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Conceptual Framework Essays (Examples)

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IASB and FASB Joint Conceptual
Words: 661 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82789588
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This is important, because it shows specific issues that are being dealt with, surrounding how a reporting entity will account for these issues. (Conceptual Framework 2011)

The measurement phase is when you were creating standards that can be used to accurately calculate the financial information that is being provided. Where, both entities have identified a number of issues that can help to create a universal standard to include: valuation strategies, confidence in the standards that are being presented and how to calculate interest rates along with other charges. In this case, a tremendous amount of progress has been made in: determining the various standards and which ones will be used. This helps to support the objectives and qualitative characteristics, by ensuring that a standard of measurement is used that takes into account these different viewpoints. (Conceptual Framework 2011)

The reporting phase is when there is a discussion about: what is…


Conceptual Framework, 2011, FASB. Available from: [7 May 2011].

McCarthy, I, 2003, cooperation Between FASB and IASB, Entrepreneur. Available from: [7 May 2011].

Harvard Format.

Strategic Framework in BP-Deepwater Horizon Accident One
Words: 4053 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91654562
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Strategic Framework in BP-Deepwater horizon accident

One of the most eminent names in the oil and gas industry is British Petroleum, considered as the largest provider of oil and gas to its customers for transportation, energy for heating and light and retail services for petrochemical products globally. The financial and operational picture of the company's performance is illustrated in table1 below.

Performance at a glance for 2010

Facts and figures

Sales and other operating revenues

eplacement cost profit

Number of employees

Proved reserves

etail sites


efineries (wholly or partly owned)

efining throughput

$297,107 million (year 2010)

($4,519) million (year 2010)

79,700 (at 31 Dec 2010)

18,071 million barrels of oil equivalent


Active in 29 countries


2,426 thousand barrels per day (year 2010)

(BP's Corporate website, 2010)

On 20th April 2010 the company faced a serious challenge when one of its oil rigs started leaking and simply couldn't…


BP's Corporate website, 2010. Annual Report 2010. Retrieved through  on 12th August 2010

Corner, P. Kinicki, A. And Keats, B. (1994) Integrating organizational and individual information processing perspectives on choice, Organizational Science, vol. 3.

Drucker, P. (1954) The Practice of Management, Harper and Row, New York, 1954.

Gellerman, S. (1989) Managing Ethics from the Top to Down, Sloan Management Review;

Aggregate Community and Christoffel's Framework
Words: 1363 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78061764
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Childhood Obesity

The author of this report is asked to report on several aspects and dimensions of a certain aggregate, with the aggregate chosen being childhood obesity. The community itself will be summarized as well as the difference between the aggregate itself and the community. The identification and description of the aggregate will be offered. The three stages of Christoffel's conceptual framework will be listed and described. An action plan regarding the aggregate will be listed with four current scholarly and current references to back up the same. While general and childhood obesity figures are on their way down, much work needs to be done and the children of poor Americans still remain particularly vulnerable.


As noted in the introduction, the aggregate being analyzed and described in this report is childhood obesity. While the two terms are fairly similar, they do not mean the same thing. An aggregate relating…


Christoffel, K. (2000). Public health advocacy: process and product. Administration Journal of Public Health, 90(5), 722-726.

Durando, J. (2014, January 30). Utah school takes lunches from kids with debts. USA

Today. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from 

Feldscher, K. (2013, December 5). Pinpointing the higher cost of a healthy diet |

Contemporary Nursing Framework
Words: 613 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78447773
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The conceptual framework is a very serious document about the philosophy of nursing espoused at this particular University and the Helene Fuld School of Nursing in particular. It incorporates HFSON's mission statement and core values, and provides the philosophy for this learning institution. That philosophy is greatly influenced by the crux of the conceptual framework, which itself is influenced by the model provided by Myra Levine (HFSON, p. 3). However, the philosophy of the school and the conceptual framework are similar in that both of them emphasize a synthesized approach to nursing. The former largely pertains to a synthesis between theoretical work and practical application. As such, it greatly pertains to blending scientific research, technological improvements and adaptations, and an interactive process between the nurse, the environment, as well as sociological factors such as the different units of society. Those units of society help to provide part of the…


HFSON. (date). HFSON Conceptual Framework.

Learner Centric Learning Framework That Has the
Words: 1110 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97594479
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Learner Centric Learning Framework That Has the Following Characteristics;

eward students for effort

Students hands on Students select level of competencies

Students design lessons through video games

Students stay engaged

Students gains confident

The learner centric learning framework will be designed in a manner that effectively reward the learners in order to motivate them into taking their learning endeavors serious (Jones,2007; Pedersen and Liu,2003). The system will allow for hands on experience in lesson design and implementation. The learner centric learning framework will also allow for the students to effectively select their own levels of competencies. The core element of this system is that it is fun. This is due to the fact that it allows the students to effectively design their own lessons via video games. This ensures that the students are engaged throughout the lesson while also gaining a lot of confidence. The implementation of this information technology…


De Lucia, A., Francese, R., Passero, I., & Tortora, G. (2009). Development and evaluation of a virtual campus on Second Life: The case of SecondDMI. Computers & Education,

52(2009), 220-233.

Inman, C., Wright, VH and Hartman, JA (2010) Use of Second Life in K-12 and Higher Education: A Review of Research.Journal of Interactive Online Learning. Vol1 (9)

Jones, L (2007).The Student-Centered Classroom.Cambridge University Press.

HRM Organizational Behavior Theories Frameworks and the
Words: 4457 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44961156
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HM Organizational Behavior, Theories, Frameworks and the Links Between Individual and Organizational Performance

This work in writing conducts a critical evaluation of HM Organizational Behavior Theories Frameworks that link performance.

Defining and measuring the effectiveness and performance of workers is a specific part of the HM manager's work. The question presenting is one that asks how the skills, behaviors and attitudes that are needed by workers to successfully and effectively perform their roles is defined. One way of measuring this is linking the performance of individuals to the organizational goals. This is generally accomplished through use of competencies which are described as "the integrated knowledge, skills, judgment, and attributes that people need to perform a job effectively. By having a defined set of competencies for each role in the business, it shows workers the kinds of behaviors the organizational values…" (MindTools, 2011) Lawrence (1998) reports that people are "multifaceted and…


Alderfer, C.P. (1972). Existence, relatedness, and growth. New York: Free Press.

Argyris, C. & Schon, DA (1996) Organizational Learning II Theory, Method, and Practice. Reading MA: Addison-Wesley.

Beer, M. (1980) Organization Change and Development: A Systems View. Santa Monica, CA, Goodyear.

Castellano, William G. (nd) A New Framework of Employee Engagement. Center for Human Resource Strategy Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.

Personal Nursing Philosophy Conceptual Background
Words: 1524 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 87424621
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Likewise, Callista oy's Adaptation Model of Nursing provides a contextual bridge between the internal physiological determinants of patient health and the crucial aspects of external environment that typically influence patient health and (especially) patient perceptions and attitudes about health and medical or nursing interventions. Together, application of the principles promoted by Watson's Caring Model and by oy's Adaptation Model of nursing complement my clinical training in a manner that I believe enables me to contribute the most to my patients, to my profession, and to myself as a nurse.


Dobratz, M.C. "Moving nursing science forward within the framework of the oy

Adaptation Model." Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 21; (2008): 255-259.

Fawcett, J. (2005). Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing, St. Louis,

MO: Mosby.

Pipe, T.B., Kelly, a., LeBrun, G.; Schmidt, D., Atherton, P., and obinson, C. "A

prospective descriptive study exploring hope, spiritual well-being, and quality of…


Dobratz, M.C. "Moving nursing science forward within the framework of the Roy

Adaptation Model." Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 21; (2008): 255-259.

Fawcett, J. (2005). Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing, St. Louis,

MO: Mosby.

Milo's Framework Modern Healthcare Is'so Complex
Words: 673 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55552813
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Milo's Framework

Modern healthcare is so complex, so rife with new technologies, new procedures, and new expectations from stakeholders, that the contemporary nurse and physician need all the tools possible to pull for varied situations. Milo's framework is a set of propositions that help frame strategies to improve health inducing behaviors by enhancing personal choice-making while still in the context of societal and cultural expectations. Milo posits that the health status of populations at any given time is essentially the result of individual choice. However, the choices that individuals have tend to be limited by what the individual perceives to be options, depending on their personal and cultural/societal background, not necessarily the choices that are really available. In fact, Milo says, "Most people, most of the time will make the easiest choices, i.e., will do the things, develop the patterns or life-styles, which seem to cost them less and/or from…

Cody, M., ed. (2012). Philosophical and Theoretical Perspectives for Advanced Nursing Practice. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett.

Milo, N. (1976). A framework for prevention: changing health-damaging to health-generating life patterns. American Journal of Public Health. 66 (5): 439-9. Retrieved from: 

Citation, not plagiarized.

Nursing Concepts and Theory Conceptual-Theoretical Structure Paper
Words: 1674 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18218062
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Nursing Concepts and Theory

Conceptual-Theoretical Structure paper

Personal belief about nursing theory and knowledge development process for nursing practice

All nursing theories play an important role in defining nursing and giving the roles that nurses need to play. Originally, the role of nurses was simply to carry out activities as instructed by doctors, however, over the years, this role has been changed to include more responsibilities as the nursing world has evolved. Nursing theories describe, predict and explain the various phenomena in nursing practice and thus create foundations for nursing practice. They also help to generate knowledge in the field of nursing and to point the direction which the field should develop in future. This view is supported by Carper (1978)

who states that nursing theories elaborate nursing practice and create professional boundaries for the profession. Nursing knowledge comes from research that has been conducted on nursing which forms scientific…


Anderson, A.M. (2005). Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for the LPN/LVN (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Carper, B. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 1(1), 13-23.

Clark, M.J. (2003). Community health nursing: Caring for populations (Fourth ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Dayer-Berenson, L. (2010). Cultural Competencies for Nurses: Impact on Health and Illness. Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Bruner's Constructivist Theory and the Conceptual Paradigms
Words: 3441 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Chapter Paper #: 3905232
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Bune's constuctivist theoy and the conceptual paadigms of Kolb's Expeiential Leaning theoy dawing on the associated theoies ae Kinesthetic and Embodied Leaning. As also noted in the intoductoy chapte, the guiding eseach question fo this study was, "What ae the caee paths fo teaching atists seeking to deploy into the field of community at and development?" To develop timely and infomed answes to this eseach question, this chapte povides a eview of the elevant pee-eviewed and scholaly liteatue concening these theoetical famewoks to investigate the diffeent caee paths teaching atists seek to deploy into the field of community at and development, including ceative community building and adult community centes such as woking with Alzheime's Disease and stoke victims.

Adult Leaning Theoies

Kolb's Expeiential Leaning Theoy. Thee ae a wide aay of theoetical models that can be used to identify and bette undestand teaching and leaning pefeences by educatos and students,…

references to improve coaching and athletic performance: Are your players or students kinesthetic learners? The Journal of Physical

Education, Recreation & Dance, 80(3), 30-34.

Fowler, J. (2013, March). Art rescue in a troubled world. Arts & Activities, 153(2), 36-39.

Kerka, S. (2002). Somatic/embodied learning and adult education: Trends and issues alert. ERIC

Kessler, R. (2000). The soul of education: Helping students find connection, compassion, and character at school. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum

Business Model Framework to Analyse the Impact
Words: 893 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8966635
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Business Model Framework to Analyse the Impact of eBusiness on an Existing Business by Susan Lambert. This was published at the Collecter Conference 2007, held December 9-11th in Australia. The article attempts to "demonstrate that a business model framework that affords primacy of concept to the value proposition and that follows the rules of the object-oriented paradigm can be useful in evaluating e-business initiatives." The wording of this objective obfuscates the nature of the study, which appears to be that the use of models can help to understand why e-business initiatives succeed or failure in established companies. The author wastes considerable space on superfluous information, such as three pages defining "primacy of concept," and this further obfuscates the findings of the work. The author's conceptual background is then applied not to a study but to a singular anecdote.

The author's base question revolves around finding ways to determine the success…

Works Cited:

Lambert, S. (2007). A Business Model Framework to Analyse the Impact of eBusiness on an Existing Business. Collecter Conference 9-11 December 2007, Australia.

Kimery, K. & Amirkhalkhali, S. (2008). Cultural Differences in the Adoption of Electronic Commerce: A Comparison of Japan and the United States. EABR & TLC Conference Proceedings, Rothenburg, Germany, 2008.

FASB Report Entitled Selected Issues
Words: 887 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60160389
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" To explain its thinking, the exposure draft provides an insurance contract as means of example on its proposed thinking of the relation between unconditional and conditional rights. According to the example, an entity purchasing an insurance contract has two inherit rights: both an unconditional right to the insurance coverage and a conditional right to reimbursement if an insured loss occurs sometime in the future. The unconditional right is a present asset, whereas the conditional right to reimbursement is not a present asset as it becoming an asset is dependent on an uncontrollable and unpredictable future event.

Likewise, the proposed conceptual framework also proposes to delete the term "contingent liability" from is standards. Under the current definition, "contingent liability" refers to either a possible obligation whose existence depends on a future event or a yet unrecognized present obligation. The reasoning for the proposed elimination is similar to that used for…


Casabona, Patrick and Robert Traficanti. (2001): Investment Pricing Methods: A Guide for Accounting and Financial Professionals. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Financial Accounting Standards Board. (2006): Selected Issues Relating to Assets and Liabilities with Uncertainties: Invitation to Comment. Financial Accounting Foundation.

Mulvey, John M. And William T. Ziemba. (1998): Worldwide Asset and Liability Modeling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Human Trafficking
Words: 4658 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58249404
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Human Trafficking

Opening Statement

Over the last several years, the issue of human trafficking has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because the industry is considered to be a major source of income for organized criminal gangs and other groups with it accounting for $31.6 billion in profits worldwide. Depending the region, these returns will vary with some having greater rewards from: socially acceptable practices, a lack of regulation and the ability of criminal groups to move with impunity in certain regions. The below table is showing, those areas with the highest returns and levels of human trafficking. ("An Introduction to Human Trafficking," 2008) ("Human Trafficking," 2013)

The Profit Margins and Amounts of Human Trafficking



Number of People

Industrialized Countries

49% ($15.1 billion)


% ($9.7 billion)


Latin America and the Caribbean

4.1% ($1.3 billion)


Middle East and North Africa

4.7% ($1.5 billion)



An Introduction to Human Trafficking. (2008). UN. Retrieved from: 

Human Trafficking. (2012). IOM. Retrieved from: 

Human Trafficking. (2013). UN Global Compact. Retrieved from: 

Bales, K. (2007). What Predicts Human Trafficking? International Journal of Criminal Justice, 31( 2), pp. 269 -- 279.

Interdisciplinary Terms
Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90014372
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To call something 'interdisciplinary' means that it connects or bridges two disciplines and strives to show the connections between these two distinct worldviews. Within the construct of interdisciplinarity are many different varieties of interdisciplinarity. Fundamentally, instrumental interdisciplinarity is used for a purpose. For example, in the study of nursing, nursing practice and medical knowledge may be studied in conjunction with sociological theory, in order to improve health services at a clinic for poor clients who face personal and social challenges that can act as barriers to their ability to access care. Instrumental interdisciplinarity is used when setting policy and to achieve specific objects that cannot be reached within a single paradigm.

In contrast, conceptual interdisciplinarity bridging nursing and sociology might be used by an anthropologist studying a specific community's health beliefs. Conceptual interdisciplinarity functions as an intellectual exercise within academia to illuminate problems and issues pertinent to researchers. Viewpoints…

Herzbergs Two Factor Motivational Theory
Words: 699 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 84370017
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Conceptual Framework: Herzberg’s Two-Factor Motivation Theory
The management theorist Frederick Herzberg, writing in the 1950s, conceptualized job satisfaction and motivation as encompassing two dimensions. The first factor pertained to hygiene, which Herzberg defined as essential components of the workplace that were not intrinsically motivating to stimulate the employee to perform at a higher level, but which were still necessary to create a healthy attitude towards work. Hygiene factors include salary, benefits, working conditions, policies, the quality of the supervision, and the quality of interpersonal relations with colleagues. (Syptak, Marsland, & Ulmer, 1999). Motivational factors, however, include the intrinsic rewards of the work itself and the delights of taking on additional responsibilities. “Motivators…create satisfaction by fulfilling individuals' needs for meaning and personal growth” (Syptak, et al., 1999, p.26). It must be stressed the Herzberg believed that hygiene factors must be addressed; employees cannot be expected to endure intolerable conditions and be…

Damij, N., Levnaji?, Z., Rejec Skrt, V., & Suklan, J. (2015). What motivates us for work? PloS one, 10(7), e0132641. 
Herzberg’s motivation theory—two factor theory. (2018). Expert Program Management (EPM). Retrieved from: 
Juneja, P. (2020). Herzberg’s two factor theory of motivation. Management Study Guide. Retrieved from: 
Syptak, J.M., Marsland, D.W., & Ulmer, D. (1999). Job satisfaction: Putting theory into practice. Family Practice Management,6(9):26. Retrieved from: 
Uchmanowicz, I., Manulik, S., Lomper, K., Rozensztrauch, A., Zborowska, A., Kolasi?ska, J., & Rosi?czuk, J. (2019). Life satisfaction, job satisfaction, life orientation and occupational burnout among nurses and midwives in medical institutions in Poland: a cross-sectional study. BMJ open, 9(1), e024296. 

Establishing an NP-Led Day Treatment Facility in Bessemer Alabama
Words: 12948 Length: 47 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 85464574
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Establishing an NP Led Wellness and Recovery Center for Deinstitutionalized Individuals

Historically, nursing, and medicine professions have been loath to utilize tools commonly linked with mercenary aspects of business, such as market research and decision analysis. In the contemporary health care setting, however, consumers hold numerous options for care providers. The division of the market or market segmentation into different subgroups allows the determination of target markets and the buildup of marketing policies specific to the needs and interests of the selected subgroups. Market analysis allows the identification of policies for nurse practitioners to enhance their practice in a way that centers on the interests and needs of the selected market. While scores of the nurse practitioner's dream of operating their own businesses, those that have set up their own practice understand that it requires a compelling passion for owning a business, and for the profession.

A nurse practitioner is…

Paccom What Long-Range Steps Might Pacific Command
Words: 2535 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81325040
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What long-range steps might Pacific Command (PACOM) take, as part of a broader national strategy, to help constructively engage China, while dissuading and deterring China from using force or the threat of force against others?

The challenges of today's battlefield do not provide an easy answer to this question and leaves the leader of the 21st century sometimes questioning the rationale behind defending America. As a potential member of PACOM and ultimately contributing to its success in one form or another by my service, this analysis provides both an internal and external review of the current state of my leadership as I experience it. Containing China and ensuring a peaceful coexistence with this powerful nation represents a national goal, and through this goal many individual and organizational goals are simultaneously achieved as well. The purpose of this essay is to examine this question using the three conceptual frameworks introduced…


National Security Strategy. May 2010. The Office of the President of the United States. Retrieved .

Whetten, D. & Cameran, K.(2010). Developing Management Skills. New York: Prentice Hall.

James Moor What Is Computer
Words: 2011 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20944985
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The sheer number and variety of sites where such ostensibly private information is made public can make it impossible for someone to truly get privacy.

What is remarkable is how well Dr. Moor did at predicting the ethical issues that would continue to be part of the Computer evolution. Even if computers are simply exacerbating existing ethical dilemmas, the fact that they are capable of doing so means that they are going to continue to present ethical problems. For example, when Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, slavery was already in existence and used through the American South. That Industrial evolution invention did not create the ethical issue of slavery. However, with the improved ability to process cotton, cotton suddenly became an incredibly profitable crop. The need for cheap labor jumped dramatically, which certainly increased the demand for slave labor. What that example makes clear is that even seemingly helpful…


Moor, J. (1985). What is computer ethics? Metaphilosophy, 16(4), 266-275.

Bioecological Theory and the Family and Community
Words: 3151 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 47156589
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Bioecological Theory and the Family and Community Resource Conceptual Framework)

The Case History

"Kerry" has twin girls who are now 4 years old. he had been living with her defacto "Dean" for the past 6 years. he is a qualified beautician and has previously run a small business from home before the birth of the twins. he undertook schooling until year 12 (equal to UA high school diploma) at a public school, is one of two children herself and has supportive parents in a middle income suburb. he left her defacto 10 months ago after two years of domestic violence brought on by the use intravenous "speed." he has an AVO (Aggravated Violence Order) on "Dean" for 12 months. During the previous two years "Kerry" was subjected to physical and psychological trauma, the twins witnessed this abuse. "Dean" is on a fly in fly out basis working in the mines…


Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Caspi, J (2008). Building a Sibling Aggression Treatment Model: Design and Development Research in Action, Research on Social Work Practice, 18: 575

Paquette, D & Ryan. J (2001). Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory

Prochaska, J.O., & Norcross, J.C. (2007). Systems of Psychotherapy: A Trans-theoretical Analysis, Sixth Edition. Belmont, CA: Thompson Brooks/Cole.

IASB the International Accounting Standards Board IASB
Words: 1195 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42208337
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The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) currently has three types of active projects on their agenda. These include an agenda consultation project, financial crisis related projects, and memorandum of understanding projects. The following is a summary of these current active projects, their timetables established for the achievement of milestones, as well as the conceptual frameworks involved in the projects.

The first type of project currently active on the agenda of the IASB is an agenda consultation project in which the IASB initiated a formal public agenda consultation for the first time in July 2011. This consultation was focused on the future work plan of the IASB, and was aimed at obtaining input from the public regarding the work plan and its direction and balance. The agenda consultation was conducted with broad public participation, including awareness through conferences in Europe, North America, and South America, in which small group meetings…


IFRS. (2011) . Retrieved 8 November, 2011.

Whittington, G. (2008). Fair value and the IASB/FASB conceptual framework: an alternative view. Abacus, 44(2), 139-68.

Wuthering Heights
Words: 1787 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48065761
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Wuthering Heights

This case study takes into consideration three main themes; the power of love that never change, social class and conflict of nature and culture. Love is a variety of feelings, attitudes and states which range from pleasure to interpersonal relationship. The power of love is strong in the sense that it becomes impossible to change. On social class, it is a fact that it is does not depend solely on the amount of wealth that one has, it also depend on the source of income, family connections, birth and roles of the person in the society. In most societies, the three primary social classes that exist are the working class, the middle class and the elite class. On conflicts between nature and culture, it is a fact that there are always conflicts between culture and nature. This is because people belonging to different culture always do things that…


Antrobus, E. 2009, In search of the real Wuthering Heights, Worcester, Mass., United States, Worcester, Mass.

This journal reviews the film. It also explains in deeper details style and symbolism present in the film, not leaving out the theme of love and social class.

Lloyd, R. (2009, Jan 17). TELEVISION REVIEW; they're hot but not passionate; stars' relationship seems read, making the latest 'wuthering heights' falter. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from 

This journal reviews the whole film while considering the main themes. Similarly, it also focuses more on love between Catherine and Heathcliff.

Preferences in Learning Between American
Words: 23082 Length: 65 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 88878710
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The trainer will then focus on the steps to be taken to develop new skills. For example, if the trainer wants to talk about motivating, leading, negotiating, selling or speaking, it is best to start with what the learners do well before showing some chart on Maslow's theory, Posner's leadership practices, or selling skills from some standard package that has been develop elsewhere. Many foreign trainers make grave errors because they do not consider the values and beliefs of the trainee's culture. Training must make a fit with the culture of those being trained, including the material being taught, as well as the methods being used (Schermerhorn, 1994).

Abu-Doleh (1996) reports that Al-Faleh (1987), in his study of the culture influences on management development, asserts that "a country's culture has a great influence on the individual and managerial climate, on organizational behaviour, and ultimately on the types of management development…

Developmental Learning and Technology
Words: 9878 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80375610
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Elementary Special Education Teachers Place Value in the use of Technology Resources for Students?

Alix Desulme

Technology is an integral part of society. Students learn through use of technology like personal computers, tablets, and e-books (Garland & Tadeja, 2013). Computers can provide access to videos, documents, and other forms of data that students have the choice of absorbing via visual or auditory methods. Tablets provide the same access but with a light-weight, touch responsive interface. Technology investment within schools not only enables varied learning opportunities for students, but it also helps students discover or improve their own ability to research and analyze information, collaborate and communicate, and solve problems (Lim, Zhao, Tondeur, Chai, & Tsai, 2013). Comment by Steve Moskowitz: Yes, this is the reason

Technology helps provide other benefits. Integrating technology in schools, especially in other areas like special education enable staff to develop new ways of teaching and…

Promoting Community Awareness of the Need for
Words: 1537 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 21314408
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Promoting community awareness of the need for colorectal cancer prevention and screening," which was written by Causey and Greenwauld, is appropriate. It clarifies the purpose of the research study on which this article is based and provides an effective summary of the particular area of nursing and science that the authors are writing about. Nonetheless, it does not allude to the key variables that influence the study, its results, nor the particular model it utilizes, which is reflective of the principle area in which a sufficient title could be improved.

he abstract for the aforementioned paper is extremely effective. In a paragraph of just a few sentences, the authors are able to identify the key factors related to this study: the problem, the methods and the model used to gather data, the results and the conclusion gathered from those results. he writing is relatively terse and straightforward, and is bolstered…

There really was no intervention in this study, other than the educational session that all of the participants received. Nonetheless, the data collection method was not biased and the authors seemed appropriately trained to collect this data.


Other than the unusual way in which the paper was structured in which the literature review combined various aspects of a general overview of CRC (some of which was not germane to the research question) this document was well written presented in an accessible manner to nurses. Since one of the researchers had done a previous study on a topic closely related to this subject, the credibility of the authors was not dubitable and was enhanced by their professional and academic credentials. The validity of the study findings is also considerably compromised by the fact that the researchers "knew" (Causey and Greenwauld. 2011, p. 39) a percentage of the participants. Still, the study does function as a launching point for future research in this area as it specifically applies to nurses and educating the population regarding CRC.

Ways of Knowing
Words: 1325 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55666574
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ules & Ways of Knowing

The author of this report is asked to answer several questions as they relate to the current nursing classes that the author is taking. The first question is the role of scholarly during an APN/DNP program. The second question asks the author to discuss the interest the author has in the selected role and degree in question. A sub-section of that question is whether the role in question meets the APN consensus statement, what professional organizations offer certification in the applicable certification role and what the criteria are for any applicable industry exams. Next up will be a selection and explanation of an APN conceptual framework for practice. After that will be an explanation of the ways of knowing and how they influence the author's current practice. What will follow that is an identification and explanation of the author's preferred paradigm. Last will be a…


BCEN. (2014, June 3). Get Certified CEN ®. CEN BCEN. Retrieved June 3,

2014, from 

Duke. (2014, June 3). FAQ's. Duke School of Nursing. Retrieved June 3, 2014, from

MUN. (2014, June 3). Conceptual Model. School of Nursing. Retrieved June 3, 2014,

Nursing Study Ozkan and Gokdogan
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A prediction of the outcomes is not made in the initial development of the research. ather, this appears to be an exploratory study to better understand the issue.

eview of the Literature

The literature included in the review is relevant and recent. The data demonstrates the need for understanding the problem and the importance of the issue to the health and safety of healthcare workers. Although the initial literature review is quite brief, the literature is expanded in the discussion of the results.

esearch Design

The research design is a quantitative methodology utilizing a survey to collect data. Information collected was appropriate given the overall scope and focus of the research -- i.e. exploratory. Although the results provide some insight into the specific survey that was used, pertinent information about the survey has been omitted from the study. This may make replication of the study difficult.


Examining the target…


Ozkan, O., & Gokdogan, F. (2003). The prevalence of latex allergy among health care workers in Bolu (Turkey). Dermatology Nursing, 15(6), 543-548.

Ability of an Organization to
Words: 10330 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26969335
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Customer centricity then can also have a significant impact on the perspective an organization has of its market and the opportunities inherent within it and other, tangential and territory market areas as well. This aspect of blue ocean strategies being driven by customer's perspectives, preferences, unmet needs and wants further underscores its inherent value and also its usefulness from a strategy perspective. The ability to find uncontested markets, which is a key aspect of blue ocean strategies, is predicated on how customer-centric an organization is as well (Kim, Mauborgne, 2004). The concept of a blue ocean strategy is one of finding an untested market space and exploiting it not through massive amounts of esearch & Development (&D) spending, but through the development of innovative approaches to anticipating and responding to current and future customer needs. As a result, blue oceans or uncontested markets are often found by more customer-centric organizations,…


Anderson, S., Baggett, L., & Widener, S.. (2009). The Impact of Service Operations Failures on Customer Satisfaction: Evidence on How Failures and Their Source Affect What Matters to Customers. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, 11(1), 52-69.

Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

Braff, a., & DeVine, J.. (2009). Maintaining the customer experience. The McKinsey Quarterly,(1), 58.

Bala Chakravarthy, & Peter Lorange. (2007). Continuous renewal, and how Best Buy did it. Strategy & Leadership, 35(6), 4-11. Retrieved March 31, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Complete. (Document ID: 1369380701).

Authors Y H Lin and S M
Words: 2768 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 16276987
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B. This study used cross-sectional design and may tend to under-select individuals who have been exposed. This is known as "late-look bias." The possibility of nurses recalling MAEs over their careers may result in reporting of, or remembering information that is not accurate.

C. The instrument developed by authors used expert validity, but more research is needed to determine the construction validity and use the appropriate interventions to decrease MAEs (Lin & Ma).


esearch questions

ather than a hypothesis, the Lin and Ma (2009) study was guided by the following research questions:

A. What is the self-reported incidence of MAEs throughout a nurse's career in Taiwan?

B. What is the willingness of nurses to report MAEs?

C. What factors are related to nurses' willingness to report MAEs?

The first research question, though, differs from the authors' stated purpose which was to "explore the prevalence of MAEs and the willingness…


Gebhart, F. (2008, May 12). N.C. hospital loses CMS certification over drug and other errors.

Drug Topics, 152(6), 12.

Lin, Y-H & Ma, S-n. (2009). Willingness of nurses to report medication administration errors in southern Taiwan: A cross-sectional survey.

Wakefield, B.J., Uden-Holman, T. & Wakefield, D.S. (2005). Development and validation of the medication administration error reporting survey. In Advances in patient safety: From research to implementation. Henriksen, K., Battles, J.B., Marks E.S., et al. (eds).

Grand or Mid Range Theory
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ange Theory


Middle ange Theory of Spiritual Well Being in Illness

Nurse meta-theorists have recently been very much concerned about the different seasons of the patient's life, which has supported and promoted the development of middle range theories in the field of nursing. This is due to the reason that these theories focus on the specific health and illness issues instead of discussing the general issues. These specific health and illness issues focused in the mid range theories are extremely important for the practicing nurses as they spotlight on the particular problem and its solution.

History of Theory Development in Nursing

The practicing nurses started incorporating the nursing theories into their research and practically applying them to real situations during 1970s and 1980s. Majority of the early nursing theories fall in the category of grand theories of nursing because the concepts that described…


Barss, K. (2012). T.R.U.S.T: An affirming model for inclusive spiritual care. Journal of Holistic

Nursing. 30(1). 23-35.

Burkhart, L and Hogan, N. (2008). An Experiential Theory of Spiritual Care in Nursing Practice.

Qualitative Health Research, 18 (7), 929-940.

Capital Requirement and Risk Behavior Arab African
Words: 12698 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 45533113
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Capital Requirement and Risk ehavior

Arab African International ank

Midan ElSaray El Koubra, Garden City Caoro

The research will mainly dwell on the capital requirements and risk behavior of banks, more in particular the credit risk. The purpose of this research is to identify and analyze the relationship between capital requirements and the risk behavior of banks in Egypt

more in particular the Arab African International ank, which is the case study for this research. Secondly, the research will seek to investigate the impact of capital regulation on the banking behaviors and particularly on the levels of credit risk of banks operating in Egypt

The findings of the research show that there is negative relationship between capital requirement and banks' risk behavior; the findings also show there is empirical evidence to prove that capital regulations have a negative impact on credit risk of banks levels of credit risk of banks…


Aggarwal, R. And K. Jacques, (1998), a Simultaneous Equation Estimation of the Impact of Prompt Corrective Action on Bank Capital and Risk, New York, 12-23

Avery, R.B. And A.B. Berger, (1991), Risk-based capital and deposit insurance reform, Journal of Banking and Finance pp 847-874

Berger, A.N., Herring R.J. And Szego, G.P. (1995), the Role of Capital in Financial

Institutions, Journal of Banking and Finance pp 19, 393-430.

Morals and Ethics in Nursing
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The conceptual framework that I feel best helps to explain ethics, morals and laws is that found in the Aristotelian framework, which stipulates that ethics describe the theoretical beliefs and standards that are held individually or in a society, morality describes the behavior or activity of an individual or society, and laws refer to what is prohibited or what one has the right to do in society according to the government (Kristjansson, 2014; Chowdhury, 2016). Building on this framework in the modern era is the utilitarian framework which holds that a community should pursue the common good—i.e., the greatest good for the greatest amount of people. In the nursing environment, this type of conceptual framework can help nurses to better understand their roles in the health care organization and how to ensure that the greatest level of quality care is being achieved.

Ethical Framework

The utilitarian ethical framework can be…

Self-Confidence in Licensed Practice Nursing
Words: 4199 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Introduction Paper #: 780280
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Therefore, these skills eventually become the deciding factor between the nurses either staying a nurse or leaving their career. Thus, many things are dependent on how well the nurses know their skills.

Coming back to the major reason why this problem is so important. The way the nurses perform controls and actually decides how well a person recovers. The skills learnt during nursing school and how they are applied will be embedded for the nurse's entire career. Lofmark, Smide and Wikblad (2006) stated that final year nursing students believe their strongest areas are being aware of the ethics, communicating with patients, self knowledge, cooperation and being focused. Sadly, it is not the knowledge that is going to save the patients and heal them. Lofmark et al. (2006) has stated that the students say they have the lowest confidence in how much practical experience they have. Clearly, these students lack critical…


Carlson, S., Kotze, W.J., & van Rooyen, D. (2005). Experiences of final year nursing students in their preparedness to become registered nurses. Curationis, 28(4), 65-73.

Cowen, L.S., Craven, R.G., Johnson, M., & Marsh, H.W. (2006). A longitudinal study of student and experienced nurses' self-concept. Collegian, 13(3), 25-31.

Clark, M.C., Owen, S.V. And Tholcken, M.A. (2004). Measuring student perceptions of clinical competence. J Nurse Education, 42(12), 548-554.

Del Bueno, D. (2005). A Crisis in Critical Thinking. Nursing Education Perspectives, 26 (5), pp.278-282.

Lived Experiences of African-American Women who have lost a male child to suicide

he lived experiences of late-adolescent female suicide survivors: 'A part of me died' by Willem a. Hoffmann; Chris Myburgh; and Marie Poggenpoel.

Explain how the study tested the constructs of the new theory.

Over the years there have been two precise sampling strategies used by numerous researchers. hese two strategies are the probability and a non-probability sampling strategies. he main distinction between these two strategies is that the former is more casual and does not have a specific target or segment of the population in mind; whereas the non-probability sampling procedure is very official and very purposeful in its choice of who the researcher studies and why. he researcher used non-probability purposive sampling to hand pick students. More specifically, the research participants were five female late-adolescents (aged 17 -- 22 years) who were recruited by means of…

The researcher points out that there is a paucity of research on suicide survivors and even fewer studies exist on African-American suicide survivors. He conceptualizes suicide survivors as individuals who have lost a family member to suicide. Furthermore, he illustrates that although suicide is a relatively rare event, particularly among African-Americans, the recent dramatic increase in suicide among African-American youth makes it critical to understand this phenomena.

Subsequently he signifies the phenomenon of suicide survivors by highlighting various facts. For instance, he highlights that according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), between 1980 and 1995, rates for African-American youth aged 15 to 19 increased 128% compared to 19% for Whites. Furthermore, he argues that although there has been a recent decline in the suicide rates among African-American youth, suicide continues to be the third-leading cause of death for 15- to 24-year-old African-Americans (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2004).

He conceptualizes that bereavement with regards to suicide and points out that it has many emotional complexities that may evoke such symptoms as anxiety, difficulty concentrating, sleep disturbance, and depression. Lastly, he conceptualizes the awareness o suicide figures amongst African-Americans and points out that unfortunately, some African-Americans continue to deny that suicide is a problem within the Black community; this view is buttressed by the fact that suicide is a relatively rare behavior among all ethnic groups. Lastly, he linked grief and suicide strongly and argued that grief when associated with suicide differs from grief from other forms of death because of the emotional complexities that go along with losing someone this way.

Intravenous Nursing Implementation of an
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The second purpose was to explore the association of demographic variables and nurses' perceptions of pump implementation to ratings of the management team and job satisfaction. Data was collected via a survey given to 1056 nurses at a tertiary Magnet hospital. The first section of the questionnaire pertained to demographic characteristics, while the second section consisted of thirty questions on a 5-point Likert scale based on both STS Theory and the Life Patterns Model conceptual framework.

The researchers conclude that generalizations cannot be made based on just one study. They did state however that the findings of this study give credence to the importance of technological changes in clinical nursing practice. ecommendations were made for future studies in that there is a need to analyze the degree to which technology affects the environment, patient acuity as well as overall nursing satisfaction. Carrying out this study in more that one hospital…


Advantages and Disadvantages of the Survey Method. (2011). Retrieved from 

Bowcutt, Marilyn, Rosenkoetter, Marlene M., Chernecky, Cynthia C., Wall, Jane, Wynn, Donald

and Serrano, Christina. (2008). Journal of Nursing Management, 16(2), p.188-197.

Role of Interactive Social Media in Corporate Social Responsibility Communications
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The Role of Interactive Social Media in Corporate Social Responsibility Communications

1. Summary

One of the most significant new marketing platforms to emerge in recent years has been social media in general and more recently, interactive social media. According to the definition provided by Chao and Parker (2014), social media in general are “a group of Internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0, which allows the creation and exchange of user-generated content” (p. 323). By extension, interactive social media are defined as those platforms that feature ways for consumers to directly respond to Web-based content in the form of feedback, comments, testimonials, reviews or other online exchanges (Chao & Parker, 2014). The overarching focus of the proposed study concerns the role of interactive social media in corporate social responsibility (CSR) communications. This specific focus has assumed new importance and relevance as growing numbers of…

International Relations Theory Due to Their Background
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international relations theory due to their background in agriculture related research and study, including a BSc. degree in agriculture, a master's degree was in agricultural development and a master's degree in sustainable development in agriculture. ith regard to sustainable development this applicant was struck by the number of issues that were purely related to an understanding of the nation state and the crisis that it now faces in the era of neoliberal globalization due to the growth in power and influence of non-state corporate entities that have become more powerful than traditional nation states.

hat is happening to date in globalization challenges all of the areas of international relations theory, whether using the approaches of realism, constructivism, or Marxism and critical theory, feminism, foundationalism, the "English school," functionalism, post-structuralism or post-colonialism. The overall topic of this author's research is ambitious. It will be to fuse the elements of all of…

Works Cited

George, A.L., & Smoke, R. (1974). Deterrence in american foreign policy. New York,

NY: Columbia University Press.

Claude, I.L.Y (1984). Swords into plowshares. New York, NY: Random House.

Allison, G. (1999). Essence of decision. New York, NY:

Martin Luther Not King
Words: 2009 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40068883
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Martin Luther and my interpretations of his views on the treatise of scholar and education. In other words, this report focuses on the scholar's possible view of our modern day American society and its educational practices. From the scholar's point-of-view, this report will attempt to propose possible proposals for school reform especially in the area of curriculum. The report is formatted in the form of an action plan that articulates a personal philosophy of teaching and identifies with Martin Luther as the selected scholar. For example, the report attempts to address areas of such as how our modern schools address the educational and conceptual frameworks of collaboration, social justice, diversity and critical self-reflection.

It is obviously important to note that society has evolved and that the issues of the sixteenth century although dictated by time are not all that different than what our schools face today. There may not have…


Faber, Dr. R. (1998). Martin Luther on Reformed Education (from Clarion Vol. 47, No. 16). Retrieved on May 3, 2005, from Spindle Works Web Site at 

Harran, Marilyn J. (2004). Reflections on Martin Luther and Childhood Education. Journal of Lutheran Ethics, Volume 4, Issue 1. Retrieved on May 3, 2005, from ELCA.Org Web Site at 

National Research Council (1989). Everybody Counts: A Report to the Nation on the Future of Mathematics Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Swan, Karen, Vargas, Juan D., & Holmes, Aliya (n.a.). Situated Professional Development and Technology Integration: The CATIE Mentoring Program. Ellen Meier; Center for Technology and School Change, Teachers College. Retrieved on May 3, 2005, from

Motivation and Morale Police administration
Words: 2271 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 20352867
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The current study aims to examine the effect of the lack of supervision and detachment between administration and low-level supervisors and beat officers and how this leads to low morale and motivation. Imperatively, low level of morale and motivation results in low productivity, which might give rise to absenteeism and poor watch, adversely affecting the society through increased level of crime. A questionnaire will be designed to achieve the purpose of this research study and will be distributed to selected beat officers working in different police precincts. The number of questionnaires analyzed will be to different police precincts. Data collected will be analyzed through SPSS using both descriptive statistics, correlation and regression data.

Problem Statement

Organizations endeavor to have more productive personnel, who are deemed the most significant resources and a determining factor for success. Low levels of productivity can be linked to poor employee morale and motivation. The…

Social World The Effects of Information Technology
Words: 2174 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83883196
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social world?

The effects of information technology on the society

The social capital framework

In this paper, we evaluate the validity of the statement that IT is radically changing the social world. We perform a critical analysis of the concept of social world and social capital and how it is influenced by information technology. This is carried against the backdrop of the concept of information technology as the conceptual framework. The paper concludes that indeed the statement that IT is radically changing the social world is true.

The contemporary society has witnessed a series of transformations which can directly be attributed to the concept of technological dynamism. Technological dynamism is a concept which was defined by Albu (2009) as the rate of exchange in the level of predictability of new technologies. The technological advancements that we witness today are largely as a result of the lack of knowledge that exists…

Veenstra, G. (2000). Social capital, SES and health: An individual-level analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 50, 619-629.

Wellman, B.A., Quan-Haase, A., Witte, J., & Hampton, K. (2001). Does the Internet increase, decrease, or supplement social capital? Social networks, participation, and community commitment. American Behavioral Scientist, 45(3), 437-456.

Woolcock, M., & Narayan, D. (2000). Social capital: Implications for development theory, research, and policy. The World Bank Research Observer, 15, 225-249.

Feeding intolerance Integrative Review Paper
Words: 2577 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 78824345
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Despite major medical advancements over several decades, nearly 10 percent of births in the US continue to occur prematurely each year (Martin, Hamilton, Osterman, Driscoll, & Matthews, 2017). Creating a significant socioeconomic burden, preterm birth is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States resulting in approximately $16.9 billion in medical care costs annually (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2007). After days, weeks, or even months of intensive care, weight gain becomes a major criterion for hospital discharge. Feeding intolerance (FI) is a common complication among these preterm infants, which disrupts enteral feeding, resulting in feeding advancement delays, prolonging adequate weight gain and growth, and increasing hospital stays (Carter, 2012). Additionally, FI is associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a gastrointestinal emergency and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this group of patients (Moore & Wilson, 2011). The underlying cause for these problems…

Wal-Mart Social Responsibility Analysis An Employee Perspective
Words: 2780 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2156230
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Wal-Mart Social esponsibility Analysis: An Employee Perspective

To begin the study "the purpose statement is "a statement that provides the major objective or intent, or "road map" to the study" (Creswell, 2009a, 104).Therefore, the purpose of this narrative is to discuss what employees at various Wal-Mart facilities around the Kansas City area have experienced regarding the social responsibility initiatives undertaken by the company. The method for this particular paper is a qualitative design. Because the desired conclusions were to be drawn from the specific experiences of individuals employed at Wal-Mart stores and Distribution Centers around the area, it was determined that the best method of gathering that information was via interviews with employees rather than the gathering of quantitative data which would not reveal individual interpretations of the policies put in place. The specific questions asked to the participants ranged from their impressions of environmental policies to treatment of employees…


Baker, M. (2003). Wal-Mart: From folk hero to corporate monster. Business Respect, 52, 13-15.

Chamberlin, Kaufman, & Jones. (2003). Coverage under FLSA. Retrieved from 

Chatterji, A., & Listokin, S. (2007). Corporate social responsibility: Progressives need to end their fixation with corporate social responsibility -- and focus on reform that actually works. Democracy Journal. 52-63.

Creswell, J.W. (2009a). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches, (2nd ed. ). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Nurse Practitioners and the Problem of Discounting
Words: 1073 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3568686
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Martin, P.D. And Hutchinson, S.A (1999) "Nurse Practitioners and the problem of discounting." Journal of Advanced Nursing. 29(1), pp. 9-17.

Critical evaluation of the research of the article

This article presents a critique of the current state of the health care industry, from the point-of-view of a nurse practitioner. It notes that, because of the limits of managed care, more primary care practitioners and primary care institutions are turning to nurse practitioners to provide primary care giving for patients. Although this shift has been beneficial to many patients, given that nurse practitioners are, if not equally competent, at times even more efficient than physicians in diagnosing, treating, providing patients with satisfactory treatment, and follow-up, there is the potential for the abuse of this system, from the point-of-view of the nursing practitioner. (Brown and Grimes, 1993, cited in Martin & Hutchinson, 1999, 10).

Research problem -- its purpose and question or…

Works Cited

Martin, P.D. And Hutchinson, S.A (1999) "Nurse Practitioners and the problem of discounting." Journal of Advanced Nursing. 29(1), pp. 9-17.

Article Review

Nurse Training in Cardiac Procedures
Words: 9322 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74651339
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The procedure itself and the hospital stay associated with it is only one small chapter in the patient's life. They will eventually go home and will have many years after the procedure. It is important for the nursing staff to make a positive impact on how they feel about the procedure. The procedure will represent a lasting memory to the patient. If the patient perceives this to be a time of strength and care from nurturing individuals then it will help them to be able to develop the coping mechanisms necessary to learn to live with the after-effects of the procedure.

If the patient sees this as a negative experience, then it could produce unwanted effects such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, or other emotional problems that could have an effect on their ability to cope with the life changes. Those that develop appropriate coping mechanisms will be more likely…


Knoll, N., Rieckmann, N., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Coping as a mediator between personality and stress outcomes: A longitudinal study with cataract surgery patients. European Journal of Personality, 19, 229-247.

Lippke, S., Ziegelmann, J.P., & Schwarzer, R. (2004). Initiation and maintenance of physical exercise: Stage-specific effects of a planning intervention. Research in Sports Medicine, 12, 221-240.

Lippke, S., Ziegelmann, J.P., & Schwarzer, R. (2004). Behavioral intentions and action plans promote physical exercise: A longitudinal study with orthopedic rehabilitation patients. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 26, 470-483.

Lippke, S., Ziegelmann, J.P., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Stage-specific adoption and maintenance of physical activity: Testing a three-stage model. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 6, 585-603.

Nursing Concept Theoretical Background One of the
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Nursing Concept

Theoretical Background

One of the complexities of 21st century medicine is the evolution of nursing care theories in combination with a changing need and expectation of the stakeholder population. Nurses must be advocates and communicators, but must balance these along with an overall philosophy of ethics while still remaining mindful of budgets and the need for the medical institution to be profitable. It seems as if these issues comprise a three-part template for nursing: respect for patient value & individuality, education of patients, and cognition and respect for the realities of contemporary medicine. In many ways, too, modern technology has advanced further than societal wisdom, especially when confronting the issue of death. The modern nurse's role is to create a nurse-patient culture that encourages the individual to take responsibility for their healthcare and, in partnership with the nurse, to be involved in their recovery. The modern complexities of…


Basford, L. And O. Slevin. (2003). Theory and Practice of Nursing: An Integrated Approach to Caring Practice. New York: Nelson Thomas.

Beckstead, J. And Beckstead, L. (2004). A multidimensional analysis of the epistemic origins of nursing theories, models and frameworks. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 43

(1): 113-22.

Cohen, J. (1991). Two portraits of caring: a comparison of the artists - Leininger

Globalization Is Having an Impact
Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 44442042
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The basic techniques of actuaries are being utilized through qualitative research. This is when they will analyze different journals to identify the underlying trends. The solution is that this information can be used in future research to identify the strengths and weaknesses for conducting an international marketing campaign. (Leonidour, 2010, pp. 491 -- 518)

In the third article, Friday-Stroud (2007) is discussing the possibility of combining different management theories into one. This is accomplished by focusing on integrating the managerial decision making process and sigma six models into one single strategy. The basic method that was used was conceptual research. This is when actuaries created an 8 step model that could be utilized to develop a theoretical understanding of the challenges facing a firm. However, these ideas have not been tested and will require further study to determine their effectiveness. This solution is providing everyone with a basic foundation for…


Friday-Stroud, S. (2007). A conceptual framework for integrating six-sigma and strategic management methodologies to quantify decision making. TQM Journal, 19(6), 561-571.

Leonidour, C. (2010). Assessing the contribution of leading mainstream marketing journals to the international marketing discipline. International Marketing Review, 27(5), 491-518.

Petersen, G. (2011). Journal ranking analyses of operations management research. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 31(4), 405-422.

Truth About Girls and Boys
Words: 479 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60512603
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When the authors reviewed brain imaging scans and related data from the realm of neurobiology, they determined that there are no characteristic differences in brain anatomy as between male and female infants and that any differences that are observable later in life are the product of external influence, such as encouragement to engage in certain types of play and social interactions.

The authors, (one of whom is a neurologist) demonstrate that instead of physiology determining behavior in relation to apparent gender differences, the precise opposite is true: namely, external social influence shapes behavior and those differences in behavior contribute to any observed differences in neuro-anatomy and neuro-physiology. In principle, it is the exact same phenomenon that accounts for the way learning particular types of skills and emphasizing particular kinds of social interactions have been empirically demonstrated to stimulate characteristic changes in human brains.


The authors conclude that the influences…

Relational Discourse in a Film of Your
Words: 3622 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 80843988
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elational Discourse in a Film of Your Choice

Conceptual Framework Discussion

Forms of relational development

Primary factors draw predominantly from Knapp's version of relationships: utilizing "steps." Nevertheless, this text utilizes the concept of moving up/down-similar to a lift) (Khanna, 2010)

Motion via the stages:

• Motion usually systematic as well as sequential. Nevertheless, sequence has been interchangeable/fluid; a few stages might be neglected.

• Motion might be onward-in the direction of higher intimacy if continuing to move forward.

• Motion might be in reverse-maybe because of decline in intimacy; perhaps because stages skipped and moving back and "obtaining" them

• Escalation "upward" signifies a motion in the direction of higher intimacy (trust/closeness) (not invariably sexual closeness) and relational fulfilment can improve (Khanna, 2010).


Pre-interaction consciousness - after we end up being "conscious" related to the other individual (before contact). Ex: viewing somebody from across a packed area; observing somebody…


Khanna. (2010). Stages of Relational Development. Speech -- 16. Available at:

Ackerman, J.M., Li, N.P. And Griskevicius, V. (2011). Let's Get Serious: Communicating Commitment in Romantic Relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 6, 1079 -- 1094.

Baxter, L.A., & Bullis, C. (1986). Turning points in developing romantic relationships. Human Communication Research, 12, 469 -- 493.

Baxter, L.A., & Pittman, G. (2001). Communicatively remembering turning points of relational development in heterosexual romantic relationships. Communication Reports, 14, 1 -- 17.

Royal Dutch Shell PLC and Its Edge
Words: 2602 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 76396691
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oyal Dutch Shell PLC and Its Edge on the Global Market

The concept of financial analysis is a core indicator of the actual financial health of a given organization. The development of an accurate and dependable conceptual framework to be employed in the analysis of the global and corporate financial system has for quite a long time been an important issue in corporate accounting (Bodie & Merton,1990). An appropriate conceptual framework must be able to meet two main objectives: to effectively address the differences that exists in the institutional structures as well as to explain the main changes in the institutional structures over time. A review of extant literature has been dedicated to the concept of financial analysis. Most of these studies have dwelt on financial ratios. A study by Nenide, Pricer & Camp (2008) indicated that extant literature in accounting as well as finance indicate that the application of…


Chemical Market Reporter (2001) Energy markets poised for dramatic change, Chemical Market Reporter, 260(17), p. 8.

Datamonitor (2006). Royal Dutch Shell PLC.

Duval, Y (2005). Primary Data Collection Methods: Survey Design. ARTNeTCapacity Building Workshop on Trade Research Bangkok, Thailand, 22-25 March 2005

Self-Advocacy Steps to Successful Transition
Words: 2911 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 38290680
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Still, Mason indicates that the opposite is often true in public education settings, where educators, parents and institutions collectively overlook the implications of research and demands imposed by law. Indeed, "despite the IDEA requirements, research results, teacher perceptions, and strong encouragement from disabilities rights advocate, many youth have been left out of IEP and self-determination activities. For example, 31% of the teaches in a 1998 survey reported that they wrote no self-determination goals, and 41% indicated they did not have sufficient training or information on teaching self-determination." (Mason et al., 442)

This is a troubling finding, and one which implicates the needed paradigm shift discussed already in the research endeavor. Clearly, as the matter is framed by Mason et al., educators and researchers have already acknowledged the value in the strategies addressed here. By contrast, institutional change has been hard won, with schools and administrators balking at making broad-based alterations…

Works Cited:

Beresford, B. (2004). On the Road to Nowhere? Young Disabled People and Transition. Child: Care, Health and Development, 30(6).

Department of Education (DOE). (2007). Guide to the Individualized Education Program. United States Department of Education. Online at .

Katsiyannis, A.; deFur, S. & Conderman, G. (1998). Transition Services -- Systems Change for Youth with Disabilities? A Review of State Practices? The Journal of Special Education, 32(2), 55-61.

Mason, C.; Field, S. & Sawilowsky, S. (2004). Implementation of self-determination activities and student participation in IEPs. Council for Exceptional Children, 70(4), 441-451.

Problem Identification
Words: 1377 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 1988235
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Trauma centers, whether they are stand-alone facilities or a part of a hospital or other healthcare facility, play key roles in ensuring that people get proper healthcare when there is a man-made or natural disaster (Premier, 2012. Because trauma centers are so vital, they have to become well-established in the community (Trunkey & Potter, 2006). That can allow them to be prepared for almost anything, and they can work with the community once a disaster has occurred. This reduces the number of casualties from a disaster as much as possible, but no trauma center will be perfect or will be prepared to handle any eventuality. There is always room for improvement. Studies have shown that many of the trauma centers throughout the country are really not adequately prepared for a major disaster (Premier, 2012). That lack of preparedness will cost lives, but the funding is not available for new and…


Hillier, F.S., & Lieberman, G.J. (2005). Introduction to operations research. NY: McGraw-Hill: Boston MA; 8th. (International) Edition

Pidd, M. (2003). Tools for thinking: Modeling in management science. NY: J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2nd. Edition

Premier (2012). Emergency preparedness for healthcare facilities. Premier: Transforming Healthcare Together. Retrieved July 12, 2012, from 

Trunkey, D.D., & Potter, C.J. (2006). U.S. trauma center preparedness for a terrorist attack in the community. National Foundation for Trauma care, 1-43