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And what of the details of this imprisonment? ere the camps liveable? Did they provide basic community services, like public education, privacy for families, civic news communications? The original "evacuation" to the camps was traumatic in itself for many of the Japanese-Americans, who were given a week or less to gather belongings, settle any long-term obligations they might have in their communities, say goodbye to friends and loved ones, and report a camp. The starkness of the evacuation is evident in the signs pasted every time a neighborhood was targeted for evacuation:
all persons of Japanese ancestry, both alien and non-alien, weill be evacuated from the above area by 10 o'clock noon on...evacuees must carry with the on dparture for the Assembly Center the following property: a. bedding and linens for each member of the family; b. toilet articles for each member of the family; c. extra clothing for each…
Daniels, R., 1988. Asian America. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Kurashige, L., 2002. Japanese-American Celebration and Conflict: A History of Ethnic Identity and Festival, 1934-1990., Berkeley: University of Californial Press.
McClatchey, V.S., 1921. "Japanese Residents Can Never Be Assimilated,"in Asian-Americans: Opposing Viewpoints, Dudley, W., ed., 1997. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, pp. 81-88.
Persico, J., 2001. Roosevelt's Secret War. New York: Random House.
Less than two months after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, bringing the United States into orld ar II, the federal government made a decision to remove many Japanese (the majority of whom were Japanese-American citizens) from the west coast of the U.S., allegedly for security reasons. This paper reviews that decision and the ramifications from Executive Order 9066.
The main justification for Executive Order 9066 was that some Japanese on the west coast allegedly "…posed a threat to national security," according to Roger Daniels, professor of English at The University of Illinois and author of Prisoners without Trial: Japanese-American in orld ar II. The executive order signed by President Franklin Roosevelt (9066) caused about 120,000 Japanese (two-thirds were American citizens) to be confined to camps (some called them "concentration camps" but they were in no way death camps such as the Nazis had put…
Daniels, Roger (1993). Prisoners without Trial: Japanese-American in World War II. New York:
Hill and Wang.
Privacy SOS. (2003). Japanese-American Internment Camps. Retrieved December 16, 2012,
from http://www.privacysos.org .
Executive Orders Abuse Power?
The best known directives consist of executive orders and presidential proclamations, but there are many other documents that have a similar functional and effects. educed to their basic core, presidential directives are merely written, rather than oral, instructions or declarations that are handed down by the President. Authority for these directives must come from either the Constitution or statutory delegations. Yet the President's authority to issue directives goes beyond express language in the Constitution (Gaziano, 2001).
The President's authority to issue executive orders is limited by the extent of his powers and by other power given to Congress. If the President's power is derived from a constitutional grant of power, Congress remains free to reverse or adjust the fundamental authority. Congress also has some leeway in defining the procedures the President must carry out in the exercise of that power, even though there are some constitutional…
Executive order (United States). (2012). Retrieved from http://www.enotes.com/topic/Executive_order_%28United_States%29
Executive Orders and Presidential Directives. (2001). Retrieved from http://commdocs.house.gov/committees/judiciary/hju72142.000/hju72142_0.htm
Gaziano, T. (2001). The Use and Abuse of Executive Order and Other Presidential
Directives. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2001/02/the-use -
Executive Order and Law:
An executive order can be described as a presidential directive that consists of the force of law though it has a much more restricted jurisdiction than the statutes of the Congress. Generally, an executive order is a presidential order that usually applies to the way things are done in Federal Agencies. However, a presidential executive order cannot be contradictory with any law passed by the Congress since that would render it unconstitutional. Notably, executive orders can only govern the activities of the executive branch such as Federal Agencies, which implies that they cannot be directly used to govern the American public to the extent that the United States Congress can do. Therefore, an executive order can be regarded as what the president issues to enforce Congressional statutes and laws, which means that the president is basically ordering the executive branch officials to act.
Based on this…
United States. U.S. Department of the Treasury. Release of Executive Order Blocking Property of Persons Threatening the Peace, Security, or Stability of Burma; Burma Designations; Release of Burma General Licenses. U.S. Department of the Treasury, 11 July 2012. Web. 27 Oct. 2012. .
"What Is an Executive Order?" ThisNation.com -- American Government and Politics Online. ThisNation.com, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2012. .
Deregulation under the Trump Administration and Its Impact on the Non-Profit Sector
President Trump touted deregulation as one of the issues he would push for during his campaign leading up to the 2016 election. Once placed in the White House, he held true to his push for deregulation and that policy has had some impact on the non-profit sector in the US. This paper will show how that impact has benefited the nonprofit sector in some ways and how in other ways it remains to be seen whether negative fallout will occur or not. Specifically this paper will explain how deregulation under the Trump Administration is impacting the non-profit sector in various beneficial ways, such as
by allowing nonprofits to keep anonymous the names of donors; and by capping the amount federal agencies can force nonprofits to spend—the idea being that this will prohibit agencies from shifting costs for…
The upremacy Clause of Article VI in the Constitution for example provides the federal government with all-encompassing powers of regulation. This includes immigration (Hall, 1994, p. 11 of fax). Furthermore, commerce and business within the United tates can also be regulated by the Federal law under the Commerce clause of Article 1, section 8, clause 3, under which commerce with foreign nations, for example, can be regulated.
An argument like the one by the Islamic Army may therefore be characterized as somewhat narrow, lacking insight into the true character of the Constitution. The American Constitution does not guarantee human rights and equality to everybody that comes its way. It is also obliged to protect as best it can the citizens of the United tates. uch protection means that the rights of those who mean to harm citizens need to be prohibited within the country.
Hall, Daniel E. (1994). Administrative…
Hall, Daniel E. (1994). Administrative Law: Bureaucracy in a Democracy. New Jersey: Pearson / Prentice Hall
President Bush, George W. (2001, Sept. 24). "Executive Order on Terrorist Financing: Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Persons Who Commit, Threaten to Commit, or Support Terrorism." Office of the Press Secretary. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/09/20010924-1.html
American Journal of International Law (2009). President issues an executive order banning torture and CIA prisons. The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 103, No. 2. Pp 331-334.
The article mentions that in line with President Obama's order to put an end to Guantanamo Bay detentions, there was an issue of executive orders. As empowered by the constitution, the orders reversed practices and policies from the Bush administration and the relationships with detention and interrogation of the terror suspects. The authors add that the order revoked Executive Order 13,440 that limited Common Article 3 application on Geneva Conventions. The order banned torture and humiliation and degrading treatment for persons under U.S. custody, control of detained persons from in armed conflicts, and limit U.S. interrogation techniques from the ones authorized through the Army Field Manual. Further, the order directed Central Intelligence Agency to end all detention facilities under its operations while…
Beckmann, M.N., McGann, A.J., (2008). Navigating the Legislative Divide Polarization, Presidents, and Policymaking in the United States. Journal of Theoretical Politics 20(2): 201 -- 220.
Bridge, D., (2014). Presidential Power Denied: A New Model Of Veto Overrides Using Political. Congress & the Presidency; Vol 41, 2; ProQuest Central pg. 149.
Canes-Wrone, B. (2001). President's Legislative Influence from Public Appeals. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 45, No. 2. pp. 313-329.
Cummins, J., (2010). State of the Union Addresses and the President's Legislative Success. Congress & the Presidency; 37, 2; ProQuest Central pg. 176.
The Constitution delineates the powers related to the different branches of government, the judicial, legislative and executive. This breakdown is outlined in Article II. In Section 2, the President is appointed the Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy. The President also has the power to make treaties, appoint ambassadors, other public ministers, judges of the Supreme Court, with the advice of the Senate. The President may appoint lower officials without the Senate's approval, and the President may fill vacancies during recess of the Senate. The President also has the power of veto over laws presented to him by Congress.
The President also has powers that have been granted by Congress. As head of the executive branch, the President has extensive power within that branch to guide funding and projects, and to make appointments. The President can utilize what are known as executive orders, which apply to people working within…
Covington, M. (2012). Executive legislation and the expansion of Presidential power. Vanderbilt Undergraduate Research Journal. Vol. 8 (2012) 1-8.
Marshall, W. (2008). Eleven reasons why Presidential power inevitably expands and why it matters. Boston University Law Review. Vol. 88 (2008) 505-522
Peters, G. (2013). The American Presidency Project / Executive Orders. American Presidency Project. Retrieved December 2, 2014 from http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/data/orders.php
US Constitution, Article II. Retrieved December 2, 2014 from http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/articleii
Further, it can also be noted that initially, I took coaching to be a critical undertaking in the development of skills as well as talents of leaders and executives. This is a view which has also been reinforced by my recent readings of the relevant texts. Just like I believed in the past, executive/organizational coaching enables executives to respond to various pressures in addition to meeting a wide range of organizational goals in an increasingly dynamic working environment. Hence in a way, one of the main purposes of coaching remains the development of skills and other competencies. This is a view I held in the past and which has further been enhanced or reinforced today.
However, it is important to note that I had a somewhat limited view of the purpose of an executive/organizational coach in so far as nurturing skills and talents of leaders is concerned. In this case,…
Flaherty, J. (2010). Coaching: Evoking Excellence in Others, 3rd Edition. Burlington: Routledge
Goldsmith, M. & Lyons, L. (2006). Coaching for Leadership: The Practice of Leadership Coaching from the World's Greatest Coaches, 2nd Edition. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.
Hudson, F.M. (1999). The Handbook of Coaching: A Comprehensive Resource Guide for Managers, Executives, Consultants, and Human Resource Professionals. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Peltier, B. (2010). The Psychology of Executive Coaching, 2nd Edition. New York: Taylor and Francis.
Other benefits include payouts or large severance packages should an executive leave a corporation, whether or not they fulfilled the terms of their initial contract (Griner, 1996). There has been some criticism of late of agencies and organizations that offer compensatory packages for CEOS that do not meet organizational objectives. Employees in many instances are not afforded the same benefits or exemptions that executives are. Most employees are likely to be fired or laid off without any benefit or pay out particularly when their performance is considered marginal. This is not always the case however with executive pay.
Change on the Horizon
One of the biggest challenges that lies ahead for H managers and organizations will be holding executives accountable for the results they produce within an organization. Boards must more and more take a "rigorous approach to ensure that pay reflects performance" so that stakeholders can measure executive contributions…
Bowlin, W.F., Renner, C. & Rives, J.M. (2002). "The significance of gender in explaining senior executive pay variations: An exploratory study." Journal of Managerial Issues, 14(3): 331
Chingos, P. (2004). "Perspective: Responsible executive compensation" Mercer Human
Resources. Retrieved May
20, 2005: http://www.mercerhr.com/referencecontent.jhtml?idContent=1126240 .
Executive Stock Option Plans
"If the company does not do better than its competitors, but the stock market goes up, executives do very well from their stock options. This makes no sense." Discuss viewpoint. Can you think of alternatives to the usual executive option plan that take the viewpoint into account?
Executive stock options are performance-based incentive plans that became popular in the 1950s and 1960s. They declined due to the stock market crash of the 1970s, but returned aggressively returned in the 1990s (Kole, 1997). Today, most companies grant stock options to their top officers as part of executive compensation, along with salary and bonuses. Options that are awarded as part of a compensation package can be very valuable to executives when stocks are performing well. The challenge comes in when stock value is realized for executives even when a company is not faring well at all. This is…
Cicero, D.C. (2009). The manipulation of executive stock option exercise strategies: Information timing and backdating. Journal of Finance, 64(6), 2627 -- 2663.
Collins, D.W., Gong, G., & Li, H. (2009). Corporate Governance and Backdating of Executive Stock Options. Contemporary Accounting Research, 26(2), 403-445.
Hamilton, S. And Wise, D. (2008). Adding performance criteria to your stock options. Hay Group. Retrieved from http://184.108.40.206/haygroupusmkting/e_article001162460.cfm.
Hess, D. (2012). More Stock Rewards Tied To Performance. Crain's New York Business, 28(31), 0015.
5). Although Web portals also provide executives with the ability to aggregate large amounts of data from various sources, there is still the issue of sorting out all of this information in meaningful ways. Indeed, many executives are faced with so much information that it is comparable to trying to sip from a fire hose. In contrast to Web portals, digital dashboards "is a personalized portal that provides consolidated information for an individual user" (Abel, p. 6). Finally, digital dashboards also provide executives with the ability to view the information offline, thereby adding portability to the EIS approach (Abel).
Examples of Executive Information Systems and Digital Dashboards. One of the more popular EISs in use today is SAS, described by one of its vendors as "the market leader in providing a new generation of business intelligence software and services that create true enterprise intelligence. SAS is the only vendor that…
Abel, T. (2008). Microsoft Office 2000: Create dynamic digital dashboards using Office, OLAP, and DHTML. Microsoft Corporation. [Online]. Available: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/cc301554.aspx.
Desouza, K.C. (2002). Managing knowledge with artificial intelligence: An introduction with guidelines for nonspecialists. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Glenn, R.W., Panitch, B.R., Barnes-Proby, D., Williams, E., Christian, J., Lewis, M.W., Gerwehr, S. & Brannan, D.W. (2003). Training the 21st century police officer: Redefining police professionalism for the Los Angeles Police Department. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.
Lilly Software. (2008). Infor Global Solutions, Inc. [Online]. Available: http://www.lillysoftware.com/software_solution/business_performance/executive_information_ system.asp.
hen he, representing the de facto shareholders the American taxpayers, found the executive compensation plans were out of line with the objectives of said shareholders, he acted.
In the free market system, this is the only response. Shareholders have rights and duties as the owners of companies. The executive team acts as their agents. The shareholders have not only the right but the capability to fire boards of directors and by extension executives whose compensation does not match their performance. The public outcry with respect to excessive compensation typically occurs when shareholders neglect their duty. Yet, there are examples where the shareholders have upheld their duty. These firms -- the majority -- do not make headlines, giving the impression that executive compensation is a rampant problem in society. If a company dares to pay bonuses will laying off workers or reducing their wages, the outcry hits the front page. However,…
Quijano, E. (2009). Obama tries to stop AIG bonuses. CNN. Retrieved December 3, 2009 from http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/03/16/AIG.bonuses/index.html
Mehran, H. (1995). Executive compensation structure, ownership and firm performance. Journal of Financial Economics. Vol. 38 (2), 163-184.
Mullen. E. & Guigliano, G. (2009). Recoverability of equity-based compensation deferred tax assets. Journal of Accountancy. Retrieved December 3, 2009 from http://www.journalofaccountancy.com/Issues/2009/Jan/JanTPC.htm
Lagace, M. & Khurana, R. (2002). The irrational quest for charismatic CEOs. Harvard Business School. Retrieved December 3, 2009 from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/3095.html
It has been shown that the acquisition of talent not an area specific to each individual position at top companies. The highest-performing companies build pools of talent from which they can draw as needed (Michaels et al., 2001). Thus, there will inevitably be talented people who are at times underutilized. Their higher-order needs are not being met and thus they must be generously compensated. Otherwise, when the time comes to move someone from the organization to a fulfilling, higher-order executive position, the talent will not be there.
CEO pay proponents also point out that the bulk of the "excessive" executive compensation comes in the form of stock or options. These instruments were brought into executive compensation packages specifically to align the interests of management with those of the shareholders. It was the shareholders and the boards of directors who initiated this, as a means to protect shareholder wealth. There have…
Taub, Stephen. (2006). CEO Pay is Too High, Directors Say. CNN. Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://www.cfo.com/article.cfm/8027003/c_8027107
FASB Statement 123 (1995). Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://www.fasb.org/st/summary/stsum123.shtml
FASB Statement 123R (2004). Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://www.fasb.org/st/summary/stsum123r.shtml
Case: Compensation and Governance at WorldCom. (2002) NYU Stern. Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~lcabral/teaching/worldcom.pdf
In order to analyze the financial stability and health, several important liquidity and debt ratios are necessary. The current ratio, comparing the current assets to the current liabilities in a company, was 0.95 in 2007, decreasing gradually from 2004. It is generally recommended that this ratio is 1 or higher, however, 0.95 is a value close to that, giving a good reflection of the company's short-term financial viability. This is also important because any liquidity problems can then translate into bigger medium and long-term financial problems.
The financial leverage of the company, along with the debt to equity ratio, has, however, increased significantly from 2005 to 2007. In 2005, the financial leverage was 1.98 and the debt to equity ratio 0.40, while in 2007, the financial leverage was 2.91 and the debt to equity ratio 0.93. This shows that the company is starting to rely from on bank credits and…
I think as a company we made some good moves -- we were well positioned when we invested in capacity but we simply underestimated our competition. As a result, we fell to 4th in the market and had to reinvent ourselves.
What the competition did and our response
Our response: We retrenched to our original strategy. We had intended at the outset to follow a differentiated strategy -- do dominate the high-end niches. We launched the Phoenix to symbolize our revival and set out to capture the Innovator and Mercedes markets. It worked. We knew we had a good, efficient sales team, one that was probably more efficient than those of our competitors. We took advantage of that, and put out the best computer on the market.
The strategy was a success. While the top two competitors were chasing after the mass market and doing a good job at that,…
It is these elements that give the client confidence to take action based on the ideas sourced during coaching exercise. As Goldsmith and Lyons (2006, p. 146) note, "transfer of knowledge flows from relationships of trust." However, trust cannot be established without first forming a meaningful relationship with the client. Therefore, coaches should see relationships as a foundation for them to effectively share ideas and information and in the process impact on the behavior of others.
Further, it can also be noted that nurturing relationships could be critical for follow-up purposes where necessary. In this case, relationships aid communication and hence the coach can easily make a follow-up of the progress made so as to suggest corrective measures in case actual results deviate from the desired outcomes. Thus follow up is necessary for feedback purposes. In most cases, feedback is critical for both the coach and the organization. As Goldsmith…
Flaherty, J. (2010). Coaching: Evoking Excellence in Others (3rd Ed.). Oxford: Routledge.
Goldsmith, M. & Lyons, L. (2006). Coaching for Leadership: The Practice of Leadership Coaching from the World's Greatest Coaches (2nd Ed.). San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.
Executive ranch Authority to Conduct Foreign Affairs
Executive Power is vested in the President of the United States by Article II of the Constitution. Article II, Section 1, Clause 1 of the American Constitution, called the 'Executive Vesting Clause' has been the constant focus of constitutional analysis, even at the time of its ratification. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton famously debated this clause in 1793, on the specific issue of residual authority given to the President above and beyond powers as enumerated in the Constitution. The power and authority of the President affects not only the President himself, and the two arms of the Congress, but also the freedoms and rights of U.S. citizens. The precise delineation of executive power has been the subject of notable Supreme Court cases particularly with respect to foreign affairs and war. In the United States now, due to the 'War on Terror', issues of…
Article II, Section 2 of the United States Constitution
Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution
Binder, Sarah A. ( Spring 2001).The Senate as a Black Hole: Lessons Learned from the Judicial Appointment Experience. The Booking Review 19.
Bliss, Howard and Johnson, M. Glen. (1975). Beyond the Water's Edge: America's Foreign Policies. (Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott Company).
Corporate executive pay needs to be reconsidered. Proponents of corporate greed will claim all sorts of outlandish reasons why their mansion on the iviera is benefitting the worker making $7 per hour in the fields. Companies will even use spurious research methods to justify corporate executive pay. The Institute for Policy Studies and the Center for Corporate Policy (2007) notes that "amounts for restricted stock, pension benefits, deferred compensation, and severance pay" are rarely factored into the evaluations of corporate executive pay to make it look like chief executives are not making as much as they actually are. Hiding money, misreporting money, and misreporting data are just a few of the ways corporate America is ruining America. It is high time the people of the United States took back their nation from the greedy corporate executives. A score of executives are laughing all the way to the bank while millions…
AFL-CIO (2011). 2011 Executive Paywatch. Retrieved online: http://www.aflcio.org/corporatewatch/paywatch/
Anderson, S., Pizzigati, S. Collins, C. & Cavanagh, J. (2007). Selfish interest. Center for Corporate Policy.
DeCarlo, S. & Zajac, B. (2009). CEO Compensation. Forbes. Retrieved online: http://www.forbes.com/2009/04/22/executive-pay-ceo-leadership-compensation-best-boss-09-ceo_land.html
Domhoff, G.W. (2005). Welath, income, and power. Who Rules America. Retrieved online: http://sociology.ucsc.edu/whorulesamerica/power/wealth.html
Executive Leadership Team, Advanced esearch
Hackershield Security Testing Software
Today, security has become an integral part of information technology networks and Advanced esearch is in need of an improved approach to its security precautions. The purpose of this executive proposal is to provide the company's executive leadership team with a description concerning the benefit of testing and identifying vulnerabilities before they are exploited by hackers through the use of Hackershield Security Testing Software, including a description of the application, its purpose and associated benefits in support of its purchase and implementation. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the benefits of Hackershield Security Testing Software together with recommendations for its purchase by Advanced esearch are provided in the executive proposal's conclusion.
eview and Analysis
Description of Hackershield Security Testing Software
This application uses a proactive approach to information technology (IT) security by actively scanning, testing and identifying…
Ethical hacking and countermeasures: Attack phase. (2009). EC-Council: Cengage Learning.
Gao, K. (2013, March). What if your business is hacked. Information Today, 30(3), 13.
Gope, D. C. & Kashem, M. A. (2013, March). Software quality assurance development using Bayesian graphical model and safe growth model. American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal, 5(2), 35-39.
Group debates what's in a name. (2009, January). Security Management, 44(1), 36.
executive office should influence women's rights largely depends on the political climate. The executive can and should balance the powers of the legislature and the judicial branch, as per the Constitution. Moreover, women's rights are universal and immutable. If any one branch infringes on the rights of women, it is up to one or both of the other branches to curb that infringement and ensure that gender discrimination is fully abolished. Unfortunately, the current political climate in the United States is frightfully unbalanced. The same political party is in control of the legislative branch and executive, and is poised to skew the judicial branch towards its conservative and sometimes misogynistic views. In the case of Trump, the executive can technically and legally pass executive orders like the global gag rule. This does not make the executive's powers right or ethical, but legally it is difficult to challenge Trump when Obama…
Executive Coaching Via Consulting Psychology
The objective of this study is to provide a brief review of executive coaching via consulting psychology. Toward this end a review of relevant literature and case studies are examined and reported on.
Jowett, et al. (2012)
The work of Jowett, Kostas, and Passmore (2012) relates that executive coaching is utilized by organizations as an intervention that serves to increase the opportunity of managers in skills development, knowledge promotion, and the opportunity to reflect and bring about improvement in their performance. A requirement for executive coaching success is a working relationship that is of an effective nature. The study conducted by Jowett, Kostas, and Passmore (2012) had the objective of examining the coaching relationship that was formed among "five coachee dyads" through use of the 3+1Cs relationship model. The 3+1Cs relationship model is such that the 3+1Cs were represented by: (1) closeness; (2) commitment; (3)…
De Haan, E.; Duckworth, A.; Birch, D.; and Jones, C. (2013) Executive coaching outcome research: The contribution of common factors such as relationship, personality match, and self-efficacy. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research65.1 (Mar 2013): 40-57.
Gregory, JB; Beck, JW; and Carr, AE. (2011) Goals, feedback, and self-regulation: Control theory as a natural framework for executive coaching. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research63.1 (Mar 2011): 26-38.
Jowett, Sophia, Kanakoglou, Kostas, and Passmore, Jonathan (2012) The application of the 3+1Cs relationship model in executive coaching. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research64.3 (Sep 2012): 183-197.
Killburg, RR and Donohue MD (2011) Toward a "grand unifying theory" of leadership: Implications for consulting psychology. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research63.1 (Mar 2011): 6-25.
Also, overall organizational costs have increased as well. Thus, two central questions must be answered. First of all, what is the hospital's ethical policy on a patient's right to die? How can the policy be rectified so that it is coherent with the law and with the director's policies? The assistant cannot alone determine this statement, but can demand that the rights of the patient to refuse or accept treatment for their own physical persons and their children be clearly stated by some organizational manifesto. If there is a coherent organizational policy that the hospital can hereafter adhere to, then patients will have some idea what they are 'getting into' before coming to the hospital, and the board of directors can have some say as to the overall hospital policy. Secondly, regarding the increase of costs, the financial department must be consulted as to how many Medicaid and Medicare patients…
Executive Function Performance Test (EFPT) for healthcare practitioners who deal with mild and moderate-severity stroke patients. Executive function is important to overall health because it allows us to regulate our actions, plan our behavior, and set goals. Stroke patients frequently suffer from executive-function related losses; this study proposes a measure that will help quantify the extent of executive function loss.
The design of this study was a basic experimental 3x1 design. The authors compared three groups on their performance of the EFPT. The three groups were: mild stroke, moderate stroke, and age-matched control (no stroke). All participants performed the EFPT and stroke group participants were tested 6 months after the stroke event to allow for an even amount of healing time.
The EFPT is noticeably different from other performance-based measures because unlike the Kitchen Task Assessment (its closest relative), it records cues from experimenters that support patient performance. Support cues…
In order to avoid that for this study, reliability of the EFPT was measured through trained raters who rated participants. How they were rated by the EFPT and by the other raters were then compared.
7.Define validity. How was validity of the instruments assessed in this study?
In order to determine whether the instrument was valid, there was construct validity and criterion validity that had to be tested. Construct validity is requiring a test to be able to distinguish between people who have and who do not have a known trait. This was assessed by determining whether the EFPT was able to distinguish people based on their level of stroke. Criterion validity was determined by comparing the EFPT scores with a lot of scores that were established for these same patients on neuropsychological tests.
8.Summarize Table 1.
Table one offered demographic information as well as information regarding how well the…
Baum et. al. (2008). Reliability, Validity, and Clinical Utility of the Executive Function Performance Test: A Measure of Executive Function in a Sample of People With Stroke
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy 62 (4), 446. Retrieved August 29, 2008 from Proquest.
executives practice win-win negotiations. While positional bargaining encourages parties to compete, win-win fosters collaboration. The outcome is a solution that optimizes results, rather than makes one party the loser. Specifically win-win negotiations encourages:
Critical thinking skills: A satisfactory negotiation depends on quality inputs and an understanding of the overall impact. Critical thinking is enhanced when both parties work toward the same goal.
Mutuality: SC is positioned to set the standard for future computer generations. However, due to cash constraints, I recognized that the company could not pay my market value. Because the VP, in turn, expressed his concern for my needs, which are to be part of a start-up venture and to extend the business internationally, we could reach an agreement that allowed for a deferred salary increase.
Empathetic listening: Because we were seeking common ground and not looking to be right, listening skills were greatly improved. Each party listened…
This case study examines the decision making process from a collective viewpoint. It attempts to resolve issues within a community hospital that have arisen due to failed organizational management, ethical considerations and a poorly established communication system.
Framing the Problem:
Identify the Problem-
The primary problems that exist within Faith community hospital center around the following as outlined by the CEO: (1) a lack of organizational processes that ensure uniformity, (2) a lack of standardized procedures with regard to ethical considerations working in a medical environment, and (3) lack of appropriate communication systems to ensure that everyone is thinking alone the same lines.
At this point in time Faith Community Hospital has developed a mission statement that clearly identifies the organizations mission which is among other things to provide a quality continuum of service to community members.
However variant interpretations of the mission have led to a chaotic…
Mattison, M. (2000). "Ethical decision making: The person in the process." Social Work,
Reamer, F. (1995). "Social work values and ethics." New York: Columbia University
healthcare industry is undergoing fundamental change. naction of the affordable care act rapidly increases the insured population in America. Not only have the number of insured individuals increased, but the varied of these individuals has also grown. Now more minorities and younger individuals are now insured. Due in part to these changing demographics, industry aspects has been altered. Customers are now expecting highly quality of care. They are also demand a much larger variety of treatment options. The industry must therefore adapt their practices to better coalesce around these changing ideals. Once manner in which to do so is medical reconciliation. As noted earlier, customers now expect a much higher degree of care for their ailments. On manner in which to do so is through the prevention of adverse drug events.
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are a top priority for many healthcare firms. Preventing harm has many societal, economic and…
In conclusion, medical reconciliation has many components to it. Therefore, a robust and well-reasoned strategy is needed. These strategies will incorporate many aspects such benchmarks, timeframes for implementation, and expectations for success. In addition, key decision makes must determine if the project is viable at all.
1. The Joint Commission. Improving America's hospital: a report on quality and safety. http://www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/6/2006_Annual_Report.pdf . Accessed March 15, 2013.
2. Greenwald JL, Halasyamani L, Greene J, et al. Making inpatient medication reconciliation patient centered, clinically relevant and implementable: a consensus statement on key principles and necessary first steps. J Hosp Med. 2010;5:477-485.
Remuneration & ther Subjects
The authors of this report have been asked to assess a number of subjects surrounding remuneration of employees and the overall corporate/social ethics involved in the same in Australia. There are also some tangential and related subjects that will also be spoken of. In total, there are five broad-based questions. The first question speaks about risk aversion, profit/wealth maximization, wealth management, different stances that different people and personnel take vis-a-vis risk and financial reporting manipulation. The second question references the horizon problem. This second question looks at the different motivations and perspectives that different people in an investment and accounting situation might take. Managers have their axe to grind and stakeholders typically have a different one. How bonuses for investment managers figure in will also be explored. Finally, there will be a review for the fifth question that pertains to the transparency and visibility of remuneration…
One way to counter the horizon problem is through use of equity instruments as a component of executive remuneration. Equity ownership and share options encourage managers to care not only about the short-term but also about the future (Conyon & Florou 2006). If a manager has shares and share options that cannot be exercised until after a period of time post-retirement, then they will be unlikely to engage in short-term firm value destroying actions (Conyon & Florou, 2006). As previously discussed, it is often the accounting measure of earnings which drives the calculation of bonuses paid to managers. Managers can manipulate accounting information in a manner such that a company will display short-term profitability. This could be achieved directly, through a reduction in spending on research and development or indirectly through reduced depreciation as a result of lower capital expenditure (Conyon & Florou 2006). It could be argued that as a result of this, there must be a reduced reliance on accounting information to drive the calculation of bonus plans that are designed to address the horizon problem. Managers, in particular CEOs and CFOs, have the greatest ability to manipulate this information. Bonus plans based on share payments and share options then force the manager to make decisions that result in an appropriate balance of both short-term performance as well as long-term growth and viability. Conyon & Florou (2006) suggest that this may even act as a substitute, allowing for reduced monitoring of executive activity.
Question III -- Non-Salary Components
Just as with regular employees, the facets of compensation relating to non-cash compensation is a major part of how executives are paid (IRS, 2014). There are multiple purposes and reasons for why these non-cash components are included. These include the fact that it is normal industry standard to offer certain benefits (e.g. health insurance, pension, etc.) (Jakobson, 2012). Cash compensation can vary widely with an obvious example being bonuses that are tied to the market, a company's performance and so forth (Thurm, 2013). However, non-cash compensation is very similar in that it manifests in a number of different ways. One reason to make heavy use of non-cash compensation is to skirt laws that relate to cash compensation such as regulations relating to bonuses, commissions, base salary and so forth (Holmberg, 2014). However, putting the kibosh on non-cash compensation such as stock and other similar items could cause a brain-drain situation for publicly traded companies (AP, 2009). Private
Executive Salaries are inflated.
'Bottom Line': Executive salaries are disproportionately high, causing a crisis of both economics and morale within American enterprises.
hat is the justification behind a particular salary?
Encyclopedia Britannica defines a salary as a wage derived from human labor. hat is the 'human labor' of an executive
Labor of executive involves managing company.
Labor of executive involves presenting a favorable image to the public.
Does the current labor of executives justify their current salaries?
ays that high salaries of executives detract from company morale.
ays that high salaries of executives are injurious to company economically.
Possible objections to lowering salaries.
Difficulty in recruiting potentially talented executives.
Hard work done by executives -- '24-7' job
C. "Based on standards across the industry" (Letter to Editor, New York Times)
Responses to objections
Excessively high salaries encourages executives to go where money is, not because care about/believe in company
Associated Press Wire. World.Com CEO got no bonus in 2001. The New York Times. April 22, 2002.
"Crown Cuts Executive Salaries." February 23, 1999. Pittsburgh Business Times.
Dudley, Brier. "Microsoft Executive Salaries Outpace Company's Growth." Wednesday, October 24, 2001. Seattle Times. Business & Technology Section.
Guda, Nelson. "Executive Rewards." The New York Times. Letter to the Editor. April 19, 2002.
Executive Order can be defined as "A presidential policy directive that implements or interprets a federal statute, a constitutional provision or a treaty." (Vosloo, 1966) The Congress gives the president powers to issue such executive orders though congressional approval is not required therefore giving the president a chance to avoid public debate and opposition in setting policy. Executive orders have been associated with routine matters of administration and internal operations of federal agencies and have over time proved to be a very critical tool to presidents in relation to policy making. It should also be noted that executive orders have the force and effect of law and their issuance are usually under particular statutory authority from the Congress (Vosloo, 1966).
In the year 1962 President John F. Kennedy issued an executive order which was labeled Executive Order 10988 and whose main aim was to recognize federal employees' rights in bargaining…
Johnson, Ronald N. & Libecap, Gary D. (1994). The Maturation of Federal Employees as an Interest Group, University of Chicago Press: Chicago
Nuar, Frances (2010). Hawaii's public and private unions: The 4th branch of government,
"Hawaii Reporter" accessed on March 5, 2011 from the website http://www.hawaiireporter.com/?p=9442
Vosloo, Willem B. (1966). Collective bargaining in the United States federal civil service,
Further, failure to understand the client's specific circumstances could end up frustrating the coaching process thus bringing about negative coaching outcomes. Closely related to this is the underestimation or overestimation of the problems or abilities of the client. The application of poor coaching techniques is yet another factor which could bring about negative coaching outcomes. Poor application of coaching techniques has got to do with poor methods selection as well as implementation, inaccurate assessment etc.
Other factors which could frustrate the realization of positive coaching outcomes include but are not limited to failure by the organization to allocate sufficient resources needed to sustain the coaching program, lack of support from top management as well as an organization culture indifferent to coaching.
Based on the discussion above, it can be noted that the relevance of the various key competencies required for coaching cannot be overstated. Indeed, it is these competencies…
Flaherty, J. (2010). Coaching: Evoking Excellence in Others (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Routledge
Goldsmith, M. & Lyons, L. (2006). Coaching for Leadership: The Practice of Leadership Coaching from the World's Greatest Coaches (2nd ed.). San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.
Hudson, F.M. (1999). The Handbook of Coaching: A Comprehensive Resource Guide for Managers, Executives, Consultants, and Human Resource Professionals. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Peltier, B. (2009). The Psychology of Executive Coaching (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
etail Sales Management
Executive Summery: PC World is a huge UK retailer that is ever expanding into the technology marketplace. From PC's to washing machines, they offer a one-stop shop for everything technology related. With an appealing advertising system that attracts the middle class Englishman, it is no wonder that their business continues to grow.
PC World is a retailer within the Dixons etail businesses. The stores are located in the United Kingdom and it is the largest chain of computer retail stores in the UK and Ireland with a total of 163 stores. This report will review the overall retail sales management of PC World and how the store's overall strategy allowed for its wide expansion.
Background on Sector: PC World is a retail computer store that specializes in selling computers and computer-related technology. They also carry printers, ink, accessories, games, as well as entertainment technology including televisions, DVD…
Fiveash, Kelly (2007). "PC superstore unhinged by Linux."
PC World Ireland
PC World UK
Thomas, Dan (2006). "Dixons owner signs 120m outsourcing deal with Capita."
The dependency interactions were sustained by the cooperation of ranks and elites in the periphery who benefited from their economic associations with the core states.
On the other hand, the problem of underdevelopment was basically diagnosed on the basis of weaknesses of domestic ranks in poor countries. While these diagnoses recognized the exploitative global interactions between rich and poor states, they were conducted on the basis that poor countries failed to play a historic role in overhauling conventional elites and practices as well as leading political and economic development.
While the concepts developed by dependency theories were adopted by several developing countries, they were condemned for being too deterministic through an overemphasis on the role of global forces on nations in the South. This criticism included the fact that dependency theories were efficient in explaining why countries didn't develop as compared to their explanations on how some nations really developed.…
Dyck, R. (n.d.). The Politics of Development and Underdevelopment. In Studying Politics: An
Introduction to Political Science (pp. 372-400).
Dyck, R. (n.d.). WORLD POLITICS: Global Anarchy, Global Governance. In Studying Politics:
An Introduction to Political Science (pp. 434-452).
The largest challenge there is for the consultant who is looking at several different people to fill a position. It becomes that consultant's responsibility to determine what matters most to those individuals and how that fits with the company. This involves Schein's (1998) career anchors, as these are designed to show what motivates a person and what he or she is most likely to work for.
Everyone has something that matters to them, whether it be food, shelter, status, money, fame, or something else -- or a combination of these. A consultant for any company that is looking to fill a position in an executive capacity must balance the career anchors, goals, and motivations of the potential candidates for the job with what the company is willing and able to offer to those people. Also in that balancing act are what the company stands for, what it believes in, and…
Adams, Katherine L., & Galanges, Gloria J. (2005). Communicating in groups. New York: McGraw Hill.
Bolman, LG & Deal, TE (1997). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice and leadership, 2nd edn. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bowden, P (1985). Organization and strategy, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Cobbs, Price M., & Turnock, Judith L. (2003). Cracking the corporate code: The revealing success stories of 32 African-American executives. Chapter 8. American Management Association.
Inflated Executive Salaries
In the following paper the researcher will analyze the reasons why companies feel CEOs are justified to have inflated salaries. The researcher will first outline the issue of executive inflated salaries, then sum up the arguments of the opposition. In the end the researcher will present his/her own arguments and finally conclude with what he/she gathered through the research.
With the emergent of technological-based environment, companies have mushroomed in the stock market to include internet-based firms to register as corporations, equal to those brick and mortar blue chip companies. The nature of the consumer behavior along with the market behavior, force companies to reconsider their strategies. For this purpose they hire executives to assign the task of changing the direction of these companies around less remain behind in profit making. In pursuing these tactics, they inevitably increased the value of CEOs in the industries. Today CEOs are…
1. Miller, D.J., [10-01-1995]. CEO salary increases may be rational after all: referents and contracts in CEO pay.. Vol. 38, Academy of Management Journal, pp 1361(25).
This is a study on the issue of CEO's salaries and why it is rational to pay them based on their performance. The article also outlines why it is important for the corporations to realize that CEOs should be paid in accordance to their contractual agreement.
2. Brinsley, J. [July 2, 2001]. Boards Tighten Reins on Executive Pay.(Los Angeles corporate executives ranked by pay) Los Angeles Business Journal.
This is a magazine article that outlines the various organizations and their Salaries, pointing out that they are not in accordance with their performance or profit level.
(ipley 2002) There is also an increasing presence of Middle Eastern expats within the metropolitan Detroit and its suburbs. Bush genuinely, believed, according to his supporters that ideologically driven Islamic youth might perform terrorist's acts from within despite any efforts by the Transportation Safety Authorities to ensure that no terrorists came into the country from without.
This gave rise to the first critic of President Bush, invoking the American Defense Act to allow security officials to perform security related wire taps on telephones and electronic surveillance on computer activities of suspected terrorists. This was in direct violations of the FISA (Federal Intelligence Surveillance Act). The violations involved non-compliance with FISA. The FISA rule involves the ordering the surveillance of suspects only after such a surveillance is court-ordered. (Apuzzo 2007) the uniqueness of the FISA construct is that for security reasons the court does not have to be informed of the…
Apuzzo, Mark. "Secretive Spy Court Refuses to Reveal Wiretap Rules,." Neward Star Ledger 2007.
Constitution. "Article 2, Section 1, Clause 1." 2009. April 3, 2009. .
Greenburg, Jan Crawford, Howard L. Rosenberg, and Ariane de Vogue. "Sources: Top Bush Advisors Approved 'Enhanced Interrogation'." ABC News, 2008.
Johnsen, Dawn E. "What's a President to Do? Interpreting the Constitution in the Wake of Bush Administration Abuses." Boston Law Review 88 (2008): 395.
CIO- Strategist and Executive
Currently, Information technology (IT) is integral in providing business services, and the organization of information on the company. Business process, policies and plans have shifted from the back of the office to the internet. As the business embraces e-commerce and other innovative implementations of IT that assists organizations, leadership in controlling the business information resources becomes significant. The invention of new approaches and the improvement of old ones using the modern information era require strong engagement of information management from the commencement (Leidner, Preston & Chen, 2010).
The efficient, effective, and inventive application of information technology facilitates a high degree of leadership and insight that surpasses the IT functions. esearchers assert that the demand for strong control of information management necessitated the presence of chief information officer (CIO) in executive departments and organizations. The CIO has numerous responsibilities and duties in managing information in the business…
Leidner, D., D.S. Preston, D. Chen. 2010. "An Examination of the Antecedents and Consequences of Organizational IT Innovation in Hospitals." Journal of Strategic Information Systems 19(3), pp. 154-170.
Chen, D., M. Mockler, D.S. Preston, A. Teubner. 2010. "Information Systems Strategy: Re-conceptualization, Measurement, and Implications." MIS Quarterly 34(2), pp. 233-259
Chen, D., D.S. Preston, W. Xia. 2010. "Antecedents and Impacts of CIO Supply-side and Demand-side Leadership: A Staged Maturity Model." Journal of Management Information Systems 27(1), pp. 231-267.
Chen, D., Preston, D.S., 2007"Understanding CIO Compensation through Managerial Discretion" Proceedings of the 1st China Summer Workshop on Information Management, Shanghai, China, July 2
Moreover, Coleman is right in suggesting that a better compensation package could be offered in an attempt to retain Carpenter.
How could the crisis have been avoided?
For one, at the time of hiring Carpenter, I would have insisted on the company's in-house developmental data and operations information remaining confidential after Carpenter moves on to another firm. Even if Carpenter had refused to sign a contract that would prevent him from leaving and signing on to another company, the contract could have included a confidential information clause, preventing him from sharing company (trade) secrets with future employers. Steven Emanuel and Lazar Emanuel explain in their book Corporations that any of the following acts can be considered "wrongful taking of trade secrets": a) soliciting a "large number of the former employer's customers"; b) soliciting of the former company's employees; and c) use of the former employer's "secret processes" or other strategies…
Ellig, Bruce R. (2007). The Compete Guide to Executive Compensation. New York: McGraw-
Emanuel, Steven, and Emanuel, Lazar. (2009). Corporations. Aspen, CO: Aspen Publishers
It could be argued that a conflict of interest could arise in the executive's ability to create or destroy a convention, assuming inadequate resistance from the rest of the governmental body.
The idea that constitutional conventions exist outside of the bounds of courts and are injusticiable can be quite frustrating for many political scientists and politicians. Conventions are best viewed as a set of governmental traditions or norms that while not legally binding are often socially binding through votes of confidence (ozenberg, 1998). They are to be viewed as a political aberration that exist in large numbers in both the British and U.S. systems of government. There is no agreed-upon system for dealing with questions arising from the topic of constitutional conventions, yet these very same conventions, by nature, adhere to the cultural, legal, and social norms and morals of the society, which the executive oversees.
There is no singular…
Bradley a. & Ewing, K. (2002) Constitutional and Administrative Law, New Jersey: Longman.
Haselgrove-Spurin, Corbett. (2004). Conventions of the Constitution, London: NARD Press.
Jaconelli, Joseph. (2005). "Do Constitutional Conventions Bind?." The Cambridge Law Journal 64, 1, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Legislate Council Secretariat. (2002). "Some Basic Information on Constitutional Conventions." LEGCO Pamphlet, London: Legco Press.
Peter Drucker: Effective Executive Guide
According to Peter Drucker, being an effective leader means getting things done. Intelligence and imagination are often present in great abundance amongst higher-level executives, but the ability to be efficacious in the world is rare (Drucker 1-2). While manual workers can be judged fairly easily on output, it can be struggle to quantify managerial efficacy. First and foremost, managers must understand this and not confuse efficacy with 'creativity.' Their actions must have a concrete, direct purpose, and if they do not understand this they will not be successful leaders. For Drucker, success is not something undefined and elusive. It is meeting the goals set for the organization, and ensuring one's actions enable the organization to thrive.
The proliferation of professionals and knowledge-based workers is the source of much of the red tape that prevents things from 'getting done.' Too many workers have knowledge, but lack…
Bartle, Bill. (2012). Participatory management. Community Empowerment Collective.
Drucker, Peter F. (2006). The effective executive. Harperbusiness Essentials.
Karlgaard, Rich. (2004). Peter Drucker on leadership. Forbes. Retrieved:
Macy's Discussion Questions And Executive Summary
A detailed description of the environment Macy's clothing store will face.
It appears that the department stores of the previous century are dwindling in size and popularity. The environment that was once the department store's territory has been consistently infiltrated by competition from every side. There are the up and coming specialty stores, the Internet, luxury chains, wholesalers and the shopping mall. Back in the early 1980s the number of department stores that spanned the country as national chains were 33. In the 21st century that number has declined to less than 15. The environment that Macy faces today is truly a challenge as the need for personal service has to some degree been replaced by convenience. For example with online stores, why go out to shop amidst a sea of traffic and shoppers to wait for services, when it is easier and much…
The first is that they speak directly to solutions to the problem of underrepresentation of women in marketing management. These are also easy questions to answer. Most companies publish bios of their executive team members on their website or in their annual reports. Thus, we can find out some of the qualification and career paths of females in management, and compare those to males in the same position.
The last question is also worth considering, if for no other reason than academic curiosity. Obviously, drawing conclusions will be a little bit more difficult because so much more goes into success than just the marketing executive, but it is worth considering if there are any differences before and after hiring a female marketing head. This information again is pretty easy to gather, using annual reports to ascertain revenue and profit figures, marketing expense ratios and using the Internet to gather share…
Management class 494, I Executive Summary case title Nascar: A Branding Success. Marketting Strategy book O.C. Ferrel, I international student, I write summary formal words make an international student essay IA, I sounds weird write Executive summary a I write.
NASCA executive summary
NASCA, short for The National Association for Stock Car Auto acing, is a relatively small size firm, but which also has an increased importance within the national and international auto racing events. The success of the organization is based on several key features, including the dedication of the staff members to high quality operations and services, the wide reach of the company outside the geographic borders, but also, the strength of its marketing approach.
The marketing team of NASCA is highly skilled and qualified, and, along the years, has produced some of the more successful measures to attracting the attention of the audience, as well as its…
Ferrell, O.C., Hartline, M., 2010, Marketing strategy, 5th edition, Cengage Learing
Marshall Executive Brief #3 Trade Policy Greece and France
This brief will discuss critical issues of trade policy, including global trade, global currency exchange, business strategy and operations, R&D, human resources, accounting and finance.
Global Trade and Currency Exchange
Free trade is a system where the governments of two countries do not discriminate between the imports and exports of the other country. In particular, free trade in the modern sense applies to tariffs and other trade barriers, or the non-existence thereof. Ricardo described free trade in terms of absolute and comparative advantage. Usually, this concept is described using a simplistic, fictional world in which there are two countries and maybe only two goods. In this example, countries should produce the good in which they have comparative advantage, and in doing so the two countries combined with have a higher aggregate output than if only the country with absolute…
2012 General Mills Annual Report. Retrieved April 18, 2013 from http://phx.corporate-ir.net/External.File?item=UGFyZW50SUQ9MTQ5MTc4fENoaWxkSUQ9LTF8VHlwZT0z&t=1
EC. (2013). What is the common customs tariff? European Commission. Retrieved April 18, 2013 from http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/customs_duties/tariff_aspects/
Formiani, R. (2004). David Ricardo: Theory of free international trade. Economic Insights. Retrieve April 18, 2013 from http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/ei/ei0402.pdf
Chief Executive's Tasks
When Mintzberg's model for CEOs is used, the above case study can be observed to have managerial activities that can be categorized into the interpersonal, informational as well as the decision-making roles that were displayed by the concerned manager.
The interpersonal roles that were executed by the manager included the speech that he was to give at the area police academy. The other instance is when he learnt from the communications officer that one of the motorcycle officers was involved in an accident and he went to wish him well in the hospital was an interpersonal role. The ride that the manager was to make in the holiday parade could also be categorized under interpersonal roles and finally the attending of the special ceremony at the city park that honors area law enforcement officers who had been killed in the line of duty.
The informational roles in…
Proven Models (2012). Ten Managerial Roles. Retrieved January 26, 2012 from http://www.provenmodels.com/88/ten-managerial-roles/henry-mintzberg/
ach of these companies has totally different organizational cultures and climates. Some stress teamwork and collaboration. Others allow tremendous independence and flexibility. Some are democratically organized whereas others have a rigid organizational hierarchy. The organization should make their recruitment practices reflect these core organizational ideals, beliefs and practices. No matter what the organizational culture and its underlying values, hiring practices should proudly mirror them. The only way to attract and retain the most valuable employees is to be forthright about what it means to work for the company.
Based on rickson & Gratton's (2007) research, our organization should conscientiously outline our signature experience. To do so, we must first analyze our organizational culture and the values and goals that underlie it. We must identify the specific needs we need our employees to fill, and understand exactly what types of employees will fit the bill. Above all, we need to…
Erickson & Gratton (2007) analyze the recruitment practices of several successful firms including Whole Foods, the Container Store, and Goldman Sach's. Each of these companies has totally different organizational cultures and climates. Some stress teamwork and collaboration. Others allow tremendous independence and flexibility. Some are democratically organized whereas others have a rigid organizational hierarchy. The organization should make their recruitment practices reflect these core organizational ideals, beliefs and practices. No matter what the organizational culture and its underlying values, hiring practices should proudly mirror them. The only way to attract and retain the most valuable employees is to be forthright about what it means to work for the company.
Based on Erickson & Gratton's (2007) research, our organization should conscientiously outline our signature experience. To do so, we must first analyze our organizational culture and the values and goals that underlie it. We must identify the specific needs we need our employees to fill, and understand exactly what types of employees will fit the bill. Above all, we need to remain true to our values as an organization and honest about how we operate.
Humana's Corporate Finance Analysis
In 1992, David Jones, the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Humana Inc. considered a major change within its integrated strategy of managing both hospitals and health plans because Jones thought about whether it still made sense for the company to jointly operate both hospitals and health plans, considering emerging trends within the healthcare industry within the United States. However, the Chairman/CEO felt there was more data and a comprehensive investigation was vital of Humana's tactics and procedures by elder executives who had regarded an array of alternatives for reorganizing the business' commercial formation embracing the entire severance of the company's infirmary and health plan processes. The fiscal forecasters who track Humana believed that parting was even more possible even though they were predictably controlled and there was no abrupt risk of evasion on its liabilities. In conclusion of the supervising team felt that…
Business Day. (1996, August 15). Humana inc. (hum, n). The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/1996/08/15/business/humana-inc-hum-n.html?src=pm
Gamble, M. (2011, July 11). The quiet takeover: insurers buying physicians and hospitals. Retrieved from http://www.beckershospitalreview.com/hospital-financial-and-business-news/the-quiet-takeover-insurers-buying-physicians-and-hospitals.html
Harvard Business School. (1994). Humana inc. managing in a changing industry. Manuscript submitted for publication, Department of Business, Harvard Business School, Boston, Massachusetts.
McClure, B. (2011). DCF analysis: coming up with a fair value. Investopedia. Retrieved August 2, 2011, from http://www.investopedia.com/university/dcf/dcf4.asp
Nutri System Order
A Model of Organizational Performance and Change
G.H. Litwin and other experts came together in 1968 that was later refined by W.W. Burke and his colleagues almost 20 years later to look at a model that Litwin and his colleagues originally created a model of a group effort that is indicated by arrows which organizational functions encourage more openly while other functions and make a difference in being transformed that agrees upon the forces in managerial performance and modifications. The model is represented with 12 labeled boxes that stand for these two experts' decisions of executive variables they consider to be most effective have tried to explain for key components at an overall system altitude, and this is the variables that were used to look at Nutrisystem (1992).
Nutrisystem has its own structure which is defined by Litwin and Burke as "the understanding of the purpose and…
Linkedin. (2011, July 1). E-commerce product manager. Retrieved from http://www.linkedin.com/jobs/jobs-ECommerce-Product-Manager-1736370
NutriSystem. (2011). Corporate governance -- committee. Retrieved from http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=66836&p=irol-govcommcomp
NutriSystem. (2011). Jobs. Retrieved from http://www.nutrisystem.com/jsps_hmr/careers/index.jsp
Redling, J. (2011, February 24). Nutrisystem ceo discusses q4 2010 results-earnings call transcript. Seeking alpha. Retrieved from http://seekingalpha.com/article/254980-nutrisystem-ceo-discusses-q4-2010-results-earnings-call-transcript
" (Brown, 1996, p. 74)
That potential of globalization can be attributed directly to the current business processes working to its fullest capabilities. Some may think that these trends towards globalization are new to the twentieth or twenty-first centuries. In a sense that is true because of the fact that our current globalization phenomenon can be linked with the advent of our new technology, financial methods and distribution channels to any point on the globe. However, globalization is technically not a new process that was created in or by our current digital and information revolution. Actually, not even the industrial revolution can be credited with the idea of globalization because the concept originated even before Christopher Columbus or Marco Polo. (Employees, 2005)
World trade has linked disparate locations into highly complex and extensive systems of finance, communication, migration, and other interconnections for thousands of years. Some of these events have…
Brown, Seymore (1996). International Relations in a Changing Global System: Toward a Theory of the World Polity. New York: Westwood.
Employees. (n.d.). Globalization Trends. Retrieved on May 26, 2005, at http://employees.oxy.edu/whitney/classes/ec311/notes/content/images/globalization_and_growth.gif
Ford to Spend $1bn a Year in China. Ed. Pravda Online. 12/8/03. Pravda. Retrieved on May 26, 2005, at http://english.pravda.ru/comp/2002/09/18/36813.html
Gonzalez, Adrian. (2002). "Inbound logistics drives strong demand for transportation systems Warehousing Management." Radnor: Sep.
executive lounges of luxury hotel in London
Promotion of Executive Lounge
Overview of the UK hotel industry
Executive lounge market research and trends
Advantages and disadvantages from the hotel perspective
Methodology and previous research
Research strategy and tools
Reliability and validity
Executive lounges are sections set aside by hotels to cater for guest or customers who are would not mind paying more in order to receive a premium or preferential services (Nguyen, 2015). Just as in the airline industry, the hotel industry has recognized the need to have special services for clients who have huge demands, especially business travelers. The major benefits of executive lounges are the services or amenities offered. Most executive lounges allow guest to have an early check-in and late checkout, business center, allowing guest to take a shower before their rooms are available, private meeting areas, and free meals. The…
AB HAMID, N.R. & AKHIR, R.M. 2013. Beyond technology-based customer relationship management: It is total customer experience management. Research in Business and Economics Journal, 8, 1.
BECKER, E. 2013. Overbooked: the exploding business of travel and tourism, New York, NY, Simon and Schuster.
BJORN, A. 2013. The needs and wants of business and leisure guests at Marriott Brussels.
BRYMAN, A. 2012. Social research methods, Oxford, Oxford university press.
International Compensation Package for Expatriate Executives Assigned to Mexico
This memorandum is in response to your request for a comprehensive and effective international compensation package to encourage the employees selected to take the assignment to facilitate the launch of the company's new operations in Mexico. The following recommendations are based on 10 equal expatriate positions with a domestic equivalent salary of $80,000. Notwithstanding these equivalencies, the research to date confirms that "one-size-fits-all" compensation packages may be less effective than individualized approaches that take executives' current life situation into account (Divakaran & Mani, 2012).
It is reasonable to suggest that some of these 10 executives (particularly those who are single) will require little or no encouragement to accept the assignment to Mexico, viewing it as a plum assignment given the lower cost of living and amenities that are available there (Cost of living comparison between Mexico and the U.S., 2015). By…
Cost of living comparison between Mexico and the U.S. (2015). Numbeo. Retrieved from http://www.numbeo.com/cost-of-living/compare_countries_result.jsp ? country1=Mexico&country2=United+States.
Divakaran, A. & Mani, M. (2012, September/October). Best practices for meeting manufacturing's global talent challenge. Ivey Business Journal Online, 37-38.
Segal, M. A (2009, December). Per diem arrangements and accountable plans. The CPA Journal, 73(12), 38.
Stroh, L. K. & Black, J. S. (2009). International assignments: An integration of strategy, research, and practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
absence within the neurological community of executive function performance testing for various real-world activities (that include multi-tasking) on subjects who have suffered brain damage (Baum & al, 2008). By testing real-world functioning via the EFPT, the researchers, as occupational therapists, hoped to provide more accurate information on the ability of subjects to function independently in their day-to-day existence and to perform functions within society (Baum & al, 2008). This study served as a test of the validity and reliability of the EFPT model on patients with mild to moderate stroke, as a follow-up to previous studies of EFTP validity and reliability on subjects with multiple sclerosis and schizophrenia (Baum & al, 2008). Hypothesis: Stroke will have a negative effect on executive functioning in real-world tasks.
esearch study design and characteristics
This was an empirical, quantitative, conclusion-oriented, lab/simulation research study using the EFTP. The EFTP measures executive cognitive functions (initiation, organization,…
Baum, C., & al, e. (2008). Reliability, Validity, and Clinical Utility of the Executive Function Performance Test. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 62 (4), 446-454.
Human esource Executives:
Understanding the dynamics of change has become increasingly significant to organizations due to the trend of human resource professionals to step into the role of change leaders. In addition to being considered as either fast or slow, change is usually earnestly approved or stubbornly opposed in many organizations. Currently, the three distinct dynamics of change that researchers have focused on are resistance, readiness and developing and sustaining momentum. The failed attempts at organizational change have always been attributed to the human factors in resistance to change. These factors basically incorporate a series of behaviors from passive resistance to active or even aggressive resistance. While resistance to change is commonly associated with individual resistance, it's believed that this resistance rarely occurs.
With this kind of belief, the barriers to organizational change are always attributed to the structure of the organization, performance appraisal or compensation system that are not…
Jansen, K.J. (n.d.). The Emerging Dynamics of Change: Resistance, Readiness, and Momentum.
Human Resource Planning, 53-55. Pennsylvania State University.
Martin, G. & Beaumont, P. (2001, December). Transforming Multinational Enterprises: Towards
a Process Model of Strategic Human Resource Management Change. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(8), 1234-1250. Retrieved from Routledge.
It is not that managers do not see the benefit in conflict that they eschew it; it is that conflict is high-risk and can have significant negative externalities, some of which linger with the organization for a long time. Managers are less enthusiastic about conflict because they are taking into account a longer time frame and the totality of externalities, which makes their views a reflection of better information and therefore more accurate than the views of academic researchers.
Recommendations. Carefully manage conflict -- do not use it wantonly. Conflict does not always create positive outcomes sufficient to outweigh the negative ones that are certain to accrue. Take steps to ensure that the conflict is task-focused and not personal. This will limit the amount of damage that accrues from conflict. Create conflict only when necessary -- large scale conflict for small scale problems is dangerous. Conflict is a powerful tool…
Vazquez, E. (2008). Managing conflict across generations in the workplace. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved May 30, 2010 from http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/50103/462996891.pdf?sequence=1
Rahim, M. (2001,a). Managing conflict in organizations. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Cohen, C., Birkin, S., Cohen, M., Garfield, M. & Webb, H. (2006). Managing conflict during an organizational acquisition. Conflict Resolution Quarterly. Vol. 23 (3) 317-331.
Rahim, M. (2001, b) Towards a theory of managing organizational conflict. The International Journal of Conflict Management. Vol. 13 (3) 206-235.
I have two significant experiences in a supportive position that have direct relevance to the executive assistant position for which I am currently applying. First, I was office administrator for the entire San Francisco office for Kim Coates. With little to no supervision, I performed tasks ranging from spreadsheet creation and management to the preparation of budgets. I would answer attorney and staff inquiries, handle office space expansions, and delegate tasks to office personnel. In Kim Coate's absence, I managed to keep the office organized and running effectively according to the mission and goals of the organization.
Currently, I work for a nationally-recognized law firm in a position that directly supports the Office Administrator and two senior partners, one of which serves via appointment by Mayor Gavin Newsom. One of the partners is also a member of the Board of Directors of the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency, which…
Product and Service Design Processes
Product Executive Summary: Tire Design
The approach to designing tires is driven by a highly regulated product market. The standards for safety, ergonomic design and functionality are governed by a number of basic qualifying conditions that must first be met. Therefore, the appropriate design approach begins with ensuring that these conditions are met both in terms of design and the machinery and equipment that will be used to drive production.
Beyond this, design approach is governed by the required output of a given production facility. This, in turn, is determined by client demand and imposed shipping schedules and deadlines. By establishing partnerships with automakers and other larger production operations, the tire design process is governed by clear outlay of production expectations. Designing the production approach must center on achieving these expectations. For this to occur across multiple settings and with a wide range of partnerships…
Kant was no exception to the paradigmatic priorities (i.e. objectivity as knowledge) of the era, and brief reference to the episteme is serves accuracy in discursive analysis of this heritage within American politics and policy thought. For instance, Kant's Critique of Judgment is enormously influential in establishing a connection between judgment and political and moral precepts to conduct in communities. Intellectual lineage to Kant's model of Enlightenment 'reason" combines ritish Empiricism with Continental Rationalism; and partly explains why his philosophical proposition that the existence of persistent war against non-liberal states is a requirement to perpetual peace is reiterated in scholarly expiation since the Enlightenment period, making Perpetual Theory of War as lasting as seminal reference (ehnke, 2009, Caranti, 2006 and Murray, 2003). Discourse Analysis toward the study's cause-and-effect analysis is derived from speeches and interviews taken from the ush administration in Table 1.
President ush -- Speeches and…
Behnke, a. (2009). Eternal Peace, Perpetual War? A Critical Investigation into Kant's Conceptualisation of War. Conference Papers -- International Studies Association, 1-18.
Bolton, J. (2010). Obama's Next Three Years. Commentary, 129(1), 24-28.
Brose, C. (2009). The Making of George W. Obama. Foreign Policy, (170), 52-55.
Caranti, L. (2006). Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace? Reflections on the Realist Critique of Kant's Project. Journal of Human Rights, 5(3), 341-353. doi:10.1080/14754830600812357.
Generally, Wikipedia pages also include references and many of them are legitimate sources of information. In that sense, Wikipedia can be helpful as a starting point for online research more than as an authoritative source of any information.
Website 3 -- the National Anti-Vivisection Society: http://navs.org
The National Anti-Vivisection Society appears to be a legitimate organization with many links to established animal welfare organizations such as the Human Society of the United States and ASPCA. On the other hand, it is more of an advocacy site than an information or news site. The main concept of the organization is based on subjective belief and opinions in connection with the relative rights of non-human animals. While that position actually seems appropriate and more justifiable than the opposite position (i.e. insensitivity to the suffering of animals for human benefit), it is not, strictly speaking, based on objective facts. Because the website is…
As has been mentioned in the introduction, the four tactics that comprise this strategy include providing a dedicated and exclusive customer service manager to the largest accounts due to their complex, often urgent, and difficult-to-solve problems and requests; the use of value-added promotions and coupons including added services that by themselves would be only marginally successful yet when bundled with other tactics appears to be working; the utilization of segmentation strategies for isolating the unmet needs of customers and designing loyalty programs for them and developing product line extensions to fulfill those needs; and the development of event-based marketing programs to involve and include customers in the major decisions surrounding the company. Our CEO is a big believer in advisory councils and uses these both for market research and customer retention.
The company excels at execution yet relies on anecdotal and a very imprecise methodology for actually quantifying the impact…