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This study provides a comprehensive explanation if the aspects affecting disaster management. Through an analysis of practice and theories in disaster management, the interactions between the difference elements of disaster management are elaborated. Some of these elements include but not limited to human beings, nature, and society. The impact of recent natural disasters results demands that a new perspective regarding the subject matter is critically reviewed.
Fundamentals of disaster management
An effective disaster management can only be achieved through efficient disaster and risk management techniques. This involves a combination of conventional techniques and scientific techniques in the process of decision-making. The key issues are the development of effective solutions for defined problems.
The aspect of uncertainty in nature demands a risk management plan at every level of humanity. The risk management plan should clearly document the risk management process after a comprehensive assessment has been carried out. The…
DRM Library. (n.d.). World Institute for Disaster Risk Management. Retrieved September 12,
2012, from http://www.drmonline.net/drmlibrary/systems.htm
Woods, M. (2011). Risk management in organizations: an integrated case study approach. New York: Routledge
Disaster Management; Tornado
After a powerful tornado, 60% of businesses and a residential area have been destroyed. This has led to a series of negative events that need to be dealt with. These events include the town having no working lights, reports of residents' children and spouses missing, and even reports of gunfire. At this point, the state is aware of the disaster that has hit this town and the Governor is activating the National Guard. Beyond these initial steps, no further action has been taken, and I must respond immediately to deal with the crisis at hand.
Establishing the incident command system is first and foremost. The system establishes a common organizational structure that is conducive for different types of agencies as well as multiple jurisdictions to be able to effectively work together in response to the situation. The components of this system include the Incident…
Briggs, S. & Twomey, J. (2003) Basic Disaster Awareness for Healthcare Providers. Boston,
MA: DelValle Institute for Emergency Preparedness.
NRF Research Center. (2011). Emergency Support Function Annexes. Retrieved May 2, 2012, from www.fema.gov/emergency/nrg/
Yei, W. & Ozdamar, L. (2007) A dynamic logistics coordination model for evacuation and support in disaster response activities. European Journal of Operational Research,
Disaster Management Lessons Learned From Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Management Lessons
The quality of public management can be tested in several situations. It is tested in situations when the financial resources are limited and cannot be used in order to address all the needs of the community in case, it is tested by its effects on the community in comparison with what it is expected from these authorities, but it can also be tested during natural disasters.
These natural disasters do not occur frequently, but their impact is tremendous. Such natural disasters refer to periods with very high temperature in areas where this is unusual, periods with very low temperature, drought, increased levels of all forms of precipitations, hurricanes, and others. Some of these natural disasters cannot be anticipated in time in order to counteract their effects. However, there are strategies that can be developed by the government and other authorities…
Another important lesson that authorities had to learn was that of vulnerability assessment. In other words, it is important that authorities are able to properly assess the damage that hurricanes are likely to produce (Risk Management Solutions, 2005). The authorities' reaction to the damage produced by Katrina has revealed the fact that there were important differences between the modeled and the incurred damages. These differences are determined by several factors. Some of the most important factors that determine such differences in assessments are represented by footprint aspects, data quality, vulnerability, demand surge, damages that are not included in the assessment, replacement cost value, and others.
There are several improvements that have been made regarding authorities' response to natural disasters. Standby recycling contracts represent such an improvement. These contracts mostly refer to recycling activities like market identification and facilitation, but they can be expanded to other activities that are required by disaster management. Such activities include law enforcement, evacuation activities, and others.
In addition to this, the readiness of authorities' response in situations of natural disasters also depends
The disaster management plan will minimize the potentialities of the disaster in the areas as follows: (1) Minimizing potential economic loss; (2) Decreasing potential exposures; (3) Reducing the probability of occurrence; (4) Reduction of disruptions to operations; (5) providing an orderly recovery; (6) minimizing insurance premiums; (7) reduction of reliance on certain key individuals; (8) protecting organizational assets; (9) ensuring the safety of personnel and customer; (10) Reducing disruptions to operations; (11) Ensuring organizational stability; (12) Providing an orderly recovery; (13) Minimizing insurance premiums; (14) Reducing reliance on certain key individuals; (15) Protecting the assets of the organization; (16) Ensuring the safety of personnel and customers; (17) Minimizing decision-making during a disastrous event; and (18) Minimizing legal liability (Wold, 1997)
V. SIMULATION for TESTING and PRACTICE
There is no way to know when a disaster will occur and preparation will necessarily involve testing of the disaster management plan and this…
Garris, Leah B. (2008) Put Your Disaster Plan to the Test. March 2008. Buildings.com Online available at http://www.buildings.com/articles/detail.aspx?contentID=5738
Howard, Lisa S. (1997) Tailor Disaster Plans to Organization: RM (Risk Management) National Underwriter Property and Casualty Risk & Benefits Management May 1997.
Wold, Geoffrey H. (1997) Disaster Recovery Planning Process. Disaster Recovery World 1997. Online available at http://www.drj.com/new2dr/w2_002.htm . Garris, Leah B. (2008) Put Your Disaster Plan to the Test. March 2008. Buildings.com Online available at
Disaster Management Case Study
Hurricane Victoria that landed on January 10, 2016 in New York City caused significant damage on the area. The storm which was ultimately downgraded to a tropical storm since it lost its strength affected homeless shelters and health care facilities. Many health care facilities in the area sustained devastating damage while those that were functioning became overcrowded with special needs patients and family members. Since backup generators are increasingly running out of fuel for operations, many health care officials are looking for alternative locations for patients requiring care. Given that most health care facilities in New York State are not adequately prepared to manage this kind of disaster, it is important to develop a suitable disaster management plan to help meet the patient needs. As a newly hired administrator in a local hospital, the disaster management plan will incorporate several elements including management, organization, and coordination.…
Bascetta, C. (2006, May 18). Disaster Preparedness: Preliminary Observations on the Evacuation of Vulnerable Populations due to Hurricanes and Other Disasters. Retrieved from United States Government Accountability Office website: http://www.gao.gov/assets/120/113861.pdf
Daily, E., Padjen, P. & Birnbaum, M. (2010, September 20). A Review of Competencies Developed for Disaster Healthcare Providers: Limitations of Current Processes and Applicability. Comprehensive Review 25(5), 387-395.
Eckert, S. (2006, October). Preparing for Disaster. American Nurse Today, 11(1). Retrieved from http://www.americannursetoday.com/preparing-for-disaster/
Those concerned with disaster and development represent diverse interests like; they represent political, practitioner- oriented, academic-theoretical, and policy related issues. This leads to a range of different interests, thus conflicting expectations and hostility in those dealing with development and disaster.
Development, economic and societal factors influence a country's vulnerability to disasters. Development is a forward-focused, positive term, while disaster has negative connotations. Development studies and practice, share with disaster management and studies in varied histories and diversity of identities. Melding of disaster and development is a matter of common sense, but this simplicity is deceptive as it masks the practical and conceptual complexities. Many researchers are calling for the bringing together of development and disaster. Many Third World examples of disasters have been linked to long-term unsolved development problems and they can be seen schematically. This shows that disaster and poverty are closely linked. Disasters do not suddenly occur…
Bankoff, G.F. (2012). Mapping Vulnerability: Disasters Development and People. New York: Routledge.
Eleana, A.B. (2010). Advanced Icts for Disaster Management and Threat Detections. London: Idea Group Inc.
Rodriuez, H. (2007). Handbook of Disaster Research. Atlanta: Springer.
Disaster and Technology
Technology In Disaster Management
Information technology is the basis of effective decision making. Access to reliable and accurate information is important after a disaster since it opens, share and coordinate system.
Access to reliable, accurate and timely information at all levels of society is crucial immediately before, during, and after a disaster. In preparedness for disaster communication needs to anticipate a situation which involves ICT element including; broadcasting radio, television, mobile telephony, electric power, database management and internet communication are used. By use of remote sensing it has enabled analysist's to quickly determine the areas affected by a disaster it also provides high-resolution information on the impact on physical infrastructure and environmental assets. Technology and communication tools include satellites, radio, and cellular.
The earthquake that happened in Haiti in 2010 showed how technology worked, for instance virtual reality helped scientists to analyze the revealing key details about…
Campbell (2011) Introduction to remote sensing 2nd Edition, New York: the Guilford press.
Wright J.,(2010)Prime time: make the most of media's golden hour. Journal of emergency
Disaster Management: Emergency esponse Plans
Emergencies and disasters normally occur without warning and if not well prepared for, the effects can be devastating. The state of Wisconsin, for example, deals with damages caused by various natural disasters every year. According to The Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs (2015), it has incurred losses amounting to $3 billion from disasters in the last 30 years. More specifically, in Milwaukee, damages caused by tornadoes are higher than both the state and national averages. Emergency response plans are important because they provide efficient guidance and coordination procedures in the event of a disaster. These plans outline measures that can be applied to mitigate the losses incurred, responses to the disaster, preparedness for future disasters and activities that may be needed to help in the recovery process. This text presents the emergency response plan for the city of Milwaukee that will aid in response to…
Haque, C. E & Etkin, D. (Eds.) (2012) Disaster Risk and Vulnerability: Mitigation through Mobilizing communities and partnerships. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press
The Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs (2015). Hazard Mitigation. Wisconsin Emergency Management. Retrieved 22 January, 2015 from http://emergencymanagement.wi.gov/mitigation/default.asp
Disaster Management: Emergency Planning
An emergency plan serves primarily to provide guidance to on-site personnel on how to act during an emergency so as to prevent injuries or fatalities, mitigate damage, and speed up the return to normalcy. It specifies, among other things, who the lead personnel will be, how decisions will be made, and what the chain of command is.
For ease of decision-making, it is important to have an emergency coordinator who takes up the lead role, and has the power to make independent on-site decisions in case crucial decisions have to be made at short notice. It is also reasonable to have a back-up coordinator on-site to take up the lead role in case the lead coordinator is in no position to conduct his duties. The lead and back-up coordinators ought to be selected based on the nature of the emergency. In the case of…
Demiroz, F. & Kapucu, N. (2012). The Role of Leadership in Emergencies and Disasters. European Journal of Economic and Political Studies, 5(1), 91-101
HHS. (2014). Ethical Consideration in Community Disaster Planning. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Retrieved 19 February 2015 from http://archive.ahrq.gov/research/mce/mce2.htm
Network-Centric Approach to Disaster Management
Agencies involved in the preparation for, management of, and response to disasters require an enormous considerable amount of information in risk and emergency management, this kind of information is geographical and more often it does not reach the right people at the right time thus raising a concern on how such information can be organized in a way that it supports risk and emergency management more effectively and efficiently.
To address this concern organizations have to conceptualized the risk and emergency management practices which result in the concept of network-centric approach which means that all stakeholders in disaster management are connected and they have the capability to share and access relevant information. This concept can be made operational through the development of an information system and the exchange of geographical information within the system facilitated by the use of peer-to-peer networking joined with a client…
Jeroen M.M. Neuvel & Henk J. Scholten & Adri van den Brink, (2010). From Spatial Data to Synchronized Actions: The Network-centric Organization of Spatial Decision Support for Risk and Emergency Management. Retrieved July 31, 2012 from http://www.feweb.vu.nl/gis/research/LUCAS/publications/docs/Neuvel_etal_From_spatial_data_to_synchronised_actions.pdf
von Lubitz, Beakley, Patircelli:( 2006). All hazards approach to network-centric disaster management: the role of information and knowledge management, and boyd's ooda loop in disaster leadership. Retrieved July 31, 2012 from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.135.404&rep=rep1&type=pdf
This is an important element, in reducing the overall amounts of collateral damage and casualties from these events.
How the Use of this Technology is Helping to Address Risk Management
The use of this technology will play an interconnected role in the larger disaster management plan that an organization will utilize. Where, it will consist of two parts to include: prevention and response. Prevention is when you are taking into account a number of different elements to limit the possible damages. This is when you are utilizing technology, as a part of the strategy to: assess the vulnerability of site and to provide back up support in the event of a disaster taking place. (Auserwald, 2005) During this phase of the disaster management plan, both GIS as well as CRG protocols can play a vital role in helping to: understand these weaknesses, address them and provide an effective solution in…
Auserwald, P. (2005). The Challenge of Protecting Critical Infrastructure. (Dissertation). Retrieved from University of Pennsylvania. (0511)
Eden, B. (2005). 2D and 3D Information. American Library Association 41 (1). 18 -- 54.
Jager, P. (2007). Community Response Grids. Telecommunications Policy, 31 (10). 592 -- 604.
Johnson, R. (2000). Environmental Research Systems. (Dissertation). Retrieved from University of Massachusetts. (J8474)
The lack of onsite training and motivation is not a problem anymore as terrorists get to watch videos of dangerous activities (destroying helicopters, beheading soldiers etc.) and read digitized letters of suicide bombers. Google earth is a software which uses satellite images to enhance maps to a whole new level. However its capabilities can backfire with regards to safety as terrorists might use it to plan attacks on crucial infrastructures (Wright, 2008).
Most forms of terrorism originate from jihad (religious struggle). The traditional forms of physical jihad are now being accompanied by electronic warfare. Islamic hacker organizations such as Munazamat Fursan Al-Jihad Al-Electronic and Inhiyar Al Dolar have set up websites to engage hackers in their missions. Technical experts aim at disrupting websites which are controlled by the American government, those which might be contradictory to the mujahideen belief system and Christian websites in general. They coordinate intrusions by Denial…
United Nations. (n.d.).The role of Science and Technology in Disaster Reduction. International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. Retrieved December 4, 2010 from www.unisdr.org/eng/public_aware/world_camp/2001/pdf/Kit_2_The_Role_of_Science_and_Technology_in_Disaster_Reduction.pdf
Selvavinayagam, K ( n.d.). Disaster management practices using ArcGIS, ArcIMS,
ArcSDE and Oracle. Retrieved December 5, 2010 from www.stesalit-inc.com/Disaster.pdf
GDIN (Global Disaster Information Network ) (2005) GDIN Homopage.
Emergency and Disaster Management: Hurricanes Katrina and Ike
In the recent decades, the United States of America has increasingly experienced various disasters not only from natural sources but also from industry and technology. The country has even faced deliberate disasters from terrorist sources. Unfortunately, there is no attenuation or lessening that is in sight at the moment. The predictions regarding the weather disturbances are increasing. There has been a continuation in the low-level industrial accidents with an intensification threat. The threat of cyber attacks on the country's significant infrastructure has turned out to be even more convincing. Last but not the least, no relaxation has been noticed as far as the foreign terrorists are concerned. Thus, the country and its citizens wait for another attack in an anxious manner (Perrow, 2007).
In this research, however, the main concern is to discuss the two hurricanes i.e. Hurricane Ike and Hurricane Katrina…
Groen, J.A., & Polivka, A.E. (2008). Hurricane Katrina Evacuees: Who They Are, Where They Are, and How They Are Faring. Monthly Labor Review, 131(3), 32+. Retrieved July 10, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5028218733
Growing Misuse of "Emergency" Designation Weakens Budget Discipline and Increases Deficit Spending. (2010, May 10). Retrieved July 10, 2012 from http://www.concordcoalition.org/issue-briefs/2010/0510/growing-misuse-emergency-designation-weakens-budget-discipline-and-increases -
Harbert, S. (2010, April). Agenda Setting and Framing in Hurricane Ike News. Retrieved July 10, 2012 from http://web02.gonzaga.edu/comlstudentresources/Disaster.Reporting.Content.Analysis.pdf
Hurricane Ike Residential Damage Assessment. (2008, December). Retrieved July 10, 2012 from http://www.hchatexas.org/documents/disasterrelief/Harris-County-Damage-Assessment-Report.pdf
International Culture and Disaster Management
ujarat, which is one of the India's wealthiest states, was stroked with earthquake that shook the Indian province on 26th January 2001 at around eight fifty local times. It was on Friday and a Republic day, there was a celebration to mark 50 years of India's independence. Kutch district was highly affected. Massive loss and injury was realized (Bilham, 2004). Nearly a million families were left homeless, much of the areas infrastructure which includes; school, and village health dispensaries, water supply systems and breakage of communication and power. It also damaged the states commercial capital, Ahmedabab.Quite numbers of airport staff were reported to have been killed and wounded.
Death was placed at 19,727 and those injured at 166,000.Findings showed that 600,000people were left homeless, with 348000 houses destroyed and 844000 damaged. The Indian state department roughly calculated that the earthquake affected directly or indirectly, 15.9…
Gujarat Emergency Earthquake Reconstruction Project- Quarterly Progress Report, July -- September 2003, Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority, Government of Gujarat
Gujarat Emergency Earthquake Reconstruction Project- After 700 Days- December 2002, Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority, Government of Gujarat
Gujarat Earthquake Recovery Program- Assessment Report, A Joint Report by the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank to the Governments of Gujarat and India, March 14, 20
Organizational Accountability Review of Taiwan's Disaster Management Activities In Response To Typhoon Morakot
Taiwanese System of Government 174
Responsibility of Emergency Management in Taiwan 175
Disasters in Taiwan 175
itizen Participation 189
Shafritz defines citizen participation as follows: 192
Public Managers, itizen Participation, and Decision Making 192
The Importance of itizen Participation 197
Models of itizen Participation 199
itizen Participation Dilemmas 205
Definitions of Accountability 207
The Meaning of Accountability 208
The Functions of Accountability 213
itizen Participation and Accountability 216
Accountability Overloads and Deficits 219
Assessing Accountability from Democratic, 224
onstitutional and Learning Perspectives 224
Emergency Management 229
ollaborative Management in Emergency Management 229
Stages of Emergency Management Policy and itizen Participation Purposes 232
International ollaboration 235
Network in Emergency Management 236
Agranoff (2007) defines public networks as follows: 236
Trust in Emergency Management 237
THEORETIAL FRAMEWORK 239
itizen Participation and Accountability 241
Cooper, Bryer, and Meek reviewed the literature on citizen participation by synthesizing historical research to recent research and confirm the definition of citizen participation, defined by Macedo et al. As "any activity, individual or collective, devoted to influencing the collective life of the policy"(p. 76). Cooper et al. also affirm Cooper's (2005) argument of citizen participation:"People participating together for deliberation and collective action within an array of interests, institutions and networks, developing civic identity, and involving people in governance processes"(Cooper, 2005, as cited in Cooper et al., 2006, p. 76). Following a historical review of citizen participation in the United States, these authors offer a conceptual model of five approaches to civic engagement, with citizen-centered collaborative public management at the center. In order to accomplish a well-functioning citizen-centered collaborative public management, the authors suggest six variables need to be maximized: (a) government trust in citizens, (b) citizen efficacy, (c) citizen trust in government, (d) citizen competence, (e) government responsiveness, and (f) government legitimacy. Citizen-centered collaborative public management is enhanced through the following five approaches even though some barriers and five dimensions may influence the degree of success of each approach: the size, scope, purpose, location, and process employed to engage citizens. Cooper et al.(2006) call for "further empirical research on collaborative public management that is grounded in citizenship action"(p. 76). [35: Cooper, T., Bryer, T., & Meek, J. (2006). Citizen-centered collaborative public management. Public Administration Review, 66(s1), 76-88.] [36: Macedo, S., Alex-Assensoh, Y., Berry, J.M., Brintnall, M., Campbell, D.E., Fraga, L.R., . . . Walsh, K.C. (2005). Democracy at risk: How political choices undermine citizen participation and what we can do about it. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.]
Rosener simply makes the case that it is uncertain that citizen participation is "effective" because most research on the question takes the form of case studies. These case studies generally list definitions and techniques and schemes for implementing participation programs that failed to provide accurate, scientific data on how "effective" citizen participation was to the "goal"(p. 457). Rosener contends that evaluation research methodology can frame instances of citizen participation into something that will generate scientific evidence and allow researchers to understand the effects of citizen participation. [37: Rosener, J.B. (1975). A cafeteria of techniques and critiques. Public Management,57(12), 16-19.]
Rosener further explains how evaluation research can illuminate the effectiveness of citizen participation. Evaluation research is "nothing more than the application of certain kinds of research methods to the evaluation of social programs"(p. 459). It compares the effects of a program to its goals in order to assist further decision making about the program in question. Research in citizen participation requires that first who, where, what, how, and when be answered. Additionally, the cause and effect relationship between participation and the achievement of its goals must be studied. [38: Rosener, J.B. (1975). A cafeteria of techniques and critiques.
Differences Between Disaster Management and Terrorist Incidents
September 11th 2001 is a day that opened the eyes of the American people to the truth that American has foreign enemies. It also opened the people's eyes to their unpreparedness for terrorist attacks. For decades the United States has prided itself on preparations for natural disasters such as tornados, hurricanes, and earthquakes, but little to no protocols had been set in place for terrorist disasters, at least none that the American people knew about. This paper will discuss the differences between natural disaster management and terrorist disaster management, evaluate pre-September 11th protocols, and quantify how prepared the United States was for September 11th.
hen preparing for a natural disaster, the plan is always straight forward; however, plans for a manmade disaster are much more complex. The primary factor that makes natural disaster management simpler is that once the disaster happens,…
Arquilla J., Ronfeldt D., Zanini M. (2002). Information-age terrorism. Current History, 99:179-185.
Pelfrey, William (2005). The Cycle of Preparedness: Establishing a Framework to Prepare for Terrorist Threats. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 2(1): 1547-1569.
Pelling, Mark (2007). Learning from others: the scope and challenges for participatory disaster risk assessment. Disasters, 31(4): 373-385.
Suedfeld, Peter and Leighton, Dana (2002). Early Communications in the War Against Terrorism: An Integrative Complexity Analysis. Political Psychology, 23(3): 585-599.
Obesity and high blood pressure pose major health problems for children and adults. Turner County, GA has a growing population of children that could face increased health risks due to unhealthy lifestyles. The Johnson family has a 9 years old son named William who is and 4'10" and 150 lbs. At a BMI of 31.2 he is considered obese and requires an intervention to help him avoid obesity into adulthood. Prediabetes can happen during childhood and adolescence and may occur for William if he does not change his diet along with his family. Both of his parents, Eloise and Michael suffer from high blood pressure or otherwise known as hypertension. They must increase daily exercise and improve their diet in order to prevent heart disease and kidney problems, a symptom often associated with hypertension.
Overall the Johnson family does no exercise nor participate in outdoor activities. Their vitamin…
Fleg, J. (2016). Healthy Lifestyle and Risk of Heart Failure. Circulation: Heart Failure, 9(4), e003155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/circheartfailure.116.003155
The Look AHEAD Research Group, (2013). Cardiovascular Effects of Intensive Lifestyle Intervention in Type 2 Diabetes. New England Journal of Medicine,369(2), 145-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1212914
Leveraging Information Systems for Disaster Management
In today's digital age, natural as well as man-made disaster management has become an easier task. Several IT features are at our disposal, which can help in both prevention and recovery from disaster. Information technology advances such as satellite communication, the Internet, remote sensing, geographic information system (GIS), etc. have proven extremely valuable in hazard reduction planning and execution processes (Vyas & Desai, 2007). IT has been employed in the fields of business disaster recovery, continuity planning, risk management, and continuous monitoring.
Generally, activities in emergency and risk management are separated into two categories: pre-event (preparation, mitigation) and 2) post-event (recovery, response). In the preparation stage, simulation and modeling exercises are crucial and can facilitate prevention, mitigation and adaptation. In the field of geographic information systems, applications in water-resource management have most effectively utilized its analytical abilities for developing simulation runs and…
Carabine, E. & Jones, L. (February 2015). Early warning systems and disaster risk information. Overseas Development Institute
Kaviani A. & Rajabifard A. (2014).VGS-based framework for disaster response; Coordinates, Volume X, October 2014
Moss, M.L. & Townsend, A.M. (May 2006). Disaster Forensics: Leveraging Crisis Information Systems for Social Science. New Technologies and the Future of Disaster Research
Stephenson, R. and Peter, S.A. (1997).Disasters and the Information Technology Revolution. Disasters 21-4: 305-334.
Technology and Disaster Management
Technological improvements have seen the face of disaster management in the recent past change significantly from the times when disasters use to strike unawares, the response was uncoordinated, recovery was unprofessionally doe and generally the damages left behind after disasters, be they natural or man made, were of colossal measures. The role of communication in disaster management is the focus of this particular section of the paper, the areas where communication comes in handy to help in disaster management will be highlighted below.
The most significant section of any disaster management is the mitigation of the disaster. If there is anything that can be done to stop a disaster from happening or a natural disaster from affecting a population, then that is deemed the most valuable step. The sensing technologies can be used in mitigating disaster for instance the stream gauging systems to tell the possibility…
The court held that the defendants could not be held liable for the injury under Georgia's fireman's rule (Legally Speaking).
Unlike the case in South Carolina, Georgia does acknowledge the fireman's rule as law and as such the EMT could not receive damages for the injuries suffered. In this particular case it was assumed that the EMT knowingly took the risk associated with responding to an accidental chemical spill. esponding to such a call would be particularly risky if the EMT knew that she suffered from asthma. Now if the chemical spill had been intentional on the part of MFG Chemical Inc., the defendant may have been held liable for the injuries suffered. In any case the court could not award her any damages because of the fireman's rule.
As you can see this particular law can definite prevent a firefighter or any other type of emergency responder from collecting…
Alpert, Geoffrey P., and Roger G. Dunham. Controlling Responses to Emergency Situations. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.
Ballard E.E., Ballard T.E., Blakemore a.W. Law of Real Property: Being a Complete Compendium of Real Estate Law. Ballard Publishing Co., 1895.
Champion Dean. J. The American Dictionary of Criminal Justice: Key Terms and Major Court Cases. Scarecrow Press, 2004.
Legally Speaking. 20 Jan. 2008. http://www.mclain-merritt.com/Winter_2006.html
Contrary to what is sometimes alleged, the use of specific terminology in recovery and response efforts is not to obfuscate the process of disaster relief for the public, but to ensure that when disasters do occur, that they are graded by the necessary criteria to meet with an appropriate response. For example, there is very strict criteria for what constitutes a national disaster at the federal level (“Glossary,” 2019). To ensure that emotions do not affect the ways in which events are perceived, and that the necessary types of financial and human resources are given to the relief effort, it is important that the terminology be specific and germane to the process. But even though specific terminology must be used, it can also be confusing. With this in mind, there should be an effort to educate the public about, for example, what is the difference in severity between…
The occurrence of hazards and disaster events has increased in the last few decades. The events now occur with far more devastating impacts on humans, societies, and infrastructures. Recent events such as the 9/11 terrorist attack and Hurricane Katrina attest to this. The catastrophic impacts of hazards and disaster events warrant more effective disaster management. In its book Facing Hazards and Disasters, the National Research Council (2006) provides a conceptual model of societal response to disaster. This paper describes the model and discusses how it relates to Ahrens & Rudolph (2006), Tierney (2012), and Stoker’s (1998) perspectives on governance. Attention is specifically paid to the view that the model does not clearly explain how governance affects how communities deal with hazards and disasters.
According to National Research Council’s (2006) disaster response model, the physical and social effects of disaster events are dependent on the attributes of the disaster event, hazard…
Ahrens, J., & Rudolph, P. (2006). The importance of governance in risk reduction and disaster management. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 14(4), 207- 220.
National Research Council. (2006). Facing hazards and disasters: Understanding human dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Stoker, G. (1998). Governance as theory: Five propositions. UNESCO, 17-28.
Tierney, K. (2012). Disaster governance: Social, political, and economics dimensions. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 37, 341-363.
Allen-Meares, P. & Garvin, C. (Eds.). (2000). The Handbook of Social Work Direct Practice. New York, SAGE. This is not a primary source, but the definition of crisis could be used in the proposal.
An assessment of the customary practices utilized by individuals in times of crisis would not be complete without a clear definition of ‘crisis’ in the context of the said practices. In seeking to define the term crisis, the cited authors of the relevant piece in the volume are definite that we must base our perspectives on subjective reality. This is more so the case given that “what precipitates a crisis episode in one individual might not generate such a response in another person” (327). This is true for communities as well. It, therefore, follows that this is an essential resource in the definition of what constitutes a crisis at both the individual and community levels. This…
The Public Manager. 31.
In "World Trade Center Recovery: A Challenge't Traditional Disaster Management" (2002), Melissa M. oward and Richard a. Buck describe how the bombing of the World Trade Center in New York was such an unexpected catastrophe, that normal forms of recovery plans are not equip to fully dealing with the situation. Because of the massive monetary cost of the horrible event was much more than the federal Disaster Fund through FEMA could imagine. Also, the president decided that the federal government would recovery 100% of the damage, rather than the standard 75%. The authors want to show how inefficient even this nation's best laid plans are, and show how the federal government needs to be more flexible and creative with their solutions for disaster management. They are writing to the educated and active portion of the public, who would then try to take action…
Howard, Melissa M., Buck, Richard a.
2002 World Trade Center Recovery: A Challenge to Traditional Disaster Management. The Public Manager. 31.
In "World Trade Center Recovery: A Challenge't Traditional Disaster Management" (2002), Melissa M. Howard and Richard a. Buck describe how the bombing of the World Trade Center in New York was such an unexpected catastrophe, that normal forms of recovery plans are not equip to fully dealing with the situation. Because of the massive monetary cost of the horrible event was much more than the federal Disaster Fund through FEMA could imagine. Also, the president decided that the federal government would recovery 100% of the damage, rather than the standard 75%. The authors want to show how inefficient even this nation's best laid plans are, and show how the federal government needs to be more flexible and creative with their solutions for disaster management. They are writing to the educated and active portion of the public, who would then try to take action to change disaster relief policies within the U.S. government.
Workplace Issues/Disaster Management -- Journal eview
Nursing profession faces pervasive horizontal violence and there is even a saying "nurses eat their young." Nurses should take efforts to bring a change in their existing professional culture. They can begin by sharing tips to overcome bullying and model positive behaviors. Nurses can exchange their experiences in horizontal violence through multiple workshops across the country. They have also examined different roles such as discussing contemporary perspectives, employing methods of engagement, promoting debate, and using practical resources to prevent horizontal violence. Those workshops indeed revealed increased knowledge regarding horizontal violence and its application to the workplace, among the nurses. Those evaluations are made through pre-tests/post-tests or written evaluations. Nurses need an exposure to practical approaches to deal with horizontal violence (Egues & Leinung, 2013).
Implications for Personnel
Bullying, horizontal violence or workplace incivility should not be tolerated or accepted by nurses. To stop those…
Egues, A., & Leinung, E. (2013). The Bully Within and Without: Strategies to Address Horizontal Violence in Nursing. Nursing Forum, 185-190.
At its simplest and most succinct, the mission of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA, 2018a) is “helping people before, during, and after emergencies,” (p. 1). To fulfill this mission, FEMA engages in a variety of related actions including strategic planning, intelligence gathering, communication, and coordination. FEMA conducts risk assessments, helps communities build resilience, and helps to protect or recovery essential services. FEMA (2018b) also outlines its five core mission areas, which include prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. FEMA remains active at each of these stages of emergency management and does not discriminate against any one type of emergency, playing as integral a role in natural disaster management as in technological, cyber, and terrorist-related incidents.
Prevention involves strategic planning, information gathering, intelligence sharing, threat detection, and any other activity that would involve stopping a problem before it manifests. Protection is a phase during which a disaster may be unpreventable,…
As Nielsen and Lidstone (1998) note,
It is ironic that the public demands safety yet a number of cost-effective and feasible measures to mitigate disasters are not adopted by many... Such a failure of the public to adopt disaster mitigation measures has a long record in Australia
(Nielsen and Lidstone 1998)
This attitude is one of the reasons given for the greater emphasis on public education. In theoretical terms, the view is put forward that an educated public will be able to deal with emergencies and disasters more effectively and that this should form an integral part of emergency and disaster management and planning. This in turn has resulted in a "...renewal of focus, at both a national and global level, upon public education as a means to disaster mitigation" (Nielsen and Lidstone 1998). To this end the Federal Emergency Management Agency of the United States (FEMA) has collected data…
Asghar S. et al. Dynamic integrated model for decision support systems. I. j. Of simulation 6. (http://www.ema.gov.au/agd/EMA/rwpattach.nsf/viewasattachmentpersonal/(85FE07930A2BB4482E194CD03685A8EB)~Public_education_and_disaster_management.pdf/$file/Public_education_and_disaster_management.pdf. (Accessed July 15, 2008).
D'Ercole, R. 1994. "Les Vulnerabilites des Societes et des Espaces
Urbanises: Concepts, Typologies, Mode d'Analyse." Revue de
Geographie Alpine 32 (4): 87-96.
S. DHS "Strategic Plan," 2008, http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/strategicplan/) ealistically acts of terrorism, domestic or foreign are exceedingly rare, though slightly more common than they have been in the past and at least marginally more violent in nature, they occur very, very rarely. (Lewis, 2000, p. 201) Though maintaining serious preparedness the mitigation of natural disasters, most which cannot be avoided is an issue needed to be addressed almost yearly, on both small and large scales, across the nation and is much more likely to directly effect people and resources on an intimate level and should be the Emergency Management system's first and primary concern! Though worst possible case scenarios, regarding the use of WMDs is important it is not where all the resources should go.
(5. In the course, you have been introduced to the various responsibilities of different levels of government in the homeland security effort. What level of government do…
Daniels, R.S. (2007). Revitalizing Emergency Management after Katrina: A Recent Survey of Emergency Managers Urges Improved Response, Planning, and Leadership and a Reinvigorated FEMA -- the Federal Government Has Responded by Making Most of the Recommended Changes. The Public Manager, 36(3), 16.
Department of Homeland Security Website www.dhs.gov
Depoorter, B. (2006). Horizontal Political Externalities: The Supply and Demand of Disaster Management. Duke Law Journal, 56(1), 101.
Hulnick, a.S. (2004). Keeping Us Safe: Secret Intelligence and Homeland Security. Westport, CT: Praeger.
In the second hypothesis of the proposed research project, disaster management and emergency response are critical areas which can be explored further in terms of the United States' current performance in this area, applied in the context of national security. he second hypothesis of the study states that, there is a significant relationship between performance/competence in disaster preparedness and emergency response capabilities and the successful implementation of homeland security in the United States.
o test this hypothesis, the important variables that must be taken into consideration are (1) performance or competence in terms of disaster management and emergency response and (2) successful implementation of homeland security in the U.S. o measure performance or competence in terms of disaster management and emergency response, specific measures that could help determine this variable are the following: competency of individuals in agencies and departments responsible for disaster management and emergency response (on…
This journal article explores the disaster preparedness of the government in terms of a medical emergency response in the event that a disaster or attack (such as the September 11 attack) occurs in U.S. territory. One of the identified issues in medical emergency response is the lack of resources (staff and capacity in hospitals) necessary for an effective emergency response to be implemented in hospitals (i.e., from a medical perspective).
Waeckerle, J. (2000). "Domestic preparedness for events involving weapons of mass destruction." Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 293, No. 2.
The article discusses the importance of frequent and intensive trainings as an effective mitigation plan in disaster management and emergency response planning. The discussion centers on preparedness in terms of responding to emergencies related to attacks with weapons of mass destruction or WMDs. The model introduced by the author proposed subsistence to the following steps in curtailing or preventing a WMD attack from escalating, such as: establishment of a surveillance system; specific training for health care personnel; and a central federal coordinating office responsible for spearheading an effective emergency response program, which would include the state and local representatives of law enforcement, fire services, emergency managers, and healthcare professionals.
Disaster in Franklin County
Explain the role of the major public health personnel, including the public health nurse, involved in the disaster.
There are many expectations of the public health personnel in such a situation. The major one is to take care of the security of the affected right on the spot. In addition, the general welfare of the whole society is also a role that the personnel have to play immediately. Moreover, it is imperative that the personnel also give attention to any future issues that may arise in relation to the disaster. In this instance, the nurse is also part of this team and, therefore, is expected to perform all these obligations (Olson et al. 2010). In this particular disaster, the concerns that required urgent attention were the welfare of the people. These include food and water, which are necessary for the survival of the casualties. Power is…
Couig, M., Johnson, K.A., & Rick, S. (2011). Nursing Scope of Practice Issues in Public Health
Emergencies. Journal Of Nursing Regulation, 2(3), 13.
Olson, D., Scheller, A., Larson, S., Lindeke, L., & Edwardson, S. (2010). Using gaming simulation to evaluate bioterrorism and emergency readiness education. Public Health
Reports (Washington, D.C.: 1974), 125(3), 468-477.
There is a modern emphasis, which has resulted from the experience of the economic impact of disaster, on a more extensive and 'distributed' mode of thinking about disaster recovery. This is an important factor that should be stressed as it has direct implications in terms of the economic aspects of disaster recovery planning in an increasingly networked and technologized contemporary working environment. This aspect is cogently expressed in a White Paper on this issue.
Many organizations have strong business recovery plans for their mainframe and mini-computer systems. but, as more and more critical applications are migrated to distributed systems, companies are becoming concerned about how they can protect these systems in the event of a disaster. Chances of a disaster increase significantly as systems are moved away from traditional central computer facilities that have hardened security and environmental controls.
(Disaster ecovery - a White Paper)
This emphasizes a cardinal issue…
Bielski, L. (2002). Thinking the Unthinkable: Often Dismissed as Mere "Insurance," Disaster Recovery Ought to Be Considered Part of the Lifeblood of Any Business. ABA Banking Journal, 94(1), 44+.
This article focuses on the subject of disaster management in the banking industry. It provides insight into actual situations where disaster recovery plans were effective in preventing large-scale economic loss. It also provides examples of what can occur when there is a poor or recovery plan. This is also a good background study that provides insight into the economic effects and implications of disaster in the it context.
Carlson, S.J., & Parker, D. (1998). Disaster Recovery Planning and Accounting Information Systems. Review of Business, 19(2), 10+.
This was a very useful article in that it provided an extensive and well written overview of issues surrounding disaster recovery and management. The article was particularly focused on the effects and implications in economic terms of the failure of disaster management planning. These aspects were compared to the effect of good and well thought out disaster planning.
Answering the posed question depends on one's understanding of "substantially different." On the one hand, there is the basic commonality of a recognition of the threat that natural hazards and man made activities pose upon environmental safety. Also, there is the common element of intensified efforts made in the direction of attaining environmental sustainability. What differs however is the extent to which researchers, lawmakers, organizations and individuals will go to protect the environment. Additionally, differences are obvious in terms of the emergence of new threats, such as bioterrorism. So yes, even if they refer to environmental threats and protection, the issues throughout this course will be substantially different from those forwarded in 1996.
Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009
Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our esponse, American Journal of Public Health,…
Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009
Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our Response, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 86, No. 9
Revkin, a.C., January 22, 2009, Environmental Issues Slide in Poll of Public's Concerns, New York Times
2009, Fuel Economy Website, http://www.fueleconomy.gov last accessed on October 2, 2009
This would likely have resulted in a long delay in raising suitable support to those health care professionals already at the disaster site.
Duties of the DMAT
The initial duties of the DMAT were to assist the nursing team at Charlotte egional Medical Centre as most nurses there had been on duty for around 40 hours. This was due to the problems which relief staff had in getting to the facility and also the problems which had been caused at the hospital due to the power failures and the structural damage that had been inflicted on the hospital (Cohen and Mulvaney). This initial aid that the DMAT provided was invaluable, as if they had not been so well prepared and arrived so early there would have been far greater pressure on the staff at the hospital, which would have greatly reduced the quality of care which the patients received.
Cohen, Sharon S. And Karen Mulvaney. "Field observations: Disaster Medical Assistance Team response for Hurricane Charley, Punta Gorda, Florida, August 2004." Disaster Management and Response 3.1 (2005): 22-27.
Mace, Sharon E., Jaszmine T. Jones and Andrew I. Bern. "An analysis of Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) deployments in the United States." Prehospital Emergency Care 11 (2007): 30-35.
McEntire, David a. Disaster Response and Recovery: Strategies and Tactics for Resilience. Indianapolis: Wiley, 2007. 156-157.
South Florida Regional DMAT FL 5 / IMSuRT South. 2007. South Florida Regional DMAT FL5. 31 October 2007 http://www.fl5dmat.com/ .
Fool-proofing a service operation.
In the banking industry, a significant service industry in any country, optimized operations are essential to ensure that the public has maximum confidence in the operators of this industry. ank of America and its operations have been selected for discussion in this study. The bank has grown tremendously in the past few years. CEO, Ken Lewis realized that the bank could gain a wider market share and customer base if it was able to streamline its operations and the level of service. Incorporating concepts of process management was considered essential to the improvement process. (Cox and ossert, 2005) Some of the tools such as six-sigma were used to ensure that a high level of quality was maintained in the service that the provided to the customer.
ank of America recognized that customer satisfaction was paramount in ensuring that the customer was loyal and would…
Anonymous. "Starbucks - Taking on the World." Strategic Direction 20.7 (2004): 13-15.
Coffeeresearch.org. Starbucks and Transfair USA Enter into Breakthrough Alliance to Promote Fair Trade Certified Coffee. 2000. August 5, 2005.
Cohen, Don. "Managing Knowledge in the New Economy." Conference on organizational Learning. Chicago: The Conference Board, LLC, 1998.
Cox, Daniel, and James Bossert. "Driving Organic Growth at Bank of America." Quality Progress 38.2 (2005): 23-28.
S. residents may feel more of a responsibility toward others, and so they do not flee even in the most trying times. In other countries, many of the officials and healthcare professionals do not have that same ethic, and so, they think of themselves first, rather than those they should be serving. Certainly some of these issues are culturally and politically oriented, but some of them are simply a "crowd" or "survival" mentality. When faced with destruction, people are going to panic, and emergency managers need to understand that. The mess in New Orleans and Houston shows what a lack of planning and crowd control can do, and those things should not occur in a country with as much infrastructure and awareness as the United States. We have many tools at our disposal to ward off disastrous results like these, and we need to utilize them when they are needed…
Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
isk Management: Disaster ecovery
In essence, disaster recovery has got to do with protecting an organization against events of a negative nature and their effects/impact. Such events include, but they are not limited to, failure of equipment, serious cyber attacks, and natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes. All these put the operations of the organization at risk. This text concerns itself with practical risk management. In so doing, it will, amongst other things, address the need for disaster recovery and highlight the key components of a disaster recovery plan.
The Need for Disaster isk Management
The relevance of disaster risk management cannot be overstated. This is particularly the case given that disasters put the continued operations of an enterprise at risk. It is important to note that in the past, many businesses have had to contend with huge losses when disasters strike. This is more so the case when…
Doig, J. (1997). Disaster Recovery for Archives, Libraries and Records Management Systems in Australia and New Zealand. Wagga, NSW: Center for Information Studies.
EC-Council. (2010). Disaster Recovery. Clifton Part, NY: Cengage Learning.
Rodriguez, R., Quarantelli, E.L. & Dynes, R. (Eds.). (2006). Handbook of Disaster Research. New York, NY: Springer Science & Business Media.
Snedaker, S. (2013). Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Planning for IT Professionals (2nd ed.). Waltham, MA: Elsevier.
Public Health Preparedness Policies
Accidents and disasters are unpredictable occurrences that may hardly be prevented from occurring. However, their effects can be minimized especially in a public health facility. These challenges are common many public places and many societies. It is the prerogative of all stakeholders to ensure that they have appropriate disaster preparedness mechanisms. Disaster preparedness is a systematic way of averting mishaps before they occur and ensuring that the entire program runs sustainably. It is the role of the management of any public health facility to secure a good place environment for the execution of any necessary precautionary measure that will avert disasters from happening. This is the fundamental rule of safety.
The responsibility of taking care of safety in any public health facility is a departmental head in charge of health safety. This department must be fully equipped with the personnel and the resources necessary for…
Hooke, W. (2010). Public Health Risks of Disasters Communication, Infrastructure, and Preparedness: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Kapur, G. (2011). Emergency Public Health: Preparedness and Response. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Disasters and Their Management
egional Disaster Analysis
Both natural and human caused disasters have been an issue in the safety of human beings all over the world. Fortunately, there are international agencies that are created for the purpose of mitigation purposes and assist in the prevention of disaster effects that would be more adverse. State governments also have the obligation of adopting the right preventive and counter actions to assist in cushioning citizens from the effects of disasters. This paper, therefore, analyzes the types of disasters in Africa, and the theoretical approaches in the management of the disasters. Under management of disasters, different factors are discussed including response, preparedness and recovery and mitigation practices. There is also a review of both the International Agencies and Local Governments, relating to their preparedness in responding to disasters. Finally, there is an analysis on the partnership relationships between public and private…
Christopher, M. & Tatham, P. (2011) Humanitarian Logistics: Meeting of Challenge of Preparing for and Responding to Disasters. New York: Kogan Page Publishers.
Congress (2006) congressional Record, V. 149, Pt.2, January 21, 2003 to February 11, 2003. Congress.
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Oniang'o, R. (2009) Food and Nutrition Emergencies in East Africa: Political, Economic and Environmental Associations. New York: International Food Policy Restoration Institution.
This is one way to ensure everyone can work together with the same goals and information. Neighboring states could us the same criteria for training, thereby cutting training costs and ensuring cooperation and understanding from neighboring responders in the U.S. As well.
It is clear the field of emergency management is not what it was even ten years ago. Today, there are more considerations about terrorism, global warfare, and WMD that were not as prevalent even ten years ago. Emergency management has to evolve as disaster and the threat of disaster evolves. With all the talk of global warming, there may be ramifications from that problem that may become much more apparent in the future, and emergency management may have to deal with those too, such as mass evacuations, massive climate change, and other problems.
Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Furuholt, (2006) argues that lack of management engagement to the acceptance of information systems has been a barrier to the implementation of information systems. The issues are even common with organizations in the developing countries where management does not give enough priority to the information systems implementation. Importantly, implementation of information systems requires management support since management will need to approve fund that would be used for IS implementation. Generally, younger people are more interested in the it tools than older people. In a situation where number of older working team outnumbers younger working team within an organization, the IS implementation may be cumbersome.
More importantly, lack of knowledge of information systems may serve as barrier to its implementation. In the developed countries, private and public organizations have already aware the importance of information systems to the organizations. Many organizations in developed countries already realize that it tool is a…
Abukhzam, M. & Lee, a. (2010). Factors affecting Bank Staff attitude towards E-banking adoption in Libya. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries: 42(2): 1-15.
Ali, S.N.A. (2010). E-government services: an exploration of the main factors that contribute to successful implementation in Libya. PhD thesis, University of Portsmouth.
Bartol, K.M. (1982). Managing Information Systems Personnel: A Review of the Literature and Managerial Implications. MIS Quarterly.
Boh, W.F. & Yelling, D. (2007). Using Organizational Architecture Standards in Managing Information Technology. Journal of Management Information Systems. 23 (3): 163 -- 207.
In the modern era, it is important that government from the federal to the local level have risk management plans in place for natural disasters, man-made issues and of course, terrorism. Generally speaking, risk management helps identify, prioritize and put plans in place regarding areas of risk that can impact the community. The overall purpose of risk management is so that agencies can be proactive in their identification and implementing plans for disasters and risks since in the modern world these plans involve numerous agencies and complex coordination. Thankfully, standards have been developed that organize risk management by looking at six general paradigms: 1) Identifying risks in the context of the area (e.g. flood planning is less important in Arizona than in Louisiana); 2) Planning a process to mitigate the situation (who is in charge); 3) Mapping the objectives of stakeholders (who will be involved); 4) Developing a…
Colorado Division of Emergency Management. (2013). News, Info and Preparedness.
Retrieved from: http://www.coemergency.com/
Drabek, T., et.al.. (1991). Emergency Management: Principles and Practices for Local Government. International City Management Association.
Frenkel, M., Hommel, U., & Rudolf, M. (Eds.). (2005). Risk Management - Challenge and Opportunity. New York: Springer.
Evaluation & Discussion of a Quotation
"Managers who believe that the psychological needs of their subordinates, rather than the objective requirements of the task determine what is to be done, destroy the integrity of the manager/subordinate relationship and with it respect for their authority."
Managers that acknowledge the existence of the psychological needs of their subordinates, yet ignore those needs are making a serious managerial error with such a decision. Managers who do not value their subordinates are not fit to be leaders or managers. Proper managers would know that one of their greatest assets in any work related task is the staff they manage. People are the most valuable resources within any company or organization. When those who are appointed to lead are not aware of this, their actions will follow suit, as will disaster quite likely. The subordinates that any manager supervises and leads have needs. Certainly…
Management Perspective on Aviaton Safety
Aviation Safety Management
However, this topic narrows substantially when one considers it from a management perspective. Management has a number of diverse concerns that it must consider in regards to aviation safety. For the most part, these safety issues are typically balanced out with issues related to cost and customer satisfaction. Although safety should always be the principle point of concern, management oftentimes has to temper this with practical considerations related to finances regarding time and money spent. Management can help to mitigate the severity of financial constraints, however, by involving as many people as possible in the safety and quality assurance process via a team-based approach. Additionally, there are certain Safety Management System (SMS) programs that can help to stratify different facets of safety management. Finally, it is important for management to make aviation safety a continuous process which is increasingly refined and improved.…
Burnside, J.E. (2013). "Top five pre-flight mistakes." Aviation Safety Management. Retrieved from http://www.aviationsafetymagazine.com/issues/33_5/features/Pre-Flight-Check-Mistakes_10554-1.html
Conyers, B. (2013). "Safety management systems: beyond theory." SM4 Safety. Retrieved from http://sm4.global-aero.com/articles/safety-management-systems-beyond-the-theory/?disp=pdf
Grosenick, C. (2002). "Quality assurance: how does it impact maintenance?" Aviation Pros. Retrieved from http://www.aviationpros.com/article/10387519/quality-assurance-how-does-it-impact-maintenance?page=3
Waikar, A., Nichols, P. (1997) "Aviation safety: a quality perspective." Disaster Prevention and Management. 6 (2): 87 -- 93.
Some or all such authority may be in fact unlimited. This is when a committee can counterbalance authority and diffuse power within an organization since effectively only a small faction is making important decisions. The best use of committees is to have limited power to make decisions but have unlimited power to make recommendations on how things should be done.
2. Identify the initial issue that should always be thoroughly addressed when the establishment of a committee is recommended.
The initial issue that should be addressed is that of making sure that those on the committee are the people capable of carrying out the agenda of the committee and that the committee will have limited power to make organizational decisions.
3. In what ways may committees be said to dilute the recognition and diffuse the blame or responsibility? Where, based on your personal experience, have you seen one of these…
The World ank model centers on a five-person team called the Performance Advisory Service or PAS (Yandrick 1995). PAS trains supervisors to analyze work performance and personality problems. The supervisor first determines if a skill deficiency is involved or there are personal and environmental factors. He does this by reviewing the employee's records in search of troubled behavioral patterns; consulting with work team leaders, colleagues and support staff in investigating possible problems within the organization; and/or directly exploring the employee's work performance and conduct.
In the last option, the supervisor may ask or remind the employee about the consequence of poor performance; if he or she is being rewarded for poor or nonperformance; if performance matters to him or her; if there are health or stress factors conducing to his or her poor or low-level performance; or if there are external stimuli behind it. Armed now with the different angles…
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Maintaining professionalism, when communicating the physical security, ensures its adoption by the stakeholders. In addition, providing a cost estimate for the whole process makes the management team understand the need for the adoption of the physical security in the business/organization (Chapter 7 of Broder, & Tucker, 2011).
Cost benefit/benefit analysis enables the business to assess the risks and advantages associated with the security option. This entails evaluating the efficiency of the security program with the perceived operational costs and implications on organizational performance. This ensures proper development of security design for ensuring effective management operations management. Some of the risk management options that ensure physical security include the development of effective policies, procedures, hardware, and labor that promote utilization of security programs. ecovery can be achieved by ensuring developing the desired hardware that stores data related to operations management in the organization. Evaluating the effectiveness of a security program is…
Chapter 5 of Broder, JF. & Tucker, G. (2011). Risk Analysis and the Security Survey. Upper Saddle River,
Chapter 7 of Broder, JF. & Tucker, G. (2011). Risk Analysis and the Security Survey. Upper Saddle River,
Disaster recovery refers to the IT components of the business that, in times of a disaster, need to be safeguarded so that business can be continued. Disaster recovery is more a preventive plan set in motion prior to the organization and implementation of the business than a series of actions that are followed once the disaster hits the company. Given that most companies are, to a large extent and in many ways, reliant on their IT system, and that collapse of IT system has ramifications beyond the company, disaster recovery has become a significant part of planning to today's organization.
Disasters can be classified into two areas:
Natural disasters -- for example floods, hurricanes, or earthquakes where mitigation measures ahead of time can work towards avoiding or reducing data loss and IT cessation.
Man-made disasters -- such as terrorism where surveillance and avoidance planning can also work towards mitigating and…
Bahan, C. The Disaster Recovery Plan. SANS Reading Room, 2003
Bell, Judy. Why Some Recovery Plans Won't Work. Disaster Recovery
Journal. Spring 2003
Disaster Preparedness Plan:
Georgia has been an area threatened by some of form of natural disaster that has a huge negative impact on the well-being of its residents and the personnel and financial resources of the emergency response agencies. The most common natural disaster that occurs in this area is tornadoes that have terrorized both the rural and urban areas while making everyone in danger of their perils. In the recent years, Georgia experienced deadly tornadoes that caused harm, damages, and deaths in approximately 15 counties within the state. Give the nature of these tragedies, residents of this state need to be prepared and planned on how to respond to such emergencies.
Tornadoes in Georgia:
Tornadoes are regarded as nature's most violent storms since they can generate wind speeds of over 250 mph and appear from nowhere with little warning ("March Marks Start of Active Tornado," n.d.). These natural disasters…
"Defining the Need." (2002). Georgia Amateur Radio Emergency Service. Retrieved January 31,
2012, from http://www.gaares.org/ARESPlan/potential_disasters_in_georgia.html#tornadoes
"Georgia Emergency Operations Plan." (2010, August). GEMA / Homeland Security.
Retrieved from Georgia Emergency Management Agency / Homeland Security website: http://www.gema.ga.gov/content/atts/prepare/Plans%20and%20Maps/Plan%20Library/GEOP2010.pdf
Disaster Preparedness Research: Proposed Methodology
Exploring the issue of disaster preparedness in emergency centers and trauma clinics require not only an understanding of the challenges that have been experienced in the past (i.e., lack of supplies and/or equipment, staff shortage, poor management, among many others) and through extant literature on the topic, but also an understanding of how these emergency centers and trauma clinics operate in the event of a disaster or an emergency.
It is only through understanding the operations of emergency centers and trauma clinics that the researcher would be able to fully explore, identify, and determine weak and strong points that is the current situation in emergency and disaster preparedness management. In order to do this, a research into the operations of emergency centers and trauma clinics must be conducted. In line with this requirement, the proposed methodology for the research study on determining points of improvement…
By using this type of planning, any company can simulate what would take place in a crisis, and can determine what would be done if it were to actually occur. The old adage of "practice makes perfect" may seem very cliche, but there is some truth to the statement. Even though no company wants or expects to have a crisis in it or technology, the companies that are truly prepared for just about every eventuality will be the companies that have the smallest amount of damage based on the significance of the crisis that takes place (Dezenhall & Weber, 2007). A contingency plan has to stipulate who will perform what activities, so that there is no confusion about that issue during a crisis. This is especially true with a spokesperson, because there should only be one person who is designated to speak for the company and who will provide information…
Barton, L. (2007). Crisis leadership now: A real-world guide to preparing for threats, disaster, sabotage, and scandal. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Dezenhall, E. & Weber, J. (2007). Damage control: Why everything you know about crisis management is wrong. New York, NY: Portfolio Hardcover.
Ulmer, R.R., Sellnow, T.L., & Seeger, M.W. (2006). Effective crisis communication: Moving from crisis to opportunity. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Emergency Planning and Disaster ecovery: Technological and Managerial Solutions
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is a body that is entrusted with alerting, evacuation coordination and managing disaster situations. Their website http://www.fema.gov/emergency-alert-system-eas deals with emergency issues and how response to disasters are usually undertaken by the agency. This portal in particular covers the use if technology to advance alert systems to the general public during and impending disaster. The alert system that is used by the agency and several other bodies will be focus of the paper and a detailed look at how successful these alert systems described in the FEMA website are and how they can be improved to ensure a much higher success rate in the future.
The approaching disaster alert system described in the FEMA website is known as the Emergency Alert System (EAS). This is a system that is used by the alerting authorities to…
FEMA, (2012). Emergency Alert System. Retrieved July 21, 2012 from http://www.fema.gov/emergency-alert-system-eas
("About FEMA," 2007)
The method followed by FEMA is to lead the country in cases of a disaster, in a risk-based comprehensive emergency management system that would have as its important tenets preparedness, protection, response and recovery, and finally, mitigation of the losses that the people have suffered. These are some of the plans that FEMA has in place, and for which it recruits trainees: the National esponse Plan, strategic Plan, and Annual Agency Performance Plan. The National esponse Plan encompasses a sort of a complete and all hazards approach to the management of domestic incidents. Some of the protocols that the National esponse Plan have established are: to save lives and also to effectively protect the lives and the health and safety of the public, the responders to the calamity, and to the health care and rescue workers at the scene, while at the same time making sure that…
Auerhahn, Elliot. (2006, Jun) "Broward's new Hurricane Ready Decal
Program Helps Residents Identify Businesses That Will Be Open after a Hurricane" Retrieved 12 October, 2007 at http://bcegov2.broward.org/newsrelease/viewscreen.asp?MessageID=1168
Brunelli, Mark. (2003, Jun) "Data Center Futures: More companies seeking to create internal disaster recovery centers" Retrieved 12 October, 2007 at http://searchwebservices.techtarget.com/tip/0,289483,sid26_gci905212,00.html
Hickey, Andrew R. (2006, Oct) "Disaster Recovery centre focuses on network management" Retrieved 12 October, 2007 at http://searchtelecom.techtarget.com/originalContent/0,289142,sid103_gci1222603,00.html
For example, the company could consider placing the data recovery system in the desert between West Texas and Nevada. In general, these areas are not subject to tornados or hurricanes. You could then choose, to place the location for all backup servers in a facility that will protect it against the weather such as: placing it underground. Once the facility is complete, you want to ensure that there is key staff to monitor and address any kind of issues that arise. Using such a system, will allow you to reduce the overall amounts of lost data that can occur at a particular location (due to weather / terrorist related activity).
Emergency Operations Center
The next issue that is going to be faced by the company / location is: establishing an Emergency Operations Center (EOC). In general, an EOC will serve as a place where the company can effectively coordinate a…
Great Britain Intelligence and Security Committee." Report into London Terrorist Attacks on 7 July 2005." London:
Stationary Office. 2006. Print.
Hoffer, Jim. "Backing Up Business - Industry Trend or Event." Health Management Technology, 12.9, (2001): 79
In terms of the disaster planning, the decision was made to select remote backup services, the most cost-effective strategy available for backing up records and data. In terms of recovery, the decision to rely on distributed processing was an expensive one, yet assured HEWE of continual uptime due to parallel and fault-tolerant processor-based systems. For the insurance coverage, Business Interruption Insurance Coverage was chosen as part of the disaster planning strategy that HEWE undertakes. While there are many insurance options specifically for HEWE to consider, the Business Interruption one makes the most sense from covering potential loses due to a lack of systems and data being available.
The final area of the case study regards project implementation. While there are phased implementations, Big Bang implementations or parallel implementations, the last option would be most advisable for HEWE. It is recommended that the parallel implementation to minimize risk and also provide…
Hagop S. Mekhjian, Melinda S. Vasila, Kevin A Jones. (2008). Combine and Conquer: Computing from a Single Database. Physician Executive, 34(5), 30-32, 34-35.
There should be responsible planning and management to ensure the rights of all, and there should be planned areas where hazardous and other undesirable sites are located, away from populated areas. This is the responsibility of the government, who must create tighter regulations regarding these types of facilities. In addition, if a site is a known hazardous site, then building of a new community near the site also should not be allowed. Government planning and policy is a key to making sure the poor do not bear the brunt of hazardous disasters. They should not change zoning or other requirements after the fact to allow development near areas that could be potentially dangerous. If they allow these types of developments, they are ultimately responsible for any deaths or damages that occur if an accident occurs. Public policy need to recognize the dangers of hazardous sites and stop forcing them in…
Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
To avoid all these hassles, corporates should take the lead. They should ensure that the environment is not harmed in any way and people are treated with respect and dignity without exploiting the people or the environment in any unfair way. Such initiatives get publicity too and this has a positive impact on the company's business interests. Therefore, technology has been another driving factor that induces companies to take the right steps to preserve and protect the environment and the people who depend on it.
Steps that should be taken by the company
Companies should have a clear strategy of how they are going to address their issues and this should be decided after taking into account its impact on the environment as well as its business interests. ecent years has seen more importance being given to shareholders and so company executives do everything possible to increase the returns for…
Melville, Nigel. (March 2010). Information Systems Innovation for Environmental Sustainability. MIS Quarterly. Vol 34(1). p1-21.
Livesey, Sharon; Hartman, Cathy; Stafford, Edwin; Shearer, Molly. (October 2009). Performing Sustainable Development through Eco-Collaboration. Journal of Business Communication. Vol 46(4). p423-454.
Bansal, Pratima. (March 2009). Corporate Social Responsibility: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 54(1). p182-184
Margolis, Joshua. Walsh, James. (June 2003). Misery Loves Companies: Rethinking Social Initiatives by Business. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 48(2). p268-305.
Managing Organizational Change
It is reasonable to suggest that companies of all types and sizes have integrated information technology systems of some sort to help them manage their businesses and achieve a competitive advantage in recent years. Because computer systems tend to become obsolete rapidly as Moore's Law continues to hold true, many companies have accumulated a mish-mash of various computer types and capabilities that may not operate efficiently in a networked environment. When these legacy systems are replaced by a standardized array of compatible computers, the transition may introduce a number of challenges and obstacles that can adversely affect the company's ability to remain agile and responsive to internal and external customer needs. To determine how the transition from an older legacy system to an improved set of computers can be achieved in an efficient fashion, the key stakeholders who are involved in the process, and the potential lessons…
Johnson, J. & Andrews, M. (2003, July). New markets, old technology: a strategic mismatch.
Risk Management, 50(7), 48.
McGinn, D., Kudyba, S. & Diwan, R. (2002). Information technology, corporate productivity and the new economy. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Nakata, C., Zhu, Z. & Kraimer, M.L. (2008). The complex contribution of information technology capability to business performance. Journal of Managerial Issues, 20(4), 485-
It is essential fo company manages, safety pactitiones and manufactuing enginees to be infomed of and gain sufficient knowledge about cuent eseach developments in this field and implement safety stategies as well as systems to minimize occupational health and safety isks. (Bie; Kuneuthe; Phimiste, 103); (Stellman, 17)
Active and pocedual isk management stategies ae impotant elements in any manufactuing unit. Active isk management efes to implementing intelocks, alams and mitigation systems that can detect a hazad and immediately shut down o set the system into a safe position. Pocedual isk management efes to implementing safety checklists, opeato taining, standad opeating pocedues and seveal such people dependent management systems. Ceating "inheently safe design stategies" in a manufactuing unit would involve fou key stategies. These ae minimizing, modeating, substituting and simplifying systems. (Bie; Kuneuthe; Phimiste, 103); (Stellman, 17)
Despite all safety guidelines, accidents still occu mainly as a esult of human complacence…
references and further reading you must purchase this article.
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Falzon, Pierre. Enabling safety: issues in design and continuous design. Cognition, Technology & Work, vol.10, no. 1, Jan 2008, pp: 7-14.
Fleming, Mary Louise; Parker, Elizabeth. 2007. Health promotion: principles and practice in the Australian context. Ligare Book Printer, Sydney.
International Labour Organization. Occupational safety & health. 2009. Retrieved 12 November, 2009 from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/sectors/mee/safety.htm
Managing the elationship Between Customer and E-Banking
E banking or the Electronic banking is an Electronic method of money transfer or the EFT. This is a means whereby, an individual transfers money directly from different accounts by use of an Electronic system. This service allows clients to make use of computers or electronic gadgets to access the accounts information and conduct the various transactions involved. The service is beneficial for customers working in remote locations or a workplace. Its biggest advantage is that the service is convenient to customers. A customer can access a transaction at any given time of the day whether at night or during the day. Other advantages of E-Banking include; lower operating system in that, the general operating costs for the E-banking system is usually lower for the banks. A customer registered for the Electronic banking system is guaranteed few errors during the transaction. The…
Alessandrini, P., Fratianni, M., & Zazzaro, A. (2009). The changing geography of banking and finance. Dordrecht, Springer Verlag.
Amin, H 2009, 'AN ANALYSIS OF ONLINE BANKING USAGE INTENTIONS: AN EXTENSION OF THE TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE MODEL', International Journal Of Business & Society, 10, 1, pp. 27-40, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 6 May 2012.
Computer Crime research Center. Fears over e-banking in the UK, Research. Retrieved From:
Darsow, M, & Listwan, L 2012, 'Corporate practitioners moving to mobile banking: Key factors driving adoption', Journal Of Payments Strategy & Systems, 5, 4, pp. 360-372, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 6 May 2012.
Avoid dangerous spots near a window, hanging objects, mirrors, or merchandise fixtures
If you take cover under a piece of furniture, be sure to hold onto it. If the furniture moves be prepared to move and navigate along with it
Hold the position until the aftershock abates and it's safe to proceed further.
A pandemic or other people disaster has struck, and people resources (employees) have been impacted.
Being located in South Florida, heavy rains will undoubtedly occur. These rains coupled with the high prevalence of winds increases the likelihood of a flood. This problem is further compounded as the hurricane season is south Florida is predicated with high winds and rain. Floods can be troublesome for XYZ personnel as merchandise is damaged, the threat of electrical damage is increased, and the water damage to the facility can be substantial (United States Department of Commerce, 2006). In…
1) Amanda Ripley. "Floods, Tornadoes, Hurricanes, Wildfires, Earthquakes... Why We Don't Prepare. "Time. August 28, 2006.
2) Burgos, Jr., Nestor P. (11/07/2010). "Iloilo power firms asked to explain brownouts." Philippine Daily Inquireir. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/regions/view/20101107-301974/Iloilo-power-firms-asked-to-explain-brownouts. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
3) Dobson et al. Blackout Mitigation Assessment in Power Transmission Systems. System Sciences 2003. July 20, 2011
4) Petroski, Henry (2006). Levees and Other Raised Ground. 94. American Scientist. pp. 7 -- 18..