Disaster Management Essays Examples

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Disaster Theory & Emergency Management

Words: 3083 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88209997

As Nielsen and Lidstone (1998) note,

It is ironic that the public demands safety yet a number of cost-effective and feasible measures to mitigate disasters are not adopted by many... Such a failure of the public to adopt disaster mitigation measures has a long record in Australia

(Nielsen and Lidstone 1998)

This attitude is one of the reasons given for the greater emphasis on public education. In theoretical terms, the view is put forward that an educated public will be able to deal with emergencies and disasters more effectively and that this should form an integral part of emergency and disaster management and planning. This in turn has resulted in a "...renewal of focus, at both a national and global level, upon public education as a means to disaster mitigation" (Nielsen and Lidstone 1998). To this end the Federal Emergency Management Agency of the United States (FEMA) has collected data from more than 15,000 participants from Federal State, regional, tribal, and local government agencies, as well as from private industry, academia, non-profit research, professional, trade, environmental, and disaster response organizations and individual citizens. The study that resulted from this intensive data collection found dominant view that the public can become…… [Read More]

Asghar S. et al. Dynamic integrated model for decision support systems. I. j. Of simulation 6. (http://www.ema.gov.au/agd/EMA/rwpattach.nsf/viewasattachmentpersonal/(85FE07930A2BB4482E194CD03685A8EB)~Public_education_and_disaster_management.pdf/$file/Public_education_and_disaster_management.pdf. (Accessed July 15, 2008).

D'Ercole, R. 1994. "Les Vulnerabilites des Societes et des Espaces
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Managing Homeland Security You Were

Words: 2062 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48708261

S. DHS "Strategic Plan," 2008, http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/strategicplan/) Realistically acts of terrorism, domestic or foreign are exceedingly rare, though slightly more common than they have been in the past and at least marginally more violent in nature, they occur very, very rarely. (Lewis, 2000, p. 201) Though maintaining serious preparedness the mitigation of natural disasters, most which cannot be avoided is an issue needed to be addressed almost yearly, on both small and large scales, across the nation and is much more likely to directly effect people and resources on an intimate level and should be the Emergency Management system's first and primary concern! Though worst possible case scenarios, regarding the use of WMDs is important it is not where all the resources should go.

(5. In the course, you have been introduced to the various responsibilities of different levels of government in the homeland security effort. What level of government do you believe should be primarily responsible for securing the homeland? In what ways is homeland security confounded by our federalist system (i.e. shared power by states and federal government)? With 50 state government, 3000+ county governments, 16000 township governments, 20000 municipal governments, and tens of thousands more special district governments…… [Read More]

Daniels, R.S. (2007). Revitalizing Emergency Management after Katrina: A Recent Survey of Emergency Managers Urges Improved Response, Planning, and Leadership and a Reinvigorated FEMA -- the Federal Government Has Responded by Making Most of the Recommended Changes. The Public Manager, 36(3), 16.

Department of Homeland Security Website www.dhs.gov
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Disaster Specific Plans Emergencies Can Be and

Words: 783 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78918250

Disaster Specific Plans

Emergencies can be and have always been when we least expect them. This means we need to have plans to respond to them in a manner that will put the larger population out of danger and in the safest position possible. There are a wide variety of disasters like fire, earthquake, flooding, Tsunami, terrorist attack (by explosion or chemical), accidents in large scales like trains or plane, wild fires and so many other categories of disasters that can befall us on a daily basis.

The general emergency response/mitigation plans are good, though not good enough to have as a standard for the entire city. It can only be applicable in situations where there is a preliminary training of staff within a small organization, or general refresher courses/training for people who had already undergone the full disaster response training.,

There are several factors that makes the specific disaster plans to be more applicable and relevant especially taking into account the city scenario. The city can be inflicted by various diverse disasters and the responses to these disasters cannot be the same. For instance, there could be a shootout within the city or in a particular building, this will…… [Read More]

FEMA, (2012). NIMS Recommended Standard List. Retrieved May 31, 2012 from http://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=3139
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Disaster Preparedness in the Second Hypothesis of

Words: 754 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57301434

Disaster Preparedness

In the second hypothesis of the proposed research project, disaster management and emergency response are critical areas which can be explored further in terms of the United States' current performance in this area, applied in the context of national security. The second hypothesis of the study states that, there is a significant relationship between performance/competence in disaster preparedness and emergency response capabilities and the successful implementation of homeland security in the United States.

To test this hypothesis, the important variables that must be taken into consideration are (1) performance or competence in terms of disaster management and emergency response and (2) successful implementation of homeland security in the U.S. To measure performance or competence in terms of disaster management and emergency response, specific measures that could help determine this variable are the following: competency of individuals in agencies and departments responsible for disaster management and emergency response (on a national level), frequency of trainings / simulated trainings conducted to constantly practice protocols in disaster management and emergency response, and measures of "success" in disaster management such as saved lives and dollars/property saved in specific cases of national disasters that have occurred in the past 10-20 years. Successful implementation…… [Read More]

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Disaster in Franklin County Explain the Role

Words: 1286 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64023151

Disaster in Franklin County

Explain the role of the major public health personnel, including the public health nurse, involved in the disaster.

There are many expectations of the public health personnel in such a situation. The major one is to take care of the security of the affected right on the spot. In addition, the general welfare of the whole society is also a role that the personnel have to play immediately. Moreover, it is imperative that the personnel also give attention to any future issues that may arise in relation to the disaster. In this instance, the nurse is also part of this team and, therefore, is expected to perform all these obligations (Olson et al. 2010). In this particular disaster, the concerns that required urgent attention were the welfare of the people. These include food and water, which are necessary for the survival of the casualties. Power is also important as it takes care of the septic system and the providence of healthy food. The role of the nurse is to take care of the immediate casualties. In addition, the personnel should be part of any taskforce to help in maintaining the situation and avoiding future situations similar…… [Read More]

Couig, M., Johnson, K.A., & Rick, S. (2011). Nursing Scope of Practice Issues in Public Health

Emergencies. Journal Of Nursing Regulation, 2(3), 13.
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Disaster Recovery Economic Impact of

Words: 4492 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65796263

There is a modern emphasis, which has resulted from the experience of the economic impact of disaster, on a more extensive and 'distributed' mode of thinking about disaster recovery. This is an important factor that should be stressed as it has direct implications in terms of the economic aspects of disaster recovery planning in an increasingly networked and technologized contemporary working environment. This aspect is cogently expressed in a White Paper on this issue.

Many organizations have strong business recovery plans for their mainframe and mini-computer systems. but, as more and more critical applications are migrated to distributed systems, companies are becoming concerned about how they can protect these systems in the event of a disaster. Chances of a disaster increase significantly as systems are moved away from traditional central computer facilities that have hardened security and environmental controls.

(Disaster Recovery - a White Paper)

This emphasizes a cardinal issue in modern disaster recovery planning; namely, that almost all businesses and organizations depend on computer technology and various forms of data storage. This means that the economic consequences of even a few hours of disruption can be extremely costly. Furthermore, this fact implies that any disaster recovery planning must include…… [Read More]

Bielski, L. (2002). Thinking the Unthinkable: Often Dismissed as Mere "Insurance," Disaster Recovery Ought to Be Considered Part of the Lifeblood of Any Business. ABA Banking Journal, 94(1), 44+.

This article focuses on the subject of disaster management in the banking industry. It provides insight into actual situations where disaster recovery plans were effective in preventing large-scale economic loss. It also provides examples of what can occur when there is a poor or recovery plan. This is also a good background study that provides insight into the economic effects and implications of disaster in the it context.
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Disasters the Environment and Public

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73900839

Answering the posed question depends on one's understanding of "substantially different." On the one hand, there is the basic commonality of a recognition of the threat that natural hazards and man made activities pose upon environmental safety. Also, there is the common element of intensified efforts made in the direction of attaining environmental sustainability. What differs however is the extent to which researchers, lawmakers, organizations and individuals will go to protect the environment. Additionally, differences are obvious in terms of the emergence of new threats, such as bioterrorism. So yes, even if they refer to environmental threats and protection, the issues throughout this course will be substantially different from those forwarded in 1996.


Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009

Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our Response, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 86, No. 9

Revkin, a.C., January 22, 2009, Environmental Issues Slide in Poll of Public's Concerns, New York Times

2009, Fuel Economy Website, http://www.fueleconomy.gov…… [Read More]

Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009

Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our Response, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 86, No. 9
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Disaster Medical Assistance Teams Dmat

Words: 2461 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18080864

This would likely have resulted in a long delay in raising suitable support to those health care professionals already at the disaster site.

Duties of the DMAT

The initial duties of the DMAT were to assist the nursing team at Charlotte Regional Medical Centre as most nurses there had been on duty for around 40 hours. This was due to the problems which relief staff had in getting to the facility and also the problems which had been caused at the hospital due to the power failures and the structural damage that had been inflicted on the hospital (Cohen and Mulvaney). This initial aid that the DMAT provided was invaluable, as if they had not been so well prepared and arrived so early there would have been far greater pressure on the staff at the hospital, which would have greatly reduced the quality of care which the patients received.

By 6.30am the DMAT had established a triage centre outside the hospital, where patients were assigned to either an acute care tent or a critical care tent. This allowed the ER at the medical centre to close for repairs to the structure which were making it a dangerous working environment at…… [Read More]

Cohen, Sharon S. And Karen Mulvaney. "Field observations: Disaster Medical Assistance Team response for Hurricane Charley, Punta Gorda, Florida, August 2004." Disaster Management and Response 3.1 (2005): 22-27.

Mace, Sharon E., Jaszmine T. Jones and Andrew I. Bern. "An analysis of Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) deployments in the United States." Prehospital Emergency Care 11 (2007): 30-35.
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Management Styles Fool-Proofing a Service Operation In

Words: 4150 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92882379

Management Styles

Fool-proofing a service operation.

In the banking industry, a significant service industry in any country, optimized operations are essential to ensure that the public has maximum confidence in the operators of this industry. Bank of America and its operations have been selected for discussion in this study. The bank has grown tremendously in the past few years. CEO, Ken Lewis realized that the bank could gain a wider market share and customer base if it was able to streamline its operations and the level of service. Incorporating concepts of process management was considered essential to the improvement process. (Cox and Bossert, 2005) Some of the tools such as six-sigma were used to ensure that a high level of quality was maintained in the service that the provided to the customer.

Bank of America recognized that customer satisfaction was paramount in ensuring that the customer was loyal and would use the bank for all their financial needs. The company implemented the six-sigma methodology in 2001. Since then, it has observed a significant improvement in the quality of service that it provides the customer and this has reflected in the higher levels of customer satisfaction that has been observed. Unlike…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Anonymous. "Starbucks - Taking on the World." Strategic Direction 20.7 (2004): 13-15.

Coffeeresearch.org. Starbucks and Transfair USA Enter into Breakthrough Alliance to Promote Fair Trade Certified Coffee. 2000. August 5, 2005.
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Management Response the United States

Words: 340 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11426626

S. residents may feel more of a responsibility toward others, and so they do not flee even in the most trying times. In other countries, many of the officials and healthcare professionals do not have that same ethic, and so, they think of themselves first, rather than those they should be serving. Certainly some of these issues are culturally and politically oriented, but some of them are simply a "crowd" or "survival" mentality. When faced with destruction, people are going to panic, and emergency managers need to understand that. The mess in New Orleans and Houston shows what a lack of planning and crowd control can do, and those things should not occur in a country with as much infrastructure and awareness as the United States. We have many tools at our disposal to ward off disastrous results like these, and we need to utilize them when they are needed the most.


Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel…… [Read More]

Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
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Disaster Response and Procedures in DHS

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16628632

National Response Framework Mission Area

The National Response Framework refers to a guide developed to provide directions on the ways in which the state response to different types of disasters and emergencies. The guide bases its principles on concepts such as flexibility, scalability, and adaptability that align the functions and responsibilities of the emergency response of the recovery team. As such, it implies that the NRF describes the roles, principles, responsibilities, and coordinating structures required for responding to unusual incidents (Larsen, 2013). Therefore, this essay analyzes the NRF guidelines, including ranking the different capabilities in order of priority. It also discusses one of the key priorities, including its importance to the state's response to disaster and emergencies. The third section analyzes the different ways in which the U.S. government responds to disaster and emergency, including disaster prevention, protection, mitigation, and response and disaster recovery. Finally, it provides an analysis on the five preparedness mission areas.

Ranking of the capabilities in order of priority

The following is the ranking of the capabilities in order of priority.

1. Planning

2. Public information and warning

3. Operational coordination

4. Infrastructure systems

5. Environmental/health and safety

6. Fatality management services

7. Mass care services…… [Read More]

Larsen, J.A. (2013). Responding to catastrophic events: Consequence management and policies. New York, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

O'Leary, M. (2004). Measuring disaster preparedness: A practical guide to indicator development and application. Lincoln, NE: IUniverse, Inc.
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Disaster Event Hurricane Sandy Hurricane Sandy Was

Words: 971 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67425945

Disaster Event

Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy was a tropical cyclone that swept the entire Caribbean world across the Coastal towns of America in October 2012. This storm led to early deaths, massive loss of power and thousands became homeless. Damages occasioned by this storm can be estimated in billions of dollars. Hurricane Sandy was the deadliest storm ever to hit the northeastern parts of America. This hurricane was the most costly in the history of the nation. The effects of Hurricane Sandy reached far (FEMA (n. d)). While the storm led to the devastation of the eastern coast of America with main impacts on New York and New Jersey, its winds went as far as Canada and Wisconsin prompting the rise of water levels from one city to other cities. Hurricane Sandy is associated with over 70 deaths in U.S. from New Hampshire to Maryland. No hurricane has ever hit northern America in this manner after the 1972 Hurricane Agnes, which was attributed to 122 deaths. These deaths occurred due to accidents in the course of cleaning efforts, poisoning from carbon monoxide and power shortages (Hogan & Burstein, 2007).

Experts have estimated that the cost of the damages caused by…… [Read More]

FEMA (n. d). Hurricane Sandy. Retrieved on April 6, 2012 from http://www.fema.gov/hurricane-sandy

Hogan, D.E., & Burstein, J.L. (2007). Disaster medicine. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer
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Disaster Recovery Risk Management

Words: 1240 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24342097

Risk Management: Disaster Recovery

In essence, disaster recovery has got to do with protecting an organization against events of a negative nature and their effects/impact. Such events include, but they are not limited to, failure of equipment, serious cyber attacks, and natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes. All these put the operations of the organization at risk. This text concerns itself with practical risk management. In so doing, it will, amongst other things, address the need for disaster recovery and highlight the key components of a disaster recovery plan.

The Need for Disaster Risk Management

The relevance of disaster risk management cannot be overstated. This is particularly the case given that disasters put the continued operations of an enterprise at risk. It is important to note that in the past, many businesses have had to contend with huge losses when disasters strike. This is more so the case when it comes to the ensuing replacement costs of damaged items, storage of retrievable items, business interruption costs, disaster restoration site costs, etc. (Doig, 1997, p. 41). It is for this reason that there is need to invest in disaster preparedness, as this ensures that the impact of disasters on the…… [Read More]

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Disaster Response

Words: 916 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27037809

Haiti Earthquake

After examining the aftermath of the Haiti earthquake of Jan 2010, it is quite obvious that the impact of this natural disaster will be felt for many years to come and much healing and growth will be needed in the near future in order to bring the people of this country to a decent standard of living. This report will document the many public health challenges that were evident after the earthquake and will provide guidance on how future natural disasters' impacts may be mitigated by wise and prudent action. This after action review of the response will highlight the successes and failures of the efforts provided and make suggestions on how those processes may be improved upon.

Initial Observations

Before anyone may help anyone in such a damaging situation as a major earthquake, an acceptable amount of peace and security must be established or nothing may be accomplished. The sense of chaos, death and despair creates a panicked atmosphere where little may be done to affect the necessary medical treatment that is necessary to save lives and bring peace.

Haiti was quite chaotic as I stumbled through the rubble. A deep sense of lawlessness and fear permeated…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Dowell, S.F., Tappero, J.W., Frieden, T.R. (2011). Public Health in Haiti -- Challenges and Progress, New England Journal of Medicine, 364, 300-301: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1100118

Cyen. (2010). Definition of disaster: Disaster Management Notes and Questions.pdf
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Disaster Relief and Debris Removal Process

Words: 941 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27956253

Debris recovery occurs throughout the disaster relief process, but may be especially critical during the early phases, as clearing out debris rapidly aids in the recovery process, facilitates new construction, and prevents health hazards. As Singh (2015) points out, when debris is permitted to accumulate unfettered, poisonous substances like asbestos may seep into the environment leading to long-term health issues among the population. Similarly, debris provides a "breeding ground for rodents, insects, and microorganisms," (Singh, 2015, p. 1). However, the debris collection and processing procedure is complicated in disaster areas, especially those that are hard hit like Haiti. Between 20 and 60 million tons of debris accumulated in Haiti during the 2010 earthquake there (Karunasena, Amaratunga & Haigh, 2012). Haiti is far from being a global role model in disaster management. Poverty, poor governance, poor infrastructure, rapid urbanization, environmental degradation, and civil strife are a few of the hindrances to debris collection (Karunasena, Amaratunga & Haigh, 2012).

Collapsed buildings and their contents form the bulk of post-disaster debris (Singh, 2015). Debris is "unavoidable," in a disaster scenario but should not be taken lightly because of this (Karunasena, Amaratunga & Haigh, 2012). Moreover, debris is generally "mixed," comprised of soil or…… [Read More]

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Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Strategies

Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45064760

Public Health Preparedness Policies

Accidents and disasters are unpredictable occurrences that may hardly be prevented from occurring. However, their effects can be minimized especially in a public health facility. These challenges are common many public places and many societies. It is the prerogative of all stakeholders to ensure that they have appropriate disaster preparedness mechanisms. Disaster preparedness is a systematic way of averting mishaps before they occur and ensuring that the entire program runs sustainably. It is the role of the management of any public health facility to secure a good place environment for the execution of any necessary precautionary measure that will avert disasters from happening. This is the fundamental rule of safety.


The responsibility of taking care of safety in any public health facility is a departmental head in charge of health safety. This department must be fully equipped with the personnel and the resources necessary for the task. The general manager is supposed to keep watch over all the activities that take place in the department. The chain of responsibility is very clear, with the general manager being in charge o the entire process by accounting to the public. The specific manager in charge of the…… [Read More]

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Regional Disaster Analysis

Words: 1334 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26681767

Disasters and Their Management

Disaster Management

Regional Disaster Analysis

Both natural and human caused disasters have been an issue in the safety of human beings all over the world. Fortunately, there are international agencies that are created for the purpose of mitigation purposes and assist in the prevention of disaster effects that would be more adverse. State governments also have the obligation of adopting the right preventive and counter actions to assist in cushioning citizens from the effects of disasters. This paper, therefore, analyzes the types of disasters in Africa, and the theoretical approaches in the management of the disasters. Under management of disasters, different factors are discussed including response, preparedness and recovery and mitigation practices. There is also a review of both the International Agencies and Local Governments, relating to their preparedness in responding to disasters. Finally, there is an analysis on the partnership relationships between public and private agencies to create a stronger defensive force against the adversity of disasters.

Disaster Management


For many years now, the globe has experienced a continuous and successive era of disasters, which have had a negative impact on the lives of many, causing diseases and going to extremes of causing deaths.…… [Read More]

Christopher, M. & Tatham, P. (2011) Humanitarian Logistics: Meeting of Challenge of Preparing for and Responding to Disasters. New York: Kogan Page Publishers.

Congress (2006) congressional Record, V. 149, Pt.2, January 21, 2003 to February 11, 2003. Congress.
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Responsibilities of the Health Care Organization During Disaster

Words: 824 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79183051

Disaster Management

The Role of Healthcare in Disaster Management

Events such as the terrorist attacks on September 11th, 2001 and the tragically mismanaged response to Hurricane Katrina in 2005 would demonstrate the need for greater disaster preparedness at every level of civil order. Critical first-responders, rescue workers and law enforcement groups require the appropriate resources, plan of action and high-level coordination to handle the intensive demands that often arise in the face of a natural or manmade disaster. Among those participants in emergency planning and disaster management, few will be taxed the way that healthcare organizations will be. This was incredibly well-demonstrated during Hurricane Sandy last year, when destructive flooding and power outages engulfed New York City. Among the best remembered images of that powerful storm were the workers at one city hospitals transporting intubated newborns while manually pumping oxygen into their lungs. This indelible image highlights the unpredictable role that healthcare workers must often fulfill in the face of a disaster. This is why emergency management strategy has come to increasingly recognize the importance of comprehensive disaster planning for hospitals, emergency rooms and available medical personnel.

Planning begins at the federal level, where legislation created over the last decade…… [Read More]

McCarthy, F.X. (2009). FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing. Congressional Research Service.

Petersen, R.E. (2008). CRS Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service.
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Emergency Preparedness and Management in Florida

Words: 4974 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83670200

Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response for Natural Disasters or Terrorists Attacks in Florida

Emergency management has been described regarding the phases by using words such as prepare. Mitigate, respond and recover. For this paper, we are going to examine the underlying concepts, variation, limitations, and implications of emergency management phases. Moreover, we are going to look at the various preparedness and response strategies applied by the State of Florida when dealing with natural disasters and terrorist attacks among others. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to show the preparedness and response put in place for these crises for both researchers and practitioners. The paper will also try to give definitions and descriptions of two components, preparedness and response, of emergency management, the temporal versus functional distinctions. Moreover, it is important to understand the interrelationships and responsibilities for each of the phases (mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery) and the diversity of research perspectives concerning new terms used such as sustainability, disaster resistance, business continuity, resilience, and risk management among others. The confusion that arose with approaching all hazards to emergency management as adequate for homeland security hence we are going to give contextual definitions.


The capacity to predict precisely…… [Read More]

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Disaster Situation Effective Media Relations Campaign --

Words: 1111 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54979846

Disaster Situation

Effective Media Relations Campaign -- Particularly since the events of 9/11, Emergency Management and Disaster Relief organizations are in clear view of the media and public. People have viewed first-hand the actions of New York City Fire Fighters and Police; they saw numerous agencies work the Katrina disaster, and they have certain expectations of transparency and information during crisis situations. While Emergency Management has been a part of urban civilization for thousands of years, most people in the United States grew up during the Cold War Era, in which Emergency Management was based on the Civil Defense paradigm, even though it dealt with natural disasters, weather and other civil issues. Emergency Management is visible when events occur (hurricanes, flooding, bombs, etc.) but is really only as powerful and effect as its pre-Crisis planning and risk reduction management allows (Haddow, 2004, 2-4).

A Media Relations plan for a disaster is essentially a crisis communications and public relations plan. For many organizations, in fact, disaster planning and crisis communication are essential parts of managing risks to the public, employees, stakeholders, etc. It is important to develop and maintain a plan in a logical manner, one that flows appropriately, knowing that…… [Read More]

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Management the Future of Emergency

Words: 357 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84641962

This is one way to ensure everyone can work together with the same goals and information. Neighboring states could us the same criteria for training, thereby cutting training costs and ensuring cooperation and understanding from neighboring responders in the U.S. As well.

It is clear the field of emergency management is not what it was even ten years ago. Today, there are more considerations about terrorism, global warfare, and WMD that were not as prevalent even ten years ago. Emergency management has to evolve as disaster and the threat of disaster evolves. With all the talk of global warming, there may be ramifications from that problem that may become much more apparent in the future, and emergency management may have to deal with those too, such as mass evacuations, massive climate change, and other problems.


Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.… [Read More]

Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
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Managing Information Systems Introduction in

Words: 2760 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55736802

Furuholt, (2006) argues that lack of management engagement to the acceptance of information systems has been a barrier to the implementation of information systems. The issues are even common with organizations in the developing countries where management does not give enough priority to the information systems implementation. Importantly, implementation of information systems requires management support since management will need to approve fund that would be used for IS implementation. Generally, younger people are more interested in the it tools than older people. In a situation where number of older working team outnumbers younger working team within an organization, the IS implementation may be cumbersome.

More importantly, lack of knowledge of information systems may serve as barrier to its implementation. In the developed countries, private and public organizations have already aware the importance of information systems to the organizations. Many organizations in developed countries already realize that it tool is a strategic weapon that organizations employ to achieve competitive advantages. "Organizations investing in information technology (it) over the past decades have categorically seen the uses of it change. At one point, it was considered a key strategic tool to gain competitive advantage." (Knight & Radosevich 2011 P. 1).

Contrarily, many public…… [Read More]

Abukhzam, M. & Lee, a. (2010). Factors affecting Bank Staff attitude towards E-banking adoption in Libya. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries: 42(2): 1-15.

Ali, S.N.A. (2010). E-government services: an exploration of the main factors that contribute to successful implementation in Libya. PhD thesis, University of Portsmouth.
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Disaster Plan in the Modern Era it

Words: 816 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4811502

Disaster Plan

In the modern era, it is important that government from the federal to the local level have risk management plans in place for natural disasters, man-made issues and of course, terrorism. Generally speaking, risk management helps identify, prioritize and put plans in place regarding areas of risk that can impact the community. The overall purpose of risk management is so that agencies can be proactive in their identification and implementing plans for disasters and risks since in the modern world these plans involve numerous agencies and complex coordination. Thankfully, standards have been developed that organize risk management by looking at six general paradigms: 1) Identifying risks in the context of the area (e.g. flood planning is less important in Arizona than in Louisiana); 2) Planning a process to mitigate the situation (who is in charge); 3) Mapping the objectives of stakeholders (who will be involved); 4) Developing a framework/map for different risks; 5) Assessing and putting into place analysis tools and communications protocols; and finally, 6) Putting a plan into place that uses the tools and personnel identified for specific types of disasters (Wan, 2009; Frenkel, et al., 2005).

In the United States, for instance, the two lead…… [Read More]


Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster. (2013). Welcome to Colorado VOAD! Retrieved from: https://covoad.communityos.org/cms/

Wan, S. (2009). Service impact analysis using business continuity planning processes. Campus Wide Information Systems, 26(1), 20-42.
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Management Evaluation & Discussion of a Quotation

Words: 1118 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55648302


Evaluation & Discussion of a Quotation

"Managers who believe that the psychological needs of their subordinates, rather than the objective requirements of the task determine what is to be done, destroy the integrity of the manager/subordinate relationship and with it respect for their authority."

Managers that acknowledge the existence of the psychological needs of their subordinates, yet ignore those needs are making a serious managerial error with such a decision. Managers who do not value their subordinates are not fit to be leaders or managers. Proper managers would know that one of their greatest assets in any work related task is the staff they manage. People are the most valuable resources within any company or organization. When those who are appointed to lead are not aware of this, their actions will follow suit, as will disaster quite likely. The subordinates that any manager supervises and leads have needs. Certainly they have physical needs such as hunger, thirst, a need to stretch or walk around after a long stint of working, a need to use the restroom, etc. Their needs are additionally psychological. Subordinates function best under certain conditions. When the needs of the subordinates, physical, psychological, and otherwise are…… [Read More]

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Management Perspective on Aviation Safety

Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72634333

Management Perspective on Aviaton Safety

Aviation Safety Management

However, this topic narrows substantially when one considers it from a management perspective. Management has a number of diverse concerns that it must consider in regards to aviation safety. For the most part, these safety issues are typically balanced out with issues related to cost and customer satisfaction. Although safety should always be the principle point of concern, management oftentimes has to temper this with practical considerations related to finances regarding time and money spent. Management can help to mitigate the severity of financial constraints, however, by involving as many people as possible in the safety and quality assurance process via a team-based approach. Additionally, there are certain Safety Management System (SMS) programs that can help to stratify different facets of safety management. Finally, it is important for management to make aviation safety a continuous process which is increasingly refined and improved.

One of the most crucial aspects of aviation safety from a management level perspective is to actively involve everyone in ensuring that safety is the top priority. From a bottom up approach -- beginning with the aircraft mechanics and technicians (Grosenick, 2002) -- such involvement is typically taken for granted.…… [Read More]

Burnside, J.E. (2013). "Top five pre-flight mistakes." Aviation Safety Management. Retrieved from  http://www.aviationsafetymagazine.com/issues/33_5/features/Pre-Flight-Check-Mistakes_10554-1.html 

Conyers, B. (2013). "Safety management systems: beyond theory." SM4 Safety. Retrieved from http://sm4.global-aero.com/articles/safety-management-systems-beyond-the-theory/?disp=pdf
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Management Healthcare Define and Describe

Words: 2739 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32263576

Some or all such authority may be in fact unlimited. This is when a committee can counterbalance authority and diffuse power within an organization since effectively only a small faction is making important decisions. The best use of committees is to have limited power to make decisions but have unlimited power to make recommendations on how things should be done.

2. Identify the initial issue that should always be thoroughly addressed when the establishment of a committee is recommended.

The initial issue that should be addressed is that of making sure that those on the committee are the people capable of carrying out the agenda of the committee and that the committee will have limited power to make organizational decisions.

3. In what ways may committees be said to dilute the recognition and diffuse the blame or responsibility? Where, based on your personal experience, have you seen one of these impact an organization?

Committees are often seen as one entity as opposed to a group of people. If something very good comes out of a committee then the group as a whole often is recognized, when in reality the success may have been attributed to one or two people. I…… [Read More]

Baker, L. 2002. "Managed care, medical technology, and the well-being of society," viewed 21

February 2011, <  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12055455 >
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Managing Vulnerability Using Countermeasures of Physical Security

Words: 1374 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24598676

Maintaining professionalism, when communicating the physical security, ensures its adoption by the stakeholders. In addition, providing a cost estimate for the whole process makes the management team understand the need for the adoption of the physical security in the business/organization (Chapter 7 of Broder, & Tucker, 2011).

Cost benefit/benefit analysis enables the business to assess the risks and advantages associated with the security option. This entails evaluating the efficiency of the security program with the perceived operational costs and implications on organizational performance. This ensures proper development of security design for ensuring effective management operations management. Some of the risk management options that ensure physical security include the development of effective policies, procedures, hardware, and labor that promote utilization of security programs. Recovery can be achieved by ensuring developing the desired hardware that stores data related to operations management in the organization. Evaluating the effectiveness of a security program is achievable by determining the reduction of fraud cases in the business, effectiveness of operations management and the reduction in the number of reported incidences of security threats in the business.

Strengths of the modern physical security countermeasures

It is apparently clear that, the modern physical security countermeasures have more strength…… [Read More]

Chapter 5 of Broder, JF. & Tucker, G. (2011). Risk Analysis and the Security Survey. Upper Saddle River,

NJ: Elsevier
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Disaster Recovery Refers to the IT Components

Words: 1705 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29359382

Disaster recovery refers to the IT components of the business that, in times of a disaster, need to be safeguarded so that business can be continued. Disaster recovery is more a preventive plan set in motion prior to the organization and implementation of the business than a series of actions that are followed once the disaster hits the company. Given that most companies are, to a large extent and in many ways, reliant on their IT system, and that collapse of IT system has ramifications beyond the company, disaster recovery has become a significant part of planning to today's organization.

Disasters can be classified into two areas:

Natural disasters -- for example floods, hurricanes, or earthquakes where mitigation measures ahead of time can work towards avoiding or reducing data loss and IT cessation.

Man-made disasters -- such as terrorism where surveillance and avoidance planning can also work towards mitigating and reducing possible determinable results.

Most large companies spend between 2% or 4% of their budget on disaster recovery planning, with the hope that they will avoid large losses were their business to collapse and cease to function, even for a short period of time, due to IT loss of operation…… [Read More]

Bahan, C. The Disaster Recovery Plan. SANS Reading Room, 2003