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Dominican Republic (DR)
Location: The Dominican Republic is located in the Caribbean, on the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti.
Area: Total: 48,730 sq km; Land: 48,380 sq km; Water: 350 sq km.
Climate: The climate is considered tropical maritime, meaning it has little seasonal temperature variation and seasonal variation in rainfall.
Natural resources: Nickel, bauxite, gold, and silver.
Land use: Arable land: 21.08%; permanent crops: 9.92%; Other: 69%.
8,721,594 (2002 estimate).
Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.7% (male 1,503,344; female 1,439,157); 15-64 years: 61.3% (male 2,720,308; female 2,621,539); 65 years and over: 5% (male 206,556; female 230,690).
Ethnic groups: White 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%.
Religion: Roman Catholic: 95%.
Literacy (meaning age 15 and over can read and write): Total population: 82.1%;
male: 82%; female: 82.2%.
Gross Domestic product (GDP): $50…
Connolly, Joyce, Doggett, Scott. Lonely Planet Dominican Republic and Haiti (Dominican Republic and Haiti, 2nd Ed). Lonely Planet, 2002.
McMillan, Carol. Globalization and the Dominican Republic: Transformations in Everyday Life. Coyote Magazine, May 22, 2002.
World Factbook 2002. Dominican Republic. Retrieved online on 3/18/03 at http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/dr.html .
Source: World Factbook 2002. Dominican Republic. Retrieved online on 3/18/03 at
However, following several years of seizing ownership of the bulk of the vital businesses, he started to have stake in the important American-owned industries also, especially, the extremely vital -sugar industry. These takeover ploys connected with Trujillo's interfering in the internal matters of adjacent nations, resulted in more and more U.S. dissatisfaction with the autocrat of the Dominican epublic. (History of the Dominican epublic)
The Trujillo administration for more than thirty years made massive spending in building infrastructure, however, the despot himself, his family, and his associates cornered the major part of the monetary gains. Trujillo's chief avenues of gaining his riches were the national sugar industry that he speedily scaled up during the 1950s in spite of a subdued global market. In the route to setting up his massive fortune, he evicted farmers from their land, plundered the state treasury, and built a private estate akin to those of…
Background Note: Dominican Republic. Retrieved at http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35639.htm
50 Cents on the Dollar in the Dominican Republic. Retrieved from by Bob Kelly, http://articles.simplysearch4it.com/article/00014/2369.html
Country Studies: Economic Policy. Retrieved at http://www.country-studies.com/dominican-republic/economic-policy.html
Dominican Republic: Balance of Payments. Retrieved at ( http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r-frd/cstdy:@field (DOCID+do0075)
The idea is that if such a significant portion of the country's GDP is being funneled into international debt payments and there isn't enough money to improve social services needed to reduce poverty, then the country should improve the quality and efficiency of the institutions that are in place so as to maximize their ability to reach those who are in most need in the nation. Until the country's international debts have been forgiven or paid off, it is crucial that the resources that are available be used as efficiently as possible.
In order to improve the lives of the people of the Dominican Republic who are suffering under the burden of poverty, it is crucial that the country expand access to critical social services, especially to the rural poor. Doing so, though, will be difficult considering the significant weight of national debt that the country currently bears. ith so…
Dominican Republic Poverty Assessment: Poverty in a High-Growth Economy (1986-2000)." Volume I. The World Bank. 17 Dec. 2001. 29 Nov. 2007 http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2002/04/05/000094946_02032804010255/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf .
Economic Indicators -- Dominican Republic." EarthTrends Country Profiles. 2003. 29 Nov. 2007 http://earthtrends.wri.org/pdf_library/country_profiles/eco_cou_214.pdf .
Langston, Esther. "Political and Economic Crisis in the Dominican Republic." Crisis in the Dominican Republic. 16 May 2000. 29 Nov. 2007 http://www.saxakali.com/caribbean/elangston.htm .
Schipke, Alfred. "Central America Aims for Stronger Growth." International Monetary Fund. 2 Aug. 2007. 29 Nov. 2007 http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/2007/CAR082B.htm .
Dominican epublic History
The Dominican epublic was a nation bound by the Haitian government before rebelling and becoming an independent nation. During this time of political upheaval and social uprising, various men stood forth as the leaders of the policy-changing movements that were occurring at the time. After one of the founding fathers of the Dominican epublic, Juan Pablo Duarte, was exiled, two men came into power: Pedro Santana and Buenaventura Baez (San Miguel, 2009). Both men contributed greatly to the political and economic demise of the Dominican epublic. These two self-proclaimed generals initiated the time period known as the Era of the Dual Cuadillos.
Pedro Santana, the first self-proclaimed President and later dictator of the Dominican epublic had a background in the military. It was this exact background that gave him to power to overtake Duarte's government and appoint himself the Dominican epublic's first President after obtaining freedom from…
Gregory, S. (2007). Devil behind the mirror: Globalization and politics in the Dominican Republic. Berkley: University of California Press.
San Miguel, P. (2009). The imagined land: History, identity, and utopia in Hispaniola. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Haiti and Dominican Republic: Future Political-Economic Integration
Haiti Dominican Republic, a future political economic integration
Domestic and regional political processes and competition between different interest groups aid in the explanation of change and development processes or lack of the two in Haiti. Political economy and analytical frameworks contribute in making links between the underlying factors and the impact of development in a public manner. Each country has bodies charged with the aim of promoting political and economic integration with an aim of achieving positive results and limiting the negative impact
A combination of political and economic integration promotes sustainability of a country or nation by generation of higher income and facilitation of clean energy. It also promotes peace and harmony in the country and between the country and its neighbours. However, economic integration may cause degradation of natural resources because of exploitation and bring inequity in the region. All that…
Accilien, Ce-cile, Jessica Adams, Elmide Me-le-ance, and Jean-Pierre Ulrick. 2006.
Revolutionary freedoms. Coconut Creek, FL: Caribbean Studies Press.
Clammer, Paul, Michael Grosberg, and Jens Porup. 2008. Dominican Republic & Haiti.
Footscray, Vic: Lonely Planet.
Dominican epublic is an island nation of rich culture and lasting tradition, located in the Caribbean Sea. Winning its status as an independent republic in 1844, the republic is best known for its beaches, resorts, and unique history (Brown, 1999). However, it is perhaps the unique blend of cultural influences from around the world that make this beautiful island the fascinating area it is today. Its influences, stemming from African, Taino, Spanish, and English origin, combine to create an experience more unique than those found almost anywhere in the world.
Of these influences, the Taino Indian culture is the first that can be noted in almost all areas of life in the Dominican epublic. The Tainos inhabited the island from before 11 A.D. through the colonization of the island by Columbus and the Spanish in 1492 (Brown, 1999). From the agricultural practices and foods to the religion and art, the…
Austerlitz, P. (1998). The Jazz Tinge in Dominican Music: A Black Atlantic Perspective. Black Music Research Journal, 2(1), 1-3.
Brown, I.Z. (1999). Culture and Customs of the Dominican Republic. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Cambeira, A. (1997). Quisqueya La Bella: The Dominican Republic in Historical and Cultural Perspective. Armonk, NY M.E. Sharpe, Inc.
R., M.H. (2000). Sugar and Power in the Dominican Republic: Eisenhower, Kennedy, and the Trujillos. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Immigration Experience From the Dominican Republic
Two sovereign states share the Caribbean island of Santo Domingo: the Dominican Republic occupies two thirds of the island to the east, and Haiti the remaining third to the west. After Cuba, the Dominican Republic is the second largest nation in the Caribbean region, covering more than eighteen square miles and an estimated 10 million people (embassy). Santo Domingo is the nation's capital. Founded in 1486, it was the first permanent colony to be established in the western hemisphere.
In the second half of the twentieth century, the people of the Dominican Republic went through three separate waves of migration. The first two were largely migration of political refugees, and the third was motivated more by economics. The first wave began in 1961 and was prompted by the assassination of the nation's military dictator, General Rafael Trujillo. The ensuing political unrest and fear of…
Gonzalez, Juan. (2001). Harvest of Empire: a History of Latinos in America. New York, NY: Penguin Group USA.
Hope, Elizabeth. (2002). Skilled Labour Migration from Developing Countries: study on the Caribbean region. Geneva Introduction to the Dominican Republic. Embassy of the Dominican Republic. Retrieved December 7, 2010, from http://www.domrep.org/gen_info.html
Rumbaut, R.G. (2008). The Americans: Latin American and Caribbean Peoples in the United States. New Interpretive Essays, p288.
Santo Domingo and the entire island of Hispanola briefly became a contested New orld outpost for other resource-hungry Europeans. In 1586, Englishman Francis Drake conquered Santo Domingo. The English invasion drove out most of the Spanish settlers but Drake did not establish an English settlement in Santo Domingo. Instead, Drake looted the city and left the demolished town for pirates to plunder and pillage.
Almost a century later the French took aim at Santo Domingo and the entire island of Hispanola. First conquering the western half of the island, the French then briefly occupied the eastern half and Santo Domingo. The French drove in slaves from Africa in an attempt to cull the island's natural resources for economic gain, a move that also backfired on the French colonialists. Remarkably successful slave revolts forced the French to abandon post, liberating Haiti and placing Hispanola including the city Santo Domingo under Haitian…
Minster, Christopher. "The History of Santo Domingo, Domincan Republic." Retrieved Sept 30, 2008 from http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/historyofthecaribbean/p/santodomingo.htm
UNESCO. "Colonial City of Santo Domingo." Retrieved Sept 30, 2008 from http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/526/
Dominican Culture: An Overview
The Dominican epublic is unique from all other Latin American nations in part because it's heritage relates to Haitian cultural traditions rather than solely Spanish ones, much like the rest of Latin America (Brown & Standish, 1999). In fact, the Dominican epublic received its independence from Haiti not Spain (Brown & Standish, 1999). This is not to say that Spanish colonial influences are not evident in the country; in fact they are widespread, particularly within the realm of architectural structures and art.
The official religion of the Dominican epublic is oman Catholicism (Brown & Standish, 1999:69). More than 90% of the citizens living in this country are oman Catholic. There are other religions prevalent in the country however including Protestantism and the traditional religious system of native Taino Indians, who practice cohoba religious ceremonies and also Gaga, which is the Dominican version of voodooism (Brown &…
Brown, Isabel K. & Standish, Peter. "Culture and Customs of the Dominican Republic."
Westport, Greenwood Press, 1999.
Kryzanek, Michael J. & Wiarda, Howard J. "The Dominican Republic." Boulder,
Westview Press, 1992.
S. Marines departed, after in effect being an occupying force on foreign soil, they left "a tender wound, making the Dominicans extremely sensitive to any hint of U.S. interference in Dominican affairs and quick 'to resent any slight, any tactlessness' on the part of the U.S. representatives."
To conclude this portion of the paper, the question is pertinent: why was the U.S. so embarrassingly unprepared for the power grab by Trujillo in February, 1930? oorda explains that the envoy to the Dominican epublic, John Moors Cabot, only 28 years old, misjudged "the distribution of power between the civilian chief of state and the military commander, a mistake repeatedly frequently" by American diplomats, while a nationalism fueled by militarist dictators "swept across the region" in the early 1930s. Meantime, the U.S. backed Trujillo, and even assisted him. It was all part of the American "Good Neighbor" policy: nonintervention, and support for…
Merriam-Webster (2005). "Morality." Accessed on http://www.m-w.com .
Roorda, Eric Paul. (1998). The Dictator Next Door. Durham: Duke University Press.
All of these together constitute the full relationship, and it is confusing and contradictory" (1998, 3). The cast of public characters included U.S. diplomats, Navy and Marine officers, and congressmen. Private citizens, including bankers, journalists, lobbyists, and businessmen, rounded out the ensemble. All these groups interacted to influence U.S. relations with Trujillo, although rarely in a consolidated fashion. hile the Dominican Republic became a difficult place to do business, a querulous participant in negotiations, and a major cause of Caribbean disquiet, including genocide, war scares, and assassinations" Trujillo still continued to obtain U.S. support (1998, 3). Even after the Trujillo government was overthrown, the U.S. government insisted on maintaining its power over the region by insisting on "approving the new head of the army and keeping the military intact." In short, ashington moved to create a "guardian system" it could control or manipulate (McSherry 2003, 2). The United States support…
Atkins, Pope and Larm Wilson. 1998. "The Dominican Republic and the United States from Imperialism to Transnationalism." The U.S. And the Americas. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
Chester, Eric Thomas. 2001. "Rag-Tags, Scum, Riff-Raff, and Commies: The Intervention in the Dominican Republic 1965-1966. NY Monthly Review Press.
Desmarais P., Norman and James McGovern. "Essential Documents in American History, President Ulysses S. Grant's appeal for the Annexation of Santo Domingo, 1492-Present." Providential College.
Farmer, Richard S. 1985. "Economic Policy Toward the Caribbean Basin: The Balance Sheet." The Journal of Inter-American Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 27, No.1.
Management STYLE IN THE United States
Cultural Values and Business
Theory X vs. Theory Y
Management the High Tech Way
Management STYLE IN THE DOMINICAN EPUBLIC
CULTUAL VALUES AND Business
ole of Entrepreneurship
In the United States, management values, beliefs and attitudes have undergone a gradual shift away from the simplistic stance of planning, organizing and directing. Valuable managerial skills, no matter what culture is being considered, have traditionally been masculine skills, highlighting the dominant, assertive, and decisive elements of management behavior and downplaying the team and supportive aspects that are more readily identified with women. This traditional view is now giving way in the United States to an approach where team behaviour is seen as increasingly important to a truly successful management style.
The global leadership skills of the future will evolve from a combination of individual/group and masculine/feminine traits involving strategic thinking and communication skills. The final result…
Arnold, D.J. & Quelch, J.A. (1998). "New strategies in emerging markets." Sloan Management Review, 40, 7-20.
Bakhtari, H. (1995). "Cultural Effects on Management Style: A Comparative Study of American and Middle Eastern Management Styles." International Studies of Management & Organization, 25(3), 97+.
Barham, K., Fraser, J. & Heath, L. (1988). Management for the future. Foundation for Management Education/Ashridge Management College.
Bennis, W., Heil, G. & Stephens, D. (2000). Douglas McGregor, revisited: Managing the human side of enterprise. New York: John Wiley.
" However, osch's writings were by no means one-dimensional, for he addressed many universal aspects of life. Indeed, osch's versatility as a writer is reflected in his ability to write works of fantasy, political thought, biographies, history, social realism, and cultural commentaries. He also published several poems and short stories in Cuban and Dominican newspapers and magazines, and worked for a period of time as literary editor for the influential newspaper, Listin Diario.
The fact that Juan osch was, first and foremost, a humanist who was interested in all aspects of human interest and welfare is clearly reflected in his writings. for, osch did not merely dwell on the miserable plight of the rural poor, but also reflected on the materialism and hypocrisy of the upper classes. For instance, in La bella alma de don Damian (the eautiful Soul of Don Damian), osch depicts Don Damian's soul examining itself with…
Alexander, R.J. Presidents of Central America, Mexico, Cuba, and Hispaniola:
Conversations and Correspondence. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1995.
Cambeira, a. Quisqueya La Bella: The Dominican Republic in Historical and Cultural
Perspective. Armonk, NY M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 1997.
There are sources claiming that the population of natives had fallen from several million to several tens of thousands. The sources cannot be verified in the present, since there are no notable documents to confirm either assumption. hat is certain is that the Taino population from Hispaniola had been severely diminished as a result on their interaction with the Europeans.
hile Columbus continued to visit the Caribbean in hope that he would find the famous kingdoms that he have heard about, his brother Bartolome became governor of the island. Still, similar to his brother, Bartolome did not seem to control the situation, as no major advancements have been performed during his governing. One of the biggest mistakes that the Europeans had done during their first years on Hispaniola had been that they did not want their community to have anything to do to the native one. The locals had not…
1. Atkins, Pope G. Wilson, Larman Curtis. The Dominican Republic and the United States: from imperialism to transnationalism. University of Georgia Press, 1998.
2. Bakewell, Peter John. "A history of Latin America: c. 1450 to the present."
3. Brown, Isabel Zakrzewski. Culture and customs of the Dominican Republic. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999.
4. Guitar, Lynne. "History of the Dominican Republic." Retrieved June 12, 2009, from Hispaniola Web site: http://www.hispaniola.com/dominican_republic/info/history.php
On a wider scale, the struggle of these immigrants would be familiar to many immigrants around the country. Many of them come to this country to contribute their talents and ideas. On a personal note, for example, my girlfriend's father Farouk is a West Indian immigrant from Trinidad & Tabago. After years of taking night classes, he earned his associate's degree in Electrical Enginnering. Today, Farouk is an engineer working with EMC. He is earning a good salary and holds seven patents with EMC.
Diaz's stories are an argument for keeping the American Dream open, for Farouk, for his characters and for the vast majority of immigrants who choose to come to the United States. After all, much of the progress of this country stems from its historical openness to immigrants. Thus, to safeguard the American Dream means to keep its ideals open to all.
Diaz, Junot. Drown. New…
Diaz, Junot. Drown. New York: Riverhead, 1997.
Edmonston, B. And J. Passel, eds. Immigration and Ethnicity: The Integration of America's Newest Arrivals. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, 1994.
Pagnini, D. And S.P. Morgan. "Intermarriage and Social Distance Among Immigrants at the Turn of the Century." American Journal of Sociology 96(1990):405-32.
The experience in America was not what anyone had hoped it would be, but it became home for Esperanza, and somehow seems to make her work and her troubles worth it, at least a little bit.
Each of the characters experiences immigration in a different way, and some of those experiences are based on the age and generations of the characters. Early in the book, the author notes Don Chan is "afraid of change" (Cruz 1), and because of this, his experience is far different from his family's younger members. Of all the characters, Don Chan is the oldest, and his reaction to New York fits his age and generation. He is never truly happy in New York, and he always longs for home. As he grows older and his memory gets cloudy, he lives in the past with his family members who are gone, and the only time he…
Cruz, Angie. Let it Rain Coffee. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005.
The one-time immigration lawyer moonlighted as an editor at the Latin American Review Press and was impressed with her boss, a 90-year-old woman. This experience has inspired Mahler, who eventually wants to have her own journal or press.
This independent streak dates to her upbringing. "I was a very latchkey kid," she explains, and was raised by her siblings. As a result, she was a bit of a neighborhood terror as well. "I even had my own army of 1st graders that I made do push-ups and if they didn't, I sent them to jail, which was the jungle gym."
For now, however, her focus is on Emory and her family. She married her high school sweetheart, Andrew Mahler, and the couple now reside in Stockbridge. Anna wants to focus on building bonds with her students as well. "I hope to make lasting personal and professional relationships and contribute to…
e has always kept his focus on the high society types, and has only in the past decade reached to a broader market of young consumers.
In conclusion, Oscar de la Renta is one of the premier designers in the world, and his name will carry on long after his death. is clothes are classic ad feminine, and use shapes and colors that are appealing to all women from young to old. is brand began in New York on Seventh Avenue and has now grown worldwide, and has become a household name.
From a humble beginning in the Dominican Republic, to the best fashion houses and the premier lifestyle of a fashion designer as a teenager, Oscar de la Renta found his path in life at a very young age and was talented enough to be able to work as a solo designer in the 1960s and maintain his success…
Hines, Alice. (August 25, 2011) Why Oscar de la Renta is America's Most Expensive Store. Daily Finance. Retrieved from http://www.dailyfinance.com/2011/08/25/why-oscar-de-la-renta-is-americas-most-expensive-store/
Oscar de la Renta Biography 1932-Today (2012) Oscar de la Renta.com. Retrieved from http://www.oscardelarenta.com/?folderId=/thehouse/#timelineId=17& ;
Antonio, Luis. (2007) Splash Magazines. http://www.lasplash.com/publish/cat_index_Style_and_Fashion/Oscar_De_La_Renta_vs_Carolina_Herrera_Fall_2007_Collections_Battle_of_the_Latin_Titans_.php
They take nothing for granted, especially school. While in America kids are cutting classes and slacking off, children in the Dominican Republic soaked up every ounce of knowledge they could. They rose to the challenges posed to them by poverty and oppression. What I witnessed in a developing nation was the immense strength of the human spirit and the ability of all people to overcome adversity.
My experience in the Dominican Republic opened my eyes to social and political realities, and my time in the military school helped me to gain the discipline and courage I will need to succeed. Like Bernice Johnson Reagon, I hope to explore ways of helping others meet life's challenges head-on, helping them to discover who they are. I intend to accomplish my goals by studying law and working hard to change injustice, the greatest challenge of all. Thank you for your consideration.
Sirena Selena by Mayra Santos-Febres. Use the following format:
A) Give a Historical Context if any.
The novel is placed in the Puerto ica of today where street boys -- and there are many of them -- do rummage through garbage cans and live a torturous life for survival forced to snort and sell drugs whilst doing so.
Selena was fortunate in that he was recognized for his golden voice. There are many others, however, who similarly gifted may sing their boleros in vain. Many of them end up as prostitutes or criminal. This is the story of many Mexican children of the past and of today.
B) Give the type of plot and explain why you consider that it is specifically this plot.
Most, if perhaps all, plots can be reduced to one theme: conflict. This plot is no different. The story describes Selena's conflict with various factors that…
Polti, Georges. The Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations. trans. Lucille Ray. Franklin, Ohio: James Knapp Reeve, 1921
Santos-Febres, Mayra. Sirena Selena trans. Stephen Lytle. New York: Picador, 2001.
Tobias, Ronald B. 20 Master Plots. Cincinnati: Writer's Digest Books, 1993.
Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola
The American writer and free lance journalist Michele Wucker in her first book has written about both Haiti and the Dominican epublic complex relations in terms of their cultures and on the sources of their great effort both in their island home as well as in the United States.
According to the book, the Caribbean island of Hispaniola is home to historic, where this continuing conflict between two countries has been intensely separated by language, race and history. However, at the same time it has been forced continuously into argument by their shared geography. The book is emotional from the beginning with the fighting and posturing of blood sport, as observed by the writer in her first Haitian cockfight (1):
The air cracks with the impact of stiffened feathers as each bird tries to push the other to the ground. Around…
1. Bob Corbett. Why The Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians And The Struggle For Hispaniola
By Michele Wucker. New York: Hill & Wang. May 1999
2. Rob Ruck. Why The Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, And The Struggle For Hispaniola by Michele Wucker. "A history of Hispaniola." August, 1999.
Freedom is the Foundation of Peace. Without freedom, there is no peace. America, by nature, stands for freedom, and we must always remember, we benefit when it expands. So we must stand by those nations moving toward freedom. We must stand up to those nations who deny freedom and threaten our neighbors or our vital interests. We must assert emphatically that the future will belong to the free. Today's world is different from the one we faced just several years ago. We are no longer divided into armed camps, locked in a careful balance of terror. Yet, freedom still has enemies. Our present dangers are less concentrated and more varied. They come from rogue nations, from terrorism, from missiles that threaten our forces, our friends, our allies and our homeland.
Since the signing of the Treaty of Ryswick between the kingdoms of Spain and France in 1697, the island…
"Beginning of Diplomatic Relations." Department of Foreign Affairs and International Relations. (January 2004) Retrieved June 3, 2005 from http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca /latinamerica/haitirelations-en.asp.
Graham, Andrew. "Canada bolsters support to Haiti." Media Relations Office
Canadian International Development Agency. (July 2004) Retrieved June 3, 2005 from
Another historian notes, "Trujillo had prisons set up throughout the island with torture cells that became infamous for the horrors that occurred within. Opponents to his regime were dealt with swiftly and brutally, usually succumbing to death from the effects of torture or disease, if not assassinated" (Brown 31).
Trujillo is not only violent and despotic, he is a womanizer and adulterer, and he even stoops to young girls, then hustles them out of the country when they get pregnant. At a party, Minerva catches him fondling a senator's wife. "Under the tablecloth, a hand is exploring the inner folds of a woman's thigh. I work it out and realize it is Trujillo's hand fondling the senator's wife" (Alvarez 96). History shows the man was not only a violent dictator; he was a macho man who lusted after numerous women, including Minerva, who slaps him when he makes an advance…
Alvarez, Judith. In the Time of Butterflies. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 1994.
Brown, Isabel Zakrzewski. Culture and Customs of the Dominican Republic. Ed. Peter Standish. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.
Trujillo Molina, Rafael Leonidas." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2000.
Wucker, Michele. "Democracy Comes to Hispaniola." World Policy Journal 13.3 (1996): 80-88.
Diaz's Examination Of Culture: Clashes And Identities
Diaz's Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao is a combination of cultural experiences and influences that are as rich and imaginative as the stories the book contains. Within the main character, Oscar, lies the power to both transcend definition of culture and become victim or prey of a specific culture's stereotypes and norms. Oscar is an obese, alienated person within his own culture, but he is drawn out of his personal problems and violent existence within the Dominican dictatorship through his love of escapist literature and stories. Oscar even refers to himself as a "victim of fuku americanus," or the "Curse of the New World." (Diaz, 2007). This is an integral idea within the novel and helps to shape the cultural struggles that are contained within it.
Throughout this entire voyage through Oscar's life, author Diaz explores the mixture of cultures, languages, and ideas…
Celayo, Armando & Shook, David. "In Darkness We Meet: A Conversation with Junot Diaz."
Molossus, May 11, 2008. Accessed online May 9, 2011 at: http://www.molossus.co/fiction/in-darkness-we-meet-a-conversation-with-junot-diaz-test/.
Diaz, Juniot. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. Riverhead: New York, NY. 2007.
Tehelka TV. "In Conversation with Juniot Diaz." Santo Domingo: Dominican Republic, March
Sometimes everyone draws nine bones. Usually, in Dominican rules, if one player is blocked, he cannot play, has to pass, and does not draw from the bone yard; so those 27 bones are completely out of the game. In the variants of different cultures, sometimes the blocked player must draw one bone every time he passes, and in others must continue to draw bones until he has a play. ut that is the game's objective: block the other team's moves, while getting your bones onto the board. It sounds easy, but there is a complicated tango of mathematics and shrew guesswork involved. Dominoes is a game that permits, even necessitates, "card" counting, and it is this dance of four intelligences, drawing on their own wisdom and experience of the game, that makes for the competitive aspect.
Here is the most important thing to know about Dominican dominoes: Never, ever, place…
1. Dominoes. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web 23 March 2010
2. Board Games. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web 23 March 2010
S. government chose not only to ignore the great humanitarian tragedy but even refused to condemn the killing. The American inaction on the wandan genocide places a big question mark on any subsequent action of its government overseas for humanitarian reasons.
Besides being accused of using "humanitarianism" as a smokescreen for pursuing its own narrow national interests, the United States is also accused of undermining the United Nations and International Law in following a policy of unilateralism and pre-emption. The results of pre-emptive action by the United States for purportedly humanitarian reasons in recent times have been far from satisfactory. For example, when the NATO forces started its bombing campaign in Kosovo in 1999, there was a mass exodus of about 200,000 Serbs and other non-Albanian minorities as refugees from the province; there was an increase in the Serbs' attacks on ethnic Kosovan Albanians and their ethnic cleansing: as a…
Arima, Y. (2003). "The Way to Pearl Harbor: U.S. Vs. Japan." ICE Case Studies:
Number 118, December, 2003. Retrieved on September 9, 2006 at http://www.american.edu/TED/ice/japan-oil.htm
Introduction: The World of 1898." (1998). The Spanish American War-Hispanic Division: Library of Congress. Retrieved on September 9, 2006 at http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/intro.html
Parmet, H.S. (1993) "The History of American Foreign Policy: Thematic Essay." Encarta Yearbook, 1993: Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia, 2005, CD ROM Version
However, this may not have been Diaz's intention at all. He may have simply been trying to emphasize the third person viewpoint and that the reader is merely witnessing the events. This opening statement requires the reader to place themselves in a position somewhere, hovering above the lives of the characters, viewing them from an unattached vantage point. This is much the way in which one views an ant hill. We look at the ant hill and see it as a whole. We may see individual ants going from here to there. We have no idea what is going on in the heads of the individual ants. We do not know where they intend to go, but we see them scurrying about on the way to something that is apparently important to them. At that point, we can either choose to focus in one a single ant and follow its…
Asim, Jaban. it's a Wonderful Life. 30 September 2007. Washington Post. 1 October 2008.
Diaz, Junot. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, First edition, New York: Riverhead. 2007.
Economic Development in Honduras: A Banana ar Legacy
An Analysis of Economic Development in Honduras from 1820 to Present
In many Latin American countries such as Honduras, the historical emphasis that has been placed on agriculture as a money industry for export purposes has resulted in the term, "banana republic" (Nash & Jeffrey 1994). Following their independence, most Latin American countries continued to depend on the export of raw materials for their revenue, rather than investing in an economic infrastructure that would provide value-added services, which only further contributed to this pattern of dependence on foreign states. This is largely what has taken place in the Republic of Honduras as well, and the country continues to suffer from sporadic and inequitable foreign investment, much of which has illegally diverted into private hands rather than infrastructure development. This paper provides an overview of the Republic of Honduras, an assessment of the…
Bates, Stephen. (January 8, 1999). Good friends slip on a banana skin. New Statesman,
Befus, David R., Debbie L. Mescon, Timothy S. Mescon and George S. Vozikis. (1988).
International Investment of Expatriate Entrepreneurs: The Case of Honduras. Journal of Small Business Management, 26(3):40.
Clearly, Junot Diaz is using symbolism throughout the novel The rief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, to illustrate how a host of events would shape the kind of person that Oscar would become. This is accomplished by looking at: science fiction and how it helped Oscar to escape. Early on this was used to show the way he dealt with: the sense of isolationism and rejection he felt in when he was growing up. While, at the same time this is intertwined with the conflicts of love and its underlying meanings that are influencing Oscar's behavior. To compare these differences, Diaz will use Yunior to show an alternate reality to that of Oscar's (as he is the story teller of the novel). Once this occurs, this helps to provide insights about: what events shaped Oscar's life and how he used science fiction to escape from reality. This is significant,…
Diaz, Juniot. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. New York, NY: Riverhead Books, 2007. Print.
MLA Format. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) was started on January 1989 by Australian Prime Minister ob Hawke when he called for better economic cooperation within the Asia Pacific Region. Currently, the organization has 21 members including, Australia, Japan, Singapore, and United States. At the ogor summit, APEC started discussions regarding the "ogor Goals" which aims to reduce tariffs between zero and five percent in industrialized countries by 2010 and developing countries by 2020 (Wikipedia contributors, 2007). APEC had a combined GDP of $6 trillion in 1998 and 42% of global trade. The main advantages of this organization are deregulation, sharing of technology, and policy certainty ("What is APEC?" n.d.). Some disadvantages include selective policy-making to push the agenda of a specific country using intimidation strategies, increased inequality and poverty, anti-democratism, and high costs with respect to human rights violations and environmental damages (Kelsey, n.d.).
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)…
Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN" (n.d.) Retrieved 20 April 2007 at http://www.itcilo.it/english/actrav/telearn/global/ilo/blokit/asean.htm
European Union" (n.d.) Retrieved 20 April 2007 at http://experts.about.com/e/e/eu/European_Union.htm
International Organisations - the European Union" (n.d) Retrieved 20 April 2007 at http://oxfam.org.uk/coolplanet/milkingit/information/international_orgs/international_orgs_eu.htm
Ahmad, Pengiran Mashor Pengiran (2003). "East Asia Economic Community: Prospects and Implications" Retrieved 20 April 2007 at http://www.aseansec.org/15655.htm
The Risks and Payoffs of Entering into the British Marketplace
As organic and high quality products are becoming more and more desired, it is clear that exporting Nigerian cocoa to international markets, like the UK will prove a successful endeavor. There has been a large production of cocoa in Nigeria since 1910 (Oyedele 2011). It has a long and steady history of quality cocoa production and Nigeria is now the world's 5th largest producer of cocoa in the world. It is now also increasing its production of organic cocoa and local manufacturing of cocoa products, rather than solely raw cocoa beans as the major export. This makes it an appropriate move to introduce Nigerian cocoa into a UK marketplace. England has recently been increasing its desire for organic products and is often willing to pay more for higher quality. Additionally, England, along with much of the rest of…
Legal. Since the product is meant to be edible, there are a number of legal restrictions that are governed over by the UK Food Standards Industry. Nigerian cocoa entering into the UK marketplace must meet all requirements to be allowed for sale within English borders. Issues can further be complicated when dealing with introducing cocoa into the UK that is labeled as organic. Most nations have legislation that dictates what foods can be labeled as organic, normally pertaining to recorded information about producers including utilizing green production practices, no chemical pesticides, and energy efficient manufacturing processes. Across all of the European Union, organic foods are governed by EU Eco Regulation, but the UK has taken an extra step further and established the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Barrett 2002).
Strengths. In Nigeria, government programs and subsidies have focused on increasing not only
hy could Africa be considered on of the richest continents on Earth? Discuss some of sub-Saharan Africa's Assets. Then address why, despite these facts, the majority of African states remain poor. Be sure to include several factors relation to this region's unique physical geography, complex human geography, history.
The spectrum of environments which exist in Africa spans entire moisture and temperature gradients, from perhaps the most arid to among the well-watered places on earth, from the coolness of the Cape to the furnace that is the Sahara. This environmental diversity is mirrored in the proliferation of its fauna and flora, for Africa has seemingly every conceivable combination of climatological, geological, and pedological factors; the plant and animal communities have evolved over time to reflect this heterogeneity. Moreover, it is an ancient continent that has provided a cradle for a wide range of taxonomic groups, from among the very…
1. Chen-Young, et al. Transnationals of tourism in the Caribbean. London: Commonwealth Secretariat. 2001.
2. Richard Wiffin, William Phettipace, Anas Todkill; Imagining Distance: Spanish Explorers in America. Early American Literature, Vol. 25, 1990.
3. Stephen Zunes; The United States and the Western Sahara Peace Process. Middle East Policy, Vol. 5, 1998.
Developing country that will be focused upon for this report is Haiti. The reason the author of this report chose Haiti for this report is because the recent earthquake there that claimed roughly 50,000 lives brought it to the forefront. This is in contrast to the Dominican epublic (which is on the other end of the same island) had little to no notable news coverage during the same aftermath. Haiti is certainly not at the bottom of the barrel when it comes to developing countries but it shares a colonial past (French) with many other countries and it faces many challenges including starkly low incomes, very low literacy rates and other major life challenges for normal every-day Haitians. Facts to be covered include the name of the country, which of course is Haiti, when it became independent, its location, in what ways the country is less develop than more advanced…
Brittanica. (2013, April 28). Haiti -- Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 28, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/251961/Haiti
CBCNews. (2013, April 28). CBC.ca - Canadian News Sports Entertainment Kids Docs Radio TV. CBC.ca - Canadian News Sports Entertainment Kids Docs Radio TV. Retrieved April 28, 2013, from http://www.cbc.ca/
Ferreira, S. (2013, October 25). The Clintons in Haiti: Can an Industrial Park Save the Country? | TIME.com. World | International Headlines, Stories, Photos and Video | TIME.com. Retrieved April 28, 2013, from http://world.time.com/2012/10/25/the-clintons-in-haiti-can-an-industrial-park-save-the-country/
GoogleMaps. (2013, April 28). Google Maps. Google Maps. Retrieved April 28, 2013, from http://maps.google.com/
Consumer Involvement Theory
Consumer involvement theory is the idea that products and services differ in terms of the amount of time and energy that a consumer puts into the purchase decision (McNamara, 2014). There are different levels of involvement, but for marketers it is important to know what level a given product is. For the most part, involvement level reflects the category of product, rather than the individual product itself - there is not much difference between one car and another in terms of involvement, but there is a big difference between the level of involvement between a car and a pack of gum. While involvement is on a continuum, it can roughly be divided between low, medium and high involvement products.
A low involvement product is an impulse purchase, one to which is given very little thought. These are typically products with low differentiation between attributes and low…
Brisoux, J. & Laroche, M. (1981) Evoked Set Formation and Composition: an Empirical Investigation Under a Routinized Response Behavior Situation. Advances in Consumer Research. Vol. 8 (1981) 357-361.
Business Week. (2011). Preventing analysis paralysis. Business Week. Retrieved June 10, 2014 from http://www.businessweek.com/management/preventing-analysis-paralysis-12202011.html
McNamara, S. (2014). Consumer involvement theory. Ad Cracker. Retrieved June 10, 2014 from http://www.adcracker.com/involvement/Consumer_Involvement_Theory.htm
Riley, G. (2012). Buyer behaviour -- the decision-making process. Tutor2U.net. Retrieved June 10, 2014 from http://www.tutor2u.net/business/marketing/buying_decision_process.asp
Social Problem in a Family Context
Select a social problem, disorder, or condition that affects family dynamics.
Family Separation due to Deportation
In the introduction describe the problem, its etiology, and effects on the family system.
Problem and Etiology
Innumerable children experience the trauma of separation from their families (parents), owing to deportation. For many years, no attention has been paid to their suffering or their demands. However, of late, a glimmer of hope can be seen for such families, on account of President Obama's precise, direct position with regard to this major issue. Therefore, now is the opportune moment to broach this issue and assist researchers in making these displaced people's voices heard. Migrants from different parts of the globe are lured to the U.S. where they hope for a secure future and improved life. A number of families and individuals risk much, including their lives, for acquiring passage…
Applied Research Center (2011). Shattered Families: The Perilous Intersection of Immigration Enforcement and the Child Welfare System. Retrieved on May 14, 2014 from https://www.raceforward.org/research/reports/shattered-families?arc=1
Bakker, C. (2009). The Impact of Migration on Children in the Caribbean. UNICEF Office for Barbados and Eastern Caribbean.
Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss, vol. 1: Attachment. New York: Basic
Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic.
They cannot even go to the hospital when sick for fear of being discovered -- although, to be fair, America never really gives any of the Garcia girls a complete sense of a female identity and Latina 'self,' while the male immigrants of Boyle's tale find some identity in their roles as husbands and fathers.
The U.S. immigration policies of crossing borders are raised in Tortilla Curtain -- the poor Mexican workers are needed to sustain the U.S. economy, yet are treated like outcasts because they are deemed illegal. The close relationship between the United States and certain Latin American nations is highlighted, politically, as well in How the Garcia Girls Lost their Accents, as the girls are caught in the crossfire of history. The father's political actions change the girl's social lives forever, and their identities as women forever.
The girls do not assimilate completely, even though they lose…
Alvarez, Julia. How the Garcia Girls Lost Their Accents. New York: Algonquin, 1991.
Coraghessan Boyle, T. The Tortilla Curtain. New York: Penguin, 1996.
ondrous Life of Oscar ao
There is an obsession with obesity in the United States, and that obsession is also seen in a number of other countries (Pool, 24). One of the most significant works of fiction that deals with that issue is Junot Diaz's book The Brief ondrous Life of Oscar ao. In the book, the main character -- Oscar -- is obese (Junot, 8). He lives in New Jersey and is obsessed with science fiction and fantasy. He also wants to find love, and believes his family is plagued by a curse with which they all struggle. Because he is Dominican, there is another problem with his weight. The hypermasculinity that is seen and appreciated in the Dominican culture is not something of which he can be a part, because he is so large (Junot, 27). If he were thin, popular, and not "nerdy," he would be much…
Diaz, Junot. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. New York, New York: Riverhead Books. 2007. Print.
Fumento, Michael (1997). The Fat of the Land: Our Health Crises and How Overweight Americans can Help Themselves. New York: Penguin Books. 1997. Print.
Kopelman P., & Caterson I. An overview of obesity management In:Peter G. Kopelman, Ian D. Caterson, Michael J. Stock, William H. Dietz. Clinical obesity in adults and children: In Adults and Children. Blackwell Publishing. 2005. Print.
Levy-Navarro, Elena. The Culture of Obesity in Early and Late Modernity. Palgrave Macmillan. 2008. Print.
Mexico's Trade Strategy
Mexico has pursued a three-dimensional trade strategy perhaps more diligently than even the United States according to Schott (Studer & Wise, 2007). Mexico has been an active participant in multilateral talks since its GATT accession in 1986 and was the host country for the special Summit of the Americas in Monterrey and for the hemispheric trade talks in Puebla. Mexico is perhaps most famous as the instigator of NAFTA as well as many other FTAs with countries around the world including key industrial markets such as the European Union (EU, The European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and Japan. In addition, Mexico entered in FTAs with olivia, Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, The G3 (Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela), Honduras, Israel and Nicaragua during the period January 1995 to June 2001 (Schott in Studer & Wise, 2007). It is important to emphasize that Mexico has many more FTAs…
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, 1988. Basel Convention. Retrieved from: http://www.basel.int/
Bown, C.P. (2009). U.S. -- China Trade Conflicts and the Future of the WTO. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 33 (1), winter/spring 2009, pp. 27-48.
Bown, C.P & McCulloch (2005). U.S. Trade Policy Toward China: Discrimination and its Implications.
China and Mercosur: Perpectives for Bilateral Trade (2007). China Programme 11 (7). International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development. Retrieved from: http://ictsd.org/i/news/bridges/3164/
The novel opens seven years after Gabo's mother, Ximena, was murdered by coyotes -- or paid traffickers -- during an attempt to cross the border. Her mutilated body was found, her organs gone -- sold most likely. Because of the fear surrounding this border town and the lure of the other side, all of the characters become consumed with finding afa. These people are neglected and abused. Like other fiction works on this topic (such as Cisneros's The House on Mango Street), The Guardians (2008) is rich in symbolism and flavored with Mexican aphorisms. The novel also shows the reader how complex and perilous border life is when you're living in between the United States and Mexico.
The book is important when attempting to understand the challenge of the border town life and it is, at the same time, a testament to faith, family bonds, cultural pride, and the human…
Giroux, Henry A. (2001). Theory and resistance in education (Critical studies in education and culture series). Praeger; Rev Exp edition.
San Juan (2002) states that the racism of sex in the U.S. is another element of the unequal political and economic relations that exist between the races in the American democracy. Women of color may even be conceived as constituting "a different kind of racial formation" (2002), although the violence inflicted against them as well as with familial servitude and social inferiority, testifies more sharply to the sedimented structures of class and national oppression embedded in both state and civil society (2002).
San Juan (2002) goes on to explore the articulations between sexuality and nationalism. "What demands scrutiny is more precisely how the categories of patriarchy and ethnonationalism contour the parameters of discourse about citizen identities" (2002). How the idea of nation is sexualized and how sex is nationalized, according to San Juan (2002), are topics that may give clues as to how racial conflicts are circumscribed within the force field of national self-identification.
Sexuality, San Juan (2002) suggests, unlike racial judgment is not a pure self-evident category. He states that it manifests its semantic and ethical potency in the field of racial and gendered politics. In the layering and sedimentation of beliefs about sexual liberty and national belonging in the United States, one will see ambiguities and disjunctions analogous to those between sexuality and freedom as well as the persistence of racist ideology.
Since gang-related crimes fall within the jurisdiction of state, this research will give an insight on the need to find solutions that increasingly include all levels of government. Congress needs to pass legislation that will change immigration enforcement laws and make more aliens deportable. In addition, the federal government should take a more active participation in helping local and state jurisdictions develop anti-gang responses. The local, state and federal governments must take a stand, and combine forces to combat the immigration problem that continue to plague this country into the next generation.
Importance of the Study
The die has been cast, there is no turning the clock back now and the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang have established themselves in the United States and far beyond. The origins of the current situation with MS-13 and the 18th Street Gang date back to the late 1980s and early 1990s…
Armstrong, W. (2009, February 16). 'Sanctuary cities' protect murderous illegal aliens. Human Events, 64(37), 8.
Bansal, M. (2006) Chertoff: Street Gangs a Threat to National. Retrieved November 12,
2006 from http://www.CNSNews.com .
Barber, B. (1996). Jihad vs. McWorld: How Globalism and Tribalism are Reshaping the World. New York: Ballantine Book.
European and American imperialism from 1900-1918
Empire is the term from which the word imperialism is carved. Government implies the act of mastery of one nation by another one, with the sole intention of expanding region, power and impact. It conveys with it the thought of social prevalence from the radical, judging the lifestyle, cultures and convictions of those colonized as sub-par and in need of changeover (Encyclopedia, encyclopedia.com).
Nonetheless, Imperialism normally posits as a political control and making monetary subservience. In Europe, the time of dominion coincided with patriotism and unification when prior political units were assembled under governance that asserted the privilege to keep rule over them. "I rehash that the elite races [European] have a privilege in light of the fact that they have an obligation. They have the obligation to socialize the downtrodden races [non Europeans] (South Africa History, n.d.)"
Ashley Smith the journalist isolated hypotheses…
Encyclopedia. "Imperialism." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 1 Jan. 1968. Web. 25 Jan. 2015. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/imperialism.aspx
Grafs History. Word War 1: Consequences of the Great War. (2014). Retrieved from: https://grafshistory.wordpress.com
Humbold. Goal. The American Quest for Empire. Retrieved from:
However, at the same time, the Dominican Republic is also a Hispanic speaking island and thus the Latin influence is also heavy in their version of Reggae and other musical tastes. Finally, as the band grew up in the Bronx, their musical background was also heavily influenced by the growth of American style hip-hop, which grew up out of the Bronx area. This diverse, mixing pot of musical heritage was combined by the band Aventura to create the unique musical character of Bachata.
Overall, I found the Avnentura Kings of Bachata concert to be of high quality and highly entertaining. Watching the band perform on stage shows you how much they care about their music and how much they enjoy performing it for their fans. These facts bring a high level of energy to their show, which I found captivating. The band played their songs at a fast, energetic pace…
start stories comparing contrasting. The stories "Homecoming turtle Junot Diaz" How Tame a ild Tongue Gloria Anzaldua. Use examples story justifying similarities differences. Has MLA format..
"Homecoming, with turtle" versus "How to Tame a ild Tongue"
Junot Diaz' short story "Homecoming, with turtle" and Gloria Anzaldua's story "How to Tame a ild Tongue" both deal with matters regarding cultural identity, ethnic discrimination, and lifestyles in general. Characters in the two stories are shown as they have trouble understanding who they are because they are forced to make it in hostile environments. Each protagonist experiences suffering developing their personal identity because they are confused in regard to their image. However, in contrast to Diaz, Anzaldua experiences positive results as a consequence of her attitude and actually comes to consider that her life is improved because of the way that she shaped her character.
"Homecoming, with turtle" puts across an episode in…
Anzaldua, Gloria, "How to Tame a Wild Tongue."
Diaz, Junot, "Homecoming, with turtle."
It is for this reason that one could reasonably argue that Precious' entire life, and particularly the trials and tribulations she must endure, including her violent family life, her poverty, and her illiteracy, all ultimately stem from her racial and ethnic background, because the pervasive, institutional racial inequalities that still exist in America served to structure her entire life. Even before she began she was already disadvantaged by being born a black woman in the United States, because the United States maintains a system of social, economic, and political inequality that disproportionately impoverishes the black population. Thus, in broad strokes, one can say that all of the major events in Precious' life are a result of her ethnic background and the meaning American society places on that category of difference.
Perhaps more than any of the novels discussed here, Push manages to make the idea of difference as a form…
Chattalas, Michael, and Holly Harper. "Navigating a Hybrid Cultural Identity: Hispanic
Teenagers' Fashion Consumption Influences." The Journal of Consumer Marketing 24.6
Chodorow, Nancy. Feminism and psychoanalytic theory. New Haven [Conn.]: Yale University
Down These Mean Streets believe that every child is born a poet, and every poet is a child. Poetry to me was always a very sacred form of expression. (qtd. In Fisher 2003)
Introduction / Background History
Born Juan Pedro Tomas, of Puerto Rican and Cuban parents in New York City's Spanish Harlem in 1928, Piri Thomas began his struggle for survival, identity, and recognition at an early age. The vicious street environment of poverty, racism, and street crime took its toll and he served seven years of nightmarish incarceration at hard labor. But, with the knowledge that he had not been born a criminal, he rose above his violent background of drugs and gang warfare, and he vowed to use his street and prison know-how to reach hard-core youth and turn them away from a life of crime.
Thirty years ago Piri Thomas made literary history with this lacerating,…
Anonymous. "Piri Thomas" (2000). 09 December 2003. http://www.peacehost.com
Coeyman, M. "In a Largely Minority School, Literature Helps Students Confront Complex
Issues of Race and Culture" (2002). The Christian Science Monitor. 10 December 2003. http://www.csmonitor.com
Fisher, S. "Mean Streets Author Launches Latino Month" (2003). 10 December 2003. http://www.advance.uconn.edu/htm
But despite these strides, the negative as well as the positive legacy of sports in American culture cannot be ignored.
About Title IX. (2010). University of Iowa. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutE.html
Douglas, Scott. (2005). unning through Kenya. Slate.com. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.slate.com/id/2117122/entry/2117123/
Gettleman, Elizabeth. (2006, July). eview of William C. hoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves.
Mother Jones. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://motherjones.com/media/2006/07/forty-million-dollar-slaves
Johnson, Jenna. (2010). NCAA graduation rates. The Washington Post. etrieved September 20,
2010 at http://voices.washingtonpost.com/campus-overload/2010/03/another_ncaa_bracket_player_gr.html
Lehrer, Jonah. (2010, August 24). How to raise a superstar. Wired Science. etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2010/08/how-to-raise-a-superstar/#ixzz107NwUSGh
Lovett, C. (1997). The fight to establish the women's Olympic marathon race. Olympic Marathon, Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc., Westport, CT. etrieved September 21,
2010 at http://www.marathonguide.com/history/olympicmarathons/chapter25.cfm
Williams, Kam. (2006). eview of William C. hoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves. AALBC.
etrieved September 20, 2010 at http://aalbc.com/reviews/forty_million_dollar_slaves.htm
Witt, Jon. (2006). The…
About Title IX. (2010). University of Iowa. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutRE.html
Douglas, Scott. (2005). Running through Kenya. Slate.com. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.slate.com/id/2117122/entry/2117123/
Gettleman, Elizabeth. (2006, July). Review of William C. Rhoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves.
Mother Jones. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://motherjones.com/media/2006/07/forty-million-dollar-slaves
The line of legitimacy, separating socially approvable use of force from violence, cannot be effectively drawn without an agreement on what constitutes the optimum amount of force necessary to maintain social order and to protect human rights against encroachment. A society subscribing to infinite morality which condemns all use of force as immoral is doomed no less than a society accepting the absolute pragmatism of tyrants. "
As Oleg Zinam proposes, these two extreme social attitudes to morality are equally unprofitable to the societies that adopt them. The attitude of absolute pragmatism can easily lead to the acceptance of political assassinations, as long as such acts may help the final political purpose. An example of absolute pragmatism can be the regime initiated by Hitler, who ordered the extermination of all Jews in an attempt to "purify" the human race by excluding anyone who did not fill in the Arian ideal.…
Ben-Yehuda, Nachman. 1997. Political Assassination Events as a Cross- Cultural form of Alternative Justice.
International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Vol.38: 25-30.
Feliks, Gross. 1974. The Revolutionary Party. Essays in the Sociology of Politics. Westport: Greenwood
1992 ashington Heights riots were the culmination of a series of abuses that law enforcement officers had performed in the area. The case of Michael O'Keefe's shooting of Jose "Kiko" Garcia generated much controversy and influenced people in the area to organize a riot meant to protest with regard to how the authorities were hesitant about prosecuting the police officer. The local community got actively involved in denouncing this attitude and in trying to use violence as a means to emphasize its point-of-view concerning the matter. This later resulted into a full-on riot that saw hundreds of protesters criticizing the country and wanting to harm any representative of the system that they could come across.
ashington Heights was a poor and relatively peaceful neighborhood up until the times when drugs came to dominate the area's streets. The presence of drugs changed everything and people came to be a part of…
Black, Led, "The Washington Heights Riots of 1992 Remembered -- Part 2," Retrieved May 23, 2013, from the Uptown Collective Website: http://www.uptowncollective.com/2010/07/13/the-riots-remembered-part-2/
Hellman, Peter, "The Cop and The Riot," New York Magazine 2 Nov 1992
Jackall, Robert, "Street Stories: The World of Police Detectives," (Harvard University Press, 30.06.2009)
"The Lesson of Washington Heights," Retrieved May 23, 2013, from the NY Times Website: http://www.nytimes.com /1992/09/13/opinion/the-lesson-of-washington-heights.html
USAID Education, Development, And Foreign Aid Grant
Of late it has become progressively more apparent that education is a key factor and aspect in the development of a country. Foreign aid in particular is an aspect that has come to be long-standing and existing since the Second World War and in the present day is a normal part and parcel of social as well as political associations and affiliations amongst different nations. There has been plenty of consideration and debate surrounding the effectiveness of the foreign aid and also its need. There has also been much debate and consideration regarding the terms laid out, the conditions that the foreign aid comes along with and also the purposes (Heyneman, 2005). Much of the foreign aid handed out in modern-days has been for both primary and secondary educational programs with the main purpose and aim of increasing economic growth and also the…
Heyneman, S.P. (2005). Foreign Aid to Education: Recent U.S. Initiatives -- Background, Risks, and Prospects. Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 80, No. 1, pp. 107-119.
Descriptive Statistics %Primary Enrollment
istory from 1865 to te present day. To focus te researc, select six subtopics (specific events or developments related to te topic, separated in time); tree from before 1930 and tree from after.
Tere are more tan 50 million immigrants (legal and illegal) and teir U.S.-born cildren (under 18) in te United States as of August 2012. As of te last decade, most immigrants come from te following countries: Honduras (85%), India (74%), Guatemala (73%), Peru (54%), El Salvador (49%), Ecuador (48%), and Cina (43%). Approximately, 28% of tese immigrants are in te country illegally. Rougly alf of Mexican and Central American and one-tird of Sout American immigrants are ere illegally.
Te Center for Immigration Studies (Rigt Side news) finds tat immigration as dramatically increased te population of low-income individuals in te United States, altoug many immigrants, te longer tey live in te country, make significant progress. However, immigrants…
Pula, James S. "American Immigration Policy and the Dillingham Commission," Polish-American Studies (1980) 37#1 pp 5-31
Yakushko, O et al. (2008) Stress and Coping in the Lives of Recent Immigrants and Refugees: Considerations for Counseling International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 30, 3, 167-178
, 2005). Second, since they found that objective and perceived knowledge are not always concordant, they suggest that further studies in this vein measure objective and perceived knowledge, rather than only objective knowledge (ock et al., 2005). Third, they surmise that "an illusion of knowing can act as a barrier to low-risk behavior" (ock et al., 2005, p. 670), and further, that a high perceived knowledge, if inaccurate, can prevent one from learning accurate information, as it causes one to be less receptive and to forego learning opportunities (ock et al., 2005). Finally, ock et al.'s (2005) results identify a group who is at a higher risk than others, and serves as a guide for possible sexual education focus in the future.
Eisenberg et al.'s (2004) study, which focuses on the accuracy of parents' beliefs about sex, can be used in concordance with ock et al.'s (2005) study to address…
Ali, Mohammed M., Cleland, John, & Shah, Iqbal H. (2004) "Condom Use Within Marriage: A
Neglected HIV Intervention." Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 82(3), 180-186.
Eisenberg et al. (2004). "Parents' Beliefs About Condoms and Oral Contraceptives: Are They
Medically Accurate?" Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 36(2), 50-57.
I longed for a mother with a scarf on her head and a skin so dark that I never would have to be afraid at night again that the sun would ever burn me" (350). It is this sense of personal shame of having a white mother, caused by the teasing of her peers, that perhaps drives the daughter's longing to travel to Surinam someday to meet her extended family and learn of her black father's roots. "… I began to think about everything, about who my parents were, about my mother, about where my father is from, about what I am, about who were are together" (349).
Her parents are reluctant to allow their daughter to go, but finally give in when it is the summer of the grandmother's eightieth birthday. The father and daughter make the long trip to Surinam. "I knew that we were flying away from…
Danticat, Edwidge. "Nineteen Thirty-Seven." The Oxford Book of Caribbean Short Stories, Ed. Stewart Brown and John Wickham. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 447-456. Print.
Hunter, Andrea G. And Robert J. Taylor. "Grandparenthood in African-American Families." Handbook on Grandparenthood, Ed. Maximilane Szinovacz.. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998. 70-86. Print.
Marshall, Paule. "To Da-duh, in Memoriam." The Oxford Book of Caribbean Short Stories, Ed. Stewart Brown and John Wickham. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 159-168. Print.
Roemer, Astrid. "The Inheritance of my Father: A Story for Listening." The Oxford Book of Caribbean Short Stories, Ed. Stewart Brown and John Wickham. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 348-361. Print.
And so America continues to search subconsciously for ways back, for snorkels to lower to those buried souls. Consider the resurgence of magical literature in America over the last decade and a half. Never since Tolkien has the fantasy genre -- the Twilight books and the wealth of vampire chronicles accompanying for example -- been so widely successful. J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels are a recent manifestation of that search for snorkels. What could be more escapist than to imagine being a wizard estranged and insulated from his magical heritage and forced into the mundane -- muggle -- world? As Shoeless Joe was to Ray Kinsella, as writing was to W.P. Kinsella, so has Harry Potter been to a recent generation of Americans. Harry Potter is a mythological symbol of the type Campbell knows has been lost to the detriment of the people. He is the truth Americans wish they…
1. Kinsella, W.P. Shoeless Joe. New York: First Mariner Books, 1999. Print.
2. Twigg, Alan. "Kinsella, W.P." ABCBookworld, BC Bookworld. 2005. Web. 28 April 2010.
3. Besner, Neil. "Kinsella, William Patrick" the Canadian Encyclopedia. 2010. Web. 28 April 2010.
4. Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. California: Joseph Campbell Foundation, 2008. Print.
They compete with each other for business, seek to build both aviation and non-aviation revenue streams and they must also deal with enhanced security requirements. This places significant pressure on the airport sector. The response within the sector has been twofold. Some airports have become privatized, which allows major airport operators to utilize their expertise across a range of markets. The other solution is the development of public airports that serve as branches of their governments, attracting passengers and investment to the region. Both types of airports have strong, multifaceted strategic mandates and are among the vanguard of modern air transportation.
Babu, V., Batta, R. & Lin, L. (2004). Passenger grouping under constant threat probability in an airport security system. European Journal of Operational Research. Vol. 168 (2) 633-644.
Barnard, B. (2010). Global air cargo revenue grows 40%. The Journal of Commerce. Retrieved November 8, 2010 from http://www.joc.com/air-expedited/global-air-cargo-revenue-grows-40-percent…
Babu, V., Batta, R. & Lin, L. (2004). Passenger grouping under constant threat probability in an airport security system. European Journal of Operational Research. Vol. 168 (2) 633-644.
Barnard, B. (2010). Global air cargo revenue grows 40%. The Journal of Commerce. Retrieved November 8, 2010 from http://www.joc.com/air-expedited/global-air-cargo-revenue-grows-40-percent
Cidell, J. (2004). Scales of airport expansion: Globalization, regionalization and local land use. Center for Transportation Studies. Retrieved November 8, 2010 from http://www.cts.umn.edu/pdf/CTS-04-01.pdf
Frost & Sullivan. (2010). 16th APSA International Conference Airport Security Market Overview. Retrieved November 8, 2010 from http://www.slideshare.net/tony.ridley/an-overview-of-the-airport-security-market
They also recommended that the use of punch hole rivets near the windows, to be replaced with the use of epoxy or drill riveting, to prevent air pockets from developing near the cabin. ("OAC Flight 781," 2005)
The accident changed the industry, by allowing for window designs that were more rounded. This is significant because such a design would provide greater support to the cabin during flight. As a result, these windows have become standard in all jet and propeller driven aircraft. What this shows is that the lessons learned from the accident, mainly the windows and the rivets were used to improve the overall quality of designs of aircraft for the better. ("OAC Flight 781," 2005)
Clearly, the three different incidents highlight specific issues that helped contribute to each accident. Where, all of them have helped improve designs, training and inspections standards. This is important because investigators can use…
Aloha Airline Flight 243. (1988). Retrieved May 13, 2010 from NTSB website:
American Airlines Flight 587. (2002). Retrieved May 13, 2010 from NTSB website:
(Sources: Hayes-Bautista, 1988; Perez y Gonzalez, 2000).
Conclusions - General characteristics of immigrant families - Most Latino immigrants fall into two solid groups when coming to America -- rural and seasonal farm workers; many following the crops from Texas through California and back, and many into the cities where better paying, and more stable, jobs are available. Luis and Maria moved to a larger city because they were told that it would be "easier on them." Cities exist for many reasons and the diversity of urban form and function can be traced to the complex roles that cities perform. Cities serve as centers of storage, commerce, and industry. The agricultural surplus from the surrounding country hinterland is processed and distributed within the city. Urban areas have also developed around marketplaces, where imported goods from distant places could be exchanged for the local products. Throughout history, cities have been founded at…
Aquirre-Molina, M., et.al. (2001). Health Issues in the Latino Community.
Begolla, L.G. (2009). Introduction to Latino Politics in the U.S. Polity Press.
Brandel, J.R., ed. (2010). Theory and Practice in Clinical Social Work. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
(2009, Oct. 4). 25,000 Nepli girls involved in sex trde in Indin cities.
Commercil sex brothels in the towns of Delhi, Mumbi, Pune nd Kolkt feture young girls believed to hve been kidnpped from Nepl, ccording to the rticle. There re n estimted fifty brothels in Pune, nd mny of them re reportedly owned by dult women from Nepl. In those 50 brothels there re bout 500 Neplese girls working in sexul slvery, the rticle sserts. This informtion comes through report tht ws intended to get the medi interested in reporting these terrible crimes. Retrieved Feb. 13,
2010, from http://www.expressindi, com/fullstory.php?newsid=55901.
Hwii News Now. (2010, Februry 10). Hwii mn chrged with sex trfficking t Super Bowl. A mn who is lleged to be pimp from Hwii is being chrged with bringing teenge Hwiin girl to the Super Bowl in Mimi -- nd llegedly used her to mke money. Fred Collins…
and Customs Enforcement agents that they were promised good jobs and a better life in the United States, so they came to the U.S. with high hopes. But when they arrived it turned out that they had to work in the bar for $20 a day until they paid off their "smuggling fees" of around $4,500. Part of their job was to have sex with customers "for money."
Retrieved Feb. 14, 2010, from the Monitor http://www.themonitor.com .
WTOV9.com. (2010, Feb. 14). Report: Human Trafficking Big Business in Ohio. This article on WTOV9 tells the story of how teenager Theresa Flores was raped and had photos taken of the act of being raped. The attacker said unless she submitted to being a hooker for his gang, her photo would be on the Internet and everyone would know she had sex (even her priest) So she went along for 2 years. Moreover, the story claims that as many as 1,000 children born in Ohio each year are forced into sex slavery. Retrieved Feb. 14, 2010, from http://www.wtov9.com/news/22553109/detail.html .
..stalling" of Bush's proposal to sign a free trade deal with Columbia. Some unions don't want trade deals "that have advanced globalization" and cost "the loss of millions of American...jobs." Obama and Clinton are both against the Bush proposal for a trade deal with Columbia (fearing jobs will be lost). McCain is for the trade deal. Finally, a third New York Times article (Uchitelle, April 20, 2008) points out that all three candidates have a rough time convincing "blue collar" (factory workers) voters they have the right formula; because the economy is now global, many jobs have gone overseas, and those earning at least $20 an hour fell from 23% of workers in 1979 to 18% in 2007. The social changes that are happening in America because of falling wages and jobs lost to globalization present one of the biggest challenges for whomever winds up winning the hite House.
Hulse, Carl. (2008, April 11). House Votes to Put Off Trade Deal Bush Sought. The New York
Times. Retrieved May 6, 2008, at http://www.nytimes.com .
Mankiw, Gregory N. (2008, March 16). Beyond the Noise on Free Trade. The New York Times.
Retrieved May 6, 2008, at
However, expansion requires capital investment and there is question as to whether these trends have a strong enough bases to continue into the future. The focus of Russian spending trends is on construction, particularly improvements on the infrastructure. However, this good news comes with a work of caution. Russia still has many obstacles to overcome in terms of competitiveness. They are recent players on the global market and need to invest intensively to become major players. They still have a long way to go. Investors should keep this in mind as they decide to include Russia in their list of expansion projects (Economist Intelligence Unit Viewsire).
A review of literature regarding the growth of the Russian economy reveals many variables that could affect the long-term ability to sustain the current growth rates. Analysts disagree on the sustainability of the Russian economy. One body of analysts feels that sufficient resources are…
Economist Intelligence Unit ViewsWire. Russia's booming economy. June 18th 2007. The Economist. http://www.economist.com/research/articlesBySubject/displaystory.cfm?subjectid=349002&story_id=9354403 Accessed April 8, 2008.
Gaddy, C. Issues in the U.S.-Russia Economic Relationship. October 17, 2007. Brookings. http://www.brookings.edu/testimony/2007/1017russia.aspx . Accessed April 8, 2008.
Products Marketing Association (PMA). International Resources: global Market Profile: Russia. http://www.pma.com/cig/international/russia.cfm Accessed April 8, 2008.
Sweeney, P. Exports to Russia Grow. Business Information Service for the Newly Independent
Woodrow Wilson used the radio to appeal to the American public directly to support the nation's entry into the then-unpopular World War I. Franklin Roosevelt, of course, was the master of the fireside chat, and even after his demise, the rapid rise of the Soviet power and the Cold War enabled Harry Truman to "scare hell" out of the country by using the media.
Popular, collective fear of the Soviets tipped the balance even farther in favor of the powers of the chief executive. The Johnson Administration refused to spend the funds allocated to crucial agricultural programs, to bully Congress into accepting its deficit spending for the Great Society and the Vietnam War (87). These examples, along with the escalation of the Vietnam War, show how Democratic presidents were often just as guilty as Republican presidents of abusing the office's authority. In recent memory, the Clinton Administration went to court…