1000+ documents containing “equal opportunity”.
Equal Opportunity Health Care
Norman Daniels correctly argues, "If social obligations to provide appropriate health care are not met, then individuals are wronged. An injustice is done to them." The society is a body that helps to cater for the various needs of its components including the society members. Obligations are some of the requirements that are supposed to be met in order to foster equitable existence in the society. This study provides different reasons and justifications supporting the claim that people in a society are wronged if the social obligations to provide health care are not met.
There are many theories that handle on the existence and human actions in the society. The relevance of many theories is posed on how they are related to the natural course of life in the human society. Utilitarian theory gives a more previewed view of the happenings in the society as classified under vices….
Cambridge Training and Development. (2000). Advanced health & social care. Oxford:
Daniels, N., Light, D.W., & Caplan, R.L. (1996). Benchmarks of fairness for health care reform. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.
United States Commission on Civil Rights. (1965). Equal opportunity in hospitals and health facilities: Civil rights policies under the Hill-Burton program. Washington.
Daniels, N., Light, D.W., & Caplan, R.L. (1996). Benchmarks of fairness for health care reform. New York [u.a.: Oxford Univ. Press.
The most important piece of legislation concerning equal opportunity is the Civil ights Act of 1964. The act, in particular Title VII, provides the framework for several equal opportunity acts to follow, and established that workplaces should be free from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex and national origin (U.S. EEOC, 2014). The legal framework of this act has been extended with several other acts that prohibit discrimination against other groups. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibits discrimination against those with disabilities, subject to certain provisions. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is an amendment to Title VII that specifically forbids discrimination against a woman because of pregnancy, childbirth or a medical condition related to pregnancy. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 added age to the list of things against which discrimination is forbidden under Title VII. A recent addition is the Genetic Information….
Has the cultivating of equal opportunity programs helped the people of South Africa, and the people of the United States, move forward? The answer to the question would appear to be obvious -- given that equal opportunities have the potential to make life fair and just for any society. However, the facts do not back up the appearances of "equal opportunities" -- and this paper delves into the question of real progress vis-a-vis equal opportunity, especially in South Africa.
Equal opportunity in South Africa? A 1997 article in the Industrial Relations Journal (Bowmaker-Falconer, et al.) reports that although the new constitution (approved in 1996) contains an "equality clause making discrimination unconstitutional," that same constitution also contains "a paradox by exception" (223). That is, the constitution permits "employment equity programs" (similar to affirmative action programs) directed "as particular groups" (Bowmaker-Falconer, 223). ON page 225 the authors point out that there is….
Bauer, Nickolaus. (2012). Entrenched inequality threatens SA's future. Mail & Guardian.
Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://mg.co.za .
Bowmaker-Falconer, Angus, Horwitz, Frank M., Jain, Harish, and Taggar, Simon. (1997).
Employment equality programmes in South Africa: current trends. Industrial Relations
Equal opportunity legislation seeks to eliminate the prejudicial hiring practices that were common in the United States prior to this legislation. The initial Civil ights Act of 1964 provided the foundation for the structure of equal opportunity laws, and the structure around which those laws could be enforced. Since that point, several other laws have added to the canon of statutes intended to ensure that most Americans are on equal footing when it comes to hiring and promotions. This paper will go over some of these laws.
Equal Employment Opportunity
The most important equal employment opportunity law was the Civil ights Act of 1964, which provided that there should not be any discrimination in any element of employment on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin or sex. These are to be enforce by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC, 2014). This law was the first serious attempt to provide a….
For a child who is a slow learner of English, for example, a home visit to a family could create a sense of confidence and connection that would ultimately create a better learning environment in the classroom. I found the story about the teacher who became "that teacher" in the minds of the student's family particularly heart-warming.
Working with individuals within the home environment is not always practical or possible. Similar strategies could, however, be implemented in the multi-lingual classroom. When teaching a new word or idea in the target language, for example, the teacher could elicit translations of the same concept in the students' native languages. This would create the impression of equality among not only one native language and English, but among all the languages and cultures represented in the classroom.
Involving the family life of an ELL student does not necessarily mean making home visits to each student.….
Failure to provide equal opportunities for advancement within the corporation, could represent a violation of Title VII of the Civil ights Act of 1964 (U.S. EEOC, 2010). Violations of this act can pose a serious threat to the company and can result in heavy fines, or in some cases, loss of a contract due to failure to comply with the act. Due to the severity of the nature of EEOC violations, the company must make certain that these issues are resolved.
It is felt that education and awareness should be the first line of defense in resolution of the resolution of current complaints and in the prevention of similar complaints in the future. Education needs to take place both among senior and junior engineers. Both of these groups of employees need to be made aware of what has happened in the past and how they can help to prevent such….
Jenkins, S. & Curtin, P. (2006). Adapting Job Analysis Methodology to Improve Evaluation
Practice. American Journal of Evaluation. 27 (4): 485-494.
Palacios, J. (2006). Subtle Discrimination in the Workplace. Online Ethics Center for Engineering 8/7/2006 National Academy of Engineering. Retrieved February 13, 2010
Equal Opportunity and Workplace Diversity -- what does it mean?
Equal opportunity implies that all individuals be dealt with similarly or comparatively and not impeded by preferences or inclination or favoritism. This implies that the most appropriate individual for a particular position or work or advancement is the individual who acquires that position focused around capabilities, experience, and information (Australia Breastfeeding Association, n.d).
As long as Labor laws and employment laws are concerned, employers would be responsible to delegate and practice equality in opportunities and will not indulge in bias or prejudice on the basis of sex, religion, race, ethnicity, nationality, disability or age, generally speaking. On the other hand, an employer that is resolved to equality in treatment additionally resolves to reasonable employment constructs in all areas of relationship that exist between the worker and management or owner, as the case might be. For instance, something as basic as posting….
What Are the Different Types of Resource Conservation? n.d, http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-different-types-of-resource-conservation.htm : Retrieved 28 January 2015
Rest periods and breaks (n.d) http://www.citizensinformation.ie/en/employment/employment_rights_and_conditions/hours_of_work/rest_periods_and_breaks.html : Retrieved 28 January 2015
Chris Adams, 2014, What is Organizational Ergonomics? http://ergonomics.about.com/od/ergonomicbasics/f/What-Is-Organizational-Ergonomics.htm : Retrieved 28 January 2015
Guidelines for Producing Instructional and Other Printed Materials in Alternate Media for Persons with Disabilities, (April 2000), http://www.htctu.net/publications/guidelines/altmedia/altmedia.htm
oth the liberal democratic and the business rationale need to be clearly articulated in a coherent communications strategy.
5) Statistical data. Detailed statistical data is needed to pinpoint which groups require positive action and to evaluate the impact of programs that incorporate targets or timetables for such groups in quantitative terms.
6) Contract compliance. The experience from the U.S.A. (and to a lesser extent Canada) suggests that contract compliance is an effective positive action policy, changing key employers' practices with minimum pain and resistance and resulting in improved employment and retention rates amongst large corporations.
7) Covenants. The experience of the Netherlands suggests that the small-scale direct approach adopted for the Covenants that facilitate co-ordination between employers with vacancies and labor exchanges with access to ethnic minority jobseekers can increase ethnic minority employment rates.
8) Enforcement mechanisms. In addition to being clearly and coherently explained and defended, positive action policies need to be….
Cheung, S-Y. And Heath, a. (forthcoming), 'Nice Work if you can get it: ethnic minority Disadvantage in Great Britain'. In Heath, a. And Cheung, S.Y. (eds.) Unequal Chances: Ethnic Minorities in Western Labour Markets. Oxford: Oxford University Press. In Dhami, Ravinder Singh; Squires, Judith; and Modood, Tariq (2006) Developing Positive Action Policies: Learning from the Experiences of Europe and North America. Department for Work and Pensions. Research Report No. 406. Online available at http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/rports2005-2006/rrep406.pdf
Dhami, Ravinder Singh; Squires, Judith; and Modood, Tariq (2006) Developing Positive Action Policies: Learning from the Experiences of Europe and North America. Department for Work and Pensions. Research Report No. 406. Online available at http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/rports2005-2006/rrep406.pdf
Breen, Eleanor (2006) Contribution to the EEO Autumn Review 2006 'Flexicurity'. European Employment Observatory. November. Online available at http://www.eu-employment-observatory.net/resources/reports/UK-FlexicurityAR06.pdf
Tsang, C.R. And Dietz, T. (2001) 'The unrelenting significance of minority statuses: gender, ethnicity, and economic attainment since affirmative action', Sociological Spectrum, 21: 61-80.
Equal opportunity is a very important concept in a free market society. Both America and South African have proven the merits behind a society grounded in equal opportunity. Both America and South Africa have thriving economies, with a high quality of life for all those within the civilization. This quality of life manifests itself in numerous ways including increase wealth, efficiencies, convenience, and longevity. All of which have their roots in a free market society dominated by capitalistic incentives. It is the combination of a free market enterprise with those of equal opportunity that gives rise to the spectacular increases in GDP and wealth per capita. The system of equal opportunity unlocks human potential as profit motives create incentives to innovate. These innovations give rise to still further innovations that ultimately enhance the overall quality of life for the entire world. Aspects such as automobiles, airplanes, radio, television, and the….
What makes both South Africa and America so successfully is the model that they employ in regards to equal opportunity. To be fair, the model is still skewed towards wealthy white males, however, the model provides ample opportunity for others. The basic model used in both countries begins with an initial starting point. For instance, an ad is posted for a lawn mower job online. For the most part, this is done in a correct manner by both South Africa and America. All eligible people should be given opportunity to compete and apply for the job. Next and where the model most frequently breaks down is the selection process. Here, the selection should consider the "qualifications deemed relevant to successful performance in a position or program." Using the lawn mower example, the applicant must be strong enough to push a lawn mower, endure excessive time in the heat, and be able to work in a quick manner. The selection process should not incorporate irrelevant aspects such as race.
This description was given for a reason. In many countries, the starting point and the selection process is not fair for society. In this instance, the ability to compete for a job is not as profound in other countries. In South Africa and America, the starting point is relatively equal with the selection process is becoming better through time. It is this equal opportunity that provides the greatest progress for both countries. Anybody can apply for whatever job they believed to be qualified for. It is then up to them to help the employer determine their merit (Carol, 1986).
Equal opportunity first provides an avenue in which anyone,
symbol of equality in society today; the restroom. The author argues that this setting, little as it features in public discussion and debate, offers a very pertinent symbol of inequality between the two groups representing women and men. To demonstrate this, the author uses bathroom lines in public gathering and entertainment centers such as theaters or concert halls. Invariably, women using the rest rooms during intermission times form a line while men take much less time to complete their bathroom activities. This has leads the author to the conclusion that providing public rest rooms of the same size to men and women does not, in fact, result in gender equality within these spaces. Indeed, the fact that the size equality of such spaces does not take into account the cultural differences between women and men creates marked disadvantages for women.
Some of these differences include that women need their own….
Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity
The policies of affirmative action aiming at assisting the black Americans are of recent origin. The policies have sought its origin to varied sources like legal structure, executive instructions, and court rulings. It was during the last three decades that these policies were being developed and they have become debatable as well. (Legal History) During the last three decades of the nineteenth century, a large number of African-Americans officiated in important public posts inclusive of two senators and 20 members in the House. However withdrawal of sustenance for reconstruction by the federal government in the late nineteenth century, the benefits extended to African-Americans were wiped out and substituted by a system of legal segregation such as that of Latinos, Asians, and Native Americans. (Affirmative Action: Background)
Descriptive information regarding the evolution of Affirmative action and the Equal Opportunity Act- and the opposition of such laws
The segregationist maxim of "separate….
Affirmative Action: Background" Retrieved at http://www.civilrights.org/research_center/civilrights101/affirmaction.html . Accessed on 27 July, 2004
Andre, Claire; Velasquez, Manuel; Mazur, Tim. (Summer 1992) "Affirmative Action: Twenty-five Years of Controversy" Issues in Ethics. Volume: 5, No: 2; pp: 64-73
Bergmann, Barbara. (1996) "In Defense of Affirmative Action" New York: Basic Books
Blanchard, Fletcher A; Crosby, Faye J. (1989) "Affirmative Action in Perspective" New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.
Human Relations and Equal Opportunity
Human relations is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on the intersection of communications, psychology, sociology, and management to better understand how individuals and workers interact and engage in personal and professional relationships. The field of human relations emerged in the 19th century when Industrialization was roaring in the West. Researchers focused on ways of maximizing potential, understanding human relations activities, and the various types of motivation. Frederick Taylor was a leading researcher who is today known as the father of the scientific management approach: he focused on maximizing efficiency, minimizing waste, decreasing the amount of required labor, and producing a streamlined approach to human relations that was more science-driven than the humane approach (Locke, 1982). While Taylor helped to introduce the idea that all human interactions could be understood by processing data and crunching numbers, the reality is that human relations are still complex and human….
Managing Diversity and Equal Opportunity
With the turn of the 21st century, a dramatic increase is being witnessed in the international flow of labor with repercussion for domestic labor supply and management. The native, racial and emigre mixture of the employees is predominantly important for the workplace. The importance of this domestic cultural multiplicity in the labor force, highlighted by worldwide influences and necessities, has lately encouraged the researchers to focus on the companies' and managers' response to diversity, be it of any form (Watson, Spoonley, & Fitzgerald, 2009).
If the workforce of the present times is compared with the one that was found 20 years ago, it will be easy to observe that there are "more white women, people of color, disabled persons, new and recent immigrants, gays and lesbians, and intergenerational mixes (i.e., baby boomers, Generation Xers, and Generation Nexters)" (iccucci, 2002) today. This situation has given birth to quite….
Hemphills, H., & Hayne, R. (1997). Discrimination, Harassment, and the Failure of Diversity Training: What to Do Now. Westport, CT: Quorum Book. Retrieved December 15, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/23366693/discrimination-harassment-and-the-failure-of-diversity
King, A.S. (1995, December). Capacity for Empathy: Confronting Discrimination in Managing Multicultural WorkForce Diversity. Business Communication Quarterly, 58(4), 46+. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-18023663/capacity-for-empathy-confronting-discrimination-in
Ollapally, A., & Bhatnagar, J. The Holistic Approach to Diversity Management: HR Implications. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 44(3), 454+. Retrieved December 15, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-210224380/the-holistic-approach-to-diversity-management-hr
Riccucci, N.M. (2002). Managing Diversity in Public Sector Workforces. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/100875091/managing-diversity-in-public-sector-workforces
S. educational system. The impact of such law is very noticeable among teachers, students and even to the school administrators. However, there are a number of issues that have been continuously arising as people try to avail of their rights to education.
State legislatures attempting to comply with state Supreme Court mandates to reform their education finance systems should strive to meet the demands of both adequacy and equity. The experiences of some schools and/or states regarding the influx of enrollees suggest that regardless of the catalyst for reform, education reform can and should include elements of both equity and adequacy.
More so, it should be noted that whether a state is in the initial stages of implementing court-mandated reform, like the Equal Education Opportunities Act, or whether it has been in the process for decades, modern reform should incorporate the lessons of the last thirty years of reform efforts in sister….
Buzuvist, Erin E. 2001. "A" for effort: evaluating recent state education reform in response to judicial demands for equity and adequacy. Cornell Law Review. Cornell University
Crofton, Ian. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia. Guiness Publication.
Education Quotes. (2006). Retrieved January 17, 2007, at http://www.wisdomquotes.com/cat_education.html
Gylfason, Thorvaldur. (2000) Natural Resources, Education, and Economic Development.
Several justifications for the continuous disparity in wages have been explained. It is obvious that women usually receive less and the central issue is to find out the cause. Men have attempted since decades to provide a justification by the help of hypothesis of various academic qualifications achieved by men or the various occupational responsibilities or vocations controlled by women as against those controlled by men. One reason is that women are featured in the remuneration gap equation, and a lot of these women belonging to a bygone period that continue to be dependent on the behavior and circumstances prevailing in the yester years. (Nash, 68)
Adversaries of uniformity in remuneration assert that preferences and not inequity is responsible for the disparity in the remuneration gap. People who are not in support of bridging the gap in remuneration between men and women think that the gap is present due to….
Acker, Joan. Doing Comparable Work: Gender, Class and Pay Equity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989.
Amott, Teresa. Caught in the Crisis: Women and the U.S. Economy Today. New York: Bantam Books, 1993.
Bellas, M.L. Disciplinary Differences in Faculty Salaries: Does Gender Bias Play a Role? Journal of Higher Education. Volume: 68; No: 3; 1997; pp: 299-321
Furchtgott-Roth, Diana; Stolba, Christine. Equal Pay for Equal Work. American enterprise. Volume: 12; No: 1; July 1999; pp: 37-42
Equal Opportunity Health Care Norman Daniels correctly argues, "If social obligations to provide appropriate health care are not met, then individuals are wronged. An injustice is done to them." The…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Law
Equal Opportunity The most important piece of legislation concerning equal opportunity is the Civil ights Act of 1964. The act, in particular Title VII, provides the framework for several equal…Read Full Paper ❯
Equal Opportunity Has the cultivating of equal opportunity programs helped the people of South Africa, and the people of the United States, move forward? The answer to the question would…Read Full Paper ❯
Equal opportunity legislation seeks to eliminate the prejudicial hiring practices that were common in the United States prior to this legislation. The initial Civil ights Act of 1964 provided…Read Full Paper ❯
For a child who is a slow learner of English, for example, a home visit to a family could create a sense of confidence and connection that would…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Management
Failure to provide equal opportunities for advancement within the corporation, could represent a violation of Title VII of the Civil ights Act of 1964 (U.S. EEOC, 2010). Violations…Read Full Paper ❯
Equal Opportunity and Workplace Diversity -- what does it mean? Equal opportunity implies that all individuals be dealt with similarly or comparatively and not impeded by preferences or inclination…Read Full Paper ❯
oth the liberal democratic and the business rationale need to be clearly articulated in a coherent communications strategy. 5) Statistical data. Detailed statistical data is needed to pinpoint which…Read Full Paper ❯
Equal opportunity is a very important concept in a free market society. Both America and South African have proven the merits behind a society grounded in equal opportunity. Both…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
symbol of equality in society today; the restroom. The author argues that this setting, little as it features in public discussion and debate, offers a very pertinent symbol…Read Full Paper ❯
Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity The policies of affirmative action aiming at assisting the black Americans are of recent origin. The policies have sought its origin to varied sources like legal structure,…Read Full Paper ❯
Human Relations and Equal Opportunity Introduction Human relations is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on the intersection of communications, psychology, sociology, and management to better understand how individuals and workers interact…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Management
Managing Diversity and Equal Opportunity With the turn of the 21st century, a dramatic increase is being witnessed in the international flow of labor with repercussion for domestic labor supply…Read Full Paper ❯
S. educational system. The impact of such law is very noticeable among teachers, students and even to the school administrators. However, there are a number of issues that have…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
Several justifications for the continuous disparity in wages have been explained. It is obvious that women usually receive less and the central issue is to find out the…Read Full Paper ❯