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Creativity Challenge for Fast Foods:
Fast food is a concept whose origin can be traced back to the beginning of the 19th Century in reaction to the growing demands for food. Since then, the concept has developed to an extent that the modern society heavily relies on fast foods. Fast foods are well described through the term itself, which means that they are foods that can be cooked fast. The process of cooking these foods involves the use of cooking methods that enable the cook or chef to finish cooking within the shortest time possible. Fast foods have become a favorite choice of food for a huge number of people across the globe because of the advancements in the food process industry, delicious food, and lower costs.
Challenges or Problems Associated with Fast Foods:
As the concept of fast foods has become a common choice throughout the world, there are…
Mind Tools (n.d.), Six Thinking Hats -- Looking at a Decision from All Points-of-View, Mind
Tools, viewed 19 October 2012,
Scholasticus, K. (2010, January 21), Fast Food Problems, Buzzle, viewed 19 October 2012,
Other neuroscientists instead stress processes: like macros for the brain.
Neuroscience, in elucidating specific brain structures for different thought processes and types of intelligence, can help scientists develop more sophisticated systems of artificial intelligence. Similarly, neuroscientists can possibly promote the development of pharmaceutical or natural interventions that aid cognitive processes like mathematical or musical ability. If neuroscientists can discover ways to increase conscious awareness of the structures of the brain involved in particular intelligences it may be possible to increase human intelligence on an individual if not a collective or evolutionary basis. Moreover, neuroscientists can use information about specific brain structures and possibly also hormones and brain chemicals to help people increase mathematical ability or overcome learning disabilities.
7. Programs designed to "think" in a specific way such as to play chess or poker cannot rightly be called creative. They exhibit human-like creativity but only directed at specific tasks. Beyond…
1. University of Southern California. "Enhance Your Well-Being Through Creativity." Retrieved Aug 8, 2008 at http://ucsfhr.ucsf.edu/index.php/assist/article/enhance-your-well-being-through-creativity/
2. "Friedrich Nietzsche and his philosophy of the Superman." Retrieved Aug 8, 2008 at http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/philosophy/nietzsche_philosophy.html
3. "Leonardo da Vinci: Renaissance Man." Museum of Science. Retrieved Aug 8, 208 at http://www.mos.org/leonardo/bio.html
4. Chamberlin, J. (1998). Reaching-flow? To optimize work and play. APA Online. Retrieved Aug 8, 2008 at http://www.apa.org/monitor/jul98/joy.html
In fact, much of art history itself views the scope of creative achievement based on the final products of the art as well, "The problem of process is one of the most difficult and risky issues that may face art historians. The scholar's normal inclination is to look at the conclusions of the creative process: at results, at completed acts, at works of art rather than the artists' work," (Seymour & Buonarroti: 89). Thus, creativity is portrayed as a product of both nature and the artist him or herself.
Yet, this product of nature is magnified to even higher possibilities through the process of the hard work involved in creating the creative product. Despite his natural talent, Michelangelo himself understood the important of putting in the necessary effort, pain, and sweat to create true masterpieces. He acknowledged the hard work he had to commit to his craft in order to…
Bunarroti, Michelangelo. (2006). The creative process. Mountain Eagle Marketing. Retrieved April 11, 2009 from http://www.mountaineagleweb.com/Creative/Creative.htm.
Henkes, Robert. (1997). Portraits of Famous American Women. McFarland.
Kincade, Thomas. (2004). Thomas Kinkade: painter of light. Art by Thomas Kinkade: Painter of Light. Retrieved April 11, 2009 from http://www.artbythomaskinkade.com/thomas_kinkade.html .
Nettle, Daniel. (2001) Strong Imagination: Madness Creativity and Human Nature. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.
New Product Concepts:
The mportance of Creativity
New product concepts are vital to the functioning of a successful enterprise. All businesses must, no matter what field they are in, innovate at some point, and this often utilizes creativity. For this reason, there are many advertisements and marketing strategies that will enable a consumer to both know and want the "new product." For instance, Nicholas Graham introduced colorful designs on boxer shorts. This was both innovative and creative at a time when nobody saw these shorts except for the men who wore them and perhaps their views, both of who did not much care about how they looked. These designs, however, were very popular and have brought great revenue to the companies that have utilized them, further stressing the need for innovation and creativity explored above. This paper will therefore comment on the importance and necessity of new product concepts…
Ideas referenced from: New Product Concept Screening (n.a.). (2011). Business Owner's Toolkit. Retrieved October 26, from < http://www.toolkit.com/small_business_guide/sbg.aspx?nid=P03_4025 >.
About Us (Nike History) (n.a.). (2011). Nike Website. Retrieved October 26, from .
Product Development (n.a.). (2011). Business Encyclopedia. Retrieved October 26, from < http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/small/Op-Qu/Product-Development.html >.
Creativity may be highly individual, dependent on a person's genetic and psychological makeup. The family and socio-cultural environment might also play a role into how a person's creativity develops. For example, some cultures may actively encourage creativity by valuing individuality. Creative expression could be linked to emotional expression. A person whose parents were artists, musicians, or writers might encourage children to express themselves in similar ways.
Synthesizing ideas that already exist is the essence of creativity. arely do creative ideas take place in the absence of some stimulating concept. A triggering word, sound, or visual image can induce a novel concept. That concept may lead to something productive, such as an idea for a new engine for a car. Therefore, creativity becomes meaningful when an idea is expressed in practical ways. An artist eventually paints or sculpts; a writer eventually designs a story, and an engineer a building. Other forms…
Balzac, F. (2006). Exploring the brain's role in creativity. NeuroPsychiatry 7(5). Retrieved April 25, 2009 from http://www.neuropsychiatryreviews.com/may06/einstein.html
McCook, A. (2002). Creative Mind Shares Traits with Mentally Ill. National Alliance for the Mentally Ill. Retrieved April 25, 2009 from http://www.namiscc.org/Research/2002/Creativity.htm
The author's study developed measures through which creativity can be determined; this was a process that was not thoroughly strengthened in Stokols et. al.'s study. Operationally defining the creativity variable would enable the authors to at least make a strong claim that what they were actually measuring is creativity in the workplace, rather than just personal stress and/or job satisfaction. Because of the poor operationalization on the expected outcome variable creativity in the workplace, the study could not definitely say that indeed, the social and physical environments of an employee's workplace is significantly related to creative thinking in the workplace.
More salient than the operationalization problem in the study was also the question of representativeness of the study to employees and organizations in general. A study on creativity in the workplace aims to provide insights on how working conditions -- socially or physically -- help promote or actually deter creative…
Amabile, T. (1995). "Work environment differences between high and low creative projects." Paper presented at the Assessing the Work Environment for Creativity Symposium at the Meeting of the Academy of Management. Vancouver, British Columbia.
Schepers, P. And P. Van den Berg. (2007). "Social factors of work: environment creativity." Journal of Business and Psychology, Vol. 21, No. 3.
Stokols, D., C. Clitheroe, and M. Zmuidzinas. (2002). "Qualities of work environments that promote perceived support for creativity." Creativity Research Journal, Vol. 14, No. 2.
Studies have indicated that those who are creative and significantly well thought, of often have issues with depression, alcoholism or drug use.
The model created guidelines that illustrated commonalities among elite creative people to include:
receive support for developing those qualities from parents, who often have creative or aesthetic bents as well as emotional difficulties of their own;
harbor an ingrained contrariness and opposition to established beliefs, which frequently antagonizes other people;
face physical trials early in life, often a life-threatening illness or physical disability;
experience a restless, driven state of psychological unease that finds relief through creative problem solving (Bower, 1995)."
In studying the closeness between creativity and madness, one should investigate the life and beliefs of famed artists Michelangelo Buonarroti. At one point in his life he was asked how he came to sculpt one of his most famous and well-known works of art and he replied:
Bower, Bruce (1995) Moods and the muse: a new study reappraises the link between creativity and mental illness.(Cover Story) Science News
Emily Dickinson (accessed 2-23-07)
Taylor-Whiffen, Peter (2005) Open Eye: Imagine if we opened our minds; Why do so many psychologists shy away from research into the power of imagination?(Features)
After about a week, I fell back into my regular routine of writing everyday; something, even if it was just a page. I realized that I was not writing for others, but that I was writing for myself. Not to write would have resulted in all these characters and storylines piling up inside my mind, and who knows what that might have led to; maybe irregularity.
A didn't send off any more stories, but I have saved all of them. There are characters sealed into the CD discs that line my writer's drawer. They're there, and sometimes I go back to them and I edit.
A recently read somewhere about a famous author who said that he spent a year or more editing his work.
That made sense to me.
A no longer feel "rejected." Writing is not something I do because I am motivated by fame or money. I…
Looking at Creativity
The main purpose of these chapters is to show what creativity is and how it can often be confused for other things—like backwardness, malevolence, or even stupidity. The author uses the example of Thomas Edison as a boy and the mischief he would get up to and thus makes the point that creativity sometimes comes out in different ways and one should not be quick to judge it negatively.
The key question the author is addressing is what constitutes the creative mind? The author looks at the various qualities of the creative person, creative personality traits and the theories used over time to explain them, such as Freud’s theory or Adler’s theory; the mental processes that go along with creative expression, and how the creative output is judged according to different theoretical models. Essentially the author is asking how should one understand the creative mind?
One wrong decision can destroy years of hard work and requires years to recover. Failures to innovate come in two forms: failures of imagination and failures to execute (Govindarajan and Trimble 2010). With certainty, investors want growth, growth, and more growth. To achieve this, Apple strives to infuse creative thinking in its innovations, and it must deliver products and services fast enough or risk losing market share.
Steve Jobs made a point to groom and posture his staff with capable individuals ready and able to step in when needed. Steve Jobs was very demanding; he viewed himself as responsible for making his staff better. He saw himself as pushing people to come up with "…more aggressive visions of how it could be" (Morris 2008, p 5).
With over 25,000 employees at Apple, Steve worked with the top 100: some executives and some individual contributors. He envisioned his role as…
Andriopoulos, C & Dawson, P 2009, Managing change, creativity and innovation, Sage Publications, London.
Apple 2011, Apple information. Available from: http://www.apple.com / [1 December 2011]
Dewitt, PE, 2011, September 26. Nielson: Android share of U.S. Smartphone market hits 43%, CNN Money. Available from: http://tech.fortune.cnn.com/2011/09/26/nielsen-android-share-of-u-s-smartphone-market-hits-43 / [1 December 2011]
Finance, 2011, October 06. Steve Jobs -- timeline of the former Apple CEO, The Telegraph. Available from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/mediatechnology andtelecoms/digital-media/8809981/Steve-Jobs-timeline-of-the-former-Apple-CEO.html [1 December 2011]
Whether creativity can be taught has been a point of contention for a number of years. Some believe that creativity is just like anything else, and it can absolutely be taught by the right person, to someone who is receptive to learning (Florida, 47). However, creativity is not like math or science. It is not a finite subject or concept, with rules and guidelines that can be imparted in the minds of other people. Because of that, creativity cannot actually be taught. Creativity is inspired by thoughts and ideas in the minds of the person, and those are not things that can be taught by other people (Balzac, 19). There are skills that can be acquired that can help a person become more creative, but these do not teach creativity itself. Instead, they teach a person different ways to think about things, which can help that person focus…
Balzac, Fred. "Exploring the Brain's Role in Creativity." NeuroPsychiatry Reviews, 7(5): 1, 19 -- 20. 2006. Print.
Florida, R. The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It's Transforming Work, Leisure, Community and Everyday Life. NY: Basic Books. 2002. Print.
Noonan, Nancy. "Learn the lessons of creativity from the master artists." Women in Higher Education, pp. 30-31. 2007. Print.
These are the attributes that must be written about, researched, sought for, and retained. "Brainstorming" should not be the focus; implementation should be the key. The bottom line of business is to make money, and to do that it must get things done not to engage in endless 'brainstorming'.
Creative ideas need vigorous and systematic carefully detailed plans and proposals for following through. Very few of these 'creative types', according to Levitt, have the patience and oomph for this. It does not sustain their interest. Creative types are irresponsible and, therefore, responsibility for creating and implementing innovative ideas should be transferred to the so-called conformist type.
Four factors are needed for an idea to work:
1. ank -- downward idea (i.e. Those emenatign from the upper hierarchy down) are more likely to work since they are accompanied by power. If one wishes for a reverse success, the idea had better…
Branson, R. (2008). Business stripped bare: adventures of a global entrepreneur. London: Virgin Books
Cherrington, D.J. (1994). Organizational Behavior. USA: Alleyn & Bacon
Levitt, T. (2002). Creativity is not enough. Harvard Business Review, 137-145
Osborn, a. (1953) Applied imagination: principles and procedures of creative thinking. NY: Scriber & Sons.
A team member was to hide behind the sheet and grab at or scare people as they walked by. This was extremely effective because the sheet looked like the wall and nobody expected anything to come from behind the wall.
We decided to have a table of gross things in our hall of horrors, which consisted of the typical peeled grapes, spaghetti, and squishy Jell-O. Underneath the tables team members would grab at the legs of people as they made their way through the hall of horrors. This was also very effective because no one thought to look underneath the tables.
It took days to get the sheets cut and pieced. Then we had to find tables. We also had to come up with the ideas for what we were going to put on the tables. Everyone on the team had a specific project. Someone had to make sure all…
DIETETIC Management PACTICES: Creativity
Sara Parker is a manager at a camp for children overcoming cystic fibrosis. She manages a staff of 20 seasonal employees during the summer for a period of approximately four months. ecently, the camp has realized a shortage in qualified staff capable of working providing nutritional guidelines and creative menu plans for children who suffer from CS. The regional manager of program has told Sara that without an adequate staff, more pressure will be placed on the counselors that are currently working with the organization to develop creative ways to incorporate a healthy diet and encourage students to eat more fiber and energy dense foods, which studies show may help children with CF (Gavin, 2002).
The additional work load would require that current staff members work directly with students to create a new menu plan that was easily followed, and overtime hours will be required. In…
Duff, A.J. (2002). "Psychological Components of Eating Difficulties in Young Children
with CF: A Case Study." St. James Department of Clinical & Health Psychology, Available: http://www.shsweb.co.uk/cf/09.html
Gavin, J. (2002). "A low fiber intake -- detrimental or consequential?" Southampton
University Hospital. Available: http://www.shsweb.co.uk/cf.02.html
Innovation in an Organization Is Easier Said Than Done
Creativity and innovation are considered the sources of the competitive advantages for a company, as Higgins (1996, p. 374) predicted that managing innovation would become the most important organizational task of the future. Therefore, presently, the management attention has focused primarily on how organizations generate creative ideas and carry out innovation projects successfully.
However, majority of managers are finding that creativity and innovation in an organization is easier than said. They are finding that in practice the creative ideas and new development activities fail to achieve their anticipated level of success and some of these projects actually end into failure (Belbin, 1981, p. 31). Therefore, the question arises what are the main factors that contribute to the failure of creativity and innovation in the companies.
The paper looks at some of these issues, including management roles, team management, and internal and…
Alder, H. (1993), The Right Brain Manager, Piatkus, London.
Anderson, N., Hardy, G. And West, M. (1992), "Management team innovation," Management Decision, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 17-21.
Belbin, R.M. (1981), Management Teams: Why They Succeed or Fail, Heinemann, London.
Cleland, David I. (1996), Strategic Management of Teams, John Wiley & Sons, Danvers, MA.
Structural contingency theory depends on the development and implementation of creativity and innovation. Based on systems design, structural contingency theory takes into account the nature of the organizational environment and other external issues that impinge upon organizational development. "Contingency theory is guided by the general orienting hypothesis that organizations whose internal features best match the demands of their environments will achieve the best adaptation," ("Contingency Theory," n.d.). The more complex and differentiated the institution, the more external demand issues become salient.
Organizational creativity remains "a relatively unexplored area in organizational change and innovation," Woodman, Sawyer & Griffin, 1993, p. 293). However, creativity and innovation are both important aspects of the structural contingency approach to organizational development. Organizational creativity refers to "the creation of a valuable, useful new product, service, idea, procedure, or process by individuals working together in a complex social system," (Woodman, Sawyer & Griffin, 1993, p. 293).…
"Contingency Theory," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://faculty.babson.edu/krollag/org_site/encyclop/contingency.html
Woodman, R.W., Sawyer, J.E. & Griffin, R.W. (1993). Toward a theory of organizational creativity. Academy of Management Review 18(2): 293-321.
Lewis Hyde, William Morris, and Sally Banes each offer a perspective of how capitalism affects creativity. For Morris (who writes closest in time to Karl Marx himself) the focus of inquiry is work itself: seemingly with an awareness of Marx's concept of alienated labor, Morris emphasizes the need for dignity and meaning in work. For Hyde, the central answer lies in a social and anthropological understanding of gift-giving: what becomes important is not the work itself so much as the relationship between creator and recipient. For Banes, the issue is collective: her discussion of Fluxus raises the issue of Marxism as we see the communal and collective sense of operation. Ultimately, however, what each of these writers is focusing on is the notion of the self, and how it might resist commodification.
When William Morris delivered his lecture on "The Beauty of Life" in 1880, the Industrial evolution…
Banes, S. (1993). Greenwich Village 1963: Avant-garde performance and the effervescent body. Durham: Duke University Press.
Hyde, L. (2007). The gift: Creativity and the artist in the modern world. New York: Vintage.
Morris, W. (1880). The beauty of life. Retrieved from: https://www.marxists.org/archive/morris/works/1882/hopes/chapters/chapter3.htm
The manipulation of gender in visual representation has been a constant, although the traditional weary story is one of male artists fashioning feminized objects for the male gaze. In the twenty-first century, however, we can see various ways in which artists male and female are incorporating an awareness of this traditional gender manipulation into their art. I propose examining gender assumptions in a small number of late twentieth century and early twenty-first century works -- from advertising (Microsoft's 2014 "Honestly: Wedding Planner" ad), music video (Lady Gaga's 2010 "Telephone" and Prodigy's 1997 "Smack My Bitch Up," both directed by
Seeking a career that has a creative component but also must be managed as a results-driven business can be challenging. Creativity cries out to be unfettered by constraints on time and resources. Yet no business can survive if attention is not paid to practical matters like budgeting inputs and outputs. Combining practicality with creativity, and managing the two together, becomes the ultimate test for the creative entrepreneur.
All businesses entail a creative component. Even the most mundane business ideas require foresight and creative thinking. Managers need to remain focused on the future, considering how to market to new customers, retain existing customers, and how to expand the business. These are questions that cannot be answered without creative thought. Therefore, all businesses depend on the ability to blend creativity with practical management.
Likewise, creativity thrives in an atmosphere of structured freedom. Unfettered creativity can result in unfinished projects. In some…
In reflection, I have learnt quite an ordeal in using the creative problem solving aspects. In undertaking this task, I found the demands of a creative role centered and founded on the principles of action learning, both unaccustomed and uncomfortable. As a result, taking this into consideration, I came to the realization that it was imperative for me to learn approaches that would assist me in developing a creative attitude to problem solving work. In addition, I also had to be capable of recognizing when a creative approach is necessary and have the capacity to engage in a creative mode. In reflection, I will come to say that I agree with Steve Jobs when he says that creativity is simply the connection of things. Looking back, being creative is an aspect that just comes about on its own. This encompasses the connection of different experiences and thereafter coming…
Carmeli, A., Gelbard, R., & Reiter-Palmon, R. (2013). Leadership, creative problem-solving capacity, and creative performance: The importance of knowledge sharing. Human Resource Management, 52(1), 95-121.
Gaither, S. E., Remedios, J. D., Sanchez, D. T., & Sommers, S. R. (2015). Thinking Outside the Box Multiple Identity Mind-Sets Affect Creative Problem Solving. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1948550614568866.
Isen, A. M., Daubman, K. A., & Nowicki, G. P. (1987). Positive affect facilitates creative problem solving. Journal of personality and social psychology, 52(6), 1122.
Magnan, G. (2016). CREATIVITY: What? Why? How?
innovation, design, creativity strategy organizations: Kudler
There are several key components to effective business and marketing strategy. Some of the most eminent of these are the prudent usage of creativity, innovation, as well as an appropriate design that customers and potential partners can relate to. An analysis of the strategy of two companies in particular, Kudler Fine Foods and iordan Industries, readily confirms these facts, and serves as a model for other organizations to pattern themselves after.
There is an innate simplicity in the strategy employed by Kudler Fine Foods, which was the creation of Kathy Kudler in the final years of the 20th century. The food retailer still relies on the marketing image of its founder simply trying to merge two exceedingly pragmatic ideas into one innovative one -- that in which it could "create one store that would stock a wide selection of the freshest ingredients as well…
Baihaqi. (2009). "Riordan manufacturing history." Riordan Manufacturing. Retrieved from http://riordan-manufacturing.com/riordan-manufacturing-history/
No author (2013). "About Kudler." Kudler Fine Foods. Retrieved from http://kudlerfinefoods.info/
No author (2010). "Riordan manufacturing: analysis of service request assessment." www.riordanmanufacturingblogspot.com.
Retrieved from http://riordan-manufacturing.blogspot.com/2010/04/riordan-manufacturing-analysis-of.html
Innovation, and the ules of Innovation
Creativity refers to the act of converting new and creative ideas into reality. It is classified by the ability to understand the world in new ways. It is the ability to identify invisible styles, to make relationships between apparently unrelated phenomena, and to produce solutions. Creativity includes two processes: thinking and generating. Anyone with ideas, but not acting on them is considered as creative but not innovative. Creativity is about releasing the potential of the brain to conceive new concepts. Those ideas could reveal themselves in any number of possibilities, but most often, they become something that can be touched, smelt, seen, heard, or tasted. However, creative suggestions can also be thought tests within one individual's mind. Creativity is highly subjective, making it challenging to evaluate the innovative capacity of an individual (Hunter & Bedell-Avers, 2008).
Innovation is the execution of a…
Hunter, S.T., & Bedell-Avers, K.E. (2008). Multi-level issues in creativity and innovation. Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI.
Vaitheeswaran, V.V. (2012). Need, speed, and greed: How the new rules of innovation can transform businesses, propel nations to greatness, and tame the world's most wicked problems. New York: HarperBusiness
The importance of creativity and innovation in the workplace is well documented, but the debate over nature vs. nurture continues with some authorities maintaining that people are born with attributes such as creativity and innovation while others argue that such attributes can be inculcated over time (Furnham & Heaven 1999). To determine the facts in these matters, this case study examines the relevant literature to gain some fresh insights concerning how creativity and innovation can be most effectively stimulated, support and sustained within a given organization. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the case study's conclusion.
Companies of all types and sizes are currently attempting to gain a competitive edge through creativity and innovation. Creativity in the workplace is defined by Garrison, Harvey and Napier (2008) as being "the production of ideas, products, or procedures that are (a) novel or original; (b) appropriate for…
'Coast Guard Innovation Program.' (2008) Commandant Instructions 5224.13, CG-09. Washington D.C., U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
Garrison, G. Harvey, M. & Napier, N. (2008) 'Global Decision-making: the Role of Managerial
Curiosity in Assessing Potentially Disruptive Information Technologies.' Multinational
Business Review, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 21-23.
It is only after the organization has lost its market share that it realizes the importance if employee creativity. Successful organizations have always known that to improve and increase their competitive position they need to value their employees and encourage them to be creative. This way the organization is better placed to provide its customers with the services and products they demand Epetimehin, 2011()
The importance of creativity in improving the workplace performance is not as many people believe to be a novel idea. Allowing employees to be creative in their problem solving has been shown to improve employees' problem solving abilities and increase their productivity. The question that organizations should ask is what the importance of creativity to its business is and will creativity improve its competitiveness in the market. The answer to these questions will allow the organization to see the benefits it can reap by allowing its…
De Miranda, P.C., Aranha, J.A.S., & Zardo, J. (2009). Creativity: people, environment and culture, the key elements in its understanding and interpretation. [Article]. Science & Public Policy (SPP), 36(7), 523-535.
Epetimehin, F.M. (2011). Achieving Competitive Advantage in Insurance Industry: The Impact of Marketing Innovation and Creativity. [Article]. European Journal of Social Science, 19(1), 123-127.
Junarsin, E. (2009). Creativity and Competitiveness. [Article]. Globalization (15359794), 8(1), 1-13.
The idea is that imposing a concentration of coursework in reading, writing and arithmetic will make us more competitive with the world and better prepared for the future. According to Robinson, what the policymakers have failed to take into account is that the world is changing faster than ever in our history. He believes that the best hope for the future is to develop a new paradigm of human capacity to meet a new era of human existence. e need to create environments where every person is inspired to grow creatively in order to meet the challenges that lie ahead.
Edward de Bono (2005) notes that not only is the amount of information students learn during the time they are at school very limited, much of the knowledge they acquire while at school is quickly outdated. On the other hand, access to all kinds of information has become incredibly easy.…
Brautigan, Richard. "The Memoirs of Jesse James." Rommel Drives Deep into Egypt. New York: Dell, 1970.
de Bono, Edward. "Creativity at School: Is it even Possible?" Learning and Thinking. April, 2005. Teaching Expertise. 16 September 2010.
Geist, Eugene and Jennifer Hohn. "Encouraging Creativity in the Face of Administrative Convenience: How our Schools Discouage Divergent Thinking." Education. Vol. 130, Issue 1 (Fall 2009): 141-150. 15 September 2010.
Robinson, Ken. Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything. New York: Viking Penguin, Penguin Group USA, 2009.
Ind v Group
Creativity and the Generation of Ideas: Current Evidence
The generation of ideas and the encouragement of creativity is important for business growth and development and in many other applications, including those of purely artistic merit (however that might be defined), yet current research increasingly suggests that accepted wisdom regarding creativity and innovation can be more detrimental to the process than it is helpful. A variety of perspectives and levels/types of research have been brought to bear on this issue, and though they are not entirely consistent some clear trends appear to be emerging that directly counter decades of accepted "knowledge" and practice when it comes to creativity and collaboration. Through a synthesis of this current information, some more reliable and nuanced practices and perspectives can be recommended for better personal and individual understanding as well as for more effective business development and growth.
Alex Osborn, a highly…
Decision Making & Creativity, Power and Influence in the Workplace, and Leadership in Organizations
Creating a platform for leadership that is agile enough to respond quickly to unforeseen events, yet stable enough to ensure team and group solidary is one of the most challenging aspects of any leader's long-term growth. Coupled with the need for having a solid foundation of leadership skills including Emotional Intelligence (EI), situational awareness and transformational leadership (Purvanova, Bono, 2009) is the need for leaders to thoroughly understand power and influence not just in their departments but across their entire organization as well. The five dominant forms of organizational power, ranging from coercive, to reward, legitimate, referent expert and informational power, all must be orchestrated successfully by a manager if challenging, often time-constrained objectives are to be attained (Drea, Bruner, Hensel, 1993). This self-reflection analysis includes insights into specific types of power from the context of…
Drea, J.T., Bruner, Gordon C.,II, & Hensel, P.J. (1993). Comparing alternative measures of the French and Raven power bases. The Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 13(4), 73.
McShane, S., & Von Glinow, M.A. (2010). Organizational behavior. (sixth ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Purvanova, R.K., & Bono, J.E. (2009). Transformational leadership in context: Face-to-face and virtual teams. Leadership Quarterly, 20(3), 343
Theory vs. Creativity in Design
Leaders have a task of moving the organization forward in a fashion that is supported by all stakeholders. After allocating resources to bolster organizational success, leaders must primarily assess and accept the risks related innovation. Innovation includes accepting new management theories to replace the outdated philosophies widely incorporated into an organization's procedures and policies over time (American Evaluation Association, 2004). This study aims to identify, discuss, and recommend strategies to create tension between existing management theories and management's ability to create new business paradigms. The study will also identify and discuss stakeholder attitudes towards innovation, ethics, and inclusion as primary drivers of a successful organization. While focusing on innovation and ethics, the study will suggest ways in which organizational leadership can prepare a company for the future and current environmental changes.
How leaders integrate innovative principles while adhering to industry and market mandates
American Evaluation Association. (2004). American evaluators association guiding principles for evaluators. American Evaluation Association. Retrieved from http://www.eval.org/p/cm/ld/fid=51
Bogan, C.E., & English, M.J. (2010). Benchmarking for best practices: Winning through innovative adaptation. New York [u.a.: McGraw-Hill.
Burton, R.M. (2008). Designing organizations: 21st century approaches. New York: Springer.
DiMaggio, P. (2011). The twenty-first-century firm: Changing economic organization in international perspective. Princeton, NJ [u.a.: Princeton Univ. Press.
Creative Problem Solving & Learning
Elements of Creativity
Application of Creative Problem Solving in eal-World Situations
Creative Problem Solving as a Tool to Improve Learning
Since problems happen every day and often in new forms and faces, creative problem solving is of primary importance (Trilling & Fadel, 2009). Convergent and divergent thinking are used in creative problem solving solutions. Structure, casual reasoning and systems knowledge are also involved in the creative problem solving (Jonassen, 2004). This has been a subject of research for more than 60 years now. Creative problem solving was first mentioned and studied by Alex Osborn after he identified seven steps in process. These steps involved orientation, preparation, analysis, hypothesis, incubation, synthesis, and verification.
The concept for creative thinking and problem solving is also applied to learning, especially for children. There have been several researches where creative problem solving has been applied in education contexts and tests…
Basadur, M., & Gelade, G. (2003). Using the Creative Problem Solving Profile (CPSP) for Diagnosing and Solving Real-World Problems. Emergence, 5(3), 22-47. doi:10.1207/s15327000em0503_5
Demirkan, H., & Hasirci, D. (2009). Hidden Dimensions of Creativity Elements in Design Process. Creativity Research Journal, 21(2-3), 294-301. doi:10.1080/10400410902861711
Demirkan, H., & Hasirci, D. (2009). Hidden Dimensions of Creativity Elements in Design Process. Creativity Research Journal, 21(2-3), 294-301. doi:10.1080/10400410902861711
Jonassen, D. (2004). Learning to solve problems. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.
Relationship between Temperament and Creativity
A Review of Literature
In seeking to establish the relationship between temperament and creativity, it would be prudent to define both temperament and creativity. However, in so doing, it should be noted that neither term has an assigned definition. Temperament, in the words of Necka and Hlawacz (2013), could be “conceptualized as the biologically rooted, mostly inborn, foundations for personality and other individual traits” (183). Hilda and Sneha (2017) on the other hand define temperament as “an individual's characteristic level of emotional excitability or intensity” (803). As the authors further point out, an individual’s temperament becomes apparent awhile after birth, i.e. several weeks after birth. When it comes to creativity, the focus is on the individual’s ability to formulate ideas that could be deemed original. Thus, creativity has also got to do with creation, innovation, and imagination. A more concise definition of creativity would come…
Humans faces numerous challenges arising from majorly stress and conflicts in life that interferes with them in one way or the other. These daily predicaments cause one to be temperamental. Temperament is a state where an individual’s behavior and emotions show anger (Drabick and Ribanowitz, 2017). Such altered emotions and actions deprive one sense of focus, reasoning rationally and even having a decorum behavior. Researchers notes that temper is on the rise among children and adolescent individuals and as such it is becoming a major problem (Schimmel and Jacobs, 2011).Anger at time becomes chronic that one destroys things ,physical and verbal abuse ensues, unruly behavior and sometimes leads to suicide or homicide .For instance, Robin Williams, the famous Hollywood actor ,committed suicide out of depression.
In as much as there is considerable level of negative effect of anger, there is certain degree of anger that can…
Thirty undergraduate students will be recruited to participate in this study. At least one student will represent each of the University academic departments. They will be recruited via Ashford University Facebook group. Most of the students are active Facebook users. So, a post inviting volunteers to participate in this study will be read by majority of the students. Each participant will be compensated because they are expected to attend two different sessions. The study will be carried out according to the ethical standards set by Ashford University.
All the participants will fill an informed consent form. The form will tell participants that they are participating in a study about temperament and creativity and their responses will not be used for any other purposes apart from this study.
Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) and Formal Characteristics of Behavior - Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI) questionnaire will be administered…
Exploiting the Interrelation Between Creativity, Intelligence, Memory and Learning to Promote Academic Achievement
One of the more mysterious aspects of the human condition concerns how some people are enormously creative throughout their lives while others appear mired in a pattern that precludes any creative thought. In many cases, high levels of creativity are also characterized by correspondingly high levels of intelligence, memory and learning abilities. While more research in this area is needed, a growing body of evidence, indicates that creativity, intelligence, memory, and learning are interrelated. To determine how with specificity, this paper provides an exploration of the interrelations of these ideas and predicts how they can best be harnessed to enhance student outcomes. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning creativity, intelligence, memory and learning are presented in the conclusion.
Analysis of the interrelation of creativity, intelligence, memory, and learning
At first blush, the interrelation…
Bouchard, T. J. (2014, March 7). Genes, evolution and intelligence. Behavioral Genetics. DOI 10.1007/s10519-014-9646-x.
DeLellis, A. J. (1999, November). Tapping creativity in others. Training & Development, 45(11), 48-53.
Eyster, L. (2010, September). Encouraging creativity in the science lab: A series of activities designed to help students think outside the box. The Science Teacher, 77(6), 32.
Galagan, P. (2009, June). Creativity and work. Training & Development Journal, 43(6), 23-25.
Kotler Fine Food
Innovation is a continuous process, which requires individual and organizational creativity. The process demands for individuals to come up with authentic ideas to rediscover the meaning, identity, and the purpose of innovation (Kelly & Littman, 2001). Internal learning and communication reflects individual and organizational creativity. Creativity is essential for any organization in the course of fulfilling their objectives as seen in the case of Kotler Fine Foods.
Creativity fills the void and necessitates the platform for communication between individuals in an organization. In turn, new ideas are discovered which also impart new knowledge. With reference to Kotler Fine Foods, creativity has created the urge to explore different types of foods and wines. Consequently, individuals obtain knowledge on various types of foods and wines that are new to them. Creativity creates new depth, time, space, and pace through continuous innovation.
Creativity identifies with the…
Kelley, T. & Littman, J. 2001. The Art of Innovation: Lessons in Creativity from IDEO, America's Leading Design Firm. New York: Doubleday
Patterson, C. (2006). Individual and Organizational Creativity. New York: Ashgate Publishing Limited
Williams, R & Edge, D. 1996. "The social shaping of technology." Research Policy. (25)6: 865-901
esiliency in Creativity
Challenges can either be something that makes one more resilient or challenging times can bring one down to the literal and proverbial bottom. There is a saying that what does not kill one, makes one stronger.
The work of Bruce Elkin examines how one might thrive in challenging times and states that the key to thriving in these times is "to build personal resilience and develop your capacity to create what matters -- with whatever life gives you to work with." (2011) This is akin to the saying of "When life gives you lemons, make lemonade." (Author Unknown) esilience is needed in times of "financial crisis…climate change, and global warming, weird weather, peak oil fears, resource wars, mortgage meltdown, housing markets collapse, job losses, bailouts, insecurity…" (Elkin, 2011)
When the focus of the individual is one such matters, people tend to worry and this leads…
Bain, Brianna (2010) Resilience and Creativity. Retrieved from: http://www.slideshare.net/briannabain/resilience-and-creativity
Elkin, Bruce (2011) Thriving in Challenging Times; Building Personal Resilience and Creativity. Retrieved from: http://bruceelkin.hubpages.com/hub/Staying-Up-In-Down-Times
Peterson, Garry (2010) Teaching Creativity. Resilience Science. 31 Aug 2010. Retrieved from: http://rs.resalliance.org/2010/08/31/teaching-creativity/
P's of Creativity
Someone who is not creative probably will not be able to lead effectively, because so much of what it means to be a good leader correlates with what it means to be a creative person. For instance, as Dahiru and Pihie (2016) show, leadership depends upon an individual's ability make decisions in accordance with skills associated with the creative process as defined by the 4 P's (2012). This paper will explain what someone can do who is not creative to improve his or her creativity and adapt to change more easily.
Leadership and creativity are united in the sense that both take into account the person, the process, the product and the press. Whether creative or a leader, a person has to have a personality, a level of intelligence, a temperament, the right traits, habits, values, etc. in order to succeed. For a person who is not…
4 P's of Creativity. (2012). YouTube.
Dahiru, A., Pihie, Z. (2016). Modelling of entrepreneurial leadership for effectiveness of schools. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 24(4): 1371-1375.
I saw that I made a direct and valuable contribution to the team, not because I had some great expertise or knowledge, but because I take a certain approach to problem solving that allows me to find solutions where others see only problems.
Reflecting on this, I saw how I was able to make contributions to our family growing up. My little brother relied on me a lot when our parents were out working. I never really thought much about it, but we got through a lot of problems together. Sometimes it was just finding a way not to get caught, but other times it was finding new ways of explaining something to him so that he could learn. I contributed a lot to my brother's development. I never saw that as something that I had to do, or as something that was not my job. I only saw the…
Essentially, this is the ability to form mental images, sensation or concepts in a way that is not specifically tied to sight, hearing or other senses. It is about taking experience and knowledge and making sense of the world through learning and evocation of new thoughts, mental pictures, or perceptions of the world -- whether individual or shared (Byrne, 2005).
Inspiration- Inspiration is a constant search for bursts of creativity and may be found through the influences of others (speakers, leaders, etc.) or through one's own mental abilities. Depending on the paradigm used, inspiration is seen as either being divinely inspired or through unique processes that allow for a change in the usual mode of thinking or operation.
Five Forces Influence- In combination with the four creative styles, we also have five forces that influence these models of thinking and operation: education, training, influence from others, rewards and incentives, and…
Byrne, R. (2005). The Rational Imagination. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
DeVol, R. And Wong, P. (January 2010). Jobs for America. Milken Institute. Cited in: http://www.nam.org/~/media/58F813B0D1E643DC91E564FE4C3B3C2F.ashx-utm_source=nam&utm_medium=alias&utm_campaign=innovationreport
Garlick, D. (2010). Intelligence and the Brain. Burbank, CA: Aesop Press.
Malone-Cline, J. (October 16, 2009). Mental Process. KnowEverything. Cited in: http://knoweverythinginfo.blogspot.com/2009/10/mental-process.html
Climate of Creativity: Teaching English to Young Learners Through the Art of Drama
Several learning and involving learning experiences emerge for the early childhood students when both drama and movement are incorporated in the daily syllabus (Chauhan, 2004). Apart from being "fun" for majority of the kids, kinesthetic activities are capable of assisting the young students, particularly those learning the English language, improve interpretation skills, vocabulary, fluency, speech knowledge, syntactic knowledge, and meta-cognitive judgment (Sun, 2003). When drama and movement are employed in the teaching of language skills, the learners are provided with a framework for listening and significant language production, offers chances for writing and reading improvements (Chauhan, 2004), and engages learners in writing and reading as significant communication procedures. Other than the improvement of resourceful judgment and expression, fine and gross motor organization skills, problem tackling, social dealings, cooperative performance, rhyming, and rhythm skills can be developed (ieg…
August, D., Carlo, M., Dressler, C. And Snow, C. (2005). The critical role of vocabulary development for English language learners. Learning Disabilities Research and Practice 20 (1): 50 -- 57.
Brouillette, L. (2012). Supporting the Language Development of Limited English Proficient Students through Arts Integration in the Primary Grades. Arts Education Policy Review, 113(2), 68. doi:10.1080/10632913.2012.656494
Chauhan, V. (2004). Drama techniques for teaching English. The Internet TESL Journal, 10().
Courtney, R. (1980). Dramatic Curriculum. London: Heinemann Educational Books Ltd.
Cognitive and Affective Aspects of Creativity
Creativity begins with both the cognitive and affective realm as there is something of a bridge between the cognitive and affective components of creativity. Although the two factors cannot be effectively separated, the balance between the two aspects is subject to some debate when trying to understand what prompts the initiation of creativity. Creativity can be roughly defined as the ability to respond to stimuli in a new way -- to think differently and try new things. Teaching creativity can be a challenging affair since it involves both cognitive and affective learning processes. Although the thought processes are largely cognitive in nature, they are undoubtedly influenced by body language and attitude in any given situation.
One study looked at developing a differentiated approach for teaching mathematics to a group of middle school students as well as using the same differentiated approach to non-gifted students…
Altinatas, E., & Ozdemir, A. (2014). The Effect of the Developed Differentation Approach on Students' Creativity. International Journal of Academic Research, 102-105.
Bledow, R., Rosing, K., & Frese, M. (2013). A Dynamic Perspective on Affect and Creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 432-450.
Career management unlike other phases, is a continuous process that occurs throughout one's career and not just at discrete times…it is a philosophy and set of habits that will enable you to achieve career goals and develop career resiliency…" (Berkeley HR).
The value of effective HRM practices within any organization is well-known and wide ranging, according to a peer-reviewed article in the Journal of Computer Information. Competent, consistently presented HRM strategies include offering "…training programs, incentive systems, employee participation, clearly defined jobs, internal career opportunities, and selectivity practices" (Lee, et al., 2009). Employee participation, when HRM professionals fully utilize this model, can be viewed as the degree to which any company "…values the inputs and voices of the employees" (Lee, 84).
The value that HRM professionals place on employee participation should be significant albeit not every company encourages employee participation to the degree that it should. This paper presents scholarship…
Berkeley HR. (2010). Career Development: Career Management. Retrieved March 19, 2015,
From http://hrweb.berkeley.edu .
Jiang, J., Wang, S., and Zhao, S. (2012). Does HRM facilitate employee creativity and organizational innovation? A study of Chinese firms. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(19), 4025-4047.
Lee, C.S., and Lee, C.M. (2009). Effects of HRM practices on IT Usage. Journal of Computer Information Systems. 50(2), 83-94.
Leigh Thompson's "Creative Conspiracy"
The paradox that Thompson reveals in the introduction of the book is really a point that struck me most while reading: Thompson acknowledges that "although creative team collaboration is essential for companies and businesses, decades of research evidence clearly reveals that groups are inferior to individuals when it comes to creativity!" (p. 2). This paradox is really what is at the heart of Creative Conspiracy, which focuses on how creativity and group work can go together. The point that Thompson makes soon after revealing this paradox is that "team members who are passive or overly controlling will certainly lead their teams to failure" (p. 2) and this is another important factor to remember. Leaders have to be hard on problems -- not on people.
This means that everyone should be given respect for his or her opinion and be thanked for contributing -- because by doing…
Psychological Tests and Measurements
The issue of cultural bias in the various mental tests has been followed by controversies over many decades and to the present time still elicits debates across the academic spectrum. The controversy or conflict is not just limited to the cognitive ability tests alone but spreads wide to the IQ test. The IQ test in particular has elicited myriad of debates, has seen court cases filed and received its fair share of criticism. However, in as much as these IQ tests and other standardized tests have been widely criticized, they still remain to be the best tools that America has for gauging both aptitude and achievement. There are several reasons why these tests can be considered unfair to culture or not sensitive to culture, one of the reasons is that the content of these tests are geared towards the majority experiences and the values common among…
Cizek G.J., (n.d). Achievement Testing in U.S. Schools: Putting Standardized Test to the Test. Retrieved November 9, 2015 from http://edex.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/publication/pdfs/cizek_7.pdf
Reynolds C.R. & Suzuki L.A., (2015). Bias in Psychological Assessment: An Empirical Review and Recommendations. Retrieved November 9, 2015 from http://lp.wileypub.com/HandbookPsychology/SampleChapters/Volume10.pdf
solid arguments and to use our creativity most usefully when taking decisions. Not only science cannot exist without critical thinking, but our daily lives would appear to lack sense if most people did not have the ability to think critically. Aristotle has placed critical thinking at the base of every aspiration human beings may have to achieve a successful and happy life. It does not guarantee they will achieve them, but any endeavor that starts without critical thinking seems worthless. (Aristotle, eeve, 2014)
I think I am a critical thinker; most of the time. I always look into an argument or a conclusion carefully. I never accept a conclusion as it is, without considering the source. First I check on the source and see how trustworthy the author is. This works well when I write a paper, for example, but also in my everyday life.
I am aware self-reflection is…
Aristotle. Reeve, CDC (2014). Nicomachean Ethics. Hackett Publishing
Stratton, Jon (1999). Critical Thinking for College Students. Rowman & Littlefield
Rainbolt, George.Dwyer, Sandra (2011). Critical Thinking: The Art of Argument. Cengage Learning
The Minnesota Innovation esearch Project found that innovation managers' careers were in most cases punished unfairly when innovations turned out poorly. This is an issue of great importance to senior majors not because the innovations forwarded by these innovation mangers turned out poorly but because they are unfairly punished for that. The innovation managers have to be encouraged so that they can get motivated and continue with innovation works. With innovation some times there can be good results and at times the results turn out to be poor. Therefore this should not be used as a basis for penalizing them but one to encourage them for better results next time. But when they are punished they will lose motivation to try and at the end of the day there will not be any innovations coming forth their way. Therefore it is a very great concern to senior managers if…
Ameel, D.(2009). The innovation manager: role, competencies and skills" - The relevance of implementing specific positions for managers creating innovative organisations.Retrieved April 8,2014 from http://www.slideshare.net/EESCsocsection/the-innovation-manager-role-competencies-and-skills-the-relevance-of-implementing-specific-positions-for-managers-creating-innovative-organisations
Suggest three (3) specific change management techniques that Shimon Kornfield should have used in order to manage the morale of the team assigned to the Yad Vashem memorial site project.
One of the challenges that Kornfield faced was that there was fundamental disagreement about key components of the Memorial. This project was more emotional than most such projects and as a result the people involved had deeper personal feelings. The result was heightened emotions that made it more difficult to avoid conflict. Kornfield needed to foster a much greater sense of shared vision for the project from the outset. Once the conflicts became apparent, there were other things that Kornfield could have done as well. The first is that Kornfield needed to take a more positive approach to solutions. Many people on the project had reservations about being able to construct the building, but they were unable to offer…
Creativity & Innovation
The market for child monitoring devices is fairly robust. The product will likely target parents of children aged 3-11, roughly. The total number of children aged 0-11 in the United States is 49.4 million, and this figure is expected to grow over the coming years as the population of the United States grows (ChildStats.gov, 2014). The millennials, a large cohort, are going to start having children in the not too distant future, and with immigration the total market is going to be significant. If even 10% of parents were interested in this product, that would be a potential market of around 5 million units initially, with new growth each year of a further 500,000 units. A total of 68% of parents said they would use GPS to track their children for safety reasons, which implies a potential market of 3.4 million initially with growth of…
Abbene, L. (2014). The best child leash backpacks on the market. Answers.com. Retrieved May 11, 2014 from http://pregnancy.answers.com/products/the-best-child-leash-backpacks-on-the-market
Albino, M. (2013). GPS tracking apps: Helicopter parenting or smart solution? Today's Parent. Retrieved May 11, 2014 from http://www.todaysparent.com/kids/technology/gps-tracking-kids/
ChildStats.gov. (2014). Child population: United States, 1950-2049 (projected). Child Stats.gov. Retrieved May 11, 2014 from http://www.childstats.gov/americaschildren/tables/pop1.asp?popup=true
Snyder, M. (2013). Local parents disagree on kids wearing leashes. On Milwaukee.com. Retrieved May 11, 2014 from http://onmilwaukee.com/family/articles/leasheskids.html
Childhood education has taken an eclectic approach when it comes to music whereby they have included a wide variety of musical experiences teaching. A major musical experience involves movement; whereby there are specific movement activities for different age groups of children. For a two-year-old good movement activities include use of different body movements and moving in a more coordinated way to music that is played. For four-year-olds they have mastered new movements and rapidly and easily switch from a particular type to another when a word is changed. When it comes to seven-year-olds they are capable of improvising movements and matching them to beats in a song. They are given more complex instructions of movements and easily follow them. All these movement activities are all developmentally correct for the specific ages the children are in. Good movements in a two-year-old help in the development of perceptual skills. This is…
Ashton-Hay, S. (2005). Drama: Engaging All Learning Styles. Retrieved March 1,2014 from http://eprints.qut.edu.au/12261/1/12261a.pdf
Klein, A.S, (2008). Different Approaches to Teaching: Comparing Three Preschool Programs. Retrieved March 1,2014 from http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=367
Munro, J. (2010). Insights into the Creativity Process. Retrieved March 1,2014 from https://students.education.unimelb.edu.au/selage/pub/readings/creativity/UTC_Assessing__creativity_.pdf
Reality can be transcended with the right mindset, even if the activity appears ordinary.
Achieving 'flow' may be especially important for children coming from difficult circumstances, which may need a safe space to forget about the adult demands in their lives, such as taking care of younger siblings. Students under a great deal of pressure to achieve can benefit from having a sense of 'pure' play -- unlike school activities, recreation is not supposed to have a 'point.' It is not designed to win a scholarship or to fulfill the demands of a class. For adults, unlike the confusion of competing pulls of work and school, the clear goals of sport or producing a craft within a fixed period of time can produce great inner clarity.
The psychological benefits of flow are so great, Csikszentmihaly states that they produce a powerful answer for parents that who might insist time is…
Csikszentmihaly, Mihaly. (1991). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience.
New York: Harper Perennial.
creativity be taught?
hen attempting to answer the question of whether creativity can be taught, first we must define what is meant by creativity. Examples of creativity which come to mind include Michelangelo 'liberating' David from a block of stone; Einstein developing his theory of relativity; and Shakespeare writing his famous plays. However, these actions did not simply come from nothing, like a bolt of lightning from the sky. Michelangelo studied art for years; Einstein needed to learn the basics of the scientific method; Shakespeare was an actor as well as a writer and based many of his plays upon previous works of literature. Although all of these examples of creativity feature originality, they also highlight the degree to which creativity involves mastering a set of skills that have been developed by others, albeit using them in new ways.
To me, this is the answer of whether creativity can be…
Bond, Samantha Chapman. "Can creativity be taught?" Brain Health. 2 Oct 2013. 20 Nov 2014.
"Can creativity be taught?" Knowledge at Wharton. 27 Aug 2014. 20 Nov 2014.
This is not to say that the speaker believes that simply being wrong is creativity but that there must be a balance between that which demands a right answer and that which is achieved through creativity and innovation. Hierarchy of education is the same all over the world in order Mathematics, Languages, Humanities and at the bottom are the Arts…hierarchy in arts drawing and music then drama and dance. "There is not an education system in the world where we teach dance with the same emphasis as Math" and the speaker asks "Why not?" As children grow up we educate them from the waist up, then we focus on their heads and slightly to one side. The whole education system is designed to teach university professors. People who live in their heads. Their body is a form of transport for their heads. Education systems developed during the beginning of the…
Leading Change Continual Learning, Creativity and Innovation, External Awareness, Flexibility, esilience, Service Motivation, Strategic Thinking, And Vision
The purpose of this report is to discuss the process of leading change as a core qualification and how it encompasses an ability to develop and implement an organizational vision that integrates key national and program goals, priorities, values, and other factors. Even though the need for change is a concept that is recognized and acknowledged, instituting change and change policies is still a very difficult process and guaranteeing that a required change actually takes hold of the long-term is even more difficult a process to manage. In the 1995 book by John P. Kotter, professor of leadership at Harvard Business School showed that businesses often have many common errors when managing organizational change. For example, the Harvard report found organizations allowing far too much complacency, fail to create sufficient guiding coalitions, they…
House of Mirth
The film revolves around the early years of the 20th Century and the changing faces of the economy hence the social response to such changes. It is predominantly a depiction of the lifestyle that most ladies opted for with the increase in urbanization and amassing of wealth by a few individuals.
Lily Bart, the chief character in the movie, is depicted as one who is highly influenced by the change in the social aspect of life due to urbanization. She is a pretty, intelligent young woman who sets out on a primary mission of getting a man who is wealthy and prominent for a husband. The young lady sets out in pursuit of her dreams regardless of the measures she takes.
Lily is swallowed by the social hypocrisy that is predominant at that time in New York. She takes advantage of her age and beauty to attract…
Fandago, (2013). The House of Mirth: Cast and crew. Retrieved February 27, 2012 from http://www.fandango.com/thehouseofmirth_v212189/castandcrew
Urban Cinefile, (2013). The House of Mirth. Retrieved February 27, 2012 from http://www.urbancinefile.com.au/home/view.asp?a=4928&s=video_files
As noted above, one of the most prominent leadership theories that has been applied to the nursing profession is transformational leadership. Properly applied and managed, transformation leadership can also be used to facilitate creativity in the workplace. For instance, according to Vesterinen, Isola and Paasivaara (2009, p. 504), transformational leadership can create changes and, by definition, is capable of transformed individuals and the organization in which they work. By providing the leadership needed to motivate employees to bigger and better aspirations, transformational leaders can therefore encourage the creative spark among their followers in ways that might not otherwise be possible (Vesterinen et al. 2009). Indeed, Vesterinen et al. (2009, p. 504) specifically state that, "A transformational leader motivates inspirationally, stimulates intellectually and considers employees individually." Taken together, these positive outcomes are valuable in any organizational setting, but they can be particularly important in health care settings.
Why understanding organisational culture…
Fourie, WJ & Keogh, JJ 2011, October, 'The Need for Continuous Education in the Prevention
of Needlestick Injuries,' Contemporary Nurse: a Journal for the Australian Nursing
Profession, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 194-201.
Hutin, Y, Hauri, A, Chiarello, L, Catlin, M, Stilwell, B, Ghebrehiwet, T & Garner, J 2003, July,
Full creativity allows the production of greater wealth, for a stronger and more evolved society.
Further in defense of the moral systems or perceived lack thereof in terms of newly created wealth, D'Souza asserts that most wealth currently created is the result of personal effort, rather than means such as inheritance. The wealth can then indeed be seen as the reward for effort, rather than wealth as a result of luck in its pure sense. Morality's role should then not be concerned so much with justifying the accumulated wealth, but rather with using it wisely for the benefit of humanity, creativity, freedom and evolution.
Another characteristic of freedom, as seen above, is the recognition of new and revolutionary ideas, and implementing those when they are superior to the old. In terms of economy this is as true as in terms of morals. Those in power for example refuse to accept…
Imagine a classroom like that straight out of Dickens' Hard Times, where the teacher does nothing but insist upon facts! "Facts alone are wanted in life," writes Dickens (3). Facts are all that matter, are all that the children need to remember. There is no need for creativity, no reinforcement of the imagination. And as a result the children are stifled and stymied. Their creative impulse is crushed beneath the iron-heeled boot of the instructor who insists over and over again on facts and nothing but the recitation of facts. He denies the children that very fundamental aspect of growth, which is the creativity. Such a situation is one that every teacher aims to avoid, at least one should hope. But just why is creativity so important to the learning process?
Creativity is important because it is a "precious" and "inexhaustible resource" as Richard Florida states. Moreover, it is…
Calhoun, John. "Getting Creative about Creativity Studies." The Chronicle of Higher
Education. Web. 3 Nov 2015.
Dickens, Charles. Hard Times. London: Bradbury and Evans, 1854. Print.
Florida, Richard. "Cities are the Fonts of Creativity." NYTimes. Web. 3 Nov 2015.
Maison LANVIN 2016 Company Analysis
Lanvin is A French multinational company specializing in high fashion. Established in 1889, the company is presently more than 125 years old. At present, Lanvin is a reference to French fashion, Luxury, accessories and perfumes. Since its establishment, the company registered office remains the same at Faubourg in Paris. Jeanne Lanvin is renowned for her talents, and through her innovative talents, the company has become known for refinement, elegance and luxury globally. Start as a milliner, and later sell to Paris's upper class, the company has built its name as a top company that designs ultra-feminine clothing marked with elaborate trimming that includes beading, embroidery, beading, and fragrances. Despite the success of Lanvin House, the company experienced a decline in sales towards the end of 20th century.
In 2001, Lanvin found a critical and financial success with the help of designer Alber Elbaz…
K-12 Curriculum and Instruction: Changing Paradigms in the 21st Century
This is not your grandfathers' economy or his educational paradigm however; today's curriculum still appears as such and therein lays a very significant and challenging problem that presents to today's educators and leaders. According to Sir Ken Robinson, "We have a system of education that is modeled on the interest of industrialism and in the image of it. Schools are still pretty much organized on factory lines -- ringing bells, separate facilities, specialized into separate subjects. We still educate children by batches." (rain Pickings, 2012) Make no mistake in the opinion of Robinson who believes that divergent thinking most emphatically is not "…the same thing as creativity" because according to Robinson in his work proposing a new educational paradigm. Indeed this is also spoken of in the work of Zeng-tian and Yu-Le in their work "Some Thoughts on Emergent Curriculum"…
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Barrett, R. 1999, 'Middle schooling: A challenge for policy and curriculum', Education Horizons, 5 (3), 6-9.
Innovation & Creativity
FedEx was founded as an innovator in a logistics field that had never seen overnight delivery before. The company has always positioned itself as a premium provider in the business, based on its sophisticated technology, superior network size and quality of service. However, as the company has matured, its ability to be an innovation leader is being threatened. There are a few different issues at play. The first is that, as in any mature industry, the pace of innovation is generally slow. And as the only company that genuinely seeks to position itself as premium to its competitors, FedEx is the only firm truly trying to compete on innovation. Over the years, it has had some tremendous innovation successes, pioneering the ability to maintain communication with its drivers on road, with its tracking that allows customers to see where their packages are at every step of the…
Andersen, H.; Barker, P. And Chen, X. 2006. The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cooper, R.G. 2008. Perspective: The Stage-Gate® Idea-to-Launch Process-Update, What's New, and NexGen Systems Journal of Product Innovation Management 25 (3) 213-232.
Edquist, C. & Hommen, L. 1999. Systems of innovation: Theory and policy for the demand side. Technology in Society. 21 (1) 63-79.
Gatignon, H.; Tushman, M.L.; Smith, W. And Anderson, P. 2002 A Structural Approach to Assessing Innovation: Construct Development of Innovation Locus, Type, and Characteristics. Management Science 48 (9) 103-122.
Incentives and Performance
Kopelman, ., et al. (2012); Further Development of a Measure of Theory X and Y Managerial Assumptions. Journal of Managerial Issues. 24 (4): 450-62.
Certainly, there is no one best way to ensure that either employees or managers are properly motivated. Most scholarship, in fact, indicates that motivation is a balance between the task-relevant behavior and the maturity and acumen of the group in which the individual manages or participates in. In fact, motivation is the basic driving force that helps individuals work, change and actualize to achieve their goals. This motivational behavior may be intrinsic or extrinsic, depending upon the individual and the manner in which that individual's personality uses different sets of motivation to incur actualization. Much of the basic theory of motivation tends to be based on the work of Benjamin Maslow, not only on human needs, but on the manner in which those…
Heil, G., et al., (2000). Douglas McGregor Revisited: Managing the Human Side of the Enterprise. New York: John Wiley.
Hersey and Blanchard (1977). Management of Organization Behavior, Utilizing Human Resource. New Jersey: Prentice Hall
Kopelman, R., et al. (2012); Further Development of a Measure of Theory X and Y Managerial Assumptions. Journal of Managerial Issues. 24 (4): 450-62.
Martin, A. (2009). Motivation and Engagement in the Workplace. Measurement & Evaluation in Counseling and Development. 41 (1): 223-43.
Hyde, Morris, and Banes discuss the impact of community on creativity. Provide a central argument (or two) that explains the relationship among these theorists on issues of community and creativity. Be specific about the elements of community and how they differ/are similar from Banes' alternative community to Hyde's gift economy to Morris's "age of" theory.
According to Hyde, in contrast to an impersonal, modern capitalist economy where exchanges are based in values ascribed to particular goods and services, the gift economy is about reinforcing personal relationships. True creativity comes from speaking from the heart, all of the potentially embarrassing things which remain unsaid. Hyde idealizes poets such as Yeats and Pound, who saw themselves as intimately connected to a community and a lineage, versus just writing for the marketplace. Artists cannot feel driven to produce simply to replicate what is popular. "The fruits of the creative spirit is the work…