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g., demented vs. nondemented) were evaluated using the Pearson ?2 test. Levels of tHcy, vitamin B12, and folate were log-transformed to fit normal distributions. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using two logistic regression models."
Chance: Low, given the long-term screening of subjects for AD in larger Maracaibo Aging Study
Eligible population: Patients with a strong genetic predisposition for AD
Source population: Uncertain, given the diverse range of factors that could still affect the health of the source population, although many common risk factors were accounted for in the statistical analyses performed
Other population: Generalizability between the Maracaibo population and the AD population as a whole is still being determined.
Bowirrat A; R.P. Friedland; L. Farrer, C. Baldwin, A. Korczyn. (2002). Genetic and environmental risk factors for Alzheimer's disease in Israeli Arabs.
Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 19(1-2):239-45.
Description: An assessment of…
Couse Poject Milestone #3: Pee Review Fom
To complete a pee eview on anothe students daft fo change capstone poject, identifying stengths and weakness with ecommendations fo impovement.
Diections: Complete the pee eview fom below with infomation obtained fom one of you pees daft fo change capstone poject.
Title of Pee's Change Poject:
Intoduction of the Change Poject
Identify and descibe the stengths of the change poject. Identify and descibe aeas in which the plan and/o intoduction can be impoved.
The stength of this poject is that it focuses on encouaging the patients to cease tobacco smoking, a subject that is vey aely taken up by ehab houses. Since thee ae a numbe of diseases including HIV and Tubeculosis that have been linked with the use of tobacco and nicotine, encouaging the patients to give up smoking will do geat benefit to the society and the health cae depatment.…
references on the reference page are according to the APA format and are moderately recent, on average.
NR451_Milestone3_Peer_Review_Form.docx 9/28/11 jmp
Course Project Milestone #1:PICOT & Literature Review Worksheet
To identify a problem or concern that nursing can change and select key words for a literature search.
Directions:Use the form below to complete the PICOT assignment in Milestone #1. This includes filling in the table with information about your research question and your PICO (T) elements, as well as answering the Search Technique questions.
Identify the Problem.The nurses have problem communicating with the patient and the doctors.
Identify a potential solution. There can be training and motivation programs for nurses to help them interact and communicate with patients with confidence.
Step 3:Create your research question.Why nurses lack confidence in communication with subjects i.e. The patients and their families and bosses i.e. The doctors dealing the case?
Step 4:Select the key PICOT terms for searching the evidence.The issue of developing communication confidence in nurses can be based on PICOT…
This intervention is also primary in nature, given that it underlines the need for social changes, such as improved diet and education amongst the poor, to reduce the prevalence of the disorder.
Israeli-Korn, .D.; M. Masarwa; E. chechtman; A. Abuful; R. trugatsky; . Avni;
L.A. Farrer; R.P. Friedland; R. Inzelberg. (2010). Hypertension increases the probability of Alzheimer's disease and of mild cognitive impairment in an Arab community in northern Israel. Neuroepidemiology, 34(2):99-105.
Recent studies, according to PubMed, show a mild improvement in AD patients using the herbal supplement ginkgo. One literature review studied seven trials involving 1,800 participants, all using a specific ginkgo preparation based on the extract EGb 761. The supplement trials were conducted for periods of varying duration. Patients taking a higher dose of the ginkgo extract (240 mg per day) improved in their daily functioning to a moderate degree in acts of self-care. This suggests…
German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG). (2008). Ginkgo in Alzheimer's disease. Final report A05-19B. Version 1.0. Cologne: IQWiG. Accessed
Through PubMed October 10, 2011 at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0005095/
Computer for PM Course
Project Selection (Project Cost Management) Well structured report table context required requirement details emailed placing order
The project involves purchase of a computer for the University's project management (PM) course. The computer to be purchased should be able to serve different purposes. First is that it should be capable to create, read and manipulate word, spreadsheet and PDF documents. Secondly, it should be able to handle statistical programs such as SPSS. Third, it should be able to handle internet and email communication and to provide access to the University systems such as Blackboard and Turnitin. Lastly, it should have sufficient processing capabilities and data storage space to handle and store large and complex data.
Three computer options selected for this evaluation are the MacBook Air, HP Compaq Pro 6300 PC and Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1. These three options are chosen because they are distinct…
http://www.apple.com/macbook-air/Apple Inc. 2013. MacBook Air 2013 [cited December 3rd 2013]. Available from .
Barzilai, J. 1997. "Deriving Weights from Pairwise Comparison Matrices." The Journal of the Operational Research Society no. 48 (12):1226-1232. doi: 10.2307/3010752.
Hewlett-Packard Development Company. 2013. HP Compaq Pro 6300 Small Form Factor PC 2013 [cited December 3rd 2013]. Available from http://shopping1.hp.com/is-bin/INTERSHOP.enfinity/WFS/WW-USSMBPublicStore-Site/en_US/-/USD/ViewProductDetail-Start?ProductUUID=1fIQ7EN52LoAAAE9EuoHDyAR&CatalogCategoryID= .
IBM. 2013. SPSS Statistics Desktop 2013 [cited December 3rd 2013]. Available from https://www14.software.ibm.com/download/data/web/en_US/trialprograms/W110742E06714B29.html .
Assessment of final course project:
Final self-reflective assessment for students on the process of learning
The assessment instrument I will use is a combination of a checklist and a short essay section which will enable the learner to assess his or her effort and competencies over the course of the semester. The assessment will involve a Likert scale from 1 to 5 with 1 being 'not much at all' to five being 'very much.' Questions will include self-reflective assessments such as: "I put forth a great deal of effort in this class" and "I devoted enough time to research all of my assignments adequately." To encourage accurate reflection, there will also be questions about hours spent studying every week and the number of times the student missed class.
As well as a scored questionnaire, students will also have the opportunity to write a short essay on the topic "what…
Assessment. (2014). Scholastic. Retrieved from:
Loacke, G. (2004). Taking self-assessment seriously. Essays on Teaching Excellence
Toward the Best in the Academy, 15 (2). Retrieved from:
Journalistic news media tend to present themselves as objective entities within out democratic society that ensure that citizens remain informed of important public issues and events, however, also as guardians who keep public officials honest. Ideals integrity, objectivity, and truthfulness are often cited as standards that govern how journalists, with respect to news stories, do their job. However, editorials are a whole different story. There is no claim of fairness or impartiality here. Instead of a reporting of substantiated facts, figures, and events, editorials are predominantly the opinions of writers (with the political slant of the publisher determining much of the content of what appears in editorial pages). This is not to say that editorials have no positive qualities. Editorials are often entertaining, and many individuals tend to favour a particular editorialist or editorial page that reflects their own beliefs, principles, etc. However, editorials are often characterized by the presentation…
Colin Allen and Michael Hand, Logic Primer (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992)
Altman et al. v. Bedford Central School District 45 F.Supp. 2d 368 (S.D.N.Y. 1999)
Stephen Barker, The Elements of Logic, fifth edition (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989)
George F. Will, 'Judicial Silliness,' Washington Post, Thursday, June 3, 1999; page A27
Elements of Business: Project Management
Postings to the Discussion Board
The Critical Path of PET charts
Successful realization of business goals of any organization, there has to be an efficient project management in control. Most performing organizations bare witness of how the good managerial functions and change has brought to them. The critical path will always entail the sequencing of duties and events, to ensure that a project is not delayed. The critical paths of most projects are designed in search a manner that the delay or acceleration of the entire project is determined by one activity. Once one activity is altered, it leads to the entire change of project timeline. The process of creating the critical path in most cases requires activity sequencing (Sawyer, 2009).
Prioritizing the correction of existing projects
In cases where the project has steps that follow a certain sequence, a certain task must…
Adams, T. & Means, J. (2005) Facilitating the Project Lifestyle: Skills and Tools to Accelerate Progress for Project Managers, Facilitators and Six Sigma Project Teams: New York, John Wiley and Sons.
Haynes, M.E. (2002) Project Management: Practical Tools for Success: New York, Cengage Learning.
Jones, R. (2007) Project Management Survival: A Practical Guide to Leading Managing and Delivering Challenging Projects: New York, Kogan Page Publishers.
Paula, M. & Humphrey, C.J. (1996) Orientation to Home Nursing: New York, Jones and Bartlett Learning publishers.
Project isk Management
isks associated with projects successful completion
A project is an undertaking of human beings towards satisfying world needs. Projects are endeavors with a defined beginning and an end. Projects suffer from scope, time, cost and quality constraints. It is necessary for project managers to manage the risk of developing weak scope. Scope of a project incorporates the objectives of a project, the target population, the output and impact of that endeavor. Therefore, managers of project need to do a problem analysis, stakeholder analysis, environment analysis to know if the project is sustainable (Cleland & King, 1988). On the risk of time, managers need skills on time management. Management of projects requires one to be well versed in developing schedules. Time management involves developing systems that has a specific time of completion and start time.
Scheduling of projects includes hiring of individuals for the accomplishment of projects. There…
King, W.R. (Eds.) & Cleland, D.I., & (1988). Project management handbook (Vol. 2). New
York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Anbari, F. T & Kwak, Y.H., (2009). Analyzing project management research: Perspectives from top management journals. International Journal of Project Management, 27(5),
Project Management Email esponse
Choosing a Project
In order to determine which of the three projects is best, it is important to conduct a feasibility study. That is done to take a careful look at each one of the projects offered and examine what they provide to the company in the future. Of course, it is not possible to know exactly what will happen, and there are only projections and assumptions that can be made with any new product launch or adjustment (Farris et al., 2010). Still, the best way to make these is through studying the feasibility of the different options provided in order to make the best and most educated plan for the future (Farris et al., 2010; Levy, 2002). This study shows that the Palomino project is going to be the recommended option between the three choices available, because it provides the most balance. There are a…
Farris, P.W., Bendle, N.T., Pfeifer, P.E. & Reibstein, D.J. (2010). Marketing metrics: The definitive guide to measuring marketing performance. NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Levy, D.M. (2002). Research and development. In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). NY: Library of Economics and Liberty: OCLC
It is essential to determine the critical path and shortest and long paths based on the allocated time.
The network diagram for the wedding planning project also provides an understanding about the activities in the sequence they are required to be performed. It is observed that family task is preceded with invitations Lists and on the basis of this activity invitations are posted. The booking of the ceremony is also completed after this activity. On the other hand the wedding activity has two preceding activities including place finalizations and dress selection and rings, which is followed by the floral and decor as well as honeymoon. The finalization of place leads to appointment for ceremony and venue selection, leading towards the final weeding as finish of the activities.
Finalization of Place
Dresses and Rings
Rosenau, Milton D., and Gregory D. Githens. Successful project management: a step-by-step approach with practical examples. Wiley, 2011. Print.
Schwalbe, Kathy. Information Technology: Project Management. Course Technology Ptr, 2010. Print.
Project Libra: To Terminate or Not to Terminate
Visit www.itweek.co.uk/News/11329438 to see the string of news stories related to Project Libra. Identify some of the sources of the problems the project faces.
Project Libra exemplifies several attributes of failed projects the most notable of which is the breakdown in project team, Fujitsu Services (ICL) system integrator and enterprise software vendors. Most evident of a filed project management structure is the ballooning size of payments made during the project with literally nothing to show for it.
These are the most significant lessons learned from the failure of Project Libra. First, the British government should have had a series of measurable goals and objectives in place first and required monthly updates on project status and delays. This would have drastically reduced the confusion over just what the status of the project was, as is evident from background readings on this…
Frame, J.D. (2008). Reinventing project management: The diamond approach to successful growth and innovation. Project Management Journal, 39(1), 96-96.
Gardner, D.J. (2000). How to avoid IT project failures. Consulting to Management, 11(1), 21-23.
Sutterfield, J.S., Friday-Stroud, S., & Shivers-Blackwell, S. (2006). A case study of project and stakeholder management failures: Lessons learned. Project Management Journal, 37(5), 26-35.
Tsoukakas, J. (2001). Stop IT project failures through risk management. Interfaces, 31(6), 133-135.
To develop a schedule for a project, we will use the concept of a project network, which shows work activities taken from the work breakdown structure and organized according to the logical flow in time and relationships governing when the work will be performed.
Combining this network of work activities with estimates of the time duration for performing each of the activities, create a schedule for the project work.
When planning a project, one of the key steps is to develop a work breakdown structure for the project. This lets the project team know all the steps necessary to complete the project. Each activity can be broken down into a time estimate and then these can be compiled in an overall project schedule. Some of the activities can be completed at the same time while others will have to be finished before the next activity can…
Review the "Lessons Learned" section of the project risk diagram. Describe how the Lessons Learned activity helps you become a stronger project manager, who else it helps in the project team and also describe how it helps PMO. 200 words
Documenting the lessons learned is one of the most important aspects of the closure phase of the project. It is important to an individual project manager because they can reflect on their performance and find areas for improvement. A project manager, with the assistance of their team and supervisors, can find areas in their management capacity in which they can work on for future improvements. They can also make note of things that went right so that they can recreate those items in the future. For instance, if a change management procedure or a communication medium worked well then the project manager will know to use these in…
Anderson, P., & Tushman, M. (1991). Managing through Cycles of Technological Change. Research Technology Management, 26-31.
Rettich, K. (2011). Using the Wiki to Deliver Paperless Software Documentation. IPCC, Professional Communication Conference (IPCC), 2011 IEEE International, 1-8.
Sarin, K. (2010, April 19). Nature of Training and Development. Retrieved October 15, 2011, from HRM Training and Development: http://www.scribd.com/doc/10041934/HRM-Training-Development
Shtub, E. (2004). Project Management: Processes, Methodologies, and Economics. London: Prentice-Hall.
In The Custom Woodworking Company, hereafter known as "Woody's," there were numerous project management problems that appeared from the very beginning, and they only got worse as the product was carried out. The Woody 2000 project was not well conceived, and that was the first problem encountered. When a project is going to begin, it needs to be thoroughly planned out first (Wideman, 2001b). There was little planning that took place with this project, as it was suggested and seemed to snowball from that point. Before Woody knew what was happening, a budget was proposed and there was a meeting with the engineers who were going to add to the building (The Custom Woodworking Company, 2012). Even then, the project started off badly. Originally, the desired plan was to move the company's location to a huge facility where rapid expansion could take place. However, Woody and his wife…
Gheorghiu. F. (2008). Starting a PMO from Scratch: A Challenge or Unbearable Burden. PM World Today. Vol. X, Issue III.
History of Project Management. (2012). Retrieved July 29, 2012 from http://www.lessons-from-history.com/node/16
Lavell, D. & Martinelli, R. (2008). Program and Project Retrospectives: An Introduction (Part 1 of a Series). Vol. X, Issue I.
The Custom Woodworking Company - Woody 2000 Project. (2012). Retrieved on July 29, 2012 from: http://www.maxwideman.com/papers/woody2000/intro.htm .
Project Information, History, Intent, and Life Cycle
Gray and Larson, (2008) define project as "a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result." (p 5). Essential feature of a project is that it has a defined beginning and end often subject to time or fund constraint to achieve stakeholder's goals and objectives. Gray and Larson (2008) differentiate between project and program. "A program is a group of related projects designed to accomplish a common goal over an extended period of time." (Gray and Larson, 2008 p 6). Major goal of any project is to satisfy customers' objectives, and features of a project are they:
have established objectives.
Have a life span definitely a start and the end.
Usually involve several professionals and departments.
Have specific costs, time and performance requirements.
However, a project is different from program where workers are performing repetitive operations daily within…
Larson, E.W. & Gray, C.F. (2011). Project Management - The managerial process (5th Edition), New York, The McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Martin, P., and Tate, K. (2004). Getting Started in Project Management (New York:
Programme Management Office (2012).Project Charter & Scope Statement. Institute of Technology. Dublin.
(Braunschweig; Day, 150)
Most of the current generation of project managers expects the project management tools to furnish them with almost real-time knowledge in order to facilitate their decision-making. Some of these tools like DOFF, "Field of the Future," "Smart Fields," Microsoft's "Oilfield Connectivity" and i-Fields are currently being examined by exploration and production oil companies. Some of these tools have the capability of generating information from apparently incongruent data and helping managers take important decisions based on them. (Oilfield Connectivity - Capturing the Value of the Digital Era)
There is substantial amount of risk in oil exploration and production since the concerned target is located many thousands of feet under the ground. There are a number of factors that can cause uncertainties and risks in these fields which may include the weather, people, geology, safety, and availability of tools and equipment. Agility is an important requirement in the oil…
Barkley, Bruce T. Integrated Project Management.
McGraw-Hill Professional, 2006.
Braunschweig, Bertrand; Day, Ron. Artificial Intelligence in the Petroleum Industry:
Symbolic and Computational Applications. TECHNIP. 1995.
From such goal, problems can be avoided within the process of building the house. Moreover, with the help of the process of identifying the needs first before going into the process of house construction, the course of building the house can be properly managed.
In general, within the main goal of developing a good project management practice is the goal of identifying the important procedures that must be considered to complete the main goal. Following are some of the important subordinate objectives.
To have the skill and practice of identifying important requirements for a project
To have the skill and practice of organizing a project plan before starting the process of project development.
To have the skill and practice of following a systematic process of project development.
Schedule and WS
uilding a Home
Implementing a good project management in planning and building a home.
Input: Identified requirements for building…
Demonstration of Feasibility and Use of Report.
Retrieved on Feb. 01, 2005, from ITI.ESA Online.
Web site: https://iti.esa.int/iti/resource/ITI_proposal_b_example.pdf.
Getting Started, Building a Custom Home.
Project Management: Case Study in Managing a Complex Shipyard Project in Singapore
Background of Complex Shipyard Construction Project
Project Overview and Objective
ork Process of Building Construction
Issue Analysis in Shipyard Construction Project Management
Literature Review of Project Management
Issues in Scope Management
Methodology of Scope Management
Lessons Learned from Scope Management
Issues in Cost Management
Methodology of Cost Management
Lessons Learned from Cost Management
Issues in Human Resources
Methodology of HR Management
Lessons Learned from Human Resource Management
Case Study in Managing a Complex Shipyard Construction Project in Singapore
This paper introduces the special features of a completed shipyard project, together with its construction and human resource management processes as well. The organization of the paper provides an introduction to the topic, an overview and background of the In the first part, this project illustrates overview of the complex background of a complex ship-building project as…
Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge. Best Practices for Project Scope Planning. [Online]. Available: http://www.tensteppb.com/5.2.02TSProjectScopePlanningTechniques.htm .
About Us. (2004). Keppel Shipyard. [Online]. Available: http://www.keppelshipyard.com/corporate/aboutus.asp.
Badiru, Adedeji Bodunde. Quantitative Models for Project Planning, Scheduling and Control. Westport, CT: Quorom Books, 1993.
BP awards U.S.$20 million follow-up job to Keppel yard. (July 26, 2004). Keppel Corporation. [Online]. Available: http://www.kepcorp.com/press/press.asp.
Implementation of the Plan
The implementation program will focus on the five crucial aspects that will run concurrently: provision of funds, educational programs, development of Voluntary Counseling and Testing centers, availability of ARV drugs, and awareness campaigns (Kartikeyan p. 388). In the achievement of the goals and objectives of the implementation plan, it is ideal to have the financial resources. This implementation plan seeks to increase the size of the healthcare budget by the government towards the course of HIV and AIDS elimination. These financial resources will be crucial towards the execution of other components of the implementation plan such educational programs and campaigns, training of the personnel to offer VCT services, and other relevant services. It is, therefore, ideal to increase the size of the healthcare budget by setting aside about $1.5 billion towards this course. NGOs and IGOs will also chip in towards the contribution of the financial…
Juma, Monica K, and Jennifer Klot. HIV / AIDS, Gender, Human Security, and Violence in Southern Africa. Pretoria, South Africa: Africa Institute of South Africa, 2011. Print.
Rohleder, Poul. HIV / AIDS in South Africa: 25 Years on Psychosocial Perspectives. New York:
Springer, 2009. Print.
Abdool, Karim S. S, and Karim Q. Abdool. HIV / AIDS in South Africa. Cape Town: Cambridge
The culture is fantastic, and very distinctive. The county has a blend of Portuguese and African influences. Cape Verdean music is well-known in world music circles and we feel there is tremendous opportunity to capitalize on the richness of Cape Verdean culture. There is a large Cape Verdean diaspora that lends additional nuance to the culture.
The infrastructure is still relatively poor, but has been improving in recent years. There is not much paved road, although the roads to our location from the capital and its airport will be paved. The airport at Praia is brand new, having just been opened five years ago, overcoming a major infrastructure hurdle. The main problem we have now is that most of the flights are domestic -- the only international ones are from Lisbon, Boston and some African cities. e need to see more European flights to that airport if we are to…
CIA World Factbook. (2010). Cape Verde Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 29, 2010 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cv.html
No author. (2009). Cape Verde's largest island struggles to balance tourism, development. Turkish Weekly. Retrieved January 29, 2010 from http://www.turkishweekly.net/news/79681/-cape-verde-s-largest-island-struggles-to-balance-tourism-development.html
No author. (2007). Cape Verde tourism keeps booming. Afrol News. Retrieved January 29, 2010 from http://www.afrol.com/articles/22309
Although desirable, it is quite difficult to start with a dictionary definition of project management, mainly because of the complexity involved in the process, a complexity impossible to cover with a simple two-line definition. Hence, it is probably best to describe the process, underlining thus the main characteristics of project management.
A company's strategic perspective may, perhaps, be amply resumed to two strategic concepts around which everything else revolves: objectives and projects. Any company will start building its analysis around a series of drivers and objectives that the company may have for the next few years. These objectives need to be only a couple, because we may assume that if the company had 15 objectives for the next years, its resources will be too split and it will not be bale to fulfill any of them efficiently.
Once the company has defined its list of goals, it needs…
2. Mullaly, Mark E. Project Management: A New Definition. July 2003. On the Internet at http://www.gantthead.com/article.cfm?ID=183068
The 'lesson learnt' section is highly informative and exceptionally convenient in improving the skills of an experienced project manager. In this section, one becomes aware that although proper planning is paramount for any project, it should not be assumed that the implementation phase would take place in accordance with the plan. Depending on the level of planning, scope of the project coupled with other factors, every project is prone to risks that could jeopardize the successful and timely completion of the project when inadequately addressed. The section emphasizes on the importance of performing an adequate project risk audit for any projects and the various mitigation measures against the identified risks. Therefore, it is imperative to perform a project risk audit following selected projects (Barkley, 2006).
The section is also exceptionally handy to HMO's, the audit staff, project and functional managers. For the audit staff, a risk audit enables…
Barkley, B. (2006). Integrated project management. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Lock, D. (2007). Project management. Aldershot, England: Gower.
Eventually, the final project at Verizon was realized at its fullest scope. There was an elimination of the need for " a resource-draining, in-house application designed for keeping track of labels," and a "more tightly controlled promotion model that allows developers and managers to know that software builds and deployments are accurate and complete" was created (MKS: Case Study -- Verizon ireless, 2004, MKS). Processes were subject to more standardization with more uniform codes, now "sandboxes' that permitted multiple developers to edit same file simultaneously and the enhanced communication between it project teams created cost savings despite the time devoted realizing the completion of the project (MKS: Case Study -- Verizon ireless, 2004, MKS). The scope of the project did not alter so much as it suffered from a time frame that had expanded. Frustrations regarding technological difficulties with mixed operating systems and constructing a uniform code and scheduling approach,…
Chatfield, Carl & Timothy Johnson. (2007). A short course in project management. Microsoft Office Project 2007 Step-by-Step. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008. http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/project/HA102354821033.aspx#Project
Jenkinson, Lance. (2008). Change Cycle. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008. CCMC. http://www.changecycle.com/changecycle.htm
McConnon. (2004). Change management. PowerPoint. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008. (http://info.worldbank.org/etools/docs/library/118009/Integrated%20Financial%20Management%20Systems%20in%20Governments%20-%20Nairobi%20(Nov%202004)/Change%20Management.ppt
MKS: Case Study -- Verizon Wireless. (2004). MKS. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008. http://download.mks.com/downloads/MKS_casestudy_VerizonWireless.pdf
Project Management Accreditation
A project is a temporary group endeavor, with an agreed beginning and duration time frame, organized to produce a unique product, service or result. (PMI 2011) A distinguishing characteristic of a project is that it is progressively detailed as the project is better understood by the people working on it. Another characteristic of a project is that it is not a routine operation, although a project may be assembled for the purpose of establishing the procedures that ultimately become routines. Owing to the temporary nature of projects, managers, team members and specialists are assembled for a stated period of time; they often have never worked together before as most of the team members are drawn from regular operating units. Examples of projects are software development, the construction of a building or bridge, a disaster relief effort, or a drive to expand a sales territory in…
International Project Management Commission. Retrieved February 10, 2011 from http://www.certifiedprojectmanager.org
PRINCE2. Retrieved February 10, 2011 from http://www.prince2.com/us
Project Management Institute. Retrieved February 10, 2011, from http://pmi.org
ProjectSmart, Malcolm Wheatley, "The Importance of Project Management." Retrieved February 10, 2011 from www.projectsmart.co.uk
Problems and risks related to contracted a new company relate both to cost, safety measures and legal liability. The primary consideration is cost, as this is the major problem related to the issue mentioned above. The first requirement for the new company would then have to be a cost that is as close as possible to the price to date charged by Walkers Ausgas before the increase. Being a transport company, safety is also of utmost importance. Hence, it has to be ensured that the new company will deliver a service either of similar or higher quality than Walkers Ausgas. Pricing and quality therefore have to be in optimal balance in order to minimize the risk of legal liability.
pecifically then, the risks include the following:
afety is one of the most important issues at Kingsgrove. Ensuring that proper testing and certification measures are in place minimizes the…
Australian Institute of Petroleum. Petroleum Topic Fact Sheet. Retrieved June 18, 2006 at http://www.aip.com.au/industry/fact_alt_fuels.htm .
Beer, T., Grant, T., Brown, R., Edwards, J., Nelson, P., Watson, H., and Williams, S. (2000). Life-cycle Emissions Analysis of Alternative Fuels for Heavy Vehicles - Stage 1 CSIRO Atmospheric Research Report C/0411/1.1/F2 to the Australian Greenhouse Office, March 2000.
Hill, R. (2000). Converting $12.4 million into Improved Greenhouse Performance. Media Release. Leader of the Government in the Senate. Minister for the Environment and Heritage. August 21, 2000. Retrieved June 18, 2006 at http://www.deh.gov.au/minister/env/2000/mr21aug00.html.
Werner, C. (2006). National Clean Bus Update. Environmental and Energy Study Institute. Retrieved June 18, 2006 at http://www.eesi.org/publications/Newsletters/Clean%20Bus%20Update/March%202006.htm
Project Management and the Transformation System
In this research paper, the author discussed he concept of project management employing in a construction firm. The author described briefly, the mission of construction organization, i.e. its product and services, intended markets, and how the product or service is distinct from those offered by competitors. The author also analyzed the scope of integration of project management concepts such as; Project Planning, Portfolio, Life Cycle, Team Management, Scheduling and Controlling the Project. Firms can benefit by integrating project management concepts to overcome the issues like team management, planning and managing. A project is considered winning if it completes on time, goes on to follows a pre-set schedule, remain within the provided budget, and finally its customers are pleased. For successful completion and for the satisfaction of costumers, it should have a specific time frame and must achieve the prior set targets by deploying resources…
Bennet F. Lawrence (2003), The management of construction: a project life cycle approach, UK: Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
Derek Torrington and Laura Hall (2001), Personnel Management HRM in Action, UK: Prentice Financial times
Gail Blackstone (2003), Performance Management in Project Management, UK: Journal of Personnel Management
Gelbard, R. & Carmeli, A. (2009). The interactive effect of team dynamics and organizational support on ICT project success. International Journal of Project Management, 27(2), 464 -470. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2008.07.005
.....project management approach is increasingly becoming popular in today's workplace. Organisations are ever more recognising the benefits of accomplishing tasks and activities as projects -- better task coordination, quicker task execution, and so on (Larson et al., 2013). The author's organisation, a renewable energy firm with operations in Australia and beyond, has particularly been shifting to the project management approach in recent years. The organisation is currently interested in acquiring or merging with a suitable rival to improve its market share and competitive advantage. The merger or acquisition process is often not an easy undertaking. It requires proper planning and execution. With the application of project management concepts, however, the process can be easier. This report analyses the relevance of various project management concepts to the merger or acquisition process. Attention is particularly paid to the project environment, project definition, time and cost estimation, project plan, risk management, resource scheduling,…
The author offers detailed information concerning what might be expected by the company as they endeavor to complete a contract. The author also explains the risks associated with certain contracts.
Performance assessment is another important issue that arises in the book. Kerzner asserts that the performance of workers should be assessed for several reasons. One of the primary reasons for assessment is to determine both the mistakes and the successes experienced by a team when working on a project. These experiences can be used to assist management teams in the future. Additionally assessment can be used to offer team members incentives. These incentives will provide the team members with the motivation needed to excel in the future. It is important that organization also establish for workers a system in which what is expected of them is evident. Some projects fail simply because people do not understand what is expected of…
Kerzner H. (2006) Project Management a systems approach to planning, scheduling and controlling. Ninth edition. Wiley Publishing
What does the acronym BATNA refer to, and why is it important to being a successful negotiator?
The term BATNA refers to the concept in negotiation theory of the best alternative to a negotiated agreement being taken in the event an agreement is not agreed on. BATNA specifically defines the resistance point that any party in the negotiation in a party decide to leave the negotiation and pursue other options.
Having a BATNA-based strategy in place is an excellent negotiation strategy is it alleviates the need to accept aspects of a deal that is not acceptable to one side or the other of a negotiation. To make this more concrete, consider the case of a person negotiating to buy a used car from a friend. From Kelly Blue Book and other secondary sources of car valuations, the friends' care is worth $5,000. The buyer decides that given the wear and…
Q2. The chance of risk events occurring and their respective costs increasingly change over the project life cycle. What is the significance of this phenomenon to a project manager?
Managing risk throughout a projects' duration is one of the most challenging and complex series of tasks a project manager will need to contend with on a project-by-project basis. As the deadline for a project nears, the costs of risks both from a delay standpoint in addition to a complete re-definition of the project itself become potentially very costly. Given how critical risk management is in managing projects and keeping them on schedule, it is surprising how many it projects specifically don't rely on risk management approaches and strategies to mitigate the potential impact to projects. Risk management, at all phases of a project, is in fact insurance against unforeseen events that could significantly delay or even discontinue the project altogether.…
P basically means doing a good thing and speaking about it. In other words, no matter how great the new coffee shop will be, unless it is very well advertised, it will not be worth a dime. The new coffee shop will be advertised on: business cards, T-shirts, travel mugs, coasters, glassware, sport bottles, ceramic cups, and others. Also, the coffee shop could be advertised on radio for greater success.
Macro (Top Down) cost estimate
Starting a coffee shop is a business that requires significant amounts of money. In accordance with the coffee shop's size, the following macro costs are estimated:
For a coffee cart the start-up cost is $20,000-$25,000
For a coffee kiosk, the macro costs are usually between $50,000-$60,000
For a coffee drive-thru, the costs for opening such a location may be very different in accordance with the unit's size, reaching $30,000-$180,000
For a sit down coffee shop,…
Project management (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved June 21, 2007 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_management#Project_Objectives .
Quick Plan Coffee Shop (2007). Quickplan. Retrieved June 22, 2007 at http://www.coffeebusinessplan.com/ .
Make Money in Your Own Coffee Business (2005). Home Business Center, Inc. Retrieved June 22, 2007 at http://www.homebusinesscenter.com/how_to_start/coffee_shop.html .
Starting a Coffee Shop Business (2006). PowerHomeBiz. Retrieved June 22, 2007 at http://www.powerhomebiz.com/blog/2006/07/business-idea-starting-coffee-shop.html.
Insurance companies enjoy large profit margins in the insurance industry. A reason for these margins would be the project management ability of firm employees to effectively management risk. Project management tools enable managers to effectively manage inherent risk with project implementation and management.
An example of a project management issue at an insurance firm is provided by Pula & Stone (2003), "The authors' research shows that customer relationship management (CM) projects can achieve higher rates of return by work on data quality. Existing and new data need to be integrated and shared, with updates synchronised among many different systems. These systems (including operational, analytical and customer contact applications and databases) were rarely designed to work together and the data they collect and use are not normally collected, structured or quality-assessed for the CM purposes for which they are eventually used." (Pula, Stone, 2003)
The block quote is to…
Chase-Jacobs-Aquifano: Operations Management for Competitive Advantage, 11th Edition. The McGraw Hill Companies, 2005
Lind, D., Marchal W., Wathen S. (2010). Statistical Techniques in Business & Economics. 14th Edition. McGraw-Hill Irwin
Pula, E.N., Stone, M., & Foss, B. (2003). Customer data management in practice: An insurance case study. Journal of Database Marketing & Customer Strategy Management, 10(4), 327. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/233337595?accountid=13044
Project Title: Opening of Branch Store in La Jolla CA.
Project Manager: SELF
The main store is located in Del Mar and is the only store that serves the entire community plus the extra population that comes in to shop here from surrounding towns and neighborhoods. The long distance that the clients have to cover has been a concern for both the clients and the management as well. It is from this point of consideration that the management should venture into opening another branch in La Jolla so that it can help shorten the agony of clients having to travel long distance to source for the fresh produce from the main store.
The main objective is to reduce the time wastage for the clients between their homes and the point where they can source for the products of the company.
To retain the clientele that the store has…
Kudler Fine Foods, (2011). Welcome to Kudler Fine Foods. Retrieved January 13, 2012 http://kudlerfinefoods.info/
Project Management and Scope Control
Every experienced project manager can attest to the constant threat posed by a phenomenon known as scope creep, wherein the prudently planned objectives of a particular project are unwittingly permitted to swell in a seemingly independent fashion. When budgets slowly begin to balloon and an unending stream of employees are added superfluously to a project's staff, the scope of a project, or "all of the work involved in creating the products of the project and the processes used to create them" (Schwalbe, 2011), has experienced scope creep despite the project manager's best intentions. The five-pronged process of project scope management currently advocated by industry experts includes (1) the collection of specific requirements, (2) a precise definition of the project's scope, (3) the creation of a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) document, (4) verification of scope via inspection and acceptance of deliverables, and (5) the ongoing effort…
Schwalbe, K. (2011). Information technology project management. (6th ed.). Boston: Course Technology Ptr.
What is the difference between a task dependency and a task constraint?
The difference between a task dependency and a task constraint is apparent in the time. A task dependency connects two tasks by suggesting that one task will start comparative to another task, whereas a task constraint places the connection directly to a time rather than base it off the time when another task begins (Marmel and Muir, 2007).
Give a real-world situation when you might use the following task constraints:
Start No Earlier Than large government tasks take several years to accomplish; will need some amount of the year's budget to accomplish the project. However, it is possible to place this kind of constraint on a venture so that the government will not have to go over that year's budget, but wait to begin other tasks until the beginning of a new fiscal year (Wysocki, 2009).…
Biafore, B. (2007). Microsoft Project 2007. Farnham: O'Reilly.
Bunin, R.B., & Bunin, R.B. (2012). New perspectives on Microsoft Project
2010: Introductory. Boston, Mass.: Course Technology.
Marmel, E.J., & Muir, N. (2007). Microsoft Office Project 2007 all-in-one desk reference for dummies. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley Pub..
Small LAN's Inc. installed a Local Area Network at the new Spring Academy Childcare Center. The project came in a few weeks late becaue of a failure in the planning procees and the overall partner's communications. "In directing the intent of the project, the plan must clearly identify the project objectives, goals, and any special influences or constraints on the project scope." (Stuckenbruck, 100) In order to compete in the twenty first century, Small LAN's Inc. turned in a rather low bid to acquire this work and with today's tighter corporate budgets and reduced resources, Spring Academy Childcare Center accepted.
For this particular project, the project scope consisted of Small LAN's Inc. taking the lead in purchasing all necessary equipment and then professionally installing an entire network over the course of twenty three days. The project had a start date of May 17, 2002. The deadline…
Deal, Terrence E., and Allan A. Kennedy. The New Corporate Cultures: Revitalizing the Workplace After Downsizing, Mergers, and Reengineering. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing, 1999.
Kennedy, Allan A. The End of Shareholder Value: Corporations at the Crossroads. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books, 2000.
Madu, Christian N. Management of New Technologies for Global Competitiveness. Westport: Quorum Books, 1993.
Stuckenbruck, Linn C. The Implementation of Project Management: The Professional's Handbook. Reading: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1981.
Assessing Risks as Part of Project Management
The paradox of risk is that it can often be planned for yet rarely occurs in the manner that project managers expect when initiating a new program or project. The paradox of risk is that its severity and costs from a time and resource standpoint, in addition to constraint-based nature, rarely can be entirely planned for or anticipated, especially in the context of large-scale, fast-moving projects (esner, Hobbs, 2012). The intent of this analysis is to explain how risks emerged during the launch of two new products and explain how they initially emerged and eventually helped the project to meet and exceed customer requirements.
Analysis of Risk in High Technology
The overall costs of risk to a project can be catastrophic if not budgeted for initially in the project plan and project costs (esner, Hobbs, 2012). eing part of the new…
Besner, C., & Hobbs, B. (2012). The paradox of risk management; a project management practice perspective. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 5(2), 230-247.
Thamhain, H. (2013). Managing risks in complex projects. Project Management Journal, 44(2), 20-35.
Therefore, benchmarking is a critical step for firms wanting to compete globally. Because each marketplace environment differs, companies need to research competitor firms in their industry that are already firmly entrenched in the desired environment. Benchmarking is never done once and then cast aside; benchmarking becomes an ongoing process that enables organizations to gauge their progress and tweak procedures that may improve their performance. Benchmarking usually compares firms to industry leaders, too, because those leaders are the standard by which competing firms hope to achieve or usurp.
3. What problems might arise from empowering employees? What are some of the hurdles that managers must overcome in empowering employees? What can organizations do to address these issues?
Empowering employees helps workers become involved and connected with their work. When individuals feel empowered, their sense of personal responsibility and accountability rises and can lead to increased morale and productivity. However, empowering employees…
The case involving Ozkites is showing how the company has the ability to seize upon new opportunities. However, to be able to take advantage of the increasing demand requires focusing on: the organizational structure and recruitment strategies. Together, these elements will highlight the challenges impacting the firm and how they can be effectively addressed in the future. This is the point that the company can meet this demand and increase their bottom line results in the process.
A matrix organizational structure is utilized when a company is taking a decentralized approach when it comes to their operation. This means that personnel and resources will work together as a cohesive unit. Yet, at the same time, different entities are working independently of one another. The basic idea is to utilize this approach to take advantage of everyone strengths and weaknesses. Moreover, there is a focus on arranging…
Economies of Scale, 2013, Investopedia. Available from: [11 May 2013].
Compton, R, 2009, Effective Recruitment, CCH, North Ryde, pp. 15-71.
Galbraith, J, 2008, Designing Matrix Organizations, Wiley, Hoboken, pp. 75 -- 84.
Miller, F, 2011, Recruitment Processing Outsourcing, VDM Publishing, New York, pp. 12-41.
Project Management & Development
Information Technology Financial Justifications
The implementation of information technology in diverse types of business has been considered as a prolific aspect in companies' operations nowadays. Software, systems, and applications are utilized to support the diverse organizational structures and functions of every business procedures. However, behind every decision made in the development and employment of innovations in information technology, it would be beneficial to consider financial study and analysis.
Many corporate establishments consider software applications such as udgeting and Planning Software and ERPs as essential tools in their business. This is due to the fact that such software provides favorable assistance in their operation. Hence, these products are part of business' financial considerations. An article in CFO.COM indicates such case stating that For some companies, ERP software has become the number-one line item on their IT budgets.
A and they're willing to invest in software that helps…
Nyberg, Alix. Maximizing Your Optimizing.
CFO.COM. August 23, 2003. http://www.cfo.com/article/1,5309,6628,00.html?f=related
Goff, John. What CFOs Really Think About Technology.
CFO.COM. August 22, 2003. http://www.cfo.com/article/1,5309,6617,00.html?f=related
The floors are a wild card -- worn carpets are unhealthy for children but if they are replaced too soon they will be in rough shape by the time the couple wishes to sell the home. Thus, they may need to deal with the floors twice -- once before having children and then again when they wish to sell.
The Work Breakdown Schedule takes into consideration the different functional groupings of the activities. There are a handful of stakeholders to be considered as well, such as children, inspectors (for plumbing and electrical work) and these are noted in the WBS where appropriate. This is important, because some of the work can be done without professional help, while other tasks require it. Within the category of kitchen work, for example, the cabinets can be installed without professional assistance but the dishwasher and garbage disposal will require the services of a plumber.…
eviewed by ____ Project Manager
Signed ____ Date
Approved by ____ Sponsor
Accepted by ____ Client
29 -- QA Audit Form - Purchasing Goods And Services
Comments / emarks
Scope of Work determined.
Verify whether local supply of required product or service has been checked.
Purchasing documents reviewed prior to issue
Delivered goods inspected
30 -- Team Survey
Team members are respected and trusted
Team efforts are recognised and rewarded
Team members are open about problems
All required information is available
Team members contribute to decision-making
Our team has necessary skills & resources
We are encouraged to take initiative
Individual and team goals are clear
We work well together as a team
Organisational systems support our team
31 - Meeting Action Statement
45 -- Recommended Improvements
POJECT Management (Business)
In general, the closing phase of any project encompasses all the ultimate and concluding processes and practices to finish out a project and provide final products and accounts to all stakeholders. Basically, this phase makes certain that all reports and deliverables are well-organized and delivered over to the pertinent units of business and stakeholders. In addition, this is the stage where any residual contractual commitments, disbursements and retailer assessments are undertaken. More so, any lessons and knowledge that have been attained in the course of the project have to be acknowledged and reported for the future periods (Westland, 2006).
James Hospital intends to initiate a project in which the organization plans to set up a clinic for regular patients who need checkups. The clinic will come in handy as it is purposed to free up the number of patients filled up, seeking checkup. In turn, this will…
Cox, D. (2009). Project management skills for instructional designers: A practical guide. Bloomington: iUniverse.
Hill, G. M. (2014). The Complete Project Management Office Handbook, Third Edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
Watt, A. (2015). Project Management: Project Completion. Retrieved 11 November 2015 from: http://opentextbc.ca/projectmanagement/chapter/chapter-18-project-completion-project-management/
Westland, J. (2006). The Project Management Life Cycle: A Complete Step-by-Step Methodology for initiating, planning, executing, & a closing a project. London: Kogan Page.
The project manager must effectively utilize all of the communication methods available to them. They must choose the most appropriate method of communication for the workers and for the managers. The more workers and managers hear the messages, in as many sensory modes possible, the more likely the message will be to make an impact on a reduction in accidents on the job.
Language proved to be a problem in Australia's construction industry. Many of the safety programs are conducted in English, although a significant portion of workers in the industry are non-English speakers. Communication proved to be a significant problem in the successful implementation of safety programs. The key factors were the inability to understand government safety regulations and the inability to communicate these standards to the workers (Trajkoevski & Loosemore, 2005). Project managers must be aware of language barriers that may hinder the ability to communicate safety messages…
Abudayyeh, O., Fredericks, T., Butt, S., & Shaar, a. (2006). An investigation of management's commitment to construction safety. International Journal of Project Management. 24 (2); 1767-174.
Building Chaos: An International Comparison of Deregulation in the Construction Industry. Contributors: Gerhard Bosch - editor, Peter Philips - editor. Publisher: Routledge. Place of Publication: London. Publication Year: 2002. Page Number: iii.
Boyd, C. (2003). Human Resource Management and Occupational Health and Safety. Routledge: New York.
Chiang, Y., Anson, M., & Raftery, J. (2003). The Construction Sector in the Asian Economies. Spon Press: New York.
In order to define project management, one must first define what is a project. A project is a temporary activity performed by a group in order to develop a unique service, product, or result. A project is labeled a temporary activity because it has a defined start and end in time. Therefore, a project has a defined scope and resources. This means that a project can only be carried out within a specified time and with the set-aside resources. A project is unique because it is not a something that is carried out on a routine basis within an organization. A project uses a set of operations that are designed to accomplish a particular goal. Therefore, a project team mostly encompasses people who would normally not be working together because they are from different organizations, or geographies. There are different types of projects that range from software for…
Beaton, R.D., Johnson, L.C., Maida, C.A., Houston, J.B., & Pfefferbaum, B. (2012). Disaster research team building: a case study of a web-based disaster research training program. Traumatology: An International Journal, 18(4), 86-91.
Burke, R. (2013). Project management: planning and control techniques.
Devi, T.R., & Reddy, V.S. (2012). Work breakdown structure of the project. Int J. Eng Res Appl, 2(2), 683-686.
Kerzner, H.R. (2013). Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Project Management and Spanish
PM: My current experience with project management has been beneficial to this course because it has allowed me to understand the basic concepts that are being presented. It is easier for me to apply the concepts that are presented and think of examples of how this works in the real world. Project management can be quite complex, and it can take many different projects to really get good at it, so any experience I can build up, the better that is for me.
There are definitely some challenges associated with this learning. I feel that experience is one of the best ways to learn, so ideally there would be a good mix of the theory and the practice. It can be difficult to visualize things when you haven't done them. Also, the software aspect can be challenging. As with a lot of software applications, there is…
Project Management, Sustainability and Whole Lifecycle Thinking
Module 5 Case -- the esearch Essay
For nearly the entirety of human civilization, thinkers, philosophers, and indeed most human beings, have struggled to determine the most elusive aspects of identity. Balancing the essence of human nature against the effects of environmental influence eventually formed the foundation of the ongoing debate concerning nature vs. nurture. With the advent of remarkable technology capable of mapping the human genome, most people in today's modern world believe that their genetic makeup holds the key to their future health, personality traits, intelligence quotient, and even their fears. The unique confluence of factors that combine to form the personality traits, behavioral patterns, and ethical boundaries exhibited by every human being has spawned two distinctly divergent theories, with the majority of people advocating the influence of genetics over external environment. Proponents of the "nature" point-of-view assert a person's physical…
Collins, W.A., Maccoby, E.E., Steinberg, L., Hetherington, E.M., & Bornstein, M.H. (2000).
Contemporary research on parenting: The case for nature and nurture. American Psychologist, 55(2), 218-231. Retrieved from http://digilib.bc.edu/reserves/py518/lent/py51802.pdf
Kelland, K. (2012, July 31). Does nature or nurture make a top sprinter?. Reuters.
Retrieved http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/07/31/oly-athl-m100m-package-genes -
To date, little eseach exists on the actual costs and benefits of poject management. Much of the infomation that exists is a poduct of advetising mateials distibuted though the poject management fims. Little unbiased infomation egading the value of poject management exists. This eseach will povide an unbiased view of the benefits and costs of the poject manage. Aviation manages will be able to use this infomation to make decisions about whethe to use a poject manage o whethe to find anothe way to pefom those duties that may be moe cost effective.
This study will use quantitative analysis to detemine if aviation officials feel that poject manages epesents an opeational efficiency in tems of cost-effectiveness o if they epesent inefficiency and waste. The eseach will use a suvey methodology that will ask aviation manage's questions that will ask them to quantify both the tangible and intangible benefits of…
references and further reading you must purchase this article.
International Journal of Project
Management. 28 (5): 461-468.
Cresswell, J. (1994). Research Design: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches.
In this regard, Khodakarami et al. report that, "Critical path method is very simple and provides very useful and fundamental information about a project and its activities schedule. However, because of its single-point estimate assumption, it is too simplistic to be used in complex projects" (p. 41). The authors' extensive use of acronyms, though, makes it difficult to understanding some of their more esoteric descriptions of the integration of critical path methods into Bayesian networks notwithstanding their use of illustrative graphics in support of their assertions. Despite this constraint, the authors describe several aspects of their innovative approach that can contribute to project management in several ways, including the following.
Project Integration Management
Project integration management involves the processes required for overall project coordination (Kendrick, 2003). The methodology developed by Khodakarami et al. allows for the development of various "what-if" scenarios that can model the effects of different processes at…
Kendrick, T. (2003). Identifying and managing project risk: Essential tools for failure-proofing your project. New York: AMACOM.
Khodakarami, V., Fenton, N. & Neil, M. (2007, June). Project scheduling: Improved approach to incorporate uncertainty using Bayesian networks. Project Management Journal, 39-49.
Lauren, B. (2008, May). The case for e-project management. ABA Banking Journal, 100(5), 47-
Project Proposal to Streamline Operational Processes
The pharmaceutical industry in general is undergoing extreme amounts of external pressures. Not only has the economic environment since the global recession been less than ideal, but there are increasing regulatory pressures and healthcare reforms that are also expected to dramatically change the environment in which AstraZeneca operates. It is in this environment that the organization must streamline its operations so that it can be more lean and flexible when adapting to the new landscape that will emerge in the near future.
This project proposal outlines a project portfolio management program that can be implemented to ensure the organization can eliminate any unneeded waste in its operations. This portfolio will be implemented across many divisions and will require a schedule of one year. Each division will have an individual project that is tailored to a scope that suites there individual department's needs.…
AstraZeneca Global. (N.d.). About Us. Retrieved from AstraZeneca Global: http://www.astrazeneca.com/About-Us
Benta, D. (2011). On Best Practices for Rick Management in Complex Projects. Informatica Economica, 142-152.
Hirschier, B. (2013, June 10). AstraZeneca buys U.S. lung drug firm Pearl for up to $1.15 billion. Retrieved from Reuters: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/06/10/us-astrazeneca-pearl-idUSBRE95904U20130610
WHO. (N.d.). Pharmaceutical Industry. Retrieved from World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story073/en/index.html
Projects Compared - Belbin analysis
In order to find a way through which the success of teams could be predicted Dr. Meredith Belbin, a management psychologists, worked in collaboration with Henley Management College in the early 1970s. Business simulations were used in running some experiments for the research by Dr. Meredith Belbin. Participants were divided according to different psychological types such as if they are introvert or extrovert etc. It was his hope to find a team mix that is perfect. In 5 years' times he was able to establish the fact that in particular types of projects specific clusters or patterns can be made use of in order to predict the success of a team (Bennett, 2001). There is often a preference found in the minds of the individuals regarding these clusters. It was also established by him that it can never happen that one team can…
Beck, K. (2000). Extreme Programming Explained. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.
Belbin, M.R. (1981) Management Teams, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Belbin, M.R. (1993). Team Roles at Work. Butterworth-Heinemann, Ltd., Oxford
Belbin, M.R. (1996). The Coming Shape of Organization. Butterworth Heinemann
Understanding the Principles of project management
Aims and objectives of project management
Project management is widely referred to as the application of the knowledge, tools, skills as well as the available techniques to activities related to projects in order to achieve the objectives of the project. The concept of project management is primary hinged on the need to coordinate, plan as well as control the diverse and highly complex activities that are entailed within the projects found in the contemporary arena with many of the projects being commercial and industrial projects. Apparently almost all projects do rely on projection of ideas and related activities to become new endeavors. Hence, the real purpose of project management is primarily to predict or foresee as numerous challenges and dangers ahead as possible and on the flip side, to organize, plan and control the relevant activities to attain the highest possible levels…
A Project Support Office (PSO) is different from a project management office. A PSO can be understood as a provisional, or long-lasting organizational unit that provides a range of services to provide support to project teams that are accountable for a defined group of projects (Wysocki, 2011). There are three kinds of PSOs. For starters, there is the directive PSO where project managers are administratively linked to the PSO and are allocated to projects from the PSO. In general, this structure is earmarked for enterprise-wide projects. Second, there is controlling PSO and in this kind, the components, templates, and procedures are all provided by the PSO and all project managers, irrespective of their resident department are expected to utilize them. Lastly, there is the supportive PSO that provides any kind of assistance and specialty the project manager or members of the team might require when requested (Wysocki, 2011; Pemsel and…
The project parameters involved in overhauling a luxury tour bus, like any complex project, are bound by the limitations of scope, schedule, and cost. Also known as the triple constraint, a project's size, deadline for completion, and budgetary boundaries work in tandem so that a project manager cannot make alterations to one without necessarily affecting the others. Because controlling a project's scope is integral to effectively managing the other aspects of the triple constraint, many project managers prefer to develop a detailed Statement of Work (SOW) to clearly define every task necessary for project completion (Schwalbe, 2011). The following report details the impact of these limiting factors on the current luxury tour bus renovation project by examining each element of the triple constraint individually, while an SOW has been provided to describe the processes used throughout the life of the project.
Luxury Tour Bus enovation Project:
Schwalbe, K. (2011). Information technology project management. (6th ed.). Boston: Course Technology Ptr.
Leadership Within Project Management
The leadership class provided a wealth of information that could be used by people who were already leaders, and by those who aspire to be leaders in the future. Additionally, there is great value in the class for people who are followers, because it can help them to understand their leaders and work more carefully and easily with them. By doing that, they will be better able to understand the directions that are being provided to them, and why those directions are important. The class was definitely worth the time and money, and it is something everyone should attend. Even if a person thinks there is nothing else to be learned about leadership, that is simply not true. There are always ways in which new things can be presented, which can help a person find a better way to lead, or find a way to more…
Hersey, P., Blanchard, K., & Johnson, D. (2008). Management of organizational behavior: Leading human resources (9th. ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
Miner, J.B. (2005). Organizational behavior: Behavior 1: Essential theories of motivation and leadership. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.
Montana, P.J., & Bruce, H. (2008). Management. Hauppauge, New York: Barron's Educational Series, Inc.
Schultz, D.P., & Schultz, S.E. (2010). Psychology and work today: An introduction to industrial and organizational psychology (10th. ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Managing Project Teams
Effectively managing a complex information technology project requires a sharp mind adept at prudent planning, a thorough comprehension of the tools and tech needed to succeed, and the ability to adapt seamlessly in the face of adversity. While working in the field of IT project management may initially appear to be a solitary task conducted in a clinical environment, the reality is that the vast majority of IT projects are collaborative efforts involving the combined efforts of several individuals. Learning how to balance competing personalities, resolving interpersonal conflicts, pairing team members according to their competency level, and inspiring a genuine sense of motivation are all integral aspects to managing a project team. Mastering the intricacies of access control, scope verification, and the other intricacies of IT project management represents only half of the proverbial battle, and in order to assure that every project you lead is performing…
Schwalbe, K. (2011). Information technology project management. (6th ed.). Boston: Course Technology Ptr.
The Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile Program (JASSM) will settle on a contractor for the missile within six months. The JASSM program will be a significant contributor to our national defense. The development and acquisition process for JASSM will be a model for other future programs to follow in terms of its efficiency and its effectiveness. There will be a high level of communication throughout this process, and the workers on the project will feel empowered to work together to bring this project in within six months, with the missiles on spec and below the target per unit cost.
Terry Little's interactions fostered higher levels of performance. The first interaction that he undertook was when he joined the program. He immediately shifted the program into a higher gear, bringing people back from vacation early and focusing them on an objective before even introducing himself. This set the tone for the…
According to a book entitled "The Art of Project Management" project management is an art that requires a great deal of intuitiveness and special skill sets (Berkun 2005). For instance, the project manager must understand the steps that need to be taken and the steps that need to be avoided when attempting to complete a particular project. When the project manager has these "skills" he or she will have the capacity to develop a project management schema that is consistent with what the project requires (Worthington, 2001). So then the art of project management involves having the skills and the flexibility to manage a project that may encounter unique obstacles.
Success and Failure
Successful project management can be described as the completion of a project by the deadline, within budget and reflecting a high standard of quality. It is also important to note that a successful project is also acceptable…
Brown, a.D., Jones, M.R. (Wntr, 1998) Doomed to failure: narratives of inevitability and conspiracy in a failed IS project.Organization Studies. Retrieved January 12, 2008 from; http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4339/is_n1_v19/ai_20873060
Berkun S. (2005) the Art of Project Management. O'Reily publishers
Greer M. (1999) 14 Key Principles for PM Success. excerpt from "Chapter 6: Planning and Managing Human Performance Technology Projects," Handbook of Human Performance Technology, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass. Retrieved January 12, 2008 from; http://www.michaelgreer.com/14key.htm
Labrosse M. (2007) Project Management: Best Practices for the Public Sector Organizations Can Use a Standard System of Simple Techniques-Embedding Project Management Best Practices-to Boost Personal and Collaborative Productivity. The Public Manager. Volume: 36. Issue: 2.
expert recently wrote "there have been projects as long as there have been organizations that undertake deliberate and results-and-outcome oriented work" (p. 29 information) and that is certainly true of the nursing industry. Much of the current methodologies used to address people who are sick or afflicted has come about because of projects initiated or participated in by nurses. Project management methodology can therefore be a boon to the nursing industry and in particular to nurses who comprehend and can implement aspects of that methodology in today's modern nursing world. Project management is normally referred to in the business world, where it has been in common usage for many years. Project management in the nursing environment is as equally important as it is in the business world, and some might say even more important due to the fact that it could actually be more beneficial on a personal basis than…
Enlow, W.M.; Honig, J.; Cook, S.S.; (2014) Education News, AANA Journal, Vol. 82, Issue 1, pp. 13-18
Kangasniemi, M.; Vaismoradi, M.; Jasper, M.; Turunen, H.; (2013) Ethical issues in patient safety: Implications for nursing management, Nursing Ethics, Vol. 20, Issue 8, pp. 904-916
Meshalkin, V.; Stoyanova, O.; Dli, M.; (2012) Project management in the nanotechnology industry: Specifics and possibilities of taking them into account, Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 46, Issue 1, pp. 50-54