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For the Tuesday practices, the objective it to build fundamental skills for the teams. The practices on the other days of the week will focus on a number of the tactic issues that will be implemented for the next game. Tuesday is for building the critical skills. Particular attention within this framework will be paid to remedying deficiencies in the prior games. So for example while this example practice will be split evenly between offense, defense, and special teams, an actual practice might look quite a bit different. If tackling was a problem last week, then extra attention will be paid to tackling in this practice.
The basic structure of the practice is that JV will have one field and varsity another. Only at the end, where there are scrimmages, will supplemental instruction be provided by one coach to six residual players, and they will come from both…
Football and Society
A- Sports' sociology
- Selection of sport a- Football is selected b- Reasons for selection
A- Field Observation
a- Setting/environment b- Participants
d- Dress/Attire/style e- ehaviors Observed
h- Other Observations
- Analysis of Report
a- Learning from experience in the work field b- Conclusions from a sociological point-of-view
C- Research methodology
A- Societal Role of Sport
- Role in My life
C- Experience of other participants and fans.
Sociology of sport:
Sports sociology or the sociology of sport is the study of the association between society and the sports. It studies how values and culture can influence a sport, how a sport in itself can influence values and culture of a place, and the link between sports and politics, media, religion, economics, gender (S, 2005), youth and race etc. Sports sociology inspects the strong bond between sports and social mobility and…
Anubhav, H. (2005). Observations. Retrieved from http://www.public.asu.edu/~kroel/www500/Observation.pdf
forum, W. e. (n.d.). Role of society in sport. Retrieved from https://members.weforum.org/pdf/GAC/issue_descriptions/RoleofSportsinSociety.pdf
JARVIE, G. (2002). Race relations, sociology of sport. Retrieved from http://www.pages.drexel.edu/~rosenl/sports%20Folder/Race%20Relations%20Sociology%20of%20Sport.pdf
S, J.E. (2005). Sociology of sports. Retrieved from http://cengagesites.com/academic/assets/sites/0495598127_Sociology%20of%20Sports%20mod_watermark.pdf
Football Being Physiological and Physical
Often the line between physicality and physiology is blurred, as both relate the function on the human body. In the arena of organized team sports, the physical and the physiological can be distinguished by breaking down specific bodily talents, such as flexibility, strength, endurance, balance, speed, agility, coordination, timing and reaction time, and accuracy. Each of these relates more to physiology than physicality. For example, in football, throws and passes significantly impact the outcome of the game. The actions involved in throwing, passing, and catching the football demand physiological acumen, especially timing, coordination, and good reaction time. Some receivers must also display a great deal of flexibility in trying to reach for a poorly thrown ball or one that arrives amid a slew of defensive forces. Football of course also relies greatly on strength and endurance, especially when it comes to staving off the defense…
Football Mission Statement
Metro Conference East
Vince Lombardi was once quoted as saying that football is like life in that it requires perseverance, self-denial, hard work, sacrifice, dedication and respect for authority. That statement is telling and proper for football because it says it all about teamwork. Accordingly, the Acme High School football team will center on there being no "I" and self-glory in team and the idea of winning in a concerted, motivated and integrity-laden manner. Players that are worried about piling on statistics and embarrassing other players or teams, or even their own teammates, will not have a place on this team. This team will help turn boys into men in many ways.
The first goal of the entire team will be to be as team-oriented as possible
The second goal of the entire team will be to function as a unit rather than…
It plays in the East Bay Athletic League. The nickname/mascot is the Knights. The logo is a depiction of a knight-errant swathed in orange and purple.
The offensive coordinator for the varsity team has a variety of responsibilities that are critical to success in practice and on game night. He is responsible for working directly with the team's quarterback and surrounding offensive unit -- including tight ends, receivers, all varieties of running backs, and offensive linemen -- and for formulating specific plays that will assist the team in scoring. He is also responsible for working with the special teams in areas such as field goals (in which he trains and devises plays with the place kicker and the punter) and punting. The offensive coordinator takes input from the head coach regarding what sort of strategies the team will employ. On game nights he is responsible for rounding up…
In order to make a rational decision, the committee should use discounted cash flow analysis to determine the present value of the future cash streams of these projects. Through discounted cash flow analysis, the committee can better ascertain which projects to keep and which projects to forego. This will allow the committee to make the best informed decision regarding money and the resulting return on investment.
However, what the quantitative analysis doesn't take into account is the qualitative nature and aspects of the University football team. The sense of pride students feel about their team, the manner in which the community at large is engaged, and the overall joy of viewing the home team, can not be quantified. As such the committee must consider the long-term impact on student moral and community engagement. In many instances, a winning football team rallies entire communities, and states together. Faculty, staff, and the…
A recent poll by Harris Poll showed that professional football -- the NFL -- is the most popular sport in the United States. The sport was cited as the favorite by 36% of respondents (SBD 2012). This is up from 24% in 1985. The same poll noted a decline in the popularity of baseball that was almost as severe, that sport dropping from 23% support in 1985 to just 13% in 2011. Where there was little gap between the popularity of baseball and football, the increasing popularity of the latter combined with the decreasing popularity of the former has resulted in a 23 point spread between the two. The survey also showed that this trend is expected to increase. Baseball scored well in the 50-64 demo, which football gained in the 30-39 demo. Clearly, football skews younger, giving it more potential for growth than baseball has, with its aging…
ACSU. 2011. "American football and its heritage." Accessed April 25. http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~samuelpe/history-american-football.html
Baxter, Kevin. 2011. "Baseball's demographics shift away from African-Americans." Los Angeles Times. Accessed April 26, 2014. http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jun/25/sports/la-sp-0626-baxter-20110626
Benoit, Andy. 2012. "Football, baseball and the evolving tastes of fans" New York Times. Accessed April 26, 2014. http://fifthdown.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/04/17/football-baseball-and-the-evolving-tastes-of-fans/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=1
Deford, Frank. 2012. "Baseball or football?
For all intents and purposes, the public benefits which are stated to accompany the development of a football stadium become increasingly less pertinent to a city's bottom line as time passes. The aging of stadiums and the constant development of newer facilities means that with the passage of just a decade, the returns on such attractions as sports attendance, convention attendance and construction employment have diminished or disappeared entirely. These patterns help to explain the observation made by Coates & Humphrey's (2004), who indicate that "professional sports generally have little, if any, positive effect on a city's economy. The net economic impact of professional sports in ashington, D.C., and the 36 other cities that hosted professional sports teams over nearly 30 years, was a reduction in real per capita income over the entire metropolitan area." (Coates & Humphreys, p. 1)
Naturally, none of this is intended to dissuade the courtship…
Bast, J.L. (1998). No. 85 Sports Stadium Madness: Why It Started, How to Stop It. Heartland Policy Study.
Coates, D. & Humphreys, B.R. (2004). Caught Stealing: Debunking the Economic Case for D.C. Baseball. CATO Institute.
Gotham Gazette. (2010). Football Stadiums. Citizens Union Foundation.
Minnesota Legislative Reference Library (MLRL). (2009). Financing Professional Sports Facilities. Leg.state.mn.us.
Football Sold its Soul to the Media?
The increase in investments in football has been considered as a force of good since it has revolutionized various aspects of the game for the better. In actual sense, money has revolutionized football by contributing to its development as a globalized sport that connects people together. These investments have also been characterized by the increased inclusion of the media, especially television in the football. Media has played a crucial role in changing the face of football just like increased investments in this sport. However, there have been numerous concerns and questions in the recent past on whether football has sold its soul to the media, which is increasingly changing the face of football. Actually, the increased use of the media and its impact on football has remained a major controversial issue. While this trend has been associated with some major benefits, it has…
Bayley, J 2013, Football Sold its Soul for Money, Backpage Football, viewed 7 January 2015,
Live Football on TV n.d., History of Football on TV, The Ultimate Football TV Guide, 7 January
Athletics are an integral part of our educational curriculum. Although enrollments have been down over the past several years, cutting athletics programs is not the answer. We should be proud of our young athletes, many of whom are entering the competitive circuit. I argue to retain the full funding for our athletic programs, instead focusing on ways our institution can attract new enrollments and expand our budgets in creative ways.
We are not the only institution that is struggling. If it is any consolation, spending on athletics has been rising at a rate "three or four times faster than the rate of increase in academic budgets," according to the NCAA (Kirwan & Turner, 2010). Therefore, we need to pay attention to what some of the most successful Division III schools are doing to balance their budgets.
Three of the most common arguments to slash our sports programs we in athletics…
Demirel, E. (2013). The D-III revolution. SB Nation. Retrieved online: http://www.sbnation.com/longform/2013/10/1/4786810/diii-football-revolution
Eifling, S. (2013). How Division-III colleges profit from football no one watches. Deadspin. Retrieved online: http://deadspin.com/how-division-iii-colleges-profit-from-football-no-one-w-1440369611
Kirwan, W.E. & Turner, R.G. (2010). Changing the game. AGB Trusteeship Magazine. Retrieved online: http://agb.org/trusteeship/2010/septemberoctober/changing-the-game-athletics-spending-in-an-academic-context
Few sports are as engaging as football, and few sports are as popular. Come Sunday, millions of Americans tune their televisions to their local sports networks to catch the game. Because there are so few games during the regular season, every football game is filled with tension and excitement. Playing football is as much an art as a science; the rules are intricate and mentally demanding, while the game itself challenges its players' physical endurance and strength. The players must learn to endure all sorts of weather conditions, from extreme heat to snow and still pull out a win or at least a stellar try. More than anything, however, football teaches teamwork; although the quarterbacks receive most of the attention in the media, each participant is integral. Some plays demand total unity among all the linebackers on the field and require ultimate mental concentration on the part of each…
Playing the game without proper gear would be dangerous, and could even result in the death of a player. While there is no guarantee of safety from the proper protective gear, the chances of injury will allegedly be less if a football player wears a helmet and other protective items. In 1968, for example, there were 32 fatalities in organized football (NOCSAE, n.d.). ecause of the deaths and injuries, NOCSAE was formed in 1969 to analyze the problem and start making recommendations for injury reduction in organized and sandlot football.
In 1970, the real work began to establish a standard of safety for football helmets. Quality control became very important, and many of the models of helmets that were used in the past were either eliminated or drastically changed (NOCSAE, n.d.). A test was conducted in 1975 using the new criteria, and nearly 85% of the helmets that were used…
A history of football helmets. Get Football Helmets. n.d. Online.
Albergotti, R. & Wang, S.S. Is it time to retire the football helmet? The Wall Street Journal. Online.
Carlson, N. here's what football helmets of the future must look like if the NFL is going to survive. Business Insider. 2010. Online.
Gaffney, A. 10 steps in the high-tech evolution of pro-football helmets. Popular Mechanics. 2009. Online.
" Quirk and Fort (1992)
These definitions should be balanced by the popular notion that it is good for a league and all of its teams if the teams from the larger markets are relatively dominant, but not at the expenses of competitive balance:
"The optimal level of balance in a sports league is a function of the distribution of fan preference, fan population base, and fan income across host cities. "The league will maximize revenues when teams from large, rich, and fan intensive cities win more often" Zimbalist (2002).
European football clubs have historically not had a great competitive balance. According to one study done in 2006, of the previous 10 seasons, the champion and runner-up from the premier leagues from Greece, Italy, Spain, Germany, France and England were the same top two clubs in those countries two-thirds of the time. The typical European premier league has 20 teams.…
BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). Champions League Final Tops Super Bowl for TV Market. 31 January 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/europe/8490351.stm .
Cutler, Matthew. UEFA approves financial fair play concept. www.sportsbusiness.com. 16
September, 2010. http://www.sportbusiness.com/news/170483/uefa-approves-financial-fair-play-concept
FIFA Against Racism. FIFA. 11 May 2007. http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/worldwideprograms / footballforhope/news/newsid=518183.html
Modern civilization required more sublimation and repression of desires, both sexual and destructive aggressive desires, than most people were capable of maintaining for long periods without either physical, or psychological, illnesses developing. 'Civilization', in early twentieth century Europe in particular, required too much renunciation of the release of instinctual desires, from which pleasure could be derived, so that many people became physically, psychologically, or psycho-somatically, ill and discomforted, or, as Freud came to articulate it, 'discontented'. (See S. Freud Civilization and its Discontents, 1930, which is discussed in Chapter 3). This was dangerous, he thought, because people could so easily be mobilized to tear down civilized ways of conducting life if the costs to them of maintaining civilized conduct became too great. arfare, and other forms of collective violence, even genocide, may come to be seen as more gratifying than continuing with peaceful pursuits, particularly by men.
Bocock xx, xiv)…
Works Cited www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102284545
Archetti, Eduardo P. Masculinities: Football, Polo, and the Tango in Argentina / . New York: Berg, 1999. Questia. 3 Dec. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102284704 .
Blau, Herbert. "1 Rehearsing the Impossible." Psychoanalysis and Performance. Ed. Patrick Campbell and Adrian Kear. London: Routledge, 2001. 21-33. Questia. 3 Dec. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102746040 .
Understanding English Premier League (EPL) football in India in terms of media commentaries and how they determine image of English football in this country
India is a cricket crazy country but for the last few years football has become a popular game. Particularly EPL has established its clubs and academies at different parts of India. EPL has been popular in India and there is significant increase in the viewership of EPL matches among Indian since 2006. In this study the author has tried to understand EPL football in India in terms of media commentaries and how they determine its image. The author used coverage of EPL football by Indian media particularly print media as well as conducted interviews with journalists and personnel related to local football to explore how much influence media has on popularizing EPL in India and whether there is difference in the coverage of local and…
Altheide, D.L. (1996). Qualitative media analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Altheide, D.L., & Snow, R.P. (1979). Media logic. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Anderson, D.A. (1985). Contemporary sports reporting. Chicago: Nelson-Hall.
Bill Wilson (June, 2009) Premier League giants target India published online http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8083210.stm
Sports and Anti-Trust
Is the National Football League's Requirements to Enter the Draft a Violation of Antitrust Law?
If so why? Why does the NFL think it is not a violation?
Defining the AntiTrusts Legislation
Sherman AntiTrust Legislation
Clayton Antitrust amendment
The Maurice Clarett Case
The NFL's position,
The effect is could have on the game.
Judge Scheinin's decision
Sherman Antitrust Act
asis of Judge Shira Scheinin's Decision
Other cases from other Professional sports leagues, like the NA, that are Similar to Maurice Clarett's Case
Haywood v. National asketball Association, 401 U.S. 1204 (1971)
Impact that this case has had on the league
Players straight out of High School who have been successful
Players who have not been successful.
Is it worth the risk and is it fair to the kids who leave early
Will an 18-year-old out of High School not…
Antitrust. (2003) The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Columbia University Press.
Brown, N, and Burns, J. (2000) Antitrust Violations.; American Criminal Law Review, Vol. 37,
Connolly, R. (1998, January). Detect and Prevent Antitrust Violations
Public Management, Vol. 80.
In that regard, the study reported that the majority of injuries sustained by youth football players are non-time-loss injuries that do not require removal from contests or suspension from subsequent competition.
That study reported that the overwhelming majority of injuries involving youth football players involve minor contusions that do not require medical intervention. The anatomical areas most likely to be affected by such injuries are the hands and lower arms, followed by the lower extremities including injuries of the ankle and knee joints in particular. The main conclusion of that article was that it is important for youth football coaches to have basic first-aid training and that it is advisable for youth football teams to have access to the services of certified athletic trainers to assess the severity of acute injuries and to provide appropriate treatment in timely fashion.
Findings of the Clinical Medicine and esearch Article
The Clinical Medicine…
Dompier, T., Powell, J., Barron, M., and Moore, M. "Time-Loss and Non-Time-Loss
Injuries in Youth Football Players." Journal of Athletic Training, Vol. 43, No. 2 (2007):395-402.
Theye, F., and Mueller, K. "Heads Up': Concussions in High School Sports." Clinical
Medicine and Research, Vol. 2, No. 3 (2004): 165-171.
If the ruling by NLB stands it come with some implications to the college athletes. This ruling could give momentum to those who hold the belief that the N.C.A. A require to make modifications to how they normally compensate their athletes. Therefore this ruling has a potential of making it possible for some the athletes to get some of the things they have long petitioned for such as better healthcare and limited practice hours. On the other hand its is not clear whether students under scholarships that take part in nonrevenue sports will benefit from this ruling.it therefore means that this ruling will only benefit some scholarship students while it would not make any difference in the lives of some of them.
If I was a member of the Northwestern football team I would definitely vote to join a union. This is because with the union I would be protected…
Eder, S. & Strauss, B.(2014). College players granted Right to form Union.
Javon Gabriel and I am a senior attending Walled Lake Western High School in Walled Lake Mi. I have played football since the age of ten and continued thorough out high school. I have played two years of Varsity, and can honestly say my senior year has been the best. Although sports have been a major part of my life since early on, I did not realize the importance of teamwork and being a part of a bigger picture then during my senior year.
Football has taught me to pursue my goals, pursue my passion even amidst the daily struggle of life. When I do my practice drills, they are grueling. Sweat pumps out of my pores like raindrops from a gutter and sometimes I feel like I will collapse. Even looking back, I had moments when I wanted to give up and just lie there in the wet grass.…
1. Kicking a field goal might look like a simple process, but it involves the synchronization of several systems in the body including the skeletal, nervous, and muscular system. Several sections of the musculoskeletal system are working when a football player kicks a field goal. The primary joints involved when kicking the ball include the hip (femur and ilium), knee (tibia and femur), and ankle (tibia and tarsals). Connected to each of these joints are the muscles that power them, with the hip flexor and thigh muscles performing a majority of the work during the main phases of the kick (Lipshutz, 2011). However, the calf muscles will also play a major role, both in actually kicking the ball and also in maintaining the stability of the body during the kick (Dale, 2017). The small bones in the foot, including the tarsals, metatarsals and phalanges, are also involved because they are…
Dale, P. (2017). The muscles and body parts needed to kick a football. Retrieved online: https://www.livestrong.com/article/354537-the-muscles-body-parts-needed-to-kick-a-football/
Lipshutz, D. (2011). The biomechanics of kicking a football. Retrieved online: https://web.sas.upenn.edu/biol438/files/2016/09/kickingppt-1rurp2n.pdf
“Peripheral Nervous System,” (n.d.). Retrieved online: https://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-Life-Science-Concepts-For-Middle-School/section/11.43/
Justification is an important part of the game and a number of fans say that if a team's defense cannot stop the opposite team from launching a drive into the end zone, they are worthy of being given the loss. In spite of everything, it could have just as simply gone the other way. Unmistakably it is to a team's difficulty to misplace the coin toss and have to deal with catastrophic consequences in case they fail, but supporters of defensive football claim that it is a genuine way to decide the game. The NCAA and the CFL work in the perfect way, according to followers of equal-opportunity overtime; every team is arranged an equal number of possessions ahead of the winner being determined. If, though the primary team to have the ball scores and the second team does not, it is game over. In case the first team does…
Easton, S., & Rockerbie, D. Overtime! Rules and Incentives in the National Hockey League. Journal of Sports Economics, Vol6, 2005.
Fort, Rodney and James Quirk. Optimal Competitive Balance in a Season Ticket League Working Paper. 2009. Print.
Longley, Neil and Swaminathan Sankaran. The Incentive Effects of Overtime Rules in Professional Hockey. Journal of Sports Economics Vol. 8 No. 5, 2007. Print
N.F.L. Ponders Changing How Overtime Is Played. New York Times, Section D, Page 5. 2003. Print
Furthermore, EISA issues aside, according to Linda Sanchez (D-California), "It concerns me when those who work hazardous jobs don't get the care they deserve, whether a coal miner, tire factory worker or football player... " referring to the questionnaire distributed to the NFLPA requesting medical data pertaining to their retirees, she said, "I look forward to timely responses to our questions so we can determine what steps might be necessary that those who made football great aren't neglected."13
Professional football is, by all accounts, a violent sport whose participants frequently suffer significant physical injuries on the playing field. Because of the nature, frequency, and intensity of the collisions inherent to the game, especially at the professional level, the effects of football injuries often persist long after retirement. Most insidious are the cumulative effects of repeated cerebral concussions, only recently identified as a specific injury…
Associated Press. 10/24/07 NFL Adds $10 Million to Medical Fund, Latest Step in Dispute Concerning Retirees and Pensions. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from CBSonline at http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/10/24/ap/sportsline/main3404035.shtml?source=search_story
Associated Press. 5/31/07-35 NFL Players Qualify for Dementia-Alzheimer's Assistance Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from FoxNews Web site, at http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,276617,00.html
Carpenter, L. 10/13/07 Congress Presses NFL, Union on Benefits. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from WashingtonPost.com at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/12/AR2007101202059.html
Conrad, M. (1999) Sportslaw History: The John Mackey case. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, at http://www.sportslawnews.com/archive/history/HT8.html
Their activities and support of the foundation; enable the league to demonstrate a higher purpose which is of greater social value. (Ferriter)
In the majority of cases, the NFL is using the various high profile marketing events to illustrate the importance of sports in promoting various charity related events. The Super Bowl is the biggest event with it using the game as an avenue to help the community which is hosting it. At the same time, it is an avenue for helping to promote social responsibility. Evidence of this can be seen with Babiak & olfe (2006) saying, "The NFL is becoming progressively more invested in corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives in an effort to establish itself as a socially conscious organization, one based on the twin pillars of football and the community. As the proverbial jewel in the NFL's crown, the Super Bowl is an institution composed of many…
"Community." NFL Foundation, 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
"Kirk Cousins of Washington Redskins Says He'd 'Welcome' Gay Teammate: 'Nobody's Perfect." Huffington Post, 2014. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.
"NFL Foundation Kicks Off Summer With Nearly $700,000 in Grants to Youth Football Camps." NFL Communications, 2013. Web. 22 Apr. 2012
Babiak, Kathy and Wolfe, Richard. "More than Just a Game? Corporate Social Responsibility and Super Bowl XL." Sport Marketing Quarterly. 15.4 (2006): 214-222. Print.
On the other hand, we might be able to "incubate" a cable network by playing a Thursday night series of cable games, and such a network could be a long-run success that would strengthen our product as well." (Tagliabue, 2004)
Tagliabue states that prior to proceeding with a new package it is necessary to ensure that this new package is based on "sound television premises and that it is structured to complement our other television packages rather than to cannibalize our Sunday and Monday night audiences and move us down the road to commoditization. As previously mentioned, commoditization is ultimately very negative in a 400-channel universe, and the challenge we face is how to balance the need for revenue and viewers to ensure the long-run success of our sport. In theory, greater revenues are available from cable television, which is both advertiser and subscriber supported, than from broadcast television, which…
Badenhausen, Kurt, Ozanian, Michael K. And Rondey, Maya (2006) The Business of Football. Forbes. 31 Aug 2006. Online available at: http://www.forbes.com/lists/2006/30/06nfl_NFL-Team-Valuations_land.html
Barros, Carlos Pestana and Barrio, Pedro Garcia-del (nd) Efficiency Measurement of the English Football Premier League with a Random Frontier Model. Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia.
Brenner, Adam (2004) Welcome to the Club. The Business of Football. Forbes 2 Sept 2004. Online available at: http://www.forbes.com/2004/09/02/cz_ab_0902nflclubseats.html
English Football and its Governance (2009) All Party Parliamentary Football Group. April 2009. Online available at: http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/federation/01/05/04/18/apfgreportonenglishfootballanditsgovernanceapril2009.pdf
In tat case, te NFL will, naturally, take te position tat if tey do not want to be included in a profit-making activity, te NFL will gladly take te profits witout tem. Weter tis is truly collusion is peraps te decision of te individual to wom te tougt strikes; but certainly it seems to appear as collusion wen in fact it is not by any means deliberately collusive. Players' claims notwitstanding, it is very unlike te NFL to procure less-tan-maximum television revenues simply because tey must split tem wit anoter group; in fact it goes contrary to all oter signs tat te NFL sows and actions tat it takes.
I do not like Roger Goodell, te Commissioner of te NFL -- wo does?
-- but it is not in my interests to claim tat e is overseeing an organization caracterized by collusion wen in reality it is clean in tat…
ports and popular culture (NFL/NBA)
Popular culture entails all forms of mass communication such as:
Books and Cartoons and comics
It is somewhat different compared to higher forms of cultural art such as:
In terms of mass communication, popular culture means messages which are intellectually and artistically limited primarily designed to entertain and humor the viewers (Hollander, 2014). Following the industrial revolution, the people had a lot of time to spare which led to a huge demand for entertainment and amusement and gave height to media. The increasing supply of goods also made it necessary for the advertisers to attract the consumers and mass media could reach a large number of audiences at the same time (Hollander, 2014).
The physical activities have always been in the life of human beings in the form of different leisure…
Sports have played a huge role in the American society on the whole as they have become a necessary part of the popular culture. American football is quite a popular game which brings NFL (National Football League) in limelight. NFL is same to same as other sports have an off season too when they are on a season break. Leagues such as NBA (National Basketball Association), MLB (Major League Baseball) and NHL (National Hockey League) follow the same pattern which builds the hype for them (Lee, 2012). It enables the public to forget all about sports for a while until it swings back in action again. The off season usually consists of training sessions, gym, trading players, NFL Combine and NFL Draft. These activities are heavily kept watch of by loyal fans followed by intense discussions (House, 2012).
Super Bowl is intensely popular in United States. Even the non-followers are somehow influenced by it as they hear news about it or by viewing it. The news channels mention regularly and social media is definitely on fire with news and updates. A famous band plays during halftime while a draw exists for watching the advertisements during the game and halftime (Lee, 2012). Companies are compelled to dish out loads of cash to display advertise themselves as the Super Bowl progresses. These ads are usually creative and funny and sometimes mixed. People for the sake of fun choose a particular team and cheer it till the end or otherwise friends pick a team and contend that it will win the title. It's sort of a public gathering event where food is enjoyed and drinks are taken in huge quantities. Tostitos and Doritos are chips found mostly at super Bowl parties while in case of drinks Coke, Pepsi and Budweiser. For the sports fans, it's their day off as they spend the entire day in front of a TV or mocking the opponent's team for fun. TV shows often give reference to Super Bowl just as Christmas and Halloween. Betting on a high level is also involved for the winning team, people are cut some slack from office, schools and colleges as it's the biggest event of the year (Hollander, 2014).
In 'Popular culture and the rituals of American Football' by Mark Axelrod, several cultural practices in America regarding football are mentioned. Before the ports went global, there were a lot of rituals and myths
Reebok NFL Replica Jerseys: A Case for Postponement
Reebok International Ltd. (Reebok) is an American sportswear and apparel company. With its headquarters in Canton, Massachusetts, the company designs, manufactures, and markets a broad range of sports apparel and footwear brands worldwide. Under the leadership of Paul Fireman, the company has grown over the years to become one of the largest players in the global sportswear and apparel industry. In 2000, Reebok entered into a 10-year agreement with the National Football League (NFL) to manufacture and market NFL licensed merchandise, including an NFL-branded apparel line, footwear, practice apparel, sideline apparel, and on-field uniforms. With 32 teams, NFL is the leading professional confederation for American football.
Licensed Apparel Business
Whereas the licensed apparel market is a lucrative market, retailers face a number of concerns since demand is influenced by factors beyond their control. Retailers rely on Reebok to deliver merchandise on time…
Leadership and Organizational Change Potential in the NFL
Organizational Problem or Opportunity
Description of the Problem or Opportunity
Purpose of the Investigation
Summary of Section Highlights
Problem or Opportunity Background
• Current State of the Target Organization
• elevant Organizational Processes or Systems or Functions
• elevant Theory
Lewin's Change Management Model
McKinsey 7-S Model
Kotter's 8 Step Change Model
Corporate Social esponsibility
Investigative Approach and Design Strategies
• Investigative Approach
• Theory Thread Strategies
• Data Collection and Preparation Strategies
Investigation Parameters or Limitations
Findings of the Investigation
Overall Findings: A Synthesis
Interpretation and ecommendations 34
Organizational Implications 34
• Implications for Decision Makers 35
• Future esearch 35
The National Football League (NFL) is currently the most popular sport with American adults, however this position is…
Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
Bass, B. (1999). Two decasdes in research and development in transformational leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 9-32.
Benta, D. (2011). On Best Practices for Risk Management in Complex Projects. Informatica Economica, 142-152.
Business Dictionary. (N.d.). Change Management. Retrieved from Business Dictionary: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/change-management.html
National Football League refers to professional football league based in the U.S. And forms the major professional football sport leagues in the U.S. The league comprises of the 32 teams that are divided equally between the American Football Conference and the National Football Conference. Formed in the 1920, the league has expanded to become one of the largest and most renowned football leagues across the world. The organization rewards its champions using three trophies and rewards that include the Brunswick-Balke Collender Cup (1920), Ed Thorp Memorial Trophy (1934-1969), and Vince Lombardi Trophy that is currently used. Organizational success is attributed to the excellent leadership structure that aims at ensuring the adoption of activities that contribute to the realization of the desired organizational objectives (Layden, 2006).
Structure of the essay
This research paper analyzes various issues related to the National Football League. In specific, it describes the nature, structure, products, and…
Bass, T. (2007). National Football League: between the lines reader. New York: Scholastic.
Hancock, J. (2005). Investing in corporate social responsibility: a guide to best practice, business planning & the UK's leading companies. London: Kogan Page.
John, H. (2005). Corporate Social Responsibility CSR Case Studies.. (2005). Ottawa: Conference Board of Canada.
Layden, J. (2006). 2006 National Football League megastars. New York: Scholastic.
league football teams with higher salaries win more frequently than other teams?
The wages of football players have risen noticeably over thirteen fold for the highest paid player from the season that ended in 1985 to that which ended in 2011. This improvement together with the mutually beneficial relationship between the sport and media has brought about an interesting field that has attracted academic scholars to do research on the impacts between different amounts of salaries and its influence on personal and team performance. (Fullard, 2012)
The matter of remunerations of professional players has always attracted public interest for a long time. There are many non-academic reading materials on the issue of salaries of professional players. emunerations have shifted for the better from 1950's into the 21st century. esearch has been done on different kinds of sports to find out the relationship between wages and performance. The most used model…
Borghesi, R. (2008). Allocation of scarce resources: Insight from the NFL salary cap. Journal of Economics and Business 60.6: 536-550.
Frick, B., Prinz, J., & Winkelmann, K. (2003). Pay inequalities and team performance: Empirical evidence from the North American major leagues. International Journal of Manpower, 24(4), 472-488.
Fullard, J. (2012). Investigating Player Salaries and Performance in the National Hockey League. Masters Theses
Haugen, J. (2004).Team Success and Personnel Allocation under the National Football League Salary Cap. The Park Place Economist, Vol. XIV, 56-62
AFC Championship Game, the Denver Broncos will host the New England Patriots, and these two will be meeting for the second time in a period of three years. This is bound to be a major tie. hat is at stake is huge with the winner of the NFL game progressing on to Super Bowl 50 (Orr, 2016). Amongst the teams that have battled it out in at least eight conference championship matchups from the time of the merger, it is the Broncos that have a better record compared to the Patriots. The Broncos have seven wins and two losses while the Patriots have eight wins and three losses.
However, statistics indicate that the Patriots are the only second team since the conception of the Super Bowl to make it to five consecutive conference championships. The other team was Raiders, between the years 1973 and 1977, who only managed one title…
Wolfe, Cameron. Game Plan: Who has the edge in Broncos vs. Patriots? The Denver Post, 2016. Retrieved 24 January, 2016 from: http://www.denverpost.com/broncos/ci_29406526/who-has-edge-broncos-vs.-patriots
Dussault, Mike. AFC Championship Game Preview and Prediction: New England Patriots vs. Denver Broncos. Athlon Sports and Life, 2016. Retrieved 24 January, 2016 from: http://athlonsports.com/nfl/afc-championship-game-preview-and-prediction-new-england-patriots-vs.-denver-broncos-2016
Orr, Conor. AFC Championship Game Preview: Can Peyton do it? NFL,2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016 from: http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000625783/article/afc-championship-game-preview-can-peyton-do-it
Wagner-McGough, Sean. 11 stats to arm yourself with for the Patriots-Broncos AFC title game. CBS Sports, 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016 from: http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/eye-on-football/25458164/stats-to-arm-yourself-with-for-patriots-broncos-afc-championship-game
Apart from physical aptitude, societal roles also play a large role. Says Susan Birrell in omen, Sport, and Culture, "it is also clear that sport is strongly associated with the male identity, with being popular and having friends. Rugby and football are archetypical here" (Birrell 35). The bonding stereotypes of the female gender are generally non-physical, and thus sports do not have as positive an association for women. As a result, of that percentage of women that are able to compete at the same level as men in contact sports never enter the arena in the first place.
Regardless of the reason, very few women get involved with contact sports, and practicality makes it difficult for those who are interested to be accommodated. Separate locker room facilities are necessary, and the team dynamics are altered fundamentally as the issue of sexual tension enters the scene. There are some who would…
Birrell, Susan, and Cheryl L. Cole. Women, Sport, and Culture. Champagne, Illinois: University of Illinois, 1994. 35-40.
Lindle, RS., EJ. Metter, NA. Lynch, JL. Fleg, JL. Fozard, J Tobin, TA. Roy, and BF. Hurley. "Age and Gender Comparisons of Muscle Strength in 654 Women and Men Aged 20-93 Yr." Journal of Applied Physiology (1997). 9 Nov. 2006 http://jap.physiology.org/cgi/content/abstract/83/5/1581 .
Miller, AE., JD. Macdougall, MA. Tarnopolsky, and DG. Sale. "Gender Differences in Strength and Muscle Fiber Characteristics." Springerlink (1992). 9 Nov. 2006 http://www.springerlink.com/content/l47235487q162675/.
Women in Wrestling." Independant Lens. Independant Television Services. 7 Nov. 2006 http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/girlwrestler/women.html .
Today, when they go out to eat it is not unusual for the Warners to pay for the meal of another family in a restaurant, to show their seven young children the value of charity (Battista 2010). Warner has also unapologetically proclaimed his devout Christian faith throughout his long career, crediting God with his success. This has earned him the respect of even his non-believing teammates.
Brenda, a former Marine, is known for being a strict yet loving parent. The Warners are determined to instill humble Midwestern values in their children: one reason that Warner's faith is accorded such respect is because of his sincerity and lack of hypocrisy. Before every meal, the family prays, and children must obey certain rules such as "after ordering at a restaurant, be able to tell Mom the server's eye color," and "throw away your trash at the movie theater and stack plates for…
Battista, Julia. (2010, January 10). Cardinal's Warner walks away after 12 improbable years.
The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/30/sports/football/30warner.html
Crouse, Karen. (2008, September 26). The rules of the family.
The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/26/sports/football/26rules.html
There are a few different benefits that college players might receive from joining the union. The first is that they would see increased bargaining power with the universities. This means that they might have improved access to the revenue that is generated by college football -- with bargaining power they can use that revenue as leverage for better wages. At present, these football players really do not have any meaningful bargaining power. The second benefit that they players might well receive is worker protections. The key shift in this ruling is not the ability to organize but the recognition that the players are employees. As an organized union, these football players will have the ability to influence their conditions of employment, in particular with respect to safety. Football is a dangerous game, and joining a union might give the players better ability to bargain their working conditions to improve…
American football is a professional sport that was derived from the game of Rugby by Walter Camp in 1879 (ellis). Walter played football at Yale University where he attended college. He was involved in developing the football rules as we know them today. The rules of football were taken from the sports of Rugby and Soccer. Football has grown into a sport that is widely viewed and attended in the American society. Today, people go to football games at middle schools, high schools, and college stadiums. The college games have become professional games that are attended and viewed through media by millions of fans across the American nation.
The rules that were adopted and changed included; one side, or team, retained the undisputed possession of the ball until that side gives up the ball as a result of violations. The line of scrimmage was also created. The number of…
Bellis, M. (n.d.). History of Football. Retrieved from About.com Inventors: http://inventors.about.com/fstartinventions/a/HistoryFootball.htm
Ormeland, B. (2012, July 10). NFL Dynasties and Hall of Famers. Retrieved from Sports Central: http://www.sports-central.org/sports/2012/07/10/nfl_dynasties_and_hall_of_famers.php
NFL Team With Sports radar for Location-Based Statistics in 2015
This article discusses how the NFL will unveil a more expansive statistics package this season. This package will include location-based data such as speed, acceleration and distance traveled for each play. Statistics are core to the fan experience and the NFL is looking to capitalize on the trend.
The statistical analysis used by Sports radar will rely on regression analysis to provide player statistics. Through this regression Sports radar will prepare weekly histograms designed to showcase the top quarter of players in regards to acceleration, speed, and yardage.
The Very Stark Numbers on Young Black Men and Gun Violence
This article focuses on a statistically analysis conducted by the Pew Research Center regarding race in America. The article articulates the disparate lives between blacks and whites in America. The article explains how a young black man is fives more likely…
Football players can be evaluated using a player evaluation form like the one appearing in American Football Monthly:http://www.americanfootballmonthly.com/Subaccess/Magazine/2013/May/images/04_Loney_Nichols_EvaluationForm.jpg
This form can be used in a formal evaluation process, either on intake or during considerations for lineup changes, as well as providing ongoing feedback and assessment for players on the roster. While this form is actually quite thorough, providing both psychological and physical feedback, it lacks a few skills that could be important for receivers. For example, the form could be improved on by simply adding an assessment box for how high the player can jump from a standing position. There would also be some need to specialized skills. Otherwise, the form provides for the breadth of skills a player will need to succeed, including attitude, work ethic, and leadership ability. Any additional comments can be placed in the "notes" section or in the side bars related to player's best quality…
Soccer balls can be made of rubber or leather; to develop soccer skills a regular ball is not required. For a European nation to develop into a football playing or football loving nation, the country has to develop the sport at the grassroots. It seems to be too much effort for countries that already have an established interest in several different sports.
The sports that come close to football are rugby, which is played in Europe and many other parts of the world and Australian ules football, otherwise known as footie. Both sports require far less infrastructure than football. Only a specific kind of ball is required. Both rugby and footie does not use specialized protective equipment. Most other countries also play basketball, the European nations play hockey and a few nations even play baseball. But none of these sports require the specialized infrastructure of football.
Quality of Players
http://www.essortment.com/all/americanfootbal_rwff.htm>Essortment.com. "American Football History." 2009. April 10, 2009.
It must be mentioned at this point that the original polls which were used until the 2004 to 2005 season, used certain criterion like for example, the team's average, the team's computer ranking average, its schedule rank, its number of losses, and also a quality win component. This sort of tough as nails formula would make sure that the teams would be prepared to play much harder and tougher games and compete more aggressively, with relatively more pressure on them to win.
Today, with the advent of the Bowl Championship Series methods of selection, it is stated that the games become like 'cream puff non-conference' games. In the year 2003, the USC was in fact ranked first in both human polls, but it only managed to finish third in the Bowl Championship series. LSU, ranked first, and Oklahoma, ranked second in the Bowl Championships, but were second and third respectively…
About Bowl Championship Series, (BCS) College Football. Retrieved at http://www.rateitall.com/i-13870-bowl-championship-series-bcs-college-football.aspx. Accessed 14 November, 2005
About the BCS. Bowl Championship Series. Retrieved at http://www.bcsfootball.org/ index2.cfm?page=aboutAccessed 14 November, 2005
Bowl Championship Series... The Final Word. Mike Sports Daily. 3 November, 2005. Retrieved from http://journals.aol.com/cu21ti27mi/MikeSportsDaily/entries/968. Accessed 14 November, 2005
Mason, James. Guidelines for Fixing the Bowl Championship series. Retrieved at http://www.thetriangle.org/news/2005/10/14/Sports/Guidelines.For.Fixing.The.Bowl.Championship.Series-1021258.shtml . Accessed 14 November, 2005
management are strengths within the program?
Liverpool has several different factors that are helping the program to thrive these include: the ability to locate critical talent and increase the club's profitability. What makes Liverpool such a unique team is their ability to identify and recruit new players. This is accomplished through: the homegrown and transfer talent programs. Homegrown talent is when the club will have up and coming players working with some of their minor league organizations. This gives young players the ability to develop and it is providing the team with individuals (who could have an impact on the squad). The transfer talent program is when the team is actively recruiting individuals, who could have a positive effect for Liverpool (from the moment they arrive). These two programs are strengths that management is using to ensure that the team has the best players possible. This is taking place by…
Liverpool Football Club. (n.d.).
Manchester United for Sale. (2005). Independent. Retrieved from: http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/news-and-comment/manchester-united-for-sale-one-careless-owner-8027095.html
Gratton, G. (2010). Research Methods for Sports Studies. New York, NY: Rutledge.
Kimmel, P. (2009). Accounting Principles. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley
Octagon Sports Organization Structure
Octagon Sports Organizational Structure
The most fundamental aspect and/or tool for establishing a successful organization is the organizational structure. Organizational structure is a typical and hierarchical arrangement of lines of authority, rights, duties, and communications within an organization, thereby defining how powers, roles, and responsibilities are assigned, coordinated, and controlled, and how information flows between the diversified levels of management. All these aspects are thereby directed towards the attainment or achievement of an organization's aims and/or goals. An organization's structure depends on the organization's core objectives and strategies. There are two categories of organizational structure comprising (i) centralized structure, and (ii) decentralized structure. Within a centralized structure, the top management owns, if not all then, most of the decision making powers, as well as staunch control over the organization's departments and divisions. On the contrary, in a decentralized organizational structure, the power for decision making is…
Hoffer, C.W., Hunt, C. & Collins, W. (2009). Strategic approach to sports globalization.
Journal of International Marketing, 12(1), 57-74.
Job, P., Woods, J. & Howard, C. (2008). Description of roles of sports agencies, operational and educational programs to prepare for a successful organizational and field performance. Journal of Sports and Entertainment, 45, 27-34.
Octagon Worldwide, (2013). Octagon executive biographies. Retrieved on 15th March, 2014
Axis IV codes some of the major psychosocial stressors the individual may have been facing recently for instance, death of spouse, recent divorce, or possible job loss. It was clear that Aaron Hernandez was dealing with the death of his father and interviews have shown that even though it had been eight years later, he was still devastated by the whole event. What stresses Hernandez the most was the fact that his dead during a hernia operation.
Axis V codes the "level of function" and this is where the person has achieved at the time of assessment, and, in some cases, is utilized to specify the highest level of purpose in the past year. This is normally coded on a scale that goes from 0-100, with 100 being close to "perfect" operative (however none of us would actually even score that high!).
It is clear from the assessment that…
Crockett, S.A. (2012). The journal of mental health counseling publication pattern review: A meta-study of author and article characteristics, 1994-2009. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 23(13), 34-45.
Duffey, T. & . (2012). The role of relational-cultural theory in mental health counseling. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 33(3), 223-242.
Selvarajah, C. (2006). Dimensions that relate to cross-cultural counselling: Perceptions of mental health professionals in auckland, new zealand. Cross Cultural Management, 23(11), 54-68.
Weinrach, S.G. (2011). A critical analysis of the multicultural counseling competencies: Implications for the practice of mental health counseling. Journal of Mental Health Counseling,, 24(1), 20-35.
Again, this is a feature which I found differed significantly in my own experiences. Herein, our coach was frequently moved to considerable frustration and anger by individual losses and would even subject the team to lengthy critical tirades where specific players were singled out for mistakes. These post-game diatribes were often framed by the assessment that our poor performances on any given day might cause a whole's season's work to slip away. This assessment denotes a coach who defined his goals strictly based on tangible success as opposed to such markers as player improvements.
Process v. Results:
The distinction noted above speaks to another difference between successful and effective coaching, with the latter tending to emphasize process and the former, results. This means that successful coaching will gauge its satisfaction based on such results as victories, winning records and late round victories. Effective coaching, by contrast, will gauge this same…
AAP. (2012). Essendon's James Hird plays down Kevin Sheedy showdown. The Australian.
Ashton-Lawson, H. (2010). James Hird's Words to Motivate Bombers: Jobe Watson. Herald Sun.
Clark, J. (2012). Essendon coach James Hird backs mid-year draft. Herald Sun.
Estrop, C.V. (2012). Essendon Coach James Hird Welcomes Test Against Sydney Swans. Couriermail.com.
visual depiction of 5 personal impact groups to which you belong.
My five impact groups.
This has its own culture, history, language (e.g. AAVE) and way of looking at the world. It supports me in difficulties and provides with a social support group that is easily recognizable in any state and all over the world. Our color binds us together. It has impacted the way I grew up, and accordingly my experiences and therefore the way I perceive the world as well as what I like to read, watch, study, and think about. It has certainly too influenced the way that I feel on race and racism and also the way that I feel towards other minority groups and to people who are 'outsiders', scapegoats of society, or oppressed by so-called more powerful, influential others. It drives my desire for justice. This is important for a social worker, and…
Business Plan Proposal:
The Ducks Poker Room
Business Plan Proposal: The Ducks Poker Room
Executive Summary/Company Description
The Ducks Poker Room will be a new for-profit gaming club primarily hosting players of versions of the card game known as "Poker." The Ducks Poker Room will also offer alternate games, including but not limited to promotions for prize pools involving tickets to college basketball and football games. Finally, The Ducks Poker Room will host patrons who are not playing poker.
Business Plan Objectives
Provide exceptional facilities, equipment, service, staff and merchandise that create a highly positive impression on our core customers;
Consistent entertainment atmosphere and product quality;
Capitalize on excellent location opportunity;
d. Launch the venue with a highly publicized grand opening event in the spring of Year 1;
e. Maintain tight control of costs, operations, and cash flow through diligent management and automated computer control;
f. Maintain food costs below…
Service -- Learning Through Photographs
This first photo is highly emblematic of the project that I undertook for this assignment. It is of me and the coaches of the junior league football team that I volunteered for. The person standing right next to me is the head coach, who I worked a number of long hours with to not only help the players on the field, but to help off the field as well. His work ethic was tireless and an inspiration to me and the rest of the staff. The rest of the gentlemen with us are the assistant coaches who have specialized in different aspects of the sport. Both the offensive coordinator and the defensive coordinator are depicted, as well as the special teams specialist. This photo in particular captures the nature of my job, and that of the other supporting coaches. We were responsible for getting these…
UEFA Certificate in Football Management -- The Turkish Edition
Each participant is expected to submit his/her assignment for Module 1, 2 & 3 by the 07.05.2017 directly to IDHEAP project manager. Participants should provide concrete evidence facts and references) to consolidate observations and assess the feasibility of the recommendations made. We emphasise the fact that these observations should be personal ones, drawn from their own assessment and not necessarily reflecting those of their institution. You are expected to write 250 words or more) for each of the questions.
Criteria for Grading Assignments
Assignment grades will be communicated three weeks after they have been submitted which will give participants ample opportunity to take into consideration the constructive feedback they have been given and use this to improve their subsequent submission. The criteria for grading are listed in the table below.
Criteria for Grading Written Assignments
(Hughen, Lulseged, & Upton, 2014)
(Jimoh & Danlami, 2011)
Legal Structure and Management of a National Level Sporting Organisation
Sports activities in the world today are becoming more popular and are attracting huge crowd. This is one of the reasons that have made sponsors to come in so as to help such clubs that are not able to support themselves financially. Through sponsoring, the sponsor is able to market and advertise its products within the stadium where the club is playing among other benefits. It is worth noting that sports are viewed as a means of income to each stakeholder including the players. Essendon football club has made Australia to be known worldwide because of the good performance the club has exhibited over the years.
Essendon Football Club is rated as a dynamic world class club in the Australian sporting arena. The success and competitiveness of the club is dependant on its set legal structure and proper management that…
Books, H. 2011. Articles on Essendon Football Club Including: List of Essendon Football Club, Honours, Anzac Day Class. America, AM: Hephaestus Books.
Bools, L., & LLC, G.B. 2010. Essendon Football CLub: Essendon Football Club, List of Essendon Football CLub Honours. United States, U.S.: General Books LLC.
Clark, T. 2007. Stick This in Your Memory Hole. Doncaster East Victoria, VIC: aduki independent press.
Devaney, J.P. 2009. Full Points Footy: Encyclopedia of Australian Football Clubs. Lincoln, LN: Lulu.com.
Friday Night Lights is a movie about the Permian Panthers, who are a high school football team in Odessa, Texas. The town is racially prejudiced and the economy is bad. The one exciting night in the week is Friday night because that is when the Permian Panthers play their football games. Because of problems on the team and the ways they face the problems, the Permian Panthers teach lessons in character, discipline, team work and also show some things that are wrong with football.
"Friday Night Lights" shows how the good qualities of character, discipline and team work can be developed in football. Dictionary.com says that "Character refers especially to moral qualities, ethical standards, principles, and the like" (Dictionary.com). It also says that "Discipline" is "behavior in accord with rules of conduct" (Dictionary.com). Finally, Dictionary.com says that "Team ork" is "cooperative or coordinated effort on the part of…
Abrams, Zac. Internet Movie Data Base Web site. 2004. Web. 20 January 2012.
Bissinger, Buzz. "NFL Playoffs: Why Football Needs Violence." 17 January 2011. The Daily Beast Web site. Web. 20 January 2012.
Dictionary.com. character, discipline, team work. n.d. Web. 20 January 2012.
Mayer, Larry. "Paralyzed Football Player Rocky Clark Passes Away." 7 January 2012. Chicago Bears Web site. Web. 20 January 2012.
National Football League (NFL) is a powerful organization that has become embedded in American culture. The 2013 Super Bowl, the culminating event for the 2012-2013 season, captured more television viewers than any other televised event ever. Professional football is big business that brings billions of dollars in revenues to many different businesses worldwide. The NFL is primarily an entertainment outlet that relies on public opinion and massive sponsorship to maintain its powerful status within the business world.
There are many reasons therefore that the NFL stays conscious of public opinion as the fickle tastes of its consumers may drift if certain expectations are not met. In 2003 the NFL, facing the threat of many potential lawsuits, enacted what has become known as the Rooney Rule. This rule, named after the owner of the Pittsburgh Steelers Dan Rooney, mandated that for all coaching and general managing job openings a minority candidate…
The Chinese sport has been identified as one of the most dynamic sectors in China based on the market value of the sports industry. In 2013, the market value of the Chinese sports industry was more than $2.91 Billion and increased to $3.44 Billion in 2014 revealing an increase of 18.01%. Typically, Chinese sports industry also recorded the market values of $3.43 Billion at the end of 2015 fiscal year. Although the Chinese sports industry only contributes to 0.63% of the GDP in 2013, however, since 2000, the sports industry has recorded more than 4% annual growth rate based on the increase in the household spending. After the Olympic game in 2008, the market value of the Chinese sports industry has increased by 20%. A report by the Chamber of Commerce (2015) shows that before the success of Lina's, the CSSM ("Chinese Sports Sponsorship Market") value (p 1) was approximate…
Bob Hayes -- Sports Hero
One of my all-time inspirational heroes is Bob Hayes, known as the only athlete to win a gold medal in the Olympics and also a Super Bowl ring. Hayes as a young man with a great deal of athletic talent grew up in a segregated community in Jacksonville, Florida, but he went on to dazzle the world with his accomplishments. This paper details that rise to fame.
Bob Hayes struggled from childhood on to become what he knew he could become, and his career should serve as a positive role model for any young man caught in a socioeconomically underserved neighborhood with odds against him because of the color of his skin and because of racial stereotyping.
Bob Hayes' Life and Times
Hayes was born to Mary (Green) Hayes and George Sanders on the 20th day of December, 1942 in a ghetto on the east…
Gale Biography in Context. "Bob Hayes." Retrieved July 29, 2013, from Biography in Context,
Web. (2013): pp. 1-2.
Pro-Football Hall of Fame. "Bob Hayes." Retrieved July 29, 2013, from http://www.profootballhof.com
Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives. "Bob Hayes." Retrieved July 29, 2013, from Biography in Context (2013): pp. 1-3.
e., their use of anabolic steroids (and whether they had ever been offered steroids), their involvement in power sports, appearance and eating problems, and problem behavior. Background information about the participants included their degree of urbanization, parental socioeconomic status and the region to which they belonged.
Analyses of the study's results show that the prevalence of steroid use among Norwegian youth was lower (lifetime use was 0.8% and 12 months prevalence was 0.3%) than in several other Western societies such as the U.S. (2.5% to 7%) and in Australia, Canada, Sweden and South Africa (2% to 3.5%). It also showed that AAS use was first and foremost associated with problem behavior (i.e., drug [marijuana] involvement and aggressive-type conduct problems). Its relation with power sports and appearance came in at second and third place respectively.
The study is, therefore, significant in highlighting the hitherto largely ignored area of problem behavior in…
Admissions before BALCO grand jury detailed." (2004, December). ESPN.com. Retrieved on November 1, 2005 at http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/news/story?id=1936592
Anabolic Steroid Abuse." (2000, April). National Institute on Drug Abuse: Research Report Series. Retrieved on November 1, 2005 at http://www.drugabuse.gov/PDF/RRSteroi.pdf
Langone, J. (1995). Tough Choices A Book about Substance Abuse. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
Miller, R.W. (1987, November). Athletes and Steroids: Playing a Deadly Game. FDA Consumer, 21, 16+.
Octagon Sports Marketing Plan
Octagon Sports Marketing
Octagon Sports Company has been proud to be an industry leader in terms of events management, sports and entertainment marketing, and representation of athletes and personalities al over the world. It was founded in the year 1983 and after wards acquired as sports and entertainment event marketing arm of the Interpublic Group of Companies (IPG) in 1997 by the same company (IPG). Currently Octagon Company is able to employ more than 1000 professionals in the more than 60 offices across the globe.
Octagon Sports Marketing Company has been a pioneer in terms of full service sports and entertainment corporate consulting, bringing together various marketing disciplines and services in a single roof for the benefit of our clients. The in-house resources that our company offers are efficiency and convenience and this is apart from traditional and specialized services offered. In several occasion the company…
Davis. The business of sports agents. University of Pennsylvania Press. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
Frank Craighili (2000) Despite costs, buying binge not over yet Retrieved March 15, 2014. http://www.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Journal/Issues/2000/05/20000529/No-Topic-Name/Despite-Costs-Buying-Binge-Not-Over-Yet.aspx
Los Angeles (CA) 2009) Entertainment PR/Marketing/Celebrity Consulting (First Call). Retrieved March 15, 2014 www.octagonfirstcall.com
McLean (2013) Athlete and Property Marketing. Retrieved March 15, 2014 www.octagon.com/AthletesPersonalities/13.
In addition to his role as political leader, Yoast leads from a symbolic framework. He had coached the team through fifteen successful seasons and therefore the entire town of Alexandria, the school staff, and the players all respected him as leader even after he was demoted. Yoast's spunky daughter looks up to her dad as a symbolic leader and because of her passionate involvement with the team, she also serves as a symbolic leader in the movie. Yoast symbolizes effective leadership in Remember the Titans, due to his self-sacrificing approach to teamwork, his ability to triumph in the face of adversity, and his visible successes on the gridiron.
Yoast's demotion itself can be viewed from within a structural and symbolic framework too. Because of to the social and political changes taking place in American society and at the administrative level of the school system, Boone replaced Yoast as a token…
Given that people engage in sporting events for a wide range of reasons, the authors assert that it is time for athletes to develop a moral code that embraces higher standards of conduct that will help reverse these recent trends and once again provide American sports with a sense of fair play and respect.
Fredenburg, Karen, Rafer Lutz, Glenn Miller et al. (2005). "Dismissals and Perceptions of Pressure in Coaching in Texas High Schools: Similarities and Differences with Previous Studies Show the Contemporary Face of Coaching Pressure." JOPERD-- The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 76(1):29.
In this essay, the authors report that there have been a number of recent studies and reports that suggest that the pressure in high school sports is growing, rather than declining. The authors cite an article in Sports Illustrated that described the alarming trends of parental misbehavior at youth sport events. The president…
Sales and Promotion
Blue Mountain Community College has been experiencing some difficulty in the area of developing a sales and promotion plan for the athletic department. The purpose of this discussion is to resolve this problem through the development of a detailed plan for promotion and sales of its teams. The plan will be inclusive of the five teams the community college has including football, baseball, softball, and men's and women's basketball.
Regardless of the sport being discussed in terms of promotion and sales, one of the key components in improving sales is associated with relationship marketing (Parvatiyar & Sheth 2001). According to Bee & Kahle (2006)
"Relationship marketing is important because it can be effective. It facilitates role enactment by providing definitions for types of influence and communication strategies that should characterize two participants in a relationship. Teams, leagues, athletes, marketing corporations, and fans have relationships with…
Bee C.C., Kahle, L.R.. (2006) Relationship Marketing in Sports: A Functional Approach. Sport Marketing Quarterly. 15, 102-110
Fink, J.S., Trail, G.T., & Anderson, D.F. (2002). Environmental factors associated with attendance and sport consumption behavior: Gender and team differences. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 11, 8-19
Fullerton S., Merz, G.R. (2008) The Four Domains of Sports Marketing: A Conceptual Framework. Sport Marketing Quarterly,, 17, 90-108
Irwin, R.L., Sutton W.A., McCarthy, L.M. (2008) Sport promotion and sales management. Human Kinetics
Deliberate and Emergent Strategies
Companies have a number of different options as they chart their course, seeking to maximize their advantages and limit their liabilities. Two of the major strategies that companies can follow are deliberate strategies, which consist of a systematic course of action that is pursued to allow a company to reach a desired object of goal. Another basic strategy approach is that of the emergent strategy, which involves a company's responding to the particular conditions and dynamics of a particular situation. This paper describes three companies (in three different sectors) that are pursuing a deliberate strategy and three that are pursuing an emergent strategy.
Deliberate Strategy deliberate strategy may be seen as one that is initiated from within a company and that accords with the company's intrinsic goals. Of course, it is unlikely to be the case that any company can ever pursue what might…
Griffin, Ricky. Management (7th ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. http://portal.cetim.org/file/1/67/Katzy-1998-Design-and-Implementation-of-Virtual-Organizations.pdf . http://www.celestialseasonings.com/whoweare/csdifference.php
Educator Coach Resume
6335 La Mirada Way -- Long Beach, CA 92042
ATHLETIC DIRECTOR -- COACH -- ADMINISTRATOR -- TEACHER
Professional, experiences, articulate and student-focused professional with proven expertise in motivating you to achieve appropriate goals. Prioritizing strategies for wining school athletic programs without losing sight of team-building, social, and sportsmanship training. Holds students, parents, staff in high-esteem while ensuring that students of all levels are accountable for their performance and attitude, on and off the field. Interacts with colleagues and administrators with a high degree of professionalism and personal integrity. Background includes pedagogical leadership and business. Extremely dedicated to student and staff development. Proficient with athletic scheduling software. Adept at training programs for all levels.
LONG BEACH HIGH SCHOOL, Long Beach, CA
2002 -- Present
Athletic Director, Boys Football and Basketball Coach
Reorganized football and basketball programs and exceeded California Athletic Association Standards
Created new policies and…
Colonial Authorities in Africa and Their Attempts to Curb Leisure Activities through the Law: The Conflict between African Identity and British Rule
The British colonial administrators in Africa viewed Africans like “children” in need of training in terms of how to be more masculine ala the Western tradition: for that reason, Oliver Bell, president of the British Film Institute, wrote “the native must be treated as we treat a ten-year-old white child, i.e….he must be shown films of action of the Western type” (Burns, 2002, p. 103). While it was true that Africans enjoyed cowboy films, in the years that followed Bell’s recommendation, there occurred among the settlers the sense that cowboy films were inspiring a violent attitude among the Africans and should therefore be banned. This attempt on the one hand to cultivate a Western ethic in the African and on the other to curtail aggressive or perceived hostile…