Climate Change Essays (Examples)

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Changes in Priorities of Icao Since 1944 and Present

Words: 2894 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45310863

History Of the Organization's Formation

Objectives of ICAO as Specified in the Chicago Convention

Enhancing Safety and Security in Civil Aviation

Development and Constant Evaluation of Aviation Standards and Policies

Implementation of Standards and Practices

Timely Response to Challenges

Additional Objectives

Changes in ICAO's Strategic Objectives

Safety Objective

Security Objective

Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development Objective

The International Civil Aviation Organization was formed in November 1944 by the conclusion of the Chicago Convention held in that year. This organization was formed because of the need for securing cooperation and standardization of global aviation policies and practices. The United States of America played a crucial role in the organization's formation by inviting several states to the Convention on international civil aviation standards, policies, and procedures. Out of the 44 States that attended the Chicago Convention, 32 States signed an agreement that paved the way for ICAO's creation.

ICAO was mandated with…… [Read More]

References:

"Annual Report of the Council." (2010). Documentation for the Session of the Assembly 2013.

Retrieved September 30, 2013, from  http://www.icao.int/publications/Documents/9952_en.pdf 

"Annual Report of the Council." (2011). Documentation for the Session of the Assembly 2013.

Retrieved September 30, 2013, from http://www.icao.int/publications/Documents/9975_en.pdf
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Change Process What When How and Why

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68085737

Change Process

WHAT, WHEN, HOW and WHY

Organizational Change

Change happens everywhere and all the time (Jeritt, 2013). Everybody knows and sees this and must cope with it. It is evident in one's private world and beyond it, in the large physical environment and elsewhere. Elsewhere includes structured environments like organizations where business is conducted and problems develop and seek solutions. Problems and change appear either at random or from cause, frequently or seldom. Organizations have adapted themselves to see where and how problems develop, their causes and prepare for these. Many have adopted a proactive posture towards problems in anticipating them (Jeritt). The one response that business organizations know they must make in problem situation is change. It may be a sudden one during rough and unexpected economic situation or a threatening competition. It may also be a graduate one, which comes from a build-up of an understanding of…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Baker, S.L. (1989). Managing resistance to change. Vol. 38 # 1, Library Trends: The

Board of Trustees: University of Illinois. Retrieved on April 29, 2013 from http://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/7649/librarytrendsv38i1h_opt.pdf

Consador, K. (2013). Organization change theory. eHow: Demand Media, Inc. Retrieved

on April 29, 2013 from  http://www.ehow.com/about_5389727_organizational-change-theory.html
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Change Management Questionnaire

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62499494

Change Management

Describe at least three internal and external drivers of change for the organization in this simulation.

Internally, organizational changes are driven by three external pressures, as defined by Lewin's along the three-stage model of unfreezing, changing and refreezing employee behaviors. Motivating people during each of these change stages reinforces the acquired behaviors. Unfreezing involves the motivational factor of persuading people to replace the old behaviors and attitude with the preferred behaviors and attitudes by demonstrating the need for change by infusing employees with the knowledge and the confidence that the new behaviors and attitudes are needed to cope with external pressures. (Kreitner and Kinicki, 2004). Then, refreezing means the new behavior and attitude become integrated into the normal standard operating procedures of the organization. Then, the external pressures of positive reinforcement, modeling and coaching should be used to encourage the desired behaviors continuance. 'Change and constancy are relative…… [Read More]

To implement the above change strategy in response to pressures, the CEO had to weight he current personnel needs, the changing needs of the external environment, the internal demands of the corporate hierarchical structures, and the emotional and economic demands of the employees.

What kinds of resistance might the leader expect to see? Identify and explain at least five of these. What strategies might you employ to manage each of these areas of resistance?

According to Kreitner and Kinicki, "Resistance to change is an emotional/behavioral response to the real or imagined threats to an established work routine." (Kreitner and Kinicki, 2004). Of the authors' ten reasons employees resist change, five reasons that were of particular impact in the scenario were: surprises and fear of the unknown, as when innovative or radically different changes are introduced without warnings, and the natural emotion/tendency for employees is to become fearful. To prevent the spread of invalid rumors, managers must develop communication plans to minimize employees' emotions of fear of the unknown. Secondly, a climate of mistrust can arise when change comes under pretense and deception and employees come to distrust their managers. In an effort to prevent such an undesirable climate of secrecy managers must honestly discussing coming changes. Thirdly, intimidating changes can cause employee to doubt their capabilities. To
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Change Cycle in an Organization As Literature

Words: 533 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84018109

Change Cycle in an Organization:

As literature (Anderson 2001, Gelinas 1998, Olson 2001, Smith 1997) refers that process of organizational change starts from establishing a committed leadership through the need for and vision of the change to taking action, supervising the improvement and closing out the change. The basic organization change cycle is as under:

Launching A Committed Leadership:

Here we need to share stories within the organization about the need of change, passion one is having for change and how change helps in past and when change did not work. We need to decide that in any future possible situation who will take a stand? What a leader will do for taking stand? Why a leader needs to take stand?

Smell The Need For Change:

Before making a change we should know very well about some issues which arises questions like what is the current situation. Why do we…… [Read More]

End notes:

www.businessballs.com

Aderson, Dean And Linda (2001).Byond the change management, advanced strategies for todays transformational leaders.
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Changing Corporate Behavior to Respond

Words: 1320 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89846415

They will need translation services and interpreters, but they cannot rely on these things forever. In addition, the people who will work in the new offices and the people who will work with the people in the new offices must clearly and properly speak the language. Learning a new language can take time, but it is advisable for anyone who is going to be dealing with business in a foreign country (Kwintessential, 2010).

Cultural issues and language barriers are the two most significant problems that are faced by companies that are looking to expand into something more global in nature (Centre, 2011; Geert-Hostede, 2011). If those barriers can be worked through, the company will have a much higher chance of succeeding where other companies may have failed. Even though cultural issues may seem confusing, or a person may not understand why another culture does something differently, being open-minded about communication…… [Read More]

References

Centre for Intercultural Learning. (2011). Retrieved from: http://www.international.gc.ca/cfsi-icse/cil-cai/index-eng.asp

Geert-Hostede. (2011). Retrieved from: http://www.geert-hostede.com

Kwintessential. (2010). Retrieved from:  http://www.kwintessential.co.uk 

Performance. (2011). NewCap Radio. Retrieved from: http://www.ncc.ca
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Behavioral Changes Reducing the Effects

Words: 1835 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10604564

Why the huge disparity in viewpoints when the science has been empirically established for twenty years or more? Journalist Bryan Walsh references sociologists from Michigan State and Oklahoma State Universities (Riley Dunlap and Aaron McCright, respectively), who say there has been a "well-financed effort on the part of conservative groups and corporations to distort global-warming science" (Walsh, 2011). In the book written by Dunlap and McCright (the Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society) they assert that global climate change science has been "assaulted" by fossil-fuel corporations, conservative think tanks" for over twenty years.

Hence, in conclusion, one way to spread the word to consumers and citizens is to battle back against the propaganda that seeks to deny the truth about climate change. In addition, very simple changes in lifestyles (using CFLs, taking the bus, hanging clothes out to dry, keeping the car tuned up, and sealing up leaks and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chevrolet. (2012). Somebody Has to Be First. Chevrolet VOLT. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from http://www.chevrolet.com/volt-electric-car/.

Environmental Protection Agency. (2011). Frequently Asked Questions About Global Warming

And Climate Change: Back to Basics. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from http://www.epa.gov/climatechange.

Greenercars.org. (2010). Green Driving Tips. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from http://www.greenercars.org/drivingtips.htm.
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Eco-Friendly Hotel Industry Trends Climate

Words: 1445 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85764318

The Green Hotel Association (GHA) suggests using "printed towel rack hangers and sheet changing cards" in the bathroom of hotel rooms. The sign on the hanger mentions that guests do not have to have their linens changed (sheets, pillow cases) if they prefer not to; they can help the hotel save water -- in fact the GHA notifies the hotel guest that "millions of gallons of water are used to wash bed sheets" every day. So when the "sheet-changing card is left on the pillow, the room attendants" know to just make the bed but don't wash the sheets (Fostering Sustainable Behavior).

The obvious positive aspect of this is not just water savings but the electricity that it takes to heat the water and run the huge industrial clothes washing machines represents even more savings. There is no negative aspect to asking the room attendants to leave the same sheets…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Albright, Evan. The Book on Going Green. Raleigh, NC: LuLu.com. 2008.

Fostering Sustainable Behavior. "Energy and Water Reduction: 'Green' Hotels." Retrieved

February 22, 2012, from http://www.cbsm.com. 2010.

Walmsley, Andreas. "Hotels and Climate Change: Setting the Scene." In Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2011, R. Conrady and M. Buck, Editors. New York: Springer.
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Organizational Change Anywhere Is Never Easy in

Words: 2563 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54430412

Organizational Change

Change anywhere is never easy, in fact most people in an organization usually have a difficult adjustment when it comes to that. However, it is a process that cannot be avoided, it must happen. An organization may have no other choice but to change. When this occurs, it is important to make sure that the employees are all on the same page and that this change is good and scary at the same time. There are so many various reasons for an organization to change, for instance a sudden change of the financial climate or the arising threat of competition. Through getting a good understanding of the procedure and theory of organizational change, an organization such as the Fairfax Media Group can manage change in the best conceivable way.

In Jennifer M. George's and Gareth R. Jones book, Contemporary Management, organizational change is well-defined as "the crusade of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fisher, D.R. (2000). Global and domestic actors within the global climate change regime: Toward a theory of the global environmental system. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 17(3), 221-234.

Ford, R. (2004). Organizational learning, change and power: Toward a practice-theory framework. The Learning Organization,, 13(5).

Macri, D.M., Tagliaventi, M.R., & Bertolotti, F. (2002). A grounded theory for resistance to change in a small organization. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 15(3), 292-310.

Nelson, L. (2005). A case study in organisational change: Implications for theory. The Learning Organization, 12(3), 18-30.
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Topography Climate and Biogeography in

Words: 1759 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30233385

These mountains surrounding the area have had an influence on much of the Great Valley's climate.

Particular to the valley is grassland which, in fact, has earned a name for itself and an advocate in this sense. Great Valley Grasslands State Park thrives on preserving whatever grassland is left in the region of San Joaquin Valley. The Valley allows for the nourishment of such wild flower as lupines, California Poppies, and Purple Owl Clover. Mountain runoff created wetlands habitats throughout the years, leading to the formation of marshes. Although they are not common anymore, they supplied the right environment for such trees as the Black Willow, which is a water loving tree. Riparian Woodland is also to be found in the Great Valley, as it is common to the Mojave Desert, however, their existence within the regions of the latter has been burdened by the tamarisk.

Spreading across the coast…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Schoenherr, a.A. (1995). A Natural History of California. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
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Local Climate Investigation Climate Investigation

Words: 796 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50033349

"The Great Storm reigns today as the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history. Between 10,000 and 12,000 people died during the storm...the added toll on commercial structures created a monetary loss of $30 million, about $700 million in today's dollars" (Smith 2003).

A more recent powerful tropical system that affected the Texas coast was that of Hurricane Carla. Carla illustrated how storms are particularly damaging to the low-lying areas of Texas near the Gulf Coast. "Carla's circulation enveloped the entire Gulf of Mexico with fringe effects along all Gulf Coast states," and one-half million residents of the area had to be evacuated to higher ground ("Texas Hurricane History," 2008, USA Today).

Because of its location in the Southeast, Houston is subject to the El Nino effect, the climate changes that occur because of variations in water temperature in the Pacific Ocean. El Nino years tend to have higher levels of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

About our office." (2008). National Weather Service (NWS). Retrieved 12 Aug 2008 at http://www.srh.noaa.gov/hgx/office.htm

The Great Christmas Eve Snow Storm." (2004) National Weather Service Forecast Office

NWS). Retrieved 12 Aug 2008. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/hgx/projects/xmasevesnow04.htm

Houston." (2008). Environmental Protection agency EPA. Retrieved 12 Aug 2008 at http://www.epa.gov/hiri/pilot/houston.html
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Environmental Changes the Physical Environmental

Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68287562

The growing population has a great impact on the extent of global warming and its consequences for society, economy and the environment. This means that there is rising in greenhouse emission, more people means more industry. Scientists worry about the emission from developing countries which may contribute to global environment problems even sooner than expected. But not only the developing countries contributes to the emission but also rich industrialized countries have been putting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere for many years now. "20% of the world's population can not continue to indiscriminately pollute the atmosphere at the expense of the majority" (M. Glantz 2005). Rich industrialized countries contributes a higher percentage of emission at the atmosphere that increases the environment's temperature of global warming and results to change of weather pattern to different regions. "Africa's contribution to the increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases has been minimal,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Glantz.H. (March 2005) Climate Change Global Warming and Sub-Saharan Africa. Fragile Ecologies. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website: http://www.fragilecologies.com/mar02_05.html. s

Global Warming. Natural Resources Defense Council. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website: http://www.nrdc.org/globalWarming/qthinice.asp

Klueger J. (2008). Global Warming Heats Up. Time Magazine. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website, www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1176980,00.html
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Edf Social Change the Environmental

Words: 1122 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95351184

Another area of change brought on by the assistance of the EDF is that which now more explicitly connects environmental degradation with certain social and demographic factors. The creation of its Scorecard Website in 2001 would bring a new dimension to the social discourse on environmental issues. According to Dooley (2001), with this new scorecard in place, "on the main Environmental Justice page, entering a ZIP code generates a report of the varying degrees of environmental burden within that area for different racial, ethnic, and income groups. The burdens include releases of toxic chemicals, cancer risk from hazardous air pollutants, and facilities emitting criteria air pollutants." (Dooley, p. 367)

Other recent decisions also reflect the degree of success that the EDF has had in moving governments forward on specific issues. So is this reflected in the text by Zimmerman (1995), which reports on a decision in the case of City…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Dooley, E.E. (2001). Environmental Defense Scorecard: Environmental Justice. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(8).

Environmental Defense Fund. (2011). Our Mission and History. EDF.org.

F.B. (1979). Spectrum. Environment, 21(2).

Zimmerman, J.F. (1995). High Court Action To Elevate Costs Of Solid Waste Disposal. National Civic Review, 84(1).
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Human Activities on Global Climate

Words: 3322 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7492424

A closer look at a soap bubble basically reveals swirling colors that are usually in motion with the forces that keep these colors swirling being likened to those that create weather. The weather is moved around by very delicate forces which are the variations between cool and warm areas and their slight variations in constituents. Similar to the complexity of these processes, it's difficult to understand the nature of human influenced climate change.

Carbon dioxide and methane which are primarily greenhouse gases are the derivatives of industrial activities. These greenhouse gases basically gather in the atmosphere and bring changes in the way the earth absorbs and discharge heat. One of the major examples of the effect of these gases is Venus than is hotter than Mercury regardless of the fact that it is farther from the sun. While human beings didn't create the greenhouse gases on Venus, the effects of…… [Read More]

References:

"Disagreement on Human-caused Climate Change." (n.d.). Climate Change & Global Warming

Fact Sheet. Retrieved November 4, 2010, from http://climatechange.110mb.com/intro-debate-climate-change.htm

"Global Climate Change: Is it Human Caused?" (n.d.). Sierra County Prospect: 21st Century

News. Retrieved November 4, 2010, from  http://www.sierracountyprospect.com/Global_Climate_Change.html
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Human Impact on Climate in

Words: 1706 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4476204

These restoration efforts affect natural wetlands that have been destroyed by mankind and then proposed to become urbanized.

Conclusion

Although the impact on the climate by humans has had several negative impacts, such impacts have the potential to be stopped and even reversed. Research clearly indicates that recent technological advances can be used in these cases as a valuable tool in determining whether natural processes can be restored, or whether other options, such as urbanization, are ideal. Finally, future studies and advancements in technology will pave the way for a brighter future in restoring and repairing our injured climate.… [Read More]

Bibliography

AGU. (2003). Human Impacts on Climate. Retrieved November 5, 2007, at http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/policy/climate_change_position.html.

Carter & Burgess Quarterly. (2001). Getting the Lay of the Land. Carter & Burgess Quarterly, vol

University of Georgia. (2006). SREL Research: Remediation & Restoration. Retrieved November 2, 2007 at http://www.uga.edu/srel/research-restoration.htm.

U.S. Department of Commerce. (2007). National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved November 1, 2007, at  http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/ .
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Lived Effects of Historic Climate

Words: 1851 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30207348



John K. Horowitz. "The income-temperature relationship in a cross-section of countries and its implications for predicting the effects of global warming." Environmental and Resource Economics 44(4) December, 2009

Ian Moffatt. "2 Global Warming," in the Economics of Climate Change. Edited by Owen, Anothony D. And Nick Hanley, 6-34. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Louis Putterman. "Agriculture, Diffusion and Development: Ripple Effects of the Neolithic Revolution." Economica, 75(300):729 -- 748, November 2008.

Jeffrey D. Sachs, John W. Mcarthur, Guido Schmidt-Traub, Margaret Kruk, Chandrika Bahadur, Michael Faye, and Gordon Mccord. "Ending Africa's Poverty Trap." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, no. 1 (2004): 117-129.

Eugene R. Wahl and Caspar M. Ammann. "Robustness of the mann, bradley, hughes reconstruction of northern hemisphere surface temperatures: Examination of criticisms based on the nature and processing of proxy climate evidence." Climatic Change, 85 (1-2):33 -- 69, November 2007.

John C. Bluedorn,,Akos Valentinyi, and Michael Vlassopoulos. The Long-Lived Effects…… [Read More]

WORKS CITED

John C. Bluedorn, Akos Valentinyi, and Michael Vlassopoulos. The Long-Lived Effects of Historic Climate on the Wealth of Nations University of Southampton, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (the central bank of Hungary) 17 November 2009.

Melissa Dell, Benjamin F. Jones, and Benjamin a. Olken. "Climate Change and Economic Growth: Evidence from the Last Half Century." NBER Working Paper, (14312), June 2008.

Olivier Desch'enes and Enrico Moretti. "Extreme Weather Events, Mortality, and Migration." NBER Working Paper, (13227), July 2007. 2

John Luke Gallup, Jeffrey D. Sachs, and Andrew D. Mellinger. "Geography and Economic Development." International Regional Science Review, 22(2):179 -- 232, 1999.
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Denver Climate Action Planning Project

Words: 5470 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63480073

34). Viable choices in designing effective programs includes agencies include partnering with private and/or public operators to compliment efforts. Collaboration to diversifying travel choices through transit agencies may attract individuals, traditionally adverse to public transport.

Mobility pass programs aim to connect the flexibility of car-sharing with generally less flexible modes such as the bus, light rail or commuter rail transit. Combining access to two modes for a single fare, planners hope, will increase enrollment of both modes; increase enrollment in car-sharing programs, as well as improve the convenience, and in turn, use of public transit (Rea, & Ryan, p. 34).

Benefits from mobility programs, Rea, and Ryan stress, frequently prove significant. Mobility pass programs particularly proffer substantial benefits. Programs Meriting Particular Consideration

Programs meriting particular consideration, the literature reveals need to envelop

Car sharing,

Incentivizing public transportation,

Business incentives for compressed work weeks or telecommuting, and Congestion pricing as seen…… [Read More]

References

Auston, Ione, MLS, Cahn, Marjorie A., MA, & Selden, Catherine R., MLS. (2004). Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Office of the Forum for Quality and Effectiveness in Health Care, Forum Methodology Conference Presentation. United States National Library of Medicine. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved February 23, 2009, at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/litsrch.html

Bartlett, John, comp.(2000). Familiar Quotations, 10th ed, rev. And enl. By Nathan Haskell Dole. Boston: Little, Brown, 1919; Bartleby.com. Retrieved February 23, 2009, from www.bartleby.com/100/

The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved February 23, 2009, from www.bartleby.com/66/

Capstone Project Frequently Asked Questions. (2008). University of Washington. Retrieved February 23, 2009, at http://www.son.washington.edu/faculty/support/DNPFAQ_faculty_capstone.aspwhatCase Studies 2008, (2008). Colorado State University. February 23, 2009, at  http://writing.colostate.edu/index.cfm
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Joshua Tree the Desert Climate

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64256542

(Wikipedia, 1) Likewise, early American settlers in these regions found this a crucial plant to be used in the efforts of homesteading and industrialization. Using the dense fibrous substance of the trunk in order to render fencing and other demarcations of property, the pioneers subjected much of the available stock of Joshua Trees in this region to exploitation. This accounts in part for the reduced presence of these in the general landscape. Indeed, research also denotes that the steam engine which was so central to early industrialization appealed heavily to the slow-burning of the dense Joshua Tree fibers as a way of generating fuel. (Wikipedia, 1)

Though its use in native cultures was omnipresent, the most prominent of symbols relating to the Joshua Tree also emerges from the engagement of American pioneers. Initially, research tells, the Joshua Tree was encountered in formal recording by Mormon settlers. It was their view…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden (RSABG). (2010). Living Collection: In the Garden. RSABG.org.

Wikipedia. (2010). Joshua Tree. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc.
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Aquatic System & 8226 Describe Climate Affects Selected

Words: 541 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44968039

aquatic system • Describe climate affects selected ecosystem. • Explain, based laws thermodynamics, energy flows selected ecosystem. • Examine matter transported selected ecosystem due biogeochemical cycles, carbon, hydrologic, nitrogen, phosphorus.

Aquatic ecosystems

Aquatic ecosystems are mainly responsible for assisting energy transfers across the planet and for making it possible for all life on earth to exist. Depending on the area where it is located and on the substances that it contains, a body of water can have more or less living beings in it. Climate has a strong impact on water and on the organisms that directly depend on it. Climate change has had a severe effect on bodies of water all around the planet and this is obvious especially when considering melting glaciers and the energy that they release.

Thermohaline circulation is one of the most important circulation systems present on the planet and it is largely in charge…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Franks, Felix, "Water: A Matrix of Life," (Royal Society of Chemistry, 19.07.2000)

Juuti, Petri, "Environmental History of Water: Global Views on Community Water Supply and Sanitation," (IWA Publishing, 30.01.2007)
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Warfare the More War Changes

Words: 4069 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28377646

This will continue to be the case for the foreseeable decades as the United States fights wars that are so far not yet even imagined. If these wars have been fought (as many have suggested) over the presence of the scarce resource of oil, the next wars may be fought over the even more precious resource of water.

Looking not too far into the future, the next wars may be fought over the consequences (the magnitude of which has not been determined) of climate change. As the surface of the world itself changes with rising seawater and increasing disastrous floods, hurricanes, and droughts, the nature of war is likely to change ever more dramatically and ever more quickly. Petraeus has proven to be the kind of military leader who can understand that strength is based on intelligence and flexibility, not a clinging to traditions and -- most importantly -- the…… [Read More]

References

Bacevich, a. (2008). thinks our political system is busted. In "The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Petraeus, D. (2007). The U.S. Army / Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manual. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-24fd.pdf.

Smith, R. (2007). The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World. New York: Knopf.
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Globalization Has Changed the Face

Words: 1912 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28743391

Ironically, only 1% of the world's fresh water is readily accessible for direct human use. Translated into something we can understand readily: one American taking a 5-minute shower uses more water than the typical person living in a developing country slum uses in an entire day -- and most Americans take far longer than 5-minute showers. This is a crisis that must be addressed, if it is not, over the next two decades the average supply of water per person will drop by over 30%, condemning millions of people and animals to death (Atlas of a Thirsty Planet).

This assignment opened my eyes to a new way of looking at food -- I will be unable to go into a grocery store and look at rows and rows of perfect fruits and vegetables; knowing that half are thrown out while people starve. In the same manner, knowing that each American…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Atlas of a Thirsty Planet." July 2002. Nature.com. May 2012. < http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/water/renewable_map.html >.

Cultivating Food Justice: Race, Class and Sustainability. Boston, MA: MIT Press, 2011. Print.

Holt-Gimenez, E. And R. Patel, Food Rebellions: Crisis and the Hunger for Justice. Oakland, CA: Food First Books, 2009. Print.

Local Harvest. "Family Farms." March 2009. Localharvest.org. May 2012. .
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Heinrich Events and Their Impact on Climate

Words: 3846 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49264081

Heinrich events are one of the most discussed and debated phenomena related to global climate change. For each theory proposed related to the cause or effect of a Heinrich event, there is a theory contrary to the concept. Theories relating to the binging and purging of ice sheets, cyclic changes in atmospheric conditions, and the thermohaline circulation disruption of the North Atlantic Ocean all play a part in the discussion of Heinrich events. While the debate of the causes of Heinrich events is still ongoing, the effects of the events are well documented, and are clearly substantial in relation to changes in the global climate.

This paper discusses the history of Heinrich events, and will discuss current theories of their origin. Additionally, this paper will outline the scientific method for discovering more information of Heinrich events, and their relationship to the Bond Cycle, Milankovitch Cycles, and Dansgaard-Oeschger (D-O) oscillations. Finally,…… [Read More]

References

Bond, G., H. Heinrich, W.S. Broecker, L. Labeyrie, J. McManus, J. Andrews, S. Huon,

R. Jantschik, S. Clasen, C. Simet, K. Tedesco, M. Klas, G. Bonani and S. Ivy. (1992).

Evidence for massive discharges of icebergs into the North Atlantic Ocean during the last glacial period. Nature, 360, 245-249.

Bergeron, L. (1997, Jan. 4). Wobbling world brings iceberg surges. New Scientist, 153(2063), 14.
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Environment the 11th Hour Film Global Warning Climate

Words: 392 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18177520

Environment

The 11th Hour (film):

Global warning/climate change impacts all of humanity, and therefore it is not a local but a global concern that requires multidisciplinary intervention (general point made throughout film).

Weather and climate issues have been in the mainstream media, and events are happening more frequently (beginning of film).

Climate change can be framed as a matter of national security, and there may be "environmental refugees," (middle of film).

The rate of decline and tragedy is accelerating at a rapid pace, making immediate intervention necessary (throughout the film).

Existing and emerging technologies provide the solution (toward the end of the film)

Essence of Permaculture

Permaculture is an extension of "systems thinking" (3)

Permaculture is not just about land use but about a whole method of living and sustaining human communities that goes beyond food and energy and toward lifestyle (3)

The Permaculture Design Course " has been the…… [Read More]

References

Baxter, W.F. "People or Penguins."

The Eleventh Hour (Feature Film, 2007).
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Global Business 8081 Technological and Economic Changes

Words: 1673 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12866778

Global Business 8081

Technological and Economic Changes in Educational Sector of North America

Impact of Technological Change in Education Sector of North America

Impact of Economic Change in Education Sector of North America

Impact of Technological and Economic Changes in Educational Sector of China

The paper is providing the impact of changes in the aspects of economic and technology in the educational sector of North America. The discussion is further followed with the identification of the impacts of technology and economy changes in the China similar to that of North America.

Impact of Technological Change in Education Sector of North America

It is observed that the popularity of Massive Open Online Courses or MOOCs along with the other types of distributed learning is the form of major drivers of technological change in education sector of North America. The potential of MOOC provided the potential to open higher education to several…… [Read More]

Reference

Altbach, P.G., Gumport, P.J. & Berdahl, R.O., 2011. American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century: Social, Political, and Economic Challenges. s.l.:JHU Press.

Apple, M.W., 2012. Can Education Change Society?. s.l.:Routledge.

Bangay, C. & Blum, N., 2010. Education responses to climate change and quality: Two parts of the same agenda?. International Journal of Educational Development, 30(4), pp. 359-368.

Betz, F., 2011. Managing Technological Innovation: Competitive Advantage from Change. s.l.:John Wiley & Sons.
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Explaining My Vision for Social Change

Words: 786 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24330186

Vision for Social Change

My personal vision for social change is based on the underlying philosophy that change must come from those people who think differently than those who created the status quo. The drivers of the current status quo are the baby boom generation, who have held a substantial amount of political power since Clinton was elected, and who also form the largest voting bloc. However, I also see that the young people, the millennial generation, are a massive voting bloc, and they conceptualize their world quite differently than their parents and grandparents did. This is a generation that not only has faced different forms of adversity (Wyn & Woodman, 2006), but they also have been raised in a world where global trade and communication are the norm rather than the exception, and where climate change is the single most important issue. Further, this generation has been raised wholly…… [Read More]

References

Maton, K. (2008). Empowering community settings: Agents of individual development, community betterment, and positive social change. American Journal of Community Psychology. Vol. 41 (1-2) 4-21.

Wyn, J. & Woodman, D (2006). Generational, youth and social change in Australia. Journal of Youth Studies. Vol. 9 (5) 495-514.
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50 Years of the Wilderness Act Should it be Changed

Words: 1767 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21048317

Preserving the Wilderness through Non-Intervention Harm or Help Nature?

In 2014, the Wilderness Act turned 50. The act was introduced to "Establish a National Wilderness Preservation System for the permanent good of the whole people, and for other purposes" (Wilderness Act 1). The act was introduced with the aim of protecting the wilderness, and created the National Wilderness Prevention System by first defining what was meant by 'wilderness' and then laying down the rules to protect them as public land, and restrain human influences, allowing the lands to develop as naturally as possible, and maintain its primeval character (Wilderness Act 3). This approach assumed that non-intervention is the optimal strategy to retain a natural environment. However, while direct interference was effectivity bared with an apparent "hard green line" (Solomon 1), there have been subsequent questions regarding the non-interference paradigm and if that is really the best approach. The aim of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cole, D N. "Paradox of the Primeval: Ecological Restoration in Wilderness." Ecological Restoration 18.2 (2000): 77 -- 86. Print.

Garmestani, Ahjond S, and Craig R. Allen. Social-Ecological Resilience and Law. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014. Print.

Hobbs, R J. et al. "Guiding Concepts for Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Global Environmental Change." Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8.9 (2010): 483 -- 490. Print.

Long, E, and E. Biber. "The Wilderness Act and Climate Change Adaptation." Environmental Law 44 (2014): 623 -- 694. Print.
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Learning More About What Processes Change the Surface of the Earth

Words: 696 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72161887

Structural Geology and Plate Tectonics

This concerns the changes in the formation of the earth crust and mantle from the smallest to the largest, such as a series of mountains (UWYO, 2011). Conducting a study of these changes requires a conduct of fieldwork in coordination with other scientific disciplines, such as geophysics, geochemistry and petrology. The University of Wyoming has conducted such fieldwork on the different active and ancient areas of crustl and mantle changes. This fieldwork continues at present on topics, including continental and oceanic extensional tectonics, aboriginal arc-continental collisions, fault systems, crustal studies, fold and fault features and direct dating of these changes (UWYO).

These studies looked into the Archean depths in Wyoming province, the Rocky Mountain, the Alps, the Colorado River, the Carribean and the San Andres fault (UWYO, 2011). Researchers have swam and dug into thousands of meters into the ocean in order to look and…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Noble, M.A. (2015). Processes that shape the surface of the earth. Vol. 11 Earth System History

and Natural Variability: Encyclopedia of Life Support System. Retrieved on July 17, 2015

from http://www.eolss.net/Sample-Chapters/C12/F1-01-03/pdf

UWYO (2011). Structural geology and tectonics. Department of Geology and Geophysics:
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Changing Character of War the Way That

Words: 594 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25605361

Changing Character of War

The way that warfare has transformed since founding of America has been dramatic. In the past, warfare existed exclusively the work and burden of men; nowadays women have a strong strategic and participatory involvement. War used to revolve around brute force and the fight against nature and topography: in recent times, technology has evolved so rapidly that things like excessive force and ideal climate or weather aren't as crucial. In the next twenty years however, the character of warfare will continue to experience a metamorphosis and tactics of war will consist of a hybrid of techniques: covert, aggressive, technological and humanitarian.

In twenty years, war will have to take on such a hybrid, multi-modal approach because terrorism will also be taking that approach. "Many defense analysts suggest that future conflict will be multimodal…This threat is frequently described as hybrid warfare where adversaries can employ unique combinations…… [Read More]

References

Ndu.edu. The Changing Character of War.  http://www.ndu.edu /inss/docuploaded/11-

GSA2009_Chpt%207.pdf (accessed July 7, 2013).

van Creveld, M. War and Technology. October 2007.

http://www.fpri.org/footnotes/1225.200710.vancreveld.wartechnology.html (accessed July 7, 2013).
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Change the Writings of Dr

Words: 2998 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6496899

If this is to be achieved, man must evolve for all human conflict a method which rejects revenge, aggression and retaliation. The foundation of such a method is love. The tortuous road which has led from Montgomery, Alabama to Oslo bears witness to this truth. This is a road over which millions of Negroes are traveling to find a new sense of dignity… [so] I accept this aware today with an abiding faith in America and an audacious faith in the future of mankind. I refuse to accept despair as the final response to the ambiguities of history…I refuse to accept the cynical notion that nation after nation must spiral down a militaristic stairway into the hell of thermonuclear destruction" (King, 1964).

On the subject of war, King received quite a bit of criticism when he came out against the war in Vietnam. On April 4, 1967, exactly one year…… [Read More]

Works Cited

King, Martin Luther, Jr. "Acceptance Speech / Nobel Peace Prize 1964." Retrieved Dec. 6,

2009, from http://nobelprize.org.

King, Martin Luther, Jr. "Letter from a Birmingham Jail [King, Jr.]." African Studies Center

University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved Dec. 6, 2009, from http://www.africa.upenn.edu/articles_gen/letter_birmingham.html.
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Change' These Non-Acknowledgements of the Disease Change

Words: 452 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98701405

change' these non-acknowledgements of the disease?

Change will not come overnight given that the non-acknowledgement of the disease has roots in Japan's culture that are very deep -- roots that reach back before the beginning of AIDS in regards to Japan's sense of exceptionalism and sense of remove from what are seen as Western problems. However, given the fact that Japan desires to be part of the international community and economy, it cannot afford to ignore pressure from international AIDS organizations. Organizations which bring together activists from many nations and international health organizations like WHO (the World Health Organization) can work in conjunction to create an international climate in which an insufficiently aggressive AIDS policy is viewed as a profound negative for a nation in PR terms. Activists within Japan can also put pressure on the government, create privately-funded public awareness campaigns, and help to raise the public profile of…… [Read More]

Change will not come overnight given that the non-acknowledgement of the disease has roots in Japan's culture that are very deep -- roots that reach back before the beginning of AIDS in regards to Japan's sense of exceptionalism and sense of remove from what are seen as Western problems. However, given the fact that Japan desires to be part of the international community and economy, it cannot afford to ignore pressure from international AIDS organizations. Organizations which bring together activists from many nations and international health organizations like WHO (the World Health Organization) can work in conjunction to create an international climate in which an insufficiently aggressive AIDS policy is viewed as a profound negative for a nation in PR terms. Activists within Japan can also put pressure on the government, create privately-funded public awareness campaigns, and help to raise the public profile of the disease with education. The fact that Japan is not a sexually conservative society will hopefully facilitate franker talk about the illness.

Q2. Based on the influence of the individualistic society Americans live in, their view is based on the individual and their needs in comparison to the Eastern cultures whom are influenced by the collectivistic society they live in and the impact of social and interdependent relationships that focus on the group do you think this plays a role in Japan not wanting to embark upon an initiative? "Living in a society where neighbors and friends know most of what happens amplifies the shame felt by families and individuals affected by HIV" (Li et al., 2007). Would this also play a role for Japan?

Japan's collectivism undeniably plays a role in its attitude towards AIDS. In a collectivist society, the actions of the individual are not simply viewed as harmful or helpful for that individual's future. Rather, they are viewed in terms of how the individual's actions relate to his or her family and community. When someone reveals he or she has AIDS in Japan, this is seen as reflecting badly upon his or her family. People are more likely to remain quiet about suffering from the disorder because of the shame they worry it will bring upon their family. They may be afraid of being ostracized from their community. Community plays a profound role in establishing an individual's identity in collectivist societies like Japan. In an individualistic culture, someone might think, 'I can join another community if my current one rejects me, I am still myself,' but in a collectivist culture identity is inextricably bound up with one's family and current social sphere, and a person may not feel he or she has a 'self' outside of this collective firmament.
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Changes in America Due to Industrialization

Words: 1641 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99365433

Changing Landscape:

How industrialization and other social changes transformed the face of 19th century America

The late 19th century in America was characterized by seismic political shifts in the ways in which Americans conducted their economic lives. In addition to the changes the Civil War wrought in America, there was also an increasing divide between the needs of urban and rural Americans. The U.S. was becoming more ethnically diverse due to the rise of immigration and newly freed African-Americans were attempting to find their political voice. The increasingly dominant urban culture of the North along with the interjection of new political parties and cultures was profoundly threatening for many Americans and raised charges that America was becoming more "European." This concept meant very different things to people, depending on their perspective. For rural farmers it meant the dismaying rise of big business and banks which had become the power elites…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Andrews, Thomas. Killing for Coal: America's Deadliest Labor War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard

University Press, 2010.

Clement, Elizabeth Alice. Love for Sale: Courting, Treating, and Prostitution in New York City,

1900-1945. Raleigh, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
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Global Warming Cause and Mitigation

Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98436950

Climate Change -- Cause and Mitigation

There are several ways to look at climate change because there are natural causes and there are also human-influenced causes for the global climate to change. This paper defines anthropogenic climate change and it defines natural climate change and the historic record of the earth's changing climate over the millennia. This paper also provides strategies for mitigating global climate change and speculates as to the possible stabilization of climate change vis-a-vis the business and economic fields.

What is Anthropogenic Climate Change?

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines anthropogenic as "…relating to, or resulting from, the influence of human beings on nature"; the first use of this team was in 1923.

Meanwhile, the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research lists three ways in which the evidence points toward humans having influence over the rising temperatures on earth. The "…concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) is rising," which is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Institute of Physics. (2013). Study reveals scientific consensus on anthropogenic climate change.

Retrieved September 1, 2013, from  http://www.iop.org .

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2007). Climate Change 2007: Working Group I:

The Physical Science Basis. Retrieved September 1, 2013, from http://www.ipcc.ch.
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Global Warming Fact or Fiction

Words: 1781 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97846171

Climate Change

Global Warming:

Fact or Fiction

Global Warming is a controversial topic largely because of its sprawling prediction of worldwide catastrophe, an image which is far exaggerated from the reality of global climate change. If it were to be a more subtle phenomenon, say an increase in cloud cover, or more sunny days in February, then people would not pay any attention to the matter and would go on living their carefree lives. This is not the reality however, as science predicts massive changes to the way all of humanity will have to live due to climate change. Some may scoff at this allegation, and some may seriously change their habits in fear of the future. For the sake of comparison, I will present global warming believers, and global warming deniers and will analyze the motivations for each side to stretch its influence, whether in the political realm or…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

"The Basics of Global Warming - Science of Global Warming - Environmental Defense Fund." Environmental Defense Fund - Finding the Ways That Work. Web. 25 July 2011. .

Klein, Naomi. Global Warming, Fact or Fiction. Web. 25 July 2011. .

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Web. 25 July 2011. < http://www.noaa.gov/ >.
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Age and the Perception of Psychological Climate

Words: 1880 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1649243

Psychological Climate

The notion of the individual's environment as a direct determinant of one's behavior has been a cornerstone of learning theorists such as Skinner (1953) and Lewin's field theory (B = f [P, E]; Lewin, 1951). While Skinner concentrated on how environmental contingencies and reinforcement shaped behavior, Lewin's original conceptualization consisted of both dispositional characteristics of individual that include both genetic and the chacterological variables (P; the Person) and the psychological environment (E; the psychological environment). As attempts to explain the totality of influences on a person's behavior as developed by Lewin the notion of psychological environment was expanded to include the social, situational, and organizational influences that contribute to behavior (Forehand & Von Haller, 1964; Glick, 1985). The term "organizational climate" has been used to identify these different types of environmental influences that exist within organizations; however, as Glick (1985) discusses this term has not been well defined…… [Read More]

References

Erikson, E.H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York W.W. Norton

Forehand, G.A., & Von Haller, G. (1964). Environmental variation in studies of organizational behavior. Psychological bulletin, 62(6), 361-382

Glick, W.H. (1985). Conceptualizing and measuring organizational and psychological climate:

Pitfalls in multilevel research. Academy of Management review, 10(3), 601-616.
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Mayan Lowlands and the Environmental Changes

Words: 3391 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69606458

lowland Maya decimation is much more than at any time before, and there are currently several studies that concentrate on the period from roughly A.D. 750 to A.D.1050. Previously, researchers have had a tendency to sum up clarifications of the decimation from individual locales and areas to the marshes in totality. Later methodologies push the extraordinary differences of changes that took place over the swamps amid the Terminal Classic and Early Post classic periods. Along these lines, there is presently a general agreement on the view that Maya culture and civilization in general did not fall, albeit numerous zones did experience significant change

Present scenarios are the result of the long haul elements of human-environment interplay. The fact of the matter is that, we have a long-term viewpoint, keeping in mind the end goal to best comprehend continual changes in ambient environs we observe in present times

. Analysis of…… [Read More]

References

Aimers, James J. "What Maya Collapse-Terminal Classic Variation in the Maya Lowlands." Springer Science+Business Media (2007): 330-337.

Oldfield, F., ed. 1998. Past global changes (PAGES): Status reportand implementation plan. IGBP Report 45. Stockholm: International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

Dunning, Nicholas, et al. Arising from the Bajos: The Evolution of a Neotropical Landscape and the Rise of Maya Civilization. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2002.

Chase, A.F., and Chase, D.Z. (1992). El norte y el sur: pol?'tica, dominios y evolucio'n cultural maya.Mayab 8: 134 -- 149
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Coping With Organizational Change a

Words: 3024 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57578537

These are the two most powerful factors that anchor the Force Field Model analysis of the enterprise software industry. With the driving and restraining forces in continual interaction and at times conflict, productivity shifts drastically across the continuums of industries based on the impact of driving and restraining forces (Paquin, Koplyay, 2007).

Cincom is being affected by the disruptive driving forces of CAPEX and OPEX most severely as competitors are quick to create a competitive advantage for themselves by seizing these areas and exploiting them in the market. CAPEX and OPEX are driving such a high rate of disruptive innovation and transformation change that it is in turn disrupting cultures of companies and reordering stakeholder dynamics as well (Koslowski, Struker, 2011). The political and technological forces are also driven by these economic ones, with the restraining forces of the Force Field Model applied to enterprise software being led by CIOs…… [Read More]

References

Armenakis, a.A. & Harris, S.G. 2002, "Crafting a change message to create transformational readiness," Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 169-183.

Boga, I. & Ensari, N. 2009, "The Role of Transformational Leadership and Organizational Change on Perceived Organizational Success," the Psychologist Manager Journal, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 235.

Bordum, a. 2010, "The strategic balance in a change management perspective," Society and Business Review, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 245-258.

Brown, a.D. 1994, "Transformational leadership in tackling change," Journal of General Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1-1.