Equal Opportunity Essays (Examples)

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Equal Education Opportunities Act Education

Words: 1927 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52387394

S. educational system. The impact of such law is very noticeable among teachers, students and even to the school administrators. However, there are a number of issues that have been continuously arising as people try to avail of their rights to education.

State legislatures attempting to comply with state Supreme Court mandates to reform their education finance systems should strive to meet the demands of both adequacy and equity. The experiences of some schools and/or states regarding the influx of enrollees suggest that regardless of the catalyst for reform, education reform can and should include elements of both equity and adequacy.

More so, it should be noted that whether a state is in the initial stages of implementing court-mandated reform, like the Equal Education Opportunities Act, or whether it has been in the process for decades, modern reform should incorporate the lessons of the last thirty years of reform efforts…… [Read More]


Buzuvist, Erin E. 2001. "A" for effort: evaluating recent state education reform in response to judicial demands for equity and adequacy. Cornell Law Review. Cornell University

Crofton, Ian. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia. Guiness Publication.

Education Quotes. (2006). Retrieved January 17, 2007, at  http://www.wisdomquotes.com/cat_education.html 

Gylfason, Thorvaldur. (2000) Natural Resources, Education, and Economic Development.
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Equal Employment Opportunity

Words: 2043 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 300885

Equal Employment Opportunity

The modern history of employment equity begins with the Civil ights Act of 1964, which extended employment equity rights to Americans regardless of gender, religion, national origin, race or color (National Archives, 2014). The CA was, in essence, fulfilling the promise of the 14th Amendment, which introduced the idea of equal protection under the law. Employment in the United States is typically governed under the doctrine of employment at will, which grants employers considerable leeway in firing people, but the CA established that people needed equal opportunity and protection regardless of the state outward characteristics. This paper will examine the history of equal employment opportunity and the moral and ethical dimensions of this concept.


The Civil ights Act of 1964 did not invent the concept of employment equity, but it has proven to be the foundation of modern equal employment opportunity. The text of that law,…… [Read More]


Acemoglu, D. & Angrist, J. (2001). Consequences of employment protection? The case of the Americans with disabilities act. Journal of Political Economy. Vol. 109 (5) 915-957.

ACLU (2014). Website, various pages. Retrieved December 9, 2014 from  https://www.aclu.org/maps/non-discrimination-laws-state-state-information-map 

Arneson, R. (2002) Equality of opportunity. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved December 9, 2014 from  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/equal-opportunity/ 

Blake, J. (2014). Has the Roberts court placed landmark 1964 civil rights law on a hit list? CNN . Retrieved December 9, 2014 from  http://www.cnn.com/2014/04/10/us/roberts-court-civil-rights-law/
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Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action

Words: 2574 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49160715

" (Kepple, 1995) Kepple questions if affirmative action is "really doing this" and states "the answer is no." (Kepple, 1995) Kepple states that affirmative action makes the assumption that 'Everything can be solved by lumping whites, and men in particular, all of whom have supposedly achieved some kind of tangible advantage and benefits from the color of their skin alone, into one group. Non-whites, all of whom are assumed to be the victims of the aforementioned group because the white males were obviously all attempting to hinder the non-whites in various ways constitute the second group." (Kepple, 1995)

The work of Dean Elmuti (1996) entitled: "Revising Affirmative Action and Managing Cultural Diversity Challenges in Corporate America" states that management of cultural diversity in the workplace in combination with "attempt to abolish affirmative action are emerging as some of the most important issues facing American business in the 90s. Affirmative action…… [Read More]


Rogers, Eloise (2008) Column: Affirmative Action Policy is Outdated, Offensive. Campus Times in: UWIRE, CBS News 20 Nov 2008. Online available at:  http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/11/21/politics/uwire/main4622919.shtml 

Holmberg, Kelley (2008) Affirmative Action as Outdated as Discrimination. The Chase -- College Media Network. 27 Feb 2008. Online available at: http://media.www.enmuthechase.com/media/storage/paper1015/news/2008/02/27/Opinion/Affirmative.Action.As.Outdated.As.Discrimination-3238855.shtml#4

Burke, Ronald J. And Cooper, Cary L. (2005) Reinventing Human Resource Management: Challenges and New Directions. Routledge 2005.

Kepple, Benjamin (1995) the Fallacy of Affirmative Action.15 Nov 1995. Online available at:  http://www.umich.edu/~mrev/archives/1995/11-15-95/affirm.html
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Equal Pay for Equal Work

Words: 3176 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19014247

Several justifications for the continuous disparity in wages have been explained. It is obvious that women usually receive less and the central issue is to find out the cause. Men have attempted since decades to provide a justification by the help of hypothesis of various academic qualifications achieved by men or the various occupational responsibilities or vocations controlled by women as against those controlled by men. One reason is that women are featured in the remuneration gap equation, and a lot of these women belonging to a bygone period that continue to be dependent on the behavior and circumstances prevailing in the yester years. (Nash, 68)

Adversaries of uniformity in remuneration assert that preferences and not inequity is responsible for the disparity in the remuneration gap. People who are not in support of bridging the gap in remuneration between men and women think that the gap is present due to…… [Read More]


Acker, Joan. Doing Comparable Work: Gender, Class and Pay Equity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989.

Amott, Teresa. Caught in the Crisis: Women and the U.S. Economy Today. New York: Bantam Books, 1993.

Bellas, M.L. Disciplinary Differences in Faculty Salaries: Does Gender Bias Play a Role? Journal of Higher Education. Volume: 68; No: 3; 1997; pp: 299-321

Furchtgott-Roth, Diana; Stolba, Christine. Equal Pay for Equal Work. American enterprise. Volume: 12; No: 1; July 1999; pp: 37-42
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Opportunities Including Education Employment and Entrepreneurship That

Words: 3104 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77057217

opportunities, including education, employment, and entrepreneurship that immigrants have in America.

America provides opportunities for all races:

America guarantees that one will not be discriminated on the basis on of his race,

National origin, gender, age etc.

All citizens in America have the right to an equal education, which includes a bilingual education.

Teaching immigrants the English language on an academic level allows them to communicate on a level equivalent to other professionals in the work place.

Immigrants who learn the English Language on a communicable level gives him or her the same equal legal rights as natural born Americans, for example-no hidden surprises in legal contracts.


Foundations help immigrants start up their own businesses in America.

Immigrants, upon receiving citizenship, have the same rights to own businesses in America as Native Americans.

Immigrants of other countries are allowed to contribute their uniqueness to this country when they open…… [Read More]


Frost, Martin, (01/22/1999)

Where-Freedom Seekers Yearn to be Free; Halting Immigrants Deprives America of Fresh Talent that Keeps in on Top

Knight-Ridder News Service

Kelley, S., (9/18/2002)
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Equal Employment Opportunity and Anti-Discrimination Laws

Words: 6496 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52089066

features of a major area of law. The second part of the scholarly paper presents a thorough review of an organizational problem based on the rules and regulations presented in the first part of the research paper.

The reference page appends twelve sources in APA format.

Equal Employment Opportunity and Anti-discrimination Laws

The academic world as well as the world of profession and occupation offers uncountable options in the form of innumerable areas of study, review and critique. The world where we live in thus needs to provide equal opportunity to all for this is the world where souls thrive and excel by being successful in different areas of study. Apart from various areas of study and scrutiny including psychology, physiology, chemistry, biology, botany, physics, general science, general knowledge, computer sciences, management, marketing, mathematics and several languages, law is one of the most thriving, ancient and popular as well as…… [Read More]


U.S. EEOC: An Overview. Report from the Office of Communications and Legislative Affairs (1998). Retrieved July 18, 2003 at  http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/overview.html 

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act 1964 (1997). Retrieved July 18, 2003 at  http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/vii.html 

Facts about religious discrimination (2002). Retrieved July 18, 2003 at  http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/fs-relig.html 

Facts About Race/Color Discrimination (2002). Retrieved July 18, 2003 at  http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/fs-race.html
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Equal Pay Act EPA No

Words: 2219 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85543651

Representative Rosa DeLauro first introduced an identical bill in the House of Representatives on the same day. These Congresswomen have introduced identical legislation in their respective chambers annually since 2005. The Act was most recently introduced on March 6, 2007. (Absoluteastronomy.com, n.d.)

The Congress did not ignore the EPA's economic consequences on the salaries and employment opportunities for both men and women. First, as an amendment of the FLSA, the EPA is part of the same legislative structure that houses the federal minimum wage laws. The EPA acts as a wage equalizer between men and women for equal jobs, and has the potential of acting as a price floor on the salaries of men or women for particular jobs. As such, the EPA had the potential of causing some of the same problems observed by minimum wage laws: unemployment, and additional discrimination. (Absoluteastronomy.com, n.d.)


From the EEOC's initial enforcement…… [Read More]


Absoluteastronomy.com. (n.d.). Equal Pay Act of 1963. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from Absolute Astronomy:  http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Equal_Pay_Act_of_1963 

Brunner, B. (n.d.). The Wage Gap. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from Infoplease:


EEOC. (n.d.). Equal Pay and Discrimination. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from U.S. Equal
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Equal Employment Opportunity and HRM

Words: 1796 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32667294

Equal Employment Opportunity & HM

easons for not hiring pregnant women

Models exhibiting wrestling apparel need to have ideal physical characteristics and attractive body structures, for they are often required to wear appealing costumes like bikinis. A model wearing bikini is required to have the ideal proportions of muscle and fat on the body, along with an attractive body structure that has features of outstanding feminism.

A number of arguments in the recent past have tried to identify the characteristics that determine the ideality of physical shape and characteristics of a bikini model considering aspects of healthy looks and attraction. A number of bikini models are accepted with a number of different body shapes and characteristics. Ideally, the models should have a narrow waist, while bust and hips should be comparatively wider. The proportion of these features determines which shape the body of the model has: hourglass, pear, apple of…… [Read More]


HR Focus. (2010). ADA Amendments Act Update: Issues HR Professionals Must Know. Institute of Management & Administration: New York: Vol. 87, Issue. 5.

HR Focus. (2008). How to Fight Workplace Discrimination: Tips From EEOC Lawyers. Institute of Management & Administration: New York: Vol. 85, Issue. 9.
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Opportunities to Succeed as an

Words: 5593 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24148204

" (2000) There are other factors associated with change that enhance the ability for the independent hotels to compete as there is a segment of customers with the desire to discover for themselves what best satisfies their taste. The independent hotels offer guests "the option of maintaining their differentiation while affiliating with 'soft' brands, which reflect a defined product and offer similar service support as franchisers or chains." (Swig, 2000) Swig additionally reports that Rob Cornell of Preferred Hotels believes that "global distribution brands have evolved today to provide the independent hotel owner; manager access to the latest in reservation distribution and marketing technology, partner relationships, quality stands, volume purchasing and sales infrastructure. " (2000) Technology is said to be the "new vehicle" that enables equal access..." (Swig, 2000) Finally, Swig states that "membership or affiliate organizations have matured and gained credibility with consumers. At the same time these groups…… [Read More]

Bibliography & References

Hotel Augustin: Bergen, Norway (2007) (2007) Scandinavian Travel Specialists Since 1967 Online available at http://www.scantours.com/augustin_hotel.htm.

Augustin Hotel - C. Sundts Gate, Bergen, Norway (2007) hotelgenie.com located online available at http://www.hotelgenie.com/bergen/augustin.shtml.

Swig, Rick (2000) Independent Hotels: The New Brand Alternative. RSBA & Associates: Hospitality Consulting Services. Ideas and Trends. June 2000.

Verret, Carol (2005) Independent Hotels & Resorts: Ride the Wave or Float with the Tide. Carol Verret Consulting and Training. Ideas and Trends Hotel Online. 2005 March. Online available at  http://www.hotel-online.com/News/PR2005_1st/Mar05_RisingTide.html .
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Equal Protection the Supreme Court

Words: 4130 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69991310

The true spirit and meaning of the amendments, as we said in the Slaughter-House Cases (16 Wall. 36), cannot be understood without keeping in view the history of the times when they were adopted, and the general objects they plainly sought to accomplish. At the time when they were incorporated into the Constitution, it required little knowledge of human nature to anticipate that those who had long been regarded as an inferior and subject race would, when suddenly raised to the rank of citizenship, be looked upon with jealousy and positive dislike, and that State laws might be enacted or enforced to perpetuate the distinctions that had before existed. Discriminations against them had been habitual.

100 U.S. 303, 306).

Furthermore, while the Court's decision was based on Strauder's right to an impartial jury, the Court believed that all-white juries were discriminatory against the potential jury pool. It held that:

The…… [Read More]


Bolling v. Sharpe, 347 U.S. 497 (1954).

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

Civil Rights Act of 1875, 18 Stat. Part III, p. 335 (Act of Mar. 1, 1875).

Gratz v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 244 (2003).
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Equal Pay and Compensation Discrimination

Words: 3715 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35628513

These figures dwarfed what other big businesses paid for discriminatory practices. These businesses included Texaco, Inc.; Shoney's, Inc., Winn-Dixie, Stores, Inc.; and CSX Transportation, Inc. Critics saw Coca-Cola's settlement as signaling a major breakthrough among big businesses as coming to terms with diversity in the workplace (King). ecause the company has been a leader in many areas, these critics regarded it as setting an example of greater openness to promotions across races of employees (King).

Settlement terms included $23.7 million as back pay; $58.7 million as compensatory damages; and $10 million as promotional achievement award fund distributed to the complainants. A remaining $20 million went to attorney's fees and $36 million to the implementation of internal program reforms. Coca-Cola would also create an external, seven-member task force to insure that the terms were complied with and to oversee the company's diversity efforts (King).

According to Social Networks. - Connections in…… [Read More]


Bland, T. (1999). Equal pay enforcement heats up. 4 pages. HR Magazine: Society for Human

Resources Management

Bronstad, a. (2001). EEOC alleges Beverley Hilton discrimination. 2 pages. Los Angeles

Business Journal: CBJ, LP
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American Colonialism Opportunity in Colonial

Words: 1853 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54310205

William Penn, a Quaker whose father had been an Admiral in the King's oyal Navy, was given a large piece of land as payment for a debt owed by the Crown to his father. Penn had suggested naming the new territory Sylvania, meaning wood, but the King added his surname, Penn, as a tribute to William's father (Uden). Penn considered his venture a "Holy Experiment" and sought to establish a society based on religious freedom and separation between religious and governmental authorities,

Under Penn's governorship, Pennsylvania became a safe haven for all persecuted religious groups like the Quakers. He instituted a ballot system that intended to allow all members of Pennsylvania to have an equal say in their own governance. Some of the provisions of equality and religious tolerance in the charter that he drafted for Pennsylvania would eventually be incorporated into other charters, including the U.S.

Constitution (Uden). Perhaps…… [Read More]


Bower, J. (1997) the Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Fenton, E. (1969) a New History of the United States. Holt: New York.

Furlong, P., Margaret, S., Sharkey, D. (1966) America Yesterday: A New Nation (Revised). Sadlier: New York.

Nevins, a., Commager, H.S. (1992) a Pocket History of the United States 9th Ed.
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Anti-Discrimination Law EEOC US Equal

Words: 677 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17799437

To be eligible for FMLA an employee must have a condition that makes him or her unable to perform their essential job function" (Vikesland, 2006). Previously-existing amendments to the Civil ights Act prohibited discrimination against women based upon pregnancy and the Equal Pay Act (EPA) of 1963 mandated equal pay for women and men doing the same work (EEOC, 2011, Official Website).

Protected groups can allege they have been the victims of discrimination based upon charges of disparate treatment and disparate impact. Disparate treatment means that the worker was denied opportunities or advancement based upon his or her membership in a protected category because of the explicit intention of the employer, such as a sexist employer that openly discriminates against women. Disparate impact cases, in contrast, refer to discriminatory policies that have a disparate impact upon a particular group of employees (Payne 2009: 60). For example, an employer might require…… [Read More]


EEOC. (2011). Official Website. Retrieved June 10, 2011 at  http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/ index.cfm

Pynes, Joan, E. (2009) Human resource management for public and non-profit organizations:

A strategic approach. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Vikesland, Gary. (2006). The Family & Medical Leave Act. Employer-Employee.com
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Education and Equality of Opportunity

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73415797

Education and Equality of Opportunity

The issue of equality in access to education has been a long running argument and each time legislations are passed and initiatives invented towards trying to make education actually equal and accessible, there are gaping gaps that still make these efforts run short of their target goal. There are several terms that are used in the education department that need to be well understood since most have been misused and hence leading to either a stereotype view of education, or a skewed perspective that only helps to make the situation worse than it already is.

The achievement gap; this is often referred to as the disparity or difference in the performance of students in various groups. From the surface of it, it looks justifiable definition, however, these groupings that are use to measure the academic performance are quite stereotyped and the academic achievements have nothing…… [Read More]


Reardon S.F., (2011). The Widening Academic Achievement Gap Between the Rich and the Poor: New Evidence and Possible Explanations. Retrieved February 26, 2014 from  http://cepa.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/reardon%20whither%20opportunity%20-%20chapter%205.pdf 

Teachers College Columbia University, (2005). The Academic Achievement Gap: Facts and Figures. Retrieved February 26, 2014 from  http://www.tc.columbia.edu/news.htm?articleID=5183
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Discussion on the Rticle End the Opportunity Monopoly

Words: 1126 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68523419

Monopoly of Opportunity

The concept of capitalism is often associated with concepts of free competition and opportunity and equal opportunity, where there is the ability of any firm to compete, and those with an entrepreneurial spirit may rise to the top of business and/or politics. In a recent article published by The Atlantic, Liu argues that the rather than providing opportunities equally, the system of capitalism seen in the U.S. constrains and exacerbates the existing economic, and therefore, social strata. The basic argument is that the rich are getting richer while the poor are getting poorer, effectivity creating an opportunity monopoly (Liu 1). The issue is not only associated with economic power but the way this is then impacting on and providing social power, including political power, as well as commercial power (Liu 1). By examining this article, and the underlying arguments, it is possible to appreciate the way in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Liu, E. "End the Opportunity Monopoly." The Atlantic 2016. Web. .

de Tocqueville, A. "Why among the Americans All Honest Callings Are Considered Honorable," Tocqueville; Book II, Web.
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Employment Communication the Job Opportunity Data Analyst

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31936861

Employment Communication

The job opportunity

Data analyst at Ciber, as solicited in the following advertisement from www.jobview.monster.com

"Ciber is looking for a Data Analyst to analyze data from various GFS. This Senior Data Analyst will have experience working in an enterprise environment and crunching numbers that have high levels of visibility.

Essential Skills

Strong to expert level skills and experience in MS Excel: if statements, vlookup, hlookup, pivot tables, macros, etc.

A rich history of analytical and problem solving skills and accomplishments.

Analytical and detail oriented individual that enjoys working with data solutions.

Strong to expert skills in data manipulation with tools like MS Excel and Excel reporting.

Ability to quickly comprehend complex spreadsheets/data.

Intermediate SQL query, & SSRS background.

Good communication and presentation skills to executive management audiences.

Skilled at working with large data sets in Excel, quickly resolving data-related issues.

Desired Skills

Clean lines of communication to Executive…… [Read More]

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Compensation Equity Via Equal and

Words: 1425 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49455145

If this were the case then the provisions of the Equal Pay Act might be of some assistance, although women's lower rates of payment might be explained by reference to factors such as age/work experience/seniority within the workplace or concentration in lower grades which might (but might not) be discrimination-free. Alternatively, women might be doing the same jobs as men, but doing them in female workplaces, with the effect that no comparison would be possible under the Equal Pay Act" (p. 215).

Essentially, what McColgan (1997) is implying is that there could be logical reasons for women earning fewer cents on the dollar than men, most of which have to do with women having spent less time in the workforce than men. While this logic might have applied in much of the last half of the twentieth century, our current generation has long passed the era when women were primarily…… [Read More]


Figart, D.M., Mutari, E. & Power, M. (2002) Living wages, Equal wages: Gender and labor market policies in the United States. New York: Routledge

Green, C. & Ferber, M. (2005, March) Do detailed work histories help to explain gender and race/ethnic wage differentials?, Review of Social Economy 63, 55-85.

Harvey C. & Allard, J.M. (2005). Understanding and managing diversity: readings, cases and exercises, 3rd Edition. Prentice Hall, New Jersey

Lengnick-Hall, M.L., Lengnick-Hall, C.A., Andrade, L.S. & Drake, B. (2009), Strategic human resource management: the evolution of the field, Human Resource Management Review,19(2),64-85.
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Human Resource Management Equal Employment

Words: 2578 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84657250

Advice is given to supervisors on how to correct poor appearance and employee misconduct. In these instances, progressive guidelines and other requirements must be taken into account the completing disciplinary actions and in resolving employee grievances and appeals. Information is given to employees to encourage a better understanding of management's goals and policies. Information is also given to employees in order to assist them in improving poor performance, on or off duty misconduct, and/or to address personal issues that influence them in the workplace. Employees are told about appropriate policies, legislation, and bargaining agreements. Employees are also directed about their complaint and appeal rights and discrimination and whistleblower safeguards (Employee elations, 2009).

Preserving a positive, productive work environment is significant for all managers. This is often accomplished by engaging in: mentoring and coaching your staff, regular feedback, including annual performance reviews, open and honest communication regarding group, unit and university…… [Read More]


Compensation and Benefits. (n.d.). Retrieved August 18, 2010, from Auxillium West Web site:


Employee Health and Safety. (2009). Retrieved August 19, 2010, from Small Business Notes

Web site:  http://www.smallbusinessnotes.com/operating/hr/safety.html
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Cedric Jennings the Opportunity of

Words: 1586 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75166611

Greater care needs to be taken to ensure equal opportunities earlier in life, rather than later. If Jennings had had the opportunity to attend a public school that truly prepared him for college and later life, his race and circumstances would be entirely inconsequential insofar as his application to Brown. His "A" s could have stood up to anyone else's, had that been the case; his SAT scores would no doubt have been more in line with his GPA as well. One could very reasonably argue that it is incumbent upon the government, federal, state, and/or local to provide equal public education facilities to all students, and this is the true failure in the Jennings case.

Equal opportunity needs to be handed out early in life, rather than later. Ensuring an equal chance at success should not -- and does not -- consist of handing out rewards in the shape…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Sykes, Marquita. "The Origins of Affirmative Action." National Organization for Women. Accessed 27 July 2009.  http://www.now.org /nnt/08-95/affirmhs.html" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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Retired Military Veterans Need Good Opportunities

Words: 526 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24043500

Military Veteran Hiring Situation -- My Testimony

A military veteran entering into civilian life can face tough challenges, especially when it comes to finding a suitable, well-paying job in today's American economy. But I have been blessed to find a good job, and I am extremely grateful to ITA International for the opportunity they have provided for me.

After serving my country for ten years in the United States Army, it was very important for me to find a civilian job in Virginia. Not just any job, but a job that would allow me to use my career training as a project manager.

Indeed, it was my good fortune to come into contact with ITA International in February 2016, an equal opportunity company in Virginia that reaches out to military veterans. Through online sources (Linked-In), I located the ITA International recruiter, and supplied my resume.

The ITA International recruiter contacted…… [Read More]

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Opportunity to Make an Investment

Words: 1373 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79767541

Present Value

Price of bond= 0.385543*1000 +6.144567*100= $385.54.64+$614.45

Price of bond= $1,000

So, price of bond B. is $1,000 b. For market interest rate equal to 12%:

Price for bond a:

Market interest rate is equal Coupon rate is equal Face value Frequency Number of years to maturity Number of Periods Discount rate annually Discount rate per period n, periods r, per period 12%

10% $1,000 Annual 20-20-12.00% annual 12.00% 20-12.00%

Now we need to calculate PVIF and PVIFA.

For calculation of PVIFA (i, n) and PVIF I is equal to 20 periods and n=12%

PVIF= 1/(1+0.12)^20

PVIF=0. 103667

PVIFA= (1- 1/(1+.12)^20)/.12


Price of bond= 0.103667*1000+7.469444*100=$851

Price of bond a = $851

Price of bond B:

Market interest rate is equal Coupon rate is equal Face value Frequency Number of years to maturity Number of Periods Discount rate annually Discount rate per period n, periods r, per period 12%…… [Read More]

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Equal Pay Act

Words: 2584 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57885459

Equal Pay Act: Difficult but Essential to Enforce

According to the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2009, women made about 80% of what men of the same race performing the same jobs did. Historical data from the BLS (and this is consistent with other sources) demonstrate that things have improved little in terms of pay equity for women over the past half century or so (Bureau of Labor Statistics, http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost ). This is true despite the fact that in 1963, the Pay Equity Act became federal law in 1963. It is nearly impossible not to consider this law a failure in its effects given that so little has changed. (One might argue that things might have gotten worse for women absent this law, but this argument seems at least primarily specious.)

Congress enacted the law, which amended the Fair Labor Standards Act, for a number of reasons, including the…… [Read More]


AFL/CIO, "Pay Equity," retrieved 5 February 2010 from  http://www.aflcio.org/issues/jobseconomy/women/equalpay/ ).

Bureau of Labor Statistics, retrieved 4 February 2010 from  http://data.bls.gov/cgi -

bin/surveymost  View Full Essay -->
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Opportunities Faced by Leaders Society and Organizations

Words: 1107 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55163981

Opportunities Faced by Leaders, Society and Organizations

Problems and opportunities facing leaders, communities and organization are always a cause of debate in the society. They can arise in many different ways and exist in many forms and society finds it's our way of meeting these challenges and responding to such opportunities. The articles chosen for this paper focus primarily on the issue of rising tuition costs and it's impact on college enrollment and this topic is chosen because it affects leaders, communities and organizations alike.

The first article in this connection is written by Donald Heller. The article explains how rising costs impact enrollment in colleges and universities. The author found that all things being equal, rising tuition costs will lead to lower enrollment. A decline in enrollment is however a subjective issue dependent on some other factors including type of institution. For example it has been found the community…… [Read More]


Heller, Donald. The effects of tuition prices and financial

Aid on enrollment in higher education Accessed online

Dickson L, Pender. In-State Tuition Benefits Affect the Enrollment of Non-Citizens?

Evidence from Universities in Texas. Accessed online
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Equal Employment Opportunity and HRM

Words: 961 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56172908


Equal Employment Opportunity & HM

In this short essay, we will explore the implications of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Title VII with regard to religious discrimination, reasonable accommodations and EEOC procedures. Such regulations can be difficult to administer and can backfire in lawsuits unless H professionals understand the laws, regulations and how to facilitate their observance. By properly doing this, embarrassing and expensive lawsuits can be avoided and EEO policies can be administered effectively and more satisfactorily for all concerned. In this way, diversity can be an important company asset and not a financial liability.

Equal Employment Opportunity Act

The Equal Employment Opportunity Act is designed to protect U.S. employees from employment discrimination based upon the employee's (or applicant's) color, race, sex, religion, or national origin. It prohibits employers from discrimination in employment based upon race, color, religion, sex or national origin in a comprehensive set of regulations…… [Read More]


Ada amendments update: issues hr professionals must know. HR Focus, (2010), 87 (5), 12-16.

Take a policy approach to fight discrimination claims. HR Focus, (2009), 86 (8), 1-4.

U.S. Department of Labor, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2008). Compliance manual section 12-religious discrimination. Retrieved from U.S. GPO website:

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equal rights act 1922 and beyond

Words: 379 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46535010

Elsie Hill defines equality broadly, to include all manner of equal protections under the law and equal access to opportunities and legally ensconced freedoms. According to Hill, women are not entitled to control over their own earnings and even over their own children. Women are also excluded from serving in public office, even though they are taxpayers. Hill calls for the removal of any and all forms of discrimination. The author proposes the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill, which would create a federal standard for gender equality, thereby precluding the rights of states to perpetuate their own misogynistic laws. Hill also claims that the passing of the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill would promote a parallel amendment to the Constitution guaranteeing the rights of women.
Florence Kelley, on the other hand, opposes the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill, claiming that women need different laws from men because they are biologically different. Kelley assumes…… [Read More]

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Opportunity Exists for the Company

Words: 12420 Length: 34 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52185247

The business cultue of the United Kingdom is chaacteized by the value of fee economy and pivate popety (Rendtoff, 2009). At anothe level, it is maked by a desie to manage wok and life issues. The employees in Bitish oganizations have long been maked out fo thei elatively leisuely pace of wok and thei pioity fo elationship issues ove wok elated issues. Compaed with thei Ameican countepats, employees in UK companies demonstate a less aggessive wok ethic and seek to maintain a low pofile. Display of wealth and pesonality taits is geneally discouaged in Bitish society because a highe emphasis is placed on undestatement and social modesty. Business manages typically demonstate a patenalistic elationship which is also appeciated by thei subodinates. Bypassing one's supeio is disappoved in Bitish oganizational cultue (Giffin & Moohead, 2011). At the same time, employees in UK companies enjoy geate autonomy than employees in India o…… [Read More]

references with Regard to Compensation Criteria in the State-Owned Sector in China. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22 (9), p.1986-2010.

Yu, T. (2011) Bureaucratic Hierarchy vs. Feudal hierarchy: A Study on the Organizational Culture of China's SOEs. International Journal of Business and Management, 6 (2), p.139-146.

Zhang, H. (2003) Advances of Psychological Science in China. International Journal of Psychology, 38 (5), p.328.

Zhang, Z. & Jia, M. (2010). Using Social Exchange Theory to Predict the Effects of High-Performance Human Resource Practices on Corporate Entrepreneurship: Evidence from China. Human Resource Management, 49 (4), p.743-765.
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Equal Employment for the Physically Challenged Employees in Atlanta

Words: 27052 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77003855

Economic Motivators for Employers on Employment ates for People With Disabilities in Atlanta

Qualitative esearch

Quantitative esearch

Definition of Disability

Statistics for Individuals with Disabilities

Effects Of ADA On Persons With Disabilities

Economic Motivators for Employers Hiring People with Disabilities

Factors Affecting Economic Motivators for Employers

Lack of Information and Knowledge egarding Economic Motivators

Misconception about Individuals with Disabilities

Inaccessible Hiring Strategies

Conflicts with Existing Programs

Lack of Appropriate Planning and Difficulties in implementations Economic Incentive Programs

Unemployment Among People with Disabilities





Qualitative esearch

Quantitative esearch

esearch Design


Selection of Participants

Complete description of the esearch Participants

Type of Sampling

Instrumentation 50

eliability 52

Validity 53

Appropriateness/rationale for use in the study 53

Ethical Consideration 54

Data Analysis 55

Qualitative esearch Analysis 55

Quantitative esearch Analysis 57

The esearcher's ole 58

Credibility 58

Dependability 58

Transferability 58

Conformability 59

Conclusion 59

CHAPTE IV:…… [Read More]


Andrew, D. P. S., Pedersen, P. M., & McEvoy, C. D. (2011). Research Methods and Design In Sport Management. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Arthur, S., A. Corden, A. Green, J. Lewis, J. Loumidis, R. Sainsbury, B. Stafford, P. Thornton, & R. Walker, R .(1999). New Deal for disabled people: Early implementation, Research Report No 106, (UK) Department of Work and Pensions, Corporate Document Services, Leeds.

Ashworth, K., Hartfree, Y & Stephenson, A. (2001). Well, enough to work? Research Report No. 145, (UK) Department of Work and Pensions, Corporate Document Services, Leeds.

Baker, M. & Tippin, D. (2003). More than just another obstacle: Health, Domestic Purposes Beneficiaries, and the transition to paid work, paper presented at the Social Policy, Research and Evaluation conference Connecting Policy, Research and Practice, 29-30 April, Wellington.
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Business Management -- Equal Pay

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6742793

, 2005; Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, et al., 2009).

Human esources Implications of Equal Pay Concepts

While applicable employment legislation prohibits discrimination in compensation based strictly on gender, it does not necessarily require equal pay in circumstances where there are purely objective differences justifying those differences (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, et al., 2009). There are, in fact, numerous factors on the basis of which compensation differences may be permissible; for example, seniority, performance reviews, experience, the achievement of specific goals or objectives, and the objective overall quality of the work performed by respective employees may all be appropriate criteria for justifying unequal pay (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, et al., 2009).

In light of the applicable legislation and the nature of the appropriate criteria that justify differential compensation, promotion, and benefits, human resource professionals must establish very detailed position analyses and job descriptions (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, et al., 2009). This is the simplest and…… [Read More]


Goldfield, D., Abbot, C., Argersinger, J., and Argersinger, P. (2005). Twentieth-Century

America: A Social and Political History. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson-

Prentice Hall.

Noe, R., Hollenbeck, J.R., Gerhart, B., and Wright, P. (2009). Human Resource
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Labor Discrimination - Equal Pay

Words: 6312 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68485530

Goodyear which effectively denied employees the right to sue for wage discrimination after the passing of 180 days that "Justice Ruth ader Ginsberg was so incensed she read her scathing dissent aloud from the bench. She defended Lilly Ledbetter's right to sue her employer, Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Inc. For pay discrimination on the basis of sex, giving a not-so-gentle reminder of the realities of the American workplace." (Steiger, 2007) Specifically written by Justice Ginsburg is that as follows:

worker knows immediately if she is denied a promotion or transfer, if she is fired or refused employment. And promotions, transfers, hirings, and firings are generally public events, known to co-workers. When an employer makes a decision of such open and definitive character, an employee can immediately seek out an explanation and evaluate it for pretext. Compensation disparities, in contrast, are often hidden from sight." (Steiger, 2007)

Steiger reports that…… [Read More]


Abrams, Jim (2009) House Approves Bill to Fight Wage Discrimination. Yahoo News. 9 Jan 2009. Online available at  http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090109/ap_on_go_co/pay_equity 

Barko, N. (2000. June 19). The Other Gender Gap. (Online) Available  http://www.prospect.org/archives/V11-15/barko-n.html .

Bland, T.S. (1999, July). Equal Pay Enforcement Heats Up. HR Magazine, p. 138-145.

Bland, T.S., Nail, T.N., Knox, D.P. (2000, May). OFCCP, White House push comparable worth. HR News, p. 22-24.
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Work Opportunity Tax Credit Wotc

Words: 4903 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69565580

ather than being idle and receiving public benefit, individuals of working age typically prefer completing useful work. Mark P. Altieri, an associate professor of accounting at Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, and Jason A. othman, (2006), an associate at Wickens, Herzer, Panza, Cook and Batista, note a number of enhancements to WOTC in the article, "Surviving Katrina: Tax breaks for victims of the costliest catastrophe in American history."

According to Altieri and othman (2006), in regard to the WOTC - general law, under IC section 51, the WOTC provides motivation for employers to hire economically disadvantaged individuals. These disadvantaged individuals include qualified ex-felons, food-stamp recipients, veterans, summer youth employees, as well as individuals who receive certain welfare benefits (Altieri & othman, ¶ 23). Altieri and othman explain that in the past, the WOTC -- Katrina was expanded to embrace individuals whose principal residence on August 28, 2005, was located in…… [Read More]


Altieri, M.P., & Rothman, J.A. (2006). Surviving Katrina: Tax breaks for victims of the costliest catastrophe in american history. Journal of Accountancy, 201(2), 58+. Retrieved June 1, 2009, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5013771777 

Anonymous. (2008). Special tax credit aids Paulding Co. development. Toledo Business Journal.

Telex Communications, Inc. Retrieved June 01, 2009 from HighBeam Research:

 http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1619413051.html  Battersby, M.E. (2009). The Memorial Day tax surprise. Metal Center News. Sackett Business
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Movie Different but Equal Different

Words: 1930 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91946616

The ideology of race only came to justify the existence of slavery after all 'equal' men were said to have inherent rights. Until then, virtually all peoples of the world had been enslaved at one point or another, even before the existence of 'races,' and inferiority as a category could be applied to the poor, to despised ethnicities like the Irish, or even to despised members of other tribes in Africa.

orks Cited

Fields, Barbara. "Presentation." Race: The Power of an Illusion. PBS ebsite. 2001. February 9, 2009. http://www.pbs.org/race/000_About/002_04-background-02-02.htm

Davidson, Basil.

Africa: A Voyage of Discovery with Basil Davidson. RM Arts, 1984.

Horton, James O. "Origin of race, slavery." Race: The Power of an Illusion. PBS ebsite. 2003.

February 9, 2009. http://www.pbs.org/race/000_About/002_04-background-02-04.htm

Obadina, Tunde. "Role of African Slave Traders." Edofolks. February 9, 2009. http://www.edofolks.com/html/pub157.htm

Smedley, Audrey. "Origin of the idea of race." Anthropology Newsletter. November 1997.

Reprinted 2003 on Race:…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fields, Barbara. "Presentation." Race: The Power of an Illusion. PBS Website. 2001. February 9, 2009.  http://www.pbs.org/race/000_About/002_04-background-02-02.htm 

Davidson, Basil.

Africa: A Voyage of Discovery with Basil Davidson. RM Arts, 1984.

Horton, James O. "Origin of race, slavery." Race: The Power of an Illusion. PBS Website. 2003.
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Women and Equal Employment Opportunity in Today's Work Environment

Words: 1774 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77385726

Women and Work

Over the last four decades, women have entered the workforce in greater numbers than ever before. At the same time, they have pressed for equality with men in terms of level of achievement, promotions, and pay, generally lagging behind because of discriminatory payment practices and a so-called "glass ceiling" that prevents them from advancing as far as they might. The issue now is how far have they come and do the current statistics on the employment of women show progress?

Efforts to protect women in the workplace extend back at least as far as the 1920s. Minimum wage laws covering women and children were enacted in fifteen states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto ico between 1912 and 1923. In 1923, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Adkins v. Children's Hospital that the District of Columbia's minimum wage law violated the right of contract under the due…… [Read More]


Brown, J.O., Baumann, P.T., & Melnick, E.M. (1986, Winter). Equal pay for jobs of comparable worth: An analysis of the rhetoric. Harvard Civil Liberties Law Review.

Facts About Working Women (2005). AFL-CIO, retrieved May 15, 2005 from  http://www.aflcio.org/issuespolitics/women/factsaboutworkingwomen.cfm .

Goldberg, G.S. & Kremen, E. (eds.)(1990). The feminization of poverty. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger.

Statistics & Data (2005). U.S. Department of Labor, retrieved May 16, 2005 from  http://www.dol.gov/wb/ stats/main.htm.
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International Trade Opportunity

Words: 2298 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74579167

negotiation, signing the contract and the actual operations of import that follow. Below is a rough plan of the report:


Commercial letters. Offer Demand.

Characteristics of Thai culture. Negotiation in an intercultural context

Signing the contract

Example of the contract

Import operations

Transport and Freight


Payment. Letter of Credit

Customs and Custom Duties


The first thing that the importer will be concerned with is identifying the Thai market and possible partners. This kind of information is usually delivered by mixed (bilateral) chambers of trade. As of my knowledge, a bilateral Canadian- Thai chamber of trade does not exist as such, so that information on producers and exporters of tins from Thailand will most likely be gathered either from the International Chamber of Trade in Paris or from local sources.

Once the Thai exporters have been identified, the Canadian importer can proceed to send each of them an…… [Read More]

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Increasing Employment Opportunities for Women

Words: 683 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95908089

Employment Opportunities for Women

The importance of diversity in today's workplace cannot be overemphasized. An important aspect of diversity relates to gender diversity. Historically, the representation of women at the workplace has been significantly skewed, especially with respect to key organizational positions such as board chairperson, CEO, and senior management (Nielsen & Huse, 2010). Women are usually concentrated in administrative, clerical, and other less demanding jobs (Paludi, 2012). This is particularly true for the author's organization, where all board and management positions are currently held by men. This paper provides a plan for increasing employment opportunities for women at the organization. The plan specifically includes a rationale for intentional employment of women in key organizational leadership positions, a strategy, and a profile for recruitment.

ationale for Increased Employment opportunities for Women

Whereas consensus is yet to be reached, research has increasingly demonstrated the benefits that may be brought about by…… [Read More]


Nielsen, S., & Huse, M. (2010). The contribution of women on boards of directors: going beyond the surface. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 18(2), 136- 148.

Paludi, M. (2012). Managing diversity in today's workplace. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.

Swanson, J., Kowalski, K., Gettman, H., & Lee, J. (2012). Leadership characteristics and Title IX: a possible mechanism for the impact of sports participation on work outcomes. International Leadership Journal, 4(2), 40-61.
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Latino Opportunities in America Is

Words: 1638 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25591579

Latino community leaders want to achieve equality in the United States for Latino-Americans and immigrants, but they want to preserve their cultural uniqueness and traditions in the same way that other immigrant groups have done in America. hile the academic opportunities that are now open to Latinos in America are encouraging, and the career opportunities that are becoming available through alternative dispute resolution is helpful, Latinos are still struggling, as has every immigrant in American society, with maintaining their identity as a cultural group. Assimilation, Latino experts hold, is a good thing, but loss of cultural identity is not (119). So there remains an emphasis on helping the Latino community recognize and to celebrate its own identity.

orks Cited


Contreras, Josefina M., Kathryn a. Kerns, and Angela M. Neal-Barnett, eds. Latino Children and Families in the United States: Current Research and Future Directions / . estport, CT: Praeger, 2002.…… [Read More]

Works Cited


Contreras, Josefina M., Kathryn a. Kerns, and Angela M. Neal-Barnett, eds. Latino Children and Families in the United States: Current Research and Future Directions / . Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002. Questia. 22 Feb. 2009  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102099820 .

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5020787821

Shaunessy, Elizabeth, et al. "Understanding the Experiences of Bilingual, Latino/a Adolescents: Voices from Gifted and General Education." Roeper Review 29.3 (2007): 174+. Questia. 22 Feb. 2009  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5020787821 .
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Global aspects of HRM Equal Employment Opportunity and Compensation and motivation

Words: 4702 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85451859

Human resource management is one of the essential components to the competitiveness of global firms. Corporations that perform exceptionally regarding human resource management tend to integrate strong discipline in their people with attention to strong social capital (developing networks and relationships within the organization). The multiplier impacts of this combination generate inimitable conditions for people management, which in turn drives employee engagement in the global context. The following study focuses on the historical and current trends in human resource practices with a great focus on global HM, equal employment opportunity and compensation and motivation. The emphasis will be laid on their influence on the management of international employees. The study will highlight the major aspects emerging from the three areas of focus. It will provide an extensive detail from real case examples of companies in the global field by examining major HM practices including global HM, equal employment opportunity, and…… [Read More]


Edwards, T. (2011). The nature of international integration and human resource policies in multinational companies. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 35.

Festing, M., Budhwar, P. S. & Cascio W. (2013). Current Issues in International HRM: Alternative Forms of Assignments, Careers and Talent Management in a Global Context. German Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(3): 161 -- 166

Gibson, J. L., Ivancevich, J. M., Donnelly, J. H., & Konopaske, R. (2012). Organizations: Behavior, Structure, Processes. Dubuque, IA: McGraw-Hill.

Kang, H. & Shen, J. (2017). International Reward and Compensation Policies and Practices. International Human Resource Management in South Korean Multinational Enterprises, pp 141-165
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Women in Education Educational Opportunities

Words: 2563 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3124359

The disparity in income of male vs. female heads of household is striking. Analysis of census data revealed that, in 1949, approximately thirty percent of households headed by white males were living in poverty, compared to just under thirteen percent a decade later. For women, more than half lived in poverty in 1949; by 1959, that figure declined to thirty-eight percent. The prosperity of the 1950s was not universally enjoyed. Female heads of household at the end of the decade were not better off than their male counterparts had been ten years earlier.

Financing for decent, inexpensive homes was readily available to servicemen returning from World War II. Coontz (1992) argued that this boom in home ownership led to "increasingly pervasive and sophisticated marketing [that] contributed to socially constructed perceptions of "need" and to unprecedented levels of consumer debt (Edwards, 2001). It was new consumer values that helped propel mothers…… [Read More]


Coontz, S. (2000). The way we never were: American families and the nostalgia trap. [Amazon

Kindle editions version.

Delmont, S. (1996). A woman's place in education. Great Britain: Avebury.

Edwards, M.E. (2001). Home ownership, affordability, and mothers' changing work and family roles. Social Science Quarterly, 82 (2), 369-383.
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Women's Rights Equality in the Workforce Equal Pay

Words: 4388 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20727150


Women's ights: Equality in the Workplace, Equal Pay

Legislative background. The word "sex" is always an attention-getter, and when used in legislation, it can be polarizing. Public Law 82-352 (78 Stat. 241) was passed by Congress in 1964 as a civil rights statute. The Law made it a crime to discriminate in all aspects of employment on the basis of race and sex. epresentative Howard W. Smith (D-VA) added the word "sex" at the eleventh hour (O'Neill, 2011), reported to keep the bill from being passed. As a conservative Southerner, Smith was seen as an opponent of federal civil rights legislation. But Smith defended his action, explaining that he had amended the bill because of his work with the National Women's Party and his efforts to support Alice Paul. The effort to retain the word "sex" in the bill was led by…… [Read More]


About NOW, National Organization of Women. Retrieved  http://www.now.org  / organization/info.html

About Us, Women's International Forum. Retrieved  http://www.iwf.org/ 

About Us, WorkLife Law. 2011. A Center of UC Hastings College of the Law. Retrieved http://www.worklifelaw.org/ProveitAgain.html

Thomas, M. 2011. Another equal pay day. Really? Ms. Foundation for Women. Retrieved http://ms.foundation.org/
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How Women Achieved Educational Opportunities in the 19th Century

Words: 780 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27383962

omen in Higher Education -- 1785-1890

Higher educational opportunities for women in the U.S. were scarce in the late 18th century through the nineteenth century, and even into the 20th century as well. omen were expected to stay in the home, raise the children, cook and clean for the husband, not go out and get an advanced education. This paper reflects the few opportunities that were available to women and how those opportunities were seized upon by women eager to better themselves and pursue careers -- notwithstanding firm resistance by society and by colleges and universities run by men.

omen and Higher Education by 1860

In his book A History of American Higher Education, author John Thelin points out that by 1860, just before the Civil ar, there were "…at lease forty-five institutions" that were offering college and university degrees to women (Thelin, 2012). Those higher education institutions were referred…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Norgren, J. (2010). Ladies of Legend: The First Generation of American Women Attorneys

Journal of Supreme Court History, 35(1), 71-90.

Spillman, S. (2012). Institutional Limits: Christine Ladd-Franklin, Fellowships, and American Women's Academic Careers, 1880-1920. History of Education Quarterly,

52(2), 196-224.
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Business Policy J-Food Has an Opportunity to

Words: 3216 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29557714

Business Policy

J-Food has an opportunity to become the first one to shift in the "all-you-can-eat steak buffet" notion to grow into a market leader. The steady attractiveness of steak along with a perception of economy in buffet seems to be the perfect combination in foreign markets and is bound to produce the same results here (Clancy et al., 2000).

By analyzing the situation in the market, we have characterized groups into various subdivisions. The only exclusion comes when we characterize our subdivision for lunch. We strongly trust, and have observed, that a much widespread desire prevails for this lunchtime slot because our pricing is on the economical side and includes our J-Food's Specialty Beef burger. The following are our targeted subdivisions (Clancy et al., 2000).

* Age -- Aged, Baby-Boomers, youthful couples with children, and labor of all areas.

* Family Unit -- We will send requests to small…… [Read More]


Allen, E. And Fjermestad, J. "E-Commerce Strategies: The Manufacturer Retailer Consumer Relationship," Proceedings of the 5th Americas Conference on Information Systems, 2000.

Betts, M. "It's Official: There really is a 'Digital Economy'," Computerworld, June 2000.

Carter, B. "Dying Dot-coms, Dwindling TV Ads," The New York Times, December 18, 2000.

Clancy, K.J. And Kriegafsd P.C. (2000). Counter intuitive Marketing. The Free Press.
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Male Consciousness-Raising From a Sociological

Words: 525 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49852094

The authors are successful in this aim up to a large extent. However, they have not discussed gender discrimination individually; rather this topic has been explained collectively with the multi-cultural workforce management. The OB theories, models, and organizational justice approaches which the authors have used in writing this book can help in explaining the inequality practices which modern business organizations have adopted at their workplaces.

"The New American Workplace"

By James O'Toole, & Edward E. Lawler

This book is based on the results of a nation-wide survey conducted by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare in the United States. The purpose of the survey was to analyze the working conditions in the country from the perspective of working patterns, equal opportunities, flexible work options, gender inequality, and the like. The book is co-authored by the Chairman of the team himself. The findings of the research suggest that business organizations…… [Read More]

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Inequalities Impact on Our Lives

Words: 2672 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93995215

Murray characterizes educational romantics as people who believe that the academic achievement of children is determined mainly by the opportunities they receive and has little to do with their intellectual capacity. Educational romantics believe the current K-12 education system is in need of vast improvement.

Murray describes two types of educational romantics, one set on the Left and one on the ight, and differentiates between the two thusly:

"Educational romantics of the Left focus on race, class, and gender. It is children of poor parents, and girls whose performance is artificially depressed, and their academic achievement will blossom as soon as they are liberated from the racism, classism, and sexism embedded in American education. Those of the ight see public education as an ineffectual monopoly, and think that educational achievement will blossom when school choice liberates children from politically correct curricula and obdurate teachers' unions (Murray, 2008)."

Both of these…… [Read More]


Bluestone, B. (2001, December 10). The inequality express. The American Prospect. Retrieved April 23, 2013, from  http://prospect.org/article/inequality-express 

Bowles, S. & Gintis, H. (1976). Education and inequality. In Schooling in capitalistic America: Educational reform and contraditions of economic life. New York: Basic Books Inc., 347-352. Retrieved April 23, 2013, from  http://homepage.smc.edu/delpiccolo_guido/Soc1/soc1readings/education%20and%20inequality_final.pdf 

Kozol, J. (1991). Savage inequalities. New York: Random House.

Murray, C. (2008). The age of educational romanticism. The New Criterion, Vol. 26, Issue 9, 35-42. Retrieved April 20, 2013, from  http://ehis.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&sid=c1982738-7db5-4e79-a111-f63982ce3e61%40sessionmgr111&hid=106
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UK Mental Health Policy Mental Healthcare Service

Words: 5534 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61308516

UK Mental Health Policy

Mental healthcare service delivery in the UK has been subjected to a series of significant imperative policy in the last few decades, and number of people suffering from mental illness is on the increase. ecent statistics reveal that one out of four people in the UK has been diagnosed of mental problem. (Mental Health Foundation, 2013, Singleton, Bumpstead, O'Brien et al. Meltzer 2001). Although, mental disorders are widespread in the UK, however, mental disorders are predominant in some group than other group. (McGorry, Nordentoft, & Simonsen, 2005).

BME (Black and Minority Ethnic) group are four times more likely to experience psychosis than white people. (National Mental Health, 2010, Heller, et al. 1996). Evidence reveals that incidence of psychosis is significantly higher within Black-African and African-Caribbean groups than the White British Population living in the UK. (Cooper et al., 2008) . Black Caribbean have a record of…… [Read More]


Allen, T. (1997). The Invention of the White Race: Volume 2 London, UK: Verso.

American Psychiatric Association (2004) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM IV, Fourth Edition, American Psychiatric Association .

Ballou, M.B. & Brown, L.S. (2002). Rethinking Mental Health and Disorder: Feminist Perspectives. UK, Guilford Press.

Barber, P., Brown, R., Martin, D. (2012) Mental Health Law in England and Wales, 2nd Edition, Learning Matters
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Learning and Development Solutions What Factors Would

Words: 1809 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72399275

Learning and Development Solutions What Factors Would You Take Into Consideration


The environment is one of the factors that enhance the learning process and offering solutions among learners. The environment refers to any physical and psychological presence, which constitutes a surrounding during the time of learning. In every learning endeavor, it is often important to consider the effects that the environment has on the learning that is taking place, the achievement of the learning objectives, and the nature of the solutions derived from the learning process. The environment influences the learner at the process of learning and deriving solutions to problems at hand. The influence of the environment could be either positive or negative. This factor should be considered since it is intrinsic at the point of learning. The environment also includes the physical and natural existence at the process of learning. As such, the learning environment should be…… [Read More]


Armstrong, S., & Fukami, C. V, 2009, The SAGE handbook of management learning, education and development. London, SAGE.

Park, C. C, 2007, Asian-American education: acculturation, literacy development, and learning. Charlotte, N.C., IAP.
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Discrimination and Affirmative Action

Words: 1026 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55745048

Discrimination and Affirmative Action

Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) enforced by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) prohibits private and state and local government employers with 15 or more employees from discriminating against individuals on the basis of disability. Title I of the ADA also generally requires covered employers to make reasonable accommodations -- changes in the workplace or in the way things are usually done that provide individuals with disabilities equal employment opportunities." (U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission, 2008) In order to meet the ADA's definition of disability the individual must have a "physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; (2) has a record of such an impairment; or (3) is regarded as having such an impairment. This definition of disability may differ from the definition used in other laws. For example, the term "disabled veteran" means an individual…… [Read More]


Chapter 4-1, Equal Employment Opportunity Program (Sept. 12, 2003) U.S. Department of Justice. retrieved from: http://www.justice.gov/jmd/ps/chpt4-1.html

Dunn, CP (1997) The Normative Defense for Affirmative Action. Journal of Management Inquiry. Retrieved from:  http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/dunnweb/pubs.aa.html 

ETERANS WITH SERVICE-CONNECTED DISABILITIES AND THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA): A GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS (2008) U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission. Retrieved from: http://archive.eeoc.gov/facts/veterans-disabilities-employers.ht

NSPECTOR GENERAL INSTRUCTION 1440.1 (2005) SUBJECT: Equal Employment Opportunity Program. Department of Defense. Retrieved from:  http://www.dodig.mil/fo/Foia/ERR/IGDINST%201440.1%20IG%20Signed%2011-09-05.pdf
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Rights and Interests of Deaf

Words: 4236 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80493676

As a part of its responsibility to monitor federal agency compliance with Section 501, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) collects and compiles data regarding agencies' hiring and advancement of workers with disabilities. At the time of hiring, federal agencies provide employees the opportunity to self-disclose that they have a disability, on a Standard Form 256 (SF-256); the numbers of people who so identify are reported to the EEOC. In1979, EEOC officially designated certain disabilities as targeted disabilities in its Management Directive 703 issued on December 6, 1979, which in 2003 was superseded by Management Directive 715. MD 715 defines targeted disabilities as "Disabilities that the federal government, as a matter of policy, has identified for special emphasis in affirmative action programs. They are: 1) deafness; 2) blindness; 3) missing extremities; 4) partial paralysis; 5) complete paralysis; 6) convulsive disorders; 7) mental retardation; 8) mental illness; and 9) distortion…… [Read More]


Supreme Court Decisions Interpreting the Americans with Disabilities Act, subpart

II (J)(1), at  http://www.ncd.gov/newsroom/publications/2002/supremecourt_ada.htm , quoting the National Council on Disability, TOWARD INDEPENDENCE, app., at a-15 & a-37 (1986).

Robert L. Burgdorf Jr., "Substantially Limited" Protection from Disability

Discrimination: The Special Treatment Model and Misconstructions of the Definition of Disability, 42 Villanova L. Rev. 409, 529 -- 533 (1997)
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Downside of Affirmative Action Affirmative Action Has

Words: 1459 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23371069

Downside of Affirmative Action

Affirmative action has increasingly become a popular subject of debate. Not only does the phrase "affirmative action" mean different things to different people, but also there are different arguments for and against it. While many people tout the benefits of affirmative action programs, they have acted as a stumbling block for minorities and have essentially created a starker disparity in the struggle for equal opportunity between white people and other minority groups.

enefits of Affirmative Action

Affirmative action (AA) refers to the social practice in which members of historically disadvantaged groups are given preferential treatment in an attempt by the United States to compensate for any harm that was caused to their ancestors in the past (Crock, 1995). For example, African-Americans receive special benefits because of the U.S. history of slavery.

President Lyndon . Johnson originally created affirmative action programs in 1965 to correct discrimination that…… [Read More]


CNN. (January 16, 2003). Bush criticizes university 'quota system'. CNN.com. Retrieved on the Internet at  http://www.cnn.com/2003/ALLPOLITICS/01/15/bush.affirmativeaction/ .

Crock, Stan. A Thunderous Impact on Equal Opportunity. Business Week, June 26, 1995: p. 37.

Giraldo, Zaida I. What Everyone Should Know About Affirmative Action. Peaceful Action, May 1995: pp. 44-46.

Wilson, R. Affirmative Action: Yesterday, Today, and Beyond. American Council on Education, 1995.