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In these activities
psychologists do not steal, cheat, or engage in fraud, subterfuge, or
intentional misrepresentation of fact." (APA, Principle C) This is a
reinforcement of the consistencies which cross between St. Leo's
University's core values and the code of ethics by which the APA remains
This is important because prevailing research today suggests that
there have been some fundamental failures in the maintenance of standards
for those entering into the practice. As one research document states,
"there appears to be minimal consensus regarding those elements of a
candidate's previous experience that should be scrutinized prior to
licensure. The authors highlight the frequency of character and fitness
items across applications and ancillary licensure materials and conclude
with several recommendations for licensing boards, national associations,
and directors of training programs." (Johnson & Campbell, 654) This
accounts for the value to the field of such universities as St. Leo, which…
American Psychological Association (APA). (2002). Ethical
Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct of American Psychological
Johnson, W.B. & Campbell, C.D. (2002). Character and Fitness Requirements
for Professional psychologists: Are There Any? Professional Psychology:
Research and Practice 33(1), 46-53.
For instance, the APA places a great deal of emphasis on competence. According to Kaslow et al.
"Competence is a common a term in psychology today, as it is in other health professions (Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, 2000). Educational programs are expected to produce competence, professional credentialing bodies are required to certify individuals as competent, policymakers laud competence, and consumers demand it (Hoge et al., 2005). As professions are regulated to ensure public protection, we have a responsibility to ensure via education, training, and ongoing lifelong assessment that practicing psychologists and future generations of psychologists provide quality and safe services. Assessing competence throughout the training and career of a professional psychologist facilitates the determination of what one knows, if one knows how, if one shows how, and how one does things (Kaslow et al., 442).
Psychologists are educated in a standard way and they are also expected…
Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct With the 2010 Amendments.
Kaslow et al. Guiding Principles and Recommendations for the Assessment of Competence. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 2007, Vol. 38, No. 5, 441 -- 451
Rezaee Z., Elmore, R.C., Szendi J.Z. Ethical Behavior in Higher Educational Institutions: The Role of the Code of Conduct Journal of Business Ethics 30: 171 -- 183, 2001
Shattock M. Managing Good Governance in Higher Open University Press, 2006.
Code of Ethics
My core ethical value can best be summed up as follows: 'always put yourself in the other person's shoes.' I consider this to be a modified version of the Golden Rule of 'do unto others as you would have done unto you.' The Golden Rule suggests that you should treat other people as you would like to be treated. In my version, I have modified this dictum by asking: 'if I were like this person, with his or her experiences and perspectives would I like to be treated in such a manner?' For example, I might not mind having people tease me about my appearance, in good fun. However, someone who had been bullied for most of his or her life might feel threatened by what I consider friendly banter. It is not enough for me to say: "because I would not mind, he would…
Theology -- St. Leo University Core Values
Saint Leo University fosters several core values for the benefit of its members and the wider communities served by its members. The core value of "Community" encourages members to "listen, learn, change and serve" to create a socially accountable, accepting, unified and interconnected University community. This socially accountable environment, based on trust and respect, assists members of this University community and ultimately the communities that are and will be served by members of the University. The encouraged practices of listening, learning, changing and serving are readily applicable to the establishment, improvement and adherence to an Emergency Action Plan.
Body: The Application of Saint Leo University's Core Value of Community to an Emergency Action Plan
Saint Leo University's core value of Community is focused on establishing environments that are socially accountable, encouraging all its members to "listen, learn, change and serve" (Saint…
OSHA - U.S. Department of Labor. (n.d.). Evacuation Plans and Procedures. Retrieved April 18, 2013 from www.osha.gov Web site: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/evacuation/eap.html
Saint Leo University. (n.d.). The first Florida Catholic university. Retrieved April 18, 2013 from www.saintleo.edu Web site: http://www.saintleo.edu/about/florida-catholic-university.aspx
The core values of St. Leo's are expressed on the university's website as excellence, community, respect, personal development, responsible stewardship and integrity. These all in some way inform how the university and its staff handle private data, but in particular the values of integrity, respect and responsible stewardship all apply. Respect for others is a core value that relates to private data, because to protect the privacy of the data is to respect the individual. This is something that should always be remembered -- that data represents individual people, and that is the reason why it is important to protect data.
The most important core value with respect to data privacy is integrity. The value of integrity stands for a pledge to be "honest, just and consistent in deed." This value implies that there should be a high value placed on integrity in terms of behavior -- deeds --…
Catholic School's are ministries of the Catholic Community that exist to provide education rooted in the Catholic faith and Christian values. Such schools are developed to offer assistance to families regarding the intellectual, spiritual, and physical development of their children. The Congregation for Catholic Education [CCE], 1998) explains the function of Catholic schools as "a place of integral education of the human person through a clear educational project of which Christ is the foundation," (p. 4). Thus, in general the vision of any particular Catholic middle school is to foster the development of Catholic values through prayer, learning, and stewardship toward the Church and the community. To prepare students for life goals the schools attempt to set the stage in their students for the development of life-long learning, strong moral decision-making skills, and well-being in mind and body for all learners. Catholic middle schools attempt to provide students with a…
Barbuto, J.E. & Wheeler, D.W. (2006). Scale Development and Construct Clarification of Servant Leadership. Group & Organization Management, 31(3), 300-326.
Black, G.L. (2010). A correlational analysis of servant leadership and school climate. Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice, 13 (4), 437 -- 466.
Buchanan, M.T. (2005). The REC: Perspectives on a complex role within Catholic education.
Journal of Religious Education, 53(4), 68-74.
ethics is and I will link this to my own belief system. According to aird (2012), the study of ethics has the objective to make people reflect on two particular topics of interest: the individual and the community, namely what kind of people we want to be and what kind of community we want to live in. This is why, as aird pointed out, the discussion about ethics, business ethics included, should start from a discussion about our core value.
I would like to briefly refer to these, in connection to the course and as these values apply to the course and to this discussion. My belief system is based on three main pillars and the first pillar is, I believe, the most important for the discussion at hand. It refers to not lying. I believe that lying is the worst thing that could happen for an individual, both in…
1. Baird, C.A. (2012). Everyday ethics: Making wise choices in a complex world. Colorado: EthicsGame Press, Publishers.
The author of this brief report has been asked to offer a few words and answer a few personal questions about spirit. Within the confines of this report, three major questions will be answered and otherwise spoken to. First, there will be a listing and explanation of the five core values that the author this report holds important. In terms of the explanation, there will be a clarification as to how those values are fused with the spirituality of the author. There will be a reflection and discussion of how those values have been and could further be used for overall growth on a person and professional level in the future, Finally, there will be the use of an outside source used to supplement and cement what the author of this report holds to be true. While the firm and definitive values for many do tend to differ, the…
Du, L. (2012). 8 Horror Stories Of Evil Bosses On Wall Street. Business Insider. Retrieved 25 January 2016,
Zappos & LEAD
When looking at Zappos, their Chief Executive Officer Mr. Hsieh and what the company has done over the recent months and years, it is clear that they have a clear and focused set of guiding principles and guidelines that they follow. Indeed, they only hire people that fit with their distinct company culture and this is wise on a number of levels. The ten core values that they use to fill their positions, the climate that is emphasized at Zappos and how it is enforced and how Hsieh approaches conflict (not to mention the author of this report's view on the same) will all be covered as part of this brief report. While there is more than one way to run a company, the method that Zappos uses is clearly better than the overall repertoire of many other firms.
Before getting too deep into the minutia…
Business sustainability is about realizing the pathway to preserving and protecting profits, people, and the planet. It is expressed through a company’s focus on the triple bottom line, also defined as the management of financial, social and environmental risks, duties and opportunities. Firms that engage in sustainable practices typically have some form of corporate social responsibility (CSR) program or policy in place that allows them to support and promote initiatives that are considered to be important either to the communities in which the firm operates or else good for the overall environment as a whole. Sustainable practices that businesses focus on can include anything from “going green,” reducing one’s environmental footprint, protecting water supplies, promoting scholarships in communities where economic disadvantages are high, and so on. Engaging in sustainable practice is the essence of maintaining a commitment to culture and to one’s core values. This paper will define the term…
The courts retooled by a generation of conservative judicial appointments and crazed case law now function as social abettors, in which the poor and the dark skinned are shunted off to a concrete hell with industrial efficiency. Left behind are broken families, more addiction, more disease, more illiteracy, and thus a more docile society" (Parenti, 2001).
There are different changes being made in the system to reflect new and evolving values. For example, recommendations have been made that all police interrogations be video taped, so that juries have access to the process of confession and not just a typed end-product. This way police can ensure the values of integrity in the confession process. The increasing use of DNA testing, where possible, is also a way of helping to ensure that only the guilty are punished and justice is upheld.
The main purpose of police department is to provide services to…
Parenti, C. (July 2001). The "New" Criminal Justice System: State Repression from 1968 to 2001. Monthly Review. 539(3): 19.
Platt, a. (2001). Social Insecurity: The Transformation of American Criminal Justice, 1965 -- 2000. Social Justice. 28(1): 138.
Wright, K. (1999). Leadership Is the Key to Ethical Practice in Criminal Justice Agencies. Criminal Justice Ethics. 18(2): 2.
Townsend, P. (September 2005). Detention Redemption: In One California County, Progressive Leaders and Law-Enforcement Officials Are Transforming a Troubled Juvenile-Justice System. The American Prospect. 16(9): 20+.
Values and Ethics
A person's worldview is shaped in many ways starting from birth. The values held by his family, friends and community are impressed upon him during the first years of his life, and form the basis by which he interacts with the world and through which he understands his experiences. hile many people remain truest to the ethics developed in childhood, and only develop complexity in their ethical standards as they age, others choose to stay true to the values that call to them most clearly and build up their values around a new pattern of beliefs. My values were rooted in my family of birth and developed through the influence of my friends and community, but they crystalized during the nearly two decades I spent serving in the U.S. Marine Corps. Among my core values are the Marine Corp ethical goals of honor, courage and commitment, and…
Merriam-Webster. 2011. "Definition: Honorable." Retrieved June 4, 2011 from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/honorable
values of American culture. Specifically, it will connect this theme with two or more of the following: American energy consumption and foreign policy. Many writers (American and foreign) have commented on the core values of American culture, using terms like "rugged individualism," "individual freedom," "self-reliance," "pioneer spirit" and "democracy." Do you see a theme here?
Americans have always been noted for their loved of individual freedoms and their self-reliance. This tradition began before the Revolutionary War, when America stood up for her rights as a colony of England. Americans have been called "rugged individualists" who embody a "pioneer spirit" because we demanded our rights then, and we continue to do so today in a wide variety of areas, and all you have to do is turn on the television or read a newspaper to see some of these core values which are exhibited every day in our culture.…
human service administrators should use to develop and implement strategic plans.
hree of these core principles are the following:
the fundamentals - the core values, mission, and vision, which represent the organizational identification (ID).
the strategic issues - including a SWO analysis tool, which highlights strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Strategic issues also include a gap analysis, an environmental scan, and stakeholder surveys.
the technicals - these include items such as strategic goals, strategies, leading indicators of success, performance targets, and action plans for each year of the strategic plan. he technicals element is the executable part of the strategic plan.
Each of these three key principles are interrelated and looped together and each needs the other to work.
We see an example of this in the Strategic Plan of Illinois: 2011-2017 (2010) where the Department of Human Services (DHS), Division of Developmental Disabilities (the Division) presents its fiscal plan…
This is illustrated with the next graphic where the person-centered process (namely fundamentals of vision / mission / principles) leads on to rules, regulation and changes (the technicals) and finally onto redefinition of input, outcome and measures, namely the strategic issues. Each leads onto and merges with the other becoming one reciprocal inseparable whole. All is needed for human service administrators to effectively develop and implement their plans for strategic change.
State of Illionis Illinois Department of Human Services Division of Developmental Disabilities Strategic Plan FYI 2011 -- 2017 (2010)
value(s) or underlying belief(s) that have shaped the human services organization of your choice and one organization in the video carousel. Explain how the value(s) or underlying belief(s) for each organization have impacted the organization's mission and services provided to clients. Be specific and provide examples.
Human services organizations utilize a broad range of knowledge and skills to provide an array of support, necessities, and other assistance to many different populations and communities. More than almost any other type of organization, human services organizations tend to be built around principles and values that are very strictly adhered to, and understanding these values leads to a better understanding of the drives and the efficacy of these organizations. The following paragraphs will examine two human services organizations and their underlying values in an effort to explain how values and actions interact.
Goodwill industries are a very well-known organization, operating second hand thrift…
Goodwill Industries. (2011). Accessed 5 October 2011. http://www.goodwill.org/about -
Michigan Organizing Project. (2011). Accessed 5 October 2011.
The Santander Group of financial institutions is one of the largest financial companies in the world and has the largest network of branches of any bank in existence, with subsidiaries based in the United States, Europe, and Latin American, and with operations that truly stretch to every corner of the globe (Santander Group 2011). With such expansive operations and holdings, it can be difficult to come up with an accurate and comprehensive valuation of the company, especially as many of its assets are not entirely tangible and are subject to major swings in value as a result of economic turmoil (which is of course heightened in the current era). A systematic approach identifying key aspects of the business and its relation to competitors can provide an overview of Santander's value, however.
The tangible assets of the Santander Group are immense, with over 1,300 individual personal and business…
Santander. (2011). About us. Accessed 12 November 2011. http://www.aboutsantander.co.uk/
Santander Group. (2011). Company information. Accessed 12 November 2011. http://www.santandershareholder.co.uk/company-information/
Yahoo Finance. (2011). Banco Santander. Accessed 12 November 2011. http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=std
Values and Ethics
in the Workplace
Values and Ethics in the Workplace
Values and ethics in the workplace can be extremely different among various jobs, careers, companies and organizations, ages, races, and ethnic groups, cultures and parts of the world, office environments, and the individual employees themselves. For example, a secretary in the administrative office of a Catholic church, a poor and illiterate factory worker in India, and a stockbroker who works as a managing partner in a prestigious firm would all hold different and maybe even opposing morals. The secretary would probably be opposed to working on a Sunday so that she had the time to attend church, while the stockbroker would feel compelled to work even on Sunday so that he did not feel lazy and unmotivated, and the factory worker would not have the option of making such a decision as he would have to work every…
Darwall, Stephen. (2002) Consequentialism. Oxford: Blackwell.
Loptson, Peter. (2006) Theories of Human Nature. Peterborough, ON: Broadview.
Orend, Brian. (2000) War and International Justice: A Kantian Perspective. West Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (October 15, 2004) Social Contract Theory. Retrieved on April 23, 2011 from http://www. iep.utm.edu/soc-cont/#SH3b.
If consumers believe this, they will be willing to pay higher prices. Much of the success of the iPhone is associated with the ability of Apple to make this connection with consumers, because without such associations, consumers would not be willing to spend extra on an iPhone and would probably spend more time comparison shopping different smartphones. In essence, Apple wants its customers to purchase an Apple, rather than product that delivers a specific bundle of benefits.
The iPhone has a strong market share in smartphones, and has allowed Apple to emerge as a power in mobile devices. This indicates that the company has been successful in creating the brand associations that drive the product differentiation in the iPhone. Other smartphones compare poorly with respect to brand associations next to the iPhone for a couple of reasons. One is that there is some confusion between the platform brand (i.e. Android)…
Liberal States Values
When curtains fell to mark the end of the cold war, countries like the United States who were the protagonists in the cold war era resorted to promoting international spread of democracy. This became guiding principle in the formulation of foreign policy (Lynn-Jones, 1998). Democratization therefore became America's next mission because it was believed liberal democracy would benefit the citizens of new democracies, promote international peace, and serve America's interests abroad. This paper supports the notion that liberal states like the United States are obliged to promote their values abroad.
United States of America is a country that is credited for having an open democratic space where anybody can air out their grievances without the fear of being shut up by the government. It is the hallmark of almost every person migrating to the U.S. To experience the liberal approach to almost everything, the liberal approach to…
Hoffman, S. (1986). Liberalism and International Affairs. New York: West view Press.
Karatnycky, A. (1997). Freedom on the March. Freedom Review, 28(1), 7, 11.
Lynn-Jones, S.M. (1998). Why the United States Should Spread Democracy. Retrieved from http://belfcenter.ksg.harvard.edu/
Sartori, G. (1987). The Theory of Democracy Revisited. Chatham, N.J.: Chatham House.
Mohammed Professional Values
In Hey. I a research paper "Professional Work Values life Prophet Mohammad" Your research answer questions 1.What values? 2.What impact values? Use business corporate evidence prove argument. 3.How values a foundation organizational culture unifies Human Capital a diverse nature a contemporary organization?.
Professional work values and leadership: The life of the prophet Mohammed
The founder of Islam, the prophet Mohammed, is mainly known as a spiritual leader. But many of the values he embodied in his life would also be instructive for the world of business. Mohammed was a man committed his vision and values, just like all business leaders must be, to ensure that their followers believe that the organization is delivering something unique to consumers. Mohammed's life as well as his words continues to inspire people of all faiths.
Even before he became a religious figure, Mohammed was famous for his honesty and trustworthiness. "When…
Five pillars of Islam. (2009). BBC. Retrieved:
Life of Mohammed. (2002). PBS. Retrieved:
In instances such as this, an employee may make decisions that are totally foreign to their normal character.
It is these corporate ethical values that typically have the most impact on the decision-making process. Organizational ethical contexts are comprised of the moral ideologies adopted by the members of the organization, as well as the institutionalized philosophies regarding the principled conduct and the ethics codes that shape corporate strategy and action. When organizational ethical values are positively aligned with personal values, a more positive person-organization fit is acquired. Again, this fit is central in effective and efficient decision-making (Valentine, Godkin & Lucero, 2002).
The development of ethical codes, which are merely a formalized statement of the corporate ethical values, have a positive effect on reducing the number of unethical decisions that are made by employees. Employees that are members of an organization with an imposed code of ethics were found to…
Finegan, J.E. (Jun 2000). The impact of person and organizational values on organizational commitment. Journal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 73(2). Retrieved November 10, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.
Myers, C.R. (1997). The core values. Airpower Journal, 11(1). Retrieved November 10, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.
Valentine, S., Godkin, L., & Lucero, M. (Dec 2002). Ethical context, organizational commitment, and person-organization fit. Journal of Business Ethics, 41(4). Retrieved November 10, 2004, from ProQuest database.
How Personal, Organizational and Cultural Values Affect the Decision-Making Process
It can often leverage the personality of the athlete to reinforce its core values such as the use of John McEnroe, the tennis champion noted for wanted to change the world of tennis. and, it can leverage teams and athletes as part of its marketing localization strategy such as the use of soccer in Europe.
4.Yes, Steve and arry's is a huge threat to Nike. Like Nike, the company is leveraging athletic superstars to endorse its product. NA player en Wallace appears on Steve and arry's home page. To date, the company appears to have a niche base of consumers who cannot afford the more expensive Nike products, but if it can convince consumers that the quality of its product is just as good as Nike's, it could attack Nike's broader market.
Urde, Mats (2003). "Core Value-ased Corporate rand uilding," European Journal of Marketing, Vol.…
Urde, Mats (2003). "Core Value-Based Corporate Brand Building," European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 37, No. 7, pp. 1017-1040.
Values in 1920 America were changing rapidly from the Victorian attitudes that preceded them, and the novel "The Great Gatsby," by F. Scott Fitzgerald clearly epitomizes these changing values. In business and in pleasure, the people Gatsby associates with are shallow, materialistic, nihilistic, and disloyal. These people lived hard, played hard, and often died young, as Myrtle and Gatsby indicate. They were celebrating the end of World War I and a new beginning for America, when it was prosperous and excessive. These new young Americans frightened their elders because they danced risque dances like the Charleston, smoked, drank, and spent large amounts of cash as often as they could. There were increasingly interested in material possession, including the ostentatious mansions of East and West Egg. Continually throughout the novel, Fitzgerald portrays them as shallow, uncaring, selfish, and incapable of real friendships and relationships. They are mostly interested in…
Browne, Karyn Gullen, et al., eds. Gatsby. New York: Chelsea House, 1991.
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. "The Great Gatsby." OnlineLiterature.com. 2004. 24 June 2004. http://www.online-literature.com/fitzgerald/greatgatsby/
Gale, Robert L. An F. Scott Fitzgerald Encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.
Gross, Dalton, and Maryjean Gross. Understanding the Great Gatsby A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.
An organization should be more than an instrument that shareholders can use to realize a means. It should represent a coalition between resources and suppliers to increase the well being of all involved in an organizations success (ELTC, 2005). Strongly motivated employees and customers can work together to help an organization pursue interests that meet the needs of all rather than a select group of stakeholders. This will not only maximize an organization's profits but also benefit society at large.
The key to maximizing these relationships is managing the welfare of stakeholders in a general sense (ELTC, 2005). Shareholders are but one of many stakeholders in an organization. A firm should be interests in meeting the needs of shareholders, however other stakeholder relationships are just as valuable to a corporations profitability and success as relationships with shareholders.
All stakeholders in an organization have expectations. Meeting the needs of all…
ELTC. (2005). "Identifying stakeholders - a primary and ongoing task." Egyptian
Leadership and Training Consultancy. Retrieved September 7, 2005: http://www.careermideast.com/Recruiter/Articles/Covey/Stakeholders.aspx
The real estate concept is very different in Great Britain. It consists of a system of bidding and auction. Still this obstacle did not stop Countrywide's management from seeing a wave of change. Many other companies had already seen Great Britain as an entry point into the rest of Europe. These success stories are Safeway, al-Mart and Pizza Hut to name a few. The means to acquiring a ready-made company within Great Britain was the next step. At this point, it was understood that independently opening a Countrywide branch there would be too risky. The strategy was to acquire or create a joint venture with a company that already existed where Countrywide could slowly take over meanwhile slowly introducing that workforce to American mortgage knowledge and skills (Globalhomeloans.com, 2005). The irony in this situation is that Countrywide may have been cocky. After all, the situation is very favorable and almost…
About Countrywide History. 19 Jan. 2005. http://about.countrywide.com/history/History.aspx?is Printable=Yes>.
AllDirect.com. 19 Jan. 2005. Company Profile. http://www.alldirect.com.html..
Globalhomeloans. 19 Jan. 2005. Company Web site. http://www.globalhomeloans.co.uk/mainsite/..
Lardy, Susan. 15 Jan. 2005. E-Marketing and Strategy within Countrywide Homa Loans,
This crucial step involves conflicts with community members, family members, and possibly even members of the Church whose values have not yet shifted away from Commodity toward Personal Forms of existence.
Third, the individual puts into practice his or her new vision. Personal metanoia has taken place at this stage. The individual cannot imagine turning back; cannot foresee living life in the old ways through materialistic lenses that devalue innate human dignity. Fourth, the individual becomes a beacon of light. He or she is an example to friends, family, and members of the community. Through whatever means possible, the person initiates metanoia in others. hether by setting a personal example or by running for public office, the individual has become fully devoted to achieving total societal transformation.
Finally, metanoia can take place within small groups of people. Those small groups affect larger-scale changes by promoting core values like love, faith,…
Kavanaugh, John. Following Christ in a Consumer Society.
Every organisation should have a set of underpinning values, and this is especially true of non-profit organisations, which exist for reasons other than earning profit. The values are typically embedded not only in the strategic objectives that leadership sets for the organisation but also in the methods by which the organisation seeks to attain those objectives. The values set the cultural tone for the organisation, and the culture influences organisation actions and outcomes. The amount of study on this subject, however, has been minimal in management literature. This paper will examine the relationship between organisational culture, organisational values and organisational strategic objectives, with an emphasis on the non-profit sector. The values that underpin an organisation should be reflected both in the culture and the objectives, but the nature of this relationship remains relatively unexplored. This is the gap that the present paper will seek to fill.
Berson, Y., Oreg, S. & Dvir, T. (2008). CEO values, organisational culture and firm outcomes. Journal of Organisational Behavior. Vol. 29 (5) 615-633.
Boxx, W., Odom, R. & Dunn, M. (1991) Organisational values and value congruency and their impact on satisfaction, commitment, and cohesion: An empirical examination within the public sector. Public Personnel Management. Vol. 20 (2) 195-205.
Colley, S., Lincolne, J. & Neal, A. (2013). An examination of the relationship amongst profiles of perceived organisational values, safety climate and safety outcomes. Safety Science. Vol. 51 (2013) 69-76.
Gregory, B., Harris, S., Armenakis, A. & Shook, C. (2009). Organisational culture and effectiveness: A study of values, attitudes and organisational outcomes. Journal of Business Research. Vol. 62 (2009) 673-679.
Ethics are a number of behavioral guidelines that essentially stipulate what acts are inherently wrong. These acts include murder, rape, fraud, deceit, slavery, genocide, and torture to name a few (Paul 2003). Ethics, as opposed to morals, tend to be the most general rules by which human beings should treat one another. Morals, however, are like the micro version of ethics: they are subject to interpretation by the individual and highly dependent upon circumstances. Whereas a Hindu and Christian may disagree upon the morality of slaughtering a cow, they would be forced to agree upon the ethics of slaughtering a human being. The difference is one of perspective.
This distinction can also be seen depending upon the circumstances (Ruggiero 2004). If one is to accept the ethical premise that it is wrong to kill another human being, they must conclude that killing a single individual to save many other lives…
1. Feinberg, Joel and Russ Schafer-Landau. (1999). Reason and Responsibility. New York: Wadsworth Publishing.
2. Paul, Richard and Linda Elder. (2003). The Miniature Guide to Understanding the Foundations of Ethical Reasoning. Dillon Beach: The Foundation for Critical Thinking.
3. Ruggiero. (2004). Thinking Critically about Ethical Issues: Sixth Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.
pre-provided Kirst-Ashman text that focuses on values. There will be a brief two page review of the chapter and what was learned from the same. Alongside the summary of the topics of value and ethnic maters, there will be at least one example given what relates to the ethical or value-based problem presented for the agency that the author is familiar with and how it was solved. While ethics and values may seem to be common sense and easy to decipher to many, there are some layers and variations that must be accounted for and taken seriously.
As noted at the very onset of the chapter in question, the very first chapter of the relevant text covered values and ethics. However, this chapter goes a bit deeper in that it explains how common sense can devolve into confusion if the proper factors and decision points are not taken into account.…
Value: Problem Solving and Written Assessment by: Sharon . oss
This paper provides an analysis of an article by oss (2002), which describes the learning characteristics exhibited by young children in relation to a particular topic in mathematics, known as place value. Place value refers to the value assigned to each digit within a multiple-digit numeral, within the familiar decimal number system that is the basis for contemporary mathematics in academia and commerce. The premise of the article is that the concept of place value is inherently difficult for elementary grade students to grasp, and correspondingly difficult for instructors to teach. The reason for this difficulty is attributed to the complicated symbology inherent in the decimal system of numeration, which may be summarized as being the product of four mathematical properties, namely the additive, positional, base-ten and multiplicative elements inherent in each and every multiple-digit numeral. oss (2002) describes a…
Ross, Sharon, and Carol (ed.) Langbort. "Place Value: Problem Solving and Written Assessment." Mar. 2002. Web. 7 Feb. 2012.
Generally, I believe that it is important to be truthful to others and more importantly to oneself, to have a love of truth. This is typically described as an intellectual curiosity but I believe that curiosity is much deeper and is important to ending one's own suffering, which I believe is the natural condition of all beings.
I believe that it is important to be just and fair in my treatment of others and in my general opinions and decisions. Most people in the world know what is right in most situations but they do not have the combination of restraint and active will or courage to do the right thing. This is perhaps the most unnecessary and inexplicable cause of harm to human society.
I believe that it is important to be reasonable in the sense of reconsidering one's original position. It is not only important for getting…
values that drive human societies change over time, and in many instances the political environment will reflect those changes. By the early 1970s, scholars were recognizing that there were significant shifts in the values of the world's most advanced industrial societies (Inglehart, 1971). The basic values of generations, he notes, change based on the "changing conditions influencing their basic socialization." The way that these changes are reflected in politics will often come in the form of conflict. This need not to open, violent conflict, but a conflict between ideas. Younger generations view the world as theirs to inherit, and want to begin setting the tone for the world they want to see as soon as possible. Peak generations see themselves as running the world in their image, an opportunity for which they have waited, while older generations wish to maintain relevance, and in many cases still retain significant formal power.…
Blotken, F. & Jagodzinski, W. (1985). In an environment of insecurity: Postmaterialism in the European Community, 1970 to 1980. Comparative Political Studies. Vol. 17 (1985) 453-484.
Clarke, H. & Dutt, N. (1991). Measuring Value Change in Western Industrialized Societies: The Impact of Unemployment. The American Political Science Review. Vol. 85 (3) 905-920.
Clarke, H., Kornberg, A., McIntyre, C., Bauer-Kaase, P. & Kaase, M. (1999). The effect of economic priorities on the Measurement of value change: New experimental evidence. American Political Science Review. Vol. 93 (3) 637-647.
Davis, D., Dowley, K. & Silver, B. (1999). Postmaterialism in world societies: Is it really a value dimension? American Journal of Political Science. Vol. 43 (3) 935-962.
value? exhorts the reader to pay closer attention to the drivers of value. He argues that bubbles typically occur when people in the financial community lose sight of value, and that this is something that should be guarded against. Tried and true economic principles, he argues, will always hold, and the prudent investor will never forget them.
The prompt for Koller's article is the recession of 2008-2009, which resulted in a crisis. He spends a few paragraphs explaining, in brief, how he sees the crisis as having emerged. He cites two key factors. One is that a misinterpretation of the concept of value led bankers and investors alike to consider mortgage-backed securities as safe when they weren't. The mistake about value was thinking that by securitizing mortgages, that added value. He makes the point that securitizing the mortgages did not enhance their value, and therefore these products should not have…
Ackert, L., Charupat, N., Church, B. & Deaves, R. (2002).
Bubbles in experimental asset markets: Irrational exuberance no more. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Working Paper 2002-24.
Koller, T. (2010). Why value. McKinsey on Finance. No. 35 (2010).
Pagano, M. (2012). The Modigliani-Miller theorems: A cornerstone of finance. PSL Quarterly Review. Retrieved November 22, 2013 from http://bib03.caspur.it/ojspadis/index.php/PSLQuarterlyReview/article/download/9856/9738
Creating Core Competencies in a Corporate Context
Yielding the best possible results from a large corporate entity requires a clear strategic orientation or a set of concurrent strategies through which employee actions might be governed. Often, however, the highly segmented nature of those corporations engaged in multiple sectors and industries can cause such strategic orientation to become garbled, distorted or obscured. It is thus that the article provided by Prahalad & Hamel (1990) offers a counterpoint to the regimented use of business units as a way of aligning a corporation. Instead, the article espouses the construction and magnification of core competencies as a way of creating dynamic and movable assets from individual employees. The discussion here evaluates the concept of core competency in the corporate context, advocating this as a way of supplanting bureaucratic structuring in favor a more knowledge-based strategy for personnel orientation.
Body of the assignment
Prahalad, C.K. & Hamel, G. (1990). The Core Competence of the Corporation. Harvard Business Review.
Down? The Value of the Dollar
International Currency Exchanges
Current Trends and Initiatives
Impact of the Euro on Dollar Valuation
Analysis of Current Trends and Initiatives on Dollar Valuation in the Future
Up or Down? The Value of the Dollar: A Historical Analysis of the Valuation of the U.S. Dollar
According to Michael Artis, Elizabeth Hennessy, and Axel eber (2000), capital losses can be caused by differential changes in the value of assets and liabilities, primarily exchange rate changes; these changes affect the value of a central bank's foreign exchange reserves. To date, exchange rate changes have only been a major problem for national central banks with very large foreign exchange reserves (i.e., Portugal); however, it might also become a problem for the European Central Bank in the future, whose balance sheet on the asset side will be dominated by the approximately 40 billion euro in foreign exchange reserves it…
Arthurs, Harry. (1996). "Globalization and Its Discontents." Journal of Business
Administration and Policy Analysis, 24-26, 132.
Artis, Michael, Elizabeth Hennessy and Axel Weber (Eds.). The Euro: A Challenge and Opportunity for Financial Markets. London: Routledge, 2000.
Charrette, Susan and Juann Hung. (1997). "The Looming U.S. External Debt. How Serious is
("Participative Leadership 2006, Changing minds)
Some of the weaknesses of the democratic approach to leadership are that occasionally a strong organizational vision may be required to offset resistance to a potentially radical idea. This is especially true of new, sweeping changes that go contrary to conventional wisdom. It can be problematic when there is a wide range of opinions and there is no clear way of reaching an equitable final decision, other than having a single, strong and decisive actor to make a decision. ("Lewin's Leadership Styles," 2006, Changing Minds) This is why democracy may not be the most appropriate style to adopt during the initial phases of organizational change. Persons within the organization can sometimes unite against the goals rather than share in them. Democratic leadership is not a free-for-all and an abnegation of the central authority's responsibility for being the final decision maker.
Joint meetings and input sessions…
Lewin's Leadership Styles." (2006) Changing minds. Retrieved 8 July 2006 at http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/lewin_style.htm
Participative Leadership." (2006) Changing minds. Retrieved 8 July 2006 at http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/participative_leadership.htm
Vroom and Yetton's Normative Model." Retrieved 8 July 2006 at http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/theories/vroom_yetton.htm
Building new green homes and making existing unsold homes green is the core of such a strategy, as applied to the housing market today. Green building can refer to a wide range of industry practices, spanning from simply installing energy-efficient windows, doors, and light bulbs to reduce environmental wastage and enhance customer value to more radical ideas like solar power, or constructing entire apartment units that require the use of environmentally-friendly cleaning products. hile adding value through 'greening' a building can be added at any stage of the building's lifecycle, "from design and construction, to renovation and deconstruction. However, the most significant benefits can be obtained if the design and construction team takes an integrated approach from the earliest stages of a building project" (hy build green, 2009, EPA).
Customers, worried about the long-term health of the U.S. economy and the planet, can see their self-interest and the interest of…
Kotelnikov, Vadim. (2009). Value innovation. 1000 ventures. Retrieved March 27, 2009
New residential sales in February 2009. (2009). U.S. Department of housing and Urban
Development (HUD). Retrieved March 27, 2009
Nursing homes, residential care facilities, and home health care will be core issues on the agenda for representatives in that area. In areas with substantial populations of non-native English speakers, a nurse might need to lobby for a greater wealth of bilingual health care services.
Community nurses are also becoming increasingly aware of the issues related to health care access including the growing number of underinsured or underinsured citizens. When communicating with lawmakers who have little first-hand knowledge of what health care costs are like or how health care integrates with the community, nurses need to focus on the issues that legislators understand. Policies related to access to health care can be framed in ways that achieve direct and immediate results. For example, a nurse might propose a strong network of community health and outreach centers that provide information on preventative care in multiple languages. Similarly, a nurse might work…
Organizational Theory #2
What core competences give an organization competitive advantage? What are examples of an organization's functional-level strategies?
Core competencies are those capabilities that are critical to a business achieving a competitive advantage in the marketplace. Typically, core competencies can be identified by certain common characteristics -- offering a benefit to the customer, difficult to imitate, uniquely identify the organization and easily leveraged to create many products or operate in many markets (Kern, 2010). The organization that is best able to use its resources to create value is in an ideal position to outperform the competition, thus creating advantage (Jones, 2010). Core competencies tend to change in response to changes in the environment. They are flexible, evolve over time and enable the company to enter apparently different markets with a clear and distinctive brand proposition. Examples of core competencies include manufacturing, research and development, new technology or organizational design…
Jones, G. (2010). Organizational theory, design, and change (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Terry, L.D., & Hoefer, R.A. (1995). Making politics and power respectable. Public Administration Review, 55(3), 298.
As costs continued to escalate and IT was not creating any significant cost reductions through efficiencies, the focus shifted to outsourcing non-critical functions that were routine in nature and could be therefore replicated easily. In 1991, BP senior executives chose to begin outsourcing operations, telecommunications, systems development and IT maintenance. This strategy, along with the recentralization of IT led to the company eventually cutting their IT budget in half from $360M to $170M. BP also was able to redefine their entire centralized spending strategy for IT, with 70% of their budget going for core applications critical to their business including geophysical analysis software and core technologies to help the company be more effective in discovering new energy sources (Cross, Earl, Sampler, 1997). What had been so elusive for BP for decades of IT spending had been hidden in the high costs of duplicated enterprise software licenses that were spread across…
Ball, Alasdair J. (1995). Process Innovation - Reengineering Work Through Information Technology. R & D. Management, 25(4), 421.
Barrett, J.. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, 49(6), 14-19,5.
John Cross, Michael J. Earl, & Jeffrey L. Sampler. (1997). Transformation of the IT function at British Petroleum. MIS Quarterly, 21(4), 401-423.
Davenport, Thomas H. (1993). Need radical innovation and continuous improvement? Integrate process reengineering and TQM. Planning Review, 21(3), 6.
What are the core concept definitions of each nursing model? Are there commonalities between the models? If so, what are they? What are the differences, if any?
The core concepts of each nursing model is of course care for the patient as well as improvement of nurse.
Evidence-Based nursing for instance tries to better the nurse by placing review and analysis of research material and critical thinking as base.
Jane Watson's model too, calls for greater motivation and vigor in nurse's practice by using a spiritual approach where nurses see patients as per a holistic whole. Neuman (1995) used systems theories in arguing that people are a system that strives for stability whilst the most influential model in the UK based on Roper at al (1990) describes the person as functioning along an independence/dependence continuum throughout his lifespan
At base, all the nursing models have the following commonalities:
Fawcett J (1995) Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing. Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis Co.
It provides health-related advice on its website that all readers can benefit from, not simply those who use its services. As well as reaching out to the wider population of patients, it honors those within its fold who serve the organization with nights such as its "Celebrating Our Talent" ceremony designed to honor organizational members who have shown excellence in their duties (Boyd 2012).
The climate at the organization stresses valuing employees as well as clients, and serving the needs of its employees is included in the organization's statements of its critical functions. This acknowledges the need for caregivers to be cared for as well as patients. There is also a commitment to technological change to facilitate care: the organization was praised in 2003 for completely reconfiguring the way in which it kept track of patient data, switching to an entirely online system, to comply with changes in regulation and…
Boyd, Tracey. (2012). VNSNY home care agency praises nursing talent. VNSNY. Retrieved:
Mission and vision. (2013). VNSNY. Retrieved:
Shared value as a business approach is integral in conducting business because it both creates economic value and societal benefit. Businesses create shared value when they can make profit while also meeting important social needs like improving environmental performance, reducing health related problems, improving nutrition, reducing disability among other factors. When businesses create shared value to make profit and meet societal needs. Shared value should not only be thought of in the context of doing more good. It also encompasses aspects of capitalism (Driver, 2011). Capitalism has relegated many important aspects of society like improvement of environmental performance, safety, and focus on the local community to the periphery of the business operations because of a notion that these are social and not business related activities. The shared value concept includes all these social items into capitalism. For profit firms that engage in these social activities stand to gain a lot…
Driver, M. (2011). An Interview with Michael Porter: Social Entrepreneurship and the Transformation of Capitalism. Retrieved from http://amle.aom.org/content/11/3/421.full
Gibson, P. (2011). Shared Value. Business and the Environment, 22(3), 1-4.
Porter, M.E. & Kramer, M.R. (2011). Creating Shared Value: How to reinvent Capitalism-and
Unleash a Wave of Innovation and Growth. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from http://www.hks.harvard.edu/mrcbg/fellows/N_Lovegrove_Study_Group/Session_1/Mich
attitudes and values of high school students. eforms to the high school system in the United States are also explained. Additionally, the reason why students need not be involved in the planning of reforms is elucidated.
High School Students: their Attitudes and Values
Of a crucial age, climbing a milestone, conscious to their fullest with no fear of prospects, high school students have interested researchers and policy makers for centuries. They have quite a few common traits -- they behave as individuals of their own age group in a rather full-fledged way. They are go-getting to achieve their independence, they are show-offs, impressionable persons desiring to be their best (something to be learned) and to suit the times they live in. Their self-esteem is fragile and they are pretty sensitive to criticism, attention, and dilemmas, for instance, within their families.
Students from different socioeconomic backgrounds behave differently as has been…
Barber, A. (1997. March). Rough language plagues schools, educators say. USA Today, pp 06D.
Committee for increasing high school students' engagement and motivation to learn. National Academies. Internet. http://www4.nas.edu/cp.nsf/Projects+_by+_PIN/BCYF-I-01-01-A?OpenDocument.Available on August 25, 2003.
Doyle, M. Failing to connect: Schools face increased pressure when students flunk classes. The Columbian, March 16, 2003, pp Front Page.
Educational reforms and students at risk: A review of the current state of the art. (1994. January). Internet. http://www.ed.gov/pubs/EdReformStudies/EdReforms/.Available on August 25, 2003.
However, a consideration of each element of that argument reveals that it is a flawed position.
The most effective way of preventing minors from obtaining marijuana would be for government authorities to regulate and control its lawful distribution. There may be now way to ever guarantee that minors will not obtain marijuana, but that problem would be comparable to the current problem of minors obtaining alcohol and cigarettes. Given the choices, it would be preferable for government authorities to do their best to control unauthorized purchases the way the government regulates alcohol and tobacco instead of allowing illegal drug dealers to determine who purchases their products. The characterization of marijuana as a "gateway" drug is biased because it assumes that neither alcohol nor tobacco is a "drug" (Dershowitz, 2002). In fact, there is no rational basis for excluding alcohol or tobacco in that regard, particularly because, statistically, both are "gateway"…
Dershowitz, Alan, M. Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:
Little Brown & Co. 2002.
Schmalleger, Frank. Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century.
New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 2008.
Hawthorne clearly stepped away from the Puritan ethic by consistently alluding to the existence of the earthly supernatural. Though this was a fear of the Puritans, clearly it was associated with Satan and possession of the living. In Hawthorne's works the supernatural was associated with less grand sources, such as those seen in Young Goodman Brown. (Hoeltje 39-40) Hawthorne allows his characters to explore concepts that would have been those deemed heretical within the Puritan settings of the works.
In The Birth-Mark, Hawthorne associates the active expulsion of character traits of humanity clearly results in the death of the whole.
The line of divergence in "The Birth Mark" is indicated by its name. e all have our birth-marks, -- traits of character, which may be temporarily suppressed, or relegated to the background, but which cannot be eradicated and are certain to reappear at unguarded moments, or on…
Hawthorne, Nathaniel." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2004.
Emmett, Paul J. "Narrative Suppression: Sin, Secrecy and Subjectivity in "The Minister's Black Veil." Journal of Evolutionary Psychology 25.1-2 (2004): 101+. Questia. 16 Jan. 2005 http://www.questia.com/ .
Gartner, Matthew. "The Scarlet Letter' and the Book of Esther: Scriptural Letter and Narrative Life." Studies in American Fiction 23.2 (1995): 131+. Questia. 16 Jan. 2005
Specifically the use of information technology can be used to streamline communications, enforce business rules, manage knowledge, etc. It can either make existing processes more efficient or enable processes that hitherto were impossible if attempted manually or with archaic technology. The scope of enablement includes internal functional areas as well as the external value chain comprised of vendors and customers. In general, Functions it can help in Permitting communication between value chain activities that could not take place otherwise Making communication situations between value chain activities more effective
Eliminating unnecessary person-to-person communication by making information available through the web or other computerized means
Making communication systematic between the value chain to minimize wasted effort and confusion. For example, it can help in outbound logistics through point-of-sale: (POS) that allows a system that uses barcodes to generate customer bills. Many supermarkets now give their repeat customers an ID card. Using ID…
Porter, M. (1985). Competitive advantage. Free Press, New York.
Weill, P. (1992). The relationship between investment in information technology and firm performance: a study of the valve manufacturing sector. Information Systems Research, pp. 307-333.
Customer Value Equation of the Product
Product Marketing Mix
Product Promotion Process
Target Market Analysis
Global Ethical Marketing Considerations
The globe and its entire human race in the twenty first is witnessing revolution in many facets of life and technological boom in communication is one of the immense transformations that have changed the standard and ways of living. Quite a few of the technological brands and products are surging ahead even to the leading economies as well as underdeveloped and developing nations. Apple iPhone is one of those brands that have become widely accepted and well-known, and has captured numerous consumers ranging from U.S. To Europe to Asia (White, 2012).
Apple iPhone is one of the U.S. based brands that offers hi-tech communication product (mobile phone) to its customers with a wide variety of features such as games, music, videos, web connectivity and many…
Baum, B., Hackstein, M., & Mehling, M. (2012). Strategic Marketing: Assessment of why the Sony Walkman brand lost out to iPod in terms of its position and level of demand in the marketplace. USA: GRIN Verlag.
Campesato, O. & Nilson, K. (2010). Web 2.0 Fundamentals: With AJAX, Development Tools, and Mobile Platforms. USA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Ferrell, O.C., & Hartline, M.D. (2010). Marketing Strategy. 5th Edition. Mason, Oh, USA: Cengage Learning.
Kline, J.M. (2010). Ethics for International Business: Decision-Making in a Global Political Economy. 2nd Edition. New York, USA: Taylor & Francis.
College -- Importance, Values, and Goals
The global labor market has changed dramatically over the last half century. Increasingly, access to jobs in technology and Internet communications don't require college degrees so much as the ability to successfully contribute to a technology start-up. A recent trend shows technology entrepreneurs hiring savvy undergraduates who have become disenchanted with college (William, 2012). These young whiz-kids -- often programmers who spend their days inventing new software applications and writing code -- reject the idea of spending years in classes that seem irrelevant to their interests and result in enormous student load debt (William, 2012). The problem with this mass migration away from higher education is that there are only so many jobs in the labor market that fit this mold. Like a "one and done" college-age hoopster who shows up on campus just to get noticed, with the hope that they will be…
Hacker, A. (2012, February 28). Is Algebra Necessary? The Sunday Review. The New York Times. Retrieved http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/29/opinion/sunday/is-algebra-necessary.html
R.A. [Washington Correspondent]. (2011, January 18). The value of college. Free exchange: Education. The Economist. Retrieved http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2011/01/education_0
Williams, A. (2012, December 2). The old college try? No way. The New York Times, ST, 1, 16. New York, NY: The New York Times.
[Type text] [Type text] [Type text]
He proved a poor fit for the
organization, demonstrating a lack of diligence, a slow pace of work,
engagement in frequent disagreements with co-workers and superiors and
frequently called in sick with little to no notice. As his supervisor and
his voucher upon hire, I was directly responsible for his efforts as well
as for the consequences which they have to our functionality. Therefore, I
was forced to dismiss this friend from the job, due to my ethically
grounded sense of responsibility to serve an organization to the fairest of
Naturally, the result of this would be two-fold. The organization
would benefit as I was able to make another hire with greater dedication
and capability in the position. My workplace stress and the load of my
responsibilities would be lessened by this improvement. On the other hand,
my friendship with this individual never recovered. e had clashed
Klein, S. (2002). The head, the heart, and business virtues. Journal of
Business Ethics, 39(4), 347.
Solomon, R.C. (1992). Corporate Roles, Personal Virtues: An Aristotelean
Approach to Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly, 2(3).
Spears, L.C. & Lawrence, M. (2004). Practicing Servant-Leadership.
1920s and Social Values
The 1920s and their many excesses were quite disturbing to religious conservatives like Protestant Americans. To them, the 20s were a time of fast cars, loose women, booze, jazz, and lax morals among young people. This was especially difficult because the morals of the Victorian era, which had just ended, were extremely strict and confining, so older people were extremely disturbed by the changes they saw in society. They saw the sexual freedom of the 1920s as a threat to the very core of a society that was built on hard work, ethics, and religion. The rural areas of America still tended to be agricultural, and so, these conservative farmers were not caught up in the faster pace of city life, and did not understand the youths and their wild lives and abandon.
One major response to the threat these values placed on conservative society was…
Business Society and Corporate Values
There has indeed been a great deal of discussion regarding CEO compensation, which is rightly viewed as being completely out of line. The core problem and cause of inflated CEO salaries cannot be attributed to a single reason, but is rather the result of a range of inter-connected factors. What is definitive is the fact that these salaries have inflated over time; this is in part due to the fact that greed is a progressive, boundless factor. "According to the Economic Policy Institute, in the late 1970s, total compensation of chief executives in large American corporations was 35 times that of the average American worker. In 2007, it was 275 times that" (Borger, 2007). These facts alone demonstrate that there is good reason to be in a state of alarm. The reasons for such severely inflated and remarkably unjust salaries are a result of the…
Ball, P. (2012, July 4). GlaxoSmithKline's bribes are evidence that Big Pharma isn't working. Retrieved from Guardian.co.uk: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/jul/04/glaxosmithkline-big-pharma-not-working
Borger, J. (2008, September 5). Why do CEOs make so much? Retrieved from Minnpost.com: http://www.minnpost.com/politics-policy/2008/09/why-do-ceos-make-so-much
Boselovic, L. (2011, May 15). Rajaratnam case puts big chill on insider trading. Retrieved from post-gazaette.com: http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/business/news/rajaratnam-case-puts-big-chill-on-insider-trading-297777/
Choudhury, U. (2011, October 14). Rajaratnam becomes a 'whipping boy' for Wall Street misdeeds. Retrieved from firstpost.com: http://www.firstpost.com/business/rajaratnam-becomes-a-%E2%80%98whipping-boy%E2%80%99-for-wall-street-misdeeds-107346.html
Value Stream in Operations ManagementPart I: Annotated BibliographyAcero, R., Torralba, M., Prez-Moya, R., & Pozo, J. (2019). Value stream analysis in military logistics: The improvement in the order processing procedure.Applied Sciences,10(1), 106.Acero et al. (2019) employ a case study in their research to evaluate value system analysis application in military logistic operations where response time, cost-effectiveness, variety of material references, and demand uncertainty are decisive elements of combat agility and capability. The study structure employs the research DMAIC (definemeasureanalyzeimprovecontrol) method whose principles align with lean kaizen operations. The article relies on Six Sigma in lean methodologies applied to improve manufacturing and business processes operations by minimalizing variability by focusing on defects in operations and their causes. The results obtained are presented using value stream design (VSD) and value stream mapping (VSM) tools to improve the order processing lead time. While the study effectively discusses the implementation of value systems in…
Hoffmann, C., Milovanovic, M., Kinghorn, A., Kim, H., Motlhaoleng, K., Martinson, N., & Variava, E. (2018). Value stream mapping to characterize value and waste associated with accessing HIV care in South Africa.PLOS ONE,13(7), e0201032. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0201032 Meredith, J. (2015).Operations and Supply Chain Management for MBAs(6th ed.). Wiley.Seth, D., Seth, N., & Dhariwal, P. (2017). Application of value stream mapping (VSM) for lean and cycle time reduction in complex production environments: a case study.Production Planning & Control,28(5), 398-419. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2017.1300352
Defining quality and making sure it is very central to all processes, especially those that are core competencies, are critical if a business is going to grow and sustain itself over the long-term.
"Why should a firm never outsource its core capabilities? What happens if a supplier who is willing to supply goods and services based on these core capabilities at a significantly lower price approaches the firm? What should the firm do?"
Price is a terrible way to make a decision about what your company is going to produce. In fact price can drive a company to ruin if a price ware is initiated with a much stronger rival. Quality and value needs to be at the center of any company's outsourcing and long-term cost strategy. Instead of just driving down costs of everything, including what makes a business unique, companies have got to focus on what…
Byrne, J.A. (1996, Apr 01). Has outsourcing gone too far? Business Week, (3469), 26-26. Link: http://www.businessweek.com/archives/1996/b3469048.arc.htm
The debate on outsourcing. (2004, Apr 02). Computer Dealer News, 20(5), 12-12. Link: http://www.itbusiness.ca/it/client/en/home/News.asp?id=5590
Esperne, E. (2009, Outsourcing: The real questions is not "why" but "how?." Contract Management, 49(6), 46-56,58,60-61. Source: http://www.ncmahq.org/files/Articles/CM0609%20-%2046-63.pdf
Esperne, E. (2009a), Purpose-driven outsourcing. Supply & Demand Chain Executive, 10(2), 16-18. Link: http://www.sdcexec.com/article/10269454/purpose-driven-outsourcing
The core competencies identified for this paper include: (1) data management (2) personnel management (3) strategic planning and (4) the ability to create technological innovation. ealistically speaking, a company must integrate all of its capabilities to assess its position in the market, and to determine which if any of its core competencies it must work on developing further to maintain a stable position in a volatile workplace. The computer industry is constantly evolving and changing. To be a leader in the industry one might guess the most important core capability for a computer company to have is innovative leaders and the ability to create and easily adapt to new technology.
With a foundation that includes core capabilities as data management, strategic planning and personnel management, a company could easily do this without hardship.
Aung, M. & Heeler, . (2001, Aug). "Core competencies of service firms: A framework for strategic…
Aung, M. & Heeler, R. (2001, Aug). "Core competencies of service firms: A framework for strategic decisions in international markets." Journal of Marketing Management, 17(8): 619-643.
Business Review. "Dassault Systemes S.A." Computer Business Review Online. Retrieved 3, May 2007: http://www.cbronline.com/companyprofile.asp
Cappelli, Peter & Crocker-Hefter, Anne. (1993). "Distinctive human resources are the core competencies of firms." EQW Working Papers, WP18. ERIC ED 372190.
Gartner, Inc. (May, 2007). "Gartner says companies must have a "Chindia" strategy." Research News. Tekrati, the Industry Analyst Reporter. Retrieved 3, May 2007:
Social capital can have both positive and negative effects, as is evidenced in the benefits of 'teamwork,' of sharing ideas, of using distinct talents of different workers, and also of soliciting input from individuals with different experiences, both cultural and knowledge-based, that can add to the organization's efficiency. An it person, a person of Japanese-American background, and someone who has studied abroad, for example, could all add input to improve a marketing campaign directed to Far East clients.
However, in our diverse society where culture is inexorably bound to one's identity, and personal and cultural identity are often seen as synonymous, it is difficult to 'put aside' one's identity at the door of a friendly, informal American company. The workers' diverse social networks outside the company have created a clash of diverse identities, rather than generated a workplace made strong by diversity. The manager must create a common mission statement…
Among the Core Competencies for nursing educational components provided by the Massachusetts Department of Higher Education, "Patient-Centered Care" is listed first. The important task for nursing students in this component is to provide:
"…holistic care" that fully recognizes "an individual's preferences, values and needs," and also "respects the patient or designee as a full partner in providing compassionate, coordinated, age and culturally appropriate safe, and effective care (MACN).
ithin this milieu, the student should be assessing healthcare needs "through the patient's eyes" and the student should be respecting and encouraging the patient's opinions and decisions relative to his or her care (MACN). The student should fully understand the "multiple dimensions of patient-centered care" which includes: a) understanding the preferences and values of the patient and the patient's family; b) coordinating the integration of the care; c) providing physical and emotional comfort and support; c) communicating the patient's values, needs…
Kleiman, S. (2006). Discovering Cultural Aspects of Nurse-Patient Relationships. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 13(2), 83-87.
Ludwick, R., and Silva, M.C. (2000). Ethics: Nursing Around the World: Cultural Values and Ethical Conflicts. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 5(3).
Massachusetts Association of Colleges of Nursing (MACN). Creativity and Connections:
Building the Framework for the Future of Nursing Education and Practice. Retrieved April 17, 2014, from http://www.mass.edu .
networks "enterprise glue": information mobilization the core case module involves careful assessment sources strategic enterprise information. But ' ready tackle, speed underlying issues dynamics.
Information networks as "enterprise glue": information mobilization
To what degree should organizations depend on the analysis of large data and other IT resources to formulate basic strategy?
The business agents of the modern day society are faced with countless challenges from both within and outside their environments. For instance, competition intensifies, the customers become more demanding, the stakeholders pose more pressures and the employees play an increasingly important role. In such a setting, firms across the globe strive to develop and implement novel strategies that help them create competitive advantages.
A powerful example in this sense is represented by the integration of technology within the business decision making process. Companies as such purchase and utilize technologic applications at a wide array of company levels, such as…
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At the core of leadership is the interaction between the leader and the follower. Much of leadership theory can be understood in terms of how leaders and followers interact and what the underlying assumptions are with respect to the roles and nature of leadership. Because of the many different types of leaders, and successful examples thereof, leadership scholarship has developed multiple branches that seek to explain leadership, but no one branch has yet proved definitive. Instead of understanding leadership through a single paradigm, and it better to understand it in terms of multiple paradigms, and different leadership theories can be applied to the same situation, and any given leader might apply multiple leadership styles at the same time.
Part of the appeal of leadership scholarship is that it encompasses so many unique academic disciplines. Leadership scholarship began life as in business schools but has been studied in the psychological…
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Wal-Mart and the Delivery of Superior Customer Value
The paper will identify Wal-Mart's value proposition and their strategies for optimizing communications and delivering superior customer value.
esearches will be made on the Wal-Mart, the history of Wal-Mart and their status on customer service, market and organizational responsiveness and how they create/deliver superior customer value.
The paper will review the strategies and methodologies, which are used by the management of the Wal-Mart regarding the delivery of the customer values.
The findings and researches will be used to identify the methodologies, which the Wal-Mart's management follow in delivering the superior customer value.
The analysis of the Wal-Mart's success history and its relative background will be further presented in the paper, a conclusion will also be added in order to provide the reader with the overall analysis of the study.
In order to comment on the strategies of Wal-Mart's management regarding superior customer…
As retrieved from WAL-MART.COM: A Case Study in Managing Technical Transitions
Managing Technical Transitions Prof. Michael Lawless February 24, 2001 Prepared by:
Andrew Bender Ann Howell Amy Lavin David Torgerson
http://www.duke.edu/~dat6/Wal-Mart.htm . On May 7,2004