Earth Science Essays (Examples)

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Science How Have the Reform

Words: 1122 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 740151

One of the top performers, Singapore, boasts a very different approach towards mathematics education: "While a single lesson in a U.S. textbook might span two pages and take one class period to go through, a lesson in a Singapore textbook might use five to ten pages and take several days to complete. The Singapore texts contain no narrative explanation of how a procedure or concept works; instead, there are problems and questions accompanied by pictures that provide hints about what is going on" (Garelick 2006: 1). However, an attempt to adapt such an approach in one Montgomery, Alabama school suburban district was abandoned, as it was feared that introducing new methods of teaching math within districts might make it difficult for students to meet state standards on standardized tests at the end of the year.

True, many Asian nations such as Korea also have national science and math educations and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adams, Cecil. (1999). "What exactly was the 'new math'?" The Straight Dope. Retrieved 28 Jul 2007 at http://www.straightdope.com/mailbag/mnewmath.html

Blosser, Patricia E. (1989). "The Impact of Educational Reform on Science Education."

ERIC/SMEAC Science Education Digest. No. 4. Retrieved 28 Jul 2007 at  http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-9215/impact.htm 

Garelick, Barry. (Fall2006). "Miracle math: a successful program from Singapore tests the limits of school reform in the suburbs." Education Next. Retrieved 28 Jul 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0MJG/is_4_6/ai_n16832469
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Science and Religion One of

Words: 1299 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24659261



This type of evolutionary thinking will challenge the initial creationist act as well. Many creationist currents, including the Christian one, believe that human life was also created through divine intervention, so any kind of such approach where life actually evolved to form the human being along the way takes away the special characteristics of human kind, as perceived by Christianity, for example. So, evolutionism virtually challenges the entire theological belief on the history of Earth and its inhabitants.

4. Logical positivism is based on general skepticism towards mythology, theology or metaphysics and on the idea that all true facts can and have to be verified in order to become veridical. In this sense, besides empiricism and materialism, verificationism is also one of the pillars on which logical positivism is based.

For a fact, proposition or idea to be cognitively meaningful, it has to be able to follow a particular path…… [Read More]

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Science Tasks Document 2 Of 2 Moisture-Related

Words: 1633 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19085735

Science Tasks (Document 2 of 2)

MOISTURE-RELATED HABITAT PREFERENCES IN ISOPODS

PROJECT DESIGN PLAN

Isopods -- also known as "sowbugs" or "pillbugs" -- are usually mistakenly thought of as insects. In reality they are the only terrestrial species of crustacean, and are evolutionarily more related to crabs, shrimp and lobster than any kind of "bug."

This evolutionary relationship to so many aquatic species -- and the dearth of land crustaceans besides the isopods -- raises interesting questions about the isopod choice of habitat.

Crustaceans obviously have a system of underwater respiration using gills. Isopods also have these gills but do not live underwater: they are predominantly found in moist damp environments (beneath a rotting log).

But could isopods live underwater if necessary, or are their gills fully adapted to land life now?

I proposed an experiment to determine habitat preferences in isopods. It would offer a representative sampling of isopods…… [Read More]

WORKS CITED

Gibb, Timothy J. And Oseto, Christian Y. (2006). Arthropod Collection and Identification: Field and Laboratory Techniques. San Diego and London: Elsevier Academic Press.

Robinson, William H. (2005). Urban Insects and Arachnids: A Handbook of Urban Entomology. New York and London: Cambridge University Press.
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Science and Religion in the 17th Century

Words: 1113 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69708860

Science and Religion in the 17th Century

The Interaction between Science and Religion in the Seventeenth Century:

Transforming our World

The world we know today has been shaped by many important events. Some people may see the industrial and the technological revolutions of the past two centuries as central pillars that have helped humanity not only survive, but also advance greatly. Others may see political revolutions as central to our society's progress, be they wars for independence in the colonies of the 20th century, or be they the mother of drastic political change, the French Revolution. Others yet may believe that cultural revolutions, such as the Enlightenment of the 18th century, a phenomenon that spurred great change and bore great thinkers, truly altered society. However, above all, one must note that without the interaction between science and religion and the issues this brought to light in the 16th and 17th…… [Read More]

To prove his voice, even under arrest, Galileo continued making discoveries, most notably discovering sunspots on the surface of the Sun. Thus, he was not silenced, and his works have survived even to today and have greatly aided other scientific advancements. Another notable example of fantastic scientific advancement and survival is found in Nicolaus Copernicus' Gold Jagiellonian Globe, a globe surrounded by a celestial metal sphere with a clock inside that can tell date, time, month and the position of the sun in the sky. Such machines, though not available to the greater population, at least gave other intellectuals the ability to see beyond religion and start questioning their world, thus paving the way, much later, for the masses. [3: Commemorating Copernicus. Science News, Vol. 103, No. 15 (Apr. 14, 1973), p. 236 Published by: Society for Science & the PublicArticle Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3958075]

These "disagreements" between science and religion, exemplified by such people as Galileo and Copernicus would eventually give way to the Enlightenment in the 18th century, which, as aforementioned, truly transformed the world. Though at the time it was difficult to be on a different side than the church, the obstinate stance of these early intellectuals was eventually rewarded. Without their efforts, for example, the period of Enlightenment may never have taken place. Because these scientists existed and worked hard at making and publishing their discoveries, during the 1700's, society continued to make unparalleled progress in the cultural, astrological, astronomical, political, mathematical and artistic fields.

In other words, the interaction between science and religion for two centuries eventually led to a temporary dissipation of ritualistic, religious dogma in the higher strata of society, and shaped events that were to alter forever the landscape of the Earth in the following centuries. It is due to the Enlightenment, and specifically the works of such philosophers as John Locke, whose essays are unparalleled in wisdom, for example, that America is a democratic country. The inability of religious dogma to slow down the ever-quickening pace of discovery was all too real and the measurable positives of science during the 16th and 17th centuries were too great of an advance to be resisted. Eventually, religion had to step back and give science its well-deserved foot forward. [4: Uzgalis, William. "John Locke," The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = .]
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Science and Religion Conflict Historical and Psychological

Words: 892 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32434492

Science and Religion: Conflict

Historical and Psychological Reasons for the Conflict Between Science and Religion

There is obvious controversy on the tensions between science and religion. A growing number of well-known figures deny any logical conflict between science and religion. For example, Langdon Gilkey says the following:

[T]o say that evolution' excludes God' is [. . .] merely to say that it is a theory within natural science. It is not to say that this theory is essentially atheistic or represents atheism. It is because science is limited to a certain level of explanation that scientific and religious theories can exist side by side without excluding one another, that one person can hold both to the scientific accounts of origins and to a religious account, to the creation of all things by God [. . .].

Ian Barbour believes that science and religion are "complementary languages," complementary ways of analyzing…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gould, Stephen Jay. Rocks of Ages: Science and Religion in the Fullness of Life (NY: Ballantine Books) 1999.

Holtzmann, Seth. Science and Relgion: The Categorial Conflct. International Journal For Philosophy of Religion. 2003, 54:77-99.
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Science and the Nature of

Words: 811 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32933163

The information collected through these observations would then be documented and organized in ways that support the understanding of the underlying phenomena (Wolff, 2012).

Throughout history, scientific revolution has always centered on investigations that are conducted and developed through various observations. This process of investigation or observation has also included the review of existing scientific beliefs or practices. According to Francis Bacon, scientific revolution begins from existing evidence and gradually proceeds from specific observations to provisional generalizations or theories. The process is then cautiously repeated to establish some general truths that can be the basis of people's beliefs.

The scientific investigations that form the nature of scientific revolution are also based on observations that are directed by theory. Rather than the mere collection and tabulation of data, scientific observations are in the form of hypotheses, which are also known as experiments. This is largely because experiments help in approving or…… [Read More]

Reference:

Wolff, R.P. (2012). Philosophy of science. In About philosophy. Pearson Education, Inc.
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Science and Religious Beliefs of

Words: 1437 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 838405



Another Victorian poet, Gerard Manley Hopkins, was more forthright in his beliefs. Biblical typology was a signature to his poetry, and his poems often included biblical phrasings and in the case of "The Barnfloor and Winepress," even a passage from a scripture as an epigraph. Hopkins addresses the sinning Christians and even unbelievers, and reveals to them the various gifts that Christ has rewarded them with, as a result of the ultimate sacrifice. 'And on a thousand alters laid, Christ our sacrifice is made'. He offers hope through belief, and cites historical examples in his writings reminding the reader that God is their only hope in adversity (giving the example of the people of Samaria who were besieged by the Syrians). In his poems, he also opines that God must bruise and test the human being, in order to create good, as he deals with this issue in "The loss…… [Read More]

References

Glenn Everett, 2006, "Browning's Religious Views," the Victorian Web

George P. Landow, 2004, "Paradigm, Point-of-View, and Narrative Distance in Verbal and Visual Arts," Victorian Web

John Matterson, 2002, "Constructing ethics and the ethics of construction: John Ruskin and the humanity of the builder," CrossCurrents
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Science Misconception First You Have to List

Words: 355 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45764125

Science Misconception

First you have to list why this misconception is correct.

Misconception: Energy gets used up or runs out

Reasons why this is false: One of the basic laws of science is the Law of Conservation of Energy is that energy can be neither created nor destroyed. It can only be changed from one form to another.

Describe a non-mathematical way to help your students correct their misconception of this idea.

Suppose you were freezing in your home and wanted to get warm. You could use the Law of Conservation of Energy to warm yourself. Take some wood and put it into the fireplace. The wood has potential energy within it. Next, light a match and apply the small flame to the dry wood. By burning the wood, the potential energy from the material is released into the air and produces fire. The change from potential energy to kinetic…… [Read More]

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Science Two Spires One Cathedral

Words: 1451 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 755480

Otherwise, one field risks becoming subordinate to the other; although it's likely that Coyne's theology is extraordinarily sophisticated, the brief excerpt of it that Bill Maher uses leads the viewer to suspect that if these precepts are followed to their logical conclusion, religion will always give way to science as John Paul II gave way to the certainty that organisms evolve over time.

If so, then efforts to restore faith to a more equal footing are naturally vulnerable to claims that they are reactionary attempts to usurp science's rightful and supreme interpretative role in modern life. It is easy to understand Richard Dawkins' profound revulsion over what he sees as resurgent religiosities surrounding Islamic fundamentalism on the one hand and Christian fundamentalisms on the other: These faith-oriented responses to world events pose an implicit challenge to his own conviction that all aspects of experience are the product of physical entities…… [Read More]

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Science Nothing Will Be More

Words: 1435 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 610250

Such things, however, do not appear impossible given the state of science today.

There is one area of concern that science cannot totally resolve, unless it builds a time machine and can go into the future. That is, what are the total ramifications that result from science's wonders? Albert Einstein did not consider nuclear bombs when coming up with the equation of E=mc2

He considered himself a pacifist, yet encouraged the building of the bomb for fear that the Germans would create it first. He was looking toward the future. As he wrote to physicist Niels Bohr in December 1944, "When the war is over, then there will be in all countries a pursuit of secret war preparations with technological means, which will lead inevitably to preventative wars and to destruction even more terrible than the present destruction of life" (Clark, 2007, pg. 698). Then, close to death he stated:…… [Read More]

References

Clark, R. Einstein: The Life and Times. New York: Perennial, 2007

Colborn, T., Dumanoski, D. And Myers, JP. Our Stolen Future. New York:Abacus, 1996.

Gallopin, G.C., Funtowicz, S, O'Connor, M., and Ravetz, J. (2001) Science for the 21st century: from social contract to the scientific core. Int. Journal Social Science 168:

Hughes, M. (November 27, 2007). "CU Doctor Works on Breast Cancer Vaccine."
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Science Heat How Does the

Words: 999 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81416472

An object's heat capacity is the product of its precise heat capacity, which is the quantity of heat necessary to raise 1 kg of the material one degree, and it's mass in kg. Heat capacity is a widespread property of a matter. In other words its worth varies depending on how much matter is present (Jorgensen, 2011).

What are the various sources of heat?

The sun is an element of the solar system. Therefore, it is a natural source of heat energy. Sunlight is significant for the survival of all living things. This type of heat energy is also known as solar energy.

The heat energy that is obtained from the Earth is known as geothermal energy. Sustainable and unsoiled geothermal energy can be obtained from the hot water and rocks that are located in the shallow ground. It is also located in the molten rocks obtainable in the farthest…… [Read More]

References

Charmaine, Mike. (2010). What Are the Sources of Heat Energy? Retrieved January 27, 2011,

from eHow Web site:  http://www.ehow.com/list_6038161_sources-heat-energy_.html 

Heat. (n.d.). Retrieved January 27, 2011, from Web site: http://hyperphysics.phy-

astr.gsu.edu/hbase/thermo/heat.html
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Science Definitions Science Is a

Words: 2077 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17935881

In the last fifteen or so years the concerns about vaccinations, and particularly the combined measles, mumps and rubella vaccination (MMR) have come to the forefront of societies debates from a limited connection to autism that is most likely associated to the correlation between onset of symptoms of autism and autism spectrum disorders and standard immunization practices. The fear created a general public that was afraid to allow their children to get the life saving MMR and in turn many parents have denied their children vaccinations at all. Parents' fears of some connection between the vaccination and/or its ingredient makeup cause or trigger autism and an accompanying serious bowel disease is related to a single, very limited research study conducted in the UK (n 12). There has been a substantial increase in incidents of autism over the last 20 or so years and the extreme social, physical, emotional, financial and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Matson Ronald R. PhD, Scientific Laws and Theories May 1, 2008  http://science.kennesaw.edu/~rmatson/Biol%203380/3380theory.html .

Purcell, Edward a. The Crisis of Democratic Theory: Scientific Naturalism & the Problem of Value. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1973.

Sawin, Enoch I. "The Scientific Method and Other Bases for Evaluation Procedures." ETC.: A Review of General Semantics 62.4 (2005): 386.

Steuernagel, T. Increases in Identified Cases of Autism Spectrum Disorders: Policy Implications. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 16(3), 2005, 138.
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Science in Spite of Its

Words: 982 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64276502

Geneticists have been trying to unearth so-called founder mutations: one original genetic mutation that subsequently caused generations of people to carry and/or suffer from a serious illness like sickle cell anemia. Unlike many other mutations, founder mutations can be traced to one original ancestor. The discovery and study of founder mutations allows anthropologists to research the general patterns of human migration, providing a more complete understanding of history. Religion views genetic mutations in a different light. Many fundamentalist Christians, for example, might propose that disease is God-given. Yet if Mary Schweizer, an Evangelical Christian scientist, can unite religion with science then anyone can. Her devotion to fundamental Christian thought is not at odds with her scientific endeavors, according to Yeoman. In fact, Schweizer views science as a spiritual endeavor, as a means to discover the meaning of life, death, and seeming anomalies. Religion and science share common goals and objectives…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Atwood, Roger. "The Story of the Iraq Museum."

Davies, Paul. "That Mysterious Flow."

Drayna, Dennis. "Founder Mutations."

Stone, Richard. "Mystery Man of Stonehenge."
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Sci Fi Art Analysis & Examples

Words: 1557 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55702756

Sci-Fi Art Analysis

The class text makes two passing references to Star Trek. With that in mind, the author of this report will focus on the show Star Trek: The Next Generation. Although rather dated, much of the material and imagery used in the show is very good even by today's standards. The show ran from 1987 to 1994, seven seasons in total. The show was a brilliant piece of art both in terms of the subject matter they covered as well as the manner in which it was presented in terms of color, presentation, concepts and ideas. The show is rated a very high 8.7 on the International Movie Database (IMDb) website (IMDb). This brief report shall cover some aspects of the show, what made the show so good and the adeptness in which they blended the script, the imagery and the characters into a cohesive storyline. While Star…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Claremont. "The Politics of Star Trek." Claremont.org. N.p., 2016. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.

IMDb. "Star Trek: The Next Generation (TV Series 1987-1994)." IMDb. N.p., 2016. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.

IMDb. "The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951)." IMDb. N.p., 2016. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.

Schneider, Bernd. "Ex Astris Scientia - Space Art in Star Trek: The Next Generation." Ex-astris-scientia.org. N.p., 2016. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.
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Science Augmenting Traditional Electric Power

Words: 1678 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76885970



South Florida, especially Broward County, has showed the most eagerness, with eighty seven percent in favor of solar energy investment. Central Florida and the Gulf Coast were close behind, and eighty percent of those living in North Florida also favored more state venture for solar energy. While voters of all ages said they approved of spending more on solar, ninety three percent of those between eighteen and thirty four agreed. Statewide, the accord crossed party lines, with eighty two percent of Republicans favoring more public capital for solar energy, compared with eighty seven percent of Democrats. The poll also showed strong support for solar energy even if it led to an increase in utility bills. Overall, eighty one percent of those polled said they were willing to pay more each month on their utility bill to sustain solar energy (Poll: Support up for solar energy investment, 2008).

The sun is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Borenstein, Severin. 2008. "The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity

Production." Web. 29 March 2011.

"Clean Energy Never Looked So Good." 2011. Web. 29 March 2011.

"Environmental Effects of Solar Energy." 2011. Web. 29 March 2011.
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Science and Skepticism Climate Change

Words: 1884 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1092500

He even goes so far as to claim that if global warming does occur, it will be a positive thing. Higher temperatures would be positive for agriculture and forests. He believes that higher temperatures will actually cause sea levels to drop, and wraps up his interview with the cheery optimism that everyone appreciates warmer weather.

Wigley isn't quite as upbeat. He points out that because uncertainty is a built in component of the climate models, it is just as likely that the scientists have erred on the side of caution as it is that they have erred on the side of excess. This means that the effects of global warming could be much worse than what the models predict. His overall concern:

I]t's not so much just the temperature changes, but it's the changes in all other aspects of the environment: amounts of precipitation, the ability for vegetation to maintain…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bailey, Ronald. "Why Meaning?" Reason (Apr. 2004): 10-12.

First Test of Predictions of Climate Change Impacts on Biodiversity." Space Daily (15 July 2005): NA. General OneFile. Gale. 27 Nov. 2007  http://find.galegroup.com .

New Observations Confirm Recent Warming of the Tropical Atmosphere." Space Daily (15 Aug. 2005): NA. General OneFile. Gale. 27 Nov. 2007.
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Origins of the Earth

Words: 719 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60455145

Creation Science

As a student taking an earth science class from a conservative, evangelical Christian institution of higher education, I am interested in the debate between creationist and evolutionists. Honestly, I enter into this course with some serious misgivings about some of the basic tenets of young earth creationism based on what I have been taught in a non-religious scientific context. I also, however, have some concerns about what I have been taught about old-earth evolutionary science as it seems to ignore the presence of God, which not only flies in the face of Christian theology, but also in the face of evidence of a historical belief in deities that seems to be part of human nature and would not make sense in a world without a higher power. As a result, I am left with several different specific questions in the young-earth / old earth debate. The first specific…… [Read More]

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Acing the Praxis Science as

Words: 1991 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44790024

Similar to Physical Science and Life Science, Earth Science will contain multiple choice and constructed response questions. A sample constructed response question from the Earth Science test is:

Based on the chart, explain various agricultural practices and how it affects the success of a yearly harvest.

This is a sample constructed response question. The student should carefully read and answer this question in essay form. Upon reading the question, the student should note that the question is requesting two separate answers

Praxis 7 because the question is a two-part question. Therefore, it is very important that the student reads the entire question and determine what information it is requesting before writing out his/her response. (Edge)

Conclusion

In conclusion, in most states, all students who wish to become teachers in the areas of Science or any other discipline will have to complete the Praxis test. The Praxis II test, code 0014…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Educational Testing Service General Information. Retrieved October 13, 2006 from www.ets.gov

Educational Testing Service (2006) General Information and Study Tips.

Fitzer, Penelope and Bristor, Valerie (2005) Prentice Hall Publishing, New Jersey.

Burdette, Laurel, (2005) Study Notes for the Middle School Science Praxis II Exam, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
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Third Grade Science Instruction Plan the Florida

Words: 848 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4666823

Third Grade Science Instruction Plan

The Florida state standards for science education and knowledge achievements in the third grade essentially consist of background knowledge in all of the major branches of scientist inquiry and knowledge -- earth science, physical sciences, and life sciences (FDE 2010). This includes fundamental knowledge regarding the nature of matter and an introduction of types of matter, an understanding of energy and a knowledge of different objects that emit energy in the forms of heat and light and the basics of the energy life cycle amongst organisms on earth (FDE 2010). There are also numerous specific learning objectives identified in each of these and other areas of scientific knowledge that are defined by the state as necessary; the following lesson description touches on several of these areas (FDE 2010).

Earth in Space and Time

One popular way of introducing earth as it exists in space is…… [Read More]

References

DOE. (2010). Third grade sciance standards. Department of Education. Accessed 30 November 2010.  http://doe.sd.gov/contentstandards/documents/PhyScience_3-5.pdf 

FDE. (2010). Grade level expectations. Florida Department of Education. Accessed 30 November 2010. http://www.fldoe.org/bii/curriculum/sss/pdf/sci3.pdf

SSS. (1996). Sunshine State standards. Accessed 30 November 2010. http://www.explorelearning.com/index.cfm?method=cResource.dspStandardCorrelation&id=139

TC. (2010). Solar system. Teacher's corner. Accessed 30 November 2010. v
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Earth Scientists Know What Is

Words: 1018 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80090229

It undergoes a transition from the olivine structure to the spinel structure. These transitions account for the discontinuous increase of the Earth's mantle as observed by seismic instruments.

6. How do mountains in the ocean basin differ from those on land?

Mountains in the ocean basins are perpetually being "recycled" through subduction zones. Therefore, the rock that they are made of differs in composition to mountains on land because of their younger age and mineral composition. Many of the mountains on land were created through uplifts in the crust, where rock from the crust was pushed upward and folded over time and time again. These types of rock have more metamorphic qualities while the ocean-bottom mountains tend to be more volcanic in nature and are more igneous. Also, the oceanic crust is made of basalt vs. The continental crust made of granite.

7. Why are continents so much higher than…… [Read More]

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Earth a Symbolic Analysis of Another Earth

Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6128175

Earth

A Symbolic Analysis of Another Earth

Movies, for better or for worse, are a reflection of popular culture in one way or another; mainstream films tend to show exactly what a culture likes to consume, while more "independent" or at times "experimental" films reflect culture from other perspectives that are perhaps not the dominant voices in society. Either way, however, films cannot help but provide some insight into who we are, what we desire, and what our world looks like. Examining films in with this understanding and in this context provides some very interesting insights into our culture and ourselves, and how we are likely to respond to changing circumstances and possible realities. The film Another Earth does this quite explicitly, as the following analysis of the film in light of other social commentary shows.

The central conceit of this science fiction film from writer/director Mike Cahill (co-authored by…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cahill, Mike. Another Earth. Fox Searchlight (DVD): 2011.

Chen, Anna. Route 42 to Dystopia. New Internationalist 418 (December, 2008).

Accessed 19 April 2012. http://www.newint.org/features/special/2008/12/09/route-

42-to-dystopia/
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Science and Christianity Introduction Common

Words: 4044 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96417918

This occurred in 330 BC, and Zoroaster's date would then be 588 BC, and this date we may take to refer to the initial success of his prophetic mission which consisted in the conversion of King Visht-spa when Zoroaster was forty years old. Since he is traditionally said to have lived seventy-seven years, we will not be far wrong in dating him at 628-551 BC. It seems also to be generally agreed that the Prophet's sphere of operation in which his message was proclaimed was ancient Chorasmia -- an area comprising, perhaps, what is now Persian Khorasan, Western Afghanistan, and the Turkmen Republic of the U.S.S.R. (Zaehner, R.C., 1961, 33)."

Ayala's science takes the mitochondrial Eve back even before what we know about Zoroastrianism, but we really have no accurate date of the monotheistic tradition as it arises out of Zoroastrianism, because there are no written artifacts that support its…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=29306390

Blackwell, Richard J. 1999. Science, Religion and Authority: Lessons from the Galileo Affair. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=29306390.Internet. Accessed 3 November 2008.

Dembski, William and Charles Colson. 2004. The Design Revolution: Answering the Toughest Questions about Intelligent Design. Intervarsity Press, Downers Grove, Il.

Dembski, William and McDowell, Sean. 2008. Understanding Intelligent Design: Everything You Need to Know in Plain Langauge. Harvest House Publishers. Eugene, Oregon. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=103534752
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Science Education Curriculum in Australia

Words: 1482 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53686211

Students in the 21st century have the opportunity to learn at a rapid pace, through the use of new media and new pedagogical methods. New media shifts the pedagogical focus away from fragmented knowledge towards a more integrative and multidisciplinary understanding of the natural world. 21st century learning engages students with material, encouraging them to think creatively and critically rather than simply learning by rote memorization. Science curricula in public schools should reflect the new tools and technologies of the 21st century.

The Australian science curricula remains committed to 21st century learning and the development of effective citizens. To develop effective citizens, science teachers need to cultivate in their students a sense of curiosity or scientific inquiry and an appreciation for the scientific method of answering questions. A scientific worldview encourages students to ask probing questions and shows them how to find the answers to those questions. Science is a…… [Read More]

References

ACARA (n.d.). Learning area: Aims. Retrieved online: http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/science/aims

ACARA (n.d.). Learning area: Rationale. Retrieved online: http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/science/rationale

Gaffney, J. (2005). The importance of science literacy in modern culture. Retrieved online: http://www4.ncsu.edu/~jdgaffne/scilit.pdf

Hartmann, A.C. (2013). Education: science literacy benefits all. Nature 498(171).
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Science and Technology

Words: 942 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20954253

China vs. Europe

Compare the development of science and technology in these two civilizations: China and Europe. In what ways did cultural, social, and political factors influence development of science and technology?

It is easy to view scientific progress in a comparative fashion. Which power was 'better' at scientific progress, China or Europe, one might ask? But such a pairing of opposites is in fact a false dichotomy. Both civilizations saw, over the course of early modernity, tremendous technical as well as intellectual advances in their civilization's understanding of science. However, although Europe's religious and political intransigence to scientific discovery often presented itself as an obstacle, ultimately its greater openness and willingness to study and take into consideration advances of foreign cultures proved its 'making,' while China's geographical and political isolation, for all of its intellectual ferment proved its undoing in terms of becoming an early modern power of scientific…… [Read More]

Works Cited

McClellan James E. And Harold Dorn. Science and Technology in World History: An Introduction. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1999.
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Sci-Fi Corporation A Mirror Image

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42654859

For example, towards the end of Falling Free Van Atta finds an old memo in his e-mail with orders to kill the Quaddies: "Item: Post-fetal experimental tissue cultures. Quantity: 1,000. Disposition: cremation by IGS standard biolab rules" (p. 293). Van Atta notices that the order came from "General Accounting and Inventory Control" and was signed by "some unknown middle manager in the GA& IC back on Earth." Van Atta says, "I don't think this twit even knows what Quaddies are." Similarly, non-sensical orders come down all the time in the military, which is organized along corporate lines, from people who know nothing about local situations.

In a large corporation it is difficult to affix moral responsibility on individuals. When scandals erupt (Enron, for example), the CEO will claim he didn't know anything about what was going on. Employees lower in the hierarchy need their incomes, and they may be reluctant…… [Read More]

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Science and Astronautics

Words: 490 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71720775

Space Travel Proposal

Developing Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism.

The New Demand For Space Travel

The Rise of the Leisure Class

Conspicuous Consumption

A New Manifest Destiny

Available Technology

Existing Space Tourism Companies

Space X

Virgin

Other rising companies

Space Elevators

Research and Development

The independent inventor's role

Nuclear technology.

Tesla technology.

Alien intervention and other sources of data

Leadership and Guidance.

Who will lead?

A case for government to lead.

NASA

International governmental cooperation.

Business Implications

Compounding effect.

Space manufacturing.

Better to build in space?

Better build on Earth and launch?

Conclusions/Summary… [Read More]

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Plato and Aristotle Science Religion and the Making of the Modern Mind

Words: 1576 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14793523

Science, Religion, And the Making of the Modern Mind: Plato and Aristotle

The question of whether or not knowledge is identical to mere true belief goes as far back as Plato, as he argued that correct judgment, though a necessity for knowledge, is not sufficient for it. To reinforce his argument, Plato explains the nature and structure of human knowledge using a set of relevant theories and dialogues. Aristotle, a student of Plato, subscribes to most of Plato's philosophical thought, but disagrees with others, and spends time trying to develop alternative theories in support of his position. There, however, is no doubt that Aristotle's philosophy was influenced by Plato's thought.

Plato's Philosophical Analysis on the Nature of Knowledge

Plato expresses that knowledge is not only unitary and systematic, but has a logic-given structure and unity that "rests at bottom on ontology" (Barnes 22). Furthermore, it presents significant philosophical problems, and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Banach, David. "Some Main Points of Aristotle's Thought." St. Anselm College, 2006. Web. 15 June 2014 http://www.anselm.edu/homepage/dbanach/arist.htm

Barnes, Jonathan. Aristotle. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press, 1996. Print.

Bodnar, Istvan. "Aristotle's Natural Philosophy." Stanford University Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University, 2013. Web. 15 June 2014  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-natphil/ 

Lloyd, G.E.R. Early Greek Science: Thales to Aristotle. London: Chatto & Windus, 1970. Print.
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Theory That the Earth Revolves About the Sun

Words: 1278 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1634656

Earth Revolves Around the Sun

Is this idea/theory/episode/question an example of scientific activity? Why or why not?

It's important to bear in mind that the philosophers of hundreds of years ago didn't always believe that the Earth revolved around the sun. Many of these thinkers believed that the sun revolved around the Earth and that the Earth was the center of the universe -- with the sun and all the stars and planets revolving around it. However, the complicated movement of the sun made this a very difficult theory to support. "The Sun, however, does not merely rise in the east and set in the west. You can see for yourself that the Sun only rises directly in the east on the equinoxes: at all other times of the year, it rises in the northeast (summer) or southeast (winter). Also, the Sun moves with respect to the stars: the Sun…… [Read More]

References

Cain, F. (2010, March 30). Earth's Orbit Around The Sun. Retrieved from universetoday.com:  http://www.universetoday.com/61202/earths-orbit-around-the-sun/ 

Cuk, M. (2002). Is there a proof that Earth moves? Retrieved from Cornell.edu: http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=190

Motz, L. (2003). The Unfolding Universe: A Stellar Journey. New York: Perseus Books.

Tate, J. (2009, December 10). Stellar Parallax. Retrieved from Universetoday.com: http://www.universetoday.com/47182/stellar-parallax/
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Inductive and Inventive Science

Words: 899 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69326111

ability to measure and track the results from any scientific experiment is extremely important to both the validity and truthfulness of the work. Scientists often have problems in certain sciences due to the scope of their investigation. As a result of these mismatches, indirect avenues of approach become necessary to measure and grasp the items of inquiry.

In physics, the atomic theory is based upon indirect measurements. The neutron, proton and electron are merely ideas that have been modeled due to the technology that is available to scientists. An electron has never been physically produced and only its characteristics have been noticed. This is an important distinction, because too often scientists take many of these long standing practices for granted and have assumed the presence of these particles, when there is compelling evidence there is not. Jessa (2009) reminded us that "This understanding the atom helped to fuel many other…… [Read More]

References

Jessa, T. (2009). John Dalton's Atomic Model. Universe Today, 24 Aug 2009. Retrieved from  http://www.universetoday.com/38169/john-daltons-atomic-model/ 

Keyes, J. (1946). Newton The Man. JOC/EFR 2006. Retrieved from http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Extras/Keynes_Newton.html

NASA (nd). What is a Spacesuit? Viewed 27 April 2014. Retrieved from http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/what-is-a-spacesuit-k4.html#.U2ED5qLiyf4

Weinstein, G. (2012). Albert Einstein's Methodology. Cornell University, 24 Sep 2012. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1209.5181
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Elf Earth Liberation Front Elf Elf Logo

Words: 2984 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25233009

ELF

Earth Liberation Front (ELF)

ELF Logo 2009 (Earth Liberation Front, N.d.)

Eco-Terrorism Overview

Examples of Eco-Terrorism Groups

The Earth Liberation Front

If a Tree Falls in the Woods: A Story of the Earth Liberation Front (Documentary)

There are many people and/or groups who claim responsibility for the Earth Liberation Front's (ELF) development. The group is comprised of loosely affiliated or autonomous cells that are only bound by the idea that they can move beyond civil disobedience and accept more contentious tactics for the defense of their environmental causes. This group was one of the groups that helped coined the label of an "eco-terrorist" which later became mainstream label of such types of offenders. The ELF group was considered one of the first eco-terrorist groups and was at one time labeled by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) as the most dangerous domestic terror group in the United States.

This…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Earth Liberation Front. (N.d.). Earth Liberation Front. Retrieved from Earth Liberation Front:  http://earth-liberation-front.com/ 

Federal Bureau of Investigation. (N.d.). Definitions of Terrorism in the U.S. Code. Retrieved from Federal Bureau of Investigation: http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/terrorism/terrorism-definition

Jarboe, J. (2002, February 12). Testimony Before the House Resources Committee, Subcommittee on Forests and Forest Health. Retrieved from Federal Bureau of Investigation: http://www.fbi.gov/news/testimony/the-threat-of-eco-terrorism

Libcom.org. (2012, January 12). If a tree falls: A story of the Earth Liberation Front (documentary). Retrieved from Libcom.org: http://libcom.org/blog/if-tree-falls-story-earth-liberation-front-documentary-12012012
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Religion and or Science

Words: 1625 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4479455

Religion or Science?

Since the Renaissance, there has been a vocal debate between religion and science. Galileo was imprisoned and sanctioned because of his views of the universe, the sun, and the way planets moved. As science progressed, this debate became even more heated. However, in the late 20th century, there has also been a mitigating discussion about the way that religion and science can actual coexist as explanations of the universe. In fact, as physicists look into the wondrous world of smaller and smaller particles, they find that the laws we through governed the universe do not really fit in with the abstract dimensions of time, space, quarks, and the study of the basic attributes of matter and the universe (Schroeder, 2010, p.xi ). On some level, the debate between science and religion is based on the notion of reason (the scientific method) versus faith. Reason implies what can…… [Read More]

Russell, C 2002, 'The Conflict of Science and Religion,' in G. Ferngren, ed., Science

And Religion: Some Historical Perspectives, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins

Schroeder, G. (2001). The Hidden Face of God: How Science Reveals the Ultimate Truth. New York: The Free Press.
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History of Nursing Science Nursing Has Existed

Words: 1117 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30135288

History Of Nursing Science

Nursing has existed in some for as long as humans have roamed the earth. The modern era of nursing began with the emergence of Florence Nightingale during the Crimean War in the 1850's. The daughter of affluent parents, Nightingale greatly accelerated the development of nursing and is widely acknowledged as the most important person in the history of nursing. Nursing science translates to the profession itself in the form of best practices that have been formulated, debated, reviewed and analyzed so as to verify the validity of nursing theories before they are put into practice.

Nightingale Emerges

As is the case with many nurses and others who dedicate their lives to the care of others, Nightingale was driven largely by her spirituality and religious convictions. Many people perceive there to be an inherent conflict between religion and science but Nightingale did not believe this to be…… [Read More]

References

George, J.B. (2011). Nursing theories, the base for professional nursing practice. (6 ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

McKenna, H. (1998). Nursing theories and models. Taylor & Francis.

Parker, M.E., & Smith, M.C. (2010). Nursing theories and nursing practice. (3 ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Co.

Walker, L.O., & Avant, K.C. (2011). Strategies for theory construction in nursing. (5 ed.). New York, NY: Prentice Hall.
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Expression of Doubt in The Selfish Gene and The Uncertainty of Science

Words: 1877 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13646713

Selfish Gene

The main theme used by Dawkins in "The Selfish Gene" is that of doubt. For example, as Dawkins speaks about how due to the results of teaching, people have come to assume that traits inherited genetically are fixed and cannot be modified (Dawkins, 3). Even though genes may program one to be selfish, one is not necessarily forced to comply with the traits he or she inherited, all the time. It would also be somewhat difficult for one to learn how to be unselfish, if he or she was not in the first place, genetically modified, to be unselfish (Dawkins, 3).

Unlike all animals, man is largely influenced by the environment or culture, and other influences that have been inherited from his ancestors. Some would argue that culture is such an important influence to man in that whether or not one has selfish genes, it does not matter…… [Read More]

Works cited

Gray, John. "The Closed Mind of Richard Dawkins." 2014. Web. 8 Oct. 2015.

Dawkins, Richard. The Selfish Gene. No. 199. Oxford university press, 2006.

Feynman, Richard. "The Uncertainty of Science"

Dobbs, David. "Why It's Time to Lay the Selfish Gene to Rest -- David Dobbs -- Aeon." Aeon Magazine. 2013. Web. 8 Oct. 2015.
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Relationship Science-philosophy the Relationship Between Science

Words: 4240 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37300639



Wulf, S.J. (2000). "The skeptical life in Hume's political thought. Polity, 33(1), 77.

Wulf uses David Hume's well-known skepticism to advance his concerning the extreme degrees to which philosophy had been taken before returning to less radical modes. He develops material about the antithetical ideas to those investigated here; that is, he puts into a context the ideas of those philosophers who, working at the edge of the intelligible, refused to "accede to the judgment of reason and even their own senses."

Zukav, Gary. (1984) the dancing Wu Li masters: An overview of the new physics. New York: Bantam.

One of the first statements Zukav makes in this book is that he found, visiting the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in Berkeley, California, that physics "was not the sterile, boring discipline that I had assumed it to be. It was a rich, profound venture, which had become inseparable from philosophy. Incredibly, no…… [Read More]

Zumbrunnen, J. (2002). Courage in the Face of Reality: Nietzsche's Admiration for Thucydides. Polity, 35(2), 237+. Retrieved July 13, 2005, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com.

The Hundredth Monkey Theory is this: On a desert island at least 20 miles from another desert island, one of the monkeys decides to wash his fruit in the ocean before he eats it. Soon, his fellow monkeys see him doing it and follow suit. There is no communication between the first and second islands; nonetheless, one day shortly after the final monkey on the first island begins to wash his fruit, the monkeys on the second island begin to wash their fruit. They did not hear it through the 'monkey grapevine.' In New Thought, they heard it because ideas, thought to be intangible, are actually tangible, traveling in ways as yet unknown to us throughout the universe and popping up as 'new' ideas.

This story, if one wants to trace it through quarks and string theory and even the fact that airplanes and bumblebees are both incapable of flight but do it anyway, marries science and philosophy very neatly.
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How the Media Portrays Science to the Society

Words: 1909 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16900521

Media

A scientist is a person who engages in systematic activities in order to gain knowledge. A person who makes use of scientific methods is also a scientist. The person must be an expert in one scientific field. A scientist will study the world, perform experiments, develop theories and write all this in papers (Weingart, 2012). Any person who is interested in the sciences is a scientist. From amateurs to professionals, provided the individual is curious to find out what would happen when he performs an experiment, the person is a scientist. Some of the famous scientists are Charles Darwin, Aristotle, Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, and Leonardo Da Vinci. These scientists have been widely covered and spoken of in the media. These individuals have excelled in their respective fields. They have experimented and made theory discoveries that are still in use to date. Most of their works have not been…… [Read More]

References

Brossard, D., & Scheufele, D.A. (2013). Science, new media, and the public. Science, 339(6115), 40-41.

Jarman, R., & McClune, B. (2010). Developing students' ability to engage critically with science in the news: identifying elements of the 'media awareness' dimension. The Curriculum Journal, 21(1), 47-64.

Weingart, P. (2012). The lure of the mass media and its repercussions on science The Sciences' Media Connection -- Public Communication and its Repercussions (pp. 17-32): Springer.
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Analyzing Pendulum Waves Science Fair Report

Words: 3052 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89415363

Pendulum Waves Science Fair Report

Richard Berg from the University of Maryland explained in his journal how to build a set of uncoupled pendula, which display "pendulum waves" back in 1991. The patterns exhibited by this demonstration are quite breathtaking and the manner in which the patterns actually cycle is nothing less than spectacular. This demonstration is available in The Video Encyclopedia of Physics and it is also somehow simple to construct from scratch. The aim of this report is to discuss how the wave-like patterns created by the swinging pendula could be explained by a simple extension to the standard decryption of transverse oscillating waves in a single dimension (Couder, Proti'ere, Fort and Boudaoud, 2005). Apart from the math being very graceful in its right, it is also useful to know that the recurring patterns observed in the pendula in fact surface from aliasing of the fundamental continual function,…… [Read More]

References

Caska, A. J. and Finnigan, T. D. (2008). Hydrodynamic characteristics of a cylindrical bottom-pivoted wave energy absorber, Ocean Eng., 35(1): 6-16.

Couder, Y. Proti'ere, S. Fort, E. and Boudaoud, A. (2005). Walking and orbiting droplets. Nature, 437:208.

Falnes, J. (2002). Optimum control of oscillation of wave-energy converters. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 12(2): 147-154.

Flocard, F. and Finnigan, T. D. (2012). Increasing power capture of a wave energy device by inertia adjustment, Appl. Ocean Res., 34, 126-134.
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Nature of Science Even in

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97594194

Smith notes that it may be impossible to unequivocally prove something with one hundred percent accuracy; rather, scientists seek probability.

The term theory is often misconstrued: Smith states that "theories always explain facts." Moreover, there is no clear demarcation between a theory and a hypothesis. Theories are basically broad hypotheses. Laws, on the other hand, are more restrictive and are often derived from theories. The practice of science entails experimentation as well as presentation to the scientific community. When the research is presented to other scientists, it is usually done so through peer-reviewed journals. Often other scientists will critique and critically evaluate the scientific experiment and attempt to replicate it. When the experiment has been replicated the hypothesis may become part of the canon of established science and from there, common knowledge.

Because science can only deal with what is observable and measurable, it can not apply to philosophy, aesthetics,…… [Read More]

Reference

Smith, David. "The Nature of Science."
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Origin of Old-Earth Geology and Its Ramifications

Words: 594 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64400142

Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications for Life in the 21st Century," Mortenson (2003) offers an apology for and defense of the Christian creation story. The author's primary defense of the Biblical creation story is that there are "social, moral, and spiritual implications" of believing in science. The strengths of the article include the fact that it is mildly entertaining, appeals to a specific audience, and provides some insight into the history of science and ideas in the nineteenth century. The weaknesses of the article include erroneous claims and false assumptions. Therefore, the weaknesses of the article outweigh its strengths.

Brief Overview and Main Points

"The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications for Life in the 21st Century" is a brief article that primarily outlines the evolution of scientific thought regarding the origin of the Earth. Mortenson (2003) refers to Enlightenment-era scientists and their theories of how the…… [Read More]

Because Mortenson's (2003) article is written for a Christian audience, it is effective in that it supports the Christian worldview. Readers cannot demand more of Mortenson, because the author has never attempted to offer any substantive or logical argument. The article achieves the goal of enabling Christians to deny science, in part by saying that science has been associated with social decay and moral decline. Mortenson (2003) truly believes in the Biblical creation story as being a fact, which is his prerogative.

Reference

Mortenson, T. (2003). The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications for Life in the 21st Century. Retrieved online: https://answersingenesis.org/age-of-the-earth/origin-of-old-earth-geology-and-ramifications-for-21st-century/
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Two Science Fiction Films In Depth Critiques

Words: 2105 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34039373

Science Fiction Stories -- Comparisons / Contrasts

Wall-E & Blade Runner -- Utopia vs. Dystopia

The two well-known science fiction films that are critiqued in this paper -- Wall-E and Blade Runner -- will be critiqued and contrasted as to the following dichotomies: utopia and dystopia; technophobia and technophilia; and futurity and nostalgia. Thesis: these films both delve into the potentially disastrous environmental future for the planet, and each in its own way provides an alternative future.

Wall-E and Utopia: This ravaged planet is no utopia in the traditional sense, for sure, but Wall-E has evolved over the past 700 years; some kind of mutation perhaps is what has allowed him to survive in a highly radioactive environment. To survive alone with the exception of a cockroach (which is one of the few species that can survive horrendous polluting events like radiation) is proof of his survivability. After all, utopia…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bennett, Jane. The Enchantment of Modern life: Attachments, Crossings, and Ethics.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2001.

Brooker, Will. The Blade Runner Experience: The Legacy of a Science Fiction Classic. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013.

Jenkins, Mary. "The Dystopian World of Blade Runner: An Ecofeminist Perspective. The Trumpeter Journal of Ecosphy. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://trumpeter.athabascau.ca.
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Politics of Science - Global

Words: 826 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75864632



But global warming advocates and skeptics have both fallen afoul of scientific facts. The author of an Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore was forced to remove a slideshow from a presentation on global warming "after the Belgian research group that assembled the disaster data said he had misrepresented what was driving the upward trend. The group said a host of factors contributed to the trend with climate change possibly being one of them" (Revkin 2009). Conservative anti-global warming columnist George Will wrote a column that was attacked by the scientists whose research he used to prove the absence of climate change -- they said their data showed the area of the ice shrinking, not expanding, contrary to Will's statements in his column (Revkin 2009).

Reality tends to be more contradictory than slanted political platforms: "Some regions of Antarctica, particularly the peninsula that stretches toward South America, have warmed rapidly in recent…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chang, Kenneth. (2009, January 21). "Study finds new evidence of warming in Antarctica." The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/22/science/earth/22climate.html

FAQ." Greenpeace. March 19, 2009. http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/campaigns/global-warming-and-energy/exxon-secrets/faq

Global warming. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). December 20, 2007. March 19, 2009. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/science/recentcc.html

Revkin, Andrew. "In climate debate, exaggeration is a pitfall." February 2009. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/25/science/earth/25hype.html
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Old Earth

Words: 659 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52341150

Feminist Hermeneutics and Biblical Studies

Terry Mortenson's "The origins of old-earth geology…" is quite an interesting read. The author covers a fair amount of both scientific and religious history in a relatively short amount of text. He writes with a certain scholarly flair, and is discussing pivotal information about the history of the earth and how that has been interpreted by men of different religious convictions. Typically, articles that address these two concepts diametrically oppose them. To Mortenson's credit he actually bridges these two concepts, and elucidates little known history in the process.

Mortenson's work largely details the history of the time-honored debate between what he terms "old-world geologists" and "scriptural geologists" (Mortenson, 2003) regarding an accounting of the earth's history and point of origination. The several men who encompass the former group tended to believe that the earth is much older than the age ascribed to it in the…… [Read More]

References

Mortenson, T. (2003). The origins of old-earth geology and its ramifications for life in the 21st century. www.answersingenesis.org. Retrieved from http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/tj/v18/n1/old-earth-geology
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Popular Science An Understand of

Words: 1491 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71268415

The political implications of this article are enormous, including international relations to come up with worldwide emissions agreements, economic reform in regards to the businesses that continue to use carbon-emitting practices, and legislation that will limit the abilities of businesses. This article is written from the point-of-view, therefore, of someone who has been monitoring this situation for quite some time, and who is concerned about global warming's impact on earth. In addition, this person writes from the political point-of-view, having a great deal of knowledge about how the problem can be solved politically. The scientific conclusion that global warming is a time-sensitive problem is unique, but not valid, while the idea of 350 is based on a new study, so its accurateness cannot be confirmed. McKibben, however, does not suggest this. Instead, he relies on the number, 350, as solid fact, without admitting that it may not be correct. Thus,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Allen, Laura. (2008, December 19). The Other Big Meltdown. Retrieved December 20, 2008 at http://www.popsci.com/environment/article/2008-12/other-big-meltdown

Cyr, Christine. (2008, December 11). Flying High on Biofuels. Retrieved December, 20

2008, at http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2008-12/flying-high-biofuels

McKIbben, Bill. (2008, November/December). The Most Important Number on Earth.
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Environment Science Education and Its Effect on

Words: 3831 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77559694

Environment Science education and its effect on Students' Improvement

Does the current curriculum actually improve the student's decision making regarding environmental issues?

Sample Size and Sampling Method

Time Frame for the Study

Scope and Limitations

Budgetary Plan

Current Environmental Science Curriculum

Is the current curriculum design actually improves the decision making regarding environmental issues?

For years it has been a tough job to implement the appropriate environmental education in the colleges. Research in the field has pointed out several challenges in the creation of effective environmental curricula. Researchers also examined different strategies being used for the promotion of student awareness as well as fostering them to engage in the ever changing circumstances. The empirical research studies have made it clear that just acquiring the information on the environment science and ecology is not enough to motivate students to practically participate in environment protection. For the motivation there is a need…… [Read More]

References

Balgopal, M., & Wallace, A. (2009). Decisions and dilemmas: Using writing to learn activities to increase ecological literacy. Journal of Environmental Education, 40(13), 13 -- 22.

Balgopal, M., & Wallace, A. (2009). Decisions and dilemmas: Using writing to learn activities to increase ecological literacy. Journal of Environmental Education, 40(13), 13 -- 22.

Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an ecology of mind. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Biriukova, N. (2005).The formation of an ecological consciousness. Russian Education and Society, 47(12), 34 -- 45.
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Religion and Science Are Often

Words: 2242 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98794853

The question should also be specific enough that there would not be a large number of sub-questions that would have to be answered first or that might alter the value of the central question. At the same time, if the question were too narrow, then the researcher might find that it ruled out other possibilities that might emerge. The question also must generate data that tests the hypothesis, and a simple yes or no answer would be too simple for a good research question. The question cannot be such that it raises a question that cannot be quantified, for then the data would not lead to a useful answer or one that would be testable by others. The question must also be formulated so that it is clear to other researchers who may want to test the hypothesis as well or replicate the original research, and the question must be…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Eliade, Mircea. Myth and Reality (Religious Traditions of the World).

Waveland Press; Reprint edition, 1998.

McGrath, Alister E. Science & Religion: An Introduction. New York: Blackwell Publishers, 1998.
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Is Science Require to Be Social

Words: 1655 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55130103

Philosophy of Science

Scientific theories allow scientists to organize their observations regarding reality and existence, and predict or create future observations or results. Scientific theories need to be consistent, testable, verifiable and useful in order to be valid and reliable. Theories are typically ideas about the ways in which things work. Scientific theory relates to logical and empirical criteria that can be tested and validated. For science to exist and to be considered valid there must be a logically consistent idea presented to the public that explains certain conditions or realities. To be valid, science must explain something and should be proven via experimentation. Science should also enable the user to have a better understanding of the item or issue it is explaining. This relates to validity.

Thesis) will argue in this paper that science needs to be independently verified to be considered science but also that science does not…… [Read More]

References

Curd, Martin. Cover, J.A. Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1998.

Strauss, James D. "The Heart of Postmodernism" Lincoln Christian Seminary, Lincoln: 2003. Available:

 http://www.worldvieweyes.org/resources/Strauss/HeartofPMKuhnPopperGoed.htm 

Jones, Roger. "Philosophy of Science." Retrieved November 16, 2003, http://www.philosopher.org/uk/sci.htm
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Origin of Life on Earth at Present

Words: 645 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36361383

Origin of Life on Earth

At present, scientists are still in search of the answer to how life originated on Earth. Until now, they are continuously studying several kinds of facts and are carrying on with their research. At the moment, there are 3 competing theories on the origin of life on Earth i.e. The Panspermia Theory, The Heterotrophic Theory and the Autotrophic Theory.

The Panspermia Theory

The Panspermia Theory was proposed by Svante Arrhenius, a Swedish chemist, in the early 20th century. He suggested that life on Earth did not begin on this planet but came from space. Panspermia is a Greek word whereby spermia means seeds and pan means everywhere. This theory supports the idea that simple life forms are capable of travelling in space can expand in any atmosphere or setting. Another feature of the theory denotes the idea that the growth and expansion of living organisms…… [Read More]

References

Bailey, E.R. (2007). Concepts in Biology (12thth ed.). N.p.: McGraw Hill. Retrieved December 30, 2012, from http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=1E853Gfo7VkC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Concepts+in+Biology'+2007+Ed.2007+Edition&hl=en&sa=X&ei=zWXgUJTdHqek4gTigoCYCw&ved=0CDgQ6AEwAA

Harrison, E. (2000). Cosmology: The Science of the Universe (2ndnd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved December 30, 2012, from http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=kNxeHD2cbLYC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Cosmology:+The+Science+of+the+Universe&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ImbgUN38B4aWtQbXmYBI&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=The%20Panspermia%20theory%20&f=false
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Teaching Space Science

Words: 1107 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59955088

teaching space science. There are various complexities that affect the way that astronomy is taught, not the least of which is the enormity of scale that space science involves.

One of the basic requirements for understanding astronomy is coming to terms with the vastness of the universe. For example, a basic unit of astronomical measurement is the light year. Merriam-Webster defines the light year as "a unit of length in astronomy equal to the distance that light travels in one year in a vacuum or about 5.88 trillion miles or 9.46 trillion kilometers" (2011). While this definition conveys factual data, it does little to make the concept real, that is, accessible to the average student.

Moreover, trying to convey the reality of light traveling at the unimaginably fast speed of 299,792 kilometers per second (186,282 miles per second) is indeed mind-boggling. Even at such amazing speeds, light takes years to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bennett, J. (2011). Teaching resources -- strategies for teaching astronomy. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: http://www.jeffreybennett.com/astronomy.html

Discovery Education. (2011). Astronomical scales. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from:  http://www.discoveryeducation.com/teachers/free-lesson-plans/astronomical-scales.cfm 

Koppes, S. (2011). Award-winning teachers find the unexpected. University of Chicago website. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: http://www.uchicago.edu/features/20110527_quantrell/olinto.shtml

Merriam-Webster. (2011). Light-year. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/light-year?show=0&t=1313215675
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Planetary Comparison the Earth and

Words: 1104 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25556576

The inner core, meanwhile, has greater density, at 13, and temperature, at 6,650°C (or 12,000°F).

Compared against other planets in the solar system, the Earth contains just the appropriate amounts of gases, elements, and other properties that make human and other organism life possible.

Mercury, the planet closest to the Sun, has lesser mass and volume than the Earth, at a fraction of only 1/18. However, it is as dense as the Earth, although Mercury's surface is made up of more solid mass, specifically rough, porous, dark-colored rocks. Its atmosphere is made up of sodium and potassium, which accounts for the planet's density and very thin atmosphere. It was hypothesized that the core of Mercury is made up of liquid iron compound, as a result of the presence of magnetic field.

Venus, meanwhile, exhibits a unique characteristic for being the brightest and hottest planet in the sky, with the presence…… [Read More]

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Social Science Edu Research Resources

Words: 1007 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58999722

In general the PBS website is one of the web's most valuable and useful for teachers. The social media integration for the activity packs might actually come in handy for teachers seeking to encourage a more educational function for social media platforms, and could be a useful teaching strategy.

As a teacher of social studies and social science fields like sociology, I will use the PBS website. The lesson plans are excellent, and are in subject areas that I never would have considered myself. This allows me to think outside the box when working with my students. The multimedia emphasis on the PBS website lesson plans and activity packs will also be helpful for teachers that need a boost in their inclusion of new media to instructional design.

Byrne, R. (2010) "12 Resources All Social Studies Teachers Should Try."

This page by social sciences educator Byrne (2010) does not include…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Byrne, R. (2010, 04-06). 12 Resources All Social Studies Teachers Should Try. Retrieved 04-20, 2013, from Free Technology for Teachers:  http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2010/04/12-resources-every-social-studies.html#.UXG4bishKII 

McGraw-Hill. (1997, 0-0). Research Resources for the Social Sciences. Retrieved 04-20, 2013, from Research Resources for the Social Sciences: http://www.socsciresearch.com/

PBS. (n.d., n.d. n.d.). PBS Teachers Social Studies. Retrieved 04-20, 2013, from PBS Teachers: http://www.pbs.org/teachers/socialstudies/
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Misperception of Science Is That

Words: 345 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25785716



2. Scientists avoid using the terms "true" and "the truth" because they are too absolute. Science does not aim to give absolute knowledge. Instead, the scientific method relies on the senses and on experiments by creating hypotheses and testing them. Also, science is based on the five senses. The terms "true" and "truth" do not acknowledge the limitations of the five senses. Scientists understand that the body of knowledge created by science has changed over the years because of the development of better instruments to measure and gather data. The human senses might not change much, but the reliability of the senses change as instruments become more sophisticated. Scientists are constantly striving to improve the reliability of their observations and so can never claim to know the "truth." The five senses can point to what seems to be true, but scientists work with objectivity. Truth is a subjective issue, which…… [Read More]

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Theme of Love in Relation to Natural Sciences and Geometry in Metaphysical Poetry

Words: 1220 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19782388

Natural Sciences and Geometry in Metaphysical Poetry

Love in metaphysical poetry: Donne and Marvell

"Metaphysical texts, primarily characterized through the conflation of traditional form with seditious linguistic techniques such as satire, irony, wit, parody and rhetoric, generate a microcosmic emphasis in many of the texts" even while the authors ultimately address 'macro' concerns of religion and man's place in the universe (Uddin 45). In poems such as John Donne's "The Flea" and "A Valediction Forbidding Mourning" and Andrew Marvell's "The Definition of Love," subjects such as the poet's adoration for his beloved take on a much higher significance than the personal sphere within the context of the poem. Metaphysical poetry embodies what is often considered a paradox: it is, on one hand, intensely emotional, but it is also, on the other hand, quite explicit in its suggestion of universality. "Introspection, being 'a careful examination of one's own thoughts, impressions and…… [Read More]

References

Donne, John. " The Flea." Poetry Foundation.

http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/175764 [16 Jan 2013]

Donne, John. "A Valediction Forbidding Mourning."

 http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/donne/mourning.php  [16 Jan 2013]
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Ancient Earth Women's History

Words: 958 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20809174

Ancient Earth - Women's History

OFFICIAL USE ONLY

SUBJ:

An Analysis of "Life" Magazine dated November 17, 1958

Lexicoczar (All Hail!)

As you know, the recent discovery of a cache of "magazines" has provided our department with an opportunity to better understand the colorful but largely heretofore-baffling mid-20th century. The graphics and pictures contained in one of the "magazines" entitled "Life" appear to be particularly illustrative of the customs and values that were predominant during this period in Western history. Some sample illustrations, together with this analyst's interpretation of the contents of an issue of a "Life" "magazine" dated November 17, 1958 and their likely functions and purposes as they apply to female gender issues, are provided below.

General Description and Contents of "Magazine."

This copy of "Life" "magazine" is comparable to the other specimens discovered in "gar-[b?]ages" in recent years; this copy, though, is especially well preserved, due in…… [Read More]

References

TomFolio.com. Galactic Web: Available:  http://www.tomfolio.com/bookdetailsfg.asp ?

b=40315& m=40.

Source: TomFolio.com. Galactic Web: Available:
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Global Change Science the Negative

Words: 3243 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67525149

As the road is being laid the fumes from the chemical materials and the concussive force of the construction equipment are devastating to local wildlife (Forman & Alexander, 1998). The result, is displaced organisms which ultimately put increased pressure for food, land, and water on other ecosystems. The extent of these ripple effects are still yet to be fully known.

In instances where above or below ground water supplies must be altered in order to make way for a new road system the effects are if anything more dire. When laying the bed of a road, it is nearly impossible to prevent a percentage of the chemicals used in the road surface itself from leeching into the soil (Forman & Deblinger, 2000). When in the presence of water those toxins are carried the course of the water supply affecting all of the vegetation and wildlife which it comes into contact…… [Read More]

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Technology as Compared to Science

Words: 868 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38169119


Many things we take for granted in modern life are the result of the
Industrial Revolution. We no longer have to sew our own clothes, make
everything we eat from scratch, and we have access to a greater array of
cheap consumer goods. People no longer have to work from sundown to sunup,
farming for food, sewing, weaving, and fighting to stay alive. We now have
greater leisure time, but also the things we produce during our work life
are no longer our 'own,' in contrast to an agrarian societies where people
own the food they produce on their lands, and make only the clothing and
things they need to survive. We receive wages for the goods and services we
provide to strangers. Instead, what we do at work is often very different
than how we pursue in our private lives-one reason that the Industrial
Revolution is often said to…… [Read More]

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8th Grade Science Project From

Words: 541 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97747787

Start by stacking six shoeboxes together, with three on top of one another in the back, two more stacked next to them, and the last one in front. This should create a mountain-like foundation to build from. Next, after crumpling newspaper into different sized shapes meant to resemble a mountains rocky texture, glue these to your shoebox foundation. You can paint the assembled mountain brown or grey to look more realistic, with green for trees making a nice touch. Next, carefully cut a cardboard paper towel roll in half to create a slide-like feature, and wedge the slide in between the newspaper crumples to create the waterfall. This can be painted blue to resemble a real waterfalls path through a mountainside, and if you use toilet paper rolls instead of paper towel rolls, you can make the river wind its way down more realistically. After placing a plastic bucket underneath…… [Read More]

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History Social Science Textbook Controversy History

Words: 1394 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93087411

So let's change the interpretation a little bit so that it will be the way we wished it were." Well, that's not what history is. History is what happened, and history ought to be nothing more than the quest to find out what happened. Now, if you want to get into why what happened, that's probably valid too, but why what happened shouldn't have much of anything to do with what happened. (Limbaugh 1994)

The push for the elimination of negative stereotypes, and to encourage the diversification of perspectives through education of our youths is certainly a noble and worthwhile effort. However, there cannot be an absolute answer for all of the problems. Certainly racism, for example, needs to be abolished, and the tone and viewpoints of our educational tools is the perfect place to begin this alteration. However, is it necessarily beneficial to erase all evidence of racism from…… [Read More]

References

Cheney, Lynne V. 1994. The end of history. Wall Street Journal. 20 October 1994.Evans, R.W., & Pang, V.O. (1995). National Standards for United States History: the Storm of Controversy Continues. Social Studies, 86(6), 270-274.

Faulconer, T., & Freeman, A.C. (2005). Teachers, Classroom Controversy and the Media. Social Education, 69(6), 323+.

Garvey, J. (1995, December 15). The Earth Is Flat: My Textbook Says So. Commonweal, 122, 7+.

Heritage Foundation (2006). http://www.heritage.org/.
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Business -- Political Science the

Words: 6973 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39808881



Today the outbound telephone marketing industry has given political campaigns the ability to reach out to a large group of targeted voters in a quick and quiet way, just below the radar. This notion went way beyond the small volunteer call centers that have existed for over forty years. It was essential for the technology to be in place and widely utilized. Political campaigns could not have put into production a complete industry of dissimilar companies, large and small, with many thousands of telephones in call centers. This was a revolution as one could target using any criteria from gender, age, vote propensity, income, level of education, to presence of children. One could shape the message even within a single calling agenda, so that they may be calling all women, but the script may be different for younger women in comparison to older women. And maybe most importantly, one can…… [Read More]

References

Bimber, B., and Davis, R. 2003. Campaigning Online: TheInternet in U.S. Elections, New

York: Oxford University Press.

Cornfield, M. 2005. Commentary on the Impact of the Internet onthe 2004 Election,

Washington, DC: Pew Internet and American Life Project, March 3.
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Environmental Science Class Title the Oil Industry

Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19137747

Environmental Science class.. Title the Oil Industry Environment

APA Guidelines format 4-6 References I 4-6 Pages Written text photos / data tables

The effects of the Oil Industry on the Environment

In spite of the fact that society has experienced significant moral progress in the recent decades, people continue to associate well-being with financial profits regardless of the effects that their actions have on society and this is reflected by the fact that the oil industry has inflicted great damage on the environment in the last few years. The fact that society has come to depend on oil makes it especially difficult for someone to experience positive results as a result of criticizing individuals involved in the oil business. Communities who have access to free oil wells are privileged and society has virtually learnt to exploit any oil source that it can possibly find. This has devastating consequences on the…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Ali-Akpajiak, Sofo, C.A. Pyke, Toni, "Measuring poverty in Nigeria," (Oxfam, 2003)

Struzik, Ed, "Killing Wolves: A Product ofAlberta's Big Oil and Gas Boom," retrieved March 29, 2012, from the Yale Environment 360 Website:  http://e360.yale.edu/feature/alberta_canada_energy_boom_places_wolves_in_the_crosshairs/2459/ 

Taylor, Dorcetta, E. "Environment and Social Justice: An International Perspective," (Emerald Group Publishing, 2010)

McQuaid, John, "The Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill:An Accident Waiting to Happen" retrieved March 29, 2012, from the Yale Environment 360 Website: http://e360.yale.edu/feature/the_gulf_of_mexico_oil_spill_an_accident_waiting_to_happen/2272/
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Units 1 5 Science Assignment

Words: 983 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72547500

roll the can, does it wobble back and forth as it slows down?

What kind of sound does the can make when you slowly turn it upside down and right side up again?

My hypothesis is that the can is a can of fruit. Some of the answers given were that the can has solids packed in liquid, at least from the sound the can makes when shaken. It is a regular can shape, cylindrical so things like tuna or canned vegetables are out because they would be shaped differently. A can of beans has fairly gelatinous liquid so the sound made would be more muffled and vegetables tend to be packed tightly with little water in it. Fruit however, has a lot of liquid with some fruit packed in it and serial numbers on both ends. Also canned fruit is more common than other things and the can was…… [Read More]

References

landslide Archives - Athens, GA Weather. (2016). Athens, GA Weather. Retrieved 21 April 2016, from http://www.athensgaweather.com/tag/landslide/

Tauxe, L. (2010). Essentials of Paleomagnetism. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Trefil, J. & Hazen, R. (2012). The sciences (7th ed.). Wiley.
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A concise Analysis of Young Earth Creationist

Words: 1333 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24411824

Young Earth Creationist

These are summaries of interviews on views and thoughts of origin

Three people were interviewed. They included a professor of biology, an aunt of Roman Catholic religious persuasion and a family friend. In the interview with the professor, she states that she is not sure of the length of the days in Genesis 1 because they have been a controversial subject. She stated that life on this earth is approximately four and a half billion years old. Further she believes that humans and apes share common ancestry. She says she does so because she took part in a research that found many similarities. She does not believe in religion and so she does not believe in the existence of first humans; Adam and Eve (Writer Thoughts). The family friend on his part states that the days stated in Genesis 1 are normal days that are just as…… [Read More]

References

Booth, W. (2003). Days of Genesis 1: Literal or Nonliteral? Journal of the Adventist Theological Society, 14(1). Retrieved, from http://www.atsjats.org/publication/view/40

Ghose, T. (2013). Live Science: Scientific News, Articles and Current Events. Genetic 'Adam' and 'Eve' Uncovered. Retrieved September 28, 2016, from http://www.livescience.com/38613-genetic-adam-and-eve-uncovered.html

Science and Creationism: A View from the National Academy of Science (2 ed.). (1999). Retrieved from https://www.nap.edu/catalog/6024/science-and-creationism-a-view-from-the-national-academy-of

Wall. (2013). Great Ape Genomics. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Journal, 54(2). Retrieved, from http://ilarjournal.oxfordjournals.org/content/54/2/82.full#ref-19
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Alien Life on Earth Scientists Believe That

Words: 762 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36241682

Alien Life on Earth

Scientists believe that all known life forms descended from a single common ancestor, a microbe that lived approximately 3.5 -- 3.8 billion years ago. Their belief is based on an understanding that all life forms have liquid water as their foundation, and they contain the same "building blocks" (Toomey 26). Researchers in the new field of synthetic biology have raised questions about another kind of living organism, independent of the building blocks already understood and unrelated to the last universal common ancestor (LUCA) from which all known life forms came. It is an intriguing idea that is attracting more interest as scientists continue to find evidence of this alien, or "weird" life on earth. The weird life is said to inhabit what is called the shadow biosphere.

Because little is known about weird life, scientists are considering myriad possibilities. The basic molecule might be other than…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cockell, Charles."How the Search for Aliens Can Help Sustain Life on Earth." CNN. Cable News Network, 04 Oct. 2012. Web. 06 May 2013. .

Grant, Andrew. "Life Could Survive on Earth-Sized Moons of Gas Giant Exoplanets." Science News 183.3 (2013): 5-6. Web. 6 May 2013.

McKie, Robin. "Life on Earth... But Not as We Know It." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 13 Apr. 2013. Web. 06 May 2013. .

Toomey, David. "Alien Life on Earth." Discover 34.2 (2013): 26-27. Web. 6 May 2013.
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Titan Chemistry Science Daily Website

Words: 590 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22713352

The temperatures on Saturn, which average in the range of -99 F. To -290 F, or -73 C. To -179 C, mean that ethynyl's highly reactive status is necessary to perform the chemical process that results in the creation of triacetylene and the polyynes that serve as ultraviolet radiation shields and appear as haze from a distance (About that, 2009, Scientific Blogging). Saturn is otherwise too cold to have the heat to propel chemical reactions, in the absence of reactive molecules like ethynyl.

The modeling techniques used by the scientists to reproduce this process involved crossed molecular beam machines to "collide supersonic gaseous beams of ethynyl and diacetylene molecules," and a mass spectrometer measurement of the reaction (About that, 2009, Scientific Blogging). Analysis confirmed that the results of the collision yielded triacetylene, plus a single hydrogen atom. Later computations also confirmed the spectrometer's analysis of the distribution of electrons in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

About that triacetylene in Titan's atmosphere. (2009, September 27). Scientific Blogging

Retrieved October 6, 2009

http://www.scientificblogging.com/news_articles/about_triacetylene_titans_atmosphere

Chemistry of Titan's hazy atmosphere unraveled. (2009, October 4). Science Daily. Retrieved October 6, 2009
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Tale an Intergalactic Space Mission From Earth

Words: 1889 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57064888

Tale

An intergalactic space mission from Earth tries to create a scientifically-based cooperative. The name of the ship is the Nefertiti, after the ancient Egyptian Queen. Captain Reeftart, his first mate Jane, and their enthusiastic crew first set foot on the friendly planet Stauron. The Stauronians share the Earthlings' hope for an interplanetary federation based on science. Although the Stauronian leader Glastia is skeptical, Reeftart believes that the Dirgonians will be receptive. However, Dirgon is a xenophobic, insular, and isolationist planet who, though benevolent, do not generally support measures to collectivize resources. Reeftart's optimism is tempered by Jane's pragmatism.

Faced with the potential for failure, Reeftart conspires to trick the Dirgonians into starting their own collective; he believes that if the Dirgonians believe that they initiated the idea they would feel fully in charge. Reeftart obviously knows little about Dirgon or their core culture, for when the Nefertiti arrives on…… [Read More]

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Fate of Earth the World

Words: 1529 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66532542

The only hope rests in being sensible and alert to the danger we have incurred upon ourselves. Going green and seriously focusing on renewable forms of energy is the only way that we could save this planet from the impending disaster.… [Read More]

Bibliography

1) World Water Council, 'Water Crisis', retrieved Oct 1st, 2010, from,  http://www.worldwatercouncil.org/index.php?id=25 

2) U.S. Census Bureau, 'World Population Summary', retrieved Oct 1st, 2010, from, http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/worldpopinfo.php

3) WWF, 'Water: Our Rivers Lakes and Wetlands', retrieved Oct 2nd 2010, from http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/about_freshwater/

4) Lester Brown, (Oct 2001), 'China's Water Table Levels are Dropping Fast', retrieved Oct 2nd 2010, from, http://www.grist.org/article/table/