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Family Stress Adaptation
Theory of Family Stress Adaptation
Family is the basic social unit of people sharing the same attributes. It is a group of people tied to the same kinship descent consisting of parents, guardians and children. It is necessitated that commitment and upkeep of the family be maintained, and for this reason, there has been introduced a number of theories implicating on the activities carried out in this social setting. However, amid these activities, negative attributions arise. They include marital challenges, inter-family relational problems and financial constrains, among others. These issues bring about stress related problems, leading to the development of theoretical results of how the stress should be handled and tailored. This is in conjunction to this context's topic on the theory of family stress theory adaptation by McCubbin and McCubbin.
The proposition of the theory asserts on the developmental perception of family science. The…
Beckett, C. (2000). Family Theory as a Framework for Assessment. Family Nursing. Vol 35.
Fitzpatrick, J.J. (2006). Encyclopedia of Nursing Research (book). New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Robinson, D.L. (2000). Family Stress Theory: Implications for Family Health. Journal of American Academic Nurse Practice. Vol 9, Issue 1. Pg 17-23.
Smith, M. J and Liehr, P.R. (2003). Middle Range Theory for Nursing. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Family Life Education
Consider NCF Substance Area # 8 - FAMILY LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY and Substance Area # 9 -- ETHICS. Compare and contrast these areas with particular focus on how they might conflict with teach other.
According to the National Council on Family elations, Area Number Eight, Family Law and Public Policy refers to a comprehension of the legal factors, policies and pieces of legislation which can influence the well-being and general health of families in their entirety (2011). For instance, issues like family and the law connect to "marriage, divorce, family support, child custody, child protection & rights, & family planning; Family and Social Services; Family and Education; Family and the Economy; Family and eligion; Policy and the Family…" (NCFS, 2011). The issues encompassed by Area Eight are truly intensive and nuanced, and they are bound to come into conflict with professional ethics and practice as specified…
Coleman, M. & . (2004). Handbook of Contemporary Families: Considering the Past, Contemplating. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Duncan, S., & Wallace, D. (2011). Family Life Education: Principles and Practices for Effective Outreach. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Powell, L. & . (2007). Family Life Education: Working with Families across the Life Span. Long Grove: Waveland Press.
Family Individual Therapy
Family and Individual Therapy
Family and Individual Therapy for the Family Center
Family and Individual Therapy for the Family Center
The interviewee is an ex-family therapist in a clinic in California. Mr. Asaid has a Master's degree in psychology and has worked with two organizations as well to analyze the psychological health of the candidates in recruitment process. Preserving and sustaining the well-being of family members is the task of family therapist (Family Counseling Center, 2009). He is hoped to know about the job since he has a relevant work experience. He understands family satisfaction dynamics and impact of roles and relations in maintaining happy family life. These are the questions he was asked in the interview and their respective answers.
Please explain the reason why you would be qualified to work as a Family and Individual Therapist?
I have worked as a family therapist in…
Family esource Management in USA
Family esource Management
Family resource management is a way or a series of steps that help a family organize their resources in a way which benefits them the most. Some people misunderstand this concept as personal finance but in reality family resource management encompasses the management of not only personal but the whole family's financial and cognitive skills. A family with a good knows how on the subject have greater chances of thriving in today's challenging economy of the United States of America. (Abdul-ahman, 2010)
In addition to the economy, the knowledge of family resource management helps the family to convert complex personal fiscal structures into cost saving mechanisms. The whole family's resources are considered as a whole and thus managed in a way that increases the mutual benefits derived from the scarce resources. (Abdul-ahman, 2010)
Family resource management also triggers the use of underutilized…
Abdul-Rahman, F. (2010). Personal Finance and Other Family Resource Management. [e-book] Las Cruces: New Mexico State University. pp. 1-2. http://mymoney.nmsu.edu/ [Accessed: 30th June 2013].
The Center for American Progress Task Force on Poverty (2007). From Poverty to Prosperity: A National Strategy to Cut Poverty in Half. [report] Washington, D.C.: The Center for American Progress Task Force on Poverty, pp. 2-3.
W. Smith, T. And Debord, K. (2005). Family Resource Practices for Families Living in Poverty. The Forum for Family and Consumer Issues (FFCI), 10 (1), p. 1. Retrieved from: http://ncsu.edu/ffci/publications/2005/v10-n1-2005-may/fa-1-family.php [Accessed: 30th June 2013].
Family Systems and Marriage Preparation Programs
It has been a recent development within the United States when the government has started making an effort to establish marriage programs that can help strengthen the foundation of marriages. They have done so by recently joining hands with the church and other faith-based organizations that run marriage preparation programs. One such organization is the Association of Couples for Marriage Enrichment (ACME) that primarily focuses on the provision of highly controlled, faith-based matrimonial preparation programs that aim to help the married couples in the sustenance of their marriages. One of the aspects that ACME and other religious groups focus on is the family systems that the couples must tackle and adjust to immediately after marriage. Hence, this aspect is primarily prepared by focusing on theoretical aspects of the family systems, cognitive behavioral therapy and lucid communication structures that assist is creating coping strategies and…
Marks, J.P. (2007). Christian premarital training in the local church setting: A study of the effectiveness of the symbis model in reducing divorce and producing stable and satisfying marital relationships. Liberty University. Ph.D. Dissertation.
Silliman, B. (2003). Building healthy marriages through early and extended outreach with youth. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 31, 270-282.
Stanley, S.M., Amato, P.R., Johnson, C.A., & Markman, H.J. (2006). Premarital education, marital quality, and marital stability: Findings from a large, random, household survey. Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 117-126.
Syphus, M.T. (2007). Preparation for a Christian Marriage: A qualitative investigation of the marriage preparation course at Christ Church Constantia. University of South Africa.
Family Law and Gay and Lesbian Marriage
hat makes a marriage, in the eyes of society and the eyes of the law? As this paper is being written, President George . Bush has called for a constitutional amendment upholding the idea that marriage is an institutional bond that can exist only between a man and a woman. Somewhat belying his claim that this idea is purely legal in its nature, however, is his stress that a constitutional amendment is required to sustain this principle on a federal level. Bush is essentially attempting to pass judgment to all of the state legislatures of the land, forcing them to comply with upholding a singular and specific ideal regarding what constitutes a marriage. This goes against some of the past, predominant legal strictures of this nation, which has left defining and limiting marriage to states and communities, rather than to the nation as…
Areen, Judith. Cases & Materials. Fourth Edition. New York: Foundation Press, 1990.
Every family has a story. Or rather every family has a number of different stories. This does not mean that there are not important overlaps and consistencies among the stories that different family members tell. Both what is the same (or nearly the same) from one family member to the next and what is different is important to attend to as one tries to make sense of the story of one's family. It is important to understand where the schisms are: Are there emotional and narrative fault-lines between generations? Between genders? Between matrilineal and patrilineal sectors? Between those that immigrated to the United States and those that were born here? And, just as important, where are the alliances? Between mothers and daughters? Between those who are the most or least educated? Between those who share a religion?
In this paper I create a family narrative for my own…
Gouldrup, L. (1987). Writing the family narrative. Los Angeles: Ancestry Publications.
Lawston, J.M. & Murillo, R.R. (2009, June 22). The discursive figuration of U.S. supremacy in narratives sympathetic to undocumented immigrants. Social Justice.
Semple, K. (2009, March 15). "Family stories as a secret texts for immigrants." The New York Times.
Tate, L. (2009). Power in the blood: A family narrative. Cleveland: Ohio University Press.
This family narrative involved an investigation of my family structure and the strengths and weaknesses of my family. It included an examination of how my family functions and how each family member impacts the family structure. In order to do this, I had my parents, siblings, and surviving grandparents complete a survey called Family Strengths (Duncan & McLane, Unk.). We were in different locations, but they all agreed to complete the survey and return the results to me via email. The survey had three options for each strength area: very strong, some growth needed, and much growth needed (Duncan & McLane, Unk.). It had nine different strength areas: caring and appreciation, time together, encouragement, commitment, communication, adaptive ability, spirituality, community and family ties, and clear responsibilities (Duncan & McLane, Unk.). The survey also included a goal-setting section, but, because I was focusing on family strengths, I did…
Duncan, S. & McLane, K. (Unk.). Family strengths: Identifying your family's strengths.
Retrieved September 29, 2013 from Forever Families website: http://foreverfamilies.byu.edu/Article.aspx?a=126
Family Life and Divorce: A Comparison Between the 1940's and the 1990's
The family has changed significantly in the fifty-year period from 1940 to 1990. The decade of the 1940's is one where orld ar II had just ended and people were beginning to adjust to life after the war. One of the major impacts the war had involved the fact that it put women into the workplace and established that women could be more than just homemakers. This is often seen as the beginning of a shift towards women and men being more equal, a shift that is continuing today.
One of the major issues of the 1990's is divorce, with divorce having a significant impact on the family. Some argue that the family is dying, others argues that the family is finally working. Either way, there is no doubt that the family is changing.
To consider these issues…
Bessant, J., & Watts, R. Sociology. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2001.
Clarke, S.C. "Advance Report of Final Divorce Statistics, 1989 and 1990." Monthly Vital Statistics Report 43.9. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics, 1995.
Coontz, S. The Way We Really Are: Coming to Terms with America's Changing Families. New York: Basic Books, 1997.
Miller, M. "Couples Can Untie the Knot Online; Divorce is a mouse click away, but not for everyone." Los Angeles Times. Nov 19, 2001.
Family Break Up
For a humane, the word 'community' hints at people trying to work out solutions to common problems. The term 'community' generally stands for a group that is bigger and more diverse than a family or any group of people bound together with relationships. It also has more elements than being of the same neighborhood or enclave, though not as large as a county or a nation. Certainly it does not include entire mankind. Apart from being a group of people with common characters, there are other elements like political or legal bindings, or similar economic positions.
Certain communities have had existence for a long time and are bound together by being in similar situations for quite some time. Other communities have gone through changes with members and groups coming to the community or going out even though the community has been in existence for a long time.…
About Sleepers. Retrieved at http://www.hollywood.com/movies/detail/movie/177527#moreAccessed on 20 July, 2004
Amato, Paul R; Booth, Alan. The Consequences of Divorce for Attitudes toward Divorce and Gender Roles. Journal of Family Issues, 1991, Volume: 12; pp: 306-322.
American Beauty. Retrieved at http://www.plume-noire.com/movies/reviews/america.html . Accessed on 20 July, 2004
Cardinal, Marie. The Words to Say It. Van Vactor & Goodheart, Cambridge, 1983
The idea of the “traditional” family of the 1950s is rooted more in nostalgia than in actual fact, according to Goode (1983) as quoted in Zinn, Etizen and Wells (2016). However, while the image of the happy, loving 1950s family may be a fiction, the concept of the nuclear family is one that certainly has some roots throughout the centuries. Though family arrangements and situations have differed greatly from society to society and from time to time, the nucleus of the family has generally consisted of a father, mother and child—though how long it remained intact depended on a number of external and internal factors that could range from the impact of disease to the impact of one’s own internal frustration with so-called family life, leading to estrangement. Prior to the modern era, family dynamics and structures were far more normative and typical. The departure from the Old World,…
Coonts, Stephanie. 2004. The World Historical Transformation of Marriage. Journal of Marriage and Family 66:974-979.
Hamilton, Laura and Elizabeth Armstrong. 2019. Shifting the Center: Understanding Contemporary Families. Thousand Oaks.
Kim, Katherin. 2019. Out of Sorts. Shifting the Center: Understanding Contemporary Families. Thousand Oaks.
Lamont, Ellen. 2019. Shifting the Center: Understanding Contemporary Families. Thousand Oaks.
Shulman, Polly. 2004. Great Expectations. Psychology Today 37: 32.
Skolnick, Arlene. 2011. Middle Class Families in the Age of Insecurity. Family in Transition, 17th edition. Boston: Perason.
Zinn, Maxine Baca, D. Stanley Eitzen, and Barbara Wells. 2016. Diversity in Families, Updated 10th edition. Boston: Pearson.
As per the Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM), developmental assessment has got to do with the evaluation of not only the stage a specified family is in, but also familial tasks and attachments. In this development evaluation task, I will concern myself with the family life cycle of the selected family, its emotional processes, and the various tasks and issues taking place at present. The relevance of developmental assessment cannot be overstated. This is more so the case given that in seeking to enhance the standard of care advanced to families, there is need to have sound understanding of not only the functions and roles in families, but also the stressors experienced. In essence, the family being assessed in this case happens to be in the third stage of the CFAM, i.e. families with young children. The family has three children – Marissa, aged 2; Maddie, aged 3;…
If one is to judge whether families are in trouble by the criteria of traditional values and standards, which shaped the definition of “family” prior to the second half of the 20th century, one might well agree with the relatives at the family reunion shaking their heads and muttering that the family was in trouble these days. However, as the notion of “family” has altered since mid-20th century and what is viewed as a norm of family life today is different from the norms of the early 1900s, it is safe to say that a new definition of family must be constructed before beginning to assess whether the family is in trouble. Still, just because norms change does not mean that the concept of “family” really ever alters—so it is important to keep in mind the meaning of family over the centuries as well and how that meaning still plays…
Cherlin, Andrew. 1978. \\\\"Remarriage as an incomplete institution.\\\\" American journal of Sociology 84(3):634-650.
Coles, Roberta. 2019. “Intergenerational Relationships in Late Life.” Shifting the Center: Understanding Contemporary Families. Thousand Oaks, CA.
Glenn, Evelyn Nakano. 2019. “Creating a Caring Society.” Shifting the Center: Understanding Contemporary Families. Thousand Oaks, CA.
Johnson, Michael P. 2006. \\\\"Conflict and control: Gender symmetry and asymmetry in domestic violence.\\\\" Violence against women 12(11):1003-1018.
Straus, Murray A. 2008. \\\\"The special issue on prevention of violence ignores the primordial violence.\\\\" Journal of Interpersonal Violence 23(9):1314-1320.
Wrigley, Julia, and Joanna Dreby. 2005. \\\\"Fatalities and the organization of child care in the United States, 1985-2003.\\\\" American Sociological Review 70(5):729-757.
Zinn, Maxine Baca, D. Stanley Eitzen, and Barbara Wells. 2016. Diversity in Families, Updated 10th edition. Boston: Pearson.
Families, Delinquency & Crime
The fundamental changes occurring to families in the 2st century can be classified into two different categories, depending on the internal or the external perspective that is used in the analysis. The external perspective proposes an analysis of the sociodemographic changes that have occurred to families under the impact of the external factors of the 2st century. The sociodemographic changes are characterized both by the numbers, by a quantitative reflection of families, and by the relationships that are formed within each family.
From the first perspective, the 2st century has imposed both changes in the number of families (some cultures, notably the Western ones, have encountered decreases in size because of an increased reluctance of individuals to get married) and in the formation of these family groups. As such, in many of these family groups, the norm has translated from a man-woman marriage as the basis…
1. Roopnarine, Jaipaul; Gielen, Uwe. 2005. Families in Global Perspective. Pearson Education.
2. Vaskovics, L.A. 1994. Family and household structures in the former GDR and the Federal Republic of Germany from 1980 to 1989 -- a comparison. Wiesbaden.
3. Aly, A.M.Y. 1999. Lectures on population, family and childhood issues. Alexandria: The Modern University Office.
It is expected that an initial
investment of $400,000 will be needed in order to effectively establish the Center. In addition, the Center will require a maintenance cost of $50,000 per month.
5. Budget and Strategy
Strategy 1: Arranging meetings with community leaders
This strategy ensures that the community at large will accept FAC in its capacity as an establishment to provide help and counseling within the existing cultural, religious, and educational paradigms. Public trust is important for the success of the Center. Specifically, this strategy includes arranging meetings times, venues and refreshments. This is estimated at a budget for about $5,000 per meeting. This strategy will also include the possibility of securing the services of a cultural consultant; preferably also a person with some standing in the community. The budget for this is estimated at an initial fee of about $3,000, which will repeat monthly for as long as…
As one commentator notes; "What this adds up to is, in my view, a significant shift in the balance of work and family life. oles are changing, the nature of care is changing, and the stress related to juggling the balance is increasing (Edgar, 1997, p. 149)
A number of statistics also help to outline the nature of the family structure in a developed economy like Australia. In terms of workforce participation, the figures are as follows: "….86% for fathers and 56% for mothers in two-parent families, and 65% for male and 43% for female sole parents"(Edgar, 1997, p.151). This is also indicative of a shift in the role of the female as solely a homemaker. "In 1993, 53% of couples with dependent children were both employed & #8230;" (Edgar, 1997, p. 151). Therefore, there are still imbalances and disparities in terms of the family structure and this is a…
Anderson, G.L. (Ed.). (1997). The Family in Global Transition. St. Paul, MN: Professors
World Peace Academy. Retrieved October 1, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=59215755
Baile, S. (1990). Women and Health in Developing Countries. OECD Observer, a (161),
18-20. Retrieved October 1, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=98938035
d., pg. 67). Thus, the definition of the British family is almost wholly contained within a woman's decision. Women who have children and enter the workforce create new trends in British family life, such as the fact that children are cared for primarily by professionals working in the home, at nursery schools, or grandparents (Kathleen, n.d., "Family Life," 2009). The redefining of family relationships to give equality to both the husband and wife and the problem of finding childcare while both parents work is a result of women's entry into the workforce and modern conceptions of family life.
While these characteristics apply to the primary types of families in the United Kingdom, it is important to recognize that this state is diverse in terms of ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, religion, etc. Cloud (2008) discusses the difficulties in conducting research for one often not-discussed portion of society -- homosexuals. Cloud (2008)…
Cline, A. (2009). Sudan: Women and Family. Retrieved July, 18, 2009, from http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/islam/countries/bl_SudanWomen.htm
Cloud, J. (2008, January 17). Are Gay Relationships Different? Retrieved July 18, 2009,
"Family Life in the United States and United Kingdom." Retrieved July 18, 2009, from http://articles.famouswhy.com/family_life_in_united_states_and_united_kingdom
It also varies with urban or rural residence. Urban households commonly earn more and enjoy a higher standard of living than rural households. The allocation for food spending corresponds to the biggest part of the family budget. However, as family income increases, the share in food in consumption expenses generally drops. This is most likely because of the popularity of "fast foods" nowadays.
The process of socialization takes a lifetime whereby the individual acquires the established beliefs, values, sentiments, norms and behavior of his group and society. It is through socialization that the individual becomes a functioning member of his group. It is also through this process that values, customs and beliefs are passed on from one generation to the other.
Because of the significance of early experiences and primary relationships, the family remains to be the most important socializing agent in the child's life (Davidson and Moore,…
Bellah, R.N. (1970). Beyond Belief. New York: Harper & Row.
Berger, P.L. (1963). Invitation to Sociology: A Humanistic Perspective. New York: Doubleday.
Berk, S.F. (1985). The Gender Factory. New York: Plenum.
Broom, DH, Broom, L. And Bonjean, C.M. (1990). Sociology: A Core Text with adapted readings. Belmont, California:Wadsworth Publishing Company.
Family to Family
Pipes, Jerry & Victor Lee. (1999). Family to family. Alpharetta: North American Mission Board,
The Christian-focused psychology text Family to family offers family counseling with a spiritual orientation. The book is designed to address the difficulties many modern families face, including competing schedules, generational clashes, and having a sense of strong moral values in a secular society. Spending time together in a spiritual fashion can give families an oasis of stability in a fast-paced, increasingly impersonal world (Pipes & Lee 1999: 11). Creating a sense of community within the church and creating a community between members of the family are the essential building-blocks of the author's stated goal to save the modern family.
Family members must learn to establish more meaningful relationships with one another and with God -- rather than just focusing on themselves or blaming others. The authors wrote their book to address a common…
Family Wellness Diagnosis, Nursing
I opted to interview a family of two parents (married heterosexuals) who have two children. Both children are in their late teens. Both parents work. She is a freelance writer and he is a sales clerk at a retail home goods store. Both are in their late forties. He is about 5'11; she is 5'6." Their heights and weights appear appropriate though he claims that at 180 he feels a little overweight. She is about 140. She is originally from Guatemala and he is from the mid-west of the U.S. The children are both boys. Bruce, age 19, is away at college. The other, Erick, graduated from high school last year and has been working at a local golf course while waiting to decide what he wants to study at a community college. I spoke with Bruce over the telephone for about 15 minutes. He confirmed…
Care Plan (no date). Assessment Using Functional Health Patterns. Downloadable from http://www.delmarlearning.com/companions/content/0766822257/apps/appb2.pdf .
Doenges, M. And Moorhouse, M.F. (2003). Application of Nursing Process and Nursing Diagnosis: An Interactive Text for Diagnostic Reasoning. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA.
Life Nurses (2009). Nursing Assessment. Viewable at http://www.lifenurses.com/nursing-assessment/.
Family-focused Functional Health Pattern Questions:
People generally focus on appearance when coming across a particular individual. This is perfectly exemplified by the meeting between the old member of the De Lacey family and the monster. The man initially welcomes the creature, as he is no longer able to see and is unacquainted with the monster's facial features and body.
Victor Frankenstein can be considered to contrast the monster through his behavior, his background, and because of the goals that he has. The scientist virtually had everything that the monster longed for, considering his family, his reputation, and the fact that he was generally seen as one of society's leading members. Instead of valuing what he had, however, Frankenstein gave it all away in favor of gaining reputation, as this was apparently the thing that he appreciated the most in life. hile most readers are likely to blame Frankenstein for most unfortunate events in the book,…
Bloom Bissonete, Melissa, "Teaching the Monster: Frankenstein and Critical Thinking"
Chao, Shun-Liang. "Education as a Pharmakon in Marry Shelley's Frankenstein," the Explicator, Vol. 68, No. 4, 223-226, 2010.
Lunsford, Lars, "The Devaluing of Life in Shelley's Frankenstein," the Explicator, Vol. 68, No. 3, 174-176, 2010
Schmid, Thomas H. "Addiction and Isolation in Frankenstein"
His new wife wants to be Yuki's friend, but essentially, Yuki misses her mother and the loving relationship they had, and she is very unhappy. Her mother is portrayed as loving but weak and fragile, while her father and stepmother worry more about what other people will think than they do about Yuki. They also do not let her visit her mother's family as often as she would like, and that bothers her. Essentially, she grows up without love after her mother dies, and she has to come to terms not only with losing her mother but also with her own maturity and dreams for the future.
Two of these protagonists are immigrants, and they are all caught between two different worlds. How they react and how they manage to combine their cultures is the central point of all these books. Their families all hang on to their home culture,…
"While biological and psychological factors hold their own merit when explaining crime and delinquency, perhaps social factors can best explain juvenile delinquency" which "is a massive and growing problem in America." (http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/english/courses/en205d/student7/stud7proj2.html)
Doggett, a. "Juvenile Delinquency and Family Structure" http://facstaff.elon.edu/ajones5/Anika's%20paper.htm
Goode: 1994, 1997, 2001, 2005; and Pfohl, Images of Deviance and Social Control, 1985.
Social Disorganization at the micro level:
Control Theories: Why most don't deviate?"
Owner: obert O. Keel. Last Updated: Monday, October 3, 2005. http://www.umsl.edu/~keelr/200/socdisor.html
Miller, a.(2005) Every Smack is a Humiliation-- a Manifesto
Ormrod, J.E. (1999). Human learning (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle iver, NJ: Prentice-Hall. "Social Learning Theory" http://teachnet.edb.utexas.edu/~lynda_abbott/Social.html
Schegel, K.(1998) Lecture Notes. http://www.indiana.edu/~theory/Kip/Control.htm
Juvenile Delinquency.Family Structure" http://family.jrank.org/pages/1006/Juvenile-Delinquency-Family-Structure.html
Causal Theories of Juvenile Delinquency: Social Perspectives" http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/english/courses/en205d/student7/stud7proj2.html
Control Theory 2" http://www.homestead.com/rouncefield/files/a_soc_dev_6.htm
Doggett, a. "Juvenile Delinquency and Family Structure" http://facstaff.elon.edu/ajones5/Anika 's%20paper.htm
Goode: 1994, 1997, 2001, 2005; and Pfohl, Images of Deviance and Social Control, 1985.
Social Disorganization at the micro level:
Control Theories: Why most don't deviate?"
Family Social Policy
hat are the different ideological approaches to family social policy…how are they different?
Canada has traditionally taken the position that the responsibility for keeping a family intact is a private issue, not a public / governmental issue, according to Module 9. In terms of the ideological approach to families, the Module 9 explains four strategies.
Familialism is the approach taken in Canada for heterosexual family values; this approach supports women staying home to raise children and men getting jobs outside the home. Any struggles the family may have (money, marriage difficulties) are to be kept within the family.
Liberal Feminism differs from Familialism in that men and women have an equal basis for respect, both in the workplace and at home, but especially in the workplace. This ideology does not suggest that women should be raising children, staying home, and being homemakers. That typical role for a…
McDaniel, Susan A. (2007). Families, Feminism, and the State. In Power and Resistance.
Nova Scotia: Fernwood Publishing.
Module 9. Family and child Welfare Policy.
Family Discrimination Laws
States like Connecticut, New Jersey, and Alaska are taking the lead when it comes to passing laws protecting employees from discrimination based on family responsibility. These anti-family responsibilities discrimination (FD) laws are designed to protect workers, but whether they are a good idea is a matter of opinion. There are concerns that these laws may be abused, and that employers may end up bearing the brunt of missed days and dissatisfied customers because employees are missing too much work time to be with their families (Pynes, 2013). Personally, I do support the idea of anti-family responsibilities discrimination laws. I think that work is very important, but there should be a good work-life balance. Most people do not have that anymore, because they know they will likely risk being fired if they want or need to miss any work time to spend with their family. People should not…
Pynes, J.E.(2013). Human resources management for public and nonprofit organizations: A strategic approach (4th ed.). CA: Jossey-Bass.
Reeves, T.Z. (2006) Cases in public human resource management. NY: Thomson/Wadsworth.
Family & Sociology of Marriage
The purpose and social function of marriage has changed. While marriage was once a binding declaration of commitment and love to another person of the opposite gender, avowed and proclaimed in a holy ceremony, today marriage has become a catch all; a legally binding contract between two people who, for any reason, can choose to end the marriage without stigma or difficulty. Today, half of marriages end in divorce (CDC, 2010). And yet, millions of people remain happily married in America. Why? How? What is it that enables some couples to remain not just married, but happily so? Sociologists have analyzed the social, cognitive, and emotional consequences and detriments to failed marriages on the family. esults seem to indicate that successful marriages are not successful by chance, but rather, the product of hard work, compromise and mutual respect. While these criteria do not guarantee a…
Dankin, J., Wampler, R. (2008). Money Doesn't Buy Happiness, but It Helps: Marital Satisfaction, Psychological Distress, and Demographic Differences Between Low- and Middle-Income Clinic Couples. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 36:300 -- 311.
Freeman, C., Carlson, J., & Sperry, L. (1993). Adlerian marital therapy strategies with middle income couples facing financial stress. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 21(4), 324 -- 332.
Reis, H.T., and Collins, N. (2000).Measuring relationship properties and interactions relevant to social support. In S. Cohen, L.G. Underwood, & B.H. Gottlieb (Eds.), Social support measurement and intervention: A guide for health and social scientists (pp. 136 -- 194). New York: Oxford University Press.
Rogers, S.J. (2004). Dollar, dependency, and divorce: Four perspectives on the role of wives' income. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66, 59 -- 74.
Although I fully support the concept of a certain amount of family nudity at home, I do have my reservations regarding unrestrained "social" nudity whereby people practice a "nudist lifestyle" in the company of others, such as at beaches, clubs, or gatherings outside the privacy of their homes. The reason why I support "at home nudism" is because I am convinced about its positive effects on the normal development of children. I do not consider "Social Nudity" appropriate because I believe that it does not serve any useful purpose apart from enabling the "nudists" to make a political statement about their beliefs. Such public display of nudity also tends to create a backlash against more moderate forms of family nudity and gives credence to the view about nudists being "odd."
Peckenpaugh, William D. (1999). "Familial and societal attitudes toward nudity, and the effects on children's development." [Available Online] Accessed…
Peckenpaugh, William D. (1999). "Familial and societal attitudes toward nudity, and the effects on children's development." [Available Online] Accessed on October 3, 2004 at http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/2516/familial_attitudes.html
Study conducted by Robin Lewis and Louis Janda (1988) among others
Families should visit there older members more often who are in assisted living situations, or who can no longer drive. this is the assignment but I also want my experiences as helping them to recover from alcoholism, plus getting attached to them just to watch them die.
Many elderly people do not have family or friends to visit them
-Younger people should make an effort to visit the elderly because it will benefit the elderly, the younger person, and teach lessons about life
-Many people do not want to visit the elderly because it is time consuming, depressing, or boring
-I have personal experience with the elderly and I know that it is rewarding
the lives of both older and younger people will be improved
There are millions of elderly people living in nursing homes or assisted living facilities in our country. All of these people have lived a…
It shows the selfishness of Dewey Dell, who is only concerned about her pregnancy and gives other family members little thought. It shows the long-suffering, to the point of self-immolation, of Cash. It shows the rivalry of Darl and Jewel, both vying for their dead mother's affection. And it shows the innocent simplicity, bordering on mental instability, of the young Vardaman. Each of these family members was affected in different ways by this destructive family dynamic.
Anse, in one of the most telling passages in the book regarding his relationship to the family, goes down the list of family members and whines about how each has cost him money in some way, further complaining that he has to work, when he does so, even though he doesn't have any teeth (35-37). Wadlington argues that because the story is set in the south and Anse is the "master" of the house,…
Women had joined the workforce long before the 1950s, with dual incomes being as necessary for many families during the Depression and even through the 1940s as they are today (Coontz 2000). In fact, the emphasis that was brought to the cohesion and in many ways the isolation of the nuclear family during the first half of the twentieth century was detrimental to many aspects of the family, including its economic viability, according to Stephanie Coontz's The Way We Never Were (2000). This historian also argues that personal satisfaction and happiness suffered when they became wholly attached to the success of the family rather than being derived form individual pursuits, as was the case earlier in the nineteenth century and before (Coontz 2000). The period since the 1950s has been one of increasing individualism and self-definition outside the context of the family, which has again made familial roles both more…
Coontz, S. (2000). The way we never were. New York: Basic.
Skolnick, A. & Skolnick, J. (2004). Family in transition. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Many nations do not use restorative justice as a policy, but eventually bright, progressive leaders worldwide will hopefully learn the value of restorative justice, and implement it at some level.
Youth Justice Process in New Zealand. (2005). Family Group Conference. Retrieved 29 June 2008, at http://www.justice.govtnz/youth/fgc.html.
This government-produced review of the ideologies and practical implementation of the Family Group Conference was a valuable and basic article in terms of the understanding the process and how it works well in most cases.
The Family Group Conference in New Zealand
The Family Group Conference (FGC) was established in New Zealand in 1989, with the purpose in mind of more skillfully and more fairly dealing with problems and issues of boys and girls (under the age of 14) and young people (14-16) who get in trouble with law enforcement. According to information provided by the Youth Justice Process (www.justice.govt.nz),the FGC has modernized and…
Family on Family: An Interview With Uncle Simon
The idea of the family as a social subsystem is a very useful one in the academic world and in sociological and therapeutic practice, but it is not necessarily one that individual laypeople ascribe to when they think about their own family (Lesser & Pope, 2007). Though certain aspects of most people's conceptions of the family unit can be seen to mirror larger social structures in some ways, most people's views are much more individual and personalized (Carter & McGoldrick, 1998). The following interview, conducted with the interviewees uncle, demonstrates the personalized yet somewhat standardized view of family that can and does ultimately emerge when people think about their family.
The interviewee, Simon, had not previously though very much about the definition of "family" or how this definition was and is influenced by other social trends, though upon reflection he acknowledged that…
Carter, B. & McGoldrick, M. (1998). The Expanded Family Life Cycle. New York: Lavoisier.
Lesser, J. & Pope, D. (2007). Human Behavior and the Social Environment. New York: Pearson.
Walsh, F. (2011). Normal Family Processes. New York: Guilford.
Grandparents / Parents
Learning about England
Shops and Church
Dream Come True
Value of Trip
Growing up hearing tales about England instilled in me the strong desire to visit the land of my grandparents but the likelihood of that happening was minimal. My mother and father worked hard to provide for my family but their ever having the ability to send me to England to visit the home of my ancestors was virtually nonexistence. My experiences with the British Isles were limited to my grandparents' recollections and what I was able to read. Neither satisfied my interest but it was all I had and I never missed a chance to learn more.
In the summer between my junior and senior year in high…
Family elations esearch
The Sociology of Families and Households is a film that will be examined in this paper. The film is full of controversial topics as well as complex socioeconomic issues that will be discussed in detail. A textbook, Public and Private Families, written by Andrew Cherlina share a lot of concepts of the film will be brought in to the discussion as well.
The various relationships that exist between Marxist theory, sociological perspectives, structural functionalism, as well as the family and early feminist theory are examined throughout the program. It examines the rapid decline in marriage over the last few decades as well as the great increase in couples choosing cohabitation. Divorce is increasing and the fertility rate is on the decline in the U.K. All of these factors have combined to affect the traditional family in Britain and has created new challenges for them in how everyday…
The Sociology of Families and Households. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015, from http://www.educationaltrainingvideos.com/The-Sociology-of-Families-and-Households.html
Cherlin, A. (2013). Public and Private Families: An Introduction (7th ed.). McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Sociology of the Family. (2013). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.academicroom.com/topics/sociology-family
Parker, S. (2013, October 25). Why family issues are economic issues. Retrieved April 12, 2015, from http://www.wnd.com/2013/10/why-family-issues-are-economic-issues/
To meet their needs in this regard, I'll provide them with a liaison during every part of their journey. I will for example ensure that a particular flight attendant on every flight will meet them and help the family find the correct connection for their continuing journey. In the case of their arrival, I will ensure that an airport official will meet them at the airport and ensure their safe arrival at their accommodation. I will do the same in the case of hotels and specific activities. During each leg of the journey, I will ensure a guide to help the family arrive safely, enjoy their activities, and return at the correct times for everything they planned. During the journey, it is also possible that my clients will be in need of child care facilities. I will therefore ensure that all the appointed assistants will be aware of how to…
Structural family approach
Major contributors of Structural family approach
Structural family approach mainly operates by considering problems within the family structure, it emphasizes on dealing with the individual symptom through examination of the whole family interaction pattern. Furthermore, this theory does not insist on the relation between family interactions and pathology but, it associates the symptoms with family's interaction. Structural family theory has three operating areas, these include; the family, the problem itself and the change process. First stage entails, the therapist knowing the kind of family he/she is dealing with, the composition and hierarchy of the family. he/she tries to fit in the family's environment so as to capture the real picture. In the second stage, the therapist identifies is specifically stopping the family from living harmoniously. he/she also finds out the function and position of the problem behavior Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2008()
History of Structural family…
Bobrow, E., & Ray, W.A. (2004). Strategic Family Therapy in the Trenches. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 23(4), 28-38. doi: 10.1521/jsyt.220.127.116.11840
D'Angelo, S.L. (1995). The Milan approach to therapy revisited. PsycCRITIQUES, 40(4), 352-352. doi: 10.1037/003578
Goldenberg, H., & Goldenberg, I. (2008). Family Therapy: An Overview: Thomson Brooks/Cole.
Rosen, K.H. (2003). Strategic family therapy. In L.L. Hecker & J.L. Wetchler (Eds.), An introduction to marriage and family therapy. (pp. 95-121). Binghamton, NY U.S.: Haworth Clinical Practice Press.
The assessment of my family is presented here for the academic purposes. The family comprises of six members that are working at different positions and live in personal home. Each member of family is educated. Based on questionnaire filled by all the family members, the summary is composed that will give an insight about the health of family.
Summary of each functional health pattern for family
The health perception-health function of the family suggests that it has an average health status. The health is not poor and the members are less vulnerable to severe health issues like diabetes and allergies yet there is a mild risk of getting cold and fever since there is low temperature at night and cool breezes during the morning. The family is suggested to have regular checkups and to take vitamins. Nutritional Metabolic Pattern of family shows that it has a healthy diet…
Doyer, B.M. And Radovich, N.H., (1990), "Functional health patterns: the postanesthesia care
Unit's approach to identification," Journal of Post Anesthesia Nursing, 5(3):157-62.
Vincenz, M.C., and Siskind, M.M., (1994), "Functional health patterns: a curricular course
Model for adult acute care," Nursing Diagnosis, 5(2):82-7
Once the children are of age, the parents' duty to take care of them reduces as the child takes charge to start a new life somewhere else. The parent usually has saved enough money through life insurance scheme and retirement savings to cater for himself after retirement. hen the child is grown, there is no dependence between the parents and children. Traits like hard work and honesty are encouraged towards children to ensure their survival in different societies when he grows up. In some cases when the parent is too weak and old to look after himself, he is taken to a home for the elderly since none of his children is available to take care of him (Stewart et al. 580).
The other model of family model is the model of psychological or emotional interdependence. In this model, the children are of less material help to the family. Parenting,…
Chou, K.L. Emotional autonomy and depression among Chinese adolescents. Journal of Genetic Psychology, pp 161-169, 2000.
Jose, P.E., Huntsinger, C.S., Huntsinger, P.R. & Liaw, F-R. Parental values and practices relevant to young children's social development in Taiwan and the United States. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31, pp 677-702, 2000.
Misra, G., & Agarwal, R. The meaning of achievement: Implications for a cross-cultural theory of achievement motivation, from a different perspective: Studies of behavior across cultures, Lisse: Swets and Zeitlinger, pp 250-266. 1985.
Phalet, K. & Schonpflug, U. Intergenerational transmission of collectivism and achievement values in two acculturation contexts: the case of Turkish families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan families in the Netherlands. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol 32, pp 186-201, 2001.
Though Antigone is certainly the protagonist of the play, she makes her decision very early in the action -- she chooses to bury her brother despite the civil disobedience and disrespect of the State that it shows. Ismene, on the other hand, wavers between the two duties. hen Antigone is caught, her sister tries to take the blame with her: "But now you're in trouble, I'm not ashamed / of suffering, too, as your companion" (Sophocles, 540-1). Though Ismene's motives might be somewhat questionable, she is at least claiming a sense of duty and companionship with her sister -- and a desire to honor her brother -- by joining in the guilt of the act against the State. Antigone will not let her, again for reasons that could be put under debate. One possible explanation for Antigone's refusal to let Ismene share the punishment for the act would be her…
Sophocles. Antigone. Ian Johnston, trans. Accessed 5 March 2009. http://records.viu.ca/~johnstoi/sophocles/antigone.htm
Again, this conflict exists between two sisters, but in this story it is the sister that stays home that is treated as essentially unwelcome by her family, and the sister that returns home that is welcomed and praised despite the many issues that are apparent in her life. At its heart, however, this story is one of senseless bickering and the type of frustration that crops up during periods of familial unfairness. Neither sister makes a real effort to try and make the other happy, and the other family members are equally guilty of perpetuating a type of squabbling that has no real merit or purpose -- the arguments are over senseless things such as a beard being cut or not -- yet the rift that this creates in the family seems just as permanent as that which exists in Walker's short story. The narrator of Welty's tale is the…
They are also the guidelines by which a member determines the correctitude of conduct in relationships with the clients, colleagues, members of allied professions and with various populaces.
A member of the family and consumer sciences profession and of AAFCS is required by the code of ethics to maintain the highest responsible standard of professional performance. At all times, a member should uphold confidentiality and act with intelligence, dedication, and ebullience. A member is required to fulfill the obligation in order to continually advance and extend personal professional qualification. Sharing the professional competence with colleagues and clients is also a requirement meant to enlarge and carry on development of the profession.
The code of ethics requires members to support the objectives of the American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences. Members should also take part in its development through informed, active participation in its programs. Extending public cognizance and understanding…
American Association of Family and Consumer Services, AAFCS/CFC National Examination Candidate Information, (2004) Bulletin Texas Teacher Certification Version
National Council on Family Relations, a Guide to Family Life Educators Code of Ethics, (2010).www.ncfr.org
The Minnesota Council on Family Relations (MCFR), Ethical Thinking and Practice for Parent and Family Life Educators (2009) Minneapolis: Minnesota Council on Family Relations.
Age Students With Learning Disabilities
The impact of family motivation on college age students with learning disabilities may be a deciding factor in regard to the student's success or failure. College age students with learning disabilities obviously have more immediate needs in cooperative learning settings when compared to typical students. Educators cannot just tell the student to just sit-down and read five chapters of Freud. These students have problems like dyslexia, AD/HD, or English as a second language to name a few and they may have had additional help in the past that may not be available at an older age. When there are obvious underlying issues, the family, teachers and the students themselves have to work more closely together in order to reach the desired positive outcomes. "Teaching effectiveness is inferred from the product that was created; it is the product that is the indicator of scholarship." (Cranton,…
Positive feedback is a major part of the Family Systems Theory process. Feedback in this case is a process in which the family, and possibly the teaching team involved, all work together to regulate the thinking process of the college age student with learning disabilities. This process also incorporates the notion that positive self-talk by the college age student with some form of learning disability is a necessary component of educational success. Self-talk helps them monitor their own output. In other words, the human body in this case accepts feedback from both internal and external sources to promote positive goals and objectives. A good example of a positive feedback system is how an automatic pilot system is used in most commercial airplanes. The automatic pilot process provides a computer that is actually flying the plane constant feedback about required information regarding the planes speed, altitude, direction and so on. As the plane drifts off course slightly, the computer system realigns the flight path. The college age student with a learning disability also drifts off occurs from time to time and positive feedback from family members, teachers and counselors and the student themselves all help to get the student back on course. This approach continually promotes active coping efforts and attributes positive meaning to the learning situation.
Name of Theory: FAMILY STRESS & COPING THEORY
Based on Family Stress Theory, there can be many indicators of a family's adaptation to stress induced events. "One is the adaptation of individual family members, including adolescents have noted that such factors as the perceived levels of individual and family stress serve as markers of adaptation." (McCubbin, 1993) In other words, the adaptation implies that there are a large number
At the same time, the Japanese parent will likely encourage the child's freedom, especially in the early stages of life, while the American parent will tend to correct from early stages of development any misbehavior or errors. With the relationship mother-child, the Japanese mother will tend to emphasize less the development of the communication side for the child and will prefer a more symbiotic relationship (Ibid. page 71).
4. A family can best be defined through some of the main characteristics it has. However, one should also known that there are some general characteristics that everyone accepts as to what a family is and several others that are only accepted by groups of individuals as to what the family is. As such, both aspects need to be taken into consideration and discussed.
First of all, the family is judged to be the fundamental unity cell of society. From this perspective,…
1. Roopnarine, Jaipaul. Gielen, Uwe. 2005. Families in Global Perspective. Pearson.
2. Ehrenreich, Barbara, Hochschild, Arlie Russell. 2002. Global Woman. Henry Holt and Company
To batter understand the mechanisms of decision making and purchase behavior within an adoptive family take the case of a nuclear family, formed from a 48 years old mother, a 51 years old father and an adopted 15 years old son. The mother is a clinical psychologist and the father is currently an out of work electrician. In this particular case:
big ticket purchases are generally decided by the mother, since she is the sole provider of the family; the father is charged with the family vacations food and toiletries are purchased on individual preference basically because the mother does not have enough time to cook group decisions are made in regard to the places where to dine out or electronic appliances to be purchased for the home the child's power of influence is revealed by his capability to research certain products and provide his mother with the required information…
Mann, a., Consumer Behavior - Family Purchasing Decisions Making Process, Ezine Articles, Retrieved at http://ezinearticles.com/?Consumer-Behavior-Family-Purchasing-Decisions-Making-Process&id=307532on February 8, 2008
Business Standard, 2004, Marketing with Precision, Rediff, Retrieved at http://imdownloads.rediff.com/money/2004/oct/28guest2.htm . On February 8, 2008
Chamberlain, B., Types of Families, Retrieved at http://www.hhs.wash.k12.ut.us/department/health/masters/ch5l1/type.htm. On February 8, 2008
Perner, L., PhD., Consumer Behavior: The Psychology of Marketing, Consumer Psychologist, Retrieved at http://www.consumerpsychologist.com/on February 8, 2008
Specific recommendations for family therapists who employ parent training techniques are offered.
Summary and Conclusion
While Rogers does not completely define precisely the 'human' it is easily understood to be that of all aspects of the individual therefore, the environmental/ecological interaction theory, while not perfect is a good basis for the provision of healthcare to families by the nursing professional. Every aspect of the lives of a family illustrated through the interactions between the individuals and the community, neighborhood, place of employment, daycare institutions or school, laws, safety precautions, travel, mode of travel, mode of living, housing environment and indeed all elements expressed by the Macro, Micro, Meso, and Exo Levels effect the individuals. The individuals affect the environment and the elements contained therein as well through either actions or even inactions. These two facts clearly demonstrate the validity of the theory and the theoretical framework base described in this…
Sandelowski M. Troubling distinctions: a semiotics of the nursing; as cited by Joan Engebretson in Document entitled Hands-on: The Persistent Metaphor in Nursing, Holistic Nursing Practice Vol.16 No.4 07-01-2002 ISSN 09979311.
The Ecological Theory (nd) Online available at www.unt.edu/cpe/module1/blk1.htm
The Theoretical Matrix for a Rogerian Nursing Practice" by E.A.M.Barrett 2000, Theoria: Journal of Nursing Theory, 9 (4) p.3-7. Copyright 2000 by the Swedish Society for Nursing Theories in Practice, Research, and Education. Reprinted with permission. http://medweb.uwcm.ac.uk/martha/theory.htm
Meyers, S.A. An Ecological Approach to Enhancing Parenting Skills in Family Therapy "http: Kluwer Academic Publishers. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/coft/1998/
Expressive functioning is related to communication such as emotional, verbal, and nonverbal communication, problem solving and roles within the family. Beliefs within the family are also a part of expressive functioning.
For the purpose of the Calgary Family Assessment Model, a family is defined as who they say they are. It is very important that the clinician performing the assessment not assign their own beliefs upon what he or she believes a family is, and take into account what the patient feels about family as to the patient is may mean not only the people who actually live within the household but can also address past, present and future emotional attachments.
Calgary Family Intervention Model:
The immediate family is composed of Mr. Herbert Schelley (the patient), Mrs. Annette Schelley (his wife), and their son Thomas Schelley. The extended family consists of the Schelley's two married daughters, their husbands and their…
Brownwald H. ed. (2003) Harrison's Textbook of Internal Medicine, 15th edition,
McGraw-Hill, New York
Clement S. (2004) Guidelines for glycemic control. Clin Cornerstone. 6(2):31-9
Echeverry D.M., Dike M.R., Washington C., Davidson M.B.. (1995). The impact of using a low-literacy patient education tool on process measures of diabetes care in a minority population J. Natl Med Assoc. (11):1074-81
Family Policy Integration
I discourse on family policy integration and education including a systematic approach to family policy and overview of the many reasons family integration helps communities prosper. Detailed analysis of why human service organizations benefit more from integration than the current method of providing services to individuals, which is more costly and tends to see families as separate entities.
Family policy integration and education is a systematic approach to family policy that would focus on reducing the need for developing programs and services that target individual adults and children, and focus instead on strengthening and empowering families (odriguez, et al., 2011; Westman, 2009). The goals of family policy integration include developing services which allow families to become sustainable, and human services organizations to take charge of programs in a manner that allows them to take ownership of programs that require greater accountability for their results (Westman,…
Behnke, A.O. & Kelly, C. 2011. Creating programs to help Latino youth thrive at school: The
influence of Latino parent involvement programs. Journal of Extension, v.49, n1.
Morrow, C.E., Mansoor, E., Hanson, K.L., Vogel, A.L., Rose-Jacobs, R., Genatossio, C.S.,
Windham, A. & Bandstra, E.S. 2010 Feb. The starting early starting smart integrated services model: Improving access to behavioral health services in the pediatric health care setting for at-risk families with young children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, v.19, n.1, p.42-56.
Family preservation services have been defined as short-term, family-focused services designed to assist families in crisis by improving parenting and family functioning while keeping children safe (Services, N.d.). While it has typically been the case that many social service departments would rely on the foster care system for child safety issues, family preservation services became a popular alternative when it was recognition to be more beneficial for the children who need a safe and stable family environment. It has been realized that separating children from their families, such as is the case when they would enter foster care, can be traumatic for them and leave them with negative consequences that can last indefinitely. Therefore, instead of looking at the child as a sole individual, the family preservation perspective broadens the scope of the welfare to include the entire family unit.
The model for the services is founded on the belief…
The company continues to plow its profits back into expanding the firm by opening new stores. Family Dollar has chosen not to expand by acquisition.
Family Dollar's primary business partners are its vendors. Merchandise suppliers work with Family Dollar to ensure a good selection of core products are on the store's shelves. The company also partners with construction firms to build its stores as it continues to expand its network. The company also partners with transportation companies to help with the logistics component of the business. Each of these back-end partners helps the company to achieve lower prices for its goods, while ensuring that Family Dollar can offer a range of goods that will appeal to the average buyer.
In general, these strategic alliances appear to be successful. Family Dollar is consistently profitable, which indicates that the objectives of these alliances are being met. Customers are attracted by the product…
Family Dollar.com website, various pages. (2010) Retrieved November 16, 2010 from http://corporate.familydollar.com/Pages/history.aspx
MSN Moneycentral. (2010). Family Dollar. MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved November 16, 2010 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?Symbol=FDO
Lipton, J. (2009). Cheap Americans are here to stay. Minyanville. Retrieved November 16, 2010 from http://www.minyanville.com/businessmarkets/articles/dollar-stores-tree-recession-saving-josh/8/27/2009/id/24259
Reeves, S. (2009). The dollar stores that deserver your bucks. Minyanville. Retrieved November 16, 2010 from http://www.minyanville.com/businessmarkets/articles/dollar-discounters-retail-walmart-shopping-holiday/11/16/2009/id/25467?page=full
If the child is punished for small infractions of the rules and other children are not, this makes him feel that life is unfair, and makes him act in the ways that he is expected to act. Formal labeling is manifest when teachers treat students labeled as gifted as brighter, which motivates the children to perform better on tests, or when students labeled as 'special education' or 'ESL' are assumed to be capable of less than other children. If less is expected of them, they will naturally perform at a lower standard.
Q5. Identify some of the factors that could lead to inept parenting in single parent family households.
Even the best single parent faces considerable challenges. Single parent households tend to be less affluent economically, which automatically presents a difficulty in terms of ensuring that children have safe and healthy environments in which to live. Single parents…
-Mother can attend cancer support groups and receive advice and education through other channels regarding proper methods of providing care and improving quality of life for her husband
-Son can explore employment options as well as discuss various needs and responsibilities with his parents in order to determine his most effective utilization within the changed family dynamic
-Father can provide the levels of self-care that come easily, but should educate himself regarding his condition and ease care by allowing others to help when necessary
-Provide educational materials/answer questions for both mother and father
-Assist son with psychological transition of increased responsibility/familial dependence
-Instruction of proper care techniques for mother and father regarding father's condition
Levels of comfort and competence in new family roles should be easily assessed in regular visits through brief questioning. Monitoring father's health through standard vital sign and other appropriate tests will…
In fact, many studies show that deviant or antisocial children may experience a strengthening of the bonds between parents and society in the process of their development.
Therefore, while social control theory is one view, there are many alternative theories that take other findings and variables into account. In general, the view that a deviant child who does not change by a certain age is "condemned "to a life of crime if sharply criticized, as it often does not concur with empirical findings. Theories put forward by Gottfredson and Hirsch propose another view of the life-course towards crime that takes into account the fact that in many case early deviant behavior does not necessarily lead to a life-long pattern of criminal behavior.
Describe the labeling theory and the consequences that labeling can have on a child. Should we be concerned with labeling? Why or why not?
ACF Questions and Answers Support. Retrieved April 9, 2008 from http://faq.acf.hhs.gov/cgi-bin/acfrightnow.cfg/php/enduser/std_adp.php?p_sid=qnPNlL5i&p_lva=&p_faqid=68&p_created=1001610478&p_sp=cF9zcmNoPTEmcF9ncmlkc29y dD0mcF9yb3dfY250PTEzJnBfc2VhcmNoX3RleHQ9JnBfc2VhcmNoX3R5 cGU9MyZwX2NhdF9sdmwxPTEwJnBfY2F0X2x2bDI9MzAmcF9zb3J0X2J 5PWRmbHQmcF9wYWdlPTE*&p_li =
Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect. Retrieved April 9, 2008 at http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/laws_policies/statutes/define.cfm
Crime Theories. Retrieved April 9, 2008 from NCWC. Web site: http://faculty.ncwc.edu/toconnor/111/111lect03.htm
Overview of Labeling Theories. Retrieved April 9, 2008 http://home.comcast.net/~ddemelo/crime/labeling.html
As with any other behaviors they are taught in school, pro-social behaviors must be reinforced at home (U.S. Department, 2011). Practicing with the child can go a long way toward developing an understanding of acceptable behavior. Many parents leave this up to the school, but children generally want to emulate what they see at home. As they move into pre-school and learn new ways to interact with people, those ways should be encouraged at home. This will help the family dynamics, and will also help the pre-school teachers who are looking for ways to ensure that order is kept in their classrooms.
When parents talk to their children about what they have learned that day, and when they correct their children when they make a social faux pas, they are helping their children learn valuable lessons that those children will use all throughout their school years and into adulthood (U.S.…
Buysee, V., & Wesley, P.W. (2005). Consultation in early childhood settings. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc.
Levin, H. M & Schwartz, H.L. (2007). Educational vouchers for universal pre-schools. Economics of Education Review, 26, 3-16.
Levin, H.M., & Schwartz, H.L. (2007, March). What is the cost of a preschool program? National Center for the study of Privatization in Education. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the AEFA Annual Conference, Baltimore, Maryland.
McCollum, J.A., & Yates, T., (1994). Dyad as focus, triad as means: A family-centered approach to supporting parent-child interactions. Infants and Young Children, 6, 54-66.
Family Resource Questionnaire
Do you ever sit down with your entire family to discuss your important family goals? If so, how often do you have such meetings?
Which of the following types of goals do you include in those discussions?
Quality of Life Goals
Personal Goals of Individual Family Members
Do you include all members of the family or just the adults? If so, who is included and who is not included in those discussions?
Do you share concerns about financial matters with all members of your family? If so, who is included and who is not included in those discussions?
Do you allow members of you family who work to maintain separate finances from that of the family or do you include all of their income within your calculations of family resources?
Please use the following space to explain how you prioritize your projected expenses…
Family-Centered Approach in Child Development
Child Development: Importance of Family Involvement
Family plays a vital role in the upbringing of a child. A child has not developed his/her senses at the time of his birth. Senses are present from the time of the birth and give the child enough potential to step out in the practical world. Apart from five basic senses i.e. taste, smell, touch, sight and sound, there are countless of other senses that are fed by the family. Ideally a person must be able to utilize every resource he has in him but this does not happen. Einstein being the world's genius person utilized his potential up to 11% approximately which means 89%of his brain was left unexplored. Similarly a lot of other people can do better if their family helps them to explore their personalities while growing up. This research will investigate a family's…
Britto, P.R. & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (2001). The Role of Family Literacy Environments in Promoting Young Children's Emerging Literacy Skills. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Davies, D. (2010). Child Development. NY: Guilford.
Hojat, M., Gonnella, J.S., Nasca, T.J., Mangione, S., Vergare, M., & Magee, M. (2002). Physician empathy: Definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty. American Journal of Psychiatry.
Meggitt, C. (2006). Child Development: An Illustrated Guide. UK: Hienemann.
It is possible that an individual who was abused as a child was able to recover from the trauma of his/her experience, and tried to convert his/her negative experience into a positive one by helping out abused children, with the goal of helping them to also recover and develop as psychologically healthy individuals. This kind of psyche abolishes the phenomenon of double jeopardy, and provides a counter-argument to the earlier claim that abused children tend to have realtionships who will also abuse them.
7. eflect about the idea from the text regarding, "child abuse is transmitted across the generations." Do you agree with this statement?
I agree with the statement that child abuse is transmitted across the generations, as empirical studies have shown that indeed, abused individuals during their childhood (in the study's case, mothers) had indeed the tendency to also abuse their children. Again, this statement is just part…
Bates, K., C. Bader, and F. Mencken. (2003). "Family structure, power-control theory, and deviance: extending power-control theory to include alternate family forms." Western Criminology Review, Vol. 4, No. 3.
Egelman, B. And A. Susman-Stillman. (1996). "Dissociation as mediator of child abuse across generations." Child Abuse & Neglect, Vol. 20, Issue 11.
Flowers, R. (2001). Runaway kids and teenage prostitution: America's lost, abandoned, and sexually exploited children. Wesport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Simons, R., C. Johnson, J. Beaman, and R. Conger. (1993). "Explaining women's double jeopardy: factors that mediate the association between harsh treatment as a child and violence by a husband." Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 55.
In terms of the theories that are put forward in the book by Simon et al. (2004), Gary's profile conforms to a number of theoretical perspectives. In general however this profile tends to concur with the point made by the authors that the criminal behavior is largely a result of lax or ineffective parenting. (Simon et al., 2004, p.15) as this book states, there are numerous studies that refer to the importance of family and home environment as well as problematic parenting in the development of developmental antisocial tendencies. This also refers to larger problems when these become permanent behavior patterns and extend into later life. (Simon et al., 2004, p.15)
Furthermore, parents are seen as "primary argents of socializations" of children and therefore they play a major role in the creation of negative and "abnormal "tendencies in developing children. (Simon et al., 2004, p.16)
Theorists like Gleuck and others…
Simon R., Simon L. And Wallace L. (2004) Families, Delinquency and Crime:
Linking Society's most Basic Institution to Antisocial Behavior. Roxbury Publishing.
In summary, observational preexperience had differential effects on the timing of subsequent contingency performance of infants (p. 693)."
This research supports the potential for vicarious learning as a pre-emptor to juvenile delinquency when the family, academic, and social conditions are reflective of the elements that reflect a lack of structure, participation in community, poverty, and poor education systems that are not financed to provide the infrastructure in a child's early years.
4. Explain your understanding of Baumrind's Typology of Parenting Styles. Based on your understanding of the parenting styles described by Baumrind, which style of parenting style is most effective? Which is the least effective style of parenting? Why? Be sure to support your answer.
Diana Baumrind discussed parenting types, the authoritarian parent, the permissive parent and the authoritative parent (Grolnick, W., 2003, p. 5). Baumrind's description of the parenting styles is:
The authoritarian parent attempts to shape, control, and…
Barron, M.L. (1954). The Juvenile in Delinquent Society (1st ed.). New York: Alfred a. Knopf. Retrieved March 17, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=6360952 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000504042
Brannigan, a. (1997). Self-Control, Social Control and Evolutionary Psychology: Towards an Integrated Perspective on Crime. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 39(4), 403-431. Retrieved March 17, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000504042 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=110022432
Grolnick, W.S. (2003). The Psychology of Parental Control: How Well-Meant Parenting Backfires. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved March 17, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=110022435 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5014544319
Rook, L. (2006). An Economic Psychological Approach to Herd Behavior. Journal of Economic Issues, 40(1), 75+. Retrieved March 17, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5014544319 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001116573
Family homelessness has emerged as a serious global problem and over the last twenty-five years the make-up of the homeless population has changed significantly in the United States (Swick Pp). The majority of the homeless were men in the early 1980's, however, today, families make up thirty percent of the homeless population, and some scholars suggest that families may constitute up to forty to fifty percent of the homeless (Swick Pp).
The United States federal government defines homeless individuals as those lacking a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, or those who have a primary nighttime residence that is:
*a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter designed to provide temporary living accommodations
(including welfare hotels, congregate shelters, and transitional housing for the mentally ill);
*an institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized; or *a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as,…
Swick, Kevin J. "The dynamics of families who are homeless: implications for early childhood educators." Childhood Education. 3/22/2004; Pp.
This article focuses on articulating the various dynamics of families who are homeless and what strategies can be employed to effectively support homeless families with young children.
Washington, Thomas Alex. "The homeless need more than just a pillow, they need a pillar: an evaluation of a transitional housing program."
Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services. 3/1/2002; Pp.
Family Practice Spec. ICD Codes
Much of the treatment scope associated with the specialty family practice revolves around prevention. In other words the family practice provider often sees individuals when they are not ill at all but need health care access to determine normal values and a general state of health for developmental purposes in children and sometimes for school or vocational reasons in adults. Family practice often sees multiple minor injuries as well. Family Practice can also manage as a primary care provider many chronic conditions or disorders with or without intervention of a specialist, such as diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, heart diseases of various kinds and most minor infections. Below is a list of just a few diagnostic codes for some of these commonly seen disorders and/or cases seen in the family practice specialty.
outine Physicals exams for Adults
outine general medical examination at…
Endres, Chris "Free online searchable ICD9 Codes," retrieved November 25, 2011 at http://icd9cm.chrisendres.com/
Taylor, R.B. (2002) Manual of family practice. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.