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They should limit the number of teen passengers when their teenager drives beyond the number of safety belts in the car. It is also a good idea to choose an intermediate sized car or sedan instead of a high-performance sports car, SUV or pickup, which usually carry higher insurance premiums and higher death and theft rates (IIHS).
As a ill in the Legislature proposes, a new driver should spend double the number of hours from six to 12 of driving instruction to help him or her really learn the rules of the road (the oston Globe 2006). The proposal should include taking an advanced training instruction, as much as possible, or wait until the 16-year-old turns 17. Proper training, including advanced training, can help counteract judgment deficits in teen-agers Insurance executives thought about the importance of advanced driving training so strongly that they offered to pay for half the course…
1. Associated Press. (2003). State Has No Special Rules for Older Drivers' Licenses. Journal Sentinel
2. Boston Globe, the. (2006). The Right Driving Age. Editorial. The New York Times Company
3. Insurance Information Institute. (2006). Teen Drivers. Insurance Information Institute media. Insurance Information Institute, Inc.
4. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. (1999). Factors that Affect Auto Insurance Age and Its Impact. Fatality Facts. Automobile Insurance. http://www.ohioinsurance.org/factbook2000/chapterone/chapter_one4.htm
Minimum Driving Age
The issue of the minimum appropriate driving age provokes controversy between those opposed to allowing teenagers younger than 18 and those who believe that there is no justification for depriving younger teenagers of the opportunities for which driving privileges are so often necessary. Currently, the minimum driving age in varies from state to state, as do the rues and distinctions about the extent of those privileges. For example, in Georgia, 15-year-olds are eligible for full driving privileges; meanwhile, states such as New York allow learner's permits at the age of 16 and only limited-privilege licenses at the age of 17.
The Argument for Higher Age Limits
The principal argument for maintaining a higher minimum driving age (i.e. 18) is that the youngest drivers are responsible for a disproportionately high number of vehicular accidents and that much of the reason is directly a function of age-related levels of…
aise Driving Age From 16 to 18
Of late in the wake of vehicular accidents involving teens, many are of the opinion that the driving age should not be raised from 16 to 18. Driving in a state of drunkenness happens during some occasion with teenagers as well as adults; drag racing is being done nearly every weekend and speed driving is a problem with everybody and not just teenagers. In case driving age was raised, problems will still be there among drivers and their lack of experience. Increasing the driving age will render the inexperienced drivers older and will not be solving anything. Even though rash driving involving teenagers have recently caused a lot of deaths under tragic conditions, a majority of the teenagers display the maturity and awareness of road safety. (Do you think the driving age should be raised?)
Driving age must not be raised from 16…
Yee, Tiffany. Do you think the driving age should be raised?
Retrieved from http://silverchips.mbhs.edu/inside.php?sid=4348 Accessed on 8 February, 2005
Should Georgia raise the driving age? Retrieved from http://atlanta.creativeloafing.com/2001-02-10/flipside2.html Accessed on 8 February, 2005
Cantor-Echols, David. Face Off: Raising the driving age. Retrieved from http://www.savannahnow.com/savvy/milkcrate/faceoffdriving1124.html
Americans are in love with their automobiles. In a country where every household averages two cars, the availability of personal, motorized vehicle is not a luxury, but rather a necessity. e often take for granted the opportunities afforded by our motorized society. Instead of relying on mass transit, those with automobiles have the luxury and convenience of traveling on their own time, and of their own means (not to mention the certain aspect of privacy also associated with cars).
The automobile, however, has a dark side. Pollution and traffic congestion are concerns, but the greatest problems associated with automobiles are their safety, or lack thereof. Car accidents are one of the leading killers in the country each year, accounting for about 40,000 deaths in the year 2001 alone (DriveHomeSafe website). In fact, it has been estimated by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) that 1 out of every 5…
Direnfeld, Gary. "Reducing Injury and Death in Teen Drivers. Journal of Trauma
Nursing. Vol. 8. Jan-March. 2001.
Dys, Andrew. "Officials Hope to Curb Accidents by Raising Driving Age."
Herald Online website. 21 January 2002. Accessed 4 August 2003. http://www.ipromiseprogram.com/links/Officials%20hope%20to%20curb%20accidents%20-%20Herald%20-%20SC.htm
Some people think that 16 is too young for people to be driving because teenagers are not responsible (Opposition). However, the frequent requirement of taking a course, as well as passing a driving test and having 40 hours of experience, shows that not just anyone can become a driver. It takes time, interest and commitment. In response to those who call for graduated driving laws, in most cases this already exists (efutation) with learning permits at 16 and full licenses at 17.
aising the driving age to 17 or 18 would most likely not do a thing for the problem of inexperience: Someone who first receives his/her drivers license at age 18 -- or 20 -- or 35 -- would have no more driving experience three months later than a 16-year-old would. And most likely raising the driving age would not do much to eliminate the chance-taking behavior that one…
Focus Adolescent Services. Alcohol and Teen Drinking. 21 February, 2005. http://www.focusas.com/Alcohol.html
Gavant, K. "Teen Drivers Face Tougher Restrictions. Montgomery County Sentinel. http://www.thesentinel.com/323921186338618.php
Hagar, R. "Bill Puts Stricter Rules on Teen Driving." Reno Gazette-Journal. February 17, 2005.
Lin M.L., ed. "Graduated Driver Licensing." Journal of Safety Research 2003; 34(special issue):1-126. http://www.rgj.com/news/stories/html/2005/02/17/92589.php?sps=rgj.com&sch=LocalNews&sp1=rgj&sp2=News&sp3=Local+News&sp5=RGJ.com&sp6=news&sp7=local_news
Perhaps it is unfair to label all younger drivers as reckless and dangerous. At the very least, they are most certainly less experienced and adept at driving, on average. Since a firm and enforced age is the best way to regulate who can drive for the first time, that is the method that should remain. On average, teen drivers are restricted or banned from driving for several reasons. Those reasons include insufficient brain development, lack of responsibility and a propensity to not pay proper attention. While typecasting people based on age is not always fair, there are reasons behind the age restriction.
The first main point to consider when it comes to why children under sixteen should not be driving, at least in an unrestricted way, is insufficient brain development. The ideas and theories about the broader subject development do vary. However, there are some things that…
Age of Traffic Speeders
General Problem Area
This research proposal is designed to find out the relationship between speeding in a motor vehicle, and the age of the speeder. There are many variables that make up the sum total of a traffic accident, and one of those is whether or not any or all of the vehicles were speeding at the time the accident occurred (Vinluan, 2008). The proposal here will not focus on accidents, however, or even tickets, specifically. The goal is only to determine whether a person speeds and what that person's age is, not to examine the consequences or potential consequences of that action. While these can be important for those who speed in that they can be putting themselves and others at risk, the study here is not focused on what may result from the behavior, only if the behavior occurs and in what age group…
Actual speeds on the roads compared to the posted limits, final report 551. (2004). Arizona Dept of Transportation.
Engineering speed limits - FHWA safety program (2014). United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration, Office of Safety.
Elvik, R. (2012). Speed limits, enforcement, and health consequences. Annual Review of Public Health, 33: 225 -- 238.
Marvel, C.C. (2010). Meaning of "residence district," "business district," "school area," and the like, in statutes and ordinances regulating speed of motor vehicles. American Law Reports -- Annotated, 2nd Series, 50. The Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company; Bancroft-Whitney; West Group Annotation Company.
Driving Drunk Dangerous
Mandatory license revocation and sentencing should be applied to all young adults who are convicted of drunk driving. In addition young adults who are found to drive drunk should be forbidden from riding in a vehicle with other young adult passengers for a period of up to one year.
Every year the number of fatalities and serious accidents that result from drunk drivers rises. There have been numerous laws enacted to combat the problem of drunk driving. None of these laws however have been directed specifically at young adults, and recent studies suggest that this population shows a growing trend toward drunk driving. Thus the aim of this paper is to argue for more severe penalties directed specifically at the young adult population, in the hopes that effective countermeasures may be established with regard to the drunk driving problem.
No one would argue that drunk driving is…
Grube, J.W. & Voas, R.B. Predicting underage drinking and driving behaviors. Addiction 91:1843-1857, 1996
National Highway Safety Traffic Administration. Traffic Safety Facts 1995, Report No.
DOT HS 808-471, Washington: Department of Transportation, 1996; In Shacket, R.W. & Yu, J.
Robin, G.D. "Waging the battle against drunk driving: Countermeasures, and Effectiveness." New York: Praeger Publishers, 1991.
Country combines a coming of age story with personal insights into the psychological effects of war. Haunted by her father's and uncle's experiences in Vietnam, seventeen-year-old Sam Hughes continually seeks to understand and to make real the facts surrounding her father's death. Set during the crucial summer after high school graduation, Bobbie Ann Mason's novel traces the development of its protagonist over a relatively short period of time, but offers great character insight. As her nickname suggests, Sam is a tomboyish, spunky teen who both acts and feels older than her chronological age. One of her closest friends and confidants is her veteran uncle, who she suspects suffers from Agent Orange. Sam's concerns about Emmett's health border on the obsessive, but her attempts to unearth the past equal a deeper investigation into her father. Because he died before she was born, and not much older than Sam herself, Dwayne Hughes…
Syndication, the power of networks like CBS and Viacom to relinquish and maintain their lesser competition like UPN through hackneyed reruns, was officially undercut by the age of in the internet, which saw middle school and college-age music junkies successfully distribute media for free online, en masse. The network era of the 1960s and 70s was one of the rerun empire, but the cyclical liberty provided by a wired audience forced TV networks to find new programming and reshape the "ancillary afterlife" of well-loved shows in the digital epoch. As a result, four major changes by purposeful agents to syndication directly preempted the death of the television at the hands of new media.
The first of these changes was a reanalysis of the "shelf life" of a program. While syndication remains an important aspect of the media world, it was been forced to mix reruns with a "collage" of marketing…
Driving hile Impaired in Canada
Tough new laws have been enacted in Canada in response to the problem of driving while impaired. In this case "impaired" means driving while intoxicated on alcohol -- being over the limit on blood alcohol (driving under the influence, DUI / driving while intoxicated, DI) -- or on drugs. This paper describes the issue, reviews the relevant legislation and laws, reviews the history of laws pertaining to impaired driving sanctions, and offers analysis of the contemporary legal situations regarding impaired driving laws in Canada.
hat is Impaired Driving?
The Ministry of Transportation in Ontario defines impaired driving as driving "while you ability is affected by alcohol or drugs… a deadly combination" (www.mto.gov.on.ca). The fact is that one drink can reduce a driver's ability to concentrate on the road and the traffic. Even one drink can affect a driver's reaction time, the MTO explains. The MTO…
Addario, Frank. (2008). Nasty Criminal Law Will Achieve Nothing for Public Safety.
Criminal Lawyer's Association. Retrieved Oct. 1, 2011, from http://www.criminallawyers.ca .
Bill C-2. (2007). An Act to amend the Criminal Code and to Make Consequential Amendments
To Other Acts. Parliament of Canada. Virtual Library. Retrieved Oct. 1, 2011, from http://www.parl.gc.ca .
messaging during simulated driving," Drews et al. (2009) study the effect that text messaging has on driver attention spans and response times. The authors studied drivers in a driving simulation to examine how the drivers responded to texting while driving. Their findings indicate that texting while driving results in poor driver performance with respect to attention span and response time. The authors note the their scores, which are some of the first in the field, indicate that texting while driving is more dangerous than other forms of driver distraction.
The authors first provide an extensive literature review discussing the issue of distracted driving. They present evidence of how different forms of distracted driving have been show to affect driver competence. The authors also discuss the issue of texting and driving specifically, noting that there has not been much research to this point on the subject, but that they believe texting…
Drews, F., Yazdani, H, Godfrey, C., Cooper, J. & Strayer, D. (2009). Text messaging during simulated driving. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Vol. 51 (2009) 762.
Differences in age between romantic partners can elicit a number of reactions, depending on the age of the youngest partner. Hollywood celebrities, who marry much younger partners, are often made fun of in the entertainment media; however, if the younger partner is still a teenager, or worse yet, a minor, then the mainstream media may weigh in with their own brand of demonization directed at the older partner. Phrases like 'cradle robber' are bandied about, or in the case of an attractive younger individual becoming involved with a much older 'elderly' partner, the phrase 'gold digger' may be heard. There is thus a sense that power imbalances within relationships will result in the exploitation of the more vulnerable partner. The following essay attempts to show that age does matter in romantic relationships, but primarily when one of the partners is a minor.
Men and women generally prefer…
Allen, Amy. "Does Age Matter in a Relationship." Helium.com. RR Donnelley. 7 May 2010. Web. 17 May 2012.
Darroch, Jacqueline E., Landry, David J., and Oslak, Selene. "Age Differences Between Sexual Partners in the United States." Family Planning Perspectives 31.4 (1999): 160-167.
Hamilton, Brady E. And Ventura, Stephanie J. "Birth Rates for U.S. Teenagers Reach Historic Lows for All Age and Ethnic Groups." CDC.gov. National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 89 (2012 Apr.): 1-8. Web. 17 May 2012.
Lehmiller, Justin J. And Agnew, Christopher R. "Commitment in Age-Gap Heterosexual Romantic Relationships: A Test of Evolutionary and Socio-Cultural Predictions." Psychology of Women Quarterly 32.1 (2008): 74-82.
The issue was a charged issue that many people felt very strongly about, i.e. race and was an allowable and supported social stigma, and yet when faced with the real life decision to break the taboo and serve Chinese people they did so with little hesitation and then effectively lied about it in self report. (Pager & Lincoln, 2005, p. 355)
Drinking and driving is a seriously socially charged issue that could have the same self-report results if given the correct avenue to do so. The self-report dogmatic dialogue regarding drinking and driving is an absolute rejection of the behavior (even after 1-2 drinks as is asked in the New Zealand Study) and yet this is an attitude and a self-report dogma, what we would say when offered the social choice, not a real reflection of how individuals would behave if given the opportunity to drink and drive. Another fault…
Brownfield, K., Fernando, K., & Halberstadt, J. (2003). Indirect Effects of Lowering the Drinking Age on New Zealand Students' Alcohol-Related Behaviours and Attitudes. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 32(1), 22. Retrieved May 28, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001970912
Fagan, J. (2005, September). Adolescents, Maturity, and the Law: Why Science and Development Matter in Juvenile Justice. The American Prospect, 16, 5.
Fillmore, M.T., Carscadden, J.L., & Vogel-Sprott, M. (1998). Alcohol, Cognitive Impairment and Expectancies. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 59(2), 174.
A and Lincoln Q. Walking the Talk? What Employers Say vs. What They Do. American Sociological Review 70: 2005, 355-380.
Teenagers 16 years of age should NOT be allowed to drive." This is a persuasive essay and it discusses the issue of Teenagers NOT being allowed to drive at the age of 16 and why I think they should not be allowed.
Teenagers 16 years of age should NOT be allowed to drive
Car accidents have known to be deadlier than gang violence, suicide, or drugs and alcohol. Every year thousands of teens die all over the world from motor vehicle crash injuries. This is a very important issue and we cannot ignore this problem; as it is simply not going to disappear. Motor vehicle accidents are the number one killer of teenagers aged fifteen to twenty-four. Teenagers are involved in car accidents as both drivers and passengers, compared with other age groups. In addition to the number of teenage driver deaths, two out of three of those teens were…
Williams AF, Preusser DF, Ulmer RG, Weinstein HB. Characteristics of fatal crashes of 16-year-old-drivers: implications for licensure policies. J Public Health Policy 1995;16:347-60.
Laberge-Nadeau C, Maag U, Bourbeau R. The effects of age and experience on accidents with injuries: should the licensing age be raised? Accid Anal Prev 1992;24:107-16.
Mayhew DR, Simpson HM. New to the road: young drivers and novice drivers: similar problems and solutions? Ottawa (ON): Traffic Injury Research Foundation of Canada; 1990.
Preusser DF, Ferguson SA, Williams AF. Effect of teenage passengers on the fatal crash risk of teenage drivers. Accid Anal Prev. In press 1997.
Proposal for New DWI Laws for Missouri
DWI laws will always be contentious, with different viewpoints impacting on requirements of the laws. If rewriting the Missouri DWI laws the following would be recommended, the reasons for each recommendation are provided.
1. The legal limit; A person will be deemed to be intoxicated if they have a blood alcohol content higher than the level allowed. The level allowed for drivers of commercial vehicles will be 0%, for drivers under age of 21 and under it will be 0.01 and for drivers over the age of 21 it will be 0.05. The bill will also include any type of intoxication or undue influence of other substances which impair judgement.
There is a clear relationship between higher blood alcohol content and higher road traffic accidents (Karakus et al. 440; Fell and Voas 869). The implementation of a zero blood alcohol level would be…
Legal Age for Alcohol Consumption
Laws are established for the legal age of alcohol consumption in order to attend to the best interests of both youth and society at large. With exposure to such influences as music, television, movies, and peers, youth are under pressure to behave in certain ways and partake in certain activities to be perceived as being "cool." Alcohol consumption among young people may be seen as a way to loosen up, fit in, or even possibly as a sign of rebellion against parents, teachers, and figures of authority in general.
It is often difficult for youth to know their limits and exactly how much alcohol they can consume and yet still be somewhat "in control." This results in increased risks of alcohol poisonings, drunk driving, and in some cases death among the adolescent population. Therefore, with the well being of youth and society in mind, it…
Hot topic: Underage teen drinking." Website of Congresswoman Roybal-Allard. http://www/house.gov/roybal-allard/ht_underage.htm.
Statistics: Underage drinking." SADD Online. http://www.saddonline.com/stats.htm.
Survey says: Teen alcohol use on the rise." The Citizen: The 6th Area Support Group Online Newspaper 30.10 May 22, 2001. http://www.stuttgart.army.mil/community/citizen/2001/0522/surveys.htm.
Richardson, A. & Budd, T. "Young adults, alcohol, crime and disorder." Criminal Behavior and Mental Health 13.1 (2003): 5-16.
Dark Age and the Archaic Age
Having watched the lectures for the prior learning unit on video, I was prepared to enjoy the video lecture presentation for this learning unit. I previously found the presentation of lectures in the video format to be very convenient because I could observe at my own pace, rewind if I missed part of the lecture, have flexibility about when I was viewing the lecture, and not be distracted by the behavior or questions of other students. I acknowledged that there were some negatives to the video-learning environment, such as missing out on the organic and natural question and answers that develop in a live classroom setting, but had decided that missing those was an acceptable trade-off given the other benefits that I was receiving from the video lecture environment. Therefore, I was surprised to find that I did not enjoy the video lectures for…
(8-16) Furthermore, the tendency to take risks may be increased by peer pressure, emotional lability, and other stresses. Finally, teenagers drive more frequently under higher risk conditions (ie, at night and/or without seatbelts). (1)
The American Academy of Pediatrics, the National Highway Traffic afety Administration, and other governmental, private, and professional organizations have recommended legislation to institute a program of graduated driver licensing (GDL). These programs remove driving restrictions in stages as the TD gains experience and maturity, until full licensure is granted a minimum of 18 months after the learner's permit is obtained. (17) This type of program has been shown to decrease the crash rate of TDs in New Zealand, Canada, and several states in the United tates. (18-22) Each of these programs incorporates different features of the National Highway Traffic afety Administration recommendations, yet it has not been well established which components are the most effective. In…
Four data sets were used in these analyses: 1) Utah MVC records; 2) the Utah hospital discharge database; 3) the Utah Emergency Department database; and 4) the Utah Division of Motor Vehicles driver license file. The 1992 to 1996 MVC records were obtained from the Utah Department of Transportation, Division of Traffic and Safety. This crash database contains information on all reportable crashes (defined as occurring on a public road and resulting in at least 1 injury or at least $1,000 in property damage). These data are collected on reports that are filled out by police officers at the scene of the crash. Data points include detailed information on the time, location, type of crash, vehicles, drivers, and any other people involved (eg, passengers, pedestrians).
The 1992 to 1996 hospital discharge database was acquired from the Utah Health Data Committee/Office of Health Data Analysis, Utah Department of Health. The Utah Department of Health mandates that all licensed hospitals report all inpatient admissions. The hospital discharge database includes demographic information and up to 9 International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision diagnosis codes and 5 procedure codes, up to 2 external-cause-of-injury codes (E codes), discharge status, and hospital charges.
Emergency department (ED) records for 1996, the first year for which they were complete, were acquired from the Utah Department of Health. The Department of Health mandates that all Utah licensed hospitals report information on ED patient encounters. The ED database includes demographic information, up to 9 International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision diagnosis codes and 5 procedure codes, up to 2 E. codes, discharge status, and hospital charges. Patients in this database were by definition treated and released from the ED.
The driver license file includes all information required for a driver's license, as well as the original and current issue dates and expiration date. The Institutional Review Board of the University of Utah approved use of these databases for this study.
One of the most important concepts in public safety is the idea of "accidents." That is the wrong word for a collision that was avoidable either through attention or preventative measures. There are very few accidents on the roads. There are collisions, and they are caused by either mechanical error or human error. The word 'accident' lets people off the hook for their mistakes, mistakes that nobody should make if they are doing their job. The reality is that there are a lot of things that people do to cause collisions. One is that they take their attention away from the task at hand. When a person is operating a 2000-lb, traveling at a speed sufficient to induce deadly force, one may wish to pay attention, to prevent collisions. Mobile phones are just one of many sources of driver distraction, but there should be penalties associated with driving…
Ruiz, R. (2014) A third of UAE drivers admit using phone at wheel. The National. Retrieved May 28, 2015 from http://www.thenational.ae/uae/transport/a-third-of-uae-drivers-admit-using-phone-at-wheel
Ruiz, R. (2015). Stowing mobile phones away while driving could save lives, experts say. The National. Retrieved May 28, 2015 from http://www.thenational.ae/uae/transport/stowing-mobile-phones-away-while-driving-could-save-lives-experts-say
Nagraj, A. (2014). UAE clamps down on drivers using mobile phones. Gulf Business. Retrieved May 28, 2015 from http://gulfbusiness.com/2014/08/uae-clamps-drivers-using-mobile-phones/
Madden, M. & Lenhart, A. (2009). Teens and distracted driving: Texting, talking and other uses of the cell phone behind the wheel. Pew Research Center. 2009-11-16, 1-16.
hile milder forms of aggressive driving, such as horn-blowing, flashing lights, gesturing and shouting, are nothing new, the more violent forms of aggressive driving are becoming increasingly more frequent, and are generally referred to as 'road rage' (Nutter 2002). Many experts believe that this increase may be due to the frustration caused by rush-hour traffic and congested roads, yet others believe that the anonymity provided by the car is likely to induce more overt expression of aggression (Nutter 2002). For example, one study measured the effects of a stationary car at a green light by drivers of convertibles and four-wheel drive vehicles, and found that horn-honking of drivers of four-wheel-drive vehicles started earlier and lasted longer than drivers of convertibles, thus suggesting that anonymity produces higher levels of overt aggression (Nutter 2002). Many studies have shown that men are more overtly aggressive than women despite similarities in the reporting of…
Aggressive Driving. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved February 12, 2007 at http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/portal/site/nhtsa/menuitem.67eecd05574f18227983419cdba046a0/;jsessionid=FFRYt00l1rvGRtyXdXudta1O3WkR6TdnGjKxwG05mGoG8eqhZO5g!-1149177452
Mizell, Louis. (1996 November). Aggressive Driving. AAA Foundation for Traffic
Safety. Retrieved February 13, 2007 at http://www.aaafoundation.org/resources/index.cfm?button=agdrtext#Aggressive%20Driving
Nutter, Amanda. (2002 August 01). A comparison of reported levels and expression of anger in everyday and driving situations. British Journal of Psychology. Retrieved February 12, 2007 from HighBeam Research Library.
Angela and Mark put their two children through college, and Desmond moved to Chicago to pursue a law career. Emma stayed in Madison, and Angela groomed her daughter to take over the family business. In time, Emma gave Angela and Mark two wonderful grandsons, and Desmond embarked on a trip around the world, sending back art work from many countries to be auctioned off for in a charitable benefit.
At the age of 60, Angela decided to retire from Angela's Preserves, handing the reigns to her daughter, while still contributing recipes. She and Mark filled their retirement with many cruises, all over the world. At the age of 67, the two sat down to write a guidebook on cruises for retirees, with Angela writing and Mark handling photography. The book went on to become a top 200 seller on Amazon. Desmond, returned from several years overseas with his Singaporean bride…
Student Searches, Free Speech & Expression, and Privacy in the Wired Age
Student searches and in-school discipline for off-campus conduct
Free Speech and Expression on and off campus
Privacy in the wired age on and off campus. (Facebook, twitter, myspace, blogs, cellphones)
What are a students' constitutional rights when it comes to searches and seizures, on and off campus discipline, free speech, expression, and privacy in the wired age when on and off campus? How are students protected by the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights when it pertains to the three items listed above?
Students are often subject to rules and regulations that are associated with school codes of conduct and those rules and regulations are sometimes not reflective of constitutional rights to free speech and free action inside the laws. These long list of potential violations are printed by institutions and are made available to students, in…
In short students and especially minor students and their parents should make themselves aware of the codes of conduct the student is expected to uphold and live within those guidelines even if they feel the guidelines are overreaching as students have little recourse because even most public institutions such as public schools are still considered voluntary and enrollment in them requires certain standards to be upheld. This is not to say it is likely that all new students will read and memorize a code of conduct but they must beware that violations especially that hurt others will not likely be tolerated. It is not likely that the constitutional protection of students will be expanded, rather to the contrary laws that protect others from immoral, unethical and/or illegal or harmful behaviors in a public forum such as the internet, across email, and cell phones will likely be expanded. It also must be made clear that the intent to harm another does not have to be present for that harm to be done or for the individual(s) responsible to be held accountable for it. In other words consider yourself under public scrutiny when you are enrolled in any institution and act accordingly, upholding the law and the moral and ethical standards associated with your role as a student.
Wheeler, T. (2011). Facebook Fatalities: Students, Social Networking, and the First Amendment. Pace Law Review, 31(1), 182-227. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Williamson, L. (2009). Private Rants Become Public When Aired Online. InsideCounsel, 20(211), 67-68. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
art is changed by the changes that occur in political culture. The writer presents examples and contrasts two of the following areas Baroque, ococo, Neoclassicism, and omanticism and argues the point of how the eras drive changes in artwork. In addition the writer devotes two pages to comparing three works of famous artists.
Art has always been influenced by the masses. Political culture, and change have been driving forces behind the changes in art that history has witnessed. When political and cultural changes occur it is generally because of changing attitudes of those who live in the era and drive those changes. This extrapolates to changes in many things including taste in artwork. Two periods in history provide classic examples of such change occurring and being directly related to political and cultural changes that were taking place in society during the time.
The Neoclassical period and the omantic era are…
http://www.oceansbridge.com/art/customer/product.php?productid=38385& cat=4037& page=19& maincat=M
Pierre Bonnard The Terrace
During the speech, he claps the men's shoulders, and makes human, tactile contact with the soldiers. Even though he is a king, everyone is part of the family of soldiers, and through nobility they can lift themselves to high birth: "e few, we happy few, we band of brothers;/for he to-day that sheds his blood with me / Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile,/This day shall gentle his condition" (4.2).
Henry says that winning honor gains a soldier inner aristocracy, a radical idea at the time when the divine right of kings was a given, and also a way to propel his men forward into action. In fact, even the dispirited men who do not really believe in the need to secure the French land, because of Henry's words about their class and status may fall in line with what he says, in deference of respect for…
Henry V." (1989). Directed by and starring Kenneth Branagh.
Shakespeare, William. "Henry V." The Shakespeare Homepage. Retrieved 28 Apr 2008 at http://shakespeare.mit.edu/henryv/index.html
Tichy, Noel M. (2007). The Leadership Engine. New York: HarperCollins.
treatment of any victim of trauma can be circuitous and nebulous at times due to the many factors, implications and issues involved. Even with that being the case, there are ways to do it, with time and directed effort being the key item to focus on. hen it comes to the subject of children, however, a good amount of care, diligence and alternative methods, at least as compared to adults, is necessary to heal and address the aftereffects and results of trauma. hat follows in this document is a summary of fifteen different sources that all focus on cognitive therapy for children after the latter has been exposed and subjected to trauma, whether it be acute or prolonged.
Chae, Y., Goodman, G. S., Eisen, M. L., & Qin, J. (2011). Event Memory and Suggestibility in Abused and Neglected Children: Trauma-Related Psychopathology and Cognitive
Functioning. Journal Of Experimental Child…
Walker, D. F., Reese, J. B., Hughes, J. P., & Troskie, M. J. (2010). Addressing Religious and Spiritual Issues in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Children and Adolescents. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice, 41(2), 174-180.
• One thing that becomes when working in counseling, psychology and with treatment of children is that adherence to procedure and guidelines is important. Even if there is the need for variation and customization along the way, it is still also important to follow the proper patterns and steps. Indeed, there is a step-by-step guideline for the treatment of children that have faced trauma and this absolutely pertains to cognitive behavioral therapy in particular. There are differing cultural and other cues that can be part of the process and one of those things is religion and spirituality. In some cases, the abuse itself centers on religion for one reason or another, such as when a clergy person is the abuser. Even when that is the case, a focus on and use of the pre-existing religious and/or spiritual facets of the child's psyche can be used to assist in recover and treatment in a cognitive behavioral realm.
Licensing agencies including the Department of Motor Vehicles rely on young drivers to generate revenue (Williams, 1996). It is also their job to ensure that young people are adequately trained to drive and that young people are able to achieve basic competence, hence be safe drivers. Inexperienced drivers need road practice in order to become more efficient at driving. New requirements that provide more in depth road training for young adults will not only generate more revenue and help boost the economy but also ensure that youths age 16 and over are able to drive safely and competently, with no more risk than any other population (Williams, 1997).
States should allow young drivers age 16 and over to acquire their licenses after they have completed an acceptable amount of driver training. Such training helps boost competence and ability at any age. If more stringent guidelines and testing mechanisms need to…
Williams, a.F. (1997). "Earning a driver's license." Public Health Reports, 112(6):452.
Williams, a.F. (1996). "Protecting new drivers: 10 components of graduated licensing that make sense." Arlington: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (1996). 1995 Customer satisfaction survey. Washington: Department of Transportation.
STATMENT: y all means, teenagers should be the best drivers in the world. Their muscles and their reflexes should be quick enough to handle anything.
FALLACY: False dichotomy
The arguer sets up the situation so it looks like there are only two choices. The arguer then eliminates one of the choices, so it seems that we are left with only one option: the one the arguer wanted us to pick in the first place.
Certainly, teenagers do have quick reflexes. However, quick reflexes aren't enough. It also takes considerable experience in order to drive well. While reflex speed declines in later life, the gap is at least partly filled up by driving experience. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has statistics on drivers based on both age and driving experience. They found that inexperience behind the wheel contributes substantially to both accident rate and fatality rate. In addition,…
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). 2005. "Q & A: Teenagers -- General," at Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. Last updated July, 2005. Accessed via the Internet 8/1/05.
Stafford, Rob. 2005a. "The Perils of Teen Driving," On DATELINE (NBC). Viewed on television 7/8/05. Accessed via the Internet 8/1/05.
Stafford, Rob. 2005b. "Spy My Ride," On DATELINE (NBC). Viewed on television 7/8/05. Accessed via the Internet 8/1/05. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8501438/
An experienced, alert teenager drives just as well as -- if not better than -- anyone else. I would trust a teenage driver over a senile elderly driver with many years of experience any day! If teenagers are not allowed to drive at age 16, then when they are 18 and leaving home and have no choice but to start driving in order to survive, they will then be without any experience. A friend of mine was killed in a car crash when she was 16 -- it was the fault of a 35-year-old professional man, with an immaculate driving record. There are no easy fixes for automobile safety. We actually have to promote driving education and safety standards for vehicles and roads, not just find a scapegoat such as young drivers. When writing the essay, I focused on presenting facts that backed up my opinion about raising the driving…
Dangerfield and Associate Entities
Upon examining this case, it's clear that the claims made by Hartman are completely legitimate. The claims made by Mitchell are somewhat legitimate. This paper will first examine the basis of the lawsuit waged by Hartman, as the bulk of the valid accusations made are made by this particular plaintiff. The crux of Hartman's lawsuit is based on the claim that Dangerfield was liable for the negligence of its parking attendant along with independent negligence. Hartman then claims that Dangerfield and Sandman were fundamentally liable by association. While these aren't the exact details of why Hartman was suing these connected entities, it does boil down the fundamental reason. The essential element of Hartman's case boils down to primary tort's law. "A person is negligent if he fails to exercise ordinary care to avoid injury to other persons or their property. In other words, he failed to…
Best, A. (2007). Basic Tort Law: Cases, Statutes, and Problems. New York: Aspen Publishers.
Carper, D. (2008). Understanding the Law. Mason: Thomson West.
Cornell.edu. (2010). Responsibility in Negligence: Why the Duty of Care is not a Duty "To Try." Retrieved from Cornell.edu: http://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/facpub/127/
Delpo, A. (2009). The Manager's Legal Handbook. Nolo Books.
criminal justice and American culture. Specifically it will discuss jail time served by Blacks, Hispanics and whites, and the lawyers who prosecute them. The statistics indicate that African-American men, especially between the ages of 25 to 29, are incarcerated at a higher rate than either Hispanics or whites. There are several factors that are associated with these statistics, including where these young men grow up, their income, and their education, among others. There is also the issue of racial profiling. This paper will look at these statistics and attempt to answer the question of why these young men serve more jail time than other American men do.
In most areas of violent and non-violent crime, African-American men are more represented in American prisons than any other race. Some people may feel African-Americans are more prone to crime and violence, but many studies point to several other factors in criminal activity.…
Editors. (2009). Demographic characteristics of persons convicted of felonies in State courts, by offense, 2004. Retrieved 21 May 2009 from the Bureau of Justice Statistics Web site: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/html/scscf04/tables/scs04201tab.htm .
Editors. (2009). Homicide trends in the United States. Retrieved 21 May 2009 from the Bureau of Justice Statistics Web site: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/race.htm .
Editors. (2009). Mean length of felony sentences imposed in State courts, by offense and race of felons, 2004. Retrieved 21 May 2009 from the Bureau of Justice Statistics Web site: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/html/scscf04/tables/scs04207tab.htm .
Goldman, D.S. (2004). The modern-day literacy test?: Felon disenfranchisement and race discrimination. Stanford Law Review, 57(2), 611+.
Matter of Choice or Conscience?
Motor vehicle accidents are the number one killer of America's youth. Sadly, taking 5 seconds to buckle a seat belt could have prevented such senseless accidents and saved thousands of lives. While no one disagrees that seat belts do indeed save lives, statistics show that while some people do wear seat belts religiously others only wear it when it seems important (i.e. long trips) and some never buckle up. Wearing a seat belt may be considered a personal choice as some contend, however, advocates of seat belt laws point to the billions of dollars that non-users of seat belts cost the rest of the population. Survey results reveal that while people generally favor seat belt laws, they do not support laws that are too invasive of ones personal privacy. Requiring citizens to buckle up is an invasion of ones personal choice, depending on…
Child Passenger Safety. Retrieved May 2, 2002 from National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Website: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/childps/
Gorman, Linda. Mandatory Seat Belt Laws Cause Dangerous Driving and Invade Privacy. The Independence Institute, volume 99, I. 30 Apr 1999.
Primary Seat Belt Laws Save Kids New Messages That Can Redefine the Debate. Retrieved May 1, 2002, from the National Safety Council Website: http://www.nsc.org/partners/primary.htm
New Seat Belt Law Could Prompt Abuses By Police. Retrieved April 28, 2002 from the American Civil Liberties Union Website: http://www.aclu.org/news/1999/w041399b.html
een raffic Accidents & Fatalities
According to the Institute for Highway Safety, in every developed country around the world, teenage drivers are considered a major hazard. In the United States, this problem is magnified, as American teenagers are allowed to get their licenses at an earlier age than in most other countries, and little driving experience is required before licenses are issued (AAP, 2005). In addition, American driver's licenses are inexpensive and easy to obtain, making them widely accessible to teenagers. As a result, this country has a greatly elevated crash risk among young drivers.
While teenagers drive less than all other age groups, with the exception of the oldest Americans, the number of crashes and vehicle-related fatalities are high amongst this age group (AAP, 2005). According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): "he risk of crash involvement per mile driven among drivers 16-19 years old is 4 times…
These road restrictions are not fully supported, however. Many teenagers argue that it is unfair that all teenagers are punished for the mistakes of a limited group of peers. "Maturity doesn't start at age 18; it differs with ages and people," wrote high-school senior Jessica L. Durga in an editorial in the Detroit Free Press (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2004). She complained that passenger restrictions are unfair because "passengers often help the driver see oncoming cars."
Many parents support teenagers' complaints that new limitations may be going too far. Some believe that parents should decide how their kids drive -- not governments. "It's up to parents to decide if and when their kids should drive. ... I get tired of the state telling me how to bring up my children," argued Connecticut parent Debra Gaudette in the Hartford Courant (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2004).
Proponents of teenage driving restrictions disagree with these points-of-view. "It is unacceptable to have so many young people dying," said Gayle Berry, the state representative who sponsored the bill to increase the driving age in Colorado (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2004). Some teenagers support this stance, as well. Michigan teenager Shea Rabidoux believes that limiting passengers is a good idea. "I know a lot of dangerous ... drivers. If the ... bill [to limit the number of
Risky Behaviors in Adolescents
Adolescents engage in a wide variety of risky behaviors in this day in age. Youth engage in activities that put them at risk for serious injury, sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection and chronic disease, such as heart disease and cancer ("Despite improvements," 2004). Risky behaviors that adolescents undertake can include but are not limited to substance use, unprotected sex and sexual promiscuity, failure to use seatbelts and helmets, violent behaviors, etc. On addition, problems with school work has been linked to cigarette smoking, alcohol use, involvement in weapon use and violence. Also, frequently "just hanging out" with friends has been associated with smoking and substance abuse. Having close friends who drink or smoke also puts youth at a higher risk factor for engaging in those behaviors (Carpenter, 2001). This paper will discuss how risky behaviors of adolescents can lead to serious diseases, a tragic accident,…
Axmaker, L. (2003-2004). Risky behaviors can lead to serious diseases. Retrieved April
24, 2005, from Wellsource Website: http://vanderbiltowc.wellsource.com/dh
Carpenter, S. (2001, January). Teens' risky behavior is about more than race and family resources. Monitor on Psychology, 32, 1. Retrieved April 24, 2005, from PsychNET database.
"Despite improvements, many high school students still engaging in risky health behaviors." (2004, May 20). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, p.1
And his group of followers were denied permits to hold peaceful marches through the towns of some southern states. The basis for the withholding of those permits was entirely "lawful" because the decision to do so fell within the guidelines of the city officials. The laws themselves were neutral. However, the decision as to how to apply those laws (and from whom their benefit was withheld) was made on the basis of race, making them violations of procedural due process. As Reverend King explained in his 1964 Letter from a Birmingham Jail, written after his arrest for demonstrating without a permit:
"Sometimes a law is just on its face and unjust in its application. For instance, I
have been arrested on a charge of parading without a permit. Now, there is nothing wrong in having an ordinance which requires a permit for a parade.
But such an ordinance becomes unjust…
Goldfield, D., Abbot, C., Argersinger, J., and Argersinger, P. (2005). Twentieth-Century
America: A Social and Political History. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson-
It is a well acknowledged truth that memory related diseases like Alzheimer's are common in older people rather than younger ones. Memory tends to becomes less competent with age. It might take longer to learn new things or remember familiar words or names. Many measures can be adopted to reduce the increasing adverse effects of memory like eating a healthy diet, including physical exercise as a part of daily routine and by being social. Despite of adopting these measures to reduce the effects of growing age on health, these problems cannot be eradicated completely. Young people are more energetic and are less viable to diseases because of the strength of their immune system. They have a stronger defense system against diseases because of the age. There is a strong relationship between age and support of health. Aging is inevitable. It is tend to occur but applying few important measures cannot…
Annandale, E., & Hunt, K. (2000). Gender Inequalities in Health. Philadelphia: Open University Press.
Athenstaedt, U. (2002). Gender Role Self-Concept, Gender Role Attitudes and the Participation in Gender-Typed Vocational and Leisure Sport Courses . Psychologische Beitrage, 33-45.
Manuck, S.B., Jennings, R., Rabin, B.S., & Baum, a. (2000). Behavior, Health, and Aging. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Norton, F.E. (1946). Readings in the Theory of Income Distribution. Philadelphia: The Blakiston Company.
y identifying with the crowd, the individual is freed from responsibility for his or her actions, and thus is more likely to engage in violent behavior (or at a minimum, feels more comfortable engaging in said behavior). However, this does not fully account for violent crowds, because even if individuals gain anonymity through the crowd and thus are free to engage in violent behavior, one must explain just how this violent behavior is instigated and transmitted through the crowd, because although there is a positive connection between anonymity and violent or unethical behavior, one cannot go so far as to say that anonymity causes this behavior. Instead, one may look to a topic in bio-mechanics that, while usually reserved for discussions concerning birds or machines, actually goes a long way in explaining how violent crowds can form, or how previously nonviolent crowds can transition rapidly.
"Flocking" is a term first…
Beck, E.M. And Timothy Clark. "Strangers, Community Miscreants, or Locals: Who were the Black Victims of Mob Violence?" Historical Methods 35, no. 2 (2002): 77-83.
Felson, Richard B. "Mass Media Effects on Violent Behavior." Annual Review of Sociology 22,
Hodge, Joel. "Why do Humans Commit Violence?" Compass 45, no. 3 (2011): 3-12.
, 2005). At no time is any state obligated to comply with the federal guidelines for federal highway fund eligibility or to give up any sovereign rights established by the Tenth Constitutional Amendment. Furthermore, there is no issue of "withholding" or "withdrawing" any federal funds from states that choose not to comply with federal guidelines pertaining to the drinking age eligibility. Those monies are supplemental to any other federal funds and would not be offered except as an incentive to follow federal recommendations about the minimum drinking age. States do not have to comply if they prefer to lower the drinking age.
Reason # 3 -- Adults Younger than 21 are not as Responsible as Adults over 21
At the age of 18 or 19, most young people lack the fundamental abilities to make good decisions, especially about things such as taking risks and considering all of the consequences of…
Centers for Disease Control (2007) Teen Drivers: Fact Sheet. Retrieved October 22,
2011, from the CDC public website, at:
Dershowitz, A.M. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:
From day one, when a teenager reaches the age of 16 to 18, it has always been a dream to drive a car to school, to the mall or to a friend's house. It is at this point in time wherein driving turns into a fad rather than a skill, to impress, to flaunt and to enjoy, A usual part of adolescence. The car or any kind of vehicle becomes an accessory to a teenager caring only to his or her personal enjoyment and satisfaction. Most often, responsibilities are only secondary to an endless list of teenage pleasure and delight. The need for speed is a race against time and life. For them having to drive is an expression of freedom.
ut for the caring parents of these teenagers, here is the real score as indicated by Dr. Dale Wisely, Ph.D (2005)., Clinical Psychologist.
"...nothing you will deal…
Mary Carskadon, (1995-2005)Inside the Teenage Brain, Frontline
Retrieved Aug 11,2005, Website
Childrens Hospital and Health System (2005),Teenage drivers
Speakes wee told to shae a "close call" stoy that they had not shaed with the dive befoe.
Thee wee two distinct sections of the expeiment: dual-task and single-task. Duing the dual-task scenaio dyads wee convesing eithe in peson o ove a simulated phone call. Duing the single-task thee was only diving and no convesation: the single-task scenaio seves as the contol. The ode of the assignments was andomized. In all diving conditions, dives wee given cetain instuctions on what exit amp to use. The whole expeiment took 60 minutes, but individual diving sequences lasted ten minutes fo both single-task and dual-task sections.
What types of measues do they use?
Measues include those involving diving pefomance and convesation analysis. Diving pefomance measues include opeational, tactical, and stategic measues. Opeational measues include "how well paticipants stayed in the cente of the lane without lateal moving o difting," (Dews, Pasupathi & Staye…
references to traffic conditions occurred during the cellular phone conversation. Number of turns was greater for the passenger vs. cellular phone conversations. Production rate of conversation was greater in the cellular phone condition, but complexity was not significantly different.
What are some critiques? Ideas for future directions? (say something beyond what is presented in the article.)
Future research might attempt to analyze a real driving scenario, which is bound to have a different cognitive affect on both the driver and the conversation partner.
Is the sample sufficiently large and representative of the population of concern?
The sample is sufficiently large, but not representative of the population of concern because each state and each region will have different styles of driver. Also, familiarity with the road and region might affect driver performance.
This means that alcohol is made accessible to underage persons and in this way, they start consuming alcohol at a young age. It is for this reason that the legal drinking age should not be lowered, but actually increased to reduce the chances of it being made available to those who are underage. Increasing the minimum legal drinking age to at least 25 years, like India, will go a long way in ensuring that underage drinking does not take place. Teenagers can be able to access alcohol with the help of their older friends and siblings who may be in college. This will ensure that only responsible adults will have access to alcohol. There have also been cases of increased rates of binge drinking among college age youths and the increase in the minimum legal age for drinking will go a long way in helping preventing this (Kypri et al.…
Atwood, T. The Consequences of Underage Drinking. 1 May. 2006. 23 Apr. 2010,
Berridge V., Herring R. And Thom B. "Binge Drinking: A Confused Concept and its
Contemporary History" Social History of Medicine 22.3 (2009): 597-607
Yes: Carla T. Main
Carla Main believes the drinking age should remain at 21, and she bases the first part of her discussion on a project called "The Amethyst Initiative," which has issued a statement calling for an official probe into the drinking laws as they now stand. The aim of the Amethyst Initiative is to have the drinking age of 21 lowered because the current laws are simply not working. Main is in agreement with the Amethyst Initiative on this point: the current laws are not working, and they should be reexamined. However, Main does not agree with the objectives of the Initiative beyond this. She explains why by laying out the history of the 21 Laws and the changes in society that have occurred since they have been in place (Main, pp. 58-59).
Main's primary issue with the arguments put forth by the Amethyst Initiative and similar groups…
Main, C.T. (2009). Underage drinking and the drinking age. In R. Goldberg (Ed.), Taking sides:
Clashing views in drugs and society (pp. 58-67). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
McMullen, J.G. (2006). Underage drinking: does current policy make sense? In R. Goldberg
(Ed.), Taking sides: Clashing views in drugs and society (pp. 69-81). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
A Short Study of Aggression on the Road
New York City has recently been voted by the participants of a survey as the U.S. city with the angriest and most aggressive drivers, who "tailgate, speed, honk their horns, overreact and lose their tempers." As a recent visitor of the Big Apple, I can attest to having heard excessive honking and some hand gestures that are very inappropriate for discussion here, on the streets of the city. Whether it is called intermittent explosive disorder, aggressive driving or just plain frustration with traffic, road rage is real and it is dangerous. This paper will thus attempt to understand why most drivers experience aggression the road, and will also offer examples of aggressive driving and give advice as to how to prevent road rage from taking place in the hopes to mitigate the dangers accompanied by this reaction to road conditions.…
FANTASTIC LITEATUE IN "THE DEAD LOVE"
The hesitation of characters when confronted with questions of reality is clearly depicted in The Dead Lover and becomes the driving force of the plot through the experiences of the protagonist omuald as recounted by him at the age of sixty-six. The hesitation of omuald to confront the question of which of his experiences -- the ones as the priest or the one as Seignior omuald of Venice -- are real forms the basis of much of the plot. This hesitation is built into the constitution and personality of the protagonist as he is a young priest recently ordained and is not mature enough to deal with the temptations of the world that he comes across for the first time since his education in a cloistered environment is complete.
omuald's Hesitation to Accept the eality of his Vocation
Gautier, Theophile. Theophile Gautier's Short Stories G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1909. pp. 175-244. Web. http://www.archive.org/stream/thophilegauti00gaut#page/n13/mode/2up .
Incontinence is another condition not frequently intimated to their doctor. Less than a third of them actually report falls despite the availability of initiatives and measures, which can address falls. These include home-based exercises, home environment assessment, cataract surgery, medication review and Vitamin D and calcium supplements (CFA).
Falls Prevention Intervention
Studies reveal the importance of physical activity in preventing or reducing the risk of falls among older persons in the community and at home (Rose 2007). There is, however, limited evidence at present that physical activity benefits very weak ones in care facilities. Physical activity promises benefit to healthy older adults against the risk of falls. Those at moderate risk, on the other hand, will gain more from structured exercise programs aimed at risk factors, which can be manipulated or changed. They can be adjusted to progress according to the individual's capabilities and earlier physical activity experience. And those…
Cripps, R. 2001, 'Deaths from falls in the elderly top 1,000-year,' Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [Online] Available at http://www.aihw.gov.au/media-release=detail/?id=6442464404
CFA 2011, 'Fall rates need to fall further,' Continence Foundation of Australia [Online]
Available at http://www.continence.org.au/news.php/38/fall-rates-need-to-fall-further
Ory, M.G. et al. 2009, 'Implementing and disseminating on evidence-based program to prevent falls in older adults, Texas, 2007-2009,' Preventing Chronic Disease [Online]
Women identified their hrist Jesus who was food during mass as the redemption of humanity. The women believed reaching spirituality was through food, since naturally they were food from their ability to breastfeed. The Medieval women associated the breast as seen in Holy mother, Mary's own breastfeeding as a Eucharistic feeding of the soul.
The painting also indicates that to the Female saints of the Middle Ages, prayer was an important element in their connection to God. In the "The life and Miracles of Saint Godelieve," Godelieve makes prayer requests and offerings of food to God, that are answered by angels who bring delicacies for the poor.
Amy Hollywood. "Sensible Ecstasy: Mysticism, Sexual Difference, and the Demands of History (Religion and Postmodernism)," University of hicago Press, (2002).
This article carries out an analysis of anthropological studies of the medieval times, and looks into the connection of the body,…
Counihan Carole, M. "The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning and Power," Routledge, (1999), p.98.
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Maryann Ainsworth A., & Keith, Christiansen. "From Van Eyck to Bruegel," (1998), p.127.
Counihan Carole, M. "The Anthropology of Food," Routledge, (1999), p.98.
Furthermore, 34 other states offer insurance discounts of up to 10% following completion of such a course. Insurance points assigned by the individual insurance carrier are used to determine the cost of auto insurance and, therefore, are not reduced upon course completion (Young). In recent years, a number of states have adopted various forms of graduated licensing in an effort to manage the high crash rates among teenage drivers and, concomitantly, improve traffic safety for the public; such graduated licensing programs allow complete licensure only following the completion of a series of steps that involve removing the various restrictions from licensure have been satisfied (Williams, Weinberg, Fields, & Ferguson, 1996).
New Jersey's Motor Vehicle Services office has developed an online overview of the state's point system and includes the penalties for violating drunk driving laws, as a state with some of the most severe penalties for drunk driving and related…
Airport ground vehicle operations guide. (1998). U.S. Department of Transportation: SVC- 121.23/Stock Number ASY-300 98/001.
Dennis, C., & Harris, L. (2002). Marketing the e-business. London: Routledge.
Doganis, R. (1999). The airport business. New York: Routledge.
Drivers make a penalty point; poll finds the majority of us have lost faith in the system. (2006, January 27). Daily Record (London, England), 3.
Hazards of Using Mobile Phone While Driving
Traffic accidents have become major public health risks in the recent past because of their increase in the recent past. The United Arab Emirates has experienced a significant increase in the number of traffic accidents in the recent past to an extent that it has the eighth highest national rate of accidents across the globe. The increase in traffic accidents is attributed to various factors including the behaviors of drivers when driving. Drivers' behaviors have been affected by various factors including the use of mobile phones while driving. The use of mobile phones while driving is linked to several hazards including the likelihood of traffic accidents since a mobile phone is a distraction that can result in accidents. Drivers should be required to stop using mobile phones while driving, in order to eliminate accidents caused by the use of mobile phone which is…
Dubai Media Incorporated (2011, October 5). Dh1,200 Fine for Mobile Phone Use While Driving. Emirates 24/7 News. Retrieved May 8, 2015, from http://www.emirates247.com/news/emirates/dh1-200-fine-for-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-2011-10-05-1.422006
Nagraj, A. (2014, August 26). UAE Clamps Down on Drivers Using Mobile Phones. Gulf Business. Retrieved May 8, 2015, from http://gulfbusiness.com/2014/08/uae-clamps-drivers-using-mobile-phones/ #.VUzrM5MgqSo
Ruiz, R. (2014, September 3). A Third of UAE Drivers Admit Using Phone at Wheel. The National UAE. Retrieved May 8, 2015, from http://www.thenational.ae/uae/transport/a-third-of-uae-drivers-admit-using-phone-at-wheel
Ruiz, R. (2014, December 6). Risk of Using Hands-free Devices Should Be Addressed by Law Study Shows. The National UAE. Retrieved May 8, 2015, from http://www.thenational.ae/uae/transport/risk-of-using-hands-free-devices-should-be-addressed-by-law-study-shows
Consumption and Mass Media
What is conspicuous consumption? How does conspicuous consumption influence purchasing decisions? Think about a high-priced item (Rolex) that you would like to buy. To what extent could conspicuous consumption affect your decision?
Conspicuous consumption is consumption for the sake of impressing observers. Most consumers buy Rolex watches not because of Rolex's quality, but because the brand signifies that the purchaser is wealthy enough to afford a Rolex. Although an extremely cheap watch and an expensive watch may vary in terms of their quality, the expense of a Rolex cannot be justified by quality alone. Someone who wishes to signify his social class and economic status to friends and associates 'in the know' buys a Rolex; without these signifiers the Rolex means nothing.
Q2. What is conspicuous leisure? In what ways are leisure activities informed by social and economic class? Provide an example of a popular leisure…
American Jews in Film
Narration is an old age tradition that has helped for centuries in protecting the tales and stories of humans and carrying it forth from one generation to other. here before the tradition carried forth in an oral manner, today the mediums for these narrations have changed drastically, and have moved on from oral traditions to written and even visual mediums. These mediums, which include, Newspaper, books, Radio, Television, stage, etc., today have captured the human imagination and created scenes for the human eye to perceive as a form of reality, rather than an image just in their head. It is not astonishing to believe since visuals in the form of a medium has been used from time unknown and are still present today for us to witness in the form of cave drawings (right 1).
There is no doubt that the power of the visual image…
American Theatre Wing. Biography: Alfred Uhry. n.d. 30th December 2011 .
Brantley, Ben. Stooped and a Bit Slow, but Still Standing Tall. 25th October 2010. 30th December 2011 .
Canby, Vincent. Driving Miss Daisy (1989). n.d. 29th December 2011 .
Film Reference. Alfred Uhry Biography (1936-). n.d. 29th December 2011 .
As Dr. Johnson's testing and surveys have concluded, and provided statistical data in support of his conjectures; aggressive driving will lead to assault depending upon how the driver who triggers the road rager's emotional response responds to that aggressive behavior.
The DOT does acknowledge the need to address aggressive driving, and has strong recommendations concerning the penalties for the offense. The DOT makes recommendations in six areas with statutory strategies (Statutory Strategies, online):
Strengthen existing statutes to include stricter penalties. epeat offenders should receive enhanced punishment, including increased points, loss of license, higher fines, and jail sentences or probation.
2. Establish comprehensive education programs that address aggressive driving and include them as part of legislative changes. At a minimum, include aggressive driving education in public and private driver education programs. States should also consider anger management education as a supplement to other sanctions when making legislative changes.
Larson, J. And Rodriguez, C., 1999, Road Rage to Road Wise, Tom Doherty Associates,
New York, NY.
ROARR, 2009, found online at http://roarrinc.bizopiaweb.com/Default.aspx?tabid=231442, retrieved 10 December 2009.
U.S. Department of Transportation (2009), National Aggressive Driving Action Guide: A
diffusion process? Briefly describe the individuals who make up each grou
The first stage of a diffusion process is the awareness stage. In this stage the consumer becomes aware or informed about the existence of a new innovation. However this group of individuals is only know about the existence of the idea such as a brand name but do not know any further details about the product or the idea. The second stage is of interest where an individual shows interest in knowing more about the idea and how will it be useful to him. In the evaluation stage the customer applies the idea mentally to his situation and evaluates as to what degree is the idea or the product useful to him. In the trial stage, the individuals use the idea or the product but only for experimental purposes. If the individuals are satisfied after using the product in…
Burke, M.A., Fournier, G.M., & Prasad, K. (2007). The Diffusion of a Medical Innovation: Is Success in the Stars?. Southern Economic Journal, 73(3), 588+. Retrieved March 22, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019432466
Doyle, P. & Bridgewater, S. (Eds.). (1998). Innovation in Marketing. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann. Retrieved March 22, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=115344535
Murray, C.E. (2009). Diffusion of Innovation Theory: A Bridge for the Research-Practice Gap in Counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, 87(1), 108+. Retrieved March 22, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5033508939
Define the Problem
The defined and existing problem is going to vary in scope and definition depending on who is doing the defining. However, there are some clear and obvious problems with the “three strikes” law. The policy itself was meant to address a problem. However, that policy has created a new set of problems. Indeed, there are situations where three-time violent felons are justifiably put away for twenty-five years to life. However, the major problem with the policy are the human and budgetary costs that are created by people being thrown in jail for life for minor offenses (“Ewing v. California”, 2017). There is also the concern that some people are being thrown in jail even though they will soon “age out” of criminal behavior. Indeed, men in their 60’s are not able to crawl through windows, run and jump fences like someone in their 20’s or 30’s (Besemer,…
However, "a 2003 study showed that in many countries with lower minimum drinking ages, 15- and 16-year-olds are less likely to become intoxicated compared with teens in the U.S. (Roan 2008, p.3).
Opponents of lowering the law in the U.S. have increasingly used medical science to support their position, pointing out that the teenage brain is less developmentally mature than an adult brain and "younger someone starts drinking, the greater the likelihood of developing alcohol dependence" (Roan 2008, p.3). But a 2006 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine study shows that while it is true that prepubescents who begin drinking have dramatically higher rates of alcoholism, between 18 and 21, the difference is "insignificant" in terms of how age of first use affects later consumption. "hat we ought to look at is not keeping 18-year-olds from drinking, it's keeping 13-year-olds from drinking," concluded the study (Roan 2008, p.3).
Alias, Michaela. "Lowering the drinking age would benefit young adults." The Daily Collegian.
February 2, 2009. May 31, 2010.
"College presidents seek lower drinking age." Associated Press. August 18, 2008. May 31, 2010.
Though the study used computer and camera equipment to measure "elevated gravitational-force events," or g-force events, researchers said what may be most important is that monitoring and feedback happen at all -- whether they come from a device or a person.
"In a way this reminds us how important it is that parents monitor their young person's early driving, and have some sense of how they're doing," Shope said.
Researchers led by Bruce Simons-Morton from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Bethesda, Maryland, outfitted the cars of 42 new teen drivers in Virginia with equipment to record high g-force events, such as quick starts and sharp, screeching turns.
They monitored the drivers for 18 months, also keeping track of any crashes or near crashes the teens had.
For every 100 miles of driving, the equipment recorded from close to zero to about…
Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.
It is the intention of this…
Ansoff, H.I. (1957). Strategies for diversification. Harvard Business Review, 35(5), 113-124.
Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Ashour, M.F., Obeidat, O., Barakat, H., & Tamimi, A. (2004). UAE Begins Examination of Patent Applications. Tamino.com. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.tamimi.com/lawupdate/2001-01/intprop.htm
Bain, J.S. (1954). Economies of scale, concentration, and the condition of entry in twenty manufacturing industries. American Economic Review, 44, 15-36.
¶ … Federalism
Throughout American history the power of the federal government in comparison with the states has been continually debated. This is because there is a principal known as the separation of powers. In the Constitution, this is reserving certain areas of authority for the federal and state governments. The problem is that many of these powers can often come into conflict with one another on a regular basis. As the Constitution, will provide some basic guidelines, but it will not address specific areas. To account for this, the courts are relying on individual interpretations and case precedent. This creates conflicting areas of authority, based upon the general powers that are given to the states and federal government. (Bonnie)
In the case of the federal government, this kind of conflict occurred in 1984 with the passage of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act. This law encouraged the states to…
Recently, I was riding behind a car in a 40 mph zone. The Toyota Corolla in front of me was going 25 mph. A line of angry motorists were following behind us. The slow car was bobbing and swaying, not keeping a clear, linear path forward. When the road finally opened up into two lanes, I was able to pass the car. Instead of a frail and elderly person in the driver's seat, which my slightly prejudiced mind's eye had envisioned, there was a young man -- yakking away on his cellphone, oblivious to the world around him.
People who drive while talking on a cellphone insist they are great drivers. Other people might have problems with distractions, but they do not, they say. However, all of the anecdotal evidence to which I have been exposed indicates the contrary. I have seen people run red lights -- or…