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Endurantism on the other hand is a conception according to which things persist by being entirely present at different temporal stages. In other words it is against the view according to which one's identity can be divided into fragments. The focus is on the unity of the being. This means that today I am the person that I was yesterday and the person I will be tomorrow even if my characteristics change as I move on the time axis.
The main difference resides in the very approach to the matter, for one depends on Time while the other judges things from an atemporal point-of-view.
If we are to accept the perdurantist conception, one could probably better understand how it is possible for one to be divided on the time axis. From this point Lewis would be an endurantist as opposed to Horwich who would be a perdurantist. However, since both…… [Read More]
The decline of the department store has been ongoing for a number of years. I agree with the general statement that department stores in struggling in part because they have facing a more competitive environment. Not only do department stores compete against each other, but they also must compete against discount stores, specialty stores and category killers. In essence, the department store is a generalist in an environment full of specialists. The department store must find ways to innovate its business model in order to succeed in the future.
Competition has taken its toll on department stores. Department stores essentially thrive in an era when there was a certain degree of information asymmetry for consumers, as they were relatively unable to comparison shop beyond more than a few stores. Consumers may have been price sensitive, but their price awareness was not as acute as it is today. Moreover,…… [Read More]
Klein attempted to reverse his image in a 1999 campaign when he portrayed playing child (boys and girls) clad only in CK underwear. Appearing in the New York Post and in prominent magazines, as well as over a huge billboard in Times quare, they were recalled 24 hours later under huge pressure due to the public and experts citing them as pornographic due to their sexualized image of young children, and their high definition on sexual body parts. A Calvin Klein spokesman claimed that these images intended "to capture the same warmth and spontaneity that you find in a family snapshot" (Media Awareness Network). Nonetheless, Klein's reputation had preceded all excuses. His reputation for child pornography was too strong and seems to have become a part of his image.
eemingly Klein needs a miracle in order to repair the company's reputation. On the one hand, however, its notoriety seems only…… [Read More]
Also, all women must be pressed to ask why they seek to embody the female ideal of beauty, and are willing to sacrifice so much to do so. Even if the fashion industry were to ban all models wholesale beneath a BMI of 18.5, while male chauvinists might delight in the curves of the models gyrating on the catwalks of Milan, the ideals held up for women to fulfill would hardly be much more attainable. This would still eliminate the old, many non-white women, short women, disabled women, and yes, even plain women, from individuals deemed physically ideal.
The real question is why must a woman 'feel' beautiful at all to feel culturally validated and accepted. Central to the debate is not just homophobia, but the assumption that there is a single, 'real' womanly ideal, thin or fat, that must be found and then celebrated by the culture. At best,…… [Read More]
career in the fashion industry knows, there is a lot more to designing clothes than simply having and executing a vision in fabric. There is a lot of paperwork involved in getting a design made in the professional world, and not just drawing paper. There are specific expectations that manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, and others have in regards to what they will receive from designers and design companies, and if these expectations aren't met it will be clear both that the designer does not understand how to conduct themselves professionally, and that they do not full understand the needs of the others they are dealing with. Two things that designers must be able to prepare (and must know the difference between) are line sheets and spec sheets, which are similar in certain ways but are ultimately vastly different documents. This paper will describe the two sheets and their importance.
Spec sheets…… [Read More]
In the early 60s, fashion was still designed for the wealthy, older women who could afford haute couture. However, young people began to influence the fashion industry with styles, fabrics, bold colors. The sixties was the first era of young people influencing fashion trends, and that influence continues today (Editors). Most fashions today begin with young people and work their way up the age ladder. In fact, during the sixties, young people had more disposable income than any time since World War II, and they wanted to spend it on fashions that did not look like the fashions their parents were wearing (Editors). Thus, a new type of fashion was born. One fashion history notes, "The elfin Twiggy who was five feet and six inches tall, and weighed 91 pounds, measuring '31-22-32' at the time of her fame was one of the first models to be identified with the 'youthquake'"…… [Read More]
Executive management job positions for Fashion buyers give the following job responsibilities: managing profit performance and utilizing relevant information to support business proposals, and creating and developing a balanced range that will deliver this season's strategy. Salary and compensation for this position is 90,000.00 U.S. dollars. Required Experience & Education: Ideally, candidates should currently be performing at buyer or senior buyer level and have experience gained within a menswear background. High street retail experience is also highly desirable (http://www.southeastlocaljobs.co.uk/Jobsite/Jobs/1741981/Buyers-Senior-buyer-Formal-Menswar).
s a buyer moves up the ladder from entry level to executive there is an increase in pay as well as an increase in responsibility. Educational level stayed the same but the amount of previous experience that the employer wanted went from 3 years to 8+ years. It is also prevalent that as the position and responsibility increases, the buyer becomes a prominent "face" of the company; they are more…… [Read More]
This will implicitly mean that the revenues are decreased. Once profits are lowered, the investment, improvement and competitive capabilities will also suffer demises. Similar to the previous case, a resolution could only be possible through the attraction of more viewers. "Wheeler knew that in order to hold or increase price it would be crucial to attract a critical mass of viewers who were interested in the network's content and were also attractive to advertisers" (Stahl, 2007).
In order to achieve the established desiderates of increasing the popularity and competitiveness of The Fashion Channel by making it more appealing to wider customer palettes, the senior vice president of marketing has identified three possible scenarios. The first sees a segmentation of the customer-based with the aid of traditional techniques. The second focuses on Fashionistas (smallest in size but the most intensive), whilst the third possibility sees a combination of two categories…… [Read More]
Although the general public is not likely to know what semiotics is the concepts that have been used by the cultural study known as semiotics have been used by advertising and marketing professionals for a number of years. Through the use of semiotics such professionals have successfully used the information and techniques suggested through semiotics to manipulate the consumer culture so that certain products are now considered to represent style, success, and power in modern society. Semiotics, which is simply, the study of signs and their impact on life, is not a recognized science but incorporates many of the same techniques in defining its studies and recommendations. egardless of its acceptance as a legitimate educational discipline, semiotics has successfully transformed modern culture through its use by advertisers and marketers. It has allowed manufacturers such as Burberry and Gucci to become not only leading clothing manufacturers but also cultural icons. Cultural…… [Read More]
History of Fashion
The history of fashion can be dated back to the development of the fashion industry in different time eras. Fashion was taken and applied in different forms depending on the situation of that era. It has been noted that clothing from the oman and the Ancient Greek times is more dependent on the mere purpose of clothes rather than the style that was present. As it would be expected, in the olden times, clothes or fashion were merely a way of covering one's body. People did not think about the print, style or fabric when considering what they used to cover themselves. It has been seen that up till 400 A.D, clothing was never tight fitting nor was it loose or flowy. The basic idea was that drapes were used so that men and women could feel protected and secure. As it would be expected, the…… [Read More]
The purpose of the research is to obtain factual information about the evolution of fashion photography, but not only. A descriptive analysis of the data can serve as the departure point for the very interpretation of the facts. In order to be able to provide the reader with a relevant interpretation one must also take into consideration the changes and developments which have taken place in other areas (such as science, technology, philosophy, art, etc.)- since they have also influenced the overall direction of development of society. All these elements must be researched and correlated in order to achieve an objective analysis of the manner in which fashion photography has evolved.
As far as the research sources are concerned, they must include books, scientific essays and online information, ranging from blogs to specialized case studies. The books could help with the history of fashion while the academic…… [Read More]
Being against popular culture is particularly difficult, considering the temptations that society provides people with and the fact that one risks being excluded from a community if he or she does not act in accordance with the convictions respected by the group's members (Aoyagi, 151).
Consumerism has been taken to a whole new level in Japan, as 2006 reports have shown that in spite of the fact that the country's population is not even half that of the U.S., it managed to consume "41% of the entire world's luxury goods" (Japan is the world's most concentrated source of revenue for luxury brands). hereas people in the Occident consider Japan to be a country represented by the natural beauty and health of its people many Japanese resort to cosmetics and facial surgery in order to change their looks. This situation is both ironic and alarming at the same time, given that…… [Read More]
Fashion MBA Application
Why is an MBA a critical next step toward your short- and long-term career goals? Why is LIM College the best MBA program for you? LIM College seeks candidates of various backgrounds who can bring new perspectives to our community. How will your unique personal history, values, and/or life experience contribute to the culture at LIM College?
For the past two years, I have worked in retail -- at first doing visual merchandising with my current employer, but then working up to actually selling women's clothing, establishing a clientele of women whom I personally style and advise about the latest trends. The personal relationship between salesperson and client is something that comes naturally to me, and in contemplating my own long-term career goals I realize that I enjoy everything about my current job -- except the fact that I am not doing these things in my own…… [Read More]
Nike, for example, operates in approximately 150 countries around the world. Also, there is room for brand and line extension. This leverages core brands and competencies to move into similar business. In recent years, Nike has built its Hurley and Cole Haan lines in recent years using their manufacturing and distribution competencies, and Reebok has expanded its core brand into ice hockey.
There are many threats to the industry, however. First, the slowing in the U.S. market has resulted in an increase in competition as growth prospects slow for the key firms. The industry is also subject to economic slowdown, especially the top firms, who generally operate with a premium pricing strategy. As most firms in the industry operate with a model featuring global procurement, they are at risk to increases in transportation costs, which cut into their margins.
Another risk is intellectual property rights violations. Two of the key…… [Read More]
'Offshoring' can occur within the same company and involve movement of work to a different location of that company outside of the United States, or to a different company altogether" (4). Simply put, outsourcing is contracting with an outside company in any location, while offshoring is contracting with a company outside the United States.
Examples of Exclusive holesale Manufacturers
One example of a wholesale manufacturer that sells exclusively is Mona Lisa Fashions Inc. This "is a full-service cut & sew apparel contractor serving the women's, children's and men's apparel markets." They are located in Allentown, Pennsylvania and are encouraging designers not to outsource or offshore their products but to come to them instead. Another example is Sports and Sports International, a company that manufactures sports accessories and apparel. On their website, they announce, "e are one of the most prominent manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of an exclusively broad range of…… [Read More]
Sustainability in Fashion
This study seeks to answer the question of how the concept of sustainability applies to local fashion production and to explain the connection between global fashion industries and fast fashion business to the sustainability fashion products.
The Designers Speak
Sustainable fashion is defined differently depending on who is asked to define the concept. Freda Giannini, Gucci creative director defines sustainable fashion as, "Quality items that stand the test of time -- it is the concept of sustainability, symbolized by a timeless handbag that you wear again and again, and can pass on…" (Friedman, 2010, p.1)
Oscar de la Renta, designer and brand founder stated that sustainable fashion "…implies a commitment to the traditional techniques, and not just the art, of making clothes." (Friedman, 2010, p.1) Oscar de la Renta designer stated that today, she worked in the same manner that she learned first "in the anteliers of…… [Read More]
The capacity of good design is evident in its use to solve substantive socio-economic poblems thoughout the wold. My expeience and taining at Pason's was ich and compehensive, and left me with a lasting fascination fo design -- and with many skills needed fo a poductive, meaningful caee in fashion management.
4) Study Poposal Summay
Fashion in Tukey is a fast moving secto that has been hampeed by only summe and winte seasonal lines. Tends once launched twice each yea but with the addition of sping and autumn, the secto is expeiencing fou launches pe yea. These fast changes ae a wateshed of the etail migation to online and mobile channels.
As a case in point, conside that the Japanese clothing stoe Uniglo has established a vitual dessing oom -- a Magic Mio, as it is known; the Magic Mio uses a 60-inch colo-changing monito that lets shoppes ty diffeent…… [Read More]
When a company such as Wal-Mart goes green, it is because they see a profit in it, and customers are demanding it, and that is the case with the fashion industry, as well.
In conclusion, the fashion industry is becoming much more eco-friendly largely because of consumer demand. People are becoming increasingly aware of just what goes into the products they consume, and they are demanding new products that use less energy to produce and use eco-friendly fibers and fabrics, as well. The public is becoming much more aware of environmental issues such as global warming and climate change, and it seems that the demand for eco-friendly products, including fashions will continue to rise. Smart fashion designers and companies will jump on this growing trend. They need to take the earth and its survival into consideration, but even more than that, they need to continue to fill consumer's shelves to…… [Read More]
Wear Fashion Industry in Taiwan Today
Today, the ready-to-wear segment of luxury brands in growing globally in general and in many Asian nations such as Taiwan in particular. To determine the current state of affairs and the potential for the future in this sector, this paper provides a definition of the context of designer ready-to-wear, including a discussion concerning how it works in the fashion industry and what brands exist in this area. In addition, an examination of how stores are designed to attract the target customers for this sector including three major luxury ready-to-wear designer brands in Taiwan is followed by an analysis of representative advertisement and branding initiatives for these brands and Taiwanese consumer attitudes concerning these brands. Finally, an assessment concerning the target market for the ready-to-wear luxury fashion industry in Taiwan, including relevant demographics and current consumer preferences, is followed by a summary of the research…… [Read More]
Ever since fashion has evolved, we have an observed a significant relationship with art and fashion. It is seen that both the disciplines encourages, inspires and somewhat competes with each other. (Duggan, 2001) It is observed that artists and fashion designers creativity is exchangeable and their main objective is somewhat the same. Duggan (2001) also emphasized on the role of media and education in blurring up the boundaries between art and fashion. As we observe, just like art changes throughout the time, fashion change with time as well. Just as the atmosphere around a certain place changes, so does the fashion of that time. With technology becoming really prevalent these days, techno Fashion has emerged out as the new thing.
Fashion designers are therefore looking into the possibility of Techno fashion. This is basically the ability to incorporate tech item into the clothes a person is wearing. The…… [Read More]
Option 2: In order gain optimal results,
Kleinaci should franchise stores in key areas around the city.
If Kleinaci franchised his stores at this point and time, he would be taking a significant step toward distribution in several channels as well as moving toward a positive and unified voice for the fashion conscious. In fact, many people today possess the opinion that a franchise is an attractive method of expansion for a business and a safe environment. While Kleinaci might be initially concerned that by joining a franchise he might sacrifice some of the unique and eccentric parts of his collection, the actual benefits from a franchise far exceeds the loss. For example, franchises allow for the relative ease of obtaining legal and real-estate aid, financing, insurance benefits and branding (Gelman, 2010). Additionally, should Kleinaci have the concern that he is not reaching a particular segment of the population, he…… [Read More]
Purchasing sustainable garments is a challenge for everyone when fast fashion is so common. The labors in fast fashion can hardly afford the clothes they make while many consume fast fashion in a problematic way. Fashion industries need more transparency to educate the purchasing decision of individuals. Fast fashion not only is polluting and creating so much waste to our world; it is also taking away the basic human right of low income workers. To design something is not just about choosing a fabric and a print that is appealing but also needs to map out the production and economic strategy. What appear to be beautiful to us may have hidden an ugly story behind it. According to the United Nations, clothing is the fundamental principal of a person's dignity, beside shelter, food, and other essential needs. When the consumption of clothing is placed on the balance against…… [Read More]
It is essentially a potential solution to a real ethical and economic problem. With so much work and natural resources pumped into producing textiles at such a high waste rate, recycling textiles can provide a way for consumers to reduce their impact and help increase a much more sustainability. This can be seen as especially making an ethical impact in situations where textiles in question were cheaply made on a mass scale, putting natural resources and people in a vulnerable position. Recycling textiles can help provide fabric for future clothing and cloth needs, without the same ethical and environmental impact as creating textiles from scratch. Moreover, it is clear that the industry can save money on manufacturing textiles only to waste them and have to constantly manufacture more and more to fit the needs of the New York and international garment industry. Using recycled textiles can save funds in unnecessary…… [Read More]
Fall Trends for 2015
Christian Dior, which is commonly known as Dior, is a luxury goods firm that has developed over the years to become an important part of LVMH, which is the largest luxury group in the world. The company, which is headquartered in France, was founded in 1946 by Christian Dior, a designer who the company was named after. Since its inception, Dior has experienced tremendous growth and profitability over the years to become a leading company in the fashion design industry. Currently, Dior designs and retails a wide range of products including leather goods, jewelry, fashion accessories, make-up, footwear, ready-to-wear goods, fragrance, and skincare products. As part of designing and retailing these products, Dior operates several labels for men and children's wear products while retaining its Christian Dior label mostly to women's products. The company not only sells its products online but also throughout its wide range…… [Read More]
The main focus of the 1980s regarding brands focused on a trend in takeovers, enabling successful brands to become extremely valuable on the open market. Even very early on, a value associated with a brand large was viewed in part as more important than the product itself. Early research indicates that many thought the only way to have a successful brand was to buy one. Many felt that the development of new megabrands would be impossible in the future and money would be better spent on acquisitions than on research and development. The fact that 90-95% of all new products failed strengthened the argument that takeovers made more sense than trying to develop new successful brands (The Economist, 1988).
As a result of the heightened number of acquisitions and takeovers, many brands suffered irreparable harm. With the changing management associated with takeovers and acquisitions, brands failed to maintain a clear…… [Read More]
romanticism of man with imagination and the curiosity to attach meaning to inanimate objects spills over in many forms- dreams, art, literature, and of late pervades the space in commercial forms like films, advertisements, fashion exhibitions etc. Surrealism has enamored and consequently influenced intellectual and academic pursuits in the past in all fields- social behavior, politics, religion and culture. The import of psychological realms and psychoanalysis on surrealism has been multivariate. Key historical figures- Marx, Freud, Dadi have shaped surrealism since the beginning of the twentieth century. In modern times, fashion and clothing make use of surrealism to evoke extreme emotions by way of animating the inanimate as well as pushing the subjects (inanimate and women) to the limits of obscenity (over-consumption) and grotesque. An analysis of the travel of surrealism through the times shows that the original concepts continue to have an impact on the thought that goes behind…… [Read More]
Founded in 1938, Dillard's became a publicly traded company in May 1969 when it first offered its Class Common A stock to the public (Investor FAQs, 2016). Today, Dillard's, Inc. is one of the country's leading fashion retailers with 21, 600 employees, annual sales exceeding $6.6 billion generated by 274 retail outlets and 23 clearance centers nationwide as well as a corporate Web site (Investor overview, 2016). In addition, Dillard's owns and operates CDI, a general contractor, which performs the construction and remodeling work for company retail stores (Dillard's profile, 2016). This level of success is all the more remarkable given that this company was started by William Dillard using an $8,000 loan from his father with one modest retail facility in Nashville, Arkansas (History of Dillard's, 2016). Despite its successful operations to date, though, Dillard's is faced with increasing competition as well as changing consumer preferences. To…… [Read More]
Hereis an example of a personal statement essay that a student provided to a University where they wereapplying to their fashion design school. This document shouldserve as atemplate or guideline in completing your own personal statement. A personal statement is usually a requirement when applying for college or a job.
I am a passionate fashion designer and advocate of good grooming. I perfected this art from the vast knowledge gained in fashion design experiences from Parsons the New School for Design. I have previously interned for Anna Sui, but currently interning for the production department at Samuel Style Inc. From my internships experiences, I learned about the problems I would encounter on job sites and much hands-on knowledge of the industry. With my passion and desire to be one of the best designers in the world, I have made a decision to pursue a graduate schooling at Integrated…… [Read More]
nature of a firm's business and its environment are big factors in determining what the firm's financial statements look like."
Industries vary wildly in terms of how they account for profits, losses, depreciation of assets, and other critical components that affect the appearance of their financial statements. Some industries are more apt to operate on credit on a regular basis than others; some industries make the bulk of their profits on a seasonal basis (such as retailers which make most of their money at Christmas) or have profits which vary markedly from year to year. For example, a pharmaceutical company may experience a notable drop in revenue when one of its most popular drugs loses its patent; it may gain sharp windfall that lasts for a fixed period of time while it can exclusively profit from a new drug. Some industries are extremely risky to invest in because of innate…… [Read More]
Although I could not find any specific job advertisement for a fashion photographer, I found some entry-level positions in the fashion industry. A copy of these appears after the reference list. It appears that a career choice of fashion photography would be extremely rewarding in terms of the interesting situations and people the professional would come into contact with. It also appears to be a highly creative and satisfying job for a person with the right traits.
According to the "Creative Skillset" Website (2012), some colleges and universities offer courses in fashion photography, which are generally led by established photographers who act as visiting lecturers for these courses. While these courses can provide a valuable grounding knowledge of the industry, most fashion photographers begin their careers by assisting established fashion photographers. This provides not only practical experience in the industry, but also practical knowledge of the way in…… [Read More]
In this manner, a chain of custody could be established. if, say, Aldo's product had suddenly jumped from one step of the process to another, it might indicate that Aldo had not gone through the usual channels; had possibly stolen the idea, or copied it to a significant degree from Alexander McQueen. In either case, the designer could protect himself or herself by following the customary procedures of their marketplace.
Can Knockoffs Be Stopped?
ith so many ways to counterfeit designer fashion items like clothing, shoes, and handbags, and so few laws to prevent the actual production of pirated merchandise, stopping knockoffs would seem to be an almost impossible task. Nevertheless, knockoffs can be controlled if designers, retailers, and government authorities remain vigilant. As noted by American designers, merchandising is the key to the American design process. It is also the key to controlling the flow of counterfeit goods. hile…… [Read More]
"Social messages sent by clothing, accessories and decorations can invoke social status, occupation, ethnic and religious affiliation, marital status and sexual availability etc."
4.2 Product innovation and technological changes
The rapid rate of technological development set the course of development in numerous other domains, including apparel. In this order of ides, the technology adherent to the apparel production process is on its path from computer made designs to technologically improved materials' quality. For example, future directions in the apparel industry involve "more types of fiber developed using nanotechnology or smart clothes that incorporate electronics."
4.3 Marketing innovation
The main characteristic of current trade and production is that the items tend to focus more and more on the customers' needs and desires. Apparel producers are today faced with the difficult task of combining the publics' needs with a high quality of work and material as well as with the latest fashion…… [Read More]
While all the above three solutions are easily applicable, Leethal Fashion Accessories would find it the most challenging to take action, even more so as this is impeded by geographic restrictions.
5. Control Strategies
Like any other economist will tell you, implementing a text book solution does not guarantee 100% success rates. It as such necessary to base your strategy on the years of academic expertise; but adjust the findings to the unique features of your company, your outsourcing destination and the particularities of your situation. Otherwise put, it is pivotal to integrate the final solution in the context of the technological developments and the diversity raised by the Asia-Pacific context (Bartol, Martin and Tein, 2004).
Given this understanding, it would be first advisable to send delegates from Leethal Fashion Accessories to the Indian manufacturing plants. These would ensure that the apparel is manufactured at the desired standards of quality,…… [Read More]
"The second step is to develop a touch-point chain and gauge those with the greatest impact. The third step is to turn findings into project priorities. The final step is to implement and monitor." (Atwal and Williams, 2009 P. 343).
Uche (2009) provides different argument by pointing out that internet experience create compelling, enjoyable, memorable, and positive experience for online shoppers. The author develops web experience model to demonstrate the strategy the virtual environment could provide experience for online customer. Typically, the 7C model was developed to create a high impact digital experiential customer experience. This includes customisation, content, customer care, community, communication, convenience and connectivity.
On the other hand, Snakers & Zajdman (2010) argue that there is a proliferation of fashion jewelry within the present marketing environment making consumer to face challenges in distinguishing between products. Thus, finding the best method to differentiate one product from the other has…… [Read More]
Contextualizing Fashion: London
The objective of this study is to become familiar with London as a fashion capital and opportunities for fashion retailing in London including the wide range of commercial outlets from the high street store to the fashion concept store.
This study will examine the flagship stores in London as well as the smaller boutiques in order to express an understanding of how shopping is contextualized in London.
London shopping is replete with Flagship stores, which are "significant, high profile developments that play and influential and catalytic role in urban regeneration…" (rown, 2009, p.8) The regenerational flagship project may be "a marketing tool for an entire area of a city, a large advertising hoarding, promoting th4e place for others to invest or spin. The flagship experience may be a brand experience and this may be critical to the luxury flagship store to unify the ultimate allure…… [Read More]
building industry. The building industry is a cyclical business based on residential and business construction. The industry has faced several years of constrained demand, despite low interest rates. Two firms within the industry are Eagle Materials (EXP) and Apogee Enterprises (APOG). These two firms will be compared with one another in terms of their finances and their recent news in this paper. First, Eagle will be studied including its key financial ratios and recent news, and then the same treatment will be given to Apogee. The conclusion of the paper will discuss the future of the industry and which of the two firms would make a better investment for someone looking to put money in the building industry today.
The Building Industry
The building industry is a cyclical business based on construction. Both construction firms and their suppliers are part of this industry. The two companies being studied are industry…… [Read More]
Intra-Industry International Trade
Standard trade theory and its deviations
The classical theory of international trade can be traced back to the founding father of capitalism Adam Smith: Smith's 1776 Wealth of Nations theorized that free trade would be beneficial to all nations. Smith stated that much like merchants, nations should specialize in the particular goods and services which they could produce most efficiently and trade with other nations who could produce alternate goods and services equally efficiently. Thus free trade resulted in advantages for both trading parties. Smith's theory was later fleshed out by David icardo in his Principles of Economics. iccardo stated that free trade could optimize efficiency for every country on a global level by reducing the inefficiencies generated by the excess resources involved in producing the goods and services the nation was not suited to produce (Sen 2010: 2).
This common wisdom remained relatively consistent…… [Read More]
High fashion today is the fusion of business and art, and the role that couture plays is that it is the artistic side of high fashion. The phrase haute couture is literally French for 'high fashion', which illustrates how strongly the two concepts are linked. A simplistic understanding of haute couture is that it is the apex of the industry, clothing made to the highest level of artistry, entirely by hand. Couture items are made specifically for the wearer, and thus are perfectly fitted (Thomas, 2014). Haute couture's role in fashion as the pinnacle of the field is undisputed, but the understanding does leave room for nuance. Couture is a protected term, and as such it can only be produced by an haute couture house. The production of couture is specifically delineated by rules established by the Parisian Chamber of Commerce, and only certain ateliers are allowed to work…… [Read More]
Louis Vuitton Moet Hennessy
A luxury good is a product at the highest end of the market in terms of quality and price. Classic luxury goods include haute couture items such as clothing, accessories and luggage. However, many markets have a luxury segment including, for instance, cars, wine and even chocolate. Luxury goods markets are characterized by very high sensitivity to economic upturns and downturns, high profit margins and very tightly controlled brands, but there are always some who continue to buy these products. "Recessions come and recessions go, but luxury never goes completely out of style, even if sales were subdued following the September 11 tragedy. Some individuals with deep pockets and others with high ambitions are always willing to spend prodigiously on common items like handbags and watches, provided they get what they want in return: quality, fashion and the envy of their friends."
In popular culture and…… [Read More]
Kea Fashion Ltd., a national New Zealand garment chain, has come to an important point in its development: the decision to internationalize its business and to enter a foreign market. In general, and it is also the case here, such a decision can have a double goal. One would be to find sources of production that would decrease production costs. This is usually done by extending the company's activity in the production area in a country where the wages are much lower than in the country of origin. Usually, the developing countries are the best places to relocate one's business in this sense, because of two reasons. One of them is related to lower wages, as I have mentioned here above. Another reason is that, even if the wages are low, the workers' experience is notable and it would not affect the quality of the products they make. In…… [Read More]
Competitiveness of Sustenance Lithographic Printing Industry with the Digital Printing Industry: A Case Study of the Lithographic Printing Industry in Nigeria
Major Constraints Affecting the Lithographic Printing Industry
The Effect of the Total Quality Management System on Lithographic
Industry and Compliance with a Changing World
Comparison of Lithographic Printing and Digital Printing to Develop
Avenues to Increase the Sale of Lithography
Stakeholder Opinions of the Proficiency of the Lithographic Printing
Although facing obsolescence from innovations in digital printing technologies, the lithographic industry is faced with several constraints to its competitiveness that form the focus of this study. The overarching aim of this study is to investigate and explore the future of the lithographic printing industry and develop ways on how lithographic printing can be sustained in the changing world of emerging technologies in the printing industry today. In support of this main aim, the study's objectives were to: provide…… [Read More]
Given that the new product would be manufactured using better, but more expensive technologies that protect the environment, Shaw Industries' target market would have to simultaneously meet the following criteria:
present an increased interest towards preserving the environment possess sufficient financial resources in order to afford the higher prices of the products manufactured using superior technologies.
In this order of ideas, Shaw Industries' target market is formed of both American citizens as well as foreigners, with ages between 25 and 65 and who register above medium incomes. The age limit is imposed by the belief that the population younger than 25 rarely possesses their own houses, shows reduced interest in carpets and does not possess sufficient financial resources to afford the relatively high prices of the new carpets. On the other hand, the retired population generally spends their pension money on medicines or journey around the world and…… [Read More]
S. production value. Exports account for approximately half this amount (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). Figure 2 portrays three views of bamboo. One: A bamboo forrest; Two: A bamboos shoot; Three: A bamboo grove walkway.
Figure 2: Three Views of Bamboo (adapted from Stickman).
As bamboo production levels have risen, the amounts of raw materials needed to facilitate the production have simultaneously increased. The bamboo industry in Anji predominantly harvests bamboo from plantations, as it primarily grows a fast growing and easily cultivated, bamboo species, locally known as "maozhu" or "moso bamboo" (phyllostachys heterocycla) (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). .
Currently in Anji, the cultivation of moso bamboo encompasses 60% of the forest area, with the percentage rising as plantations expand. Along with the hefty production of bamboo, the intense cultivation bamboo industry uses mammoth amounts of fertilizers and pesticides; which contributes to negative environmental effects. In reference to the bamboo production…… [Read More]
Marketing in the anking Industry
Prescott Valley, Arizona
Abridged Literature Review
While there are many industries in the world that are growing at a rapid pace, one of them is exceedingly doing well. This is because it relies upon the monies and funds of its customers and greatly influences the other industries as well. This is the banking industry. Although a common part of every consumer's life, the banking industry has been growing and developing globally. To understand such growth, the attention instantly goes to the strategic and marketing techniques that have been applied by the people of this industry. Therefore, to gain a thorough and concise outlook of the marketing wonders that have continue to enable the banking industry to succeed at all fronts, the research topic that has been proposed for this research paper is 'marketing in the banking industry'. This topic will not only…… [Read More]
ith the significant amount of crossover between surfwear and other casual apparel wear forms, changes in their production and design systems will be minimal. The main risk is brand dilution, so it is recommended that Billabong use a different brand when entering these new segments.
Another option for long-term success is to roll out a high end line of customized gear. The surfwear market is already priced at a premium level, demonstrating that credibility inhibits price elasticity. Therefore, a super-premium line can be introduced. This would put Billabong into competition with niche players, but Billabong's economies of scale and international distribution network enhance their ability to compete in the niche markets considerably. Despite fears of an economic downturn, there is long-run value in developing a high-end option, because the cyclical nature of the industry ensures that the market will recover.
On a more corporate-wide level, Billabong can assist their long-term…… [Read More]
Com industry crash after the boom
This is a paper examining some of the factors that caused the dot-com crash
Many believe the root cause of the dot-com crash was over valuation of stock prices relative to the actual underlying value of the companies themselves. Stocks of Internet companies traded at Price-Earning ratios of higher then 30, buoyed by a speculative bubble. When reality set in for investors many realized that the companies that they were so heavily invested in were little more then money sucking black holes with no upside potential in the near or long-term future. This triggered mass self-offs of not only Internet related stocks but soon impacted the market value of many companies associated with computer, network or telecommunications industries.
This paper will show in fact that over valuation was more a symptom of the speculative boom and was only one of the multifaceted factors that…… [Read More]
At the same time, this has led to a search by customers for low priced material.
It is clear that every person is interested in stretching their investment in these matters as far as possible, and for this there are many methods. However for this to be done well, the concerned person has to spend a lot of time in searching for true items of value and not just buy any item that the person finds in the shop as ready purchases may be regretted later. Thus there has to be a lot of visits to different stores and proper judgment of the material that one intends to buy later. The places for such purchases are for interior design and most likely to be found in second hand furniture stores, seconds depots, and discount stores. If an individual goes around in a substantial number of these stores, then the person…… [Read More]
com). A certain amount of errors is to be expected, but there should not be so many that it demonstrates a certain level of skewedness about the model in its entirety. Thus, if the NHI model is the one which is selected, then it needs to be tested against a range of different scenarios. The following demonstrate some truly relevant what-ifs: what if the doctors only move half the projected volume; what if medicare slashes rates; what if competitors open a comparable program (dgapartners.com).
There are a range of factors which can change or adjust once a healthcare facility opens their doors for business. And as much as this facility is attempting to engage in a solid humanitarian effort, at the end of the day, it's still a business and people need to get paid. Thus, before engaging in further developmental activities, one needs to determine in what ways the…… [Read More]
Parker Influenced the Technology Industry
onn B. Parker is a retired senior management consultant at Stanford Research Institute (SRI), who has specialized in Information security and computer crime research for 30 of his 47 years in the computer industry. He has written many books, papers, and reports based on interviews with over 200 computer criminals and audits of the security of various corporations.
Parker received the 1992 Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement from the Information Systems Security Association and the 1994 National Computer System Security Award from U.S. NIST/NCSC, The Aerospace Computer Security Associates 1994 istinguished Lecturer award, and The MIS Training Institute Infosecurity News 1996 Lifetime Achievement Award. In addition, The Information Security Magazine recently named him one of the five top Infosecurity Pioneers.
onn Parker started working for SRI in 1969 as director of computer operations after working for 17 years at Control ata Corporation. His career at…… [Read More]
Staying connected changing world industry applying work related skills current future employment benchmark success. Identify skills adapt career area graduation. Explain plan increase abilities skills.
Staying connected: Transferable and adaptable skills
Every soldier brings two fundamental skill sets to the workforce, when transitioning from the military to a civilian job: that of his or her transferable skills and that of his or her adaptive skills. I am a Command Sergeant Major with over 33 years of active military service. I have gained both transferable skills and adaptable skills over the course of my service.
The most useful transferable skills, the skills I have directly and actively used while serving in my position that can be easily deployed in the workforce involve my capacity for mentorship and teaching. As part of my duties as senior enlisted advisor to my commanding officer I have served as both as an advocate and representative…… [Read More]
A large body of literature has treated many different aspects of these influences on Asia, Europe and the United States (Busser & Sadoi, 2003). The importance of the study relates to the current trends taking place in Libya where aggressive steps have been taken in recent years to normalize relations with the international community. For example, Libya opened up its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction to international scrutiny and renounced terrorism as a political tool (Libya, 2010). Moreover, the country's political leadership has been equally forthcoming in its efforts to normalize their relations with Western nations since 2003 (Libya, 2010). More recently, Libya has been removed from the U.S. State Department's list of states that sponsor terrorism in 2006 and in 2008, Libya joined the United Nations as a nonpermanent member on the UN Security Council during the 2008-2009 term (Libya, 2010).
Other signs that clearly point to…… [Read More]
Marketing Research on Athletic Shoe- Industry
The brand caters a promise of reliability, in effect that one stand behind their product. Branding is not an action we can realize overnight. A successful brand is built over time from the hundreds of little things we do right. . The brand is, at its core, an declaration of a standard performance. It guarantees that the product or service carrying that brand will live up to its reputation. The merit of a brand rises or falls with the integrity of the people behind it. The principles of the principals build or rupture a brand.
When running shoes first came on the market, it was a marvelous development over the old sneakers and high-tops. But soon the market became crowded with shoes bearing a wide variety of features, at a wide range of price points. The main players in the sports shoe industry are…… [Read More]
downsizing on Manufacturing Industries
The amount of information on the effects of down sizing on manufacturing was not plentiful, however one main point that flows through all of the articles is that even though down sizing may be done to help a company it can end up hurting them in the long run. In the paragraphs to follow we look at the effects that downsizing has on people and companies as well as look at whether or not downsizing is truly the answer.
Parker (2003)eports that in 2003 the expected job losses among the manufacturing industries in Great Britain would create the effects of rising input costs and oil price increase on the job cuts; Downturn of the purchasing managers' index for manufacturing; Decrease in the rate of manufacturer's orders. So even though these cuts may be necessary he pointed out that it would have an overall negative effect.
The…… [Read More]
Further the fair pricing strategy which Yousuf refers to as "a permanent discount of at least 40% on all items" could also effectively defend the company's market share from both existing competitors and new entrants. Next, J.C. Penney's move to embrace a new management team could end up yielding some positive results as such a move will inevitably change the way things are done at the firm. Indeed, in the opinion of Heller, the incoming management team possesses some radical new ideas. This can be gleaned from the background (as highlighted earlier on in this text) of some of the key executives who have joined J.C. Penney in recent times. I am also convinced that J.C. Penney's new logo will give the company a brand identity that is largely unique. The same in my opinion could in addition to having the effect of repositioning J.C. Penney's brand in its clients'…… [Read More]
Environment: the Ethical Fashion Show." Online Posting. YouTue, 8 Octoer
We. 4 Novemer 2011.
Lacayo, Richard. "Jean Nouvel Wins Architecture Honor." Time Magazine. 30 March 2008.
We. 4 Novemer 2011.
Tahari, Elie. "CBS Sunday Morning: Elie Tahari -- Fashioning Success." Online Posting.
YouTue, 21 Feruary 2011. We. 4 Novemer 2011.
Woodman, Ellis. "Jean Nouvel's Serpentine Pavilion, review." The Telegraph. 6 July 2010.
We. 4 Novemer 2011.
The reports "The Race to Seismic Safety: Protecting California's Transportation System," pulished in Decemer 2003, and "The Missing Piece: Improving Seismic Design and Construction Practices," pulished in 2003, oth deal with preventative measures that must e taken in order to reduce the safety hazards that are imposed upon the surrounding communities in California that are prone to earthquake induced damages. Presented from different perspectives with a common goal, the two reports analyze the damage that has occurred in California due to earthquakes and propose…… [Read More]
9 million beyond the First Mortgage loan. In order that the company does not dilute its equity, it is recommended that the convertible and debenture issues are made. If the convertibles are taken as equity, the capital structure will be around 28.6% in two years not counting new retained earnings, and this is close to the target capital structure that UniHost has. It is recommended therefore that those two options are undertaken in order to finance the expansion of UniHost. The convertible will need to be more than the $75 million -- more is possible so a this issue should net around $85 million. The company is unable to finance with just equity and convertibles, so some amount of debenture will be required, so it would be difficult for UniHost to undertake its growth strategy and avoid the restrictive covenants that will prohibit it from further growth. Future expansion needs…… [Read More]
In the retailing industry, it is challenging an organization to break down all its previous designs, advertising plans, and store environments to make a new beginning. Nonetheless, that is precisely what JC Penney did, and has done several times. Founded over 100 years ago, this organization has seen changes and redesigns with each new CEO. ecently, JC Penney, otherwise called JCP, has begun a fresh again with a new CEO. The head of JCP comes from a successful inventive organization and is presently carrying this victory to the new organization (Peterson, 2012). The redesigned changes produced results in February 2012, revolutionizing the pricing approach within the store. The store has been given new existence with new pricing, marketing, promotion, store environment, and organizational structure. All the changes have been organized around areas that previously failed to be effective the company's success.
Previously, JCP provided its customers with one…… [Read More]
The impact of technology and the increase of international travel and exploration, the global environment has provided a landscape that depends on the knowledge of other culture. The differences among the human race are everywhere and the denotation of such individualities create challenges for those wishing to attain a successful career based in international exposure.
The purpose of this essay is to explore various themes and ideas that relate to cross-cultural management theory applied in a practical and pragmatic manner. This essay aims to answer the following question:
Which international skills, knowledge, behaviours and experiences will be advantageous in the development of my future career?
My future career selection is not quite clear at this time but I have narrowed it down to becoming involved in hotel management in Central America. This essay will first examine the basics of culture to help give a theoretical background to my…… [Read More]
In general, The itz-Carleton compares very favorably to other competitive hotels. The key differences are mostly that this particular hotel is willing to go above and beyond the call of duty to satisfy its customers and provide a memorable hotel/resort experience. These differences are demonstrated in a number of palpable ways which are largely anomalies within the hotel and travel industry. The sort of "service innovation" (Enz et al., 2010, p. 6) this chain propagates is noteworthy. A perfect example of this fact is The itz-Carlton's policy about employee expenditures in the line of duty. The hotel enables employees to spend as much as $2,000 on guest. Such a policy is largely unheard of in this industry, and is a valued exception for those guests that are able to enjoy its benefits. Additionally, most other comparable hotels expect their employees to tend to the needs of their customers. The…… [Read More]