Also, all women must be pressed to ask why they seek to embody the female ideal of beauty, and are willing to sacrifice so much to do so. Even if the fashion industry were to ban all models wholesale beneath a BMI of 18.5, while male chauvinists might delight in the curves of the models gyrating on the catwalks of Milan, the ideals held up for women to fulfill would hardly be much more attainable. This would still eliminate the old, many non-white women, short women, disabled women, and yes, even plain women, from individuals deemed physically ideal. Women must reject the objectifying gaze that forces them to 'see' one another as heterosexual men provided by the industry, and offer new ways of seeing, thinking, and conceptualizing sexuality beyond the idea of beauty at all. Although the goals of gay and feminist liberation movements may not always be the same, this does not mean that they must be forever polarized. Feminists must be careful exactly how the discourse of fashion criticism is conducted, before they uncritically embrace all fashion naysayers into their fold.
The real question is why must a woman 'feel' beautiful at all to feel culturally validated and accepted. Central to the debate is not just homophobia, but the assumption that there is a single, 'real' womanly ideal, thin or fat, that must be found and then celebrated by the culture. At best, this ideal is something a woman can only embody, often with much time and economic expense, at one point in her ...
Bordo, Susan. The Body Betrayed. Berkley: University of California Press, 1995.
Fuss, Diana. "Fashion and the Homospectatorial Look." Critical Inquiry. 18. 4. Summer
1992. Identities. pp. 713-737. Accessed on 17 Nov 2007 through JSTOR http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0093-1896%28199222%2918%3A4%3C713%3AFATHL%3E2.0.CO%3B2-B
Holland, Erik. "Possible solutions to some problems that this site is trying to solve." Feminine Beauty. 2007. 18 Nov 2007. http://femininebeauty.info/solutions.htm
Radford, Robert. "Women's Bitterest Enemy': The Uses of the Psychology of Fashion
Journal of Design History. 6.2. 1993. pp. 115-120. Accessed on 17 Nov 2007 through JSTOR at http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0952-4649%281993%296%3A2%3C115%3A%27BETUO%3E2.0.CO%3B2-S
Roof, Judith. "Hypothalamic Criticism: Gay Male Studies and Male Feminist Criticism."
American Literary History. 4.2. Summer, 1992. pp. 355-364. Accessed on 17 Nov 2007 through JSTOR at http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0896-7148%28199222%294%3A2%3C355%3AHCGMSA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-E
This is used as an example from popular culture, not as an academic source in the review.
Women must reject the objectifying gaze that forces them to 'see' one another as heterosexual men provided by the industry, and offer new ways of seeing, thinking, and conceptualizing sexuality beyond the idea of beauty at all. Although the goals of gay and feminist liberation movements may not always be the same, this does not mean that they must be forever polarized. Feminists must be careful exactly how the discourse of fashion criticism is conducted, before they uncritically embrace all fashion naysayers into their fold.
Fashion and Body Image Fashion industry, body image, and self-esteem The fashion industry has established itself as a multimillion industry with more and more players jumping onboard each waking day. With the new agencies fro the fashion industry opening shop, there are higher standards of beauty set in the fashion industry. This means each agency would like to have the most beautiful models rolling out of their agency and representing the best
Fashion When a woman walks down the street carrying a Louis Vuitton handbag and strutting in her Jimmy Choos, what does she say about herself? Her lifestyle? Where she is from? When a man walks down the street carrying a fake Louis Vuitton handbag and strutting in her cheap plastic pumps, what is he saying about himself? When Trayvon Martin walked through his neighborhood wearing a hoodie, George Zimmerman instantly thought
Fashion Lifestyle&Consumption and it's influence on identities Fashion, lifestyle, and consumption and their influence on identities Fashion plays a huge role in presenting visual images of a person and some even relate to fashionable objects such as garments as though they were humans able to represent them. Direct contact and intimacy with fashionable objects such as garments influences how a person's image is presented and especially the intimacy of the garment with
Later on, throughout the 1930s, fashion photographs were principally created in studios, to take advantage of being able to carefully control lighting, composition and pose (Grossman 1). However, outdoor photo shoots were not unheard of. It has been noted that these outdoor photographs "carried an allusion of authenticity and spontaneity that made the fashionable clothes appear more vibrant than the sculptural effects of studio photographs could achieve" (Grossman 1). With
A study conducted in 1995 found that 70% of women felt depressed after looking at fashion magazines for three minutes. Around half the female population at one time or another attempt weight loss, leading to greater smoking and eating disorder among women (Women and Body Image, 2009). These images, of course, influence men as well, as, finding the idealized images of women more appealing and sexy, men expect their
Gender Equity in Education Taking the Field: Women, Men and Sports (Michael a. Messner) Chapters One, Two, Three & Five Women and men are clearly different, in ways far beyond mere physical composition, as Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus discusses in deep detail. But, the author (Messner, 2002) of Taking the Field: Women, Men and Sports also wonders: where children are from, how children "do gender," how the American Youth