the American Labor Movement including the emergence of the strikes, the legal battles, the issue of race and labor, and finally the nature of labor in the United States at the beginning of the 21st Century. Zieger and Hall provide an extensive historical and legal overview of the rise of the unions.
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Internal Government Is Based Upon

Words: 2390 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30918301

If a violation of worker's rights occur, these unions can be contacted with complaints. Once again, if the worker's unions cannot resolve the problem adequately, consultation with higher authority figures is an option.


Being a unionized institution, collective bargaining is very much part of the employment process. This generally occurs at the departmental level. Generally, higher-level positions are filled by persons already employed by the University. The collective bargaining process entails the establishment of a contract that both an employee and employer find agreeable. uch a contract concerns the conditions of the workplace, including the hours, rules, regulations, and wages.

Once an employee is accepted at the University, the head of department encourages this person to join a union. The employee is then included in a meeting with a union representative and the head of department to discuss the terms of the contract. When an agreement is reached, the…… [Read More]


Bensimon, Estela M., Neumann, Anna and Birnbaum, Robert. "Higher Education and Leadership Theory.

Birnbaum, Robert. (1989, Jul). The Latent Organizational functions of the Academic Senate: Why Senates do not work but will not go away. The Journal of Higher Education. 60 (4).

Dill, David D. (1982). The Management of Academic Culture: Notes on the management of meaning and social integration. Higher Education, 11.

Downey, James (1996, Winter). The University as Trinity: Balancing Corporation, Collegium, and Community. Higher Education, Vol. 21, No. 2.
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Police Systems and Practices Question Set Discuss

Words: 856 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78880879

Police Systems and Practices Question Set

Discuss how temperament can impair communication?

The ability control one's temperament at all times while working as a police officer is crucial to the performance of daily duties, because there are many instances when law enforcement personnel may be provoked to reaction in a purposeful manner. If an officer is unable to refrain from responding to insults in kind, or begins to yell or otherwise express anger, the course of an investigation or civilian interaction will become irrevocably altered. Simply put, ordinary people are less willing to cooperate with police officers and other authority figures who are openly frustrated, angry, spiteful, impatient, or otherwise perturbed -- so it is imperative that maintaining an even-keeled temperament become both a departmental and personal priority.

Discuss how failure of supervisors to act can impede future communication from subordinates.

A police officer's locker room is like any other…… [Read More]

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Union Security Provisions Should Be Negotiated in

Words: 439 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58197663

Union Security Provisions Should Be Negotiated in Labor Agreements

Union security provisions are an important issue of collective bargaining and have become a crucial point of controversy between employers and unions. As such, it must be incorporated in the vast majority of collective bargaining contracts. This can be achieved by employers encouraging monthly deductions from the employees' monthly salaries. Obviously, fines and special security provisions will have an added advantage to the union (Carrell & Heavrin, 2011). Safety and security to the unions has an added advantage of the labor organizations in terms of time and money savings to strengthen its institutional status. For this reason, most companies are not happy about the union security provisions even though most people have acknowledged it a method of collecting dues for their organizations. Once willing to grant union security provisions, employers are likely to make it a major issue of bargaining per…… [Read More]


Carrell, M.R., & Heavrin, C. (2011). Collective bargaining and labor relations: Cases, practice, and law. New York: Merrill Pub. Co.

Sloane, A.A. & Witney, F. (2010). Labor relations (13th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
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Human Resources Labor Unions Have

Words: 721 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66107449

Each side (labor union and managers) have preconceived notions about each other. Labor union leaders feel that managers are political and do not get the whole negotiating process because they are cheap. Managers feel that labor union representatives not nothing about the management process and that they know nothing about the big picture (pg. 278). In order for labor negotiations to be successful and for both sides to feel like at least most of their needs have been met, labor unions and managers need to set aside any preconceived notions and try not to be judgemental.

Membership in labor unions has decreased from 32.5% of the working population in the private section in the 1950's to about 13% in 2009. The public sector has not seen such a drastic decrease, but overall this means that the number of labor negotiations has also decreased (Kersie and Cutcher-Gershenfeld, 2009). While this may…… [Read More]


Berman, E.M., Bowman, J.S., West, J.P., & Wart, M.V. (2002). Unions and the Government: Protectors, Partners and Punishers. Human Resource Management in Public Service: Paradoxes, Processes, and Problems (Second Edition ed., pp. 275-303). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Fonstad, N.O., McKersie, R.K., and Eaton, S.C. (2004). Interest-based negotiations in a transformed labor-management setting. Negotiation Journal, 20(1), 5-11.

McKersie, R. And Cutcher-Gershenfeld, J. (2009). Labor-management relations: Understanding and practicing effective negotiations. Negotiation Journal, 25(4), 499-514.
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Hostess Brands Inc Is One of the

Words: 2140 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63039149

Hostess Brands, Inc. is one of the largest wholesale bakers in the United States that operates nearly three dozen bakeries and more than 570 bakery outlet stores. This company delivers baked goods to mass marketers, American supermarkets, and convenience stores through 5,500 delivery routes. Since its inception, Hostess Brand, Inc. has developed to an extent that a hostess would demonstrate her home pride through serving breads and sweet products that are manufactured by Hostess Brands. Nature's Pride, Wonder, and Merita are some of the major bread brands manufactured and delivered by the firm. Moreover, Hostess Brands, Inc. also sells snack cakes such as Ding Dongs, Ho Ho's and Twinkies and other sweet-baked products. Despite of its success in the market, Hostess Brands, which is owned by ipplewood Holdings, an investment bank, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2012 and aims to liquidate.

Company Background:

Hostess Brands, Inc. was established…… [Read More]


Curtis, J.M. (2012, November 22). Union Busting Kills Hostess Brands, Inc. Retrieved

December 3, 2012, from 

"Hostess in Current Condition Because of Failed Management." (2012, November 15). The

Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers International Union. Retrieved December 3, 2012, from
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Legal Business Environment Legal Environment

Words: 2863 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16330481

Fixtures are considered part of personal property, but in cases where they become a part of real property and cannot be removed, they are considered part of real property. uilding on a plot of land is a fixture that is considered part of real property, similarly things that are fixed with the real property and can not be removed without damage can be considered part of real property. In case of sale of real property, it is appropriate to define the items of personal property that will be included with the real property and which will not be included.

The law does not recognize ownership achieved by deceitful means such as theft, fraud or force. Property may be acquired through:

Exchange: In exchange for money or other property

Possession: eing the first owner of previously un-owned property

Confusion: When ones property is mixed with someone else's property by mistake or…… [Read More]


Business Litigation - An Overview, Retrieved from Internet on 27 May 2006.

Criminal Law, Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Retrieved from Internet on 27 May 2006.

Muhi, C.J., The Employment-at-Will Doctrine: Three Major Exceptions, Monthly Labor Review, January 2001

Reed, O.L., Shedd, P.J., Morehead, J.W., Robert N. And Corley, R.N., The Legal and Regulatory Environment of Business, ISBN: 0072881119, 2005, McGraw-Hill
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Eo 10988

Words: 946 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75789799

Executive Order can be defined as "A presidential policy directive that implements or interprets a federal statute, a constitutional provision or a treaty." (Vosloo, 1966) The Congress gives the president powers to issue such executive orders though congressional approval is not required therefore giving the president a chance to avoid public debate and opposition in setting policy. Executive orders have been associated with routine matters of administration and internal operations of federal agencies and have over time proved to be a very critical tool to presidents in relation to policy making. It should also be noted that executive orders have the force and effect of law and their issuance are usually under particular statutory authority from the Congress (Vosloo, 1966).

In the year 1962 President John F. Kennedy issued an executive order which was labeled Executive Order 10988 and whose main aim was to recognize federal employees' rights in bargaining…… [Read More]


Johnson, Ronald N. & Libecap, Gary D. (1994). The Maturation of Federal Employees as an Interest Group, University of Chicago Press: Chicago

Nuar, Frances (2010). Hawaii's public and private unions: The 4th branch of government,

"Hawaii Reporter" accessed on March 5, 2011 from the website

Vosloo, Willem B. (1966). Collective bargaining in the United States federal civil service,
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American Meat Packing Corp 362F 3d 418 7TH

Words: 3196 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19934518

American Meat Packing Corp., 362F.3d 418 (7th Cir. 2004).

On November 15, 2001, 350 workers at the American Meat Packing Corporation (AMPC) showed up for work and were told they had been terminated. Because they were not notified 60 days prior to termination, the Worker Adjustment and etraining Notification Act, U.S.C. § 2101-2109, the WAN Act, did not apply. The purpose of the 1989 WAN Act was to create a buffer for workers who anticipate mass layoffs or plant closings that have been unanticipated. Under the WAN Act, the 60 day notice of plant closings or any mass layoffs may be waived or reduced if a business closure is "caused by some sudden, dramatic, and unexpected action or condition outside the employer's control." 20 C.F.. § 639.9(b)(1).

The fundamental issue of this case is that of foreseeability. Business situations that are likely to cripple or close a firm may be…… [Read More]

Resources-Through Strategies

partnerships (8th ED), Thomson Retrieved / graduate_writing_program courses/academic_writing_II/media/b_paper.pdf

Internet sources assessed.

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Orange County Florida Public Administration

Words: 1613 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4328547

Denhardt & Denhardt report that "one aspect of compensation policy that has received substantial attention over the years is the comparability of wages and salaries in the public and private sectors. Efforts to make such comparisons are similar to comparing apples and oranges, thus early studies tended to show public-sector salaries considerably below those in the private sector -- today ranging between 22 and 38%, depending on grade level." (p. 299)

Accordingly, many agencies are under real economic pressure to improve pay scales of public employees and to close this notable gap. For Orange County, this prompts a recommendation to evaluate compensation strategies lest they should lose many of the best and brightest young public administration candidates to more lucrative private enterprising opportunities. Indeed, though the benefits and transparency of public administration may be appealing, these cannot compete with so wide a gap in compensation opportunities. If Orange County is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Denhardt, R.B. & Denhardt, J.V. (2008). Public Administration: An Action Orientation. Cengage Learning.

Drage, T. (2010). Charter Review Commission Orientation. Charter Review Commission.

Geuras, D. & Garofalo, C. (2011). Practical Ethics in Public Administration. Management Concepts.

Haynie, M.O. (2010). Orange County Comptroller.
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Rising Health Care Costs -

Words: 3279 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66596723

Because of these types of figures, it should come as no surprise that economists and others that analyze this type of issue are greatly interested in what type of role benefits play within the labor market.

Utilizing a simple theory of the labor market indicates that employers are generally concerned regarding the level of total worker compensation as opposed to the division between the wages that they actually pay and other compensation such as benefits. However, looking at this so simply ignores many of the important differences between benefits and wages. Generally it has been asserted that benefits represent what are called quasi-fixed costs, which means that they do not vary with the number of hours that are worked as wages do but rather they vary instead with the number of workers at the company. Because of this, what type of structure employee compensation packages have often influences the demand…… [Read More]

Ehrenberg, R.G. & Smith, R.S. 1994. Modern Labor Economics. New York: Harper Collins.

Buchmueller, T.C. 1999. Comparing benefit costs for full-time and part-time workers. Monthly Labor Review.

Buchmueller, 1999.
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Greek Mythological Master Piece Sailing

Words: 1363 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69414991

Historical Issues In Modern Education

There are numerous issues seeded in a Greek civilization, rooting down to the contemporary world; for instance Gender Equity, home schooling, Pledge of allegiance, Unions and collective bargaining just to name a few. Each of the issues would be addressed in due course.

Most notably gender bias as practiced by the Greeks is the major parasitical issue in all avenues of education. A study commissioned by the American Association of University Women (AAUW) in 1991 claims that girl don't receive as much attention and are not put into challenging situations like complex and abstract questioning, as compared to boys, in an average school (Woodward, 1998). Moreover, countable school books portray "stereotypical" image of women. These books are void of any acknowledgements of the abilities and achievements of women altogether. This has also been hinted by Cahill in the chapter Warrior: how to fight and also…… [Read More]

Reference and Research Book News, August 2005, Kids and Violence, the invisible school experience.

Gender bias in education means treating boys and girls differently at school. (Woodward, 1998)
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International Labor Organization Ilo

Words: 739 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76371528

International Labor Organization (ILO)

The history of the International Labor Organization is an interesting one which actually points to the history of organized conflict within the world. At a micro level, the organization was formed in 1919 as part of the Treaty of Versailles which helped to end World War I. The establishers of this organization were convinced that in order to preserve international peace for all time that social justice needed to reign -- perhaps the key driving force behind social injustice is the regular exploitation of the laborer from his labor and the capital benefits it produces.

However, from a macro level, the creation of the ILO extends much further than the political motives associated with the first World War. Prior to the waging of that war and ever since the industrial revolution took place and the means by which laborers were displaced from the results of their…… [Read More]


International Labor Organization. (1996). Origins and history. Retrieved from -- en/index.htm

International Labor Organization. (1996). Mission and objectives. Retrieved from -- en/index.htm
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Labor and Union Case Study the Objective

Words: 976 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68427642

Labor and Union Case Study

The objective of this work in writing is to conduct a case study on labor and unions and to answer the questions of: (1) Is the grievance process an effective method for resolving workplace disputes? And (2) How would you suggest that unions and employers improve their ability to correctly interpret the collective agreement?

In the case study at focus, several employees have a discussion, which results in an altercation, and two employees are fired as a result. The employees were then advised that they could file a grievance. One of the employees, named Green met in the cafeteria with a representative of the Grievance Committee and related her side of the story and believed that by meeting with the Grievance Committee member that she had filed an official grievance. One week later the other employee, Swallows, was reinstated. When Green inquired about the grievance,…… [Read More]


Borrell, Charles A. (2006) How Unions Can Improve Their Success Rate in Labor Arbitration. All Business. Dispute Resolution Journal Feb-Apr 2006. Retrieved from:

Travis, Mark C. (nd) Improving the Grievance Process: Grievance Mediation As An Alternative to Arbitration. Retrieved from:
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Teacher Unions a Very Controversial

Words: 4400 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68900940

Since smaller class size has been shown to positively affect student learning, at least in the early grades, one might also infer that this affects teachers' work positively. Further, researchers have found a positive relationship between collective bargaining and increased preparation time for teachers, which many educators believe is essential for good teaching and collaborative work among colleagues within a school.

Collective Bargaining, Unions and Teacher/Educational Quality

In a March 1999 study of Texas Schools, teacher salaries were shown to have a modest impact on teacher mobility and upon student performance. The authors of the study found that teacher mobility was more affected by the characteristics of the students, including income, achievement and race.

Salaries are also more weakly related to performance on teacher certification tests. This appears to be relevant only in districts where there are high levels of hiring (ibid., 30). The study found that certification tests were…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Driscoll, D., Halcoussis, D., & Svorny, S. (2003). School district size and student performance. Economics of Education Review, 22, 193 -- 201.

Farber, H.S. (2006). "Union membership in the United States: the divergence between the public and private sectors." In J. Hannaway & A.J. Rotherham (Eds.), Collective Bargaining in Education: Negotiating Change in Today's Schools (pp. 27-51). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Educational Pub Group.

Hanushek, E.A., Kain, J.F., & Rivkin, S.G. (1999). Do higher salaries buy better teachers?. In American Economic Association (pp. 1-51). New York, NY: American Economic Association.

Hess, F.M. And Kelly, A.P. (2006). "Scapegoats, albatross or what? The status quo in teacher collective bargaining." In J. Hannaway & A.J. Rotherham (Eds.), Collective Bargaining in Education: Negotiating Change in Today's Schools (pp. 53-61 ). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Educational Pub Group.
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Grievance Process an Effective Method

Words: 1299 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21539965


How would you suggest that unions and employers improve their ability to correctly interpret the collective agreement?

From the perspective of employees, one of the principal benefits of collective bargaining and union representation is assuring a reasonable balance of power between labor and management in workplace decision-making. Many collective bargaining agreements attempt to achieve such a balance by, among other things, giving employees the right to participate in certain decisions about how work will be assigned, how jobs will be classified, and how workers will be paid. The collective bargaining agreement at issue in Case Study 11-1 attempts to strike a balance between giving employees a role in important decision-making while reserving traditional management prerogatives to control fundamental decisions about profit and loss.

The problem in Case Study 11-1 arises because the terms of the collective bargaining agreement are somewhat ambiguous about how certain decisions are classified and about…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Richard S. Rosenberg, Matthew T. Wakefield and Sabrina A. Beldner. "Courts Flip-Flop on 'Weingarten' Rights for Nonunion Employees." Accessed at (November 7, 2010).

IBM Corp., 341 NLRB No. 148 (2004).
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Teaching Assistants Research Assistants and

Words: 1425 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66198726

Case Study 6.3 - "Unilateral Work Rule Changes"

The deceptively simple zipper clause included in the labor contract is profoundly powerful in its effects, or would be so if the legal exceptions of such a clause were not so prohibitive of its seeming intent. The clause is not especially complex, and means exactly what it says -- except for instances explicitly specified by he contract, no further bargaining is needed or can be required until the termination/expiration of the contract as "all the bargainable issues for the term thereof" have been definitively addressed by the contract. When both parties (i.e. labor and management) sign this contract, it is intended to mean that both parties are agreeing that all bargainable issues have been dealt with, and that therefore no more bargaining is necessary.

In reality, however, the full scope of the clauses' stated powers cannot be enforced due to existing legal…… [Read More]

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How to Use the Zipper Clause in Contracts

Words: 1334 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94703328

Faith Bargaining

The company's unilateral implementation of the two new work rules without providing the union with prior notice or an opportunity to bargain did constitute a violation of the duty to bargain in good faith under the LMA, as amended, because at least one of the two new rules -- that regarding bonus pay for perfect attendance -- was a mandatory subject of bargaining (Fecteau). Management attempted to circumvent the LMA by applying a zipper clause, the language of which is neither clear nor unmistakable in terms of waving all bargaining rights. The Union could sue by claiming that the zipper clause only appears to be concerning material already stated in the contract and not new additions.

The purpose of the zipper clause is to effectively put an end to all bargaining between Union and company (Nakamura). Essentially it relieves both the Union and the company from engaging in…… [Read More]


Fecteau, Michelle. "Legal Boundaries of Collective Bargaining." Clas.Wayne.Edu.


"Implementing Work Rules During the Term of a Collective Bargaining Agreement."

Faegre Baker Daniels. 27 Sept 2007. Web.
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Providence Health Care's Background Information Started Legally

Words: 909 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5525517

Providence Health Care's Background Information

Started legally on March 31, 2000, Providence Health Care is a Canadian nonprofit, faith-based organization operating 15 centers in British Columbia and Vancouver. The organization has a staff of 6000 employees and 1500 volunteers. " This organization mainly serves the residents from Lower Mainland as well as the rest of British Columbia in collaboration with Vancouver Coastal Health, Provincial Health Services and University of British Columbia" (Providence Health Care, 2012). The organization offers care and treatment to patients with Cardio pulmonary, renal, mental complications as well as Aquired immune Dificiency Syndrome (AIDS) and urban health issues such as drug and alcohol related illnesses.

Legal Issues and ecommendations

There are many legal challenges that a health care facility such as Providence can encounter. Violation of the occupational safety and health guidelines and regulation as provided for by the law is one of them. It is the…… [Read More]


Ministry of Justice. (2011, December 9). Human Rights Protection. Retrieved March 4, 2012, from   

Providence Health Care. (2012). Retrieved March 4, 2012, from

The Economist. (1995, July 1). The Future of Unions. The Economist .
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Wage Issues and Economic Supplements the Interview

Words: 2490 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85263773

Wage Issues and Economic Supplements

The interview for this assignment was conducted with the human resources manager of Ford Motor Company. The company has prolonged its partnership with the United Automobile Workers union. The interview questions and their answers are listed below.

How do you rate the wage level in your company in relation to the minim wage?

Ford Motor is a company that attributes its success on the quality of its manufactured vehicles. These high quality standards can only be achieved with the quality input of our workers. Therefore, their performance becomes connected with their job satisfaction, which relies on the wages they receive for their work. We want high quality work, and we pay higher than average wages.

Q2: Are there any types of jobs within your company where you pay minimum wages?

A2: There most certainly are. We have positions where unskilled workers are required. For such…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Masterfano, M. (2013). Unions: The Good, the Bad, the Ugly. The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 6, 2013 from  .

2. Budd, J. (2012). Union Bargaining. Retrieved October 7, 2013 from

3. Budd, J.W. (2012). Labor Unions: Good or Bad? Retrieved October 7, 2013 from
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Illegl Immigrant Labor Be Protected

Words: 3790 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43085232

If the foundations of the NLA are to be supported, the illegal worker will need to be provided with the complete display of NLA solutions. With that said, the tension still remains.

Key Issues

Statistics do show that illegal aliens are accounting for 21% of the foreign born populace in the U.S. In 2000 with that amount snowballing to 30% by 2005(Abraham, 2002). With numbers progressively going up each year, a lot have started asking why. They want to know where are the immigrants coming from and why are there so many of them that are allowed to come into the nation. Statistics display that Mexico is the major distributor of illegal and legal immigrants ( Statistics show that more than half of the Mexicans that are living in the U.S. In the year 2000 were illegitimate (odriguez, 2006). By 2004, 10.5 million illegal and legal immigrants that were Mexican…… [Read More]


Foreign sourcing decisions under the duty to bargain under the nlra. (1973). The International Executive (Pre-1986), 15(1), 17.

Abraham, S.E. (2002). The supervisory exclusion under the NLRA: Has the Supreme Court gone too far? Working USA, 6(1), 77-77.

Cimini, C.N. (2008). Ask, don't tell: Ethical issues surrounding undocumented workers' status in employment litigation. Stanford Law Review, 61(2), 355-415.

Delaney, J.T., Lewin, D., & Sockell, D. (1985). The NLRA at fifty: A research appraisal and agenda. Industrial & Labor Relations Review, 39(1), 46-46.
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David Kamper's Work of Non-Fiction Entitled the

Words: 859 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16818831

David Kamper's work of non-fiction entitled The Work of Sovereignty: Tribal Labor elations and Self-Determination at the Navajo Nation. This book primarily discusses various considerations for Native Americans in relation to labor unions and other forms of organized collectives for the purposes of labor. The author's principle idea is that there are several inherent differences between indigenous Americans forming a collective for the purpose of bargaining as a unit of labor and conventional Americans. He cites a case study which serves to elucidate several of these distinctions. Moreover, he also provides an alternative to the traditional labor union approach and explicates why this methodology appears to have more success with these people. It is of the opinion of this author that Kamper's notions are both sensible and logical, particularly as they apply to the Society of American Indian Government Empolyees (or SAIGE), which is the alternative to traditional labor unions…… [Read More]


Hale, M. (2013). Review essay. Wicazo SA Review.
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Employees Use the 360 Degree

Words: 3428 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42868307

A very important point is that online learning can be done individually or in groups (for example video conferences).

6. In general, in order to make a career choice one should be informed about the world of professions. Information about the profession that appears the most interesting and appropriate should be gathered. If possible, it would be important to read interviews or talk to people with similar jobs for a more accurate and realistic image. Another important part in a career choice is to assess individual strengths and weaknesses. Several personality tests are available for such a purpose (for example CPI - California Psychological Inventory, SDS - the Self-Directed Search questionnaire). For the persons in search for a career it is important to identify the skills they have and they most enjoy using. The career identified should be compatible with the interests and skills identified. In conclusion, a person who…… [Read More]


Drewes, G., Runde, B. (2002). Performance Appraisal, in Psychological Management of Individual Performance. Sonnentag, S. (Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Fletcher, C. (2002). Appraisal: An Individual Psychological Perspective, in Psychological Management of Individual Performance. Sonnentag, S. (Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

K.J. Kennedy (2005). Evolution of Employee Benefits as Provided through the Internal Revenue Code, Retrieved from

Hesketh, B., Ivancic, K., (2002). Enhancing Performance through Training in Psychological Management of Individual Performance. Sonnentag, S. (Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.