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Critical Thinking and Application Problem
Words: 1667 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56395990
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Positive effects:

UPB management will be able to capitalize on the five years of training and other investments in Mark Williams

The colleagues will feel a sense of security as Williams has decided to stick with the company

Costs with replacing him will now be incurred and the money could be used in another direction

UPB clients will be content as they will not have to switch consultants

Mark Williams will feel loyal and the sense that he has betrayed his 'savior' will not torment him

Negative effects:

Mark Williams will continually feel frustrated with the sense of things at UPB

He will give up his opportunities for further professional development and promotions

It is highly possible that his sacrifice will not even be recognized by the UPB stakeholders

7. eflections

Mark Williams graduated Business College and found a job at UBP Consulting in a time in which nobody else…


Brown, C., Ethical Theories Compared, Trinity University, 2001,  last accessed on June 26, 2009

Geuras, D., Garofalo, C., Practical Ethics in Public Administration, 2nd Edition, 2005, Management Concepts, ISBN 1567261612

Todd, H.C., Speaking of Ethics -- Changing Jobs, The District of Columbia Bar, 2009,  last accessed on June 26, 2009

Critical Thinking Case Study Let
Words: 2515 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22355846
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(Donoghue, 1990)

The other problem is regarding third party reimbursements and state regulators which have had a significant effect on hospitals during the last ten years. Another factor that is brought out by the study is that during both 1983 and 1986 there were important variations in the inpatient reimbursement system that helped in improving the operating and final margins of hospitals. At the same time there are the health insurance companies who provide a large portion of the funds to hospitals are continually on the look out for reducing payment amounts. There are methods through which this is done and one of that is changing from inpatient settings to ambulatory surgery. Another set of problems come from settlements with labor unions. As an example a major portion of the health care providers were affected due to the settlement with Local 1199. This settlement also created similar effects in other…


Brennan, Phil. (April 12, 2002) "Church Crises Threaten Charities, Schools, Hospitals"

Retrieved from  Accessed on 27 June, 2005

"Challenge of being chief of the hospitals" Retrieved from  Accessed on 27 June, 2005

Donoghue, Richard J. (December, 1990) "Evaluation of hospitals as entities able to continue as going concerns" The CPA Journal. Retrieved from  Accessed on 27 June, 2005

Reflection on Organizational Change Management
Words: 790 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70191830
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This course has played a critical role in my professional development in organizational management. One of the most important lessons I have obtained from the course relates to management of change in an organization. This is an important lesson since organizations in today’s business environment are faced with the need for managing organizational change because of the changes in the business environment. As I reflect on the insights obtained from the course, I have learned about change management and found some readings, resources, and assignments helpful in this process as well as some that did not fully engage me. However, I also feel that there are some aspects of change management that I still need to know more about and research more deeply after this class.

Prior to undertaking this class, I knew that change management is a relatively complex process that is difficult to carry out. I believed that…

Critical Thinking Applied
Words: 779 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3523663
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sphere of life, there needs to be thought process that precedes any action or decision, otherwise things would be done in erratic and haphazard manner and end up in absolute chaos and disorder. However, for better results and accurate outcomes as always envisioned and required, there is need for critical thinking. This is a step higher than merely thinking as an individual or sitting down to participate in a brainstorming session.

Critical thinking is therefore the dissection of a claim to determine whether the assertion is true, false or partially true or partially false. The ratio of partiality in the truth in an assertion can also be determined in a critical thinking process. This process hence leads to acquisition of skills or standpoints that can be mastered by the relevant persons or learned and used for better results in a process. Critical thinking is a type of reasoning and is…


Foundation for Critical Thinking, (2013). Defining Critical Thinking. Retrieved March 27, 2014 from 

Moira Wilson, (2009). Critical thinking: What is this critical thinking and how do you do it? Retrieved March 27, 2014 from

Critical Analysis Mental Illness
Words: 3769 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82859192
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Mental illness appears in various forms. It is characterized by some serious disruptions in someone's thoughts or even demonstrated in their actions. The person presenting these symptoms is often unable to deal with the day-to-day activities and patterns of a normal life. Mental illness can take over 200 forms each having an effect on the patient's disposition, character, traits, and even the way they interact with others. Some of the common forms of mental illness are 'schizophrenia', 'depression,' 'bipolar disorders' and 'dementia'. Taylor and Brown (1988) state that mental illness can be presented in a psychological, emotional way and even in physical symptoms. A person under severe stress due to dealing with an incident or series of stressors' build-up over time is prone to mental illness. A person may also present symptoms of mental illness through a biochemical imbalance, a negative reaction to his environment, and the pressures accrued thereby,…


Bartlett, A., & McGauley, G. (2010). Forensic mental health: Concepts, systems, and practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clinic, M. (2015, October 13). Mental illness. Retrieved December 7, 2015, from 

Corrigan, P. W., Morris, S., Larson, J., Rafacz, J., Wassel, A., Michaels, P., ... Rusch, N. (2010). SELF-STIGMA AND COMING OUT ABOUT ONE'S MENTAL ILLNESS. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(3), 259-275. 

Dowrick. C., Dunn. G., Ayuso-Mateos.J et al. (2000). Problem-solving treatment and group psycho-education for depression: multicenter randomized controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 321, 1450-4

Critical Thinking and Social Media
Words: 888 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70006764
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Globalization of Superficiality

The contemporary society has suffered the cursing benefit of the global connection and the information technology that allows for the ease of communication in a fast mode and indeed, in a real time manner. The progress, though widely welcome and changed the society in significant measure over the last decade, has come with curse to the same society that it has helped change. The curse or challenges of instant communication specifically are numerous and wide in range and scope but this paper will limit itself to the jurisdiction of critical thinking and deep reflection on issues with the Jesuit perspective in the issues.

The Jesuit perspective has a strong foundation of seeing God in everything they do and as Fr. Adolfo puts it, "exercising an imagination which grasps reality and involves a refusal to let go until we get beneath the surface." Social media has provided platform…

Reflection on a Chapter of a Book
Words: 596 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86128989
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neurobiological approach and the overview of this text?

Intuition is typically not considered within a scientific, let alone a neurobiological, framework. Yet research continues to surface in support of the value of intuition in the counseling environment at the very least. The author points out two separate but related benefits of the intuitive counseling approach: the fact that cultivating intuition cultivates a meaningful emotional connection with the client that may be crucial in some cases to achieve goals and evoke change; and second, that "clinical insight often arises independent of conscious thought." Counselors are not robots and nor are their clients able to detach from emotions rationally, which is precisely why counseling works. Denying the efficacy or relevance of intuition can be dangerous. The neurobiological approach adds a concrete foundation to what counselors already intuited about their own profession.

While the research supporting the author's hypothesis is not yet substantive,…

Reflection Essay
Words: 834 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40646003
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Stressor elates to Emotional esponses

The PowerPoint exhibits that stress stretches across several disciplinary research undertakings. It highlughts how the subject draws a lot of attention from the foregoing of the available studies. Among the areas that have delved in stress related research is the area of socio-psychology. The latter incorporates cognitive theories developed in the recent past. Lazarus & Folkman (1984) present a medical perspective of the subject. This presentation comes in the form of the outcomes from a number of meetings held by psychiatrists in 1984. Several familiar individuals present their issues under circumstances that can convincingly be regarded as stressful. In that respect, it appears as though stress is a necessary inconvenience.

Wear and Tear: an explanation

The PowerPoint also shows how the occurrence of stress involves a two way communication between the cardiovascular, the brain, immune and connected systems through endocrine and neural systems. Some events…


Cronin, P., Ryan, F., & Coughlan, M. (2008). Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach. British Journal of Nursing, 38 - 43.

Ellen, F.-O., Bernadette, M., Stillwell, S., & Williamson, K. (2010). Critical Appraisal of the Evidence: Part III. AJN, 43 - 51.

Hansen, F. (2015, February 1). Bad Stress V. Good Stress. Retrieved from Adrenal Fatigue: 

Lazarus, R., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.

Reflection on Two Articles About Intercultural Communication
Words: 1302 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93664333
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Intercultural Communication

The Ivey business case Collision Course -- Selling High Performance Motorcycles in Japan outlines the case of the Japanese importer and marketer of an Italian line of motorcycles, Tommasi. In this case, there are several issues raised. First, there are communication barriers between the different people involved in marketing the motorcycles -- Japanese dealers who speak little English and Western expats on the marketing side who speak little Japanese. Second, there are issues with the product, and the way that the product is being marketed. The protagonist in the case is the intermediary between the dealers and the Italian company, and therefore has to work with these conflicting marketing tactics daily. The dealers feel that their expertise in the Japanese market has not been reflected adequately in the company's strategy. Conversely, the company would prefer to see its strategy implemented as it desires. So there are intercultural communication…

Reflection Paper on the Doctor of Nursing Practice Program
Words: 1218 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99899096
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DNP degree was recognized by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing as representing the highest level of preparation for clinical nursing practice in 2004 and the first doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program was offered in 2001 by the University of Kentucky (Moore, 2014). In contrast to doctoral of philosophy (Phd) nursing program which is research-oriented, DNP programs are regarded as terminal degrees for teaching (Moore, 2014). Nevertheless, DNPs are also required to perform basic research for a wide range of applications with a view towards improving clinical practice (Moore, 2014).

esearching a topic of interest has become far easier than it was in 1957 when the famous German scientist Wernher von Braun explained that, "Basic research is what I am doing when I don't know what I am doing." Today, doctors of nurse practice (DNP) enjoy a veritable cornucopia of academic, professional and scholarly research resources, but the…


Davis, M. (2015, March). Issues up close: Keeping pace: ANA's revised code of ethics for nursing. American Nurse Today, 10(3), 16-19.

Fayer, L. & Zalud, G. (2011, November-December). Student perceptions of the use of inquiry practices in a biology survey laboratory course. Journal of College Science Teaching, 41(2), 82.

Laabs, C. A. (2012, January/February). Confidence and knowledge: Regarding ethics among advanced practice nurses. Nursing Education Perspectives, 33(1), 10-13.

Moore, K. (2014, January). How DNP and Phd nurses can collaborate to maximize patient care. American Nurse Today, 9(1), 48-50.

reflection on three articles public administration
Words: 921 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95691186
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Bullen's (n.d.) case study on the ed Hook initiative, Dayal's (2014) "Surfacing Innovative Solutions Through Public-Private Partnerships," and also the World Economic Forum's (2016) Global isks eport. Although these articles address different subject areas, they all tie into public administration, public planning, and public policy. Dayal (2014) shows how resources from the private sector can be harnessed to bolster the power of public sector aid agencies to provide infrastructure development and community resilience in communities around the world. Broader in scope, The Global isks eport 2016 shows how multiple challenges, from poverty and unemployment to terrorism and political instability, intersect with one another. The ed Hook case study offers a more narrow focus on one community, revealing the importance of community engagement in communications network development.

I selected the latter case study because it shows how overarching principles of community planning, infrastructure development, and public policy are all related. In…


Bullen, G. (n.d.). Case study: Red Hook initiative Wifi and Tidepools.

Dayal, A. (2014). Surfacing innovative solutions through public-private partnerships. The Rockefeller Foundation. Retrieved online: 

World Economic Forum (2016). The Global Risks Report, 2016. REF: 080116

Reflection Public Preferences and Health Care
Words: 1004 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76564057
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Pesonal Values Spiitual Beliefs and Health Cae Policy

I have taken up the majoity of values beliefs fom my paents. I value peace as a citical facto in people's lives. People should show goodwill to othes while tying to limit the conflict unless with absolute necessity. Individuals should have some fom of love within thei life. I believe that loving oneself allows people to adoe to fellow humans. Futhe, showing cae to natue involves engaging in sustainable activities that potect all ceatues. The love fo someone o something and eceiving love in etun indicates a level of espect. Ease aises when people feel that thee is a need to be modeate and balance life's offeings (Sooka & Wlezien, 2010). I believe that the equality between female and male aspects and evil and good ae integal phenomena. I value espect fo life and embace divesity that the wold offes. Inceased divesity…

references and Health Care Spending in the U.S. And UK. British Journal of Politics and International Relations 5 (4): 576-93.

Reflection What I Have Learnt About Negotiation and Conflict
Words: 913 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 23284727
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Conflict Negotiation

Conflict is part of human life. It occurs every day when people relate to each other in the society as they try to understand their environment and themselves. Conflict also occurs when people try to grasp why natural happenings occur the way they do. However, as a student, I have realized that it is important to address conflict occurs within the society so that members can interact harmoniously. Almost every one of us is likely to encounter this conflict when we leave our comfort zone and expose ourselves to new environments. The best way to settle conflicts is by negotiating because both parties will present their personal views on the matter: in the process, a mutual agreement will result. Moral courage is fundamental during conflict resolution. During negotiation, it is necessary to make strong decisions for moral reasons even when a possibility of adverse consequences is imminent (Kritek,…


Kritek, P.B. (2008). Negotiating at an uneven table: developing moral courage in resolving our conflicts. Jossey-Bass

Taylor, M. (2005). Negotiation (2005/2006 [ed.]. ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Tracy, B. (2013). Negotiation. New York: American Management Association

Integrating Critical as Well as
Words: 1759 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77301677
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(Eljamal; Stark; Arnold; Sharp, 1999)

To conclude, it be said that if we will not be able to master imparting the capability to think in a developed form, our profession, as well as perhaps our world, would be influenced and taken over by someone who would be able to outsmart us to find it out. We would in that case not only remain thinking as to what happened but would also not have the skills required to provide answers to our own question.


Braun, N.M. (2004, March/April) Critical thinking in the business curriculum. Journal of Education for Business, 79(4). etrieved from ProQuest database on February 20, 2007.

Carroll-Johnson, .M. (2001, April - June). Learning to think. Nursing Diagnosis, 12(2).

etrieved from Thomson Gale database on February 14, 2007.

Cheung, C., udowicz, E., Kwan, a.S.F., & Yue, X.D. (2002, December). Assessing university students general and specific critical thinking. College Student…


Braun, N.M. (2004, March/April) Critical thinking in the business curriculum. Journal of Education for Business, 79(4). Retrieved from ProQuest database on February 20, 2007.

Carroll-Johnson, R.M. (2001, April - June). Learning to think. Nursing Diagnosis, 12(2).

Retrieved from Thomson Gale database on February 14, 2007.

Cheung, C., Rudowicz, E., Kwan, a.S.F., & Yue, X.D. (2002, December). Assessing university students general and specific critical thinking. College Student Journal, 36(4). Retrieved from ProQuest database February 14, 2007.

Business Ethics Reflection Prompt 1 Summarize Three
Words: 745 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64126645
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Business Ethics

Reflection Prompt #1

Summarize three of the ethical theories that are explained in Chapter 1 of Introduction to Business Ethics. Explain how people running businesses would construct their companies if they utilized these ethical theories. For example, you might personally think that people should act to increase the overall happiness for the greatest number of people (utilitarianism). You would explain utilitarianism and then explain how a company based in utilitarian ethics would function. In other words:

What products would they make?

How would they treat their employees? How would they treat their customers?

How would they manufacture their products?

How would they utilize their resources and profits were they to become successful?

At the basis of the ethical considerations rests the question of whether or not ethics are static or they are relative. The example is give of Lockheed Martin who was caught offering a quarter of a…

Beyond the Critical Incident Itself Which Will
Words: 2649 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82140661
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Beyond the critical incident itself, which will be described and looked at as part of this report, I will also bring in a number of major themes and analysis methods. The two major tools that will be used in this report are Carper's Fundamental Patterns of Knowing and Gibb's eflective Cycle. Each step and part of those two frameworks will be looked at in fairly strong detail. The essay will end with a conclusion that encapsulates and summarizes all the main points made throughout the report.

Coming back to the incident itself, the incident will not name the hospital or any of the people involved but the incident will be described with a strong level of detail. The details will include the problem that occurred, what led to the problem occurring, how the incident came about and climaxed and the resolution to the problem will be discussed at the end.…




pp. 115-141, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 22 October 2013.

Brady, M 2013, 'How to improve patient care by learning from mistakes', Emergency

Planning and Reflection During My Student Teaching
Words: 2663 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15884440
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Planning and Reflection

During my student teaching experiences I kept a journal, which greatly helped me to organize my thoughts and clarify the areas in which I most needed to improve. My mentor also pointed out for me the key areas that need improvement. Therefore, as I look forward to a professional career as a teacher, I will be able to draw on these early experiences. I will remember what works and what doesn't and I already feel far more confident and proficient than I did before I undertook the student teaching challenge. In general a few major themes emerged through reviewing my journal entries and the statements written by my mentors. My strengths are my willingness to use a wide variety of teaching materials and teaching styles. An enthusiastic implementation of multimedia materials keeps students actively engaged, and keeps lessons more interesting. Moreover, my lessons are well-planned and incorporate…

Works Cited


Ballantyne, R & Packer, J 1995, making connections: gold guide no 2, Hersda, Canberra, pp 4-14

Department of Education and Training. Online at < >.

Lorsbach, Anthony and Tobin, Kenneth. "Teaching"

Psycho Path Reflections of Mental
Words: 1368 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42526056
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The individuals with the condition often face a series of exclusions and rejections (Widiger 2011). There are many scenarios that have been denied basic needs such as housing on the basis of their mental status. People are denied loans, job opportunities and health insurances on the basis of mental health. The stigmatization cases are so prevalent that many people affected or who suspect they have the condition fear to seek professional assistance.

Stigmatization causes the person to have low self-esteem the strong social, religious and cultural beliefs have greatly distorted views of people on mental illness. Media portrays most of the characters with aggressive behavior and other negative traits as suffering from mental illness. This has created the impression that mental sickness is a sign of inferior character.

The basics of mental health include examination of theories of psychology, sociology, health psychology and transitions of life in relation to mental…


Jensen-doss, a., & Hawley, K.M. (2011). Understanding clinicians' diagnostic practices:

Attitudes toward the utility of diagnosis and standardized diagnostic tools. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 38(6), 476-85. doi: 

Widiger, T.A. (2011). Integrating normal and abnormal personality structure: A proposal for DSM-V. Journal of Personality Disorders, 25(3), 338-63. doi:

Weekly Reflection
Words: 838 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45460428
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Nurse Weekly Reflection

What did I do, read, see, or hear?

Globalization, in its entirety has provided a litany of opportunities for individuals around the world. Aspects such as technology, the internet, a rising middle class, and business expansion overseas, have created a more interconnected environment. Isolated events, that were once thought to impact only a particular region, now have implications for the entire global environment. Even events in seemingly meaningless areas of the world, now have rippling affects for many of the more developed nations. Natural disasters are no different in this regard. Natural disasters, in particular, have a profound impact on not only individuals, but also the health care industry overall. Nurses, now more than ever, must be prepared to operate in a more interconnected environment that is often subject to change from natural disasters.

When reading the chapter notes, one line in particular stood out amongst the…

hawaiian education pedagogy and critical pedagogy
Words: 1497 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55305529
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Education can reinforce hegemony or be used to facilitate political resistance and catalyze social justice. Students and faculty at the University of Hawaii have empowered themselves through education, through changes to curriculum and also to the norms of public discourse. In “Native Student Organizing,” Trask also describes how political structures in education have a direct bearing on community empowerment. Left alone, university politics can too easily reflect the dominant, colonialist, and typically white discursive practices. Trask describes how concerted efforts at building campus organizations of resistance and decolonization can and will yield results that extend far beyond campus boundaries. In fact, education is often the breeding ground for broader social and/or political revolutions like the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s, which Trask recalls. During processes of transformative change in universities, it is important to create pathways for harmonious exchanges of ideas. Indigenous empowerment and the Hawaiian sovereignty movement can…

Social Work Critical Thinking a Higher Order
Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 41149233
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Social Work

Critical thinking, a higher order of thinking about and dealing with issues, is quite relevant in many contemporary disciplines, particularly social work. It is a way of looking at information, of processing that information in an analytical manner, and having the ability to bring both life experience and other information to bear on the regular processes of one's discipline. Certainly, it can be used as an approach to daily lie, reading, public speaking, even watching movies or attending a concert. Within the social work discipline, it is a way to take a careful appraisal of beliefs and actions and then arrive at well-reasoned and thoughtful interventions that increase the likelihood of helping clients and avoiding harm -- reasonable and reflecting attitudes that help decide what to do and when (Papell and Skolnik, 1992).

Social work, and other medical and sociological and medical disciplines often turn toward theory as…


Hoshmand, L.T. And Polkinghorne, D.E. (1992). Redefining the Science-

Practice Relationship and Professional Training. American Psychologist.

47 (1): 55-66.

Pappell, C.P. And Skolnik, L. (1992). The Reflective Practitioner: A Contemporary

Black Films as a Reflection
Words: 4019 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90025348
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The Aftermath

Uncle Tom characters were common in both white and black productions of the time, yet no director before Micheaux had so much as dared to shine a light on the psychology that ravages such characters. By essentially bowing to the two white men, Micheaux implied that Old Ned was less than a man; an individual whittled down to nothing more than yes-man and wholly deprived of self-worth. At this point in the history of black films, with some of the most flagrant sufferings of blacks exposed to the American public, the only logical path forward that African-Americans could take was to begin making cogent demands to improve their collective social situation.

Slowly, black characters in film took on greater and more significant roles in film. Sidney Poitier was one of the most powerful film stars of the mid twentieth century. In roles like the 1950 film by…

Reference List

Finlayson, R. (2003). We Shall Overcome: The History of the American Civil Rights

Movement. Lerner Publications Company, Minneapolis, MN.

King, Jr., M. And Jackson, J. (1963). Why We Can't Wait. Signet Classic, New York,


Managing Volunteers Course Reflection Developing
Words: 347 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90298651
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Building a volunteer program before such a disaster takes place, so volunteers can be trained under calmer conditions is the ideal situation. It is essential to inform the potential volunteers of the challenging situations they will face, and to provide them with accurate job descriptions of the sorts of duties they must perform. Organizations often must 'advertise' for volunteers similar to the way that employers advertise for paid jobs, and recruiting young, idealistic workers seeking job experience or who desire to put their convictions into actions are ideal candidates, as are retired persons seeking to retain a sense of connection to their communities. Volunteers will be increasingly necessary to relief efforts in the future, in an era of tight government budgets, but training the right people effectively for the work they will perform as well amassing large numbers of volunteers is critical to assembling an effective volunteer force.

orks Cited…

Works Cited

Developing and Managing Volunteers." (2006, Feb). FEMA. Retrieved 10 Sept 2007 at

Nursing Course Reflection
Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29388762
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.....technical writing was valuable because it highlighted a few different aspects of writing that are valuable on the job. First, the course highlighted the need for structure in writing. Using headings to organize thoughts makes the writing easier to read, and the audience more likely to follow the progression of thoughts. Adding diagrams or infographics can help further illustrate the concepts, especially the progression of tasks that might be required. One of the key elements of technical writing is to describe a process, and that means taking someone through a series of steps to a conclusion.

Thoroughness is the second important element that I got out of this course. The key to technical writing is not to skip steps. It is important to illustrate each step, not taking for granted that the reader understands the process. Thus, when writing out explanations for how to do something, all elements are included.…

Classroom Critical Incidents Are an
Words: 1644 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22504239
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Another lesson to be learned is the importance of reflective thinking, in which teachers and students reflect on their actions (Griffin, 2003). eflective thinking is particularly important as it ensures that people learn from their behavior, and it endows them with heightened self-awareness. For example, through reflective thinking the teachers in each of the critical incidents would understand the importance of using positive reinforcement, which has been shown to alleviate many disciplinary issues (Tulley and Chu, 1995).

Another lesson is that in addition to open communication, there must be collaborative interaction between students and teachers whereby they engage in a continuous and mutually supportive dialogue (Neale et al., 2000). Collaborative interaction resembles open communication, but is grounded in action rather than just dialogue. Implementing collaborative action would ensure that the needs of the intellectually curious students (the student in the United States history class and the one in the 8th…


Griffin, M.L. (2003). Using critical incidents to promote and assess reflective thinking in preservice teachers. Reflective Practice: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 4(2), 207-220.

Neale, D.C., et al. (2000). Collaborative critical incident development. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Annual Meeting, 44(37), 598-601.

Tulley, M., & Chu, L.H. (1995). Student teachers and classroom discipline. The Journal of Education Research, 88(3), 164-171.

Watts, M., et al. (1997). Prompting teachers' constructive reflection: Pupils' questions as critical incidents. International Journal of Science Education, 19(9), 1025-1037.

Role of Organization in Critical
Words: 754 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35567489
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The chronological order of the seasons is used by the fashion industry to plan and market clothing appropriate to the season, while detectives use the five Ws to investigate crimes, and philosophers use both the causal and logical orders to explore moral and ethical issues. Of course, much of human thinking is guided by the scientific order of observation, hypothesis, experimentation, and validation (Kirby & Goodpaster, 1999, p. 122-3).

Orderly thinking also plays a role in debunking existing theories. Indeed, the organization of facts using the three-step method of clustering, analyzing, and prioritizing helps establish both the verifiable truth and logical fallacies in existing arguments. For instance, it is accepted practice to refute the arguments of opponents by effectively demonstrating how data can be regrouped, analyzed, and prioritized to reach a different set of conclusions. In fact, this method is often deployed in debating arguments on ethics, morals, or social…


Duplass, J.A., & Ziedler, D.L. (2002). Critical Thinking and Logical Argument.

Social Education. Vol. 66: 5, p. M10+. Retrieved Sept. 28, 2004: 

Kirby, G.R., & Goodpaster, J.R. (1999). Thinking. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Second edition.

Thagard, P., & Shelley, C. (2004). Emotional Analogies and Analogical Inference.

Management the Critical Key to
Words: 1545 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78415374
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The truth is that "creative" people and "geniuses" aren't any different than anyone else. They've only spent more time doing the things they wanted to be doing and pursuing the things they wanted to pursue. They had the courage and strength to persevere when others told them "no" it couldn't be done, or "you're wasting your time," "you're not going to make any money doing that," etc. And for their perseverance and strength in the face of adversity -- not their intellect or artistic ability - they've been awarded these labels "genius" and "creative."

Jobs closed out his speech with the following adage from an old publication he used to read, "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." What that means is exactly is this, one should keep pursuing his/her dreams and never stop, never be satisfied. And, in the eyes of some he/she will be a fool, but eventually, with time, courage,…

MSN program reflection program
Words: 1071 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 31559393
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successes in the MSN program

The MSN program has been both a rewarding and challenging experience for me. My professional development has vastly improved over the course of the program. In particular my proficiency with Needs Assessment Tools, Lean Six Sigma, and SMART action plans, has improved. What I appreciate the most about these successes within the program is that each of these concepts can is applicable to both my professional and personal life as well. From a professional development perspective, being about to develop and implement SMART action plans will be critical to corporate success. In many instances, healthcare firms are looking to make an adequate profit relative to the resources invested in the project. With SMART goals, I will be better able to help direct a firm to the projects that help serve clients and the firm better. Through the MSN program, I have also become a more…

A Nurse Themed Reflection
Words: 963 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 25680657
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difficult because I was being introduced to everything. I had no idea that being a nurse meant integrating information for so many diverse fields. When I finished the week I had learned and grown so much as an individual and as a nursing student. I learned that I needed to be acquainted with various subjects in order to pull information and reference things that could help me perform my duties as a nurse. I also learned of the many new topics of interest in current healthcare and how a field like genetics could play a role in medicine and treatments. The focus of nursing is quality improvement and the first week helped me understand how to pursue quality care.

The second course week I learned how to build processes that promote quality improvement as well as safety in healthcare delivery. I had to learn how to be a leader and…


Gibbon, S., Joseph, G., Mozersky, J., Zur Nieden, A., & Palfner, S. (2014). Breast Cancer Gene Research and Medical Practices. Routledge.

Glazer, G., & Fitzpatrick, J. (2013). Nursing leadership from the outside in. New York: Springer Pub. Co.

Lilley, L., Collins, S., & Snyder, J. (2015). Pharmacology and the nursing process (p. 98). Elsevier Health Sciences.

Disrupting by Imagining: ethinking Early Childhood esearch

Early Childhood esearch

This research highlights four teachers who work in early childhood classrooms who have chosen to implement the use of video-observations of their teaching in conjunction with the reflective process. Each teacher profile will include discussions and interviews about their teaching and change implementation. The ideas for change will be based upon their own knowledge, skills, and dispositions along with evidence from the recorded and observed videotapes. After viewing their own instruction, practitioners began the process of implementing change for individual students as well as for their class overall. Teachers shared this experience with others in their school and provided information regarding their results based on the following three areas: 1) Analysis: individuals and/or groups in the process of reflection (grade level teams); 2) Strategies: offers other teachers and/or programs ways to introduce concepts to a group of teachers and/or school;…


Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. New York: Freedom.

Brophy, J.E. (2004). Using video in teacher education. San Diego, CA: Elsivier.

Copa, A., Lucinski L., Olsen, E, & Wollenburg, K. (1999). Promoting professional and organizational development: A reflective practice model. Zero to Three, 20(1), 3-9.

Cross, N. (2011). Coaching: Seven reasons to go to the tape. ASCD Express, 7(1).

How to Drop Social Media for the Sake of Reflection
Words: 949 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76751638
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Ability to Reflect

Social media and instant communication do pose obstacles to reflection and serious thinking because they cultivate an atmosphere of instant gratification and response, whereas reflection, meditation and serious thought require time, effort, and work. There is nothing instantaneous about reflection or spending time thinking about things. Thus, the usage of social media poses a danger for college students who hope to practice serious reflection in their academic journey.

One way students can avoid this pitfall is to cut back on their usage of social media and to adopt/cultivate different habits -- ones that help the student to strengthen his mental muscle. Reading good books is one such way that this can be achieved. Reading books challenges the mind to focus on a single item, a story, a narrative, a plot, an idea, and to engage with it over an extended period of time. The mind learns to…

Works Cited

Haythornthwaite, C. "Strong, Weak, and Latent Ties and the Impact of New

Media." The Information Society: An International Journal, vol. 18, no. 5 (2002): 385-401.

Suler, J. (2004). "The Online Disinhibition Effect." CyberPsychology and Behavior, vol. 7, no. 3 (2004): 321-326.

Nurse Reflection
Words: 818 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 41749734
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objectively what happened. Choose something that you learned. Give details of what you learned or happened. Answer the Question: What did I do, read, see, hear?

Of particular importance, is the rising inequality of health care attributed to varying socioeconomic backgrounds. One of the most profound lines in the notes reads, "many times intertwined with poverty are the factors of race, ethnicity, uninsured and underinsured. Cultural barriers, discrimination and lack of appropriate health care are some of the reasons that race and ethnicity are common factors of vulnerability." This line is particularly important given the circumstances prevailing in the market today. According to 2010 census data, nearly 20% of the nation's populations lives with an income under $20,000 a year. However, on a per capita basis, the U.S. generates nearly $50,000 of GDP. Currently in America, individuals are producing nearly $50,000 worth of goods and services while a quarter of…

Future a Reflection Upon Where
Words: 1643 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29829186
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In the healthcare field teamwork has a very important place. Doctors and nurses must often work together, but these people must also work with assistants, PAs, volunteers, and administration. Working as a team makes things easier and they tend to also operate more smoothly, which is preferable no matter what business a person is engaged in.

What professional organization(s) have you or will you join? I currently belong to: The International Association of Administrative Professionals, the National Association of Health Unit Coordinators, and the Texas Association of Health Unit Coordinators. I intend to keep these memberships current, but have not made a decision as to whether I will join any other organizations at this time.

What conferences or workshop will you attend? Although I do not have anything specifically in mind, I intend to go to any conferences or workshops that I will be able to attend around my work/school…


Marion, R., & Uhl-Bien, M. (2001). Leadership in complex organizations, Leadership Quarterly, 12(4), 389-418.

Peterson, Cheryl a. 2001. Nursing Shortage: Not a simple problem - no easy answers. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, Volume 6, Number 1, Manuscript 1. Retrieved at

Personal Wellness Inventory and Reflection
Words: 1037 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57013380
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The Inventories

Inventories and self-reflection surveys can be tremendously helpful for encouraging honesty and self-awareness. The "Are You Burned Out?" survey focuses specifically on stress and burnout issues, which can be detrimental to overall well-being as well as to one's ability to be helpful to others. The "Emotionally Healthy Church Inventory" is broader in scope, taking into account one's spiritual, emotional, and cognitive states of mind. These states of mind contribute also to personal well-being as well as to one's ability to serve the community. My results of these two inventories show that while there may be some areas of growth necessary, my overall emotional and spiritual states are healthy.

The "Are You Burned Out?" inventory reveals that I am not at risk for developing problems related to burnout. The survey includes several questions related to things like feelings of exhaustion, sleep disorders, feeling frustrated, and feeling empty. There…


"Are You Burned Out?" Retrieved online: 

Jennings, B.M. (n.d.). Work stress and burnout among nurses. In Patient Safety and Quality. Retrieved online:  

Community Literature Is a Reflection
Words: 2216 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37493663
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Miss Moore is trying to teach the children the value of a dollar. In today's society, that is a very tough lesson for our youth. Many teenagers think nothing of spending $175.00 on a pair of shoes. That is, until they have to actually pay for them themselves. Children need to learn from a young age: nothing is for free and one needs to work hard, go to school, and make a good living to survive in today's world. That is all Miss Moore is trying to teach these children.

The poem "Golden Retrievals" is written from the point-of-view of man's best friend, a dog. It is a dog's way of seeing the world. Golden retrievers are vey high maintenance dogs, that are very much people-pleasers. In this poem, the dog explains his day when he goes for a walk. He loves running and chasing balls, fetching sticks and sticking…


1. DiYanni, Robert (2007) Literature: Reading Fiction and Poetry. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Publishing

Risk Management Events in Reflection of the
Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59100073
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Risk Management Events

In reflection of the Exxon Valdez spill, the National Transportation Safety Board and the Coast Guard would both take a direct interest in improvement regulatory considerations relating to the alertness and suitability of an oil tanker's crew. This would be in 1989 following the massive oil spill off the coast of Alaska. According to the text, "Since 1989, much effort has been made by the Coast Guard and by companies like Exxon to ensure better business process and better risk management. Both the public and private sectors added new procedures and new controls in the transporting of oil around Alaska, reducing the likelihood of a repeat incident in that region." (p. 20)


American's Express's Authorizer's Assistant would be implemented in the 1980s to create an automated way of fielding purchase authorization requests with a credit card. This would help to reduce the necessary labor to provide…

Works Cited:

Dickstein, D.I., & Flast, R.H. (2009). No excuses: A business approach to managing operational risk. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Teach Effectively it Is Critical
Words: 1541 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62149571
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Learning about bullying has revealed the darker side of cultural integration. When students are bullied, their self-esteem suffers. They are prevented from being welcomed into the dominant culture and may also become hostile to the learning process itself. To avoid bullying, students need to build on a reserve of self-confidence. Associating with other English language learners is a good way to build a reserve of self-confidence. However, my job is to teach students how to best get across points in English. This means advocating for the students and helping them to feel like their culture is equal to that of the dominant culture. Like Obert Lake does in "An Indian Father's Plea," I will ask that my students value their native language(s) as well as English.


"English Language Teaching Methodology." English aven. etrieved online:

Lake, . (n.d.). An Indian father's plea. etrieved online:

mietana, . & Czabanowska,…


"English Language Teaching Methodology." English Raven. Retrieved online:

Lake, R. (n.d.). An Indian father's plea. Retrieved online:

mietana, R. & Czabanowska, K. Teaching Methodology. Leonardo da Vinci Program. Retrieved online: 

TEJO (n.d.). Retrieved online:

writing both fiction and nonfiction reflection
Words: 1107 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53414044
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.....filled with confidence that I was going to impress people with what I had to say. Of course, when my first assignment received constructive criticism, I reeled. Since then, I have cultivated a sense of humility and a greater realism in my approach to writing. I think more about my goals with each piece, keeping in mind my audience. If my audience is hostile to my ideas, and I am writing to persuade them, I anticipate what they might say to counteract each of my points. Then, I start the process of outlining and jotting down ideas. What I used to find annoying, restrictive, and tedious I now find to be the most enjoyable aspect of writing. When outlining and brainstorming ideas, I do not need to worry about form and style, or tone and diction. All I need to be concerned about is the veracity of my statements, the…

Analyzing The Application of Critical Thinking in Evidence Based Practice
Words: 785 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88328881
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Evidence-Based Practice

Critical Thinking

Palmer and coworkers (2007) write that the aspect of critical thinking forms a crucial part of the nursing profession, as nurses always encounter complex scenarios that call for precise judgments, constant learning, and taking clinical decisions. Therefore, critical thinking covers a large problem-solving and reasoning process wherein every view and clinical choice has its basis in evidence. This process incorporates the active components of deliberation, insight, and emotional intelligence, in addition to information credibility, learning, and scope for study. Critical thinking within the nursing context is impacted chiefly by environmental, psychological, and physiological factors such as confidence level, age, competences, anxiety, exhaustion, prejudice and colleagues.

The process of critical thinking proves critical to the development of evidence-based practices (EBPs) of nursing. These practices promote customized nursing care, are more efficient, dynamic, and modernized, and maximize clinical judgment outcomes. EBPs may exhibit a positive contribution to patient…


Palmer, A., Berman, C. L., Bernardo, L. D., Lobato, C., Howard, E., Cramer, S. (2007). Critical Thinking and Evidence-Based Nursing. The Journal of Nursing. Retrieved from American Society of Registered Nurses:

Proffeto-Mcgrath, J. (2005). Critical Thinking and Evidence-Based Practice. Journal of Professional Nursing, Vol 21, No 63, 64 -- 371. Retrieved from HYPERLINK " " National Center for Biotechnology Information:

Student Centered Leadership vs Critical Leadership
Words: 735 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94579774
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School Leadership

student centered leadership vs. critical leadership

Three key capabilities and five dimensions of student-centered leadership vs. applied critical leadership

ecently, a number of educational theorists have attempted to provide an epistemological framework for approaching leadership in a school setting. The concept of student-centered leadership is framed within three key capabilities: applying relevant knowledge, solving complex problems and building relational trust. Leaders do not need to be experts in their fields of study, but they do need to know how to bring relevant organizational members together to pool their expertise in various areas and succeed (obinson 2011: 21). Leaders must listen to the direct input of organizational actors to build their relevant knowledge. Soliciting information also builds trust with teacher and students alike and gives the leaders the necessary information to solve the multidimensional problems that afflict learning environments. High-trust and highly informed environments are more successful educational environments.…


Airini. (2010). Be true to one's self: Learning to be leaders in Pasifika education strategy. Mai Review, 1, 1-22.

Gronn, P. (2008). The future of distributed leadership. Journal of Educational Administration,

46(2). 141-158

Potaka, P. (2011). Cultural change and moral leadership. In R. Notman (Ed.) Successful

Children With Autism Reflection
Words: 1257 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56806617
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Service Learning Journal: Autism Children/Teens

Service learning event

One often-overlooked factor regarding children with autism is the extent to which they can benefit from playing with their non-autistic peers. I have noticed that while any type of social play for children with autism has some benefits, sometimes when children with ASD play with one another, they can at times reinforce certain negative coping mechanisms. For example, having sensory issues is very common in children with autism. When one child screams when a balloon pops or when a noisy motorcycle runs by the service center, even if the other children do not initially react, they may began to do so simply because one child in the room is having a meltdown. All children with ASD have different sensory issues and sometimes they can acquire more rather than become more desensitized as a result when they only interact with their ASD peers.…

Race Personal Educational Experiences and Reflection Race
Words: 1770 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 22986816
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ace: Personal Educational Experiences and eflection

ace was seldom discussed explicitly during my early, grammar school education. When the topic of race was broached, it was usually in the context of a lesson on the Civil War or Civil ights movement. Although such discussions were valuable, they gave the impression that race was something located in America's past, rather than worthy of discussion in the present. However, this did not mean that I was not cognizant of race as a child. I was, but the topic was often unspoken of in school, except on the rare occasions when teachers brought it to the forefront of the attention of the class -- usually in a manner that suggested that the struggle for freedom had been won.

I was fortunate to have parents who always stressed that all people were equal, regardless of how they looked. While they did not give me…


Kozol, Jonathan. (2005). The shame of the nation: the restoration of apartheid schooling in America. New York: Crown.

Tatum, Beverly Daniel. (2003). Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria?

New York: Basic Books.

Lewis, Amanda E. (2003). Race in the schoolyard: Negotiating the color line in classrooms and communities. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Flappers Critical Analysis of The
Words: 1112 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4748007
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Fass does a remarkable job of pointing out how during the 1920s acute transformation was occurring within the United States. Fass uses Flappers to demonstrate the problem of youth, and shows how flappers were associated with sex, frivolity, licentiousness and the general lack of regard for order characterized by most young people at the time (Fass, 260).

Fass does not however suggest that total disorder reined supreme, pointing out that many students for example took heed of traditional social norms including the prohibition of drinking, where students recognized "a clear code of limitation on drinking" and respected them by and large (Fass, 316). However this held for only the early part of the 1920s, and social order did again begin to shift away from propriety as "youth's behavior and attitudes reflected a common unofficial standard among adults" (Fass, 316).

Most striking in this work is Fass's knowledgeable account of youth…


Fass, Paula S. 1977 The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920's. New York: Oxford University Press.

a reflection on the class and what i learned
Words: 920 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 69602727
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shapes, sizes, and attitudes. Morgan's (2006) various metaphors provide the opportunity to creatively envision an organization using various points-of-view. A diverse analysis of an educational institution using different lenses prevents the type of narrow-minded thinking that can prevent long-term organizational success. In this class, I have learned how to think differently about public schools from a structural, cultural, social, and political perspective. I have been able to strategize solutions to specific problems. By envisioning my organization in various ways, I have become more capable of creating meaningful change. The insights gleaned in this course also contribute to organizational problem solving and collaboration in mitigating crises like the ones we experience with at risk youth.

Final eflection

This class has helped administrators to conceptualize their roles and their organizations in constructive ways. The primary text, Morgan's (2006) Images of Organization has been tremendously helpful and will become a mainstay in the…


Ackerman Anderson, L. & Anderson, D. (n.d.). Building your change strategy. Change Leader's Network. Retrieved online: 

Aguirre, D. & Alpern, M. (2014). 10 principles of leading change management. Strategy + Business. Retrieved online: 

Morgan, G. (2006). Images of Organization. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Decisions in Life and Often Critical Thinking
Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45639793
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decisions in life, and often, critical thinking is required in order to fully understand the different issues at hand. Complex decisions tend to be those with life-altering consequences. I tend to set big goals for myself, and it requires some critical thinking to do this. For example, I must look at the overall objectives. I posed a number of questions to make this decision -- who am I? And what do I want from life? For me, these sorts of questions were central to setting out a plan. I wrestled for a long time with my plan once I thought I had one. Part of me wants to act more on emotion, using gut feelings, but life is complicated and a little bit of analysis can help ensure that the strategies I undertake are the ones that will take me to my goals. Then after thinking about all that, I…


Chaffee, J. (2012). Thinking Critically: 10th Edition. Wadsworth: Boston.

Popil, I. (2011). Promotion of critical thinking by using case studies as teaching method. Nurse Education Today. Vol. 31 (2) 204-207.

Handling Critical Incidents in the Classroom
Words: 3066 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28700645
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Compare and contrast prior impressions of teaching with the reality of your experiences in the classroom.

The moment teachers fresh out of college to get into the class environment, what they might have expected and what they encounter in the class can often be different (Melnick & Meister, 2008). The education profession is often a more complex profession than what many anticipate. Individuals who choose teaching as a profession should review why they did so in the first place if they are to overcome what awaits them. When new teachers enter the classroom, they are usually shocked by the challenges that come with being a teacher in the real world. At times, the reality is much more different than what the teacher anticipated. Beginning teachers often describe their first year in the classroom as a year of survival. Different studies have also backed this argument, labeling the first year…


Bluestein, J. (2004). Great Expectations: Good News for Beginning Teachers. Retrieved from Education Oasis:

Carter, V., Orr, B., McGriff, M., Thompson, C., & Sonawane, S. (2014). Critical Incidents in Classroom Management During Student Teaching Internships and Their Effects on the Teaching Profession: Perceptions of Student Teachers in India and the United States. U.S.-China Education Review, 4(4), 209-228.

Cochran-Smith, M., & Lytle, S. (Eds.). (2009). Inquiry as Stance: Practitioner Research for the Next Generation. New York: Teachers College Press.

Cole, A. L., & Knowles, J. G. (1993). Shattered Images: Understanding Expectations And Realities. Teachrng & Teacher Educarion, 9(5), 457471.

Winning Doesn't Matter A Critical
Words: 3194 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92242610
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His face is expressionless as he focuses on the heavy bar he raises and lowers. The camera then cuts to shot of the boy's room; we see the boy's arms only lifting the bench press. The camera then cuts to a shot the boy jumping rope, doing sit-ups, push-ups, and finally pull-ups. The scene ends with the boy writing down and crossing off day 473 on a very long chart. The camera shows a side-profile shot of the boy looking blankly at the chart, and then re-focuses to capture the boy's face in the mirror standing next to him, still appearing empty in his eyes. This is our introduction to Dwayne, Olive's brother, and his quest to fulfilling his dream of joining the Air Force and never having to deal with his dysfunctional family again.

The fourth character journey is embarked upon when a door then closes forcefully and a…

Works Cited

Bartlett, Myke. "Sex Sells: Child Sexualization and the Media." Screen Education; Spring. Issue 51 (2008): 106-111. Print.

Corrigan, Timothy. A Short Guide to Writing About Film. London: Longman Publishing. 2010. Print.

Dargis, Manohla. " 'Little Miss Sunshine': You're Either on the Family Bus, or You're Off." New York Times, 26 July 2006. Web. 3 March 2010.

Finamore, Dora. "Little Miss Sunshine and Positive Psychology as a Vehicle for Positive Change in Adolescent Depression." Popular Culture in Counseling, Psychotherapy, and Play-Based Interventions. Ed. Lawrence C. Rubin. New York: Springer Publishing Company, 2008. 123-140. Print.

workplace behavior as a reflection of perceptions
Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Journal Professional Paper #: 51775778
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Workplace behaviors reflect a combination of individual personality and the environmental context. We each have a personal schema about ourselves, others, and social norms (Arvinen-Muondo, n.d., p. 4). My perceptions of situations frequently influence the way I react to specific situations. Often, I misinterpret the words or actions of others and have learned the importance of gaining clarity through clear communications. Unfortunately, clear communication is not always possible in an organization like mine, in which there is an organizational hierarchy in spite of its being a small company. Ours is a small private ambulance service, and I serve as a medic. We are the core personnel and yet often medics are treated with less respect than they could be. As Duggan (n.d.) points out, unfamiliar or ambiguous situations tend to trigger stress and difficulties communicating in the workplace.

One behavior I have exhibited strictly due to my perception of ambiguity…


Arvinen-Muondo, R. (n.d.). Perceptions, making decisions, and people management.

Bigelow, L. (n.d.). Examples of workplace perception and conflict issues. Retrieved online: 

Duggan, T. (n.d.). Organizational behavior perceptions and attributes. Retrieved online:

personal reflection on leadership book
Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80259566
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John Maxwell provides a practical guide for cultivating and optimizing leadership skills in The Five Levels of Leadership. A unique approach to leadership, in that it does not focus on any one theory, The Five Levels explains different types of leaders, explaining different situational and psychological variables that can impact leadership status or success. After each chapter of The Five Levels, Maxwell offers readers tips for how to develop the optimal mindset for expanding leadership potential and to reach the next stage of personal empowerment. Expanding spheres of influence means ultimately to reach beyond the self to create a legacy.
One of the most important takeaways from Maxwell’s book is that anyone can develop practical skills necessary to be an effective leader, even those who may never aim for the pinnacle. Anyone reading The Five Levels is either in a position of leadership and wants to improve their effectiveness or…

Children's Book
Words: 1166 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 69027315
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Children's Book

Critical Reflection

It is difficult to write a children's book because there are so many different things to think about before it can be accomplished. The style has to be interesting enough to keep the interest of the audience, no matter whether that is adults or children, but if a book does not flow correctly a child will sense it and be bored. Also, there is the matter of what age level the book is for. The selected subject matter has to be appropriate for the age of the targeted audience and it has to be presented in such a way that it does not lose the young reader. A young child will also want interesting illustrations that can hold interest.

The best advice may be to research others who have been successful with a certain age group nor genre and see what they did. Pat Mora, a…

Works Cited

Barancik, Steve. "Harness the power of storytelling to improve behavior." Best Children's Books. (2011). Web.

Mora, Pat. "20 Tips for Writing children's Books." Bookjoy. (2011). Web.

Learning Communities
Words: 724 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43044806
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personal reflection giving past experiences used in selecting an assessment method to evaluate learning. It further outlines how assessment can be used for both individual learner mastery and continuous quality improvement of the instruction. Moreover the paper discusses how critical reflection is essential in the assessment process not only for the educator, but for learners as well. Besides, it presents a profile of own current professional educator role as a reflective practitioner.

Assessment and Critical eflection

In my degree program, I have preferred the use of Personal Communication assessment method in evaluation of' learning progress. This method entails gathering information about what students have learned in the course of interacting with them. This assessment method, involves listening to students' views during classes; responding to their comments, as well as interviewing them (Brodie & Irving, 2007). The information gathered during such interactions provides descriptive feedback helpful in instructional planning, and self-reflection.…


Ash, S.L., & Clayton, P.H. (2004). The Articulated Learning: An Approach to Guided Reflection and Assessment. Innovative Higher Education, 137-154.

Brodie, P., & Irving, K. (2007). Assessment in Work-Based Learning: Investigating a Pedagogical Approach to Enhance Student Learning. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 11-19.

Copland, M.A., & Knapp, M.S. (2006). Connecting Leadership with Learning: A Framework for Reflection, Planning, and Action . Alexandria: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development.

Schon, D.A. (1983). The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action. London: Temple Smith.

Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1
Words: 6352 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: Array
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K-12 Curriculum and Instruction: Changing Paradigms in the 21st Century

This is not your grandfathers' economy or his educational paradigm however; today's curriculum still appears as such and therein lays a very significant and challenging problem that presents to today's educators and leaders. According to Sir Ken Robinson, "We have a system of education that is modeled on the interest of industrialism and in the image of it. Schools are still pretty much organized on factory lines -- ringing bells, separate facilities, specialized into separate subjects. We still educate children by batches." (rain Pickings, 2012) Make no mistake in the opinion of Robinson who believes that divergent thinking most emphatically is not "…the same thing as creativity" because according to Robinson in his work proposing a new educational paradigm. Indeed this is also spoken of in the work of Zeng-tian and Yu-Le in their work "Some Thoughts on Emergent Curriculum"…


Anderson, C. (nd) Presenting and Evaluating Qualitative Research: Strengths and Limitations of Qualitative Research. University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom. Medscape. Retrieved from: 

ASCD 1999, The Human Brain: An ASCD Professional Enquiry Kit. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, Va..

Bailey, J. 2001, 'Technology and change in education', [] (accessed May 2003).

Barrett, R. 1999, 'Middle schooling: A challenge for policy and curriculum', Education Horizons, 5 (3), 6-9.

Nursing Reflective Practice as Applied
Words: 3953 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76506011
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In the previous section, Estabrooks raised the question of the ability of the EP framework to provide the "best evidence" in nursing practice and the danger of excluding nurses in decision-making tasks as a result of EP prevalence and dominance.

Rolfe, while he analyzed the empirical foundations of EP, also looked at it from a practical perspective, or how EP is applied in the current practice of nursing. Identifying the problem of EP as the question of its "technical rationality," Rolfe uncovered an important issue that best describes also Estabrooks' contentions in her article: the "theory-practice" gap in nursing practice.

In thoroughly discussing this phenomenon in nursing, Rolfe illustrated how theory-practice gap occurs in the practice scenario (39):

First, that nurses rarely read research reports; second, that when they do read them, they rarely understand them; and third, even when they do read and understand research reports, they are reluctant…


Avis, M. (Oct 2006). "Evidence for practice, epistemology, and critical reflection." Nursing Philosophy, Vol. 7, Issue 4.

Estabrooks, C. (1998). "Will evidence-based nursing practice make practice perfect?" Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 30, No. 1.

McCormack, B. (2006). "Evidence-based practice and the potential for transformation." Journal of Research in Nursing, Vol. 11, No. 2.

Rolfe, G. (Jan 2006). "Nursing praxis and the science of the unique." Nursing Science, Vol. 19, No. 1.

Theoretical Underpinnings of My Teaching
Words: 2776 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45730059
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The works of Borko and Putnam (1998) expressed the contemporary perspectives to the concept of contextual learning. Situated recognition (uses both social and physical contexts),social cognition (uses an individual's construction of a given knowledge) as well as distributed cognition which employs or relates to both the social and situated nature of cognition (Clifford and Wilson,2000). While employing this ideas, I emphasize on problem solving, recognition of the fact that teaching as well as learning must occur within multiple contexts, assist my students in the process of learning, anchor my lesson and teachings on various diverse real life context of my students, encourage my students to learn from one another while also employing an authentic assessment technique.

Audience Analysis and Considerations

The audience basically comprises of adult learners who are either interested in advancing their careers or leaning of better ways of running their own firms. Their learning style is based…


ATHERTON JS (2002) Learning and Teaching: Learning from experience [Online]: UK: Available: 

Borko, H., and Putnam, R.T. "The Role of Context in Teacher Learning and Teacher Education." In Contextual Teaching and Learning: Preparing Teachers to Enhance Student Success in and Beyond School. Information Series No. 376. Columbus: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Center on Education for Training and Employment, College of Education, The Ohio State University, and Washington, DC: ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education, American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, 1998. (ED 429-263)

Brown, B.L. Applying Constructivism in Vocational and Career Education. Information Series No. 378. Columbus: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, on Education and Training for Employment, College of Education, The Ohio State University, 1998. (ED 428-298)  / acve/majorpubs.asp

Clifford, M., and Wilson, M. "Contextual Teaching, Professional Learning, and Student Experiences: Lessons Learned from Implementation." Educational Brief no. 2. Madison: Center on Education and Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison, December 2000.

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In some countries, bed numbers began to drop before the introduction of the drugs. In others, bed numbers actually increased despite this introduction. The drugs also have been used on a variety of populations that were not deemed to be mentally ill (such as people with learning difficulties and older people). The drugs were only relevant in giving psychiatric staff more confidence in dealing with community-based patients; they do not explain the policy of deinstitutionalization. At the end of the twentieth century deinstitutionalization has become a dominant mental health policy goal in most Western democracies (Sax, 1984).


However, this formal goal has become clouded by evidence that the gradual reduction of large institutions has been replaced by a scattering of smaller ones 'in the community' (Roe, 1976). Also, most countries still have legal statutes to coercively remove madness from community set- tings. The extent of this continued coercive control…


Gale, F. 2007 A changing Aboriginal population. In F. Gale and G. Lawton (eds), Settlement and Encounter: Geographical studies presented to Sir Grenfell Price, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 65-88.

Smith, L. 2006 The Aboriginal Population, The Australian National University Press, Canberra.

CDHHS 2004, The National Aboriginal Health Strategy: an evaluation, Commonwealth Department of Health and Human Services, Canberra.

Roe, M 1976, 'The establishment of the Australian Department of Health: its background and significance', Australian Historical Studies 17(67):176-92.