Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
Discipline in Public Schools: ecent Court Cases
"From 1969 to 1975, amid increasing legal challenges to the regulation of student expression in school, the Court's rulings largely confirmed students' rights to various free expression and due process protections" (Arum & Priess 2009). In Goss et al. v. Lopez et al. The U.S. Supreme Court decided that public school students do have a right to due process. In the case, a student was expelled from the Ohio public schools without a hearing for being disorderly and the school contended that because the U.S. Constitution does not specify that every citizen is entitled to a free education at public expense "the Due Process Clause does not protect against expulsions from the public school system" (Goss et al. v. Lopez, 1975). However, the majority finding of the court was that although there is not a specifically delineated right to education under the Fourteenth…
Arum, Richard & Doreet Preiss. (2009). Law and disorder in the classroom. Education Next.
Goss et al. v. Lopez. (1975). http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/goss.html
Morse v. Frederick. (2007). Oyez Project. Retrieved:
Discipline in usiness Management
Importance of Discipline in usiness Management
Importance of Discipline in Managerial usiness
Management is the process of delegating tasks to groups that are meant to achieve an overall goal. It is a popular, worldwide practice that pertains to versatile cultures and civilizations. Organizations under every sphere and scope of work employ this tool to function efficiently and productively. It is "an art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organized groups. It is an art of creating an environment in which people can perform and individuals and can co-operate towards attainment of group goals." (Harold Koontz, 2007)
According to the great mind of Frederick Winslow Taylor, "Management is an art of knowing what to do, when to do and see that it is done in the best and cheapest way." Labeled as the "Father of Scientific Management" (as says so on his…
Frederick Winslow Taylor. (2009, February 6). The Economist .
Harold Koontz, H.W. (2007). Essentials of Business Management. Tata McGraw Hill
Publishing Company Ltd.
King, W. (2012). Maintaining Office Discipline at Your Workplace. Ezine .
elying too much upon discipline create resentment in the mind and heart of the child because it is punitive, blatantly telling the child he or she is wrong (however lovingly) and does not solicit input from the child. It is also highly individualized in nature, which can make the child feel (rightly or wrongly) that he or she is being singled out and treated unfairly by an authority figure.
Group management is what a teacher uses to avoid the need for discipline. It tries to set rules and mutually-agreed upon procedures to minimize the need to use the 'hickory stick' of punishment against "inappropriate behaviors" amongst the student body (Donovan 2002). "The goal of group management practices is to create a child-friendly environment so the children almost can't help but behave" (Donovan 2002). While this might seem idealistic, very simple and time-tested techniques can reinforce the managerial process. For…
Donovan, Joan. (2002). Classroom vs. group management. Iowa State. Retrieved September
24, 2010 at http://www.extension.iastate.edu/4h/clover/Documents/303DisciplineVsGroupMgt.pdf
Marshall, Marvin. (2003, February). Curriculum, instruction: Classroom management and discipline. Teachers.net Gazette. Retrieved September 24, 2010 at http://teachers.net/gazette/FEB03/marshall.html
Discipline and Grievances Procedures
The Chartered Institute of Personal Development (CIPD) Survey report of February 2007 entitled: "Managing Conflict at work" reports a survey of 798 participant organizations that employ in excess of 2.2 million employees. This survey reports that the most common causes of workplace disputes are "general behavior and conduct issues" followed by "conflicts over performance, sickness absence and attendance and relationships between colleagues." (CIPD, 2007) According to CIPD conflict generally falls within two broad categories including: (1) Conflict between individuals and involving (a) Colleagues; or (b) Employees and their managers; and (2) Conflict between groups and involving (a) Teams; and (b) Large groups of employee and management. (CIPD, 2009)
CASE STUDY -- PART A - Preparing a Report for the Chief Executive
The first step in preparing a report for the chief executive in this situation is to talk to the employees involved in the conflict in…
ACAS Code of Practice on disciplinary and grievance procedures: Q&A. (2009) IDS Employment Law Brief. February. pp14-18.
Head to Head: ACAS disciplinary code of practice. (2009) Employers' Law. February. pp.10-11,
Newman, D., (2009) New ACAS code of practice on disciplinary and grievance procedures. IRS Employment Review. No 913, 12 January. 4pp.
Payne, R. (2007) How to conduct an effective internal investigation. People Management. Vol 13, No 20, 4 October. pp42-43
"Missing Money." My first reaction is to look at all the students involved and at their reactions. Eileen looks shocked, but does Carol look guilty? While Carol may have behavior issues, I cannot make snap judgments about her and the missing money. Other options would be to talk to Carol and Eileen, and try to get to the bottom of the missing money from them. Talking to Carol might frighten her enough for her to confess. I would talk to them privately, and I would also talk to the student who called out "Carol took it," and find out if he or she actually saw Carol take the money from the wallet. If no one confesses, there is not a lot I can do, but I can ask the class if anyone saw anything, and weigh their answers. I cannot accuse Carol of something I didn't see, just…
Sometimes, punishment had to be used. However, Skinner believed that this negative approach should be used only as the last resort. In fact, he suggested that teachers use the "Catch 'Em Being Good" method.
In their theory of assertive discipline, Lee and Marlene Canter also support the contractual agreement approach. A contract is a "written, signed agreement" between the teacher and the student and is structured in such a manner that it allows the teacher to continually intercede and observe the student's behavior (Canter, 1989).
In order for the agreement to be successful, it must target one or two specific behaviors that must be changed or improved, give constructive reinforcement back to the student, detail the consequences resulting from not fulfilling the terms of the contract, and limit amount of time required for completion agreement (Canter, 1989). The Canters differed from Skinner in that they stressed that the ultimate goal…
Canter, Lee and Marlene (1989). Assertive Discipline for Secondary School Educators
Santa Monica, CA: Lee Canter and Associates.
Skinner, B.F. (1953). Science and Human Behavior. New York: Macmillan.
hereas, people needing a broad understanding of biological concepts may want to review books instead. The end result is that there is a litany of literary sources for biological resource; the chief concern is to frame the right questions to find appropriate research.
Neil Campbell, Biology (7th edition), Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company, 2004, hardcover
Johnson George B. 2005 "Biology, Visualizing Life." Holt, Rinehart, and inston.
PLos Biology. (n.d.). Retrieved February 26, 2007, from http://biology.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=index-html&issn=1545-7885
International Journal of Biological Sciences. (n.d.). Retrieved February 26, 2007 at http://www.biolsci.org/
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine. (n.d.). Retrieved February 26, 2007, from http://www.press.jhu.edu/journals/perspectives_in_biology_and_medicine / index.html
MIT Biology Hypertextbook. (n.d.). Retrieved February 26, 2007, from http://www.biology-online.org/reference/flink/mit_biology_hypertextbook/
Borgstrom, G., 1969, Too Many, a Story of Earth's Biological Limitations: New York,
Coleman, ., 1971, Biology in the Nineteenth Century: New York, John iley and Sons.
Garland, a., 1975, Life Science in the Twentieth Century:…
Neil Campbell, Biology (7th edition), Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company, 2004, hardcover
Johnson George B. 2005 "Biology, Visualizing Life." Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
PLos Biology. (n.d.). Retrieved February 26, 2007, from http://biology.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=index-html&issn=1545-7885
International Journal of Biological Sciences. (n.d.). Retrieved February 26, 2007 at http://www.biolsci.org/
The Navy has a stated mission to maintain, train and equip combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression, and maintaining freedom of the seas. This mission requires the active involvement, participation, and support of the troops that make up the Navy. I understand that as a service member, I have a role to play in the Navy's ability to achieve its mission. I understand the importance of my personal contribution to Navy efforts to meet its goals and the necessity of complying with military regulations governing acceptable behavior. I am taking this opportunity to discuss the need to follow orders, maintain good order and discipline and promote the success of Navy objectives.
Just as every state and city in the United States has laws that promote safety, fire prevention and maintaining the good order of the populace, so too does the Navy have laws and regulations that…
discipline nursing discuss concepts identified literature relation nursing practice. Your paper adhere APA 6th edition guidelines include introduction, thesis statement conclusion.
Nursing metaparadigm: Evolving views of the discipline
Ever since Florence Nightingale published her thirteen canons of nursing, nursing has striven to define itself as a unique discipline, with unique rules and protocols. The nursing metaparadigm embraced by most theorists of the nursing process today is fourfold structure encompassing patient (human being), the nursing process, health, and the wider environment. However, while the embrace of such constructs connects many of the major theorists of nursing, all theorists have slightly different notions of what constitutes 'nursing,' which affects their views of other components of the nursing process. Additionally, some writers on the topic even believe that to have a 'theory' of the practical nursing process is an oxymoron.
Those who dispute the value of having a 'theory' or larger construct with…
Dexheimer Pharris, Margaret. (2009). Inclusivity. From Transforming nursing education.
Bosher, Susan D. & Dexheimer Pharris, Margaret. (Eds.). Springer. Retrieved. http://www.springerpub.com/samples/9780826125583_chapter.pdf
Kikuchi, June. F. (1999). Clarifying the nature of conceptualizations about nursing. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 30(4): 115-128. Retrieved: http://cjnr.mcgill.ca/archive/30/30_4_kikuchi.html
Margaret Newman. (2009). Nursing Theories. Retrieved:
discipline is a method used in assisting an employee who has not being performing his duties as expected by his company. Discipline gives an employee
the opportunity to think of his/her job and to decide how important it may be to him/her.
In some cases the discipline may modify the employees behavior, other cases the inappropriate behavior may still continue. Strong documentation is required in these
instances of the action being taken and to avoid legal ramifications such as: employment discrimination complaints, unemployment compensation hearings, wrongful discharge and other related lawsuits.
By following the guidelines listed below, the company can ensure avoidance of legal ramifications as well as a possibly better performed employee:
Make sure the employee is clear about his/her job expectations and any other details that would enable them to work more effectively.
If the employee is violating policies and procedures, make sure these are written and that…
Article: How to Fire with Compassion and Class
Pages 2 and 3
Discipline with Dignity
The goal of the current research is not to conduct a thorough examination or make any inferences about the quality of research in the area of behavioral interventions and classroom management plans for students, but to present a broad stroke assessment of where we are as a field. Articles were culled from peer-reviewed journals and identified using electronic database systems, including Google Scholar, Eric, and Psychlnfo, as well as conducting reviews of bibliographies and hand searches of primary journals, including the Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, and Journal of Emotional and Behavior Disorders. Teaching appropriate behavior skills is important but it is not the only aspect of instruction for young children who display negative behaviors. Preschool curriculum and instruction focus on the cognitive, social, and emotional development of children. Teachers are responsible for teaching academic and social skills. Therefore if children are exhibiting negative behavior which…
Benedict, E.A., Horner, R.H., & Squires, J.K. (2007). Assessment and Implementation of Positive Behavior Support in Preschools. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 27(3), 174-192.
Blood, E., & Neel, R.S. (2007). From FBA to Implementation: A Look At What Is Actually Being Delivered. Education & Treatment of Children, 30(4), 67-80.
Capizzi, A.M. (2009). Start the Year Off Right: Designing and Evaluating a Supportive Classroom Management Plan. Focus on Exceptional Children, 42(3), 1-12.
Kalberg, J.R., Lane, K.L., & Menzies, H.M. (2010). Using Systematic Screening Procedures to Identify Students Who are Nonresponsive to Primary Prevention Efforts: Integrating Academic and Behavioral Measures. Education & Treatment of Children, 33(4), 561-584.
discipline social psychology. As a part examination, address items: a. Define social psychology. b. Discuss social psychology differs related disciplines (e.
Social psychology is a study of individuals' act in a social context. The study is a branch of psychology that study's why and how people feel, think, and do things the way they do given the situations they face (Howard, 2000). In studying social psychology it is possible to understand the formation of stereotypes, their existence and what makes people seem different in different situations. Despite the fact that social psychology seeks to explain people's behavior, it cannot be said to explain all social problem people face. Social psychology resides in a special in science since it is suspended between methodological orientations deduced from biological sciences and social sciences (Ash, 2005).
The subject matters of Social psychology are the social interactions, feeling, thinking about others, relating to…
Ash, M.G. (2005). The Uses and Usefulness of Psychology. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 600(1), 99-114.
Howard, J.A. (2000). Social Psychology of Identities. Annual Review of Sociology, 26(3), 367-393.
Where, many governments are often utilizing a model that augments private services with those they provide. The results are: that this is improving the overall quality of services and it is reducing costs. (Gray, 1995, pp. 75 -- 99)
Public Policy and Analysis
The article that was written by Lindblum (1959), discusses how many administrators will often use a combination of techniques and analysis when evaluating public policy. This is problematic, because it causes the overall bureaucracy to become more dysfunctional, by not having a set of procedures for effective planning and analyzing public policy. (Lindblom, 1959, pp. 79 -- 88)
The article from Proven (2001), talks about how cooperative organizational networks have been developed to evaluate the responsiveness of government programs. This is important, because these programs are providing a way of: having administrators and the citizens interacting together. At which point, they can evaluate the effectiveness…
Bailey, S. (1964). Ethics and the Public Service. Public Administration Review 24 (4). 234 -- 243.
Boyne, G. (1999). Human Resource Management. Public Administration 77 (2). 407 -- 420.
Etzoni, a. (1967). Mixed Scanning. Public Administration Review 27 (5). 385 -- 392.
Gray, a. (1995). From Public Administration. Public Administration 73 (1). 75 -- 99.
The redefining of a company's vision, mission and objectives, and how they choose to align their supply chain operations, logistics, fulfillment and approaches to using this massive systems in many companies to attain SBD-based initiatives is also more comprehensive than initially assumed.
The reliance on advanced supply chain programs including reverse logistics for recycling packaging and shipment materials to create sustainable product, process and service innovation also changed my perspective of SBD as well. How reverse logistics and other supply chain processes also serve to unify a company's overall sustainability strategy was illuminating. The integration of governance, risk and compliance (GRC), resources and efficiency, and sustainable design, all of which contribute to a strong brand also exemplified how strategic SBD is overall. The use of enterprise compliance and quality management as a means to track performance of an organization against objectives for environmental sustainability also was an interesting learning experience,…
discipline but most can be said to have certain common basic building-blocks. A research proposal serves as a kind of a road map for the final project. The first component of the proposal is the title, which should give the reader a clear idea of the proposed subject matter. "It has to be informative and comprehensive and must honestly represent the research" (Johnson 2014). The title is followed by an abstract (usually composed of approximately 200-250 words) that summarizes the content of the rest of the proposal. The actual introduction, as it suggests, introduces the research problem or thesis and anticipated results. It may also justify the methodology used.
The definition of terms section defines critical words relevant to the research given that the colloquial meaning of certain concepts may be different than the researcher's definition or the definitions of terms may vary between disciplines. The literature review explains the…
Johnson, V. (2014). Parts of a research paper. Tarleton University. Retrieved from:
Teaching -- Classroom Management
Discipline in Classroom - Problems and Solutions
Classroom management is the phrase that teachers use to explain the act of managing their classroom and students to make sure those stressful and non-educational circumstances are avoided and students learn subjects successfully. Classroom management entails more than the management and discipline of the students but also the accessibility of additional information on topics. Effective classroom management will make life less traumatic for teachers and make sure that students are given the right tools and a calm atmosphere in which to learn (Diamond, 2011).
Classroom management often differs from one teacher to another for the reason of the teacher's qualities, teaching methods, vigilance and amount of students in the classroom at any given time. Effective classroom management entails teachers being ready for lessons, inspiring students, offering appropriate and effectual discipline, making students feel contented, enhancing student self-esteem and conniving…
Akin-Little, K. Angeleque, Little, Steven G. And Laniti, Mariana. 2007. "Teachers' Use of Classroom Management Procedures in the United States and Greece: A Cross-Cultural
Comparison." School Psychology International February, 28(1), 53-62.
Austin, V.L. 2003. "Fear and loathing in the classroom: A candid look at school violence and the policies and practices that address it." Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 14(1), 17-
According to Sears (1986).The main problem with social psychology is that various researchers concentrated their efforts and study group on college students who were subjected to various laboratory tests in order to gauge their rational together with various aspects of their deliberate behaviour and thinking. Through the analysis of various contents from three renowned social psychology journals, Sears (1980) found that about 75% of their reports fitted into the original mold. The research on various college students pointed out that as compared to other adults, they have attitudes that are less -- formulated coupled with senses of self and very strong tendencies to be compliant with various levels and forms of authority. They also portrayed very unstable relationships with their peers. These differences between the college student and adults' social psychology are often amplified in the laboratory.
The organizational psychology has often been criticized for its limitation of scope. The…
Allport, F.H.( 1924) Social Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
McAdams, D.P. (1995). What do we know when we know a person? Journal of Personality, 63, 365-396
In the same vein, Morris & Wood (1988) argue that, because of humanism's strong focus on self-actualization and thus self-acceptance, there exists a natural conflict between it and primary tenets of orthodox Christianity; sin is widely regarded among orthodox Christians as something of which to be ashamed, while humanism strives to help the individual achieve self-acceptance. A serious issue is presented here -- humanists wishing to treat orthodox Christians are faced with the decision to tell them their religion is wrong or deny treatment. Complicating the matter is the fact that some argue that acceptance of sin is itself a step toward self-actualization (Morris & Wood, 1988). This point is not recognized by the humanistic view and as such, humanistic tests measuring amount of self-actualization in orthodox Christians may be inaccurate (Morris & Wood, 1988). Humanism is ill-equipped to deal with orthodox Christianity and non-Western cultures.
Hanks suggests that a…
Hanks, Tammy L. (2008). The Ubuntu Paradigm: Psychology's Next Force? Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 48, 116-135. DOI: 10.1177/0022167807303004.
Watson, P.J., Morris, Ronald J., Wood, Ralph W. (1988). Antireligious Humanistic Values, Guilt
and Self-Esteem. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 27(1), 535-538.
Watson, P.J., Morris, Ronald J., Wood, Ralph W. (1984). Religious Orientation, Humanistic
Alternative Discipline in Federal Government
The phrase "Alternative Discipline" (AD) is a newly characterized form of "Alternative Dispute esolution," (AD) found in the U.S. Federal Government. Discipline has been affixed in the United States of America's Federal Government through this facet. Alternative Discipline is immensely beneficial to the U.S. human resource management sectors. Alternative Discipline exists in various departments representing many departments as affixed in the state structure of growth and development. For instance, it covers all the departments as the U.S. agriculture sector, the U.S. army, the U.S. police, and all the other sectors of operation. With the introduction of Alternative Discipline, many benefits and efficiencies are will be experienced in the U.S. human resource management systems. The program offers credibility to the general workmanship of the state organizations, human interactions, and even non-government organizations (United States, 1999).
Alternative Discipline will be used to resolve effectively disputes, which are…
Congress. (2009). Congressional Record (Bound Volumes): Volume 150, Part 19. United States
Govt Printing Office.
Holley, W.H., Jennings, K.M., & Wolters, R.S. (2009). The labor relations process. Mason,
Ohio: Southwestern Cengage Learning.
International elations as a discipline has been expressed through a relatively consistent story regarding its history. As a result, the discipline has an extremely specific and remarkably misleading story to show its origins. The foundational aspect of the field of International elations can be traced back to 1919 following the emergence of the concept of a distinct discipline of International elations. Actually, the foundational and institutional aspect is very important in its effect on the modern debates regarding the nature of the discipline and its field of study. One of the most significant aspects of the field is that its gets described as one originating from the interstate war problem. The field can be demonstrated as distinct to political history, science or economics in a manner that is usually accompanied by claims that it consists of a different methodology. The development of International elations as a discipline has been closely…
Mnungu, M. (n.d.). Development Studies / International Relations. Retrieved from Atlantic
International University website: http://www.aiu.edu/publications/student/english/DEVELOPMENT%20STUDIES%20%20INTERNATIONAL%20RELATIONS.html
Schmidt, B.C. (2002). On the History and Historiography of International Relations. Retrieved October 6, 2012, from http://www.omnilogos.com/2012/03/23/on-the-history-and-historiography-of-international-relations/
Smith, S. (2000, October 5). The Discipline of International Relations: Still an American Social
Although Foucault acknowledges that people are in constant search for knowledge, he also emphasizes the fact that knowledge is not the same thing as accepting a universal truth. Moreover, knowledge produces even more confusion because it makes matters more complex and because it brings on new concepts that individuals need to consider before accepting an idea as being universally true. Knowledge actually "ceaselessly multiplies the risk, creates dangers in every area; it breaks down illusory defenses" (Foucault 387). As a consequence, it would be wrong for someone to consider that performing an in-depth study of a particular issue is likely to generate positive results regarding the respective issue and to demonstrate that it is actually possible to accept a universal truth.
In spite of the fact that society considers to have great power, it is unable to control the natural world and it is thus unable to agree with regard…
Foucault, Michel, "Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology," (the New Press, 1999)
Foucault, Michel, "Discipline and punish: the birth of the prison," (Vintage Books, 1979)
Han, Beatrice, "Foucault's Critical Project: Between the Transcendental and the Historical," (Stanford University Press, 2002)
McLaren, Margaret, a. "Feminism, Foucault, and Embodied Subjectivity," (SUNY Press, 2002)
As a result, some kind of balance must be maintained in establishing authority and giving everyone enough freedom to think creatively. If an educator is too much of friend to the students, it will make it difficult in effectively reaching out to them. While at the same time, excessive amounts of discipline will encourage them to rebel. This is why some kind of equilibrium must be taken in instilling enough authority and establishing a personal relationship on a certain level. (Coloroso, 2002)
The age and type of student is impacting my views. This is because they will be more mature, when they are older and select demographics are easier to relate to. For instance, working with students who are younger and from troubled backgrounds will require overcoming barriers they have to authority. Whereas, those who are older and more academically inclined, will be interested in learning new ideas…
Coloroso, B. (2002). Kids are Worth it. New York, NY: Quill.
Klein, D. (2001). Working with Children from Culturally Diverse Backgrounds. Albany, NY: Delmar Learning.
Picower, B. (2012). Practice What You Teach. New York, NY: Routledge.
Superfine, B. (2012). Equality in Education. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
These include: formulating a hypothesis, assembling resources and designing / running experiments. The combination of these elements will provide a way of accurately assessing the underlying amounts of risk. Moreover, it will help to identify procedures that will allow entrepreneurs to continually innovate. (Sull, 2004, pp. 71 -- 77)
According to Soto, this is in line with his basic function of an entrepreneur. Evidence of this can be seen with him saying, "This idea fits perfectly with the activity that exercises the employer to decide what will be their actions and to estimate the effect of the same in the future. Being alert, although it is also acceptable as a note of entrepreneurship by involving the idea of attention or vigilance, I believe it is something less appropriate than the adjective 'insightful' or 'perspicacious', perhaps because it implies or involve an attitude clearly more static. On the other hand, we…
Soto, J. (n.d.). Business Function and Perspicacity
Sull, D. (2004). Disciplined Entrepreneurship. MIT Sloan Review, 71 -- 77.
Another important concept in steps toward dealing with problem employees is the term coaching, which if done correctly can be a positive tool to bring a problem employee back into productivity. Coaching usually involves one or more managers sitting down with the individual, pointing out both positive and negative issues he or she may be having, an allowance for the individual to have input in the concerns and should always involve a positive perspective where the individual is praised as much as he or she is guided regarding his or her misconduct. Coaching is a positive form of discipline, though it can be an active part of overall employee training as well and will likely be better received if it is and if it has a history as part of the culture of the business. Coaching can also take place as part of a consulting process that offers employees…
DelPo, a. Guerin, L. (2010) Dealing With Problem Employees: A Legal Guide 5th Edition. Berkeley, CA: NOLO Press.
Gudgin, S. (2010). Be smart to avoid a legal scrum. Caterer & Hotelkeeper, 200(4642), 33. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Ingham, D. (2010). Clued up. Works Management, 63(8), 12. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Kushnir, S. (2008). Managing the Star Performer No One Wants to Work With. Certification Magazine, 10(10), 38-39. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Remembering riting, Remembering Reading
Conclusion -- My riting
This chapter (4) embraces the way in which people become literate. The author interviewed a wide variety of people with wildly diverse literacy experiences, and interestingly, many of those interviewed reflected that early writing experiences involved "feelings of loneliness, secrecy and resistance" (p. 94). The focus in this essay is on reading, but also on writing; what a person takes from this essay is that there are many ways to influence a child to begin writing, and it usually is launched from the reading experience. Yes, I write like I talk, but that is because I haven't really put my nose to the grindstone of learning what goes into a well-written essay or article. How do you influence an adult to become adept at writing well? It has to come not just from the heart, but also from the soul and the…
Brandt, Deborah. "Literacy in American Lives: Living and Learning in a Sea of Change." In
Literacy and Learning: Reflections on Writing, Reading, and Society. San Francisco:
Brandt, Deborah. "Remembering Writing, Remembering Reading," in Literacy and Learning:
Discipline for Children
Understanding effective parental discipline, defined as social projection of parents' concepts onto their children, their impact and hence its development in the children's mind, comes under a number of mechanisms and paradigms of research literature. They range from learning theories, morality theories, and parental styles of social delivery to socio cultural cum environmental approach (Halpenny, et al., 2010).
According to Clinton and Sibcy (2006), it is deemed that children are emotionally sensitive parts of the society who need parents, care, leadership, love and nurturing from someone whose primary duty is to take care of the child. According to the authors, it is possible that some decisions undertaken by the guardians in the name of love may result into deteriorative outcomes detested by the children and may form a bad effect on their lives. Following is a table (p. 6) extracted from Clinton and Sibcy defining different traits…
Wissow, L.S. (2001) 'Ethnicity, income and parenting contexts of physical punishment in a national sample of families with young children', Child Maltreatment, Vol. 6, pp. 118-29.
Woodward, L.J. And Fergusson, D.M. (2002) 'Parent, child and contextual predictors of childhood physical punishment', Infant and Child Development, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 213-36.
Wolfner, G.D. And Gelles, R.J. (1993) 'A Profile of Violence towards Children: A National Study', Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 197-212.
Education in today's institutions is fragmented. Attempts at holistic and comprehensive understanding tend to fall short of practical usage consistently and often tragically. The purpose of this paper is to explore the discipline of physical science and how it relates or doesn't relate to other disciplines that are found in current academic studies. In this essay I will explore the difficulties and shortcomings of educational attempts to correlate and ultimately make sense of multi-disciplined explanations and knowledge.
Humanity has been blessed with the ability to communicate complex ideas and artistic expression. The goal of education is to organize and utilize these forms of communication in order to practically improve the human condition. This appears to be a very difficult task. Physics is a discipline which focuses on the reactions of strictly material influences. This discipline attempts to explain physical forces and to predict their outcomes. Why then is…
"Everybody thinks of changing humanity and nobody thinks of changing himself." Moral superiority, setting unrealistic and fixed goals, and judging others are antithetical to good practices, self-knowledge and reaching out to others in an open and tolerant fashion facilitate spiritual practice.
Foster stresses that many Eastern practices are compatible with Christian practices. Meditation is not an esoteric part of discipline, but within every believer's capability provided that he or she does the practice in a spirit of contemplation, by using the correct posture, breath, and in mindful isolation. "Christian meditation leads us to the inner wholeness necessary to give ourselves to God freely, and to the spiritual perception necessary to attack social evils. In this sense it is the most practical of all disciplines... Anyone who can tap the power of the imagination can learn to meditate." Journaling as well as contemplating and centering prayer can lead an individual to…
Why is it important
Every nursing practice has to be accompanied by rightful acceptance to be part of the nursing processes and activities in any society. The nursing licensure is a document that gives a right for the nursing activities to be done, not just for progression, but also for the same of improving life and health in any human setting. Certification is a necessity for any commercial activity today. Nursing is not exempted from such regulations. The licensure enables nursing to be seen as a professional body with credentials that must be met just like other professions. Nurse certification separates professional nurses from other nursing activities done yet not professional in nursing. ABNS and many other certifying bodies ensure that nursing is done within the specified regulations (Roux & in Halstead, 2018).
Licensure makes the nursing profession have quality attenuations that separate it from other medical fields.…
Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization
The following will be a review of a book known as The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization by Peter M. Senge. It is a book that describes how a company can become successful by adapting learning organization practices. In the long run the book explains that one has to learn faster than the competition in order to be the most successful.
Chapter one sees Senge introducing the reader to the ideas of learning organizations and how they are needed for one to become successful in this day and age. As the world becomes more complex and interconnected, according to Senge, businesses and organization must become more "learningful" which is something I believe in. If a business wants to top as the best they have to learn the trade or quirks pretty fast (Senge, 2006). According…
Senge, P. (2006). The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. Doubleday.
Communications as a Discipline
By its very definition, "communication is a social process in which individuals employ symbols to establish and interpret meaning in the environment." ("SPC 3210, Chapter 1") But it is more than just a social process, there are a number of other aspects involved in communication. Whether it is thought of in terms of one of the three models: linear, interaction, or transactional, communication involves many other facets than just the transmission of information from one person to another. ("SPC 3210, Chapter 1") There are psychological aspects of communication, as well as semantic, physical, and physiological ones. Therefore, Communication is a discipline which crosses over into a number of other disciplines such as psychology, sociology, physiology, politics, ethics, and many others.
While the study of communication shares aspects with many other disciplines, none of them can alone encompass all that communication means. Because communication involves interaction between…
"SPC 3210: Contemporary Human Communication." McGraw Hill/Florida
State University. Retrieved from http://ezto.mhecloud.mcgraw-
DISCPLINE vs. Management
Compare Discipline and Management
Discipline in the classroom is often equated with punishment, although punishment is only one of the tools of discipline that can be used by a teacher. One common definition of discipline is "teaching others right from wrong" with "methods to prevent or respond to behavior problems so they do not occur" (Behavior management, Sage Publications, 5). Discipline's "most typical current meaning seems to be most associated with the notion of bringing children into line" (Allen 2010). In my own personal classroom vocabulary, I think of discipline as informing students of expected consequences, both good and bad, such as if a student turns in all of his homework on time he gets a sticker at the end of the week but if he does not he has to do an extra assignment. In other words, discipline is a way of dealing with problems and…
Allen, K.P. (2010). Classroom management, bullying, and teacher practices. The Professional
Educator, 34(1), 1-15.
Behavior management. Sage Publications. Retrieved from:
This paper provides a comprehensive progressive discipline policy that will be utilized in managing employee behavior in the workplace. This policy is developed on the premise that managing employee conduct is crucial towards enhancing workplace productivity and organizational success. The policy includes an overview of purpose and procedures that will be undertaken for corrective/disciplinary action by the human resource department. It also includes a brief description of the appeal process and issues that are not subject to the organization’s progressive discipline framework. The policy provides explanations why termination of employment can be considered as the first or last disciplinary action depending on the circumstances and nature of the misconduct.
Progressive Discipline Policy
KenTrizo Limited recognizes the importance of the establishment of a suitable working environment for all its employees. The company believes that the creation of a secure and good workplace is essential towards the realization of organizational objectives.…
control group as well as potential other study groups (grade level and ability level
DCS2 -- Field Notes/Observational ecords -- Observation of the above classes engaged in either a various lessons; take detailed notes on behaviors observed and current strategies being use to refocus or mitigate that behavior.
DCS3 -- Audiotaped Interviews (Children) -- Interview students about ways they believe behavior or management intervention can be effective. Students innately understand that certain behaviors are acceptable and certain ones unacceptable, within the classroom. Use this to get their view on how they believe a teacher can be effective in classroom management and what that means to them.
DCS4 -- Interviews with experts -- Similarly, interview experts in the field of behavioral psychology, long-term teachers, or specialists in classroom management to discuss appropriate levels of classroom management and intervention techniques.
DCS5 -- Behavioral Scales -- Once literature review and interviews are complete,…
Churchward, B. (2009). 11 Techniques for Better Classroom Discipline. Discipline by
Design. Cited in:
Craig, D.V. (2009). Action Research Essentials. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
A great deal of this is accomplished by serving others and thinking of others first, before oneself. Exerting responsible self-control by engaging in personal habits conducive to bodily health refers to an act that is partly commonsense and partly the act of treating one's body like a temple of the Holy Spirit. By being made in God's image, one truly needs to honor that belief and treat one's body as the sacred thing it is. Exhibiting mental and emotional maturity means treating oneself and others with respect and sensitivity and establishing clear boundaries in social and personal interactions. Exhibiting integrity in all of one's relationships refers not only to treating people with respect, but also being honest in word and deed.
Engaging in fidelity in marriage and celibacy in singleness are two rock bottom foundations for following the doctrines of the church and honoring oneself and one's relationship. Social responsibility…
Nyac.com. (n.d.). The Ministry of the Ordained. Retrieved May 18, 2012, from New York
Annual Conference: http://www.nyac.com/pages/detail/1755
Umc.org. (2011). Mission and Ministry. Retrieved May 18, 2012, from United Methodist
Michel Foucault: Discipline and Punish
Michel Foucault stated "We must cease once and for all to describe the effects of power in negative terms: it excludes, it represses, it censors, it abstracts, it masks, it conceals. In fact, power produces; it produces reality; it produces domains of objects and rituals of truth. The individual and the knowledge that may be gained of him belong to this production." The objective of this study is to answer as to what Foucault means by that and how it relates to the rest of the book and how it might relate to Freud's 'Civilization and it's Discontents" Finally, this study will provide a reaction to the quote either in agreement or disagreement.
The claims of Foucault in the statement of " We must cease once and for all to describe the effects of power in negative terms: it excludes, it represses, it censors, it…
McWhorter, L. (1994) Self-Overcoming in Foucault's Discipline and Punish. UR Scholarship Repository. Philosophy Faculty Publications. Retrieved from: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1014&context=philosophy-faculty-publications
(ehavior Management Themes, 2007)
The basic rights of teacher in their classrooms include: (1) the right to establish optimal learning environments; (2) the right to request and express appropriate behavior; and (3) the right to receive help from administrators and parents as needed. (ehavior Management Themes, 2007) the basic rights of students in the classroom include: (1) the right to have teachers who help limit self-destructing behavior; and (2) the right to choose how to behave. (ehavior Management Themes, 2007) These rights and needs of students are most optimally met through use of assertive discipline in which the teacher "...clearly communicates the expectations to the students and consistently follows-up with appropriate actions, but never violates, the best interests of the students." (ehavior Management Themes, 2007) the work of Usha McNab entitled: "The Individual and the Whole Class" states that: "that the teacher needs to work on creating a social and…
Behavior Management Theories (2007) Online available at http://blog.os42.com/behaviour-management-theories/ .
Carey, Timothy a. (2007) What is Different About Different Discipline Programs? Difference in School Discipline and Classroom Management Programs. Online available at http://responsiblethinking.com/different.htm .
Collier, Denise L. (2006) Sally Can Skip but Jerome Can't Stomp: Perceptions, Practice and School Punishment (Preliminary Results) April 2006. Online available at http://www.gse.uci.edu/csu-uci-edd/proposals/DLCollier-Proposal.pdf.
McNab, Usha (nd) the Individual and the Whole Class. Online available at http://www.partnership.mmu.ac.uk/cme/Student_Writings/DMELE/Usha_McNab.html. UNC Charlotte Behavior and Reading Improvement Center. Online available at http://education.uncc.edu/bric/intervention_descriptions.htm#Assertive%20Discipline
Fifth Discipline," authored by Peter Senge, is a book that deals with the concept of cultivating "learning organization." According to Senge, "learning organization" is a continuous process of learning, where each idea is continually developed and freed, and where people continuously learn from each other. This notion can be guided in building a successful "learning organization" with Senge's five discipline: personal mastery, mental models, shared vision, team learning, and systems thinking. To demonstrate these disciplines, Senge tells real life stories in the book. Further, almost each chapter begins and ends with a quote from famous persons and friends of Senge.
Peter Senge's the "Fifth Discipline," converses the importance of a "learning organization." It presents new ways of management development. The book focuses on learning not just as individual process, but learning as an organization as well. Senge explains that "learning organization" is important because of the tough competition in businesses…
According to the Illinois Legal Aid Online (2018) Bullying can be understood as the aggressive and unwanted traits espoused by school going children. The traits entail some perceived or real power imbalance. Some of the students will use this power (such as their physical strength, popularity, access to privileged information) to harm, blackmail or harm other students. This behavior has to be repeated or have the potential of being repeated for it to qualify as bullying (Illinois Legal Aid Online, 2018). This paper explores a bullying scenario and maps out a strategy to alleviate bullying among students. In doing so the paper quotes three cases (i.e. Goss v. Lopez, Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, and New Jersey v. T.L.O). The rulings in these cases will be used to delineate the process of investigation, disciplining of bullies and bullying prevention measures. The paper also…
The problem with hiring an internal investigator in that his judgment, in most cases, may be clouded by friendship, bias or even personal grudges. Another possible solution would be office shuffling. This police tradition is usually repugnant, superfluous to the public, and ineffective in dealing with the problems in the police. Office shuffle is only effective if competent officers and dedicated to combating police problems replace non-performing officers. For the case of Officer Joe who has had no previous criminal record, shuffling could be effective. The best solution would be progressive discipline for the case of Officer Joe.
To evaluate the success of progressive discipline, the manager has to monitor Officer Joe. Progressive discipline is not a single occurrence; rather it is a continuous process. For the case of Officer Joe, improved dressing, calm in the workplace and evidence of teamwork would be an indication of success of the process.…
Castillo, A., & Martinez, C. (2008). Library Science in Mexico: a discipline in crisis. Progressive Librarian, 31, 29-36.
Ellison, K.W. (2004). Stress and The Police Officer. Spring Field, IL:Charles C. Thomas Publishers
Kelly, S.F. (2003). Internal Affairs, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 72(7), 1 -- "6. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.lib.kaplan.edu/ehost/detail-vid =12&hid=10&sid =8b9 339b0-4467-44cd-8072 173f1416b5b8%40sessionmgr13&bdata= JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3 Qtb Gl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=10341537
Raterman, M.T. (2003). Progressive discipline as a police management tool police department disciplinary, Bulletin, 8(9)Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.lib.kaplan. edu / socialsciences/docview/198687865/13941E3FCEE3AFCCBE7/3?accountid=34544
Education: Inclusion Discipline
The purpose of this work is to research Inclusion Discipline. Recently there has been a push throughout the nation for the placement of Special Education students in the regular classroom environments. This work will examine that which an administrator must do in making provisions of ensuring the students not only receive quality education but also to reflect that the IEPs methods utilized are promoting quality behavior in the regular classroom.
Inclusive education has faced many challenges in the classroom that is so diverse in terms of student's needs and accommodations. The Individuals with Disabilities Act was passed with the intent of protecting and integrating disabled individuals. To complicate matters the passing of the "No Child Left ehind Act" by the present administration brought with it what has the feel of a "conflict of interest" in view of the pre-existing IDEA legislation. Through the evaluation of IEP's,…
Watson, Harry (1999) Southern Cultures 'Gone with the Wind' critique 19993.[Online]http://www.highbeam .com/library/doc3.asp?ctrlInfo=Round9B%3AP%4ADO C%3AP.
Susman, Tina (2001) "Brilliant Parody or Blatant Ripoff? Newsday 2001 April 17.
Goss, Fred (2001) "The Wind Done Gone" (2001 Sep 9)
"Gone With the Wind" (1998) Memphis Flyer
Peter Senge (the fifth discipline), what must leaders do to create learning organizations, including shared vision and team learning?
Learning organizations are considered as organizations that will dominate the future because of the significance of discovering people's commitment and developing the learning capacity at every organizational level. As a result of their likelihood to dominate the future, leaders must take the necessary steps to create learning organizations. There are five major steps that these leaders should carry out i.e. systems thinking, personal mastery, mental models, creating shared vision, and team learning. In systems thinking, the leaders should focus on the entire pattern of change rather than snapshots of distinct parts of the system. This is followed by the discipline of personal mastery through prioritizing things that matter and living in accordance with the highest aspirations. Leaders should help people change their mutual models of the organization, their competitors, and their…
When this occurs typically a company will have to scramble to explain why all their commitments about a new product only partially were delivered, if at all. This and the precise market positioning of a new product to ensure existing products are not cannibalized require product managers to have a unique and expert-level skill set (Guide, Li, 2010).
Why the Industry Needs the Product Development and Management Association (PDMA) and New Product Development Professional (NPNP) Certifications
The role of the PDMA is to support the continual education and attainment of excellence in product development and management, creating opportunities for professional advancement for its members while ensuring a consistently high level of professionalism and thought leadership. The PDMA often hosts seminars and promotes opportunities for learning among its membership base, which is global in scope. In addition to its commitment to continual learning, the PDMA also works to define and continually…
Choi, J., Kristiansen, E., & Nahm, J.. (2010). VAPORWARE. International Economic Review, 51(3), 653.
Guide, V., & Li, J.. (2010). The Potential for Cannibalization of New Products Sales by Remanufactured Products. Decision Sciences, 41(3), 547.
David Pickton. (2003). The PDMA Toolbook for New Product Development. R & D. Management, 33(4), 459-461.
Schmidt, J., Sarangee, K., & Montoya, M.. (2009). Exploring New Product Development Project Review Practices. The Journal of Product Innovation Management, 26(5), 520.
If a startup is being planned, the strengths and weaknesses are related mainly to the promoter(s) - their experience, expertise and management abilities - rather than to the project. The objective is to build up a picture of the outstanding good and bad points, achievements and failures and other critical features within the company.
Threats & Opportunities
The external threats and opportunities confronting a company, can exist or develop in the following areas:
The company's own industry where structural changes may be occurring
(Size and segmentation; growth patterns and maturity; established patterns and relationships, emergence/contraction of niches; international dimensions; relative attractiveness of segments)
The marketplace which may be altering due to economic or social factors (Customers; distribution channels; economic factors, social/demographic issues; political & environmental factors)
Competition which may be creating new threats or opportunities
(Identities, performances, market shares, likely plans, aggressiveness, strengths & weaknesses)
New technologies which may be…
Periodic evaluations of strategies, tactics, and action programs are essential to assessing success of the strategic planning process. It is important to measure performance at least annually (but preferably more often), to evaluate the effect of specific actions on long-term results and on the organization's vision and mission (Rowley, Lujan, & Dolence, 1997). The organization should measure current performance against previously set expectations, and consider any changes or events that may have impacted the desired course of actions.
G) Competitive strategies
Unpredicted and unintended events frequently occur that differ from the organization's intended strategies, and the organization must
Fathers of Sociology
As a discipline, sociology is relatively young. Therefore, many of the great thinkers of the last two centuries have had a tremendous impact on the face of modern sociology. Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, and .E.B. Du Bois all contributed to the historical development of the discipline of sociology. One can see the lasting impact of those contributions in how sociologists approach human behavior in modern American society.
Emile Durkheim may be the man most responsible for transforming sociology from unscientific observations of human behavior into a disciplined science of human behavior. He drew upon Comte's work in sociology, but felt that his foundations were too vague. Instead of vague assertions about human behavior, Durkheim felt that in order for sociology to be a science, it "must study social facts, i.e. aspects of social life that shape our actions as individuals" (Agarwal, N.p.). hile Durkheim's work…
Agarwal, Priya. "What are the major contributions of Emile Durkheim to sociology?" Preserve
Articles. N.p. N.d Web. 30 Sep. 2013.
Crossman, Ashley. "Herbert Spencer." About.com Sociology. N.p. 2013. Web. 30 Sep. 2013.
Crossman, Ashley. "Karl Marx." About.com Sociology. N.p. 2013. Web. 30 Sep. 2013.
The Concept HEALTH Summarizing knowledge concept health identifying gaps knowledge. Based readings, literature find helpful, prepare a paper describes evaluates current level knowledge, approaches concept health significant discipline nursing
The Concept of Health
Many efforts have been put across towards achieving a common understanding on the concept of health (oden & Jarvis, 2012). Despite these efforts, more profound controversies loom over achieving a desirable universal understanding on the concept of health (Nordenfelt, 1984). In the field of medicine, society's ethical concern and the public policy matters, the concept of health in indispensable (Jeffrey & Jennifer, 2000).
In the contemporary philosophical world, the concept of health focuses on the challenges of establishing the nature of an individual's condition from a scientific perspective (Irvine, 2007). The perspective omits the much desirable assessment of the basic state of affairs being desirable or undesirable. Other philosophical assessments dig dipper to describe not…
Irvine, F. (2007). Examining the correspondence of theoretical and real interpretations of health promotion. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 16(3), 593-602.
Jeffrey, D.M., & Jennifer, M.M. (2000). "Is Inequality Bad for Our Health?." Critical Review, 13(4), 359-372.
Nordenfelt, L. (1984). "Introduction," in Lennart Nordenfelt and B. Ingemar B. Lindahl (eds), Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine (Dordrecht, 1984), p. xii.
Roden, J., & Jarvis, L. (2012). Evaluation of the health promotion activities of paediatric nurses: Is the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion a useful framework?. Contemporary Nurse:. A Journal For The Australian Nursing Profession, 41(2), 271-284.
Another concept that arises in the discourse on sustainability is what responsibility one generation has for the next in terms of caring for the environment and preventing problems like pollution or climate change. Thus, there are ecological, economic, and social issues as well as political problems at stake. The author also points out the legal and institutional issues involved in sustainability discourse as well as the technological implications.
Sustainability is at once a theoretical and practical concept. Both abstract and concrete, sustainability has different implications depending on the field of application. Therefore, an engineer will conceive of sustainability differently from an attorney or a consumer. The author outlines the various ideological underpinnings of sustainability discourse and presents a comprehensive model for a systems approach to sustainability science. Sustainability represents the intersection between science, philosophy, economics, ethics, and politics. Therefore, sustainability must be understood as a multi-dimensional and multi-disciplinary issue.
Hansa, a.M. (2010). Sustainability classifications in engineering: discipline and approach. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 3:4, 258-276, First published on: 14 September 2010.
Ethnomethodology is a discipline that studies the conduct of individuals within a particular society and the methods that these individuals use to actualize and accomplish their conduct / patterns of daily life in order to draw conclusions about that particular society or about a specific population within that society. In this case, inquiry would be focused on social contractions that adolescents experience and the consequences of such contradictions in their development.
The methods of study that I would utilize would be the following: I would limit my inquiry to a specific age (for instance, adolescents between 14 and 18); to a specific population (for instance, adolescents of second-generation Chinese who are living in America); to a certain area of America; and to a distinct socio-economic segment (for instance well -- educated, suburbia). Since ethnomethodological inquiry can be potentially huge, I would also employ other exclusionary factors such as ascertaining that…
Garfinkel, H. (2002) Ethnomethodology's program. NY: Rowman & Littlefield
Teacher Employment/Discipline Scenario
Paul Swanson has been advised that he needs to take anger management to control his temper. He has declined and now a worst possible scenario has occurred: the teacher has assaulted a student. Though an unfortunate chain reaction of events precipitated the assault, it is possible that the whole thing could have been avoided had Mr. Swanson handled himself with more propriety. The student Alicia Fernandez is not without fault and conducted herself in a manner unsuitable for a student in this school and her provocative behavior should not go unaddressed. However, Mr. Swanson should have the self-possession required of a tenured teacher to deal with provocative behavior from students in a more dignified manner. This paper will discuss the immediate action that should be taken, any reporting requirements that have been triggered, personnel policies that apply, Illinois laws that apply to the situation, and recommendations…
Corporal Punishment, Time-Out, And Other Forms of Child Discipline
This paper is presented in the format of an outline. It discusses the issue of child discipline including corporal punishment, time-out, and other methods.
The issue of child discipline has been a topic of hot debate for many years.
The 1960's brought about a revolutionary change in the way children were disciplined. Today there are many methods to chose from and it is an extremely personal and individual decision.
Many variables are involved including the way the parents were disciplined, the cultural influence involved and the way the parents friends discipline their children.if one's parents used corporal punishment then they may see it as a useful and effective tool for the purpose of discipline. If parents did not use corporal punishment the adult may decide against it because they were not raised with it. The use of corporal punishment is also…
Parisa Baharian, COLUMN: Corporal punishment thrives in America., University Wire, 05-17-2001.
Staff writers, Sparing the rod: A survey., The Dallas Morning News, 08-21-2001, pp 15A.
Staff Editorial, EDITORIAL: Corporal punishment a poor way to parent., University Wire, 04-19-2001.
Associated Press, Dad's right to corporal punishment upheld., The Dallas Morning News, 12-06-1996, pp 37A.
Asking for help is discouraged through such a model. So is bringing in personal experience in an unauthorized fashion. By dispensing and withdrawing praise, the new self is shaped. But this sense of independence is 'felt' more than 'reality.'
The attempt at objective judgments seeps through -- IQ tests, grades, all require certain practices. Of course, some professors deviate from this formula, and may require portfolios or independent research in defiance of such conventions. But most methods of assessment suggest a certain kind of intelligence is required to succeed in university, and by implication, succeed in life. Most universities do not reward musical intelligence, kinesthetic intelligence, and even spatial intelligence to the degree they do quantitative ability and verbal ability. Even before entering the university, through secondary school and the admissions process, students likely feel pigeonholed and 'tracked.' Failing to succeed is equated with being a failure in life in…
Science and Technology sounds promising as more and more unprecedented advances in computing, artificial intelligences robotics, genetics, biotechnology and neurosciences are unraveling. The commonly held belief is that technology goes on to make our lives better. Keeping this in mind, many people also believe that it has a positive impact on our aspects of our society. Because of the advents in technologies, there are present significant improvements in the standard of education, transport, and medical care as well. Similar impacts are also noticed in the security and safety arena as well. Even though the computer and science technology has had a positive impact on safety and technology, it has a negative impact as well.
How computers have affected the discipline
Information security is a very crucial operational technique. Before computers were invented, the main mode of security was through manual means. Everything had to be taken care of using the…
Byrne, J., & Marx, G. (2011). Technological innovations in crime prevention and policing. A review of the research on implementation and impact. Journal Of Police Studies, 20(3), 17 -- 40.
European Union,. (2012). Health effects of security scanners for passenger screening (based on X-ray technology) (1st ed.). Brussels: European Union. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/emerging/docs/scenihr_o_036.pdf
Goodman, M. (2012). How technology makes us vulnerable. CNN. Retrieved 5 July 2014, from http://edition.cnn.com/2012/07/29/opinion/goodman-ted-crime/
International Criminal Justice Philosophies
International criminal justice is a relatively new field in the criminal justice system since it deals with issues that go beyond the local or national level. This field of criminal justice examines several crimes and criminal justice responses from an international or global perspective. As a result of incorporating a global perspective in examining criminal justice issues and responses, this field is multidisciplinary in nature and relatively complex. In essence, the international criminal justice field can be described as a discipline that examines crimes and criminal justice responses to these issues from a global perspective (Kiriakova & Gross, 2005). Additionally, international criminal justice field focuses on how the international community and states react to atrocious international crimes like war crimes, human rights abuses, crimes against humanity, and genocide.
There are several aspects included in the field of international criminal justice including international crimes, transnational crimes, conventional…
Boas, G.J. (2012). What is International Criminal Justice? Retrieved February 15, 2017, from https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=245087086113076022082095092070068103113043039055000059064096010000067018031031115064102049096037117024113117120120097001007001057081030030036089108004024083015010009005005029109007019102080106082079117026120105107086079082006025005026006083000013008&EXT=pdf
Henn, M., Weinstein, M., & Foard, N. (2009). Critical Social Research. In A critical introduction to social research (2nd ed.). Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications Ltd.
John Jay College of Criminal Justice. (n.d.). International Criminal Justice: A Research Guide. Retrieved from Lloyd Sealy Library website: https://www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/research/International/
Weber, R. (2004). Editor's Comments: The Rhetoric of Positivism Versus Interpretivism: a Personal View. Management Information Systems Quarterly, 28(1), pp. iii -- xii
And reason is achieved when we are able to find the balance between two things, which are often the extreme ends of the spectrum. We can infer that good is something created by men. It is the product of reason. If Aristotle places that much responsibility to the faculty of reason, St. Augustine place that weight in God's hands as he maintained that the only way for men to be good, for men to be happy is through the grace of God. Good, then, cannot come from men but from God's grace.
St. Augustine's denial of the very existence of evil (it cannot be a substance) even dismissing it as simply an illusion of some sort, is a bit of a problem for me. Again, here we can find the utility of Aristotle's pragmatic view on things. If you hurt a person for example, can we not consider…
Ferguson., W. (1993). If God is all powerful and good, where does evil come from? Retrieved from http://www.kheper.net/topics/philosophy/Beyond_the_Problem_of_Evil.html . onKemerling, G. (2001). Aristotle: Ethics and Virtues. Retrieved at http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/2s.htm . onMarch 3, 2009
Kraut, R. (2007). Aristotle's Ethics. Retrieved at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-ethics.OnMarch 3, 2009.
Payne, W.R. (n.d.). St. Augustine. Retrieved at http://facweb.bcc.ctc.edu/wpayne/augustine.htm. OnMarch 3, 2009.
Sinclair Community College Website (n.d.). Theodicy: Proposed Solutions to Problem of Evil.
By verse 10, the Bhagavad-Gita is clear that "a transcendentalist should always try to concentrate his mind on the supreme self." Again, here we see reference to the self, defined in verse 7 as one who has achieved complete control of the mind.
This concept is mentioned again in this verse (Bhagavad-Gita, 27).
Finally, in verse 15, we see the Sankhya belief on the eventual result of this control. The passage describes the ultimate goal of Sankhya philosophy. It is clearly not the attainment of materialism, but rather, the cessation of all materialistic existence. The unconscious self, along with desire and want and emotion, is discarded in favor of complete consciousness and understanding (Bhagavad-Gita, 27). In other words, in Sankhya, the system is designed to attain freedom, rather than a mystical "Heaven" or kingdom which is merely a brief refuge from suffering.
It is clear that Sankhya has a similar…
Allen, Douglas. Culture and Self: Philosophical and Religious Perspectives, East and West. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.
Bhagavad-Gita. Johnson, W.J., Trans. Oxford: Oxford University, 1994.
Chekki, Danesh a. Religion and Social System of the Virasaiva Community. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997.
Isayeva, Natalia. Shankara and Indian Philosophy. Albany, NY: University of New York Press, 1993.
Art and Science of Marketing
The discipline of Marketing has come a long way since the advent of the industrial age, a consumer driven society, and an increasingly competitive global economy. Indeed, environmental compulsions have perforce led to many a management guru and business strategist developing new business models and marketing formulas that hold out the promise of the holy grail to building sustainable competitive advantages and increasing market shares. However, while these business models and marketing formulas are extremely helpful in understanding the dynamics of marketing, the fact remains that ultimately it is the application of these models or formulas to any one given marketing context that determines the success or otherwise of a marketing strategy. In fact, it is extremely critical that the context itself is defined correctly before any attempt is made to apply known marketing principles. The preceding facts, thus, make it evident that marketing is…
Black, J. "Coming Soon: A Horror Show for TV Ads." Business Week Online. June 27, 2003.
Accessed July 5, 2004: http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/jun2003/tc20030627_1133_tc119.htm
Fulton, R.L., & Maddock, R.C. "Marketing to the Mind: Right Brain Strategies for Advertising and Marketing." Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 1996.
QuickMBA. "Positioning: As Popularized by Al Ries and Jack Trout." Accessed July 5, 2004: http://www.quickmba.com/marketing/ries-trout/positioning
Discipline and Punish
In the novel Discipline and Punish, Michel Foucault, have studied the birth of prison in France. The author illustrates that the techniques of punishment, supervision and discipline stretch out well beyond the boundaries of the prison. The novel primarily concentrates on the growth and change of punishment from the seventeenth century to the modern era. Foucault emphasizes on the belief that the concept of discipline, which originally sprung from military eventually, spread out into organizations such as schools, factories, hospitals and prison. Through Foucault's novel, the reader learns that with time prisons have changed its outlook from dark and dingy dungeons into organizations which work towards educating, reforming and surveillance. By making use of the model system of Panopticon, the author elucidates on the notion of discipline and reform via indicated inspection and individualization.
Michel Foucault analyzes the relationship between power and knowledge and explains how both…
Michel F. Discipline And Punish. Paperback Publication. May 1995.
Briefing. Available on the address http://www.olma.vt.edu/psci/courses/5214a/tim663.pdf. Accessed on 5 May 2003.
Disciplined Application of Intellect to Public Problems
Leslie Pal defined public policy as "a course of action or inaction chosen by public authorities in addressing given problems or a set of interrelated problems (2010)." In essence, this implies that policies are instrumental in tackling issues of concern to the political community. ationalists argued the importance of policy analysis as having enough data and analysis hopes to solve problems in technical terms, without having to contaminate values. In public policy, the most important overarching value is the interest of public and is a benchmark or touchstone demonstrating what is done by democratic governments. For example, the Public Service has Values and Ethics Codes and under the law, the "democratic mission is to assist Ministers serve the interests of their public." The political system analyzes policies with an attempt to gain consensus, competition, the rule of law, inclusion, and gain good governance.…
Pal, L.A. (2010). Beyond Policy Analysis: Public Issue Management in Turbulent Times, (4th Eds.). Nelson Press.
Freud & Foucault: Comparing Two Theories of Human Behavior
Psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), and linguistic anthropologist Michel Foucault (1926-1984), came from two different European cities (Freud from Vienna; Foucault from Paris) lived at different times, and developed entirely different theories of human behavior. Freud believed human drives and impulses originate from the unconscious; and external social repression of unconscious impulses (early messages about "right" and "wrong" from parents, teachers, other authority figures, and from society) give way to internal formation of the id (unconscious desire); the ego (a person's sense of who he or she is); and the superego (an internalized parent constantly reminding the individual, based on early socialization, of what is the "right" thing to do, instead of the "wrong" thing, in terms of society's expectations of the individual). It is in fact the id/ego/superego theory for which Freud is best known.
Freud also believed, in…
child refuses to take a nap, punishment is one option of creating the desired behavior. A parent may rely on several classical behavioral learning techniques to gradually encourage the child to nap. The technique of punishment is one of many methods of reinforcement, based on basic operant conditioning and behaviorism.
With punishment, an aversive stimulus is added to decrease the behavior (Heffner, n.d.). The idea is that the subject associates the undesirable behavior with negative consequences and therefore avoids that behavior in the future. If it is applied immediately and directly after the behavior is exhibited, and applied consistently and clearly after each instance, punishment may be effective.
However, punishment can also lead to suppressed emotions like anger or resentment, and may create other undesirable behaviors if not used properly (Heffner, n.d.). Therefore, the punishment for not taking a nap must be consistent and appropriate. Examples of types of punishments…
Beck, H.P. (2001). General psychology. Retrieved online: http://www1.appstate.edu/~beckhp/reinforcementdefinitions.htm
"Corporal Punishment: Key Issues," (n.d.) Australian Institute of Family Studies. Retrieved online: https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/corporal-punishment-key-issues
Heffner, C.L. (n.d.). Reinforcement and reinforcement schedules. AllPsych. Retrieved online: http://allpsych.com/psychology101/reinforcement/#.VdtPE9OrSRs