Economic Problems Essays (Examples)

View Full Essay

Economics Problems From a Broader Perspective We

Words: 1057 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58392122

economics problems from a broader perspective, we need to apply macroeconomic principles. These principles help in understanding collective problems that various industry or countries are encountering and the role government can play in this connection. The paper studies current economic problems in the Transportation sector and explains how levels of supply and demand affect the demand curve.

MACOECONOMICS AND TANSPOTATION SECTO

Macroeconomics deals with economy on a larger scale and studies the principles of economics as they pertain to the whole industry and not just one firm. This helps in understanding national economic problems of inflation, unemployment, slow GDP growth, lower productivity etc. Therefore it is important to apply macroeconomics principles when we want to study and understand the problems being encountered by any economic system. For example in these days of slow growth, we notice that United States economic problems can be better understood in the light of macroeconomics…… [Read More]

References

Definitions of Economics, http://www.cr1.dircon.co.uk/TB/1/1.1.1.htm

Justin Fox, What In The World Happened To Economics? Fortune, 03-15-1999, pp. 90
View Full Essay

Economics UK Economy an Analysis of the

Words: 1009 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7591785

Economics

UK Economy

An analysis of the latest figures for key economic indicators and the factors which have affected these indicators. This should include the figures for unemployment, inflation and economic growth.

Unemployment

The unemployment rate is a very important indicator of the overall health of the economy. Currently the unemployment rate is at 7.8% (Office for National Statistics, 2012). However, this figure does not affect the population equally. Different segments of the population have different employment rates. Furthermore, the unemployment rate does not include people that are not actively seeking employment. In the chart these people are considered to be "inactive." Another interesting item listed in the report is that the unemployment rate for the youth demographic was falling due to a record number of 16 to 24-year-olds being enrolled in some type of educational program.

Employment in the UK has suffered from recession. In 2008 there was a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Financial Times, 2013. Question 3: Fiscal Policy. [Online]

Available at: http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/1115c770-545a-11e2-9d25-00144feab49a.html#axzz2IAShLpER

[Accessed 1 January 2013].

Kirka, D., 2011. UK recession fears grow as manufacturing drops. [Online]
View Full Essay

Economic Impact Study

Words: 2259 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36418522

Economic Impact Study: Students at Schreiner University

An economic impact analysis is designed to estimate both the direct and indirect effects on the economy that are associated with any given type of expenditure. In other words, an increase in the demand society has for a product sets in motion a series of various expenditures from the companies and organizations that provide what is needed to make that product. The parts and labor have to come from somewhere, so the economic impact is not just on the company from which the product was ordered, but on that company's suppliers and their suppliers, all the way down the chain. When it comes to services, though, such as would be seen with higher education, the economic impact analysis is somewhat different. Since the student is not ordering a good or a product of any kind from the school, there is more to the…… [Read More]

References

Joint Economic Committee. (2013). The causes and consequences of increasing student debt. United States Congress. Retrieved from http://www.jec.senate.gov/public/?a=Files.Serve&File_id=d7937b2f-e01c-4721-8b8b-09f5776725a1

Kadlec, D. (2013). Student loans are becoming a drag on the U.S. economy. Time Business & Money. Retrieved from  http://business.time.com/2013/10/18/student-loan-are-becoming-a-drag-on-the-us-economy/ 

Schreiner University. (2014). Schreiner.edu. Retrieved from  http://www.schreiner.edu/financialaid/value/index.aspx
View Full Essay

Economic Issues Regarding Greece and

Words: 928 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46109580

This will immediately decrease the funds of lending countries. And most importantly, this situation with the sovereign risk is not only characteristic to Greece, but to various other countries, including the United States. "More especially, the IMF is concerned that higher sovereign risk in countries like Greece can spill over to domestic banking systems and across borders, thereby triggering a second global economic crisis. It is also important to note that sovereign risk is not confined to Greece, but there are a number of other global more systemic important countries that fall into this category, including the world largest economy, the U.S.A." (All Africa, 2010).

In terms of the immediate impact, this would be most obvious within the neighboring Balkan countries. Greece is one of the largest investors in the Balkan region as well as one of the greatest donors. When its economic problems hit, the country's investments and donations…… [Read More]

References:

Fotiadis, a., 2010, Greek crisis impacts the Balkans, IPS, http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=50734 last accessed on June 22, 2010

2010, the World Factbook -- Greece, Central Intelligence Agency,  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gr.html  last accessed on June 22, 2010

2010, Will the Greece economic crisis affect Namibia? All Africa, http://allafrica.com/stories/201005170465.html last accessed on June 22, 2010

2010, Why Greece's economy should matter to everyone, Boston, http://www.boston.com/business/articles/2010/05/07/why_greeces_economy_should_matter_to_everyone / last accessed on June 22, 2010
View Full Essay

Economic Miracle Japan 1946-1973 Japan

Words: 2610 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3449384

Energy costs increased substantially and the yen's exchange rate was shifted to a floating rate. The eventual recession reduced expectations of future growth and reduced private investment. Economic growth went down from 10% to 3.6% during the period 1974-79 and to 4.4% in the decade of the 80s. ut despite the oil crisis and its consequences, Japan's major export industries stayed competitive through its cost-cutting policy and increasing efficiency. It reduced industrial energy demands and allowed the automobile industry, along with other industries, to improve. y the late 70s, the computer, semiconductor and other technology and information-intensive industries entered a period of rapid growth. During this high-growth era, exports continued to support Japan's robust economic growth in the 70s and in the 80s. However, the problems encountered on account of its growing balance of payments surplus urged for the opening of domestic markets and a stronger focus on domestic demands…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Answers.com. (2007). Shigeru Yoshida. 4 pages. Encyclopedia Britannica: Answers Corporation

Bernier, B. (1980). The Japanese peasantry and economic growth since the land reform of 1946-47. 40 pages. Vol 12 issue 1. Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars: Questia Media America, Inc.

Luu, L.T. et al. (1996). Summary report on Japan. Team # 6. Chinman: University of Hawaii..

Retrieved March 14, 2007 at http://www2/hawai.edu/~chiman/file2,htm
View Full Essay

Economics Hayek Argues Against Economic

Words: 851 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68105623

Producers do not want to produce too much, lest there be waste. Consumers do not want to spend too much, because their resources (for most people anyway) are inherently scarce.

Hayek makes the point about there being different types of knowledge. In his free market economy free from centralized planning, he argues that each individual has different knowledge -- each specializes. This allows the millions of people who are making economic decisions to have the ability to gather and process as much information as possible. ith more information, better decisions are made. By delegating decision-making to millions of economic actors, each operating within their own specific area of expertise, decisions are going to be better. They will be based on more information and more specialized knowledge to interpret that information.

He argues that economic planning inherently must be based on cycles, such that there is day-to-day adjustments. Such a situation…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Hayek, F. (1945). The use of knowledge in society. The American Economic Review. Vol. 35 (4) 519-530.
View Full Essay

Economic Events 1980-1989 the Decade of Greed

Words: 2753 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71798083

Economic Events: 1980-1989

the decade of greed. The era of onald eagan when the rich got richer and the poor got poorer. Despite this common wisdom, 1980 started off auspiciously. On May 8, 1980 the World Health Organization hailed "one of the century's greatest medical accomplishments," the final and total eradication of smallpox (Dickson 247). But how quickly times change - barely a quarter century has passed and this same disease is making headlines once again.

Attitudes change also. While many in this day and age would still agree that the 1980's was a selfish period in American history, a sea-change has occurred in the rhetoric issuing forth from Washington D.C. In a very fundamental way, party politics has been thrust aside as concerns for homeland security take precedence over petty partisanship. Michael Barone notes this in his analysis of a speech made by Democrat ichard Gephardt in the Summer…… [Read More]

References

Barone, Michael. "The loyal opposition." U.S. News and World Report. 13 June 2003. 14

March 2003 http://www.usnews.com/usnews/opinion/baroneweb/mb_020613.htm.

Case, Karl E., and Ray C. Fair. "Principles of Economics." Prentice Hall, Inc. Englewood

Cliffs, NJ 1992.
View Full Essay

Economics as My Intended Field

Words: 448 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92600647

Interestingly, it seems that this feature remains relatively constant regardless of the level of the socioeconomic spectrum. That is fascinating to anybody who comes from a foreign community where Americans are envied and believed to be so much more fortunate than many of us in the rest of the world.

Finally, in that regard, I also anticipate that studying the ethical issues and legal concepts that apply to economic practices, including the intersection between the private business sectors and government. From my perspective, it seems that there are many potential areas of study just in the manner in which the consumerism mentality in the U.S. fueled the housing market bubble and the ways that big business interests profited from those impulses at the macro level while, in effect, destabilizing the entire national economy. Likewise, at the micro level, there is much to learn from the practices of individual lending institutions…… [Read More]

My intended major is Economics, a subject in which I developed an interest in two very different ways. At the level of microeconomics, I have first-hand experience with the challenges of surviving alone in the United States as a self-dependent international student. On one hand, the U.S. offers many potential opportunities; on the other hand, economic survival for working students requires very responsible management of finances and resources. On the level of macroeconomics, I was both alarmed and fascinated by the manner in which the entire U.S. economy nearly collapsed in 2008, just as I was beginning to settle into life in the U.S. In addition to issues of the highly complex interrelationships among and between the business, investment banking, and housing sectors, the situation also highlighted important ethical issues that obviously must be addressed to prevent repeated economic catastrophes.

As a student of economics, I hope to develop a basic understanding of the classic fundamental principles in the field. However, I also hope to study some of the broader ways that economic issues affect and even shape contemporary human societies. Since coming to the U.S., I have learned that the American consumer economy is much more complex than I realized, especially in connection with the extent of consumer dependence on credit to fund higher lifestyles than might be sound economically. Interestingly, it seems that this feature remains relatively constant regardless of the level of the socioeconomic spectrum. That is fascinating to anybody who comes from a foreign community where Americans are envied and believed to be so much more fortunate than many of us in the rest of the world.

Finally, in that regard, I also anticipate that studying the ethical issues and legal concepts that apply to economic practices, including the intersection between the private business sectors and government. From my perspective, it seems that there are many potential areas of study just in the manner in which the consumerism mentality in the U.S. fueled the housing market bubble and the ways that big business interests profited from those impulses at the macro level while, in effect, destabilizing the entire national economy. Likewise, at the micro level, there is much to learn from the practices of individual lending institutions and real estate brokerages and their exploitation of individuals and families brought up on the American dream of home ownership. I hope that my introductory studies in economics will help me identify a more specific academic focus in an area that will allow me to establish a career, ideally in a field that might contribute to resolving some of the systemic economic problems in human societies.
View Full Essay

Economics the Labor Market Determines the Price

Words: 599 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76397866

Economics

The labor market determines the price of labor (wages) at an equilibrium level. The number of workers in the market will be determined in part by the opportunity cost of not working. Thus, lower wages will mean that more workers will be voluntarily unemployed. As the supply of workers falls, it becomes lower than demand. Thus, firms will increase the wages in order to bring more workers back into the workforce. The point of natural unemployment, where no workers are voluntarily unemployed, is the long-run equilibrium point.

Prices are related to the equilibrium point because the cost of workers will be factored into the price of goods. In addition, the price of goods will impact the opportunity cost of being unemployed. Short-run equilibrium is achieved at any point where the price of goods is sufficiently high as to lower the opportunity cost of being unemployed that, in combination with…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

No author. (2011). Labor markets and unemployment. University of Colorado. Retrieved February 1, 2011 from  http://www.colorado.edu/Economics/courses/econ2020/section5/section5.html
View Full Essay

Economic Instability and Ethnic &

Words: 2638 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7932585



Shift from Central Planning to Market Economy

The Turkish economy is in what might be termed semi-precarious health. It could certainly be worse, but also certainly be better. Since its birth as a nation-state into its current shape in 1923 in the wake of World War I, Turkey has operated a mixed economy, in which both state and private enterprise have contributed to economic development. (Indeed, it is arguable that all country's in the world today have a mixed economy; the United States may be a bastion for private enterprise but many workers also benefit from government money, such as the money awarded by the federal government to private companies in the form of defense industry contracts.) Since the end of World War II, the economy has been transformed from a predominantly agricultural one to one in which industry and services are the most productive and rapidly expanding sectors even…… [Read More]

References

Abramowitz, M. (ed.) (2001). Turkey's transformation and American policy. New York: Century Foundation.

Hershlag, Z.Y. (1998). The contemporary Turkish economy. New York: Routledge Kegan & Paul.

Howe, M. (2001). The Kurdish conflict in Turkey: Obstacles and chances for peace and democracy. London: Palgrave. http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov http://www.imf.org http://www.immigration-usa.com/wfb/turkey_economy.html http://www.rt66.com/~korteng/tudemog.htm

Ibrahim, F. (ed.) (2000). Turkey today: A nation divided over Islam's revival.
View Full Essay

Economics Politics Trade Geopolitical Base

Words: 7721 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22923523

For the period of the late 1960s and early 1970s, West Germany strived to assist the dollar. The United States and many other nations pushed West Germany to reassess so as to make up for the dollar excess. (Germany in the World Economy)

At last, after escalating waves of conjectures, the retton Woods system had a collapse in August 1971. All through the post-retton Woods period, the deutsche mark stayed under pressure. In order to relieve strain within Europe, West Germany and other European states assented to peg their currencies to a special system of comparatively narrow exchange rate bands officially named the 'European narrow-margins agreement' but unofficially identified as the 'snake'. The United States and West Germany performed main roles in attempting to organize a new global monetary system. but, in spite of its willingness to make small exchange-rate alterations for the benefit of new currency arrangements, West Germany…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Little German Reform Would Go a Long Way" (Dec 1, 2003) Business Week. Issue: 3860; pg. 22. Retrieved from home.uchicago.edu/~gbecker / Businessweek/BW/2003/12_01_2003.pdf Accessed on 24 November, 2004

Economic Survey - Germany 2004: Main issues and policy challenges"

Retrieved at http://www.oecd.org/document/17/0,2340,en_2649_201185_33633425_1_1_1_1,00.html. Accessed on 24 November, 2004

Economy of Germany" Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_GermanyAccessed on 25 November, 2004
View Full Essay

Economic and Constitutional Issues Surrounding

Words: 1016 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76555665



It is also argued that the insurance mandate is not constitutional since the government does not have the right to tell the United States citizens what products to purchase, even when these products are beneficial for them, and even less when the socio-economic impact of purchasing the respective items is questionable (Savage, 2009).

Arguments against changing the direction of the policy

Once again delaying any measures to restructure and resolve the two impending problems in the health care system (raising costs and insufficient coverage) does not constitute a constructive approach to resolving the impending problems

Aside the socio-economic problems it raises, the mandatory health insurance would ensure that all the U.S. citizens benefit at least from the basic health care services and this does not put tremendous strains on the federal budgets.

5. ationale of the suggestion to change the direction

Despite the benefits the mandatory health insurance would generate…… [Read More]

References:

Barnett, R., 2009, Is health insurance mandate constitutional? last accessed on June 18, 2010

Berger, J., 2009, a health insurance mandate that works like auto insurance? Think again, http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2009/09/14/health-insurance-mandate-works-like-auto-insurance-think / last accessed on June 18, 2010

Bihari, M., 2010, Mandated benefits -- understanding mandated health insurance benefits, http://healthinsurance.about.com/od/reform/a/mandated_benefits_overview.htm last accessed on June 18, 2010

Cowen, T., 2009, How an insurance mandate could leave many worse off, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/25/health/policy/25view.html last accessed on June 18, 2010
View Full Essay

Economic Democracy Comparing and Contrast

Words: 1653 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14869298

Instead Dahl
assumes the notion that it would be best to have "a system of economic
enterprises collectively owned and democratically governed by all the
people who work in them," meaning that he differs from the notions of Okun
and the Friedman's by proposing something radically different to promote
the ultimate goal of democracy (Dahl 92). Neither equality nor freedom is
necessary to fix the relationship between the economy and democracy, but
rather a completely different and even radical outlook on the relationship
between the economy and government can solve the dilemma. Furthermore Dahl
argues to how it is possible to retain the democratic principle within
firms, and prevent problems such as oligarchy. These notions in which the
economy becomes compatible with the political notions are completely
different than the Friedman's and Okun's notion that there lies a problem
with democracy. Dahl is even casting serious doubt on Tocqueville's long…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Economics Explain How an Understanding

Words: 736 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63694648



4. Jon opens a video-rental store. What factors should he consider in making his decision on what hours to operate each day? What hours would you recommend? Why?

The rule is that every business is different. Jon's video-rental store sells a specific product to a specific customer base; this means that the offer has to be tailored to the needs of the respective market. Elements which should be taken into consideration then include:

The working schedules of the target market

The preferences of the target market in terms of the times they want to watch the movies

The demographics of the target market

A proposed schedule is that of 1 PM opening hours and 12 PM closing hours during the week so that customers can rent their movies on their way from work. During the week-end, the store should be opened in the mornings so that customers can rent their…… [Read More]

References:

2010, Investopedia,  http://www.investopedia.com  last accessed on June 24, 2010
View Full Essay

Economic Impact of Regulation of Gambling

Words: 3091 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83923406

Economic Impact of Gambling

Along with "Wine, Women and Song," gambling was often considered a vice. Indeed, gambling has been a part of human civilization and culture since times immemorial. Gambling has paralleled human evolution. One can easily find instances of gambling in the ible and other historical references. Gambling can be defined as staking ones material possession for profit. In a broader definition, gambling can also be considered a pact where material profit is the ulterior motive. In modern times, perhaps incorrectly, gambling can be taken to mean any risk. As in "I 'gambled' on him (or her) doing this (or that)." For the purpose of this work, let's consider gambling in the narrow definition. Staking material possessions for profit. There are consequences to gambling. It can take forms of mild amusement. Or it can be a pathological condition. Indeed, gambling can result in injury to physical and emotional…… [Read More]

Bibliography

AmericanGaming.org. State of States: The Aga Survey of Casino Enterntainment 2002. 2002. AmericanGamingAssociation.org. Available:

http://www.americangaming.org/survey2002/ecconomic_impact/impact.html. August 23, 2003.

DeBerry, Jarvin, and Rhonda Bell. "Deadly Compulsion." Times Picayune Novermber 23, 1997: A1

Goodman, Robert. The Luck Business: The Devastating Consequences and Broken Promises of America's Gambling Explosion. New York: Free Press, 1995.
View Full Essay

Economic Issue Prevailing in the United States

Words: 893 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11698565

economic issue prevailing in the United States is that of rapid fiscal and monetary stimulus and its inflation implications. Currently, due in part to prevailing market conditions, governments have embarked on a path to massive fiscal ease. Governments, including the United States, Japan, Europe, and China have all engaged in massive stimulus operations. These operations are designed to help build consumer confidence while also enhancing the overall appeal of risky asset classes. For instance, the United States has kept interest rates near 0% for the past two years with an expectation of low interest rates until 2015. This low interest rate environment makes alternative assets such as stock, bonds, and real estate more attractive on a relative basis. High dividend paying stocks for instance, offer a yield of roughly 3% which is nearly double that of the 10-year treasury. These massive stimulus efforts however, have yet to enhance economic activity…… [Read More]

References:

1) Robert J. Gordon (1988), Macroeconomics: Theory and Policy, 2nd ed., Chapter 22.4, 'Modern theories of inflation'. McGraw-Hill.

2) Tobin, James, American Economic Review, march (1969), "Inflation and Unemployment
View Full Essay

Economic Downturn Causes and Outcomes

Words: 1753 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88938553

These include: the European Union, China, India, and Japan. Clearly, what many Americans perceive to be simply an economic problem in the United States, has far reaching effects around the globe.

orks Cited

Barba, R. "Centra Returns TARP Money." American Banker 173(65) 6 Apr 2009: p. 4. Business Source Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 27 Apr 2009 .

Crain, K. "It's All About Saving an Industry." Automotive News. 83(6348) 23 Feb 2009: p. 12. Business Source Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 27 Apr 2009 .

Fajt, M. "Iberiabank to Give TARP Infusion Back." American Banker 174(39) 27 Feb 2009: p. 20. Business Source Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 27 Apr 2009 .

Marino, J. "Red Planet." The Dealmaker's Journal. 44(4) Apr 2009: p. 38-65. Business Source Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 27 Apr 2009 .

McGreer, B. & Barba, R. "Here's Your…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barba, R. "Centra Returns TARP Money." American Banker 173(65) 6 Apr 2009: p. 4. Business Source Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 27 Apr 2009 .

Crain, K. "It's All About Saving an Industry." Automotive News. 83(6348) 23 Feb 2009: p. 12. Business Source Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 27 Apr 2009 .

Fajt, M. "Iberiabank to Give TARP Infusion Back." American Banker 174(39) 27 Feb 2009: p. 20. Business Source Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 27 Apr 2009 .

Marino, J. "Red Planet." The Dealmaker's Journal. 44(4) Apr 2009: p. 38-65. Business Source Complete. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 27 Apr 2009 .
View Full Essay

Economic Conservatism

Words: 624 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65356059

Politics and Libertarianism

According to the documentary "Liberty and economics" which focuses on the work of the economist Ludwig von Mises, the free market works in an ideal fashion because consumers can decide what they wish to buy in a free and unfettered manner. Von Mises' thought was heavily shaped by his experiences as a Jew living in Nazi Germany: he saw Nazism, socialism, and communism all as ideologies which attempted to deprive people of the ability to make decisions on their own terms. Von Mises believed that all economic problems were rooted in mismanagement by the government and centralized authority. He was a great advocate of the gold standard as a method of ensuring market independence. Von Mises was extremely unpopular because he condemned both fascism and communism as statism and contrary to liberty: conventional economic liberalism was very unpopular when he was writing and frowned upon as antiquated.…… [Read More]

References

Liberty and economics. Retrieved from:

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EpATNp5DjYI 

Tassel, J. On the road to serfdom. Retrieved from:

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xT0MqaWbwjo
View Full Essay

Economic Final Report

Words: 1491 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81471613

Economic Systems:

An economic system is basically described as specific set of principles that addresses the production, distribution, and consumption of products and services. The involved parties in the production, distribution, and consumptions processes are usually determined by or dependent on the economic system. Throughout the history of humanity, different types of economic systems have evolved because different societies have placed varying emphasis on distinctive goals and priorities as part of their efforts to obtain answers to certain economic questions. In addition, the difference in economic systems is fueled by the tendency by different societies to develop very broad economic approaches to manage their resources. One of the main reasons for the development of different economic systems is to address the challenge of scarcity. The challenge of scarcity is an essential problem that confronts individuals and nations. hile there are four major types of economic systems recognized by economists, there…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

"Economic Systems." Hilliard Bradley High School. Hilliard Bradley High School, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. .

"Factors of Production." Enotes.com - Study Smarter. Enotes.com, Inc., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. .

"Types of Economic Systems." Economic Systems. Shmoop University, Inc., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. .
View Full Essay

Economic Analysis of Australian Fruit and Vegetable

Words: 1277 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80873423

Economic Analysis of Australian Fruit and Vegetable Market

Severe flooding in Queensland in late 2010 and early 2011 "affected an area the size of France and Germany combined" (IBISWorld.com. January 2011. PP. 1), and contributed to massive spikes in fruit and vegetable prices across Australia on the order of 20 to 30% (The Sydney Morning Herald.com. January 11, 2011. PP. 1). Specific examples of these increases include: "broccoli jumping to $10 a kilo from $6" (The Sydney Morning Herald.com. January 11, 2011. PP. 1), "pumpkin tripling from $1.50 to $6 a kilo, and pineapple doubling from $28 to $56 a box" (Dagwell, Todd. January 25, 2011. PP. 1). These price increases provide a platform from which to conduct economic analysis regarding supply and demand issues, elasticity, and government measures to control price inflation.

Background

The Queensland flooding impacted Australian business and consumers, with the state producing 28% of the country's…… [Read More]

References

Dagwell, Todd. (January 25, 2011). Fruit, Vegetable costs Surge. NewCastle Herald.com.

PP. 1. Retrieved March 22, 2012 from http://www.theherald.com.au/news/local/news/general/fruit-veg-costs-surge/2056289.aspx#

IBISWorld.com. (January 2011). Queensland Floods: The Economic Impact.

IBISWorld.com. PP. 1-9. Retrieved March 22, 2012 from http://www.ibisworld.com.au/common/pdf/QLD%20floods%20special%20report.pdf
View Full Essay

Economic and Trade Development the

Words: 2664 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3379747

(Buchanan, 72)

The economic policy tools that were employed just after the war subsequently underwent some changes. From 1947 to 1950 direct controls on wages and distribution were eliminated followed by removal of trade controls in 1958. However, the government continued to maintain its hold over prices and credit distribution which made it different from many of its neighboring states in the postwar period. The French Ministry of Finance exerted greater control over the economy than the Bank of France. This led to a greater predilection to resort to devaluation when external equilibrium resulted due to the state failure to control incomes. In France, the period between 1945 and 1975 was known as the "thirty glorious years" because of the phenomenal economic performance. During this period, the average growth rate of GDP was around 6.8% which was quite remarkable considering that Britain's average GDP growth rate was 2.4% and Germany's…… [Read More]

References

Bathelt, Harald; Wiseman, Clare; Zakrzewski, Guido. Unit 1: Post-war development and structure of the German economy.

Buchanan, Tom. Europe's troubled peace, 1945-2000.

Wiley-Blackwell, 2006.

DeLong, J. Bradford. Grasping reality with both hands: A Fair, Balanced, Reality-Based,
View Full Essay

Economics Optimal Currency Area an

Words: 2259 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50405286

Thus, a region or nation experiencing economic depression will be unable to use the interest rate lever to boost the economy. Similarly a country with high inflation will be unable to independently raise interest rates to contain inflation. Moreover, Islamic countries, which form a large part of the geography, do not believe in interest rates.

Political barriers -- Political differences between nations make it extremely difficult for them to adopt a common currency. It can lead to a loss in political sovereignty as monetary interests would need to surpass political interests. This is unlikely to be acceptable to most of the nations and the idea of a single currency may be difficult to implement (Gimp, 2008).

Will Pros and Cons change Over Time? Depending On the Country?

The economic conditions to determine a monetary union depend on: the openness and size of the economy involved to trade; the free movements…… [Read More]

Bibliography

BBC. (1997, November 21). European monetary union - pros and cons. Retrieved May 11, 2009, from BBC News: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/special_report/single_currency/25081.stm

Filho, F.F. (2003). Is it possible to achieve a monetary union in MERCOSUR? (South America). Retrieved May 11, 2009, from Vanderbilt University: http://sitemason.vanderbilt.edu/files/egnZLy/Ferrari%20Filho%202.pdf

Frankel, J. (1999, August). No single currency regime is right for all countries or at all times. Retrieved May 11, 2009, from Princeton University:  http://www.princeton.edu/~ies/IES_Essays/E215.pdf 

Gimp, F. (2008, June 27). A world currency - pros and cons and can it become a reality. Retrieved May 11, 2009, from Piponomics:  http://www.babypips.com/blogs/piponomics/a_world_currency_pros_and_cons.html
View Full Essay

Economics in the Real World

Words: 1077 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51454079

Two alternative solutions are available. The first sees that the U.S. federal authority uses the budget allocated to support the development of the national industries, without raising barriers to imports. The second possible solution is for the United States to strive to increase its exports by focusing more on international operations.

Criteria / goals

The evaluation criteria for the proposed solutions revolve around the benefits they generate, as well as the costs they imply. Otherwise put, the decision will be made in accordance with the arguments in favour and against each of the two alternatives, and by the solution's ability to meet the established goals. These goals include the insurance of economic stability within the United States (for all population, corporations and the entire system), the maintenance or even development of international relations, as well as the sustained development of the domestic industries.

Evaluation of alternatives

Alternative 1:

Pro: does…… [Read More]

References

January 29, 2009, Buying American, the Economist, last accessed on February 5, 2009

Steps in the P.A.C.E.D. Model, the Gus a. Stavros Center for Free Enterprise and Economic Education

http://stavros.coedu.usf.edu/EconomicLiteracy/sld019.html. Ast accessed on February 5, 2009
View Full Essay

Economic Impact of Katrina Impact

Words: 6883 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70792841

This is a pattern that is relatively consistent over a long time period (Clayton & Spletzer, 2006). The only difference in 2005 was that unemployment claims did not rise in the fourth quarter with the drop in jobs, as they had done in the past.

It is difficult to draw definitive conclusions as to where these employees went in the fourth quarter of 2005. To do so would be filled with generalizations that do not account for all of the factors involved. However, it can be surmised that in the fourth quarter of 2005, workers in New Orleans went elsewhere and were dispersed into other economies. Statewide numbers do not support a change that is significantly different from other years. Therefore, it does nor= appear that this diaspora had an impact on a state or national level. The only reasonable explanation is that unlike other years, where workers filed unemployment…… [Read More]

References

Arnall, D. Two Years Later: Katrina's Economic Impact. August 28, 2007. ABC News. Money. Retrieved May 19, 2008 at http://www.abcnews.go.com/Business/story?id=3529341&page=1

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2006) Hurricane Information. Katrina and Rita. U.S. Department of Labor. Monthly Labor Review (August, 2006),

Clayton, R., & Spletzer, J. (2006). Worker Mobility before and after Hurricane Katrina. Monthly Labor Review. 129 (8), 14-21. Retrieved may 19, 2008 at  http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/08/art2full.pdf .

Colgan, C. & Adkins, J. (2006). Hurricane damage to the ocean economy in the U.S. gulf region in 2005. Monthly Labor Review Online. 129 (8). Retrieved May 18, 2008 at http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/08/art7abs.htm
View Full Essay

Economic Depression of Europe

Words: 2122 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43307480

Economic Depression of Europe

An economic depression is more severe than a recession due to the fact that a depression involves drastic decline in a national or international economy, characterized by decreasing business activity, falling prices, and high levels of unemployment.

There were economic depressions in Europe that were experienced before and after the 1870 but with a remarkable difference, being that those that were experienced before the 1870s were less costly in terms of life and resources and took relatively lesser period. Indeed it was a commonplace that every part of Europe experienced one sort of economic depression or the other.

One such economic situation before 1870 was the "little ice age" which began in the late 16th century till around 1950s as indicated by Big Site of History (2011). This was a time when a severe cold that could not be withstood by most crops set in most…… [Read More]

References

Big Site of History (2011). Social Trends in 17th Century Europe: The Problem of Divine-Right

Monarchy. Retrieved July 18, 2011 from http://bigsiteofhistory.com/social-trends-in-17th-century-europe-the-problem-of-divine-right-monarchy

Historic UK, (2011). The Great Plague 1665. Retrieved July 18, 2011 from http://www.historic-

uk.com/HistoryUK/England-History/GreatPlague.htm
View Full Essay

Economics Part A-Economics and Society

Words: 937 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69634406

Unfortunately most growth oriented economic policies such as "supply-side" economic policies tend to exacerbate inequality. A greater role of the government in the economy such as increased taxation on the rich can reduce inequality. Inflation and unemployment are usually inversely proportional in most economies, i.e., increase of money supply through deficit financing reduces unemployment but increases inflation while tight monetary policies reduce inflation but increase unemployment. According to a number of analysts, a major cause of terrorism in the world is an acute sense of deprivation among a large section of the population. Economic measures can, arguably prove more effective in rooting out terrorism than military action.

Part C-Theory

What, How and for Whom to Produce:

In 'free market economies' decentralized decision making by individuals and firms based on consumers' desires (which determine the price of goods) and the profit motive determine what goods are produced and in what quantities.…… [Read More]

References

Free Market Economy" (2003). Article in Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia. CD Rom Version, 2003.

O'Connor, D.E. & Faille, C. (2000). Basic Economic Principles: A Guide for Students. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

The Rural Poverty Trap." (2004). Oxfam Briefing Paper # 59. [Available online] Accessed on January 26, 2005 at http://www.maketradefair.com/en/assets/bp59_The_Rural_Poverty_Trap.pdf

According to FAO statistics more than 900 million people live on less than $1 a day in the rural areas of the developing world (The Rural Poverty Trap, 2004)
View Full Essay

Economics Course Economics Impacts on Many Areas

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86387567

Economics Course

Economics impacts on many areas of life subsequently it will impact on many areas of professional life. eflecting on the lessons learned, including the knowledge and skills gained, the real value is in the way that economics concepts can be applied to the real world; not only to explain event that are seen in the macro-environment, but to guide the way personal decisions will be made with that knowledge.

The first indicator of the lessons and concepts taught in the class being absorbed and developing into transferable knowledge has emerged with an increased understanding of the way that the economy operates and the influences which are present in the economy that are driving up prices.

There are many examples of the economic concepts; one example is the way that supply and demand has impacted on oil prices which has had a knock on effect in the economy as…… [Read More]

References

Baye Michael, (2007), Managerial Economics and Business Strategy, McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Greimel, Hans, (2012. April 30), Toyota wants high-volume U.S. Prius output by '15; Hunt is on for N.A. hybrid parts suppliers, Automotive News, p4

Nellis JG, Parker D, (2006), Principles of the Business Economics, London, Prentice Hall.

Scholes, Louise; Siegel Donald S; Wilson, Nick; Wright, Mike, (2012, Feb), Private equity portfolio company performance during the global recession, Journal of Corporate Finance, 18(1), 193.
View Full Essay

Economic Crisis 2008-2009 This Report Focuses on

Words: 2420 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71357659

Economic Crisis 2008-2009

This report focuses on the events that took place in the Great crash of 2008-2009. It aims to highlight the events that took place and what the basic factors and events were that eventually led to the economy crashing. It is also a point of focus to determine what effects came about and how different parties were to be blamed for the deregulation that led to the catastrophic events of the crash. It is linked with the policies present at that time i.e. The Monetary Policies outlining the control of money supply and interest rates as well as the Fiscal Policy that focus on the government spending and taxation policies.

The financial crisis refers to a situation whereby there is a contraction of money supply and the amount of wealth in the economy. This is also known as a "credit crunch" whereby participants of the economy lose…… [Read More]

References:

Minkiw, Mc Gregory. (2009). The Financial Crisis and the Economic Downturn of 2008 and

2009. Macro Economics (7th Edition).

Ryan (2008). The 2008-2009 Financial Crisis-Causes and Effects. Cash, Money, Life.

 http://cashmoneylife.com/economic-financial-crisis-2008-causes/
View Full Essay

Economic Value Added EVA Accounting Practice

Words: 1266 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85047464

Economic Value Added (EVA) Accounting Practice

Although Economic Value Added (EVA) is not a new concept in economics and financial theory and is based on the 19th century concept of "economic profit," it has only been widely adopted recently by business firms as an accounting practice. In this paper we shall describe what EVA is, and look at its pros and cons from the point-of-view of the company adopting the practice and the investors. We shall also discuss how EVA differs from some other emerging accounting practices and the major issues relating to EVA as compared to other commonly used accounting principles. Finally, the possible problems and opportunities that a company adopting EVA principles can face shall be examined.

What is Economic Value Added (EVA)?

Economic Value Added (EVA) is the after-tax cash flow generated by a business minus the cost of the capital it has invested to generate that…… [Read More]

References

Keen, Peter. (1999). "Economic Value Added.(EVA)" Every Manager's Guide to Business Processes. Retrieved on April 20, 2003 at http://www.peterkeen.com/emgbp007.htm kel inen, Esa. (1998). "Economic Value Added as a Management Tool." Retrieved on April 20, 2003 at  http://www.evanomics.com/ 

Shand, Dawne. (October 30, 2000). "Economic Value Added." COMPUTERWORLD. Retrieved on April 20, 2003 at http://www.computerworld.com/managementtopics/management/itspending/story/0,10801,53001,00.html

Stewart, Bennet (1999) "What is EVA?" Stern Stewart & Co. Web site. Retrieved on April 20, 2003 at http://www.sternstewart.com/evaabout/whatis.php

This cost reflects both the time value of money and compensation for risk -- the more risk associated with a firm, the greater the firm's cost of capital.
View Full Essay

Economics A I View the

Words: 835 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42367461

A negative consequence, however, would be increased volatility in the value of the dollar. Imports would become more expensive as well, increasing inflation and potentially compelling the restructuring of the economy. Increased currency risk -- transaction and translation -- would also create difficulties for U.S. companies operating abroad. I do not support such a proposal. Attempts to jury-rig a global currency are as impractical as enforcing Esperanto as a global language. Such a currency would be inherently unstable, as the Euro example has shown us. The constituent communities would be committed to enforcing controls on each other in order to maintain the integrity of the currency. If at some point the currency of another economy overtakes that of the U.S., it will be because that economy is stronger, larger and more stable -- fundamental market forces -- rather than as the result of a political decision.

3. a) The Fed…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Google.com. (2010). Unemployment rate. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved April 23, 2010 from http://www.google.com/publicdata?ds=usunemployment&met=unemployment_rate&tdim=true&dl=en&hl=en&q=U.S.+unemployment+rate
View Full Essay

Economics Theory Popular Concept That

Words: 2089 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92797800

He would be faced with deciding whether he must spend all his available resources on goods or services, or whether he must save some of his income so that he would be able to finance some of his needs of his future. When he is taken as a labor resource, he must make the decision whether he must use his time in working for his pay, or whether he must spend it on sleeping and other leisure time activities. ("Decision making using marginal analysis," n. d.)

Similarly, when he is a labor resource, he must decide how much of his time he must spend on education, so that he may be able to maximize his life earnings. On the other hand, if he were an entrepreneur, then he must make the decision on how many people he must hire, or how much he must spend on acquiring a new product…… [Read More]

References

Evans, Edward. (2005) "Marginal analysis, an economic procedure for selecting alternative technologies/practices." University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Retrieved 15 December, 2007 at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/FE565

Johnson, Paul. M. (2005) "Marginal Analysis: A glossary of political economic terms" Retrieved 15 December, 2007 at  http://www.auburn.edu/~johnspm/gloss/marginal_analysis 

McConnell, Campbell R; Brue, Stanley L. (2005) "Economics, principles, problems and policies" McGraw-Hill Professional.

McEachern, William a. (2006) "Macroeconomics, a contemporary introduction" Thomson
View Full Essay

Economic Crash Through the Works of Wessel Lewis and Sorkin

Words: 2728 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61217064



Sorkin's book does a good job of giving the details on what happened among Lehman Brothers, Barclays, JP Morgan, Goldman Sachs, the Fed, and Big Gov following the collapse. Essentially, everyone had egg on his face -- but some of the bigger powers had the muscle to save face -- and sink competitors at the same time: which is exactly what Goldman Sachs did to Lehman. Goldman had been placing its cronies in the hite House for years -- and it would now go through the hite House to see who got bailed out and who did not. AIG got one -- because it owed a large chunk to Goldman (who had figured out the game ahead of time and started betting against itself by buying insurance through AIG). Sorkin's work is a work full of the kind of details that other writer's like Taibbi and Lewis do not take…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lewis, Michael M. The Big Short: Inside the Doomsday Machine. New York, NY: W.

W. Norton & Company, 2010. Print.

Sorkin, Andrew. Too Big to Fail: the inside story of how Wall Street and Washington

fought save the financial system -- and themselves. New York, NY: Penguin, 2010. Print.
View Full Essay

Economic Crash Can Be Viewed From a

Words: 1487 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62861911

Economic crash can be viewed from a number of perspectives ranging from causes and effects to the 2008 Crash's resemblance to the Crash of 1929, which began the Great Depression. This paper will consider the 2008 recession from the standpoint of the financial banking industry, which, according to economic journalists like Matt Taibbi (2010), played a major and significant role in the crumbling of the nation's economy -- just like it did in the Lawless Decade also known as the oaring Twenties.

Big Banking Meets Big Government

What has now become known as the Era of De-egulation actually had its beginnings in the 80s decade known just as much for its rampant excess as the early 20s were known for their unbridled lawlessness. Yet, while the latter enjoyed the snubs-to-the-law bootlegging speakeasies, the former enjoyed the merging of the financial sector with the political -- which began during eagan's tenure…… [Read More]

Reference List

AP/HuffPost. (2011). Charles Ferguson's Oscar Speech Rips Wall Street: 'Inside Job'

Director Levels Criticism During Acceptance. HuffPost Business. Retrieved from  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/28/charles-ferguson-oscar-speech-inside-job_n_828963.html 

Sann, P. (n.d.). The Lawless Decade: A Pictorial History of the Roaring Twenties.

Retrieved from  http://lawlessdecade.net/
View Full Essay

Economics Major First and Foremost I Intend

Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16043647

Economics Major

First and foremost, I intend to major in Economics. From quite an early age, I have grown up admiring successful business leaders. I envisaged such individuals as living relatively fulfilling lives based on the wealth they had amassed from investments. One of my main personal heroes in business and investments has always been Benjamin Graham, an astute investor and economist who passed on in 1976. Graham who in my opinion remains one of the most rational investors of all time came up with some of the most priceless yet simple investment principles. Having developed a keen interest in the investments field at an early age, I have been an avid reader of any available literature on Ben Graham. Based on these readings, I remain convinced that to make sound investment decisions; the need for a well-founded understanding of economics cannot be overstated. Further, over time, I have come…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Economic Challenges Canada Faces in Recent Years

Words: 2957 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67866735

Economic Challenges Canada Faces

In recent years, the challenging economic condition in Canada has emerged as a concern for citizens, policy makers and the government alike. Canada faces challenges in terms of creating a more innovative society, as the country continues to experience a significant productivity gap compared to other advanced industrial economies. The Canadian industry appears to be slower in successfully developing, applying and marketing innovative products, processes and services than a majority of other nations. This lack of innovation is the cause of Canada's low productivity growth and competitiveness, and therefore must be addressed in order to increase employment growth, a higher standard of living and an improved quality of life for all Canadians.

Current research predicts that although Canada's economic performance will gradually strengthen out of the recent mild slowdown into a better pattern of growth in 2004, Canada's economy still faces the longer-term challenge of increasing…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Department of Finance Canada. (2004). The Economy in Brief. Retrieved March 8,

2005, from the Department of Finance Web site: http://www.fin.gc.ca/ECONBR/ecbr04- 12e.html

Economic Survey Canada. (2004). Building Partnerships for Progress. Retrieved March 8, 2005, from the Economic Survey Canada Web site: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0.02340.en_2649

Environment Canada, Informing Canadians on Pollution. (2002) Highlights of the 2002 National Pollutant Release Inventory, Environment Canada.
View Full Essay

Economic Loss East Hartford Connecticut

Words: 1032 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29623828

The national unemployment average was 7,591,000 in 2005. Therefore, an addition of 8,500 people would represent a.11% change in unemployment. Factor in additional domestic job losses from the closing of that company, and it is very possible that the closing of Pratt & Whitney would be enough to cause a reversal in the current trend, which is a decline in unemployment rates.

Connecticut's unemployment compensation would experience the most immediate and dramatic impact. For example, if all of Pratt & Whitney's employees are entitled to full unemployment benefits, then the first unemployment cycle for those employees would result in over $4 million in unemployment benefit payments. If all of those employees remain eligible for unemployment for the full benefit period, those payments would total over $104 million. Those estimates may be high, because not all employees would qualify for the full benefit payment or for the entire benefit period. In…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Economic Indicators the Change in the United

Words: 1290 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81595418

Economic Indicators

The change in the United States Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ratings has shown both ups and downs in the U.S. economy over the last two years. In the most recent quarter, the first quarter of 2011, the U.S. GDP increased over 2%. hile the GDP has increased every quarter since mid-2009, the quarterly increase in each of the last four reported periods was weaker than the quarterly increase between mid-2009 and early 2010. Overall, however, the recent increases suggest the U.S. economy is recovering from the recent recession.

In 2008, as the United States was entering a period of recession, the real GDP decreased in three of the four quarters of the year, and increased only slightly in the fourth. The GDP trended downward from the beginning of the year, where the real GDP decreased by around 1% in the first quarter, to the end, when the…… [Read More]

Work Cited

FOXNews.com. (December 4, 2008.) "Detroit's Big Three Consider Bailout With Strings Attached." Retrieved May 11, 2011 from http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2008/12/04/detroits-big-consider-bailout-strings-attached/

King, Danny. (January 26, 2011.) "Gallup Poll: How Underemployment Hurts the Economy." Retrieved May 11, 2011 from Daily Finance at  http://www.dailyfinance.com/2011/01/26/gallup-poll-how-underemployment-hurts-the-economy/ 

Whitehouse, Mark. (April 30, 2011.) "Number of the Week: Millions Set to Lose Unemployment Benefits." Retrieved May 11, 2011 from the Wall Street Journal at  http://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2011/04/30/number-of-the-week-millions-set-to-lose-unemployment-benefits/
View Full Essay

Economics Government Regulations May Have Played a

Words: 1483 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46919519

Economics

Government regulations may have played a role in the creation of the crisis, but there were many causes of the crisis and indeed many different negative outcomes. The credit crisis in particular occurred when the financial system began to collapse under the weight of bad assets that had been purchased under the assumption that they were AAA quality. This calls to account three areas where added regulation could have at least mitigated the fallout from the credit crisis.

The first set of regulations would have been with respect to leverage in the banking system. Too many banks carried too much leverage, mainly in their investment banking operations. As a result, when the bottom fell out of the MBS market, these banks developed solvency problems. As a general rule, banks that did not take on too much debt did not have solvency problems, and would have been able to keep…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Economic Analysis on the Country

Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29142491

When looking at the importance of trade and foreign direct investment in the economy, Canada's stated policy is to sustain open markets and grant foreign companies national treatment, while securing access to foreign markets for Canadian firms (Trade policy regime: framework and objectives, 2007).

Information that is available suggests that there are significant differences in trade and investment policies and practices between the federal and provincial governments, as well as across provinces. In order to mitigate the effect of these policy differences on internal trade, the Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT), which came into effect in 1995, was established in order to reduce and eliminate barriers to the free movement of persons, goods, services and investment within Canada, and to establish an open, efficient and stable domestic market. The authorities indicated that provincial and territorial governments have made substantial progress in key areas of procurement, investment incentives, labour mobility, consumer-related…… [Read More]

References

Highlights of Medium-term Policy Relevant Research: Update 2009. (2010). Retrieved May 12,

2010, from Bank of Canada Web site:

http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/fellowship/highlights_res_09.html

Makarenko, Jay. (2007). The Canadian Dollar: Nature and Impacts of Canadian Exchange
View Full Essay

Economic Environment Analysis for a

Words: 1206 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81055331

00). This is below the EU, where they have a rating of 42 or a PPP of $32,500.00. (Czech epublic 2010) 1 When you compare the two numbers, the purchasing power is lower in the Czech epublic in comparison with the EU. This means, that labor costs are much lower in relation to the rest of Europe. When you put this together with the increases in the GDP over the last two quarters and the fact that the banking sector, was undamaged from the financial crisis; means the Czech epublic has outstanding opportunities for addressing the needs of the company. As the country's costs, the business friendly atmosphere and prudent practices of government policies are creating the ideal environment for a European call center to flourish.

isks

Despite the obvious advantages, there are risks of relocating to the Czech epublic the most notable would include: the underlying cost structure. While…… [Read More]

Reference List

1. Czech Republic, 2010, CIA World Factbooks. Available from
2. GDP Growth Exceeds 2%, 2010, Prague Monitor. Available from [28 August 2010].

3. OECD, 2010, 'Assessment and Recommendation,' OECD Economic Surveys, OECD Publishing, pp. 9-19.

4. One if Five Companies Consider Moving, 2010, Eurofund. Available from [28 August 2010].
View Full Essay

Economic Issues Facing Our Country

Words: 720 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36336970



The economic stimulus

Because of the 9% unemployment rate overall, many epublican campaigns are touting the fact that their opponents voted for the stimulus as a reason to vote against him or her: whether the stimulus failed is an open question -- it certainly created some jobs, although not as many as hoped. Critics to Obama's left have alleged that it was not large enough, like Noble-prize winner Paul Krugman, in a New York Times editorial: "[The] modest rise in federal spending was barely enough to offset cutbacks at the state and local level" (Thrush 2010, p.1).

Bank bail-out

The Obama Administration's $700 billion Troubled Asset elief Program (TAP) brought the economy back from the brink and "there are clear signs that aspects of the financial system are far more stable than they were at the height of the crisis in the fall of 2008" (Orol 2010). But the fact…… [Read More]

References

Orol, Ronald (2010, January 31). TARP overseer says bank bailout program has mixed results.

Market Watch. Retrieved November 1, 2010 at  http://www.marketwatch.com/story/overseer-bank-bailout-program-has-mixed-results-2010-01-31 

Thrush, Glen. (2010, November 1). Was the stimulus Barack Obama's original sin? Politico.

Retrieved November 1, 2010 at http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1110/44469.html
View Full Essay

Economics Unemployment if You Loose

Words: 1107 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60408692

d.).

In order to understand this idea about inventories, it is necessary to understand that if the prices were to change and not be rigid, then it would be the prices and not the inventories that would guide companies in their decisions about production. For example, if prices were increasing, a company would know that their product is popular and that they should increase the production of it. And if the prices were decreasing, the company would know that their product is not selling well and that they should probably reduce its production. In an economy though where the prices are fixed, companies need another way of deciding whether they should increase or decrease production. This is where Keynes came to the conclusion that the key is to observe the changes in the inventories in order to drive production (hat Causes a Recession to be a Recession, n.d.).

Over the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Harrison, Edward. "Chart of the Day: Unemployment as a Recession Indicator." 2008. Credit

Writedowns. 7 April 2009

Reddy, Sudeep. "Jobless Rate Hits 8.5%." The Wall street Journal. April 2009

View Full Essay

Economics of Banking General Economic

Words: 737 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93021384

e. no standardization) b) Diamonds: good medium of exchange

Peaches: perishable, differences in quality (i.e. no standardization) d) Grade a Honey: differences in quality (i.e. no standardization), difficult to transport e) Ice in a warm climate: perishable, difficult to store a. Over the long run, what is the primary determinant of the price level? Supply and demand, with price acting as an equilibrator b. Over the long run, what is the primary determinant of inflation?

The supply of money as compared to changes in productivity.

c. How is inflation related to the nominal interest rate?

Expectations of future inflation are one of the key factors in determining the nominal interest rate, the other being the 'core' interest rate, or the inflation-free level at which one is willing to lend money (which differs according to the issuer and associated risk premium).

4. Describe each of the following financial institutions. If it…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Economic Institutions the History of

Words: 1101 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11826980

That is, international financial organizations, such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund and which controlled by core states, decide that, in order to grant financial aid to undeveloped countries, these states should comply with some rules that are, in the end, in the detriment of their own economy. For example, Africa pays more to the IMF and World Bank, than it collects in credit from them, and this leads to low living standards, poor education and health systems and undeveloped infrastructure.

Besides financial institutions, transnational corporations have a saying in the economic development of a country. Although one might be tempted to say that a corporation, by creating a branch in an undeveloped country gives that economy a boom, it is actually all about personal gain.

Working in a corporation might be considered the best thing that could happen to a person, on a professional scale. You…… [Read More]

References

Chomsky, Noam. "DRCNet Interview: Noam Chomsky." Drug War Chronicle Aug.2002. Drug Reform Coordination Network. Washington DC. 2.08.2002.  http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle-old/223/noamchomsky.shtml .

Korten, David C. "When Corporations Rule the World." USA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers; 2 edition, 2001

Kozol, Jonathan. "The Shame of the Nation. The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America." New York: Crown Publishers, 2005

Wallerstein, Immanuel. "The Modern World-System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century." New York: Academic Press, 1976
View Full Essay

Economics a Price Discrimination Strategy Is One

Words: 1288 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97945151

Economics

A price discrimination strategy is one where different customers are charged different amounts. The price charged for my shop's submarine sandwiches will therefore be different for locals than for visitors. There are a number of ways to achieve this. In the context of a sandwich shop, the prices are going to be listed publicly on the menu, so it is impossible to openly discriminate with respect to prices. One technique that can be utilized to lower the average cost for each sub-for locals is to offer a loyalty card. The local would then receive either a discount or a free sub-after making enough purchases. This would deliver a lower price to locals in the long run. Alternately, a loyalty club can allow the locals to receive discounts if they are members of the club. A certain amount of annual sales would be required for club membership, or even a…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Investopedia. (2010). Perfect competition. Investopedia. Retrieved October 16, 2010 from  http://www.investopedia.com /terms/p/perfectcompetition.asp

ACC. (2010). U.S. antitrust agencies issue revised merger guidelines. Association of Corporate Counsel. Retrieved October 16, 2010 from  http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=cf23ba87-0ed6-4db5-9739-d7cf74bcdf8f
View Full Essay

Economic Advisor to a Less-Developed

Words: 982 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26426474

The nation will enforce law and order to protect its public property, regulate monetary frameworks and correct market failures. The government will be responsible for protecting private life of its citizens and property (Grant & Vidler, 2000).

Market and Competition Forces: the country's economy should be designed in such a way that it will promote competition. This is because competition means a fair deal in obtaining results. The government should increase sellers and buyers in the market because this would promote competition thus increasing the quality and efficiency. With competition, the country will be able to control and manage different functions of its economy (Grant & Vidler, 2000). Demand and supply are the prime market forces determining the production of a country produces and the suitable ways to do so.

Market equilibrium, price and output, are determined by market forces. Therefore, I would recommend that any least developed nation to…… [Read More]

References

Bahl, Roy, W. (2008). Land taxes vs. property taxes in developing countries. Cambridge,

MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Grant, S. & Vidler, C. (2000). Economics in Context. New York: Heinemann.

Hyman, D.N. (2011). Public finance: A contemporary application of theory to policy (10th ed.).
View Full Essay

Economic Concerns Data Sets for

Words: 733 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40113018

the country aims for the working population that had been estimated to be 125 million in 2006 to reach 147.8 million by 2020 (Economy watch, 2010).

elationship between unemployment and Brazil's economy

Unemployment in Brazil directly affects the economy of the country in several ways this include economic costs; rates of unemployment being persistent in Brazil indicate that there will be market failure in the country. Unemployment is an indication that resources are being wasted thus leading to loss of potential output and eventually a reduction in allocative efficiency. Brazil's economy will then be seen to operate below the maximum output that the country has potential of.

Unemployment also affects the economy of Brazil through financial costs. The Government of Brazil and the entire nation suffers some costs due to unemployment. There are some benefits that the government has to pay the unemployed and therefore the higher the rates of…… [Read More]

References

Economy watch. (2010).Brazil unemployment. Retrieved March 09, 2013 from  http://www.economywatch.com/unemployment/countries/brazil.html 

Trading Economies. (2012). Brazil Unemployment Rate. Retrieved March 09, 2013 from  http://www.tradingeconomics.com/brazil/unemployment-rate
View Full Essay

Economics in the Short-Run an

Words: 764 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62540137

When debt becomes a multiple of GDP, then responsible government is not being undertaken.

16- 3) a. The equilibrium is .016 dollars per peso.

b. If the Philippine government set the exchange rate at 50 peso, they would need to sell 20 pesos per month, because supply would be 60 and demand would be 80.

16-7) a) A country would want an overvalued currency if they were a net importer of goods. This would make foreign goods cheaper. The policy would cause harm to that country's exporters.

b) A country would want an undervalued currency in order to facilitate exports. This would cause harm to importers, other countries who want to sell their goods in that market, and to their own citizens traveling abroad.

16-9) a) The exchange rate would be the equilibrium point. In this case, $0.90 dollars per euro.

b) If there is no intervention, the new equilibrium…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Economics of Government Bonds if

Words: 452 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55450616



12-3) the following reflects the amount and rate of return on the investment based the following formula:

Return = (500-P)/P

Price

Int Payment

Int Rate

As the price rises, the return on the bond diminishes. The bond that is priced today at $500 returns nothing to the holder for their time, but the bond that returns $125 over the year has a high rate of return.

12-5) This is not correct. When aggregate demand for money increases the interest rate, there will be a reduction in money demand, but the relationship between the two is not perfect. The decline in demand for money will not be sufficient to bring the interest rate back to equilibrium without assistance. The Fed must actively move to decrease the money supply in order to bring the interest rate back to equilibrium. The speaker is assuming that the demand for money is related only to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Economics During the Period 1999-2000

Words: 307 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4085710

But there have been other causes as well. For example, the collapse of the Soviet Union brought about a significant reduction in defense spending, bringing about a mini-recession in 1990. In the early 1980s a change in Federal Reserve policy brought about an increase in interest rates, which reduced investment both in terms of major consumer products (homes, cars) but also business investment as hurdle rates increased dramatically.

10) 3) a) the marginal propensity to consume implicit in this data is an increase of 800 for every 1000 increase in income, or 0.8.

A b) the expenditure multiplier is 1 / (1- MPC) or 1 / (1-.8) = 5 c) to calculate the equilibrium GDP in this economy, we should build a graph. Where this economy meets with the 45 degree line is the point of equilibrium GDP. In this case, that point is at GDP of 12,000.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Economics When Labor Demand Increases

Words: 527 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33626348

Transfer payments include welfare ($5) and UI ($2). Thus, net taxes are 12-7 = $5.

A c) Total planned investment is the new capital stock, so the increase in capital stock, plus depreciation. In this example new capital stock = 103-100 + 7 = $10.

A d) Real GDP = (C + I + G) / (1 + r) = (50+10+5) / (1.06) = 61.32 e) Total savings = Disposable income - consumption. Disposable income = GDP - Net Tax. Thus, DI = 65-5 = 60. Total savings = 60-50 = 10 f) Total leakages = Net taxes + Savings = 5 + 10 = 15 g) Total injections = I + G = 10 + 5 = 15

8-5) if the capital stock decreases, workers will be less efficient, which will reduce the production function. However, companies will adjust be reducing demand for labor. This will increase worker productivity.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Economics There Are a Number of Different

Words: 663 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51839109

Economics

There are a number of different causes for the most recent recession in the United States. The primary cause was instability in the banking industry, which was brought about mismanagement of mortgage assets. This paper will investigate this cause in particular, although there were other causes as well.

The housing bubble was created when, fueled by easy access to cheap loans, housing prices increased rapidly. These prices increased rapidly in part because the financial institutions that underwrote the mortgages were able to offload that debt onto other investors. They did this by packaging that debt into instruments that were known as collateralized debt obligations (CDOs). These rare derivative instruments were used by financial institutions to hedge loan risk, by spreading that risk around the financial services industry. Loans were packaged, and these complex bundles of loans were typically seen to be low risk. They were not, however, and when…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

AP. (2005). Housing bubble's burst could cost 1 million jobs and cause a recession, experts say. North County Times. Retrieved November 28, 2012 from http://www.nctimes.com/business/housing-bubble-s-burst-could-cost-million-jobs-and-cause/article_ca387065-86dd-519a-98d2-9e5d35d30055.html

Wigan, D. (2007). Derivatives market may hold key to U.S. recession. Reuters. Retrieved November 28, 2012 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/04/12/derivatives-us-recession-idUSL1171898420070412
View Full Essay

Economics Crisis as an Inevitable

Words: 4733 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43936576



The U.S. is a property owning civilization and a number of the people wanted land and housing. Americans however scarcely ever create savings. "The country itself lives on other countries' savings by issuing bonds to finance its excessive consumption. The current crisis began with cheap housing loans offered by banks. Banks provided loans but instead of holding the loan in their books, they packaged them into collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) and sold them to other agencies. These agencies passed them on to others and spread them globally as assets" (the Current Economic Crisis, its causes, its impact and possible alternatives, 2009).

Interest rates were lowered and housing loans went up with construction activities leading to land prices increasing. The real estate was booming, generating employment and incomes. But as the rate of interest on housing loans came down, banks started to compete to get more business. Because of low interest…… [Read More]

References

Avizius, R. 2009. Financial Crisis Big Picture: What has the Government Response Been? [ONLINE] Available at:  http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article9229.html . [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Centeno, M.A. & Cohen, J.N. 2012. The Arc of Neoliberalism. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.yale.edu/macmillan/transitionstomodernity/papers/CentenoCohen.pdf. [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Crotty, J. 2009. Structural causes of the global financial crisis: a critical assessment of the 'new financial architecture' . [ONLINE] Available at:  http://cje.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/4/563.full . [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Esteva, G. (n.d.). The Meaning of the Global Crisis and "Recovery" for Study Abroad: What are we Preparing Students for? [ONLINE] Available at: http://digitalcollections.sit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1110&context=faculty_symposium. [Accessed 22 May 2012].
View Full Essay

Economic Crisis the Origin and

Words: 1601 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75203303

As Taibbi shows, it is not easy: "I'm going to say something radical about the Tea Partiers. They're not all crazy. They're not even always wrong. hat they are, and they don't realize it, is an anachronism. They're fighting a 1960s battle in a world run by twenty-first-century crooks" (Griftopia 16-17). Taibbi makes clear that the Tea Party is not even homogenous: it is made up of a broad spectrum of individuals (some of whom do not even want to be called Tea Partiers) who are angry and looking for someway to focus their anger.

In conclusion, recouping the losses is not an easy thing to do. hen a company like Lehman Brothers can be allowed to collapse while their competition (Goldman Sachs) can be bailed out by tax payer dollars, citizens are going to start wondering how their country got to such a point in the first place. Taibbi…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AP/HuffPost. Charles Ferguson's Oscar Speech Rips Wall Street: 'Inside Job' Director

Levels Criticism During Acceptance. HuffPost Business. Web. 8 Apr 2011.

Campbell, Andrea Louise. "Is the Economic Crisis Driving Wedges Between Young and Old? Rich and Poor?" Generations 33.3, Fall 2009: 47-53. Print.

Espo, David. "Deadline nears: Shutdown looms without agreement." Yahoo! News, 8
View Full Essay

Economics - Macroeconomics CH4 6

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25357642

is the price. The supply schedule can be represented by the equation Qs = 1400-700P, where Qs is the quantity supplied. Calculate the equilibrium price and quantity in the market for chocolate bars.

Ch5, #20 - For each of the following pairs of goods, which good would you expect to have more elastic demand and why?

a. required textbooks of mystery novels

Because the textbooks are required, there will be more elasticity for mystery novels. That is because elasticity is a measure of responsiveness and indicates how much one thing changes if something else that affects it is changed. In other words, the required text book is needed whether the price changes or if the number of students changes.

b. Beethoven recordings or classical music recordings in general

In this case, the elasticity of demand would show that the classical recordings in general would fluctuate as new artists or prices…… [Read More]

References

If you need to type anything after the Reference List then start it on this page

Economics
View Full Essay

Economic Crisis and Capitalism

Words: 3179 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95991899

Economic Crisis

The recession of 2008-2009 and the subsequent government responses provides a good test for economic theories. There are no controlled experiments in economics, so we can only work with case studies in order to understand how economies work. A good starting point is to consider the issue through multiple different lenses, so that we can understand how the crisis occurred and what prescriptions might be best suited for response either to address the root problems or to engage in prevention. This paper will consider the works of Marx, Schumpeter and Keynes in analyzing the financial crisis. All three of these men would have been able to understand its causes, but likely would have taken very different approaches to solving the problem.

The second issue at hand is the question of the future of capitalism. We have a pretty good sense at this point of what the response of…… [Read More]

References

Cox, W. & Alm, R. (2013). Creative destruction. Library of Economics and Liberty. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from  http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/CreativeDestruction.html 

Eichengreen, B. (2010). The crisis of financial innovation. University of California at Berkeley. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://emlab.berkeley.edu/~eichengr/crisis_finan_innov.pdf

Isfeld, G. (2012). Canada's banks shake off global sector crisis. Financial Post. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://business.financialpost.com/2012/10/10/canadas-banks-shake-off-global-sector-crisis/

Liu, H. (2008). Too big to fail moral hazard. Asia Times. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from  http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/JI23Dj12.html