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The employment of this process assisted me in terms of time savings when writing my dissertation.
During the dissertation process, I managed to create several levels of boundaries. While writing my dissertation, I changed my personal voicemail message in order to reflect my newly acquired role as a dissertation writer. I created a voice message that stated that I was away and would only return my calls the moment I completed writing my dissertation. In regard to e-mail communications, I became very selective in regards to answering of my e-mails. I had to tell all of my friends and family never to send short stories or jokes via e-mail. I reminded everyone in my personal and professional life that each and every second counts. Since I was involved with the running of a small company that I own, I only attended functions that I had vested extreme interest. If I…
Simon, MK and Francis.,B (2001)The Dissertation and Research Cookbook From Soup to Nuts: A Practical Guide to Help you Start and Complete Your Dissertation or Research Project
hile it is true that tuition rates have a tendency to rise annually with the changes in the economy, the presence of general inflation and with trends of growth. It is when the tuition rates are actually indicative of the inverse trend that we begin to see the troubling consequences in our graduation rates. Quite to the point, we are at a phase in history where economic growth is stagnant, decreasing the abilities of individuals and families to foot the existing bills for higher education. As rates raise in the midst of this situation, the cost of higher education becomes yet more prohibitive. The price hikes that Trombley reports are categorically daunting in some states. As the Trombley article tells, "tuition and mandatory fee charges at four-year public institutions rose in every state, startlingly so in some cases. In Massachusetts, for instance, tuition jumped from $3,295 to $4,075, an increase…
DeMoranville, C. & O'Donnell, P. "Price Elasticity of Per-Credit-Hour Tuition Charges and the Effects on Four-Year Graduation Rates." Journal of Marketing for Higher
Education 11(4) 2001: 29-49. web.ebscohost.com 19 Oct. 2009 Web.
Trombley, W. "The Rising Price of Higher Education." The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. Winter 2003. The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. highereducation.org 19 Oct. Web.
Dual enrollment programs have become mandatory in about half the states. Although Hawaii is not one of those 25 states with mandatory dual enrollment programs, the state does have some comprehensive solutions for providing all high school students with the benefits of dual enrollment programs. Through policies and programs like GEAR UP, Running Start, and Early College, the Department of Education of Hawaii has made dual enrollment a reality for many students. By opting out of some of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) provisions, the state Department of Education has also liberated resource for developing its own programs, which are much more relevant to the population of Hawaii. The Running Start is the most renowned of all the Hawaiian dual enrollment programs because it was jointly initiated by the University of Hawaii system. Moreover, all state universities in Hawaii participate in Running Start. Running Start mandates that the…
Dounay, J. (2014). Dual Enrollment: A Strategy to Improve College-Going and College Completion among Rural Students. College and Career Readiness Center. 13 June, 2014. https://ccrscenter.org/blog/dual-enrollment-strategy-improve-college-going-and-college-completion-among-rural-students
Dual Credit (2017). Website: https://www.hawaii.edu/dualcredit/
Halagao, P.E. (n.d.). Exposing K–12 Filipino Achievement Gaps and Opportunities in Hawai‘i Public Schools. Educational Perspectives 48(1-2): https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1143598.pdf
“Hawaii \\'dual credit\\' high schoolers more likely to go to college,” (2016). Hawaii News Now. 6 Sept 2016, http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/33054195/hawaii-high-schoolers-who-get-college-credit-more-likely-to-seek-higher-education
Hawaii State Department of Education (2017). Strive HI Performance System. http://www.hawaiipublicschools.org/VisionForSuccess/AdvancingEducation/StriveHIPerformanceSystem/Pages/home.aspx
Hodara, M. & Wang, C. (2015). Expanding Opportunities to Earn College Credit at Rural Title I High Schools in Hawai’i: A Case Study of Dual-Credit Programs. Education Northwest.
Kana‘iaupuni, S.M. & Ledward, B.C. (2013). Ho‘opilina: The Call for Cultural Relevance in Education. Hülili: Multidisciplinary Research on Hawaiian Well-Being 9 (2013): http://www.kpublishing.org/_assets/publishing/hulili/Hulili_Vol9_7.pdf
Osumi, J.M. (2010). The influence of counselors and high school organization on the selection of participants for a dual credit program. Dissertation for University of Southern California. https://search.proquest.com/openview/afd899fb14a0d88debedc31b34ee1417/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y
They also stand to receive more from collective bargaining arrangements, because they are often negotiating with public officials who have a direct role in allocating funds for projects and salaries, versus the private sector, where wages and demand for labor is highly influenced by consumer demand. Private sector employees also know if that if they bargain too hard, the competitive nature of their organization may be compromised.
In Chapter 2 of the text Local government labor relations: A guide for public administrators entitled "Bargaining unit determination" by Joan E. Pynes and Joan M. Lafferty, the authors detail the nature of collective bargaining agreements. Employees who the LMRA requires to have separate representation (such as professional workers); individuals excluded from the definition of employee (such as children and spouses); employees who do not regularly perform the type of work of the bargaining unit; and employees whose interests are more closely aligned…
"Nonetheless, it appears from the state policy emphasis on articulation agreements that they are being used increasingly to help align the curricular content of high school and community college courses and programs" (Townsend & Twombly, 2001, p. 117). Likewise, articulation agreements can be reasonably expected to continue to be one of the primary means of providing receiving institutions with the assurances they require to provide transferring students appropriate credit for coursework completed at community colleges; however, in a highly mobile society, in can also be reasonably expected to find some students transferring within such community colleges. In these cases, careful coordination between these institutions will also be required; in other cases, students from a four-year institution may be compelled to take coursework at a community college. In this regard, Ignash and Townsend (2000) suggest that, "If two- and four-year institutions are indeed equal partners in delivering the first two years…
Baker, G.A., III, Dudziak, J., & Tyler, P. (1994). A handbook on the community college in America: Its history, mission, and management. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Bers, T. (1994). Articulation and transfer. In Cohen, A., Brawer, F., & Associates, Managing community colleges: A handbook for effective practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Cejda, B.D. (1999). The role of the community college in baccalaureate attainment at a private liberal arts college. Community College Review, 27(1), 1.
Gerdeman, R.D. (2001). ERIC review: The role of community colleges in training tomorrow's school teachers. Community College Review, 28(4), 62.
Dual enrolment has become a popular phenomenon in the education realm in the last one decade. Community colleges are increasingly collaborating with high schools to enable high school students undertake college-level courses while still in high school. This prepares high school students for the realities of college education and socialises them into the norms, attitudes, behaviours, and expectations of college life, in addition to reducing the time and cost of college education. However, challenges such as difficulties in credit transfer, little or no confidence in dual credit courses on the part of colleges and faculty members, lack of a strong policy framework, and ensuring equitable participation abound. These are concerns that college administrators must handle if dual enrolment is to be more successful. It is particularly important for the leaders of community colleges to adjust structures, processes, and practices at their institutions if the fairly new collaboration between secondary and…
A static budget is defined as a budget that is "planned ahead of time based on the owner's best guess about future actual activity." This type of budget is therefore put together for the upcoming time period, and is often based on the data from past time periods, plus or minus different adjustments that management thinks will be necessary. In contrast, a flexible budget is one where the business management can make changes in the midst of an accounting period. Flexible budgeting allows for management to make better decisions on the fly, because the information used in those decisions is kept more up-to-date. Static budgeting relies only on the ability of management to analyze the numbers after the period in order to determine the magnitude and direction of variance, along with the causes of variance. For a flexible budget, management can identify issues with the budget right away, and…
Mueller, D. (2012). Static budget vs. flexible budget. eHow. Retrieved September 12, 2012 from http://www.ehow.com/info_7784641_static-budget-vs.-flexible-budget.html
Bigelow, L. (2012). Static vs. flexible budgets for new businesses. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 12, 2012 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/static-vs.-flexible-budgets-new-businesses-20879.html
As a result, the majority of recruiters mislead incoming students with false promises that results in unsatisfied customers. Recent DOE review conducted in the summer of 2003 have found that UOP's is not compliant with the igher Education Act, which makes it illegal for educational institutions like UOP to pay enrollment counselors compensation based solely upon obtaining enrollments. The DOE reports states that the UOP compensation system has cultivates and maintains a corporate culture of defiance of fiduciary duties.
Significant changes to this enrollment strategy must be achieved in order to gain public trust and reorient UOP's current practices. The first step is to change the educational and academic culture at UOP. The majority of UOP's programs, both online and offline has been criticized as severely lacking in both professionalism and academic value. Approximately 95% of UOP faculty is part time, as compared with 47% across all universities. As a…
How to Design a Strategic Planning System" (Sep-Oct 1998). Peter Lorange and Richard F. Vancil. Harvard Business Review, pp. 75-81).
Defining Corporate Strengths and Weaknesses" (Spring, 2004). Sloan Management Review, pp. 51-68.
Strategy (1998), 2nd Edition B.H. Liddell Hart. Frederick a. Praeger, Publishers.
Thus, the relation between students is imperative for determining such disorders (Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, 2007). As with the previous two categories, this is seen as incredibly subjective in the idea that no medical diagnosis or visible physical symptoms are needed to be placed within the category.
Stratification is essentially the ranking of individuals within a hierarchy based on the structures present in a functioning society. Sullivan and Artiles (2011) define stratification as "the patterned and differential distribution of resources, life chances, and costs / benefits among groups of the population" (p 1529). One's rank on this hierarchy determines one's quality of life and opportunities in relation to the structures and the groups these structures serve.
Overrepresentation and Segregation of acial Minorities in Special Education.
According to the research, there are much higher rates of overrepresentation of minorities in what is known as high-incidence categories,…
Anyon, Y. (2009). Sociological theories of learning disabilities: Understanding racial disproportionality in special education. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 19(1), 44-57.
Blanchett, Wanda J. (2010). Telling it like it is: The role of race, class & culture in the perpetuation of learning disability as a privileged category for the while middle class. Disability Studies Quarterly, 30(2). Retrieved from http://dsq-sds.org/article/view/1233/1280
Blau, Peter M. (1977). A macro social theory of social structure. American Journal of Psychology, 83(1), 26-54.
Burt, Ronald S. (1995). Structural holes: The Social Structure of Competition. Harvard University Press.
The report also identified some important aspects that determined successful completion of higher education. It was found that among both borrowers and non-borrowers, working part-time or fulltime and/or delayed entry into college carried a significantly high risk for dropping out. The fact that almost all of the students who successfully completed higher education were enrolled in college right after high school, attended fulltime and did not work part time or full time implied that external distractions had a major negative impact on successful completion. Since borrowers are under financial burden they are more prone to take up part time jobs and therefore carry a greater risk for dropping out. Essentially, one of the main findings and recommendations of this report is to "Make college more affordable so as to reduce dependence on loan financing and student employment, especially for those with the greatest need." [Lawrence Gladiex, pg 16]
1) Tamar Lewin, 'College may become Unaffordable for Most in U.S.', New York Times, Accessed Nov 19th 2009, Available Online at, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/03/education/03college.html?sq=Higher%20Education%20May%20Soon%20Be%20Unaffordable%20for%20Most%20Americans&st=cse&adxnnl=1&scp=1&adxnnlx=1258791454-dIlgWsiVrh3PLjWWuRQS7g
2) Tamar Lewin, 'College Costs Keep Rising', New York Times, Accessed Nov 19th 2009, Available Online at, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/21/education/21costs.html?scp=10&sq=higher%20education%20price&st=cse
3) Jack Kadden, 'Fears for the Future of University of California', NY times Accessed Nov 20th 2009, Available Online at, http://thechoice.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/11/20/fears-for-the-future-of-the-university-of-california/?scp=2&sq=higer%20education%20new%20policies&st=cse
4) NCPPHE, 'Measuring Up: 2008 -- The national report Card on Higher Education', Accessed 19th Nov 009, available online at, http://measuringup2008.highereducation.org/print/NCPPHEMUNationalRpt.pdf
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…
California has always been a leader. Many times it is the first to implement new ideas, plans and laws. In 1996 the state of California implemented something called proposition 209 which adjusted the requirements for admissions to colleges as well as employment opportunities based on race and gender. he proposition called for the weighting of admission standards regarding the enrollment of those who entered the state universities and colleges.
More recently the proposition was voted down and the last two years have been spent dismantling its structure. his paper will explore the impact that proposition has had on the admissions and enrollment of California universities. he writer explores the topic by defining proposition 209, explaining the pros and cons of it, looks at statistical data from California state schools.
he paper specifically look at the minority admissions impact that the proposition had on enrollment. Some of the ways this will…
The press focused on the impact of Proposition 209 as well, reporting that the numbers of minority admissions and enrollment did decrease once proposition 209 went into affect. Most of the attention was focused on UC Berkley with the other less mentioned schools were studied to a lesser degree (The UC Prior to Proposition 209 ( http://www.nexusjournal.org/university_of_california_admissi.htm ).
The press directed far less attention to other campuses like UC-Riverside and UC-Santa Cruz, both of which posted impressive gains in minority admissions as a result of cascading. At Riverside, for example (The UC Prior to Proposition 209 (
I also taught both History and Math at the Haverford School from 1989 until 1997. In addition to these leadership roles I have also completed career development courses such as: Curriculum Development, Team Building Techniques, Motivation Techniques, Classroom Management, Technology Integration, Marketing & Advertising, Recruitment & Retention Enrollment Management, Standardized Test Evaluation and others.
I feel that completing these types of courses indicates not only my continued interest in the field or work that I have chosen but also my dedication and commitment to performing well in that field. This dedication will help not only me but those that I work with in the future, and those that work as my subordinates. When one has a strong commitment to one's job, others are aware of that and they understand that they are not the only ones being asked to work for what is important to them. This helps the relationship…
Letter of Intention respectfully apply for the master's program in Organizational Leadership. I wish to use the knowledge that I will gain in that program to work toward my goal of leading a non-profit organization such as a school or a foundation. This type of work is very important to me and I feel as though I will do well for myself and others by working in this field. However, I understand that I must have proper training and education before I can be completely effective in my chosen profession. I also believe that I can bring a great deal of knowledge to the program, as evidenced by the work experience that I have already had.
I have worked at the Haverford School since 1995, both as the Director of Tuition Assistance and as the Associate Director of Admissions. In 1999 I was promoted to the Director of Admissions while still retaining my Director of Tuition Assistance position as well. I also taught both History and Math at the Haverford School from 1989 until 1997. In addition to these leadership roles I have also completed career development courses such as: Curriculum Development, Team Building Techniques, Motivation Techniques, Classroom Management, Technology Integration, Marketing & Advertising, Recruitment & Retention Enrollment Management, Standardized Test Evaluation and others.
I feel that completing these types of courses indicates not only my continued interest in the field or work that I have chosen but also my dedication and commitment to performing well in that field. This dedication will help not only me but those that I work with in the future, and those that work as my subordinates. When one has a strong commitment to one's job, others are aware of that and they understand that they are not the only ones being asked to work for what is important to them. This helps the relationship an employer has with his or her employees and also strengthens the bond that the worker has with those that he or she helps.
"Failure of any district to budget funds to meet statutory requirements is a very serious matter and will result in the executive county superintendent rejection of the budget. The district will be advised of any lack of budget approval with specific recommendations on necessary corrective revisions." (New Jersey Department of Education 2013, P 14).
3. Key Budget Terminology
There are numerous terminologies with regard to the school district budget. The most important budget terminologies are
The revenue is the money received by the school district within an accounting year. A fund is part of the revenue and there are four sources of revenue for the school district and this include:
Intermediate source, state, and Federal sources.
Expenditures are the expenses that the school district must fulfill within an accounting year. Part of the school district expenditures are the payment of teachers' salary, and travel expenses for…
Ernest & Young (2012).U.S. GAAP vs. IFRS the basics. Ernst&Young LLP.
State of New Jersey (2008).The Uniform Minimum Chart of Accounts for New Jersey Public Schools. Department of Education, Division of Finance.
New Jersey Department of Education (2013).Budget Guidelines Fiscal Year 2013-2014.Office of School Finance.
flexible budget because it adjusts for variances in volume of activity. The budget is prepared based on three levels of activity and this includes enrollment of 66, 100, and 120 students.
Total revenue per student is the same despite student enrollment and it is determined to be $6,063 per student
The total expense per student is $4,518 for 120 students, $5,283 for 100 students and $7,646 for 66 students.
All the expenses seem necessary since they are costs that are incurred in starting up and running a business. There are selling costs such as advertising, capital expenses such as computer equipment and operational costs such as salaries, field trips and maintenance and repairs.
The school is viable because it is generating income despite the level of activity. Income received increases with number of enrollment thus a high enrollment will provide high levels of profit. Also the total costs incurred in…
Investopedia. (2011). Sensitivity Analysis. Retrieved On November 26, 2011 from Http://Www.Investopedia.Com/Terms/S/Sensitivityanalysis.Asp#Axzz1eiu1f5rw
Variance Analysis: Meaning, Advantages and Disadvantages. (N.D). Investment and Business Accountants. Retrieved On November 26, 2011 from Http://Www.Accountantnextdoor.Com/Variance-Analysis-Meaning-Advantages-And-Disadvantages/
The Challenges of Dual Credit: A Research Proposal
Dual credit or dual enrollment programs “are designed to boost college access and degree attainment, especially for students typically underrepresented in higher education,” (United States Department of Education, 2017, p. 1). With this lofty goal set, it should seem that dual credit programs would be reducing the educational achievement gap. After all, dual credit programs by definition allow all students the opportunity to potentially shorten the amount of time they spend in college, thereby reducing their tuition fees that enable the completion of a degree program. Yet recent research shows that college enrollment and completion gaps may be getting wider, based both on ethnicity and on socioeconomic class (Gewertz, 2017). The results of the RAND study reported by Gewertz (2017) may not be applicable specifically to the state of Hawaii, and yet educational attainment disparities do continue to exist and…
Generally, online students need to have a high level of self-motivation for their studies. Being aimed towards the adult, working student body, Strayer attracts students who are not motivated only by the subject matter of their studies, but also by what this can mean in terms of their self-development. This extra level of motivation is encouraged by the structure and aims of Strayer University. This relates to the individual needs and goals variable.
Each student entering the university has a specific goal for furthering their studies; they wish to improve their careers or themselves in some way. This serves as motivation to not only complete, but also to excel at their studies. This is so for both online and campus students. Lecturers in turn are motivated by the needs of these students to deliver excellence in the material that they offer learners, in order to ensure excellent student performance not…
Silberman, Robert S. (2009). Letter to Shareholders. Strayer Education, Inc. Annual Report 2009. Retrieved from http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/STRA/916322741x0x353509/C4984D55-27AA-440A-B370-CE3D306CF2D5/STYR_09AR_Final.pdf
Strayer Education, Inc. (2010). Financial Performance. Retrieved from http://www.strayereducation.com/growth.cfm?pageSection=growth
Strayer University (2010). CTI College Search. Retrieved from http://www.citytowninfo.com/school-profiles/strayer-university
Burke, W. Warner, Litwin, George H. A Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change. Journal of Management. Bloomington: Sep 1992. Vol. 18, Iss. 3
Estimated Age of Employee
equested Alternative Benefit epresentative -- Yes/No
equested Alternative Benefit epresentative -- Yes/No
Figure 1. Number of employees requesting alternative benefit representative.
The results of the experiment failed to demonstrate any significant or conclusive findings concerning the hypothesis that age would have an adverse effect on the perception of the credibility of the younger benefit representatives for a variety…
"Engage Employees as Consumers in Benefits Enrollment." (2007). Managing Benefits Plans,
Little, a.C. & Perrett, D.I. (2007). Using Composite Images to Assess Accuracy in Personality
Attribution to Faces. British Journal of Psychology, 98, 111-126.
eview On Nurses Shortage
The supply of professional nurses relative to the increase in demand for their services has been on a general decline over the years. As a career choice, nursing has been facing perennial shortage of professionals. Most healthcare organizations will affirm that their daunting tasks were recruiting fresh nurses and retaining the ones already in practice. The 2008 projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics showed that the demand for professional nurses would increase from the then two million to three million, which represents sixty percent increment. In ideal situations, the number of those who have enrolled in nursing will be sufficient to supply the rise in their number. Nevertheless, this would not be the case if nothing were done to salvage the worrying trend of most students not graduating or resorting to other careers. According to Benjamin Isgur of PWHC Health and esearch Institute,…
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2009, September, 28). Nursing Shortage Fact Sheet. USA: AACN.
Buerhaus, P.I., Staiger, D., & Auerbach, D.I. (2009). The future of the nursing workforce in the United States: Data, trends, and implications. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Blakeley, J., & Ribeiro, V. (2008). Early Retirement among Registered Nurses: Contributing Factors. Journal of Nursing Management, 16(1), 29 -- 37
Cummings, G., et al. (2008). The Relationship between Nursing Leadership and Nurses' Job Satisfaction in Canadian Oncology Work Environments. Journal of Nursing Management, 16(5), 508 -- 518.
High School Dual Programs
Current social, political, and cultural concerns have hastened the call for high school reform and have intensified an interest in producing high school graduates that are college ready (Kuo, 2010). Competition from up-and-coming economies such as China and India have challenged traditional American economic world dominance and are forcing policy makers to be concerned about making substantive changes in the educational system (Kuo, 2010). However, when positive attempts are made to reform high schools, they often are not sustained due to the fact that the people who initiated the changes moved on and the system reverted back to the way it was prior to the reform effort (Hamann, 2005). Thus, there is the need for wider-ranging changes in education.
Twenty-first century educational reform efforts will need to address three emerging issues related to the American educational system: globalization, the continuity of the system, and the wasted…
Cohen, J.S., & Smerdon, B.A. (2009). Tightening the dropout tourniquet: Easing the transition from middle to high school. Washington D.C: New America Foundation.
Cooper, M.A. (2009). Dreams deferred? The relationship between early and later postsecondary educational aspirations among racial/ethnic groups. Educational Policy, 23, 615-649.
Domina, T. & Ruzek, E (2010). Paving the way: K-16 partnerships for higher education diversity and high school reform. Educational Policy, 26(2), 243-267.
Hamann, E.T. (2005). Systemic high school reform in two states: The serendipity of state-level action. The High School Journal, 89(1), 1-17.
" (Halpin and urt, 1998) Duois states: "The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife -- this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self. In this merging he wishes neither of the older selves to be lost. He would not Africanize America, for America has too much to teach the world and Africa. He would not bleach his Negro soul in a flood of White Americanism, for he knows that Negro blood has a message for the world. He simply wishes to make it possible for a man to be both a Negro and an American, without being cursed and spit upon by his fellows, without having the doors of Opportunity closed roughly in his face. (Duois, 1903)
The work of Pope (1998) conducted a study to make examination of the relationship between psychosocial development and racial…
Alessandria, Kathryn P. And Nelson, Eileen S. (2005) Identity Development and Self-Esteem of First-Generation American College Students: An Exploratory Study. Project Muse January/February 2005 Vol. 46 No. 1 Online available at http://muse.jhu.edu/demo/journal_of_college_student_development/v046/46.1alessandria.pdf
ARMY ROTC: The John Hopkins University (nd) Training and Curriculum. Online available at http://www.jhu.edu/rotc/training.htm
Astin, a.W. (1984). Student involvement: A developmental theory for higher education. Journal of College Student Personnel, 25, 297-308.
Astin, a.W. (1993). What matters in college? Four critical years revisited. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Each calendar at this point would cost $5.45
Developing costs for pictures taken with digital cameras will be approximately $75. This cost adds approximately $.04 per calendar Costs for placement of 1500 books in the library will be $8,175 + $3,270 (40% mark up) to total $14, 171 for calendars sold through the library calendars. Each calendar now $9.45 + $.04 for developing photos = $9.49. The remaining 500 calendars sold through other outlets such as the booth in a high traffic area of the Student Union Building; rented for $3/da y. The team determined to allocate rent for 20 days to total $60; which adds an additional $.03 per calendar of the 500, plus the $.04 for developing photos, which brings the cost for each of these 500 calendars to $5.52. The receipts for MUCs sold through the library for $20 each, as well as receipts for calendars sold…
Blue Letter Bible. (2009). Ecclesiastes 3 - New King James Version. Blue Letter Bible. Retrieved Mar, 12, 2009 at http://www.blueletterbible.org/Bible.cfm?b=Ecc&c=3&t=NKJV
SWOT Analysis. (2007). QuickMBA.com. Retrieved March 08, 2009 at http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/SWOT/
The morning sessions were composed of information sessions that included a vast degree of tangible information such as numbers pertaining to enrollment and programs, as well as specific examples. Following the presentations, the conference participants were invited to discuss the presentations. In the afternoon, however, an electronic team-decision center was used to identify successful models for collaberation, and ways in which the Sloan Foundation could become involved in the integration. In fact, it was the electronic team-decision center, which recorded the data and suggestions offered by the program participants, which was used to evaluate the program, which was evaluated by the Sloan Foundation, which funded the conference. Upon evaluation, the only problems that were identified included the size of the event, which was intended to host over 50, and length, which was originally intended to last over one day. The program planner identifies the sponsor's need to cut budget for…
With the increase in competitiveness in every aspect of life, the demand for quality education to the highest levels has increased all around the world. There was a time when only western hemisphere was famous for its high quality of higher education. However, today the developing world, particularly Asian economies have also become quite particular about their pursuit of quality education. Countries such as California, Singapore, Hong Kong and India are striving hard to ensure that their students get education at highest standards and so that they are able to compete against the western world.
Initially, students from Asian countries used to travel to the west in order to pursue higher education. However, with the increase in globalization, the world came closer and just like the multinational companies, western universities also started to follow the trend of off shore campuses. Today many British and American universities have their campuses…
Sonoma State University n.d, Sonoma State University, viewed 27th April 2011, < http://www.surrey.ac.USA/management>.
Czinkota, M 2007, International Marketing, Thomson South-Western, USA.
Moller, K & Wilson, D 1995, Business marketing: an interaction and network perspective, Kluwer Academic Publishers, USA.
In fact Congress should pass a bill that gives that prescription drug benefit to Medicare patients.
QUESTION NINE: In the United States, healthcare is so expensive that over 45 million people are without health insurance. It is a broken system, leaving out many people, especially children. Recently the executive branch vetoed a bill that would have provided health insurance to millions of middle and low-income children, indicating a lack of government concern for the well being of the population. Bush said it was too expensive, yet it's not too expensive to continue spending billions on an unpopular war in Iraq. Meanwhile, for the past 45 years, Canada has had a "government-funded, national healthcare system..." based on these five principles, according to www.medhunters.com.One, it is universally available to permanent residents; two, it is comprehensive; three, it is available regardless of income; four, it is "portable within and outside" Canada; and five,…
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2007). Fact Sheet: Nursing Shortages.
Retrieved Feb. 7, 2008, at http://www.aacn.nche.edu/media/factsheets/nursingshortage.htm .
Duke, Elizabeth. (2004). Report to Congress. The Critical Care Workforce: A Study of the Supply and Demand for Critical Care Physicians. U.S. Department of Health & Human
Services / Health Resources & Services Administration. Retrieved Feb. 6, 2008, at http://bhpr.hrsa.gov/healthworkforce/reports/criticalcare/cc1.htm.
Achievement Outside of the Classroom
My parents were against the idea of a dog, but I was determined that we would get a puppy. I did my research, and, information in hand, pitched the idea of raising an assistance dog to my parents. We would raise a puppy for a year, providing it with care and teaching basic commands. If she passed her tests, she would be trained as an assistance dog. If not, we would have the option of keeping her. My parents fell for it, hook, line, and sinker, and two months later we picked up Frito, a yellow-lab puppy. Between chewed-up shoes, obedience school, ruined carpet, romps in the park, and playing ball, the year flew by more quickly than I ever imagined it would, and the day came to have Frito's skills assessed. I watched nervously, half-hoping that he would mess up as the trainer tested…
Structuring Your Message
Benefits of distance learning from a student's perspective
The duration of e-learning should be justified from the duration of stay expected in the organization
a) the education may be directly related to the information required
b) the education must be specific for the situation that is to be faced
c) the education must set a standard of learning which is to be uniform for all the individuals going through the course
The education has to be provided in a manner that is easy for the students
The education should also be beneficial to the person providing the information so that it will continue.
The use of e-learning is for various purposes, but what is being discussed here is about e-learning that is provided for commercial purposes. This system has been found to be useful for employers and has the possibility to evolve into a major method for…
"Formulas for Quantifying the Value of a Training-Technology Investment" Retrieved from http://www.workforce.com/archive/article/22/13/78.php Accessed 10 August, 2005
Herman, Roger. E. (November, 2000) "Liberal Arts: The Key to the Future" USA Today:
(Society for the Advancement of Education) Retrieved from http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1272/is_2666_129/ai_67328802 Accessed 10 August, 2005
'Humor in Practice - Presenting Powerful Presentations" (August, 2001) Retrieved from http://www.funsulting.com/h_august_2001_newsletter.html Accessed 10 August, 2005
Amy is the main character of the case under study and is facing a problem with Joe who agreed to co-teach with her. The problem that Amy faces is that Joe is not clear about the concept and idea of co-teaching and how it is supposed to be carried out. Moreover Joe says things which hurt Amy and she feels insulted by them. Firstly Amy should realize that she is young and comparatively inexperienced. Joe on the other hand is an experienced teacher who has been teaching for a very long time. He is used to his method of teaching and therefore it is hard for him to accommodate himself to this new change of method. Normally a person who has been teaching for twenty years with the same pattern finds it hard to undergo a change. Amy thus should not find his comments to be insulting and she should…
1920-1945, significant expansion reforms higher education. Reflect opportunities attend college women time period. omen made 40% undergraduate enrollments 1940. This remarkable women permitted earn a bachelor's degree 60 years prior 1940.
Throughout history there have been a series of advocates lobbying with regard to women being provided with equal rights, but matters seemed to be different at the onset of the twentieth century. omen actually appeared to be looked at from a different perspective and the numerous movements meant to have society acknowledge the important role women played in the social order were more powerful than ever at the time. The women's suffrage movement is closely connected with their right to attend educational institutes. Although many women today successfully attend higher education, some of them know little to nothing regarding the efforts that women in the past needed to go through in order to make it possible for them to…
Rury, John L., "Education and Social Change: Contours in the History of American Schooling," (Routledge, 21.08.2012)
"Women in the Twentieth Century and Beyond," Retrieved April 24, 2013, from the Illinois Valley Community College Website: http://www2.ivcc.edu/gen2002/twentieth_century.htm
"Why choose a women's college?," Retrieved April 24, 2013, from the Simmons Undergraduate College Website: http://www.simmons.edu/undergraduate/admission/womenscollege/
The comparatively simplistic provider to patient ratios and demand-based estimates cannot accurately predict need; therefore, inefficiencies in the health care system will remain. By comparison, the needs-based model provides at least the possibility of addressing most inefficiencies. This model stands out because it is essentially an iterative model that incorporates 'need' and supply data as it becomes available. Although not perfect, the model is flexible enough that it can be adjusted to include additional parameters and data to minimize the impact of unexpected developments, such as a major weather event or a severe economic downturn. Increasing the predictive accuracy of the model is also straightforward and would depend on investing into data collection efforts. As the authors discuss, the main limitation is the quality of data available; however, patient to provider ratios or demand-based models are still inferior by comparison.
A common approach used for validating predictive models such as…
Murphy, Gail Tomblin, Birch, Stephen, MacKenzie, Adrian, Alder, Rob, Lethbridge, Lynn, and Little, Lisa. Eliminating the shortage of registered nurses in Canada: An exercise in applied needs-based planning. Health Policy, 105, 192-202.
Against Student Tracking
Student tracking involves categorizing students according to their learning ability and placing them in classes based on this. Advanced students are placed together and students of lower ability are placed together. While this is common practice in schools there are several education bodies calling for its abolition. There are several reasons given for the abolition of student tracking: that it widens the gap between advantages and disadvantaged students; that it separates students by race and class; and that an inclusive classroom where every student learns from each other is better for students, socially and academically.
Firstly, student tracking is said to widen the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged students. Ascher (1992) notes that there is evidence that high achievers do better in accelerated classes. While this is beneficial to the students in these accelerated classes, it actually widens the gap between them and the average student. This…
Ascher, C. (1992). Successful Detracking in Middle and Senior High Schools. New York: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education New York NY.
Haury, D.L., & Milbourne, L.A. (1999). Should Students Be Tracked in Math or Science? Columbus, OH: ERIC Clearinghouse for Science Mathematics and Environmental Education.
Downside of Affirmative Action
Affirmative action has increasingly become a popular subject of debate. Not only does the phrase "affirmative action" mean different things to different people, but also there are different arguments for and against it. While many people tout the benefits of affirmative action programs, they have acted as a stumbling block for minorities and have essentially created a starker disparity in the struggle for equal opportunity between white people and other minority groups.
enefits of Affirmative Action
Affirmative action (AA) refers to the social practice in which members of historically disadvantaged groups are given preferential treatment in an attempt by the United States to compensate for any harm that was caused to their ancestors in the past (Crock, 1995). For example, African-Americans receive special benefits because of the U.S. history of slavery.
President Lyndon . Johnson originally created affirmative action programs in 1965 to correct discrimination that…
CNN. (January 16, 2003). Bush criticizes university 'quota system'. CNN.com. Retrieved on the Internet at http://www.cnn.com/2003/ALLPOLITICS/01/15/bush.affirmativeaction/ .
Crock, Stan. A Thunderous Impact on Equal Opportunity. Business Week, June 26, 1995: p. 37.
Giraldo, Zaida I. What Everyone Should Know About Affirmative Action. Peaceful Action, May 1995: pp. 44-46.
Wilson, R. Affirmative Action: Yesterday, Today, and Beyond. American Council on Education, 1995.
This research study will examine the impact of teachers' expectation on students' overall academic achievement. The research will be conducted at Huntington Park High School, located in the city of Huntington Park. It is one of the largest high schools in Los Angeles Unified School District and has an enrollment of over 5000 students with 3-track calendar. The ethnic backgrounds of the students consist of 98.6% Latino, 0.6% black and 0.3% white. The students of Huntington Park High School (HPHS) have not been challenged to perform to their best abilities. One of the reasons may be that the teachers perceive them as incapable and lacking motivation, and so they feel it is unfair or hopeless to expect more from the students. The subtle messages received from their teachers may make the students feel incapable of handling demanding work. This could also be a factor in the students'…
1.Brehm, S. & Kassin, S. (1996). Social Psychology. Boston: Houghton Muffin.
2.Rosenthal, R. & Jacobson, L. (1968). Pygmalion in the classroom. Retrieved September 9, 2003 at http://fcis.oise.utoronto.ca/-daniel_schugurensky/assignment1/11968rosenjacob.html
3.Tauber, R. (1998). Good or bad, what teachers expect from students they generally get. Retrieved September18, 2003 at http://www.ericfacility.net/databases
4.Thomas, W.(1928). First impressions are lasting impressions. Retrieved September18, 2003 at http://www.ericfacility.net/databases
My short-term goals are to make the most out of my academic talents and abilities and fulfilling the core values of Respect, Compassion, Excellence, Justice, and Stewardship. The Medical focus Program will be an opportunity for me to begin specializing in science and healthcare-related subjects and to get to know other students who share my academic and career interests. I look forward to being able to the first-hand experience of volunteering in the healthcare professions so that I can interact with patients and experienced healthcare professionals. I also look forward to being as creative as possible, such as in the way that I duplicated several classic scientific experiments in my school science fairs.
My long-term goal is to become an orthodontist. I have had this goal since I was six years old, when I had an accident that broke some of my teeth and required orthodontic care. My…
USAID Education, Development, And Foreign Aid Grant
Of late it has become progressively more apparent that education is a key factor and aspect in the development of a country. Foreign aid in particular is an aspect that has come to be long-standing and existing since the Second World War and in the present day is a normal part and parcel of social as well as political associations and affiliations amongst different nations. There has been plenty of consideration and debate surrounding the effectiveness of the foreign aid and also its need. There has also been much debate and consideration regarding the terms laid out, the conditions that the foreign aid comes along with and also the purposes (Heyneman, 2005). Much of the foreign aid handed out in modern-days has been for both primary and secondary educational programs with the main purpose and aim of increasing economic growth and also the…
Heyneman, S.P. (2005). Foreign Aid to Education: Recent U.S. Initiatives -- Background, Risks, and Prospects. Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 80, No. 1, pp. 107-119.
Descriptive Statistics %Primary Enrollment
Opportunities Faced by Leaders, Society and Organizations
Problems and opportunities facing leaders, communities and organization are always a cause of debate in the society. They can arise in many different ways and exist in many forms and society finds it's our way of meeting these challenges and responding to such opportunities. The articles chosen for this paper focus primarily on the issue of rising tuition costs and it's impact on college enrollment and this topic is chosen because it affects leaders, communities and organizations alike.
The first article in this connection is written by Donald Heller. The article explains how rising costs impact enrollment in colleges and universities. The author found that all things being equal, rising tuition costs will lead to lower enrollment. A decline in enrollment is however a subjective issue dependent on some other factors including type of institution. For example it has been found the community…
Heller, Donald. The effects of tuition prices and financial
Aid on enrollment in higher education Accessed online
Dickson L, Pender. In-State Tuition Benefits Affect the Enrollment of Non-Citizens?
Evidence from Universities in Texas. Accessed online
Dual credit programs have been around for decades, allowing a large body of evidence to emerge. The evidence from the past twenty years have also permitted longitudinal studies that reveal the efficacy of dual credit programs in promoting models for peace in higher education. Dual credit programs are executed differently in different states. Program feature diversity and results from empirical literature also permits the body of literature to inform best practices for administration, management, and program assessment in Hawaii. Themes in the literature include a historical overview showcasing the practically incontrovertible evidence in support of dual credit programs, with recent literature trending towards specific elements of program design, implementation, and assessment. Other trends include the ability of dual credit programs to promote equity through the promotion of minority students in higher education and to increase the representation of minority students and faculty in institutes of higher learning. The literature, particularly…
" (National Conference of State Legislatures Forum for State Health Policy Leadership, 2007). However, regardless of state, the applicants have to meet certain qualifications. First, applicants have to be both uninsured and not eligible for Medicaid for other forms of state sponsored insurance. In addition, not all S-CHIP recipients have to be children; states can get waivers to use S-CHIP funds to cover adults. These other recipients are generally adults who are responsible for S-CHIP eligible children, and/or pregnant women. However, "at the end of 2005, four states had waivers to use SCHIP to cover childless adults, and nine states cover unborn children who will be eligible for SCHIP at birth as well as prenatal and childbirth services for the mother of the child." (National Conference of State Legislatures Forum for State Health Policy Leadership, 2007). The fact that states have chosen to do this reaffirms the concept that the…
DeNavas-Walt, C., B. Proctor, and J. Smith. (2007). Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2006. Washington: U.S. Census Bureau.
Dubay, L. (2007).
Making sense of recent estimates of eligible but uninsured children.
Retrieved January 28, 2008 from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
Pre-Course Program for Entry-Level Online Adult Students
Distance education is one of the most dynamic and fastest-growing segments of college and graduate level education. Many educational institutions with long histories of traditional classroom-based learning opportunities are expanding their programs to include distance-based learning via the Internet. In fact, many colleges and universities have invested heavily in their distance education programs. Courses for distance learners are offered in an array of formats that are designed to make learning opportunities accessible to students at anytime, anywhere in the world.
Limited information is available concerning the ability of traditional adult learners to adapt to the online learning environment to successfully complete an online learning degree program. (Baker, et al., 1994)
Today, educational elitism is a serious problem for many distance and non-traditional students. Most traditional learners look down on the non-traditional learner and distance-based educational programs as a whole. Many times these degrees…
Altbach, Philip G. (1999). Private Prometheus: Private Higher Education and Development in the 21st Century. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Astleitner, Hermann (2002). Teaching critical thinking online. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 29.
Baker, Eva L., et al. (1994). Technology Assessment in Education and Training.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Beard, Lawrence A., et al. (2002). Student perceptions of online vs. On campus instruction. Education, 122.
g., a magnet school), and also in terms of the various percentages of whites; African-Americans; Asians; and Latino (a)s attending each high school. According to Solorzano and Ornelas (Feb/Mar 2004) their study of advanced placement high school enrollment trends among minority students was driven by their desire for clearer answers to several key questions about equal access to educational opportunities for minority students and white students alike within various Los Angeles public high schools.
The questions the authors sought answers to in their study were the following:
How do school structures, practices, and discourses help maintain racial and ethnic discrimination in access to AP courses? How do Latina/o and African-American students and parents respond to the educational structures, practices, and discourses that help maintain racial and ethnic discrimination in access to AP courses? Finally, how can school reforms help end racial and ethnic discrimination in access to AP courses? (p.…
Affirmative Action." Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia. 2000. 8 Dec 2007.
Microsoft Works Suite 2000 (CD-ROM). Disc 3.
Affirmative Action Ten Years After Proposition 209." UCLA International
Institute. 20 Mar 2007. http://www.international.ucla.edu/showevent.asp ?
Human esources Management - Maintaining a Competitive Edge in the Corporate Marketplace
Change continues to reshape the workplace. Today's H professional is called upon to help the organization retain its competitive edge in the marketplace. Along with representing the best interests of employees, H professionals assume the role of strategic partner, administrative expert, and change agent. H assumes a critical role in promoting the vision and shaping the focus of the company. H professionals must be skilled and knowledgeable business partners, able to wear many hats while demonstrating their own competencies in communication and decision-making skills. (Aghazadeh, 1999)
Today, H departments face many challenges. Some are conventional and continuing concerns.
Attract, retain and motivate employees;
Ensure legal and regulatory compliance;
Manage the human side of technological change.
Perhaps, most critically today however, progressive H departments are charged with adding value to the corporation as they seek to:
Aghazadeh, Seyed-Mahmoud (1999). Human Resource Management: Issues and challenges in the new millennium. Management Research News, 22(12) 19-32.
Ashbaugh, Sam and Rowan Miranda (2002). Technology for Human Resources Management: Seven Questions and Answers. Public Personnel Management, (31) 7.
Ball, Sarah (2002, Sept). How technology can make you look good. Employee Benefits, S9-11.
Barro, Tom. A Tangled Web of Partnerships. Retrieved Feb. 21, 2003 at http://www.astd.org/CMS/templates/index.html?template_id=1&articleid=23780
intended for a quantitative public policy perspective analysis of strategic and financial changes in small, private as well as not for profit advanced schooling organizations and institutions in Jamaica. The primary intent behind this paper would be to assess the framework by which strategic and financial innovational changes in small, private, not for profit advanced schooling institutions in Jamaica operate. They concentrate on the conditions which will make financial investments much better than be adopted and even implemented in a variety of contexts. In this way hopefully to lay smooth the road for just about any future studies conducted in the region or on the main topic of financial investments with the associated implications. This could, hence inadvertently, provide all potential studies and researches an excellent service. It might provide them with a foundation base on which to consult in most regions of conflict and trouble that may arise due…
Allen, K.M. (1999). The response of small private colleges to financial distress in the nineties. Dissertations Abstracts International, 60 (04), 1034A.
Bauer, J.E. (1987). An analysis of the relationship between the use of adaptive and interpretative survival strategies and financial resilience in Lutheran colleges. Dissertations Abstracts International, 48 (09), 2250A.
Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (1998). Assessment and classroom learning. Assessment in Education: Principals. Policy & Practice, 5(1), 7 -- 74.
Bower, J.L. (1970). Managing the resource allocation process: A study of corporate planning and investment. Boston, MA:Harvard Business School Press.
Student Affairs as Both A Field of Study and a Profession
What is Student Affairs?
Tyrell (2014) believes student affairs professionals have a continually expanding and evolving role in community colleges, with recognition of increasingly complex student experiences and with broadening of community colleges' role in the way students are engaged outside of and within formal, institutional settings.
The student affairs domain is an extensive and complex part of college campus operations, covering several departments and involving professionals hailing from a broad range of academic backgrounds. Student learning does not occur only in classrooms; rather, it is interwoven all through students' experiences in college, right from their freshmen days to the time they leave its doors after earning their college diploma. College students are molded by these experiences, conflict management lessons learnt from sharing dorms with fellow students, critical thinking skills perfected through challenging coursework, leadership skills attained through leadership…
Hoffman, J. L., & Bresciani, M. (2012). Identifying What Student Affairs Professionals Value: A Mixed Methods Analysis of Professional Competencies Listed in Job Descriptions. Research & Practice In Assessment, Vol 7, 26-40. Retrieved from http://www.rpajournal.com/
Long, D. (2012). The Foundations of Student Affairs: A Guide to the Profession. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 1-39). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from http://ir.library.illinoisstate.edu
Long, D. (2012). Theories and Models of Student Development. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 41-55). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from
Community colleges too saw tuition raises and increases in mandatory fees in 48 of the 50 states. These increases in costs directly affect the students that have to pay them.
DeMoranville and O'Donnell (2001) investigated the effects of increases in per-credit-hour tuition on four-year graduation rates and how they are marketed to minimize enrollment effects. These authors too understood that increases in tuitions and fees directly has a negative impact on students. Their study examined whether or not a sliding scale tuition rate would increase the graduation rates. The researchers found that a sliding tuition rate scale does not positively affect four-year graduation rates when tuition increases are incurred.
DeMoranville and O'Donnell's (2001) research is important because it shows a history of negative effects incurred by increasing tuition. However, as times have changed such as the increased need for higher education in a competitive job market and the availability of…
DeMoranville, C. & O'Donnell, P. "Price Elasticity of Per-Credit-Hour Tuition Charges and the Effects on Four-Year Graduation Rates." Journal of Marketing for Higher Education 11(4) 2001: 29-49. Education Resource Complete EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. 19 Oct. 2009 .
Trombley, W. "The Rising Price of Higher Education." The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. Winter 2003. The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. 19 Oct. 2009 .
Adult Day Care Industry
ABC Adult Day Care will be a mid-sized company, which will provide adult day care services to the residents of Boston. This mid-sized adult care facility will serve adults aged fifty years and above. It will provide community-based day health services for the elderly and disabled. Services offered include living assistance, nursing, therapy, meals, and social activities. Their services will be secure and safe, presenting the elderly with an excellent place where their caring services will be met. ABC Adult Day Care will be a privately held organization headed by its founder, Ben Stevenson. Mr. Stevenson has extensive experience in strategic business planning. His advanced knowledge and interest in business are the driving force behind his business. A few employees who have extensive experience in adult care fields will support the daily operations of the facility. With the rising rate of inflation, many American families struggle…
Bryan, C.J., & Rudd, M.D. (2011). Managing suicide risk in primary care. New York: Springer Pub. Co.
Cooper, P.D. (2010). Health care marketing: A foundation for managed quality. Gaithersburg, Md: Aspen Publishers.
Davis, C. & Lynn, J. (2010). Start your own senior services business: Adult day-care, relocation service, home-care, transportation service, concierge, travel service and more. Irvine, Calif.: Entrepreneur Press.
Fitzpatrick, J.J., Glasgow, A., & Young, J.N. (2013). Managing your practice: A guide for advanced practice nurses. New York: Springer Pub. Co.
Despite increased student fees, the UC still encountered a $500 million shortfall or $2,500 per student. It has been undergoing severe pressure from the impact of the cuts. The quality of education at the U.S. has remained high, but there have been disturbing signs of erosion, nevertheless. The widening gap between the UC and the best private university has been alarming because the UC competes for the top teachers and students with these private universities. This widening gap should be a critical concern to the state and the federal governments because even excellent private universities are too small to meet California's or the nation's needs for a well-educated workforce in the future, to come up with innovations needed to fuel the economy and to generate jobs, and to introduce medical advances for the use and care of the sick and disabled. In the past decade, California's private research universities, Stanford,…
Clinton, P. (2002). The student aid conundrum. University Business: 4 pages.
Professional Media Group LLC
Darling, B.B. (2005). Hearing testimony. 5 pages. California Senate Subcommittee on Higher Education. Retrieved January 26, 2007 at http://www.ucop.edu/uersvp/speeches/Speier_Hearing_Nov_9_2005.pdf
Dervarics, C. (2006). Congress approves cuts to student loan programs. 1 page. Diverse Issues on Higher Education: Cox, Matthews and Associates
Human esource Development Initiatives for the Department of Veterans Affairs
As the nation's largest healthcare provider and second-largest federal agency, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is responsible for administering a multi-billion dollar budget in support of the nation's heroic veterans. The VA fulfills its mandate to care for veterans and their families through a nationwide network of medical centers, outpatient facilities, Vet Centers and domiciliaries that provide the entire spectrum of medical, surgical and rehabilitation healthcare services. Given the importance of its mandate and scope of its budget, the VA is well situated to take advantage of a wide range of human resource initiatives that can save money, improve organizational performance and the quality of healthcare provided to the country's veteran population. This study defines five such human resources initiatives and describes how they can be applied to achieve these goals. A summary of the recommendations and their potential…
Anderson, C.H. (1984). Job design: Employee satisfaction and performance in retail stores.
Journal of Small Business Management, 22, 9.
Benevides, A.D. & David, A.A. (2010). Local government wellness programs: A viable option to decrease healthcare costs and improve productivity. Public Personnel Management,
For both teachers, however, Boxer and Cortes-Conde highlight moments where the teacher talk lends itself to greater student interaction. At these moments, the teachers often fostered group discussions by asking students about their own cultural norms. When teachers took on the role of information brokers, students resumed the role of passive learners. The authors argue that open dialogue is crucial to fostering pragmatic and sociocultural competence, and that teachers can create this open dialogue and a place of comfort and still encourage pragmatic awareness. (Hall & Verplaetse, 2000, p. 15)
Stressing among new and existing foreign language educators the importance of classroom interaction as well as cultural expression is essential, as the manner in which context is delivered, as apposed to content lectured upon creates foundational interest and potential independent motivation to learn. Curriculum, must be inclusive and collaborative to engender individual motivation, which is essential to foreign language learning,…
Atanda, R. "Do Gatekeeper Courses Expand Education Options?" Education Statistics Quarterly 1:1 Retrieved October 10, 2007 at http://nces.ed.gov/programs/quarterly/vol_1/1_1/4-esq11-c.asp www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002451570
Belz, J.A. (2002). Social Dimensions of Telecollaborative Foreign Language Study. Language, Learning & Technology, 6(1), 60. Retrieved October 17, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002451570
Christian, D., Pufahl, I., & Rhodes, N.C. (2005). Fostering Foreign Language Proficiency: What the U.S. Can Learn from Other Countries. Phi Delta Kappan, 87(3), 226.
Creswell, John (1997) Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing From Among Five Traditions. New York: Sage Pulications.
All spending includes state and federal expenditures. Growth figures reflect increases in benefit payments and disproportionate share hospital payments; growth figures do not include administrative costs, accounting adjustments, or costs for the U.S. Territories.
Federal Fiscal Year: Unless otherwise noted, years preceded by "FY" on statehealthfacts.org refer to the Federal Fiscal Year, which runs from October 1 through September 30. for example, FY 2009 refers to the period from October 1, 2008 through September 30, 2009.
Urban Institute estimates based on data from CMS (Form 64) (as of 12/21/11).
From this entire chart, the entire increase in expenditure of…
Clark, Cheryl et al. "State Medicaid Eligibility and Care Delayed Because of Cost." New England Journal of Medicine, 368 (2013): 1263-1265. Print.
Ellwood, Marilyn Rymer et al. An Exploratory Analysis of the Medicaid Expenditures of Substance Exposed Children Under 2 Years of Age in California. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1993. Print.
Goodnough, Abby. "October 25th." The New York Times. 25th October. 2012. Web. 29th March 2013. [ http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/26/us/spending-on-medicaid-has-slowed-survey-finds.html?_r=0 ].
Grannemann, Thomas W. And Mark V Pauly. Controlling Medicaid Costs: Federalism, Competition, and Choice. Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1983. Print.
lucidly stated to orbit around Leventhal's self-regulation theory which suggests that the actions which can help better explain behavioral changes are founded in the patient's unique view of their illness, and how they in turn regulate their behavior and the extent to which they engage in risk management. According to Burns and Grove (2009), this is a substantive theory.
The framework is presented in a somewhat lose manner, largely proposing that emotional and cognitive process help one in solidifying their perceptions of their illnesses and thus, impact the mode of action during a health crisis and the way in which the individual behave. As no strict framework is presented, concepts such as the identification of the illness, the presumed causes, the prospective consequences, the length of time of the disease, and the presumed control over the disease are all factors which can impact and influence the ability or perceived ability…
Nih.gov. (2014). Heart Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment. Retrieved from nih.gov: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/winter09/articles/winter09pg25-27.html
S., C., Frasure-Smith, N., Dupuis, J., Juneau, M., & Guertin, M. (2012). Randomized controlled trial of tailored nursing interventions to improve cardiac rehabilitation enrollment. Nursing Research, 61(2):111-20.
If this amount increases, you must be able to ensure that you have the ability to handle the larger amounts of traffic (otherwise the server could crash). Then, you must ensure that there are various electronic blackboards and instant messaging available. These different tools are important because they would allow the faculty to present a more in depth discussion of the subject matter, using a number of examples. Once this takes place, it means that the overall exposure to various materials will increase. The more that this occurs during the class; the greater amounts of learning comprehension that will take place. (Homes, 2006)
Next, all students must have easy access and the ability to easily interact with their professors. These are important, because in order for the university to have a successful e-learning program requires that all students can be able to easily access the various classes and programs that…
E Learning. (2000). Washington, D.C.: Office of Educational Technology.
Five Essentials for E-Learning Success. (2002). Retrieved April 19, 2010 from ICFI website:
Online College Enrollment Continues to Climb. (2010). Retrieved April 19, 2010 from College Degrees website:
However, their measurable test gains may be less than students who do not have such challenges. Quality of instruction is also an issue: perhaps good instructors and smaller class size is best, but what is 'better' -- an average teacher with a small class or a good teacher with a large class? Baker suggests the former scenario is superior, given that smaller class sizes can increase the need for teachers -- good or bad -- leaving many students in the hands of less competent teachers. However, at some threshold class management becomes impossible, even for a good teacher, and the line is difficult to draw. Benefits may be different based upon student's gender, preparation level of the student, social class, and also the preparation level of the teacher. More experienced teachers may be better able to cope with larger classes, and also more adept at using smaller class size to…
The benefits of small class sizes may be cumulative, even if the overall, measured year-to-year effects are small. That would explain such problems as the discrepancies between different grade levels in measured effects of class sizes. But Baker sees such shifts as based on micro rather than macro concerns "the increase in test scores is offset by other test score fluctuations that occur between enrollments of 20 and 25. The positive ratio for third grade students (rather than negative as for second graders) is likely due to the fact that increases in test scores to the right of enrollment threshold are smaller for third than for second graders and, on the average, are offset by other fluctuations" (Baker 2009, p.13).
Even in light of her research hypothesis and skeptical conclusions Baker admits there are some indications that class size has a demonstrable effect upon student achievement. "Findings of school non-participation and creation of enrollment cutoffs [merely] demonstrate the unanticipated consequences that a class-size reduction program based on financial incentives can create, and should be taken into account when designing future class-size reduction policies" (Baker 2009, p. 5; 3). Baker's research highlights a number of questionable policies of California school districts, such as shuttling excess students to overcrowded districts. It is arguable that given the population and financial challenges of California at this time, mandatory class limitations may not be feasible, because the policies they spark to meet compliance are worse than higher levels of enrollment. It is also arguable, based on Baker's research that because of districts' methods of achieving such benchmarks are often underhanded that the class size limits are not serving the populations the programs were designed to help. But that does not mean that class size reduction is not a laudable aim. At very least, the fact that larger class sizes may cause problems for some students should be more fully explored on a qualitative rather than a purely quantitative level, given the generalized categories of Baker's research, which only takes into consideration socioeconomic categorizations.
Baker admits that previous literature indicates that small class size has been supported for some children: it is possible to hypothesize that for ESL learners and students with learning disabilities, large classrooms do not serve their needs, and the poor and disadvantaged may get 'lost' in large districts. The parts of Baker's research indicating that the overall effect of class reduction is not as large as one might expect on a general level often point to a failure of implementation, rather than a failure of class sizes to deliver upon their original pedagogical promises. Analysis of the benefits of class sizes for specific populations is still required, given the differentiation that exists in any school district and California in particular. The degree to which school districts can enforce smaller class sizes without busing 'overflows' of students elsewhere must also be examined, to see if class size reduction benefits students if it is done fairly.
RATIONALE for the ELEMENTS
The rationale for the elements stated within the mission, vision and values statement is that through educating and assisting patients in signing up for and choosing their provider under the Medicare Advantage plan that the patients will be enabled to receive the best possible benefits for their individual health maintenance needs.
E. PROPOSED STRATEGIC GOALS
Strategic goals of this program includes those as follows:
1) Enrollment of all patients in the Medicare Advantage program who are eligible for this coverage.
2) Assisting all Medicare Advantage enrolled patients in utilizing this coverage to the best possible level enabling them to receive the best care possible.
F. IDENTIFICATION of CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS
Critical success factors are identified as being those as follows:
Adoption of the necessary technology applications to assist patients;
Efficiency and effectiveness in getting information out of patients concerning the assistance offered by the HMO; and…
Medicare Advantage: How Does it Relate? (nd) Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage. AARP. Online available at http://www.aarp.org/health/medicare/drug_coverage/a2004-03-29-medicareadvantage.html
Hoadley, Jack (2006) Medicare's New Adventure: the Part D Drug Benefit. Commission on a High Performance Health System. The Common wealth Fund Online available at http://www.cmwf.org/usr_doc/Hoadley_medicaresnewadventure_911.pdf
Rosenfeld, Sheera; Bernasek, Cathy; and Mendelson, Dan (2005) Medicare's Next Voyage: Encouraging Physicians to Adopt Health Information Technology. Health Affairs 24. No. 5, 2005. Abstract online available at http://healthaff.highwire.org/cgi/content/abstract/24/5/1138
Medicare Prescription Drug Program (2006) Chapter 5: Covering Health Issues 2006. Online available at http://www.bvsde.paho.org/bvsacd/cd57/covering/cap5.pdf
The Vietnam War was a turning point in the Army's growing realization that senior military leaders, and not just political leaders, had a responsibility to be able to speak to soldiers, to the American people, and to the press about ethical issues.
The Professionalism Study of 1970, examined institutional systems and requirements for success in the Army, attitudes and values of senior officers, and tasks for the 1970s. One of the striking conclusions of the first study was that the Army contained "untoward and unhealthy pressures to strive for success" on the part of officers. Systems that regulated the selection, education, promotion, and reward of Army officers were in need of major correction.
It was clear that the Army needed to evaluate its concepts of values and ethics.
During the decades of the 1970s and 1980s senior commanders in all the services began to exert their influence on the direction…
Angelo, T.A., & Cross, K.P. (1993). Classroom assessment techniques: A handbook for college teachers (2nd edition). San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
Carter, D. & Wilson, R. (1995). Thirteenth annual status report on minorities in higher education. Washington, DC: American Council on Education.
Farris, P. (1996). Teaching, Bearing the Torch. Madison, WI: Brown and Benchmark
Alternative Solutions to the Rising Costs of Books
The concept books comes into an existence because of the needs to store information and pass the same information to the next generation. Books have been used for several centuries dated back to the time of bronze age. However, books have passed through revolutionary changes starting from when people write on clay to the time when books have been converted into an electronic format. Earlier books were meant to keep observations and records. Several years afterwards, books have found their places in academics, literatures, politics, and poetry. Over the years, books have witnessed changes of being imprinted from clay to paper. However, rapid development of information technology has transformed books from paper to paperless format and delivered to users in an electronic form generally referred as e-books. E-books refers to the transfer of books into an electronic format where readers are able…
Besen, S.M. & Kirby, S.N. E-Books and Libraries: Economic Perspectives. American Library Association .2012.
Glenn, A.B. .Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method, Qualitative Research Journal, 9 ( 2):27 -- 40.2009.
Gray, D.J. & Copeland, A.J. E-Book vs. Print A Per-Title Cost and Use Comparison of a Public Library's Popular Titles. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 51( 4):334 -- 39.2012.
Hermida, J. The Importance of Teaching Academic Reading Skills in First-Year University Courses. The International Journal of Research and Review.3:20-30. 2009.
Diversity in employment within community colleges seems higher than that of four-year colleges and universities on the national level. Research indicates community colleges engage more actively in recruiting and retaining more women and minorities than that of four-year colleges. Recent literature (within the last five years) explains some of the steps communities and community colleges have taken to become more inclusive. This shows not only that community colleges are willing to hire more minorities and women, but that there is also a climate more accepting of hiring minorities and women.
Community colleges undertake a variety of tasks for the satisfaction and success of their students. That is why diversity in faculty may help community colleges achieve their goals. In an article by Hughes, the author explains the need for community colleges to adapt strategies to not only recruit diverse faculty, but also retain them. He also states the inherent challenge…
Dual credit (dual enrolment) programs have met with tremendous success in the state of Hawaii and elsewhere. These programs, which include GEAR UP, Running Start, and Early College, allow students at high school level to attain college credit, thereby easing the financial burden they will face in university. Moreover, the dual credit programs have also increased college enrollment rates among Hawaii students (Inefuku, 2017). Not only do Dual Credit programs improve college readiness and admission rates, they also help prepare students for a more successful college career with higher rates of graduation and thus, improved overall educational and career outcomes. While Dual Credit programs are designed for all students, they can be of particular help to disadvantaged and underserved populations. The problem is that not all underrepresented students have access to Dual Credit programs, and not all Dual Credit programs are adaptable to suit English language learners.
(Corey, 2005, p. 3)
Now, again these costs are outstripping the ability of institutions to offset them and again other programs or individuals will then be asked to pay them. (Davis, 2003, pp. 1-2) According to these three experts the situation has again reached a pinnacle, as there will be a saturation point, where institutions may begin to reduce tuition discounting, as they become more aware of the risks they take in creating tuition-revenue deficits and begin to lose or be unable to support greater diversity of programming and enrolment. According to Corey, the goals associated with allowance of deficits are softer goals, and less track able, such as increased prestige but they could also be linked intrinsically to poor management, i.e. errors made when tuition discounting goes so far that it creates a deficit without intention, offsetting these deficits institutions argue that they have met goals other than revenue…
Davis, J.S. (May 2003) Unintended consequences of tuition discounting
5(1) Lumina Foundation For Education Retrieved May 1, 2009 at:
Corey, S.M. (November 2005) Explanations for an institution continuing to tuition discount even when the results produce negative effects on net tuition revenue. Retrieved May 10, 2009 at: http://www.prescott.edu/faculty_staff/faculty/scorey/documents/Corey2005ExplainingTDwithNegEffects.pdf
Potential for denial of service attacks.
Section 4. ecommendation.
Based on the company's current adult student enrollment percentages and identified trends and opportunities, it is recommended that Apollo Group, Inc. more aggressively pursue the domestic 46 years-and-over market which currently stands at just over 10%. As Arsenault and Anderson (1998) emphasize, "The needs, interests, and expectations of retiring baby boomers will be significantly different than those of their parents and grandparents. Future generations of elders will seek continued personal growth in their retirement years, and hence the demand for educational programs and services designed to meet the needs of older adults will intensify" (p. 27). The positive aspects of this recommendation include the fact that this segment of the American population is growing more rapidly than most others and as Arsenault and Anderson point out, "Older adult learners are in an envious position because many have the luxury of enrolling…
About Apollo Group. (2008). Apollo Group, Inc. [Online]. Available: http://www.apollogrp.edu/About.aspx.
Apollo Group profile. (2008). Yahoo! Finance. [Online]. Available: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=APOL .
Arsenault, N. & Anderson, G. (1998). New learning horizons for older adults. JOPERD -- the Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 69(3), 27-28.
Dohm, a. (2000). Gauging the labor force effects of retiring baby-boomers. Monthly Labor Review, 123(7), 17.
(Stasz, and Bodilly, 2004)
In the press release by Mike Bowler and David Thomas (2005), High School Students Using Dual Enrollment Programs to Earn College Credits, New eports Say. According to this report, the federal budget proposes to increase access to "dual enrollment" programs for at-risk students. Out of the approximately 2,050 institutions with dual enrollment programs, almost 110 institutions, or 5% (about 2% of all institutions) offered dual enrollment programs specifically aimed toward high school students "at risk" for failing academically. Two new reports by the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics also confirm that high school students currently take advantage of programs to earn college credits. The High School Initiative, designed to help prepare high school students to graduate with skills needed to succeed, permits states and districts to utilize funding for:
individual performance plans, dropout prevention efforts, demanding vocational and technical courses, college awareness…
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