Crisis Intervention Essays (Examples)

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Crisis Case Study 2 Is About Mr

Words: 1893 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63027493

Crisis

Case Study 2 is about Mr. Jones, the "fragile adult." Recently, a neighbor has brought attention to a case involving Mr. Jones and has asked for a crisis worker to help. Mr. Jones is an elder who lives alone, but whose son has been seen occasionally visiting. The neighbor and Mr. Jones go have coffee together regularly, but Mr. Jones has not wanted to meet in two months and no longer invites the neighbor inside the house. The neighbor claims that there are new bruises on Mr. Jones's face. The crisis worker should employ the ABC model in this case.

The ABC method of crisis intervention is a three-stage process for a brief and focused procedure. Although there are three distinct steps, the text points out that it is sometimes necessary to use the interview components of each step at any time in order to achieve goals (p. 2). Thus, it is important to remember that the ABC model is not linear in nature, but more like a "tapestry" style intervention (p. 1). The first element of the ABC model is establishing rapport and initiating the therapeutic relationship. This entails maintaining contact with the client via active listening. Next,…… [Read More]

Reference

"Chapter 5: The ABC Model of Crisis Intervention." Word Document.
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Crisis Negotiation Though Bradley and

Words: 1029 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41614518

Use sound reasoning to explain to Bradley how the situation will get better if he allows the hostages to go free. Perhaps the negotiator can call in a favor on Bradley's behalf if Bradley shows a sign of good faith and allows the hostages to go free.

Providing Bradley alcohol would be against protocol, but the food and the promise of aiding Bradley is getting the help he needs rather than going to jail may be of help. Bradley is looking for help right now and not to get drunk. He also may be looking to make a demand that the negotiator will say no to in order reiterate the fact that Bradley does not trust the police.

If the alcohol is a necessity to Bradley, the negotiator may try to pull some strings and allow it. Against protocol or not, if lives are in danger, providing the alcohol to Bradley may save the lives of some individuals. On the other hand, if Bradley continues to get drunk, he may make a mistake he wouldn't normally make and someone may get hurt.

Issuing a tactical assault on the classroom can end badly, especially since Susan is pregnant. Bradley may very…… [Read More]

References

ZAITSU, W. (2009). Bomb Threats and Offender Characteristics in Japan. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profi ling, 1(7). Retrieved November 17, 2010, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jip.106/pdf

James, R.K., & Gilliland, B.E. (2001). Crisis intervention strategies (4th ed.). Belmont, CA, USA: Brooks/Cole Thomson Learning.

Noesner, G. (1999, January 1). Negotiation concepts for commanders | FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, the | Find Articles at BNET. Find Articles at BNET | News Articles, Magazine Back Issues & Reference Articles on All Topics. Retrieved November 18, 2010, from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2194/is_1_68/ai_54036504/
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Crisis Negotiations Crisis Negotiation Is a Procedure

Words: 606 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35483558

Crisis Negotiations:

Crisis negotiation is a procedure used by law enforcement to communicate with individuals who are threatening violence. They include violence in the workplace, stalkers, barricaded subjects, individuals threatening suicide, and hostage takers. In the past several decades, the concept of crisis negotiations has been described as the most important development in police psychology and law enforcement. Actually, various law enforcement agencies have been using crisis negotiations techniques in response to kidnappings, critical incidents, hostage or barricade conditions, and personal crises. Based on recent trends, the use of crisis negotiations by law enforcement agencies have continued to grow since its inception in 1973. The main purpose of crisis negotiation is to develop rapport through establishing communication to gather intelligence regarding individuals' threat of violence.

Types of Situations that Require a Crisis Negotiator:

There are various types of situations that may require the use of crisis intervention procedures through a crisis negotiator. Some of these situations include:

Hostage Situations:

Generally, hostage situations are conditions that involve taking an individual captive for tangible reasons that are usually expressed in form of demands. Therefore, the captive is used as influence to acquire the suspect's substantive goals (Vecchi, Van Hasselt & Romano, 2005).…… [Read More]

References:

Grabianowski, E. (n.d.). How Hostage Negotiation Works. Retrieved December 18, 2011, from  http://people.howstuffworks.com/hostage-negotiation2.htm 

Miller, L. (2005). Hostage Negotiation: Psychological Principles and Practices. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 7(4), 277-298. Retrieved from http://www.psychceu.com/miller/Miller_Hostage_Neg.pdf

Vecchi, G.M, Van Hasselt, V. & Romano, S.J. (2005). Crisis (Hostage) Negotiation: Current

Strategies and Issues in High-risk Conflict Resolution. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10, 533-551. Retrieved from http://www.eisf.eu/resources/library/hostage_negotiation.pdf
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Interventions Kofi Annan Interventions --

Words: 1654 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5884337

The UN has been denied a proper role in the conflict and Annan admits it as being limiting and not very effective.

Middle East, MDGs and the future of our planet

Speaking of his diplomatic initiatives to redefine security, as security from hunger, disease and poverty; towards accomplishment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Annan paints an interesting picture of his struggles with African leaders like Mugabe, who refused to acknowledge the use of condoms in the strategy to prevent the spread of AIDS. He captures this shifting in priorities quite well, when he says:" I spent most of my tenure as secretary-general in an international environment obsessed with the potential peril of weapons of mass destruction. But in HIV / AIDS, which never received anything like the same level of attention, we had a true WMD- and one that was actively unleashing itself in the world." His lament about countries prioritizing violence over peace is clear when he says:" Member states willed the ends but rarely the means. The world, as ever, was happy to invest in the instruments of violence, but not the resources for peace."

Despite the violence, chaos and destruction that have characterized the Arab Spring,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Annan Kofi, Mousavizadeh Nader. (2012). Interventions -- a life in War and Peace, the Penguin Press. Hardcover.
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Crisis Counseling and Therapy the Precipitating Events

Words: 1050 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41188397

Crisis Counseling and Therapy

The precipitating events that are brought forward in the movie "Girl Interrupted" are the attempted suicide of a young girl on nineteen years. It concerned her parents that she failed to go forward and receive her high school diploma in a prestigious northeastern community. They also got to find out that their daughter was involved with an affair with one of their friend's husband. This involved the granting of sexual favors. She is depressed and also lacks a direction in life even after finishing her high school education in fact she does not want to go to college but instead wants to become a writer. She makes an attempt to get rid of her delusions and does this through the taking of vodka in combination with aspirin even though she denies and fails to consider her actions as being a suicide attempt rather she saw it as trying to make what she was going through stop. Her parents rush her to a mental institution after they find her in the situation that she was in. She is not sure whether she is insane or not and that is why she accepts to be admitted to a…… [Read More]

References

Bolyn, M. (2011).Activities for teaching coping skills to the youth. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from  http://www.livestrong.com/article/129996-activities-teaching-coping-skills-youth/ 

Salters-Pedneault, K. (2010). Coping Skills for Borderline Personality Disorder. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from http://bpd.about.com/od/livingwithbpd/a/Coping.htm
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Intervention in Kosovo U S &

Words: 4657 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84948621

S. was faced with a: "critical test..." (1999) when the Serbs began their assault on the Kosovar Albanians in March 1999" and in fact Starr believes this test was of more consequence than the one posed by Iraq in 1991 because in the Gulf War the United States "faced a clear act of international aggression that threatened to put vast wealth in the hands of a murderous and hostile regime." (Starr, 1999) in Kosovo, the situation was quite different because there was "no obvious strategic or economic interest" which compelled intervention and Milosevic, "unlike Saddam...did not threaten any nation outside his region." (Starr, 1999) the Kosovar Albanians are predominantly Muslims and therefore it was not likely that the U.S. would have assisted in addition to the fact that we had not real ties with Kosovo. Starr writes that it is highly unlikely that the United States would have become involved "if the majority in the Republic House had controlled foreign policy" and notes the statement of John Kasich who said that since the "people of the Balkans have been fighting each other for centuries, we are unlikely to settle their differences." (Starr, 1999) Those who protested involvement in Kosovo cited…… [Read More]

Rozen, Laura (1999) Outlaw Nation. Salon website Online available at http://www.salon.com/news/1999/03/27newsa.html

Woehrel, Steven and Kim, Julie (2006) Kosovo and U.S. Policy 7 Aug 2006 CRS Report for Congress. The Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Online available at http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL31053.pdf

Intervention in Kosovo: U.S. & NATO Involvement
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Intervention of States and Human Rights

Words: 1015 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64344430

Intervention of States and Human Rights

When and how should States intervene in the affairs of other States with poor human rights records? What threshold of violations has to be corssed first? Who decides when it has been crossed?

The sovereignty of states remains paramount and as recognized in the UN Charter. However, other states may surpass the sovereignty clause in cases of gross human rights violations by the host state. For states to intervene in matters of another state, in matters concerning human rights violation, prior documentation of evidence pertaining to violation should exist. These documents give and support reason for intervention in matters of other countries (Knight, 2008).

In the Sudan, documented evidence pointed to gross human rights violations in the Darfur Region. The indiscriminate murder and continued killing of civilians amounted to genocide (Binder, 2008). As such, there rose a need for international intervention to stop the killings. Further, the documented mass killings of civilians in Somalia, in the early 1990s, prompted the international community to intervene to prevent further human rights violation.

According to the Resolution 1973, the international community has a responsibility to protect innocent and oppressed civilians from dictatorial and tyrannical leaders. As such,…… [Read More]

References

Charles Knight (2008). Project on Defense Alternatives: What Justifies Military Intervention?.

Retrieved on 03 December 2012 from  Http://www.comw.org/pda/0109intervention.html 

Clarla Portela (2000). Berlin Information Center for Trans-Atlantic Security: Humanitarian

Intervention, NATO and International Law Retrieved on 03 December 2012 from Http://www.bits .de/public/pdf/rr00-4.pdf
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Crisis Nature of Health Care

Words: 1937 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75473270

The way in which these quotes were related to previous research also asserted trustworthiness. The reliability and validity of ethnographic research is often questioned in comparison to experimental research, although there are several strategies recognized to enhance credibility (LeCompte and Goetz, 1982); there is little evidence of use of such strategies in the study.

The findings of the study enabled the researchers' to put forward several indications towards future practice in health care in rural communities, although it was recognized that in order for a comprehensive set of nursing care management regulations and interventions to be identified, further research within the specific types of community used are required.

Summary of critique and conclusions

Overall, the piece of research effectively identified several gaps in the current research regarding the effect of health care transitions in rural communities. The study identified three relevant research questions, although presented little information regarding the current knowledge on those three issues. The study chose an ethnographical study approach for the research, which was particularly relevant given the context in which the research would be based, that of ethnic and community effects, and also the need of in-depth answers to answer the research questions. There was excellent…… [Read More]

References

Boyd, C.O. (1993) Toward a nursing practice research method. Advances in Nursing Science, 16 (2), 9-25.

LeCompte, M.D. And Goetz, J.P. (1982) Problems of reliability and validity in ethnographic research. Review of Educational Research, 52 (1), 31-60.

Lowenberg, J.S. (1993) Interpretive research methodology: broadening the dialogue. Advances in Nursing Science, 16 (2), 57-69.

Magilvy, J.K. And Congdon, J.G. (2000) the crisis nature of health care transitions for rural older adults. Public Health Nursing, 17 (5), 336-345.
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Crisis Negotiations Ebert 1986 Believes There Is

Words: 511 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76354420

Crisis Negotiations

Ebert (1986) believes "there is absolutely no justification for preventing mental health professionals from participating in virtually all facets of hostage negotiation," (p. 580). As Hatcher, Mohandie, Turner & Gelles (1998) point out, most mental health professionals that do participate in any aspect of hostage negotiation do so "by invitation only in police-established hostage negotiation schools," (p. 461). With this training, the mental health professional is thus theoretically prepared to engage the perpetrator directly. However, the mental health professional is only prepared when the training provided is thorough and consistent, and in accordance with the parameters and goals of each crisis situation.

The pros of employing a psychologist as a primary negotiator are clear. Most significantly, the psychologist has expertise in human behavior and cognition and can apply that knowledge to making quick decisions. The psychologist can also provide post-traumatic stress intervention services to the hostage victims and members of the police force who were likewise affected. Retaining a core psychologist or group psychologist as a primary negotiator can also alleviate the burden placed on officers in crisis situations, allowing police forces to perform the duties necessary within their domain of expertise. Expertise in the crisis situation itself…… [Read More]

References

Ebert, B.W. (1986). The mental health response team: An expanding role for psychologists. Professional Psychology, Research and Practice, 17, 6, 580-585.

Hatcher, C., Mohandie, K., Turner, J. & Gelles, M.G. (1998). The role of psychologists in crisis/hostage negotiations.Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 16, 455-472.
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Crises the Costs of Financial

Words: 3178 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53321289



If asset bubbles can be leading indicators of recession, that begs the question what assets are the most important? Several studies have shown that housing prices are critical. They were important in Japan and in 2008 in the United States. Babecky (2012) showed that housing prices consistently predict asset bubbles, minus the occasional false positive. Intuitively this makes sense since any sort of bubble will result in more investment in real estate.

There is a further question that is raised in light of the contagion of the 2008-2009 crisis. Prior to that, as Evanoff (2013) notes, several asset bubbles were effectively contained by monetary policy and did little damage. Most bubbles that cause damage do so in the developing world -- Southeast Asia and Russia in the late 1990s for example -- but in the developed world the damage is usually contained. Frankel and Saravelos (2011) examined the indicators that might shed light on which countries are more likely to experience an economic crisis. Their work identified other variables, including level of reserves and real exchange rate appreciation as being statistically-significant valid leading indicators.

The Babecky (2012) study found that the nominal effective exchange rate, and global inflation are also…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Babecky, J., Havranek, T., Mateju, J., Rusnak, M.,Smidkova, K. & Vasicek, B. (2012). Leading indicators of crisis incidence. European Central Bank Working Papers Series No. 1486.

Chinn, M. & Kucko, K. (2010). The predictive power of the yield curve across time. NBER Working Paper, No. 16398.

Evanoff, D., Kaufman, G. & Malliaris, a. (2013). Asset price bubbles: Lessons from the recent financial crisis. World Financial Review. Retrieved May 1, 2013 from http://www.worldfinancialreview.com/?p=2200

Frankel, J., Saravelos, G. (2011). Can leading indicators assess country vulnerability? NBER Working Paper No. 16047.
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Intervention & Addiction Therapy Theory

Words: 3133 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96162245

.

The two hypothetical systems working on an individual's brain during the experience of addiction are complementary within and between system changes. The first counteradaptation results in a decrease in the transmission of dopamine and serotonin release during withdrawal phases of the cycle (Robinson & Berridge 2001). Effectively, dopamine and serotonin transmission is artificially increased beyond the normative range during drug use, then virtually stopped once the drug has left the body. This intensifies not only the "come down" feeling but also the preoccupation anxieties associated with substance abuse as well as the existing emotional, environmental, or social vulnerability which lead to the initial lapse. Sensitization is the component of addiction which compels an individual to continually seek greater quantities of the substance (Robinson & Berridge 2001). Effectively once the brain has been exposed to a chemical which alters neural transmission, the body attempts to return to a homeostatic state. In the presence of narcotics which artificially increase neurotransmitter levels, the brain depending on frequency of initial use, may then begin to self-regulate with the artificially high as the new baseline. Essentially the brain will come to depend on the release of neurotransmitter associated with drug use, making it impossible…… [Read More]

References

1. Nesse, R. (1994). An evolutionary perspective on substance abuse. Ethology and Sociobiology, 15, 339- 348.

2. Robinson, T, & Berridge, K. (2001). Mechanisms of action of addictive stimuli incentive- sensitization and addiction. Addiction, 96, 103- 114.

3. Koob, G., & Le Moal, M. (1997). Drug abuse: Hedonic homeostatic dysregulation. Science, 278, 52- 58.

4. Brown, J.M., & Miller, W.R. (1993). Impact of motivational interviewing on participation and outcome in residential alcoholism treatment. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors,7, 211-218.
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Clinicians Offering Supportive Interventions a

Words: 3316 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30450397



The first on the recommended list is that the physician must acknowledge the grief that the person is feeling, and also acknowledge the fact that he, himself, may not know what the bereaved person is going through at that particular moment. He can directly express sympathy for the bereaved family, and he can talk freely about the deceased, and mention his name too, when talking about him. He can elicit questions about the exact circumstances in which the death had occurred, and he can ask direct questions about how the bereaved feels, and what he thinks about the death and how it has affected him. The don'ts to be followed by the physician or clinician are that the clinician must never adopt a casual or passive attitude, like for example, saying, 'call me if you want to talk'. He must also learn never to make statements that what happened was for the best, and so on, and he also must never assume that the bereaved person is strong, and will therefore perforce get through the entire episode of grief quickly. He must never avoid talking about the deceased person, especially if the bereaved demonstrates a willingness to talk about it.…… [Read More]

References

Ambrose, Jeannette. "Traumatic Grief, what we need to know as Trauma Responders" Retrieved from http://www.ctsn-rcst.ca/Traumaticgrief.html. Accessed 15 July, 2006

Christie, Grace. (2000) "Healing Children's Grief, surviving a parent's death from cancer"

Crisis Intervention" Retrieved at  http://www.minddisorders.com/Br-Del/Crisis-intervention.html . Accessed 14 July, 2006

Davidson, Joyce D. (1999) "Living with Grief, at work, at school, at worship"
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Assessing and Responding to Crisis Situations in the Schools

Words: 789 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96120080

Threat Assessments and Crisis Interventions in the Public Schools

Allen, M. & Burt, K. (2002). School counselors' preparation for and participation in crisis intervention. Professional School Counseling, 6(2), 96-101.

Authors cite the increasing number of crisis situations being experienced in the nation's public schools and describe the trauma, cognitive dissonance and loss of a sense of security that can adversely affect all students and teachers who experience these types of events, even when they are resolved safely. While the list of crisis situation types is virtually infinite in public school settings, some of the more common types of crises that have been experienced in the public schools in the past include natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and earthquakes) as well as anthropogenic sources including school shootings, suicide, student or teacher deaths, sexual and physical abuse, and gang-related activities. Fires in the schools may be either natural or manmade. Prioritizing these types of crisis situations and formulating contingency plans for response is an important part of the process. Although there remains a paucity of guidance concerning who is most responsible for responding to crisis situations in the schools, authors make the point that school counselors are in an especially…… [Read More]

A number of states implemented crisis response planning requirements following the shootings at Colorado's Columbine High School in April 1999. Authors note, though, that notwithstanding the increase in high-profile crisis situations in the nation's public schools such as school shooting, teachers will be more likely to have to respond to crisis situations that involve child abuse and neglect, emotional abuse or bullying on a more frequent basis. Likewise, even events that occur outside the school doors such as the death or injury of a family member, the divorce of parents or an abusive home environment can have an adverse effect on students while they are in school. Finally, for schools that do not already have a crisis intervention plan in place, authors recommend forming a task force to develop one at the earliest opportunity.

Pascopella, A. (2008, January). Threat assessment plans: Every district needs an action plan for averting violence. District Administration, 44(1), 34-37.

Authors cites the ongoing need for assessing threats in the nation's public school districts and recommends that all district administrators secure a copy of the guide to managing threat situations and creating safe school environments published collaboratively by the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Secret Service. In fact, the guide is based on the U.S. Secret Service's plans for protecting the President of the United States from various threats. Although every school district is unique, the types of threats that can occur share some commonalities that make threat assessment an overarching priority. While all public school districts are required to have emergency management plans in place in the event of natural disasters, there is no corresponding requirement for having threat assessment plans in place. Therefore, district administrators must take the lead in creating an organizational culture that places a high priority on threat assessment in order to ensure that all stakeholders are aware of the problem and understand how to respond when threats materialize.
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Debriefing Post-Crisis Stress Debriefings Psychological Debriefing Is

Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47482379

Debriefing

Post-Crisis Stress Debriefings

Psychological debriefing is a structured crisis intervention meeting that is commonly used as a post-trauma support intervention strategy in a wide range of settings, including the emergency services, the military and mental health services and the technique consists of a discussion and review of the traumatic event or critical incident through a series of phases (Regel, 2010). The methodology uses a period of about ninety minutes to talk to the victims about what they experienced and what they might expect as a result of what happened. One of these debriefings will generally have seven stages and should be conducted between seventy-two hours and fourteen days after the event.

It is argued that this program should not act as a standalone program for trauma victims. That is, the value of the debriefing is largely a result of the beginning of the development of a support network. The reason, put simply, is that over 30 years of research have demonstrated the following benefits (Regel, 2010):

1. Social support is a major protective factor following life events/trauma

1. There are different types of social support -- informational, practical, and emotional

1. The type of social support required is a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lewis, G. (2002). Post-Crisis Stress - More Harm then Good? Behavioral Health Management, 22-25.

Regel, S. (2010). Psychology Debriefing -- does it work? Healthcare Counseling & Psychotherapy Journal, 14-18.

Siegel, R. (2005, September 13). Outsourcing Compassion: Stress and the Brain. Retrieved from NPR: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4842962
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Analyzing Gang Intervention Programs

Words: 1157 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84017693

Los Angeles' gang intervention initiatives. Program shortcomings as well as potential future improvements will be discussed.

Limitations of Gang Intervention Programs

The V2K helper foundation's efforts are targeted at adolescents and young adults (aged between 14 and 25 years). Initiated in 1997, the intervention's goals are providing counseling, anger management training, mentoring, life-skills education, parenting classes, and extracurricular activities like art programs, field trips, and sports. Trained personnel directly interact with people embroiled in criminal gangs to offer crisis intervention for defusing potentially violent scenarios, making peace between enemy gangs, and providing them with positive alternative options like employment, vocational training, treatment referral for alcohol/drug abuse, etc. (V2K Helper Foundation, n.d). Brotherhood for Independent Leadership through Discipline (B.U.I.L.D.) is a category 501c3 not-for-profit pro-social initiative for youth empowerment, providing a holistic program of self-discipline, direction, responsibility, and focus, directed at vulnerable groups (Funded Programs, n.d). G.R.A.C.E. endeavors to lower violence-causing tensions among ethnic groups; decrease gang violence as well as retaliation violence; improve public safety; increase resources for young adults and older adolescents at community centers, local parks, etc.; and expand prevention resources as well as resources for positive development of Los Angeles's youth (Gang Intervention, n.d).

Efforts of APUU…… [Read More]

References

Allen, Brian (1999). Stop the Violence: Gang Prevention in Schools. Poverty and Prejudice: Gang Intervention and Rehabilitation. Extracted from web.stanford.edu

Citywide Gang Activity Reduction Strategy (n.d). The Advancement Project -- Phase III Report. Extracted from http://councilcommittee.lacity.org/

Funded Programs (n.d). Extracted from http://www.abetterla.org/

Gang Intervention (n.d). Extracted from http://www.toberman.org/
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Mechanical Restraint Which Interventions Prevent Episodes of Mechanical Restraints a Systematic Review

Words: 2137 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75828830

Psychiatric Patients and Mechanical Restraints

Mechanical restraints are one of the most controversial aspects of psychiatric care. The aversion to using them no doubt dates back to the popularity of films like One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, which portrays the psychiatric institutions and medical authorities using restraints to constrain the free spirits of sane, but noncompliant patients. The reality of the use of restraints is far more complex and some defend the use of these devices to promote patient safety. According to the review article "Mechanical restraint -- which interventions prevent episodes of mechanical restraint? -- A systematic review" by Bak (2011), "in some countries, mechanical restraint is performed according to the law when psychiatric inpatients pose a risk to themselves or to others." But other countries do not allow the use of mechanical restraints: for example, in the United Kingdom, only the use of seclusion and holding (physical restraint) is allowed (except in exceptional circumstances in special hospital environments)" (Bak 2011).

The consensus as to what constitutes the ethically-acceptable use of mechanical restraints is thus still in doubt. This article from Perspectives in Psychiatric Care attempts to establish greater clarity about how to avoid the use of this…… [Read More]

Although the recommendations are cautious, it would behoove organizations to use patient empowerment and therapeutic programs that promote staff dialogue with patients to reduce the use of mechanical restraints. Improving patient care cannot be achieved in a 'top-down' fashion. Patients must feel as if they have a stake in how care is administered and develop a sense of responsibility for self-regulating to the maximum degree to which they are capable.

Reference

Bak, J., Brandt-Christensen, M., Sestoft, D., & Zoffmann, V. (2011). Mechanical restraint which interventions prevent episodes of mechanical restraint: A systematic review. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 48(2), 83-94. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6163.2011.00307.x
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Hostage Crisis Negotiation Team Analysis of the Specific Functions

Words: 3469 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66443760

Negotiation Crisis Team

The process of hostage and crisis negotiation is an event that involves a team, it is not something that can be performed by an individual and cannot be considered as a secondary activity. Such negotiations are meant to help in the management and/or resolution of very risky situations, and in most cases the situations are very tricky to deal with. The manner in which these situations present themselves often make it necessary to have specialized, explicit and compound knowledge backgrounds to be effectively handled. The effectiveness of such a process is very significant since the measure is through the loss of life avoided. The success or failure of such a team in the management and resolution of the situation is measured in terms of human lives saved or lost, this is why the team must be well composed. The knowledge and experience of each and every member of the negotiation team must be beyond reproach and should include specific training (Cooper, 1981). As much as the primary skills for every individual is vital, it is also significant that each team member undergoes a cross-training to perfectly fit and function in all team positions. This cross-training comes in…… [Read More]

References

Bohl, N.K. (1992). Hostage negotiator stress, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 61(8):23-26

Butler, W.M. et al., (1993). The use of mental health professional consultants to police hostage negotiation teams. Behav Sci Law 11(2):213-221

Call, J. (2003). Negotiating crises: The evolution of hostage/barricade crisis negotiation. Journal of Threat Assessment, 2, 69-94.

Cooper, H. (1981). The hostage takers. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press.
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Emerging Social Work Crisis for Veterans and Their Families

Words: 2224 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95173111

careers, many social workers will encounter individuals who are veterans of active duty military service. Like other client populations, veterans may experience issues with their day-to-day living requirements that require assistance, but these individuals may also experience a wide range of problems that are unique to service in the armed forces. This paper reviews the relevant literature to determine how current social work policies in the United States address issues of inequality, oppression or social justice for military veterans, the social work staff's ability to provide quality social work services, and ethical issues that affect social work values and practice in this area. An analysis concerning alternative approaches that social work and others could advocate or organize on behalf of veterans is followed by an assessment of which models of advocacy (Jannson or Hayes & Mickelson) are currently being used with this client population. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning social work policies and veterans are provided in the conclusion.

Review and Analysis

Irrespective of their primary area of practice, many social workers will encounter individuals who are either actively serving in the U.S. military or who are veterans of service in the armed forces (NASW…… [Read More]

References

Adams, C. (2013, March 13). Millions went to war in Iraq, Afghanistan, leaving many with lifelong scars. McClatchy Newspapers. Retrieved from  http://www.mcclatchydc.com/ 

2013/03/14/185880/millions-went-to-war-in-iraq-afghanistan.html#storylink=cpy.

Franklin, E. (2009, August). The emerging needs of veterans: A call to action for the social work profession. Health and Social Work, 34(3), 163-169.

Haynes, K.S. & Mickelson, J.S. (2000). The debate. In Affecting social change: Social workers in the political arena (pp. 23 -- 39). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
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Crisis Economics by Nouriel Roubini

Words: 1295 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38992761

In this regard, the author rightfully targets circumscription of the authority of the major agencies that are responsible for rating private credit which allowed banks to approve many mortgage situations with citizens that were tenuous, at best. The most efficacious way of doing so, particularly when one considers that most banks simply pay these agencies, which are primarily Fitch Ratings, Standards & Poor's, and Moody's Investor Services, Roubini asserts is to issue a removal of the agencies' certification by the Securities and Exchange Commission as "nationally recognized statistical rating organizations." This publicly blessed oligopoly, intended to maintain high standards, has only inhibited competition that would bring down the price of security-rating services (Barrett, 2010).

The commission was widely vilified for not playing a more active role in limiting the unscrupulous behavior of banks that lured investors into poor mortgage situations (no author, 2012)

Ultimately, Roudini proposes increasingly strident measures of accountability that financial institutions should hold themselves to. The author argues vigorously against a repeat of any sort of measures in which the federal government, using taxpayers hard earned money, has to accept the financial responsibility for a banks debts. And true to form, the author comes up with some…… [Read More]

References

Barrett, P.M. (2010). "Prophet Making." The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/27/books/review/Barrett-t.html?_r=1&ref=books

No author. (2012). "Securities and Exchange Commission." The New York Times. Retrieved from http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/s/securities_and_exchange_commission/index.html?inline=nyt-org

Roubini, N.; Mihm, S. (2010). Crisis Economics: A Crash Course in the Future of Finance. New York: Penguin Press.

Sunderland, R. (2010). "Crisis economics: A crash course in the future of finance." The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/may/23/crisis-economics-crash-course-review
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Intervention the Notion of 'Intervention' Has the

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5840526

Intervention

The notion of 'intervention' has the literal, Oxford English Dictionary meaning of "stepping in or interfering in any affair, so as to affect its course or issue." But its connotative meaning within contemporary culture is more resonant and multivalent in nature. The television show Intervention exemplifies the positive, pop psychology notion of an 'intervention,' in which an individual is saved from an addiction by group of outsiders (usually friends, family, and treatment staff). But many 'interventions' have a negative resonance: more traditional notions of intervention raise questions of sovereignty and legitimacy. At the heart of the conflict between 'good' and 'bad' notions of intervention is the question of autonomy. When is it acceptable and appropriate to impinge upon the autonomy of a human being or of the state? Is it ever moral to not intervene?

Awareness of injustice has increased in the era of Internet-based social networking and communication. Technology has facilitated 'interventions,' connecting individuals and groups across boundaries and facilitating 'interventions' like Occupy Wall Street. Mobile devices can be easily used to capture, post, and disseminate -- via online social media -- images and audio of ongoing protests and to convince others of the moral need to 'intervene,'…… [Read More]

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Intervention and Prevention Strategies

Words: 1735 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23857459

Teen Pregnancy

Description

Teenage pregnancy is described as being pregnant or being a mother below 20 years of age in most of the conducted researches. Only two researches considered had an age limit of 20 years, while another one had a limit of 21 years (Noll, Shenk, & Putnam, 2009).

The rate of teenage child birth differs by a 10 factor in case of first world nations. Netherlands on one hand has a negligible rate of 12 infants per 1,000 teenagers each year while Russia on the other hand has a rate of 100 infants per 1000 teenagers. During the 1990's United States of America spiked with teenage pregnancies which was the same in 1980's as well. Japan and European nations have controlled pregnancy rates (40 infants per 1,000). England peaks the European bloc with teenage pregnancy. One research in 2000 concluded that annually in England, around 90,000 child births were noted. 7,700 girls belonged to the 16 years bracket, while 2,200 belonged to 14-year bracket. The statistics show that teenage pregnancy is a huge national issue in England and it needs to be addressed immediately (Sarantaki & Koutelekos, 2007).

Prevalence

A research has shown that in some European nations,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Amoran, O. (2012). A comparative analysis of predictors of teenage pregnancy and its prevention in a rural town in Western Nigeria. Amoran International Journal for Equity in Health, 2-7.

Dickins, T., Johns, S., & Chipman, A. (2012). Teenage Pregnancy In The United Kingdom: A Behavioral Ecological Perspective. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 344-359.

Fonseca, L., Araujo, H., & Santos, S. (2012). Sexualities, teenage pregnancy and educational life histories in Portugal: experiencing sexual citizenship? Gender and Education, 647-664.

Hoggart, L. (2012). I'm Pregnant...what am I going to do? An examination of value judgments and moral frameworks in teenage pregnancy decision making. Health, Risk and Society, 533-549.
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Economics Crisis as an Inevitable

Words: 4733 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43936576



The U.S. is a property owning civilization and a number of the people wanted land and housing. Americans however scarcely ever create savings. "The country itself lives on other countries' savings by issuing bonds to finance its excessive consumption. The current crisis began with cheap housing loans offered by banks. Banks provided loans but instead of holding the loan in their books, they packaged them into collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) and sold them to other agencies. These agencies passed them on to others and spread them globally as assets" (the Current Economic Crisis, its causes, its impact and possible alternatives, 2009).

Interest rates were lowered and housing loans went up with construction activities leading to land prices increasing. The real estate was booming, generating employment and incomes. But as the rate of interest on housing loans came down, banks started to compete to get more business. Because of low interest rates, it was probable to borrow more from the same monthly payment to pay the old loan and still have some left as extra for a vacation or to buy something else. Some went for a second house as an investment. The problem started when housing loans came to be…… [Read More]

References

Avizius, R. 2009. Financial Crisis Big Picture: What has the Government Response Been? [ONLINE] Available at:  http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article9229.html . [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Centeno, M.A. & Cohen, J.N. 2012. The Arc of Neoliberalism. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.yale.edu/macmillan/transitionstomodernity/papers/CentenoCohen.pdf. [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Crotty, J. 2009. Structural causes of the global financial crisis: a critical assessment of the 'new financial architecture' . [ONLINE] Available at: http://cje.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/4/563.full. [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Esteva, G. (n.d.). The Meaning of the Global Crisis and "Recovery" for Study Abroad: What are we Preparing Students for? [ONLINE] Available at: http://digitalcollections.sit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1110&context=faculty_symposium. [Accessed 22 May 2012].
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Financial Crisis a Crisis of Capitalism Compare

Words: 3172 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92559053

financial crisis a "crisis of capitalism?

Compare and contrast the theories of Susan Strange, Karl Polanyi and Giovanni Arrighi. Explain how three of them accessed issues of Financial crisis and its relationship with capitalism

Starting from 2008 onwards, we are currently experiencing an unremitting state of economic recession. Each of the three theorists stated in this essay have different perspectives of whether or not the recession indicates crises of capitalism. Whilst Susan Strange and Karl Polanyi have a more optimist perspective on the subject and indicate that rather than crisis, the recession may, in effect, be, in the first case, a misplaced paradigm (or different, tortured perspective) and in the second case, only a slight wrench that necessitates government intervention for amending a temporary situation, Arrighiri sees the situation as indeed manifesting something that is intrinsically, irremediably, and inherently wrong in the structure of capitalism itself. Each of these views will be dwelled on in turn, and each will compared and contrasted in order to assess their perspective to the financial crisis and its relationship with capitalism

Susan Strange on Capitalism

Susan Strange published Casino Capitalism (1996) at a time when few others realized that the world of finance was…… [Read More]

References

Giovanni Arrighi (2000) Workers North and South) in C. Leys and L. Panich, eds., The Socialist Register. London: The Merlin Press

Giovanni Arrighi (1996). Capitalism and the Modern World-System: Rethinking the Non-Debates of the 1970s"

http://www2.binghamton.edu/fbc/archive/gaasa96.htm

Giovanni Arrighi (2001) Braudel, Capitalism and the New Economic Sociology, Review, XXIV, 1
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Korean Financial Crisis in the Late 1990s Lesson for Current Euro Area

Words: 4892 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14885366

Korean Financial Crisis in the Late 1990s: Lesson for Current Euro Area

The objective of this study is to examine what is unique or different about the Korean financial crisis as compared to other Asian financial crises and to determine the primary causes of the financial crisis in Korea. This work will further examine the government response to the crisis and what it is that can be learned from the Korean financial crisis and applied in Korea to the Euro Area.

The major components of the Korean financial system in the 1960s and 1970s are stated in reports to have been nationalized with "lending targeted toward favored sectors and firms including the exports and heavy industries. (Jeon and Miller, 2005) Regional banks came on in 1967 and could only operate in their own provinces, which provided encouragement for development that was regionally-based. In the early 1980s, plans were made for deregulation of the financial system and to place Korean commercial banks in the private sector. (Jeon and Miller, 2005, paraphrased) The power of commercial banks was expanded by deregulation in the 1980s allowing them to offer credit cards, issue negotiable certificates of deposit, and provide automated teller machines. At the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Athens University of Economics and Business. Cyprus Economic Policy Review, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 89-96 (2010) 1450-4561

Causes, Policy Response, and Lessons. Presentation at The High-Level Seminar on Crisis Prevention in Emerging Markets Organized by The International Monetary Fund and The Government of Singapore. Singapore July 10-11, 2006.

Global Economic Review: Perspectives on East Asian Economies and Industries. Retrieved from:http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rger20

Jeon, BN (2012) From the 1997-98 Asian Financial crisis to the 2008-09 global economic crisis: lessons from Korea's experience. 1 Feb 2012.
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Mobile Crisis Program Effectiveness Efficiency and Consumer

Words: 973 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94789183

Mobile Crisis Program:

Effectiveness, Efficiency and Consumer Satisfaction, Questions

What are the goals of the Mobile Crisis Program?

The mobile crisis program of DeKalb County, Georgia is a component of the DeKalb Community Service Board, a comprehensive mental health service agency aimed at treating and reducing the threat of lash-outs from mentally ill persons throughout the county. The goals of the program are to provide community-based psychiatric services to stabilize persons experiencing psychiatric emergencies in the least restrictive environment, to decrease arrests of mentally ill people in crisis, and to reduce police officers' time handling psychiatric emergency situations throughout the county, thus freeing them to return to their regular duty serving and protecting their respective communities.

In allowing for this type of program within its communities, DeKalb county's overarching goal of achieving stability within its borders has the ability to come to fruition. Additionally, as the mobile crisis program's goal of intervening in possibly violent and distracting acts amongst its mentally ill citizens, the county will cut costs in terms of police and hospital involvement, as a rotating team of four police officers and two nurses are always on hand to intercede in such events, forwarding the success goal of…… [Read More]

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Autism Behavioral Intervention Plan

Words: 1421 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86177965

BIP

A behavioral intervention plan for a seven-year-old autistic boy is outlined following a functional assessment of behavior. Three target behaviors are identified and recommendations for intervention are made using simple behavioral techniques, visual stimuli, and modeling. The intervention is simple and the functional assessment should continue as an ongoing part of the intervention.

Discussion of the Case

The subject is a seven-year-old (male/female) with a diagnosis of autism currently enrolled in the second grade. Due to behavioral issues a functional assessment of the subject's behavior was completed followed by a behavioral intervention plan. Three target behaviors were identified for intervention following the functional assessment. These target behaviors will be discussed separately. The functional assessment was brief and covered one day of observation and recording. Ideally a longer period of observation would produce a more reliable functional assessment (Vismara & Rogers, 2010); however, it was believed that a plan of action should be implemented immediately and the functional assessment would be ongoing. The three target behaviors are described below:

1. Hitting others. The first target behavior is the subject's hitting others. Over the observational period the subject was observed to strike others four times. Three of the four observations occurred…… [Read More]

References

Hattier, M.A., Matson, J.L., Sipes, M., & Turygin, N. (2011). Communication deficits in infants and toddlers with developmental disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32 (6), 2108 -- 2113.

Houston-Wilson, C., & Lieberman, L.J. (2003). Strategies for teaching students with autism in physical education. The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance, 74(6), 40 -- 44.

Vismara, L.A., & Rogers, S.J. (2010). Behavioral treatments in autism spectrum disorder: What do we know? Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 6, 447 -- 468.
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Collaborative Communication and Therapeutic Interventions Collaborative Communication

Words: 1829 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9363204

Collaborative Communication and Therapeutic Interventions

Collaborative Communication

Collaborative Communication and Therapeutic Interventions Improve care for Health Care Clients and Community

Collaborative communication and therapeutic interventions play a significant role in improving the care for the health care clients and the overall community. This is the reason that these days the health care organizations assess their performances and design high quality improvement initiatives for carrying out collaborative communication.

There is a very strong link between an effective communication and high quality health care. The satisfaction of the patient and his family members can be increased by doing two ways, clear, understandable and respectful communication (Morales et al. 2006, Beach et al. 2005). Gaps between the communication of healthcare professionals and the patients or among the healthcare professionals themselves bring disastrous and unexpected outcomes and the healthcare relationship badly suffers.

There are several ways through which collaborative communication and therapeutic interventions improve health outcomes. For instance;

1. The ineffective communications stops the patients from taking part into the decision which affect their well being.

2. When right information is conveyed to health personnel at right time, the decision taken by the personnel will be in the interest of the patient and his…… [Read More]

References

Beach MC, Sugarman J, Johnson RL, Arbelaez JJ, Duggan PS, Cooper LA. (2005). Do patients treated with dignity report higher satisfaction, adherence, and receipt of preventive care? Ann Fam Med. 2005 Jul Aug; 3(4):331-8.

Kilmann, R.H., & Thomas, K.W. (1975). Interpersonal conflict-handling behavior as reflections of Jungian personality dimensions. Psychological Reports, 37, 971 -- 980.

Kilmann, R.H., & Thomas, K.W. (1977). Developing a forced-choice measure of conflict handling behavior: The

"mode" instrument. Educational and Psychology Measurement, 37, 309 -- 325
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Economic Crisis Policies US Current Economic Crisis

Words: 2366 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30617442

Economic Crisis Policies

US current economic crisis is considered to be started from real estate sector. The real sector started to decline in 2006 and it accelerated in 2007 and 2008. Housing prices have fallen from the peak from about 25% so far. The decline in prices left homeowners with no option and they were unable to refinance their mortgages and causes default of mortgages. This default of mortgages and loans swallowed the banks and financial markets such as falling of Lehman's brothers and other Banks and blow to rest of economy happened as the whole economy was relying on banks and ultimately it slows down investment in the country and capital flows to other parts of the world like China and India. Bank losses cause reduction of bank capital which in turn requires capital reduction thus saving bank from lending. It is estimated that every $100 loss and reduction of bank capital would cause $1trillion reduction in bank lending. (ISR international socialist review, 2009)

Critical Analysis of the Causes of Current Economic Crisis

The current depression is said to be biggest since the great depression of 1930's.There are many causes of current economic crisis. Some of them are discussed…… [Read More]

Bibliography

ISR international socialist review. (2009, april). Retrieved from The U.S. economic crisis:causes and solutions: http://www.isreview.org/issues/64/feat-moseley.shtml

Journal of accountancy. (2009, october). Retrieved from The U.S. economic crisis: root causes and road to recovery: www.journalofaccountancy.com/Issues/2009/Oct/20091781

Eyes on wall street. (2011, april). Retrieved from Levin coburn investigates casues of financial crisis: http://www.eyesonwallstreet.com/2011/04/articles/financial-crisis/levincoburn-report-investigates-causes-of-the-financial-crisis/

Rude, C. (2009). World Economic Crisis and Fed Reserve Response to it. Studies in Political Economy.
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Nursing Intervention in Disaster the Possibility of

Words: 1365 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3266108

Nursing Intervention in Disaster

The possibility of occurrence of disasters is a reality. With this in mind there should be efforts made to prevent any upcoming or potentially disastrous events. These efforts are what are known as disaster prevention. Disaster prevention therefore refers to efforts put in place to ensure that adverse effects of events that are potentially disastrous are prevented even when the disaster cannot be controlled. Disaster prevention is done at various levels of the society and is undertaken so as to prevent all types of disasters. Nurses are involved to a large extent when it comes to the prevention and mitigation of disasters. Nurses are involved in institutions that can influence change and due to the unique skills that they posses they can make interventions in disasters. To perform efficiently, a nurse must be always prepared to make changes in plan actions at any time and at the same time adopt to new situations. Nurses are expected to be health educators, administrators, care providers and intervene in crises .There are various nursing interventions that are related to disasters, these can be in three levels; primary intervention, secondary intervention and tertiary intervention.

Primary intervention

Prevention includes identifying hazards,…… [Read More]

References

Harden, E.G., (2004). The role of nursing in disasters. Retrieved march 22, 2013 from  http://helid.digicollection.org/en/d/Jdi018e/2.html 

Rittenmeyer, L., (2007). Disaster preparedness: Are you ready? Retrieved march 22,2013 from http://www.nursingcenter.com/prodev/ce_article.asp?tid=726331

Wolters Kluwer Health, (2007). LWW Journals - Beginning with A. Retrieved March 22, 2013, from http://journals.lww.com/smajournalonline/fulltext/2007/09000/spiritual_issues_in_the_aftermath_of_disaster.32.aspx
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Difference Between Crises and Disaster

Words: 1749 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17465829

Crisis and Disaster

The running of any Government, Community, Society or even an Organization for that matter is, no doubt, a very complicated matter. The main reason for this complication is the many arrays of problems and situations that can arise and each one of them demands special attention to cater to. This makes the smooth running of any setup, then, a big challenge for the concerned authorities. However, this smooth running turn into more of a challenge in the face of a disaster or a crisis, which can completely turn the entire setup upside down.

Before an analysis of the Frontline Documentary "The Spill" can be presented, it is important that we understand the background of the event presented and the difference between crisis and disaster and how it ties up to the incident in question.

Merriam Webster defines Crisis as "A situation that has reached a critical phase" (Merriam Webster, n.d.). However, the traditional meaning of a crisis is considered to be associated with concepts such as "threat, urgency and uncertainty" (Boin, 2009). These words however have had to take a new meaning in the modern societies, which are now dependent on each other due to the infrastructure…… [Read More]

Works Cited

BBC News. (2006, November 1st). BP 'knew of Texas safety worries'. Retrieved December 17th, 2011, from BBC News:  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/6100938.stm 

Boin, A. (2009). The New World of Crises and Crisis Management: Implications for Policymaking and Research. Review of Policy Research, 26, 367-377.

Bolton, C.A. (2006, October). The Difference between Crisis and Disaster is a Plan. Retrieved December 16th, 2011, from Public Relations Society of America: http://media.prsa.org/article_download.cfm?article_id=929

Broder, J.M. (2010, March 31st). Obama to Open Offshore Areas to Oil Drilling for First Time. Retrieved December 17th, 2011, from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/31/science/earth/31energy.html
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Crimea Crisis

Words: 2253 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95729884

Roadmap

The Crimean crisis of 2014 is an ongoing international crisis, related to the larger issues surrounding Ukraine and Russia. Crimea is a strategically-important peninsula at the southern end of Ukraine. Politically, prior to its annexation by Russia, Crimea was an Autonomous Republic within Ukraine. Its population is a mix of Ukrainian, Russian and Crimean Tatar, and Russian is the predominant language. The city of Sevastopol is an administratively separate municipality, its naval yards on long-term lease to Russia, which has used the city as home to its Black Sea fleet for a couple of centuries. Crimea became part of Ukraine as part of a transfer during the Soviet era. In 2014, armed and masked men, believed to be Russian and operating with military-level effectiveness, seized control of public installations in Crimea (Sengupta, 2014). Russia then oversaw an internationally-invalidated referendum and voted in the Duma to annex Crimea. Russia then moved its troops officially into the region. The paper will discuss the history of the conflict, along with an analysis of the situation as it currently stands. The West should not recognize Russia's annexation of Crimea, but is unlikely to muster any intervention in response to the annexation, given the…… [Read More]

References

Conant, E. (2014). How history, geography help explain Ukraine's political crisis. National Geographic. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from  http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/01/140129-protests-ukraine-russia-geography-history/ 

Eckel, D. (2014). In Crimea, Tatars fear a repeat of a brutal history. Al Jazeera America. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/4/14/in-crimea-the-tatarsfeararepeatofabrutalhistory.html

Evans, R. (2014). Moscow signals concern for Russians in Estonia. Reuters. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/19/us-russia-estonia-idUSBREA2I1J620140319

Felton, A. & Gumuchian, M. (2014). UN General Assembly resolution calls Crimean referendum invalid. CNN. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from www.cnn.com/2014/03/27/world/europe/ukraine-crisis/
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Humanitarian Intervention in Somalia

Words: 5743 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62010302

Humanitarian Intervention in Somalia (1990)

What is genocide?

When it comes to genocide there is a lot of disagreement amongst legal scholars as to what is enough to qualify as genocide. But basically genocide is described as the logical, structured, planned attack or in other words the deliberate destruction of a national, religious, racial or ethnic group. The said destruction could be in whole or in part. Scholars of the legal system have long since debated as to what is enough so as to qualify as genocide. The 1957 United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) has laid out what it believes to be a precise definition. As described by article 2 of 1957 (CPPCG) the act of genocide is described as any act that is mean to destroy in entirety or in part any racial, ethnic, or religious group by the following acts; causing members of the said group to suffer serious mental or bodily harm, or murdering members of the group, or forcing the group members to live in a certain way, or a calculated or methodical enforcement that is designed to cause harm or destruction to the group. The acts…… [Read More]

References

Africa Watch. (1992). 'Somalia: Beyond the warlords', News from Africa Watch, Vol. 5, No 2, p.6.

Alton, F. (2000). Humanitarian Intervention: Crafting a Workable Doctrine. New York: Council on Foreign Relations.

Andre, L.S. (2005). Stateless Justice in Somalia. Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue.

Arthur S.B., Muller, T.C., Overstreet, W. (2008). Political Handbook of the World 2008, CQ Press, p.1198.
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Armed Intervention Crisis Modern Day

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41135320

Even if one uses the previous five sets, they must decide the percentage of importance and relevance to assign to each criterion. It as such becomes understandable why peoples or states use the same decisional framework and come to inconsistent results. Personally, I would place the most emphasis on human rights and would generally decide in favor of an armed intervention in countries where more cases of human rights breaches are registered. Secondly, I would also look at the United States' interests and possible losses pegged to the intervention. How could it benefit or harm us? Third, I would seek international acceptance, support and cooperation from other sovereign states. The final element I would consider is not present in the five set decision criteria, but I hold it pivotal. It would consist of an analysis of the diplomatic efforts in the region. I would trail the discussions and their outcomes; I would demand intensified efforts and only launch an…… [Read More]

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Influence of 2007 Economic Crisis on American Car Market

Words: 24230 Length: 88 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81822842

2007 Economic Crisis on American Car market

Effect of the 2008 global economic crisis on automotive industries

Crisis in the United States

Crisis in Canada

Crisis in Russia

Crisis in European markets

Crisis in Asian markets

Effects by other related crisis events

In this paper, we will review the effects of 2008 global automotive crisis. Our main focus will be on the American car manufacturers and the negative impact they suffered due to the crisis. We will also have a look at how this crisis had affected car manufacturers in other major markets around the world notably Europe, Canada and the prominent Asian markets such as China and India. Finally, we will look at some of the other factors which were important to this event namely the energy crisis since the cost of fuel is directly related to the car industry.

Introduction

The automobile industry is a very important part of the global economic structure, in many of the developed nations of Northern America and Europe it comprises of a very significant part in the economy as well as employing a huge number of workforce. Globally the automobile industry produces more than eight hundred million cars, here more than two…… [Read More]

References

Lee, C. (2003). Financial Liberalization and Economic Crisis in Asia. New York: Routledge.

Pempel, T.J. (1999). The Politics of Asian Economic Crisis. New York: Cornell University Press.

Arestis, P. (2001). What Global Economic Crisis? New York: Palgrave.

Liou, K.T. (2002). Managing Economic Development in Asia. Westport, CT: Praeger.
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Global Financial Crisis the Current

Words: 2267 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22232390

Given that, they must take the steps necessary to ensure this health. This is a profound shift in priorities -- the banking sector was normally governed on the basis that the best outcome was increased profit-making opportunity. The Obama administration, with its predilection for increased regulation, realizes that the best outcome for the banking industry, its executives and its shareholders is not necessarily the best outcome for the nation as a whole.

It is interesting that the only major change to Fed policy was with respect to its bailout of AIG. The Federal Reserve Bank of New York funneled AIG $85 billion to keep that company out of bankruptcy, a move seen as essential to the preservation of the global financial system. Necessary or not, the move was unprecedented and marked new territory for Fed policy. The Fed's approach to monetary policy, on the other hand, has not changed. They have attempted to stimulate the economy through interest rate cuts. This move failed because it occurred at a point where banks had no money to lend and consumers had no confidence to borrow. Worse, it was a repeat of the policy in 2001 that played such a major role in…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Knowledge @ Wharton: The Subprime Crisis website. Retrieved May 12, 2009 from http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/special_sections/subprime/

No author. (2009). Overview. New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2009 from http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/subjects/c/credit_crisis/

Boeri, Tito & Guiso, Luigi. (2007). Subprime Crisis: Greenspan's Legacy. Vox. Retrieved May 12, 2009 from http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/488

Trehan, Veeta. (2007). The Mortgage Market: What Happened? NPR. Retrieved May 12, 2009 from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=12561184
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Economic Crisis and Capitalism

Words: 3179 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95991899

Economic Crisis

The recession of 2008-2009 and the subsequent government responses provides a good test for economic theories. There are no controlled experiments in economics, so we can only work with case studies in order to understand how economies work. A good starting point is to consider the issue through multiple different lenses, so that we can understand how the crisis occurred and what prescriptions might be best suited for response either to address the root problems or to engage in prevention. This paper will consider the works of Marx, Schumpeter and Keynes in analyzing the financial crisis. All three of these men would have been able to understand its causes, but likely would have taken very different approaches to solving the problem.

The second issue at hand is the question of the future of capitalism. We have a pretty good sense at this point of what the response of government is to the threat of such crises going forward, but each crises also presents us with new information that we can use to best understand how are governments can and should set up the economic system of the future. There will be some discussion about the future of capitalism…… [Read More]

References

Cox, W. & Alm, R. (2013). Creative destruction. Library of Economics and Liberty. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from  http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/CreativeDestruction.html 

Eichengreen, B. (2010). The crisis of financial innovation. University of California at Berkeley. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://emlab.berkeley.edu/~eichengr/crisis_finan_innov.pdf

Isfeld, G. (2012). Canada's banks shake off global sector crisis. Financial Post. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://business.financialpost.com/2012/10/10/canadas-banks-shake-off-global-sector-crisis/

Liu, H. (2008). Too big to fail moral hazard. Asia Times. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/JI23Dj12.html