As a result of the aforementioned factors, problems have developed that need to be overcome. The best way to describe this situation is by comparing the increase of the rate of infectious disease to the fluctuation in temperatures; a connection needs be established between the two. Being able to control the diseases once they have already infested areas that are not accustomed to dealing with them is the major problem that needs to be resolved. Climate change changes not only the temperatures, but the ecological state of the earth's natural resources (NDC). A shift in this can cause for carriers of diseases to be able to sustain the life of the disease itself. Once these resources are established and the sustained growth of an infectious disease is established, it can become nearly impossible to get rid of. Once the disease has arrived, getting it under control and informing the public…… [Read More]
Climate change; Too hot to handle?
In respect to the world peace, today, there are various issues of concern for survival of humanity in the universe. There are growing interest into the subject of arms race, regional conflicts and continuous injustices among people and nations. However, among the challenges related to these issues, one surpasses the understanding of humanity on measures to adopt in combating it. This is the subject of climate change. In view of the universe, form its conception; it presented a sustainable and self-sufficient habitat for humanity and life in general (Boom, 2011). However, continued irresponsible and downright misuse, overexploitation and pollution of the environment created the current issue of climate change. Climate change presents a threat to life from animals, to plants and people. Climate change entail the drastic change in weather phenomena and patterns, such as irregular and unpredictable temperature changes, rainfall patterns…… [Read More]
Executive of a Company
Re: Implications of different approaches for the U.S. To implement and address climate change.
Anthropogenic climate change is that which is dominated by human influences, in particular human contribution to atmospheric composition. It is established that anthropogenic climate change is like to continue for many centuries. The effects of climate change on the planet, and on the U.S., will be far-reaching, affecting all aspects of human life on earth (Karl & Trenberth, 2003).
Climate change is a global problem, but each nation has the ability to make its own contributions to addressing the problem. There are three main areas where nations can address climate change. The first is to adopt national strategies to stem the pace of climate change; the second is to work within the international system to foster global efforts to stem the pace of climate change; and the third is to…… [Read More]
Climate Change egulation
Climate is referred to as the weather patterns of a particular area over a long period. Earth climate can be divided into five main groups, which are as follow:
Warm Moderate Climate
Cold Moderate Climate
Areas close to equator are the hottest as they get regular sunshine while areas close to poles are the coldest as they receive minimum amount of sunshine. There are two main factors that affect the climate which are natural and man made. Natural factors include change in climate patterns, atmosphere, rock, ocean, ice sheets and human beings as well. The factors that affect the weather are as follow:
Oceans currents are responsible for carrying the warmth to different parts of the world.
Air is part of the atmosphere and it is either dry or humid in both cases it is moving some…… [Read More]
The world's ecological issues have been studied intensely by scientists in various academic disciplines vigorously for many years and have been greatly accelerated in recent decades. The level of understanding about how natural systems on the planet operate has become immensely sophisticated. Although there are still some issues that remain puzzling, on the whole, scientists have a fairly good understanding of the planets natural systems function. In recent years much of the research has been aided the technological advancements in computing power which allows for modeling systems such as the water cycle, the carbon cycle, and land area use. In fact the knowledge base has grown to a point in which scientist can predict with some accuracy the future of how the natural systems will be affected through the natural changes in these systems coupled with the human interactions that work to alter many of these systems.
Climate…… [Read More]
Climate Change Projections
Expected Impact on orld Agricultural
The objective of this work is to research climate change which is a critically important issue and is no respecter of person in that it affects all upon the earth, man, beast, fish, fowl, and organism. The water temperature will be affected, the air that is breathed each and every element upon, in and surrounding mother earth will experience collectively the changing of earth's climate.
The topic of climatic change is one that is ever present on the minds of scientists and meteorologists as well as many others across the globe. Since the melting of the earth's northern as well as southern polar caps, and the news of 70-foot waves ending luxury cruises, as well as glacier and ice shelf collisions in the news, certainly everyone is slowly but surely becoming aware of the change in the climatic conditions of earth's biosphere.…… [Read More]
The likelihood that climate change is related to human activity is not given a precise number in the summary; it is noted that eighty-nine percent of seventy-five different studies' more than twenty-nine thousand observational data series support global warming as a cause for observed effects, but this figure does not link the climate change to human activity taken on its own. The authors of the summary state that the connection can be stated with "high confidence," however, meaning that they approximate the likelihood as an eight-out-of-ten chance (80%). In order to come to this conclusion, the summary largely relied on data syntheses that seem to have predicted effects of anthropogenic warming it then confirmed without necessarily establishing a causal link. Modeling studies that actually separated warming causes are perhaps the most conclusive pieces of evidence supporting this conclusion.
There some rather obvious and large assumption and interpretations made by the…… [Read More]
A review of recent developments in climate change science.
This is an eye-opener of an article. The facts presented in the journal Progress in Physical Geography show powerful evidence that the climate is changing faster than earlier believed. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) empirical reports are fascinating to me, and understanding this global threat is important for all citizens. For those who believe conservative talk radio (global warming is being exaggerated they say, and those promoting warnings about carbon releases are just anti-business) -- or otherwise and have doubts about how and why the climate is changing -- this is a good starting point to the real world for those folks. I am frankly amazed at the number of media personalities and even elected public officials that still think climate change is some kind of liberal conspiracy. It is patently absurd to ignore empirical…… [Read More]
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) warns that climate change is real. In the past one hundred years, the average temperature of the Earth has risen 1.4 F. Scientists read evidence in tree rings, ancient coral, and bubbles trapped in ice cores; they have concluded the Earth is warmer than it has been for at least a millennium (Pearce, 2006). More dramatic climate change is predicted for the next hundred years, when temperatures are expected to rise another 2 to 11.5 F. Even a rise in temperature of just a few degrees can mean large and potentially dangerous shifts in weather and climate ("Climate change basics," 2012).
The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) defines climate change as "a study dealing with variations in climate on many different time scales from decades to millions of years, and the possible causes of such variations" ("Artic climatology and…… [Read More]
Climate Change -- the U.S. Federal Government
hat federal agencies and cabinet departments are most responsible for responding to global climate change? This paper points to a number of government departments that President Barack Obama has enlisted to take steps to deal with the impact of climate change.
Agencies Involved in U.S. Response to Climate Change
The agency that has the most influence in the federal response to climate change is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA reports that the average temperature on the planet has risen by 1.4°F in the past 100 years, and the temperature is expected to rise another 2 to 11.5°F over the next century, which will have enormously negative impacts on the population in cities, in countries, on the environment, wildlife and wildlife habitat. The EPA believes that the empirical science that has been conducted over the past thirty years by the United Nations'…… [Read More]
From watching the movie, it is apparent that as we live in the environment that we live in, it is easy to gather that Americans want a future that has economic prosperity and a safe climate that will be more abundant for future generations to come. This is because the American life consists of material prosperity, political democracy and environmental issues as what people believe then to be. However, since the structure of the United States government has to be reconstructed while global warming is being dealt with by political representatives, the planet's climate is being destroyed by pollutants.
However, at the same time that I feel this movie is informative, I do not believe that global warming needs to be completely addressed in today's society. I feel that there are more pressing issues that need to be dealt with today. I also feel that this generation will be long…… [Read More]
Introduction and Claim
Climate change has occurred throughout the earth's history. Ice ages and other radical transformations to the earth's atmosphere have led to dramatic consequences of life on the planet. Ample scientific evidence shows that climate change is occurring rapidly now, and that much of it has been driven by human activities. Moreover, climate change can have serious consequences for life on earth. According to NASA, the recent climate change pattern has been causing a wide range of problems ranging from ocean acidification to extreme weather events.
However, many people and especially those in the United States still believe that climate change is a hoax, an exaggerated claim, or a result of natural fluctuations in weather patterns. While natural fluctuations in climate and localized weather have occurred and still are occurring, there is virtually no disagreement among scientists, in a number of different fields of expertise, that…… [Read More]
Climate change, divorced from the political rhetoric, is a concrete phenomenon affecting multiple systems. The economic and social ramifications of climate change are ancillary to its measurable physical effects. However, the measurable physical effects vary depending on geographic factors. Climate change has a direct effect on water at all levels of the hydrological cycle. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (2014), "we will continue to witness changes to the amount, timing, form, and intensity of precipitation and the flow of water in watersheds, as well as the quality of aquatic and marine environments," (p. 1). Because of the impact of climate change on water quality and availability, additional problems could arise with regards to protection of water resources and the prolonged need to treat water with chemicals. Because of health risks, social justice issues, the economy, and politics, water is one of the most important casualties of climate…… [Read More]
Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture
Weather and the related temperature, light and water determine to a large extent the human society's ability to feed themselves and the animals they care for. When the weather changes due to variations n climate or long-terms changes in climate there are very serious impacts on agricultural production and reduction of crop production and these force the farmers to take up new methods of agriculture so that they can cope up with the new situation. Food security of the world is thus directly affected by the existing climate. (Agriculture and climate change: FAO's role) The changes in climate directly affects climate due to both its effect on the agricultural processes and the impact of the changes of climate on agricultural production. One does not really know totally how all this takes place and how the agricultural processes can be altered so that the impact can…… [Read More]
Climate change and its impact
Climate is a part of our everyday lives. The change in temperature, swift winds blowing by and rainfall are all because of climate. The United Nation Framework Convention on climate defines climate change as an alteration of the atmosphere because of direct or indirect human activity that jeopardizes the natural climate viability observed over a period. Climate change is tracked using various instruments measuring every aspect of the climate from temperature, humidity, rainfall and wind speed. The climate changes, this is a fact, but there are measure to be put to prevent adverse changes that affect human life in earth.
The issue of climate change tends to divulge difference in opinion with there being two groups; climate skeptics and climate believers. Climate skeptics speak about climate as well as scientist would but believers speak about climate as scientists do since they always base their…… [Read More]
Timed Suicide or Evil Hoax?
Climate change is a controversial topic in today’s day and age. Some are skeptical as to whether it is actually happening and some know for a fact that climate change is real and is really a threat. Even if one doesn’t believe that the globe is warming up, one should at least be concerned about the carbon footprint that we are leaving behind us and how all our waste and pollution is hurting the environment (Wallace-Wells, 2017). But the issue has been so politicized that if someone on the Left says he believes in climate change and wants to help prevent it, someone on the Right will fight against him because of the political divide and the unwillingness of people to get along. That is unfortunate for this simple reason: Climate change is a very serious issue in our world today. It is a…… [Read More]
Climate Change Essay Titles
Climate change essay titles can range from the mundane to the explosive. How you choose to write your title for your paper will depend on what type of essay you have penned. If your essay is on the academic side of things, you’ll likely want a more scholarly sounding title. If you’re expressing an opinion in your essay and want to urge your reader to adopt your perspective, you might like a more bombastic sounding title. The point is that a title should reflect the nature of the essay you’ve written. That said, there’s no limit to the kind of title you might choose. Here are some examples to show what’s possible with this subject.
Top 25 Climate Change Essay Titles
1. How Climate Change became a False Religion
2. Why Greta Thunberg Needs to Go Back to School and Stop Whining about Climate Change…… [Read More]
Topic: [Hotter Summers, Warmer Winters: Climate Change in America]
1. Research Question: [Why are we having hotter summers and warmer winters in the U.S.?]
2. Background Research: [In seeking to obtain information relating to the topic I selected, I have consulted various sources - including internet and library sources. The resources I went through in preparation for this undertaking include, but they are not limited to, expert opinions and peer-reviewed journal articles. It is also important to note that I also spoke to a climate specialist who, luckily enough, happens to be a family friend.]
3. Hypothesis: [On the basis of not only the background research I have already conducted, but also my current level of knowledge about the topic, I expect to find out that global warming is responsible for hotter summers and warmer winters in the U.S.]
4. Proposed Field Experience: See Outline below. [I live…… [Read More]
Scientific researchers analyze the climatic conditions of our planet and how they shift through diverse means, relying on historic, instrumental, environmental and satellite reports. The latter has been utilized only in the past two decades or so, while instrumental reports’ earliest employment can be traced back to nineteenth-century scientific scholars. The relatively short lifespan of instrumental- and satellite- based information in comparison to our planet’s life poses a challenge, though ("How Do Scientists Study Ancient Climates?” 2017). In order for extending these records, paleoclimatologists attempt to seek hints inherent within the planet’s natural environment records.
One may be able to acquire clues regarding prior climatic conditions from sediments deposited on the ocean floor, and within coral reefs, ice caps, tree rings, and glaciers. All the aforementioned naturally-found recorders offer researchers data pertaining to climatic aspects like temperature and precipitation. Several such recorders possess features like layers, rings or bands, which denote a definite…… [Read More]
Climate change presents a clear threat to global security, potentially prompting waves of forced migration that destabilize regions and undermine national sovereignty. Moreover, climate change has a direct and immediate impact on global food supplies, leading to dramatic humanitarian outcomes. The consequences of climate change extend beyond food security concerns and extend into the broader realms of public health, including but not limited to, the spread of communicable diseases. Although most climate change research is based on modeling systems, the lessons learned from current trends in population migration and public health issues can provide some insight into causes and solutions to the problems that climate change presents to both domestic and global security.
Gemenne, Barnett, Adger & Dabelko (2014) find that climate change presents “risks of conflict, national security concerns, critical national infrastructure, geo-political rivalries and threats to human security,” (p. 1). Risks of conflict related to climate change include…… [Read More]
SCUBA and the Environment: A Paradox
The relationship between SCUBA diving and environmental and marine health is a strange, tenuous, and paradoxical one. On the one hand, diving activities and the ancillary effects of diving-related tourism have threatened and in many cases, outright killed coral reef systems (McVeigh, 2018). Popular diving sites have in many cases been irreversibly damaged. For example, busy sites are known to have “more broken corals, a lower species diversity and a change in fish behavior, compared with other sites in the same areas,” (McVeigh, 2018, p. 1). On the other hand, SCUBA diving and the related travel industry may be positioned to have the most positive impact on saving those very same reefs and marine areas. Healthy coral reefs, clean water, safe sites, and sustainable tourism are all integral to the financial success of the diving industry. In fact, SCUBA leaders have been paying increased…… [Read More]
The environmental peril to the earth in the present day is greater and more severe compared to any other given time in human history. Canada is one of the nations that have been significantly impacted by climate change. Imperatively, average temperatures in the nation have already risen by 1.7 degrees Celsius in the past seven decades. Unrelenting intensification of warming at high latitudes is anticipated under all circumstances of impending climate change (Clean Technica, 2018). Higher temperatures together with greater levels of rainfall, rising sea levels will be perceptible. It is projected that in the forthcoming century, warmer rainwaters and ocean acidification will become progressively more evident. Canada has experienced a greater rate of warming as compared to other expanses in the world, especially in the arctic region in the far north and also in the west. This warming has been most noticeable in the seasons of winter and…… [Read More]
Health care concerns related to global climate change
Increased exposure to vectors that transmit Zika, West Nile virus, or malaria
Scientific research has proven that climate change affects the health of mankind. The impact on health varies in line with the immunity of the humans in question and the local environmental conditions (Paz, 2015). One significant effect of climate change is the spread of vector-borne diseases such as West Nile virus (WNV), dengue and malaria. Through change of climate, the rate of infection, distribution and seasonality of these diseases have greatly changed. This is because vector-borne diseases tend to continually adjust to changes in the environment (Gleick, 2014). Climate influences the distribution of these vector-borne diseases as well as their epidemiology. For instance, weather elements such as humidity, precipitation and temperature affect the survival rates of the vectors, their reproduction rates, their habitat adaptability, abundance and distribution. Climate change also…… [Read More]
Climate change is a hoax [invented by China].
– President Donald J. Trump, July 2019
The epigraph above underscores the fundamental differences that exist between members of the scientific community and many leading policymakers today. Even as the polar ice caps continue to melt at an alarming rate and rising ocean levels are inundating low-lying coastal regions and islands around the world, climate change debunkers such as the nation’s chief executive argue that current changes in the climate are transitory and are simply part of the earth’s natural systems. Against this backdrop, it is clear that emergency managers face a number of significant challenges in preparing for climate change-associated risks, including most especially the need to overcome misguided and misinformed views about these potential risks to communities across the country. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the relevant literature to develop a timely and informed…… [Read More]
Assessment of Seattle Climate Action Plan
The Seattle Climate Action Plan, which was espoused in 2003, purposes to offer a synchronized and organized strategy for action that encompasses the functions of the City, and lays emphasis on actions of the City that diminish greenhouse gas emissions and at the same time supporting community objectives, together with constructing vibrant vicinities, cultivating economic affluence, and augmenting social impartiality and fairness. The structure of the climate action plan encompasses actions that concentrate on aspects of paramount need and impact, which consist of building energy, road transportation, and waste. In addition, the climate action plan takes into account actions that will augment the spirit of the Seattle community to the probable impacts of climate change (Coven, 2017). The Climate Action Plan is configured into two aspects, which include the actions to carry out by 2015 and actions to carry out by 2030. The former…… [Read More]
Trees cover nothing less than one-third of the earth's surface, and it is estimated that around 3 trillion trees exist worldwide. Forests are found in different climates and locations, and they exist in wet, dry, sweltering and bitterly climates. Each of these forests types have the natural peculiarities that allow them to develop in their respective climates (Motivans). Unfortunately, in the past few decades, there has been an enormous level of commercial activities that have subjected forests all over the world to a dire consequential threat that adversely affect most of the woodlands around the world. Deforestation, road and building constructions form a major part of human threats on the woodlands. Adding to the human activities is the climate change, which has been very devastating on many of the species that inhabit these forests. The threats on these species connote direct danger of extinction to these woodlands, as what makes…… [Read More]
Climate change is also described as global warming, the unnatural or manmade cause of the planet’s increase in temperature. Climate change is physically caused by the release of greenhouse gases which get trapped in the atmosphere, in turn trapping heat from the sun on the planet (Meyer & Roser, 2006). Other pollutants can cause problems for the environment as well, such as toxins released into the water from chemical plants, or nuclear meltdowns that result in oceans being poisoned. These are also lumped in with climate change, since they also alter the environment. One of the biggest producers This paper will describe how climate change is occurring, how corporations are involved, and what some companies are doing to address it.
A Poore, Williams and Tracey (2000) note, sea levels are rising as a result of climate change. This occurs because the heat trapped on the planet by greenhouse gases leads…… [Read More]
Part 1: A Closer Look at the Evidence
1. The first graph on the NASA site shows the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere, comparing across time. It shows that for all time, there were fluctuations in the level of CO2 in the atmosphere, but that the level always remained below 300 parts per million. The graph takes a sharp uptick in recent years, and by the time we get to the 20th century it is basically a straight upward line, to the present level around 400ppm. The 1950 level was only at around 320, so nearly a quarter of the carbon in the atmosphere has been added in about the last 70 years or so, and that is for all-time.
The UK website explains that the increase in carbon dioxide levels in the environment has occurred since the Industrial Revolution, which brought about many changes in technology, including the…… [Read More]
For many people, global warming is primarily relevant to them in regards to the weather. They assume that when it is excessively hot, this is reflective of a shift in the global climate and when it is cold, this is a sign that global warming is not really as bad as it might be. However, this is far from the truth. While changes in weather may still be present during our era of global warming, climate refers to sustained and prolonged shifts in temperature. According to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), although the earth has always experienced periods of cooling and warming, the current trend has a probability of a staggering 95% to have been generated by human intervention (“Climate Change”).
The fact that the current change has been generated by human activity and intervention is what makes the shift so especially worrisome. Industrialization since the nineteenth century…… [Read More]
Politics Behind Climate Change and What Can and Should Be Done
Climate change has been a major problem experienced by various countries globally. Many factors contribute to climate change problems experienced including manmade and natural factors. Many researchers in different countries have concentrated on studies with the aim of finding strategies that help in dealing climate change problem. From the increasing climate change problems, many policy questions are arising regarding the methods used in addressing the issue. Different countries have directed more funds, climate professionals, and other resources to the approaches aimed at dealing with the climate change. With such efforts, no significant impact is felt from the commitment (McLean et al., 2016). Additionally, policy matters are the weakest part of all the approaches adopted and implemented when addressing the issue. Some of the questions arising include availability of the policies, their implementation, punishment to the policy offenders, civic education,…… [Read More]
Climate Change and Moral Responsibility
The position that will be supported in this paper is that climate change is a fact and Americans in the U.S. have a moral responsibility to address it.
The background to this issue includes the following: since the 19th century, scientists and researchers have been looking more closely at changes in the climate and the impact of greenhouse gases on the atmosphere. As Meyer and Roser point out, "the emission of greenhouse gases causes climate change" (223). Since the rise of industrialization, greenhouse gases and pollutants have surged, leading to global warming, which has resulted in polar ice caps melting, sea levels rising, and temperature and weather patterns changing -- all of which has major ramifications for the planet.
From the standpoint of distributive justice, specific questions arise when looking to address climate change. For instance, many people believe there should be a cap on…… [Read More]
causes of Climate Change?
It is ideal to focus on the primary causes of climate change with the aim of understanding the influence or implication on the growth and development of the planet earth. This paper seeks to unveil the major or primary causes in relation to climate change. This is through evaluation of natural and artificial events/activities with massive implication on climate thus changes in the climatic conditions within the modern society. I have chosen this topic because of its sensitivity to the growth and development of the humanity. Modern society associates itself with constant debates on the concept of global warming. This is a reflection of the significance of the topic of the research with reference to the examination of the primary causes of climate change. It is ideal to understand the primary causes of climate change with the aim of adopting and implementing various critical issues in…… [Read More]
Risks of Climate Change
THE RISK OF CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPLICATIONS FOR ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS
Climate Change Impacts on Engineering Infrastructure
Key Impacts on Water and Resources
Risk Management Analysis Coping Methods Possibility And Probability
Recommendations And Guidelines For The Vulnerability Of Climate
Change Impacts Using Risk Management Methods And Analysis
THE RISK OF CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPLICATIONS FOR ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS
This work examines climate change in relation to impacts upon infrastructure, utilities, and water in relation to the affects from projected sea level rise, flooding, and other related impacts expected to result from climate change. This work also reviews models used for risk assessment and analysis and examines their usefulness and the associated limitations with these models. Knowledge and expertise is growing in the risk-assessment and analysis field of study and reliable models are being developed although the primary effective and appropriate use for the majority of these models…… [Read More]
Thus, since we are a major contributor to the problem, we need to be the first to step up with global solutions.
In addition, the country (and the world) needs to start to encourage the development of alternative energies on a large scale. Homes that utilize solar, geothermal, and/or wind power should receive tax breaks, and there should be significant incentives to build "green" in the future. In addition, we need to stop our dependence on foreign oil NOW, as the recent spike in oil prices clearly indicates. We need to develop alternative fuel sources, alternative power sources, and much more environmentally friendly ways of generating the power we need for our homes, schools, and businesses, and we need to do it as soon as possible.
There is mounting evidence that extreme weather events that have recently occurred are at least partly due to global warming. There have been studies…… [Read More]
N. has covered it in its report, and how climate change specialists are trying to address the huge changes underway in the world, as temperatures continue rising, causing havoc around the world. he strengths of this article's argument as backed up by research and by the report given by the U.N., an esteemed organization that also backs it up by research and thus the arguments are sound, and the article makes it clear in a very persuasive way that there is a problem.
he points made in this article are clearly thus based on evidence, yet the presentation is not balanced, here is way more evidence for human induced climate change than against, yet the data is from credible sources and the fact that research backs it up makes it impossible to be "for" climate change, as this is harmful to humanity. he article did not open my eyes, as…… [Read More]
Global Warming and Climate Change
Natural versus anthropogenic forces in climate change are a common topic for discussion. Some people believe that the global warming experienced now is part of a natural cycle while other others believe it is accelerated thanks to human evolution on earth. Although there is a natural cycle on the planet concerning global warming, this is not the case regarding the information provided from scientific data on the effects of human-generated global warming. Natural global warming takes long periods of time to develop.
People that have analyzed previous global warming trends have noted the rise in temperatures occurred over a prolonged period, like thousands of years. However, human-caused global warming has produced a warming trend at a faster rate. Instead of thousands of years, it is decades. Secondly, humans were not around for the previous global warming trends and if they were, they were much smaller…… [Read More]
1. The bookmarks indicated the following six events:
· Formation of the earth and moon 4.6 billion years ago
· Earliest life, 3.9 billion years ago
· Early land plants 420 million years ago
· Largest mass extinction 248 million years ago
· Dinosaur extinction 65 million years ago
· "Lucy", early hominid, 4 million years ago
2. In the Archaean period, there are cyanobacteria and stromatites.
3. The three periods of time that are described as eras are the Paleozoic, the Mesozoic, and the Cenozoic.
4. There are five mass extinction events listed. They are:
End-Orcovician, where many types of ocean life became extinct including trilobites, brachiopods, and graptolites. The Late Devonian, stromatoporoids, brachiopods associated with reefs and more trilobites all became extinct, as coral systems suffered heavy losses. The End-Permian extinction saw some corals, trilobites, and types of brachiopods, orinoids and shelled cephalopods all became extinct at this…… [Read More]
Global Warming Trends and Impact
Global warming refers to the warming of the earth's temperature, in particular oceans and the layer of the atmosphere closest to the planet (Thompson, Lonnie & Gioietta 114). Thus far, the total temperature increase is documented at only about one degree (Weart 43). However, even this seemingly minor change can create ripple effects that present challenges for earth and mankind. Global warming and other climate change issues are thought to be the result of both natural phenomenon and man-made activity. In order to sustain life as we know it, the earth must maintain a consistent temperature. The rapid elevation in temperature has created an imbalance making it evident that the phenomenon of global warming is real.
The rate at which arctic sea ice is melting is faster than normal which has caused sea levels to rise (Prothero 15). In addition, weather is becoming more extreme,…… [Read More]
Global warming, or more accurately, climate change, is the phenomenon that has been scientifically observed over repeated studies that the planet is experiencing warming and changing climates at a pace much more rapid that has been observed in any prior era. The increase in the pace of the climate change has been correlated with the coming of the industrial age, and in particular with the mass adoption of fossil fuels. The burning of hydrocarbons to create energy unleashes a chemical reaction that ends with carbon entering the atmosphere, where it then traps solar radiation in the atmosphere, leading to the warming process. This paper will outline this process and the evidence supporting the fact of anthropogenic global warming.
Observations of Climate Change
The first step in understanding climate change is understanding how it is determined to be occurring. Weather is an observable phenomenon, and over a long period of time…… [Read More]
Climate Change man-made, and if yes, is there a sustainable process that mankind can get actively involved in with the purpose to slow it down or even to stop it entirely?
Climate Change is one of the 'hottest' topics today and yet most people have a limited understanding of what it involves.
Global Warming is a process that can be seen everywhere and the majority of the world considers a future where temperatures will constantly go up until the earth's surface is no longer a viable place for people to live.
Thermohaline circulation is, to a certain degree, similar to a giant air conditioning device making it possible for earth to maintain its temperatures relatively constant.
Global Warming is believed to disrupt the ocean circulation process and to eventually shut it down completely, leading to an Ice Age and thus acting in disagreement with how most people perceive the effects…… [Read More]
History Of Climate Change and Potential Impact of Climate Change
HISTOY AND POTENTIAL IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
History of Climate Change
Climate change can be traced back to the 19th century when ice ages together with different natural changes were first noted, and effect of greenhouse first identified. Most recently, the glaciers are melting. Water levels in the seas are increasing. Evidence of increased temperatures in the atmosphere is evident from these. For the last ten years, rampant cases of tornados, winter freezes, wildfires, tropical cyclones, and floods have been common in the US and across the globe. Besides, environmental temperatures have risen steadily over the past century. Today, human activities have advanced, with their eventual effects resting on the environment (McNall, 2012). The use of nuclear energy is a devastating blow to the sustenance of the natural state of the cosmos. The use of fossil fuels has increased the…… [Read More]
doubt seen the most profound transformation of the human relationship with the natural world in the history of humankind," ("Great Acceleration," 2015). Technological and environmental progress has been a tremendous boon for humanity, but came at the price of environmental degradation and disaster. Looking back from the vantage point of 2117 to the success of sustainable economic growth around the world that occurred since 2017, it is a relief to see how humans were able to withstand the temporary, loud, but ultimately divisive and ineffective movements like the "Cooler Heads Coalition" that flourished around the time Obama was President of the United States.
Climate change denial organizations and other conservative coalitions resisted change and government interventions to the point where they were almost willing to sacrifice their grandchildren's planet and human welfare in general just for the sake of making their political opponents work harder. In a PBS Frontline episode…… [Read More]
21st century underwent many changes. There were political events; civil unrest and terrorism that made countries like the United States take precaution. Although globalization became prevalent within the last decade, economic globalization has taken precedence. The issues surrounding countries and governance as well as the outcomes of such problems have sparked publicized negotiation situations. One in particular will be covered in this essay.
An article by John M. Broder explains the devastating effects of climate change and the need for governments globally to work together. Included in some of the possible repercussions of uncontrolled climate change are possible destabilization of entire countries and the feeding of terrorist movements. Climate change could affect nations through drought, mass migration (animals and insects) and food shortage. Broder continues explaining which areas around the world could be critically hit. Places in the Middle East, South Asia, and Africa could face water crises, food shortages,…… [Read More]
Earth's Climate System is a complex system that is influenced by many different factors. The manner in which the climate is maintained, and makes life on Earth possible, is a culmination of the atmospheric conditions and the Earth's energy balance that is determined primarily by energy introduced into the system as well as its ability to trap energy in the greenhouse layer. The Earth resides in the "Goldilocks Zone", or the habitable zone, which is believed to be the region around a star in which the right conditions for life can be sustained; recently scientist have been able to discover other planets that could also reside in such zones. (Zin, 2017).
The Earth's climate system provides an ideal habitat for life based on its relationship to the closest star, the sun, and its orbital patterns. The rotation of the earth, as well as the rotation of the moon, give the…… [Read More]
James Hansen's role in the debate about climate change started after studying the atmosphere of Venus with NASA. Hansen went to the University of Iowa and studied under Professor Van Allan, who taught him about climates, which led to his work with NASA, but it was not until he began to realize that the climate of his own planet was undergoing a serious and dramatic change that he really entered into the climate change debate. Hansen discovered that greenhouse gases on Earth were responsible for elevating the Earth's temperature to a dangerous level. He became particularly critical of the coal industry, whose pollutants into the atmosphere were viewed as very damaging to the protective layer.
Hansen is more than just a scientist, however; he is also an activist and has been arrested for protesting outside the White House. Thus, Hansen became involved in the climate change debate after first studying…… [Read More]
He even goes so far as to claim that if global warming does occur, it will be a positive thing. Higher temperatures would be positive for agriculture and forests. He believes that higher temperatures will actually cause sea levels to drop, and wraps up his interview with the cheery optimism that everyone appreciates warmer weather.
igley isn't quite as upbeat. He points out that because uncertainty is a built in component of the climate models, it is just as likely that the scientists have erred on the side of caution as it is that they have erred on the side of excess. This means that the effects of global warming could be much worse than what the models predict. His overall concern:
I]t's not so much just the temperature changes, but it's the changes in all other aspects of the environment: amounts of precipitation, the ability for vegetation to maintain…… [Read More]
Negative Effects of Climate Change
The weather patterns are changing all over the world and it has become one of the most debated issues across the globe with environmentalists having their concerns pertaining to global warming and its adverse effects on the environment in general. It is important for us to note here that scientists at NASA are doing extensive research on this issue and it has been proposed that the climate change is predicted to have harmful effects in some regions of the world; meanwhile the changes in the weather patterns will also have some beneficial effects in some other parts of the world. However, the main focus of this paper will be on the harmful effects of climatic changes (Cox et al.).
Current and Future Consequences
The effects of global climate change on the environment of the world have already been observed by the scientists and environmentalists. Ice…… [Read More]
Forest Fires: Another Culprit in Climate Change?
Forest fires have always been menace to people's lives and properties. The threat becomes even more severe when these fires occur during the dry summer season since the containment of which becomes even more challenging. There are variable causes of forest fires from human-caused such as irresponsible campers building fires and unable to control the spread thereof to natural-causes such as during a lightning strike. In the case of the forest fire in the Columbia River Gorge located west of Lyle, Washington, the fire started with a downed power line (The Oregonian 2010). More than likely, when the power line fell the sparks produced initiated the fire and the dried plants and trees where the power line fell caught fire. From there, the unthinkable Domino Effect ensued where a wildfire spread and "has burned about 1,200 acres of forest land. Fortunately, the fire…… [Read More]
Personal, Local, or National Issue;
Climate change has become one of the most debated subjects that mark the current political agendas throughout the world. The international community, the international and regional NGOs as well as the public opinion are constantly flagging more and more issues on the negative impact the lack of sustainable development has on the environment. Among other perspectives, one that has been rather often considered in relation to this subject is the role international organizations and in particular the ones at the level of the United Nations have mitigating the risks of climate change at the global level. This is in my opinion an important matter to discuss from several points-of-view; firstly, the issue of climate change affects the world at a global level and its perspectives are grim in comparison to the efforts made by every state individually in addressing the particularities of the situations; secondly,…… [Read More]
Other perspectives, such as the realist perspective, find that the threats posed by climate change are still uncertain and largely unsubstantiated, and other factors such as the global geopolitical situation also lead them to believe that now is not the time to pursue major hanges in energy production or industry. As international cooperation becomes more and more difficult, it will also become more difficult for to agree on international climate change regulations and rules, let alone enforce them, making an establishments of these rules now premature and effectively useless, according to this view. The fact that this perspective persist in many minds is a major barrier to the passing of effective climate change legislation.
Finally, many businesses show very little interest in adjusting their activities without federal mandates to do so. Carbon trading has failed as a voluntary enterprise, and the businesses and regions that have banded together in attempts…… [Read More]
perturbed by humanity (how and why)?
Although the most obvious effect of human-generated climate change may be the warming of the earth, it is not the only negative impact of the increased concentration of fossil fuels in the environment. This is reflected in notions such as the fact that "environmental consequences of increasing ocean acidity, caused by the solution of CO2, may be at least as serious as greenhouse-induced temperature rise." The increased solution of CO2 due to industrialization can affect the massive amounts of flora and fauna living in the ocean, which can also have an impact upon terrestrial life which depends upon fish for food. The fishing industry is likely to be impacted as well as animals that depend upon fish to survive.
Climate change is also not easily reversible. "Natural sources and sinks of CO2 are closely balanced, maintaining the total abundance in the atmosphere and oceans…… [Read More]
Writing doesnt have to be a chore.
To prove it, heres a cause and effect essay example that gets down and dirty with a semi-controversial issue that polarizes a lot of people (no pun intended): yes, were talking about climate change.
This topic has been in the news for a good long while.
There have been movies made about it, conferences held about it, and many works of scholarly and not-so-scholarly literature written about it.
So lets take a look at how to turn this subject into the main topic of a cause and effect essay.
Well start off with a title, give you the hook, underline the thesis, and highlight some important parts for you to consider.
Best of all, well show you how to have fun with your essay. Lets go!
b. Did climate change cause Harvey et al.?
c.…… [Read More]
Sustainable Development Goals
At the end of September 2015, 173 leaders from across the globe gathered in New York City at the United Nations Summit to adopt the sustainable development goals. Generally, the concept of sustainable development goals was birthed at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012. The main objective of the conference was to generate a series of universally applicable objectives that balances economic, social, and environmental dimensions (United Nations Development Programme, n.d.). The September 2015 meeting was fueled by increased concerns, calls, and demands for leadership on climate change, inequality, and poverty. As a result, the UN Summit focused on transforming these demands, concerns, and calls into actions that were ratified as part of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The conclusion of the UN Summit in September 2015 involved the formal adoption of new development goals that would direct the development agenda of the world…… [Read More]
For this assignment, you will watch the National Geographic Documentary Six Degrees Could Change the World and answer the questions
1) Summarize key changes in the earth's climate system (include vital numbers quoted in the documentary) that are projected to occur with each incremental rise in global temperature.
Do not simply list these changes. I am well aware that if you do a google search, you will get numerous hits that describe degree-by-degree changes as described in the movie. Well, if you copy those (or paraphrase them), it wouldn't be as much funRight? Not to mention, you don't want to risk getting F on this course because of plagiarism. So do the right thing.Watch it and use your own words to articulate your response in a fashion that conveys a clear picture of these changes. If it helps, think yourself as a science writer who has…… [Read More]
History Of the Organization's Formation
Objectives of ICAO as Specified in the Chicago Convention
Enhancing Safety and Security in Civil Aviation
Development and Constant Evaluation of Aviation Standards and Policies
Implementation of Standards and Practices
Timely esponse to Challenges
Changes in ICAO's Strategic Objectives
Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development Objective
The International Civil Aviation Organization was formed in November 1944 by the conclusion of the Chicago Convention held in that year. This organization was formed because of the need for securing cooperation and standardization of global aviation policies and practices. The United States of America played a crucial role in the organization's formation by inviting several states to the Convention on international civil aviation standards, policies, and procedures. Out of the 44 States that attended the Chicago Convention, 32 States signed an agreement that paved the way for ICAO's creation.
ICAO was mandated with…… [Read More]
Describe at least three internal and external drivers of change for the organization in this simulation.
Internally, organizational changes are driven by three external pressures, as defined by Lewin's along the three-stage model of unfreezing, changing and refreezing employee behaviors. Motivating people during each of these change stages reinforces the acquired behaviors. Unfreezing involves the motivational factor of persuading people to replace the old behaviors and attitude with the preferred behaviors and attitudes by demonstrating the need for change by infusing employees with the knowledge and the confidence that the new behaviors and attitudes are needed to cope with external pressures. (Kreitner and Kinicki, 2004). hen, refreezing means the new behavior and attitude become integrated into the normal standard operating procedures of the organization. hen, the external pressures of positive reinforcement, modeling and coaching should be used to encourage the desired behaviors continuance. 'Change and constancy are relative…… [Read More]
Change Cycle in an Organization:
As literature (Anderson 2001, Gelinas 1998, Olson 2001, Smith 1997) refers that process of organizational change starts from establishing a committed leadership through the need for and vision of the change to taking action, supervising the improvement and closing out the change. The basic organization change cycle is as under:
Launching A Committed Leadership:
Here we need to share stories within the organization about the need of change, passion one is having for change and how change helps in past and when change did not work. We need to decide that in any future possible situation who will take a stand? What a leader will do for taking stand? Why a leader needs to take stand?
Smell The Need For Change:
Before making a change we should know very well about some issues which arises questions like what is the current situation. Why do we…… [Read More]
They will need translation services and interpreters, but they cannot rely on these things forever. In addition, the people who will work in the new offices and the people who will work with the people in the new offices must clearly and properly speak the language. Learning a new language can take time, but it is advisable for anyone who is going to be dealing with business in a foreign country (Kwintessential, 2010).
Cultural issues and language barriers are the two most significant problems that are faced by companies that are looking to expand into something more global in nature (Centre, 2011; Geert-Hostede, 2011). If those barriers can be worked through, the company will have a much higher chance of succeeding where other companies may have failed. Even though cultural issues may seem confusing, or a person may not understand why another culture does something differently, being open-minded about communication…… [Read More]
hy the huge disparity in viewpoints when the science has been empirically established for twenty years or more? Journalist Bryan alsh references sociologists from Michigan State and Oklahoma State Universities (Riley Dunlap and Aaron McCright, respectively), who say there has been a "well-financed effort on the part of conservative groups and corporations to distort global-warming science" (alsh, 2011). In the book written by Dunlap and McCright (the Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society) they assert that global climate change science has been "assaulted" by fossil-fuel corporations, conservative think tanks" for over twenty years.
Hence, in conclusion, one way to spread the word to consumers and citizens is to battle back against the propaganda that seeks to deny the truth about climate change. In addition, very simple changes in lifestyles (using CFLs, taking the bus, hanging clothes out to dry, keeping the car tuned up, and sealing up leaks and…… [Read More]
The Green Hotel Association (GHA) suggests using "printed towel rack hangers and sheet changing cards" in the bathroom of hotel rooms. The sign on the hanger mentions that guests do not have to have their linens changed (sheets, pillow cases) if they prefer not to; they can help the hotel save water -- in fact the GHA notifies the hotel guest that "millions of gallons of water are used to wash bed sheets" every day. So when the "sheet-changing card is left on the pillow, the room attendants" know to just make the bed but don't wash the sheets (Fostering Sustainable Behavior).
The obvious positive aspect of this is not just water savings but the electricity that it takes to heat the water and run the huge industrial clothes washing machines represents even more savings. There is no negative aspect to asking the room attendants to leave the same sheets…… [Read More]