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The federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) defines a learning disability as:
"a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia" (MedicineNet, 2008).
Children with learning disabilities have trouble learning and using certain skills. Most often affected are reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning, and doing math. People can have difficulties in one or more than one area. It is estimated that nearly three million children between the ages of six and twenty-one have some form of a learning disability (MedicineNet, 2008). esearchers continue to work on finding the causes of learning disabilities. For a long time, it was believed they were…… [Read More]
The purpose of education is to expand, rather than limit the growth potential of a child. However, that does not mean that the child has to entirely abandon his or her cultural, social, or geographic 'way of being' in the world. Language is contextual -- just as a teacher does not use as formal a tone with his or her family as he or she does with a class, a child can use slang and other localized forms of speech with his or her peers, but needs to know how to use Standard American English to function in an academic environment.
What are the advantages of obtaining language samples from a child in a conversational rather than a structured or directed context? Why should children's language be assessed during their interactions with parents, other adults, and peers?
Shy children who are intimidated by a classroom environment may be more forthcoming…… [Read More]
Healthcare Service Delivery
Interpersonal communication in delivery of health communication
Interpersonal communication is the form of communication that exists between two people and it is the type of communication that is deemed universal in many measures. Interpersonal communication involves the daily exchange which could be informal or formal in nature depending on the purpose and surrounding, it can take the form of facial expression, sounds, gestures, written words, spoken words and postures (MBA Knowledge base, 2011).
Interpersonal communication, involves dissemination and reception of objective message or information between two or more people/groups with an aim of getting the desired effect on the receiving individual or groups (Ally & Bacon, 1999). Some professional however contend that for a communication to qualify to be considered interpersonal communication then the two parties involved must be at close proximity and must be familiar with each other or share something in common. The health sector…… [Read More]
Therefore, the reason for my interest in the graduate program is to participate in this exciting and growing field. In particular I hope to work with children and their families who encounter different speech, language, and communication difficulties. In addition to providing core support in terms of speech and language therapy, I also intend to become active as a community leader who can address issues like social stigma and alternative forms of communication. In a highly verbal society such as ours, I believe it is imperative to find new ways of reaching out and interacting with those who do not or cannot conform to the majority standard of communications efficiency. A graduate degree will help me be use all the resources available to enhance understanding and treatment of speech, language and communications problems. Thank you for your consideration.… [Read More]
Relationships provide the key experience that connects children's personal and social worlds. It is within the dynamic interplay between these two worlds that minds form and personalities grow, behavior evolves and social competence begins." (1999) Howe relates that it is being acknowledged increasingly that "...psychologically, the individual cannot be understood independently of his or her social and cultural context. The infant dos not enter the world as a priori discrete psychological being. Rather, the self and personality form as the developing mind engages with the world in which it finds itself." (Howe, 1999) Therefore, Howe relates that there is: "...no 'hard boundary' between the mental condition of individuals and the social environments in which they find themselves. The interaction between individuals and their experiences creates personalities. This is the domain of the psychosocial." (Howe, 1999) the work of Howe additionally states that attachment behavior "...brings infants into close proximity to…… [Read More]
At the point where the student acquires a second language, becomes fluent in the language that is not the student's own first language, it no longer matters what the student's first language is because the student, if proficient, has mastered a command of both languages (Culatta, eese, Setzer, p. 67). It becomes a matter, they say, of phonological awareness, which facilitates the individual's ability to transfer from one language to another.
Sandra G. Koutzman (1999) says that for the student's first language to become lost to an acquired language is, indeed, a los (p. 7). Teaching and learning a second language, when it begins early in life, is increasing the individual ability to communicate. Koutzman taught English as a second language (ESL) and is herself bilingual. The benefit to individual of being bilingual is a multi-faceted one that actually affords an individual a greater breadth of expression, and freedom.
eferences…… [Read More]
Mental Health Disorder
The following is a close examination of the psychosocial status of mental health disorder. There is going to be an examination of the symptoms along with a comprehensive diagnosis of the case.
Mental Health Disorder- Background
Childhood mental health disorder refers to all mental health conditions that affect a person in childhood. The disorder in children is described as critical changes that affect the way a child behaves, learns or even handles emotional situations. Some of the known childhood mental health disorders include (CDC - Child Development, Children's Mental Health -- NCBDDD, n.d):
Hyperactivity disorder/attention deficit disorder (ADHD) (http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/index.html)
Disorders related to behavior
Anxiety and mood disorders
Substance use disorders
Mental health is essential in life. Mental health disorders can persist throughout a person's life (CDC - Child Development, Children's Mental Health -- NCBDDD, n.d). The problem needs to be diagnosed early. Otherwise, children continue…… [Read More]
Language Impairments: Evidence-Based Interventions
Language Impairment Interventions
Evidence-Based Interventions for Pediatric Language Impairments
Evidence-Based Interventions for Pediatric Language Impairments
So strong is the genetic impulse driving language acquisition that all children will learn to speak some form of language (Sousa, 2011, p. 28, 196). This fact suggests that the remaining question confronting children, parents, educators, and society is how well these skills are learned. Problems encountered along the way, however, can sometimes have a significant impact on a child's ability to communicate with others, both now and as adults. The greatest challenges are those faced by children with speech and language disorders. To better understand the language problems confronting otherwise developmentally normal children the recommended interventions, especially from an educator's point-of-view, will be examined and discussed in this research paper.
Neurological Correlates of Language Development
Comprehending how a speech or language disorder in a child could develop and impact their…… [Read More]
communications in a business setting compromise the work of that business, a solution must be found for the benefit of the company and of all who work there. Problems can arise when employees whose tasks require written communications skills are deficient in those skills. Problems can arise also when employees are expected to both understand and explain matters verbally and nonverbally.
The cure for the first problem could be as simple as sending the employee in question for writing instruction.
The cure for the second is, however, much less straightforward. The problem might arise because of the use, or misuse, of strategic ambiguity either by the employee exhibiting the problem, or by managers and colleagues who deal with her. Or it might be caused by an unrecognized personal problem of the employee, for example, a drinking/drugs problem or a cognitive disability of short or long duration. This paper looks at…… [Read More]
Swallowing Difficulty and Speech Difficulty on Quality of Life in Patients with PEG Tubes vs. Those on NGT Feeding Systems
Stroke can effect neurological functioning and can have an effect on the patient's ability to talk and swallow. This condition can lead to severe malnutrition A decision is often made to feed the patient using a tube feeding method. Many studies have been performed to measure the clinical outcomes of these procedures, but few have focused on the effects of the patient's quality of life after receiving these interventions. This study will measure the effects of having a PEG tube inserted on the patient's quality of life as it relates to their ability to communicate and swallow. Two research questions will be answered: "Does a PEG procedure have an effect on the patient's ability to communicate their wishes and improve there satisfaction with the quality of their life in regards…… [Read More]
umors can be detrimental to any organization. There are four kinds of grapevine rumors that often lead to unnecessary gossip in any group setting. The first one is wish fulfillment and in this type of grapevine rumor, there is an identification of the hopes and wishes of the organization or company's employees. The second kind is bogey rumors. This second kind of rumor exaggerates the concerns and fears of employees.
The third is the wedge-drivers. These rumors are damaging, aggressive, and unfriendly; splitting and dissolving groups/allegiances. The last rumor is home-stretchers and these are based on anticipation of announcements or decisions. They serve the purpose of filling the gap in times of confusion or ambiguity.
esearch provides a figure for grapevine information accuracy and places it at an estimated 80% (Papa, Daniels, Spiker, & Daniels, 2008). This is because the basis of such rumors starts with a personal account that…… [Read More]
disorder Down's syndrome and the certain ways these individuals are treated in the society. Certain characteristics like their learning ability and their ability to live in the society is emphasized in the paper. Laws and regulations for children with these disorders are also hinted upon. Lastly, the inclusion of these children in the integrated teaching program is discussed.
Down syndrome is a disorder that has been named after John Langdon Down, who was a British physician and he explained this syndrome in the year 1886. Earlier in the 19th century, this condition was clinically described by Jean Etienne Dominique Esquirol in the year 1838 and then by Edouard Seguin in 1844. Dr., Jerome Lejeune identified this syndrome as a chromosome 21 trisomy. This disorder can be diagnosed after as well as before birth through prenatal screening procedures. If such pregnancies are identified, they are often terminated.
According to the CDC…… [Read More]
communication style is being used by the following personnel. 1. Rashad attended the team meeting with all the rest. When the topic of role clarification for assistive personnel came up, he stated that he thought part of his role was to anticipate the needs of the patients for toileting and personal hygienic care. Robin, one of the staff RNs in their psychiatric care group home, raised her voice as she firmly stated, "You are only an aide. That is in the RN role. We don't expect you to think, just to do what we tell you to when we tell you." Rashad sat quietly without responding because he needed to keep his job but began his plan on how he'd make Robin pay for her statement. Maybe he wouldn't do anything without being told.
The psychiatric nurse was being aggressive. She was humiliating Rashad and belittling him. What she is…… [Read More]
Communications # Technologies #Organization
What is Information Communications and Media Technology (ICMT)
ICMT is derived from two fundamental terminologies -- information communication technology and media technology. Information communication technologies refer to the resources and tools used to create, manage, store, and disseminate information (Gray, 2012). They include telephony, broadcasting technologies (television and radio), computers, and other technological media for communication. Each of these media has its technological limitations -- radio, for instance, could broadcast an event live, but one would only hear the sound and not be able to see the performers; similarly, a television would be able to deliver video and sound, but not text (Croteau, Hoynes & Milan, 2011). Media technologies are platforms of computer networks that allow for the delivery of all media forms; interactive, video, picture, sound, text and live (Croteau et al., 2011). Information communications and media technologies, therefore, refer to the various…… [Read More]
Intercultural Communication - Group
As the Manufacturing Procurement Lead for an American/Japanese automobile manufacturer, my main task is to coordinate several characteristics of production and delivery schedule of an Italian designed and manufactured electronic braking system for a new high performance sports car to be launched to the American market. An important aspect of achieving this goal is conducting a three-day meeting that incorporates various social activities, price, negotiations of delivery schedule, and creation of a preliminary contract. The social activities include cocktail reception on the first evening and a final dinner on the final day of the three-day meeting. The other vital component of success in this meeting is an understanding of group dynamics since it will affect discussions and negotiations.
The American/Japanese automotive manufacturer will be doing business with an Italian company, which implies that understanding cultural differences and business interactions with the Italian customer is essential for…… [Read More]
Language & Intelligence in Psychology
The author of this report is to answer to two general questions relating to psychology and how much (or little) it interweaves with thinking, language and intelligence. Indeed, being able to process information and being able to prod patients in the right way is important. The first question to be answered is how important thinking, language and intelligence are to the field of psychology. The second question is why and how this topic is relevant one's chosen major or concentration and/or future career goals. While thinking, language and intelligence are sometimes overblown, there is no doubt how important it is how important those things are to operating as a psychologist or in the general psychology field.
When it comes to language, the class text speaks volumes about language when it speaks about language. Constructing one's speech properly relating to syntax, tone, terms used and…… [Read More]
Communications Audit eport: A Case Study of Walmart Inc.
A Case Study of Walmart Inc.: Communications Audit eport
Wal-Mart is the world's largest retailer, and the world's largest company by revenues. A communications audit was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the company's communication strategy. This report presents the findings of that audit. It shows the specific media and channel used to communicate with internal and external stakeholders.
Communications Audit eport: A Case Study of Walmart Inc.
Walmart is an American-based multinational corporation headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas. The company was founded in 1962 with the aim of providing discount goods to customers to enable them live better. It went public in October 1969 to facilitate the achievement of this vision. Today, the company operates over 11,000 stores in 27 countries, dealing in a wide range of merchandise including foodstuffs, groceries, clothing, furniture, apparel, toys, electronics and clothing. It is home…… [Read More]
Scenario #1 "One of your employees is constantly late, leaving food and drinks at the work station, and you are forced to address the situation" is best addressed with face-to-face communication. In this method, a conversation will occur, but first the issue will be presented to the employee in question. This will require the manager to speak directly. In this case, habitual lateness negates the need to address specific circumstances; everybody is late once in a while but habitual lateness is unacceptable according to company policy.
Manager: "Good morning, Jones. Please, take a seat."
Jones: "What's up?"
Manager: "I'm issuing you a verbal warning for your lateness. You were late again yesterday. Our records show you as being late 23 times since the start of the fiscal year. Employees are expected to be at their workstations promptly at 9am, and you have continually failed to do this. You…… [Read More]
Communication and Interpersonal Skills
A cousin of mine has a personality that may be labeled as "passive." On many occasions, I have noticed her putting the needs of others first, while considering her personal needs secondary. She constantly fears others' disapproval. She wishes for others' comfort, even if it is at the expense of her own happiness. She is reluctant to voice her views, believing others can do a better job at this. She constantly has qualms regarding the decisions she makes, and gets easily swayed by others' words. I am constantly trying to make her realize that this weakness in her is bad. Seldom have I noticed her anger towards anybody who wrongs her; therefore, she is taken advantage of. Recently, she confided in me that a friend of hers always gets her to complete her assignments; my cousin just cannot say 'no', thus, doesn't. Clearly, she's being exploited…… [Read More]
The procedure of communication involves a sender transmitting data in a fitting structure to guarantee the message is comprehended by the recipient. The sender should likewise consider potential "noise" or limitations to the transmitted communication. Compelling communication relies on upon:
clearly characterizing the goal of the message
taking record of the requirements of the recipient
selecting the best medium and strategy for communication
being mindful of how "noise" can contort the message
Ensuring feedback, to assure comprehension of the message (Business Case Studies, 2016).
Example Site: www.Amazon.com
The site decided for this task is www.amazon.com. The firm is a U.S. based trade and distribution organization dealing in computers and electronics located in Seattle, Washington. It is the biggest Internet-based retailer in the United States. Amazon.com began as an online book shop, later enhancing its services to offer DVDs, Blurays, CDs, video downloads/spilling, and MP3downloads/gushing, book recording downloads/streaming, furniture,…… [Read More]
Communications Technologies: ICMT
ICMT: Communications Technologies
Simplicity vs. Complexity
The term ICMT refers to the various tools used by organizations in the creation and dissemination of print, sound, still photos, and lives forms of media. The most commonly-used ICMT tools in the organizational setting today are email, instant messaging services, and social-networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. These technologies increase the diversity of the devices and services that users have to deal with, resulting in an enormous burden of complexity. This complexity creates obstacles to acceptance and effective exploitation of such technologies. To prevent this, organizations need to come up with strategies for simplifying the use of ICMT. This they could do by developing a series of techniques and tools that enable users to customize and use devices with minimal effort (Salina & Salina, 2008).
For instance, a user may be interested in obtaining sales information from the sales'…… [Read More]
Many times a person is born with a condition that requires, or acquires the need for, augmentive communication. Due some form of deficit the individual is not able to communicate in a manner normally used to communicate. Due to this inability the individual may need some form of assistance to interact normally with others and express their ideas. This paper defines augmentive communication, and provides examples of how devices are used to enhance the communication abilities of students in special education classrooms.
Actually, every person uses this type of communication because verbal expressions are just a small part of actual communication. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASLHA, 2011) defines augmentive communication as "all forms of communication (other than oral speech) that are used to express thoughts, needs, wants, and ideas." The website says that this is includes all of the nonverbals people use to communicate every day. The ASLHA…… [Read More]
This may consist of arising and seating in chairs securely. Following the progressive characteristics of this illness, all people gradually lose their capability simply to move and will need to advance and use a wheelchair.
Burbank, P.M. (2006). Vulnerable older adults: Health care needs and interventions. New York, NY: Springer Pub.
Donaldson, I.M., & Marsden, C.D. (2011). Marsden's book of movement disorders. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
Egerton, T., Williams, D. & Iansek, . (2009). Comparison of gait in progressive supranuclear palsy, Parkinson's disease and healthy older adults. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Fabio, ., Zampieri, C., Tuite, P. (2006). Gaze-shift strategies during functional activity in progressive supranuclear palsy. eceived: 20 July 2006 / Accepted: 26 September 2006 / Published online: 8 November 2006. Springer-Verlag 2006.
Fabio, ., Zampieri, C., Tuite, P. (2008). Gaze Control and Foot Kinematics During Stair Climbing: Characteristics Leading to Fall isk in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy.…… [Read More]
On the other hand, severely autistic or impaired individuals could need an extensive laptop aid that will help them in communicating. Both age, mobility, and need have to be calculated carefully.
3. Describe two types of speech disorders, how they can affect the child in the classroom, and some of the interventions used for students with speech disorders.
One simple type of speech disorder is stuttering. This is a very common disorder where the flow of speech is often disrupted by repetitions and pauses that the speaker cannot control. Another type of speech disorder is Dysprosody which occurs, when an individual cannot control how the intensity, timing and rhythm of speech occurs. Speech disorders in general affect students tremendously because they feel that they cannot fit in with the class environment. It limits their participation, social engagement and general involvement within the learning environment. There are many different intervention methods…… [Read More]
estless legs syndrome, also known as Ekbom syndrome, is the most commonly experienced sensorimotor disorder among the general population (Bassetti et al., 2011). The disorder afflicts approximately 2 to 10% of the general population and it is experienced as periodic limb movements in 80% of individuals with restless legs syndrome (Bassetti et al., 2011). The most prominent symptoms of the disorder are urges to move the legs as well as unpleasant sensations in the legs (Lee et al., 2011). The symptoms generally commence or become worse during inactivity and individuals with the disorder generally feel relief from symptoms after movement (Lee et al., 2011). Also, symptoms of the disorder are generally worse during the evening hours in comparison to the daytime. Furthermore, restless leg syndrome often results in sleep disturbances such as delayed sleep onset, multiple awakenings, and reduced sleep efficiency (Lee et al., 2011). The disorder is…… [Read More]
Facilitated communication is widely under scrutiny and doubt owing to the fact that one cannot ascertain the authorship of the typed messages. FC, as it is commonly known, is designed to assist a person with autism to communicate by use of a message board or even an electronic device. The procedure involves a facilitator supporting the hand or other body organ of the affected person with the intention of assisting them to point to letters or type on a provided display to formulate messages. The intention of the physical contact is to provide support for the body organs and give stabilization and to enable them to slow down. It is also meant to assist such a person draw away from the keyboard before choosing the next letter. osemary Crossley is credited for introducing the method for the first time in the 70s in Australia. It was first used to handle…… [Read More]
Manifestation of speech and language disorders in children with hearing impairment compared with children with specific language disorders" examined the relationship between language deficits among children with hearing impairment (HI) compared to those with specific language impairment (SLI). By studying the receptive language skills of 5 and 6-year-old children with HI and SLI the researchers concluded that the receptive language skills of children with HI were more impaired. They also asserted the importance of phonological short-term memory impairment in both children with HI and SLI, although the basis of which can be traced to different causes. Finally the authors concluded that deficits in language ability that are caused by hearing impairment affect receptive language skills more than expressive ones.
When a child grows up with a hearing impairment it often affects the child's ability to speak. The severity of speech and language disorders caused by hearing impairment has been found…… [Read More]
The Rogerian Model
This is a theory of communication introduced by psychologist Carl Rogers (Lee 2011). It is founded on trust and emphasizes common goals. This theory proposes that an argument or situation should begin with a brief and objective definition of the problem. Rogers believes that communication will be more effective if trust exists. The nurse or therapist should make a neutral analysis of the patient's position so in order to show understanding of his views. She should also establish and present a neutral analysis of her own position. She should then analyze the goals and values they have in common. Their problem situation should construct a proposed solution that recognizes the interests of both sides, rather than one of them dominating and winning the problem situation (Lee).
This is a client-centered, directive method meant to encourage the patient's intrinsic motivation to change by discovering and handling…… [Read More]
Eating Disorders and Gender
There are medical conditions which more commonly occur in one gender over another. These conditions can be either mental or physical. Very often, they are both mental and physical conditions. Certain medical situations are extremely severe and can potentially result in serious harm to the body or perhaps even death. There are certain conditions which being with a mental impression, a false belief that has been ingrained within the mind which then manifests itself in the body of the individual. One of the most common and most disturbing types of condition is known as an eating disorder. By this term, it is meant that the patient suffers a mental conditioning which makes them either unwilling or unable to eat in a healthy manner resulting in either over or under eating and malnutrition. Eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia are the result of psychological issues on…… [Read More]
An interdisciplinary team is formed from a group of health care providers belonging to different fields of health sciences; they work together as a team to bring the best possible outcome for patient. The efficiency of this team is achieved by following three basic steps that include communication, coordination and sharing of responsibilities. In order to provide quality care in primary health care system, the hospitals need to get closely integrated with the whole health service system (Ilyas, 2006).
Who makes up the membership of the interdisciplinary team in this agency?
Members of the interdisciplinary team vary according to the age and the degree of disability of an individual. Main aim of such team is to provide support to the patient in the best possible manner. The interdisciplinary team members of Hospitals at Ontario, includes Physicians, Nurses, Midwife, Dietitian, Pharmacist, Psychologist, Podiatrist, Physiotherapist, Chiropractor and Occupational Therapist. In…… [Read More]
communication through various advertising techniques. The writer explores newspapers, advertisements, direct mail, ecommerce and other methods of attempting to reach the potential consumer. The writer uses 12 sources to complete the paper.
The development and sustaining of any company that offers products or services is heavily dependent on its ability to market and advertise. The use of advertising to communicate messages to the consumer is not a new concept. It is something that has been used for many years to entice the consumer into purchase. Communication through the use of advertising is not a new concept but there are several relatively new approaches being used today.
Many years ago before there was electricity or television there was only one way for a business to advertise and that was through print advertisements. Print ads included things such as posters, newspaper ads and magazine publications. Print ads often contained pictures of the…… [Read More]
The moral of the article's story is that teachers of autistic children with limited spoken languages may indeed need more training to get the most out of their students.
Still on the subject of therapy for autistic children, another article in the journal Autism (Vismara, et al. 2009) reports that professionally led training sessions with the parents of autistic children were helpful in getting the children to respond and communicate. The study was a 12-week research investigation, one hour per week; and what took place was the parents of eight "toddlers" (who had been diagnosed with autism) were brought together with their children and therapists. These parents were taught how to implement "naturalistic therapeutic techniques" based on the "Early Start Denver Model" (ESDM) (Vismara 93). The ESDM model focuses on "creating an affectively warm and rich environment to foster positive relationships between children and adults" (Vismara 99). The training with…… [Read More]
hile Dr. Asperger called the condition "autistic psychopathy" and described it as a personality disorder primarily marked by social isolation, today Asperger's Syndrome is identified as a brain, communication, or neurological disorder like autism, not a personality disorder like, for example, antisocial personality disorder ("Asperger's Syndrome fact sheet," 2008, NINDS).
Like autism, Asperger's Syndrome is characterized by repetitive routines, rituals, and movements, poor social skills, and odd ways of communicating that do not take into consideration the other person's feelings and needs. The distinguishing feature of Asperger's, in contrast to classical autism, is that the individuals all have normal IQ but show "limited interests or an unusual preoccupation with a particular subject to the exclusion of other activities" ("Asperger's Syndrome fact sheet," 2008, NINDS). Unlike autistic individuals who show little interest in others, Asperger children may seek out companionship, but may drive other people away because of their refusal to…… [Read More]
Bipolar disorder, originally called manic depressive disorder, is a severe mood disorder that vacillates between extreme "ups" (mania, hypomania) and "downs" (depression). The effects of having bipolar disorder can be observed across the patients social and occupational functioning. Often the patient is left isolated from work, friends, and family. Medications have become the first-line treatments for bipolar disorder; however, psychotherapy can offer additional benefits in the ongoing treatment of patients with bipolar disorder. This paper discusses the symptoms and treatment of bipolar disorder focusing on cognitive behavioral therapy and emotion focused therapy.
Description and differentiation
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders -- Fourth Edition -- Text evision (DSM-IV-T) one's mood is an all-encompassing and sustained feeling tone experienced internally by the person and influences the person's behavior and perception of the world. Affect is the external or outward expression of this inner…… [Read More]
Avoidant Personality Disorder
As per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), a certain case of avoidant personality disorder (APD) is featured by the existent sign of social inhibition, feeling of being short of requirement, and hypersensitivity to negative valuation. (American Psychiatric Association, 1994, p.1) Even though personality disorders are not often discovered in persons below age 18, children who come within the condition of APD are recurrently portrayed as being aloof to the core, fearful in arising circumstances, and afraid of dissention and social boycott. The proportion of the signs and the inability is way behind the practice of inhibition that is prevalent in as much as 40% of the populace. Hence it is of great relevance of examining the disorder as it relates to professional counseling.
Exploration of disorder
Bearing a semblance to other personality disorders, the state of Avoidant Personality disorder turns out…… [Read More]
Children With Conduct Disorder
It has been suggested that the following three treatments are the most conducive for helping children who have behavior related problems:
This treatment is focused towards the changes that have to be made in the family system, such as improving family interaction with the child. Peer group therapy?
In this therapy we will work to develop the social and interpersonal skills of the child. Cognitive therapy?
This therapy will help the child in improving his communication skills, and problem solving skills. Along with that it provides anger management training to the child, along with impulsive control training. I would like o conduct an experimental study that will evaluate differences in each of these groups and see whether one intervention is preferable to the other.
I would randomly select children and randomly divide them amongst three groups. The children would all come from the…… [Read More]
..in their view, rather than promoting wholeness and recovery, the experience recreated the secrecy of abuse and fed the stigma associated with each of the three issues."
In the hopes of a more well-organized approach to providing these key services to women, the WELL project instituted a mechanism for promoting strategy and collaboration changes at the state, regional, and local levels. The WELL project also recommended an open dialogue between agencies as to better systems to put in place, and suggested giving individuals within each area of service "freedom to make change at any given moment" when a better approach can be taken by a trained professional healthcare provider.
Predominantly Female Caseloads: Identifying Organizational Correlates in Private Substance Abuse Treatment Centers, a piece in the Journal of Behavioral Health Services & esearch (Tinney, et al., 2004), speaks to the issue of the need for healthcare providers to be meeting "distinctive…… [Read More]
Vitamin a for Autism Spectrum Disorder
The Theory of Using Vitamin a as Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorders
There is widespread linkage of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and Oxytoxin. There are reports that any decrease in the pathway of Oxytocin, is a possible causative factor to the development of autistic situation (Munese-et-al., 2008). Decrease in Oxytocin comes about because of mutations in its receptors, which lead to a reduction on the amount of Oxytocin released to the body posing possible chances for the development of autistic conditions (Lerer et-al., 2008). There is partial dependency of Oxytocin secretion to a protein found, in the cellular membranes of certain red blood cells. The scientific reference of these proteins is CD38, and whenever they mutate there develops a risk of Autism. Mice engineered without the oxytocin receptor gene have been shown to display socially anomalous behavior such as a deficiency of maternal behavior…… [Read More]
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which impairs social development and causes problem communicating. ASD is a biological problem that can be diagnosed by the time the child is three years old. There is a problem between the nerve cells and their synapses and how they organize the information, which affects the way the brain processes information ("Autism," 2011). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)"ASDs occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups and are four times more likely to occur in boys than in girl" ("Genomics and health," 2010). ASD affects 1-2, in every 1000 person worldwide and about 9 out of every 1000 person in the United Sates ("Genomics and health," 2010). This is a serious problem and further research is needed to find a cure.
There are many types of treatments available for this disease. Some treatments…… [Read More]
Apparent health can be generally positive or negative; in spite of how it links with the real health; it may be significant to comprehend its function in certain kinds of psychopathology. Negatively apparent health has been anticipated to symbolize a cognitive risk factor for panic disorder (PD), detached from elevated anxiety feeling. As a result, PD may be more likely to take place on a background of negative perceptions of one's health. A negatively perceived health may also have predictive implications for PD patients, bearing in mind that negatively perceived health has been found to be a considerable predictor of mortality in general and that individuals with panic-like anxiety indications, panic attacks, and PD have elevated mortality rates, mostly due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular illnesses (Starcevick, Berle, Fenech, Milicevic, Lamplugh and Hannan, 2009).
Studies have suggested that panic attacks (PA) are widespread and connected with an augmented occurrence of…… [Read More]
Though a great deal more is known about neurotransmission today than was known at the beginning of the research associated with the initial biological discoveries of neurotransmitters and the neurotransmission process there is still a great deal to be discovered. Neurotransmission disorganization and impairment is clearly identified as a pervasive aspect of many psychological disorders. This is particularly true of the anxiety disorders and OCD. There is no doubt that increased understanding of the various mechanisms of OCD and normal neurotransmission will add to a greater research understanding of the biological causalities and modalities of OCD.
Though the most simplistic and earliest neurotransmission disturbance theories have been largely discounted the research has created ample evidence of disturbances in neurotransmission function (in more complex terms) as the root cause of several psychological disorders including various forms of anxiety disorders the subgroup which OCD falls into.
…this research has revealed the…… [Read More]
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder is a behavioral disorder that is mostly found in children. According to one research almost 7.5% of school-aged children are suffering from some kind of ADHD related behavioral problem in the United States. In some cases, untreated symptoms can persist in the adulthood too, which can create numerous problems in the patient's social and emotional life. ADHD is rarely found in isolation as the child may also develop some other behavioral problems. The existence of more than one behavioral disorder is known as co-morbidity, which usually complicates the case because the child cannot be treated for one specific condition. It was once believed that ADHD patients outgrow the symptoms with age but this theory is no longer supported by latest research, which indicates that without treatment, ADHD's symptoms can easily persist in one's adult life. A newspaper article, which appeared in St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1994), author…… [Read More]
Attention Deficit HyperactivITY Disorder DIAGNOSIS IN CHILDEN
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a diverse behavioral set of symptoms described by the hub indication of impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattention. Even as, these symptoms have a tendency to gather together, some individuals are for the most part hyperactive and impetuous, even as others are predominantly inattentive. This disease affects both toddlers and adults of all ages and should be taken seriously. When this disease is being diagnosed in children, doctors often make quick decisions to make a diagnosis and handing out prescriptions. This should not be the case as doctors are supposed to take enough time to well analyze the condition of the children before offering prescriptions.
About Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
There are two main diagnostic decisive factors that are currently in use. These are the International Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders uses the initials (ICD-10) and the…… [Read More]
disorders discussed in the text was the frontotemporal dementia. This is an interesting disorder in that it can affect three different areas. This neurological disorder presents itself through "three clincal subtypes that present with either changes in behavior (behavior variant FTD (bvFTD)) or changes in language (semantic dementia (SD)) and progressive nonfluent aphasia (PNFA)) (Rascovsky, Hodges, Knopman, Mendez, Kramer, 2011; Gorno- Tempini, Hillis, eintraub, Kertesz, Mendez, 2011). Patients who develop FTD usually do so in their 50's or 60's and the signs displayed depend on what subtype the disorder takes.
Until recently, FTD was considered a relatively rare disorder but according to the text it now is considered prevalent in 40-60% of neurological disorders. According to the website created by Alzheimer Organization "there is no single test - or any combination of tests - that can conclusively diagnose frontotemporal dementia" (Frontotemporal Dementia, 2013). Rather than tests, FTD is more a…… [Read More]
Anomic Aphasia is also known as nominal aphasia, dysnomia, and amnesic aphasia and refers to a disorder that generates difficulties in recalling names or words. This brain disorder is considered as a dearth of expressive language that makes it difficult for an individual to recall names or words. In addition, patients suffering from anomic aphasia experience difficulties in recalling numbers. While an individual has clear understanding of what he/she is attempting to name or write, he/she requires a relatively long period of time to recall it or may experience tremendous challenges in articulating the word, name or numbers. In some cases, patients suffering from anomic aphasia produce jargon words or other words when attempting to recall or express certain words, names or numbers. The other symptom of this condition is the inability for a patient to identify the appropriate word for an object or individual through he/she has the capability…… [Read More]
Technology Changing Communication in Today's orld
How Technology has Changed Communication
Even though communicating can be just as easy being in front of your computer at home, it is still not the same as being in touch with others and having intimate relationships. Most families, who have upgraded technology in their homes for work and school, should prioritize their time to eliminate the barriers that social networking can create because it is a lot different to have long distant relationships and has disadvantages compared to the ones we share in person. Having this type of communication, the computer and internet, in the home can create a scapegoat for spouses to get involved with to get away from their problems.
hen relationships between people lack the closeness that two people can share, relationships are just not the same with interactions completely limited to the individuals. According to Sternberg's Theory, relationships require…… [Read More]
In 1985 it was reported that honeybees were shown to be sensitive to "magnetic flux differences of 1 nanotesla (10microGauss)." (Sepp Hasselberger, 2009)
Stated to be one of the primary problems is that radiations from mobile phones which have changed from analog to digital means that these are pulsed at approximately 220 packets per second and that this frequency is real close to the native frequency of the bees hum ranging in from 190 to 250 cycles per second. (Sepp Hasselberger, 2009)
The work of Gaigg (2007) entitled: "The ig ee Death" states that research has led to the investigation of a variety of possible reasons for CCD including:
(1) An exceptionally cold winter;
(2) Genetically modified plants;
(4) Toxic pesticides; and (5) Varroa mites.
The problem is that according to Gaigg (2007): "…none of these can explain the occurring phenomena in a satisfactory manner." In 1976 it…… [Read More]
(eport of the brain tumor progress review)
It must be stated at this point that although it is indeed unfortunate that young children may be diagnosed with brain tumors, it is a fact that cannot be avoided. These tumors, which occur in about 1,500 to 2,000 children who are diagnosed with malignancies every year in children in the United States of America can be of various different types, and may occur in anybody. The prognosis for a child is definitely better than for an adult, and this can mean that with the proper treatment, the child can hope to live a long and fulfilling life. This paper is about the necessity of effective communication for a health care professional or a clinician with a child with brain tumor and his parents, and it is important to note that unless there is excellent communication between them, the therapy would in…… [Read More]
Effective Communication in the Workplace
"Workplace communication" is information transmission between two people or two groups within a company. It may be in the form of text messages, emails, notes, voicemails, and so forth. Effective communication is truly essential as organizations cannot thrive, and might even end up collapsing, without it. Expecting all employees to develop excellent communication skills is an unrealistic goal, However, several tactics exist to improve external and internal workplace communication (CM Learning, 2013).
Personal Experience of Effective Communication in a Business Environment
I hold a traffic supervisor's post at Kmart, and my duty is working with applications for ensuring product delivery to every Kmart store located in Northeastern USA. I recall an incident that took place when a retail store manager emailed me requesting for some product on a particular Wednesday evening, expecting delivery the very next day, which wasn't possible easily. Thus, the on-duty supervisor…… [Read More]
Clarify and discuss the purposes of corporate communication strategies
In definition, corporate communication encompasses the entirety of a company's endeavors to have communication that is not only efficacious but also effective in attracting revenues. In particular, it can be delineated as a tool utilized by corporate managers in the way that they make certain that all kinds of internal and external communication are in synchronization in the most efficacious manner. The general purpose of corporate communications strategy is to institute and sustain positive engagement between the company and its stakeholders (Cornelissen, 2011). In addition, the purpose of the corporate communication strategy takes into account the promotion of effectual corporate principles and beliefs, a comprehensive distinctiveness, a fitting and capable association with all channels of communication and instantaneous, responsible means of communicating in all circumstances (Cornelissen, 2011). The organization in consideration is Coca Cola Company. In particular,…… [Read More]
High and Low Context Communication
In low and high context cultures, the style of communication is regulated by the proximity of bonding between societal members, powerful behavioral norms, and degree of social hierarchy structuring. In high context communication, the information is typically embedded with internal meaning; hence, everything is not articulated in speech or writing clearly. The recipient of information is supposed to look for implied meaning in the message communicated, and grasp the unsaid part of the message, using their background knowledge. Hall (1976, 91), emphasizes such percept stating that high-context messages/communication are characterized by a majority of information being internalized in whichever individual receives the message or being present in the physical form of the communication -- the coded, transmitted, or clearly-stated message components contain very little information.
This paper's aim is critically analyzing low/high context communication taking place between an individual whose native tongue is…… [Read More]
Professional Communication: Cultural Sensitivity Among Native Americans
In nursing school, we are normally taught that we should respect the dignity and rights of all clients. As the "world becomes reduced" and societies and individuals become more mobile, we are progressively able to network with people that are from other cultures. Cultural respect and competence for others becomes particularly significant for us as nurses and patient supporters. Applying the principles and theories of communication is important for sufficient patient care. A lot of various communication methods are executed and have diverse focuses. Small groups use mechanisms such as objectives, standards, cohesiveness, behaviors, and therapeutic issues. Duty, process and midrange groups are separate categories. Orientation, tension, cohesion, working and dissolution are stages groups go through. Successful personal and professional communication profits the patients and other health professionals; however, the lack of applicable communication can lead to poor patient results and a hostile…… [Read More]
A) Explain the difference between Norms and Values as they pertain to society.
Values and norms are essential components of all societies. Values denote ideas that aid individuals and groups in differentiating good from bad, and ascertaining what is proper or desirable. Each society has its own different set of values. And the values of an individual stem from the particular culture he/she belongs to. Meanwhile, norms are typically proper or correct forms of conduct. They refer to specific prescriptions regarding how one should conduct oneself for being consistent with modern societal values. Therefore, societal norms may be perceived as a reflection of societal values (Module 1: Sociology-Basic Concepts 84-5).
B) Clarify how Values might have an impact upon social Norms.
Values represent broad notions concerning what is good, desirable, and correct, shared by a majority of members of any given society. They stabilize group interactions by holding…… [Read More]
Professional Communication Tools: Social Networking
Specialized Tools for Communication: Social Networking
Nothing has turned out to be a better tool for modern communication and marketing quite like social media. Social media is cost effective yet can be damaging under the wrong set of circumstances; however, there is no denying the benefits it can bring about for everyone, including people like educators, employers and regulators.
Life of a Professional Nurse in the Context of Social Media Networking
Nurses utilize social media as a tool of opportunity, communication and discussions with their colleagues regarding their profession and any latest developments pertaining to it. This can be a true blessing for nurses stationed in remote or rural localities. They can keep in touch with the pulse of their work due to this development and not feel detached with health care progress.
There is inexhaustible amount of data that can be spread, utilized and…… [Read More]
The clearest evidence for genetic effects has come from studies that diagnosed SLI using theoretically motivated measures of underlying cognitive deficits rather than conventional clinical criteria (ishop).
Characteristics of SLI
Delay in starting to talk is evidenced by the first words not appearing until two years of age or later. Immature or deviant production of speech sounds is apparent, especially in preschool children. Use of simplified grammatical structures, such as omission of past tense endings or the auxiliary "is," exist well beyond the age when this is usually mastered. Restricted vocabulary, in both production and comprehension with weak verbal short-term memory, is evidenced in tasks requiring repetition of words or sentences. Difficulties in understanding complex language are apparent, especially when the speaker talks rapidly (ishop).
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) help children with the strategies and exercises that will help them navigate language. They are also the ambassadors of language who…… [Read More]
autism disorder. The writer explores what it is and how it manifests itself. The writer also discusses the teaching methods that have been used to allow the autistic student to take part in a public education. There were ten sources used to complete this paper.
Each year millions of American couples add to their family with the birth of a baby. The pregnancy is spent getting ready for the newcomer. Names are chosen, baby items are purchased and stored and other people's children are discussed as examples of what might be produced by this child. The family becomes ready as they read up on the milestones that they can expect the baby to make at various times of the first few years of development.
By the time the baby is born the parents have studied the progress that can be expected and are ready to start their life as a…… [Read More]
Autism Spectrum Disorders
esearch shows that in today's society, the awareness of Autism has went from something that people were ashamed of, all the way to the forefront of education. It is also noted that research is increasing due to the rising amount of people and children that are suffering from Autism Spectrum disorders. However, this disorder is gaining attention all over the world. With that said, this paper will challenge and explore the mystery of this condition, and expectations for the future, concerning this disorder in an ever developing and expanding society.
What is Autism?
Autism came on the scene in 1943. At first, the condition is was believed to be some kind of a mental retardation condition. Some even categorized this condition as someone that is insane. However, Leo Kanner recognized that these children did not fall into the category of emotionally disturbed children. Instead, he recorded patterns…… [Read More]
Nursing -- Group Therapy
Peer-reviewed literature regarding effective treatments of bipolar I disorder reveals that patients are significantly helped by family-focused or "family skills" therapy, particularly when dealing with depressive symptoms. However, studies also reveal that family therapy is less effective when dealing with manic episodes than are some other adjunctive treatments. Furthermore, quite a bit is as yet unknown about the relationship between family therapy and effective treatment of bipolar I disorder. Researchers lack evidence linking mania or hypomania factors to specific burdens on caregivers. In addition, families of bipolar patients undergo considerable stress and must struggle with limited and too often inaccessible avenues for their effective involvement. Finally, considerable additional study and focus is required so the health care industry can effectively incorporate relatives' thoughts, beliefs, attitudes, cultural identities and worldviews in operational structures and policy plans for the effective treatment of bipolar I disorder.
2. Body: Scholarly…… [Read More]
Media on Eating Disorders with a Concentration of 16- to 24-year-Olds
Agency Name: ocky Mountain Treatment Foundation for Eating Disorders
Location: The ocky Mountain Treatment Foundation for Eating Disorders is located high in the ock Mountains just 15 miles from Colorado Springs, Colorado. It is located on an old camp ground that is housed inside an old student union building. The facility was once part of Colorado University and now used as treatment center for teens and young adults. Led by nine of the top full-time, board-certified psychiatrists plus other professionals that will specialize in treating eating disorders, The ocky Mountain Treatment Foundation for Eating Disorders will consist of a highly skilled treatment team that will works to address each patient nutritionally and psychosomatically, as well as to manage other medical issues common to eating disorders. The ocky Mountain Treatment Foundation for Eating Disorders provides the best contact to some…… [Read More]
Each of the children received one of four possible treatments over a fourteen-month period - behavioral treatment, medication management, combination of the two, or usual community care. The results of this study showed that children who were treated with medication alone, which was carefully managed and individually tailored, and children who received both medication management and behavioral treatment had the best outcomes with respect to improvement of ADHD symptoms. The best results in terms of the proportion of children showing excellent response regarding were provided by ADHD combination treatment and oppositional symptoms, and in other areas of functioning. Overall, those who received closely monitored medical management had greater improvement in their ADHD symptoms than children who received either intensive behavioral treatment without medication or community care with less carefully monitored medication.
Treatment for ADHD is not without controversy. For most children with the disorder, medication is an integral part of…… [Read More]