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Elections and Campaigns What's Best

Words: 856 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 91891541

Tracy Flick, a preppy overachiever, is running unopposed for student council president. Mr. M, the faculty advisor, distains Tracy and has decided she needs an opponent. Mr. M talks Paul, the injured quarterback, into running - to go for the glory of leadership instead of the momentary glow of sports. Tammy, Paul's sister, decides to run for president after her girlfriend leaves her for Paul. Throughout the movie each character takes actions, fair or unfair, for personal gain. Mr. M throws the election to Paul as revenge against Tracy for having had an affair with his friend and fellow teacher who is fired. Tracy tears down the election posters out of frustration and blames someone else. Tammy falsely claims responsibility for ruining the posters so that she will be expelled and able to transfer to an all girl's school. Paul is the only candidates who wants whatever the outcome will…… [Read More]

Election is a humorous farce disguised as a high school student council election. It explores the motivations of and influences on a candidate. Tracy Flick, a preppy overachiever, is running unopposed for student council president. Mr. M, the faculty advisor, distains Tracy and has decided she needs an opponent. Mr. M talks Paul, the injured quarterback, into running - to go for the glory of leadership instead of the momentary glow of sports. Tammy, Paul's sister, decides to run for president after her girlfriend leaves her for Paul. Throughout the movie each character takes actions, fair or unfair, for personal gain. Mr. M throws the election to Paul as revenge against Tracy for having had an affair with his friend and fellow teacher who is fired. Tracy tears down the election posters out of frustration and blames someone else. Tammy falsely claims responsibility for ruining the posters so that she will be expelled and able to transfer to an all girl's school. Paul is the only candidates who wants whatever the outcome will be, praying to God for each person to do well regardless of who wins.

All three movies use humor to exaggerates the issue each is asking the movie viewer to consider: Wag the Dog uses movie production and media tricks to ask the question of what is real and what is fake; Bulworth takes a straight-laced Senator and turns him into a rapper to show the realities of campaign funding; and Election elevates a student council election to a matter of life or death. While these issues are presented as humor, each situation can be transferred to the realities of American politics. The movies each give the viewer permission to be cynical of the voting process. They each illustrate how elections are not what they appear to be; collectively showing that the news media, professional marketers, the television and movie industry, and a candidate's campaign team can easily turn truth into fiction and fiction into truth.

These movies ironically foretold the future. The 2000 Presidential election was decided not by the voters, not by the Electoral College but by the Supreme Court. Ballots in Florida were reviewed by hand, lawyers and academia were called in to review elections laws and processes, the media cried lack of fairness, and each and every voter had to question the value of their vote. The country as a whole needs to evaluate the influence of campaign financing, the lack of consistent voting methodology, and the use of television advertising on how the United States of America elects its leaders and establish their laws. The U.S.A. citizens need to question if the process is really fair, fully representative and produces the best leadership for their country.
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Election The Coming Presidential Elections in the

Words: 1447 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82278593

Election:

The coming presidential elections in the United States will be conducted on Tuesday, November 6, 2012 and will be America's 57th quadrennial presidential election. As the election approaches, various initiatives and measures have been taken to educate and empower America's voting public and create an increasingly responsible government. These efforts have primarily involved the provision of comprehensive, non-partisan information that relate to presidential candidates, news, issues, and political parties. These initiatives are mainly geared towards providing a platform for voters and non-voters to regularly obtain useful, straightforward, and impartial information linked to politics and issues. However, the major issue revolving around these elections is how the election results will be determined by current and previous decisions of the court. This is mainly because of the increased expectation that the coming presidential election may be a close election.

Presidential Election Laws:

The United States presidential elections are guided by constitutional…… [Read More]

References:

"Campaign Finance (Super PACs)" (2012, September 13). The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2012, from  http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/c/campaign_finance/index.html 

Coleman, K.J., Garrett, R.S. & Neale, T.H. (2012, January 9). Contemporary Developments in Presidential Elections. Retrieved from U.S. Department of State website:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/180682.pdf 

"Election Law -- An Overview." (n.d.). Legal Information Institute. Retrieved Cornell University

Law School website:  http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/elections
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Citizen United on the 2012 Elections Effects

Words: 1280 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89410191

Citizen United on the 2012 Elections

Effects of Citizen United

Citizens United is an organization in the United States that does not operate on profit and that focuses on conservatism. The scenario that is commonly related to the organization is the particular Supreme Court Case 'Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission," which attempted to ascertain the legality of specific aspects of campaign finance. The ruling that was made in the case influenced numerous practices that can be condoned during the election period. The 2012 elections are similarly projected to be influenced majorly by Citizens United based on the various changes that it has caused in the election system.

Citizen United's mission is described to be dedication to the restoration of the government of the United States to the control of the 'citizens'. In addition, it is committed to asserting American values that are linked to freedom of enterprise, national sovereignty…… [Read More]

References

Bai, M. (2012). How Much Has Citizen United Changed the Game? The New York Times. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/22/magazine/how-much-has-citizens-united-changed-the-political-game.html?_r=1&pagewanted=all 

Millhiser, I. (2012). Citizen United Has Already Doubled The Amount of Outside Spending in Presidential Election Years. Think Progress. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://thinkprogress.org/justice/2012/03/12/442227/citizens-united-has-already-doubled-the-amount-of-outside-spending-in-presidential-election-years/?mobile=nc 

Stone, R. (2012). Koch Brothers Behind Paul Ryan as VP Choice. Economic Policy Journal.com. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2012/08/paul-ryan-koch-brothers-get-their-man.html 

Toobin, J. (2012). Money Unlimited. The New Yorker. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2012/05/21/120521fa_fact_toobin
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E-Voting and Related Use of the Internet for Elections

Words: 2402 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35078329

E-Voting and elated Use of the Internet for Elections

Electronic voting often regarded as Internet voting, online voting or e-voting is an electoral system that utilizes encoding to permit a voter to pass on their secure and confidential ballot over the web. (E-Ping meeting Brussels) The democratic system of formation of government entails authority of the citizens to choose leaders and to represent them in the Legislative Assembly and form the government. It is pertinent to note that a lot of citizens are found to be uninterested in the process of election and do not even cast their vote. Such attitude of the voters may arise out of the lack of awareness about how and where to cast their ballot, lack of awareness about the election process or lack of time. (unning Head: Future Elections -- On the Internet?)

This is particularly true in case of United States since there…… [Read More]

References

Cross, Michael. Voting against Internet Elections. The Guardian. February 12, 2004, pp: A4-A5

e-Ping meeting Brussels. 10 September 2002. Retrieved from www.eping.org/docs/oostveen.ppt Accessed on 14 October, 2004

How E-Voting Threatens Democracy. 29 March, 2004. Retrieved from  http://www.wired.com/news/evote/0,2645,62790,00.html?tw=wn_story_related  Accessed on 14 October, 2004

Jalonick, Mary Clare. Q& A: Campaigning on the Internet - Strategy & Tactics: Using the Internet in Politics. Campaigns and Elections. Volume: 12; No: 1; September, 2002. pp: 25-28
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Winning an Election President Incumbent

Words: 970 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20870157

incumbent is the existing holder of a political office who normally has a structural advantage over challengers during an election," ("The Power of Incumbency" 1). In the House of Representatives, incumbents win over 80% of their elections ("The Power of Incumbency" 1). For the presidential race, the power of incumbency is different and in many ways, weaker due to term limits and the nature of the executive office. Anti-incumbency can haunt presidents who, for whatever exogenous or endogenous factors, had a difficult presidency. Prevailing party fatigue can also be a factor boosting the chances of a non-incumbent from the opposing political party. In the case of presidential elections taking place after a two-term president such as in 2016, there is no incumbent and therefore the process by which the hopefuls win their party's nomination becomes the focal point of their campaign work.

Incumbents enjoy obvious advantages over their non-incumbent counterparts…… [Read More]

Works Cited

McLaughlin, Dan. "History is not on the Democrats' Side in 2016." The Fedeeralist. Retrieved online:  http://thefederalist.com/2014/09/04/history-is-not-on-the-democrats-side-in-2016/ 

Nelson, Michael. Guide to the Presidency and the Executive Branch. Fifth Edition. Los Angeles,: Sage, 2013.

"The Power of Incumbency." Boundless. Retrieved online: https://www.boundless.com/political-science/textbooks/boundless-political-science-textbook/congress-11/congressional-elections-81/the-power-of-incumbency-446-1638/
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Labor Elections America Is a Competitive Place

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 76460006

Labor Elections

America is a competitive place and many of the economic and social systems in place reflect this quality. Economically, capitalism and all of its market specific rules apply to the many working people in this nation as well. The purpose of this essay is to describe how labor unions are affecting these economic processes and how they can contribute to the greater conversation revolving around the economy and employment issues. This essay will describe a union election from the standpoint of a campaign manager of union candidate to express my personal feelings and strengths towards this analysis. The second part of this essay will address the GMFC case study and explain my actions with a philosophy on employee relations.

Corporations appear to have much of the political power in the country today as far as labor realations are concerned. Labor unions are dwindling in power every year as…… [Read More]

References

Griswold, D. (2010). Unions, Protectionism and U.S. Competitiveness. Cato Journal, 30 (1), Winter 2010. Retrieved from  http://www.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/serials/files/cato - journal/2010/1/cj30n1-10.pdf

US Department of Labor. Unions and Union Members. Viewed 2 Aug 2013. Retrieved from  http://www.dol.gov/compliance/topics/unions-elections.htm 

US Department of Labor. Conducting Local Union Officer Elections. Viewed 2 Aug 2013. Retrieved from  http://www.dol.gov/olms/regs/compliance/localelec/localelec.htm
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Federal Procurement Process Highly Publicized Incidents Such

Words: 1369 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36003860

Federal Procurement Process

Highly publicized incidents such as the federal government purchasing at $500 hammer or $2,500 toilet seat continue to capture headlines as examples of a federal procurement process gone awry, but these notorious examples have become few and far between in recent years, due in large part to significant reforms such as the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 that minimized some of these problems. Despite these substantive reforms, the federal government continues to receive criticisms concerning the manner in which it administers the procurement process. In order to gain new insights in this area, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to describe the legal and administrative framework and socio-economic considerations of the federal procurement process. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.

eview and Discussion

Legal Framework

At present, federal procurement contracts are governed by a number of…… [Read More]

References

Farazmand, A. (2001). Privatization or public enterprise reform? International case studies with implications for public management. Westport, CT: Greenwood.

Nou, J. (2009). Privatizing democracy: Promoting election integrity through procurement contracts. Yale Law Journal, 118(4), 744.

Sparks, H.C. & Wichmann, H. (2007). Help clients get government contracts: Quick, who is the biggest customer in the world? Journal of Accountancy, 203(3), 32-34.
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Local Elections in the City of York

Words: 2512 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44602072

Local Elections in the City of York, UK

Many Western democracies are dealing with the problem of low voter turnout in elections. The United Kingdom is no different in this regard. Local elections seem to be particularly hard hit by an absence of voters participating in these elections. Political scientists everywhere have been studying the problem of low voter turnout for quite some time, though interviews and surveys with the voting population. Thus far, results of these studies have pointed to a variety of reasons why people may choose to not participate in voting in their local elections. This paper examines a May 2003 local election in the city of York in the United Kingdom, and looks at reasons why voter turnout in this election was relatively low.

In a local election in the city of York in May of 2003, the voter turnout was rather low. While it was…… [Read More]

References

Rallings, C. And Thrasher, M. (1997). Local Government Elections in Britain. London, Routledge.

Statistics About York." (2004). Neighborhood Statistics. Retrieved on January 12, 2004 at http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/AreaProfileFrames.

A asp?aid=175815&hid=14&tid=13.
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American Elections Have Become Undemocratic and Must Be Dramatically Overhauled

Words: 1735 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24627789

American Elections Have ecome Undemocratic

The American electoral process has been criticized on several points. This paper addresses some, though not all, of the ways in which the American political process has been criticized. Starting with campaign finance and whether expensive advertising exerts an influence on the outcome of elections out of proportion to its importance, I discuss the difficulty faced by potential candidates in getting their names on ballots when they are not the candidate being promoted by either the Democrats or Republicans. I then address whether the idea of plurality in national elections is a rational one and conclude with a discussion of the Electoral College and whether its presence and influence in the outcome of the presidential race runs contrary to the expressed democratic spirit of the United States.

First, there is the issue of campaign finance. Essentially, the uncomfortable question is this: is the American system…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. "Abolish the Electoral College" The Rest of Us.Org 2005. 29 April 2005

2. "Frequently Asked Questions." U.S. Electoral College 2005. National Archives & Records Administration 30 April 2005.

3. "Quick Answers to Candidate Questions" U.S. Federal Election Commission. 2005. 1 May 2005.

4. Kinsley, Michael, "Sitting Pretty." CNN Time September Edition CNN.com 29 April 2005
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Democrats Poor Performance in the 2016 Elections

Words: 3294 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51168733

In the 2016 U.S. presidential elections, the Democrats experienced significant losses in both the Senate and the House of Representatives in addition to losing the presidency.  While the Democratic presidential candidate, Hillary Clinton, won the popular vote, Donald Trump won the electoral college votes to clinch the presidency.  The Republicans not only won the presidency but also won the Senate and the House of Representatives.  In the aftermath of the 2016 elections, the performance of the Democratic Party has been the subject of scrutiny among political analysts and experts in political matters.  The media has remained puzzled with the outcome of the elections because they were so wrong in their predictions.  One of the issues that has received considerable scrutiny by the media is why Democrats failed to capture more seats in the U.S. House and why they lost control of the Senate.  This paper focuses on examining the reasons…… [Read More]

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Gubernatorial Elections This Year the

Words: 3233 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49970912

"

Another factor that determined the failure in the 2002 elections, is that the Democratic candidates' campaign was not as aggressive as it should have been. The Democrats' opponents used attack campaigns, so the Democratic candidates should have responded "preferably with a plan that turns his attack campaign into a character issue on him."

Other than this, Shawni Littlehale of the free-market Pioneer Institute for Public Policy esearch estimates that: "the majority of the electorate wants a fiscally conservative governor to push for lower taxes and cuts in our bloated state government, while they want their [state] rep/state senator to bring home perks for their cities ad towns."

The Democrats' success in the 2006 elections was determined by a very strong electoral campaign, the 50-State Strategy. From the beginning, the Democrats were determined to win and geared up in every precinct in the country in an unprecedented 50-state organizing strategy.…… [Read More]

Reference List

Massachusetts gubernatorial election, 2006. (2006). Wikipedia. Retrieved December 3, 2006 at  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts_gubernatorial_election%2C_2006 .

Kamarck, Elaine C. Glass Ceiling. Why the dominant Democrats can't elect a governor. (2003). CommonWealth. Retrieved December 3, 2006.

Keough, Robert. Why can't the Bay State elect a Democratic Governor? (2003). CommonWealth. Retrieved December 3, 2006.

The 50-State Strategy (2006). The Democratic Party. Retrieved December 4, 2006 at  http://www.democrats.org/a/2006/09/50-state_strate_17.php .
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Strategic Use and Impact of Social Media in the 2012 Elections

Words: 3709 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39248298

Strategic Use and Impact of Social Media in the 2012 Elections

The goal of the research is to find evidence of the use and impact of social media in U.S.'s 2012 presidential elections. This is because it was reported that President Obama won the elections because of the ground operation presented by volunteers of his elections' campaigns (CNN ire 1). I chose this topic since reports in state media indicated that the Republican Party was heading in the pre-election polls, but in the end, the Democratic Party won due to the use of technological innovation (Edsall 1). An in depth analysis of the research problem intends to reveal that the presidential contest favored President Obama, for using social media. Social media is increasingly an easy, fast, and effective way for people to have personal contact through technology. The intention is to prove the political premise that the most effective means…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Changing Face of America Helps Assure Obama Victory." Pew Research Center for the People & The Press. People-Press. 7 Nov 2012. Web. 19 Apr 2013.

"Election 2012: Barack Obama wins with 'Better Ground Game'." CNN Wire. 7 Nov 2012. Web. 19 Apr 2013.

Blow, Charles M. "Election Data Dive." New York Times. Nov 9, 2012. Web. Apr 19, 2013.

Edsall, Thomas, B. "Campaign Stops: What We Already Know." New York Times, The Opinion Pages. Nov 4, 2012. Web. Apr 19, 2013.
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Districting Process in the State

Words: 2557 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27135557

The incentives of engaging a meaningful and thorough campaign is thus reduced. The chances of influencing the results of elections are significantly reduced leading to the decrease in the level of voter turnout. The political campaigns are therefore less likely to devote resources towards the encouragement of voter turnout. The reduction in the level of competition leads to the candidate placing more efforts in the process of securing his or her party nomination for the given district as opposed to gaining of the approval of the electorate. In a state that has been gerrymandered, the contesting candidate is almost assured of an express win if nominated. An example in California is during the 2004 elections when the Californias 3rd congressional district was declared vacant subsequent to the running for the higher office by the Republican Congressman Doug Ose. The remaining three stronger republican congressional candidates then campaigned vigorously against each…… [Read More]

Post redistricting electoral processes can, in most cases, bring forth some new incumbents who will still enjoy the same level of undue advantage as the former incumbents and so redistricting will not entirely eradicate the negative effects of incumbency. Redistricting also raises the information costs since a lot of resources are spent to broadcast the new changes, moreover, it interferes with turn out as more voters are most likely to abstain from House elections having cast the presidential ballot.

Conclusion

There is a need for the state of California to adopt the 2011 redistricting framework in order to allow the electorate and the candidates to enjoy their democratic right of equal representation. Proper legislation must therefore be passed and implemented in order to reduce electoral vices like gerrymandering
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Political Election Have Defied My

Words: 1861 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51250273

My family already recycles, and I am working with my community association to change garbage service providers to one that takes a broader range of recyclable materials, to encourage more recycling in my neighborhood. At home, my family has also stopped drinking bottled only eats organic free-range meat and poultry products, though we still drink bottled water and eat factory-farm products when dining out. While none of these changes can completely eliminate my carbon footprint, I think that if all Americans embraced these types of changes, we could see a noticeable difference in the continued rate of climate change and environmental destruction.

Economically

While it may be difficult to forecast the environmental future, it seems like making a ten-year financial forecast would be impossible in these difficult financial times. However, I think that I can accurately predict that I will be doing well financially in ten years. I am fortunate…… [Read More]

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Governing Race Politics Process and the Politics

Words: 2287 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42004385

Governing Race: Politics, Process and the Politics of Race by Nina M. Moore. Specifically, it will contain a detailed book report on the book. "Governing Race" is an important and viable book for any Black Studies student, especially if they are interested in why race relations came to a head in the 1960s. "Governing Race" gives a unique viewpoint on the "politics of race," and is valuable reading for this alone. However, there is much more for the reader to discover as they move through the pages of this book.

The author's thesis is quite clear from the very beginning of this book. She asserts, "race presents a challenge too difficult for American governing institutions to meet" (Moore xiv) in the ntroduction of the book, and further asserts, "true socioeconomic and political race reform will remain a laudable, but elusive, goal of government policymakers" (Moore xv). Therefore, her book concentrates…… [Read More]

In conclusion, Moore's book is a compelling and sometimes distressing look at politics and race in America today. While the successes in race relations are certainly to be celebrated, it is clear from reading this book that Americans still have a long way to go in truly understanding and reforming the relationship between the races. Some of this book is difficult reading, because it seems more should have been done to equalize things politically and fundamentally. Reading this book gives a greater understanding of why things are the way they are, whether Americans agree or not.

References

Moore, Nina M. Governing Race: Policy, Process, and the Politics of Race. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2000.
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Current Trends in Due Process Lawsuits

Words: 2159 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24573374

Americans are aware that they are entitled to "their day in court" but may not fully understand the full range of due process protections that are contained in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a discussion concerning the meaning, history and importance of the constitutional concept of "due process" as contained in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. A brief discussion analyzing the conflicting positions of Justices Hugo Black and Felix Frankfurter with respect to the incorporation of American citizens' rights under the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, and how these Justices' positions helped develop the concept of due process is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning due process in the conclusion.

.eview and Discussion

According to Black's Law Dictionary, "due process of law" means…… [Read More]

References

Bernstein, D.E. (2003, November). Lochner's legacy's legacy. Texas Law Review, 82(1), 1.

Bodenhamer, D.J. (2007). Our rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chapman, N.S. & McConnell, M.W. (2012, May). Due process as separation of powers. The Yale Law Journal, 121(7), 1672-1677.

Fifth amendment. (2014). Legal Information Institute. Retrieved from http://www.law.
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Causes Crime & Process Change Choose Country

Words: 3639 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52403436

Causes crime & process change): Choose country (*Iraq Afghanistan) crime (*Terrorism) relevant country. Obtain statistics crime show crime trends a period 8-9 years (e.g. 1995-2009). Then explain, criminological theories (*Conflict Theory Lableling Theory), crime relevant country (context), occurred place (causal factors), increased decreased years (change).

There has been much controversy in the last two decades regarding the issue of terrorism in Afghanistan, given that numerous countries have changed their international policies as a result of acknowledging the terrorist threat in the Middle East. ith the Taliban political group holding power for several years before the September 11, 2001, events at the orld Trade Center in New York, terrorism has reached a whole new level. It is difficult to determine the exact factors that fueled the terrorism movement in the country, with some of the most influential of them being the drug industry, the concept of jihad, and biased interpretation of…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Brecher, Irving. "Terrorism, Freedom and Social Justice: the War in Afghanistan," International Journal 57.1 (2002)

Chesterman, Simon. "Tiptoeing Through Afghanistan: The Future of UN State-Building" International Peace Academy. 2002.

Donohue, Laura K. In the Name of National Security: U.S. Counterterrorist Measures, 1960-2000. 2001.

Dunne, Michele Durocher. Integrating democracy promotion into U.S. Middle East Policy. Democracy and the rule of Law Project. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. no 50, October 2004.
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Money & National Political Elections

Words: 2903 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37535214

17).

The third secondary source we will look at here is Kaiser (2009). Kaiser argues that money has corroded the electoral process in the United States. He gives statistical data on the rising cost of political campaigns as an indication of how money's importance has grown in the last several decades. If the campaigns of all the candidates for President, the House, and the Senate cost less than a billion dollars in 1976, in 2000 it was $2.8 billion (even if adjusted to the inflation), while in 2004 it was $4.2 billion. "This steady increase appears now to be a permanent fixture of our politics," he says (p. 290). Kaiser also gives examples of how money spent by individuals allowed them to win seats in the House or the Senate. For example, John Corzine, a retired investment banker and a Democrat, won a Senate seat from New Jersey in 2000…… [Read More]

References

Austen-Smith, D. (1993) Information and Influence: Lobbying for Agendas and Votes. American Journal of Political Science, 37(3): 799-833.

Bartels, L.M. (2005) Economic Inequality and Political Representation. Unpublished paper. Retrieved on February 15, 2001, from http://www.princeton.edu/~bartels/economic.pdf

Derek, C., ed. (2002) the Best Elections Money Can Buy. U.S. PIRG Education Fund Report. Retrieved on February 15, 2011, from  http://cdn.publicinterestnetwork.org/assets/_8MuDgm1AnavpYKIfwgxSA/bestelections10_02.pdf .

Farman, T.W., & Eggen, D. (2010) Republican Congressional Candidates Race Ahead in Fundraising. Washington Post. Retrieved on February 15, 2011, from  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/10/16/AR2010101603236.html
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Trends in Campaign Finance and Its Effect on Outcomes of Elections

Words: 3540 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 55151844

Campaign Finance and its effect on Outcomes of Elections

In this paper, we are examining the underlying trends in campaign finance. To do this we will look at four different gubernatorial campaigns. Once this takes place, is when we will be able to see what patterns are developing in how campaigns are financed.

Over the last several decades, the issue of campaign finance and its outcome on elections has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because the relationship between politics and special interests will come together during an election. As political candidates, are forced to run for office through spending massive amounts of money. While having to accept funds; from a number of special interest groups that have active memberships throughout the country. This has led to a host of scandals with names such as Watergate, illustrating how this relationship between political and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

2002 General Election. (2002), Election Returns. Retrieved from:  http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=13&ElectionID=7&OfficeID=3 

Contributor Results. (2011). Follow the Money. Retrieved from:  http://www.followthemoney.org/database/search.phtml?searchbox=rick+perry&CurrentType=Contributors&so1=y#sorttable1 

Candidate Election Results. (2011). Vote. Retrieved from: http://vote.sos.state.oh.us/pls/enrpublic/f?p=130:10:0

Contributor Results. (2011). Follow the Money. Retrieved from:  http://www.followthemoney.org/database/search.phtml?searchbox=Ed+rendell+
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Midterm Elections Reminded Us - If We

Words: 2610 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27500913

midterm elections reminded us - if we needed reminding - that the United States is indeed a two-party country, with Democrats and epublicans capturing the vast majority of officers from the local to the federal level. However, even as this is the case it is also true that there are serious third-party candidates running for many of those offices.

This paper examines the question of whether the coverage of the three candidates running for governor in New York were fairly covered by the press and in particular whether Tom Golisano, running as a third-party candidate for the office of the governor of New York in the past mid-term elections, received an appropriate degree of coverage in the region's newspapers.

One of the important questions in American politics is why the two parties have so much power, in contrast to many nations in which numerous political parties are represented both in…… [Read More]

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Role of the Media in Election Campaigns

Words: 2147 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50472770

Superiority of the anadian Government over that of the United States Regarding Access to the Media by Political Parties

The media, with its diverse modes of mass communication, plays a pivotal role in electoral campaigns both in anada and the United States. andidates for political office thoroughly understand the infinite potential in utilizing the media for their campaign platforms. With just one brief thirty-second advertisement during a commercial break either on the radio or on television, a candidate instantaneously speaks to millions of attentive listeners and/or viewers. By launching a national communications campaign, a political nominee essentially creates the most efficient and mesmerizing tool in his electoral arsenal.

Though the media has admittedly proven to be an invaluable tool in bridging the gap between a candidate and his constituency, there are a myriad of ethical issues that constrict a candidate from utilizing this resource to it's fullest potential. The main…… [Read More]

Canada.

Center for Governmental Studies. "Grading State Disclosure 2003: Campaign Disclosure Laws.  http://www.campaigndisclosure.org/gradingstate/lawfindings.html 

Alliance for Better Campaigns. "All Politics is Local; But you wouldn't Know it by Watching TV. http://www.bettercampaigns/org/reports/display.php?ReportID=12.
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Dollarocracy How the Money and Media Election Complex Is Destroying America

Words: 2854 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12030934

Dollarocracy

Nichols and McChesney (2013) write about election spending and the negative effect that it has on democracy and governance in America in their book Dollarocracy: How the money-and-election complex is destroying America.. They have divided the book into central themes, including the concept of privilege, spending by the very wealthy, advertising and the role of the media in the election machine, finally arriving at some suggestions for reform to restore balance to the democratic system of the United States.

The book opens with an explanation of one of the core principles that underpins their arguments, that America is a society driven by class differences. Those with privilege consistently seek to use that privilege to enhance it. The authors make the case that such practices at this point are so rampant that "the United States is now rapidly approaching a point where the electoral process itself ceases to function as…… [Read More]

References

Nichols, J. & McChesney, R. (2013). Dollarocracy: How the money-and-election complex is destroying America. New York: Nation Books.
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Rights Constitution Election System General

Words: 1291 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66088935

Eason Jordan made what he defined as a "life and death" decision to withhold information that might get his informants killed in Iraq. "It's very simple," he said. "Do you report things that get people killed? The answer is no.," (cited by Rutenberg, 2003). Jordan's decision is a little bit surprising, considering the media's generally ruthless approach to journalism: such as the push to get the story first, or to glean information before competitors in the industry. Journalism is cutthroat enough on an individual level: leading reporters on the ground and editorial boards to make decisions that are in the best interest of the company, but which are not necessarily ethical.

In the case with Eason Jordan, however, it seems that the editorial choice might have been the ethical one. Although "several journalism professors and commentators said Mr. Jordan had compromised CNN's journalistic mission so the cable network could continue…… [Read More]

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Policy Making I Explore Policy Making Process

Words: 656 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23285742

Policy Making

I explore policy making process issues reach public agenda-based Kingdon's model

The policy making process and how issues reach the public agenda: Kingdon's model

According to John W. Kingdon's book Agendas, alternatives, and public policy, simply because an idea is beneficial to the public interest does not necessarily mean that the idea will come to fruition and be enacted into law. An idea whose 'time has come' in the American system of government must be created by a series of different types of pressures which Kingdon calls problem streams, policy streams, and political streams. Kingdon uses metaphors such as a 'garbage can' and a 'policy primeval soup' to describe how decision-making in Washington takes place: there is nothing logical or linear about it. Kingdon views the creation of policies as the result of these various intersecting 'streams.' First, 'the problem stream' "can push some items higher on the…… [Read More]

References

Kingdon, John W. (1997). Agendas, alternatives, and public policy. New York: HarperCollins.
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Political Beliefs and the Process

Words: 1097 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 51839192

My parents are epublicans, so I did not gain many political beliefs from them! My friends and significant other are a mix of parties. I have a lot of epublican friends, but I do have some Democratic friends, too. I think that I have looked at both parties, and I just felt more comfortable with the Democratic Party and its platforms, especially on women's rights, healthcare, and climate change. The Party Web site says, "That commitment is reflected in an agenda that emphasizes the strong economic growth, affordable health care for all Americans, retirement security, open, honest and accountable government, and securing our nation while protecting our civil rights and liberties" (Editors). I agree with that, and it pretty much states my beliefs. I could not align with the epublicans, because I do not agree with the war in Iraq, I support gun control, and I do not like their…… [Read More]

References

Editors. "What we Stand for." Democratic Party. 2009. 3 March 2009.  http://www.democrats.org/a/party/stand.html .

McCarthy, Kevin. "Chairman's Preamble." Republican Party. 2009. 3 March 2009. http://www.gop.com/2008Platform/Preamble.htm.
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Young African-American Men Despite the Election of

Words: 996 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11602278

Young, African-American men

Despite the election of an African-American man to the presidency, young African-American men still suffer disproportionately from a number of social ills. This is most strikingly manifest in the disproportionate number of young black men in the nation's prisons, the evident disparities between the performance of African-Americans and whites manifest within the educational system, and the disproportionate difficulties young African-American males experience in finding gainful employment.

Although only 13% of the nation is African-American, 49% of prison inmates nationally are African -American. A black male born in 1991 has a 29% chance of spending time in prison at some point in his life, while the chance for a white male is less than one percent. The chance for a Hispanic man is 16% (Mauer 2011). The reasons for this are debatable: a culture of criminality within urban enclaves that normalize delinquent behavior may be partially the cause…… [Read More]

References

ACA Code of Ethics. (2005). Retrieved July 22, 2011 at  http://www.txca.org/Images/tca/Documents/ACA%20Code%20of%20Ethics.pdf 

Barbarin, Oscar. (2011). Ready or not: African-American males in kindergarden. UNC-Chapel

Hill. Retrieved July 22, 2011 at  http://ssw.unc.edu/rti/presentation/PDFs/aa_males_kindergarten3.pdf 

Fellner, Jamie. (2009). Decades of disparity: Drug arrests and race in the United States.
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Newspapers Frequently Feature Stories Democratic Principles Processes

Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30312525

Newspapers frequently feature stories democratic principles processes contribute democratic governance impact a wide variety issues ranging distribution flu vaccines legal venue terrorist trials. Public policies formulated address issues result influence application democratic principles processes.

Public policy issue: Healthcare reform

The issue of healthcare

Healthcare is an extremely complex, bureaucratic public policy issue. However, it is also very emotional for many Americans given healthcare encompasses the 'hot button' issues of physical health and spending large amounts of money. The recent debate over the Affordable Care Act is only one of many national 'conversations' about healthcare that has resulted in partisan divisions even within families.

Democratic principle 1: Autonomy

Perhaps the most controversial aspect of the ACA is the individual mandate, which states that all Americans must have health insurance or pay a penalty unless this will cause them undue hardship. Many conservatives bridle at the fact that they are being 'compelled'…… [Read More]

References

Belvedere, M. (2013). Truth about Obamacare? Mandate wasn't needed. CNBC. Retrieved:

 http://www.cnbc.com/id/101301394 

Nelson, S. (2013). Colin Powell endorses single-payer health care. U.S. News and World Report.

Retrieved: http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2013/12/10/colin-powell-endorses-single-payer-health-care
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Public Budgeting Process

Words: 1698 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77663404

Public Budgeting Process

The options for financing President Bush's plan to partially privatize Social Security might well be as unworkable as his plan to cut taxes five times, while increasing defense spending by starting two wars in the Middle East -- to say nothing of his other ambitious, but underfunded, plans such as No Child Left Behind. On the face of it, the near-term prospects for national solvency in any form of Social Security privatization -- especially in the undertaxed, overspent configuration of the current U.S. budget -- conform to the old adage, slim to none. A quick glance at the figures even during the pre-tax-cut, economic boom times of the middle of the Clinton presidency foreshadow the potential for disaster lurking in Social Security privatization. At that time, U.S. national debt amounted to "not $5 trillion as our politicians tell us -- it is between $14 and $17 trillion!"…… [Read More]

References

Lamm, Richard D. (1996) The new agenda. Vital Speeches of the Day, July 1, 62 (18).

Mallaby, Sebastian. (2004) Bush's ungrounded vision. The Washington Post, November 8. Retrieved 25 November 2004 from www.highbeam.com.

Montagne, Renee. (2004) Analysis: How Social Security privatization might work, Morning Edition (NPR) transcript, November 11. Retrieved 25 November 2004 from www.highbeam.com.

Strope, Leigh. (2004) Bush Moves to Privatize Social Security. AP Online, November 11. Retrieved 25 November 2004 from www.highbeam.com.
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Are There Keystone Species in Information Ecologies That Might Affect Knowledge Management Processes

Words: 1504 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61951133

Keystone Species

In mid-1800's, telegraphy was invented. This invention was revolutionary because it decreased all the hurdles in communication of information. This type of invention or any innovations that connects two or more people and acts as a survival tool for a particular group i.e. ethnic or technological group is known as Keystone specie. Even though Specie is a term mostly used for living organisms, here in a larger context keystone specie is referred to as "a system of people, practices, values, and technologies" that is essential for the survival of anything. (Johnson, 2010)

The keystone species concept has been a mainstay of the ecological and conservation biology literature since its introduction by UW zoology professor Robert T. Paine in 1969. His seminal paper extended the conclusions of a field experiment published three years earlier. The research resulting in the keystone species concept was done on Makah Tribal lands on…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Johnson, S. (2010). Where Good Ideas Come From: The Natural History of Innovation. London: Penguins Books Ltd.

Keystone Species Hypothesis. (1996). Retrieved September 24, 2011, from washington.edu:  http://www.washington.edu/research/pathbreakers/1969g.html 

McNely, B. (2010) Exploring a Sustainable and Public Information Ecology, S.Carlos, SP, Brazil.

Nardi, B.A. And V.L. O'Day (2004) Information Ecologies. Chapter 4 in Information Ecologies: Using Technology with Heart. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
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Do Electronic Voting Machines Improve the Voting Process

Words: 1362 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59516767

Things Fall Apart" Achebe before referencing

Electronic Voting Machines: Technology's failure to rehabilitate American's confidence in the voting process

Theoretically, counting votes should be easy. After all, surely it is simply the accumulation and the verifying of data? However, when America attempted to adopt touch-screen, electronic voting on a wide scale, the result was a fiasco. "There was a wonderful confluence of events. There was a vague product requirement coming from an agency that doesn't really understand technology (the U.S. Congress), foisting a system on other government agencies that may not have asked for it. There was a relatively small time frame for development and a lot of money. Finally, the government did not allow for even the notion of failure. By 2004, darn it, we'd all have touch screen voting" (Cringely, 2003). Congress expected to adopt touch-screen voting on a widespread basis in the next election, after the controversy…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cringely, Robert. (4Dec 2003). "No Confidence Vote." PBS. Retrieved 19 Feb 2008 at  http://www.pbs.org/cringely/pulpit/2003/pulpit_20031204_000794.html 

Kantor, Andrew. (4 Jun 2004). "More Problems Arise with 'black box voting.'

USA Today.  http://www.usatoday.com/tech/columnist/andrewkantor/2004-06-04-kantor_x.htm 

Krugman, Paul. (2 Dec 2003). "Hack the Vote." The New York Times. Retrieved 19 Feb 2008 at  http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940CE2DF1E3AF931A35751C1A9659C8B63
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Behavioral Finance Human Interaction a Study of the Decision-Making Processes Impacting Financial Markets Information Processing

Words: 22258 Length: 81 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76441446

ehavioral Finance and Human Interaction a Study of the Decision-Making

Processes Impacting Financial Markets

Understanding the Stock Market

Contrasting Financial Theories

Flaws of the Efficient Market Hypothesis

Financial ubbles and Chaos

The stock market's dominant theory, the efficient market hypothesis (EMH) has been greatly criticized recently for its failure to account for human errors, heuristic bias, use of misinformation, psychological tendencies, in determining future expected performance and obtainable profits.

Existing evidence indicates that past confidence in the EMH may have been misdirected, as the theory's models do not show a thorough understanding of trading operations in a realistic light.

Researchers have suggested that a variety of anomalies and inconsistent historical results demand that traditional financial theories, namely the EMH, be reconstructed to include human interaction as a key decision-making process that directly affects the performance of financial markets.

This research paper aims to determine whether or not there is a…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Barrett, Larry. (January, 2001). Emotional investing a recipe for disaster. CNET News.com.

Bernstein, Peter. (1998). Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Brennan, Phil. (March 12, 2002) The Great Stock Market Scam. NewsMax.com.

Business Week. (September 29, 1997) The Perils of Investing Too Close to Home.
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2016 Election

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38503777

The 2016 Election
The Research Question
My question regarding the 2016 election is this: why did Americans vote for Donald Trump? This is a decidedly open-ended question, which means it would involve exploratory research rather than the testing of a hypothesis. The research could consist of a mixed-methods design with both qualitative and quantitative research conducted. Individuals could be asked both open-ended questions and closed-questions (with Likert-scale measures in place).
How I Would Answer This Question
A good means of collecting data for exploratory research is the interview method or the survey method (Leonard, Noelle et al.). First, I would break up the voting sample into demographics: (a) gender, (b) age, (c) voting history (Party affiliation), (d) region of the country, (e) religion, (f) ethnicity/race, and (g) ideology (ex., conservative, liberal, libertarian, reform, etc.). Then I would seek to obtain a sample of participants that could provide me with a…… [Read More]

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Managerial Leadership The Process of

Words: 2241 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85704068

Most of these historical leaders were usually from the upper classes with a few of them from lower classes having the opportunity to lead. Consequently, this led to the idea that leadership had something to do with proliferation. This theory was also based on the assumption that leaders are born and not made (Cherry n.d.). This is the belief that leaders are excellent people, born with intrinsic qualities and destined to lead.

The concept of the Great Man is also based on the notion that in times of need, a Great Man would arise, almost supernaturally. These Great Man theories regularly depict great leaders as heroic, mythic and predestined to rise to leadership when needed. Leaders are not figureheads we put in place because we need to know that someone is in charge. They are people such as Churchill and Eisenhower who arise in time of great need.

The historical…… [Read More]

References:

Cherry K. (n.d.). Leadership Theories -- 8 Major Leadership Theories. Retrieved April 22,

2010, from  http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/p/leadtheories.htm 

Mills D.Q. (2005). The Importance of Leadership. Retrieved April 22, 2010, from  http://www.mindedgepress.com/PDFs/htlhtl.pdf
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Business Economics Vincent There Is a Process

Words: 4034 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63207728

usiness Economics

Vincent

There is a process by which there is both a decrease in the number of jobs that is increasing, and this is coupled with a global transfer of jobs to less developed countries. oth of these have an impact in the decrease in availability of jobs in the advanced countries. The latest news on this front is from the United States. On the 5th of the current month, there was an announcement from the Labor Department that there has been growth in the United States economy and this had led to the creation of 21,000 new jobs. The previous predictions from the economists had been that there would be a creation of 150,000 jobs, and this number is far below the expected growth. The number of jobs created is also far lower then the growth in population that occurred during that period. The rate of unemployment in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bender, Siegfried; Li, Kui-Wai. "The Changing Trade and Revealed Comparative Advantages of Asian and Latin American Manufacture Exports" March 2002. Retrieved at  http://www.econ.yale.edu/growth_pdf/cdp843.pdf . Accessed on Bortolotti, Bernardo; Fantini, Marcella; Siniscalco, Domenico. "Privatization around the world: evidence from panel data" Retrieved at  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V76-47C8TWR-2&_user=10&_handle=B-WA-A-A-WU-MsSAYZW-UUW-AUYWBCWBVC-AUDEEBBAVC-BAWEYUWYB-WU-U&_fmt=full&_coverDate=01%2F31%2F2004&_rdoc=14&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235834%232004%23999119998%23466581!&_cdi=5834&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=fc6b7c0aa0055af294e78ae7d375c227Accessed  on Global Agenda; Brown' red box, full of pink slips "The Economist. 8 March, 2004 Retrieved at  http://www.economist.com/agenda/displayStory.cfm?story_id=2516331Accessed  on Kanwar, Sunil; Evenson, Robert E. "Does Intellectual Property Protection Spur Technological Change?" Retrieved at  http://www.econ.yale.edu/growth_pdf/cdp831.pdf . Accessed on Puzzling through the Jobless Recovery -- Or Is It a Fundamental Shift?" Retrieved at  http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/index.cfm?fa=viewArticle&id=955Accessed  on
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The Impact of Money on the Lawmaking Process

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68023241

Cui Bono? Lawmaking in the U.S.

In the U.S. the sheer number of laws on the books virtually guarantees that their purported purpose will never be accomplished. In fact, in a number of cases, the purported purpose is simply a ruse for another ulterior motive. Why, for example, is the federal government still so opposed to legalizing marijuana, when so many states have accepted it outright as a legal recreational substance? The purported purpose is that this drug is harmful to health -- yet a significant number of unbiased medical studies show that marijuana can actually help reduce illness. Is this law therefore kept on the books because it benefits the pharmaceutical industry, which can only afford its monopoly on health care so long as natural substances like marijuana are banned? And what about the prison farm system? Is marijuana use still criminalized because it benefits the private prisons and…… [Read More]

References

Benns, W. (2015). American Slavery, Reinvented. The Atlantic. Retrieved from  http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/09/prison-labor-in-america/406177/ 

Durden, T. (2016). GOP Leaders, Tech Execs Plot Against Trump At Secret NeoCon

Island Meeting. ZeroHedge. Retrieved from  http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-03-08/gop-leaders-tech-execs-plot-against-trump-secret-neocon-island-meeting
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2004 South Dakota Senate Race

Words: 3059 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60177436

South Dakota and its elections of 2004.The entire discussion in the paper will be based on the factors, which are involved in the Senate elections of the South Dakota. This topic, South Dakota Senate Race 2004 will be analyzed and previewed by discussing four areas:

Voting history and important political demographics of the state.

Candidate characteristics strengths and weaknesses for each of the Major Candidates.

Emerging issues in the state that will likely determine the outcome of the election

Propose a winning scenario for each of the major candidates.

elcome 2004 Voters!

These are the four major areas, which will be presented in the paper so as to present the whole scenario of elections to the readers. These four parts are the major factors, which are included in the election process of South Dakota. Therefore, a complete discussion and analysis of these factors will provide the readers with all the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

As retrieved from-Additional Voting Information, South Dakota Voting Machines in South Dakota

 http://www.congress.org/congressorg/e4/voterinfo/?state=sdOn  April 26,2004

As retrieved from South Dakota

 http://www.netstate.com/states/intro/sd_intro.htm
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Legal Structure and Management of a National Level Sporting Organization

Words: 2976 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85378424

Legal Structure and Management of a National Level Sporting Organisation

Sports activities in the world today are becoming more popular and are attracting huge crowd. This is one of the reasons that have made sponsors to come in so as to help such clubs that are not able to support themselves financially. Through sponsoring, the sponsor is able to market and advertise its products within the stadium where the club is playing among other benefits. It is worth noting that sports are viewed as a means of income to each stakeholder including the players. Essendon football club has made Australia to be known worldwide because of the good performance the club has exhibited over the years.

Essendon Football Club is rated as a dynamic world class club in the Australian sporting arena. The success and competitiveness of the club is dependant on its set legal structure and proper management that…… [Read More]

References

Books, H. 2011. Articles on Essendon Football Club Including: List of Essendon Football Club, Honours, Anzac Day Class. America, AM: Hephaestus Books.

Bools, L., & LLC, G.B. 2010. Essendon Football CLub: Essendon Football Club, List of Essendon Football CLub Honours. United States, U.S.: General Books LLC.

Clark, T. 2007. Stick This in Your Memory Hole. Doncaster East Victoria, VIC: aduki independent press.

Devaney, J.P. 2009. Full Points Footy: Encyclopedia of Australian Football Clubs. Lincoln, LN: Lulu.com.
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E-Voting Positives vs Dangers

Words: 1766 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36169129

e-voting, or voting through ATM-like electronic terminals. Specifically, it will discuss the pro and cons of the election process moving into an electronic age away from the "hanging chads." It will include issues of security such as hacking and vote count integrity. E-voting is a controversial new way for many people to cast their ballots, but it is not foolproof. E-voting faces challenges on many counts, and it will be interesting to see how the terminals work in the upcoming Presidential election in November. Voting electronically sounds like a good, workable idea, but is it really?

The 2000 Presidential election and the fiasco in Florida's vote count were just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to voting in America. Today, voters are faced with more than punch cards. They are faced with "e-voting." What is e-voting? E-voting is a more practical way of voting by using electronic touch-screens…… [Read More]

References

Author not Available. "E-Vote Critics Demand Paper Trail." Wired. 1 April 2004.

Author not Available. "E-Voting Terminals Face Super Tuesday Test." Reuters. 29 Feb. 2004.

Bonsor, Kevin. "How E-Voting Will Work." HowStuffWorks.com. 2000. 6 May 2004.  http://computer.howstuffworks.com/e-voting.htm 

Foley, Dennis. "E-Voting Errors Prompt Polling Changes in Orange County, Calif." The Miami Herald. 31 March 2004.  http://www.miami.com/mid/miamiherald/business/national/8322313.htm
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Nation Has Recently Been Rocked

Words: 1700 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 84323299

Until such time as radical action is taken the power of those with money will continue to increase and the democratic system in the United States will continue to erode.

orks Cited

Bingham, Francis. "Show Me the Money: Public Access and Accountability After Citizens United." Boston College Law Reviewq (2011): 1027-1064.

Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. No. 130 S. Ct. 876. U.S. Supreme Court. 21 January 2010.

Curtin, Stacy. "Hell Yes ashington is Corrupt -- it's Legalized Bribery!" 2012-23 February. Business Insider. http://articles.businessinsider.com/2012-02-23/politics/31089968_1_jack-abramoff-election-results-top-spenders. 7 April 2012.

Hart, David M. "Business" is Not an Interest Group: On the study of Companies in American National Politics." Annual Review Political Science (2004): 47-69.

Moss, Alan L. Selling Out America's Democracy: How Lobbyists, Special Interests, and Campaign Financing Undermine the ill of the People. estport, CT: Praeger, 2008.

OpenSecrets.org. OpenSecrets.org. n.d. http://www.opensecrets.org/. 7 April 2012.

Records, Senate Office of Public. Lobbying Database. ashington,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bingham, Francis. "Show Me the Money: Public Access and Accountability After Citizens United." Boston College Law Reviewq (2011): 1027-1064.

Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. No. 130 S. Ct. 876. U.S. Supreme Court. 21 January 2010.

Curtin, Stacy. "Hell Yes Washington is Corrupt -- it's Legalized Bribery!" 2012-23 February. Business Insider. http://articles.businessinsider.com/2012-02-23/politics/31089968_1_jack-abramoff-election-results-top-spenders. 7 April 2012.

Hart, David M. "Business" is Not an Interest Group: On the study of Companies in American National Politics." Annual Review Political Science (2004): 47-69.
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Reform in Egypt and the

Words: 4063 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 4946285

At the time of this report on October 27, 2010, the Brotherhood spoke out against boycotting the upcoming election, but projected a rather optimistic attitude towards resolving the conflict that confronted them. Still, in light of this optimistic attitude, they did not deny that it would oppose the anti-government in other ways (Arrott). Senior Brotherhood leader, Essam el-Eryan commented, "hat is urgent and a priority is to change the rules of the political game. e are ready to accommodate with any real political system…but we are living in a police state."

On December 1, 2010, it was reported that the Brotherhood planned to boycott the 2010 elections run offs (CNN Newswire). The boycott is being held as a protest to the irregularities in the first round of voting held on November 24, 2010. (CNN Newswire).

The Brotherhood did not win a single seat in Parliament in the 2010 election after…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abd al-Monein, Said. "Modern Islamic Reform Movements: The Muslim Brotherhood in Contemporary Egypt." Middle East Journal 36.3 (1982): n. pag. Web. 7 Dec. 2010.

American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. "Hosni Muhammad' Mubarak." Jewish Virtual

Library, 2000. Web. 7 Dec. 2010.

Arrott, Elizabeth. "Egyptian Brotherhood Under Pressure Prior to 2010 Elections." VOA
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Civic Values in the U S Restoring Democracy

Words: 2310 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74410659

Civic Values in the U.S.

estoring democracy and civic virtue in the United States will require major reforms that reduce the power of corporations, elites and special interests in the whole political process. ight now, there is a radical disconnect between the political and economic elites and the needs and interests of the ordinary voters. Most people today realize that the country is in its worse crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s, but government and the political system seem dysfunctional and incapable of dealing with it. emoving the power and control of big money from the political process forever would be the most important step in revitalizing American democracy and making the system more representative and accountable. So would eliminating the Electoral College and electing the president and vice president by a majority of the popular vote. Despite the protests of small states, only this type of reform…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Ackerman, B. (2002). Bush v. Gore: The Question of Legitimacy. Yale University Press.

Edwards, G.C., M.P. Wattenberg, and R.L. Lineberry. Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy, Brief Ninth Edition. Pearson Education, Inc., 2008.

Grofman, B. Legacies of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. University of Virginia Press, 2000.

Hasen, R.L. "Citizens United and the Illusion of Coherence." Michigan Law Review, Vol. 109.581, February 2011: 581-624.
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Global Cultural Analysis Nigeria

Words: 5263 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25995575

Global Business Cultural Analysis

Nigeria

Nigerian History

Synopsis of Nigerian government

Nigerian monarchy to presidential system

The evolution of Nigeria from British control to a civilian democratic government

Nigerian major commodities

Oil

Food

The major elements and dimensions of culture in Nigeria

Cultural dimensions

Individualism

Power distance

Masculinity

Uncertainty

Model of culture

Universalism or Particularize

How is the integration of elements and dimensions that Nigerians doing business in the country?

The effects of governments on the prospects for its business around the world

How the elements and dimensions compared with the United States, culture, and business?

The role of women in the workplace

Business visitors must be dressed in an elegant and tie (for men!)

Cross-cultural business transactions between the United States and Nigeria

Conclusion

eferences

Abstract

Thurstan Shaw and Steve Daniels, who are the founder for archaeological research proved in their research that Nigeria has been developed since 9,000…… [Read More]

References

Afolayan, T.E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCO host.

 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=60705725&site=ehost-live&scope=site 

Alutu, O.E., & Udhawuve, M.L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. Doi: 10.1061 / (ASCE) 0742-597X (2009)25:1(40)

 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=35745908&site=ehost-live&scope=site
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American Government the American Governing

Words: 1244 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82232346



The contact between the two groups is not always straight forward, and is often fought officially, through judicial practices, and unofficially, through dubious backstage arrangements and activities. However, there is also a legal manner through which interest groups have been given the right to influence political decisions and the laws voted upon. Lobbying is one such activity.

Although lobbyists are the subject of heated debate, as many citizens consider them to be just "wheeler-dealers continually wining and dining public officials in order to secure political favors at the expense of the general public" (Volkomer 282), their main function is to supply "information about their specialized interests to a few select public officials, communicating with members and others who are concerned with their problem" (283). However their role is rather interpretable. On the one hand, they represent the interests of a certain segment of the population, such as farmers, or railway…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Janda, Kenneth, Jeffrey Berry, and Jerry Goldman. The challenge of democracy: government in America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1989.

Jewell Malcolm E, and David M. Olson. American state political parties and elections. Homewoo: The Dorsey Press, 1982.

Volkomer, Walter E.. American government. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts,1972.
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Institutions and International Relations Question

Words: 2246 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18606525

By way of introduction to the topic, Legro examines the general presumption that a state's sense of identity defines the parameter of its national interests, thus directing its domestic or international conduct. Rather than subscribing blindly to this fundamental precept of neorealism, Legro offers a competing theory of identity and its influence on international relations, surmising that "states become what they do as much as they do what they are, they desire what they do as much as they do what they desire" (20). It is Legro's contention that a state's distinct set of cultural norms, social values, and other markers of identity can direct governmental actions on the world stage, but that these actions will inevitably influence this identity, thus providing an entirely different contextual framework for international relations as time progresses and circumstances change.

Legro cites the example of America's divergent approaches to participation in each of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dunne, Tim, Kurki, Milja, and Smith, Steve. International relations theories: discipline and diversity. Oxford University Press, USA, 2007.

Ikenberry, G. John. After victory: institutions, strategic restraint, and the rebuilding of order after major wars. Princeton University Press, 2009.

Keohane, Robert O. Neorealism and its Critics. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

Legro, Jeffrey. Rethinking the world: great power strategies and international order. Cornell University Press, 2005.
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Parties and Party Systems

Words: 827 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10685529

Parties and Party Systems

The Creation and ole of Political Parties and ole Effects

In general political parties have four main relevant dimensions; government control to some degree and in some facet including legislation making and approval and nominations to electoral bids and/or nominations to nonelected positions in government, a stable base which includes mass popular or populous support, they have some internal structure that controls funding and platform and finally they are a source of information to the public. According to Katz the defining characteristics of a party include their general position as "central actors" in democratic as well as other forms of government and they are very unlikely to be replaced by "social movements or governance networks" (2008, p.294) The central role or most important dimension of a political party is its ability to control government in some fashion, the development of this aspect of the party system…… [Read More]

References

Katz, R.S. (2008) "Political parties," in Daniele Caramani, ed., Comparative politics.

(Oxford: Oxford University Press,), pp. 293-317.

Sartori, G. (2005) Parties and party systems: a framework for analysis. Colchester, UK: University of Essex Press.

Ware, A. "The classification of party systems," Chapter 5 in book Political
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Athens Citizenship and Governance Selection

Words: 1736 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72845165

This is why it is important to see Greece not so much as a successful story of the administrative reform, but rather as an ongoing process of it.

eferences

Braunstein, Florence, and Pepin, Jean Francois. Les Grandes Doctrines. Paris: Ellipses, 1998.

Chlepas, N.K.. Administration of multiple levels. Theoretical debates and institutional reforms. Athens, Komotini: Sakkoulas, 1994.

Dunleavy, Patrick, and Brendan O'Leary. Theories of the state. The Politics of Liberal Democracy. London and New York: Macmillan and Meredith, 1987.

E- Government Observatory. Factsheet: e-Government in Greece. 2005. 29 Jan. 2008. http://europa.eu.int/idabc/servlets/Doc?id=21011

European Federation of Public Service Unions. Greece - civil servants to strike on 21 October, protesting 2005 budget. 2005. 29 Jan. 2008. http://www.epsu.org/a/767

E-User. The context for supply and demand of public online services in Greece. 2008. 29 Jan. 2008 http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/eiro/2001/07/feature/gr0107116f.htm

Fotinopoulou, Thalia. From the "application by telephone" to the "citizens' centers": An integrated system for public service delivery -the…… [Read More]

References

Braunstein, Florence, and Pepin, Jean Francois. Les Grandes Doctrines. Paris: Ellipses, 1998.

Chlepas, N.K.. Administration of multiple levels. Theoretical debates and institutional reforms. Athens, Komotini: Sakkoulas, 1994.

Dunleavy, Patrick, and Brendan O'Leary. Theories of the state. The Politics of Liberal Democracy. London and New York: Macmillan and Meredith, 1987.

E- Government Observatory. Factsheet: e-Government in Greece. 2005. 29 Jan. 2008. http://europa.eu.int/idabc/servlets/Doc?id=21011
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Employees Use the 360 Degree

Words: 3428 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42868307

A very important point is that online learning can be done individually or in groups (for example video conferences).

6. In general, in order to make a career choice one should be informed about the world of professions. Information about the profession that appears the most interesting and appropriate should be gathered. If possible, it would be important to read interviews or talk to people with similar jobs for a more accurate and realistic image. Another important part in a career choice is to assess individual strengths and weaknesses. Several personality tests are available for such a purpose (for example CPI - California Psychological Inventory, SDS - the Self-Directed Search questionnaire). For the persons in search for a career it is important to identify the skills they have and they most enjoy using. The career identified should be compatible with the interests and skills identified. In conclusion, a person who…… [Read More]

References

Drewes, G., Runde, B. (2002). Performance Appraisal, in Psychological Management of Individual Performance. Sonnentag, S. (Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Fletcher, C. (2002). Appraisal: An Individual Psychological Perspective, in Psychological Management of Individual Performance. Sonnentag, S. (Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

K.J. Kennedy (2005). Evolution of Employee Benefits as Provided through the Internal Revenue Code, Retrieved from www.taxreformpanel.gov/meetings/docs/KennedyPresentation_fina_2.ppt

Hesketh, B., Ivancic, K., (2002). Enhancing Performance through Training in Psychological Management of Individual Performance. Sonnentag, S. (Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Olypmic Bid City of Boston Olympic Venue

Words: 1156 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47613208

Olypmic Bid

City of Boston: Olympic Venue Bid Process

The City of Boston, Massachusetts stands as one of America's iconic cities. Its history goes back to the American evolution and the city continues to represent America's prosperity and wealth. Boston is an excellent site for the 2020 Olympic Games. The IOC has a specific life cycle of the bid process (Olympic.org, 2012a) . The bid process begins many years prior to the scheduled Olympic Games (Olympic.org. (2012d).This proposal will represent the first stage of the bid process (IOC, 2012 Games Lifecycle).

The bid and election process takes many years. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has a subcommittee that is responsible for elections of the host city (Olympic.org, 2012b). The committee makes a careful evaluation of the cities that have submitted a bid. All must meet certain criteria. An impact study must be conducted to determine how hosting the games would…… [Read More]

References

Olympic.org. (2012a). Choice of the Host City. Retrieved September 7, 2012 from  http://www.olympic.org/host-city-election  .

Olympic.org. (2012b).Making the Vision of Sustainable Games A Reality. Retrieved September

7, 2012 from  http://www.olympic.org/videos/making-the-vision-of-sustainable-games-a - reality.

Olympic.org. (2012c).Report of the Evaluaiton Committee. Retrieved September 7, 2012 from  http://www.olympic.org/Documents/Host_city_elections/2012_OG - Report_of_the_Evaluation_Commission.pdf .
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Should Hospital Nurses Form a Union

Words: 1785 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32732608

Unionization of a Hospital Staff

hen union representatives come to a hospital and approach its employees -- in this case, nurses -- a decision has to be made by the nurses as to whether or not this is a good idea. But more than that, the hospital administration has to realize that the nurses have the legal right to organize, and any attempt to stifle their negotiations or block union representatives from talking to the nurses is against federal law. This paper is intended to present the facts to the CEO of the hospital, as to what rights the nurses have to organize and what management must be careful of doing in case federal law is violated.

hy would nurses want to organize and join a union? Background)

In a poll of nurses taken by the journal Nursing Management, 39% "strongly agreed" and 27% agreed with this statement: "Nurses should…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adamache, K.W., and Sloan, F.A. (1982). Unions and hospitals: some unresolved issues.

PubMed. Retrieved November 18, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nim.nih.gov.

Illinois Nurses Association. (2009). Union FAQS. Retrieved November 18, 2014, from  http://www.illinoisnurses.com .

Mehta, C., and Theodore, N. (2005). Undermining the Right to Organize: Employer
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Eclac the Economic Commission for

Words: 2786 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95321535

5% unemployment figure, 7.6% inflation ratio, and $4.5 trillion in debt, Guatemala is forced to rely on external factors to survive.

National exports are coffee, sugar, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, meat, apparel, petroleum, electricity and the 9/11 events in the United States have severely impacted tourist trade.

Venezuela

Venezuela is a federal republic with over 24 million citizens, 67% of which live in poverty and 14% are unemployed.

The GDP is made up primarily of services with petroleum, bauxite and aluminum, steel, chemicals, and agricultural products composing the primary exports. Tourism is impacted negatively by the events of terrorism and the typical 587,000 visitors each year has dwindled considerably.

The Argument

ECLAC's annual calendar reflects multiple meetings, lectures, educational workshops, conferences, seminars, and training sessions. Nowhere is there found a work initiative, a concerted on-site initiative or focused fund raiser, or any effort of measurable practicality.

According to the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Altimir, Oscar & Sourrouille, Juan. Measuring Levels of Living in Latin America -- an Overview of Main Problems. The World Bank -- Working Paper no. 3. World Bank. Washington, D.C. 1980. Benson Collection. HC 59.7 a 47, 1980 LAC. (6)

Altimir, Oscar. The Extent of Poverty in Latin America. World Bank Staff Working Papers - Number 522. The World Bank. Washington, D.C. March 1982. (4-6)

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique & Faletto, Enzo. Depend ncia e Desenvolvimento na America Latina. Zahar Editores. Sao Paulo, 1970-73. Benson Collection HC 125 C3413 LAC. (1-3)

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique. Dependency Revisited. Institute of Latin American Studies - the University of Texas at Austin. Austin, 1973. Benson Collection HC 125 C34162 LAC. (1)
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Socially Innovative and Socially Responsible Commerce Examination

Words: 2165 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16451838

Socially Innovative and Socially Responsible Commerce: Examination of Carbon Tax in Australia

In a November 8th 2011 report in the Australian Times it is reported that as the final hurdle to carbon emission tax was cleared by the Federal Government of Australia, "Prime Minister Julia Gillard avoided saying the passage of the controversial impost would mark a turning point in Labor's fortunes." It is related that a new polled demonstrated "a modest uptick in its primary support." (Australian Times, 2011) The new tax is geared toward a reduction in carbon emissions in theory however; it is likely that the carbon tax is in reality more focused on government receipts in terms of its revenue. This issue will be examined through the lens of theorists Senge (2000) and the Dynamics of Systems, Jenkins (2008) and value and identities, and einhocker (2006) theories and global commerce.

Carbon Tax in Australia: An Overview…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Aronson, D. (1998) Overview of Systems Thinking. Retrieved from: http://www.thinking.net/Systems_Thinking/OverviewSTarticle.pdf

Beinhocker, ED (2006) Evolution, Complexity, and the Radical Remaking of Economics. Harvard Business School Press. Retrieved from: http://www.cui-zy.cn/Recommended/Nature&glabolization/Origin%20of%20Wealth;%20Evolution,%20Complexity,%20and%20the%20Radical%20Remaking%20of%20Economics%20(Harvard%20Business%20School%20Press;%202006).pdf

Carbon Emitters Face Up to $7.3 Bill. Australian Times. Retrieved from:  http://www.australiantimes.co.uk/news/in-australia/carbon-emitters-face-up-to-7-3b-bill.htm/attachment/28_02_carbon_400x300-3 

Carbon Tax to Destroy Australia: Monckton. Australian Times. Retrieved from:  http://www.australiantimes.co.uk/news/carbon-tax-to-destroy-australia-monckton.htm/attachment/carbon_tax_rally_sydney_9_july_2011
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Chinese Village Democracy the Organic

Words: 5941 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8832081

This rationale may prove correct to some degree, but only in those areas where the villagers have no means of communication between villages and thus no way of exchanging opinions and finding out about irregularities and breaking of the law. Kolhammer is pointing out that the declared official role of the organic law of Village Committees is only going to be put in practice after the villagers will be aware of the right they have according to it and act accordingly.

There is no possibility that one can draw the conclusion that peasants in most villages in China are not aware of their rights in terms of electing their village leader and Village Committee. The degree of knowledge in this sense may vary, but a country that has experienced huge economic changes after the death of Mao could not have remained immobile to significant social and political changes. The political…… [Read More]

Works Cited www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=113359016

Ding, Yijiang. Chinese Democracy after Tiananmen. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002. Questia. 18 Aug. 2008  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=113359114 .

Kelliher, Daniel. The Chinese Debate over Village Self-Government.The China Journal, No 37(January 1997): 63-86

Kennedy, John James. The Face of "Grassroots Democracy" in Rural China. Asian Survey, Vol. 42, No. 3, (May - Jun., 2002),: 456-482

Kolhammar, Jens. Democracy outmanoeuvred: Village self-governance in China: A case study. China Elections and Governance. Posted June 7, 2008. Retrieved: Aug 20, 2008. http://en.chinaelections.org/NewsInfo.asp?NewsID=18373
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Egypt When Analyzing the Political

Words: 1523 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 365836



Egypt is one of the most powerful African nations and has proved to be a reliable partner of the West, which invested massively in the development of the country. The fact that Egypt is a democracy through its constitution has contributed greatly to gaining the support of the West. The path chosen by Egypt can be an example to other African nations and democracy can be spread with the support of Egypt. Democracy and free elections in Egypt can have a great impact on neighboring countries, as they might be persuaded by this example. esides, a high level of democratization will increase the support offered to Egypt by more developed nations and it will grant even more power to the country in the international scene.

ibliography

Consolatore, D., Living with democracy in Egypt, available at http://www.thehumanist.org/humanist/articles/Consolatore.Egypt.pdf;

Ibrahim, a., 2006. "Universal Values and Muslim Democracy." Journal of Democracy Vol. 17, No.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Consolatore, D., Living with democracy in Egypt, available at  http://www.thehumanist.org/humanist/articles/Consolatore.Egypt.pdf ;

Ibrahim, a., 2006. "Universal Values and Muslim Democracy." Journal of Democracy Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 5-12;

Kjeilen, T., Egypt: Political situation, available at http://www.lexicorient.com/e.o/egypt_1.htm;

Lipset, S.M., 2004 [1960]. "Economic Development and Democracy," in Patrick O'Neil and Ronald Rogowski (eds.) Essential Readings in Comparative Politics. New York: W.W. Norton, pp. 287-301.
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Birth of Modern Politics by

Words: 2652 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 67791432

She believes that the leadership, order, and willingness to follow someone else that make military campaigns successful are also what make political campaigns successful, though she acknowledges that, at least for the individuals involved, the direct and immediate consequences of failing to follow the leader are less severe in a military campaign. Modern political campaigns frequently follow the military model, but Jackson's campaign was the first to really do so. In fact, the 1828 campaign differed significantly from prior candidacies. Jackson's campaign featured coordinated media, fund-raising, rallies, political polls, paraphernalia, and ethnic voting blocks, image-making, smear tactics, dirty tricks, and opposition research. (Parsons, 2009, p.133). Jackson's supporters introduced many of these tactics. However, Parsons makes it clear that they were not doing something unethical when they did so. On the contrary, Jackson and his supporters had to deal with a dramatically expanding electorate. One of the conclusions that these campaigners…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Parsons, Lynn. The Birth of Modern Politics: Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, and the Election of 1828. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
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A Critical Appraisal Review of the Literature on Accountability in a Liberal Democracy

Words: 1752 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12885809

Accountability in a Liberal Democracy: A Critical Appraisal

A liberal democracy is defined as a political philosophy by which people have inalienable rights to power and free elective process of their country. In other words, a liberal democracy is a political system characterized with a free election, and political decision made by an independent legislature, a multiple political system, and independent judiciary. In a liberal democratic system, people have the right to voice a decision making process of their country with application of a majority rule and vote a candidate they wish to run the political office. A liberal democracy is a democracy of the people and for the people.

Typically, liberal democracy gives the citizens the overall strategy to improve the political economy of their country through a better government. Under a liberal democratic rule, people have the right to vote and participate in the civil engagement to protect…… [Read More]

Reference

Borowiak, C.T. (2011). Accountability and Democracy. The Pitfalls and Promise of Popular Control. London. Oxford University Press.

Chen, W. & Hsu, J.C. (2014). Horizontal Accountability in a Polarised New Democracy: The Case of Post-Democratisation Taiwan. Australian Journal of Asian Law. 15(2): 1-19.

Cheung, C. & Leung, K.(2007). Enhancing life satisfaction by government accountability in China. Social Indicators Research. 82.3: 411-432.

Kellman, A. (2004). Democracy Assistance in Practice: The Designing of a Political Party Training Program in the Republic of Kenya', MA thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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Electing Judges or Appointing Them a Question for the Courts

Words: 1406 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 73528165

campaign financing in the election of judges and cites numerous studies which illustrate correlation between campaign donations and favorable court rulings. The point of the article is to highlight a possibly damaging policy that could be creating a perverse criminal justice system. Skaggs offers a number of solutions to the issue, each of which could conceivably address the problem. The best solution is to make elections dependent upon public financing, which would eliminate Big Money from the process; or it should be necessary for judges to show who has contributed to their election so that bias could be determined by litigants before a case goes to trial. This would ensure that the criminal justice system is kept honorably above board and it would also promote a more Christian sense of propriety on the judiciary's part, as the idea of judges being "bribed" by campaign donors would become obsolete along with…… [Read More]

References

Confessore, N., Thee-Brenan, M. (2015). Poll shows Americans favor an overhaul of campaign financing. The New York Times. Retrieved from  http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/03/us/politics/poll-shows-americans-favor-overhaul-of-campaign-financing.html?_r=0 

Friedman, B., Lithwick, D. (2009). Speeding Locomotive: Did the Roberts Court misjudge the public mood on campaign finance reform? Slate. Retrieved from  http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/jurisprudence/2010/01/speeding_locomotive.html 

Skaggs, A. (2010). Symposium: Judicial Selection: Part I: Reform: Are campaign contributions compromising the independent judiciary? The Advocate, 40: 1-4.

Tufte, E. (2006). The cognitive style of powerpoint: pitching out corrupts within. CT:
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Mantle How Presidential Nominations Are

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 79793034

In this regard, throughout American history, the political pundits have argued about who was going to be the next president and why, but one of the foremost factors that has not been included in their analysis has been gender and race. Indeed, to date, it would have been completely accurate to predict that it was a foregone conclusion that the next president would be "a rich white guy." Today, though, for the first time in America's history, the electorate is faced with some new choices that may spell the end of the good ol' boy cabal that has always seemed to control the political process in one fashion or another. In fact, the United States may be fielding its first viable black and female candidates ever during the next presidential election, and it the question is no longer a matter of "is America ready for a black or female president?"…… [Read More]

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States Power and the 17th Amendment Why States Lost

Words: 1216 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87001033

17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1913. It altered the way in which Senators of the Congress were elected. Previously, under Article 1 of the Constitution, it was the state legislature's responsibility to elect senators to Congress. ith the 17th Amendment, however, the voting power was placed directly into the hands of the public. The Amendment also provided a way for states to allow governors to fill vacancies in their state's appointed seats in Congress by temporarily appointing a senator until a time in which a special election could be conducted.

The text of the Amendment states specifically that "two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years" shall be the manner in which senators are now voted into office. This effectively made the process of electing senators more democratic and less representational, in the sense that that the voting public had the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bybee, Jahy. "Ulysees at the Mast." Northwestern University Law Review, vol. 91, no. 1

(1997): 530-564.

Zwicki, Todd. "Beyond the Shell and Husk of History." Cleveland State Law Review, vol. 45, no. 1 (1997): 1021-1034.
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Communication Technologies Are Influencing the

Words: 870 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82524591

0 technologies in ensuring a higher level of voter participation and voting over time (Laslier, Van der Straeten, 2008).

From the PEPS metric and the traceability of Web 2.0-based participation as shown on techpresident.com, a scorecard can be created that predicts the level of voter participation based on the effectiveness of campaign strategies candidates create to capitalize on Web 2.0-based technologies. The use of stratification techniques and Web analytics also make it possible to predict on a location-by-location basis the level of voter participation as well (Cebula, Toma, 2006). What is beginning to occur is the integration of business intelligence based on the data available through Web-based data capture and measurement techniques being analyzed through metrics that have been empirically derived and proven to support the measurement of voter participation (Moon, Birdsall, Ciesluk, Garlett, 2006).

Further adding insight and intelligence to the analysis of voter participation and segmentation into audiences,…… [Read More]

References

Richard J. Cebula, Michael Toma. (2006). Determinants of Geographic Differentials in the Voter Participation Rate. Atlantic Economic Journal, 34(1), 33. Retrieved May 6, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1013181121).

Jean-Francois Laslier, Karine Van der Straeten. (2008). A live experiment on approval voting. Experimental Economics, 11(1), 97-105. Retrieved May 6, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1434528501).

Bruce E. Moon, Jennifer Harvey Birdsall, Sylvia Ciesluk, Lauren M. Garlett, et al. (2006). Voting Counts: Participation in the Measurement of Democracy. Studies in Comparative International Development, 41(2), 3-32. Retrieved May 6, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1139343651).