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arbitrary," "troublesome," "vacuous," and even "wrong," Walker & Avant's method can be a useful method of communicating concepts and developing theories (isjord, 2008). At the very least, a concept analysis can provide some clarity on a complex issue in the nursing realm. As Walker & Avant (2005) put it, concepts are "the building blocks of theory" (p. 26). For example, Virginia Henderson's Theory of 14 Basic Needs is rather complex and benefits thoroughly from a Walker & Avant-style concept analysis.
Walker & Avant (2005) present eight key steps in a concept analysis. These steps include the following:
Determine the aims of the concept.
Identify all uses of the concept possible.
Determine the defining attributes.
Identify model case.
Identify borderline, related, contrary, invented, and illegitimate cases.
Identify antecedents and consequences.
Define empirical referents.
Concept Analysis of Henderson's 14 Basic Needs
Determine the aims of the concept.
The aims of Henderson's 14…
"Key Concepts," (n.d.). Virginia Avenel Henderson. Retrieved online: http://vhenderson2011.blogspot.com/p/key-concepts.html
Porth, C.M. & Erickson, M. (1992). Physiology of thirst and drinking: Implication for nursing practice. Heart Lung. Pp. 273-282.
Risjord, M. (2008). Rethinking concept analysis. Retrieved online: http://userwww.service.emory.edu/~mrisjor/documents/Rethinking.pdf
Transcultural Nursing Care
Transcultural nursing is one of the hot concepts in professional healthcare at this time and there's a good reason for that. Transcultural nursing allows for healthcare that takes into consideration the multicultural backdrop and lived history of the individual, allowing for healthcare to be delivered in a manner which is most accessible to the individual, as well as meaningful. Transcultural nursing allows for care to be defined within the context of culture, allowing for the most culturally competent care to occur when values are acknowledged: thus, in order for this to happen there needs to be a high level of scholarship involved. This paper will examine the concepts put forth in a peer-reviewed article on transcultural care in nursing, "The Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services: A Model of Care" by Campina-Bacote (2002). This paper will use the concept analysis presented in the…
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2002). The Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services: A Model of Care . Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 181-184.
Culturaldiversity.org. (2014). The Middle Eastern Community. Retrieved from culturaldiversity.org: http://www.culturediversity.org/mide.htm
Culturaldiversity.org. (n.d.). The Hispanic-American Community. Retrieved from culturaldiversity.org: http://www.culturediversity.org/hisp.htm
McEwan, M., & Wills, E. (2011). Theoretical Basis for Nursing, 3rd Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Patient compliance is not always easy to obtain and it is frustrating when patients fail to follow recommendations and instructions. In addition, nurses and physicians tend to expect compliance while there is plenty of evidence derived from clinical studies that compliance should not be expected. This work intends to examine and analyze the issue of patient compliance. (Stone, et al., 1998) Lamb (nd ) reports that for products marketed in the United States "poor compliance with treatment regimens is estimated to cost the health care system around $100 billion each year. More than 100,000 patient deaths and one million hospital admissions each year, in addition to increased antibiotic resistance, are believed to be due to poor patient compliance in clinical trials is equally serious."
Stone et al. (1998) states that in the era of the empowered patient "it is time to think about compliance in a different way. Compliance…
Compliance (2010) Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders. Retrieved from: http://www.minddisorders.com/Br-Del/Compliance.html
Evangelista, LS (1999) Compliance: A Concept Analysis. Nurs Forum 1999 Jan-Mar, 34(1) 5-11 Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10426111
Eye for Pharma 4th Annual Summit Patient Adherence & Persistence USA. Retrieved from: http://www.eyeforpharma.com/pcusa07/
Falvo, Donna R. (2004) Effective Patient Education. A Guide to Increased Compliance. Jones & Bartlett 2004. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=B2KtVwlyO7cC&dq=patient+compliance:+characteristics+and+attributes&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Stress: Concept Analysis
Concepts are the fundamental building blocks of a theory. Nursing theory refers to a blueprint formed to organize skills, interpret occurrences in nursing at a more specific, and concrete level. Nursing theory entails a set of designations, postulations, propositions, links and more importantly concepts attained from nursing models. A nursing concept refers to a word that derives meaning, feelings or understanding amid persons within the nursing profession. Concept analysis refers to a prescribed linguistic exercise that functions to identify certain attributes. Apparently, nurses hold little control of the conditions surrounding their work. These work conditions are responsible for many nurses who abandon their nursing profession. Presently, a new concept that scores of nurses use to define stress in nursing is compassion fatigue. The purpose of this paper is to assess the concept of stress and its comparative attributes and upshots with the aim of acknowledging the required…
Keil, R. (2004). Nursing theory and concept development of analysis of coping and stress: A
conceptual analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 45 (6), 659-665.
Knobloch, S., & Klopper, H. (2010). Compassion fatigue with nursing practice: A concept analysis. Nursing and Health Sciences, 12, 235-243.
Leiter M.P. & Maslach C. (2009). Nurse turnover: the mediating role of burnout. Journal of Nursing Management, 17, 331 -- 339.
Superior Man Concept: Analysis of Use in Confucianism and Taoism
In both Confucianism and Taoism, there exists a concept called the "Superior Man." In essence, the superior man is one who is able to lead his life in a way that allows him to be both completely whole and at peace with himself and his actions in a variety of circumstances. While this concept maintains the same foundations in each religion, the superior man differs somewhat between its Confucian and Taoist uses. In order to view the similarities and differences between the two versions, one must first understand the basic definitions and principles that exist within Confucianism and Taoism. In understanding the basis for this ideal within each religion, one can better understand why this standard of living was modeled after in these differing religions, as well as garner an understanding of why the concept of the superior man is…
2008. The Doctrine of the Mean. Indiana University Online Publication. Web.
Retrieved from: www.indiana.edu/~p374/Zhongyong.pdf [Accessed on 6 April 2012].
Menander-Dawson, M. 2002. The ethics of Confucius. New York, NY: Cosimo,
Traditionally there was no empirical investigations were used in concept analysis but this has changed over time due to the limitations that it had in the methodology of concept analysis. There are several advantages that come with concept analysis and one of them is the fact that it carries meaning that helps people interpret their world hence the development and understanding of theories. It helps in the making out between the connotative and the denotative meaning of concepts. Concept analysis forms the basis for providing operational definition or description of abstract concepts in the process of theory development. The concept analyses are also used to make out the difference between the defining attributes and the irrelevant attributes in the of the concept being looked at. It can also be used in clarifying ambiguous concepts in the process of theory development. Concept analysis can also be used to determine the attributes…
Botes A, (2002). Concept analysis: Some limitations and possible solutions. Department of Nursing, Rand Arkansas University.
Thompson H.J., (2008). Fever: a concept analysis. U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2367118/
According to the U.S.A. Today (Borenstein, 2007), the latest IPCC report states that within twenty years "hundreds of millions of people won't have enough water." And while safe drinking water may not be available to those millions of people, tens of millions of others will be "flooded out of their homes each year" as rising temperatures cause polar ice caps to melt. "Tropical diseases like malaria will spread" and in another forty years or so polar bears will only be seen in zoos, as their habitats (ice floes) will have disappeared.
Initially, food will be in good supply because of longer growing seasons in the northern regions of the world, but in time, starvation will become a reality for "hundreds of millions" of people, as the land on which crops are grown will be drought-stricken. Presently, changes in climate are having an affect on "physical and biological systems on every…
Alonso-Zaldivar, Ricardo. (2007). Bush ready to veto children's healthcare bill. The Los Angeles
Times, p. a-16.
Borenstein, Seth. "Climate report warms of drought, disease." USA Today March 11, 2007.
CITIQUE OF CONCEPT ANALYSIS (HEALTH LITEACY)
Significance of Concept to Presenter
Health literacy is very important to me because the concept is vital when it comes to health care in general specifically in nursing. It has a great impact on the patient's capability to understand and process information necessary for optimal health. As a nurse, it is important to me that I am aware of my patient's literacy level for me to render care suitable for that patient because I am aware of the importance and the direct influence that health literacy has on the patients' health status and experience. The ability for the patient to understand the information I provide is vital to their health outcome and well-being. Asking the patient about their educational level happens to be one of the admission questions that we ask while completing admission database. In addition, health literacy has an influence…
American Medical Association Ad Hoc Committee on Health Literacy for the Council o Scientific Affairs (1999) Health literacy: report of the council on scientific affairs. Journal of the American Medical Association 281, 552-557.
Brez S.M. & Taylor M. (1997) Assessing literacy for patient teaching: perspectives of adults with low literacy skills. Journal of Advanced Nursing 25, 1040-1047
Fisher E. (1999) Low literacy levels in adults: implications for patient education. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing 30, 56-61.
French K.S. & Larrabee J.H. (1999) Relationships among educational material readability, client literacy, perceived beneficence, and perceived quality. Journal of Nursing Care Quality 13, 68-82.
Significance of concept to student
The topic of overcoming is relevant to me because it is about getting over barricades. To be a human being and living in a world where it means that there will be obstacles put on me says I will have to overcome them to become successful. At times, they were occasional, for me and at others times they were continuous. The obstacle of overcoming the fear of not becoming successful in life paralyzed me for years. It was important to overcome that fear because it restrained me. It is significant to overcome fear because it destroys your self-worth and caused me to doubt every decision I ever made.
Significance of concept to profession
When it comes to nursing, overcoming is key. One of these obstacles in nursing to overcome has been communication. Nurses execute their own barricades on communication. As a result of the…
McCabe, C. (2007). Nurse-patient communication: an exploration of patients' experiences. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 13(1), 41-49.
T, W. (2006). A concept analysis of empathy. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 23, 1162-1167.
W, R. (1987). Empathy we know what we mean but what do we teach? Nurse Education Today, 17, 265-269.
A Concept Analysis of Lateral Violence
Describe the study and how it relates to your area of nursing.
As a practicing nurse in the field for 12 years, I can report firsthand to the negative impact that lateral violence has on the quality of experience and treatment in a healthcare context. Indeed, the study in question here, by Embree & hite (2010), concerns the destructive consequences of unrestrained lateral violence in the workplace, and specifically between nurses. This is an area of great importance to the general practice of nursing both because it can be so damaging to workplace morale and because its presence is often left unacknowledged.
How do you know this article is peer reviewed?
The strongest evidence that this article has been peer-reviewed is its inclusion in the Nursing Forum scholarly journal. A significant step in the editorial process of any credible journal is the engagement…
American Nurses Association (ANA). (2010). Lateral Violence and Bullying in Nursing. Nursingworld.org.
Embree, J.L. & White, A.H. (2010). Concept Anaylsis: Nurse-To-Nurse Lateral Violence. Nursing Forum, 45(3).
This does not require a cabinet meeting. Cabinet meeting gives cabinet secretaries a chance to meet and solve disputes in a harmonious way. Deputy cabinet secretaries can also meet in case a particular scenario requires their presence. They may come up with issues that require immediate attention. It is not obvious that cabinet secretaries would agree to every issue presented during the meeting, and conflicts may arise. Disagreements are healthy and inevitable and they are very important because that demonstrates a democratic society. hen they disagree on some issues, they are capable of inventing strong public policies based on strong leadership and democracy. This explains why the cabinet members should play a larger role in formation of public policy. Every person views an idea in different perception, and the issue becomes substantial or disputed after a heated discussion, as the issues presented are based on objectives and not personal interests.…
Nelson, Michael, editor. The Presidency and the Political System, 9th edition. Washington D.C.:
CQ Press, 2010.
Pfiffner, James P. And Roger H. Davidson, editors. Understanding the Presidency, 6th ed. New
The theory of nursing is built in a dynamic process that develops from practice and is normally reproduced through research, by development and analysis of concepts and theories. There is need to investigate further the phenomena seen in nurses' experience during practice in order to identify the attributes. The most effective way of enabling nurses to deeply examine some phenomena is by defining a concept of interest. This would enable the development of theories that are directly related to a clinical practice. There has been a tremendous improvement and push for the analysis and development of nursing concepts mainly because researchers have attempted to clarify problems that were previously considered as common sense. The increase has been necessitated by concepts that look obvious having vague terminologies, inconsistent theories, and ambiguous definitions.
Quality of life is a terminology that is frequently used in nursing practice and in health care.…
Lok, N., Lok, S., & Canbaz, M. (2017). The effect of physical activity on depressive symptoms and quality of life among elderly nursing home residents: Randomized controlled trial. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics, 70, 92-98.
Mishra, S. I., Scherer, R. W., Snyder, C., Geigle, P., & Gotay, C. (2014). Are exercise programs effective for improving health-related quality of life among cancer survivors? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Paper presented at the Oncology nursing forum.
Mjorud, M., Rosvik, J., Rokstad, A. M. M., Kirkevold, M., & Engedal, K. (2014). Variables associated with change in quality of life among persons with dementia in nursing homes: a 10 months follow-up study. PLoS ONE, 9(12), e115248.
Nikmat, A. W., Hawthorne, G., & Al-Mashoor, S. H. (2015). The comparison of quality of life among people with mild dementia in nursing home and home care -- a preliminary report. Dementia, 14(1), 114-125.
Benner's Novice To Expert Theory
and Application to Modern Nursing
Nurse competence is an important concept in today's nursing practice since it is directly linked to patient outcomes. The link between this concept and patient outcomes is also attributed to how nurse competence is related to integrating nursing knowledge into practice. This paper provides a concept analysis of the concept of nurse competence in relation to Benner's Novice to Expert Theory. The main goal of the article is to examine the relevance and application of this theory to modern nursing with regards to the concept of nurse competence. This discussion includes how the theory contributes to nursing knowledge, analysis of the concept of nurse competence, analysis of the concept's attributes, and application of the concept.
Keywords: nurse competence, concept, analysis, Benner's Novice to Expert Theory, nursing practice, professionals, professional growth and development.
Concept Analysis: Benner's Novice to Expert Theory and…
Benner, P. (1984). From novice to expert: excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley.
Carlson, L., & Contrades, S. (1989, April 28). Nursing Student Novice to Expert -- Benner's Research Applied to Education. Journal of Nursing Education, 188-190.
Garside, J.R. & Nhemachena, J.Z.Z. (2013, May). A Concept Analysis of Competence and its Transition in Nursing. Nurse Education Today, 33(5), 541-545.
Marble, S. G. (2009, June 13). Five-Step Model of Professional Excellence. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 3, 310-315.
Analyze a Concept -- Aristotle
According to Aristotle, virtue is behaving in the right manner. However, it is more than that in the sense that virtuous people behave this way because they want to. It is what makes them happy, so it is the path they choose. Not everyone has the virtuous nature. People can perform virtuous actions without being virtuous people, but these same people do not have virtuous character. On the other hand, people who have virtuous character generally perform virtuous actions. Whether they "have to" or not is not relevant. They choose to, because it is what makes them happy and provides them with a sense of fulfillment. Aristotle was very interested in virtue, and the difference between virtuous character and virtuous actions. Those who perform virtuous actions can also be trained to do so out of habit, so there are ways in which people can…
Zain Telecommunications Kuwait
The purpose of this group project is to provide an opportunity for students to make the application of concepts covered in this course to a real Kuwaiti firm. The firm considered in the project is Zain Telecommunications Kuwait. Zain is a top mobile telecommunications provider in the Middle East and North Africa. The company was initially established in the year 1983 in Kuwait and was known as Mobile Telecommunications Company (MTC). The company made major strides by becoming the first mobile operator in the Middle East region. As the company instigated its expansion approach in 2003, Zain experienced immense growth rate in not only the Middle East, but also in Africa. This is predominantly owing to the acquirement of numerous mobile operators across the region. Four years later, Mobile Telecommunications Company underwent a rebranding to become Zain. This was purposed to better mirror the company's improving position…
Thailand, like many third world countries, is interested in identifying the mechanisms by which economic growth may be achieved. Economic growth and more specifically 'rapid economic growth falls within the province of the mid-term and long-term macroeconomic policies (Dervis and Petri 1987, p. 211). Dervis and Petri, survey 20 'middle income' countries, in an attempt to identify the factors which contribute to successful development-which they identify as moderately rapid economic growth as measured by changes in the GDP ((Dervis and Petri 1987, p. 213-214). The work Dervis and Petri is over 20 years old; it is useful only to set a baseline for the macroeconomic challenges faced by developing countries, in comparison to the macroeconomic challenges faced by Thailand in 2011 and beyond.
Primary indicators of success in included among others, three factors. First, political stability- the authors note that often many developing countries experience a period of rapid…
Bhanupong, N 2010, "Effectiveness of Thailand's macroeconomic policy response to the global financial crisis," ASEAN Economic Bulletin, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 121-135, viewed 12 Dec 2011, Http://www.Ebsceohost.com
Brawley, M & Baerg, N. 2007, "Structural adjustment, development, and democracy," International Studies Review, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 601-615, viewed 13 Dec 2011, Http://www.ebsceohost.com /
Chaikledkaew, U Lertpitakpong, C. Teerawattananon, Y. Thavorncharoensap, M. & Tangcharoensathien, V. 2009, "The current capacity and future development of economic evaluation for policy decision-making: A survey among researchers and decision makers in Thailand," Value in Health, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. S31-S35, viewed 12 Dec 2011, Http://www.jstor.org/
Chipman, J 1949 "The generalized bi-system multiplier," The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 176-189, viewed 12 Dec 2011,
Concept of human rights
The concept of human rights: Defining human rights
Human rights are rights that no government can deny, by virtue of a citizen being 'human.' Yet what constitutes a human right has varied greatly, depending upon the sentiments of the international community. There have always been basic, general rules of etiquette in terms of how to treat enemy soldiers during wartime and the actions of certain governments have been deemed outside of community norms throughout history, but standards of 'universal' human rights shift and change with history. The first formal declaration of human rights was made in 1948 by the UN. The definition of human rights today places limits on what governments can do to citizens -- examples of commonly-accepted human rights include the right to be free of the threat of genocide, slavery, and have the right to due process.
Although the words 'human…
Nickel, James. (2010). Human rights. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved:
Interview for the Analysis of Ageing
Mae was a first generation American aged 90. Mae was born on June 1927 in Bethlehem, PA. When Mae was a young girl, she moved to Queens. Married at the age of 18, Mae well-being and general health issues are normal with no major health problems despite the usual high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and stents that come along with old age.
The objective of this essay is to explore the experience of late adulthood and ageing using the case study of Mae. This study analyzes the interview questions to identify the health and social issues associated with old age.
Analysis of Interview Question
One of the problems associated with old age is health issues. However, findings from the interview with Mae reveal that Mae is still in a good health despite her age, and she does not have any major health issue. However,…
Perrett, R. W., & Patterson, J. (1991). Virtue ethics and Maori ethics. Philosophy East and West, 41(2), 185-202.
• The argument of the author is that the Maori Ethics is a representation of the virtue ethics as it is a representation of what one should be and not how one should act. The author alludes to Aristotle's perceptions of ethics and differentiates the concept of virtue ethics from the deontological and consequentialist theories. The concept of the self as the prime moral agent of nature is one of the main argument brought forward by the authors.
• Verbatim: The main thesis of this essay is that traditional New Zealand Maori ethics is a virtue ethics.
• The research question is: what type of ethics is the Maori ethics and how does it relate to the other forms of ethics described today? This question is answered using various arguments…
Honeypot and Honeynet Emerging Technologies
In the present IT environment, individuals and businesses are becoming more dependent an open network that includes the Internet where business transactions, government services and commercial activities are realized. However, the use of open network has led to the development of new information security issues and cyber threats that are being utilized by the cyber criminals. Thus, a mistrust in computer network technologies and telecommunications can affect socio-economic of global enterprises, an increase in the complexity of network infrastructures and communication lead to an increased demand for a new approach to cybersecurity.
Essentially, the threats in the cyber security landscapes are continuously evolving. The reactive and traditional security measures are no more sufficient to protect cyber information infrastructures. Thus, honeypots are the new emerging technology tools focusing in the areas of network forensics and network security, which is effective in enhancing network security of an…
Clark, D., Berson, T., & Lin, H.S. (2014). At the Nexus of Cybersecurity and Public Policy: Some Basic Concepts and Issues. Washington. National Academies Press.
Sokol, P. Misek, J. & Husak, M. (2017). Honeypots and honeynets: issues of privacy. EURASIP Journal on Information Security. 4.
Ethics of care is one of the normative ethical theories, and examines the things that make actions perceived to be wrong or right. Developed in the second part of the 20th century by feminists, its emphasis is about the importance of a person's response to various things. Instead of considering what is just and fair, the person is asked to consider how to respond. There are generally universal standards as to how to respond to specific statements, acts, and situations. However, this is considered by those who follow ethics of care to be a morally problematic statement. The reason behind this is that it attempts to make every person and situation the same. It breeds indifference and blindness to the true person and situation, which implies a lack of caring. That lack of care is highly significant, because one has to care about themselves and others in order to work…
Justice is a concept that has attracted the use of various terms by several philosophers in efforts to explain it. Based on the accounts of various philosophers, justice is a term that means equitable, fair, and suitable treatment depending on what is owed or due to individuals. Justice is an important concept in the criminal justice system and the modern society because it is applied in cases where people are owed burdens or benefits since their respective conditions are harmed by another individual's acts. The concept of justice has also been explained by various theories, which contain principles that are used in the application of justice.
Explanation of the Theory of Justice
The theory of justice is a concept that is centered on the enforcement of two essential principles of justice that would contribute to a just and morally upright society. John awls introduced the theory of justice as fairness…
Beauchamp, T.L. & Childress, J.F. (2001). Justice. In Principles of Biomedical Ethics (5th ed., Chapter 6, 225-239) Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://compbio.ucdenver.edu/hunter/cpbs7605/Beauchamp-Childress.pdf
Garrett, J. (2005, August 24). Rawls' Mature Theory of Social Justice. Retrieved from Western
Kentucky University website: http://people.wku.edu/jan.garrett/ethics/matrawls.htm
Harborne, B. & Sage, C. (2010, March). Security and Justice Overview. Retrieved September 25,
The company selected is Dar Almanthour for Fragrance. The company was established in the year 2000 by the owner, Mr. Therar AlTararwa. The key products retailed by the company comprise of Bakhour, perfumes, scents, perfume oil and designed boxes for formal events. It started off with his friend at work wanting to sell his own made up fragrance and offered Mr. Therar AlTararwa to sell these fragrances to his family and when he did Mr. Al Tararwa saw an opportunity that selling these fragrances made money and so he wanted to get in the game he bought dozens of fragrances from his friend and made a guy sell them and he had his percentage of the sales. So then and there, Mr. Al Tararwa saw an opportunity and offered his friend money to sell him the mixture ingredients of the fragrance so he can open up a fragrance…
Learner-centered curriculum' in TESOL
The most important learning processes in any school anywhere in the world involve the use of several different means of communication. The communication methods may be verbal or non-verbal. Verbal communication involves the use of oral and written symbols that can communicate a message to the student, and non-verbal involves the use of, primarily, among other means, body language. Without communication there can be no means of telling the other person what one person wants or needs, and communication is used between teachers and parents, between groups, between the parents and the community, and also for the formation of interpersonal relationships and as the medium of instruction in a school. Any sort of behavioral problems in school would be dealt with by effective means of communication, and it can be stated that without communication there would be no education.
However, the culture or the background of…
Bacon, Suzanne. "Communicative Language Teaching" Retrieved From
http://coe.sdsu.edu/eet/articles/comlangteach/index.htm Accessed on 15 November, 2004
Counihan, Gerard. (July 1998) "Teach students to interact, not just talk" The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. IV, No. 7. Retrieved From
http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Counihan-Interaction.html Accessed on 15 November, 2004
macroeconomic themes that have been taught or covered in this course is economic policy and its role in determining or influencing economic growth and development. Economic policy is a subject that has attracted considerable attention in recent months because of the presidential elections in the United States. Actually, monetary policy was one of the major issues in recent presidential campaigns and elections. This issue has also been subject of several publications by different new sources because of its significance in the country's economic growth and development. Paula Dwyer wrote an article to examine the recent rise of the Dow Jones Industrial Average in the aftermath of Donald Trump's election as the U.S. President. This analysis was carried out on the premise of the impact of Trump's economic policies on different aspects of the economy. The U.S. market has shown indication of its approval of Trump's economic policies in different ways…
Dwyer, Paula. "The Hidden Meaning of Dow 20,000." Online posting. Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg L.P., 22 Dec. 2016. Web. 23 Dec. 2016. .
Christian gospel is love. Christian love is conceived of as the divine love of God for Creation, but equally as important to Christ's teachings is human love. Human love can manifest in a number of different ways or types of relationships. Marriage and friendship are two of the most important and universal types of human relationships that are based on love. In spite of differences in culture, language, and ethnicity, all Christians perceive and communicate love in similar ways. Christian love as a strong theological component, as for the first time in recorded history, God became equal to love: "God is love," (1 John 4:8). The Bible also shows how and why love can be psychologically as well as spiritually transformative, which is why the theme of love remains constant throughout the New Testament. Essentially, there are three distinct but related types of love in Christian doctrine: agape, eros, and…
Carmichael, E.DH Friendship: Interpreting Christian Love. New York: T&T Clark, 2004.
Cooke, Bernard. "Christian Marriage: Basic Sacrament." In Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Lawler, Michael G. "Marriage in the Bible." In Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
UEFA Certificate in Football Management -- The Turkish Edition
Each participant is expected to submit his/her assignment for Module 1, 2 & 3 by the 07.05.2017 directly to IDHEAP project manager. Participants should provide concrete evidence facts and references) to consolidate observations and assess the feasibility of the recommendations made. We emphasise the fact that these observations should be personal ones, drawn from their own assessment and not necessarily reflecting those of their institution. You are expected to write 250 words or more) for each of the questions.
Criteria for Grading Assignments
Assignment grades will be communicated three weeks after they have been submitted which will give participants ample opportunity to take into consideration the constructive feedback they have been given and use this to improve their subsequent submission. The criteria for grading are listed in the table below.
Criteria for Grading Written Assignments
(Hughen, Lulseged, & Upton, 2014)
(Jimoh & Danlami, 2011)
Oil Drilling Technologies
The nature of Oil drilling technology varies depending on the topographic situation of the drilled place. With time, several technologies have been applied and are all geared towards achieving the best product at the limited time possible. Most of the technologies are now over a century old and are applied differently. Currently, the technologies have developed to integrate superior orientations like computer-aided simulation. In fact, the technologies have improved to withstand different pressures of various topographies. This study will present four decisive technologies applied in oil drilling, their variations, merits, and demerits.
The Direct otary Drilling
This technology was first implemented in 1808 at uffner's Oil in UK. This methodology was developed to increase the rate of the drilling process. To reach greater depths, the bale tool technique was applied. These techniques include rotary bucket auger or rotary bucket auger drilling. The rotary methods involve rotating a…
Bu, C.G., Li, J., & Long, B. (2013). Modal Analysis and Numerical Solution in Cable Drilling System. Advanced Materials Research, 819, 48-54
Du, Y.K., Wang, R.H., & Ni, H.J. (2011). Feasibility of Particle Jet as a Drilling Medium for the Development of Deep Complicated Oil-Gas Reservoir. Advanced Materials Research, 361-363, 465-468
Haldar, S.K. (2013). Mineral exploration: Principles and applications. Waltham, Mass: Elsevier
Orszulik, S.T. (2008). Environmental technology in the oil industry. Dordrecht: Springer
Julian Barnes' A History of the orld in 101/2 Chapters functions somewhat like a novel and somewhat like a collection of short stories. Each of the tales within this manuscript is distinct from one another. Still, the stories do cross reference one another and some of the characters appear in multiple tales. One of the most thought-provoking of these narratives is the first one, which the author entitled "The Stowaways." This story provides a particularly biased account of the Book of Genesis and its tale of Noah's Ark. However, the story is narrated by a woodworm, which was one type of animal that Noah did not select to sail with him. The story greatly parallels that in Genesis except for the way that the main character -- Noah -- is portrayed. In this work he is rendered an inept alcoholic who only survived the storm and fulfilled God's…
Barnes, Julian. A History of the World in 101/2Chapters. New York: Vintage Books.
Freedom in the Classroom
The first chapter asks why theory, especially Critical Theory, matters in today's classrooms. The very first chapter essentially sets the stage for the kind of "freedom" that is aimed at achieving in the classroom: freedom from "historical norms" such as marriage being between a man and a woman (Hinchey, 2010, p. 1). Granted, this is just an example of the way ideas become entrenched in society, and Hinchey proceeds to apply this observation to the ways in which schools become bogged down by accepted norms -- such as the use of standardized text books, the division of work into subjects, and the amount of time spent in a class room as opposed to outside of it. The purpose of this chapter is to draw attention to the cultural habits that keep us from questioning conventional attitudes about the way things are done -- especially when it…
Hinchey, P. (2010). Finding Freedom in the Classroom. NY: Peter Lang Publishing.
tattoo ink that is used in everyday and normal tattoos and how the ink and other materials used in those tattoos might be harmful to the people that adorn themselves with them. The audience is presumably doing this article as a caution to those that have tattoos, are planning to get tattoos and/or know someone that is in either of those first two classifications. The style, form and structure are rather nice. Rather than getting right into the negative details and the technical aspects of the issue, the author of the article waxes eloquent about who gets tattoos, why they get them, how proud they are of them and so forth. The author of the article also admits having some of their own tattoos. However, the article then gets down to business about how some of the components of tattoo ink can be toxic. There is also talk of to…
QALYs and HUI interventions
QALYs as a Measure of Economic Benefits from Health Interventions
QALYs give an acceptable way to evaluate the level of the advantages obtained out of various actions concerning health and the standard of existence that the patient has and even their continued survival.
QALYs have made the distribution of the funds, which are given for various resources to be done in an open way, with those who are in charge being made aware of the advantages of incorporating and utilising new methods of treatment and advanced technology (Philips, 2009).
Challenges of using QALYs as a Measure of Economic Benefits from Health Interventions
The use of QALYs as a measure can bring about new challenges in terms of not accommodating some serious health consequences.
They are inadequate when used to gauge two drugs that are similar in most things and in competition. They cannot take in intricate…
Furlong, W. J., Feeny, DH, Torrance, G. W., & Barr, R. D. (2001). The Health Utilities Index (HUI®) system for assessing health-related quality of life in clinical studies. Annals of medicine, 33(5), 375-384.
Phillips, C. (2009). What is a QALY? Retrieved 7 March 2016 from http://www.medicine.ox.ac.uk/bandolier/painres/download/whatis/qaly.pdf
Employment Law Is as Important as Knowledge of Criminal Law to the Security Manager
EMPLOYMENT LAW IS AS IMPOTANT AS CIMINAL LAW
The role of a security manager requires diversity; they are required to oversee a department in order to reduce theft, fraud and make sure an organization's assets are well protected. At the same time, the managers enforce the company's policy and procedures. Mostly, the managers are expected to wear their "human resources hat" to be able to understand the rights and welfare of their co-workers. This, together with the direct line reports, enables them to work within the codes of practice while maintaining a professional working relationship. Therefore, it's crucial for the security manager to generally understand the employment law, especially in those areas that directly relate to their role. The knowledge is critical whilst dealing with issues or situations that may arise with regards to other employees.…
Ashworth A and Redmayne M, (2010), The Criminal Process (4th ed, Oxford: OUP).
De Barnier V, (2014), "Chapter 16: Counterfeiting: The challenges for governments, companies and consumers, in Gill M, The Handbook of Security, Edition Palgrave Handbook, ISBN: 9781137323279
Hall M, (2009) Victims of Crime: Policy and Practice in Criminal Justice (Cullompton: Willan).
Herring J, (2014), CRIMINAL LAW: Text, Cases, and Materials, SIXTH EDITION, Oxford University Press
TMP (Trusted Platform Module) is an international standard dedicated to secure hardware by integrating the security cryptographic keys into hardware devices. In other words, the TMP is a secure cryptoprocessor integrated into the computer motherboards enabling full disk encryption without using extremely long paraphrases. When a user buys a personal computer, the TPM is built into the computer's motherboard with the goal to offer security into the computer systems by generating the encryptions keys to protect the data in the drive. With the TPM in place, an attacker cannot remove the file from the systems or access the files elsewhere. Moreover, the TPM stores the encryption key that requires a user to login with a password to get access to the Windows and computer system.
The objective of this paper is to explore the concept the Trusted Platform Module, and the working protocol of the TMP technology.
Working Process of…
Francis, A., Daniel., R. M. and Vindoh, E.S.E. (2013). TPM: A More Trustworthy Solution to Computer Security, Engineering and Computer 3 (3): 99 -- 103.
Hans, B., & Infineon Technologies, A. (2008). Introduction Trusted Computing: The TCG Trusted Platform Module Specification. Infineon Technologies AG, Germany.
Jared, S., Dmitry, P., Jason, L., Nael, A., & Jesse, E. (2011). TPM-SIM: A Framework for Performance Evaluation of Trusted Platform Modules. Conference: Proceedings of the 48th Design Automation Conference: 236-241.
1. For John’s immediate audience and contemporary readers alike, the significance of the Multiplication miracle is in the way Jesus assumes a position of leadership during a time of potential crisis. A distinction is made between the disciples and the “multitudes” who need to be fed, but whereas the disciples cannot see how their meager means can stretch for so many, Jesus immediately takes action. In fact, Jesus assumes responsibility for all five thousand guests, asking them to recline and relax to allow the abundance and beneficence of God to wash over them. Jesus transmits the truth of God’s love to the community, showing that it is limitless and universal in scope.
The miracle also occurs on the Jewish feast of the Passover, showing how Jesus transformed ancient provincial customs and practices into ones that would be more readily multiplied for the masses. When John relays the miracle to his…
MacDonald's STEP analysis
In this paper, we explore the concept of STEP analysis by means of illustration. We perform an elaborate STEP analysis of McDonald's, the world's fast food giant. This is then followed by a recommendation on what actions McDonald's can do in order to take care of the issues that have been exposed via the STEPanalysis.
McDonald's is a food and beverage franchise that by 2001 boasted of close to 28,700 outlets spread in 120 nations Karen,2005). The company's food outlets are very popular among the youth. It offers an environment which is perceived to be safe for families as they can enjoy quality food at an affordable price in a clean environment. The food chain offers its client a familiar environment that is characterized by a McDonald's clown as well as stunning interior worldwide as pointed out by Debres (2005). The company has…
Aswathappa, A (2006): International Business: Tata McGraw-Hill: p, 226
Barriaux, M (2007).McDonald's goes green - but not all customers are lovin' it. The Guardian
Greider, W (2003): Victory at McDonald's: The Nation: 277 (5): p, 8
Daniels, K (2010). PESTLE analysis http://www.cipd.co.uk/hr-resources/factsheets/pestle-analysis.aspx
Intercultural Film Analysis on Up in the Air
Interpersonal attraction is one of the themes at the heart of Up in the Air. For the purposes of this analysis, interpersonal attraction is taken to mean the ways in which people are drawn toward one another. The main character, yan Bingham, is a challenging character to analyze in this regard because he has experienced significant success through resisting interpersonal attraction, and yet he eventually comes to realize that people cannot simply shelter themselves from interpersonal attractions, even if they desire to live in complete alienation from others. yan makes his living through flying to workplaces and firing employees so that the bosses do not have to perform the unpleasant task, and yet he also doubles as a motivational speaker. His character is unusual in that he effectively tells people they are not suitable for their jobs (in his job…
Peterson, B.J. (2007). An Instructional Design Model for Heuristics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Potts, K. (2007). George Clooney: The Last Great Movie Star. New York: H. Leonard Corporation.
Selden, P. (Date Unknown). Darwin's gift: Acceptable and amorally gifted verbal communication or: The evolutionary phenomenon of pc language. University of Hawaii. Retrieved from hawaii.edu.
Technical Analysis in the Implication of Efficient Market Hypothesis on Silver Market
The thesis is for the study of simple commonly used technical trading rules, which are applied on silver market. It covers years 1989 to 2005. A famous study carried out by Lakonishok, Lebaon and in year, 1992 has clearly shown that technical analysis can lead to abnormal prices when compared with buy-and-hold strategy. Other studies have been carried out and found out that technical trading rules cannot over-rule passive investment management strategy. The study uses Brock et al.'s methodology. Several trading rules are discussed (Dawson & Steeley 2003).
In financial theory, efficiency of financial silver market is highly disputed. This has led to many attempts to explain efficiency of silver markets. Eugene.F. Fama formulated the most famous definition in 1970 referred to as the, Efficient Silver market Hypothesis (EHM). The basis of the hypothesis is that…
Alexander, S.S. (1964) 'Price Movements in Speculative Markets: Trends or Random Walks'. Industrial management Review 5 (2), 25-46
Brock, W., Lakonishok, J., & LeBaron, B. (1992) 'Simple Technical Trading Rules and the Stochastic Properties of Stock Returns'. Journal of finance 4, (5), 1731-1764
Chang, P.H., & Osler, C.L. (1999) 'Methodical Madness: Technical Analysis and the Irrationality of Exchange Rate Forecasts'. Economic Journal 109 (458), 636-661
Dawson, E.R., & Steeley, J. (2003) 'On the Existence of Visual Technical Patterns in the Uk Stock Market'. Journal of Business Finance and Accounting 30 (1-2), 263-293
Leadership has been one of the most studied, researched and theorize topic which has been evaluated, discussed and described by many theorists and scholars. Whereas the truth is that it's no theoretical phenomenon or rocket science. We all act as leader in different situations. Also, we all have different leadership styles and tactics of handling situations. Furthermore, as a leader, we are required to show different leadership skills as per the recipient. This is where the concept of situational leadership comes in. We studied this concept of leadership during our group activity which was performed to determine individual leadership style based on peer evaluation. Where this activity was intended to find out the leadership style; it was also helpful in finding out one's strengths and weaknesses as a leader.
The fundamental concept of leadership has changed to a limited extent over time however over time organizations, society…
Blanchard, K. (2011), Are you delegating or abdicating, retrieved from http://howwelead.org/category/situational-leadership/
Casey Mulqueen, How SOCIAL STYLE Concepts Make the Situational Leadership Model More Effective. Retrieved from http://docs.tracomcorp.com/TPD/Whitepaper/Social_Style_and_Situational_Leadership_Whitepaper.pdf
Dunbar, Lisa, Situational Leadership: The 4D's of Your Employees, retrieved from http://www.newdirectionsconsulting.com/2011/06/situational-leadership-the-4ds-of-your-employees/
Hersey, P., and Blanchard, K., Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilizing Human Resources (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996)
multifactor productivity. The basic concept is that MFP calculates output over all inputs. In the example given, the inputs are labor and capital. The MFP formula is used to measure the change in productivity that results from specific changes in the production process. In addition, the importance of firms studying productivity changes is explained. Firms need to understand the implications of changing different inputs, in order that they may seek the path of profit maximization. Sensitivity analysis to different changes can help with that process. In addition, the MFP concept is useful for firms seeking to maximize other variables besides profit. The same principles behind MFP can be applied broadly in business to ensure that the best decisions are being made and that productivity is being maximized.
The basic principle is that MFP is based on the outputs per a combination of labor and capital (Jaxworks, 2010). This is in…
Banker, R., Datar, S. & Kaplan, R. (no date) Productivity measurement and management accounting. Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://astro.temple.edu/~banker/Accounting/32_Productivity%20Measurement%20and%20Management%20Accounting.pdf
CliffNotes. (2011). Profit maximization. Cliff Notes. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Profit-Maximization.topicArticleId-9789,articleId-9769.html
Jaxworks. (2010). Multifactor productivity. Jaxworks.com. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://www.jaxworks.com/calc5.htm
Lane Report. (2011). Multifactor productivity rose in 14% of detailed manufacturing industries studied in 2009. The Lane Report. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://www.lanereport.com/articles/fastlane_article.cfm?id=multifactor_productivity_rose_in_14_of_detailed_manufacturing_industries_studied_in_2009
Behavioral Finance Concept v. Efficient Market Hypothesis:
For more than a century, the concept of efficient markets has been the subject of numerous academic researches and huge debates. An efficient market is described as a market with a large number of balanced profit maximizers that are actively competing against each other to forecast the future market values for individual securities. The efficient market is also defined as a market where current information is nearly freely available and accessible to all participants. Generally, in an efficient market, competition will make complete effects of new information on essential values to be reflected instantly in real prices (Singh, 2010). The efficient market hypothesis has developed to become a significant cornerstone of contemporary financial theory even though the market seems to be more modern and characterized by increased inefficiencies. As a result, the standard finance for rational analysis framework has been placed in an…
"Analysis of Behavioral Finance Efficient Market Hypothesis for the Amendment and Innovation." (n.d.). Tastecaste.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.tastecate.com/freepages336095_Analysis-of-behavioral-finance-efficient-market-hypothesis-for-the-amendment-and-Innovation#
"Behavioral Finance -- A Challenge to the EMH." (2010). Accredited Portfolio Management
Advisor. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.cffpinfo.com/pdfs/APMA_Sample.pdf
Cunningham, L.A. (2002, January 6). Behavioral Finance and Investor Governance. Washington and Lee Law Review, 59(3), 767-837. Retrieved from http://scholarlycommons.law.wlu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1346&context=wlulr
Application of Cost Benefit Analysis
EU Proposed Project Overview
Positive Impact of the Project
Economic Net Present Value (ENPV)
Cost benefit analysis (CBA) is a systematic process of comparing and calculating the cost benefit of a project. Recent business uncertainties within business environment make increasing number of businesses to implement cost benefit analysis to make a sound investment decision. Cost-benefit analysis is also an explicit or implicit method to assess the benefits and costs of a project. Typically, an organization is likely to go ahead with a project if the Benefits (B) > Costs (C). Cost-benefit analysis is often used by private organizations or government to evaluate the desirability of a project. (Anthony, David, Aidan.). The CBA is used to analyze the expected benefits and costs. However, cost effectiveness analysis is closely related to cost benefit analysis. Although both concepts attempt to achieve the…
Anthony Boardman, David Greenberg, Aidan Vining. Cost-Benefit Analysis: Concepts and Practice, 4/E. 2010.
European Union. Guide to Cost-Benefit Analysis of Investment Project. Regional European Union. 1997, Retrieved March 25, 2013.from http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/guides/cost/guide02_en.pdf
European Commission. EVA-TREN: Improved decision-aid methods and tools to support evaluation of investment for transport and energy networks in Europe, Deliverable 2, Brussels. 2007.
Levin, Henry and McEwen, Patrick. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis 2nd Edition Sage Publications 2001.
The above table indicates that the sales volume which is required in order to achieve a $100 M. profit at a price of $245 with an &D investment of 30% is 1,676,190 units. This is calculated by dividing the total revenue accrued by the unit price.
The product X6 has been in the market for a total of 2 years. Unlike the product x5, the customers take great consideration of the product quality while making the purchase decision. The provision of a better quality can be achieved by increasing the &D investment for the product. There is also a need for a price increase in order to take advantage of the investment. The expected target profits is considerably higher than the one for X6 due to the fact that the product would soon reach its peak moments and then roll into maturity phase.
The X6 product will attract a…
Cafferky, M and Wentworth, J (2010.Break Even Analysis. Business Expert Press, 2010
Horngren, CT., Datar, SM., Foster, GM (2006).Cost Accounting: A Managerial Emphasis, Twelfth Edition, Pearson Education, Inc.
Integrative Analysis of Course Concepts:
Creating a Framework for Future Learning and Study
Never before has the creation, aggregation, aligning of information to the needs of an enterprise and its effective and secure use meant more to the viability of businesses globally. The most powerful lesson learned in this course is that data, information and knowledge are the most powerful competitive forces any enterprise can rely on today to differentiate itself in maturing markets while seeking out entirely new, high growth opportunities. The combining of analytics, advanced accounting and financial reporting applications, pervasive adoption of enterprise applications for Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Supply Chain Management (SCM) and many other tasks are accelerating how quickly enterprises can minimize risks while seizing opportunities. Another invaluable lesson learned in this course is how critical it is to plan for change from a personnel, process and systems perspective. The combining…
financial analysis and more specifically financial ratios has been noted by Finkler, Marc and Baker (2007, p.253) to be important to managers since it can help them in making informed decisions. In this paper, we present the concept of ratio analysis as applied to healthcare facilities.
The concept and purpose of ratio analysis
Financial statement analysis is noted by Flex Monitoring Team (2005) to be very important to managers, boards, payers as well as lenders for them to effectively make the right judgments on the financial health of their organizations. atio analysis is one of the most accepted methods of assessing the financial health of an organization. The data that is used for ratio analysis is derived from income statements and balance sheets. It is a fact that most health care systems, hospitals as well as various other healthcare organizations routinely employ ratio analysis in evaluating their financial condition and…
Eichler HG, Kong SX, Gerth WC, Mavros P, Jonsson B. (2004)Use of cost-effectiveness analysis in health-care resource allocation decision-making: how are cost-effectiveness thresholds expected to emerge?. Value Health. 2004 Sep-Oct;7(5):518-28.
Finkler, SA.,Ward, DM ] and Baker, JJ (2007).Essentials of Cost Accounting for Health Care Organizations. Jones & Bartlett Learning,
Flex Monitoring Team (2005). Financial Indicators for Critical Access Hospitals. Available online at http://www.flexmonitoring.org/documents/BriefingPaper7_FinancialIndicators.pdf
These findings are consistent with what one might expect from a case study analysis, which typically produces anecdotal evidence that can be scanned for generalized knowledge about the issue. In that respect, Vargas succeeds with his study.
A contrasting study comes from Lukas (2008) who argues why EVA does not work. He argues that EVA is not likely to succeed as a standalone technique. Instead, he notes, it needs to be used in conjunction with earned value management (EVM), which relies on a developed earned value management system (EVMS). Lukas' article is instructional in nature; it does not purport to be a research study. Instead, the author works from the premise that his ideas are correct and moves directly into what steps the organization needs to take in order to have a fully-functioning EVMS. Having the right measures in place, having means of making those measurements and having a team…
Lukas, J. (2008). Earned value analysis -- Why it doesn't work. 2008 AACE International Transactions. Retrieved April 7, 2013 from http://www.icoste.org/LukasPaper.pdf
Vargas, R. (2003). Earned value analysis in the control of projects: Success or failure? 2003 AACE International Projects. In possession of the author.
The concept of empowerment is not a new one, but it seems that within the last two decades it has become a buzz word. Thinking about empowerment goes back to people who were denied any type of rights whether that be to decide how they were going to live, work, eat, or make any decision regarding their own lives. It does not matter what era of history is perused there are incidents of leaders empowering people to become better.
Martin Luther was a Catholic monk who decided that the church was conducting religious business the wrong way. He wanted fame, but he also wanted the individual citizens of Germany to be able to see that they were responsible for the relationship they had with God. Of course, Luther had a rough time of it. He was arrested, excommunicated, treated as an outlaw, but he was the guiding spirit behind…
Business Dictionary. (2011). Definition of empowerment. Retrieved from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/empowerment.html
Chamberlin, J. (1997). A working definition of empowerment. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 20(4), 43-46.
Cochran, J. (2008). Empowerment in adolescent obesity: State of the science. Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care, 8(1), 63-73.
Dickson, K.E., & Lorenz, A. (2009). Psychological empowerment and job satisfaction of temporary and part-time nonstandard workers: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, 10(2), 166-179.
Concept of voluntary Disclosure
The law requires all companies to disclose their financial information, together with additional information either in annual, half-yearly and quarterly financial reports. In this case, the description that best fits such law a requirement is a typical example of mandatory disclosure of information. Apart from the mandatory disclosure of information, the annual report contains the voluntary disclosure of information. Notably, there are other opportunities that can be used for voluntary disclosure including conference calls, press releases, websites, and other corporate reports (Sharma, 2013). There are several definitions on voluntary disclosure, but this paper borrows a definition postulated by a FASB committee, which defined voluntary disclosure as, disclosures, mainly outside financial statements, which are not explicitly required by GAAP or an SEC rule.
Notably, in practice, the difference amid mandatory disclosure and voluntary disclosure is not crystal. For instance, it is possible for companies to…
ASX. (2014). ASX. Retrieved 5 January 2014 from http://www.asx.com.au/
Bagnoli, M., & Watts, G.S. (2005). Financial reporting and voluntary disclosures. Retrieved from http://www.carlsonschool.umn.edu/assets/46882.pdf
Deegan, C., & Samkin, G. (2006). New Zealand Financial Accounting (3 ed.). Auckland:
McGraw Hill Higher Education.
There is need then after the belief to try and remove any obstacles that may be there. These obstacles could be some people resisting this change or the structures that there are could be a barrier to the changes that are being advocated for. One should put the structures for change and strive to remove the obstacles that could be there. The removal of such obstacles will act as a big booster to the people who are ready to support the vision and keep the change process moving forward.
Step 6 -- create short-term wins; bearing the motivating aspect of success, there is need to make the people feel the benefits and successes of the change as days go by and not waiting till the very end which could be quite far for some participants, but can be made more practical by allowing them to see the step-by-step gains and…
Mind Tools, (2012). Kotter's 8-Step Change Model: Implementing change powerfully and successfully. Retrieved March 13, 2012 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newPPM_82.htm
The Times 100, (2012). Operations theory: The organization and change. Retrieved March 13,
2012 from http://businesscasestudies.co.uk/business-theory/operations/the-organisation-and-change.html
Turan Cuhadar, (2008). The Sectoral Analysis of Role Conflict and Role Ambiguity with Job Satisfaction
Xiameter Case Analysis
Advantages of Needs-Based vs. End User-Based Segmentation Strategies
Suggestions for Xiameter Product and Pricing Strategies
Advice and ecommendations
Xiameter's success as a subsidiary of Dow Corning is predicated on the successful differentiation of an entirely new business unit based on the concept of reducing operating expenses and passing on the savings to the customer. The Web-only, highly automated approach to order fulfillment, complemented by a reduced product lien footprint and terms of sale that stressed velocity over complexity were also what many customers of the company were looking for (Bloemhard, 2012). Where Dow Corning succeeded and others have failed with e-commerce strategies revolved around the key factors and decisions that shaped the business model and marketing strategy for Xiameter. The advantages of needs-based vs. end-user-based segmentation are evident in the success of the Xiameter e-commerce strategy. These advantages o being needs-based are analyzed in this paper as…
Bacheldor, B. 2005, "Innovation Engine: Dow Corning invests in change," InformationWeek,, no. 1047, pp. 36-36.
Bloemhard, J. 2012, "E-Commerce Efficiency," Adhesives & Sealants Industry, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 24-25.
Hunter, D. 2002, "Dow Corning launches bargain-basement market channel," Chemical Week, vol. 164, no. 11, pp. 7-7.
Levely, M.R. 2011, "Innovating Suppliers and Supply Chains," Supply Chain Europe, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 14-14,16.
Featuring an Analysis of a Corporation
Starbucks Company Analysis
In the year 1971, Starbucks opened its first store in Seattle's Pike Place Market. At the time, it engaged in selling ground beans over a small counter. In addition, the location was an open-air market, and its beginning, was more or less similar to a hobby. The friends, who started the now renowned global company, were not profit oriented. However, the joining of Howard Schultz is the primary cause of its current growth. He first expanded to Italy, and in the year 1990, the firm began expanding in the United States. The company expanded its headquarters in Seattle, built other plants, including stores in renowned cities in nationwide (Green).
Its growth was partly because of the contracts the director negotiated with the United Airlines, Nordstrom, Barnes and Noble, and the Sheraton Hotel. In addition, the director made efforts to expand beyond…
Baker, Rosie. "Starbucks' reputation grinds to a halt over tax decision."Marketing week,
35.52(2012): 5. Print.
Bose, Nandita,"Starbucks signs pact to enter India."Reuters.com. 13 January 2011.
Web. 16 March 2014. Retrieved from Colchester, Max, "Starbucks Resumes Tax Payments in Britain."Wsj.com.
Another significant similarity between frame and discourse analyses is that they both generally use qualitative methods of data reduction and presentation. This is in comparison to quantitative analysis, which is more objective and generally presents group rather than individual data. This can make it difficult to apply what it learned to a broader group of people, because they are looking at specific information for different people. This does not mean it is impossible. In both frame and discourse analysis, researchers often take a two-step approach. The first step is to help define the theory, and the second step is to examine text in order to code it and see how it applies.
In addition, both discourse and frame analyses are actually well-suited to study through focus groups and other types of group research. Social movement research can be helped by the use of focus groups because the groups, like the…
Johnston, H. Verfication and proof in frame and discourse analysis. P. 62-89.
A number of researchers think that qualitative and quantitative methodologies cannot be pooled because the assumptions fundamental to each tradition are so greatly different. "Other researchers think they can be used in combination only by alternating between methods: qualitative research is appropriate to answer certain kinds of questions in certain conditions and quantitative is right for others. And some researchers think that both qualitative and quantitative methods can be used simultaneously to answer a research question" (Barnes et al., 2005).
There are two sets of challenges that enfold the idea of frame and discourse analysis. The first takes place in the areas of data collection, analysis, and final presentation results. The challenge surrounds definitions and conceptualizations. Ideational concepts are intrinsically inaccurate and distinctions between frames, ideologies and discourses are often indistinct. Discourse and frames are connected and sometimes overlap. Cultural discourses can comprise frames. Ideologies frequently do the same things…
Barnes, B., Conrad, k., Demont-Heinrich, C., Graziano, M., Kowalski, D., Neufeld, J.,
Zamora, J. & Palmquist, M. (2005). Generalizability and Transferability. Retrieved from http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/research/gentrans/pop2f.cfm
Hathaway, R. (1995). Assumptions underlying quantitative and qualitative research:
Implications for institutional research. Research in higher education, 36 (5), p. 535-
Euthyphro and Piety
An Analysis of Euthyphro with an Alternative Definition of Piety
Euthyphro gives three definitions of piety which fail to satisfy Socrates. Socrates' goal in this dialogue is to reveal the shallowness of Euythyphro's argument and obtain a better understanding of truth. In other words, Socrates' objective is the same as always: To point out, as udebusch (1999) states, "that one who is aware of one's ignorance is in a better position to learn the truth than one taking oneself to know" (p. 13). This paper will provide Euthyphro's three definitions of piety, Socrates' refutations, my own definition of piety and what I think Socrates' response would be to it.
Piety, Euthyphro explains in his first definition to Socrates, is "doing as I am doing; that is to say, prosecuting any one who is guilty of murder, sacrilege, or of similar crime -- whether he be…
Napolitano, A. (2010). Lies the Government Told You. Nashville, TN: Thomas
Plato. (n.d.). Last Days of Socrates. Retrieved from http://socrates.clarke.edu/
Rudebusch, G. (1999). Socrates, Pleasure, and Value. UK: Oxford University Press.
Multiple Levels of Analysis
Models for single-level and multi-level research
Multiple levels of analysis in organizational research:
Advantages and disadvantages to using this approach
Given today's increasingly complex organizational structures, equally nuanced levels of organizational research are required to ensure a full and comprehensive portrait of the environment. Different approaches have been created to deal with the need for organizational complexity. Two dominant approaches are that of multilevel and comparative approaches, both of which "present rather distinct traditions in organization studies, each with its own epistemological assumptions and associated methods" (Lacey & Fiss 2009: 3). Organizations can be compared with other organizations as a whole or they can be compared in terms of their different internal 'levels.' According to the multilevel approach organizations are made up of a series of interconnected individuals, dyads, groups, organizations, industries, markets, and other components based upon the belief that "to examine organizational phenomena is…
Kidwell, R.E., Mossholder, K.E., and Bennett, N. (1997) Cohesiveness and organizational citizenship behavior: a multilevel analysis using work groups and individuals. Journal of Management, 26.7: 775.
Klein, K. & Kozlowski, S. (2003). A multilevel approach to theory and research in organizations: Contextual, temporal, and emergent processes. Multilevel Theory, Research, and Methods in Organizations: Foundations, Extensions, and New Directions
Lacey, R, & Fiss, P. (2009). Comparative organizational analysis across multiple levels: A set theoretic approach. From Studying differences between organizations: Comparative approaches to organizational research. B. King, T. Felin, & D. Whetten. (Ed).
Research in the Sociology of Organizations, 26. Bingley, UK: Emerald/JA. Retrieved:
Gap Pesti and SWOT Analysis
In this section, I am doing a PESTI and SWOT analysis of GAP Inc. The goal of a PESTI and SWOT analysis is to evaluate the performance of a firm by using their financial statements[footnoteef:1]. In a PESTI and SWOT analysis you can determine the value of a firm by looking at its profitability and its growth. I will be using SWOT analysis and cash flow analysis to assess GAP's performance. After analyzing GAP I will forecast the next ten years based on our findings. [1: AmCham, eal Economy-Egypt. (Source: MoFT, January 2003 and Central Egyptian BankCEB, February 2002).]
I can either look at SWOT for GAP over several years to determine the success of the firm or I can compare the SWOT of GAP to other firms in the same industry. These SWOTs allow us to relate the financial numbers to the business…
1. AmCham, Real Economy-Egypt. (Source: MoFT, January 2003 and Central Egyptian BankCEB, February 2002).
2. Al-Ahram Weekly Online: "Inadequate Remedies," April 5-11, 2001, issue 528, Mona ElFiqi.
3. Al-Ahram Weekly Online: "Stalling in Troubled Waters," November 15-21, 2001, issue
650, Mona El-Fiqi.
Angiomax Case Analysis
Will the Angiomax product be a low or a high priced product? Why?
Given the concepts and frameworks as defined by Dolan and Gourville in their accumulated research on pricing, it is clear the Angiomax product will be able to sustain a significantly higher price over time. The overall premise of The Medicines Company is based on taking products that have not succeeded in the market, and re-introducing them, often at a higher price. This strategy works out exceptionally well as it often yields significantly higher gross margins.
Heparin was most likely priced to re-cover Research & Development (R&D) expenses in addition to ensuring there was just enough gross margin for the distribution channel to take the product on. This approach to pricing the product ensured it would be seen as a commodity, as the accumulated research of Dolan and Gourville confirm. While there are a multiplicity…
Steep analysis Conduct "Technology trends" "T" part a STEEP Analysis (bullet point - a comment supported APA / MLA In-Text citations valid- referenced sources, addresses pros & cons Technology trends.
Starbucks: Innovation and enterprise in the world of coffee
hy the company was chosen
Starbucks began as a largely free-standing empire of stores. The original concept of the corporation's coffeehouse model was to replicate the 'home away from home' feeing in the store's flagship Seattle location at every Starbucks. The franchises were initially conceptualized as urban gathering-places. "For each targeted region, Starbucks selected a large city to serve as a 'hub'; teams of professionals were located in hub cities to support the goal of opening 20 or more stores in the hub in the first two years. Once stores blanketed the hub, then additional stores were opened in smaller, surrounding 'spoke' areas in the region" ("Starbucks Case Study," McGraw Hill,…
Anderson, Rick. "Bellevue baristas antitrust suit against Starbucks heading to court."
Seattle Weekly. 28 Nov 2007. [6 Apr 2012]
Bishop, Todd. "The 'fourth place:' Starbucks as technology giant. Geek Wire. 2011.
Despite having an exceptional pace of growth throughout the early years of their existence, Saatchi & Saatchi is facing client attrition and declining revenues. What had happened through their continual restructurings was the corporation lost track of their core vision, mission and values. The distance between these three core attributes of their business and financial performance had drifted apart so far that financial results were showing the increasingly disjointed nature of their corporate culture (Greenhalgh, 2004). The reliance on a balanced scorecard to unify their core vision, mission and values back to financial performance was needed (Niven).
As a result of the continued deterioration of financial and customer performance, management at Saatchi & Saatchi put into place financial and customer-driven goals for the company. The financial objectives included the foundation of their company's resurgence and comeback, including growing the revenue base faster than market rates, converting…
Greenhalgh, C. (2004) Building a Strategic Balanced Scorecard: Saatchi & Saatchi Complementary Case Study. Business Intelligence Company. Retrieved February 17, 2013, from http://www.business-intelligence.co.uk/PDFdownloads/strat_bsc/Saatchisr.pdf
MyStrategicPlan (N.D.) Balanced Scorecard: Performance Measurements for Success. Retrieved July 20, 2010, from http://www.mystrategicplan.com/strategic-planning-topics/balanced-scorecard.shtml
Niven, P. (N.D.) Financial perspective. EPM Review. Retrieved July 20, 2010, from http://www.epmreview.com/Resources/Articles/Delivering-shareholder-value-growing-revenue-and-enhancing-productivity.html
Robin, D. (ND) Vision, Mission and Values: Management Tools for Building a Better Workplace. Daniel Robin & Associates. Retrieved July 20, 2010, from http://www.abetterworkplace.com/027.html
Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis
The University of San Diego Counseling Center (USDCC) has been established to provide enrolled students with access to quality counseling and healthcare services. Employing a diverse selection of the university's most accomplished psychiatrists, psychologists, medical doctors, registered nurses, and other healthcare professionals, the USDCC operates a high-volume Critical Intensive Care Unit with the assistance of a 50-member nursing staff. Although the USDCC has built a reputation for delivering competent and qualified critical care services across a number of years, the organization's management structure has become concerned that educational priorities have not been updated to reflect modern advancements in the field. To that end, the USDCC recently elected to conduct a comprehensive Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis to identify the paramount educational needs in place, and the institutional forces working to facilitate or impede the implementation of these needs. Empirical research on the efficacy of various…
Lewin, K. (1939). Field theory and experiment in social psychology: Concepts and methods.
Journal of Sociology, 44, 868-896. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2769418?uid=3739552&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=7
Morrison, G.R., Ross, S.M., Kalman, H.K., & Kemp, J.E. (2011). Designing effective instruction (6th ed). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.