236+ documents containing “drunk driving”.
Drunk Driving Trends and Effects
Drunk driving and driving under the influence in general is a major problem in the United States. The problem is a common cause of traffic accidents and traffic fatalities and demonstrates a pervasive legal and social issue that has yet to be adequately solved and may even be increasing in occurrence as the population spreads into larger and larger areas. (Flahardy 4) According to Flahardy statistics show that first time arrestees on DUI charges have driven their cars while intoxicated on average 80 times before being detained and arrested on their first DUI charge. As the distance between destinations grows ever wider incidents of impaired driving seems to be increasing as the convenience of alternatives to driving yourself home become more mentally prohibitive, i.e. distance, cost, convenience, and time. (Flahardy 4)
DUI seems to affect in incidence a greater number of young people and be a problem….
Flahardy, Cathleen. "MADD's Message." Insidecounsel 23.241 (2012): 4. Legal Collection. Web. 11 May 2012.
Glascoff, Mary A.Wallen, Michele, Shrader, Joe. "College Student Utilization Of Designated Drivers After Drug Or Alcohol Use." Chronicle For Driver Education Professionals 59.(2012): 14. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 11 May 2012.
Kramer, Robert L. "Why Massachusetts college students drink and drive: Do current policies to stop them make sense?." Dissertation Abstracts International Section A 71. (2011). PsycINFO. Web. 11 May 2012.
"Wheels Of Misfortune." America 201.6 (2009): 4. Academic Search Premier. Web. 11 May 2012.
Drunk Driving: A Review of Four Journal Articles
Introduction great deal of literature has been written on drunk driving. Some of it involves underage drinking and antisocial behaviors, some involves the court system and the penalties for drunk driving, and some of it simply attempts to address the reasons and causes behind why so many people seem to think that driving drunk is acceptable behavior. In the course of the next ten pages, four separate journal articles will be examined. hile these articles are not all on the same aspects of drunk driving, they all deal with the subject in various ways, from juvenile delinquency to penalties from the courts.
For each article an explanation of why the study was conducted and the reasons behind it will be made, as well as an explanation of what and how the results were measured. The various hypotheses that the researchers addressed will be mentioned….
Chaloupka, F.J., Grossman, M. & Saffer, H. (2002). The effects of price on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Alcohol Health & Research World, 22.
Fox, R.J., Krugman, D.M., Fletcher, J.E. & Fischer, P.M. (1998). Adolescents' attention to beer and cigarette print ads and associated product warnings. Journal of Advertising, 27, 57.
Marcus, R.F. (1999). A gender-linked exploratory factor analysis of antisocial behavior in young adolescents. Adolescence, 34.
Wechsler, H., Lee, J.E., Nelson, T.F. & Kuo, M. (2002). Underage college students' drinking behavior, access to alcohol, and the influence of deterrence policies. Journal of American College Health, 223.
The First eview: Eisenberg's Evaluation of policies' effectiveness in relation to drunk driving is the first policy review piece chosen for this article. In the research Eisenberg (2003) presented novel findings on the effectiveness of public policies on the state-level linked to drunk driving, effectiveness in this context refers to reduction in the number of fatal crashes. The author argues that endogenous policies lead to biased conventional estimates of policy effects. With respect to the date of adoption, the concern was addressed by the writer by examining the policy effects' time pattern. According to results, the 0.08BAC law has an upward bias, but the policy is still of use. This type of analysis also evaluated MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving) organization and graduated licensing programs for drivers of a younger age bracket. There is no effect implied according to the MADD estimates, this could be due to crude nature….
Carpenter, C. (2006), Did Ontario's Zero Tolerance & Graduated Licensing Law reduce youth drunk driving? Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 25: 183 -- 195.
Carpenter, C. (2004), How do Zero Tolerance Drunk Driving Laws work? Journal of Health Economics.
Eisenberg, D. (2003), Evaluating the effectiveness of policies related to drunk driving. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 22: 249 -- 274.
Mothers Against Drunk Driving Affected Social Policy
Why was MADD created?
The Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) organization was created in response to the alarmingly high levels of injuries and fatalities that were resulting from incidences of drunk driving. The stated mission of MADD is "to stop drunk driving, support the victims of this violent crime and prevent underage drinking" (MADD mission, 2014, para. 2). The stated purpose of MADD contained in its articles of incorporation (September 5, 1980) is " "To aid the victims of crimes performed by individuals driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, to aid the families of such victims and to increase public awareness of the problem of drinking and drugged driving" (MADD mission statement, 2014).
The problem that lead to the creation of MADD
The MADD organization was created by the mother of a young woman who had been killed in a collision with a drunk….
Harsher Drunk Driving Penalties Time Offenders
Penalties given to people who drive under influence vary from one country to another. First time offenders are expected to receive lean sentences but should lose their license for some time. Such offenders are likely to be forced to attend classes on alcohol education and must be coerced to pay fines. Any first time offender should lose, his/her auto insurance. Another alternative could be ignition interlock procedures, and throughout the country, all first time offenders will be forced to install the device in their cars after they are convicted. It is obvious that subsequent offenders will be given serious punishments. Because of the variations in state laws, when driving under the influence is held as a felony, first time offenders should face punishments such as imprisonment for an extra period (Neeley, James & Jason, 42).
The offense of driving under the influence should not be punished….
Barron's Educational Series. How to Prepare for the CDL, Commercial Driver's License Truck
Driver's Test. Hauppage, NY: Barron's Educational Series, 2008. Print
Byrnes Mike. Barron's CDL Commercial Driver's License Truck Driver's Test. Hauppage, N.Y:
Barron's Educational Series, 2010. Print.
From these lists, eight participants will be sent invitations to participate in the study. Each time one of these participants declines to participate, an additional individual from that category will be randomly selected and invited to participate. This will continue until a sample size of 30 has been achieved. Participants will be invited to visit the lab, where they will complete an informed consent which will inform them that their participation in the study is entirely voluntary and that they are free to withdraw at any time. They will then be placed in a quiet room alone where they will be given a paper copy of the survey and asked to provide answers to each question as honestly as possible. Upon completing the questionnaire participants will be thanked and given a piece of candy as compensation and then will be provided with a debriefing sheet and some reading material….
By contrast, teenagers who begin drinking before they are allowed to and young adults who just started drinking at the age of 21 frequently drink so much they become extremely intoxicated even when they do not mean to. They overestimate their ability to function; they underestimate their relative degree of impairment from alcohol; and they are the most prone to becoming more bold and more careless (or fearless) when they are intoxicated.
Whenever I have the opportunity to talk to my peers, I try to promote the idea that there is simply no such thing as any "safe" amount of alcohol that can be consumed before driving any kind of motor vehicle. Even is the statutory limit "allows" a certain cutoff point before a person is considered "intoxicated" by legal standards, the relative risk of being involved in an accident skyrocket after even a single drink as compared with the….
Federal Drug Association is studying to find out if people are getting prescription drugs that they do not actually need. A large number of doctors would like to see the American Medical Association ban prescription drug advertisements across all forms of media. A San Diego doctor, Dr. David Priver, claims that it is "catastrophic in my office, with patients coming in and demanding a drug they saw on television." In sixty nine percent of the instances a patient asks a doctor for a prescription drug advertised on TV they will walk home with that drug, an FDA survey has found. (Calfee, John (2002) proposal was drafted in June 2001 by Dr. Angelo Agro of the AMA's New Jersey delegation because he also feels that advertisements undermine doctors' credibility when physicians do not agree that the advertised drugs are the best choice for a patient that comes in and demands….
Calfee, John (September 2002) Public Policy Issues in DTC Advertising of Prescription Drugs Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, 19
Huang, Alison, (November 2000) The Rise of DTC Advertising of Prescription Drugs in the United States American Medical Association Journal, 2240
Kessler, D.A. (September 1990) The Federal Regulation of Prescription Drug Advertising and Promotion American Medical Association Journal, 2409-2419
Thoen, Eric (1998) Direct to Consumer Advertising: For Better Profits and Better Health American Journal of Health, 594-597
Angela and Mark put their two children through college, and Desmond moved to Chicago to pursue a law career. Emma stayed in Madison, and Angela groomed her daughter to take over the family business. In time, Emma gave Angela and Mark two wonderful grandsons, and Desmond embarked on a trip around the world, sending back art work from many countries to be auctioned off for in a charitable benefit.
At the age of 60, Angela decided to retire from Angela's Preserves, handing the reigns to her daughter, while still contributing recipes. She and Mark filled their retirement with many cruises, all over the world. At the age of 67, the two sat down to write a guidebook on cruises for retirees, with Angela writing and Mark handling photography. The book went on to become a top 200 seller on Amazon. Desmond, returned from several years overseas with his Singaporean bride and….
Certainly, utilizing those agencies now that there has been a crime at the premises is warranted. However, it may not have been negligent for DWI to fail to contact law enforcement when it first began receiving threats. Large corporations such as DWI routinely receive threats in the course of business. The vast majorities of those threats are harmless and represent no danger to the employees or customers of those organizations. Therefore, DWI may have been exercising due diligence by increasing its security force and not reporting the action to the police. To determine whether or not DWI was negligent, it would be necessary to see the exact language of the threats. Threats of plausible violence against customers or staff would give rise to a higher standard of care than threats against the property. Businesses cannot be held responsible for harm that occurs as the result of an unforeseeable act….
I'd nearly been killed by a repeat drunk driver and I was mad enough to climb into that squad car and make sure the driver got a lesson he wouldn't soon forget.
I was taken by ambulance to a local hospital for x-rays, my truck was totaled, and to this day the drunk driver or his parents have never reached out and said "sorry our son nearly killed you..." And "are you alright?" Instead there are the disclaimer letters from some high priced attorney outfit; the drunk driver's Dad is a judge. Nice; and the rules of justice bend for the killer he keeps in his house.
This is a true story and it makes you realize that drunk drivers really are killers; they murder people indiscriminately and with arrogance. The CDC (2006) states that male drivers are nearly twice as likely than female drivers to be intoxicated with a blood….
CDC (2006) - National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Center for Disease Control. September 7, 2006
Howat P, Sleet D, Smith I. (1991) - Alcohol and driving: is the.05% blood alcohol concentration limit justified? Drug and Alcohol Review 1991;10(1):151-66.
California Department of Motor Vehicles (2006) - Accessed from the California DMV site on October 16, 2006:
Proposal for New DWI Laws for Missouri
DWI laws will always be contentious, with different viewpoints impacting on requirements of the laws. If rewriting the Missouri DWI laws the following would be recommended, the reasons for each recommendation are provided.
1. The legal limit; A person will be deemed to be intoxicated if they have a blood alcohol content higher than the level allowed. The level allowed for drivers of commercial vehicles will be 0%, for drivers under age of 21 and under it will be 0.01 and for drivers over the age of 21 it will be 0.05. The bill will also include any type of intoxication or undue influence of other substances which impair judgement.
There is a clear relationship between higher blood alcohol content and higher road traffic accidents (Karakus et al. 440; Fell and Voas 869). The implementation of a zero blood alcohol level would be in line with….
Driving Drunk Dangerous
Mandatory license revocation and sentencing should be applied to all young adults who are convicted of drunk driving. In addition young adults who are found to drive drunk should be forbidden from riding in a vehicle with other young adult passengers for a period of up to one year.
Every year the number of fatalities and serious accidents that result from drunk drivers rises. There have been numerous laws enacted to combat the problem of drunk driving. None of these laws however have been directed specifically at young adults, and recent studies suggest that this population shows a growing trend toward drunk driving. Thus the aim of this paper is to argue for more severe penalties directed specifically at the young adult population, in the hopes that effective countermeasures may be established with regard to the drunk driving problem.
No one would argue that drunk driving is dangerous. Drivers who….
Grube, J.W. & Voas, R.B. Predicting underage drinking and driving behaviors. Addiction 91:1843-1857, 1996
National Highway Safety Traffic Administration. Traffic Safety Facts 1995, Report No.
DOT HS 808-471, Washington: Department of Transportation, 1996; In Shacket, R.W. & Yu, J.
Robin, G.D. "Waging the battle against drunk driving: Countermeasures, and Effectiveness." New York: Praeger Publishers, 1991.
¶ … Driving While Impaired. The writer examines the issues of DWI as well as the impact law enforcement has had on the reduction of DWI. The writer also argues that DWI is more of a social issue than a legal issue and that education must be combined with law enforcement to make a difference. There were eight sources used to complete this paper.
COMBINING SOCIETY AND LAW ENFORCEMENT TO STOP DRUNK DRIVING
Drunk driving has been a legal and social issue in America for many years. Each year states enact stricter laws with regards to the problem of drinking and driving but the news continues to broadcast deaths, accidents and other problems that are directly related to the problem.
Every few minutes one person is killed in a drunk driving caused accident and another 15 are injured (Mejeur, 2003).
Impaired drivers killed more than 17,000 and injured more than 258,000 people in the….
Drunk Driving Trends and Effects Drunk driving and driving under the influence in general is a major problem in the United States. The problem is a common cause of traffic…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Drugs
Drunk Driving: A Review of Four Journal Articles Introduction great deal of literature has been written on drunk driving. Some of it involves underage drinking and antisocial behaviors, some involves…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Drugs
Drunk Driving The First eview: Eisenberg's Evaluation of policies' effectiveness in relation to drunk driving is the first policy review piece chosen for this article. In the research Eisenberg (2003)…Read Full Paper ❯
Mothers Against Drunk Driving Affected Social Policy Why was MADD created? The Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) organization was created in response to the alarmingly high levels of injuries and…Read Full Paper ❯
Harsher Drunk Driving Penalties Time Offenders Penalties given to people who drive under influence vary from one country to another. First time offenders are expected to receive lean sentences but…Read Full Paper ❯
Women's Issues - Sexuality
From these lists, eight participants will be sent invitations to participate in the study. Each time one of these participants declines to participate, an additional individual from that…Read Full Paper ❯
By contrast, teenagers who begin drinking before they are allowed to and young adults who just started drinking at the age of 21 frequently drink so much they…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Advertising
Federal Drug Association is studying to find out if people are getting prescription drugs that they do not actually need. A large number of doctors would like to…Read Full Paper ❯
Angela and Mark put their two children through college, and Desmond moved to Chicago to pursue a law career. Emma stayed in Madison, and Angela groomed her daughter to…Read Full Paper ❯
Certainly, utilizing those agencies now that there has been a crime at the premises is warranted. However, it may not have been negligent for DWI to fail to…Read Full Paper ❯
I'd nearly been killed by a repeat drunk driver and I was mad enough to climb into that squad car and make sure the driver got a lesson…Read Full Paper ❯
Law - Legal Issues
Proposal for New DWI Laws for Missouri DWI laws will always be contentious, with different viewpoints impacting on requirements of the laws. If rewriting the Missouri DWI laws the following…Read Full Paper ❯
Driving Drunk Dangerous Mandatory license revocation and sentencing should be applied to all young adults who are convicted of drunk driving. In addition young adults who are found to drive…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Drugs
¶ … Driving While Impaired. The writer examines the issues of DWI as well as the impact law enforcement has had on the reduction of DWI. The writer also…Read Full Paper ❯