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Court Management Policy Proposal
The retributive and rehabilitative approaches of justice are dominant, and research suggests that they have disappointed the juvenile legal system. The rise in youth crime and critiques of the juvenile legal approaches has led to demands for reforms in the way of charging youth offenders. The retributive approach of justice suggests that juvenile offenses are violations against the state and holds the state accountable for sentencing youth offenders (Umbreit and Greenwood, 1999). This approach assumes that punishment will help in reducing future criminal activities; however, research suggests that the punishment is likely to increase youth delinquency. On the other hand, the rehabilitative approaches focus on resolving youth offenses by utilizing interventions including probation, cognitive training and behavior therapy to reform delinquency (McCorry, 2010).
In the same context, restorative approach has also become a widespread alternative to react to crime. Unlike the retributive approach, restorative justice emphasizes…
Bazemore, G., & Umbreit, M. (1995). Rethinking the sanctioning function in juvenile court: Retributive or restorative responses to youth crime. Crime and Delinquency, 41, 296-316.
Carroll, A. (1995). Characterising the goals of juvenile delinquents: Nature, content and purpose. Psychology, Crime & Law, 1, 247-260.
Chang, J., Chen, J., & Brownson, R. (2003). The role of repeat victimization in adolescent delinquent behaviors and recidivism. Journal of Adolescent Health, 32, 272-280.
Gehm, J.R. (1998). Victim-Offender Mediation Programs: An Exploration of Practice and Theoretical Frameworks. Western Criminology Review, 1 (1).
Court-Mandated Educational Course for First-Time, Juvenile Offenders
Using education as a means for combating juvenile delinquency issues is nothing new. In fact New York State is launching a program that allows juvenile offenders to keep a portion of their high school credits even when they're incarcerated so that when they do return to school, they can return on a steady progression towards graduation: "Starting this fall, the program, called Close to Home, will enable them to remain in the New York City public school system while incarcerated -- and on the Department of Education's credit system" (Small, 2012). This means that there will no longer be situations where a teen is put in a juvenile program and leaves school in NY at ninth grade only to return a year later, also in the 9th grade. This program, while different than the court-mandated educational course for first time offenders that is…
Appa-net.org. (2009). Victim-Offender Programs. Retrieved from appa-net.org: http://www.appa-net.org/eWeb/docs/APPA/pubs/PVRPPP-FACTSHEET-7.pdf
Carlson, K. (2010). Educating Juveniles. Retrieved from k12.wa.us: http://www.k12.wa.us/institutionaled/pubdocs/educatingjuvenilesinadultjails.pdf
Junger-Tas, J. (2010). International Handbook of Juvenile Justice. New York: Springer Publications.
Small, E. (2012, May 21). City sends juvenile delinquents on course to graduation. Retrieved from thenewyorkworld.com: http://www.thenewyorkworld.com/2012/05/21/city-sends-juvenile-delinquents-on-course-to-graduation/
Justice and Court Administration
Administration and management of courts is filled with challenges. Often depending upon the geographical context of the court, such challenges will include resource shortage, a perpetual docket of criminal cases and the broader complexity of providing civil order and justice to communities while balancing constitutional law and local ordinance. Moreover, the complexity of administering justice in and of itself plays a part in the difficulty of court management, with issues such as the deepening ethnic diversity of encountered populations and shifting ideas about victims' rights playing defining roles in the tasks before any given court. The discussion here on language interpretation services and the timeline in the evolution of victims' rights are offered within the context of court administration.
Language Interpretation Services:
It is often the case that courts will find themselves burdened with the task of wading through the details of officer-defendant confrontations…
Missouri Courts (MC). (2010). Court Interpreter Services. Courts.mo.gov.
Muraskin, R. & Roberts, A. (2004).Visions for Change: Crime and Justice in the Twenty-First Century. Prentice Hall.
Robinson, M. (2002). Justice Blind? Prentice Hall.
Court Service Management
How does a court system cope with a changing of the guard when a new administration is elected and key executives and managers are replaced, and/or when policy changes direction as a new political party assumes power?
The court deals with transitions of power by maintaining the established traditions and principles from the Constitution. This is used to ensure that case precedent is respected and to provide stability for the entire political system. As the basic guarantees of the Constitution will not change and cannot be adjusted based upon a new party coming to power. In this case, the structure and attitudes will remain the same. This is from the institution and its practices remaining in place. egardless of what is happening with transitions in power. (Koopmans, 2003) (Neubauer, 2012) (Oakley, 2009)
However, the courts will be impacted by these changes to a certain extent. This will…
Glannon, J. (2008). Civil Procedures. Frederick, MD: Kluwer Law.
Howard, J. (1999). The Shifting Wind. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Koopmans, T. (2003). Courts and Political Institutions. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Lane, S. (2012). Highway 420. Staten Island, NY: Sandi Lane.
The structure and platform on which the legal system is based upon is very important in understanding the total landscape of how justice is carried out within the confines of the government. The purpose of this essay is to explore the inner workings of both the federal and state court systems and highlight their similarities and differences. Also, this essay will investigate the roles of court administrators in the different types of functions that a court serves. A investigation into the state of Colorado and its court structure will also be presented to help give a practical example of the court system. Finally, the essay will address quasi-judicial bodies and their impact on the courts and legal system.
The Basis for Authority
The United States Courts Government Website (n.d.), details a comprehensive overview of the basis of America's court system. The United States Constitution is understood to be…
Cornell University Legal Information Institute (ND). "Quasi-judicial." Viewed 15 Oct 2013. Retrieved from http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/quasi-judicial
Linhares, G. (2012). Role of the State Court Administrator. National Center for State Courts, Trends in Courts, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.ncsc.org/sitecore/content/microsites/future-trends-2012/home/leadership-and-the-courts/4-2-evolution-of-the-state-court.aspx
The State Of Colorado. "Colorado State Court System." Viewed 15 Oct 2013. Retrieved from http://www.courts.state.co.us/Courts/Index.cfm
The United States Court (ND). "The Difference Between Federal and State Courts. Viewed 15 Oct 2013. Retrieved from http://www.uscourts.gov/FederalCourts/UnderstandingtheFederalCourts/Jurisdiction/Diff erencebetweenFederalAndStateCourts.aspx
This differentiation refers to the management and administration of the agricultural resources of the kingdom. This in turn involved an organized network of royal foundations. (Wilkinson 116) the second area of administrative concern was the processing of government revenue and "…its redistribution to the various state operations…" (Wilkinson 116) Wilkinson in his book also deals extensively with managements issues in relation to the Egyptian treasury. (Wilkinson 125)
In understanding the background to management in ancient Egypt one has to continually take into account the wide range of concerns and activities that required ordered control and administration. As Erman states in his work Life in Ancient Egypt (1894), "The enormous properties belonging to the temples required of course complicated machinery for their administration & #8230;certain members of the priestly college were deputed to manage the affairs of the treasury, the commissariat and the correspondence…" (Erman 303)
Taking into account the above…
Managing Employment elationships
The relationships between labour and management can be contentious or amicable, depending on the industry and the leadership involved. When these stakeholders reach loggerheads over disagreements about wages, benefits or working conditions, productivity is diminished, jobs can be lost and national productivity inevitably suffers. To determine what can be done, this paper provides an analysis and explanation concerning the roles of two key stakeholders involved in managing the employment relationship within a UK context, the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service and trade unions. A discussion concerning some of the key challenges that these stakeholders experience in managing employment relations is followed an examination of how the different roles of these stakeholders may impact on employment relations within different UK employing organisations. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are provided in the conclusion.
eview and Analysis
According to the editors…
Barling, J & Kelloway, EK 1999, February-May, 'Changing Employment Relations: What Can
Unions Do?,' Canadian Psychology, vol. 39, no. 1/2, p. 124.
'Benefits of employer and employee co-operation' 2013, The Times 100. [online] available:
Nearly everything the company does…is aimed at reducing the cost and expanding the scope of Internet use" (Carr 2008, p.2). Because of its business model, Google thrives on innovation, so it can encourage its employees to take more risks in their work and act more independently: "Google faces far less risk in product development than the usual business does. It routinely introduces half-finished products & #8230;even if the offerings fail to win a big share of the market they will still tend to produce attractive returns by generating advertising revenue and producing valuable data on customer behavior. For most companies, a failed launch of a new product is very costly. For Google, in general, it's not. Failure is cheap" (Carr 2008, p.2).
This stress on innovation and its ability to minimize financial damage from failure because of its advertisement-driven model allows one of the most substantial advantages of taking a…
Carr, Nicholas G. (2008, January 1). The Google enigma. E-News: Developments in Strategy and Business. Journal published by the global commercial consulting firm Booz & Company.
Retrieved April 7, 2009 at http://www.strategy-business.com/press/enewsarticle/enews013108
Helft, Miguel. (2007, March 10). Google's buses help its workers beat the rush.
The New York Times. Retrieved April 7, 2009 at htp://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/10/technology/10google.html?scp=10&sq=google working&st=cse
The most recent trajectory for China's economy has been notable for its absence of emphasis on heavy industry. Mao's original plans focused on heavy industry the major driver of Chinese economic growth. Deng, too, had wanted to build out China's capacity in steel and heavy manufacturing industries. In recent years, service industries and light manufacturing have taken a more prominent role in the Chinese economy. The sense is that during the first years of the reforms, it was essential for China to build out its industrial capacity. Having done that, the only role left is to leverage the heavy industry infrastructure in order to help build out the fledgling service industry.
It was the heavy industry that facilitated productivity growth in China in the past couple of decades. Productivity has contributed 13.5% of China's economic growth since the early 1930s (u, 2003). Substantial improvements in infrastructure and technology were able…
BBC: China's Economic Reform website. (2005). Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/nol/shared/spl/hi/pop_ups/quick_guides/05/asia_pac_china0s_economic_reform/html/1.stm
GDP figures from the International Monetary Fund. (2009) Retrieved May 2, 2009 from http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2008
History Learning Site. (n.d.) Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/china_five_year_plan.htm
Harms, William. (1996). China's Great Leap Forward. University of Chicago Chronicle. Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://chronicle.uchicago.edu/960314/china.shtml
(Krukowski, 2001) Civil religion and workplace mysticism each change the institutional locus of religious expression from the church, synagogue, or mosque to another public organization- the state or the company. The existence of these different organizations hoists the main question of individuality and perhaps challenging faithfulness.
Both civil religion and workplace theology do not show the likely clashes and problems often met by employees who are also religious practitioners. Jews, Christians, or Muslims who are workforce of a company may well have grounds to question the customs of their company on religio-moral basis. Workplace theology in a funded organization does not distinguish these possible clashes. Institutionally conveying workplace theology is obviously not identical with permitting individual employees to convey their beliefs and customs at work. This grave outlook of workplace theology should not be realized, as a censure of persons who want to live out their definite religious or spiritual…
Alpert, Richard T. "Religious Diversity in the workplace." Retrieved at http://users.crocker.com/~amedpub/rc21d/Religion%20in%20the%20Workplace11.htm. Accessed on 4 February, 2005
"Workplace Religious Freedom: What is an Employer's Duty to Accommodate? A Review of Recent Cases" Workplace Religious Freedom / 49. Retrieved at http://homepages.ius.edu/LCHRISTI/Journal%20of%20emply/religious%20accommodation.pdf . Accessed on 4 February, 2005
Deveney, William D. (September-October, 2004) "Religious Harassment Claims: Case Studies in Good Faith." No. 05-05. Retrieved at http://www.etsw.com/NewsletterLB/2004_09-10.pdf . Accessed on 4 February, 2005
To do this, her duties could be diversified, and her position modified in order to give her a greater sense of responsibility. One way to do this could be to appoint assistants whom Sue could train to handle her more elementary duties. She could then learn to assist some of the higher-level positions within the company and work her way towards a leadership position.
In today's democratic and equal society, the law protects workers in diverse workplaces. Indeed, democracy and equality in the workplace and society are two of the most important paradigms in the United States today. As a company that reflects the society it serves, it is the aim of WWW.toprovide its workers with optimal satisfaction and opportunities to realize their work related dreams. In order to do this, it is the manager's job to become familiar with all the legislation relating to workers, their protection and their…
" (Kotler and Lee 2005, p.3). Since this study was published, the contributions have steadily increased making CS an integral part of every major company today.
A report by Price Water Cooper House in 2010 shows that the CS initiatives and reporting has increased despite the sagging economy and this points to a positive change in the mindset of the management of companies. "PWC explains that such reports have become critical to a company's credibility, transparency and endurance." (Business & the Environment 2010, p.5). The reduced role of the Government in business circles is only going to further increase this trend because companies feel they have an obligation to the society at large and they want to make this country a better place for living. All this is done out of their own interest and initiative rather than any force by any external institution. Also, many companies understand the significance…
Associated Press. 2011, February 25. State and Local Budget Cuts are slowing the U.S. Economy. Fox News. [Online] Available at: http://www.foxnews.com/us/2011/02/25/government-budget-cuts-pose-threat-recovery / [Accessed 27 March 2011]
No Author. 2011. Political Conditions. United States Country Review. 1(5). pp29-258.
Kotler, Philip; Lee, Nancy. 2005. Corporate Social Responsibility: Doing the most good for your company and your cause. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
BSD Global. 2011. Corporate Social Responsibility. International Institute for Sustainable Development. [Online]. Available at: http://www.iisd.org/business/issues/sr.aspx [Accessed 27 March 2011]
Managing Behaviors & Teaching Social Skills
Antisocial behavior in schools in on the rise and has become a concern in school systems, from both a learning perspective and from a safety perspective, as well. Previously, schools have dealt with such behaviors using punitive measures such as expulsion, or even law enforcement measures to attempt to discourage youth from behaving in an undesirable manner. These programs have had little or no effect on curbing behavior problems in schools. Second Step and Boys Town are programs, which implement a positive approach to behavior management. These programs teach youth alternatives to violence and stress problem solving, coping, and conflict management. These programs have had considerably greater success than their predecessors. This research will qualitatively explore the theoretical issues behind the success of these two programs and take a critical look at them to explore ways in which they may be further improved for…
Butterworth, F. (1998, July 26). Why the South's murder rate is so high. The New York Times on the Web. ( http://www.nytimes.com )
Capra. F. (1996). The Web of Life. New York: Anchor Books.
Carlson, N.R. (1994). Physiology of behavior. Boston: Allyn & Bacon
Cohen, D., Nisbett, R.E., & Bowdle, B.F. (1996). Insult, aggression, and the southern culture of honor: an "experimental ethnography." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 945-960.
Fool-proofing a service operation.
In the banking industry, a significant service industry in any country, optimized operations are essential to ensure that the public has maximum confidence in the operators of this industry. ank of America and its operations have been selected for discussion in this study. The bank has grown tremendously in the past few years. CEO, Ken Lewis realized that the bank could gain a wider market share and customer base if it was able to streamline its operations and the level of service. Incorporating concepts of process management was considered essential to the improvement process. (Cox and ossert, 2005) Some of the tools such as six-sigma were used to ensure that a high level of quality was maintained in the service that the provided to the customer.
ank of America recognized that customer satisfaction was paramount in ensuring that the customer was loyal and would…
Anonymous. "Starbucks - Taking on the World." Strategic Direction 20.7 (2004): 13-15.
Coffeeresearch.org. Starbucks and Transfair USA Enter into Breakthrough Alliance to Promote Fair Trade Certified Coffee. 2000. August 5, 2005.
Cohen, Don. "Managing Knowledge in the New Economy." Conference on organizational Learning. Chicago: The Conference Board, LLC, 1998.
Cox, Daniel, and James Bossert. "Driving Organic Growth at Bank of America." Quality Progress 38.2 (2005): 23-28.
court administrators have to deal with is the high volume of cases in the court system. Caseflow management is therefore one of the more significant issues that has to be dealt with. There are a number of reasons for this. First, there is only a limited amount of time for courtrooms, for judges and for other court staff. This is the capacity of the court system. The problem is that the demand for this capacity is highly variable. The amount of crime in an area, arrest rates, the ability of prosecutors to close out cases prior to trial, and the length of time required in different cases all factor into the demand function. Given that demand can be difficult to estimate, court administrators often are forced to rely on ad hoc measures in order to optimize their caseflow management.
Some of the different caseflow management techniques that are available to…
18 U.S. Code § 3771. Retrieved April 4, 2016 from https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/3771
NCSC (2016). Caseflow management: Resource guide. National Center for State Courts. Retrieved April 4, 2016 from http://www.ncsc.org/Topics/Court-Management/Caseflow-Management/Resource-Guide.aspx
Steelman, D., Goerdt, J. & McMillan, J. (2004) Caseflow Management: The Heart of Court Management in the new Millennium. National Center for State Courts.
Yaroshefsky, E. (1989). Balancing victims' rights and vigorous advocacy for the defendant. Annual Survey of American Law. Vol. 135 (1989).
Area: Birmingham, AL
Educational requirements of the position
As in all states, the state of Alabama's requirements for certified case managers is that they work with ill and injured clients serving government agencies, healthcare facilities, courts and other service providers. Their job is to create a plan that will lay out the best kind of program for these clients and by so doing improving their physical and mental well-being.
Case managers in Alabama possess the minimal requirements of a bachelor's degree, with their major being in psychology, nursing, or health (as amongst other subjects). ome may carry on to a Masters in health, human or education services or a related field.
In Alabama, as in many states, case management nursing practitioners can also be licensed registered nurses and/or have an associate's degree in health or human services. Other requirements are interning at a clinic or other relevant organization…
al.com Registered Nurse Case Manager - Neurology (Full-time Days) - Brookwood Medical Center, Birmingham, AL
ccmcertification.org.Case Manager Certification www.ccmcertification.org.
EducationPortal.com Certified Case Manager Education Requirements and Career Info. http://education-portal.com/certified_case_manager.html
Types of responsibilities an organization has to stakeholders
This article is subject to the responsibilities that the organization has towards the stakeholders. They include both external and internal stakeholders. Internal stakeholders refer to the shareholders who are the management and employees. External stakeholders refer to the community, credit competitors, suppliers and consumers. The employees are considered significant stakeholders. The employees remain in a subservient position in the organization regardless of the fact that they provide the necessary labor. Regarding this fact, state and federal laws have been put in place to govern the rights of employees and ensure that they are fairly compensated and treated with respect. The employment laws provides for 8 rights of the employee. They include the freedom of voicing concerns without retaliation from the employer, medical and family leave, non-discriminatory hiring, benefits of unemployment, safe working environment, and equal compensation regardless of gender, minimum wage and…
Protecting children bears a great deal of significance. One of the key ways of doing so is school bus safety all the way through the whole year. It is imperative to make certain that children are able to get to school and back to their homes safe and sound. Statistics indicate that in the 2018-19 school year, approximately 350,000 children across Arkansas will be getting on one of roughly 7,000 school buses on a daily basis (Times Record). When there are flashing red lights on a school bus that has stopped, it implies that children are crossing the road, and therefore drivers are required by law to stop. However, this has not been the case. In April this year, statistics indicated that over 3,200 school buses in Little Rock in the city of Arkansas reported over 850 incidents of motorists unlawfully failing to stop and passing a stopped school…
Management Service Processes in a Specific Organization
Critical Evaluation of Effective Management Service Processes: Qantas Airlines
Effective and efficient management service processes are highly important when it comes to any organization that has dealings with the public in a service capacity. Addressed here will be the case and critical evaluation of Qantas airlines, which operates airplanes that shuttle individuals to vacation destinations and work-related conferences, among other needs. The paper will focus on three areas: the effective management of service processes, service people, and resource allocation. All three of these areas must be evaluated, in order to better understand the issues that the company faces. Additionally, all three areas generally work together to help an organization reach maximum efficiency and effectiveness. ith that in mind, examining all three issues for Qantas will show how well the company is doing and whether there are things it could do to improve in…
Bass, B.M. & Avolio, B.J. (Eds.). (1994). Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Bryant, S.E. (2003). The role of transformational and transactional leadership in creating, sharing and exploiting organizational knowledge. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies
Easdown, G. (2006). Qantas through the years. The Herald Sun.
Morrison, S.A. & Winston, C. (1990), The dynamics of airline pricing and competition, American Economic Review, 80(3).
Moreover, in 2001, Providian decided to stop advertising the 800 numbers in order for customers to call and apply for a credit card and decided to run a campaign which advertised a web site that offered cards with high rates.
Furthermore, since 2004 due to the new legislation and to the new CEO and chairman Joseph Saunders, Providian is increasing its social responsibility focusing on the middle market rather than on the risky one, even if that means a lower default rate. What's more, Providian sold off some of the best loans to other financial companies and attained other funding.
What could company leadership have done to guide Providian in a better direction?
The company should have raised its market standard and focus on middle market rather than on insoluble customers, who almost brought Providian's bankruptcy. It should have advertised their products correctly and explicitly, this way avoiding the lawsuits…
The advertising agency has been linked up with past event volunteers who have been approached to provide old video and film clips to be uploaded to Youtube and other video upload sites to aid in a viral video marketing strategy.
e will open ticket sales for the tournament several weeks ahead of the first matches so that spectators can plan for the event. e will highlight donations to charity and potential door prizes for ticket holders to increase interest for the event.
E. Personnel Scheduling.
e will have to line up contractors and necessary organizational employees. In addition, we have to draw up a core of volunteers to help us during the tournament. e will need to set up a seeding committee to assist. e will have to check to see if a racket stringer will is available. If this is not the case, we will have to hire out…
Abbott, J.L., & Geddie, M.W. (2001 ). Event and venue management: minimizing liability through effective crowd management techniques. Event Management, 6,
Cavanaugh, J. (1993, August 15). Volvo tennis tournament returns. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volvo_International .
Getz, D. (2003). Sport event tourism: planning, development, and marketing. In S.
Health Care Management
Fiduciary responsibility refers to a relationship whereby an individual has the responsibility of taking care of the rights and assets of another person. Therefore people who are working in the healthcare field are entrusted with a significant fiduciary responsibility. This is because they are entrusted with both the assets within the field, hence expected to take care of them, at the same time render services to people. It is important to recognize this fiduciary responsibility given to them since the healthcare field is very delicate and one that requires a lot of care and caution. The fiduciary responsibility of those working in the health care field include; avoiding any conflict of interest when they are at work, acting in the interest of the healthcare organization as opposed to their personal interest, providing an oversight to ensure that any transaction within the organization is conducted in…
Shortell, K. & Kaluzy, M.(2009). Health Care Management, 6th Edition
How does a court system cope with a “changing of the guard” when a new administration is elected and key executives and managers are replaced, and/or when policy changes direction as a new political party assumes power?
The best coping technique is instituting a system characterized by power separation. Accountability may be attained within the domain of administrative rulemaking by means of various institutional plans and practices. One may perceive bureaucratic accountability to be a classic agent-principal issue. Governmental cabinets, rather than parliaments, form the main bureaucratic controllers, being ideally positioned, owing to their central location in administration as well as legislative politics, to guarantee that implementation will be governed by the very political agenda that drives lawmaking. Ministerial workers are answerable, via a hierarchical command chain, to the Prime Minister, other ministers, the cabinet, and a coalition or the majority party. Thus, whilst drafting regulations, the very politicians responsible…
Classroom Behavior Management
Developing a classroom that takes cultural diversity into account begins with understanding one's own ethnocentrism, that a lot of what we take for granted pertains specifically to our own cultural upbringing. Children who come from other cultures -- and their parents -- may well have different ideas and ideals. It is important to learn about the different cultures that are present in my classroom, as a starting point for understanding. A lot of developing an inclusive classroom involves listening to students and parents, so as to understand their cultures better, and how that pertains to the classroom. My plan would have specific Tier 1 rules, governing the basics of classroom behavior that are not subject to question on the basis of culture. But there will also need to be more of an individualized (Tier 2) approach, where some students from other cultures might receive special attention, or…
Human esource Management
ecruitment at USC
Evaluation of emuneration Strategy of the USC
H is Asset
emuneration is Tactic and A Plan
Salary vs. World Class Program
Organization and Talent Strategies in Emerging Markets
Attracting the most talented pool of candidates and satisfying their needs and retaining them might seem a simple mathematical formula but it is a really tough challenge for many. University of Southern California for example knew that luring and having people on the board was not enough. They had to offer a culture and system that they could cherish for long.
The process of recruitment is formally defined as process of finding a person as per specific job role and matching the job role with the searched person is called recruitment. Employment opportunities of a firm…
 "Recruitment & Selection Process." RFU. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Aug. 2013.
"Recruitment and Selection Process." Recruitment and Selection Process. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Aug. 2013.
Change Management for WalMart
The commercial environment in which firms compete is forever changing. Internal and external forces stimulate a need for change; firms that fail to change and adapt are likely to stagnate and suffer as a result of their resistance to change. The aim of this paper is to look at an organization which needs to change, considering what change is needed, the lifecycle of change, including consideration of continuous and discontinuous change, and different types of change agents.
The Need for Change at WalMart
WalMart is the largest retailer in the U.S.; it is also the largest private employer with an estimated 1.3 million employees (Workplacefairness.org, 2014). The firm places a high level of reliance in the employees, but despite this the firm appears to have ongoing problems with its employee relations; the firm is regularly accused of discrimination, excessively low wages, and unfair practices (Halkias,…
Buchanan, D; Huczynski, A, (2010) Organizational Behavior, Harlow, FT/Prentice Hall
Caldwell Raymond, (2003), Models of Change Agency: a Fourfold Classification, British Journal of Management, 14 131-132
Halkias, M, (2014, April 1), Appeals court allows former Wal-Mart employee's gender bias lawsuit to proceed, Dallas News, accessed at http://www.dallasnews.com/business/retail/20140401-appeals-court-allows-former-wal-mart-employees-gender-bias-lawsuit-to-proceed.ece on 20th June 2014
Kotter JP, (1996), Leading Change, Harvard Business Press
Today Halliburton must address transparency and compliance to the U.S. Government, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in accordance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and also the shareholders. This has added cost and time constraints to their strategic planning process that could potentially cost them incremental business if they were able to respond to the market faster without having to contend with compliance initiatives first.
Another aspect of the strategic planning process that has been influenced by the practices of Halliburton is the issue of ethics. In 2005 and 2006 Halliburton was cited by the U.S. Senate for knowingly serving unhealthy water to U.S. troops in the Camp Ar amadi province of Iraq (Donahue, 2006). This ethical lapse was found after the U.S. Senate learned that Halliburton had been given the contract for water purification services in the region, and did not audit their own performance. In other words, Halliburton…
Mustafa Barth. (2003). Sand Castles in the Sahara: U.S. Military Basing in Algeria. Review of African Political Economy, 30(98), 679-685.
Jim Donahue. (2006). Dirty Halliburton. Multinational Monitor, 27(2), 8-9.
Sheila McNulty (2004, June 22). Halliburton ethics called into question: Court documents provide a disturbing backdrop, says Sheila McNulty: [LONDON 1ST EDITION]. Financial Times, p. 29.
One World Trust, (2008 12-14). 2008 Global Accountability Report. Retrieved May 19, 2009, from One World Trust Accountability Profile Web site: http://www.oneworldtrust.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=276&Itemid=55
Court Opening Argument
It is humbly submitted to the Hon'ble Court that this respondent as per the issues and syllabus cited submit that the issues of the litigation pertain -- not only to the law of marriage, but also to the recognition if it must be accorded to same sex marriages and unions, and whether no recognizing this social development amounts to denial of the constitutional rights of a group of citizens. It is also pertinent to question if the states in allowing adoption to opposite sex couples and denying the same to same sex couples. The question then becomes still deeper with the challenge of the validity of same sex marriages.
It is still with various states to give effect to the Defence of Marriage Act -- DOMA and the definition of marriage as per section 3 of the act makes marriage between a man and a woman alone…
Mitsubishi Sexual Harassment Case Study
efacing an organization is substantial for aiding the aggregate process of organizational development. This measure is responsive, especially when an organization's labor is orientation is not properly oriented. In most scenarios, an organization will require the proper decision development, which will seek to mitigate responsive legislative protocols, and possibly challenging actions of human rights activity. It is as well good to note that most organizational human resource problems are between an employee and another employee. As a result, the top organization will naturally be inclined to harbor these cases that can be punitive the firm. This study proves that a de-facing strategy followed by a disparate treatment action can be applied to salvage the organization from a punitive legislative system. The study will appoint the Mitsubishi Sexual Harassment case, with close reference on stratagems that the organization could have applied to mitigate possible punitive actions…
Ayandele, M., & Adeoye, O.S. (2010). Changing work Environment through Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Challenges to Secretarial Staff. International Journal of Computer Applications, 9(10), 35-40.
Bornholz, R., & Heckman, J.J. (2005). Measuring Disparate Impacts and Extending Disparate Impact Doctrine to Organ Transplantation. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 48(1x), 95-S122.
Jerrold, L. (2005). Disparate treatment v disparate impact. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 128(1), 133-135.
Mcmullan, J., & Rege, A. (2007). Cyberextortion at Online Gambling Sites: Criminal
Grants for science education are provided to schools and individuals, with the objective of helping to inspire careers in science. ("About HHMI," 2010) When you put these different elements tougher, this shows how HHMI is involved in medical research funding from: working directly with researchers to providing funding on a host of projects and initiatives. This is important, because it allows the nonprofit to fund a number of different research studies, while giving scientists the flexibility to effectively conduct their projects. As a result, this has helped HHMI to support a number of different medical breakthroughs to include: making significant progress in spinal cord injuries, HIV / AIDS research and medication that can be used to effectively treat leukemia. At the same time, the organization is focused on identifying the genes that are responsible for: cystic fibrosis, colon cancer and muscular dystrophy. (Leung, 2004)
The Impact of how HHMI's: Mission,…
About HHMI. (2010). HHMI. Retrieved from: http://www.hhmi.org/about/
Developing New Knowledge. (2010). HHMI. Retrieved from:
Project management: STAKEHOLDERS AND COMMUNICATIONS
LIVE CHAT ASSIGNMENT 1 page 138: A new grocery store is being erected, which will demolish a neighborhood basketball court. Who would be some internal stakeholders? Who would be some external stakeholders?
The internal stakeholders would include individuals such as the project manager, the administrators, the employees, the construction workers, the subcontractors. The external stakeholders would include the community in general, the people that used the basketball court, and the people that would benefit from shopping at the new grocery store.
LIVE CHAT ASSIGNMENT 2-page 166: Give an example of scope creep from one of your own projects or from a project that has made the news in recent years
Scope creep is a really common problem in a project. I can think of a personal example in which my family remodeled our kitchen at the time. We started with a project that was fairly…
H in Strategic Management
It was after the Korean War that an entirely new breed of college educated managers appeared on the scene and exuded a greater sense of responsibility that translated into a wave of consciousness for social well-being and social upheaval that swarmed through the second half of the 20th century (Losey 1998). Their influence markedly changed the thought of the American employee. But another group in the 60s and the 70s heightened the established interest in laborers welfare and feelings to the point of affecting all facets of business, including the growth of market research, communications and public relations. This second wave shifted focus from scientific management to the employer-employee relationship. The new gear led to the development of programs that increased wages and fringed benefits and the eliciting of worker ideas and initiative in recognizing the link organizational philosophy or policy to greater productivity (Losey).…
1. Losey, Michael. (1998). HR Comes of Age -- History of Human Resource Management. HR Magazine. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_n3_v43/ai_20514399
2. Oswald, Sharon, et al. (1991). Strategic Management of Human Relations: the American Steel and Wire Company -- Company Profile. Business Horizons. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1038/is_n3/v34/ai_10817055
3. Siger, Marc. (2000). Strategic Human Relations Management Committee: Books Examine the Role of HR Professionals. HR Magazine: Society for Human Resource Management. http://www.findarticles.com/p/artices/mi_m3495/is_12_45/ai_68216379
4. Weatherly, Leslie. (2003). The Value of People. HR Magazine. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_9_48/ai_108315188
Human esources Management is basically something that encompasses various activities in an office environment, some of them being: what sort of employees does a company need, what are the best methods to recruit as well as train these personnel, making sure that the performance levels of these people is at its optimum best, and also making sure that the rules regarding management issues are followed to the letter by the employees. Some other issues are those of employee compensation, employee benefits, and so on.
The first step in a human resources management policy is that of 'ecruitment' of the company's employees.
In order to prepare an Advertisement for the purpose of recruitment, certain guidelines must be followed. These are: there must be included, in the advertisement, a complete job description. This must state the 'job title' or 'rank' or 'position'. This means that the person who is interested will…
Corrective Action: Professional and Support Staff. March 1, 2002. Retrieved From
http://atyourservice.ucop.edu/employees/policies/staff_policies/spp62.html Accessed on 5 November, 2004
Employee Conduct, Disciplinary Discharge Guidelines. Retrieved From
http://www.rpi.edu/dept/hr/policy/empconductguide.html Accessed on 5 November, 2004
International Safety Management
ISM safety code
Acting as a mandatory regulation, ISM Code usually lays down standards of shipowner's responsibility for safe management of ships and pollution prevention accepted internationally. The obligation of the shipment owner is to establish, maintain as well as implement a Safety Management System that is to meet the ISM Code's requirements.
The aspects of civil liability's impact is to be focused on the impact on liability of shipowner for cargo loss or damage, in addition to shipowner's legal right to limit his liability for claims. Some of the concepts such as seaworthiness, actual fault and privity, crew's negligence, the role of the designated person and recklessness with knowledge are to be considered. There has already been a change in the conditions in terms of policies that meet the requirement of the ISM Code through Hull and Machinery (H & M) underwrites and protection…
Gold, E (1996). 'Lessons in Corporate Responsibility: Learn From Disaster?' The
ISM Code Implementation in Practice- Corporate Risk: BIMCO Shipping Courses
Copenhagen, Denmark). BIMCO. Copenhagen: BIMCO, pg 15-18.
Levy, H (1996). 'The P & I Club -- How do the clubs evaluate the ISM Code'. The ISM Code Implementation in Practice -Corporate Risk: BIMCO Shipping Courses: Copenhagen, Denmark). BIMCO. Copenhagen: BIMCO, 15-18).
Human Resource Management was previously more of an industry dependent way of filling open positions within an organization. Modern Strategic HR Management, though, is not simply using computers to recruit and assist in hiring or firing, but the planning and implementation of information management, organizational management, and marketing to support the entire business operation. In effect, it is taking the idea of staffing, retention and training and deconstructing the HR portion to individual managers and employees. The organization thus looks to HR for expertise in planning and adapting both strategic and tactical planning (alker, 2004).
Some of the more traditional HR tasks include developing and posting position announcements, developing tests to ensure competency in those jobs, working with managers through the interview process or pre-screening, and determining compensation information. For these functions to work well, HR must be responsible for the lifecycle of the employee. The tasks above may be…
Lussier, R., & Hendon, J. (2013). Human Resource management: Functions, Applications, Skill Development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Martin, V. (2006). Managing Projects in Human Resources, Training and Development. Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Publications.
Snell, S., et al. (2011). Managing Human Resources. Mason, OH: Cenage.
Walker, J. (2004). "What's a Strategic HR Leader to Do?" Human Resource Planning. 27(4): 61-9.
Wal-Mart remains one of the most important economic actors in the U.S., both because of its contribution to the economy and because of its role as an active job creator. Wal-Mart is a huge recruiter, employing a large number of individuals and offering a range of opportunities for them, including health insurance and the possibility of rising to managerial positions. Wal-Mart is also a diverse organization, employing different race or sex minorities, including African-American, Hispanics and women.
The case study about Wal-Mart clearly reflects the approach that Wal-Mart has taken in this sense. The case study mentions that Wal-Mart is the world's largest employee and this alone implies diversity: it shows that Wal-Mart has an international presence and, in that quality, it is willing to embrace cultural differences and blend its organizational culture according to these differences. In terms of statistics, the case study shows that Wal-Mart has 41,000 Asian…
1. How Walmart's Chief Diversity Officer Gets Talent-Development Results. Diversity Inc. On the Internet at http://www.diversityinc.com/leadership/diversity-management-how-walmarts-chief-diversity-officer-gets-talent-development-results/ . Last retrieved on October 18, 2013
2. Ruigrok, Winfried. January/February 2012. Overcoming the triple hurdle of diversity management. The European Business Review.
3. Bernardi, Erika; De Toni, Alberto. 2009. Managing Cultural Diversity: Integration Values and Management Skills. POMS 20th Annual Conference. On the Internet at http://www.pomsmeetings.org/confpapers/011/011-0559.pdf. Last retrieved on October 18, 2013
How Walmart's Chief Diversity Officer Gets Talent-Development Results. Diversity Inc. On the Internet at
Human esource Management
HM (Human esource Management) is the advancement and management of workers of an organization. It includes recruitment processes, representation and classification of positions at work. For these to be accomplished, laws governing human capital should be followed, and appropriate strategies should be kept in place including paying attention to the employees. Good Management of human capital, determines the success of many organizations
Action training for supervisors
Disciplinary training is a case for supervisors with multiple employees, which requires laws; this will prevent employees from taking advantage of their positions or employers causing difficulties in the workplace. The law requires that the employer complies with labor laws, which include approval of agreement, between the employer, supervisor and employee while working together. They are required to identify various laws like how to handle employers, their complaints at the work place while providing safety at work. The law requires that…
Inc, B. a. (2010). 5 Tips for Holding HR Policies That Hold. New York: Bussines and Legal Reports In.
Lastroner, R.A. (2001). The Nonprofit Managers Resource Director. New York: John Willis and Sons.
Shannon, K. (2011). The Complete Guide to Successfill Planning Event. Atlanta: Atlantic Publishing Company.
Network Security Management
From the onset, it is important to note that for data to flow from one computer to another, such computers should be interconnected in what is referred to as a network. With such interconnectedness comes the risk of data interception and it is for this reason that network security is considered crucial.
In the recent past, the number of corporations that have experienced attacks on their computing resources has been on the increase. Outages in this case have ranged from denial-of-service-attacks to viruses to other more sophisticated forms of attack. It is important to note that these attacks, which are rarely publicly acknowledged by the affected companies, are coming at a time when organizations are increasingly becoming dependent on information systems and networks to conduct their business. Today, business communications between an entity and the various groups of stakeholders, including but not limited to employees and customers,…
BBC. (2013). Sony Fined Over 'Preventable' PlayStation Data Hack. BBC. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-21160818
Canavan, J.E. (2001). Fundamentals of Network Security. Norwood, MA: Artech House.
Cole, E., Krutz, R.L. & Conley, J. (2005). Network Security Bible. Indianapolis, IN: John Wiley & Sons.
Finkle, J. & Hosenball, M. (2014). Exclusive: More Well-Known U.S. Retailers Victims of Cyber Attacks -- Sources. Reuters. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/12/us-target-databreach-retailers-idUSBREA0B01720140112
The capital requirements together with reserve policies were overhauled with the entry of new leadership and avenues of the company. Moreover, the company had to align compensation with long-term returns. The strategies, which were laid by the company after its revival was to settle the dividends of the purchasers, and pay debts, which had been accrued in payments (Stonehouse, 2004).
Porter's Five Force
The Porter's Five Forces have a great influence of the way McDonald's Company has been operating in the market. Literally, the company has embraced all the five figures making up the Porter's Five Forces. These are the forces, which influence the market as it happened to McDonald's Company. The company faced the threat of new entrants into the market. When the company was introduced, it dealt with different products, most of which were also being produced by some other companies. As such, the company had to shift…
Ahlstrom, D., & Bruton, G.D. (2010). International management: Strategy and culture in the emerging world. Australia: Southwestern Cengage Learning.
Facella, P., & Genn, a.M. (2009). Everything I know about business I learned at McDonald's:
The seven leadership principles that drive break out success. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Gilbert, S. (2009). The story of McDonald's. Mankato, MN: Creative Education.
Throughout history, police management has experienced numerous changes because of the various significant changes that have continued to occur in the society. The emerging trends have contributed to the development of new policing governance, which has had considerable implications for police management. Towards the end of the 20th Century, the governmental police reforms have contributed to an end to public policing, a claim that is regarded as extrapolated towards a certain extreme. However, in light of the changes that have occurred in the recent past, it's evident that public policing has not come to an end but that the monopoly of public policing has come to an end. As a result, the dominance of public policing that characterized the 19th and 20th centuries is no longer a characteristic of the modern era. Actually, the emerging diverse totality of public policing is a reflection of the so-called post-modern period.…
Cope, S., Leishman, F. & Starie, P. (1997). Globalization, New Public Management and the Enabling State: Futures of Police Management. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 10(6), 444-460.
"Cooperation Agreement between the Government of Canada and the European Police Office."
(n.d.). Europol. Retrieved December 8, 2012, from https://www.europol.europa.eu/sites/default/files/flags/canada.pdf
Forcese, D. (2002). Police: current issues in Canadian law enforcement. Kemptville, Ontario:
It can be argued that from a responsibility standpoint, it is only money and can be replaced. Therefore, the risk associated with the actions of the manager do not compare with other professional fields. It would appear that licensure is not necessary, nor is a particular body of knowledge in order to become a successful manager.
Morality and Managers
We have demonstrated that managers do not have to possess a standardized set of minimal knowledge in order to perform their job well. Many examples illustrate successful entrepreneurs that do not have even the minimal knowledge base, yet they are a success by many standards. From the standpoint of the necessity of a minimal knowledge base, it would appear that managers do not qualify as professionals from a sociological perspective. However, the public and the company place an incredible amount of trust in managers to carry out their functions in a…
Adams, R., 2005. Innovation management measurement: A http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/templates/jsp/_synergy.2/images/free.gif
International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol. 8, Issue 1, pp. 21-47.
All Star Directories, Inc. 2008, AACSB Accredited. [Online] Available at http://www.allbusinessschools.com/featured/aacsb/
Boxall, P. & Gilbert, J., 2007, the management of managers: A review and conceptual framework. International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol. 9, Issue 2, pp. 95-115.
Performance Management through the Lens of Keys v. Humana (2012)
Kathryn Keys, former employee of Humana Incorporated, filed a claim of racial discrimination under the Civil ights Acts of 1964 and 1991 (Keys v. Humana, 2012). The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky sided with the defendant, Humana Inc., in January 2010 and dismissed the case on the grounds that the facts were insufficient to support a claim of racial discrimination under the McDonnell Douglass framework. The McDonnell Douglas framework requires the plaintiff to show that they are a member of a protected class, were qualified to hold the job in question, were treated differently than others not belonging to a protected class or were replaced by an unprotected person, and were harmed by an employment decision. Specifically, the lower court found that Keys failed to show that Caucasian employees who were not fired were indeed performing…
Human Inc. (2012). Well-being starts with us. 2010 & 2011 Corporate Social Responsibility Report. Retrieved 26 Feb. 2014 from http://apps.humana.com/marketing/documents.asp?file=1853059 .
Keys v. Humana Inc., No. 11-5472 F.6th (Fed. Cir. 2012).
Littler Learning Group. (2009). Performance management and corrective action: A resource guide for managers & supervisors. Retrieved 25 Feb. 2014 from http://www.csus.edu/hr/docs/professional/perfmgmtandcorrectiveaction050109.pdf .
Van Bogaert, D.A. (n.d.). New legal battlegrounds for performance evaluations. Retrieved 25 Feb. 2014 from http://myweb.lmu.edu/dbogaert/newlegalbattlegroundspedvb.pdf .
Cuellar, Mariano-Florentino. "The International Criminal Court and the Political Economy of Antitreaty Discourse." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 1597+.
Dahl, Richard. "A Changing Climate of Litigation." Environmental Health Perspectives 115.4 (2007): 204+.
Fromkin, David. "International Law at the Frontiers." orld Policy Journal 15.4 (1998): 59-72.
Koh, Harold Hongju. "Foreword: On American Exceptionalism." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 1479+.
Scharf, Michael P. "The ICC's Jurisdiction over the Nationals of Non-Party States: A Critique of the U.S. Position." Law and Contemporary Problems 64.1 (2001): 67.
Stacy, Helen. "Relational Sovereignty." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 2029+.
Tiefer, Charles. Veering Right: How the Bush Administration Subverts the Law for Conservative Causes. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004.
David Fromkin, "International Law at the Frontiers," orld Policy Journal15.4 (1998): 59. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002006259
Mariano-Florentino Cuellar, "The International Criminal Court…
Cuellar, Mariano-Florentino. "The International Criminal Court and the Political Economy of Antitreaty Discourse." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 1597+.
Dahl, Richard. "A Changing Climate of Litigation." Environmental Health Perspectives 115.4 (2007): 204+.
Dierct Air - Management & Marketing Mistakes
The following case study employs the array of industry metrics discussed above to determine major factors that contributed to Direct Airways filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy during the time period from 2007-212. This time period was chosen because SEC filings at that time available, providing valuable insight into the stark differences between the two airlines. Direct Airways was a major U.S. carrier that was founded in 2001 and operated for 7 years until it fell into bankruptcy in 2001. This terminated an unrestrained years for Direct Airways, which filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy last year of 2012 (Jayanti).
I understood that already the subject of a federal investigation by transportation regulators, the outdated charter service Direct Air long ago would soon may be facing a far-reaching investigation of its finances by the bankruptcy trustee (Bomkamp). The lawyer governing Direct Air's bankruptcy went ahead…
Barla, P., & Koo, B. (1999). Bankruptcy protection and pricing strategies in the U.S. airline industry. Transportation Research.Part E, Logistics & Transportation Review, 35, 101-120.
Borenstein, S., & Rose, N.L. (1995). Bankruptcy and pricing behavior in U.S. airline markets. The American Economic Review, 85(2), 397-397.
Borenstein, S., & Rose, N.L. (2003). The impact of bankruptcy on airline service levels. The American Economic Review, 93(2), 415-415.
Baran, Michelle. Uncertainty over refunds surrounds Direct Air's bankruptcy. 2 April 2012. http://www.travelweekly.com/Travel-News/Tour-Operators/Uncertainty-over-refunds-surrounds-Direct-Airs-bankruptcy/ . 29 November 2012.
Yet, it is not the global recession that prompted the problems, but it is more of the time when they surfaced. The cause is the poor personnel management implemented for years within the organization, meaning as such that a solution can only come with the improvement of the personnel management strategies. The lines below point out to some strategies that could be developed and implemented to address the problem of poor personnel management at British Airways:
The creation and implementation of a strong corporate culture focused not only on customer satisfaction, but also on employee on the job satisfaction. British Airways should constitute a safe, pleasant and dynamic working environment that values employee input and embraces employee diversity (Matthews, 1998); an advantage would be offered by incentives, such as flexible working schedules or telecommuting (Joice, 1991)
The creation of a technological infrastructure that allows communications among staff members;…
Associated Press, January 15, 2010, British Airways' Crew May Strike, The Mississippi Business Journal
Boyd, C., 2003, Human Resource Management and Occupational Health and Safety, Routledge, ISBN 0415265908
Cimini, M.H., 1990, Airline Update, Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 113
Cimini, M.H., Muhl, C.J., 1994, Electronic Monitoring Limited, Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 17
Other specific risks to patrol officers, including those operating in pairs, include standard procedures suggested by past studies of the circumstances in which attacks on officers have occurred. For example, interviews with prisoners who assaulted officers during their arrests disclosed that many such attacks were initiated by the subject upon realization that their arrest was imminent. In many cases, it was the radio transmission alerting the officers of the subject's wanted status that was overheard by the subject.
Effective risk management in this regard led to the use of police codes, both for the officer to alert dispatch that the subject was in hearing range, and also for police dispatchers to advise officers as to the subject's status without alerting the offender simultaneously (Sweeney, 2005).
Likewise, other specific risks associated with the policing and correctional environment are effectively reduced by the application of risk management principles, including the prohibition of…
Buerger, M., Levin, B. (2005) the Future of Officer Safety in an Age of Terrorism. The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin; Vol. 74 No. 9, (pp. 2-8).
Larsen, R. (2007) Our Own Worst Enemy: Asking the Right Questions About Security to Protect You, Your Family, and America. New York: Grand Central Publishing.
Sweeney, E. (2005) the Patrol Officer. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin; Vol. 74 No. 9, (pp. 14-21).
Drug Courts: A Program to Reinvent Justice for Addicts
For the past several decades, drug use has had an overwhelming effect upon the American justice system, with drug and drug-related crime being the most common offense in almost every community (Drug Strategies, 1996). eyond the troubling ability of these problems to fill prisons to capacity, the traditional judicial system seemed to have no deterrent effect on these crimes (Drug and Crime Facts, 1994). A disturbing "revolving door" pattern had emerged, with drug offenders moving through the system in a predictable pattern of arrest, prosecution, conviction, incarceration, and release. In a few weeks, sometimes only a few days, the same person was back in the system again, arrested for drug possession or a drug-related crime (National Association of Drug Court Professionals [NADCP], 1997). A particularly difficult problem faced by the system was the growing use of crack cocaine in the 1980s…
Bean, Philip. (1996, October). "America's Drug Courts: A New Development in Criminal Justice." Criminal Law Review. 720-740.
A scholarly review of the American drug court by a British attorney.
Brumbaugh, Alex. (1994) "Why Drug Courts Work." 3 Dec. 2002. http://www.silcom.com/~alexb/drugcrts.htm
Discussion of the various counseling techniques available to drug court clients, with an emphasis on acupuncture.
Federal and State Court Authority
The federal court system was founded by the United States Constitution and derives its authority from that document. The establishment of the federal court system is specifically derived from Article II which created the institution of the Supreme Court, the highest law in the land, and also permitted Congress to establish a system of lower courts. At present, there are 94 district level trial courts and 13 courts of appeal (“Court Role,” 2018). The state courts derive their power from the state constitutions directly, although state authority does not supersede that of federal authority. This was a major sticking-point between federalists and antifederalists and remained a point of contention during the early days of the republic.
State courts possess what is referred to as general jurisdiction, which means that all cases not within the scope of the federal courts are within the jurisdiction of the…
While on the surface it may seem that, in the interest of fairness, one who relies on the advice of a representative of the government should be entitled to the express conditions of any benefits stated by said government agent, the deeper issues involve the very system of checks and balances on which our founding fathers intended in our Constitution. The questions of potential executive fraud and misrepresentation arises were a private individual able to estop a withholding of Treasury funds contrary to the law. Certainly, the amount of time and money could amount to a huge waste of taxpayer's money should any individual with a grievance over legally denied benefits be able to bring their case to the federal courts. Finally, the public interest must always be balanced against the needs of the individual, and when grievous unfairness in the distribution of Treasury funds occurs, the Congress has the…
Another case illustrates how important proper investigation can be to the outcome of a case. Various authors cite the case of a fire in a home that killed two children. The children's mother had left them in the care of her boyfriend, who left them alone and left the residence. A small fire was seen burning outside the home after he left. The authors note, "The suspect was arrested and charged with arson and murder. Law enforcement authorities claimed that accelerant was detected on the suspect's clothes and in fire debris sampled outside the dwelling" (Various authors, 2003, p. 127). In fact, the accelerant found outside the home was completely different from that found on the suspect, (which was gasoline), and eventually the charges were dropped. The defendant worked as an automobile mechanic, which explained the presence of gasoline on his clothing. This indicates how a botched investigation can lead…
Bellilse, M. (2007). Moore avoids death penalty with plea bargain. Retrieved 24 Feb. 2009 from the Reno Gazette Journal Web site: http://www.rgj.com/article/20070119/NEWS/70119007 .
Drake, J. (2001, February 20). Arson unit's powers stripped. The Washington Times, p. 1.
Editors. (2009). Arson. Retrieved 24 Feb. 2009 from the Insurance Information Institute Web site: http://www.iii.org/media/hottopics/insurance/test1/ .
Lynch, P.A. (2007). Michigan court recognizes rule that arson cases can be proven. Retrieved 24 Feb. 2009 from the Interfire.org Web site: http://www.interfire.org/features/legalview.asp?date=12142007 .
Human esources Management - Maintaining a Competitive Edge in the Corporate Marketplace
Change continues to reshape the workplace. Today's H professional is called upon to help the organization retain its competitive edge in the marketplace. Along with representing the best interests of employees, H professionals assume the role of strategic partner, administrative expert, and change agent. H assumes a critical role in promoting the vision and shaping the focus of the company. H professionals must be skilled and knowledgeable business partners, able to wear many hats while demonstrating their own competencies in communication and decision-making skills. (Aghazadeh, 1999)
Today, H departments face many challenges. Some are conventional and continuing concerns.
Attract, retain and motivate employees;
Ensure legal and regulatory compliance;
Manage the human side of technological change.
Perhaps, most critically today however, progressive H departments are charged with adding value to the corporation as they seek to:
Aghazadeh, Seyed-Mahmoud (1999). Human Resource Management: Issues and challenges in the new millennium. Management Research News, 22(12) 19-32.
Ashbaugh, Sam and Rowan Miranda (2002). Technology for Human Resources Management: Seven Questions and Answers. Public Personnel Management, (31) 7.
Ball, Sarah (2002, Sept). How technology can make you look good. Employee Benefits, S9-11.
Barro, Tom. A Tangled Web of Partnerships. Retrieved Feb. 21, 2003 at http://www.astd.org/CMS/templates/index.html?template_id=1&articleid=23780
contract with a property management firm usually provides for various issues that are inherent in a real estate agreement. This will include the individual obliged to pay rent, who is the tenant, the commencement date, the address and the amount to be paid. This contract may be also be passed to real estate's firm for other purposes other than for residence including parking, storage, and business transactions.
A default usually occurs in instances when the tenant fails to follow the terms on the contract. Most common contracts are 6 months, 1 year or 2 years long. Some tenets violate the terms of the contract by moving out before the stipulated date while others move out without proper notice especially in contracts that continues on a month to month basis. In addition, the landlord might also violate the terms of the contract by getting the tenant out before the contract ends.…
Learning Annex Holdings, LLC v. Whitney Educ. Group, Inc., _ F. Supp. 2d _, No. 09 Civ. 4432 (SAS), 2011.
Professional Liability Agents Network. "Get it in Writting: Avoid Verbal Contracts ." www.vgic.com. June 2011. (accessed December 10, 2012).
Varney v. Ditmars, 111 N.E. 822,(N.Y. 1916).
Strategic Perspectives in Management Accounting and Finance
The main reason for differentiation in the accounting studies seemed to occur due to the functionalist perceptions in the expertise of social studies. According to Dellaportas and Davenport (2008) professions are being separated by occupation on the basis of the level of distinctiveness one occupation has from another; a model first designed by Greenwood in 1975.
Abercrombie et al. (1994, p. 335) in their study explained that such distinctiveness is surrounded by the concept which results in more beneficiary outcomes for the public than for an individual's professional interest in providing services. This simply means that it was an original human demand that gave birth to all professions. There's an equality on profession's social compulsion i.e. there is a balance between a professional's job and his obligation to serve the public. In this regard Carey (1965, p. 376) asserted that it was in…
Abbott, A. The system of professions: an essay on the division of expert labor. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (1988).
Abercrombie, N., Hill, S., Turner, B.S. The penguin dictionary of sociology. 3rd ed. Ringwood: Penguin Books (1994).
Bedard, J. The disciplinary process of the accounting profession: protecting the public or the profession? The Quebec experience. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy; 20 (2001) (4/5): 399 -- 437.
Bivins, T.H. Public relations, professionalism, and the public interest. Journal of Business Ethics; 12 (1993) (2): 117 -- 26.
Health Care -- Risk Management -- Session Plan
The simple, general definition of "insurance" undergoes numerous variations according to the natures of insureds and of possible claimants. A healthcare organization, by virtue of its complexity, may be faced with a multitude of factors that must be considered for adequate coverage. A review of various insurances shows that types of claims, types of insured individuals/organizations, and types of claimants interact to determine the types of insurance needed.
The Basic Concept Of Insurance
Generally, insurance is a contract in which one party indemnifies or guarantees another party against loss that might be caused by a specific event or danger (Merriam-ebster, Inc., 2013).
The Key Factors To Be Considered In Choosing An Insurance Company And Policies For A Healthcare Organization
A healthcare organization seeking the optimal insurance company and policies must examine a number of factors to obtain required coverage with reasonable rates…
Boone, E. (2000, February). Challenges and solutions in medical professional liability. Retrieved on February 21, 2013 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/pqcentral/docview/200324292/13C55BEFBD15235F1C3/1?accountid=14375
Investopedia U.S.. (2013). Liability insurance definition. Retrieved on February 21, 2013 from www.investopedia.com Web site: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/l/liability_insurance.asp#axzz2LcID4cdz
Larson, A. (2005, March). Workers' Compensation as the "exclusive remedy." Retrieved on February 21, 2013 from www.attorneys-usa.com Web site: http://www.attorneys-usa.com/workers_comp/exclusive_remedy.html
Merriam-Webster, Inc. (2013). Insurance. Retrieved on February 21, 2013 from www.merriam-webster.com Web site: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/insurance
The U.S. Supreme Court has given employers "little choice" in the matter, Boyd explains. If a company "can prove" they took "reasonable care" in order to prevent or to correct inappropriate behavior, under the law they have (in many cases) "safe harbor" from punitive damages (Boyd, p. 332). The author states that sexual harassment training "…has evolved to become an ornate administrative display which has the appearance of concern…" but which in fact is "expedient in that it mitigates employer liabilities in any future court cases" (p. 332).
Charles a. Pierce, Professor of Management at the University of Memphis, offers another approach for HR managers in his article published by Human Resources Management. He asserts that "nearly 10 million workplace romances develop annually" in the U.S. And "about 40% of employees" have had a workplace romance (Pierce, et al., 2009, p. 448). The reasonable and logical point of Pierce's article…
Appelbaum, Steven H., Marinescu, Ana, Klenin, Julia, and Bytautas, Justin. (2007). Fatal
Attractions: The (Mis) Management of Workplace Romance. International Journal of Business Research, VII (4), 31-43.
Boyd, C. (2010). The Debate Over the Prohibition of Romance in the Workplace. Journal of Business Ethics, 97(2), 325-338.
Mathis, Robert L., and Jackson, John H. (2007). Human Resource Management. Florence, KY:
Strategic management is increasingly important in the public sector. Public sector organizations are incorporating strategic management principles in an effort to enhance organizational effectiveness and efficiency. In any organization, “strategic management is the center of all managerial activities” (Doss, Guo & Lee, 2012, p. 33). This underscores the importance of effective strategic management. Strategic management is particularly important within the context of law enforcement. Law enforcement organizations must have a specified vision and mission as well as goals and objectives. For a police department, the goals and objectives must be informed by both internal and external factors, such as available financial resources and personnel, crime rates, and socio-cultural setup. During strategic planning, the department must, for example, consider whether it has the resources and personnel needed to respond to crime, prevent crime, and to enhance public safety.
An important aspect of strategic management relates to stakeholder involvement. As an organization,…
Similarly, while giving the employee involved in the altercation an opportunity to explain his side of things is a necessary formality, I would not expect this step to reveal any information that is useful or helpful to understand the situation. I would actually place much greater trust in the information disclosed by coworkers, especially those who were not directly involved in any specific incidents but who work closely enough with the individuals involved to shed a more objective light on what happened and what factors or behaviors they have observed that contributed to the problem. In that investigation, I would stress that their input would remain confidential to ensure their cooperation without fear of reprisal from the individual at issue.
Response to Aneka
With respect to the lateness issue, I would be much more interested in the information from the interview with the manager about how clearly he has explained…
The culture is fantastic, and very distinctive. The county has a blend of Portuguese and African influences. Cape Verdean music is well-known in world music circles and we feel there is tremendous opportunity to capitalize on the richness of Cape Verdean culture. There is a large Cape Verdean diaspora that lends additional nuance to the culture.
The infrastructure is still relatively poor, but has been improving in recent years. There is not much paved road, although the roads to our location from the capital and its airport will be paved. The airport at Praia is brand new, having just been opened five years ago, overcoming a major infrastructure hurdle. The main problem we have now is that most of the flights are domestic -- the only international ones are from Lisbon, Boston and some African cities. e need to see more European flights to that airport if we are to…
CIA World Factbook. (2010). Cape Verde Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 29, 2010 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cv.html
No author. (2009). Cape Verde's largest island struggles to balance tourism, development. Turkish Weekly. Retrieved January 29, 2010 from http://www.turkishweekly.net/news/79681/-cape-verde-s-largest-island-struggles-to-balance-tourism-development.html
No author. (2007). Cape Verde tourism keeps booming. Afrol News. Retrieved January 29, 2010 from http://www.afrol.com/articles/22309
Another important aspect of observational learning is retention. For effective classroom management to take place it is important the students understand and retain the few classroom management rules that will be set out in the beginning of the year.
aise hand to speak
Treat others with respect
If you don't know then please ask
The retention factor with regard to classroom management will be reinforced each time the students witness another student having to suit out for five minutes of recess because they failed to respond appropriately to the clapping signal for attention. In addition we will have a weekly short discussion about classroom rules and why they are important and how the students can help themselves and each other to remember what they are.
The production step in the path to observational learning with regard to effective classroom management will be easily found in the response of the class…
Horner, Sherri L (2001) the EFFECTS of OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING on PRESCHOOLERS' BOOK-RELATED BEHAVIORS and ALPHABET KNOWLEDGE.(Statistical Data Included) Child Study Journal
Houseal, Ana (2003) Self-efficacy, standards, and benchmarks as factors in teaching elementary school science. Journal of Elementary Science Education
Newman, Jean (1999) in the Trenches: Increasing Competency of Teachers-in Training by Having Them Conduct Individualized Interventions.
Journal of Instructional Psychology
Production and Operations Management: Case Study of Hudson Alpine Furniture
Organizational growth is among the chief objectives for nearly any small business. However, particularly for small business of limited resources and scale, sometimes this growth can come on more rapidly than expected. In such instances, it is incumbent upon the organization to accommodate this growth. This often calls upon organizational leaders to make difficult decisions about how best to proceed. Such is the nature of the dilemma facing Hudson's Alpine Furniture, serving the entire Australian Alps region with custom-designed furniture that is locally sourced and targeted to appeal to private owners of ski lodge properties and vacation rentals. As the analyses hereafter demonstrate though, the unexpected acceleration of commercial buyer interest has led to a Production and Operations Management (POM) impasse that will be examined hereafter.
The impasse centers on the increased workload produced by a heightened demand…
Aksin, Z.; Armony, M. & Mehrotra, V. (2009). The Modern Call Center: A Multi-Disciplinary Perspective on Operations Management Research. Production and Operations Management, 16(6), 665-688.
Bhaskaran, S.r. & Ramachandran, K. (2011). Managing Technology Selection and Development Risk in Competitive Environments. Production and Operations Management, 20(4), 541-555.
Brennan, L. (2010). The McGraw-Hill 36-Hour Course: Operations Management. McGraw-Hill.
Chary, S.N. (2004). Production and Operations Management. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.