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El Salvador Essays (Examples)

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El Mozote American Complicity in
Words: 1969 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50930614
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Accusing both of possessing communist sympathies and of allowing themselves to become tools of leftist propaganda, a staunch Reagan ally, Ambassador Rivas from El Salvador, argues that "'serious efforts' were being made to stem armed forces abuses and that this was the 'type of story that leads us to believe there is a plan' to discredit the ongoing electoral process in El Salvador, and to discredit the armed forces 'or to take credit away from the certification President Reagan must make to Congress." (Danner, 188)

The claims here are unwittingly revealing in retrospect, tying the degree to which the massacre at El Mozote had discrediting the American cause in El Salvador with the concern now experienced by the Reagan Administration at gaining the necessary Congressional support to continue its war. The result would be a massive cover-up on the part of the Reagan Administration, which would never officially acknowledge the…

Works Cited:

Arnesen, E. (1986). El Salvador: Reminders of War. Monthly Review, Vol. 38.

Danner, M. (1994). The Massacre at El Mozote. Vintage.

Golden, R. (2000). Oscar Romero: Bishop of the Poor. Salt of the Earth. Online at

Harper, L. (2003). Colombia's Civil War: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. Online Newshour. Online at  http://www.cocaine.org/colombia/farc.html

Massacre at El Mozote
Words: 2352 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43424229
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Massacre at El Mozote

This report is a critical book review of Mark Danner's excellent 1994 book called "The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold ar" published by Vintage Books, a division of Random House. The book comes highly acclaimed from sources such as the ashington Post and New York Times. "Once in a rare while a writer re-examines a debated episode of recent history with such thoroughness and integrity that the truth can no longer be in doubt. Mark Danner did just that in a long article that took up most of last week's issue of The New Yorker. Mr. Danner's subject was the massacre in December 1981 in the Salvadoran village of El Mozote." (Lewis) The review is basically a reaction paper where I point our some of the book's strengths and weaknesses as well as describe to content of the book and my understanding…

Works Cited

Danner, Mark D. The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War. 1st ed. New York: Vintage Books, 1994.

Lewis, Anthony. "Abroad at Home; The Whole Truth." New York Times [New York] December 6, 1993. 5 Dec. 2004 .

Massacre at El Mozote Mark
Words: 384 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39207746
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The situation in El Salvador was also a parable of what was happening all over the region. Central America seemed to be covered in revolt in 1981, when the massacre occurred. Along with the revolution in El Salvador, there was an armed conflict going on in Guatemala that was bringing terror and bloodshed to the country, and the Sandinistas had just taken over control in Nicaragua. In the midst of the Cold War, America supported the Central American regimes that fought Communism, no matter how corrupt and dictatorial they became, because Communism was the "real" evil that threatened the world. As such, they supported regimes that committed unspeakable crimes, such as the massacre at El Mozote, while keeping the true nature of their support from the American people. The Nicaraguan situation (Iran-Contra affair) with Oliver North supporting the rebel Contras against the Sandinistas by selling weapons to Iran is probably…

References

Danner, Mark. The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War. New York: Vintage, 1994.

Empire an Global Race Relationships
Words: 1702 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 73475654
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Empie

The theme of gende and sexuality is elated to social powe. In Repoducing Empie: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Impeialism in Pueto Rico, Biggs shows how ace, class, gende, and powe ae inteelated and inteconnected. Pueto Rican cultue has been sexualized, and the sexualization of Pueto Rico has been lagely o exclusively the pojection of white Anglo-Saxon Potestant values placed upon a dake-skinned, Catholic populace. The esult has been the conceptualization of an exotic otheness, coupled with a simultaneous fea. Pueto Ricans have been citicized as developing a cultue of povety in the United States, and Pueto Rican families ae blamed.

Regading the theme of gende and sexuality and how it is elated to citizenship and immigation, Biggs shows that white Ameicans have pojected the cultue of povety on Pueto Rico by blaming Pueto Ricans, athe than acknowledging the sociological oots of the poblem that can be taced to…

references to the Cold War. However, the main gist is related to the theme of global apartheid.

The strengths of this article in relation to the theme is that it is about global apartheid, linked thematically to other analyses thereof. Moreover, this article has a strong sense of time and place, which is important for a reliable and valid historiography. The weakness of the article is that it is not inclusive of gender issues.

Analyze strengths and weaknesses for essay themes, see above each book.

gender and sexuality how is related to citizenship (violence, abuse, immigration)

2. meaning of citizenship in the U.S. Empire (immigration laws change culture)

Global HR Global Human Resources
Words: 1058 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 24666032
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I would have preferred to continue with the initial plans.

5. It is difficult to develop international careers in the case of dual careers couples. I think it depends mostly on the type of careers of the people in the couple. Technical jobs are the most flexible types of careers. Technicians can adapt professionally in any country. But jobs that depend on countries' cultures are less flexible. These can be jobs in marketing, certain types of management, jobs in culture, education, advertising, and others. Therefore it is important to determine the flexibility of the job, the differences between the same job in different countries, and the importance of these differences (Brislin, 2008).

6. Companies can significantly influence the success of their employees' jobs in different countries. This is because their success relies on the conditions they have there. Companies should provide the resources necessary in the case of these employees…

Reference list:

1. Marx, E. (2001). Breaking Through Culture Shock. Nicholas Brealey Publishing. Retrieved March 11, 2012 from  http://books.google.ro/books?id=I14RCjT3XAgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=culture+shock&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=we1cT-H1IYXHsgba5KCEDA&ved=0CEYQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=culture%20shock&f=false .

2. Cultural Dimensions Theory (2011). Value-Based Management. Retrieved March 11, 2012 from  http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_hofstede.html .

3. Brislin, R. (2008). Working with Cultural Differences. Retrieved March 11, 2012 from  http://books.google.ro/books?id=wLFls4bED1QC&printsec=frontcover&dq=cultural+differences&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=oBddT_GfBtDgtQaq5KSPDA&ved=0CEEQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=cultural%20differences&f=false .

Truth vs Justice
Words: 2374 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38028870
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Domestic Homicide in South Carolina

The law, in its majestic equality, forbids the rich as well as the poor to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal bread," wrote French intellectual and social critic Anatole France in The Red Lily in 1894 and in doing so he summarized the often great distance that exists between laws and people's concepts of justice and truth. Justice is a slippery concept and the truth even more so - and this is perhaps nowhere more evident than in the practices of the "truth commissions" established in a number of countries newly accustoming themselves to democracy. The Orwellian sound of "truth commission" is not inappropriate, for the connection between the actions of these commissions - in places like Argentina, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala and South Africa - and the truth of experience or any sense of absolute justice was both tenuous…

History From 1865 to the Present Day
Words: 3112 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82260009
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istory from 1865 to te present day. To focus te researc, select six subtopics (specific events or developments related to te topic, separated in time); tree from before 1930 and tree from after.

Immigrants

Tere are more tan 50 million immigrants (legal and illegal) and teir U.S.-born cildren (under 18) in te United States as of August 2012. As of te last decade, most immigrants come from te following countries: Honduras (85%), India (74%), Guatemala (73%), Peru (54%), El Salvador (49%), Ecuador (48%), and Cina (43%). Approximately, 28% of tese immigrants are in te country illegally. Rougly alf of Mexican and Central American and one-tird of Sout American immigrants are ere illegally.

Te Center for Immigration Studies (Rigt Side news) finds tat immigration as dramatically increased te population of low-income individuals in te United States, altoug many immigrants, te longer tey live in te country, make significant progress. However, immigrants…

http://www.racialprofilinganalysis.neu.edu/index.php.

Pula, James S. "American Immigration Policy and the Dillingham Commission," Polish-American Studies (1980) 37#1 pp 5-31

Yakushko, O et al. (2008) Stress and Coping in the Lives of Recent Immigrants and Refugees: Considerations for Counseling International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 30, 3, 167-178

How to earn an A in community activity
Words: 543 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 45845474
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Personal statement on the Erdkinder activities to engage in Erdkinder is one of the experiences that one goes through and comes out a changed and in majority of the cases stronger and more experienced and polished in philanthropy and community volunteering than before. It is the dream of each enthusiastic candidate of Erdkinder to come out with an A and that was my motivation as well which will make me earn an A in this.

I often enjoy outdoor activities and always upbeat about these events whenever they are organized. I am the type of participant who values arriving early for the preparation for the outdoor activities and often like assisting others settle in and organize their camping materials, particularly those who are new to camping or such like outdoor activities. I also value doing things within the time schedule and to have all the camping and working tools well…

Red Riding Hood in the Red Light
Words: 1248 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30888225
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Red Riding Hood in the Red Light District by Manilo Argueta

Reviewed through Ant's perspective

So Alfonso, you are my wolf, are you not? That is what Manilo Argueta calls you in his book entitled Little Red Riding Hood in the Red Light District. He wrote this book during the 1970's, during the height of the oppression suffered by the El Salvadorian nation, and imposed upon us by the military regime of the time that was notoriously backed by the United States.

In the 1970's the nation was gripped by a terrible civil war. Rightists backed the dictatorship, despite the bloodshed it inflicted upon the nation. The wealthy of El Salvador wished it to stay in power, so they might live secure, if not in their political beds, at least content in the lavish lifestyle they enjoyed. Others, leftists, took to the jungles, to the woods of this Latin American…

Works Cited

Argueta, Manilo. Little Red Riding Hood in the Red Light District. New York, 1978.

Bacevich, Halums, White, Young. "American Military Policy in Small Wars: The Case of El Salvador," Kennedy School of Government, March 1988.Archived from the Center for Defense database at  http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1991/CRJ.htm . On December 3, 2003.

Duarte, Jose Napoleon, President, The Republic of El Salvador, Personal Interview about El Salvador, San Salvador, El Salvador, 1986. Archived from the Center for Defense database at

Politics Literature and the Arts
Words: 793 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50071972
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Terror, Imperialism, And Totalitarianism

Imperialism is defined in the abstract, quite often, as the ideology of 'carrying the white man's burden,' in other words, of carrying the white cultural burden of civilization to the native or darker peoples of the world. But in practice, imperialism often has a less lofty goal and terror rather than teaching is the method used to enforce imperialism's 'laws' and values of social and political control. In the past, such as in French-controlled Algiers, depicted in the 1965 film directed by Pontecorvo "The Battle of Algiers," imperialism is often enforced through a series of dominating policies or military actions by a stronger European nation. One country seeks to exert its control over another country or territory, often to gain an economic or political advantage in a particular region.

In the film, the Algerian people fight long and hard to wrest control over their own territory…

Works Cited

Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. 1958.

"Battle of Algiers." Directed by Pontecorvo. 1965.

Camus, Alberto. "Caligula." 1936.

"The Great Dictator." Directed by Charlie Chaplin. 1940.

Predominantly Latino Gangs Mara Salvatrucha
Words: 17380 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 44825476
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Government

Since gang-related crimes fall within the jurisdiction of state, this research will give an insight on the need to find solutions that increasingly include all levels of government. Congress needs to pass legislation that will change immigration enforcement laws and make more aliens deportable. In addition, the federal government should take a more active participation in helping local and state jurisdictions develop anti-gang responses. The local, state and federal governments must take a stand, and combine forces to combat the immigration problem that continue to plague this country into the next generation.

Importance of the Study

The die has been cast, there is no turning the clock back now and the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang have established themselves in the United States and far beyond. The origins of the current situation with MS-13 and the 18th Street Gang date back to the late 1980s and early 1990s…

References

Armstrong, W. (2009, February 16). 'Sanctuary cities' protect murderous illegal aliens. Human Events, 64(37), 8.

Bansal, M. (2006) Chertoff: Street Gangs a Threat to National. Retrieved November 12,

2006 from  http://www.CNSNews.com .

Barber, B. (1996). Jihad vs. McWorld: How Globalism and Tribalism are Reshaping the World. New York: Ballantine Book.

Counterterrorism MS-13 and Gangs in
Words: 2227 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49882863
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MS-13 -- the focus of a nationwide crackdown by FBI and federal immigration agents -- has become known in recent years for home invasion robberies, drug dealing and machete attacks on its enemies. however, after the sweeping chaos across America, the FBI has heightened concerns that MS-13 could be far more dangerous than thought.

Mara Salvatrucha, or MS-13, continues to expand its influence in the United States. FBI investigations reveal that it is present in almost every state and continues to grow its membership, now targeting younger recruits more than ever before.

To counteract this growth, the FBI formed the MS-13 National Gang Task Force in December 2004. Based at FBI Headquarters, this intelligence-driven task force combines the expertise, resources, and jurisdiction of federal agencies that investigate this violent international street gang. It focuses on maximizing the flow of information and intelligence, coordinating investigations nationally and internationally, and helping state…

Reference:

Electronic visa application begins for visa waiver countries. (2009). Foreign Policy Bulletin, 19(1), 40-57. doi:10.1017/S1052703609000525

Boatright, L.R. (2006). "Clear eye for the state guy": Clarifying authority and trusting federalism to increase nonfederal assistance with immigration enforcement*. Texas Law Review, 84(6), 1633-1674. Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/203710946?accountid=34899 

Donohue, L.K. (2006). Anglo-american privacy and surveillance. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 96(3), 1059-1208. Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/218394830?accountid=34899 

Hamm, M.S. (2009). Prison islam in the age of sacred terror. The British Journal of Criminology, 49(5), 667-685. doi:10.1093/bjc/azp035

Illegal Immigration Amnesty for Illegal
Words: 1751 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88949512
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Many peoples' lives, destinies, and hopes for the future, and not only American ones, depend and will depend in the future on this taking place sooner rather than later, and now more than ever before in America's history.

orks Cited

Illegal Immigration." ikipedia. 4 May 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_immigration.html>.

Espenshade, Thomas J. "Unauthorized Immigration to the United States" Annual

Review of Sociology. 21 (1995). 195-200.

Flores, illiam V. "New Citizens, New Rights: Undocumented Immigrants and Latino Cultural Citizenship" Latin American Perspectives. 2003. 30(2). 87-

http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id=b2579269c3c901ad0ae85bd42dd2920d" Love Unites Them, La Migra Separates Them." El observador, 30 Nov. 2006. http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id= b2579269c3c901ad0ae85bd42dd2920d.html>.

Morgan, Edmund S. The Puritan Dilemma: The Story of John inthrop. New York: Longman 2nd Edition, November 20, 1998.

Snyder, Tanya. http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/opinion/oped/bal-op.elsalvador11jan11,0,460257.story?coll=bal-oped-headlinesTo Slow Immigration from El Salvador, Understand its Causes."

Baltimore Sun, 11 Jan. 2007. http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/opinion oped/bal-op.elsalvador11jan11,0,460257.story?coll=bal-oped-headlines.

Young Migrants Risk All to Reach U.S." ashington Post. 28 Aug 2006.

A http:

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08

27/AR2006082700771.html>.…

Works Cited

Illegal Immigration." Wikipedia. 4 May 2007.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_immigration.html >.

Espenshade, Thomas J. "Unauthorized Immigration to the United States" Annual

Review of Sociology. 21 (1995). 195-200.

Flores, William V. "New Citizens, New Rights: Undocumented Immigrants and Latino Cultural Citizenship" Latin American Perspectives. 2003. 30(2). 87-

Miguel Sahagun Mexico Regional Leader
Words: 7688 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67853101
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Mexico's Trade Strategy

Mexico has pursued a three-dimensional trade strategy perhaps more diligently than even the United States according to Schott (Studer & Wise, 2007). Mexico has been an active participant in multilateral talks since its GATT accession in 1986 and was the host country for the special Summit of the Americas in Monterrey and for the hemispheric trade talks in Puebla. Mexico is perhaps most famous as the instigator of NAFTA as well as many other FTAs with countries around the world including key industrial markets such as the European Union (EU, The European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and Japan. In addition, Mexico entered in FTAs with olivia, Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, The G3 (Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela), Honduras, Israel and Nicaragua during the period January 1995 to June 2001 (Schott in Studer & Wise, 2007). It is important to emphasize that Mexico has many more FTAs…

Bibliography

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, 1988. Basel Convention. Retrieved from:  http://www.basel.int/ 

Bown, C.P. (2009). U.S. -- China Trade Conflicts and the Future of the WTO. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 33 (1), winter/spring 2009, pp. 27-48.

Bown, C.P & McCulloch (2005). U.S. Trade Policy Toward China: Discrimination and its Implications.

China and Mercosur: Perpectives for Bilateral Trade (2007). China Programme 11 (7). International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development. Retrieved from:  http://ictsd.org/i/news/bridges/3164/

Dividing and Unifying Effects of
Words: 1373 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15579466
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This has led to reconciliation among the divided states. It is this unifying theme that is also expressed in both the book, Friday Night Lights, as well as the movie, Miracle.

The Unifying Effects of Representative Sports as Demonstrated in Friday Night Lights and Miracle:

In Bissinger's Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team, and a Dream, the author explores the societal webwork that is Odessa, Texas. An oil town that soars and plummets as oil comes and goes, is held together by the local high school football team -- the Permian Panthers. In the book, Odessa is a town that is both metaphorically and literally divided. There is the racial division of hites vs. Blacks and Hispanics. Reminiscent of a far earlier time in America, hites in Odessa in the late 1980s, on the whole are bigots, who feel Blacks are inferior.

There is only thing Blacks are valued…

Works Cited

Bissinger, H.G. Friday Night Lights. New York and Washington D.C.: Da Capo Press, 2000. Print.

Coakley, Jay. Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies. New York: McGraw Hill Higher Education, 2009. Print.

Eitzen, D. Stanley. Fair and Foul: Beyond the Myths and Paradoxes of Sport. Lantham, MA: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. Print.

Hoglund, Kristine & Sundberg, Ralph. "Reconciliation Through Sports? The Case of South Africa." Third World Quarterly Jun 2008: 805-818. Print.

MS-13 A Transnational Threat Movies
Words: 2425 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 66134940
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S.-Mexico boarder. Not only this, but the strengthening of the drug trade, as well as the potential for human trafficking and the smuggling of terrorists poses a potential catastrophe for the United States. While the U.S.-Mexico boarder has always been an area of contention among policy makers, the MS-13 gang makes the argument less about social policy and the future of immigration, but about criminal activity and the safety of citizens. If the gang is able to successfully organize, a network of criminals stretching between some of the world's most dangerous regions and the United States will have been established, allowing for the potential crumbling of the United States from within. At this point, the criminals would not even need to cross the boarder to communicate, as they could engage in communication through electronic means or word-of-mouth without even risking an attempt to cross the boarder. A second terrorist attack…

References

Department of Justice. (2009, April 22). MS-13 Leader Found Guilty of 2007 Murder in Springfield. [Press Release]. Virginia: United States Attorney's Office.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2009, May 1). A Courageous Victim Taking a Stand

Against MS-13. Retrieved May 22, 2009, from the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Web Site:  http://www.fbi.gov/page2/may09/ms13_050109.html 

Federal Bureau of Investigation: Baltimore (2009, May 11). MS-13 Member Sentenced to

Hispanic Culture & Healthcare the Hispanic Culture
Words: 2169 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92013512
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Hispanic Culture & Healthcare

The Hispanic culture has barriers to receiving adequate healthcare (Swanson, 2012). Language has been a huge barrier in respects to the practitioner's ability to speak Spanish that has created communication barriers. Long wait times, staff taking adequate time in a caring manner, and the physical environment, whether friendly and facilitates interactions, can develop perceptions of the lack of caring. Some Hispanics believe they receive poor quality of care because of financial limitations, race or ethnicity, or the accent in the way they communicate in English (Livingston, 2008).

The Hispanic culture is community oriented with a high value placed on family input (Swanson, 2012). The family encounters provide a huge amount of support for the Hispanic patient. Members who speak Spanish and English are heavily relied on for support in healthcare decision making. Gender roles are especially appreciated as women do caregiving, even in hospital, and men…

Narcoterrorism and the Future
Words: 18088 Length: 70 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 91167730
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Mexico faces an array of drug-related problems ranging from production and transshipment of illicit drugs to corruption, violence, and increased internal drug abuse. Powerful and well-organized Mexican organizations control drug production and trafficking in and through Mexico, as well as the laundering of drug proceeds. These organizations also have made a concerted effort to corrupt and intimidate Mexican law enforcement and public officials. In addition, the geographic proximity of Mexico to the United States and the voluminous cross-border traffic between the countries provide ample opportunities for drug smugglers to deliver their illicit products to U.S. markets. The purpose of this study was to develop informed and timely answers to the following research questions: (a) How serious is the trade in illicit drugs between Mexico and the United States today and what have been recent trends? (b) How does drug trafficking fund terrorist organizations in general and trade between Mexico and…

References

Delaware fact sheet. (2014). Friends of Narconon, International. Retrieved from http://www.friendsof narconon.org/drug_distribution_in_the_united_states/delaware_drug_facts/delaware_fact

sheet/.

Drug threats in Wilmington. (2014). Drug Enforcement Edu.org. Retrieved from http://www.

drugenforcementedu.org/delaware/wilmington/.

Olmec Civilization Long Before the Maya Aztec
Words: 3378 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40152055
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Olmec Civilization

Long before the Maya, Aztec or Toltec flourished in Central America, there lived the Olmecs, a civilization that has come to continue to intrigue and amaze the world. They were the most prevalent group in Mesoamerica and a highly developed and well organized society with a complex calendar and hieroglyphic writing system. The Olmecs were the mother civilization in Mesoamerica.

The Olmec lived around the areas of La Venta in Tabasco, San Lorenza Tenochtitlan, and Laguna de los Cerros in Veracruz during the pre-classic period. They built their cities around a central raised mound. These mounds, used for religious ceremonies, were replaced with pyramid-shaped structures around 900 B.C. The Olmecs used basalt, found in the Tuxtla Mountains, to construct plazas and religious pyramid structures. Houses were made of wooden walls with clay and palm roof tops, and a hierarchical society separated the elite from the common groups in…

Works Cited

Indian Empires." http://www.american-indians.net/empires.htm.(accessed 11-24-2003).

Lemonick, Michael D. "Mystery of the Olmec: Ancient Culture of Mesoamerica."

Time. July 01, 1996. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?querydocid=1G1:18419168&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&pubname=Time&author=Lemonick%2C+Michael+D%2E&title=Mystery+of+the+Olmec%2E+%28ancient+culture+of+Mesoamerica%29&date=07%2F01%2F1996&query=Olmecs&maxdoc=30&idx=1&ctrlInfo=result%3ASR%3Aprod.(accessed 11-24-2003).

Olmec Civilization: 1200 B.C.- 600 A.D."  http://www.crystalinks.com/olmec.html .(accessed 11-24-2003).

Brief History of the Mayan Civilization
Words: 1990 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 87821864
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Ancient

A Brief History of the Mayan Civilization

The Maya are a group of people of southern Mexico and northern Central America with some three thousand years of loaded history. The Maya were a division of the Mesoamerican Pre-Columbian civilizations. Dissimilar to popular belief, the Maya people never vanished completely, there are millions that still live in the area, and a lot of them still speak one of the many Maya languages (A Brief History of the Mayan Civilization, 2011). The Maya are perhaps the most well-known of the traditional civilizations of Mesoamerica. Mayan history began in the Yucatan around 2600 B.C., Mayan history grew to fame around A.D. 250 in contemporary southern Mexico, Guatemala, western Honduras, El Salvador, and northern Belize (Mayan History, n.d.).

Building on the innate inventions and thoughts of previous civilizations such as the Olmec, the Maya advanced astronomy, calendrical systems and hieroglyphic writing. The Maya…

References

A Brief History of the Mayan Civilization. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.art-poster-

online.com/maya.htm

Cecil, Jessica. (2011). The Fall of the Mayan Civilisation. Retrieved from  http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/cultures/maya_01.shtml 

Central America: Connecting Continents, Keeping Oceans Apart. (n.d.). Retrieved from  http://www.globio.org/glossopedia/article.aspx?art_id=46#

Executive Email Format Using Bullet
Words: 459 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 52647415
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B.I. estimates the gang membership at 10,000 in 42 states and an additional 50,000 members in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico in 2004, the F.B.I. created the MS-13 National Gang Force (Buckley 2007)

Initiates members by beating them (Buckley 2007)

Long Island, local gangs affiliated with M-13 come together to unite in large meetings, called "universals" (Buckley 2007)

Remedies:

In 2004, the F.B.I. created the MS-13 National Gang Force (Buckley 2007)

The activities of this gang are an international problem and require an international law-enforcement solution and greater cooperation between federal, state, and local authorities

More youth-oriented anti-gang intervention is required that begins in middle school, to target expanding at-risk population

Most members of gang not illegal, second and third generation: Border control not 'the solution' (Buckley 2007)

orks Cited

Buckley, Cara. (2007, August 19). A fearsome gang and its wannabees. The New York Times.

Retrieved April 15, 2009…

Works Cited

Buckley, Cara. (2007, August 19). A fearsome gang and its wannabees. The New York Times.

Retrieved April 15, 2009 at  http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/19/weekinreview/19buckley.html 

New York/New Jersey high intensity drug trafficking area drug market analysis. (2007,

June). National Drug Intelligence Center. Retrieved April 15, 2009 at  http://www.usdoj.gov/ndic/pubs23/23502/crime.htm

Hispanic Culture in America the
Words: 821 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82135777
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' The film suggests that assimilation does come at some cost, though, like to the lawyer Memo, who marries an Anglo woman and must play down his Mexican heritage to fit in with his in-laws. But overall the movie suggests that Latino participation in the American dream is both comparable to that of other ethnic groups. Living as a Mexican-American is possible, and the second generation does not have to entirely sacrifice family and heritage to become a part of the American mosaic, contrary to what was suggested in earlier Hollywood images, chronicled in "The Bronze Screen."

The film "Real omen Have Curves" (2002) even more convincingly demonstrates that Latino struggles with American identity are not necessarily always negative. The protagonist Ana must overcome images of the estern media to find a sense of peace and security. She is ambitious professionally, and does not just want to get married, as…

Works Cited

The Bronze Screen: 100 Years of the Latino Image in Hollywood." (2002). Directed by Alberto Dom'nguez (IV) and Nancy De Los Santos.

Mi Familia." (1995). Directed by Gregory Nava.

Real Women Have Curves." (2002). Directed by Patricia Cardoso.

Organizational Technology Plan for Dell
Words: 3563 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22310015
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2). The company has demonstrated this effect time and again as it enters new, standardized product categories, such as network servers, workstations, mobility products, printers and other electronic accessories; in fact, almost 20% of every standards-based computer system sold in the world today is a Dell: "This global reach indicates our direct approach is relevant across product lines, regions and customer segments" (Dell at a glance, 2007, p. 3).

Today, Dell competes on a global basis, and it manages its business through three key geographic segments as shown in Table 1 below:

Table 1.

Dell Geographic Business Segments.

Geographic Segment

Description

The Americas

This business unit accounted for about 64% of the $56 billion the company earned in revenues in 2005 (Allison, 2006). This market region includes the U.S., Canada, and Latin America (Dell Annual eport, 2006); one Dell executive, Lawrence Pentland, was recently assigned control of the operations in…

References

Agrawal, Mani, T.V. Kumaresh and Glenn a. Mercer. (2001). The false promise of mass customization." The McKinsey Quarterly, 62.

Allison, K. (2006, June 29). Dell reorganises struggling Americas unit. [Online]. Available:

FT.com. http://us.ft.com/ftgateway/.

Dell annual report. (2006, March 15). Yahoo! Finance. [Online]. Available:  

Peace Agreements and International Intervention
Words: 3606 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65074896
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Peace Agreements and International Intervention

A peace treaty is an agreement between two hostile parties, usually countries or governments, which formally ends a war or armed conflict. Treaties are often ratified in territories deemed neutral in the previous conflict and delegates from these neutral territories act as witnesses to the signatories. In the case of large conflicts between numerous parties there may be one global treaty covering all issues or separate treaties signed between each party. In more modern times, certain intractable conflict situations, especially those involving terrorism, may first be brought to cease-fire and are then dealt with via a peace process where a number of discrete steps are taken on each side to eventually reach the mutually desired goal of peace and the signing of a treaty. Some ceasefires, such as the one following the American Revolution, may last a number of years and follow a tortuous process.…

Bibliography

Berdal, Mats and David M. Malone, eds. Greed and Grievance: Economic Agendas in Civil Wars. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2000.

Chomsky, Noam. "Peace Process' Prospects." July 27, 2000. June 27, 2005. .

Collier, Paul and Anke Hoeffler. "Greed and Grievance, Policy Research Paper 2355." World Bank Development Group. May 2000.

Fitzpatrick, Sheila. The Russian Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Global Refugee Regime Seems to Be Veering
Words: 10399 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23350149
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Global Refugee Regime eems to Be Veering Away From Traditional Rules

As the threat of war looms large, the situation of those displaced because of violence and fights is becoming the focal point of talks amidst humanitarian groups. Many wrote about the situation in Afghanistan. The last many years have brought about quite a lot of enormous "refugee movements and humanitarian emergencies." More than 50 million people have been displaced by conflicts, war and other disasters and things may get worse.

The many organizations that offer aid to those who are forced to flee from their native lands are trying their level best to reach out and help each one of them. But nations all over seem to be hesitant to take in refugees who do not have any place else to go. What is the solution? How can humanitarian agencies cope with the increasing number of refugees? A book…

Sources

Agamben, Giorgio (1995). We refugees.(Section 2: Issuing Identity) Symposium v49, n2 (Summer):114

Appling, Cathy (1995). United Nations Involvement in Haiti from a Humanitarian Perspective. Current World Leaders 38, 4, Aug, 83-98.

Copeland, Emily (1992). Global refugee policy: an agenda for the 1990s. (Conference Reports) International Migration Review v26, n3 (Fall):992

Deng, Francis M. (1995). Dealing with the Displaced: A Challenge to the International Community. Global Governance 1, 1, winter, 45-57.

Magical Realism in Ana Castillo's Novel'so Far From God
Words: 4294 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63671844
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Magical Realism in Ana Castillo's 'So Far From God'

hen looking for the magical realism in Ana Castillo's So Far From God, and for those readers who know her work and her cultural background, one of the ways in which the author employs magical realism is as a skilled fiction writer. Castillo is writing about Latinos, a family of women. Her first step in employing magical realism is to set aside the Latino patriarchal cultural restrictions that would otherwise prevent the concept of "magical realism" from working in the story. Castillo had to find a way to overcome that allowed the reality to be used to advance the story past that obstacle. She also had the obstacle of Latino Catholicism, which is as equal a force with which to be confronted as is the patriarchal society. This essay is an examination of how Ana Castillo overcomes these obstacles in her…

Works Cited

Castillo, Ana. So Far From God. New York, W.W. Norton and Company, Inc., 2003.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5006914074

Johnson, Kelli Lyon. "Violence in the Borderlands: Crossing to the Home Space in the Novels of Ana Castillo." Frontiers - A Journal of Women's Studies 25.1 (2004): 39+. Questia. 9 Dec. 2008  http://www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&d=5006914074.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001397694

Pessimism in Poetry Pessimism in
Words: 16260 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96505250
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" The point made by the poet is similar to the poem above. The reference to John,

The Father of our souls, shall be,

John tells us, doth not yet appear;

is a reference to the Book of Revelations, at the end of the Bible.

That despite the promises of an Eternal life for those who eschew sin, we are still frail and have the faults of people. We are still besought by sin and temptations and there's really no escape. People are people. No matter what we say or do, we find that life is not so simple. Consider this reference, which really refers to a person's frame of reference or "way of seeing."

Wise men are bad -- and good are fools,

This is a paradoxical statement: there is large gap between spirituality and reality. Those we consider wise or bad, might make decisions that are globally profound,…

F-Ratio Is Designed in Such a Way
Words: 1259 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52725917
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F-ratio is designed in such a way that there is no individual difference with reference to contribution between denominator and numerator. The numerator of F-ratio measures the means difference that exists between one treatment to the other and the F-ratio is designed in such a way that both denominator and numerator measure exactly the same variance and when the null hypothesis is true, and there will be no systematic treatment effect. When there is no treatment effect, the F-ratio balances the numerator and denominator because both are measured exactly in the same variance, making F-ratio to have the value equal to 1.00.

When a research finding concludes that F-ratio is equal to 1.00, the research will conclude that there will be no treatment effect, thus, the research will fail to reject the null hypothesis, and the null hypothesis is true. However, when the treatment effect exists, this contributes to the…

Reference

Gravetter, F.J. (2011). Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences, (9th Edition). Cengage Learning.

Judith, S.B. Tao, D. & David, B.W. (2007). Drug abuses by Fathers & their adolescent children: longitudinal predictors of adolescent aggression. American Academy on Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions / the American journal of addictions. 16, ( 5): 410 -- 417.

Olate, R. Wright, C.S. & Vaugnn. (2012). Predictors of violence and delinquency among high risk youth and youth gang members in San Salvador, El Salvador. International Social Work. 55(3) 383 -- 401.

Platt, R.W. (1998). ANOVA, t- tests, and linear regression. Journal of The International Society For Child And Adolescent Injury Prevention. 4, (1): 52 -- 53.

M-13 Gang and How it
Words: 2401 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64986942
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In fact, when it comes to terrorism, strangers are, generally, the ambit of their activities.

There have been some activities, however, that have targeted innocent civilians and the motives and actions, in these cases, have ominously paralleled terrorist stratagems and motivations. A case in kind occurred in December, 2004, when an intercity bus in Honduras, Central America was intercepted and sprayed with machine gunfire and 28 passengers, mainly women and children, were killed first by the gunfire then by the assailants climbing abroad the bus and methodically executing the passengers17. The objective was a protest against the Honduran government who had recently reinstated the death penalty.

Another similarity is in their pattern of operation where, like al-Quida, they operate in a form of loose, unstructured cells that form a global dispersed network. Similarly, too, their individual ceils are devoted to similar activities and some are quite sophisticated. These include activities…

Reference

Bunker, R. J. 'Epochal Change: War over Social and Political Organization', Parameters, vol. 27, no. 2, Summe, 1997

Derbeken, Jaxon Van."Widow pleads for death penalty." San Francisco Chronicle. June 27, 2008.

Del Barco, M. "The International Reach of the Mara Salvatrucha." NPR.org (May 2, 2011).  http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4539688 

Elkus, a. Foreign Policy in Focus "Gangs, terrorists, and trade" (April 12, 2007)

Collective Community Action for Social
Words: 2095 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5472236
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" In addition, Manz reports that, "It took more than a decade after the worst of the violence, but eventually the Catholic Church, the United Nations, and the president of the United States rendered a verdict about the horrors suffered by villagers in Santa Mar'a Tzeja and the rest of Guatemala." In fact, the verdict charged Guatemalan authorities with outright genocide, and the author emphasizes that, "No other country in the hemisphere has been charged with genocide."

To their credit, the people of Guatemala have managed to overcome this violent legacy and stand poised to become part of the international community in substantive ways, due in large part to the findings of this report. As Manz points out, "This judgment was of great moral importance to the people of Santa Mar'a Tzeja and so many others like them who had suffered grievously at the hands of the military. No longer…

References

Bolivia. (2008). U.S. government: CIA World Factbook available at  

World Regional Geography
Words: 2680 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29821841
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Regional Geography

hy could Africa be considered on of the richest continents on Earth? Discuss some of sub-Saharan Africa's Assets. Then address why, despite these facts, the majority of African states remain poor. Be sure to include several factors relation to this region's unique physical geography, complex human geography, history.

The spectrum of environments which exist in Africa spans entire moisture and temperature gradients, from perhaps the most arid to among the well-watered places on earth, from the coolness of the Cape to the furnace that is the Sahara. This environmental diversity is mirrored in the proliferation of its fauna and flora, for Africa has seemingly every conceivable combination of climatological, geological, and pedological factors; the plant and animal communities have evolved over time to reflect this heterogeneity. Moreover, it is an ancient continent that has provided a cradle for a wide range of taxonomic groups, from among the very…

Works Cited

1. Chen-Young, et al. Transnationals of tourism in the Caribbean. London: Commonwealth Secretariat. 2001.

2. Richard Wiffin, William Phettipace, Anas Todkill; Imagining Distance: Spanish Explorers in America. Early American Literature, Vol. 25, 1990.

3. Stephen Zunes; The United States and the Western Sahara Peace Process. Middle East Policy, Vol. 5, 1998.

Hispanic Community in the United States Hispanic-American's
Words: 2500 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27544800
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Hispanic community in the United States. Hispanic-American's have influenced many aspects of today's American culture such as art, religion, and education since the early 1600's. It will outline the influx of the Spanish explorers and the defense of the border between the United States and Mexico. The paper will also examine the influence of the food, colorful clothing, art, and the educational reform that has come about to meet the needs of the Hispanic children in the school system. This culture has made such a lasting impact in America that is deserves to be studied and researched more in-depth to gain more appreciation and insight to its lasting contribution.

Hispanic-American Cultural Diversity

Hispanic-American's have influenced many aspects of today's American culture such as art, religion, and education since the early 1600's. The borders of Mexico have long been the subject of territorial disputes and have many people have died to…

Works Cited

Baker-White, Tracy.

Folk Art: The Spanish Tradition." USA Today, March 1999:

Firmat, Gustavo. "Cuban Americans," Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia. 1993

1997 Microsoft Corporation.

Latin American Studies by Philip
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16105563
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This leads to many false stereotypes and assumptions about cultures which most of us have never experienced.

2) When the structure of colonialism set in on Latin America, the Catholic Church established Counter-Reformation initiatives ordered by Spain's Holy Inquisition. The Counter-Reformation discouraged cultural endeavors in Latin America if they were not directly affiliated to specific Church celebrations. This resulted in much illiteracy and general ignorance of advances being made in the world during the 17th and 18th centuries, specifically the Enlightenment. Additionally, the Catholic Church, in this role, was less involved in being true missionaries, but rather functioned as a cultural censor that enforced regulatory social practices. Peninsular bureaucrats seemed to have no interest or care for the vast lands of Latin America, and developed an increasing disdain for the growing mixed Spanish and indigenous population (Mestizo). They were suspicious of indigenous and mestizo people, and also of Spanish people…

Abduction of Innocence Though Adults
Words: 3226 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33234415
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D., a senior child-protection specialist with the Christian Children's Fund. "You don't falter. You don't disobey. Any show of weakness and you're killed" (Amber, 2004).

Hamer (2010) writes "Child soldiers were portrayed as having no connections in society, without skills, incompetent and prone to violence, and it was strongly implied that they were trapped in a vicious circle and that they would always experience difficulties in returning to a non-violent routine because they had been actors and witnesses of too many atrocities during the war (p. 54).

Post Traumatic Stress

It is possible to identify with captors by other means as well. Due to their age and size children are basically powerless in the world. By identifying with their tormentors it is possible for children to gain a strong sense of power, denied to them by other means. By following orders they may come to believe they will receive additional…

References

Amber, J. (2004). Abduction of Innocents. Essence (Time Inc.), 35(8), 172-218. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Convention on Rights of the Child. (n.d.). United Nations Office of the High Commission on Human Rights. Retrieved January 6, 2011.  http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/pdf/crc.pdf 

Denov, M. & MacLure, R. (2006). Engaging the Voices of Girls in the Aftermath of Sierra Leone's Conflict: Experiences and Perspectives in a Culture of Violence. Anthropologica. Vol. 48, No. 1, War and Peace / La guerre et la paix (2006), pp. 73-85. Published by: Canadian Anthropology Society Article Stable URL:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/25605298 

Dickson-Gomez, J. (2002, Dec.). Growing up in Guerrilla Camps: The Long-Term Impact of Being a Child Soldier in El Salvador's Civil War. Ethos. Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 327-356 .

Waves in the Mass Immigration
Words: 1596 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 74717418
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For instance, most illegal immigrants earn a living that is below the poverty threshold. Towns and cities can enforce legal policy created due to the economic incentive of protecting local schools and hospitals from financial ruin. Therefore, if there is a large population of illegal immigrants living in a town/city and are below a minimal level of income, the most effective policy is to build additional schools and hospitals designed to cater specifically to these populations.

The idea is to create facilities where illegal immigrants can learn and understand how to become an assimilated immigrant into American life. Additionally, these facilities will house programs that enable immigrants to become American citizens through the legal process of obtaining citizenship. The creation of additional schools and hospitals will increase jobs in the community, which can be funded in part through a number of federal programs that provide direct and indirect monetary resources…

References

Joch. (2010). "Immigration in the United States." New Presence: The Prague Journal of Central European Affairs. July 1, 2010. Retrieved from:  http://web.ebscohost.com.rlib.pace.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?hid=7&sid=79b0dbd3-39a3-42cd-9251-b89bc3234568%40sessionmgr13&vid=1 

Independent Review. January 1, 2010. Retrieved from:  http://web.ebscohost.com.rlib.pace.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?hid=7&sid=9e5d9f48-ef82-40e2-b0da-de96f7c9b839%40sessionmgr15&vid=1 

Independent Review. 2010

Olmec Ancient Civilization
Words: 6598 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 83782582
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"

4. Social and Political Life

There is a general paucity of information about the actual societal and political structure of the Olmec. While there is not much evidence to build a comprehensive picture of the daily and social life of these people, there is enough available data from certain archeological sites to provide some reasonable speculations.

One of the assumptions that is derived from the excavation of sites at San Lorenzo and then at La Venta is that the society was very centralized. This in turn has led to the view that the society was highly structured, with a hierarchical basis of order and class stratification. This also implies the existence of a ruling elite and a system of power and control, which was possibly based on religious beliefs. This view of the structure of the society is summarized as follows: "Olmec society was & #8230;highly centralized, with a…

Bibliography

Griffin Gillett G., the Olmec World: Ritual and Rulership,

http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/olmec / (accessed 8 November, 2010).

Jones, David M. Mythology of the Aztecs and Maya, New York: Lorenz, 2007.

Lemonick M.D., Mystery of the Olmec,( Time Magazine, July 1, 1996, Volume 148, No.

Diversity and the Future of
Words: 650 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 72295578
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Over the course of time, this helps to break down the common stereotypes and will improve individual understanding of different cultures. Once this takes place, is when you will see those who grew up in these communities become the face of new generation, who is looking beyond racial / ethnic generalities. Instead, they look at the individual's character, versus the racial group or nationality of a person.

The Impact of Diversity

When a community is more diverse, this will have a positive long-term benefit for everyone. Where, certain ethnic groups or nationalities that have been having problems advancing economically / socially will have the ability to do so. This is because when a community is practicing such polices; those who may have trouble obtaining access to various kinds of services or benefits have greater upward mobility. The reason why is: the different nationalities and racial groups will bring varying degrees…

Bibliography

Arreola, D. (2004). Hispanic-American Legacy. Hispanic Place, Latino Place (pp. 24 -- 30). Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Krase, J. (2009). Diversity in America: Past, Present and Future. Retrieved June 24, 2010 from Brooklyn Soc website: http://www.brooklynsoc.org/blog/node/70

Socio-Political Factors Encountered by Hispanics Latino-americans
Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92469024
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6 million of the 17.3 million eligible Hispanic voters cast a ballot (Kaufman 2007).

The language barrier might be yet another reason that Hispanics struggle to find a foothold in American society. ESL programs often fail to address Latino's needs in schools. Latinos have the highest high school dropout rate of any ethnic group in America, and there is no statistically significant difference between drop-out rates for immigrants or the native born, indicating that intensive ESL programs are necessary to supplement the education in English teens receive at home and in informal social contexts. Poverty and an inability to acclimate to the school environment because of inadequate language education in the early grades are two possible reasons that "at 21%, the national Latino high school dropout rate is more than twice the national average of10%" (Pew Center, 2004).

Despite the centrality of the family in Latino culture, many Latino teens…

References

Kaufman, Stephen. (2007, 11 October). Hispanic-Americans' political clout expected to increase. Pew Center. Retrieved March 26, 2010 at  http://www.america.gov/st/usg-english/2007/October/20071011113828esnamfuak0.9106256.html 

Pew Hispanic Center fact sheet. (2004, January). Pew Center. Retrieved March 26, 2010 at  http://pewhispanic.org/files/factsheets/7.3.pdf

Same Sex Union Is a
Words: 1006 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 41415699
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This institution has not been anti-gays traditionally. The country has been trying to frame LGBT laws in the context of human rights as presented in the constitution. The leaders and politicians are also aware of the homophobia persisting in the country and understand that they are not as much because of the laws as they are due to macho mentality of the society. Gays and lesbians are allowed to speak at gatherings and participate in gay march and rallies but they are expected to keep everything low-key. (Stewart, p.16)

US on the other hand is more tolerant even if the state doesn't recognize allow marital status to gay couples on federal level. However some states do offer marriage licenses to gay couples however these are not recognized on national basis and can easily be rejected by other states thus denying a couple benefits that come with being legally married in…

References

"Belize Human Trafficking" Retrieved online 6th April 2011 <  http://huntinghumantraffickers.wordpress.com/2010/10/25/belize-human-trafficking-hiv-capital-tourism-in-danger/ >

Stewart, Chuck. (2010) the Greenwood encyclopedia of LGBT issues worldwide, Volume 1 ABC-CLIO.

"CIVIL UNIONS." HRC campaign.  http://www.hrc.org/issues/marriage/civil_unions.asp 

Ottoson, David. State sponsored Homophobia, ILGA report May (2009). Accessed online from

Reformation of the IMF Saudi
Words: 706 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 19821981
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These measures have helped the banking system to remain profitable and well-capitalized" ("2009 Article IV," IMF, 2009). This indicates that Saudi Arabia views low levels of speculation to be salutary for its own financial status, which is dependant upon economic growth and a high, steady worldwide demand for oil.

The main area of contention between Saudi Arabia and the IMF has been its undervaluation of its currency, the riyal, which it only recently agreed to peg to the U.S. dollar. This is also keeping with the IMF's policy on a free flow of capital: "The IMF has also generally opposed capital controls, which can help governments stem the loss of reserves, currency crashes, and other problems associated with large capital outflows" (eisbrot 2009, p.1).

Another criticism of the IMF is how its proportion of voting shares are allocated: the U.S. currently has 16.5%, while high oil producing nations, including Saudi…

Works Cited

"2009 Article IV Consultation with Saudi Arabia." International Monetary Fund.

Public Information Notice (PIN) No. 09/109. August 17, 2009.

December 2, 2009  http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pn/2009/pn09109.htm 

Weisbrot, Mark, Jose Cordero & Luis Sandoval. IMF Reform. CEPR. April 2009.

Modern Political Thought
Words: 4396 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54047318
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Politics

Modern Political Thought

The transition from a feudal serf economy to a capitalist market economy was one of the fundamental shifts which have produced modernity as we know it. This essay aims to understand how the authors of The Prince and Leviathan, Niccolo Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes would think about the transition and how these two great minds would relate to the issue of capitalism. Capitalism is a funny game that continually creates a series of boom and bust cycles throughout our modern history. Take the 1926 real estate craze that occurred in Florida. The United States economy was cooking along on all cylinders and good times were everywhere. No one was thinking about the Great Depression that would occur just a few years later. The rich and happy of 1926 figured that all was well as often is the case in Capitalism. Prosperity and growth were infinite --…

Works Cited, continued

Solomon, Jay. (2009). "U.S., India Expand Counterterrorism Cooperation." Wall Street Journal Online. (2009). Retrieved on November 25, 2009 from online.wsj at  http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125907299030362349.htmlWallerstein , Immanuel. (1983): "Historical Capitalism." Thetford Press, Limited: Norfolk.

White, Michael (2007). "Machiavelli, A Man Misunderstood." Abacus.

Open Skies Agreements on Domestic
Words: 4470 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 64771870
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S. domestic carriers are at period in the industry's history when these factors are already beleaguered by downturns in the global economy, increasing competition from international carriers, and the aforementioned high costs of energy.

Chapter 2: The Impact of Open Skies Agreements on Domestic and International Carriers

Under an open skies agreement, both signatories to the agreement enjoy open access to international airline routes between the two countries as well as eliminating virtually all domestic restrictions on international carriers (Lick, 1998). In an effort to develop more closely integrated pricing and route schedules, signatories to these agreements typically also seek to gain immunity from national antitrust laws (Commercial aviation: Legacy airlines must further reduce costs to restore profitability, 2004). The U.S. Department of Transportation reviews these types of airline alliances from an antitrust perspective and refuses to approval an alliance without a reciprocal open skies agreement with the foreign airline's…

References

Baker, C. (2004, March 1). Air France-KLM approved; competition regulators in Brussels have approved Air France's takeover of KLM, deciding the consumer comes out of the deal as a net winner. Washington also says it will not oppose the deal. Airline Business, 9.

Bilotkach, V. (2002). Asymmetric regulation and airport dominance in international aviation:

Evidence from the London-New York market. Southern Economic Journal, 74(2), 505-

Doganis, R. (2002). Flying off course: The economics of international airlines. London:

International Conflict Resolution for Policymakers
Words: 2740 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34473124
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States like Bangladesh, Egypt, and Indonesia have severe challenges due to the risks of flooding, drought, and deforestation. Recently Bangladesh was hit by a powerful Typhoon (same as a hurricane), which caused thousands of deaths and was so severe it was beyond the capability of its weak government to deal with the disaster.

The U.S. Department of State (DOS) has been working for many years to try and help with a solution for the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. The violence between these two states has been going on for many years, and numerous previous attempts to find a lasting peaceful solution have failed. In a document called "A Performance-Based roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict," the DOS plan includes three phases. The first is the most crucial and pivotal - an end to the "terror and violence" and an attempt to normalize Palestinian life - in conjunction with…

Works Cited

Textbook Chapter 8 "Post-War Reconstruction."

Dixon, Robyn. (2007, Dec. 15). Zimbabwe may shatter, but Mugabe holds firm. The Los

Angeles Times, p. a-1 - a-5.

Foreign Policy. (2007). Failed States Index 2007. The Fund for Peace and Carnegie

Globalization Regional Integration Efforts Were
Words: 1013 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10528927
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The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) was started on January 1989 by Australian Prime Minister ob Hawke when he called for better economic cooperation within the Asia Pacific Region. Currently, the organization has 21 members including, Australia, Japan, Singapore, and United States. At the ogor summit, APEC started discussions regarding the "ogor Goals" which aims to reduce tariffs between zero and five percent in industrialized countries by 2010 and developing countries by 2020 (Wikipedia contributors, 2007). APEC had a combined GDP of $6 trillion in 1998 and 42% of global trade. The main advantages of this organization are deregulation, sharing of technology, and policy certainty ("What is APEC?" n.d.). Some disadvantages include selective policy-making to push the agenda of a specific country using intimidation strategies, increased inequality and poverty, anti-democratism, and high costs with respect to human rights violations and environmental damages (Kelsey, n.d.).

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)…

Bibliography

Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN" (n.d.) Retrieved 20 April 2007 at  http://www.itcilo.it/english/actrav/telearn/global/ilo/blokit/asean.htm 

European Union" (n.d.) Retrieved 20 April 2007 at  http://experts.about.com/e/e/eu/European_Union.htm 

International Organisations - the European Union" (n.d) Retrieved 20 April 2007 at  http://oxfam.org.uk/coolplanet/milkingit/information/international_orgs/international_orgs_eu.htm 

Ahmad, Pengiran Mashor Pengiran (2003). "East Asia Economic Community: Prospects and Implications" Retrieved 20 April 2007 at  http://www.aseansec.org/15655.htm

Business Ethics Issue of International
Words: 1847 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28277595
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589). This may sound harsh, but it has been shown in many countries that this is the best practice for the employment and the economy.

While conditions in some sweatshops are unimaginable, in many countries sweatshop workers actually have better working conditions than many other workers have, and make more money as well. For example, a worker manufacturing shoes for Nike in a Chinese plant actually makes more money than a professor teaching at Beijing University (Maitland, DATE, p. 585). In fact, workers in many sweatshops make much more money than other workers in their areas, so they consider themselves well paid, even if their wages seem miniscule to westerners.

In conclusion, international sweatshops need standards and guidelines, and their workers should receive fair, decent wages for their work. As former Labor Secretary obert eich notes, "Low-wage workers should become better off, not worse off, as trade and investment boost…

References

Arnold, D.G. And Bowie, N.E. Sweatshops and respect for persons. Ethical issues in international business. 591-604.

Maintland, J. The great non-debate over international sweatshops. Ethical issues in international business. 579-589.

Rivoli, P. (2001). Labor standards in the global economy: Issues for investors. The ethics of globalization. 535-545.

City of Quartz Excavating the
Words: 2126 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33169810
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Waldie writes of his family home in Long Beach, "ooms are small in houses that have less than eleven hundred square feet of living area. The room I slept in was ten feet by ten feet" (Waldie 29). Davis goes one step farther when he discusses the disparities in many Southern California communities where low-income housing is not only unavailable, it is discouraged by affluent homeowners. He notes, "Spanish-speaking Oakies of the 1980s [immigrant workers] are forced to live furtively in hillside dugouts and impromptu brush camps, often within sight of million dollar tract homes whose owners now want the 'immigrant blight' removed" (Davis 209). Yet these same homeowners feel no remorse at hiring these workers at substandard wages to clean their homes, manage their gardens, and clean their swimming pools. It is no wonder there is such disparity in the face of the city. There is disparity among the…

References

Davis, Mike. City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles. New York: Vintage Books, 1992.

Waldie, D.J. Holy Land: A Suburban Memoir. New York: Buzz Book, 1996.

Wal-Mart How the Corporation Affects
Words: 1608 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50062736
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In a controlled market, the monopoly company will be capable of running the business without paying any attention to the affected parties (customers, employees, suppliers). Americans themselves have initiated a movement against the colossal power of Wal-Mart, suggesting that it should change its business conduct. "The truth is that Wal-Mart has let America down by lowering wages, forcing good paying American jobs overseas, and cutting costs with total disregard for the values that have made this nation great. Wal-Mart has needlessly exploited illegal immigrants, faces the largest gender discrimination lawsuit in history, forced workers to work in an unsafe environment, and -- incredibly -- broken child labor laws. America's largest employer must reflect America's values. ut, Wal-Mart will never change on its own. Lee Scott, Wal-Mart's CEO, mistakenly thinks he only answers to a few wealthy shareholders who own Wal-Mart stock. Lee Scott is wrong. Wal-Mart and Lee Scott must…

Bibliography

International Operations," Wal-Mart website, 14th Nov 2006,  http://walmartstores.com/GlobalWMStoresWeb/navigate.do?catg=369 

Mander, Kai and Boston, Alex. "Wal-Mart Worldwide, The Making of a Global Retailer," The Ecologist vol.25, no.6, Nov/Dec 1995

Fishman, Charles. "The Wal-Mart You Don't Know," Fast Company website, Dec 2003, 14th Nov 2006,  http://www.fastcompany.com/online/77/walmart.html 

Why Wal-Mart Must Change," Wake-Up Wal-Mart website,  http://www.wakeupwalmart.com/change/

Bread Sara Miles Take This
Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83479489
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Many may call this pragmatism, and by following in the path of Christ, even unknowingly, is to embrace pragmatism is one's life. Sara Miles spent her time among the poorest people on the planet, similar to Christ's instruction that performing acts of kindness to the "least of these my brothers, you did it to me." (Matt. 25:40)

So when she finally decided to enter a Episcopal church and celebrate the Holy Eucharist, it would seem a natural extension of her life experiences. Food had always been an underlying, but important part of her, and there she was sharing the body and blood of Christ. She had always been involved in social justice, albeit in a secular way, and had not embraced the Christian Liberation Theology that was popular at the same time. This could have been caused by her acquired distrust of theological dogmas. However, it seems that the sharing…

Works Cited

Good News Bible: The Bible in Today's English Version. New York: American Bible

Society, 1976. Print.

Miles, Sara. Take This Bread: A Radical Conversion. New York: Ballantine, 2007. Print.

Recession Is a Topic of
Words: 991 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79553443
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There is no reassurance in anything. Nothing is set in stone. It is this fear that drives people to stop spending because there is nothing at all occurring that is of some sort of security for them. How can someone spend on things that are not really essential when someone could literally lose their job the next day without warning and then not even have a reliant security network on which to go to. The government even started to lower the amount of time allotted for unemployment check disbursements for individuals who are unemployed, leading to an even greater economic problem within families (Wolf 2010).

I agree with the editor who states over and over again that these people who have literally lost everything have nothing else to rely on. They got swept up in the idea that in America anything and everything is possible, but unfortunately that dream was…

References:

Saslow, E. (August 29, 2011). Virginia house painter fights to keep business as recession becomes a way of life. In The Washington Post. Retrieved August 29, 2011, from

Wolf, R. (August 30, 2010). Record number in government anti-poverty programs. In USA Today. Retrieved August 29, 2011, from

Mandelbaum, R. (July 29, 2010). Can government help new businesses? In The New York Times. Retrieved August 29, 2011, from

Growth Within a Country the Issue of
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Growth Within a Country

The issue of development and growth within a country or across countries is such that attracts that attention across board. There are screaming headlines of different economic measures taken by economists and financial analysts of countries concerned. Tracking and recording growth in any country or comparing growth amongst country necessitates using diverse measures. Many measures in the name of models have been propounded of which some are accepted without contention. Many however are still undergoing different measures of experimentation. Augmented Solow Model that was developed by Mankiw et al. (1992) is extensively used in this project to measure growth across countries.

The variable of human capital has a general acceptance as a major contributor to economic development. The correlation between the variable, human capital and economic development will be calculated using time series data of 22 countries. Positive relationship that exists between the variable and time…

Reference

Cho, D., and S. Graham, 1996, The Other Side of Conditional Convergence, Economics Letters, Vol. 50, pp. 285-290.

Mankiw .N, D. Romer, and Weil D, (1992). A contribution to the empirics of economic growth, Quarterly Journal of Economics 107, 407{437.

Lucas, Jr., Lectures on Economic Growth, Harvard University Press The Harvard University Press is a publishing house, a division of Harvard University, that is highly respected in academic publishing. It was established on January 13, 1913. In 2005, it published 220 new titles.

.Click the link for more information., (2002).

Illicit Arms Trade in South
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Involved people in these illegal transfers take advantage of institutional weaknesses and corruption to achieve their objectives.

One of the constant features found along the research is the weak handling of systematic information by the state authorities, especially from the police bodies. At the same time, the lack of channels that facilitate the free access to information about official proceedings make it difficult for the citizens to take part in solving the problem (ibid.).

The borders' porosity is another risk for democracy because bordering zones are strategic spaces for different illicit traffics which look to be controlled by organized crime. Internationalization of crime and its organization structures represent a problem for national security and for the region's stability.

Illegal traffic of fire arms is associated with other illicit traffics which are complemented mainly with drug traffic. Economic resources generated with those actions at the sideline of law are higher than…

References

Camacho, Daniel Avila . " Interrelationship between Drug Trafficking and the Illicit Arms Trade."

Unidir.org. Unidir.org, 2012. Web. 9 Apr 2012. .

Cullinan, Jeanna . "Latin American Leaders Demand Action on Illicit Arms Trafficking ."

Drug Legalization as the Country
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"As a case in point we may take the known fact of the prevalence of reefer and dope addiction in Negro areas. This is essentially explained in terms of poverty, slum living, and broken families, yet it would be easy to show the lack of drug addiction among other ethnic groups where the same conditions apply." Inciardi 248()

Socio-economic effects

Legalizing drugs has been deemed to have many socio-economic effects. A study that was conducted by Jeffrey a. Miron, who was a Harvard economist estimated that by legalizing drugs, this would inject about $76.8 billion in to the U.S. every year. 44.1 billion dollars would come from savings made from the law enforcement measures and 32.7 billion would be from tax revenue. This revenue can be thought to be broken down as follows: 6.7 billion dollars from marijuana, 22.5 billion from heroin and cocaine and the rest from the other…

References

Blumenson, Eric, and Eva S. Nilsen. How to Construct an Underclass, or How the War on Drugs Became a War on Education. Massachusetts: Drug Policy Forum of Massachusetts, 2002. Print.

Campos, Isaac. "Degeneration and the Origins of Mexico's War on Drugs." Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos 26.2 (2010): 379-408. Print.

Chabat, Jorge. "Mexico's War on Drugs: No Margin for Maneuver." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 582.ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: Cross-National Drug Policy / Full publication date: Jul., 2002 / Copyright © 2002 American Academy of Political and Social Science (2002): 134-48. Print.

Council on Hemispheric Affairs. "Low Taxation Perpetuates Insecurity in Central America." 2011. May 5th 2012. .

Satellite Communication
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Satellite Communications and Situational Awareness

As with so much else in today's world, the military and military operations have been transformed by technology. The situation of the armed forces, and of combat itself, in the time of the Second World War, Korea, and even Vietnam, seem like the dim memories of bygone age. Yet, these conflicts were within the experience of many persons now living. Once upon a time, commanders in the field depended either on their own eyes and ears for information in regard to the enemy, or else they relied on information that was hours, days, or even possibly weeks old. Napoleon and Wellington would have been stunned by the technologies available to Eisenhower and ommel -- the ability to reconnoiter by flying over enemy positions, instant communication by radio between troops in the field and base camp, not to mention "precision" weapons, big guns whose firing mechanisms…

References

Cloud, J. (2002). American Cartographic Transformations during the Cold War. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 29(3), 261+.

Harris, J. (2003). Dreams of Global Hegemony and the Technology of War. Race and Class, 45(2), 54+.

Harrison, S.S. (2002). Korean Endgame: A Strategy for Reunification and U.S. Disengagement. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Kagan, F.W. (2003). War and Aftermath. Policy Review, (120), 3+.

U S Policy Towards the Dominican
Words: 1352 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63740992
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S. Marines departed, after in effect being an occupying force on foreign soil, they left "a tender wound, making the Dominicans extremely sensitive to any hint of U.S. interference in Dominican affairs and quick 'to resent any slight, any tactlessness' on the part of the U.S. representatives."

To conclude this portion of the paper, the question is pertinent: why was the U.S. so embarrassingly unprepared for the power grab by Trujillo in February, 1930? oorda explains that the envoy to the Dominican epublic, John Moors Cabot, only 28 years old, misjudged "the distribution of power between the civilian chief of state and the military commander, a mistake repeatedly frequently" by American diplomats, while a nationalism fueled by militarist dictators "swept across the region" in the early 1930s. Meantime, the U.S. backed Trujillo, and even assisted him. It was all part of the American "Good Neighbor" policy: nonintervention, and support for…

Reference

Merriam-Webster (2005). "Morality." Accessed on  http://www.m-w.com .

Roorda, Eric Paul. (1998). The Dictator Next Door. Durham: Duke University Press.

Mayan History and Culture the
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The Mayas sense of beauty was very different from other peoples in Mesoamerica (Hooker pp). They prized a long, backward sloping forehead, which was attained by bounding the skulls of infants with boards (Hooker pp). Moreover, crossed-eyes were also important, and this was achieved by dangling objects in front of the infants' eyes in order to permanently cross the eyes, a practice that is still used today (Hooker pp).

The Maya number system was a base 20 system (Mayan pp). Most likely the reason for base 20 came from ancient people who counted on both their fingers and their toes (Mayan pp). And although it was a base 20 system, called a vigesimal system, the number five also played a major role, probably again relating to five fingers and toes (Mayan pp). They used a system of bar and dot as a sort of "shorthand" for counting written from bottom…

Works Cited

Mayan1 Arts Today.  http://www.yucatantoday.com/culture/eng-mayan-arts-today.htm 

Maya3. http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/mesoamerica/maya.html

Our Living Maya Culture. http://www.quetzalnet.com/MayaCulture.html

Maya2 Astronomy.  http://www.michielb.nl/maya/astronom.html

U S Foreign Policy Pre and
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A long passage is quoted here by way of showing what all these various writers are concerned about: (Kane, 2003)May 2002 brought the odd spectacle of ex-President Jimmy Carter standing shoulder to shoulder in Havana with one of the U.S. government's oldest enemies, Cuban president Fidel Castro. Carter, on a mission to convey a message of friendship to the Cuban people and to seek some common ground between Cuba and the United States, made a point of meeting and encouraging local democratic, religious, and human rights activists. In a televised address, he endorsed the rights of dissidents and urged democracy on the island nation (Sullivan 2002). He also advocated an end to the U.S. embargo on Cuba (a call immediately echoed at home by 20 Democratic and 20 epublican representatives in Congress).

President George W. Bush's administration responded angrily to Carter's latest adventure as international arbiter. A senior state department…

References

 

Terrorism There Are a Number
Words: 9571 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28900701
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Fundamentally, the insurgents are fighting an enemy with superior weaponry, technology, and resources, so therefore, must seek avenues to mitigate these disadvantages. In other words, insurgent forces out vastly outdone in the traditional aspects of warfare, so they are forced to resort to unconventional modes of attack.

Early in his book, the Army and Vietnam, Krepinevich provides the broad game plan an insurgent force must follow to achieve final victory:

As developed by Mao in China and adapted by Giap in Vietnam, contemporary insurgency is a third world phenomenon comprising three phases: first, insurgent agitation and proselytization among the masses -- the phase of contention; second, overt violence, guerrilla operations, and the establishment of bases -- the equilibrium phase; and third, open warfare between insurgent and government forces designed to topple the existing regime -- the counteroffensive phase."

Primarily, this form of warfare consists of the formation of a political…

Works Cited

Anonymous. 2004. Imperial Hubris. Washington, D.C.: Brassley's, Inc. Page, xxi.

Barringer, Mark. 1999. "The Anti-War Movement in the United States." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. New York: Oxford University Press Available: www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/vietnam/antiwar.html.

Bush, George W. 2002. "The National Security Strategy of the United States of America." Speeches delivered September 17 and June 1.

Butler, Smedley D. War is a Racket. New York: Feral House, 2003.