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And what of the details of this imprisonment? ere the camps liveable? Did they provide basic community services, like public education, privacy for families, civic news communications? The original "evacuation" to the camps was traumatic in itself for many of the Japanese-Americans, who were given a week or less to gather belongings, settle any long-term obligations they might have in their communities, say goodbye to friends and loved ones, and report a camp. The starkness of the evacuation is evident in the signs pasted every time a neighborhood was targeted for evacuation:
all persons of Japanese ancestry, both alien and non-alien, weill be evacuated from the above area by 10 o'clock noon on...evacuees must carry with the on dparture for the Assembly Center the following property: a. bedding and linens for each member of the family; b. toilet articles for each member of the family; c. extra clothing for each…… [Read More]
Less than two months after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, bringing the United States into orld ar II, the federal government made a decision to remove many Japanese (the majority of whom were Japanese-American citizens) from the west coast of the U.S., allegedly for security reasons. This paper reviews that decision and the ramifications from Executive Order 9066.
The main justification for Executive Order 9066 was that some Japanese on the west coast allegedly "…posed a threat to national security," according to Roger Daniels, professor of English at The University of Illinois and author of Prisoners without Trial: Japanese-American in orld ar II. The executive order signed by President Franklin Roosevelt (9066) caused about 120,000 Japanese (two-thirds were American citizens) to be confined to camps (some called them "concentration camps" but they were in no way death camps such as the Nazis had put…… [Read More]
Executive Orders Abuse Power?
The best known directives consist of executive orders and presidential proclamations, but there are many other documents that have a similar functional and effects. educed to their basic core, presidential directives are merely written, rather than oral, instructions or declarations that are handed down by the President. Authority for these directives must come from either the Constitution or statutory delegations. Yet the President's authority to issue directives goes beyond express language in the Constitution (Gaziano, 2001).
The President's authority to issue executive orders is limited by the extent of his powers and by other power given to Congress. If the President's power is derived from a constitutional grant of power, Congress remains free to reverse or adjust the fundamental authority. Congress also has some leeway in defining the procedures the President must carry out in the exercise of that power, even though there are some constitutional…… [Read More]
Executive Order and Law:
An executive order can be described as a presidential directive that consists of the force of law though it has a much more restricted jurisdiction than the statutes of the Congress. Generally, an executive order is a presidential order that usually applies to the way things are done in Federal Agencies. However, a presidential executive order cannot be contradictory with any law passed by the Congress since that would render it unconstitutional. Notably, executive orders can only govern the activities of the executive branch such as Federal Agencies, which implies that they cannot be directly used to govern the American public to the extent that the United States Congress can do. Therefore, an executive order can be regarded as what the president issues to enforce Congressional statutes and laws, which means that the president is basically ordering the executive branch officials to act.
Based on this…… [Read More]
Deregulation under the Trump Administration and Its Impact on the Non-Profit Sector
President Trump touted deregulation as one of the issues he would push for during his campaign leading up to the 2016 election. Once placed in the White House, he held true to his push for deregulation and that policy has had some impact on the non-profit sector in the US. This paper will show how that impact has benefited the nonprofit sector in some ways and how in other ways it remains to be seen whether negative fallout will occur or not. Specifically this paper will explain how deregulation under the Trump Administration is impacting the non-profit sector in various beneficial ways, such as
by allowing nonprofits to keep anonymous the names of donors; and by capping the amount federal agencies can force nonprofits to spend—the idea being that this will prohibit agencies from shifting costs for…… [Read More]
The upremacy Clause of Article VI in the Constitution for example provides the federal government with all-encompassing powers of regulation. This includes immigration (Hall, 1994, p. 11 of fax). Furthermore, commerce and business within the United tates can also be regulated by the Federal law under the Commerce clause of Article 1, section 8, clause 3, under which commerce with foreign nations, for example, can be regulated.
An argument like the one by the Islamic Army may therefore be characterized as somewhat narrow, lacking insight into the true character of the Constitution. The American Constitution does not guarantee human rights and equality to everybody that comes its way. It is also obliged to protect as best it can the citizens of the United tates. uch protection means that the rights of those who mean to harm citizens need to be prohibited within the country.
Hall, Daniel E. (1994). Administrative…… [Read More]
American Journal of International Law (2009). President issues an executive order banning torture and CIA prisons. The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 103, No. 2. Pp 331-334.
The article mentions that in line with President Obama's order to put an end to Guantanamo Bay detentions, there was an issue of executive orders. As empowered by the constitution, the orders reversed practices and policies from the Bush administration and the relationships with detention and interrogation of the terror suspects. The authors add that the order revoked Executive Order 13,440 that limited Common Article 3 application on Geneva Conventions. The order banned torture and humiliation and degrading treatment for persons under U.S. custody, control of detained persons from in armed conflicts, and limit U.S. interrogation techniques from the ones authorized through the Army Field Manual. Further, the order directed Central Intelligence Agency to end all detention facilities under its operations while…… [Read More]
The Constitution delineates the powers related to the different branches of government, the judicial, legislative and executive. This breakdown is outlined in Article II. In Section 2, the President is appointed the Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy. The President also has the power to make treaties, appoint ambassadors, other public ministers, judges of the Supreme Court, with the advice of the Senate. The President may appoint lower officials without the Senate's approval, and the President may fill vacancies during recess of the Senate. The President also has the power of veto over laws presented to him by Congress.
The President also has powers that have been granted by Congress. As head of the executive branch, the President has extensive power within that branch to guide funding and projects, and to make appointments. The President can utilize what are known as executive orders, which apply to people working within…… [Read More]
Further, it can also be noted that initially, I took coaching to be a critical undertaking in the development of skills as well as talents of leaders and executives. This is a view which has also been reinforced by my recent readings of the relevant texts. Just like I believed in the past, executive/organizational coaching enables executives to respond to various pressures in addition to meeting a wide range of organizational goals in an increasingly dynamic working environment. Hence in a way, one of the main purposes of coaching remains the development of skills and other competencies. This is a view I held in the past and which has further been enhanced or reinforced today.
However, it is important to note that I had a somewhat limited view of the purpose of an executive/organizational coach in so far as nurturing skills and talents of leaders is concerned. In this case,…… [Read More]
Other benefits include payouts or large severance packages should an executive leave a corporation, whether or not they fulfilled the terms of their initial contract (Griner, 1996). There has been some criticism of late of agencies and organizations that offer compensatory packages for CEOS that do not meet organizational objectives. Employees in many instances are not afforded the same benefits or exemptions that executives are. Most employees are likely to be fired or laid off without any benefit or pay out particularly when their performance is considered marginal. This is not always the case however with executive pay.
Change on the Horizon
One of the biggest challenges that lies ahead for H managers and organizations will be holding executives accountable for the results they produce within an organization. Boards must more and more take a "rigorous approach to ensure that pay reflects performance" so that stakeholders can measure executive contributions…… [Read More]
Executive Stock Option Plans
"If the company does not do better than its competitors, but the stock market goes up, executives do very well from their stock options. This makes no sense." Discuss viewpoint. Can you think of alternatives to the usual executive option plan that take the viewpoint into account?
Executive stock options are performance-based incentive plans that became popular in the 1950s and 1960s. They declined due to the stock market crash of the 1970s, but returned aggressively returned in the 1990s (Kole, 1997). Today, most companies grant stock options to their top officers as part of executive compensation, along with salary and bonuses. Options that are awarded as part of a compensation package can be very valuable to executives when stocks are performing well. The challenge comes in when stock value is realized for executives even when a company is not faring well at all. This is…… [Read More]
5). Although Web portals also provide executives with the ability to aggregate large amounts of data from various sources, there is still the issue of sorting out all of this information in meaningful ways. Indeed, many executives are faced with so much information that it is comparable to trying to sip from a fire hose. In contrast to Web portals, digital dashboards "is a personalized portal that provides consolidated information for an individual user" (Abel, p. 6). Finally, digital dashboards also provide executives with the ability to view the information offline, thereby adding portability to the EIS approach (Abel).
Examples of Executive Information Systems and Digital Dashboards. One of the more popular EISs in use today is SAS, described by one of its vendors as "the market leader in providing a new generation of business intelligence software and services that create true enterprise intelligence. SAS is the only vendor that…… [Read More]
hen he, representing the de facto shareholders the American taxpayers, found the executive compensation plans were out of line with the objectives of said shareholders, he acted.
In the free market system, this is the only response. Shareholders have rights and duties as the owners of companies. The executive team acts as their agents. The shareholders have not only the right but the capability to fire boards of directors and by extension executives whose compensation does not match their performance. The public outcry with respect to excessive compensation typically occurs when shareholders neglect their duty. Yet, there are examples where the shareholders have upheld their duty. These firms -- the majority -- do not make headlines, giving the impression that executive compensation is a rampant problem in society. If a company dares to pay bonuses will laying off workers or reducing their wages, the outcry hits the front page. However,…… [Read More]
It has been shown that the acquisition of talent not an area specific to each individual position at top companies. The highest-performing companies build pools of talent from which they can draw as needed (Michaels et al., 2001). Thus, there will inevitably be talented people who are at times underutilized. Their higher-order needs are not being met and thus they must be generously compensated. Otherwise, when the time comes to move someone from the organization to a fulfilling, higher-order executive position, the talent will not be there.
CEO pay proponents also point out that the bulk of the "excessive" executive compensation comes in the form of stock or options. These instruments were brought into executive compensation packages specifically to align the interests of management with those of the shareholders. It was the shareholders and the boards of directors who initiated this, as a means to protect shareholder wealth. There have…… [Read More]
In order to analyze the financial stability and health, several important liquidity and debt ratios are necessary. The current ratio, comparing the current assets to the current liabilities in a company, was 0.95 in 2007, decreasing gradually from 2004. It is generally recommended that this ratio is 1 or higher, however, 0.95 is a value close to that, giving a good reflection of the company's short-term financial viability. This is also important because any liquidity problems can then translate into bigger medium and long-term financial problems.
The financial leverage of the company, along with the debt to equity ratio, has, however, increased significantly from 2005 to 2007. In 2005, the financial leverage was 1.98 and the debt to equity ratio 0.40, while in 2007, the financial leverage was 2.91 and the debt to equity ratio 0.93. This shows that the company is starting to rely from on bank credits and…… [Read More]
I think as a company we made some good moves -- we were well positioned when we invested in capacity but we simply underestimated our competition. As a result, we fell to 4th in the market and had to reinvent ourselves.
What the competition did and our response
Our response: We retrenched to our original strategy. We had intended at the outset to follow a differentiated strategy -- do dominate the high-end niches. We launched the Phoenix to symbolize our revival and set out to capture the Innovator and Mercedes markets. It worked. We knew we had a good, efficient sales team, one that was probably more efficient than those of our competitors. We took advantage of that, and put out the best computer on the market.
The strategy was a success. While the top two competitors were chasing after the mass market and doing a good job at that,…… [Read More]
It is these elements that give the client confidence to take action based on the ideas sourced during coaching exercise. As Goldsmith and Lyons (2006, p. 146) note, "transfer of knowledge flows from relationships of trust." However, trust cannot be established without first forming a meaningful relationship with the client. Therefore, coaches should see relationships as a foundation for them to effectively share ideas and information and in the process impact on the behavior of others.
Further, it can also be noted that nurturing relationships could be critical for follow-up purposes where necessary. In this case, relationships aid communication and hence the coach can easily make a follow-up of the progress made so as to suggest corrective measures in case actual results deviate from the desired outcomes. Thus follow up is necessary for feedback purposes. In most cases, feedback is critical for both the coach and the organization. As Goldsmith…… [Read More]
Executive ranch Authority to Conduct Foreign Affairs
Executive Power is vested in the President of the United States by Article II of the Constitution. Article II, Section 1, Clause 1 of the American Constitution, called the 'Executive Vesting Clause' has been the constant focus of constitutional analysis, even at the time of its ratification. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton famously debated this clause in 1793, on the specific issue of residual authority given to the President above and beyond powers as enumerated in the Constitution. The power and authority of the President affects not only the President himself, and the two arms of the Congress, but also the freedoms and rights of U.S. citizens. The precise delineation of executive power has been the subject of notable Supreme Court cases particularly with respect to foreign affairs and war. In the United States now, due to the 'War on Terror', issues of…… [Read More]
Corporate executive pay needs to be reconsidered. Proponents of corporate greed will claim all sorts of outlandish reasons why their mansion on the iviera is benefitting the worker making $7 per hour in the fields. Companies will even use spurious research methods to justify corporate executive pay. The Institute for Policy Studies and the Center for Corporate Policy (2007) notes that "amounts for restricted stock, pension benefits, deferred compensation, and severance pay" are rarely factored into the evaluations of corporate executive pay to make it look like chief executives are not making as much as they actually are. Hiding money, misreporting money, and misreporting data are just a few of the ways corporate America is ruining America. It is high time the people of the United States took back their nation from the greedy corporate executives. A score of executives are laughing all the way to the bank while millions…… [Read More]
Executive Leadership Team, Advanced esearch
Hackershield Security Testing Software
Today, security has become an integral part of information technology networks and Advanced esearch is in need of an improved approach to its security precautions. The purpose of this executive proposal is to provide the company's executive leadership team with a description concerning the benefit of testing and identifying vulnerabilities before they are exploited by hackers through the use of Hackershield Security Testing Software, including a description of the application, its purpose and associated benefits in support of its purchase and implementation. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the benefits of Hackershield Security Testing Software together with recommendations for its purchase by Advanced esearch are provided in the executive proposal's conclusion.
eview and Analysis
Description of Hackershield Security Testing Software
This application uses a proactive approach to information technology (IT) security by actively scanning, testing and identifying…… [Read More]
executive office should influence women's rights largely depends on the political climate. The executive can and should balance the powers of the legislature and the judicial branch, as per the Constitution. Moreover, women's rights are universal and immutable. If any one branch infringes on the rights of women, it is up to one or both of the other branches to curb that infringement and ensure that gender discrimination is fully abolished. Unfortunately, the current political climate in the United States is frightfully unbalanced. The same political party is in control of the legislative branch and executive, and is poised to skew the judicial branch towards its conservative and sometimes misogynistic views. In the case of Trump, the executive can technically and legally pass executive orders like the global gag rule. This does not make the executive's powers right or ethical, but legally it is difficult to challenge Trump when Obama…… [Read More]
Executive Coaching Via Consulting Psychology
The objective of this study is to provide a brief review of executive coaching via consulting psychology. Toward this end a review of relevant literature and case studies are examined and reported on.
Jowett, et al. (2012)
The work of Jowett, Kostas, and Passmore (2012) relates that executive coaching is utilized by organizations as an intervention that serves to increase the opportunity of managers in skills development, knowledge promotion, and the opportunity to reflect and bring about improvement in their performance. A requirement for executive coaching success is a working relationship that is of an effective nature. The study conducted by Jowett, Kostas, and Passmore (2012) had the objective of examining the coaching relationship that was formed among "five coachee dyads" through use of the 3+1Cs relationship model. The 3+1Cs relationship model is such that the 3+1Cs were represented by: (1) closeness; (2) commitment; (3)…… [Read More]
Also, overall organizational costs have increased as well. Thus, two central questions must be answered. First of all, what is the hospital's ethical policy on a patient's right to die? How can the policy be rectified so that it is coherent with the law and with the director's policies? The assistant cannot alone determine this statement, but can demand that the rights of the patient to refuse or accept treatment for their own physical persons and their children be clearly stated by some organizational manifesto. If there is a coherent organizational policy that the hospital can hereafter adhere to, then patients will have some idea what they are 'getting into' before coming to the hospital, and the board of directors can have some say as to the overall hospital policy. Secondly, regarding the increase of costs, the financial department must be consulted as to how many Medicaid and Medicare patients…… [Read More]
Executive Function Performance Test (EFPT) for healthcare practitioners who deal with mild and moderate-severity stroke patients. Executive function is important to overall health because it allows us to regulate our actions, plan our behavior, and set goals. Stroke patients frequently suffer from executive-function related losses; this study proposes a measure that will help quantify the extent of executive function loss.
The design of this study was a basic experimental 3x1 design. The authors compared three groups on their performance of the EFPT. The three groups were: mild stroke, moderate stroke, and age-matched control (no stroke). All participants performed the EFPT and stroke group participants were tested 6 months after the stroke event to allow for an even amount of healing time.
The EFPT is noticeably different from other performance-based measures because unlike the Kitchen Task Assessment (its closest relative), it records cues from experimenters that support patient performance. Support cues…… [Read More]
In order to avoid that for this study, reliability of the EFPT was measured through trained raters who rated participants. How they were rated by the EFPT and by the other raters were then compared.
7.Define validity. How was validity of the instruments assessed in this study?
In order to determine whether the instrument was valid, there was construct validity and criterion validity that had to be tested. Construct validity is requiring a test to be able to distinguish between people who have and who do not have a known trait. This was assessed by determining whether the EFPT was able to distinguish people based on their level of stroke. Criterion validity was determined by comparing the EFPT scores with a lot of scores that were established for these same patients on neuropsychological tests.
8.Summarize Table 1.
Table one offered demographic information as well as information regarding how well the…… [Read More]
executives practice win-win negotiations. While positional bargaining encourages parties to compete, win-win fosters collaboration. The outcome is a solution that optimizes results, rather than makes one party the loser. Specifically win-win negotiations encourages:
Critical thinking skills: A satisfactory negotiation depends on quality inputs and an understanding of the overall impact. Critical thinking is enhanced when both parties work toward the same goal.
Mutuality: SC is positioned to set the standard for future computer generations. However, due to cash constraints, I recognized that the company could not pay my market value. Because the VP, in turn, expressed his concern for my needs, which are to be part of a start-up venture and to extend the business internationally, we could reach an agreement that allowed for a deferred salary increase.
Empathetic listening: Because we were seeking common ground and not looking to be right, listening skills were greatly improved. Each party listened…… [Read More]
This case study examines the decision making process from a collective viewpoint. It attempts to resolve issues within a community hospital that have arisen due to failed organizational management, ethical considerations and a poorly established communication system.
Framing the Problem:
Identify the Problem-
The primary problems that exist within Faith community hospital center around the following as outlined by the CEO: (1) a lack of organizational processes that ensure uniformity, (2) a lack of standardized procedures with regard to ethical considerations working in a medical environment, and (3) lack of appropriate communication systems to ensure that everyone is thinking alone the same lines.
At this point in time Faith Community Hospital has developed a mission statement that clearly identifies the organizations mission which is among other things to provide a quality continuum of service to community members.
However variant interpretations of the mission have led to a chaotic…… [Read More]
healthcare industry is undergoing fundamental change. naction of the affordable care act rapidly increases the insured population in America. Not only have the number of insured individuals increased, but the varied of these individuals has also grown. Now more minorities and younger individuals are now insured. Due in part to these changing demographics, industry aspects has been altered. Customers are now expecting highly quality of care. They are also demand a much larger variety of treatment options. The industry must therefore adapt their practices to better coalesce around these changing ideals. Once manner in which to do so is medical reconciliation. As noted earlier, customers now expect a much higher degree of care for their ailments. On manner in which to do so is through the prevention of adverse drug events.
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are a top priority for many healthcare firms. Preventing harm has many societal, economic and…… [Read More]
Remuneration & ther Subjects
The authors of this report have been asked to assess a number of subjects surrounding remuneration of employees and the overall corporate/social ethics involved in the same in Australia. There are also some tangential and related subjects that will also be spoken of. In total, there are five broad-based questions. The first question speaks about risk aversion, profit/wealth maximization, wealth management, different stances that different people and personnel take vis-a-vis risk and financial reporting manipulation. The second question references the horizon problem. This second question looks at the different motivations and perspectives that different people in an investment and accounting situation might take. Managers have their axe to grind and stakeholders typically have a different one. How bonuses for investment managers figure in will also be explored. Finally, there will be a review for the fifth question that pertains to the transparency and visibility of remuneration…… [Read More]
Executive Salaries are inflated.
'Bottom Line': Executive salaries are disproportionately high, causing a crisis of both economics and morale within American enterprises.
hat is the justification behind a particular salary?
Encyclopedia Britannica defines a salary as a wage derived from human labor. hat is the 'human labor' of an executive
Labor of executive involves managing company.
Labor of executive involves presenting a favorable image to the public.
Does the current labor of executives justify their current salaries?
ays that high salaries of executives detract from company morale.
ays that high salaries of executives are injurious to company economically.
Possible objections to lowering salaries.
Difficulty in recruiting potentially talented executives.
Hard work done by executives -- '24-7' job
C. "Based on standards across the industry" (Letter to Editor, New York Times)
Responses to objections
Excessively high salaries encourages executives to go where money is, not because care about/believe in company
Excessively…… [Read More]
Executive Order can be defined as "A presidential policy directive that implements or interprets a federal statute, a constitutional provision or a treaty." (Vosloo, 1966) The Congress gives the president powers to issue such executive orders though congressional approval is not required therefore giving the president a chance to avoid public debate and opposition in setting policy. Executive orders have been associated with routine matters of administration and internal operations of federal agencies and have over time proved to be a very critical tool to presidents in relation to policy making. It should also be noted that executive orders have the force and effect of law and their issuance are usually under particular statutory authority from the Congress (Vosloo, 1966).
In the year 1962 President John F. Kennedy issued an executive order which was labeled Executive Order 10988 and whose main aim was to recognize federal employees' rights in bargaining…… [Read More]
Further, failure to understand the client's specific circumstances could end up frustrating the coaching process thus bringing about negative coaching outcomes. Closely related to this is the underestimation or overestimation of the problems or abilities of the client. The application of poor coaching techniques is yet another factor which could bring about negative coaching outcomes. Poor application of coaching techniques has got to do with poor methods selection as well as implementation, inaccurate assessment etc.
Other factors which could frustrate the realization of positive coaching outcomes include but are not limited to failure by the organization to allocate sufficient resources needed to sustain the coaching program, lack of support from top management as well as an organization culture indifferent to coaching.
Based on the discussion above, it can be noted that the relevance of the various key competencies required for coaching cannot be overstated. Indeed, it is these competencies…… [Read More]
etail Sales Management
Executive Summery: PC World is a huge UK retailer that is ever expanding into the technology marketplace. From PC's to washing machines, they offer a one-stop shop for everything technology related. With an appealing advertising system that attracts the middle class Englishman, it is no wonder that their business continues to grow.
PC World is a retailer within the Dixons etail businesses. The stores are located in the United Kingdom and it is the largest chain of computer retail stores in the UK and Ireland with a total of 163 stores. This report will review the overall retail sales management of PC World and how the store's overall strategy allowed for its wide expansion.
Background on Sector: PC World is a retail computer store that specializes in selling computers and computer-related technology. They also carry printers, ink, accessories, games, as well as entertainment technology including televisions, DVD…… [Read More]
The dependency interactions were sustained by the cooperation of ranks and elites in the periphery who benefited from their economic associations with the core states.
On the other hand, the problem of underdevelopment was basically diagnosed on the basis of weaknesses of domestic ranks in poor countries. While these diagnoses recognized the exploitative global interactions between rich and poor states, they were conducted on the basis that poor countries failed to play a historic role in overhauling conventional elites and practices as well as leading political and economic development.
While the concepts developed by dependency theories were adopted by several developing countries, they were condemned for being too deterministic through an overemphasis on the role of global forces on nations in the South. This criticism included the fact that dependency theories were efficient in explaining why countries didn't develop as compared to their explanations on how some nations really developed.…… [Read More]
The largest challenge there is for the consultant who is looking at several different people to fill a position. It becomes that consultant's responsibility to determine what matters most to those individuals and how that fits with the company. This involves Schein's (1998) career anchors, as these are designed to show what motivates a person and what he or she is most likely to work for.
Everyone has something that matters to them, whether it be food, shelter, status, money, fame, or something else -- or a combination of these. A consultant for any company that is looking to fill a position in an executive capacity must balance the career anchors, goals, and motivations of the potential candidates for the job with what the company is willing and able to offer to those people. Also in that balancing act are what the company stands for, what it believes in, and…… [Read More]
(ipley 2002) There is also an increasing presence of Middle Eastern expats within the metropolitan Detroit and its suburbs. Bush genuinely, believed, according to his supporters that ideologically driven Islamic youth might perform terrorist's acts from within despite any efforts by the Transportation Safety Authorities to ensure that no terrorists came into the country from without.
This gave rise to the first critic of President Bush, invoking the American Defense Act to allow security officials to perform security related wire taps on telephones and electronic surveillance on computer activities of suspected terrorists. This was in direct violations of the FISA (Federal Intelligence Surveillance Act). The violations involved non-compliance with FISA. The FISA rule involves the ordering the surveillance of suspects only after such a surveillance is court-ordered. (Apuzzo 2007) the uniqueness of the FISA construct is that for security reasons the court does not have to be informed of the…… [Read More]
Inflated Executive Salaries
In the following paper the researcher will analyze the reasons why companies feel CEOs are justified to have inflated salaries. The researcher will first outline the issue of executive inflated salaries, then sum up the arguments of the opposition. In the end the researcher will present his/her own arguments and finally conclude with what he/she gathered through the research.
With the emergent of technological-based environment, companies have mushroomed in the stock market to include internet-based firms to register as corporations, equal to those brick and mortar blue chip companies. The nature of the consumer behavior along with the market behavior, force companies to reconsider their strategies. For this purpose they hire executives to assign the task of changing the direction of these companies around less remain behind in profit making. In pursuing these tactics, they inevitably increased the value of CEOs in the industries. Today CEOs are…… [Read More]
CIO- Strategist and Executive
Currently, Information technology (IT) is integral in providing business services, and the organization of information on the company. Business process, policies and plans have shifted from the back of the office to the internet. As the business embraces e-commerce and other innovative implementations of IT that assists organizations, leadership in controlling the business information resources becomes significant. The invention of new approaches and the improvement of old ones using the modern information era require strong engagement of information management from the commencement (Leidner, Preston & Chen, 2010).
The efficient, effective, and inventive application of information technology facilitates a high degree of leadership and insight that surpasses the IT functions. esearchers assert that the demand for strong control of information management necessitated the presence of chief information officer (CIO) in executive departments and organizations. The CIO has numerous responsibilities and duties in managing information in the business…… [Read More]
Moreover, Coleman is right in suggesting that a better compensation package could be offered in an attempt to retain Carpenter.
How could the crisis have been avoided?
For one, at the time of hiring Carpenter, I would have insisted on the company's in-house developmental data and operations information remaining confidential after Carpenter moves on to another firm. Even if Carpenter had refused to sign a contract that would prevent him from leaving and signing on to another company, the contract could have included a confidential information clause, preventing him from sharing company (trade) secrets with future employers. Steven Emanuel and Lazar Emanuel explain in their book Corporations that any of the following acts can be considered "wrongful taking of trade secrets": a) soliciting a "large number of the former employer's customers"; b) soliciting of the former company's employees; and c) use of the former employer's "secret processes" or other strategies…… [Read More]
It could be argued that a conflict of interest could arise in the executive's ability to create or destroy a convention, assuming inadequate resistance from the rest of the governmental body.
The idea that constitutional conventions exist outside of the bounds of courts and are injusticiable can be quite frustrating for many political scientists and politicians. Conventions are best viewed as a set of governmental traditions or norms that while not legally binding are often socially binding through votes of confidence (ozenberg, 1998). They are to be viewed as a political aberration that exist in large numbers in both the British and U.S. systems of government. There is no agreed-upon system for dealing with questions arising from the topic of constitutional conventions, yet these very same conventions, by nature, adhere to the cultural, legal, and social norms and morals of the society, which the executive oversees.
There is no singular…… [Read More]
Peter Drucker: Effective Executive Guide
According to Peter Drucker, being an effective leader means getting things done. Intelligence and imagination are often present in great abundance amongst higher-level executives, but the ability to be efficacious in the world is rare (Drucker 1-2). While manual workers can be judged fairly easily on output, it can be struggle to quantify managerial efficacy. First and foremost, managers must understand this and not confuse efficacy with 'creativity.' Their actions must have a concrete, direct purpose, and if they do not understand this they will not be successful leaders. For Drucker, success is not something undefined and elusive. It is meeting the goals set for the organization, and ensuring one's actions enable the organization to thrive.
The proliferation of professionals and knowledge-based workers is the source of much of the red tape that prevents things from 'getting done.' Too many workers have knowledge, but lack…… [Read More]
Management class 494, I Executive Summary case title Nascar: A Branding Success. Marketting Strategy book O.C. Ferrel, I international student, I write summary formal words make an international student essay IA, I sounds weird write Executive summary a I write.
NASCA executive summary
NASCA, short for The National Association for Stock Car Auto acing, is a relatively small size firm, but which also has an increased importance within the national and international auto racing events. The success of the organization is based on several key features, including the dedication of the staff members to high quality operations and services, the wide reach of the company outside the geographic borders, but also, the strength of its marketing approach.
The marketing team of NASCA is highly skilled and qualified, and, along the years, has produced some of the more successful measures to attracting the attention of the audience, as well as its…… [Read More]
Macy's Discussion Questions And Executive Summary
A detailed description of the environment Macy's clothing store will face.
It appears that the department stores of the previous century are dwindling in size and popularity. The environment that was once the department store's territory has been consistently infiltrated by competition from every side. There are the up and coming specialty stores, the Internet, luxury chains, wholesalers and the shopping mall. Back in the early 1980s the number of department stores that spanned the country as national chains were 33. In the 21st century that number has declined to less than 15. The environment that Macy faces today is truly a challenge as the need for personal service has to some degree been replaced by convenience. For example with online stores, why go out to shop amidst a sea of traffic and shoppers to wait for services, when it is easier and much…… [Read More]
The first is that they speak directly to solutions to the problem of underrepresentation of women in marketing management. These are also easy questions to answer. Most companies publish bios of their executive team members on their website or in their annual reports. Thus, we can find out some of the qualification and career paths of females in management, and compare those to males in the same position.
The last question is also worth considering, if for no other reason than academic curiosity. Obviously, drawing conclusions will be a little bit more difficult because so much more goes into success than just the marketing executive, but it is worth considering if there are any differences before and after hiring a female marketing head. This information again is pretty easy to gather, using annual reports to ascertain revenue and profit figures, marketing expense ratios and using the Internet to gather share…… [Read More]
Marshall Executive Brief #3 Trade Policy Greece and France
This brief will discuss critical issues of trade policy, including global trade, global currency exchange, business strategy and operations, R&D, human resources, accounting and finance.
Global Trade and Currency Exchange
Free trade is a system where the governments of two countries do not discriminate between the imports and exports of the other country. In particular, free trade in the modern sense applies to tariffs and other trade barriers, or the non-existence thereof. Ricardo described free trade in terms of absolute and comparative advantage. Usually, this concept is described using a simplistic, fictional world in which there are two countries and maybe only two goods. In this example, countries should produce the good in which they have comparative advantage, and in doing so the two countries combined with have a higher aggregate output than if only the country with absolute…… [Read More]
Chief Executive's Tasks
When Mintzberg's model for CEOs is used, the above case study can be observed to have managerial activities that can be categorized into the interpersonal, informational as well as the decision-making roles that were displayed by the concerned manager.
The interpersonal roles that were executed by the manager included the speech that he was to give at the area police academy. The other instance is when he learnt from the communications officer that one of the motorcycle officers was involved in an accident and he went to wish him well in the hospital was an interpersonal role. The ride that the manager was to make in the holiday parade could also be categorized under interpersonal roles and finally the attending of the special ceremony at the city park that honors area law enforcement officers who had been killed in the line of duty.
The informational roles in…… [Read More]
ach of these companies has totally different organizational cultures and climates. Some stress teamwork and collaboration. Others allow tremendous independence and flexibility. Some are democratically organized whereas others have a rigid organizational hierarchy. The organization should make their recruitment practices reflect these core organizational ideals, beliefs and practices. No matter what the organizational culture and its underlying values, hiring practices should proudly mirror them. The only way to attract and retain the most valuable employees is to be forthright about what it means to work for the company.
Based on rickson & Gratton's (2007) research, our organization should conscientiously outline our signature experience. To do so, we must first analyze our organizational culture and the values and goals that underlie it. We must identify the specific needs we need our employees to fill, and understand exactly what types of employees will fit the bill. Above all, we need to…… [Read More]
Humana's Corporate Finance Analysis
In 1992, David Jones, the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Humana Inc. considered a major change within its integrated strategy of managing both hospitals and health plans because Jones thought about whether it still made sense for the company to jointly operate both hospitals and health plans, considering emerging trends within the healthcare industry within the United States. However, the Chairman/CEO felt there was more data and a comprehensive investigation was vital of Humana's tactics and procedures by elder executives who had regarded an array of alternatives for reorganizing the business' commercial formation embracing the entire severance of the company's infirmary and health plan processes. The fiscal forecasters who track Humana believed that parting was even more possible even though they were predictably controlled and there was no abrupt risk of evasion on its liabilities. In conclusion of the supervising team felt that…… [Read More]
Nutri System Order
A Model of Organizational Performance and Change
G.H. Litwin and other experts came together in 1968 that was later refined by W.W. Burke and his colleagues almost 20 years later to look at a model that Litwin and his colleagues originally created a model of a group effort that is indicated by arrows which organizational functions encourage more openly while other functions and make a difference in being transformed that agrees upon the forces in managerial performance and modifications. The model is represented with 12 labeled boxes that stand for these two experts' decisions of executive variables they consider to be most effective have tried to explain for key components at an overall system altitude, and this is the variables that were used to look at Nutrisystem (1992).
Nutrisystem has its own structure which is defined by Litwin and Burke as "the understanding of the purpose and…… [Read More]
" (Brown, 1996, p. 74)
That potential of globalization can be attributed directly to the current business processes working to its fullest capabilities. Some may think that these trends towards globalization are new to the twentieth or twenty-first centuries. In a sense that is true because of the fact that our current globalization phenomenon can be linked with the advent of our new technology, financial methods and distribution channels to any point on the globe. However, globalization is technically not a new process that was created in or by our current digital and information revolution. Actually, not even the industrial revolution can be credited with the idea of globalization because the concept originated even before Christopher Columbus or Marco Polo. (Employees, 2005)
World trade has linked disparate locations into highly complex and extensive systems of finance, communication, migration, and other interconnections for thousands of years. Some of these events have…… [Read More]
executive lounges of luxury hotel in London
Promotion of Executive Lounge
Overview of the UK hotel industry
Executive lounge market research and trends
Advantages and disadvantages from the hotel perspective
Methodology and previous research
Research strategy and tools
Reliability and validity
Executive lounges are sections set aside by hotels to cater for guest or customers who are would not mind paying more in order to receive a premium or preferential services (Nguyen, 2015). Just as in the airline industry, the hotel industry has recognized the need to have special services for clients who have huge demands, especially business travelers. The major benefits of executive lounges are the services or amenities offered. Most executive lounges allow guest to have an early check-in and late checkout, business center, allowing guest to take a shower before their rooms are available, private meeting areas, and free meals. The…… [Read More]
International Compensation Package for Expatriate Executives Assigned to Mexico
This memorandum is in response to your request for a comprehensive and effective international compensation package to encourage the employees selected to take the assignment to facilitate the launch of the company's new operations in Mexico. The following recommendations are based on 10 equal expatriate positions with a domestic equivalent salary of $80,000. Notwithstanding these equivalencies, the research to date confirms that "one-size-fits-all" compensation packages may be less effective than individualized approaches that take executives' current life situation into account (Divakaran & Mani, 2012).
It is reasonable to suggest that some of these 10 executives (particularly those who are single) will require little or no encouragement to accept the assignment to Mexico, viewing it as a plum assignment given the lower cost of living and amenities that are available there (Cost of living comparison between Mexico and the U.S., 2015). By…… [Read More]
absence within the neurological community of executive function performance testing for various real-world activities (that include multi-tasking) on subjects who have suffered brain damage (Baum & al, 2008). By testing real-world functioning via the EFPT, the researchers, as occupational therapists, hoped to provide more accurate information on the ability of subjects to function independently in their day-to-day existence and to perform functions within society (Baum & al, 2008). This study served as a test of the validity and reliability of the EFPT model on patients with mild to moderate stroke, as a follow-up to previous studies of EFTP validity and reliability on subjects with multiple sclerosis and schizophrenia (Baum & al, 2008). Hypothesis: Stroke will have a negative effect on executive functioning in real-world tasks.
esearch study design and characteristics
This was an empirical, quantitative, conclusion-oriented, lab/simulation research study using the EFTP. The EFTP measures executive cognitive functions (initiation, organization,…… [Read More]
Human esource Executives:
Understanding the dynamics of change has become increasingly significant to organizations due to the trend of human resource professionals to step into the role of change leaders. In addition to being considered as either fast or slow, change is usually earnestly approved or stubbornly opposed in many organizations. Currently, the three distinct dynamics of change that researchers have focused on are resistance, readiness and developing and sustaining momentum. The failed attempts at organizational change have always been attributed to the human factors in resistance to change. These factors basically incorporate a series of behaviors from passive resistance to active or even aggressive resistance. While resistance to change is commonly associated with individual resistance, it's believed that this resistance rarely occurs.
With this kind of belief, the barriers to organizational change are always attributed to the structure of the organization, performance appraisal or compensation system that are not…… [Read More]
It is not that managers do not see the benefit in conflict that they eschew it; it is that conflict is high-risk and can have significant negative externalities, some of which linger with the organization for a long time. Managers are less enthusiastic about conflict because they are taking into account a longer time frame and the totality of externalities, which makes their views a reflection of better information and therefore more accurate than the views of academic researchers.
Recommendations. Carefully manage conflict -- do not use it wantonly. Conflict does not always create positive outcomes sufficient to outweigh the negative ones that are certain to accrue. Take steps to ensure that the conflict is task-focused and not personal. This will limit the amount of damage that accrues from conflict. Create conflict only when necessary -- large scale conflict for small scale problems is dangerous. Conflict is a powerful tool…… [Read More]
I have two significant experiences in a supportive position that have direct relevance to the executive assistant position for which I am currently applying. First, I was office administrator for the entire San Francisco office for Kim Coates. With little to no supervision, I performed tasks ranging from spreadsheet creation and management to the preparation of budgets. I would answer attorney and staff inquiries, handle office space expansions, and delegate tasks to office personnel. In Kim Coate's absence, I managed to keep the office organized and running effectively according to the mission and goals of the organization.
Currently, I work for a nationally-recognized law firm in a position that directly supports the Office Administrator and two senior partners, one of which serves via appointment by Mayor Gavin Newsom. One of the partners is also a member of the Board of Directors of the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency, which…… [Read More]
Product and Service Design Processes
Product Executive Summary: Tire Design
The approach to designing tires is driven by a highly regulated product market. The standards for safety, ergonomic design and functionality are governed by a number of basic qualifying conditions that must first be met. Therefore, the appropriate design approach begins with ensuring that these conditions are met both in terms of design and the machinery and equipment that will be used to drive production.
Beyond this, design approach is governed by the required output of a given production facility. This, in turn, is determined by client demand and imposed shipping schedules and deadlines. By establishing partnerships with automakers and other larger production operations, the tire design process is governed by clear outlay of production expectations. Designing the production approach must center on achieving these expectations. For this to occur across multiple settings and with a wide range of partnerships…… [Read More]
Kant was no exception to the paradigmatic priorities (i.e. objectivity as knowledge) of the era, and brief reference to the episteme is serves accuracy in discursive analysis of this heritage within American politics and policy thought. For instance, Kant's Critique of Judgment is enormously influential in establishing a connection between judgment and political and moral precepts to conduct in communities. Intellectual lineage to Kant's model of Enlightenment 'reason" combines ritish Empiricism with Continental Rationalism; and partly explains why his philosophical proposition that the existence of persistent war against non-liberal states is a requirement to perpetual peace is reiterated in scholarly expiation since the Enlightenment period, making Perpetual Theory of War as lasting as seminal reference (ehnke, 2009, Caranti, 2006 and Murray, 2003). Discourse Analysis toward the study's cause-and-effect analysis is derived from speeches and interviews taken from the ush administration in Table 1.
President ush -- Speeches and…… [Read More]
Generally, Wikipedia pages also include references and many of them are legitimate sources of information. In that sense, Wikipedia can be helpful as a starting point for online research more than as an authoritative source of any information.
Website 3 -- the National Anti-Vivisection Society: http://navs.org
The National Anti-Vivisection Society appears to be a legitimate organization with many links to established animal welfare organizations such as the Human Society of the United States and ASPCA. On the other hand, it is more of an advocacy site than an information or news site. The main concept of the organization is based on subjective belief and opinions in connection with the relative rights of non-human animals. While that position actually seems appropriate and more justifiable than the opposite position (i.e. insensitivity to the suffering of animals for human benefit), it is not, strictly speaking, based on objective facts. Because the website is…… [Read More]
As has been mentioned in the introduction, the four tactics that comprise this strategy include providing a dedicated and exclusive customer service manager to the largest accounts due to their complex, often urgent, and difficult-to-solve problems and requests; the use of value-added promotions and coupons including added services that by themselves would be only marginally successful yet when bundled with other tactics appears to be working; the utilization of segmentation strategies for isolating the unmet needs of customers and designing loyalty programs for them and developing product line extensions to fulfill those needs; and the development of event-based marketing programs to involve and include customers in the major decisions surrounding the company. Our CEO is a big believer in advisory councils and uses these both for market research and customer retention.
The company excels at execution yet relies on anecdotal and a very imprecise methodology for actually quantifying the impact…… [Read More]