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ould it be better if no one had an SUV to take into the woods to go camping, to learn about the importance of the environment? Surely, learning about the environment is a way to spur people on, especially the next generation, to want to help the planet.
Meat is also penalized very heavily, but the source of the meat, whether it is grain-fed or pasture-raised, is not taken into a consideration. Non-meat processed foods can still travel a long distance and have an impact on the environment. However, I should note that my eating habits were the worst offenses on my ecological footprint scorecard, and even though I do not agree with all of the calculations, doing the footprint analysis was an important wake-up call for me in terms of how I view myself and my food choices in relationship to the environment.
hen comparing my results with my…
Ecological footprint. (2009). Buzzle.com Ecological Footprint. Retrieved March 20, 2009 at http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ecological-footprint.html
Footprint Basics - Overview. (2009, February 27). Footprint Network.
Retrieved March 20, 2009 at http://www.footprintnetwork.org/en/index.php/GFN/page/footprint_basics_overview
Simply going vegan for a few meals a week would substantially lessen my and most American's carbon footprint, without having to forgo animal products altogether. Given that more and more Americans are consuming animal products, and more individuals in the developing world are also consuming animal products, reducing this area of consumption is vitally important for the sustainability of the planet. It surprised me to learn that reducing meat consumption was such an important part of reducing one's ecological footprint, perhaps even more important than reducing one's consumption of fossil fuels through transportation. Buying a Prius has received substantially more praise in the media than reducing meat consumption.
But reducing meat consumption is not enough. Factory dairy production is also very taxing on the environment. Raising chickens for eggs and cows for milk production takes a great deal of the earth's resources. In the developing world, consumption of dairy has…
Bittman, Mark. Rethinking the meat guzzler. The New York Times. January 27, 2008.
March 10, 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/27/weekinreview/27bittman.html
Lifestyle Changes to educe Our Ecological Footprint
Biology And Life
Ecological footprint is one method that can be used to measure how our individual lifestyle affects the planet including the people and animals living here. The lifestyle choices that each individual makes can affect the quality of our environment in a huge way. The more resources each individual consumes, the larger their ecological footprint thus leaving little for everyone else (Sustainable Communities Initiative, 2014). Each individual should strive for a smaller ecological footprint, which will make life better for everyone in the world. One's ecological footprint is divided into four categories. These are food, travel, home, and stuff that they purchase. There are lifestyle changes in each category that a person can make to reduce their ecological footprint (WWF-Australia, 2014).
To reduce my ecological footprint, I choose to use tap water and run it through a filter to purify…
http://www.brighterfuturestogether.co.uk/brighter-futures-together-toolkit/calculate-the-ecological-footprint-of-your-community/Sustainable Communities Initiative. (2014). Calculate the ecological footprint of your community. Retrieved June 3rd, 2014, from WWF-Australia. (2014). Sustainable living to reduce your personal footprint. Retrieved June 3rd, 2014, from http://www.wwf.org.au/what_you_can_do/change_the_way_you_live/sustainable_living/
That would enable me to brew my own coffee instead of purchasing coffee in a paper and plastic cup everyday, and it would allow me the necessary time to prepare home-made meals and to filter my own tap water instead of purchasing prepared packaged foods and bottled water, both of which add to my food footprint and my consumption of goods and services beyond what is necessary. Since most of friends have similar lifestyles, I would encourage them to make the same types of changes for the benefit of the local, national, and global ecology.
Environmental Implications of my Carbon Footprint
On one hand, I recognize the fact that I could improve my personal ecological impact by implementing the described changes. On the other hand, I am pleased to find out that my carbon footprint is so much lower than the national average because carbon emissions are associated with some…
Crittenden, J.C. And White, H.S. "Harnessing Energy for a Sustainable World"
Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, No. 13; (2010): 4503 -- 4505.
Matthews, H.S., Hendrickson, C.T., and Weber, C.L. "The Importance of Carbon
Footprint Estimation Boundaries "Journal of Environmental Science, Vol. 42, No. 16; (2008): 5839 -- 5842.
In modern school cultures, for instance, we often say, "Oh, they're Asian, they must be smart." So, the Asian-American person hears that they "must be smart, must overachieve, must get good grades." They then come to believe that this is far more than what society expects of them, but instead, what they are supposed to be as a person. So, they become that person, they apply themselves a bit more, study a bit more, and soon the prophecy seen from the outside world is internalized and factual.
Of course, this idea may be pejorative as well -- homosexuality being labeled as deviant, "you fag, you queer;" mental illness as "looney, nutty, off their rocker;" and so many negative ethic terms one's head would spin: "kike, spick, nigger, cholo, slant eye, towel head, beaner, etc."
We must then ask, why do we label? Perhaps it is the human tendency to box…
What is a carbon footprint? (2011, January). Retrieved March 2011, from CarbonFootprint.com: http://www.carbonfootprint.com/carbonfootprint.html
Yarrow, J. (2008). How to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint. San Francisco and London: Chronicle Books.
Qantas Carbon Footprint
Qantas corporate governance statement mentions that Qantas has an appropriate corporate governance structure to ensure the creation, protection, and enhancement of shareholder value (Qantas, 2012). Based on this statement alone it seems as if Qantas does not promote a triple bottom line or any other measure of sustainability in the summary of their corporate governance strategy. Other firms in the airline industry make a stronger dedication to social and environmental issues in their corporate governance. Continental for example has significantly more mentions of such causes as well as a plethora of various projects to address these causes (Continental Airlines, 2012). Although Qantas does address such business functions later in their document, their corporate governance strategy seems to be more focused on shareholder value than a more balanced scorecard.
In response to pressures to mounting pressures to address ecological concerns about issues…
Airline Tickets, 2011. How Airlines Cut Costs. [Online]
Available at: http://www.airlinetickets.org/blog/how-airlines-cut-costs / [Accessed 5 February 2012].
Continental Airlines, 2012. Ethics and Compliance. [Online]
Available at: http://www.continental.com/web/en-U.S./content/company/investor/docs/continental_ethicsandcompliance_2007_02_12_01.pdf
Older people could receive tax incentives to act as teachers to students in areas of expertise, or simply to help out as coaches or staff. Ideally, private educational institutions would be few, to ensure a lack of a drain of community resources from the public schools, although private schools could supplement student education for students with special needs that could not be met by the public system.
Unless it was required for their daily work-related commute, residents would agree to drive fuel-efficient cars and receive tax credits if they drove hybrid or electric cars.
Community watch groups would supplement the police force. Both police and volunteer organizations would also engage in educational efforts with the school system regarding anti-drug, anti-bullying, and anti-violence campaigns. Fire safety would be ensured by a professionally trained core force, supplemented by a group of volunteers for less vigorous conflagrations.
Best Foot Forward. (2004) "Ecological Foot printing." Retrieved 24 Mar 2005 at http://www.bestfootforward.com/foot.html
CNN Money. (2005) "Best Places to Live in USA." Money Magazine Survey. Retrieved 24 Mar 2005 at http://money.cnn.com/best/bplive/details/3710740.html
Frantz, Douglas & Catherine Collins. (2000) Celebration, U.S.A.: Living in Disney's Brave New Town. New York: Owl Books.
Schmidt, Wayne. (24 Mar 2005) "Best Places to Live" This & That Website. Retrieved 24 Mar 2005 at http://www.waynesthisandthat.com/bestplacetolive2.htm
Progress: Community Sharing vs. Individualistic Consumption
In an unsustainable society, priority is placed upon economic growth at all costs, regardless of how this may affect variables such as climate change, a condition which will hurt all of humanity in the long run. Our current worldview or paradigm prioritizes all societies moving to an urban model of development which emphasizes consumption. Even modern agriculture has been influenced by this profit-oriented focus and does not focus upon preserving land and minimizing waste instead. Thus to foster sustainability, as noted by Wessels, the concept of progress as something that is linear and equally beneficial to all societies must change. We now conceive of progress as increasing consumption and increasing GDP but this is not a sustainable model for the future, particularly if all developing societies also adopt this worldview that 'more stuff' is better.
Rather, newer, greener, and more sustainable measures must be…
water in your area? ("Your perspective on water differs whether you live near the Great Lakes, in the arid west, or by the coast."(McCarthy, 2009)
Outline a brief water conservation plan for your own daily use. How will these changes affect your personal life? What impact will it have on your local water supply?
There is plentiful water in my region (I live in the Great Lakes region). Nonetheless, a brief water conservation plan is the following:
To use water for just its needs and to ensure that tap water is not left running in between those needs.
To double used bathwater as water that can be used for washing the floor.
To, as much as possible, use rainwater for gardening
In order to supply water to humans certain technologies must be utilized.
Desalination is one of the methods that are used for promoting pure water supply. It literally means…
FAO report reveals GM crops not needed to feed the world http://www.psrast.org/faonowohu.htm
Forbes.com (11/03/2012) GMO Food Debate in the National Spotlight http://www.forbes.com/sites/rachelhennessey/2012/11/03/gmo-food-debate-in-the-national-spotlight/ )
Greenopolis. Top 10 Environmental Success Stories and 10 Future Challenges. http://greenopolis.com/goblog/joe-laur/top-10-environmental-success-stories-and-10-future-challenges
Groves, J (19 December 2009 ) Climate change summit accepts 'toothless' U.S.-backed agreement - but deal is not legally binding DailMail.com http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1236659/Copenhagen-climate-change-conference-World-leaders-reach-Copenhagen-agreement -- officials-admit-enough.html#ixzz2Cg3714zQ
Global warming has become an issue of major global concern. This research explores the complexities of the issues surrounding global warming and the development of models to help curb the human contributions to its continuation. This research focuses on the UAE and its initiatives to develop sustainable cities in the future.
Evolution of Cities
environmental change and Global warming
Field Work and Case Studies
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) covers an area of approximately 777 sq. km and has a population of over 5 1/2 million residents according to 2009 statistics (Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division. 2009). The country has the six largest oil reserves in the world and is one of the most developed economies in the Middle East. It has one of the most developed infrastructures in the Middle East as well. Global warming has become a key issue in developed nations that…
Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). Expat numbers rise rapidly as UAE population touches 6m. 2009 revision. uaeinteract.com. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: http://uaeinteract.com/docs/Expat_numbers_rise_rapidly_as_UAE_population_touches_6m/37883.htm.
Ellis, C. History of Cities and City Planning. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: http://www.art.net/~hopkins/Don/simcity/manual/history.html
Environment and Ecology. 2011. UNESCO World Heritage. XIth World Congress of the OWHC -- Sintra 2011 Climate Change. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: http://www.environment-ecology.com/unesco-world-heritage.html
Ewing, R., Bartholomew, K., & WInkel, S. et al. "Growing Coooler: evidence of urban development and climate change. Urban Land Insititute. [Accessed October 5, 2011] Available from World Wide Web: http://www.smartgrowth.umd.edu/pdf/GrowingCooler-Ch1Overview.pdf
They want to maintain that livelihood. And for 90% of the world, being sustainable is a matter of life and death (Agnew n.d.)." To that end in 2007 they Architecture for Humanity launched the Open Architecture Network "an online, open source community dedicated to improving living conditions through innovative and sustainable design" where designers, engineers, and anyone else, professional or otherwise can share their ideas, designs and plans, collaborate, manage design projects from concept to implementation and build a more sustainable future (Open Architecture Network n.d.)
In addition to Sinclair and McDonough there are a wide range of architects and designers who are beginning to understand that their role is not simply to satisfy their own egos or curiosities but rather to help facilitate the sustainability of communities and human society at large. The New York-ased consulting firm Terrapin right Green, for example, was started by four architects who recognized…
Agnew, Singeli. "India: Design Like You Give a Damn Interview." Front Line. http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/india705/history/extended.html (accessed April 15, 2010).
Alter, Bonnie. "Sustainable Futures Exhibition Asks Can Design Make a Difference?" Treehuger.com. April 14, 2010. http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/04/sustainable-futures-design-difference.php (accessed April 15, 2010).
-- . "Yves Behar and Puma Roll Out The Clever Little Bag." Treehugger. April 14, 2010. http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/04/yves-behar-and-puma.php (accessed April 15, 2010).
Braungart, Michael, and William McDonough. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. North Point Press, 2002.
The net effect of these trends on the environment is mixed. According to Kohler and Erdmann (2004), the expanded use of ICT applications will ultimately result in both benefits to the environment, as well as some new problems associated with their use. The extent to which the negative effects are mitigated will ultimately depend on the foresight that is used today to develop long-term energy and waste management policies that will control the development of ICT infrastructures and how they are used in the future (Kohler & Erdmann, 2004).
According to Lan and Thomas (2009), there is no escaping the fact that information and communication technologies are fundamentally changing the nature of commerce and hold important promise for economic development in the future. These authors are quick at add, though, that proceeding with these technologies is a complex enterprise and there are still a number of unknowns involved concerning how…
Cyr, C. (2007, April/May). E-waste not. Plenty, 31.
Daly, J. (2005, June). ICT and ensuring environmental sustainability. Communication Initiative.
Retrieved from http://www.comminit.com/redirect.cgi?m=7e7425fe10109533767cb66
sustainability and reviews the implications and impact of various sustainability modes, all of which appear to be positive. To begin this review requires coming to an understanding of what sustainability is. As the Interface (2008) website describes it, "Sustainability can be many different things -- a motto, an ideal, a way to do business, a way to live your life or a call to action." Because this seems an appropriate way to view the many aspects of sustainability, this paper adopts this viewpoint as well.
Raven (2002) discusses how we got to this point facing the difficult challenges of human sustainability. Over the course of 400 generations, or about 10,000 years, the human population has grown from several million to over 6 billion. Humans continue to depend on a series of ancient, genetically and socially determined habits and attitudes which seem dysfunctionally inappropriate for modern society. As a consequence then,…
United Nations. 1987. Our Common Future, Chapter 2: Towards Sustainable Development Retrieved on May 5, 2011 from http://www.un-documents.net/ocf-02.htm
What is Sustainability. 2008. Retrieved on May 5, 2011 from http://www.interfaceglobal.com/Sustainability/What-is-Sustainability-.aspx
Whiteman, G. 1999. Sustainability for the planet: a marketing perspective. Conservation Ecology 3(1): 13. Retrieved on May 5, 2011 from:: http://www.consecol.org/vol3/iss1/art13/
b) The Football Championship in Lisbon
The capital of Portugal has received little investments in developments and infrastructure from both the public as well as the private sectors. But the football championship has stimulated the construction and development of two stadiums in north and northeast parts of the capital, namely the Benfica and Alvalade stadiums.
The hosting of the football championships, supported by the two stadiums, draws the attention of investors and stimulates their efforts to set out new operations in the community, supporting as such its social and economic development.
"In general terms, those buildings give support to a modern city vision, that attempts to preserve its ancient culture at the same time it projects an image of progress.
Those infrastructures, given their magnitude in the urban context, might help to promote Lisbon as an international capital. They will certainly allow the city to re-structure its present functional structure.…
Barghchi, M., Omar, D., Aman, M.S., 2009, Cities, sports facilities development and hosting events, European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 2
Copley, J., 2005, Sports events leave a giant 'ecological footprint', New Scientist, http://www.liv.ac.uk/impacts08/Papers/Impacts08-FLangen_and_BGarcia_May_2009_Events_Review.pdf last accessed on October 26, 2011
Cugola, G., Nitto, E.D., Fuggetta, A., 1998, Exploiting an event-based infrastructure to develop complex distributed systems, ICSE '98 Proceedings of the 20th international conference on software engineering, IEEE Computer Society Washington
Gursoy, D., Kendall, K.W., 2006, Hosting mega-events: modelling locals' support, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 33, No. 3
ationale for the use of life cycle Management at Glazers
LCM (Life Cycle Management) is a framework which manages and scrutinises the performance and sustainability of services and goods. This framework aims to achieve the long-term objectives of the business, and gives less stress on the short-term objectives. For getting a more sustainable value chain, organizations are making use of this framework, which would in turn improve their economic and social performance. Businesses throughout the world are making use of this framework for many purposes, like to improve their standing within the market, to strengthen the relationships with the stakeholders and to produce more environment friendly goods.
LCM urges the companies to look away from their own processes, and focus on activities which are not under the direct control of the company. Such activities include the upstream and the downstream operations that become a part of value chain. In…
Crul, M. And Diehl, J.C. (2007) Design for Sustainability (D4S): A Practical Approach for Developing Economies, UNEP publication (at http://www.unep.fr/scp/publications/details. asp?id=DTI/0826/PA).
International Standard ISO 14040 (2006) Environmental Management -Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Framework. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization.
Rebitzer, G., Hunkeler, D. (2003) Life cycle costing in LCM: ambitions, opportunities, and limitations - discussing a framework International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 8 (5), pp. 253-6.
Remmen, A., Jensen, A.A., Frydendal. J. (2007) Life Cycle Management: A business guide to sustainability. UNEP/SETAC publication (at http://www.unep.fr/scp/lcinitiative / publications/).
Technology and Global Ecosystem
An Analysis of the Implications of Technology and the Global Ecosystem
The 21st century promises to usher in innovations in technology that cannot yet be imagined, and the advancements to date have provided many in the world with unprecedented standards of living. Improved methods of transportation and communication, combined with more leisure time than ever in which to spend it has resulted in many people developing a keen appreciation for technology and what it promises for mankind; an unfortunate concomitant of these innovations in many parts of the world, though, has been an intensive assault on the globe's ecosystem in an effort to bring emerging nations into line with the productivity being experienced in the developed nations of the world. As a result, a debate over whether or not technology threatens the integrity of the global ecosystem has emerged in recent years, and pundits warn that…
Anton, Philip S., James Schneider and Richard Silberglitt. The Global Technology Revolution:
Bio/Nano/Materials Trends and Their Synergies with Information Technology by 2015.
Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 2001.
Bjornerud, Marcia. (1997). "Gaia: Gender and Scientific Representations of the Earth." NWSA
architects in the 21st century is the issue of sustainability. Not only is there no consensus opinion on how to approach the issue of sustainability in academic circles but there is also no formula of integrating sustainability into architectural curriculum (Wright, 2003). This deficiency underscores an even more stressing problem, however: as Edwards and Hyett (2010) note, "the techniques and technologies of green design are now generally understood -- what is still lacking is an architecture profession which gives priority to ecological issues" (p. 5). In other words, there is no connection between the myriad academic approaches and the professional architectural life. Wheeler (2015) asserts that this issue is due to an inadequate definition of sustainable architecture. In the capitalistic, consumerist global environment of the 20th century, the concept of preservation and connectivity to nature was largely overshadowed by corporate demand and higher margins.
Yet the end of the 20th…
About SsD. (2016). SsDArchitecture. Retrieved from http://www.ssdarchitecture.com/about/
Botsman, R. (2010). What's Mine is Yours: The Rise of Collaborative Consumption.
Bovill, C. (2014). Sustainability in Architecture and Urban Design. NY: Routledge.
Some companies, perhaps sensing a business opportunity, have tried to use the green textile movement to their advantage. DuPont and other chemical companies have targeted a potentially hopeful resource for the future in the form of enzymes, which can be very effective in fiber preparation, pre-treatment and value-added finishing as catalysts. Because enzymes work "even under mild conditions and do not require the high energy input often associated with chemical processes," they offer a more ecologically friendly way to treat fabrics than harsh formaldehyde or chlorine ("Textiles and leather," Industrial Sustainability, 2007).
It may sound paradoxical that enzymatic chemicals can make the industry more sustainable. Another paradox of the industry is that natural fibers such as cotton and hemp may not be as eco-friendly as one might expect. For example, in the United States, about a third of a pound of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are required for the process…
Dadd, Debra Lynn. "Textile Recycling." Worldwise. 2007. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.dezignare.com/newsletter/recyclingtextiles.html
Market Transformation and Sustainability." Institute for Market Transformation to Sustainability. 2007. 11 Oct 2007. http://mts.sustainableproducts.com/
Projects and Outreach." GreenBlue. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.greenblue.org/activities_lead.html#STS
Sustainability in textiles: An Overview" the Worsted Witch. 26 Apr 2006. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.worstedwitch.com/?p=147.
Waste Crisis in Campania, Italy
Since early 1990s to late 2000s, the Italian government issued a formal State of Emergency in the region of Campania, south-west Italy because of the saturation of regional waste treatment facilities. During this period, there was huge evidence including a study by World Health Organization that showed increased accumulation of legal, illegal, urban and industrial waste, which in turn contaminated water, air, and soil. The contamination was brought by a series of toxic pollutants from the waste including dioxins. This case provides significant insights regarding sustainability and demonstrates various ecological economics sustainability concepts. Moreover, this case study raises some sustainability challenges or questions that are helpful when considering environmental sustainability.
Synopsis of the Case
Campania region in south-west Italy was under a formal State of Emergency for nearly 14 years i.e. between 1994 and 2008 (Civil Society Engagement with Ecological Economics, 2010). This emergency was…
Barker, T. (2013, March 6). What is Ecological Economics, as Distinct from the Neoclassical Environmental Economics? Retrieved October 25, 2016, from http://www.camecon.com/Libraries/Downloadable_Files/Ecological_Economics-Barker2013.sflb.ashx
Civil Society Engagement with Ecological Economics. (2010). The CEECEC handbook: ecological economics from the bottom-up. CEECEC, Belgium.
Ask them why they have been unsuccessful so far.
Contact the relevant local government officials (this may be difficult but I expect you to try) you can do it by phone, and ask them if it would be possible to initiate these programs. They will probably say no. If so, ask them why. If possible, try to let them know that it has been successfully initiated elsewhere.
If the advocacy groups and the government officials differ in their explanations as to why the program has not been initiated, make sure to highlight that.
Finally, the paper will be submitted through turnitin.com please do not plagiarize. And about the sources they should include books, journal articles, newspapers etc. .at least 4 must be scholarly…
Fast Food Nation" is an excellent treatise on the growth of the fast food business in North America. Schlosser points out many of the serious concerns that have arisen with our newest eating habits and dietary choices. Today, one of the most dangerous epidemics we are witnessing is growing obesity among the young. This can be directly attributed to our 'fast food' fetish Schlosser also explains the disconcerting 'short cuts' being taken to meet the high-demand for this high-speed "eat-on-the-run" lifestyle. After reading this book, you will think twice before you ever again drop in to that local 'burger' joint for lunch or dinner.
It is interesting how we seem to be prepared to sacrifice every aspect of our requirements for survival. First we polluted the air, then the water, then the soil, and now we are tampering with and threatening our food supply. Maybe humans are actually…
This practically also pays big dividends for manufacturers as they continue to strive to keep their Energy STA Compliance ratings on products, leading to lower costs for power supply, electrical system integration and less product wear due to more efficient use of energy. Studies also indicate that Energy STA compliance, when designed in as part of the DfE initiatives in a PLM system, can have an exceptionally high accumulative impact as well (Preston, 2001).
Integrating DfE into PLM frameworks then not only alleviates the unnecessary and often high costs of noncompliance to federal and global mandates, this integration has also been shown to reduce the net amount of new product components necessary, further creating higher levels of reliability in products over time (Mascle, Zhao, 2008).
There are many additional benefits to integrating DfE product development practices into the broader PLM frameworks manufacturers use for designing, launching, managing and discontinuing products.…
Abramovici, M. (2007). Future trends in product lifecycle management (plm). Springer-Verlag Publishing, London, UK. (pp. 665-674).
Mike Adami-Sampson. (2007, February). Design for environmental compliance. Control Engineering, 54(2), 12-14.
Vidhi A Chaudhri. (2006). Organising Global CSR: A Case Study of Hewlett-Packard's e-inclusion Initiative*. The Journal of Corporate Citizenship,(23), 39-51.
Deathe, A., MacDonald, E., & Amos, W.. (2008). E-waste Management Programmes and the Promotion of Design for the Environment: Assessing Canada's Contributions. Review of European Community & International Environmental Law, 17(3), 319-334.
Based upon these results, Kasser posed the question as to what other values advanced by capitalist society were linked low levels of mental and physical health, such as maintaining a strong social image. He tested the links between aspirations to financial success, the need for social esteem, and image-related concerns in his next study. Social image was measured by ranking such statements high as: "Your name will be known by many people; You will be famous; You will be admired by many people." Valuing an 'appealing' appearance involved agreeing with statements about having an attractive image and successfully hiding the effects of aging as important values. In this second round of surveys, extrinsic drivers such as money, fame, and materialism all seemed to be linked as a 'cluster' of aspirations found in persons who also ranked high in anxiety and depression and low in vitality and levels of self-actualization.
Activism. Tim Kasser Website. April 4, 2010. http://faculty.knox.edu/tkasser/activism.html
Aspiration Index. Tim Kasser Website. April 4, 2010.
According to the 2014 Annual eport, Tassal recorded a decline in revenues for the 2014 fiscal year. However, it improved the net income and EPS, so the performance was not all bad. The company was able to lower its gearing ratio as well, and increased its net assets. Thus, performance was mixed, but there is still concern about the declining revenue.
Since revenues are one of the biggest problems that Tassal has, finding new revenue streams is going to be one of the key strategic focal points. The company notes that among its challenges are to get product from Tasmania to markets, something that is difficult with fresh seafood. Processed and packaged seafood is more stable, but there are benefits to accessing distribution channels in the more populated areas of Australia. For example, the company has sought to acquire De Costi, which is a seafood company at…
Acheson, M. (2015). Tassal eyes big catch. The Advocate. Retrieved May 23, 2015 from http://www.theadvocate.com.au/story/2880357/tassal-eyes-big-catch/
Eco Daily (2015). Salmon farming fish waste impact on waterways falls 15pc, Tasmanian producer Tassal finds. Eco Daily. Retrieved May 23, 2015 from http://ecodaily.org/salmon-farming-fish-waste-impact-on-waterways-falls-by-15pc-tasmanian-producer-tassal-finds/
Tassal Group 2014 Annual Report. Retrieved May 23, 2015 from http://www.asx.com.au/asxpdf/20140926/pdf/42sh4t3fhld77c.pdf
preferences by countries can led to different forms of the challenges that they face and the strategies they choose to address these challenges. However, in an increasingly globalized world, many modern challenges are increasingly affecting the world's population as a whole; like climate change for example. Thus the next generations of challenges will require solutions that involve an unprecedented level of global collaboration. Furthermore, these challenges can be thought of in terms of social, economic, and environmental challenges. This paper will briefly outline three development challenges that are facing development in the 21st century.
Climate change, also known as global warming, is an environmental phenomenon that has attracted significant global attention in recent decades. This is arguably an issue that can be thought of as an existential issue. Climate change stands the potential not only to threaten many animal species around the world in a new global masses…
AFP. (2013, March 14). Chavez 'devil' speech recalled at UN tribute. Retrieved from Nation: http://www.nation.co.ke/News/world/Chavez-devil-speech-recalled-at-UN-tribute/-/1068/1719726/-/2omnx2z/-/index.html
Hanna, S., & Osborne-Lee, I. (2011). Sustainable economy of the ecological footprint: economic analysis and impacts. In V. Esteve, Ecosystems and Sustainable Development VIII (pp. 313-342). Southampton: WIT Press.
Harris, G. (2014, March 25). Borrowed Time on Disappearing Land. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/29/world/asia/facing-rising-seas-bangladesh-confronts-the-consequences-of-climate-change.html
Kabir, A. (2015, May 14). Democracy Departs From Bangladesh. Retrieved from The Diplomat: http://thediplomat.com/2015/05/democracy-departs-from-bangladesh/
The results of the index composition reflect that by analyzing only the elements mentioned above, both India and China rank higher than in the general HDI. In this sense, India is ranked 17 and China 18, as opposed to 119 and 89 respectively.
There are several aspects for this change. On the one hand, positive indexes were taken into account for both countries. For instance, the income in China is constantly improving, as China has a 76 ranking as opposed to 89 the general index. By comparison, this is also applicable to India, with a positive index of 87 as opposed to its general 119.
In terms of inequality China is relatively low as its ranking is 72 compared with the general one of 89. Therefore there is little difference largely because despite the constant developments in the economy the results of this development are not evenly spread and therefore…
Human Development Index. The Human development concept. Human Development Reports. 2010. Available at http://hdr.undp.org/en/humandev/
global warming seems clear. Europe has been sizzling for the last few summers, in buildings and in an infrastructure ill-equipped for sustained 90F degree weather. The polar ice caps are melting. The maple syrup industry, dependant upon the cold has moved from increasingly sultry Vermont to Canada. Weather systems are growing more severe, and there are greater seasonal fluctuations in temperatures as the climate becomes less stable. Finally, average global temperatures are eking up, slowly, year after year.
The difficulty of addressing the issue of global warming is that it requires a global effort. For one nation to have an environmentally friendly policy is ineffectual, as a single nation cannot clean the atmosphere of the entire globe, no matter how 'green' it becomes. This means that political enemies must compromise, even if they have other differences of policy. But the problem of the developing world remains. Nations like…
There would be no nectarines and tomatoes in the dead of winter, although when these foods were eaten in season, they would be healthier, tastier, and leave less of an ecological footprint. This would require a shift in approach to buying food, and perhaps require more canning, freezing, and preserving of foods than people might have done in the past. More cooking would also be necessary, given the smaller supply of foodstuffs. Produce might also be more expensive, given the more labor-intensive practices involved in pesticide-free farming.
ith the use of solar power for energy, people would no longer be able to live in a 24/7 society. Sunrise to sunset would define the day as it did so long in the past. This might make people happier, given the beneficial effects of sunlight -- it raises the mood, is full of Vitamin D, and is naturally energizing. But again, this…
Callenbach, Ernest. Ecotopia Imagined. Heyday Books, 1981.
Cool nights and warm days are needed to make syrup and the earlier warmth reduces the length of spring and limits the snow pack that moderates the temperatures of the trees during the evening. Said one sugarmaker: "It used to be you never tapped before the first week of March. Now you have to be ready February 15" (Bazilchuk, 2000). But Quebec's displacement of Vermont may not last long, if Canadian temperatures continue to rise. Also, global warming could also disrupt critical aspects of the Canadian tourism industry, such as skiing and tourists who come to see Canada's cold-weather sports and activities like ice sculpting, dog sledding, and the traditional crafts of its native peoples.
Finally, Canadians may suffer a culture shock as a nation in the coming decades "as global warming forces radical lifestyle changes involving their homes, their appliances, their workplace and their means of transportation" (DeSouza, 2006).…
Bazilchuk, Nancy. "Warming may threaten Vermont maples."
The Burlington (Vt.) Free Press. 14 March 2000. 15 Mar 2007. http://www.nasw.org/users/nbazilchuk/Articles/gwmaples.htm
De Souza, Mike. "Global warming will bring major culture shock, task force warns."
Can West News Service. 2006. 15 Mar 2007. http://www.canada.com/topics/news/national/story.html?id=1a8ec5a7-8305-408d-b1b5-98394220ecd6&k=39008
The evidence Gore presents comes from verifiable and reliable scientific sources. Furthermore, Gore and Guggenheim capitalize on the slide-show format, which makes the material seem somehow more believable than it would in a more sensationalistic format. A slide-show evokes images of university physics classrooms or keynote lectures given by visiting climate change experts. Even though Gore is not himself a scientist, he does come across as professorial and knowledgeable.
Gore underscores the need for both political and personal action. Global warming can be curbed through effective public policy, such as by government restrictions on factory emissions or increased funding for research and development of alternative energy sources. Gore does not try to distance global warming from politics and instead acknowledges the role of politicians in curbing global warming. Global warming is a political issue because only through policy changes can large-scale efforts be effective. Governments need also to form international…
Aligning current practices
Instead, to distinguish GM from both foreign and domestic competitors, "we are certainly in the process of creating a family of diesels which could be used in a light-duty application - i.e., 1500 Tahoes, Yukons and Escalades. And we very much believe in the diesel as one of the solutions to fuel economy issues. And we know that with a diesel we could get these vehicles to maybe 25, yes 25, miles per gallon, and with plenty of horsepower and torque." ("The Solstice's Proud Daddy: Interview ith Bob Lutz of G.M." 2005) But diesel should be only one prong of a solution to create newly innovative cars to meet environmental challenges and changing consumer desires, and these vehicles and sports cars like the Solstice do not address the desires of the core, middle-class consumer of fuel, which further research must explore, via GM's marketing and…
Brunell, Don. (10 Jun 2005) "As GM Goes, so Goes the Nation." Association of Washington Business. Retrieved 18 Oct 2005 at http://www.awb.org/cgi-bin/absolutenm/templates/?a=990&z=10
Fahey, John. (24 Aug 2005) "The Gas Guzzler Relief Act." Forbes. Retrieved 18 Oct 2005. http://www.forbes.com/home/manufacturing/2005/08/24/autos-fuel-cafe-cz_jf_0824fuel.html
Maynard, Michelle. (11 Oct 2005) "As Delphi Goes, so does GM?" Business. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/11/business/11delphi.html
The Solstice's Proud Daddy: Interview With Bob Lutz of G.M." (16 Oct 2005) Automobiles. The New York Times. Retrieved 18 Oct2005 httpp:/ / www.nytimes.com/2005/10/16/automobiles/16interview.slutz.html
4). Likewise, in the same article, Kay Martin of the Ventura County, California public works agency is quoted as saying, "From a macroeconomics or macro-environmental perspective, it just makes sense." The need to build an infrastructure for production of bio-fuels creates economic opportunities.
Of course, not everybody is so enthusiastic. To grow corn, diesel tractors are required to plant, fertilize and harvest it with substantial coal-fired electricity needed for the still. David Pemental, a professor who has done research and a leading opponent of ethanol, says corn ethanol is "unsustainable, subsidized food burning." He charges that most of the one billion dollars spent per year by federal and state governments goes to agribusiness (such as Archer Daniels Midland, a mega corporation) that already owns 35% of the market. He also claims that an acre yielding 7,110 pounds of corn will produce 328 gallons of ethanol. He estimates 140 gallons of…
Advanced Materials & Processes (2005). Industry insider: Automotive, 163 (5), May, 69-70.
Automotive Industries (2003). Fill'er up, 183 (5), May, 51-53.
Brown, D.C. (2004). Moving toward alternative fuel vehicles. Public Works, 135 (12) Nov, 34-7.
Deierlein, B. (2001). Alternative fuels: The race is on! Waste Age, 32 (8), Aug, 62-63, 67.
Organizational Behavior and Teamwork
Southwest Airlines, Inc. has become an example of notable success. One reason for its significant achievement is its application of Reinforcement Theory to its employees. These applications have resulted in a highly motivated workforce, which is intimately tied to Southwest's success among business leaders. Even so, not even Southwest can satisfy its employees' needs according to Maslow's Hierarchy; rather, Southwest can only give some raw materials for satisfying those needs.
Are Southwest Airlines Inc. leadership and policies fulfilling Maslow's Needs Theory stages?
Abraham Maslow's 5-stage needs theory, developed in the United States during the 1940's and 1950's (Chapman, Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, 2010), includes the following stages: biological and physiological needs; safety needs; belongingness and love needs; esteem needs; and self-actualization (Chapman, Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, 2010). The most basic needs that are basic to survival and are at the bottom…
Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Careers. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from www.thecoca-colacompany.com Web site: http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/careers/career_opportunities.html
Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Sustainability. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from www.thecoca-colacompany.com Web site: http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/ourcompany/index.html
Erdogan, B., & Bauer, T. (2010). Organizational behavior. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from students.flatworldknowledge.com Web site: http://students.flatworldknowledge.com/bookhub/study/4?e=
IWon. (n.d.). Careers. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from www1.iwon.com Web site: http://www1.iwon.com/home/careers/company_profile/0,15623,1310,00.html
Sustainability has been defined in many different ways, depending on the needs of the individual, organization and their ideological orientations. One common definition is: "living within the limits; understanding the interconnections among economy, society, and environment; [and] equitable distribution of resources and opportunities" ("Definitions of sustainability," Sustainable measures, 2012). Taking only what you need from the planet and giving back as much as you can in the form of recycling, reusing, and giving careful consideration to the stress that you put upon the earth's resources are all part of living a sustainable lifestyle.
From the perspective of my profession as a marketer, it is important for me to take note of concerns about sustainability because if customers are worried about their environmental impact, than I must be worried about it. Customers are attracted to the idea that they can both consume and be 'green' the same time. However,…
"Definitions of sustainability." Sustainable measures. [9 Sept 2012]
Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Activities
For most of the developing countries tourism industry is playing a very important role in boosting their economies. In 2004, it was found out that Asia Pacific was one of the fastest growing tourism regions (Cruey, 2005). According to WTO, up to 3% of world's tourism market is made up of Thailand, Indonesia, India and Sri Lanka. It was in 1970's that the development of Thai international tourism started (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). Tourism industry accounts for 5.1% of Thailand's National Gross Domestic Product (Tourism Authority of Thailand, 2009). For the purpose of providing a proper development direction, the National Economics and Social Development Plan (NESDP) served as a guide (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). The result of the survey which was conducted by the Universities of USA and Thailand, showed that Thailand stood on the first place as best hospital city for all the…
Blamey, R.K. (2001). Principles of ecotourism. In Encyclopedia of Ecotourism, Weaver D (ed). CAB International: Wallingford, England; 5 -- 22.
Brass, J.L. (1997). Community Tourism Assessment Handbook. Western Rural Development Centre, Utah State University, ed.
Business Day, (2005). Tourist Sector Wins 3.65BN Baht Budget. [Electronic bulletin board], February 24, 2005.
Carter, R. And Fabricius, M. (2007). UNWTO Conference in Topic is Creating campetitve advantage for your destination, Budapest, UNWTO Consultants (TEAM tourism Consulting).
Green Marketing: Legend, Myth, Farce or Prophesy?
This article reviews the popularity of many businesses embracing the concept of "green marketing" as it became popular in the early 1990s after being in existence since the 1970s as a way to move toward sustainability. By the mid-1990s; however, the response from consumers did not live up to earlier market research projects and some major opted to discontinue their green brands of certain products. This has led to the disillusionment of consumers and the slowdown in the amount of new "green" products that have been introduced into the market since the 1990s.This raises the question of whether "green marketing" has failed or is it a concept that the world was not ready for to begin with (p. 357).
The authors examine how the green marketing theory has been practiced in the 15 years using the methodology used in King's 1985 article,…
Plantar's business model. What are its strengths and weaknesses?
Plantar is a raw materials company, focusing on forest management, tree plantations, and the production of pig iron from those materials. By taking the raw materials to manufacture pig iron while also engaging in reforestation, Plantar created a sustainable business model. Plantar also provides a wide range of forestry services as they diversified, from nursery administration to timber supply management. Pig iron was only one of the many areas Plantar was engaged in, but became an important part of the overall business model. As a dedicated pig iron plant, Plantar contributed to the burgeoning pig iron industry in Brazil. The business also operated with a "on the spot" purchasing model in which, unlike other commodities, did not depend on external buyers purchasing futures. Instead, the pig iron would be purchased on the spot by the buyers. Prices could also be negotiated…
A history of a typical American meal
When a typical consumer purchases a rib-eye steak for dinner, he or she will pay far less than his or her grandfather did for the same cut of meat. This is because of the efficiencies generated by the commercial meat industry. While the cow will begin its life in a manner similar to that of cows of the past -- by the side of his or her mother on a ranch -- that will quickly change. "Cows raised on grass simply take longer to reach slaughter weight than cows raised on a richer diet, and the modern meat industry has devoted itself to shortening a beef calf's allotted time on earth" (Pollan 2002). On a factory farm, cows are quickly weaned from their mother and fed a corn-based diet or 'finished' on corn while they are held in pens. Instead of…
Big dairy enters the era of big data. (2012). Businessweek. Retrieved:
Bittman, Mark. (2008). Rethinking the meat guzzler. The New York Times. Retrieved:
S. production value. Exports account for approximately half this amount (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). Figure 2 portrays three views of bamboo. One: A bamboo forrest; Two: A bamboos shoot; Three: A bamboo grove walkway.
Figure 2: Three Views of Bamboo (adapted from Stickman).
As bamboo production levels have risen, the amounts of raw materials needed to facilitate the production have simultaneously increased. The bamboo industry in Anji predominantly harvests bamboo from plantations, as it primarily grows a fast growing and easily cultivated, bamboo species, locally known as "maozhu" or "moso bamboo" (phyllostachys heterocycla) (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). .
Currently in Anji, the cultivation of moso bamboo encompasses 60% of the forest area, with the percentage rising as plantations expand. Along with the hefty production of bamboo, the intense cultivation bamboo industry uses mammoth amounts of fertilizers and pesticides; which contributes to negative environmental effects. In reference to the bamboo production…
Applegate, Ed and Johnsen, Art. Cases in advertising and marketing management: real =
situations for tomorrow's managers Plymouth, United Kingdom: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007. Print.
Adhikary, Nripal. "Treatment Process." Abari Adobe and Bamboo Research Institute. 2009.
Web. Available at: . 09 October 2009.
LED Bulb - Marketing Plan
Marketing Situation Analysis
Implementation, Controls, and Evaluation
LED technology has made many breakthroughs in recent years. The most notable of which is its level of cost effectiveness. However, the initial investment required to implement LED light bulbs still exceeds the alternative market choices. Yet the total cost of ownership offers consumers sizable gains. The market segment that this marketing plan is catered to is composed of industrial firms who purchase items in quantity as well as consider such items as the total cost of ownership. It is reasonable to suspect that this segment will be the most receptive to LED technology.
Rationale for Research
LED lighting solutions were chosen because this technology represents the future of lighting. The LED bulbs offer better quality of lighting, have a much longer lifecycle, and require is significantly reduced amount of…
Angelie, A., 2010. Will LED Light Bulbs Best Your CFLs and Incandescents?. [Online]
Available at: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/will-led-light-bulbs-best-cfls-and-incandescents [Accessed 8 August 2011].
CO2 Now, 2011. Earth's CO2 Home Page. [Online]
Available at: http://co2now.org / [Accessed 8 August 2011].
This entity follows the California Clean Air Act and the Federal Clean Air Act so that it is responsible for air monitoring, permitting, enforcement, long-range air quality planning, regulatory development, and education and public information activities with regard to air pollution.
A more recent concern has developed as the first cruise ship to enter Monterey ay since 1966 caused environmental groups to demand increased protection for marine sanctuaries and to increase regulation of the cruise ship industry. The water around Monterey ay has also been affected by sewage spills at local beaches, leading to viral and bacterial contamination. In 2000, four Monterey County beaches were closed because of sewage spills, and twenty-five warning advisories were issued. In 2001, there was one beach closure and eleven advisories. It has also been found that there is inadequate storm pipe maintenance in cities on the Monterey peninsula.
The California Ground Squirrel is a…
Burde, John H. And George a. Feldhamer. Mammals of the National Parks. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.
Environmental Impact Analysis." San Benito County 2005 RTP EIR (2005).
Castillo, Edward D. A Short Overview of California Indian History (1998). http://www.nahc.ca.gov/califindian.html .
Cato, Paisley. "Spermophilus beecheyi." San Diego Natural History Museum (2007), http://www.sdnhm.org/fieldguide/mammals/sper-bee.html .
However, animals or human intervention are often needed to achieve seed dispersal over long distances (Czarnecka, 2005). Hurricanes are also responsible for transport of seeds over long distances (Czarnecka, 2005).
Grasslands were found to consist of a mosaic pattern where dense clusters of a single plant form. This suggests that seed rain around the plant is the primary seed dispersal process at work in these areas (Czarnecka, 2005). Wind may help to spread species to new patches, but the primary seed dispersal mechanism would be likely to be seeds falling to the ground. Compared to brush lands, the dominant species were within the Carex family. The dominant species in the brush lands was Origanum vulgare. Seed dispersal by anemochore dominated in the grasslands, with nearly 43% of the plants using this methods exclusively. Among brush land plants, dispersal by plants that depended on animals for dispersal, either by eating the…
Au, N., Corlett, R., & Hau, B. (2006). Seed rain into upland plant communities in Hong Kong, China. Plant Ecology. 186 (1), 13-22.
Czarnecka, J. (2005). Seed dispersal effectiveness in three adjacent plant communities xerothermic grassland, brushwood, and woodland. Ann. Bot Fennici. 42: 161-171.
Elsa, W., Lee, B. Hau, C., & Corlett, R. (2005). Natural regeneration in exotic tree plantations in Hong Kong, China.
Forest Ecology and Management. 212 (1-3), 358-366.
There are many other types of bass, but this fish has a remarkable color which distinguishes it from the other fish. When the fish is raised in commercial and sport fisheries, they have to get a supply of clean water. Like many other types of invertebrates, amphibians and fish, these fishes are also susceptible to pollutants in soil and chemicals in the system. This is a vulnerability of the system, and the loss of any species will in turn affect other species which depend on them. In certain states like Iowa, there is a lot of runoff from the farms containing a lot of chemical fertilizers or manure. These lead to a large population of algae. This will increase the supply of oxygen in the water during day, but will cut down the supply at night, and kill fish like these to die. Yet the system corrects its own difficulties…
In a Reservoir Receiving Heated Effluent from a Reactor. Retrieved at http://www.uga.edu/srel/Reprint/0335.htm . Accessed on 7 June, 2005
Iowa Waterways. Retrieved at http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/IAN205.pdf . Accessed on 7 June, 2005
Largemouth bass. Retrieved at http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/fishweb/2367.html. Accessed on 7 June, 2005
Largemouth Habitat. Retrieved at http://www.uwm.edu/People/jraiello/final/content/habitat/largemouthhabitat.htm . Accessed on 7 June, 2005
Corporate Social esponsibility and Environmental Ethics
Abstract/Introduction -- No one can argue that the international business community is becoming more and more complex as a result of globalism. In turn, this complexity is driven by an increasing understanding of sustainability, going "green," and bringing ethical and moral philosophy into the business community. British Telecom, for instance, noted in 2007 that it had reduced its carbon footprint by 60% since 1996, setting itself a target of 80% reductions by 2016 (Hawser, 2007). Francois Barrault, CEO, BT Global Services, said that by supporting sustainability his company hoped not only to reduce its carbon footprint but also to attract younger people who prefer to work for environmentally and socially responsible companies. He didn't always think that way, though. Barrault said that when he first met former U.S. vice president and environmental activist Al Gore, who showed him pictures of icecaps melting, he thought…
Career Services. The University of Edinburgh. Retrieved from:
Corporate Social Responsibility in the Global Supply Chain.. APEC
Human Resources Development Working Group. Retrieved from: http://hrd.apec.org/index.php/Corporate_Social_Responsibility_in_the_Global_Supply_Chain.
Use energy sound furniture; find ways to share resources when possible.
The copy-machine is a deadly waster -- try to publish as much as possible electronically (memos, presentations, etc.).
Chapter 7 -- Greening Your Products and Services- This is the face, and the crux, of the green company. Changes in philosophy and policy will help the environment internally, but to really "go green," the company must product a green or eco-friendly product. Within this, it is important to examine the product life-cycle at every step and green accordingly. Similarly, the supply chain needs to be green -- it does not work to have green practices but purchase materials made with toxins or in countries that use non-sustainable products or labor. It is, therefore, possible that some companies may face a very tough decision in discontinuing some of its products, and developing new ones, depending on the eco-audit process. In some…
As the road is being laid the fumes from the chemical materials and the concussive force of the construction equipment are devastating to local wildlife (Forman & Alexander, 1998). The result, is displaced organisms which ultimately put increased pressure for food, land, and water on other ecosystems. The extent of these ripple effects are still yet to be fully known.
In instances where above or below ground water supplies must be altered in order to make way for a new road system the effects are if anything more dire. When laying the bed of a road, it is nearly impossible to prevent a percentage of the chemicals used in the road surface itself from leeching into the soil (Forman & Deblinger, 2000). When in the presence of water those toxins are carried the course of the water supply affecting all of the vegetation and wildlife which it comes into contact…
Test Results: "Total Cost Accounting course and Test" located at http://teexcit.tamu.edu/tca / (Total Cost Accounting online course and test).
Bakshi, B.R., Landers, .F., Singh, S., Merugula, L.A., Mishchenko, O., and Fiskel, J. (2012, November 2). Accounting for ecosystem services in life cycle assessment by co-LCA: Advances in methodology and software. Paper to be presented at the Annual Conference of the 11th Global Congress of Process Safety on April 2015 in Austin, Texas.
The authors explain the role of ecosystem goods and services in the support of economic activities, and the relation of the use of ecosystem goods and services to sustainability. The variety of ecosystem goods and services is broad, however, most sustainability methods have not considered their contribution well. Consider that these are all ecosystem goods or services that play a role in sustainability: 1) The provisioning of water, food, and biomass; 2) the regulation of pests…
Ecological accounting is a particular version of external reporting that focuses on the conversion of monetary environmental costs to physical flows. The practicality of this approach to accounting is that environmental impacts are expressed in terms of measures of emissions and discharges. The value-add of products and services is countered by using ecological accounting, which attempts to measure the ways in which products or processes generate pollution.
The author discusses three areas related to internal reporting: 1) Pollution prevention and product costing; 2) pollution prevention and planning; and, 3) pollution prevention and performance assessment. A substantive issue for an increasing number of industries -- particularly in the European Union where environmental regulations are stricter than they are in the United States -- is the life cycle recycling requirements in which manufacturers are responsible for the end product when the useful -- original intended -- life ends. Many companies now must attend to the life cycle costing and life cycle analysis for products they have produced. Life cycle costing incorporates measures of product costs for research and development, acquisition of raw materials, actual manufacturing, transportation of finished goods, usage by consumers or supply chain, and, ultimately, disposal.
As the author clearly states: "The major point of life-cycle costing is that there are many costs incurred before and after manufacturing that do not get charged to the product using conventional costing systems" (Lanen, 1994, p. 4). Life-cycle analysis enables the inclusion of costs associated with liabilities in phases far from the actual period of manufacturing. Future issues include consideration of the relation between market valuation and liabilities, and the effect of disclosure policies on costs.
Environmental Risk Assessment
Over the last several years, a wide variety of businesses have been focusing on the impact that they are having on the environment. Part of the reason for this, is because many firms are realizing that the footprint they are leaving can have an effect on the ecological balance for a particular region. A good example of this can be seen with Wal Mart. In this case, the various changes in the way they package different products could save: 3,800 trees, 1,000 barrels of oil and result in reduced costs for the company. (Kee, 2010, pp. 110 -- 118) This is significant because, it is illustrating how this approach is highlighting the way an environmental compliance risk assessment program can: save corporations money and reduce their effects on the ecosystem. To fully understand the full impact of this requires conducting a risk assessment involving a specialty apparel…
Kee, L. (2010). Green Retailing. California Management Review, 52 (2), 110 -- 118.
Seong, J. (2010). Comparative Efficiencies. International Journal of Logistics Management, 21 (3), 490 -- 509.
Zvi, I. (2011). Are You Too Soft. Minnesota Journal of Law, Science and Technology. 12, 527 -- 539.
In a report on recent research in this area, Hickman (2008) states that, "Although the public recycle newspapers and bottles, only one eighth of clothes are recycled through charity shops
About 70 per cent goes straight to landfill or incineration" (Hickman). This is telling example, of the way that Fast Fashion can affect the environment.
The fact that these fashions are relatively cheap means that they are more easily discarded that would be the case with more expensive garments. Furthermore, the finding that almost all discarded Fast Fashion is not ecologically processed in an environmentally friendly way is a central factor that will be explored in detail.
The same study by Hickman referred to above contributes to the overall picture of the potentially negative outcomes of Fast Fashion in countries like the United Kingdom. " aste volumes from the sector are high and growing in the UK with the advent…
ANALYSIS: Do consumer concerns threaten fast fashion? 2007. 9 Feb. 2008 http://www.just-style.com/article.aspx?ID=98337
Antonides, G. & van Raaij, W.F. Consumer Behaviour: A European Perspective, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. 1998
Betts K. Margareta van den Bosch. Style & Design, Vol. 170, 2007.
Cheap Fashion, Fast Fashion. 9 Feb. 2008. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blast/art/articles/cheap_fashion_fast_fashion.shtml
Another case study, this one by Cole (2011) examines the cultural and community impacts of tourism, both sustainable and unsustainable, on specific cultures in Indonesia. Cole concludes as well that in order to help keep the cultural and community influences and positive attitudes intact, it is important to consider the local community as a major stakeholder in the sustainability of a tourist destination. Cole states in her article, "ourism has the potential to empower communities and the sustainable tourism agenda needs to focus on how to bring this about. As the case study illustrates, understanding tourists and tourism processes is the first stage to empowering the local community to make informed and appropriate decisions about their tourism development. Considerable investments are required in communication and trust building between the actors in tourism. his paper examines how action research, focus groups and the creation of a tourism forum can be concrete,…
These are the questions which are very difficult to answer, but in order to have a maintained tourism system they plays an important role.
Moreover, the use of term "itself" is confusing for a sustainable tourism. Alternative tourism, 'soft' tourism, ecotourism, and 'green' tourism are the types of tourism which can be used with sustainable tourism which is a high class branch of tourism. The story behind tourism in 1919, about 664 million tourists were present, and those who were known as mass tourism were approximately 80%. Development of sustainable tourism is affected by the differences in between mass tourism and sustainable tourism (Berno and Bricker, 2001).
If one can make a difference between 'good' tourism (best known as the alternative forms of tourism) and 'bad' tourism (particularly mass tourism) then sustainable tourism can appear as disruptive force in the society (Swarbrooke, 1999). To confuse ecotourism with sustainable tourism can give a bad result because all sustainable tourism does not take place at natural area and not all types of ecotourism are sustainable. According to Wall (1997), as the mass tourists might not prefer to visit threatened remote areas, their demand may be lesser than that of
They goal for globalization is to increase material wealth and the distribution of goods and services through a more international division of labor and then, in turn, a process in which regional cultures integrate through communication, transportation and trade. The overall theory is that if countries are tied together cooperatively economically, they will not have needed to become political enemies (Smith 2007). Notice the continuum here -- globalization, like modernization, is a process, but a process that insists movement from A to B. is not only desirable, but necessary to become part of the Global Club. hile this is primarily an economic determinant, nothing exists in a vacuum. Therefore, economics drive technological, social, cultural, political, and even biological factors. And, with this exchange of paradigms, there is transnational circulation of ideas, languages, popular culture, and communication through acculturation. Typically, we see the movement of globalization moving into the developing world…
Achebe, C 2000, Home and Exile, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Adams, W 2006, The Future of Sustainability: Re-THinking Environment and Development in the 21st Century, viewed December 2011, http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/iucn_future_of_sustanability.pdf
Aristotle VII, 'Politics', pp. 1339a 29-30.
Bartlovich, C, Mannur, A (eds.) 2001, Marxism, Modernity and Post-Colonial Studies, Cambridge University Press, New York.
Although the research tools provided by the ISO 14001 framework are both qualitative and quantitative, this approach is consistent with the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who points out that, "Both qualitative and quantitative research use several specific research techniques (e.g., survey, interview, and historical analysis), yet there is much overlap between the type of data and the style of research. Most qualitative-style researchers examine qualitative data and vice versa" (p. 16). Indeed, researchers have used qualitative and quantitative surveys to assess consumer reactions to proposed environmental initiatives at the local level (Neuman, 2003).
In fact, quantitative and qualitative research methods are characterized by a number of similarities that lend themselves to environmental systems analyses and development (as well as some differences) (Neuman, 2003). The distinct differences in the qualitative and quantitative research suggest that the use of quantitative data for environmental system development is highly appropriate, but that such…
Bonlac Foods. (2012). Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from http://investing.business week.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=883342.
McComb, S. (2010). Green building & green business informatics tool. Elusor. Retrieved from http://www.environmentalaccountingtools.com/magazine/tag/building.
Recardo, R. & Jolly, J. (1999). Organizational culture and teams. SAM Advanced Management
Journal, 62(2), 4-5.
My organization is the edwoods Group, which is a specialized insurance provider. The company states its core purpose is to serve others, and its focus is to keep kids safe. They note that solutions to many problems are "often inconvenient for those used to doing things a particular way" and that edwoods "engages in uncomfortable conversations with people who are not ready to face these issues: public officials, educators, philanthropists, social service and business leaders" (edwoods Group 2013 eport). The company's main business is that of an insurance company, and as a risk consultant. In these roles, edwoods insures YMCAs, camps and community groups. Providing insurance to these bodies, edwoods is not strictly focused on profit-taking, but rather providing the insurance at a level that finances edwoods but otherwise the lack of profit-taking allows it to undercut other insurance companies in competing for non-profit insurance business. The company…
B Corporation (2014). The Redwoods Group. Retrieved June 5, 2014 from http://www.bcorporation.net/community/the-redwoods-group
Martin, Diane & John Schouten, 2012, "Sustainable Marketing," Prentice Hall, online.
MSN Moneycentral. (2014). Berkshire Hathaway. Retrieved June 5, 2014 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-price?symbol=BRK/A&ocid=qbes
Nager, Freddy, 2014, "Who cares and who matters: The 4Cs stakeholders analysis," in possession of the author.
The conflict resolution intended by this proposal would bring together
the interested parties in forum for discussion (rather than for the
competition of interests) on the subject at hand. By creating a moderated
forum for parties to pronounce their views on the issue, their vested
interests and the ideas about how to achieve resolution, we may ultimately
foster a mutual appreciation amongst engineers and scientists on a subject
which concerns all individuals equally. This mutual appreciation should
then foster a sense of compromise, with all participants recognizing that
the most can be gained where all parties are given the opportunity to
Foremost to this approach is the understanding that even where there
exists conflict and a stalemate between opposing viewpoints, there still
may be present a value in both (or multiple) viewpoints as well as in the
membership of the parties authoring such perspectives. Where scientists and
Sustainable Tourism Development
The aim of the essay is to gain an understanding of the rational and different approaches to tourism planning and development, sustainable tourism, current issues and impacts of tourism.
The aim is to increase awareness of the need to plan and manage tourism destinations within an international, national, regional, and local framework. Investigate current trends in planning for tourism development in a range of destinations. The stages in the planning process are discussed and apply theoretical models to practical case studies and site visits.
Understand the differing approaches to tourism planning and development and understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry (1000+ words)
Using the EBSCO article: The effectiveness of public policies and structural funds in enhancing tourism development.The case of Romania.
a) Discuss, using appropriate references, why a long-term approach is beneficial to destinations like Romania, and state the advantages to stakeholders…
Hence, the conflict for the London Olympics 2012 surface when the choice between the two developments had to be made. There was no denying that the city needed development but the choice was made to prepare and finish the Canary Wharf development first so as to have a good, sustainable and efficient mode of transportation that would lead the Olympic grounds to the main city. Once, the Canary Wharf was completed, the focus then turned towards the docklands. It was far more important to have the Canary Wharf structure up and ready for clear and trouble-free transportation structure during the London Olympics 2012.
Task 3B - Explain the implications of balancing supply and demand which will need to be considered in the Olympics development. You need to state why there is a need to balance the supply and suggest possible consequences if this is not considered by the planners:
Evaluation of the Canary Wharf advancement has actually been extremely polarized. A brand-new monetary center has actually been built and analyses recommend that 'every a-g 1 million of public sector expense produced net extra advantages in the Urban Advancement Location of 23 tasks, 8300 sq m of workplace flooring area, 7.8 real estate devices plus numerous various other varied perks' (Rhodes and Tyler, 1998:32 estimated in Hamnett 2003:242). However, criticism has actually concentrated upon the elimination of neighborhood democratic controls and the replacement of the existing populace by a brand-new, more thriving team of young experts. In between 1981 and 1991 Tower
Toms iver Township is a hub of the Jersey Shore. On October 29, 2012, "superstorm" Sandy hit the area, leaving widespread damage to property and infrastructure. A month after the storm hit, most of Toms iver homes are uninhabitable and businesses are far from returning to their "usual" operations. The mayor has been working closely with the state of New Jersey and federal agencies like FEMA, but requires the assistance of an experienced NGO like Acme Disaster Support Services (ADSS).
Goals of recovery include debris removal, restoration of infrastructure, essential services, and core structures, returning the community to a livable state as soon as possible so that residents and business owners may return, promoting resilience, and reducing future vulnerabilities. ADSS serves in a support and organizational role, focusing primarily on facilitating communication and coordinating recovery efforts and activities. While ADSS does not supply actual funding or resources, we will help…
Campanella, T.J. (2006). Urban resilience and the recovery of New Orleans. Journal of the American Planning Association 72(2).
"Introduction to Sustainability." Chapter 1.
Katz, A. (2012). One month after Sandy: Where the storm came ashore. Time. Nov 29, 2012. Retrieved online: http://nation.time.com/2012/11/29/one-month-after-sandy-where-the-storm-came-ashore/
Mission (2015). Retrieved online: http://FedExcares.com/learn/disaster_readiness_relief_and_recovery
To avoid all these hassles, corporates should take the lead. They should ensure that the environment is not harmed in any way and people are treated with respect and dignity without exploiting the people or the environment in any unfair way. Such initiatives get publicity too and this has a positive impact on the company's business interests. Therefore, technology has been another driving factor that induces companies to take the right steps to preserve and protect the environment and the people who depend on it.
Steps that should be taken by the company
Companies should have a clear strategy of how they are going to address their issues and this should be decided after taking into account its impact on the environment as well as its business interests. ecent years has seen more importance being given to shareholders and so company executives do everything possible to increase the returns for…
Melville, Nigel. (March 2010). Information Systems Innovation for Environmental Sustainability. MIS Quarterly. Vol 34(1). p1-21.
Livesey, Sharon; Hartman, Cathy; Stafford, Edwin; Shearer, Molly. (October 2009). Performing Sustainable Development through Eco-Collaboration. Journal of Business Communication. Vol 46(4). p423-454.
Bansal, Pratima. (March 2009). Corporate Social Responsibility: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 54(1). p182-184
Margolis, Joshua. Walsh, James. (June 2003). Misery Loves Companies: Rethinking Social Initiatives by Business. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 48(2). p268-305.
She also mentions the huge energy giant British Petroleum (BP) came up with some honest and effective marketing in its green promotions. And while it is laudable for an oil company to invest in green technologies, BP did it with "appropriate humility that admits its own guilt while setting the stage for conversion to alternative energy sources" (Ottman, 2002). Meantime she says to Exxon, "ake Up!" because Exxon was at that time running "green-themed" ads that spoke to the need to "find more oil."
In still another green marketing-themed article from Ottman, she writes in the publication in Business that while the George . Bush Administration "abdicates responsibility for a strong response to slowing down" global climate change, Bush's lack of leadership on the issue opened a "unique window of opportunity for America's advertisers and marketers" (Ottman, 2002). That advice to advertisers and marketers is this: using the same effective…
Bird, Lori, and Swezey, Blair. 2006. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status
Report (Ninth Edition). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Retrieved February 18,
2010 from http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy09osti/44094.pdf .
Business.Gov. 2009. Green Marketing Regulations. Retrieved February 20, 2010, from http://www.business.gov/expland/green-business/green-marketing/regulations.html .
Many businesses in this day and age seek to demonstrate stewardship and resolve to do business within a guideline of corporate social responsibility. In this quest many have chosen to focus on greening their business often including both procurement and manufacture, seeking to reduce the effect of their business on the environment. The different systems approaches that an organization can utilize to demonstrate more effective environmental sustainability are almost as varied as the companies themselves. The utilization of pollution prevention programs depends almost entirely on what it is a company does and what wastes they challenge to control. Additionally companies seek to demonstrate their compliance utilizing various accounting tools that are often made public and become incorporated in their systems designs. These designs will incorporate procurement, logistics, on demand manufacture, i.e. lean manufacture and many other possible systems designs to both demonstrate cost savings and produce a more…
Barrow, C.J. (2005). Environmental Management and Development. London: Routledge.
Eyeontransport, Green Logistics Forum "Download the Green Transportation & Logistics Global Report Now," at http://www.greenlogisticsforum.com/2008/free_report.shtml
Motavalli, J., & Harkinson, J. (2002, September/October). Buying Green: Harnessing the Incredible Procurement Power of Governments, Hospitals, Colleges and America's Biggest Corporations to Protect the Environment. E, 13, 26.
New, S., Green, K., & Morton, B. (2000). 3 Buying the Environment. In The Business of Greening, Fineman, S. (Ed.) (pp. 35-53). London: Routledge.
Financial Management - Personal Investment Decision for a Public Company
ationale for Toyota
Stock price analysis
Toyota Motor Corporation, which is recognized as is one of the most exhilarating productions in the automobile business these days. The company is one of the most economical corporations all over the world and has appreciated a record setting achievement for a very long time. In the previous years, the worldwide automobile industry has been overwhelmed by soaring gas prices, and hard-hitting environmental protection laws. With that even being said, it has not been a walk in the park for Toyota, but to no gain the company has been one of the most effective establishments so far. Toyota Motor Corporation has also been one of the manufacturing leaders in creating new and innovative technologies that take advantage of the productions existing barriers. There are a lot of things…
Bryce, H.J. (2007). "Financial and Strategic Management for Nonprofit Organizations." Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall,.
Campos, F. (2010). "As funding dries up, nonprofits must work harder.." Pacific Business News,, 34(8), 34-56.
Elliot, S. (2014). Toyota Motor Corporation. The New York Times, 34(9).
Herrold, C.Y. (2012). "How to Carve a Pie." Foundation News and Commentary,. Foundation News and Commentary, 41(4), 45-67.