Computer Science Essays (Examples)

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Comparing C to Python

Words: 1327 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97006564

Computer coding languages are no different from other languages used around the world to communicate. There are subtle differences and some similarities. At a basic level there are even some universal laws or rules of language that apply. For Python and C++, this is just as true. This paper will compare C++ to Python and show where strengths and weaknesses appear.
The key difference between C++ and Python is that the former simply acts as a general purpose language for programmers. If French is a highly-advanced Western language, Python may be viewed as its equivalent in the coding world. C++ on the other hand would be viewed as a language like Latin—the root of many of the Western languages and therefore applicable to most. C++ comes from the original C language. C++ is static, free-form, multi-paradigm and compiled. Python is also general purpose but it is much more high-level: it…… [Read More]

References

Goldwasser, M., Letscher, D. (2007). A transition guide: Python to C++. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/9ad1/030685050e949d1a3d6d92bababcbe075e07.pdf

Rossum, G. (2015). Comparing Python to other languages. Retrieved from https://www.python.org/doc/essays/comparisons/

Veksler, M. (2016). What is the difference between Python an C++? Retrieved from https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-Python-and-C++


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Computer System Administrator Systems Administrator

Words: 1661 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19155519

etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=3Tla6d153uwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Encyclopedia+of+computer+science+and+technology&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dZH_UNjcIcHQhAeg4C4Bw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA

Kizza, J.M. (2005). Computer Network Security. New York, NY: Springer. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=HsawoKBLZOwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Computer+Network+Security&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uZH_UJn-NMbNhAeWroDYCA&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Computer%20Network%20Security&f=false

Musumeci, G.-P. D., & Loukides, M. (2002). System performance tuning: [help for Unix system administrators]. Beijing [u.a.: O'eilly. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=L4oyNrsFBbsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=System+performance+tuning&hl=en&sa=X&ei=C5L_UKjmNonMhAen8ICoBw&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA

Adelstein, T., & Lubanovic, B. (2007). Linux system administration. Sebastopol, Calif:

O'eilly. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=-

jYe2k1p5tIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Advanced+system+administration&hl=en&sa=X &ei=fpP_UM6EN8HMhAff9YC4DQ&ved=0CD0Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Advanced

%20system%20administration&f=false

Verma, D.C. (2009). Principles of computer systems and network management. Dordrecht: Springer. etrieved http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=dUiNGYCiWg0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Principles+of+computer+systems+and+network+management&hl=en&sa=X&ei=i5T_UIG3IMaBhQfF2YD4Bg&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Principles%20of%20computer%20systems%20and%20network%20management&f=false

Whyte, E. (2004, Feb 09). Be a system administrator. New Straits Times. etrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/271766591?accountid=35812… [Read More]

References

Burgess, M. (2004). Principles of network and system administration. Chichester: Wiley.

Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=JmOTwMrFGskC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Principles+of+network+and+system+administration&hl=en&sa=X&ei=mJD_UP6rNNSWhQfNsoD4Ag&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Principles%20of%20network%20and%20system%20administration&f=false

Frisch, a.E. (2002). Essential system administration: tools and techniques for Linux and Unix administration. Beijing [u.a.: O'Reilly. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=uRW8V9QOL7YC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Essential+system+administration:+tools+and+techniques+for+Linux+and+Unix+administration.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=CZH_ULLhEcm6hAeFnYGAAw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA

Henderson, H. (2009). Encyclopedia of computer science and technology. New York: Facts on File. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=3Tla6d153uwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Encyclopedia+of+computer+science+and+technology&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dZH_UNjcIcHQhAeRg4C4Bw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA
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Computer Program Design What I

Words: 1817 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22477912



The programming design class gives the student many tools that they will need on the job, but there is much more to the design process than having the right tools. The ability to apply those tools to the situations that will arise on the job is one of the most important skills that the designer will have. However, this is not always easy to teach in the classroom. Therefore, it is important for the design student to read as many outside sources as possible. They must understand the various philosophies and approaches to the design process. They must understand the strengths and weaknesses of those approaches and how they relate to various customer projects. The computer program design student must develop the broadest knowledge base possible in order to deliver a quality product to the customer.

eferences

Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of…… [Read More]

References

Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security. 9 (10): 71-79.

Guzman, J., Mitre, H. & Amescua, a. et al. (2010). Integration of strategic management, process improvement and quantitative measurement for managing the competitiveness of software engineering organizations. Software Quality Journal. DOI: 10.1007/s11219-

9094-7 Retrieved May 31, 2010 from http://www.springerlink.com/content/58k83507v1j7w653/?p=318712de7adb48cfa387cb4

3f1366078&pi=4
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Computers in Modern Education Two

Words: 508 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1067588

In fact, it is difficult to imagine many other possible areas where increased funding and emphasis would equal the benefits of investing in computer technology in higher education. Computers on campus facilitate communications between students and faculty that provides much closer supervision and better access to professors on the part of students. Even in liberal arts studies of classical literature, computers allow instantaneous access to commentaries and many different academic perspectives from libraries and databases worldwide.

More generally, the current prospect for being hired directly out of college in one's field of study is not particularly good. In all likelihood, most new graduates from American colleges next year will not find employment in their chosen fields directly after college. However, all of them will almost certainly rely heavily on their computer literacy and competence immediately upon being hired in any professional capacity. Today, computer skills play a significant role in…… [Read More]

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Computer Information System Design

Words: 2315 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24003748

New Computer System for the 21st Century Business Office

It is impossible to imagine that any business can be run in the 21st century without an adequate computer system. And yet therein lies the rub: Determining what computer system is adequate for any business purpose is in fact a complex and difficult process in many cases. All too often what happens when a manager is faced with choosing a new computer system (usually at the point when the old one has completely crashed, losing valuable information that wasn't backed-up) is that he or she finds the brochure that's on the top of the pile and orders that computer system.

But this is not the way to proceed. Acquiring the right information system is essential in keeping a company healthy. This paper examines a real-world case of a corporation - in this case, Toys Us - adopted a new computer information…… [Read More]

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Computer Networks Are Changing

Words: 383 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42386031

Computing networks are certainly changing. There are a couple of different factors driving these changes, which generally include issues of security, privacy, regulatory concerns, and technological advancements. For the most part, these drivers are resulting in positive changes for computer networks.

One of the fundamental ways in which computer networks are changing is that they are incorporating Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). VPNs provide an additional computing network inside of an external network (Monga 343). As such, they are able to buttress security while adding a layer of privacy (Rao and Kavitha 4). There are a number of intruders and hackers who are invading networks without authority. One of the basic ways to meet this broadening challenge is to stifle hackers with the use of a VPN.

Another way that networks are changing is by becoming much more complex. Specifically, the architecture involved with them…… [Read More]

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Computer History it Is Said

Words: 1593 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 134499

In some areas it will be used for more populist applications such as, in schools to introduce students to the discipline and within an environment that will give opportunity for participation of non-academics in academic discussion.

Conclusion

Computer has in a great deal widened the world's knowledge. As the fastest technology that has ever evolved, it has given opportunity for the children and adults, for personal, academic and commercial use. It has made communication to be easier; people get to know what is happening in the other parts of the world instantly. Information and data entering and saving has been made convenient and even easy.

eference

Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. etrieved March 8, 2012 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf

Moreau, . The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). etrieved March…… [Read More]

Reference

Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. London: The MIT Press, (2000). The MIT Press. Retrieved March 8, 2012 from  http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/images/5/57/Onifade.pdf 

Moreau, R. The Computer Comes of Age -- the People, the Hardware, and the Software. London: The MIT Press, (1984). Retrieved March 8, 2012 from
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Computer Fundamentals the Pace of

Words: 1767 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95031180



Subtopic 6: Job management and protection; include a serious discussion of security aspects

The most commonly leveled criticism of operating systems is the inherent lack of security they have (Funell, 2010). Defining operating systems to have partitioned memory is just the start, as Microsoft learned with their Windows NT platform. Dedicated memory partitions by user account can be hacked and have been (Funell, 2010). The need for greater levels of user authentication is required, including the use of biometrics for advanced systems that have highly confidential data within them. The reliance on security-based algorithms that also seek to analyze patterns of use to anticipate security threats are increasingly in use today (Volkel, Haller, 2009). This aspect of an operating system can capture the levels of activity and the patterns they exhibit, which can provide insights into when a threat is present or not. The use of predictive security technologies, in…… [Read More]

References

Boudreau, K.. (2010). Open Platform Strategies and Innovation: Granting Access vs. Devolving Control. Management Science, 56(10), 1849-1872.

Jason Dedrick, & Kenneth L. Kraemer. (2005). The Impacts of it on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal Computer Industry. California Management Review, 47(3), 122-142.

Furnell, S.. (2010). Usability vs. complexity - striking the balance in end-user security. Network Security, 2010(12), 13-17.

Larus, J.. (2009). Spending Moore's Dividend. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(5), 62.
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Computer Tech When Most Technology

Words: 511 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84412458

Some nanorobots are being designed as "spray-on computers the size of a grain of sand." Edinburgh University has been working on nanorobots that can be sprayed onto patients as monitoring devices. They may be released for medical use in four years.

Quantum computers, based on principles like quantum entanglement and superposition, use the properties of particles. Quantum bits, called qubits, can process information faster than any existing computer technologies. A quantum computer can process many equations simultaneously. In a smaller space, using less energy, a quantum computer becomes more powerful than any commercial PC. In fact, Hertzog implies that quantum computers will mainly be used in fields demanding rapid data processing like the sciences or in cryptography.

Finally, one of the most promising future developments will be in the realm of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence implies computers that can think critically and creatively, like human beings. The potential for artificial…… [Read More]

References

Hertzog, C. (2006). The future of computer technology. Tech Tips. Retrieved April 17, 2007 at http://www.geeks.com/techtips/2006/techtips-26nov06.htm
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Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

Words: 2541 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64625972

Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

Information technology and related systems provide multiple benefits to business, government, and individual users. Databases, Internet transactions, and emails contain sensitive customers, employee and operations data that are extremely vulnerable. The following study focuses on various components of IT and related systems used for the storage of information like computers, servers, and website databases. Whilst identifying the ways the date can be compromised and exposed to abuse, the study identifies ways of protecting and enhancing their integrity.

Types of information systems that that hold data

Computers

Computers do their primary work in parts that are not visible when using them. To do this, a control center that converts data input to output must be present. All this functions are done by the central processing unit (CPU) a highly complicated set of electric circuits that intertwine to store and achieve program instructions. Most computers regardless of…… [Read More]

References

Adikesavan, T.A. (2014). Management Information Systems Best Practices and Applications in Business. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

Bradley, T. (2006). Essential Computer Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security: Everyone's Guide to Email, Internet, and Wireless Security. New York: Syngress

Khosrowpour M. (2006). Emerging Trends and Challenges in Information Technology Management: 2006 Information Resources Management Association International Conference, Washington, DC, USA, May 21-24, 2006 Volume 1. Washington: Idea Group Inc. (IGI)

Kim, D. & Solomon, M. (2010). Fundamentals of Information Systems Security. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning
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Computer Clustering Involves the Use of Multiple

Words: 2319 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54692503

Computer clustering involves the use of multiple computers, typically personal computers (PCs) or UNIX workstations, multiple storage devices, and redundant interconnections, to form what appears to users as a single integrated system (Cluster computing). Clustering has been available since the 1980s when it was used in Digital Equipment Corp's VMS systems. Today, virtually all leading hardware and software companies including Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett Packard and IM offer clustering technology. This paper describes why and how clustering is commonly used for parallel processing, batch processing, load balancing and high availability.

Despite some challenges such as achieving transparency, mitigating network latency and the split-brain problem, clustering has proven to be a huge success for bringing scale and availability to computing applications. Hungry for even more efficient resource use, IT departments are now turning their eye on the next evolution of clustering called grid computing.

Parallel processing is the processing of program…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Beowulf clusters compared to Base One's batch job servers Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.boic.com/beowulf.htm

Burleson, D. Requirements for parallel clusters. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://www.fast-track.cc/teas_ft_rac07.htm

Cluster computing. Retrieved May 1, 2004 from Web site: http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,sid10_gci762034,00.html

D'Souza, Marco (2001, April 13). Meeting high-availability through clustering. ZDNet. Retrieved May 2, 2004 from Web site: http://www.zdnetindia.com/biztech/services/whitepapers/stories/19538.html
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Computer Upgrade Board Proposal Computer

Words: 1328 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 969402

In setting this plan for implementation and maintenance the ultimate goal for the district within the next five years is the creation of a student-to-computer ratio of 1-1 in grades 3-12 and 3-1 for grades K-2 in accordance with developmental studies for the utilization of technology in lesson and course plans for each respective grade. Computers will be updated on an annual basis, with replacement being taken into consideration every four years. In order to maintain cost-effectiveness, leasing programs and low-cost computer programs will allow students and teachers the capacity to access more applications and content which is relevant to consumers but nearly unaffordable in many educational systems. Low-cost computer programs such as the One Laptop per Child Foundation have been developed in order to aggressively place computers in the hands of hundreds of millions of children around the world, the United States included, in order to aid students in…… [Read More]

References

Aliasgari, M. Mojdehavar, N. And Riahinia, F. (2010). Computer-assisted instruction and student attitudes toward learning mathematics. Education, Business, and Society, 3.1: pp. 6. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Ames, M. And Warschauer, M. (2010). Can one laptop per child save the world's poor?

Journal of International Affairs, 64.1: pp. 33-55. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Carman, E., Lewis, C., Murphy, K. And Richards, J. (2005). Strengthening educational technology in schools and in pre-service teacher education: a practitioner-faculty collaborative process. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 13.1: pp. 125-140. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
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Science and Technology the Impact

Words: 668 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66486209

" But these close connections cannot be developed over the phone alone. It is important that a person stays in close personal contact with friends and family by visiting them often.

Science and technology have not only affected our daily lives, they have significantly altered our social systems as well. We are not investing in our societies and communities as our forefathers used to. For example, if we have a disabled person living in the neighborhood, we would be all too happy to have social services take care of him, instead of visiting him and checking on him personally. But there are studies that would argue against this claim. There are some new researches that came to the conclusion that with increased use of Internet and technologies, social contacts increased and social circle expanded for most people. "Because interpersonal communication dominates Internet use, using the Internet could have positive social…… [Read More]

References

1) Emma Young. Close friends make longer life more likely

16 June 2005 NewScientist.com news service http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn7528

2) Kraut, Kiesler. The Social Impact of Internet use. Science Briefs. 2003. http://homenet.hcii.cs.cmu.edu/progress/kraut03-SocialImpactOfInternetUse.pdf.

3) Bill Ritchie. (2006) Satisfaction Guaranteed. Multnoma.
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Science and the Nature of

Words: 811 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32933163

The information collected through these observations would then be documented and organized in ways that support the understanding of the underlying phenomena (Wolff, 2012).

Throughout history, scientific revolution has always centered on investigations that are conducted and developed through various observations. This process of investigation or observation has also included the review of existing scientific beliefs or practices. According to Francis Bacon, scientific revolution begins from existing evidence and gradually proceeds from specific observations to provisional generalizations or theories. The process is then cautiously repeated to establish some general truths that can be the basis of people's beliefs.

The scientific investigations that form the nature of scientific revolution are also based on observations that are directed by theory. ather than the mere collection and tabulation of data, scientific observations are in the form of hypotheses, which are also known as experiments. This is largely because experiments help in approving or…… [Read More]

Reference:

Wolff, R.P. (2012). Philosophy of science. In About philosophy. Pearson Education, Inc.
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Computer and Web Ethics the Term Computer

Words: 844 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68668240

Computer and Web Ethics

The term "computer ethics," as coined by Walter Maner in the 1970s, refers to a field of study that examines "ethical problems aggravated, transformed, or created by computer technology" (Maner, 1980). Maner suggested that persons engaged in computer-related actions should apply traditional ethical frameworks, such as Kantianism and Utilitarianism, to govern their decision-making. While Immanuel Kant's virtue ethics are rooted in respect for all people and an inherent respect for virtuous character traits -- such as kindness, honesty, patience and humility -- Utilitarianism judges the morality of an action according to "the greatest good for the greatest number" rule (Stanford Encyclopedia, 2011).

Similar to Maner's definition, Deborah Johnson, author of Computer Ethics (1985), defined computer ethics as a study of how computers "pose new versions of standard moral problems and moral dilemmas, exacerbating the old problems, and forcing us to apply ordinary moral norms to uncharted…… [Read More]

References

Bynum, T. (2006). "Flourishing Ethics," Ethics and Information Technology, 8(4), 157-173.

Gotterbarn, D. (2001). "Informatics and Professional Responsibility," Science and Engineering Ethics, 7(2), 221-30.

Johnson, D. (1985). Computer Ethics, First Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; Second Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1994; Third Edition Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2001.

Maner, W. (1980). Starter Kit in Computer Ethics, Hyde Park, NY: Helvetia Press and the National Information and Resource Center for Teaching Philosophy.
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Computer-Based Training in Higher Learning

Words: 2946 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38422671

The instructor does sit with the student when he or she is training with the devices the FAA approves for the educational computer training. Sometimes a separate computer is used during this process, but the teacher is able to monitor and control the student's flight as well as plan out every detail for him or her at that particular time (United States Gernal Accounting Office, 1999).

For those that are educators, they too have noticed trends with computer-based training. The convenience of learning on the Web has stretched all the possible barriers that occur locally and globally. When it comes to distance learning, the Internet is used to deliver material to the learner, such as Word documents or PowerPoints. However, in other online environments, this is provided through hypertext, which allows the learner more opportunities to explore the information provided as well as to have much interactivity (Khalifa & Lam,…… [Read More]

References

Bowman, W.R., Crawford, A.M., & Mehay, S. (2009). An assessment of the effectiveness of computer-based training for newly commissioned surface warfare division officers. Naval Postgraduate School, 119.

Information Design, Inc. (2004). Issues in web-based training. 5.

Khalifa, M., & Lam, R. (2002). Web-based learning: Effects on learning process and outcome. IEEE Transactions on Education, 7.

Kulik, C.-L. C., & Kulik, J.A. (1991). Effectiveness of computer-based: An updated analysis. Computers in human behavior, 20.
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Science v Society the Politics

Words: 992 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28472548

The release of fossil fuels has been driving industrial and civic expansion for the past century and a half, and there is therefore a compelling reason to deny such causes: "some corporations whose revenues might be adversely affected by controls on carbon dioxide emissions have also alleged major uncertainties in the science (Oreskes). Just as in the debate over the heliocentric solar system, issues of political and/or economic motive are raised to cloud the science at issue.

hat truly separates the global warming debate from the issues that Galileo dealt with, however, is that there really is hard science at the base of both camps with vastly different interpretations. This has made the contention all the more fierce, and personal accusations only seem more rampant now than during Galileo's trial due to the increased difficulty of a scientific attack. One example of this is Gore's insistence on using Revelle's name…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coleman, John. "The Amazing Story behind the Global Warming Scam." http://www.kusi.com/weather/colemanscorner/38574742.html

"Gore's Grave New World." http://www.americanthinker.com/printpage/?url=http://www.americanthinker.com/2006/06/gores_grave_new_world.html

Henderson, Mark. "Why Global Warming is Not Natural." http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/article516179.ece

Oreskes, Naomis. "Beyond the Ivory Tower: The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change." http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/306/5702/1686.pdf
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Science and Technology The Knowledge

Words: 1650 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86138785

Many of the results of scientific advancement have become part of the fabric of our humanity. But many of the advancements have also done grave damage to our planet, our traditions, and our social interactions.

In the end, whether scientific progress appears to be a good or an evil depends on what kind of world we want for ourselves, and what sort of control we want to maintain over that world. As long as our objectives are clear to ourselves, as long as the pace and direction of our endeavors remain within our control, and as long as we maintain a sense of awe and mystery in at least some aspect of our lives, science and technology will, as Bishop argues, lead us to a full unfolding of our potential as a species. But if we proceed with murky goals, if we allow the pace and direction of our endeavors…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bishop, J. Michael. "Enemies of Promise." The Presence of Others: Voices and Images that Call for Response. Eds. Andrea Lunsford and John Ruszciewitz. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2008. Print.

Chorost, Michael. "My Bionic Quest for Bolero." The Presence of Others: Voices and Images that Call for Response. Eds. Andrea Lunsford and John Ruszciewitz. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2008. Print.

Grady, Denise. "Struggling Back from War's Once-Deadly Wounds." The Presence of Others: Voices and Images that Call for Response. Eds. Andrea Lunsford and John Ruszciewitz. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2008. Print.

Shelley, Mary. "Excerpt from Frankenstein." The Presence of Others: Voices and Images that Call for Response. Eds. Andrea Lunsford and John Ruszciewitz. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2008. Print.
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Science New Imaging Technology Enables

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96513858

Technologies like array tomography also show how the human brain may be best understood as a computer that operates on both electricity and on chemicals. One section of the brain, the cerebral cortex, contains more than 125 trillion synapses. Boyle's (2010) source material from the Stanford School of Medicine notes that the number of synapses in the brain is "roughly equal to the number of stars in 1,500 Milky Way galaxies," (Goldman 2010).

Array tomography as a visualization instrument also reveals advancements in digital imaging as well as nanotechnology. The mouse brain used in initial array tomography experiments was sliced at only 70 nanometers thick (Goldman 2010). Measured at the level of the nanometer,, the layers of the brain that can be cut and then imaged with array tomography are small enough that scientists are able to understand more about how the brain works. Without technologies like array tomography, the…… [Read More]

References

Boyle, R. (2010). Video: 3-D Image Shows Brain's Circuitry in Highest Resolution Ever. Popular Science. Retrieved online: http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-11/video-3-d-brain-image-highlights-neuronal-circuits-highest-resolution-ever

Goldman, B. (2010). New imaging method developed at Stanford reveals stunning details of brain connections. Stanford School of Medicine. Retrieved online: http://med.stanford.edu/ism/2010/november/neuron-imaging.html
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Computer Assisted Learning Cal Once a Novel

Words: 1827 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68935532

Computer assisted learning (CAL), once a novel concept, is a staple in numerous classrooms across the country, from the primary education to the university level. Computer assisted learning offers both students and teachers a daunting and near-limitless education supplement. However, this paper will examine examples where computer assisted learning is more or less effective and why. It will be revealed that computer assisted learning programs that are most effective are the ones which place precedence on interactivity. A particularly successful program, the Interaction Multimedia Computer Assisted Instruction Theory, will be examined carefully in regards to the strategy and concepts used in order to make such a learning program as successful as possible.

Introduction

Educators and pedagogues have known for years the wealth of benefits that computer assisted learning can offer the student. Certain educational software programs equal a dissemination of difficult concepts and/or an illumination of intricate ideas. For example,…… [Read More]

References

Azer, S. (2008). Navigating problem-based learning. Marrickville: Elsevier.

Banerjee, A., Duflo, E., & Linden, L. (2004). Computer-assisted learning project with pratham in india.Poverty Action Lab, Retrieved from http://www.povertyactionlab.org/evaluation/computer-assisted-learning-project-pratham-india

Greenhalgh, T. (2001). Computer assisted learning in undergraduate medical education. British Medical Journal, 322(7277), 40-44.

Iskander, M. (2008). Innovative techniques in instruction technology, e-learning. Brooklyn:
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Computer Mediated Business Communications Social

Words: 2081 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50493248

Instead, it is seen as an essential tool that can help a variety of organizations to be able to increase their revenues and productivity. (Singh, 2009, pp. 1 -- 10)

At the same time, the use of social software has meant that many corporations have been reaching out to employees. This is because they are seeing how this can help to: improve collaboration and communication. One of the biggest problems that a number of different organizations around the world have faced; is that coordinating their various departments can be challenging. The reason why, is due to the fact that globalization has meant that a number of companies must establish numerous offices around the world. In the past this was problematic, because many organizations had trouble communicating with other offices around the globe from: issues such as differences in the time zones. This made it more challenging to communicate and monitor…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cook, N. (2008). Enterprise 2.0. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.

Cross, R. (2004). Breaking the Mold. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Kennedy, M. (2009). Trust in Social Networking. Social Networking Communities and E-Dating Services (pp. 225 -- 238). Hershey, NY: Information Science Reference.

Kerno, S. (2008). Limitations of Communities and Practice. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 15 (1), 69 -- 78.
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Science Nothing Will Be More

Words: 1435 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 610250

Such things, however, do not appear impossible given the state of science today.

There is one area of concern that science cannot totally resolve, unless it builds a time machine and can go into the future. That is, what are the total ramifications that result from science's wonders? Albert Einstein did not consider nuclear bombs when coming up with the equation of E=mc2

He considered himself a pacifist, yet encouraged the building of the bomb for fear that the Germans would create it first. He was looking toward the future. As he wrote to physicist Niels Bohr in December 1944, "When the war is over, then there will be in all countries a pursuit of secret war preparations with technological means, which will lead inevitably to preventative wars and to destruction even more terrible than the present destruction of life" (Clark, 2007, pg. 698). Then, close to death he stated:…… [Read More]

References

Clark, R. Einstein: The Life and Times. New York: Perennial, 2007

Colborn, T., Dumanoski, D. And Myers, JP. Our Stolen Future. New York:Abacus, 1996.

Gallopin, G.C., Funtowicz, S, O'Connor, M., and Ravetz, J. (2001) Science for the 21st century: from social contract to the scientific core. Int. Journal Social Science 168:

Hughes, M. (November 27, 2007). "CU Doctor Works on Breast Cancer Vaccine."
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Computer Information Systems Sunlife of

Words: 1467 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74711629

For the SunLife agents to be successful the accumulated experience and knowledge in the company need to be captured, and applied to the sales cycles and ongoing customer relationships. This is another major gap that is in the approach the company is taking with the implementation of Maestro today as well. SunLife is not taking into account the deep expertise and knowledge within the company to streamline and make more efficient the selling process, and as a result the resistance to change on the part of agents just increases over time. They fail to see the value of making any significant shift in how they view new technologies to help them sell more effectively or continually be trusted advisors over time.

SunLife has an exceptionally strong grasp of technologies and their contributions to each aspect of the insurance sales, account management and risk management aspects of the insurance industry. Several…… [Read More]

References

Bull, C.. (2010). Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system, intermediation and disintermediation: The case of INSG. International Journal of Information Management, 30(1), 94.

Ernst, H., Hoyer, W., Krafft, M., & Krieger, K.. (2011). Customer relationship management and company performance -- the mediating role of new product performance. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 39(2), 290-306.

Keller, 1999. The Pitfalls of Meta-Systems and Business Rules. Generali Office Service and Consulting.

Levasseur, R.. (2011). People Skills: Optimizing Team Development and Performance. Interfaces, 41(2), 204-208.
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Science and Skepticism Climate Change

Words: 1884 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1092500

He even goes so far as to claim that if global warming does occur, it will be a positive thing. Higher temperatures would be positive for agriculture and forests. He believes that higher temperatures will actually cause sea levels to drop, and wraps up his interview with the cheery optimism that everyone appreciates warmer weather.

igley isn't quite as upbeat. He points out that because uncertainty is a built in component of the climate models, it is just as likely that the scientists have erred on the side of caution as it is that they have erred on the side of excess. This means that the effects of global warming could be much worse than what the models predict. His overall concern:

I]t's not so much just the temperature changes, but it's the changes in all other aspects of the environment: amounts of precipitation, the ability for vegetation to maintain…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bailey, Ronald. "Why Meaning?" Reason (Apr. 2004): 10-12.

First Test of Predictions of Climate Change Impacts on Biodiversity." Space Daily (15 July 2005): NA. General OneFile. Gale. 27 Nov. 2007  http://find.galegroup.com .

New Observations Confirm Recent Warming of the Tropical Atmosphere." Space Daily (15 Aug. 2005): NA. General OneFile. Gale. 27 Nov. 2007.
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Computer Assisted Language Learning

Words: 5289 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14954613

Computer Assisted Language Learning or CALL, relates to the creation, use, and study of software that is specifically designed to allow for the use of a computer in the teaching and learning of a new language (Jarvis, 2013). Most commonly this is done for people learning English, but it can, theoretically, be used for any language learning process. There are a wide range of communication and information technologies that are embraced by CALL, as well, because approaches and applications that address teaching and learning of foreign languages are changing (Davies, 2002). The drill and practice methods that were so common in the 1960s and 1970s have been amended to provide a more interactive environment and a better opportunity for people to learn what they need to know in order to speak, read, and write another language more easily and more fluently (Jarvis, 2013).

The philosophy that CALL currently employs has…… [Read More]

References

Bax, S. (2003). CALL -- past, present and future. System, 31: 13-28.

Bush, M.D. (2008). Computer-assisted language learning: From vision to reality? CALICO Journal 25(3): 443-470.

Chambers, A., & Bax, S. (2006). Making CALL work: Toward normalisation. System, 34: 465-479.

Chapelle, C. (2000). Computer applications in second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Career of Computer Programmer Creating

Words: 3070 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27444743

Second, a major benefit for many computer programmers is the option of working on a variety of very interesting and challenging projects. Often the projects require months off planning, programming and continual work to get the applications to performing at their highest possible performance levels. Third, many companies now sponsor in-house training and development seminars, with a few even having local universities come in and teach the latest techniques on programming. This is a major time-saver for programmers as it gets them more knowledge to do their jobs, and also make them more valuable in their careers for the long-term. Fourth, programming is a profession that lends itself well to individual achievement and accomplishment. For those programmers who are exceptionally good at their work, they become well-known in their fields and often get promoted. Companies also provide many conveniences to programmers to alleviate time drains on them. Google for example…… [Read More]

References

Gul Agha (2008). COMPUTING in PERVASIVE CYBERSPACE. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 51(1), 68-70. Retrieved May 14, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1407575171).

Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. 2008. Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review 49, no. 3 (April 1): 36-42.  http://www.proquest.com  (Accessed May 16, 2008).

Ryan Blitstein (2 June 2007). Engineers wanted! Will pay very well: WEB 2.0 DEVELOPERS in GREAT DEMAND. Knight Ridder Tribune Business News,1. Retrieved May 16, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Dateline database. (Document ID: 1281144381).

Roxanne E. Christ, Jeanne S. Berges, Shannon C. Trevino. 2007. Social Networking Sites: To Monitor or Not to Monitor Users and Their Content? Intellectual Property & Technology Law Journal 19, no. 7 (July 1): 13-17.
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Automative Industry and Computers Management Information How

Words: 1948 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83262302

Automative Industry and Computers

Management Information

How computers (over the years) have affected and changed automotive industry and auto sales.

How computers (over the years) have affected and changed automotive industry and auto sales.

History of Automotive Industry

Time Line of Developing Technologies

Emergence of Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS)

Kaizen

The ole of Computers in Sale and Marketing

How computers (over the years) have affected and changed automotive industry and auto sales.

Current essay is a discussion of the role and impact of computer on manufacturing and sales of autos. To better understand how and why the automotive industry is where it is today, a brief historical background of the automotive industry is offered. The development of the automobile can be tracked back to 1769 when Nicolas Joseph Cugnot of France built the first vehicle, (Olsen 2002). Cugnot is recognized by the British Automobile Club and the Automobile Club de…… [Read More]

References

Banham, R.(2002). The Ford century, Ford motor company and the innovations that shaped the world. New York: Artisan.

Erjavec, J. (2005) automotive technology, a systems approach (4th Ed.). New York, NY: Thomas Delmar Learning.

Kalpakjian, S. (1995). Manufacturing engineering and technology. Reading, MA:

Addison-Wesley Publishing Company Inc.
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Human Computer Interface HCI Measurement

Words: 2034 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17250880

Core affect (CA) on the other hand refers to a neurophysiological state which is accessible consciously as very simple and yet nonreflective feeling which forms an integral part of hedonistic as well as arousing values. The hedonistic values are responsible for the feeling of pleasure and displeasure while the arousal feelings are activated by sleep. In the study of affect, it became clear that its core characteristics are many. Some of the characteristics are valence which is the extent, to which an individual feels bad. Arousal, which is the sleep-activated value denoting to the extent to which one feels energized. Affects exists in each and every person without the need of any form of stimulus. Affects is a primitive aspect of every being and is noted to be university as well as ubiquitous. Affect is the center of all human laden events and called in various names as pointed out…… [Read More]

References

Zhang, P (2011a).Organizational & Business Context

Zhang, P (2011b).Interactive Technologies

Zhang, P (2011c).Physical Engineering

Zhang, P (2011d).Cognitive Psychology & Cognitive Engineering
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Strategic Management at Dell Computer

Words: 1944 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76723053

[...] transaction customers, which represent 30% of U.S. sales, are small and medium size enterprises (about 20%) and home office customers and consumers" (Kraemer, Dedrick and Yamashiro, 2000)

Built-to-Order Production

The built-to-order production strategy was implemented to the great success of Dell Computer Corporation as it aided it differentiate itself from competing PC manufacturers. It ensured customers of the highest levels of interest in satisfying their needs and it as such gained their trust. But is also has some limitations in the meaning that it requires more time, implies more costs and forces the organization to "have available specific components as they are needed to fill an incoming order" (Kraemer, Dedrick and Yamashiro, 2000). Then, as it implies a high level of customization, it prevents the company from producing large masses of similar products, which could reduce costs and offer Dell a comparative advantage - process otherwise know as economies…… [Read More]

References

David, F., 1989, Strategic Management, Columbus: Merrill Publishing Company

Kraemer, K.L., Dedrick, J., Yamashiro, S., 2000, Refining and Extending the Business Model With Information Technology: Dell Computer Corporation, Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations (CRITO), Graduate School of Management and Department of Information and Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, California, USA

2008, Official Website of Dell Computer Corporation, http://www.dell.com, lastaccessed on April 11, 2008
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Human Element Computer Systems Design Has Come

Words: 2263 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86281964

Human Element

Computer systems design has come a long way from the time when Dijkstra first began exploring time sharing mechanism in the workings of the keyboard. In his day, computers were the realms of scientists and technical people. Operating systems designers were more concerned with processing ability. Human factors and "user friendliness" were terms that would not be a part of their vocabulary for many years to come. At the time of their early work, most of the population was still amazed at the automatic toaster and the television. Many early designers did not think about the common person eventually becoming a consumer of their product in a major way.

Dijkstra had vision beyond his time period and was one of the first to consider human factors in systems design. The first concept to be considered was the reduction of time spent waiting for the system to process the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bertrand, Meyer: "Proving Pointer Program Properties. Part 1: Context and overview," in Journal of Object Technology, vol. 2, no. 2, March- April 2003, pp. 87-108. http://www.jot.fm/issues/issue_2003_03/column8.(March, 2003)

Bunge M. (1977). Ontology I: The Furniture of the World, Vol. 3 of Treatise on Basic Philosophy. Dordrecht and Boston: Reidel.

Dijkstrra, Edsger. My Recollections of Operating System Design. Manuscript.

Department of Computer Sciences. University of Texas at Austin. (October, 2000/April, 2001) EWD1303  http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/EWD/ewd13xx/EWD1303.PDF  (March, 2003)
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Explosive Impacts of Computer and Information Technology

Words: 3234 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34311157

Explosive impacts of computer and information technology on business and individuals have generated a need to design and develop new computer and software system to incorporate a rapid growing range of computer applications. Software engineers apply the software engineering principles and techniques to design, evaluate, test and implement software systems to enable computer to perform different applications. Software engineers use systematic and quantified approach to design, evaluate, implement software and provide maintenance for software. In other word, software engineering systems use sound engineering principles to design economical and reliable software for business and individual uses. Typically, software engineering principles are used for the development of software application, which include network distribution, and operating system.

Pimentel, et al. (2009) argue the growing integration of application development into web development has made software engineers to apply the principles of document engineering to assist in enhancing the software specifications. Document engineering is an…… [Read More]

References

Blei, D.M. & Lafferty, J.D. (2006). Dynamic topic models. Proceedings of the ICML. ICML'06: 113 -- 120.

Clements, P. Bachmann, F. Bass, L. et al. (2009). Documenting Software Architecture.(Second Edition). Software Engineering Institute.

Forward, A. (2002).Software Documentation -- Building and Maintaining Artefacts of Communication. Thesis submitted In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science degree in Computer Science. University of Ottawa.

Frank, F. (1999). An Associative Documentation Model. University of Berne, Institute of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics (IAM).
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Cognitive Science Theoretical Investigation of

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69896621

There are several discussion points around these aspects.

Proposal and Methodology of this Paper will dedicate my paper to the problems with the concept of modularity. First will give a definition of massive modularity, explain something about domain-specific and domain-general hypotheses, and give Fodor's view of modularity. Then will show that some domain-specific modules can be found in lower level processing. n the next paragraphs will outline the theory of (Cosmides and Tooby 1992), which argues that there are also modules dedicated to higher level tasks. Then will give an overview of Buller's arguments (2005) against specific modules dedicated to higher level processing, and against modularity. Finally, will argue that the mind isn't strictly modular, but uses domain-general as well as domain-specific processes.

Body and Analysis

s the mind modular? This question has been hotly debated in psychology and cognitive science. Recently, a group of psychologists, called evolutionary psychologists, have…… [Read More]

Is the mind modular? This question has been hotly debated in psychology and cognitive science. Recently, a group of psychologists, called evolutionary psychologists, have made a remarkable contribution to this discussion. They claim that we can derive from evolutionary theory proof that the mind must be modular. They even go one step further: they claim that the mind must be massively modular. The theory of massive modularity holds that the mind is composed entirely of modules, or tiny computers, that evolved in the human prehistory to selectively process information. The various modules worked together to produce complex adaptive behaviors to solve problems faced by our early ancestors. The differentiated brain circuits set these "domain-specific" modules apart from the hypothesis of "domain-general" intelligence, in which most mental tasks are performed by a single flexible mechanism. The difference between massive modularity and domain-general intelligence is one of mechanism: in the first case, there are different circuits dedicated to different tasks; in the second, there is a single immense circuit that accomplishes a multiplicity of tasks.

The modularity hypothesis of the mind goes back to the 19th century movement called phrenology which claimed that individual mental faculties could be associated precisely with specific physical areas of the brain. Someone's level of intelligence, for example, could be "read" from the size of a particular bump on his posterior parietal lobe. Jerry Fodor, drawing from Chomsky and other evidence from linguistics, revived the idea of the modularity of mind in the 1983 publication of his Modularity of Mind. (Fodor, Jerry 1983)

According to Fodor, a module falls somewhere between the behaviorist and cognitive views of lower level processes. Behaviorists tried to replace the mind with reflexes that are encapsulated and cognitively impenetrable by other cognitive domains. Cognitivists saw lower level processes as continuous with higher level
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Machine Translation and the Future Computers Are

Words: 7864 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19197387

Machine Translation, And the Future

Computers are being used in many areas to speed and automate tasks that are tedious or strenuous on human beings. Computers aid us in making our daily lives better in many ways. Computers are being used for a variety of tasks. As the world moves toward a global economy, communication has become a major issue of the agendas of almost any industrialized nation. Machine translation is the growing wave of the future; these machines can translate passages into another language almost instantaneously.

There are some that fear the professional translators will become obsolete in the near future. However, an exploration of the current state of the art and future trends indicated that these fears are unfounded and that the field of Professional translation will enjoy man years of stability and prosperity, reaping the benefits of an expanding global economy.

Introduction

Rationale

Thesis

Literature Review

Machine…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Austermuhl, F. (2002) The Dysfunctional Family - Remarks on Communication (or a Lack Thereof) within the Translation Community. Presentation. International Feder.Cen.Tr.I. Conference. October 12, 2002. sala Michelangelo,. http://217.223.150.10/abstracts.htm Accessed February, 2003.

Brace, C., Vasconcellos, M. And Miller, L. (1995). MT Users and Usage: Europe and Americas. Paper presented at the Fifth Machine Translation Summit in Luxembourg. July 1995.

Champollion, Y.(2001). Machine translation (MT), and the future of the translation industry. Translation Journal. January 2001 5 (1).

Demos, K. And Fraunfelder, M.(2003) Machine Translation's Past and Future. 2003 Wired.com. Issue 8.05, May, 2000.
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Art and Science of Protection

Words: 2525 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4474525

Protection Discipline

The art and science of protection has evolved and transformed over the past decades where new levels of its requirements are in high demand. This structural shift in the needs for protection have also created the environment where stark contrasts between approaches and industry becomes rather evident. These noticeable differences need to be addressed in order to successfully and truly understand how this process can be maximized for effectiveness, efficiency and economics.

The purpose of this essay is to highlight and describe the different requirements, limits of authority, limits of force, material assets, ethics and best practices of three differing and distinct realms of protection. The essay will first examine physical protection be highlighting aspects of its use in the U.S. Federal Government. The essay will then explain information protection highlighted how the U.S. Military uses this type of protection and how it is reflected in their practices.…… [Read More]

References

Chen, D., & Zhao, H. (2012, March). Data security and privacy protection issues in cloud computing. In Computer Science and Electronics Engineering (ICCSEE), 2012 International Conference on (Vol. 1, pp. 647-651). IEEE.

Gordon, P. (2013). What to Expect when Force Protection Conditions Change. U.S. NAVY.Mil, Navy Public Release, 21 Feb 2013. Retrieved from http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=72213

Hertig, C. (2001). The Evolving Role of Protection Officers. Security Solutions, 1 Nov, 2001. Retrieved from  http://securitysolutions.com/mag/security_evolving_role_protection/ 

Markon, J. (2014). Can the Federal Protective Service meet new demands for heightened security? The Washington Post, 30 Oct 2014. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/federal-eye/wp/2014/10/30/can-the-federal- protective-service-meet-new-demands-for-heightened-security/
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Net-Centric Computing Computers More Specifically

Words: 1629 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12806280



Access to all the tools necessary to succeed academically allows for access to someone 24/7 who can assist in specific needs. There is an online library that has a huge collection available for electronic delivery (immediate) or access to other databases and materials delivered through email or mail; no residency requirement, no commute, and the ability to build unique and individualzed ways of synthesizing the learning experience between classes (Experience the Trident University Advantage, 2011).

This view of aggressively encouraging and utilitzing net centric principles is now no longer a "wish" or nice to; it is clear adirectieve based on research and efficacy, that netcenter operations be made pervasive at the Naval War College, the Naval Academy, and Naval Postgraduate School, just as example. This program paradigm is so perfect for the military, that the top Naval educational peronnel see it as a way to actualize more personnel in a…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Experience the Trident University Advantage. (2011, January). Retrieved January 2011, from Tufts University: http://www.tuiu.edu/why-tui/the-tui-advantage/

Griffiths, P. (2006). The Netcentric Curriculum. Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Conference on Intellectual Capital & Knowledge Management. Santiago, Chile: Pontifica Universidad.

National Research Council. (2000). Nework Centric Naval Douces: A Tramsotopm streguoooooooooo. Washington, DC: Naval Studies Board.

O'Regan, G. (2008). A Brief History of Computing. New York: Springer.
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Computers Social Behavioral Sciences Please Format It

Words: 685 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21842005

computers social behavioral sciences. Please format:

It is difficult to visualize contemporary society without the use of computers. Quite simply, computers are ubiquitous, and have significantly affected not only every professional industry, but also every realm of life. Computers assist people in performing their jobs better, they help people to manage their personal lives, and they even play a substantial role in the way in which people not only socialize with one another but also communicate. These facts are all the more staggering when one considers the fact that personal computers have only been around since the early 1970's (Cox, 2013). Yet even a perfunctory analysis of today's social, professional, and governmental processes indicates, the deployment and usage of computers will not recede anytime soon, and is only likely to increase.

The objective of this work is to present an effective analysis at the way in which the pervasive usage…… [Read More]

References

Cox, L. (2013). "Who invented the computer?" TechNews Daily. Retrieved from http://www.technewsdaily.com/16919-history-of-computer.html

James, E. (2013). "The real value of big data for the enterprise." Dataversity. Retrieved from  http://www.dataversity.net/the-real-value-of-big-data-for-the-enterprise-2/ 

Lee, H. (1973). "Use of computers in research." The American Journal of Economics and Sociology." 32 (3): 243-247.

Sim, T., Gentile, D.A., Bricolo, F., Serpelloni, G., Gulamoydeen, F. (2012). "A conceptual review of research on the pathological use of computers, video games, and the internet." International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 10 (5): 748-769.
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Computer What Is Going to

Words: 4223 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83050421

In the same year, the founders started a new company for computer development called the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation. By 1949, this company launched the BINAC or Binary Automatic computer. This computer made use of magnetic tape for the storage of data. Then this company was bought by emington and Corporation and the name was changed to Univac Division of emington and. This company was the organization to bring out UNIVAC which is one of the originals of the type of computers that are used today. (Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly)

1951 - UNIVAC begins to take over the business industries market:

Presper Eckert and John Mauchly set up their company and found their first client in the United States Census Bureau. The population of United States was growing very fast due to the baby boom that was taking place…… [Read More]

References

Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Atanasoff-Berry Computer the First

Electronic Computer - John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry." Retrieved at  http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa050898.htm . Accessed 6 October, 2005

Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The ENIAC I Computer - J Presper Eckert and John Mauchly" Retrieved at http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa060298.htm. Accessed 6 October, 2005

Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer: The Harvard MARK I Computer - Howard
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Computer Graphics 3D Algorithms Image Processing

Words: 880 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20320116

graphics design. Several years ago, I fell in love with the world of computers and was highly fascinated by the potent power that it possessed. I realized however that I was missing a certain satisfaction in my work with the computers. Naturally, I have always adored the concept of art and design. The idea of doing my design using the computer was therefore exhilarating. It came to my attention that I had been missing a particular experience. Holding a piece of paper, and seeing the transformation that comes out of its original and basic size and shape, moving objects around, holding them up and overall acquiring a totally new vantage point as far as the work of design is concerned. I therefore began again to use my hands in executing my designs and employing the computer more often as tool to realizing my basic objective of perfect design work. What…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Michael Friendly (2008). Milestones in the history of thematic cartography, statistical graphics, and data visualization.

R.Stuart, F (2001) Practical Algorithms for 3D Computer Graphics. Massachusetts:A.K Peters Press
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Computer Misuse Legislation Unfit for

Words: 2485 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10475857

Knowledge of e-crime from the perspective of crime science is insufficient in devolution of the problem, which cuts across various sections of social interaction through computers. There is a limitation in the forensic and social / legal exploration of information technology aspects and that is the possible cause of the limitations of the jurisdictions of the computer crime legislation, creating the insufficiency in the fulfillment of its purpose (Tonry 2009 p. 20-350).

The legislation approaches the infringement of the social precepts of technology without any consideration of social remedies. The use of police in regulation of operations is limiting because they may not have the capacity for gauging the extent of computer damage. It is logical considering the sensitivity of pro-social individuals, and their possibility of taking up their responsibilities. Social norms revolve around consideration of others and create a sense of mindfulness and consideration of activities (Humphreys 2007 p.…… [Read More]

References

'a Comparative Study of Cyberattacks' 2012, Communications of the ACM, 55, 3, pp. 66-73, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 20 August 2012.

Assange, J., & Dreyufus, S. (2011). Underground tales of hacking, madness and obsession on the electronic frontier. Edinburgh, Canongate. 56. Print.

Assange, J., & Dreyufus, S. (2011). Underground. North Sydney, N.S.W., Random House Australia. 23-150. Print.

Foltz, C, & Renwick, J 2011, 'Information Systems Security and Computer Crime in the IS Curriculum: A Detailed Examination', Journal of Education for Business, 86, 2, pp. 119-125, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 20 August 2012.
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Computer Used by the Employee Has Either

Words: 1061 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44847212

computer used by the employee has either been compromised physically with a password cracking software (EC-Council,2010;Beaver & McClure,2010) or it has bee compromised remotely with the help of a keylogging software.A keylogger is noted by APWG (2006) as a special crimeware code that is designed with the sole intention of collecting information from the end-user terminal. The stolen information includes every strike of the keyboard which it captures.The most sensitive of the captured information are the user's credentials. Keylogger may also be used to refer to the hardware used for this purpose. The employee's password could also have been shoulder-surfed by his immediate neighbor at the workplace. This could be his coworker who manages to peek and see over his shoulder as he types in sensitive authentication information (password)

Strategy to address the issue as well as the necessary steps for resolving the issue

The strategy for addressing this threat…… [Read More]

References

Anti-Phising Working Group (2006). Phishing Activity Trends Report

http://www.antiphishing.org/reports/apwg_report_feb_06.pdf

Bem, D and Huebner, E (2007).Computer Forensic Analysis in a Virtual Environment. International Journal of Digital Evidence .Fall 2007, Volume 6 (2)

 http://www.utica.edu/academic/institutes/ecii/publications/articles/1C349F35-C73B-DB8A-926F9F46623A1842.pdf
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Computers in Space Science

Words: 1740 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47234107

computers in space science. Specifically, it will look at the roles computers have in current space technology and how they have effected the lives of everyone in the world. Without computer technology, space science would be confined to the ground, and man's imagination. efore large-scale computing was developed, the technologies necessary to design, build, and maintain a space program simply did not exist. Computers have made it possible to explore the moon, stars, and beyond.

Computers in Space Science

Computers play an integral role in the science of space, and without them most of modern space exploration would not be possible. As the NASA report, "Computers at NASA" states, "Since the 1950's, the computer has been the main tool that has enabled scientists and engineers to visualize the next frontier and then make it a reality" (NASA). NASA employs literally thousands of computers throughout the world to monitor, design, and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Author not Available. "Computers at NASA." NASA. 1994. 29 Oct. 2003.  http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/news/factsheets/computers.pdf 

Barber, Jennifer Lauren. "Close Encounters on Your Desktop." Bright Magazine. 2001. 29 Oct. 2003. http://journalism.medill.northwestern.edu/journalism/magazine/bright/brightlite/peer4.html.

Dubinski, John. "Cosmology." Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics. 26 June 1997. 29 Oct. 2003. http://www.cita.utoronto.ca/webpages/CITA/annrep96/node20.html

Editors. "Hubble's Computers and Automation." HubbleSite. 2003. 29 Oct. 2003. http://hubble.stsci.edu/sci.d.tech/nuts_.and._bolts/spacecraft_systems/#comp
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Computer Training Program to Enhance

Words: 6445 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50188973

Similar to the suggestions offered by Gahala (2001), rody (1995) identified several traits to be considered when developing a comprehensive professional development program. Among those traits include the reputation of the trainer, the rewards available to the participants, both tangible and intangible, and the support of the administration. Traditional staff development models have required everyone to participate at the same time and in the same location creating problems such as scheduling, travel, space, and funding. intrim (2002) notes that web-delivered staff development allows teachers to log on and participate at the time of day that is best for them and at the pace they are the most comfortable with.

urke (1994) concluded that the use of effective distance education programs for K-12 staff development should be increased to supplement face-to-face in-services due to the positive evaluations of K-12 educators who participated in the electronic distance education in-service programs. However, other…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bintrim, L. (2002). Redesigning professional development. Educational Leadership, 59

Blumenfeld, P.C., Marx, R.W., Soloway, E. & Krajcik, J. (1996). Learning With Peers:

From Small Group Cooperation to Collaborative Communities. Educational Researcher, 25(8), 37- 40.

Books, J., Cayer, C., Dixon, J., Wood, J. (2001). Action Research Question: What Factors Affect Teachers' Integration of Technology in Elementary Classrooms?
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Computer Learning Problems Briihl D S 2001

Words: 995 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8075286



Kinshuk, Liu, ., & Graf, S. (2009). Coping with mismatched courses: Students' behaviour and performance in courses mismatched to their learning styles. Educational echnology Research and Development, 57(6), 739-752. Retrieved from ERIC database.

Kinshuk and Graf first establish the fact that students are often required to learn material that is not adaptive to their preferred learning style. he work then goes on to analyze how an interactive adaptive online/computer aided system could aide these students in allowing individual learning through designs that were more adaptive to learning style preference (i.e. had multiple ways of learning the same material) the work indicates that non-adaptive computer aided designs, i.e. that simply teach with one learning style are not as effective as those which offer students in mismatched courses several ways to learn material.

Sahin, a., Cermik, H., & Dogan, B. (2010). Is it "Writing on Water" or "Strike it Rich?" he experiences…… [Read More]

This work analyses interactive complex group learning tasks through the implementation of computer learning models. The research indicates that the computer model must be structured in a specific way to best aide the student in finding answers to complex learning tasks. The model that was most effective involved task specific step processes organized in a linear way and computer aided scripting (through chat) to help the learner answer enduring questions about the subject and the computer program, with a pre-task orientation to the system by a computer learning aide live in the computer lab, where each student worked independently on his or her own computer.

Wang, S., & Heffernan, N. (2010). Ethical issues in computer-assisted language learning: Perceptions of teachers and learners. British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(5), 796-813. Retrieved from ERIC database.

Wang and Heffernan discuss the issue of ethics as it is associated with Computer- Assisted Language Learning (CALL) as it has transitioned from stand alone formats to internet driven interactive learning. The researchers state that there has been a near complete lack of attention paid to online privacy and security in the classroom which could potentially create a demonstrative difficulty for computer aided learners and instructors as well as for the use of internet-based learning systems in general. The researchers seek to let their work serve as a starting point for a serious discussion about these issues, specific to the classroom and the industry of internet-based computer learning in general.
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Science and Christianity Introduction Common

Words: 4044 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96417918

This occurred in 330 BC, and Zoroaster's date would then be 588 BC, and this date we may take to refer to the initial success of his prophetic mission which consisted in the conversion of King Visht-spa when Zoroaster was forty years old. Since he is traditionally said to have lived seventy-seven years, we will not be far wrong in dating him at 628-551 BC. It seems also to be generally agreed that the Prophet's sphere of operation in which his message was proclaimed was ancient Chorasmia -- an area comprising, perhaps, what is now Persian Khorasan, estern Afghanistan, and the Turkmen Republic of the U.S.S.R. (Zaehner, R.C., 1961, 33)."

Ayala's science takes the mitochondrial Eve back even before what we know about Zoroastrianism, but we really have no accurate date of the monotheistic tradition as it arises out of Zoroastrianism, because there are no written artifacts that support its…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=29306390

Blackwell, Richard J. 1999. Science, Religion and Authority: Lessons from the Galileo Affair. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=29306390.Internet. Accessed 3 November 2008.

Dembski, William and Charles Colson. 2004. The Design Revolution: Answering the Toughest Questions about Intelligent Design. Intervarsity Press, Downers Grove, Il.

Dembski, William and McDowell, Sean. 2008. Understanding Intelligent Design: Everything You Need to Know in Plain Langauge. Harvest House Publishers. Eugene, Oregon. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=103534752