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The family is a basic part of human existence; it provides the principle institution of socialization and cultural training. Typically, it is a unit that is affiliated by emotional feelings, relationships, or in some cases, tradition. In the west, the traditional family of one female mother, one male father, and children -- often called the nuclear family, is being challenged by changes in cultural acceptance, tradition, openness about sexuality, and even the evolution of the core nature of society. However, one interesting thing about the family: over time, the concept of the nurturing mother and motherhood has received far more attention in the arts, popular culture, and even in scholarly research than fatherhood. This, in fact, has resulted in there being a number of professions that traditionally have been oriented toward women: teaching, especially younger children, most of the carative professions, and even nursing.
At least one educator noted…
Beyond the Cult of Fatherhood" is a bracing challenge not only to both conventional gender norms but the way childcare is valued in our society. Osborne assumes the readers of his essay will have clear ideas of what it means to be a father and what it means to be a mother. A father is a masculine figure. Masculinity is defined as being strong and stalwart. A man is the economic provider for his children. A mother is a feminine figure. In our society, femininity is associated with the home and with nurturing and caring for children on a daily basis. Osborne states in his essay that his status as a virtual househusband powerfully upsets both of these norms and has revealed to him how little childcare in the home is valued because one cannot put an easy economic price on it.
Over the course of his essay, Osborne outlines…
This means that though there is great joy and love derived form caring for a child, there is also a great deal of sacrifice that must be made. There will be less time to spend with friends and even with the mother of the child, as the child's needs will occupy the bulk of both parent's time. This can be especially daunting for fathers, however, who even in these more equitable times are often less at home with domestic chores, and more used to being able to determine their own schedules around their own preferences. With fatherhood, other relationships might suffer at first, and others might disappear altogether.
The most difficult part of fatherhood, however, is not getting used to the new responsibilities of a baby or the changing relationships with other people in the father's life, but rather with the raising of the child into a decent, happy, and…
Isolation in To Room Nineteen and Pauls CaseAt root in Willa Cathers Pauls Case is a young boys fear of his father, which is the most devastating aspect of the story. As in Lessings To Room Nineteen, in Cathers the ultimate problem falls on the man who should be more empathetic and loving. In both stories, it is a lack of love and empathy on the part of the manthe husband in Lessings To Room Nineteen and the father in Cathers Pauls Casethat pushes the respective wife and son of the stories into total isolation.The failure of intelligence identified by Lessing in To Room Nineteen is not a reference to Susans gradual descent into madness but rather a condemnation of her husband Matthew for his inability to understand and empathize with his wifes illness (875). He simply sees her as unreasonable and cruelly dismisses her needs. As her husband, he…
Fatherhood in America: A History, By Robert Griswold to explain which school of thought he belongs to and what was the most important characteristic of this branch of historians. The book focuses on family life during slavery era and the author belongs to the Revisionist school in this beliefs. This is clear from the claims he makes about presence of stable and strong family life during slavery era. Revisionist historians were vehemently opposed to the institution of slavery and had no positive views on this issue. But they refused to associate slavery with immorality or break-up of traditional values. In other words, while they believed that slavery was something extremely unfortunate, they were not willing to hold blacks responsible for it. Historians like Robert Griswold argue that slavery did not hurt family life at all and any instance of the same is directly connected with joblessness and racism that existed…
Three Themes in "O Captain! My Captain!"
alt hitman wrote "O Captain! My Captain!" In 1865 and it serves as an elegy to the President Lincoln, who had just been assassinated. As a patriotic American and the "poet of America" (as he called himself), hitman was duty-bound to mourn the loss of the 16th U.S. president in verse. That he did so in a way completely opposite from his free verse "Song of Myself" -- the poem dedicated to himself and the spirit of freedom and license -- is telling. Lincoln, the "captain" of America during the critical time of the Civil ar, represented order, structure and unity. These elements serve as the foundation of hitman's "O Captain!" which deals with three themes in its three stanzas: a mission, fatherhood, and death. This paper will analyze these themes and show how they are brought about.
The theme of…
Whitman, Walt. "O Captain! My Captain!" Leaves of Grass. Bartleby. 8 Apr 2013.
However, as referred to above, one central reason for absent fathers is that society in general no longer advocates a definitive role and structure for the father to adhere to. This can be related to the breakdown in norms and values in contemporary society which previously gave clear guidelines about the importance and purpose of fatherhood. In our postmodern society the norms about traditional fatherhood have been radically questioned and new models, such as the single-parent family have begun to receive acceptance.
Nevertheless, the research evidence indicates that the father plays an essential role in the psychological as well as the sociological balance of the sexes within the structure of the family. From a personal point-of-view I consider the father figure to be extremely important in the healthy development of the child. In my experience the importance of my father is undeniable and his presence provided me with the essential…
Works Cited www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002443487
Hamilton-Wright, Kimberly J. "In Search of Daddy: Even in Adulthood, Fatherlessness Has Long-Lasting Effects." Black Enterprise Jan. 2004: 90.
Kimmel, Michael S. The Gendered Society. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
For the first several years of one's life, their mother and father are their world. These first relationships occur at a time when the tiny human is learning the basic of their environment and how to respond to it. A child learns much of their early actions by imitating the role models around them. The relationship that exists between a child and each of their parents will set the tone for how they deal with other relationships that they encounter throughout their life.
In Chapter One we discover that our hero has "issues" with his paternal and his maternal relationship. These relationships overshadow almost any other conflict in the story at this time. It is apparent through Stephen's interactions with Mulligan and Haines that he did not have a strong paternal figure to model. He reacts in a rather passive manner. One must remember that this chapter takes place in…
Joyce, James. Ulysses. Hans Walter Gabler (ed). Random House. June, 1986.
The police officer then called the dispatcher to check Caballes' license and see if he had any outstanding warrants. As he was writing the warning ticket, he asked for a criminal background check from the dispatcher and asked Caballes if he had ever been arrested. Caballes said no, but the dispatcher told the officer that Caballes had been arrested twice for distribution of marijuana. While the officer was writing the warning ticket, another trooper arrived with a drug detection dog. The dog walked around Caballes' car and signaled alert. Marijuana was then found in the trunk.
Caballes was arrested and charged with trafficking cannabis.
Before the trial, Caballes' motion to suppress the evidence found in the trunk was denied. Caballes was convicted and sentenced to 12 years in prison and ordered to pay a fine of $256,136. Caballes' lawyers appealed, arguing that the police officer did not have probable cause…
Dix, G.E. (2002). Gilbert Law Summaries: Criminal Procedure. USA: The Bar Bri Group.
Illinois v. Caballes (2005). Medill School of Journalism, on the Docket web site: http://www.medill.northwestern.edu/-secure/docket/mt/archives/000814.php
Koenig, D. (2005). An Introduction to Criminal Law. 3rd Edition. Lansing, MI: Thomas Cooley Law School.
Understanding Search and Seizure Law" (2005): http://www.nolo.com/article.cfm/objectID/DED24689-ADA8-4785-887A0B4A19A694DE/104/1.
Initiatives ND Motivation
Initiatives & Motivation
Alabama Statewide Initiatives
The Alabama eading Initiative
The Alabama eading Initiative (AI) began as project of the State Board of Education and the State Department of Education. After the AI showed promise in classrooms across the state the Alabama State Legislature allocated funding for its expansion. The AI is a K-12 initiative. The goal of the AI is to improve reading instruction and achieve 100% literacy among public school students. The AI provides differentiated levels of support, including professional development, onsite support, and school coaches to over 1,000 schools. The initiative focuses on three aspects of the teaching of reading: preventing reading difficulties, identifying struggling readers and intervention strategies to help them become proficient readers, and expanding the reading power of all students (Alabama Department of Education, 2012).
The Department of Human esources Fatherhood Initiative
The Department of Human esources (DH) Fatherhood Initiative is…
Alabama Department of Education. (2012). ARI -- Alabama reading initiative. Alabama department of education. Retrieved July 15, 2012, from http://www.alsde.edu/html/sections/section_detail.asp?section=50&footer=sections
Alabama Department of Human Resources. (2012). The DHR fatherhood initiative. Alabama department of human resources. Retrieved July 15, 2012, from http://dhr.alabama.gov/services/Family_Assistance/Fatherhood_Initiative.aspx
Condron, A. (2012). Top 12 ways to motivate students. TeachHub.com. human resources. Retrieved July 15, 2012, from http://www.teachhub.com/top-12-ways-motivate-students
Kurtz, D.L. (2010). Contempoary business.13th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
All participants filled out questionnaires with adolescents and their mothers in separate rooms. The mothers' questionnaire included question on topics such as parental monitoring habits, parental academic expectations, and on the nature and extent of drug-related activity and crime in the family neighborhood. The adolescents were asked questions on such topics as whether and to what extent they used drugs and whether and to what extent their friends used drugs.
The results of the study confirmed the results of prior studies in several significant respects. The principal finding of the study was that absentee fatherhood was a strong predictor of adolescent drug use in adolescent African-American males. Another important finding of the study was that this apparent effect did not apply to adolescent African-American females. Prior studies had determined that absentee fatherhood was a predictor of early drug and alcohol use as well as aggression and other forms of…
However, as male children transition into late childhood and adolescence, they tend to withdraw from their mothers and confide much more in their fathers. In fatherless households, the male child often withdraws from the mother in much the same way, but without the option of shifting emotional connection to the father. As a result, fatherless male adolescents exhibit substantially higher rates of delinquency, alcoholism, illegal activity, and perform worse academically (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 226).
The Importance of Fatherhood for Female Children:
In female children, absentee fathers predispose them either to negative expectations or to unrealistic idealized expectations in their dating relationships with men that ultimately increase the likelihood of disappointment and by virtue of multiple mechanisms that undermine those relationships (annon & Southern, 22-3). Typically, females raised without their fathers select emotionally unavailable partners who will allow them to reenact the male abandonment they experienced as children. Alternately, they may…
Bannon, Jill a. And Southern, Mara L. "Father-absent women: Self-concept and modes of relating to men" Sex Roles, February, 1980. Branden, Nathaniel. The Psychology of Romantic Love. New York: Bantam (1999).
Gerrig, Richard J. And Phillip G. Zimbardo. Psychology and Life. 17th Edition. New York: Allyn & Bacon (2005).
Kasl, Charlotte Davis. Women, Sex, and Addiction. New York: Harper & Row (1998).
Wen, Ming. "Single-Parent Family Structure, Child Development, and Child's Well- being" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005.
Rank. "But, Nora darling, you're dancing as if your life depended on it!...This is sheer madness - stop, I tell you!...I'd never have believed it - you've forgotten everything I taught you" (Ibsen 204). Torvald must now take her in hand and re-teach the wild Italian dance, the tarantella.
The choice of this particular dance by Ibsen is a stroke of genius as it aptly illustrates the nature of the situation arising within Nora. The dance derives from an Italian belief that the only way to purge the poison of the tarantula was to dance wildly and dance the poison out of the body. "The tarantella is an expression of fear bordering to madness and a sensuous zest for life that also operates as a regenerative process" (Rekdal 168). ithin Nora in this dance, the audience sees the fear and madness, but the scene also foreshadows the zest for real…
Drake, David B. "Ibsen's a Doll House." Explicator. Fall 1994, Vol. 53, Issue 1, 32.
Ebscohost. Academic Search Premier. 16 March 2007. http://web110.epnet.com.
Gilman, Richard. The Making of Modern Drama. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1974.
Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll's House and Other Plays. Trans. Peter Watts. New York:
family is separated, a father and mother divorced, and the child left on its own. Who is to take custody of the child? The word custody stolidly describes the upbringing of the child. esearch has shown that most of the children who become delinquents in their pre-teen and teen age are single parented. This paper takes a look at the current research investigating young non-custodial fathers following separation and divorce.
Many researchers, by using a focus group methodology, have found and disputed young fathers' issues related to their children, their ex-partners and the judicial system. The results imply that non-custodial fathers are perplexing to engage, yet in need of attention and assistance.
Single fathers "can 'mother' as well as women" (DeMaris & Greif, 1992, p. 55). By an empirical research Lamb, 1999; Lazar & Guttman, 1998; Thomas & Forehand, 1993 have ascertained that men can be the custodians of a…
1. DeMaris, A., & Greif, G.L. (1992). The relationship between family structure and parent-child relationship problems in single father households. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 18(1-2), 55-77
2. Kruk, E. (1993). Divorce and disengagement: Patterns of fatherhood within and beyond marriage. Halifax, NS: Fernwood
3. Greif, G.L. (1985). Practice with single fathers. Social Work in Education, 7(4), 231-243.
4. Lamb, M.E. (1999). Noncustodial fathers and their impact on the children of divorce. In R. Thompson and P. Amato (Eds.), The post-divorce family: Children, parenting, and society. 105-125.
Personality Psych Analysis of Tony Soprano
Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality
Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality makes the argument that human behavior is resultant of the interrelations amongst three constituent parts of the mind including the id, ego, and superego (Petocz, 1999). This theory of personality lays substantial significance of the manner in which conflict, more often than not unconscious, amongst the areas of the mind end up shaping an individual’s behavior and personality. The Id deals with instantaneous satisfaction of basic physical needs and desires and it functions completely unconsciously. The Superego takes into account social rules and morals, and is largely referred to as a person’s conscience. The Superego develops as a child progressively learns what is deemed to be right or wrong. Lastly, the ego, unlike the instinctive Id and the ethical superego, the Ego is the sensible, realistic part of an individual’s personality…
hen the angel came again to tell him that his family was in danger, he immediately left everything he owned, all his family and friends, and fled to a strange country with his young wife and the baby. He waited in Egypt without question until the angel told him it was safe to go back." (Matthew 2:13-23).
In these, Joseph, provides us with an example of steady faithfulness even in the face of great personal cost. And in return, all that we know of him has been culled from the story of Jesus, and indicates to us that he was a kind and loving father who made himself a lifelong servant to God.
Unfaithfulness and Rebellion:
Perhaps the only scintilla of rebellion to be examined with respect to the story of Joseph is the disagreement held between different denominations with respect to Joseph's celibacy. Some traditions argue that he would…
Catholic Online (CO). (2010). St. Joseph. Catholic.org.
Wikipedia. (2010). Saint Joseph. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc.
n the short story "Once More to the Lake," author E.B. White describes his childhood summertime experiences. Each year his father would rent a camping spot for a whole month and the family would play and go fishing in the lake. Reflecting on his experiences, the narrator describes how he decided to revisit the lake with his own son. "Once More to the Lake" is therefore mainly about the nature of family, especially the father-son relationship.
The opening line of the story establishes the theme of family and emphasizes the role of the father: "One summer, along about 1904, my father rented a camp on a lake in Maine and took us all there for the month of August." The theme of father-son relationship is reiterated throughout the tale, as the narrator reflects on his own perceptions of fatherhood and family. For example, the narrator states, " took along…
In the short story "Once More to the Lake," author E.B. White describes his childhood summertime experiences. Each year his father would rent a camping spot for a whole month and the family would play and go fishing in the lake. Reflecting on his experiences, the narrator describes how he decided to revisit the lake with his own son. "Once More to the Lake" is therefore mainly about the nature of family, especially the father-son relationship.
The opening line of the story establishes the theme of family and emphasizes the role of the father: "One summer, along about 1904, my father rented a camp on a lake in Maine and took us all there for the month of August." The theme of father-son relationship is reiterated throughout the tale, as the narrator reflects on his own perceptions of fatherhood and family. For example, the narrator states, "I took along my son, who had never had any fresh water up his nose and who had seen lily pads only from train windows." At first, the narrator believes that he will simply be recreating his childhood and evoking memories. He wants his son to experience the same delights he had by the lake. However, many things at the campsite have changed over time. The narrator cannot help but feel a "creepy sensation" that "I was my father." Because he is recreating the exact moments of his childhood, the narrator becomes acutely aware that he is becoming his father and that his son is becoming himself. The realization is powerful and reminds the author of his mortality. The final line of the short story reads, "As he buckled the swollen belt suddenly my groin felt the chill of death." White is not trying to be morbid, but rather, is trying to show what prompts people to have children.
In E.B. White's short story "Once More to the Lake," family is presented in a positive light: "those times and those summers had been infinitely precious and worth saving. There had been jollity and peace and goodness." The narrator tries to recreate these same positive sensations for his son. When he does so he realizes the importance of family. The narrator realizes that having a son allows him to somehow live forever, through passing on his father's genes and his own memories. Therefore, "Once More to the Lake" is primarily a tale about fatherhood and family.
Normally, efforts must be reasonable and diligent but not futile. The general grounds for termination of parental rights in all states are as follows. Abandonment is a prime case of abandonment can be established after six months of conscious disregard of any form of parental obligations by a parent, including support, maintenance, love and care. The conduct must be intentional and normally must involve a lack of support plus a failure to communicate. Neglect must be serious and continuing and involve serious mental, physical or moral harm to the child. Poverty or disreputable lifestyle, absent such harm, is not adequate grounds for termination. Abuse requires serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual misconduct. A likelihood of future abuse must also be established, since termination is not intended to be a punishment to the biological parent. A mental illness, deficiency, or substance abuse problem must result in an inability to parent,…
Mary Kay Kisthardt, of Fatherhood, Families and Fantasy: The Legacy of Michael H. v. Gerald D., 65 Tul. L. Rev. 585, 588 (1991).
Marianne M. DeMarco, Delineation of the Boundaries of Putative Father's Rights: A Psychological Parenthood Perspective, 15 SETON HALL L. REV. 290, 291 n.7 (1985).
Rita Meiser & Marcie Velen, the History of Adoption. http://www.researchetcinc.com/history.hml .(Visited April 29, 2005).
Suellyn Scarnecchia, Defining Family: Adoption Law and Policy Adoption Rights, 2 Duke J. Gender L. & Pol'y 41, 41-42 (1995).
Instead, they are conflicted by their feelings of responsibility and the mixed reactions that they receive from women in the Japanese society. Suzuki (2007) reports that many Japanese men consider Japanese women "too demanding" (p. 432). A greater number of Japanese men have sought marriage partners outside of Japan due to the disconcerting roles that are expected of them. Since Japanese women no longer feel comfortable with the assumed traditional Japanese family roles, men who desire to live by the traditional masculine traits have increasingly taken Filapina brides (Suzuki 2007). Such women are able to mesh better in a family environment with traditional Japanese husbands and fathers, who do not know how to reconcile their masculinity and the independent Japanese woman (Suzuki 2007).
Men are also finding a new role in fatherhood, often hampered by their instinct to be a "hands-off" father. In one case described by Seto, Becker &…
Roberson, J. (2003). Men and masculinities in contemporary Japan: Beyond the urban salaryman model. London: RoutledgeCurzon.
Seto, a., Becker, K.W., and Akutsu, M. (2006, Fall). Counseling Japanese men on fathering. Journal of Counseling & Development, 84, pp. 488-492.
Sugihara, Y., and Katsurada, E. (2002, Nov). Gender role development in Japanese culture: Diminishing gender role differences in a contemporary society. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, pp. 443-452.
Sugihara, Y., and Katsuradam, E. (2000). Gender-role personality traits in Japanese culture. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 24, pp. 309-318.
Doll House -- Henrik Ibsen
The play by Henrik Ibsen brings to the mind of the reader and the audience that many men in the past and in the present too, see themselves as superior to women, and women in fact should be happy to carry out the wishes of men. Nora Helmer becomes a kind of plaything for her husband Torvald, and in fact he admits to having fantasies about Nora to give him sensual incentive to engage in intimacy with her. But in time Nora has had enough of Torvald's condescending behaviors and she rebels. This story can be seen as a reflection of the fact that women in the late 19th century were beginning to demand fairness and equality in relationships and in society. hile Ibsen later discounted that he wrote a play about women's rights, the play can be seen as a search for freedom and…
Ibsen, H. (1902). The Doll's House: A Play. Boston, MA: Harvard University (Digitized, 2007)
U.S. Census Bureau, 1 out of every 3 kids' lives in a home without a father. Fatherless children are a growing epidemic within many of the more developed countries in the world. In many instances, as the evidence suggests, children without a two parent household suffer tremendously relative to their counterparts in many areas of achievement. In addition, children without a farther tend to lag behind from socio-economic standpoints as well as academically. These problems, tend to compound themselves throughout the child's adolescent and adult life. Problems such as a fatherless childhood have implication for not only the immediate family but for society in general. The costs borne by society include cost associated with increased crime, lack of productivity in regards to work, lower socio-economic status, and higher overall stress levels. As indicated below, what was originally a problem of fatherless children, has now become a lesser known epidemic within…
1) Bronte-Tinkew, J., Moore, K.A., & Carrano, J. (2006). The father-child relationship, parenting styles, and adolescent risk behaviors in intact families. Journal of Family Issues, 27, 850-881
2) Howard, K.S., Burke Lefever, J.E., Borkowski, J.G., & Whitman, T.L. (2006). Fathers' influence in the lives of children with adolescent mothers. Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 468- 476
3) McLanahan, S. (2009). Fragile families and the reproduction of poverty. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 621, 111-131
4) U.S. Census Bureau, Children's Living Arrangements and Characteristics: March 2011, Table C8. Washington D.C.: 2011
Division of labor occurs not only in the formal workplaces of the world, but also in the informal spheres of work. Domestic duties are often sharply divided by gender, with women commanding the bulk of domestic chores, duties, roles, and corresponding positions of power. The power of women in the domestic sphere is limited, though, confined to that realm and not transferable to the public domain. Men's power in the public, political, and economic dimensions is far more transferable. Therefore, women's power and influence in households is distinct from the power and influence of men in the economic and political spheres. Women remain marginalized in public and formal positions of power.
In societies in which the public and private divide is less clear, and when there are more blurred lines between the public and private domains, women do enjoy a higher overall status in the society ("Domestic Worlds and Public…
Parikh, Shanti. "From 'Private' Affairs to 'Public' Scandals.'"
Townshend, Nicholas. "Fatherhood and the Mediating Role of Women."
In many cases, these academic areas are challenging for the students, but Coach Carter teaches him to persevere in spite of these challenges in pursuit of a greater goal.
The most important lesson this film teaches is that the decisions we make today will have lasting consequences. Unlike the previously mentioned lessons, this one is not solely taught by Coach Carter; instead, it is a lesson they learn on the streets that is reinforced by Coach Carter. For Kenyon, this lesson comes in the form of an unplanned pregnancy. Throughout his struggle to handle the possibility of impending fatherhood, Kenyon (and, by proxy, the audience) is reminded that engaging in unsafe sex can, and often does, have very serious consequences. Choosing to indulge in a few moments of pleasure without taking the necessary precautions can derail a life in an instant. Kenyon and his girlfriend are faced with the possibility…
In addition, a brief look at his family history is required, because the political fortunes of James Otis' father directly influenced the trajectory of his own career.
James Otis was part of the fifth generation in a family that first arrived in the colonies looking for economic opportunity, and James Otis' grandfather, John Otis III, was the first in the family who went beyond business into politics (aters 1968 & Halko 1969, p. 609-10). In 1760 James Otis was appointed advocate general of the Admiralty Court, which was the court responsible for dealing with smuggled goods seized in the colonies (Hickman 1932, p. 89.) hen the protest launched by the Society for Promoting Trade and Commerce within the Province made its way to court, James Otis would have been responsible for defending the legality of writs of assistance, but instead he resigned his post and took up the cause of…
Adair, E.R. "Writs of Assistance, 1558-1700." English Historical Review. 36.143 (1921): 356-
Borchers, Tim. "A Rhetorical Analysis of James Otis's Against Writs of Assistance." Minnesota
State. Minnesota State, 12 Jan 2001. Web. 20 Mar 2011.
Domestic Violence at the Root
This presents as the most important issue for family dissolution or divorce among low-income families (Haskins et al. 2005). Research conducted by Kathrun Edin and her team found that many poor mothers are willing to bear children even for men they consider unsuitable for marriage. Often, it is because these women believe they are in love with these men and that having children may improve these men's attitude in the long-term. ut these women are aware that their boyfriends or cohabiters have problems with forging long-term relationships. Quarrels often grow out of chronic infidelity, physical abuse, alcoholism and drug addiction, criminal activity and imprisonment. Research showed that these men harbor similar doubts about their women (Haskins et al.).
Some of the problems in these situations and relationships may be managed by quality marriage education when combined with employment, mental health and other support services…
Bergmann, Barbara R. The Economic Consequences of the Decline of Marriage.
Working Paper 0818, Department of Economics: Johannes Kepler University of Linz, 2008. Retrieved on December 11, 2009 from http://www.econ.jku.at/papers/2008/wp0818.pdf
Haskins, Ron et al. The Decline of Marriage: What to Do. Princeton-Brookings:
Princeton University, 2005. Retrieved on December 11, 2009 from Http://www.heartland.org/custom/semod_policybot/pdf/19317.pdf
So he does just that, and does just that. he story is telling for a number of reasons. First it speaks to a particularly kind of sickness in the American consumer, in which he was would rather pay some price and feel he is cheating the system by getting a bargain, than take some for free and get the same value for no cost. Also, the father and the son curse a lot. his is interesting because it shows the father and son have an open and interesting relationship, and that the son is learning from his dad as he watches his dad work a con to get people to take something for a price that he would rather just give them. his suggests that the next generation will grow up even wilier about such cons, and the American consumer society will be worse for the wear.
While JDP's story…
The stories by JDP and DFW are brief, and to the point. Both take large themes -- war, fatherhood, economics -- and boil them down to a few lines. Both encapsulate popular culture as a means of making a larger point. (WWI would have been as familiar to JDP's readers as garage sales were to DFW's.) In the case of JDP, the point seems to be: war sucks. In the case of DFW, the point is: people suck. If that summary seems too irreverent, the fault lies at the feet of JDP and DFW. They wrote wittily and briefly, making their arguments with a scalpel. An analysis of their work seems to require the same.
David Foster Wallace, "The Devil is a Busy Man," Found in Brief Interview with Hideous Men, (Back Bay, 2000).
John Dos Passos, "The Body of An American," Found in 1919, (New York: First mariner, 1959).
Mookie is similarly conflicted. He rants about Italian-Americans after a falling out with Pino early in the film, calling as many stereotypes as he can name. When Sal uses the "N" word, Mookie feels betrayed and chooses to fight back. He "fights the power" of racism, and the institutions that he feels support racism. His act of violence was in express solidarity with Radio Raheem, who he pledged support to as a brother. Mookie also never seems to completely trust or even like Sal, in spite of Sal's kindness. His mistrust of Sal reveals Mookie's own internal prejudices that prevent racial harmony in America. Spike Lee demonstrates Mookie's attitudes by his cavalier approach to work and his not being willing to allow Pino to insult him. Mookie's lack of decisiveness is part of his personality, though, and does not have a bearing on his attitude towards Italian-Americans. Mookie is nonchalant…
S. Constitution as offering much protection but instead view it as being the responsibility of the states to provide protection for private property owners. In the event that the courts "...continue to abdicate their role as the protector of individuals rights, then big government and powerful corporations will continue to run roughshod over the property interest of small landowners." (Liles, 2006, p.372)
Liles holds that the legislature being allowed a leeway that is so constitutionally broad in defining the protections afforded to private property effectively "...defies the necessary checks and balances implicit in our system of government." (p.372) Part of the problem appears to be that the definition applied to 'public use' has become quite lenient over the years and while it in the beginning meant that "the public must own property" it now has been construed to mean that "private parties can own the land so long as the…
Restoring Our Heritage of Property Rights (2006) Mackenzie Center for Public Policy. Online available at: http://www.mackinac.org/archives/2006/heritage.pdf
Hansen, David (2007) Kelo v. New London: Economics and Ethics. 2007. The University of North Carolina at Charlotte North Carolina. Online available at: http://econ.duke.edu/dje/2007_Symp/Hansen.pdf
Liles, Brett D. (2007) Reconsidering Poletown: In the Wake of Kelo, States Should Move to Restore Private Property Rights. Arizona Law Review. Vol. 48:369. Online available at: https://www.law.arizona.edu/Journals/ALR/ALR2006/vol482/Liles.pdf
Kelo, et. Al v. City of New London, Connecticut, et al. In the Supreme Court of the United States. No. 04-108. Washington DC 22 Feb 2005. Online available at: http://www.supremecourtus.gov/oral_arguments/argument_transcripts/04-108.pdf
Pissarro took a special interest in his attempts at painting, emphasizing that he should 'look for the nature that suits your temperament', and in 1876 Gauguin had a landscape in the style of Pissarro accepted at the Salon. In the meantime Pissarro had introduced him to Cezanne, for whose works he conceived a great respect-so much so that the older man began to fear that he would steal his 'sensations'. All three worked together for some time at Pontoise, where Pissarro and Gauguin drew pencil sketches of each other (Cabinet des Dessins, Louvre).
Gauguin settled for a while in ouen, painting every day after the bank he worked at closed.
Ultimately, he returned to Paris, painting in Pont-Aven, a well-known resort for artists.
Le Christ Jaune (the Yellow Christ) (Pioch, 2002) Still Life with Three Puppies 1888 (Pioch, 2002)
In "Sunny side down; Van Gogh and Gauguin," Martin…
Bailey, Martin. (2008). Dating the raindrops: Martin Bailey reviews the final volumes in the catalogues of the two most important collections of Van Gogh's drawings. Apollo Magazine Ltd. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
Martin. (2005) "Van Gogh the fakes debate. Apollo Magazine Ltd. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-127058183.html . Bell, Judith. (1998). Vincent treasure trove; the van Gogh Museum's van Goghs. Vincent van Gogh's works from the original collection of his brother Theo. World and I. News World Communications, Inc. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
It was not enough to kill Hektor and then return him to his family for proper burial, dishonoring the body added additional insult to his actions. This act shows Achilles as an angry young man. However, when he comes to his senses and realizes that a family has been hurt, he demonstrates a greater maturity in his actions. The transition from a raging boy to a mourning man represents spiritual growth on the part of Achilles.
Disrespecting the body of Hektor also had another affect. Achilles may have felt that the death of Patroklos took away some of his power. y disrespecting the body of Hektor, he may have had an underlying motivation of attempting to regain his sense of power that was lost by diminishing the power of the opposition. Disrespecting the body of Hektor was also disrespectful to Hektor's family, who happened to be the king of Troy.…
Lawall, Sarah., et. al. (eds.), the Illiad. Norton Anthology of World Literature, 2nd ed., Vols. a-C. New York: W.W. Norton and Company. 2002.
132). hen women reported that their desire for greater social support was satisfied, the outcomes reported for their children improved dramatically.
The negative associations with single parenting thus have more to do with the circumstances that can give birth to single parenting, or are attached to single parenting because of the way our society is structured. In society, we have come to regard the nuclear family as the norm and single parents do not always have the multigenerational support that could give their children positive role models of both genders that they may have in previous eras. Single parents are more likely to be female, and females are traditionally underpaid for their labor. Additionally companies are not always willing to make accommodations for male or female single parent's need for flexible schedules. But the problem is not with single parenting; rather the problem is with how our society views parenthood…
Burden, Dianne S. "Single Parents and the Work Setting: The Impact of Multiple Job and Homelife Responsibilities." Family Relations. Vol. 35. No. 1. The Single Parent Family. Jan., 1986. pp. 37-43
Hanson, Shirley M. "Single Parents and the Work Setting: The Impact of Multiple Job and Homelife Responsibilities." Family Relations. Vol. 35. No. 1. The Single Parent Family. Jan., 1986. pp. 125-132.
DeLeire, Thomas & Ariel Kalil. "Good things come in 3's: Single-parent multigenerational family structure and adolescent adjustment." Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies. Oct 2001. 4 Apr 2008. http://www.spc.uchicago.edu/prc/pdfs/deleir02.pdf
Walker, Victoria. Pagewise. 2002. 4 Apr 2008. http://www.essortment.com/all/singleparentfa_rcsc.htm
Relationships provide the key experience that connects children's personal and social worlds. It is within the dynamic interplay between these two worlds that minds form and personalities grow, behavior evolves and social competence begins." (1999) Howe relates that it is being acknowledged increasingly that "...psychologically, the individual cannot be understood independently of his or her social and cultural context. The infant dos not enter the world as a priori discrete psychological being. Rather, the self and personality form as the developing mind engages with the world in which it finds itself." (Howe, 1999) Therefore, Howe relates that there is: "...no 'hard boundary' between the mental condition of individuals and the social environments in which they find themselves. The interaction between individuals and their experiences creates personalities. This is the domain of the psychosocial." (Howe, 1999) the work of Howe additionally states that attachment behavior "...brings infants into close proximity to…
Ainsworth, M.D.S. (1989). Attachments beyond infancy. American Psychologist, 44, 709-716.
Allen, Jon G. (2001) a Model for Brief Assessment of Attachment and Its Application to Women in Inpatient Treatment for Trauma Related Psychiatric Disorders Journal of Personality Assessment 2001 Vol. 76. Abstract Online available at http://www.leaonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/S15327752JPA7603_05?cookieSet=1&journalCode=jpa
Armsden, G.C., & Greenberg, M.T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 427-454.
Barrocas, Andrea L. (2006) Adolescent Attachment to Parents and Peers. The Emory Center for Myth and Ritual in American Life. Working Paper No. 50 Online available at http://www.marial.emory.edu/pdfs/barrocas%20thesisfinal.doc
The impact each has had on their respective followers, as well as the millions of other individuals who choose not to follow their teachings is overwhelming in nature. For two individuals who lived so many centuries ago to still hold sway over such a large portion of the population is a testament to their influence. Currently both Mohammed and Jesus are honored on special days throughout the year, and more than that they are also venerated and revered every single day by millions of faithful followers of their respective teachings.
The teachings of Jesus are currently being presented through the Christian Bible and primarily through the four gospels of the New Testament. These four books were written approximately forty to sixty years after the death of Jesus and relate the stories of his life and times. "hat Christians believe about Jesus' life and teachings is based largely on biblical texts,…
Fisher, M.P. (2005) Living Religions (6th ed), New York: Prentice Hall
John the Disciple, (1979) the Bible: New Testament, Salt Lake City, Utah: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
"I can hear you...I'm alright," he says, but at the end of the story he resumes his drinking again (Carver, 1989, p.274).
The significance of physicality in both stories is noteworthy, as it seems to reflect a distrust of language, rather than an embrace of language, as the characters communicate primarily though touching. Carver's prose has often been called minimalistic, a charge that he resisted. Yet Inez and Lloyd do not connect when they go for marital counseling, they do connect, if only briefly, when Inez must clean Lloyd's ears. The only time Lloyd can really hear is when his wife tries to reach him through physical rather than verbal gestures. The husband of "Cathedral" rages against blindness, but enters the blind man's world through the medium of touch, even after he has tried to exclude the blind man by turning on the TV.
hat is particularly important for an…
Carver, Raymond. "Cathedral." From Where I'm Calling From. New York: Vintage,
Carver, Raymond. "Careful." From Where I'm Calling From. New York: Vintage, 1989.
Champion, Laurie. "What's to Say': Silence in Raymond Carver." Studies in Short Fiction. Spring 1997. New York: Thompson & Gale pp.1-6
Trussler, Michael. "The narrowed voice: minimalism and Raymond Carver." Studies in Short Fiction. Winter 1994. New York: Thompson & Gale, p1-12
According to anthropologist Lalervo Oberg, culture shock arises when suddenly one's sense of certainty is destroyed when one enters a foreign environment. A person undergoing culture shock experiences it as a series of "upsets -- breaks in reality because people behave differently" in a new culture and because the shocked individual finds him or herself in unfamiliar circumstances (Oberg, 2007). Yet the extraordinary clash of "The Father" does not result suddenly, even though the news is sudden -- the daughter's schema of values has been changing over time, only the father has ignored it, or not wished to see this change. Oberg says the clash occurs because "families and friends are far away," but in this case, the family member is close by, yet changed by her upbringing in a new culture.
Babli feels far away to her father. Her father experiences all of the "discontent, impatience, anger, sadness, and…
Guanipa, Carmen. "Culture Shock." San Diego University. 17 Mar 1998. 2 Jul 2007. http://edweb.sdsu.edu/people/CGuanipa/cultshok.htm
Mukherjee, Bharati "The Father." From Literature and the Writing Process.
Elizabeth McMahan, Susan X Day, & Robert Funk (Eds.). New York Prentice
One can assume from his writing that he wants his readers to be persuaded with his point-of-view and appreciate the accomplishments of George Washington (Kuegler). It is also believed that his secondary aim of writing the book is to give rebirth to politics of morals and ethics.
Monty Rainey. ook Review. Junto Society.
Thomas Kuegler. Review www.skyline.net.com
All in all, one can say that his book represents dynamism, intellectualism and exceeding pleasure. As mentioned above, his book does not fully cover his life and works, however, it aims to bring alive the politics of those times so as to transform the hearts and minds of all those who read his book (Kuegler).
The most unexpected result of his book is the warmth it provokes amongst those who read it. It is clear that rookhiser does not make an effort to create an acceptable image of Washington to the…
A.J. Bacevich. Book Review: "Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington." National
Review, March 11, 1996. www.findarticles.com
Monty Rainey. Review: "Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington." Junto Society.
Rather than hysterically creating units to force fathers to do their duty, the underlying reasons for their lack of dutiful response should be investigated. Once the root causes of family decline are investigated, more effective remedies can be put in place. Certainly what has been done to date has not worked, if statistics like those of Vitz are to be believed.
Furthermore, I do not believe that we are facing a national crisis with regard to the family. Greater equality for women, more tolerance towards divorcees, and more opportunities in terms of work and childcare have opened doors for women that were not available in history. Abused women for example now have the means to escape the situation, be believed by the court, and raise their children with love and respect. Certainly this cannot be seen as a family in decline. Emotional issues and underlying reasons, rather than simple, surface…
Bradly, Robert H. & Crews, Donald A. (2001). "The Crisis of Family Decline in Massachusetts." Annual Report. URL:
Bronson, Po. (2006). Is the family in decline? (Demographics). The Factbook. URL:
460). This research focuses more on the latter as displaying more indigenous cultural subsistence evidence, which is nonetheless indicated and measured against more modern developments in the less traditional periphery. The result is a one-stable culture experiencing major structural transition or demic change, resulting primarily from population density changes driven by resource scarcity and subsistence mode of different cultures, specifically "everyone else," i.e. The global demand for forest and mineral resources (oil) located under the Huaorani home range (Belaunde, 2008, p. 460). The traditional Huaoranis resisted invasion by neighbors while those neighbors were peer tribal cultures, but are having more difficulty resisting invasion by industrialized nations themselves driven by subsistence mode constraints. One major cultural change has become the necessity for a more articulated central 'government' to represent Waos against encroachment by the states that have arisen around them, where their previous subsistence mode allowed less formal norms and roles…
Beckerman, S., Erickson, P., Yost, J., Regaladod, J., Jaramilloe, L., Sparks, C. et al. (2009, May 19). Life histories, blood revenge, and reproductive success among the Waorani of Ecuador. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 106 (20), 8134 -- 8139.
Belaunde, L. (2008). Review, Rival, L., Trekking through history: the Huaorani of Amazonian Ecuador. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 2002. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 14, 431-472.
Lu, F. (2006). The commons' in an Amazonian context. Social Analysis 50 (3), 187-194.
Lu, F., Fariss, B. And Bilsborrow, R.. (2009). Gendered time allocation of indigenous peoples in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Ethnology 48 (3), 239 -- 268.
The title of Hayden's poem creates a mood, tone, and setting. inter is a time of retreat and frigid weather, and imagery of cold permeates the poem. Coldness is also the core emotion that the speaker conveys. The cold is "blueblack," which also signals a possible bruise, as if the father was indeed abusive. The father had "cracked hands that ached," which were not from the cold, though, but from his hard work, his labor in the "weekday weather."
Imagery of "splintering and breaking" is contrasted with the powerful last line of "Those inter Sundays," which refers to "love's austere and lonely offices." Love is neither austere nor lonely in Simon Ortiz's "My Father's Song." In "My Father's Song," the imagery is far more summery. Like the speaker in "Those inter Sundays," the speaker in "My Father's Song" refers to his dad's manual labor in the fields. Yet labor did…
Hayden, Robert. "Those Winter Sundays." Retrieved online: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/175758
Ortiz, Simon J. "My Father's Song." Retrieved online: http://writersalmanac.publicradio.org/index.php?date=2003/06/15
Sentimental vs. Realistic Techniques: Modern African-American Questions Addressed in Contemporary and 19th Century American Fiction
Despite critical caveats about literary quality, the use of sentimental techniques in novels that attempt to precipitate social change are ultimately more persuasive than the use of modernist techniques in similarly motivated social activist novels. Therefore, sentimental strategies that encourage readers to identify with idealized characters and familiar, even formulaic plots allow sentimental novels to act as more popularly persuasive vehicles for social change than modernist novels that deploy realistic techniques through less obvious strategies of identifying with protagonists and which present more morally complex scenarios.
One of the greatest strengths of the sentimental novel is its ability to elicit empathy. Although a literary critic may blanch and the use of such devices as stock characters and idealized moral scenarios in sentimental novels, as deployed most vividly in such works as Uncle Tom's Cabin by…
Faucet, Jessie Redmon. Plum Bun. Boston: Beacon Press, 1999.
Larsen, Nella. Passing. New York: Anchor Books, 2001.
Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom's Cabin. 1852. Complete e-text available at The University of Virginia. http://www.iath.virginia.edu/utc/uncletom/utfihbsa11t.html [18 Jun 2005]
The issue of sexual disgrace again arises after the Lurie's daughter is raped, in a fashion that causes him to further call into question the issues of female sexuality and male protectiveness from a father's rather than a lover's point-of-view. Lurie realizes he was totally helpless to physically protect his daughter from sexual molestation. As a man and a father, he could not save Lucy from unwanted sexual danger, seemingly confirming what he sees as her apparent distrust and dislike of men.
At first, Lurie feels like he is no longer a man. As an object of romantic fascination, he is growing older in the eyes of women, and his female students rejected him -- one of the reasons he 'pounced' upon his seemingly last chance at love. Lurie's academic career was long failing, but Lucy's rape mean that now he is completely reduced, in his eyes, to an utterly…
(Searight; Gafford, 2005) There are also changes in the value systems of the different communities as the ecological situation of the communities change and this may be due to historical changes or shifts into new areas by the individuals. Even within the same group of individuals, the value systems may be different among individuals due to differences in income, occupation, conditions of living situations and the duration or the level of intensity of exposure to another culture. There are many sources of diversity within the same cultural group due to the relative influence of traditional culture values, socioeconomic features, the experiences of migration, the functional demands and requirements and cultural makeup of the ecological niche, and the duration and intensity of exposing to a different culture. (oosa; Dumka; Gonzales; Knight, 2002)
One of the most important facilities that humans have is to draw inferences from limited knowledge. The question remains…
Bassok D, Stipek D., Inkelas M., Kuo A. (2003) "Building Community Systems for Young
Children: Early Childhood Education" Los Angeles, CA: National Center for Infant and Early Childhood Health Policy; Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, No. 11; pp: 1-58
Cabrera, Natasha; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S; Bradley, Robert H; Hofferth, Sandra; Lamb,
Michael E. (January/February 2000) "New Directions for Child Development in the Twenty-First Century Fatherhood in the Twenty-First Century" Child Development. Vol: 71; No: 1; p. 127
Other determining factors influencing long-term affects of abuse to a child include:
Whether the child's mother is supportive and child can confide in her.
Whether the child's experiences success at school
Whether the child has nurturing relationships with peers. (Ibid.)
Childhood intimacy problems and sexual abuse, interacting with family background, contribute the child's developing self-esteem and sense or "world" mastery being disrupted. These deficits, in turn, increase the probability of a child experiencing psychological problems later in his/her adult. These developmental deficits may lead to social and personal vulnerabilities later in life, and consequently contribute to the risk of mental health problems developing and/or increasing. (Ibid.)
Sexual Abuse "Signs"
Effects of early sexual abuse, which include childhood intimacy problems, last well into a person's adulthood and effect their relationships, family and work. Individual symptomatology tends to be reflected into the following four areas:
1. "Damaged goods: Low self-esteem, depression, self-destructiveness…
Profile: Sexual predators solicit children on the Internet," All Things Considered (NPR), June 19, 2001.
BETTER ANSWER to SEXUAL PREDATORS.(Editorial)(Editorial)," Seattle Post Intelligencer (Seattle, WA), June 15, 1997.
Bolen, Rebecca M.. "Child sexual abuse: prevention or promotion?," Social Work, April 1, 2003.
Magical Realism in Ana Castillo's 'So Far From God'
hen looking for the magical realism in Ana Castillo's So Far From God, and for those readers who know her work and her cultural background, one of the ways in which the author employs magical realism is as a skilled fiction writer. Castillo is writing about Latinos, a family of women. Her first step in employing magical realism is to set aside the Latino patriarchal cultural restrictions that would otherwise prevent the concept of "magical realism" from working in the story. Castillo had to find a way to overcome that allowed the reality to be used to advance the story past that obstacle. She also had the obstacle of Latino Catholicism, which is as equal a force with which to be confronted as is the patriarchal society. This essay is an examination of how Ana Castillo overcomes these obstacles in her…
Castillo, Ana. So Far From God. New York, W.W. Norton and Company, Inc., 2003.
Johnson, Kelli Lyon. "Violence in the Borderlands: Crossing to the Home Space in the Novels of Ana Castillo." Frontiers - A Journal of Women's Studies 25.1 (2004): 39+. Questia. 9 Dec. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5006914074 .
Sikhism is a progressive religion that was well earlier than its time when it was established over five hundred years ago. The Sikh religion today has over twenty million followers worldwide and is ranked as the worlds 5th largest religion. Sikhism advocates a message of Devotion and commemoration of God at all times, honest living, equality of mankind and condemns superstitions and blind ceremonies. "Sikhism is open to all by way of the teachings of its 10 Gurus preserved in the Sikh Holy Book and Living Guru, Sri Guru Granth Sahib" (Sikhism, 2011).
"The word Sikh in the Punjabi language means disciple, Sikhs are the disciples of God who follow the writings and teachings of the Ten Sikh Gurus. The knowledge of these teachings in Sri Guru Granth Sahib is sensible and worldwide in their petition to all mankind. The creator of the Sikh religion was Guru Nanak who was…
Frequently Asked Questions about Sikhism. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/FAQ
Singh, N.G.K. (2011). Sikhism: An Introduction. New York: I.B. Tauris & Co. LTD.
Sikh Beliefs. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/sikhism/beliefs/beliefs.shtml
Sikhism. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.sikhs.org/
Annabel by Kathleen inter
Many people use the terms gender and sex interchangeably. Sociologists have made it clear that these are, in fact, two very different concepts. Sex is the physical difference between men and women. Gender is the sociological difference that society places on male and female based on attributes that have been historically applied to one sex over the other. There is a clear delineation between gender and sex. This distinction is the subject of the novel Annabel by Kathleen inter. A young person is born without a clear distinction over what his or her physical sex is and thus the physical cannot determine if the begin is man or woman. Therefore, the only way that the person is labeled with regard to these categories is by the gender imposition of his or her mother and father who are clearly physically and sociologically male and female. Annabel artistically…
Berger, Kathleen Stassen. (2009). The Developing Person. Worth "David Reimer: The Boy Who Lived as a Girl." (2004). CBC News.
Walker, Jesse. (2004). "The Death of David Reimer." Reason Magazine.
"What is Intersex" (2008). ISNA. http://www.isna.org/faq/what_is_intersex
Winter, Kathleen. (2011). Annabel. Randhom House: New York.
The lack of paternity leave does not promote greater flexibility for employers and employees to agree on the most suitable way to balance work and domestic needs without interference from the government.
hy Fathers Should Get More Paternity Leave:
Despite of the stigma associated with men's involvement in child care and domestic issues, fathers should get more paternity leave because of the benefits of taking some time off after the birth of a child. Currently, there is a growing body of research that demonstrates that longer paternity leave contribute to certain long-term benefits. Some of the major benefits and reasons for more paternity leave to fathers include & #8230;
Increased Involvement in Child Care:
Based on the findings of a 2007 study by Columbia University researchers, fathers who get more paternity leave are more involved in child care months after resuming work (eber par, 13). Furthermore, an evaluation of leave-policy…
Chen, Vivia. "Should Paternity Leave Be Mandatory?" The Careerist. ALM Media Properties, LLC., 9 Apr. 2013. Web. 24 June 2013. .
Hall, Jason. "Why Men Don't Take Paternity Leave." Online Posting. Forbes. Forbes.com LLC, 14 June 2013. Web. 24 June 2013. .
McGregor, Jena. "Paternity Leave Isn't Just about Dads." The Washington Post. The Washington Post, 14 June 2013. Web. 24 June 2013. .
Peacock, Louisa. "Father's Day: Fathers Should Get 'use it or Lose it' Parental Leave." The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited, 14 June 2013. Web. 24 June 2013. .
Environmental ethics is a conjecture and an application in relation to apprehensions for principles in, and obligations regarding the natural world. Ethics, basically, is people relating to people in impartiality and love. Environmental ethics begins with human distresses for quality surroundings (Gaston 52). This concern shapes the ethic from beginning to the end. Beyond inter-human concerns, ideals are at pledge when individuals relate to animals, plants, species and ecosystem. Humans ought to find nature morally considerable, and this turns ethics into new directions.
Environmental ethics maintains that humans, not until they reach a more considerate ethic, are ignorant as opposed to popular opinion (Keller and Golley 67). Humans are the only self-reflective, deliberative moral agents. Nature has endowed the wise species with a conscience. Ecological quality is essential for eminence of human life. Individuals significantly re-establish their surroundings and live in an innate ecology where resources are subjects of life…
Carlstrom, P. As The Solar Gets Bigger, Its Future Gets Brighter. San Fransisco: Sage, 2005.
Gaston, K.J. Biodiversity And Extinction. New York: New York Publishing Press, 2003.
Keller, G. And A. Golley. The Philosophy Of Ecology. New York: Oxford Publishing Press,
Gender reflection: On identifying with a particular gender
Until I took a class in critical theory, I never gave much thought to my gender. I am sure that some of this is by virtue of being a straight male. I have female friends who have experienced discrimination or harassment in school and at work by virtue of not being male. I do not believe I have experienced such direct prejudice as a result of my gender. Also, physical fitness is a very important part of my life, and many of my female friends and girlfriends have been very passionate about working out, yet unlike me they have been told not to lift weights or box because this would give them 'bulky' and masculine-looking muscles (which is not true). Obviously, I have never faced such discrimination based upon my interests or because I look strong.
I have come to understand that…
"Dude, you're a fag." YouTube. 20 Sept 2011. [8 Apr 2013]
Fogel, Curtis. Review of Kath Woodward, Boxing, Masculinity and Identity: The 'I' of the Tiger.
New York: Routledge, 2007. Gender Forum: An Internet Journal of Gender Studies, 19 (2007): 1-2. [8 Apr 2013] http://www.genderforum.org/issues/illuminating-gender-ii/kath-woodward-boxing-masculinity-and-identity-the-i-of-the-tiger-new-york-routledge-2007/
The work Gemeinschaft is translated as "community" and is a reference to the "closeness of holistic social relationships said to be found in pre-industrial communities, and imputed to the community as moral worth." (Hughes, nd, p.1) Gemeinschaft is reported to be dependent in terms of its existence upon the member's "subjective will" and as stated in the work of Tonnies (1925) "The very existence of Gemeinschaft rests in the consciousness of belonging together and the affirmation of the condition of mutual dependence." (p.69) While a similar association exists in what is known as Gesellschaft, this society or association is based on unity based on "common traits and activities and other external phenomena." (Tonnies, 1925, p.67) Such as the "ethnic community, community of speech and community of work" are not Gemeinschaft since they are lacking the critical factor of "shared feeling which is essential to Gemeinschaft." (Hughes, nd, p.1)…
Hughes, I. (nd) Gemeinschaft (community) and Gesellschaft (society). Retrieved from: http://foster.20megsfree.com/544.htm
Tonnies F (1925) "The Concept of Gemeinschaft," in Cahnman WJ & Heberle R (Eds) Ferdinand Tonnies on Sociology: Pure, applied and empirical. Selected writings, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp62-72.
Tonnies, F. (nd) Community and Civil Society. Cambridge University Press. (eds) Jose Harris. (Trans) Jose Harris and Margaret Hollis. Retrieved from: http://www.tlu.ee/files/arts/10245/T%C3%B6nn31a3d7f11826a4143580359cbb9fb159.pdf
Legba the Voodoo Spirit in estern and African Art
Voodoo is a religious practice with followers throughout the Caribbean region, particularly in Haiti and in parts of Africa where the religion spread through the introduction of the slave trade to the continent. Those who practice Haitian voodoo are called vodouists. They believe in a polytheistic system wherein each spirit, or loa sometimes spelled lwa, is responsible for one aspect of human experience (Holmes). Human beings cultivate a personal relationship with the loa and choose one particular spirit as the guiding force of their life. This is true except for the highest gods who were too busy to deign to give their attentions to mere mortals (Deren 55). Sometimes they are even granted conversation and communication with the gods if they are fortunate enough to receive permission to do so. Those who practiced Haitian voodoo did so with an unwavering devotion…
Brewster, Robert. "Papa Legba, Head of the Gods in Voodoo." Yahoo. Yahoo! Inc., 15 Mar. 2010. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. .
Davies, Carole Elizabeth. Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2008. Print.
Deren, Maya. Divine Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti. New Paltz, NY: McPherson, 1983.
Gay Donor or Gay Dad?
Challenges Faced by Same-Sex Parented Families
The prototypical U.S. family has historically been defined as a heterosexual arrangement that divided responsibilities by gender (Farrell, VandeVusse, and Ocobock 284). Men were responsible for earning enough money to keep the family economically viable, while women were responsible primarily for childrearing and household chores.
In the decades since II, the prevalence of the traditional U.S. family has decreased as nontraditional arrangements have increased (Farrell, VandeVusse, and Ocobock 284). omen now make up almost 50% of the workforce, in part because a single wage earner is often insufficient to meet the economic needs of many families. The pervasive use of contraception has increased the age at which marriage and pregnancy occurs, and cohabitation, single parents, and same-sex parents are becoming more common.
Based on the 2010 U.S. Census data, heterosexual married parents represent 67.4% of all U.S. families, while…
Bowe, John. "Gay Donor or Gay Dad?" New York Times Magazine 19 Nov. 2006. Web. 29 May 2012.
Farrell, Betty, VandeVusse, Alicia, and Ocobock, Abigail. "Family Change and the State of Family Sociology." Current Sociology 60.3 (2012): 283-301.
Lofquist, Daphne, Lugaila, Terry, O'Connell, Martin, and Feliz, Sarah. "Households and Families: 2010." U.S. Census Bureau Apr. 2010: 1-21. Web. 29 May 2012.
Judith Stacy is a professor as well as author of cultural and social analysis. She focused mainly on studies of gender, queer relationships, and sexuality. She explores the typical pattern of relationships that deviate the basic western marriages idea in her article.
In 1968 Stacey got her bachelor degree from university of Michigan. In 1968 she received degree of Maters in history from university of Illinois and from Brandeis she received her PhD in sociology degree in 1969. She stayed in the faculty of university of California in 1979-1997 and then she appointed as Streisand professor of gender studies and PRF of sociology in southern California.
Judith Stacy, an expert on the family is very well-known for her challenging research on conventional issues. She seems to be very impatient with the increasing war situation of same sex marriages, divorce, fatherlessness, marital fidelity and the like. She unveils many profiles around…
Stacey, Judith. Unhitched: Love, Marriage, and Family Values from West Hollywood to Western
China. New York: NYU Press, 2011.
Cultural and racial diversity are characteristics that permeate our society. The cultural differences that are present in people from different backgrounds have an impact on nearly every aspect of life. The field of psychology and the manner in which psychological treatment is delivered is profoundly affected by the cultural background of the client. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze and synthesize current or recent Literature looking at the psychology of diversity focusing on Mexican-Americans and acculturation, looking at the family and issues in the family with marital status, issues with children, and work issues.
Importance of acculturation
Acculturation is an issue that permeates many different disciplines and the manner in which these disciplines are practiced. According to Rudmin (2003)
"Acculturation comprehends those phenomena which result when groups of individuals having different cultures come into continuous first-hand contact, with subsequent changes in the original culture patterns of either…
Capps, R.C. Bronte-Tinkew, J., and Horowitz, A. (2010). Acculturation and Father Engagement with Infants Among Chinese and Mexican origin Immigrant Fathers. Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research, & Practice about Men as Fathers, 8(1): 61-92
Carranza, F.D., Sukkyung Y., Chhuon, V., Hudley C. (2009) Mexican-American Adolescents Academic Acievement and Aspirations: The Role of Perceived Parental Educational Involvement, Acculturation and Self-Esteem. Adolescence, 44(174): 313-333
Grzywacz, J.G., Rao, P., Gentry, A., Thomas A., Marin, A. (2009) Acculturation and Conflict in Mexican Immigrants' Intimate Partnerships: The Role of Women's Labor Force Participation. Violence Against Women, 15 (10): 1194-1212
Hancock T., Siu K. (2009) A culturally sensitive intervention with domestically violent Latino immigrant men. Journal of Family Violence. 24 (1): 123 -- 132
omen have long faced media images that create unrealistic images of themselves to live up to, but a lesser known fact is that men face the same problem. In today's mass media, men are dunderheaded, philandering imbeciles, or impossibly perfect heroes. These are equivalent to the slut and the Barbie images that women face in the media, and such false, unrealistic images of men are just as dangerous as their female equivalents. The portrayal of men in the mass media is negative and needs to be changed.
In a landmark study, Macnamara (2006) examined over 2000 mass media instances and found that 69% of them portrayed men in a negative light, and much of the rest was dismissive about the positive coverage. On their own, such images can be foolish and absurd, but as occurs with the negative images of women, the negative images of men have negative…
Macnamara, J. (2006). "Men become the main target in the new gender wars." Palgrave MacMillan. In possession of the author.
Petersen, S. (2013). Dumbing down dad: How media present husbands, fathers as useless. Deseret News. Retrieved October 14, 2013 from http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865574236/Dumbing-down-Dad-How-media-present-husbands-fathers-as-useless.html?pg=all
Wecks, E. (2012). This is how you lose her by Junot Diaz is a difficult but illuminating tale of failure and growth. Wired. Retrieved October 14, 2013 from http://www.wired.com/geekdad/2012/11/junot-diaz/
Validating the Effectiveness of Participation in a Time-Sensitive Closed Therapeutic Group for Preschool Aged Children Allegedly Sexually Abused
This paper will review existing research on allegedly sexually abused preschool aged children. The traumatic psychological effects of the abuse including low self-esteem, poor peer relationships, behavior problems, cognitive functioning and physical/mental health will also be evaluated.
The author notes the paucity of available material on sexually abused children. Very little therefore is known of the effectiveness of psychotherapy to assist in the treatment of the problems of this particular group of abused children - a population of 40 selected children with a mean age of 45, with their parents (either father or mother) and/or caregivers attending sessions in another session hall at the same time the children are undergoing therapy.
This proposed study will therefore focus on how mental health services are provided to preschool children with ages ranging between 4…
An American Requiem by James Carroll
The subtitle of James Carroll's text is "God, my father, and the war that came between us." This is an eloquent summary of the conflicts that gripped Carroll over the course of his adolescent and young adult development. The juxtaposition of fatherhood, war, and one's relationship with the divine is startling in the title. Yet it is an eloquent summary of how patriotism, militarism, parental loyalty, and his relationship with the Catholic Church all became conjoined in the young Carroll's mind as he grew into manhood.
The specific nature of Carroll's "religious education" affected him permanently. But it is not enough to simply say that Carroll's education as a Catholic affected him. He was also permanently impacted as an American Catholic male, specifically located in a kind of political, conservative Catholicism typical of the Cold War era. His father, Joe Carroll originally…
Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam has been credited as being one of the greatest scholars of all-time. In his lifetime, he was so well respected and admired that he was a regular guest to many of his time's greatest leaders including kings, emperors, popes, and university leaders. He was a star among stars. It is believed that on a return trip from Italy, Erasmus wrote one of his best known works the 'Praise of Folly.' Similar to how Machiavelli used 'The Prince, to show the ruling classes true nature, Erasmus's pamphlet was an observation of the behavior of the ruling classes and the powerful church dignitaries. The work was a successful attempt to expose mankind's vanity.
Erasmus has been credited as having been the 'embodiment of Renaissance individualism. It is believed by many today that his beliefs may have been the foundation for Protestantism because of his tenacity against the…
Cantor, Norman F. "The Idea Of A Christian Commonwealth" Commonweal, Vol. 119 November 6, 1992.
Erasmus, Desiderius. Erasmus in Praise of Folly. London: Hans Holbein; Reeves & Turner, 1876.
Huizinga, Johan. Erasmus and the Age of Reformation. New York: Harper, 1957.
Huizinga, Johan. Erasmus of Rotterdam: With a Selection from the Letters of Erasmus. New York: Garden City Books, 1952.
Scott Peterson -- Guilty as Charged!
hat is the image Scott Peterson presented to the world, and to the jury? He has called himself a loving husband -- who just happened to go fishing on Christmas when his wife was almost due to give birth. Such a loving husband that Scott Peterson's unborn son was likely submerged in San Francisco Bay along a route corresponding with Peterson's fishing alibi the day his pregnant wife disappeared, our independent experts in tidal shifts have confirmed. Scott Peterson has called himself a loyal son-in-law. Yet Scott Peterson eloquently wrote to his mother-in-law that he wanted his Modesto home to be just right for the return of his missing, pregnant wife, in an e-mail, about four weeks after he explored selling the house.
Of course, Scott Peterson has had to admit he was unfaithful to his wife -- but it was many times, he…
"Peterson File." (2004) Modesto Bee. Available online at October 18, 2004 at http://www.modbee.com/reports/peterson/
Personal Matter by Kenzaburo Oe [...] how the name "bird" represents the characteristics of the main character and describe how his name corresponds to the actions he takes throughout the novel. It will also discuss if he was ever able to outgrow the nickname. "Bird" is the perfect name for a character that flits from person to person, flies away when times are hard, and dreams of migrating to Africa to get away from his troubles at home. Bird is not ready for fatherhood or a family, and so he abandons the "nest" for revelry and excess, until he finally takes responsibility for his actions, and sheds his childhood nickname forever.
Bird" is the nickname of the main character in "A Personal Matter." He is so much like a bird that he even looks like a bird, as the author notes early in the story. He writes, "It wasn't only…
Oe, Kenzaburo. A Personal Matter. The Silent Cry. Teach us to Outgrow Our Madness. New York: Book-of-the-Month Club, 1995.