Crucible Essays (Examples)

crucible essays

A crucible essay is an essay that draws on Arthur Miller’s play The CrucibleThe Crucible is a 1950s play that used the context of the Salem Witch trials to highlight the hysteria surrounding Senator McCarthy’s communist hunts during the Red Scare.  Essays about The Crucible may focus on content found within the play, but may also require the writer to go beyond the source material and investigate history to support his or her points.

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Power and Control in the

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5300531



The court case scene also shows how focused the leaders are on maintaining their power. This is seen where Danforth says to Proctor, "You must understand, sir, that a person is either with this court or he must be counted against it, there be no road between" (Miller 94). This shows the complete lack of choice that the people of the society have. If they do not accept the will of the leaders completely, they are considered as being against them. This leaves no room for anyone to question anything. At the same time, it shows that the leaders of the town are intently focused on maintaining complete power. In this way, the leaders dominate completely, while the people are meant to be submissive to the point that they do not question any aspect of the leader's decisions.

It is in the context of this environment that the actions of the people of Salem can be understood. The people may disagree with the way the society is managed, but they have no outlet for their concerns. They are completely dominated and not even able to voice their concerns privately for fear that what they say will be reported. The hysteria…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Miller, A. The Crucible. New York: Penguin, 2003.
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Tituba Comparing and Contrasting Arthur

Words: 1642 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27280834

Miller focuses a created, heterosexual alliance in his fictional retelling, but I, Tituba concentrates on the outcasts, which formed the actual, majority of the accused.

This alliance between marginal categories of persons is humorously underlined with Tituba meets a famous fictional outcast from Puritan society, Hester Prynne, while in jail. Conde creates a jailhouse meeting between the two women, since who knows what transpired while Tituba awaited her fate? Marginal women do not abandon Tituba, even though her Christian owner, the girls she helped, and her beloved John Indian abandon her to her execution. Hester Prynne helps Tituba say the right things to be released. Confession in Miller is shown as weakness and capitulation to the mad witch hunters, but Conde sees this as careful and clever planning, a just action because of the injustice of Tituba's captors. Finally, the alliance of 'others' is shown when Tituba, is freed from captivity from a Salem jail as a result of Hester's assistance.

The alliance of 'others' after Tituba is bought a Jewish man named Benjamin Cohen who is sympathetic to her persecution. He frees her allows her to return to Barbados. The causes of the witch-hunt, racism and fear, are not…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Conde, Maryse. I, Tituba. New York: Ballantine Books, 1994.

Ebert, Roger. "The Crucible." 1996. Film Review. Chicago Sun Times. 7 Jul 2007. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19961220/REVIEWS/612200302/1023

Linder, Douglas. "The Crucible by Arthur Miller (1952)." Salem Homepage. Famous American Trials. Last Update 2007. http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/SAL_CRU.htm

Miller, Arthur. "The Crucible." 1996. Starring Daniel Day-Lewis and Wynona Ryder.
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Systems Theory Napier & Whitaker's 1978 Classic

Words: 618 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30783614

Systems Theory

Napier & Whitaker's (1978) classic The Family Crucible is the benchmark book related to family therapy. The book is thorough, and divided into twenty chapters that cover the gamut of family therapy theory and especially practice. Napier & Whitaker (1978) are family systems theorists, and they openly divulge their appreciation for an approach to individual psychology that takes into account family systems. In other words, no individual can be understood or helped without paying attention to the family situation, its dynamics, and its role in identity formation and coping. The authors discuss dysfunctional family systems via a case study. By focusing on one case study, Napier & Whitaker (1978) show how family systems theory works, and what clients can expect from the process.

The authors weave their personal views and experiences throughout the case study, which clutters and bogs down the narrative, but which also provides a necessary context for how the theorists developed a family systems approach. There are also some outmoded issues discussed in the book, such as the perceived roles of mothers and fathers in the family. In spite of these weaknesses, though, The Family Crucible remains a valuable text offering all therapists insight into…… [Read More]

References

Napier, A.Y. & Whitaker, C. (1978). The Family Crucible. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
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Resisted Embraced How Explored Prescribed Text The

Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80759890

Resisted Embraced

How explored prescribed text "The Crucible" Arthur Miller related text "Woolvs in the Sitee" Anne Spudvilas?

Societal insiders and outsiders in Arthur Miller's The Crucible

In Arthur Miller's The Crucible, the existence of outsiders in the tight-knit, homogeneous society of Salem, Massachusetts gives rise to a witch hunt that eventually results in the death of the protagonist John Proctor. Proctor is a plainspoken, honest farmer who refuses to condone the hysteria of the town, which he knows is at least partially stirred up by his former lover Abigail to enhance her social status and to separate him from his wife. Proctor also does not go to church on Sundays, out of guilt for his sin against Abigail. This makes him a pariah in a society where open professions of religion are required to be deemed 'normal.'

While Proctor, a respected farmer, holds himself back from Salem society, Abigail wishes to belong. She is looked down upon as a loose young woman, but her status as someone who can 'see' witches makes her special in the eyes of the town, and she gains power and notoriety as a result. This highlights how simply because someone is an outcast does…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York: Penguin Classics, 2003.

Wild, Margaret. Woolvs in the Sitee. Boyds Mills Press, 1997.
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Structured Poems Such as William

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" Rather than endlessly musing upon his father's death, like a drumbeat Thomas simply repeats that his father must not "go gentle into that good night." With every tercet, the repeated lines take on a different nuance. Reading the poem is like hearing a favorite song sung in a different way, again and again -- every time, a different shade of meaning is brought forth in the refrain of the poem. It is all too easy for a free verse poem to say the same thing in different ways: Thomas uses the same words again and again to convey different shades of emotion: good men, wild men, grave men, all for different reasons, he states, have not borne the inevitability of death with meekness.

The reader comes to understand that repeated words are a paradox -- Thomas tells his father, begs his father, to do what is futile -- to resist death. But Thomas is so persuasive in doing so, the reader cannot help but support the poet in his quest, although why Thomas is so determined to hate the darkness of the afterlife remains a mystery, perhaps even to the poet himself.

Ance's comment is based upon the faulty…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Briggs, John. Fire in the Belly. Red Wheel 2000.

"Poetic Form: Villanelle." Poets.org. Published by the Academy of American Poets.

February 10, 2010. http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5796
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Dichotomy and Struggle Between Authority

Words: 585 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2343696

This type of certainty only signifies authority, but it shows Danforth to be truly powerless over his convictions or any sort of lasting truth. Like Proctor, he is also described upon his first appearance, with Miller commenting that he was of "some humor and sophistication that does not, however, interfere with an exact loyalty to his position and his cause" (Miller 73). Though Danforth has authority over life and death in Salem, he has no real power because he has already completely given himself over to his position as a Judge and his cause of seeking out witches. When the truth and all things eternal cease to matter, all power is gone, and though John Proctor and many others meet death essentially at Danforth's hands, they retain power over themselves in their refusal to give in to Danforth's authority.

Nowhere is the difference between power and authority made more clear than in the end of the play, when John Proctor refuses to let the court sully his good name for the people of the town and his two sons, and instead marches off to his death. Earlier, Elizabeth has given him news of Giles Corey's defiance, which allowed his land…… [Read More]

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Brice Family Systems Napier and Whitaker Exemplify

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Brice Family

SYSTEMS

Napier and Whitaker exemplify systems therapy with their presentation of the Brice family case. It is necessary to identify the origins of the systems approach in order to fully appreciate its value in the context of family therapy. It approaches the family unit as a system and therefore borrows heavily from systems theory. Systems theory is a general theory applies across many disciplines and looks at systems that have the ability to self-regulate. The theory applies to biological systems, climate, environment, and the family unit.

Systems approach recognizes the interdependencies that exist in the family as a system. The family unit consists of individuals related to one another forming a complex web that should act in congruence. Therefore, although a part of a system is essential, it is the relationship of the part to the whole that is paramount. The family as a system is dynamic since changes occur every day within the family as a unit and within individuals. Further, it is open in varying degrees to influences of the outside world.

Napier and Whitaker apply systems therapy quite well in their treatise, The Family Crucible. There are several ideas that stand out. First, there are…… [Read More]

References

Napier, A.Y., & Whitaker, C. (1978). The family crucible: The intense experience of therapy. New York: HarperCollins.
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Liberty and Fear Anti-Terrorist Politics

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783). Gore sees a parallel between the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II, after the attack upon Pearl Harbor and the treatment of Arab-Americans in the wake of the Bush Administration's fear-mongering and validation of public prejudices against Muslims. (This attitude conveyed from the top also fostered prejudice amongst ordinary citizens: A commonly-cited complaint of some airplane passengers is that too many 'non obvious' suspects are subject to routine frisks, while 'obvious' suspects pass, effective code words for non-Arabs vs. Arabs).

However, there is an essential difference in the curtailment of American liberties after 9/11 and after World War II: its racial and prejudiced nature. During the Cold War, because 'anyone' could theoretically be a communist, all individuals were subject to scrutiny. Thus, no matter how fearful, many ordinary Americans experienced just how onerous and self-defeating the McCarthy witch-hunts were to civil liberties. Additionally, because of the fact that all American young men could be drafted, the repercussions of Cold War militarism and the military-industrial complex's lies about Vietnam were suffered by almost all American families. This is not the case with the so-called war upon terrorism. The abuses of this so-called 'war' have been suffered disproportionately by members…… [Read More]

Reference

Gore, Al. (2004, Winter). The politics of fear. Social Research. 71.4.
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U S Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Words: 1847 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81460756

S. officials and other entities were very well informed), but rather on indecisiveness and incapacity to react with direct, concrete means in these situations.

5. The major issues of American foreign policy during the 1950s were generally circumscribed to the Cold War between the U.S. And the Soviet Union and the relations between these two countries, ranging form mutual containment to escalation (towards the end of the decade).

The first issue emerging from this policy was the Korean War. The Korean War, characterized by the initial invasion of South Korea by North Korean troops and the subsequent implication of American and Chinese troops, was a direct consequence of the post-WWII conditions when each superpower attempted to promote and spread its own military and ideological system.

With the American army first pushed back all the way to Pusan and then following General Macarthur's landing at Inchon behind enemy troops and the implication of the Chinese troops, the war waged on from 1950 to 1953. While South Korea retained its independence, the war itself could be more or less considered as a draw, but one that brought to evidence the apparition of a new strong potential power: China.

Besides containment, another major…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Howard Jones. 2001. Crucible of Power: A History of American Foreign Relations from 1897, Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources.

2. Robert Kennedy. 1999. Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis, New York: Norton

3. Samantha Power, a Problem From Hell: American in the Age of Genocide
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Ohio Frontier the Book The

Words: 363 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57230192

The author shows how American history affected Ohio from the Revolutionary War to the beginnings of the Confederacy, and shows how Ohio tried to keep apart from much of the politics going on back east. Hurt also shows how Ohio differed from many other frontier settlements because of trade along the canals and rivers, and how many of the settlers in Ohio preferred a rural community to a "model" city like the ones they had left back East. The book follows white settlement throughout the area, and is a must for anyone who is interested in Ohio or western American history. It is rich in detail and interesting to read, and is a good introduction to further study of what made Americans pick up and move into new and unsettled territories such as Ohio. It is also a good way to understand how a new community matures and changes as it grows.… [Read More]

References

Smith, Martin Cruz. Red Square. New York: Random House, 1992.
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French and Indian War

Words: 4779 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21094723

French and Indian War

Cultural Analysis of French and Indian War

The French and Indian War is considered to be part of Seven Years War that took place from 1756 till 1763. It is one of the most fierce and bloodiest battles that ever took place and in which thousands of people were killed. Participants of the war included French, Indians and British. It is believed that the war was fought in order to gain control over North America and clash over colonies between France and England over power and wealth.

The French and Indian War

The French and Indian War is considered to be part of Seven Years War that took place from 1756 till 1763. It is one of the most fierce and bloodiest battles that ever took place and in which thousands of people were killed. Participants of the war included French, Indians and British. It is believed that the war was fought in order to gain control over North America and clash over colonies between France and England over power and wealth. The global war was seen as a product of rivalry that was found between French and British colonists living in the North American territories.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anderson, Fred (2000). Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754-1766. New York: Knopf.

Anderson, Fred (2005). The War that Made America: A Short History of the French and Indian War. New York: Viking.

Axtell, James. The Invasion Within. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Brumwell, Stephen (2006). Redcoats: The British Soldier and War in the Americas, 1755-1763. Cambridge University Press.
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Gold Rush the History of

Words: 2844 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21659106



Ah Toy is representative for the way in which immigrants and in her own case the Chinese were treated by the state authorities and the judicial system in particular. It was common practice the discriminatory attitude of the judicial system towards the Chinese immigrants given the fact that, on the one hand the legislature considered the immigrant population to be a threat to the well being of the Americans, and on the other hand, the Chinese' apparent lack of interest for the American judicial system would make them irrelevant in the face of the law. This is why the 19th century saw a number of legislative initiatives which legalized a discriminatory treatment of the Chinese immigrants and of miners in particular. Therefore, "in 1852, scarcely three years after the first Chinese arrived in California, the state legislature passed a discriminatory tax measure, aimed primarily at Chinese gold miners (an 1854 amendment made it applicable to the Chinese exclusively.)Moreover, additional measures were being taken in order to restrict the access of foreigners to the resources of the society that was emerging as a result of the Gold Rush, especially taking into consideration that the idea of competition was common among the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Conversation with Jo Ann Levy." The Gold Rush. http://www.goldrush.com/~joann/conversa.htm (accessed 18 February 2007)

Beckett, Elizabeth, and Sarah Teel. Women in Alaska's history- Gold Rush. http://library.thinkquest.org/11313/Gold_Rush/index.html (accessed 18 February 2007)

Broukal, Milada and Michael V. Uschan. The California Gold Rush. New York, Gareth Stevens, Inc., 2003.

Butler, Anne. Daughters of Joy, sisters of misery: prostitutes in the American West, 1865-90. Illinois, University of Illinois Press, 1997.
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Mau - Contrasting Views of

Words: 2957 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27594973

The United Kenya Club was founded in 1946 and was the first multi-racial social organization in Kenya; the organization sponsored concerts and cultural events open to all ethnicities (if you could afford a ticket price). The liberal paternalists pressed for programs that would introduce "profit-making crafts to landless laborers," would "encourage the growth of a prosperous rural elite" and also would encourage progressive agricultural practices among poor peasants. Moreover, the liberal paternalists (Kennedy 248) wished to "instill Western principles of hygiene and child care" among African women and their daughters.

Missionaries were traditionally among the liberal paternalists, Kennedy points out, and when Sir Philip Mitchell became governor of Kenya, he "sought to invigorate the peasant agricultural sector" in order to build a more diversified economy (Kennedy 249). Mitchell also believed "with some justification" that a few of the white leaders among the British settlers "could be persuaded to cooperate in the introduction of a multi-racial social order," Kennedy explained.

THIRD VIEWPOINT: The commercial sector of settlers grew "dramatically" in the post-war years, Kennedy continues, and while they were less paternalistic than the liberals mentioned in previous paragraphs, they sought to "transform Kenya into a society ordered along class rather than…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Clough, Marshall S. 1998. Mau Mau Memoirs: History, Memory, and Politics. Boulder, CO:

Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Edgerton, Robert B. 1989. Mau Mau: An African Crucible. New York: The Free Press.

Elkins, Caroline. 2005. Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya.
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U S Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Words: 1021 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21852841

Proctor does not merely repeat of make empty allegations that horrific violations are occurring in Cuba upon the natives at the hands of the Spaniards. He has witnessed these abuses with is own eyes on an observational visit, where he went as a skeptic, with, in his own words, "a strong conviction that the picture had been overdrawn," regarding the terrible conditions of the Cuban populace. (Proctor, 1898)

Proctor came back to the United States convinced that, more so than the destruction of the Maine, the barbarities inflicted by the Spanish forces cry out for United States intervention. ("March 17, 1898: Senator Proctor's Visit to Cuba," 1999, Crucible of Empire: PBS Online) In his words, "if our people could see a small fraction of the need, they would pour more 'freely from their liberal store' than ever before for any cause." (Proctor, 1998)

The call of the advocates of intervention is often to remember the U.S.S. Maine -- but remember more than the Maine, remember our own history and our human rights obligation to other persons, located in this same region of the world as our own. Today, no longer a minor actor upon the world stage, we are a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

March 17, 1898: Senator Proctor's Visit to Cuba." (1999) Crucible of Empire: PBS

Online. Retrieved 2 Sept 2006 at  http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl11.html 

Paterson, Thomas. (1998) U.S. Intervention in Cuba, 1898:Interpreting the Spanish

American-Cuban-Filipino War." OAH Magazine of History. Spring 1998.
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Terrorism in Yemen and IT's

Words: 1243 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38402250

Yemenite terrorism influences U.S. sentiments as regards terrorism, considering that Americans are greatly affected through knowing that the concept should not necessarily be related to particular countries or motives and that the authorities are virtually helpless in their struggle to eliminate it.

According to experts, Yemen is one of the countries that stand as a safe place for terrorists world-wide. However, experts have failed to observe that a terrorist does not necessarily need to receive training in the Arab Peninsula in order for him or her to represent a real threat to the U.S. One of the best examples regarding this is the fact that most of the terrorists involved in the 9/11 attacks were instructed in Europe and in the U.S. (Katulis, 2010).

Even with the fact that Yemen was not one of the central points in the Arab Peninsula considered to have connections to Al Qaeda, matters gradually changed and it appears that the country is presently similar to Afghanistan and Iraq when concerning each state's potential to generate terrorist threats. Yemen-based terrorists have previously shown interest in attacking Western countries. One of the most important Al Qaeda members who were considered to have been in charge of…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Katulis, Brian. "Terrorism in Yemen Rediscovered." January 6, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from the Center for American Progress Website: http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2010/01/yemen_rediscovered.html

Randall, D. Johnson, A. "Yemen, the new crucible of global terrorism." October 31, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from the Independent Website:  http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/yemen-the-new-crucible-of-global-terrorism-2121364.html 

Spencer, R. "Flight 253: Shows Utter Failure of U.S. Counterterrorism Efforts." Human Events 4 Jan. 2010: 12.

Thackrah, J.R. (2004). Dictionary of Terrorism. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.
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Women in American History Women

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It also sought to stop the Atlantic slave trade between those three continents. It has also been referred to as the anti-slavery movement. As a result of the abolitionist movement, slavery was abolished in Europe and America by the last half of the 19th century. Africa finally stopped the practice of slavery by the first quarter of the 20th century.

Women's Contribution

Women, both white and black, made enormous contributions to the abolitionist movement.

Ann Yearsley, Hannah More, Susan B. Anthony, Julia Ward Howe, Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Frances Ellen Watkins, and many others worked against the enslavement of other human beings. While the white women used their status, money and freedom to work against slavery and help the black women to "find their voices," the black women could tell eye-opening stories of their own experiences to elicit sympathy and support.

In the early years of the movement, women were not really activists because of their perceived "private" role in a male-dominated society. Then, as the movement gained some popularity, stories and poems regarding the ills and evils of slavery began to appear.

By 1825, the first women's anti-slavery societies began to appear. There was opposition to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Blashfield, Jean. "A Day on the Trail." Blashfield, Jean. Oregon Tail. Mankato, MN: Compass Point Books, 2000. 11.

Levy, JoAnn. "The Crucible Women on Overland Journey." 1998. Oakland Museum of California. 29 March 2009 .

Perkins, Kathryn. "Real women' who defied stereotype." Sacramento Bee 18 January 1998: Part Three.
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War Broke Out in 1756

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The Seven Years War saw Britain established as the greatest colonial power, with control over India and North America seemingly secured, while Prussia emerged as the greatest power on the Continent, and the dominant force inside Germany, reducing still further the power of the Holy Roman Empire and Habsburg Austria. Frederick II of Prussia (the Great) emerges as the most remarkable leader of the war. Prussia was the smallest of the main combatants, and yet Frederick survived year after year of campaigning, and despite coming near to defeat he emerged triumphant (Richard).

Histories of the American Revolution tend to start in 1763, the end of the Seven-Year's War, a worldwide struggle for empire that pitted France against England in North America, Europe, and Asia. Fred Anderson, who teaches history at the University of Colorado, takes the story back a decade and explains the significance of the conflict in American history. Demonstrating that independence was not inevitable or even at first desired by the colonists, he shows how removal of the threat from France was essential before Americans could develop their own concepts of democratic government and defy their imperial British protectors. Of great interest is the importance of Native Americans…… [Read More]

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Mccarthy Blacklists the Influence of

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And the costs...! Our meager savings, which would keep us for a couple of years in Mexico, " (Rouberol, Jean 2000)

So the influence of the McCarthy era and the black lists on literature was mixed. While we certainly lost the possible output of many talented writers who were young and unknown at the time, and who never recovered, so they just faded from the scene. Some people could not stand the pressure, so they testified and named names as required. Most were eventually forgiven by the community. Some, like Clifford Odets, never forgave themselves. The House Unamerican Activities Committee managed to restrain literature for a while, but more literature was created as a reaction to these purges, including Arthur Miller's The Crucible. There are those who claim that we have never fully recovered as a nation, but I believe the Internet has supplied the tools which have finally freed us from the censors.… [Read More]

References www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001036891

Ferreira, James M. "Joseph McCarthy: Reexamining the Life and Legacy of America's Most Hated Senator." The Historian 63.4 (2001): 834. Questia. 12 Dec. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001036891.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=79027081

Fried, Richard M. Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. Questia. 12 Dec. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=79027292.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=81177254
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Parthenon Was an Architectural Achievement

Words: 1819 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53532653

g., the finding last year at Athens of the hand of Zeus of the east pediment)" the Parthenon continues to yield intellectual fruit through archeological excavation and discovery (Bruno xiv). As age replaces age with new speculations, scholars reappraise this epic piece of architecture, for "speculations of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries are already mostly out of date, and original source materials are rare" (Bruno xiv). What historians do, as a rule, have to go on are the stories preserved by Plutarch, who reflects a "spirit that undoubtedly prevailed at Athens as a plan took shape to reconstruct the sanctuary which had been left in ruins by the Persians" (Bruno xiv). This plan was so Athenian to the core that even (as Plutarch mentions) the animals seemed to throw their very being into the operation.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Greek architecture has produced some of the world's finest marvels, and was especially brilliant during the rule of Pericles in the Golden Age of Greece. Greek architecture employed a wide variety of tricks to keep its temples from seeming top heavy and to make them aesthetically pleasing to the eye. They were also masters of acoustics (as evidenced by their amphitheaters) and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bruno, Vincent. The Parthenon. NY W.W. Norton & Company, 1996. Print.

Fergusson, James. The Parthenon. London: William Clowes and Sons, Limited, 1883.

Print.

"The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization." PBS. Web. 28 Nov 2011.
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William Hearst

Words: 401 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46708160

William Randolph Hearst, Sr.

Shortly after being expelled from Harvard, William Hearst acquired his first newspaper, the San Francisco Examiner, from his father. In 1895, eight years later, Hearst purchased the New York Morning Journal and entered into a fierce competition for circulation dominance with Joseph Pulitzer, who owned the New York World newspaper. In order to make their stories more sensational and therefore increase readership and circulation numbers, both newspapers greatly exaggerated and distorted their reporting. At approximately this same time, Hearst began using color in a comics series called "The Yellow Kid." The yellow dye stained the pages, and the stain as well as the stain of fabricated journalism became known as "yellow journalism."

According to PBS, Hearst understood that "a war with Spain over Cuba would not only sell newspapers, but also move him into a position of national prominence" (PBS para. 6). Both Hearst and Pulitzer continually agitated the public with false accounts, and at one time claimed that a quarter of the population of Cuba had died under the Spanish colonialism (Freidel, p. 590). According to the New York Times, "he took credit for America's declaration of war against Spain in 1898" (Kennedy, para 4).…… [Read More]

References

Bethell, John. (No date.) A splendid little war. In Harvard Magazine. 2/10/02



Freidel, Frank. 1969. Spanish-American War. In World Book Encyclopedia. (Vol. 17, pp. 590-591). Chicago: by Field Enterprises Educational Corporation.

Kennedy, Robt. 2001. Can he make the donkey drink? In the New York Times. 2/10/02
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Mccarthyism at a Speech in

Words: 1533 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60714427

President Eisenhower and his diplomats also chose to stop talking about the defeat of communism and instead focus on peaceful measures aimed at ending the "Cold War." And as the years passed, any attack on liberal thought which echoed "McCarthyism" automatically implied a paranoid and dysfunctional view of reality and placed the attacker in jeopardy. Congressionally, most of the members, both conservative and liberal, Republican and Democrat, considered the McCarthy era closed by the late 1950's despite several unpleasant episodes such as the Wherry Resolution (an attempt to stop Truman from sending troops to Europe or anywhere else without congressional approval) and the Bricker Amendment (aimed at preventing the "sellouts" of American interests during international summits like Yalta and Potsdam). As the 1960's came of age, the "Cold War" dragged on and the ramblings of Joe McCarthy faded away and were quickly replaced with the Cuban Missile Crisis and then Vietnam.… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cohn, Roy. McCarthy. New York: New American Library, 1968.

Hoover, J. Edgar. "House Committee on Un-American Activities." Investigation of Un-American Activities and Propaganda. March 26, 1947.

Lattimore, Owen. Ordeal by Slander. Boston: Little, Brown, 1950.

McCarthyism." Internet. 2005. Accessed March 21, 2005. http://www.spartacus.
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American Interventionism

Words: 1146 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73706635

U.S. FOREIGN POLICY

American Foreign Policy from 1890 to 1930

From neutrality to intervention

Early on in American history, President George Washington advised Americans not be become embroiled in foreign conflicts. However, at the end of the 19th century, it became increasingly difficult for America to remain isolated from the issues affecting its neighbors abroad. The period from 1890-1930 was characterized by a far more expansionist American foreign policy than had been the case before. Although this policy was often defended by the notion that the U.S. was making the world safe for democracy, self-interest rather than idealism was usually the real motivating force.

A good, early example of this in Latin America can be found in the form of the Spanish-American War (1898) which eventually resulted in the U.S. acquiring territories in the western Pacific and Latin America. Spain's repression of the Cuban pro-independence movement combined with the sinking of the Maine (sent to protect U.S. residents in the region) generated popular support for intervention ("Spanish-American War," 2015). Many called the Spanish-American War the first example of how 'yellow journalism' could fundamentally change the course of American foreign policy. "From Cuba, [William Randolph] Hearst's star reporters wrote stories designed…… [Read More]

References

Spanish-American War. (2015). History.com. Retrieved from:

 http://www.history.com/topics/spanish-american-war 

U.S. foreign policy in Asia. (2015). KQED. Retrieved from:

http://www.kqed.org/w/pacificlink/history/usforeignpol/
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Web Du Bois

Words: 1826 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63293058

WEB DuBois

Outline of Critique of W.E.B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk

Collective Nature of the Work

Black Spirituals as Thematic Introductions

Black Spirituals as conveyors of historical record

Black Spirituals as oral tradition

Truth Telling

Assassination of Booker T. Washington and others who agree with him

Capitulation to society as it is, rather than the way it should be for blacks

DuBois, is one of the greatest African-American thinkers, oraters and writers of history. His works are often bold assassinations of the development of the Black, former slave class in the U.S., through periods were they repeatedly faced bold and subtle racism but were simultaneously expected to be successful, because laws were, "better than they used to be." DuBois' work The Souls of Black Folk, though constituent of several divergent essays is to many the source and center of nearly all his messages regarding the truth telling that needs to be done, in history to properly place the plight of Blacks into the context and even to some extent the present. According to the editor of the W.E.B. DuBois reader, which republished the whole of The Souls of Black Folks in its pages, the work's purpose is "to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Denton, Virginia Lantz. Booker T. Washington and the Adult Education Movement. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1993.

DuBois, W.E.B. "The Souls of Black Folk" in Sundquist, Eric J., ed. The Oxford W.E.B. Du Bois Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Sundquist, Eric J., ed. The Oxford W.E.B. Du Bois Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.