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Firewalls: Great Network Security Devices, but Not a "Silver Bullet" Solution
In construction, a firewall is a hardened divider between the hostile external environment outside and what needs to be protected inside. Similarly, firewalls are designed to protect computers from being accessed by unauthorized individuals, and for the most part, they perform this task well. Unfortunately, firewalls are also akin to the castles of old when siege weapons were built to defeat the highest walls. As the siege weapons became more powerful, the defenders were forced to build the walls yet higher and install moats and other protective measures. Similarly, today, hackers and so-called crackers are always trying to overcome security devices for profit, pleasure or for more nefarious purposes such as denial of service attacks by terrorist organizations. To gain some fresh insights in this area, this paper presents a review of the relevant scholarly and peer-reviewed literature concerning…
Andress, A. (2003). Surviving security: How to integrate people, process, and technology.
Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach.
Blair, R. (2009, May 21). Types of firewalls. Network World. Retrieved from http://www.
Which Products are Best Suited to a Small LAN With One Publicly Accessible Web Site:
Cisco PIX Firewall Software is an excellent solution for small LANs with one publicly accessible web site. "Integrated Cisco PIX firewall hardware and software delivers full stateful firewall protection and IP Security (IPSec) VPN capabilities, allowing (...) rigorous (protection of...) internal network from outside intrusions" ("Cisco PIX," 2005). Cisco PIX firewall differs from typical CPU-intensive full-time proxy servers in that it uses a non-UNIX secure, real-time, embedded system, which is not only flexible but scalable as well. Cisco PIX offers protection for networks of all sizes. It "delivers robust user and application policy enforcement, multi-vector attack protection, and secure connectivity services in cost-effective, easy-to-deploy solutions" ("Cisco PIX 500," 2005).
Which Products are Best Suited to a Large Organization with E-Commerce Web Site and Internal esources Accessed by Strategic Partners:
large organization with an e-commerce web…
About Zone Labs. (2005). Retrieved March 13, 2005, at http://www.zonelabs.com/store/content/company/aboutUs/aboutUs.jsp .
Cisco PIX 500 Series firewall. (2005). Retrieved March 13, 2005, at http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./products/hw/vpndevc/ps2030/index.html .
Cisco PIX firewall software. (2005). Retrieved March 13, 2005, at http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./products/sw/secursw/ps2120/index.html .
Firewall (networking). (13 Mar. 2005). Retrieved March 13, 2005, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firewall_%28networking%29 .
Firewall to Protect Companies
A firewall is used to protect a person or business' network from exterior harms. Firewall may use packet filtering, user or client application authentication in order to protect the network. The actual process of protecting a network requires a firewall to filter incoming packet sizes, source IP address, protocol, and destination port. Administrators of a network are able to enact firewall protection on a router and this is often the first level of protection the network has against harm.
Along with being a primary protection, firewalls in routers are also beneficial to those not skilled or knowledgeable in firewall protection. Customers are able to install the firewall between their network and external internet connection on their own without assistance. Router-based firewall offers ease to those who use it and is used as a primary source of protection. Overall, it is far more practical to implement a…
Cyber security tendencies have evolved into systems that are used for data security, mostly for big corporations which can afford the service. System vulnerability is one of the major concerns of organizations getting web servers, firewalls and security measures for their data. Technology companies burn the midnight oil trying to provide the highest level of security to databases, and a breach of security can be deemed a lapse by the technology company or that their security measures being ineffective. Hackers might send unauthorized packets of data including network inhibitors that might stall the ABC servers which contain online payment processing and customer data.
The best firewall recommended for this system is the next-generation system equipped with sophisticated security protocols for the deployment in the ABC system. It combines traditional firewall with other network devices that filter unauthorized network protocols. In a distributed system where traffic is passed through different nodes,…
Once upon a time a firewall was a physical barrier that kept a literal fire from spreading from one building to another. Now the term is more often used to refer to a variety of devices - both hardware and software - meant to keep information from being stolen from a computer. This paper examines the variety of commercial firewalls that are available today.
Initially firewalls were separate pieces of hardware; this is becoming less and less the case in part because firewalls are now more frequently installed on home computers as well as on business ones, and many users of computers at home either do not have the space for or the expertise for a hardware firewall, which has given rise to the two varieties:
firewall is a piece of hardware or software that places a barrier between your network and the Internet. It prevents outsiders from accessing…
http://www.bcentral.co.uk/technology/security/firewalls.asp http://www.computing.net/security/wwwboard/forum/3218.html www.bombthebox.com
11 of NUMPAGES 11
This is problematic, as these kinds of issues could lead to wide spread disruptions with no one knowing or understanding where it came from. For example, if a terrorist group was able to master this tool, they could utilize it to attack Western power grids. (Magnuson, 2013)
This would create significant amounts of disruptions without having anyone being able to trace what is happening directly. When this occurs, there is a realistic possibility that they could shutdown the economy and disrupt trade for significant amounts of time. These kinds of scenarios are becoming more realistic with this tool being readily available over the Internet. (Magnuson, 2013)
In other cases, this application could be used to attack a cloud network and gain access to large amounts of data. This information will help criminal groups to obtain entire profiles on people and organizations. They have the option of going to various institutions…
Cyber Attack Tool Kits. (2011). Symantec. Retrieved from: http://www.symantec.com/about/news/release/article.jsp?prid=20110117_04
Cyber Security. (2012). NY State Government. Retrieved from: http://www.dhses.ny.gov/ocs/local-government/documents/Beginners-Guide-to-Firewalls-2012.pdf
Definition of Cloud Computing. (2013). Investopedia. Retrieved from: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/cloud-computing.asp
Ackerman, R. (2013). Cyber Attacks a Growing Threat to the U.S. Economy. Xconomy. Retrieved from: http://www.xconomy.com/san-francisco/2013/02/01/cyber-attacks-a-growing-threat-to-the-u-s-economy/
Exposing Your Data on the Internet
While I do not know someone who has personally been violated by the process of data mining, I recognize the potential danger in the process of collecting data for purposes like marketing. On the surface, data mining is harmless. Organizations or interested individuals simply collect and sort through data. Usually the purpose of data mining is "to identify patterns and establish relationships," such as the relationships between demographic features and consumer behavior or voting patterns (ouse, n.d.). Some of the potential uses of data mining include the identification of patterns of behavior in one individual or a group, classification of patterns, forecasting, and clustering (ouse, n.d.). The interesting thing about data mining is that the information does not have to be personalized, which is why data mining is legal and not even considered unethical in many cases. However, data mining can be personal. Data…
Grimes, R.A. (2012). Why you don't need a firewall. Retrieved online: http://www.infoworld.com/article/2616931/firewall-software/why-you-don-t-need-a-firewall.html
"Why You Don't Need to Install a Third-Party Firewall (And When You Do)," (n.d.). How-to Geek. Retrieved online: http://www.howtogeek.com/165203/why-you-dont-need-to-install-a-third-party-firewall-and-when-you-do/
Apart from the Firewall and IDS for the network security, the company will also integrate encryption system to protect the company network devices.
Encryption is very effective for enhancing security devices of our information systems. The encryption system will assist in enhancing confidentiality and integrity of our information systems. More importantly, encryption will be effective in enhancing our network security because it will protect our system from network-based attacks such as eavesdropping and replaying messages. Typically, the encryption solutions will be integrated at application layer because encryption will assist the integrity of data transmitted across our information system. The encryption will change the data transferred across the information system into unreadable texts so that an unauthorized individual will not have access to our data. With the public key system, we will be able to decrypt the text to have access to the data. (Data Center Fabric, 2013).
Communication Security (2007).Baseline Security Requirements for Network Security Zones in the Government of Canada.
Data Center Fabric (2013).Data-at-Rest Encryption Solutions. Brocade Communications Systems, Inc.
Microsoft (2012).Configuring Boundaries and Boundary Groups in Configuration Manager. Microsoft Corp.
Network Security for Vonnie's Distribution Services
Objective of this project is to design network solution and security system for the Vonnie's Distribution Services. The company is considering expanding from the first floor to the third floor within the next few years and the management asks the company Chief Information Officer (CIO) to design a stable, scalable and reliable network security and infrastructure. However, justification of the relationships between security and infrastructure is very critical for the design of the network system.
Justification and Support of the elationship between Security and Infrastructure
In the network environment, organizations are faced two security problems concerning network infrastructure:
Noisy threats and Quiet threats.
Noisy threats are the network threats that interfere with a company network infrastructure, which could disrupt organizational business operations. On the other hand, quiet threats are the threats that cause real damage to the network infrastructure. The noisy threats include network…
Verma, P. Sharma, P. & Mishra, S.K.(2012). Dropping of Call Due to Congestion in Mobile Network. Journal of Computer Applications (JCA), V,(1): 26-30.
Paquet, C. (2013). Network Security Concepts and Policies, Cisco Press.
NCHICA, (2013).Sample Information Security Policy, North Carolina Healthcare Information & Communications Alliance, Inc.
Network Security for a Medium Sized Company:
Network security is an important component for all companies including small and medium sized firms because very few businesses can operate without a network of computers. The network of computers facilitates improved communication in order for the company to improve its profitability or productivity. However, the improved communication between computers is also associated with some inherent risks such as malware and unauthorized access. The risk and impact of these threats can be lessened through a good network security policy that is properly implemented and well managed. A good network security policy is essential for a medium sized company since the size of the firm does not prevent it from being targeted by cyber-criminals. The development of a good security policy is the first step towards establishing and managing network security. Some of the important considerations to make for the security policy include network…
Canavan, J.E. (2001). Fundamentals of Network Security. Retrieved June 28, 2014, from http://f3.tiera.ru/other/DVD-005/Canavan_J.E._Fundamentals_of_network_security_(2001)(en)(218s).pdf
Cheesley, R. (2010, July 29). White Paper: Network Security for Small and Medium Sized
Businesses. Retrieved June 28, 2014, from http://www.viryatechnologies.com/what-we-are-up-to/white-papers/white-paper-network-security-for-small-and-medium-sized-businesses.html
Stewart, J.M. (2013). Network security, firewalls, and VPNs (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
History and Evolution of Network Security:
The term 'Network Security' refers to the concept of the creation of a 'secure platform' based upon which the user of the computer or of a program within the computer are allowed to perform only those specific tasks that are allowed within the parameters dictated by the security network of the computer, and banned from performing those that are not allowed. The tasks include the various operations of the access to a program, the deletion of any particular program and the modification to any program. (Network Security: The Concise Tech encyclopedia)
It was during the 1960's that the vacuum-based computers that were being manufactured in the U.S.A. began to become popular, and it was in the year 1967 that the idea of developing 'encrypted passwords' in order to maintain security for the user of the computer was mooted, and, accordingly, the first…
"Advanced Encryption Standard" Retrieved From
http://www.nwfusion.com/details/597.html Accessed on 2 November, 2004
"Authentication and Authorization" Retrieved From
http://www.acm.uiuc.edu/workshops/security/auth.html Accessed on 31 October, 2004
Consultancy Inc. is a small business organization specializing in the management consultancy for various businesses in the United States. ecent growth experienced by the Best Consultancy has made the company to integrate network technology to facilitate the business agility. Thus, my neighbor, who is the owner of the business, has contacted me to assist him in designing a network system that could serve his business purpose. Meanwhile, Best Consultancy requires the following network devices in the company network technology:
laptops, 2 workstations, and 1 server supporting 3 users
quality networked printer
File and folder sharing
Multiple email addresses
Basic security environment which similar to home environment
Initial investment of $5,000 or less
ecurring costs to be less than $200 per month
To design the network system for Best Consultancy, it is essential to integrate the following network devices for the company network technology:
Cisco (2010). Cisco 3900 Series, 2900 Series, and 1900 Series Integrated Services Routers Generation 2 Software Configuration Guide. Cisco Systems, Inc.
Clark, D.D. Pogran, K.T. & Reed, P.R. (2008). An Introduction to Local Area Networks. Proceddings of the IEEE Xplore 66(11): 1497-1517.
Jenkins, S. (2003). Secure Network Architecture: Best Practices for Small Business and Government Entities. SANS Institute.
emote access controls.
Network security management.
Compliance with the policies and procedures of the company is very vital to the organization, and the policies and procedures should be clearly communicated to the appropriate business teams.
Intruder: The suggested treatment for the attack by the external intruder such as hacker is to ensure that all communication within the organization is encrypted to deter the unauthorized access to the company data. Moreover, the organization should use antivirus to protect the company data from the attack such as Trojan horse, worm, virus etc. Compliance to policies and procedure is so vital to assure an organizational IT security.
Disgruntled Employee: Company needs to evaluate each personnel before being allowed to handle sensitive information. There is a need to conduct background check on each employee. The background check could verify potential employee criminal background, and social background. Employee should be asked to sign…
Graham, I. (1996). Graham Information Security and Management Services. Information Security Summit on 29-31.
Harn, L. Lin, H. & Xu.Y. (1994). Cryptography for PC/workstation security. ACM SIGICE Bulletin Homepage archive. 20 (1).
Hilcorp Energy, (2011). Vision, Mission, Values. Hilcorp Energy Company.USA.
Kumar, R. Jindal, R. Gupta, A. et al. (2011). A Secure Authentication System- Using Enhanced One Time Pad Technique, IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, 11(.2): 11-17.
Second, the specific connection points thoughout the netwok also need to be evaluated fo thei levels of existing secuity as well, with the WiFi netwok audited and tested (Loo, 2008). Thid, the Vitual Pivate Netwoks (VPNS) and the selection of secuity potocols needs to be audited (Westcott, 2007) to evaluate the pefomance of IPSec vs. SSL potocols on oveall netwok pefomance (Rowan, 2007). Many smalle copoations vacillate between IPSec and SSL as the copoate standad fo wieless connections, defining the advantages and disadvantages as the table below has captued.
Table 1: Technical Analysis of Diffeences between IPSec and SSL
Site-to-site VPN; mainly configued in a hub-and-spoke design
Authenticates though digital cetificate o peshaed key
Dops packets that do not confom to the secuity policy
Authenticate though the use of digital cetificates; dops packets if a fatal alet is eceived
Lin, Y., Chen, S., Lin, P., & Lai, Y.. (2008). Designing and evaluating interleaving decompressing and virus scanning in a stream-based mail proxy. The Journal of Systems and Software, 81(9), 1517.
Robert Loew, Ingo Stengel, Udo Bleimann, & Aidan McDonald. (1999). Security aspects of an enterprise-wide network architecture. Internet Research, 9(1), 8-15.
Loo, a. (2008). The Myths and Truths of Wireless Security. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 51(2), 66.
OpenReach (2002) IPSec vs. SSL: Why Choose?. Jan. 2002. Open Reach. Security Tech Net. 20 Mar. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on October 6, 2009 from location:
6: Existing Cable and Wireless Design
The company will establish wireless access using the LWAP (lightweight access point). The LWAP will be distributed to all the facilities through the WLS. Typically, WLS will be installed to assist in providing the traffic tunnel and failover authentication. To enhance the security of the WLAN, the company will install the encryption system at the wireless access point, the encryption protocols will contain WPA/WPA2, and there will be an AES encryption at all the wireless access point using the 802.1 X authentication.
The company will redesign the local backbone infrastructure in order to increase the network bandwidth. There would be 100 BASE-T4 cabling to the 7 Cisco 2613 routers. The cabling system will assist the company to achieve efficient network connectivity for future growth. The 100 BASE-FX (fiber) cabling will be attached to the Cisco 7507 routers, which will assist in achieving more expansion…
Cisco (2011). Product Overview. Cisco Inc. USA.
Cisco (2012). Cisco Network Availability and Operations Optimization Service. Cisco System Inc.
Chen, T. Horng, G. & Yang, C.(2008).Public Key Authentication Schemes for Local Area. Informaticia.19(1):3-16.
Guillen, P. E. & Chacon, D. A (2009). VoIP Networks Performance Analysis with Encryption Systems. World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology. 58: 688-695.
Chief Security Officer:
As the Chief Security Officer for a local University, my main role is establishing and maintaining an enterprise wide information security program that helps to ensure all data and information assets are not compromised. This process involves developing a plan to conduct a security program that prevent computer crimes, establishes a procedure for investigation, and outlines laws that are applicable for potential offenders. To develop an effective plan, the process would involve identifying recent computer attacks or other offenses that have been carried out against higher educational institutions and processes established by these institutions to prevent the recurrence of the crimes. In addition, procedures, methodologies, and technologies that could be bought to lessen computer crime threats and effective laws for convicting offenders will also be examined. The other parts of the process include identifying computer crime fighting government programs and the types and costs of computer forensics…
"Data Security Breach at Ferris State University." (2013, August 16). Local. CBS Local Media.
Retrieved December 16, 2013, from http://detroit.cbslocal.com/2013/08/16/data-security-breach-at-ferris-state-university/
Easttom, C. & Taylor, J. (2011). Computer crime, investigation, and the law (1st ed.). Stamford,
CT: Cengage Learning.
You just received a brand new computer for your home environment. It comes with the latest Operating System. You also have an Internet Service Provider where you can easily use the existing network to connect to the Internet and to perform some online banking. Describe the steps you plan to go through to ensure this system remains as secure as possible. Be sure to discuss the details of firewall settings you plan to implement within your operating system, browser privacy settings, and recommended software (e.g., Anti-virus and others) you will install. Also, describe your password strength policy you plan to adopt, and what you envision to do to ensure your online banking site is encrypted and using the proper certificates. Discussion of operating system patches and application updates should also be included. As you discuss these steps, be sure to justify your decisions bringing in possible issues if…
Increasing Your Facebook Privacy and Security By Dave Taylor onSeptember 16, 2011
Safe Computing provided by the Office of Information Technology University of California, Irvine Last Updated: January 28, 2011
indows Comparison: indows 2000 Pro and XP Desktop Comparison
According to Douglas Ludens of About.com, with the release of indows XP Professional and its home-based XP Desktop Comparison, Microsoft finally delivered on its long-given promise of creating a functional system for both home and professional use. However, there still are substantial differences between the two systems that home and professional users must keep in mind. indows 2000 Professional is still more suitable than the XP Desktop Comparison for professional use, because of the Pro's use of a Remote Installation Service what "automatically" installs "OS, applications across the network." (Ludens, 2004)
System Restore Features
In terms of its File Allocation Table, commonly known as FAT or FAT16, regarding system restoration features, however, this feature is supported not only by the Professional, model but also by all indows operating systems. There are "advantages" for using the FAT file system on…
Columbus, Louis (August 6, 2001). "Kerberos Security in Windows XP." Sams. Retrieved on June 21, 2004 http://www.informit.com/articles/article.asp?p=22661&redir=1
Microsoft: Windows XP Active Directors Application Mode: ADAM" (July 31, 2001) Retrieved on June 21, 2004 http://www.warp2search.net/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=13566
Ludens, Douglas. (2004). Abot.com Retrieved on June 21, 2004 http://windows.about.com/library/weekly/aa011007a.htm?terms=xp+upgrade
Zandri, Jason. (2001) "Windows XP Professional File Systems Overview." Retrieved on June 21, 2004 http://www.mcmcse.com/windows_xp/guides/filesystems.shtml
Senior leadership of a medical center has just recently reviewed the plan for changes to the center's facilities. However, the medical center found out that the associated risks related to the new and emerging technologies had not been addressed. Thus, the Hospital's Chief Operating Officer (COO) has given a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) two weeks to deliver a quick evaluation of the risks as well as the planned expansion of the areas that may pose potential technology problems.
Security Issue at the Medical Center
The main security issue at the Medical Center is the protection of patient's identity and keeping patient's data anonymous as much as possible. In the contemporary IT environment, protection of the emerging technologies has become a challenge for many organizations since sophisticated hackers could used different strategies to steal patient's information from the central database, which include Social Security Number (SSN),…
Ekambaram, V. & Ramchandran, K. (2007). R-GPS (Robust GPS): Enhancing GPS Accuracy and Security using DSRC. University of California Berkeley.
Michael, k. McNamee, A. & Michael, M.G.(2006).The Emerging Ethics of Humancentric GPS Tracking and Monitoring. Faculty of Informatics -- Papers. University of Wollongong.
Stell, A. Sinnott, R. & Jiang. J. (2009). A Clinical Grid Infrastructure Supporting Adverse Hypotensive Event Prediction. National e-Science Centrer, University of Glasgow.
Security is of utmost importance in this digital world where technology has not only expedited our information processing speed but also made information more transparent, with the consequent security implications. The rapid growth of Internet technology and the phenomenal pace at which ecommerce is growing have created new security concerns to be dealt with. We are at a greater risk now from potential hackers and other nosey netizens who use the same technology to gain access to, impersonate, damage and wreak havoc using the anonymous web medium. Firewalls, antiviral programs, authentication systems and secure protocols are different ways of ensuring the safety of the system.
Firewalls constitute the first line defense of our network as they are strategically positioned at the entry point of the network to monitor all input and output data. Firewalls perform the function of filtering data to and from the network and allow only authorized traffic…
Boss I think someone stole our customers
Flayton Electronics Case Study
Brett Flayton, CEO of Flayton Electronics, is facing the most critical crisis of his career when it is discovered that 1,500 of 10,000 transactions have been compromised through an unprotected wireless link in the real-time inventory management system. Brett has to evaluate his obligation to let customers know of the massive leak of private data, define a communication strategy that would notify customers across all states of the potential security breach, and also evaluate the extent to which the Flayton Electronics' brand has been damaged in the security breach. In addition, steps that the company can take in the future to avert such a massive loss of customer data also needs to be defined and implemented.
Assessing the Obligations to Customers vs. Keeping It Quiet
Ethically, Brett Flayton has a responsibility to tell the customers immediately of the security…
Aldhizer, George R., I.,II, & Bowles, John R.,,Jr. (2011). Mitigating the growing threat to sensitive data: 21st century mobile devices. The CPA Journal, 81(5), 58-63.
Gatzlaff, K.M., & McCullough, K.A. (2010). The effect of data breaches on shareholder wealth. Risk Management and Insurance Review, 13(1), 61-83.
Gregory, A. (2008). Conserving customer value: Improving data security measures in business. Journal of Database Marketing & Customer Strategy Management, 15(4), 233-238.
Kelly, C. (2005). Data security: A new concern for PR practitioners. Public Relations Quarterly, 50(2), 25-26.
Pfleeger, a hash function is used for the provision of message integrity checks and digital signatures. It is a transformation that takes an input and returns a fixed-size string. The basic requirements for a cryptographic hash function are that its input can be of any length but its output has a fixed length. It is said to be a one-way function if it is simply hard to invert. If, given a message, it is computationally infeasible to find a message then it is said to be a weakly collision-free hash function. A strongly collision-free hash function is one for which it is computationally infeasible to find any two messages.
2.The use of SSL ensures that SSL servers and clients can be configured to use only specific cryptographic algorithms.
3.Pfleeger's method for costing requires calculation of expenses and costs associated with delivering a cost effective security system based on risk analysis…
Works Cited and Referenced
Pfleeger, Charles P. (2003). Security In Computing. Third edition. New York: Prentice Hall.
Webopedia. (2004). Internet computer search engine. http://www.webopedia.com .
Monroenico Hospitality Company
Project Purpose and Description
The purpose of this project is as follows:
The complex interplay of collaborative effort which every major information technology (IT) project requires a precise system of measurement through which to quantify and qualify the occurrence of success or failure, and this process is best performed with a practical system of project metrics. Traditional project metrics such as customer satisfaction rating and return on investment have been supplemented with the powerful analytics of modern software applications, allowing today's project managers to evaluate every conceivable aspect of an IT project through the objective lens of calculation and computation. It has been consistently observed that enterprises which excel at adhering to predetermined project delivery schedules typically employ a well-defined set of performance metrics to regularly measure ongoing progress (Schwalbe, 2011), because project managers armed with this targeted knowledge are far better equipped to deploy their resources…
Motel 6. (2012, August 19). Motel 6 chooses crossbeam. Retrieved from http://www.motel6.com/reservations/reservation_faq.aspx
Schwalbe, K. (2011). Information technology project management. (6th ed.). Boston: Course Technology Ptr.
Simmons, T. (2012, July 10). Motel 6 uses crossbeam for online security. Hotel Management,
Retrieved from http://www.hotelmanagement.net/motel-6/motel-6-uses-crossbeam-for-online-security-16856
Security Plan: Pixel Inc.
About Pixel Inc.
We are a 100-person strong business dedicated to the production of media, most specifically short animations, for advertising clients worldwide. Our personnel include marketing specialists, visual designers, video editors, and other creative staff.
This security plan encompasses the general and pragmatic characteristics of the security risks expected for our business and the specific actions that aim to, first and foremost, minimize such risks, and, if that's not possible, mitigate any damage should a breach in security happen.
The measures to be taken and the assigned responsibilities stated in this document apply to all the departments that make up the company. Exemptions can be given but will be only under the prerogative of the CEO under the consultation of the Chief Security Officer that will be formally assigned after the finalization of this document. Otherwise, there will be no exception to the security…
Internet Securit Alliance. (2004). Common sense guide to cyber security for small businesses. Retrieved from: http://www.ready.gov/business/_downloads/CSG-small-business.pdf .
Microsoft. (2004). Step-by-step guide to securing Windows XP Professional in Small Businesses. Retrieved from: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/en/details.aspx?FamilyID=9faba6ed-2e9c-44f9-bc50-d43d57e17078 .
Noriega, L. (24 May 2011). Seven Cyber Security Basics Every Small Business Needs. Retrieved from: http://www.openforum.com/articles/7-cyber-security-basics-every-small-business-needs .
Teixeira, R. (4 June 2007). Top Five Small Business Internet Securit Threats. Retrieved from: http://smallbiztrends.com/2007/06/top-five-small-business-internet-security-threats.html .
Next, firewalls capable of blocking IP addresses need to be installed and used (Becker, Clement, 2006). The focus on these efforts is just the first phase; there needs to be a monthly audit of IP addresses in the departments where P2P file sharing has occurred to make sure it isn't happening again. This an be accomplished using a series of constraint-based configuration tools that will trap on P2P known client footprints or digital signatures and immediately block them (Hosein, Tsiavos, Whitley, 2003). This technology will also work to isolate any inside IP addresses which attempt to reach P2P client-based download sites and immediately log and block all IP activity for the address. This will make a given IP address inoperable and immediately delete it, which will make any subsequent hacking attempts of the system useless. This is precisely the strategy the U.S. Government is using today to ensure a very…
Bailes, J.E., & Templeton, G.F. (2004). Managing P2P security. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 47(9), 95-98.
Becker, J.U., & Clement, M. (2006). Dynamics of illegal participation in peer-to-peer networks -- why do people illegally share media files? Journal of Media Economics, 19(1), 7-32.
Hosein, I., Tsiavos, P., & Whitley, E.A. (2003). Regulating architecture and architectures of regulation: Contributions from information systems. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, 17(1), 85-85.
Controlling IM risks. (2003). Risk Management, 50(7), 6-6.
An oveview of seveal honeypots and thei espective applications, thei level of involvement, and demonstated value to date ae povided in Table 1 below.
Types of honeypots by level of involvement.
BOF (as it is commonly called) is a vey simple but highly useful honeypot developed by Macus Ranum et al. At NFR. It is an excellent example of a low involvement honeypot. BOF is a pogam that uns on most window-based opeating systems. All it can do is emulate some basic sevices, such as http, ftp, telnet, mail, o Back Oifice. Wheneve someone attempts to connect to one of these pots, BOF is listening and will then log the attempt. BOF also has the option of "faking eplies," which gives the attacke something to connect to.
Specte is a commecial poduct and what I would call anothe 'low involvement' poduction honeypot.…
references and deter computer crime. Yale Law Journal, 112(6), 1577-1578.
RFP Process Review of Request for Proposal
The objective of this study is to review a sample request for proposal for implementation assistance and training support. Specifically the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is accepting proposals from firms that support Evergreen, an open source software. DHS seeks assistance in training staff, and providing support to staff responsible for planning and implementing the launch of Evergreen as an integrated research system. The services to be performed include assisting the DHS in making changes that bring to use of electronic circulation of an online catalog and technical support services and to provide recommendations to DHS for hardware procurement and firewall procurement. Included will be: (1) Scope of Work and Cost Proposal: Complete responses for each item in Services to be Performed; and (2) Relevant Experience: Detail your firm's experience in providing Evergreen installation services, as well as Evergreen support services.
Edwards, VJ (2003) Competitive Processes in Government Contracting: The FAR Part 15 Process Model and Process Inefficiency. Competition in Government Contracting. Dell Computer Corporation.
Goldstein, JM and Prieto, VL (2000) Nova Law Review. A SURVEY OF FLORIDA'S RECENT DISTRICT COURT OF APPEAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE DECISIONS INVOLVING BID PROTESTS: CHALLENGING THE GOVERNMENT'S CONDUCT. Surveys of Florida Law. Fall. 2000.
An analysis of IT policy transformation
The aim of this project is to evaluate the effectiveness of information security policy in the context of an organization, OSI Systems, Inc. With presence in Africa, Australia, Canada, England, Malaysia and the United States, OSI Systems, Inc. is a worldwide company based in California that develops and markets security and inspection systems such as airport security X-ray machines and metal detectors, medical monitoring anesthesia systems, and optoelectronic devices. The company is also represented by three subsidiary divisions in offices and plants dedicated to the brands, apiscan Systems, OSI Optoelectronics and SpaceLabs Healthcare.
In 2010, OSI, Inc. had sales of $595 million with net income of over $25 million. As of June 2010, the company was comprised of 2,460 personnel globally. The parent company provides oversight and fiscal control to the different divisions, and is connected through its virtual network world-wide intranet system;…
Allen, J. (2005). Governing for Security: Project Stakeholders Interests. News at SEI. Retrieved on 5SEPT10 from http://www.sei.cmu.edu/library/abstracts/news-at-sei/securitymatters20054.cfm
Computer Misuse Law, 2006. Parliament UK. Retrieved from: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200809/cmhansrd/cm090916/text/90916w0015.htm#09091614000131
Diver, S. (2006). Information Security Policy -- A Development Guide for Large and Small Companies. SANS Institute InfoSec Reading Room. Retrieved on 30 Sept 10 from http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/policyissues/information-security-policy-development-guide-large-small-companies_1331
Global IT Policy (2009) OSI, Inc.
There are also
those nations so hungry for economic growth that they embrace any type of
commerce activity, and this has been the case in China for example, which
does not police against spamming. The U.S. government on the other hand
has been aggressive about prosecuting spammers and sending them to prison.
You are a fairly small company:
a) Should you use a firewall?
Yes, most definitely, as any hacker could get to your company's record,
even spoof your e-mail addresses and send SPAM or other e-mails using your
b) Should you use antivirus systems?
Yes, as any small business will have spent a large percentage of their
total budgets on PCs and laptops, and a virus could make these assets
inoperable fast. Anti-virus will save e-mail systems, the company network,
and ultimately hundreds of hours of lost time.
c) Should you use and intrusion-detection system?
isk analysis projects are relatively expensive, and were so even in the mainframe computing era, because they involved the collection and evaluation of a significant volume of data. Earlier risk studies were conducted by in house staff or consultants and the in house people did not have much experience regarding the matter and the consultants did not know much about the requirements of the organization.
Presently, the familiarization task has become more complicated with the complex, multi-site networked and client server-based technology used now. A new system has developed now and here the first description is of the security entry classification and this classification involves object identifiers which will help the security officer to work. For developing this system, the risk assessors have significant knowledge of operating systems, the documentation procedures are versatile and comprehensive enough to makes the data collection task achievable and since the basic system is ready,…
Greenemeier, Larry. Behind The Numbers: Linux Gets High Marks for Security. 11 July, 2005.
Retrieved at http://www.informationweek.com/story/showArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=VFUJTNBW0C3TYQSNDBCCKHSCJUMEKJVN?articleID=165700960Accessed 9 October, 2005
Koerner, Brendan I. In Computer Security, a Bigger Reason to Squirm. The New York Times.
September 7, 2003. Retrieved at http://www.newamerica.net/index.cfm?pg=article&DocID=1348Accessed 9 October, 2005
EP and Information Security
Introduction to EP
Even though the plans of information security include the prevention of outsiders to gain access of internal network still the risk from the outsiders still exists. The outsiders can also represent themselves as authorized users in order to cause damage to the transactions of the business systems. Therefore, strict prevention measures should be taken to avoid such situations.
The threats of both the hackers have been increased with the software of the enterprise resource planning (EP) (Holsbeck and Johnson, 2004). By performing acts of deception, the system privileges are neglected by them and take old of the assets which are mainly the cash. Its continuous integration has not succeeded in eliminating the threat of hackers who are either the insiders or enter through the perimeter security.
Considering the financial losses caused from the system-based frauds, errors and abuse by business transactions, new ways…
Bell, T., Thimbleby, H., Fellows, M., Witten, I., Koblitz, N. & Powell, M. 2003. Explaining cryptographic systems. Computers & Education. Volume 40. pp 199 -- 215.
Blosch, M. & Hunter, R. 2004. Sarbanes-Oxley: an external look at internal controls. Gartner. August.
CobiT Security Baseline. IT Governance Institute. http://www.itgi.org
Dhillon, G. 2004. Guest Editorial: the challenge of managing information security. International Journal of Information Management. Volume 24. pp 3 -- 4.
Enterprise-Level Business System
Determination of Requirements -- Main Objectives
Create interactive website for consumers and vendors, rather than simply a visually interesting but non-useful website
Create functional internal system of Internet communication and a shared database for all staff at the company. Given company's limited numbers, this is feasible
Identify which specific analysis methods needed to accomplish this
Interviews with lead staff members to determine company needs and computer literacy
Submit questionnaires to current 800 phone staff to see what queries are most frequently submitted to lines
Consult with outside website creators and software analysis to construct blueprint of useable website and software analysis to determine most appropriate and comprehensive database system with firewall and anti-virus protection
B. Determination of these requirements: prototyping or, as prototyping is defined, thinking creatively about the plan for the new system and creating blueprint for new system
Prototype of website should include mandatory interactive…
Each onion router removes a layer of encryption to uncover routing instructions, and sends the message to the next router where this is repeated. This prevents these intermediary nodes from knowing the origin, destination, and contents of the message.
The predicted solution of the problems related to e-government administration depends on answering the following questions as brainstorming ideas to solve the problem and the features provided by the system or application.
1. An important step for processing of e-Government.
2. To ensure the confidentiality of information such as contracts for military weapons and other by Providing a high level of security as it is based on singing the data by combining multiple key values like user id, date stamp and transaction id which produce an encrypted key utilized and used only internally by the system for authentication and validation of user privileges. This procedure would make it…
Averyt, William. (2005). E-Government Reconsidered: Renewal of Governance for the Knowledge Age. American Review of Canadian Studies 35(4): 769-770.
Chaffee, a. (2000-08-17). "What is a web application (or "webapp")?"
Cohen, JE. (2000). Examined Lives: Informational Privacy and the Subject as Object. Stanford Law Review 52(5): 1373.
Bourquard, J.A. (2003, March). What's Up with E-Government? Digital Government Isn't a Silver Bullet, but as Part of a Long-Term Plan it May Provide a Means to Reduce State
The other two departments with problems need to be told of the entire scope of challenges facing the company and be told a reasonable time when they will received support.
Using the link below, figure out which UPS you should use:
http://www.apcc.com/tools/ups_selector/index.cfmchooseServers/Telecom Configure by devices. At the next page choose Networking.
For Manufacturer choose CISCO and submit. Choose Catalyst 2960G-48TC Switch,. Add another device, Cisco 2525 Router and Cisco PIX 535 Firewall.
Continue to Preferences. Notice the? To the left of Extra Power. After you have read to description, close the window.
Choose 50% for Extra Power, and 30 minutes of run time and make it rack mountable Click Show Solution. Tell me what the three recommended solutions are and what their costs are.
APC's configurator provides for a Best Price Model which is the APC Smart-UPS 1000VA USB for $589 and is shown above. This is rack-mountable and given…
If not, what other recommendations would you make to Harold? Explain your reasons for each of recommendations.
No, the actions that were taken by Harold are not adequate. The reason why, is because he has created an initial foundation for protecting sensitive information. However, over the course of time the nature of the threat will change. This could have an impact on his business, as these procedures will become ineffective. Once this occurs, it means that it is only a matter of time until Harold will see an increase in the number of cyber attacks. At first, these procedures will help to prevent hackers from accessing the company's files. Then, as time goes by they will be able to overcome his defenses. This increases the chances that he will see some kind of major disruptions because of these issues. ("Security Policies," n.d, pp. 281 -- 302) ("Computer-ased Espionage," n.d, pp.…
Computer-Based Espionage. (n.d.). (365 -- 391).
Security Policies (n.d.). (281 -- 302).
This makes it easier for investigators to identify connections by clicking on a particular item in the three-dimensional link.
The difficulties of this process of proving such a chain indicates the importance of creating steps that can help companies simplify the task of conducting a computer forensic investigation, should one ever be required. The article stresses that the most important step is to ensure that network logging devices are turned on, even though these devices use disk space and processor time. If they are turned off, investigations can become impossible. Closing any unneeded ports on the company firewall and patching systems regularly, are also helpful.
This article paints an overall benign portrait of law enforcement, zealously protecting user privacy and safety. It demonstrates how an apparently invisible crime can be rendered visible through the use of technology, and both the law and law enforcement's attempts to stay one step ahead…
Burke, Dan. "Transborder Intellectual Property Issues on the Electronic Frontier." Volume 5. Stanford Law & Policy Review
Lang, David. "A Graphic Picture of Crime." ASIS. Sept 2002.
As such, people that use high amounts of bandwidth should be on the up and need to be paying for any extra bandwidth they use. Indeed, many ISP's put hard data caps on data usage and punish (if not throttle) people that are abusive. In the age of Netflix, figuring out what is what can be hard but drilling down to the network traffic in question can clarify that.
However, this even pertains to network managers/engineers at businesses. Whether it be for the data management/hassle avoidance items mentioned above and/or because employees are engaging in unethical (if not illegal) things at work, all of the above needs to be done. General training on virus/malware avoidance has to be engaged in but users should not be expected to get it all right themselves as they will often make very poor choices. Technologies such as firewalls, internet filters and overall limits on…
McBride Security Policy
Security Policies and ecommendations for McBride Financial Services
McBride Financial Services has experienced increased consumer interest in its innovative and economical loan offerings and terms. With rising competition in the market, McBride is now aggressively working to boost market share through a renewed focus on customer service and simple and speedy loan processing (Fluss, 2009). While many automated processes in the financial sector can be convenient for customers, they can also present unique and significant security risks for companies (Compton, 2004). The following policies are aimed at covering certain critical security areas for the loan department at McBride Financial Services.
General Information Security
Sensitive information can be defined as a customer's full name, address, phone number, credit information, social security number, date of birth, mother's maiden name, employment and salary information, username/passwords combinations, or PIN ids (Bilich, 2000). All such information should be stored securely in order…
Bilich, F. (2000). 'Total quality management: quality macro-function model for banks. (Cover story)', Total Quality Management, 11(1), 15.
Brandt, D. (2012). 'Work Perfect', Industrial Engineer: IE, 44(9), 66.
Britt, P. (2005). 'Finding the Formula for Successful Cm', Econtent, 28(1/2), 38-42.
Compton, J. (2004). 'CRM Is Go!', CRM Magazine, 8(10), 30-35.
Essentially, the most successful it security systems will rely on a fragmented structure; they may look to third-party or other external local hosting service providers for data that is not as crucial to keep secret. Thus, enterprises must plan for space for "machine rooms that afford high availability and reliability to departmental server resources as well as appropriate network security for these resources" (Clotfelter, 2013, p 7).Then, for more restricted data, in-house servers can provide an extra layer of security to help ensure that such sensitive data remains in proper hands. To protect such restricted data, proper identity management strategies should include "a cross functional client and technical team abstracted requirements for updates" (Clotfelter, 2013, p 5). Thus, enterprise organizations must rely on a tiered network infrastructure that provides a number of different levels of security for various elements of the enterprise organization.
Security plans are a necessary…
Arconati, Nicholas. (2002). One approach to enterprise security architecture. InfoSec Reading Room. SANS Institute. Web. http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/policyissues/approach-enterprise-security-architecture_504
Clotfelter, James. (2013). ITS technology infrastructure plan. Information Technology Services. University of North Carolina Greensboro. Web. http://its.uncg.edu/About/ITS_Technology_Infrastructure%20Plan.pdf
Glynn, Fergal. (2013). What is penetrating testing? VeraCode. Web. http://www.veracode.com/security/penetration-testing
SANS Institute. (2011). Understanding intrusion detection systems. InfoSec Reading Room. Web. http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/detection/understanding-intrusion-detection-systems_337
Network Implementation for Davis Networks Inc.
In the proposal, effort is made to develop an affordable local LAN for Davis Networks Inc. The effort involves provision of wireless Internet connection to all individuals for their desktops and laptops from the current high speed connection they have at an affordable price (800 USD -- 1000 USD). Provision of the internet to the same location costs approximately 700 USD including all other expenses like doing the wiring etc. To implement the project, there are various obstacles that have to be considered like electric poles, trees and walls. The core location is the Computer Center building. It has the highest speeds of connection. From this building, there will be distribution to the surrounding buildings located between 500 and 1000 meter range. The establishment of the network needs 5 Wireless Access points (WAP) having Omni antennas (A, B, C, D, E) and two directional…
Chapter 2 Wireless Networking Basics (2005).
Deep, G., Kush, A. & Kumar B. (2010). PROPOSAL FOR LOW COST WIRELESS NETWORKING. International Journal of Computing and Business Research (IJCBR) 1(1).
Kadhim, D., J. & Hussain, W.K. (2006). Design and Implementation of a Proposal Network Firewall. Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, 2(1), pp 52-69
Kadry, S., & Hassan, W. (2008).Design and Implementation of System and Network Security for an Enterprise with World Wide Branches. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 4(11), 1361-1370.
networking and TCP/IP and internetworking. Also discussed are risk management, network threats, firewalls, and also more special purpose network devices. The paper will provide a better insight on the general aspects of security and also get a better understanding of how to be able to reduce and manage risk personally at the workplace and at home.
In today's world, the Computer has become a common feature in any organization anywhere in the world. This may be due to the fact that a computer can be accessed by anybody who knows how to handle it and also because it can store a lot of information both confidential and general. A computer is connected through a physical network that allows a person or many persons to share any information necessary. (Conceptual Overview of Network Security) Though network security in Information Technology is an issue that has been discussed endlessly, implementation has definitely…
Bolding, Darren. "Network Security, Filters and Firewalls." Retrieved from ACM Cross Roads Student Magazine, 17 January, 2001 http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds2-1/security.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004
Curtin, Matt. "Introduction to Network Security March" 1997. Retrieved at http://www.interhack.net/pubs/network-securityAccessed on 03/09/2004
Home Internet security: Protection against network security attacks" Retrieved at http://www.buildwebsite4u.com/articles/home-internet-security.shtml. Accessed on 03/09/2004
Magalhaes, Ricky M. "Network Security recommendations that will enhance your windows" network" Oct 22, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.windowsecurity.com/articles/Net_Security_Recommendations.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004
In this manner, it makes network management and filtering a lot easier. Even though SPF can protect the network infrastructure against certain attacks that are known to exploit the weaknesses that are inherent in the various network level protocols, it can never provide protection at application level. The application defense needs more awareness of the content of the payload.
Circuit Proxy Firewall (CPF)
This type of firewall operates by relying as an relaying agent that exists between the external and internal hosts (Stephen, 2004). The whole idea is to protect the network's internal hosts from direct exposure to the outside environments.
The CPF firewall operates by accepting various requests from the internal hosts for the sake of establishing the connection to the external world. It then destroys the device's initial IP address as well as the header of the network layer.
Disadvantages of CPF
The payload is then encapsulated in…
 N. Thanthry, M.S. Ali, and R. Pendse, "Security,
Internet Connectivity and Aircraft Data Networks,"
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic System
Magazine, November 2006
Security Audit for FX Hospital EH/EM Systems
The study carries out the security audits for the FX Hospital EH/EM information systems to identify the vulnerabilities in the systems. The study uses the BackTrack as an auditing tool to penetrate the website, and outcomes of the auditing reveal that the website is not secure and can be subject to different vulnerabilities. After carrying out the auditing, the study is able to collect as much patients' data as possible revealing the website can be subject to vulnerable attacks. One of the vulnerabilities identified is that the website UL starts from HTTP showing that an attacker can easily break into the website and collect sensitive information. Moreover, all the data in the website are not encrypted making them easy for an attacker to collect patients' data.
By consequence, the FX Hospital can face lawsuits for failing to protect patients' data because if patients'…
Abdel-Aziz, A. (2009). Intrusion Detection & Response - Leveraging Next Generation Firewall Technology. SANS Institute.
Burr, W. Ferraiolo, H. & Waltermire, D. (2014). IEEE Computer Society. NIST and Computer Security.
Chadwick, D. (2012). Network Firewall Technologies. IS Institute, University of Salford.
Mell, P.Bergeron, T. & Henning, D.(2005).Creating a Patch and Vulnerability Management Program. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
" (Muntenu, 2004)
According to Muntenu (2004) "It is almost impossible for a security analyst with only technical background to quantify security risk for intangible assets. He can perform a quantitative or qualitative evaluation using dedicated software to improve the security of the information systems, but not a complete risk assessment for the whole information system. Qualitative assessment based on questionnaires use in fact statistical quantitative methods to obtain results. Statistical estimation represents the basis for quantitative models." Muntenu states conclusion that in each of these approaches the "moral hazard of the analyst has influence on the results because human nature is subjective. He must use a sliding window approach according to business and information systems features, balancing from qualitative to quantitative assessment." (2004) qualitative study of information systems security is reported in a study conducted in U.S. academic institutions in the work of Steffani a. urd, Principal Investigator for…
Burd, Steffani a. (2006) Impact of Information Security in Academic Institutions on Public Safety and Security: Assessing the Impact and Developing Solutions for Policy and Practice. Final Report." NCJ 215953, United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice, Oct 2006.
Muntenu, Adrian (2004) Managing Information in the Digital Economy: Issues & Solutions Information Security Risk Assessment: The Qualitative vs. Quantitative Dilemma
Full text PDF: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/215953.pdfMunteanu , Adrian (2004) the Information Security Risk Assessment: The Qualitative vs. Quantitative Dilemma. Managing Information in the Digital Economy: Issues & Solutions.
Auditing, Monitoring, Intrusion Prevention, Detection, and Penetration Testing
The network vulnerability is a major security weakness that allows an attacker reducing computer information assurance. Vulnerability intersects three elements: a system flaw, the attacker is having access to the flaw, and ability to exploit the flaw. Thus, a security risk is classified as a vulnerability that is tied to a great significant loss. The vulnerability can erode data confidential, system integrity and availability of data.
The objective of this study is to carry out analysis of two research articles that discusses the network vulnerabilities in the IT environment. (Jackson, et al.2008, Sommer, et al. 2003). Both articles believe that attackers exploit the network vulnerabilities to inflict damages in the information systems. Moreover, the two articles agree that the traditional securities such as network IDS (intrusion detection system) (Sommer, et al. 2003) and DNS pinning (Jackson, et al.2008) are no more effective…
Debar, H. & Morin, B.(2002). Evaluation of the Diagnostic Capabilities of Commercial Intrusion Detection Systems. RAID'02 Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Recent advances in intrusion detection:177-198.
Jackson, C., Barth, A., Bortz, A., Shao, W., and Boneh, D. (2008). Protecting browsers from DNS rebinding Attacks. ACM Trans. ACM Transactions on the Web (TWEB). 3(1).
Karlof, C. Shankar, U. Tygar, J.D. et al. (2007). Dynamic pharming attacks and the locked same-origin policies for web browsers. Proceedings of the 14th ACM conference on Computer and communications security: 58-71.
Lam, V.T, Antonatos, S. Akritidis, P. et al. (2007). Puppetnets: Misusing web browsers as a distributed attack infrastructure. ACM Transactions on Information and System Security 12(2).
Network Security and Why Use It
Security And Why Use It
The security of any network should be taken seriously. A network allows someone to share resources and information with others on the network. Networks allow for distribution of computer viruses, Trojans, human intruders, and employees can damage more than just one computer. To better understand the importance of network security, one needs to think of what might happen if all the data for a company that is stored in their servers vanishes. This scenario would cause losses that the company might never recover. Networks are divided into three main categories Internetwork (internet), Wide Area Networks (WAN) and Local Area Networks (LAN). These three categories of network require security to ensure that no malicious humans gain access, and no viruses attack the network.
To better understand network security, one needs to know what a network is. A network is defined…
Hu, H., Myers, S., Colizza, V., Vespignani, A., & Parisi, G. (2009). WiFi Networks and Malware Epidemiology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(5), 1318-1323.
Krishna, V.A., & Victoire, T.A.A. (2011). A Descriptive Study on Firewall. [Article]. European Journal of Scientific Research, 63(3), 339-346.
Papaj, J., Dobos, L. u., & izmar, A. (2012). Opportunistic Networks and Security. [Article]. Journal of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, 5(1), 163-166.
Rao, B., & Parikh, M.A. (2003). Wireless Broadband Networks: The U.S. Experience. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 8(1), 37-53.
Secured real time protocol (STP) is also being identified to enhance the security parameter of WAN and LAN network elements. "STP provides protection with encryption keys for wired and wireless networks including bandwidth limited channels." (Guillen and Chacon 2009 P. 690). There is also a growing use of IP secure to protect organization from the interception of data over the LAN and WAN environment.
To enhance network security, Chen, Horng, & Yang (2008) postulate the use of public key cryptography. While there is a growing use of public key cryptography, there is still a shortcoming identified with the use of public key cryptography in the LAN and WAN environment. Since the public key is being kept in a public file, it is possible for an active intruder to forge the contents of the public key and use it to get access onto the data kept within the network system. To…
Chen, T. Horng, G. & Yang, C. (2008).Public Key Authentication Schemes for Local Area. Informaticia.19 (1):3-16.
Fetterolf, P.C. & Anandalinga, G. (1992). Optimal design of LAN-WAN internetworks:
an approach using simulated annealing. Annals of Operations Research. 36: 275-298.
Guillen, P.E. & Chacon, D. A (2009). VoIP Networks Performance Analysis with Encryption Systems. World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology. 58: 688-695.
Small Medium Enterprise Set Up
Market research (location and size of market)
Market segmentation (which segments will you target)
Products/services and target market(s)
Promotions and advertising
Evaluation of marketing
Legal and licensing requirements
Organisational structure and staffing
Insurance and security issues
Critical risks/contingency plans
Capital expenditure forecast
Cash flow forecast
Projected profit and loss statement
Owner's personal expenses (continued on next page)
Environmental responsibility and Eco-sustainability
Conclusions and future directions
Business Plan Structure
The business plan will focus on establishing a new kind of insurance company in Australia called Jade Insurance. Their basic goals are to offer clients with low cost solutions, better service and more personal attention on host of products. This will be achieved through working with local and overseas carriers. The idea…
General Insurance Industry Survey, 2010, KPMG, viewed October 25, 2013
Global Insurance Market Trends, 2012, OECD, viewed October 25, 2013
Insurance Facts and Figures, 2012, PWC, viewed October 23, 2013
Market Presentation, 2013, Lloyds, viewed October 23, 2013
The twenty-first century observed the information and computer revolution; empowering people to have instant communication and permitting them in carrying out activities using computers. The use of the computer is not limited to a single or specific industry and its use would be seen in all the industries or sectors. Presently, we are living in a world wherein nearly everyone has heard about computer technology and over sixty percent of people have information on its usage. We can now find laptops or computers in shops, homes, educational institutions, ticket counters, and so on (Daily Alert, 2013). It is important to have an understanding of some important terms used in the field of computer technology. This essay will provide an understanding of the various terms involving the Internet such as, web browser, URL, Wi-Fi, network, firewalls, email, phishing, malware, and more.
The internet, in simple terms, occasionally called as…
Network Design Proposal
ABC School Stats/User Counts
Having a current strength of approximately 845 students, ABC School provides education from Pre-Kindergarten to the 12th Grade. According to the requirements of The New York School District, 250 Curriculum computers along with 75 Administration computers are to be installed. The requirements for the wiring per room of layer 1 are that it should adjust a total of 25 computers, 24 of which will be used for the curriculum, whereas one will be used for administrative purposes.
The model for the WAN is 2 layers of hierarchy having a total of 3 hubs, one connecting the District Office or the Data Center, one the Service Center, and the remaining one connecting the Black Hawk School. A Frame elay WAN will be responsible for providing the required internet services.
For all the hosts, interconnection devices, and servers an…
ArrowMail. (2011). "Advice on Choosing the best Range of IP Addresses to use on your LAN." Taken from: http://www.arrowmail.co.uk/articles/iprange.aspx
Begin Linux. (2010). Network Design for Small Business. Taken from: http://beginlinux.com/blog/2010/06/network-design-for-a-small-business
Botsford, C. (2011). Learn To Subnet.com v. 3.2." LearnTCPIP.com. Taken from: http://www.learntcpip.com/LTSN/default.htm
Crockett, R. (2003). Network design project Sunnyslope elementary school. WESD Network Design Project Proposal.
Dynamic and Fixed Patch Compliance Level
The goal to achieve competitive market advantages in a business environment has made increased number of business organizations to indulge in online businesses to enhance time-to-market, increase profitability and deliver innovative products. To achieve these objectives, organizations are increasingly investing in the IT (information technology) to enhance effective communication, and transfer data across businesses through LAN (Local Area Network) and WAN (Wide Area Network). Moreover, large number of businesses are switching from wired to wireless network systems to reduce operational costs, capital costs and management costs. (Nicastro, 2005). Despite the benefits that businesses enjoy from IT investments, nevertheless, organizations face inherent risks of IT vulnerabilities, and vulnerabilities can originate from network access points, poorly configured firewalls, wireless access points, and unsecured SQL databases. Vulnerabilities can also arise from weaknesses in the configuration, technology, or security policy. (Nicastro, 2005).
Objective of this paper is to…
Brumley, D. Newsome, J. Song, D. et al. (2006). Towards Automatic Generation of Vulnerability-based Signatures. Security and Privacy. IEEE Symposium. 15-16.
Cavusoglu H, Mishra B and S Raghunathan (2004). The Effect of Internet Security Breach Announcements on Market Value: Capital Market Reactions for Breached Firms and Internet Security Developers. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 9(1), 69.
Cloud Security Alliance, (2013). Cloud Computing Vulnerability Incidents: A Statistical Overview. Cloud Vulnerabilities Working Group.
HKSAR (2008). Patch Management. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
The purpose of this discussion was to examine the network security measures that are available. The research found that the proper configuration provides the first line of defense as it relates to securing a network.
In addition, firewalls serve an essential role in securing networks against outside intrusions. The research also indicates that anti-virus software, encryption software and biometrics allow organizations to secure networks in a more comprehensive manner. There are also specific strategies and technologies that should be considered if an organization chooses to use a wireless network.
Davis J.P.(2006) Telecommute Safely: Use Internet Technology to Keep Cost Down. Contributors: - author. Journal Title: Journal of Accountancy. Volume: 202. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 39+.
Hoover M. (2005) Network Security: The New Perimeter; Security Threats Can No Longer Be Contained in the DMZ. How Do You Protect Every esource, and Every User's Traffic, No Matter…
Davis J.P.(2006) Telecommute Safely: Use Internet Technology to Keep Cost Down. Contributors: - author. Journal Title: Journal of Accountancy. Volume: 202. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 39+.
Hoover M. (2005) Network Security: The New Perimeter; Security Threats Can No Longer Be Contained in the DMZ. How Do You Protect Every Resource, and Every User's Traffic, No Matter Where it's Coming From?. Business Communications Review. Volume: 35(7). Page Number: 40+.
Intel Glossary. Retrieved November 7, 2007 at http://www.intel.com/products/glossary/body.htm
Karygiannis T. & Owens L., 2002. Wireless Network security. National Institute of Standards in technology. Retrieved November 7, 2007 at http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-48/NIST_SP_800-48.pdf
The organizations are usually run by a core group, which divides the different responsibilities of an operation (e.g. spamming, web design, data collection) among the members. The members run their own outer networks to fulfill those responsibilities -- rarely even having contact with each other online. The decentralized structure of the internet, as well as the high levels of anonymity it provides makes it difficult for law enforcement agencies to locate cybercriminal groups. A group could have networks in a myriad of different countries, whilst using servers based in numerous different countries and jurisdictions. Furthermore, many national jurisdictions lack the legislative framework required to properly prosecute online crime." (Collins, 2012)
These insights are illustrating how the lack of self-control is creating a situation where more criminals or organizations are turning to cyber crime. What makes the situation worse; is they can work anonymously and be able to conduct these activities…
Casey, E. (2011). Digital Evidence and Computer Crime. London: Academic.
Collins, a. (2012). Contemporary Security Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gregg, M. (2010). Hacker Techniques, Tools and Incident Handling. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Gryzbowski, K. (2012). An Examination of Cyber Crime and Cyber Crime Research. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Arizona State University, Scottsdale.
Technical Security Recommendations for ABC Healthcare IT Infrastructures
ABC Healthcare has been facing a multitude of challenges ranging from the security of the IT infrastructures to the compliance of regulatory policies. In the United States, the lawmakers are increasing putting more restrictive in the regulatory environment because there have been more attacks in the healthcare environment, damaging the organizational information systems and using worms and virus to gain access to non-authorized sensitive data. The issues are making the stakeholders of ABC Healthcare demand for more flexible access to their information systems. Moreover, increasing regulatory pressures within the healthcare environment with regards to the management of the information systems has made ABC Healthcare to decide to implement more prudent information systems security. The goal of ABC Healthcare is to implement good information systems to abide by regulatory policies of HIPPA and SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley). Typically, both SOX and HIPAA mandate healthcare organizations…
Kizza, J.M. (2015). Guide to Computer Network Security. Springer.
Krogh, P. (2009). The DAM Book: Digital Asset Management for Photographers, 2nd Edition, p. 207. O'Reilly Media.
Mell, P. & Grance, T. (2011). The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing (NIST SP 800-145). National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Linux Security Technologies
The continued popularity and rapid growth of open source software in general and the Linux operating system specifically are having a disruptive impact on proprietary software. The disruptive impacts of open source software are so pervasive that they are completely re-ordering the enterprise system strategies in many corporations globally today (ooney, 2004). With this proliferation of open source software and the foundation being laid by the Linux operating system, there continues to be an urgent and escalating need for new security tools and applications and tools as well. Of the many security applications and tools available for the Linux operating system, the three that will be analyzed and assessed in this paper include chroot jail, iptables and SELinux. The analysis will include which organizations are sponsoring the development of each of these technologies, an explanation of how each of these technologies change the Linux operating system to…
Forristal, J. (2001). Fireproofing against DoS attacks. Network Computing, 12(25), 65-74.
Greenemeier, L. (2005). More-secure Linux still needs to win users. InformationWeek, (1029), 28-28.
MacVittie, L. (2005). Linux models a few new hats. Network Computing, 16(3), 28-30.
Rooney, P. (2004). Migrating to LINUX. CRN, (1092), 28-28.
It therefore assists in identifying network vulnerability and corrects them immediately.
Ferland (2009) noted that Secure Socket Layer (SSL) is a network protocol used in encrypting data so that the information send remains secure until it reaches its destination. It also used in the validation of the identity of the website which is using certificate. It informs the user the authentication of the website and that such a web site as been validated by the third party certificate authority. Both the source and destination of any send data has their own unique keys for encryption. However, the organization would install SSL certificate so that the customers has trust in our website
Digital certificate is describes as an electronic "tag" that shows the credentials of an organization when doing business or any other transaction online. The certificate contains the name of organization, serial number, and expiry date,…
Al-Slamy K., (2008) E-Commerce: Security Challenges and Solutions
Stawowski M., (2007). The Principles of Network Security Design
The Global Voice of Information Security; ISSA Journal | October 2007
Ferland M., (2009). WIPO Customer Certification Authority Information
E-Commerce Security Measures
The Internet has positively created new life in business commerce, through website development. It has also opened up a new way for criminals to steal secret data of businesses and information regarding clients' banks details and contacts. This has made customers to becoming rapidly more aware of the websites they visit and where they input their personal information to avoid fraud cases (Corr S. Pondent, 2009).
However, e-commerce security measures deal with issues such as protecting the integrity of the business network and its internal systems. Besides, it ensures that the customer's information is shielded from everybody else, and must not be open to alteration or tampering, whilst going through the process of authentication and receipt. This ensures that there are secure business transaction between the customer and the business (andy C. Marchany, 2002).
E-commerce business has put in place several different security measures to protect customers…
1. Corr S. Pondent, (2009). Security Techniques Used to Protect an E-Commerce System
2. Randy C. Marchany (2002) E-Commerce Security Issues
Proceedings of the 35th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
3. Avi Rushinek, Sara Rushinek (2002). E-commerce security measures are they worth it
Less satisfied knowledge dealing processes like keeping copies of old as well as unused spreadsheets which have several Social Security numbers instead of transmitting such data to long period and safe storage- persistently involve data at vulnerable stage. (Schuster 140-141)
Security concerns are associated with primarily to the system security, information security and also to Encryption. Taking into consideration the system security, it is applicable that what is pertinent to make sure that a system is quite secured, and decrease the scope that perpetrators could break into a website server and change pages. System security is a real responsibility particularly if one regulates one's owned Website server. (Creating Good Websites: Security)
There are two primary concerns in system security. One is in the application of passwords that ought to be selected and applied securely. But however protected a system could be, it is ordinarily exposed to the world if the…
Cavusoglu, Huseyin; Mishra, Birendra; Raghunathan, Srinivasan. The Effect of Website security Breach Announcements on Market Value: Capital Market Reactions for Breached Firms and Website security Developers. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, vol. 9, no.1, Fall 2004. pp: 70-104.
Creating Good Websites: Security. http://www.leafdigital.com/class/topics/security / de Vivo, Marco; de Vivo, Gabrieal; Isern, Germinal. Website security attacks at the basic level. SACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review, vol. 32, no. 2, April 1998. pp: 4-15.
Farmer, Melanie Austria; Hu, Jim. Microsoft not alone in suffering security breaches.
October 27, 2000, http://news.com.com/Microsoft+not+alone+in+suffering+security+breaches/2100-1001_3-247734.html
Despite its clear benefits and advantages in terms of ease of use and cost effectiveness, there are certain risks associated with wireless networking. These risks are discussed further below.
Review of the Literature.
Security Risks Associated with IEEE WLAN 802.11. The applications for wireless communication technology continue to develop and expand; today, at least, the 802.11b is the standard of choice for wireless router communication used with network installation (Gonazles & Higby 2003). "The integrity of the transmitted data is a valid 2.4 GHz. At this wavelength medium, the propagation of wavelength maintains strong connectivity" (Gonzales & Higby 2003, p. 30). The technology of WLANs actually dates back to the mid-1980s; during this period, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) freed up radio frequency (rf) to the industry. "Initially, this was viewed as a broadcast reception procedure and very little thought went to broadcast transmission" (Gonzales & Higby 2003, p. 30).…
Alexander, Steve. 2004. Computers and Information Systems. In Encyclopedia Britannica Book of the Year [premium service].
Anderson, Robert H., Tora K. Bikson, Richard O. Hundley & C. Richard Neu. 2003. The Global Course of the Information Revolution: Recurring Themes and Regional Variations. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.
Bliss, R. Marion. September 5, 2003. Homeowners Connect to Wireless Fidelity. The Washington Times, p. F29.
Brookshear, J.G. 2000. Computer Science: An Overview. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley.
However, cursory studies that have been conducted are either biased because they seem to present a biased review of certain products or are insufficient because of their limitations and shallowness. Those studies that have been considered to be useful are mentioned below.
Robert D. oerner, Joanne ourquard, Pam Greenberg (2000) comprehensively elaborates the legal aspect of spam. He provides an in-depth review of the present laws in actions and the future of legislation against spam. He concludes his study by revealing, "Most of the laws target spammers who misrepresent, falsify or forge the point of origin or the routing information of messages. Several states also prohibit the sale or distribution of software that is primarily designed for this type of falsification (Robert D. oerner, Joanne ourquard, Pam Greenberg, 2000)." Also, "Most states have specified that the laws apply only to spam that is sent to or generated from locations within…
Andy Dornan. Lesson 188: Bayesian Spam Filtering. Network Magazine; 3/1/2004.
Celia Wren. Spam Wars: Battling the Relentless Web Tide. Commonweal, Vol. 130, February 14, 2003
Eric Krapf. Do Not Spam. Business Communications Review, Vol. 33, October 2003
Fred S. Knight. Spam-Help Is on the Way. Business Communications Review, Vol. 34, May 2004