938+ documents containing “communism”.
Communism & Nationalism
Communism is a society without money (For Communism) 1, without a state, without property and without social classes. People come together to carry out a project or to respond to some need of the human community but without the possibility of their collective activity taking the form of an enterprise that involves wages and the exchange of its products. The circulation of goods is not accomplished by means of exchange:
quite the contrary, the by-word for this society is "from each according to their abilities, to each according to their needs.
With communism the government of people (For Communism) 1 gives way to the administration of things. Contrary to the illusion produced by the present society the state and its institutions are not the inevitable result of the growth and complexities of societies, but the opposite, the result of the frantic socialization of the species without community.
The necessity for distinct….
Communism in Cuba
Communism refers to a revolutionary socialist movement that creates classes, stateless social orders and moneyless on ownership of the means of production. It also involves social, economic and political ideologies that focus on the establishment of social order. Therefore there is replacement of private goods of capital among individuals with the common ownership and the distribution of these when need arises. It is a theoretical system of the economy that has the characteristic of common ownership of property for the common benefits to the members as depicted by All About Philosophy, (2012).
This is a case study of a country that still practices communism. The adverse effects of communism are seen from the case study and possible suggestions on how the situation can be changed so that the whole country can benefit from its resources.
Cuba is an example of a country where communism is still existence. Fidel Castro once….
All About Philosophy, (2012). What is Communism? Retrieved September 28, 2012 from http://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/what-is-communism-faq.htm
Campello, L. (2007). The Cuban Communist Party's Anti-Castro Activities. The Writing of F.
Lennox Campello. Retrieved September 27, 2012, from http://campello.tripod.com/castro.htm
Chapman, S. (2010). Cuba and the Death of Communism - Reason.com. Reason.com. Retrieved September 27, 2012, from http://reason.com/archives/2010/09/20/cuba-and-the-death-of-communis
The historical events leading to the communist invasion of both territories, Poland and Yugoslavia were external influences and occurred as the aftermath of the Second World War when the Nazis were attempting to create a communist power block. The takeover was somewhat willing in Poland based on the manipulative skills of the Soviet Government while in Yugoslavia the ed Army had to force their way into the territory, in both cases, however, they had to force their authority to maintain control over the captured territory. Neither of them offered much support nor got much support form the local parties in fact, in both cases, the Nazis tried eliminating the opposing parties. They each faced serious antagonism and their way of dealing with it was forceful eradication in both cases. The only difference perhaps lies in the fact that the public in Yugoslavia was the one to bring about an administrative….
Martin a. Schain, the Marshall Plan: fifty years after, Palgrave, 2001, p. 132
Tadeusz Piotrowski (1997). Poland's Holocaust: Ethnic Strife, Collaboration with Occupying Forces and Genocide.... McFarland & Company, p. 21-23.
Cohen, Lenard J.: Broken Bonds: The Disintegration of Yugoslavia. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993, p. 66-71
Hayden, Robert M.: Blueprints for a House Divided: The Constitutional Logic of the Yugoslav Conflicts. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000, p. 99-101.
The simplest explanation for the collapse of the Soviet Union is that the system was not sufficiently stable to withhold both its own needs and the demands of an arms race. The very ideal of communism is that a nation will be freed from the demands of over-production and over-consumption which are the predicted bane of capitalism. Ideally, freed from the requirements of making a profit for the capitalist class, a communist nation will only produce what it needs for the survival of its people - the Soviet Union on the other hand, found itself attempting to produce at a very high level in order to compete with America's military output. The demands of the Cold War itself, it could be said, destroyed the Soviet Union.
Of course, it may appear that the fall of the Communist ideal was due in large part to a change in the nature of….
" (I.1.3) Smith focuses not on the laborer, but on the maker of pins. In fact, the maker of pins, seamlessly becomes the owner of a pin-making factory, even though this would not necessarily be the case under industrialism -- in fact, what had become a specialized trade was now performed in a series of parts by many workers. But in Smith's view, the consumer profits by the lower price of pins and the greater availability of the commodities, while the factory owner profits by the increased supply of goods to sell, and thus can lessen the price in a competitive market. Freedom and division of workers, Smith believed, in a spirit of self-interest, produced positive results.
In contrast, Marx wrote with horror about how workers were alienated from their means of production. In other words, for the enrichment of the factory-owner, the worker rented out his or her body, and….
Marx, Karl. Capital. Originally published 1867. Translated by Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling -- edited by Frederick Engels
Marx, Karl & Frederik Engles. The Communist Manifesto. 1848
Smith, Adam. The Wealth of Nations. Originally published 1776. London: Methuen and Co., Ltd., ed. Edwin Cannan, 1904. Fifth edition.
Therefore no media coverage had been given to rise of Berlin Wall. However, it falling also marked the end of an "evil" social order. This event triggered mass celebrations, some of which had been "cooked" by the media while others had been completely "natural."
esolution of Issues
November 9, 1989 saw the fall of the Berlin Wall and it also marked a special occasion in for German families, which had been divided, ever since the wall had been erected in 1961. Bohn and Berntsen (2007) assert that almost all outstanding issues between the East and West Germany had been resolved subsequent to the fall. In fact, East Germany had also decided to build a memoir. Some issues however stirred up heated debates. This was particularly true when some quarters in Germany called for, "a Berlin memorial to the six million Jews who died in Europe during the Second World War (Loshitzky,….
Bohn, A. And Berntsen, D. (2007). Pleasantness Bias in Flashbulb Memories: Positive and Negative Flashbulb Memories of the Fall of the Berlin Wall among East and West Germans. Memory & Cognition. 35: 3.
Edwards, L. (2009). Why We Should Remember Fall of Berlin Wall. Contributors: Human Events. 65: 39.
Loshitzky, Y. (1997). Constructing and Deconstructing the Wall. Contributors: CLIO. 26: 3.
Taylor, F. (2007). The Berlin Wall: A Secret History The Berlin Wall Was a Tangible Symbol of the Suppression of Human Rights by the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War, but Frederick Taylor Asks Whether It Was More Convenient to the Western Democracies Than Their Rhetoric Suggested. History Today. 57: 2.
Communism in the 1930s
In the United States during the 1930s, the population was gripped in the middle of the Great Depression. A large percentage of the people were out of work and suffering. There were people who lost their jobs, their homes, their cars, and everything else that had been valuable to them. The democratic government system which the country had been based on had not proved helpful to aiding the crisis and the people were looking for some means of alleviating their misery. There were violent protests against the government and factory owners who the people felt were not supporting the people and were instead exploiting their misery. The idea of Communism began to seem more appealing to many who had been ruined in the stock market crash and the resulting Great Depression because it was based on the idea that no person should have more than anyone else….
S.'s difficulty interpreting the modern Middle East. The U.S. is a young nation. It is difficult for the United States to fully understand why age-old religious and tribal conflicts can have such an eternal importance in a history-saturated region. Future relations with the Middle East will be almost inevitably be obscured by America's lack of history and its focus on its own perceptions and needs, given not only the government's lack of perspective, but also the majority of the American public's perspective, which influences their choice of leadership and the positions they pressure leaders to assume.
When confronting the question if communism or terrorism is a greater threat, it cannot be denied that terrorism has much greater chance of materially impacting the lives of civilians, in terms of loss of life. On a macro scale, however, fundamentalism, rooted in poverty, a sense of voicelessness, or even an alternative cultural mindset,….
Communism Affact World During the Cold War
There is much controversy with regard to the effects of communism on the Cold War, as with the Iron Curtain falling in the early nineties across Eastern Europe people have come to have a somewhat distorted understanding of the concept. To paraphrased Winston Churchill, the reality is that the victors are responsible for writing history while the masses have a limited understanding of events that actually happened in the past. With the general public having a one-sided understanding of what happened during the Cold War, many are inclined to blame communism for much of the suffering occurring throughout the second half of the twentieth century.
Many fail to comprehend that communism as an ideology is very different from how diverse dictators throughout history have interpreted it. Similarly, numerous democratic countries are not necessarily as praiseworthy as some might be inclined to believe. Furthermore, concepts….
Politics: Canadian Communism
We want to make this nation one which truly belongs to all its people; we seek to create a society in which all individuals have the opportunity to realize their full potential" (History of NDP). These sentiments, although forming part of the New Democratic Party's socialist mission statement, are considered to be a close reflection of the values and beliefs that are commonly associated with Communism. The NPD, however, take great pains to distance themselves from the label of 'communist', leaving the Communist Party of Canada (CPC) to carry the official flag of Canadian communism. Under the guidance of the CPC the development of Communism in Canada, unlike in Russia and other traditionally communist strongholds, has developed less rapidly; adopted a less extreme agenda, and as a result, continues to exert an appreciable influence upon Canadian politics and society. y adapting to changing social and political conditions, communism….
Bercuson, D. Confrontation at Winnipeg. McGill - Montreal: Queen's University Press, 1974.
Bumsted. J.M. The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919. New York:Watson Dwyer Publishing Limited, 1994.
History of the CPC. Communist Party of Canada. 3rd April, 2003. http://www.communist-party.ca/archive/History/h1.htm .
History of the NDP. New Democratic Party. 3rd April, 2003. http://www.ndp.ca/index.php3?language=english .
Another view which is in fact closely linked to the above analysis is that the fall of communism began from within the system. This view is supported by the fact that that the very strict totalitarianism of the Soviet Union began to change after the death of Stalin. After Stalin's death the rigidity of Soviet Communism began to weaken, which was so to result in a reassertion of personal and nationalistic will and aspirations within the various countries and regions in the Soviet Union.
People also began to feel more positively disposed towards the West as the strict and regimented tenets of communism started to loosen. In a sense communism was only successful while it kept all of it disparate parts together and cohesive through often brutal dictatorial coercion. After Stalin there was a decline of the rule of mass terror and an"...opening up partially to the outside world." (Malia, 1993,….
Blackburn, R. (Ed.). (1991). After the Fall: The Failure of Communism and the Future of Socialism. London: Verso.
Goode, S. (2002, January 7). The Deathblow to Soviet Communism: Scholars Say That the 1956 Revolt by Hungarian Freedom Fighters against the Soviet Union Was the Seminal Event in the Fall of That Communist Empire. Insight on the News, 18, 20+. Retrieved February 6, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000687454 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002258037
Jameson, F. (1996, April). Five Theses on Actually Existing Marxism. Monthly Review, 47, 1+.
Mohan describes this concept this way:
"A new tribalism seems to mark the post-modern evolution of the contemporary society in which the ominous forces of oppression are decivilizing people. Paradoxes of existence fracture the essence of life (p 1)."
Paradoxes of existence describe those people who have been subdued by the aggressive forces of a greater political power (Tucker 1990 p 1). This was evidenced when Stalin drove the communist revolution to its power place between 1929 and 1941. During that period of imposing communism on Russians, Stalin murdered, or eliminated anyone whom he believed might raise a public awareness of what was happening in Russia -- and that elimination knew no class or political distinction (p 275). Stalin is cited by Tucker (1990) as saying to H.G. ells, "The new state power creates a new legality, a new order which is a revolutionary order (p *)." Professor Mahmoud Youssef Shawarbi….
Firestone, Reuven. Jihad: The Origin of Holy War in Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=90368225 . Internet. Accessed 22 May 2009.
Haar, Gerrie Ter and James J. Busuttil, eds. Bridge or Barrier: Religion, Violence, and Visions for Peace. Boston: Brill, 2005. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=114113879 . Internet. Accessed 22 May 2009.
Mohan, Brij. Eclipse of Freedom: The World of Oppression. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1993. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=28602903 . Internet. Accessed 22 May 2009.
Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza. Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=49070477 . Internet. Accessed 22 May 2009.
Specter of Communism," Leffler's core focal point is lying on the U.S. reply to the increase and spread of communism inside the Soviet Union, as well as its succeeding efforts to broaden the structure globally.
Consequently, the effort is undermanned in its clarification of the causes following the olshevik revolution of 1917, the civil war that ensured, and simply adopts a concise aspect at the blow made by the U.S., as well as ritish rejection to obligate to Soviet policy for the period of World War II.
Yet simultaneously, Leffler's approach into U.S. efforts to separate and destabilize the communist gathering all through the 1920s and 30s, along with his examination of the point of potency as of which the U.S. was capable to carry out foreign relations in the late 1940s, go further than that of the characteristic cold war period efforts.
I believe that the most appealing mark of Melvyn….
Anticommunism / Communism
In Red Scare or Red Menace? John Earl Haynes seeks to rectify deficiencies in the historiography of American anticommunism. Prior examinations, he contends, have failed to accurately explain critical components of the opposition to communism in the years after orld ar II. In so doing, he indicates, these works have misunderstood and incorrectly characterized the nature of anticommunist activity.
Haynes identifies four principal shortcomings in earlier depictions. First, he asserts, many histories do not adequately establish the connection between the Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA) and the espionage activities of the Soviet Union. Second, previous analyses have not described the significant links between pre-orld ar II antifascism and postwar anticommunism. Next, he charges, the accounts routinely fail to demonstrate the scope and diversity of sentiment against communism. Finally, prior works typically portray anticommunism as senseless and inscrutable. "To make American anticommunism in the 1940s and 1950s historically….
Post Communism and Social Policies -- an Introduction
Communism and Capitalism are the two terms that have been defining the societies of the world. Needless to say, the understanding of the aforementioned terms is important before we go on to discuss the social policies in different countries. Communism is basically the economic organization is which the ownership of everything belongs to the government. Capitalism is the opposite of Communism. Karl Marx developed communism during the 19th century (Nelson, 2000). In a communist country, the government controls the economy and the people of the country work for the businesses that are owned by the government. The government takes control of the entire production and each person receives his share according to his contribution. The distribution of the resources is also done by the government. People get what the government thinks they deserve according to their needs and abilities.
Post-communism is a term that….
"World Bank Estimates Microdata" (2013).
Curtin, TR and Nelson, EA (1999)."Economic and health efficiency of education funding policy."Department of Treasury, Papua New Guinea.
Dean, H. (2006). Social Policy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Easter, Gerald M. (2012). Capital, Coercion, and Post-Communist States, Cornell University Press.
Communism & Nationalism Communism Communism is a society without money (For Communism) 1, without a state, without property and without social classes. People come together to carry out a project or…Read Full Paper ❯
Communism in Cuba Communism refers to a revolutionary socialist movement that creates classes, stateless social orders and moneyless on ownership of the means of production. It also involves social, economic…Read Full Paper ❯
Conclusion The historical events leading to the communist invasion of both territories, Poland and Yugoslavia were external influences and occurred as the aftermath of the Second World War when the…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
Communism Soviet Union The simplest explanation for the collapse of the Soviet Union is that the system was not sufficiently stable to withhold both its own needs and the demands of…Read Full Paper ❯
" (I.1.3) Smith focuses not on the laborer, but on the maker of pins. In fact, the maker of pins, seamlessly becomes the owner of a pin-making factory, even…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
Therefore no media coverage had been given to rise of Berlin Wall. However, it falling also marked the end of an "evil" social order. This event triggered mass…Read Full Paper ❯
Communism in the 1930s In the United States during the 1930s, the population was gripped in the middle of the Great Depression. A large percentage of the people were out…Read Full Paper ❯
S.'s difficulty interpreting the modern Middle East. The U.S. is a young nation. It is difficult for the United States to fully understand why age-old religious and tribal conflicts…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
Communism Affact World During the Cold War There is much controversy with regard to the effects of communism on the Cold War, as with the Iron Curtain falling in…Read Full Paper ❯
Politics: Canadian Communism We want to make this nation one which truly belongs to all its people; we seek to create a society in which all individuals have the opportunity…Read Full Paper ❯
Another view which is in fact closely linked to the above analysis is that the fall of communism began from within the system. This view is supported by the…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
Mohan describes this concept this way: "A new tribalism seems to mark the post-modern evolution of the contemporary society in which the ominous forces of oppression are decivilizing people.…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
Specter of Communism," Leffler's core focal point is lying on the U.S. reply to the increase and spread of communism inside the Soviet Union, as well as its…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
Anticommunism / Communism In Red Scare or Red Menace? John Earl Haynes seeks to rectify deficiencies in the historiography of American anticommunism. Prior examinations, he contends, have failed to accurately…Read Full Paper ❯
Post Communism and Social Policies -- an Introduction Communism and Capitalism are the two terms that have been defining the societies of the world. Needless to say, the understanding of…Read Full Paper ❯