Fantasia 1940 1.5 James Algar Samuel Armstrong, Fantasia (1940), Walt Disney Pictures, 120 min. -- ALS
• symphony- an extended composition of a full orchestra, with several movements that are distinct from one another. A number of classical musicians composed symphonies (Webster's New World Dictionary, 1977, p. 1287)
• melody -- a sequence of single tones to produce a rhythmic whole (Webster's New World Dictionary, 1977, p. 885). Melodies are oftentimes the most compelling elements of classical compositions.
• harmony -- the simultaneous sounding of two or more tones when pleasing to the ear (Webster's New World Dictionary, 1977, p. 638) Harmonies are integral to good melodies.
• dissonance -- an incomplete chord until it is resolved with a harmonious chord (Webster's New World Dictionary, 1977, p. 408). Oftentimes, dissonance is used in compositions of Beethoven and others.
• fanfare- a military composition of brass instruments; a loud, showy horn…… [Read More]
She has re-written history. "Particularly striking is Djebar's use of aphasia and silence, which she paradoxically employs as means of expression and of resistance against the forces of a male societal structure, forces which traditionally are said to promote both aphasia and silence as lack of expression in women" (Soheila Ghaussy). Algerian culture suffered a lot from the hands of the French. The French had aimed to shatter their religious values but the Algerians, men and women both resisted to this. They did not want to be liberated from anything but the French themselves.
In a male oriented and dominated society, Assia Djebar has done a great work and presented us with the perspective on colonialism from the women's point-of-view. "The story of Djebar and the women freedom fighters is also the story of Algeria and the journey from colonization and subjugation to independent nation. Djebar's text refigures nationalist strategies…… [Read More]
James Algar and Samuel Armstrong, Fantasia (1940),
The original version of Fantasia was never released again after 1941. The film was a failure, now it is viewed as a great film. That it has gained respect can be seen from the fact that "Fantasia and Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs are the only animated films and the only Disney films to be listed on the American Film Institute's list of the 100 greatest American films of all time." (Turkcebilgi, Fantasia (film) All Movie Guide profile) The original music was composed by the Philadelphia Orchestra and had some unique features like a multi-channel sound format called Fantasound, now known as stereophonic sound. Most of the works played in the film are program music; that is, instrumental music that depicts stories in sound. The music pieces are eight in number and of them - Toccata and Fugue, The Sorcerer's Apprentice, the…… [Read More]
Organizational Structure Language and Theory
Fantasia should consider producing larger quantities and reduce the prices of the products as a way of attracting more and more customers. By doing this, she will be advertising her products and entering into the market segment of other countries and geographical areas that have no idea of the existence of FPF pieces. Such a move is necessary for the company to make considering the availability of finances and labor. The two factors of production are adequate for an economy and labor is viewed as the human effort applied to the production of goods and services. The people in question are those employed and the unemployed who are aspiring to be part of the company hence want to be considered part of the labor available to the economy of the company. Examples of labor include law enforcement, and this factor distinguishes two forms of labor.…… [Read More]
The protagonist's resistance is thus effective, psychologically in the sense that the fire-watcher has been given a gift that other members of society and the world might lack, a sense of his own personal ineffectuality, true, but also a sense of the ultimate transience of all human desires for boundaries and possession. This does not necessarily provide a solution to the problem of social marginalization, or of the historical conflicts presence in Israel and waged in the political sphere, but it does provide a certain ideological 'gift' to the marginalized man.
In contrast, Anita Desai's short story is more lighthearted in its analysis of cultural marginalization. In her story, the central protagonist travels to another city in India and establishes a career for herself, quite contrary to how she has been taught to live. The central, female protagonist does not fall into the conventional mode of simply marrying an acceptable…… [Read More]
American Labor Movement
The "labor question," its origins, components, and whether or not it is still relevant.
The "labor question" is the foundation of the American Labor Movement. Drawing from our classwork and paraphrasing Rosanne Currarino's modern restatement of the "labor question(s)": "hat should constitute full participation in American society? hat standard of living should citizens expect and demand?" (Currarino 112). Concerned with the ideal of an industrial democracy, including a more equitable society with social and financial betterment of working class people, the "labor question" arose during and in response to America's 19th Century (Second) Industrial Revolution. America's Industrial Revolution occurred within the "Gilded Age," named by Mark Twain (Mintz), and lasting roughly from the end of the U.S. Civil ar until the beginning of orld ar I (D.C. Shouter and RAKEN Services). Fueled in part by refined coal and steam power, the American Industrial Revolution transformed America from…… [Read More]
However, critics complain that although the creatures created are fascinating as will be discussed later, the merging of special effects with the film itself is far from seamless. "Alas much of the effects work is considerably underset by thick matte lines - uncharacteristically poor work from Brian Johnson" (Scheib). Those thick matte lines are very visible at times during the film, particularly during the flying sequences when Flagor flies the young warrior on his journeys to save the besieged Fantasia.
This could be seen as a valid criticism of the special effects. However, it could also be seen as a way for the special effects team to underscore the intention of the film. The intention is to create a world drawn out of people's imaginations. The imagination is a place of dreams, not perfection. It is a place of vivid images and creation, but not necessarily ones that are so…… [Read More]
Sexual Activity in Adolescence
The scholarly literature on adolescence and health reflects the fact that some young people make risky decisions regarding sexual activities -- and the use of drugs also plays a role in their behavior. In this paper, those issues and others related to adolescent behaviors -- including the earlier initiation of sexual activities -- will be presented through in-depth analysis.
Adolescent Sexual Activities and Psychosocial Adjustments
There has been an assumption in the literature for some time that when adolescents delay their first sexual experience, they adjust better psychosocially as young adults a bit later in their lives. Another assumption has been that instances where young adults have their first sexual intercourse experience between 16 and 18 years of age "…are linked to lower adjustment in many life domains" (Haase, 2012, 199).
However, a peer-reviewed research article in the journal European Psychologist challenges those notions with empirical…… [Read More]
Adorno's Negative Theology And The Religious Dimension Of Art
Religion in art can perform a variety of roles. A religious picture, literary text or piece of music can be didactic in intent, spreading knowledge of religious teachings, ideologies and practices; it can serve a commemorative purpose, reminding present generations of the significance of past episodes, or the examples of particular individuals, in shaping present religious belief and practice; it can be inspiring in an emotional or spiritual sense, acting to create a suitable emotion or feeling of a religious nature in its audience. Art with religious content or purpose can be contemplative or bombastic in character, and can convey a message that is conservative or radical in political, social or cultural terms; it can operate on an individual or a collective level, and inspire engagement with the world or withdrawal from it; it can work through great formal simplicity or…… [Read More]
The new France would, in the Proudhonist version of anarchism, be a collective of collectives, a society without any formal organization, in which individual identity groups made their own rules and moved toward individual, local goals they deemed appropriate:
The Commune was against centralization; its aim was a federation of communes. The Commune was for a people's government in which distinctions between governors and governed would be erased: representatives would receive wages of average workers, be popularly elected, and be subject to immediate recall. The Commune was militantly antireligious: the aim was to free humanity from clerical machination and superstition. And finally, the Commune was for destruction of bourgeois property: cooperative ownership and self-management of production were envisaged.
In stark contrast to the authoritarianism of the Marxian socialists, the anarchists believed firmly in the capacity of the "right" people to spontaneously organize themselves and re-organize society. While sharing many of…… [Read More]
They would actually recompose it during rehearsals and change it wherever they thought was necessary, in order to improve the performance. This is perhaps the reason that early music is often referred to as being 'performer oriented'.
Early music also had an abundance of musical instruments of every conceivable category and type, and some of the more common ones were the stringed instruments which could be plucked, bowed or strummed, and the wind instruments, which could be played by blowing one's breath into a hole, while the fingers would play the melody. The viola da gamba, an early precursor of the violoncello, was one of the easier to play stringed instruments of the early times, which retained its popularity even during the nineteenth century. It is in fact across between a violin and a guitar; while it is fretted like the guitar, it is bowed like the violin. A typical…… [Read More]
Evening in the Palace of Reason: Bach Meets Frederick the Great in the Age of Enlightenment (Harper Perennial, James Gaines), 2006.
Gaines' book discusses two of history's greatest men, each of whom became great for a different reason. One was a political leader and statesman the other a musician. he biography of each could not have been more different. Both had tough lives and both fought against enormous stakes but one lived in a palace and the other travelled from place to place living in some at most only 3 years. One sampled jail and the other saw his partner killed and was saved by being sent to the military. One was homosexual and the other happily married in love. Bach's love in contradistinction to that of Frederick was more serene and meaningful. His music absorbed him and made him happy. He was focused; his life purely devoted to cantatas…… [Read More]
Another writer notes, "It is important to point out that the marketing/merchandising effort is not a haphazard or casual affair. Not only are licensees carefully selected, but the Disney company insists on coordinating all aspects of the design and marketing of the products" (Wasko, 2001, p. 56). Most American children grow up on a diet of Disney films, and that has continued for generations, really showing that good, high-quality films really do stand up to time and generational change. Our culture would not be the same without Disney, because he is such an integral part of growing up, going to films, and creating family films that bring generations together. It is hard to imagine a world without Disney - it would be a world a little less enchanting and magical, and a world with far fewer entertainment choices.
Disney's work has permeated our culture in other ways, too. Most families…… [Read More]
Arrival and Intercession by the Firebird
The Firebird flies in, typified by high and rapid notes, as he arrives, followed by his pleading, a sweet singing and an obvious pleading and intercession on the part of Prince Ivan.
Dance of Kastchei's etinue, Enchanted by the Firebird
As all are enchanted by the Firebird, they dance and respond to his fiery brilliance, depicted by trills and arpeggios.
King Kastchei's Infernal Dance by All his Subjects
One can hear the tromping and panting of the subjects as they dance faster and faster in response to the Firebird. The music becomes more and more rapid and sweet, yet is interrupted by loud beats of percussion and phrases of increasing threats.
This part of the music is slow and rhythmical, putting one to sleep, as if one were drifting on a slow tide out to sea. The sweet melody is truly a beautiful…… [Read More]
Matthew Passion, is one of western music's sublime masterpieces" (Sherrane). Thus, Bach got many of his musical ideas from the religious world, from the Bible, and from the sermons in the churches he served, and perhaps that is one reason his music is still so popular and moving today. It was written with passion and spirituality, and so it touches the hearts of listeners even today.
In conclusion, Johann Sebastian Bach is one of the world's great composers. He spent his entire life writing music, mostly for the church, and he left a legacy that lives on even today. His music is still inspiring and magnificent, and it represents the most popular music of his time, giving a glimpse into the musical hits of the past.
Boyd, Malcolm, and John Butt, eds. J.S. Bach. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Linton, Michael. "Bach to the Future." First Things: A Monthly…… [Read More]
And it was rightly found in a life form which we encounter daily in our real lives- insects. ightly, insects possess the shape, form as also the texture that aligns perfectly within the realm of computer technology and the restricted movement was also not a vital challenge to the evolving medium of animation. This started with "A Bug's Life." From then onwards, the Pixar Studio has gone even more into the details of character design which were not believed to be possible till that period, like fantasy monster, fishes and cartoon superheroes. Like the 2D animation prior to that, 3D is yet to defeat the human form in any means in which the characters are able to act in a natural manner and no look like models made of plastic or wooden sculptures in the absence of the life form inside them. (White, 33)
The initial stage of…… [Read More]
hen it was introduced in 1954, executive producer Edward Selzer considered it "distasteful" and ordered it retired, however Jack arner loved the cartoon character and ordered additional cartoons created (Robert). By 1991, the Tasmanian Devil's popularity had reached cult status when "Taz-Mania" joined the Fox network's afternoon lineup (Robert).
For the most part, McKimson's cartoons were faster-paced and more graphic than those of other directors, and he is known for having a "squarer" style (McCorry). For example, Kevin McCorry points out that McKimson's "Bugs has droopier eyes and in earlier cartoons squatter and fatter legs, his Daffy has wider beak, and his Sylvester has fluffier, white cheek hair" (McCorry).
Vladimir (Bill) Tytla (1904-1968) is considered as "Animation's Michelangelo" (Vladimir). His most famous characters include the evil puppeteer, Stromboli, in "Pinocchino," the winged devil, Chernabog, in "Fantasia," and the baby elephant in "Dumbo" (Vladimir). As Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston recalled,…… [Read More]
Expert Systems and Neural Networks
The Development and Limitations of Expert Systems and Neural Networks
The human experience demands a constant series of decisions to survive in a hostile environment. The question of "fight or flight" and similar decisions has been translated into computer-based models by using the now-famous "if-then" programming command that has evolved into the promising field of artificial intelligence. In fact, in their groundbreaking work, Newell and Simon (1972) showed that much human problem solving could be expressed in terms of such "if-then" types of production rules. This discovery helped to launch the field of intelligent computer systems (Coovert & Doorsey 2003). Since that time, a number of expert and other intelligent systems have been used to model, capture, and support human decision making in an increasingly diverse range of disciplines; however, traditional rule-based systems are limited by several fundamental constraints, including the fact that human experts…… [Read More]
alt Disney Company Scenario
Scene: Fiscal Karat (FK), host of TV's Let's Talk Money, is seated at the center of an oak conference table. Let's Talk Money is a weekly PBS talk show that interviews business leaders and often finds government officials to debate certain ideas and programs. Tonight's episode features Mr. Michael McDuck (MM), CEO of alt Disney Company and Mr. Rigid B. Crat (RC), Senior Administrator for the U.S. Treasury's Anti-trust Division.
FK: Good evening and welcome to Let's Talk Money, your weekly adventure into provocative and interesting monetary topics ranging from mild to wild. Tonight, a special treat for the kid in us all -- Michael McDuck, CEO of alt Disney goes head to head with the Administration's Senior Anti-Trust Maven, Rigid B. Crat. elcome gentlemen!
First though, let's take a moment to establish a bit of background. The alt Disney Company is a multinational mass media…… [Read More]
movie industry in America has been controlled by some of the monolithic companies which not only provided a place for making the movies, but also made the movies themselves and then distributed it throughout the entire country. These are movie companies and their entire image revolved around the number of participants of their films. People who wanted to see the movies being made had to go to the studios in order to see them. They made movies in a profitable manner for the sake of the studios, but placed the entire industry under their control and dominated over it. The discussion here is about some of those famous studios inclusive of that of names like Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Culver, RKO, Paramount Studios, Warner Bros, 20th Century Fox, Walt Disney Studios, Universal Studios, Raleigh Studio, Hollywood Center Studio, Sunset Gower Studio, Ren-Mar Studios, Charlie Chaplin Studios and now, Manhattan Beach Studio.…… [Read More]
However, there is a unanimously accepted opinion that the best way to curb this problem is through voluntary actions and consumer education.
Buffet dining another type of restaurant commodity primarily attends clients who are interested in getting economical deals of unlimited quantity and diverse platter of multi-cuisines. The buffets are second on the restaurants hit list, and make considerable business especially in breakfast and dinner platter when families can come and spend time together. Buffets include almost all cuisines, appetizers, salad bars, soups, beverages, seafood and desserts and are instantly served. The variety could be as extensive as 250,000 different meals and snacks served on the buffet table, as at Walt Disney World food-service fantasia everyday (Nation's estaurant news); often food is accompanied by light music or other performing art entertainment. Buffets usually thrive in vacation and tourism spots in tropical areas, islands, and places that draw big crowds…… [Read More]
Today, more than forty years later, the special effects for a film are still in an evolutionary stage, and the Star ars one was the first films to use the 3 dimensional Computer Generated Images technique in a feature film. Today, visual and special effects are even more popular than they were a few years back, and when Luxo, which was the first computer generated film to be nominated for an Oscar, was created, with the subject of the film being a desk lamp, which would talk and walk, it was indeed a landmark for the film world in the development of technique.
The 'Toy Story' was produced in 1995, and this film used both computer generated images as well as hand drwan ones throughout the movie. In 'Lord of the Rings', the character of Gollum was a computer generated one, and when this image was used in conjunction with…… [Read More]
sound technologies and sound design in Film
Sound in films
Experiments in Early Age
Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan
Unified sound in film production
Sound designers in Cinematography
Sound Recording Technologies
History of Sound Recording Technology
Film sound technology
Modern Digital Technology
History of sound in films
Sound Recording Technologies
The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films…… [Read More]
alt Disney including: a history leader- page applying leadership traits-: inspiration, goal setting, praise recognition, training/coaching, problem solving, planning,
alt Disney: Leadership style
alt Disney was a creative man who built an empire around his vision. Love or hate his product, he created a distinct, family-focused 'Disney style' of entertainment. Before alt Disney, cartoons were regarded as largely derivative forms of entertainment, as a warm-up to the feature film. Disney placed cartoons front and center of the American entertainment experience during a time when movies were one of the central ways in which Americans came together to enjoy a commonly-enjoyed fantasy. He later parlayed this success into television, and even into theme parks which brought the cartoon experience to life. Disney was able to create his cutting-edge vision through near obsessive control of his product and tunnel-vision focus upon his goals. He was a transformative leader, inspiring his subordinates with…… [Read More]
Dreamed of Creating Magic - and He Does
One of my dreams was to grow up and become a magician. ell, that's what happened. I'm not a science fiction writer. I'm a magician. I can use words to make you believe anything." -Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury is one of the classic authors of our day- one of the fathers of science fiction. At nearly 82 years old, and over 500 works later, he is still going strong. He is still writing, creating and producing.
Ray Douglas Bradbury was born in aukegan, Illinois on August 22, 1920. He was the third son of Leonard Spaulding Bradbury, a telephone line worker, and Esther Marie Bradbury, a Swedish immigrant. Bradbury credits his mother, with jump-starting his love of fantasy and the supernatural. His mother was fascinated with the new motion pictures. She would sneak Bradbury in with her when he was only two…… [Read More]
Joe and Harper in Tony Kushner's 'gay fantasia' of a play entitled "Angels in America" can be seen as parallel to the relationship of Lewis and Prior, despite both relationships' apparent dissimilarities. In both relationships, the two main characters exist in an unbalanced partnership, riddled with inequities. Only by suffering the traumas of a closeted gay relationship and the horror of AIDS does the nature of these essentially unequal and unfulfilling relationships become 'outed' within the structure of the play.
The relationship between Joe and Harper is perhaps the most obviously unbalanced relationship of the two. Joe is a Mormon lawyer, in the service of the homophobic, closeted gay McCarthy witch hunter Roy Cohn. Joe has moved to New York City because of his career, taking his wife Harper with him. However, Joe does not really love Harper. As he tells her towards the play's end when he leaves her,…… [Read More]
businessperson Ellen Marram. Specifically, it will profile Ellen Marram and her position in the market economy. Ellen Marram is a woman who got her MBA at a time when few women were majoring in business, and fewer still were gaining their MBAs. She has had a long and varied business career, and continues to change and grow as the face of business grows across the globe.
Ellen R. Marram has a long and varied career in American business, and has gained notoriety for a variety of business moves and her position in the market economy. Marram graduated in 1968 from ellesley College with a degree in economics. In 2001, the College awarded her an Alumnae Achievement Award. Marram received her MBA in 1970 from the prestigious Harvard Business School, when women MBAs were quite few and far between. The Harvard Business School has also awarded Marram an Alumni…… [Read More]
Walt Disney is the epitome of success through perseverance and hard work. The animator, filmmaker, and entrepreneur once said, "All of our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them." Disney had dreams that many did not think was possible to come true, and yet he continually proved to the world that anything was possible. The world of magic that we know of today would not have existed without the dreams and accomplishments of Walt Disney, who built veritable empires out of his own imagination. It is impossible to picture children's entertainment or theme parks without invoking the contributions of Walt Disney. His innovation and personal sacrifices required to make those innovations tangible realities have given us a world of magic and a world with no limitations to our imaginations.
Many have known Walt Disney to be the man who built the theme parks, particularly Disneyland…… [Read More]
Paine is broken and reveals the entire scheme.
Similarly, Dumbo suggests that a belief in one's self can accomplish anything, even in the face of the most seemingly insurmountable obstacles. Dumbo is the story of an elephant with enormous ears. Dumbo is a freak and the mockery of the circus. His mother is taken away after she tries to protect him. The circus is a cruel and judgmental environment that put animals on display for the public's entertainment. However, Dumbo proves that with gumption, unrecognized talents can be honored. This is was typical of the Disney style -- much like during the Great Depression, the third little pig was celebrated as someone who "exhibits old-fashioned virtues, hard work, self-reliance, self-denial" (Sklar 204). The social prejudice that hurts Dumbo does not have to be cured; he merely needs to try harder to use his disability in service of society.
These films…… [Read More]
Rodney Graham -- ho ill he become next?
Rodney Graham is a Canadian artist, born in Vancouver in 1949. But he could be anyone -- or so his art suggests. In Fishing on the Jetty, 2000, the Rodney Graham renders himself into his on text as a filmed subject. In this film/performance art piece, the vieer is itness to the sight of Graham playing Cary Grant in his on nautical version of Alfred Hitchcock's 'To Catch a Thief.' Graham, ithin the context of the piece is himself, is the character of Grant, and is also the persona portrayed by 'Cary Grant,' the sublimely artificial romantic lead of the 1930's classical film in a ho-done-it about mistaken identity, a film here the actor portrays a constantly misleading man ith a shape-shifting identity.
In much of his ork, hich straddles the line beteen film and photography, Graham is both creator and subject,…… [Read More]