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Once the purpose of a challenging behavior is understood then educators can design a behavior support plan that includes instructional supports and strategies that aid the student to get what they need in a more socially suitable way. The FBA is a team effort that requires bringing together people who know the student well like the parents, teachers, counselors, and sometimes the student themselves. This team then identifies the problem behavior to target for intervention, gathers data, and then uses the information to develop a hypothesis about why the behavior is taking place (Functional Behavior Assessment and Behavior Support Plans, n.d.).
An example of a situation in which a student would require a Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) and Behavior Support Plan (BSP) would be that of Billy. Billy likes school and has many friends. His favorite subjects are English and math. Billy has a great relationship with his dad, who…
Behavioral Intervention Plan. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.dpi.state.nc.us/ec/supportprograms/resources/behavioral/
Functional Behavior Assessment and Behavioral Intervention Plans. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.fldoe.org/ese/pdf/tap99-3.pdf
Functional Behavior Assessment and Behavior Support Plans. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CB4
Functional Behavioral Assessment: John Doe
John Doe is a six-year-old boy (D.O.B. 11/15/2005), who is presenting with irritated symptoms relating to a diagnosis of moderate autism. At first glance, John appears to be a healthy, well-nourished and well taken care of young boy. John lives at home with his parents and two younger sisters in a middle-class suburban neighborhood. John was diagnosed with autism in 2010, and since this time has received consistent medical care as well as consistent care from his parents, which has aided in the maintenance of John's health and well-being. Recently, John and his family have experienced significant transition. The family has moved cross-country into a new home, placing John and his siblings in new surroundings and a new school district. Additionally, while Mrs. Doe until this point in time had maintained a presence in the home as a stay-at-home-mom, she has now joined the workforce…
Several assessment tools are available, often using data collection sheets that include items such as direct observation and interviews with adults who closely interact with the student. In Justin's case, this group could include Carrie, the paraprofessional who works directly with Justin, in addition to the special education teacher, the speech and language specialist, other teachers who regularly interact with Justin (e.g., art, physical education, music and media), and Justin's parents.
Justin's tantrums are a cause of concern for their negative effects not just on Justin but on the classroom as a whole. An FBA can be done on Justin; managing these outbursts is the main goal for the kindergarten year so that more learning can take place. It is important that the target behavior descriptions are as specific as possible. For example, "has outbursts" does not provide as much information as "screams, cries, kicks and throws items when upset."…
Blair, K.C., Umbreit, J., Dunlap, G., and Gilsoon, J. (2007). Promoting inclusion and peer participation through assessment-based intervention. Topics in Early Childhood
Special Education 27(3), pp. 134-147.
Functional behavior assessment. (2010). Autism Classroom. Retrieved from http://www.autismclassroom.com/strategies/teachers/behavior-interventions/functional-behavior-assessments/
Kivi, R. (2011). Teacher tips -- Teaching autistic students. Bright Hub Education 11/24/2011.
The author of this report has been asked to review and assess a functional behavior assessment that was completed for a patient. Within this brief summary, the behavior itself and the function of the same behavior will be analyzed and summarized. Parts of the description will include the background of the student, a narrative description of the behavior, the setting or settings within which the behavior occurs, the frequency of the behavior, the intensity of the behavior, the duration of the behavior, previous attempted interventions and the educational impact of all of the above. For the function of the behavior, this would include the affective regulation/emotional reactivity, the cognitive distortion, the reinforcement, the modeling, the family issues, the psychological/constitutional issues, the communicative need and curriculum/instruction facets of the behaviors and outcomes thus far. While the situation with the student could be much worse, there are some troubling signs…
Check all that apply x ( Observation | x ( Student Interview |x
Classroom Behavior Management
Developing a classroom that takes cultural diversity into account begins with understanding one's own ethnocentrism, that a lot of what we take for granted pertains specifically to our own cultural upbringing. Children who come from other cultures -- and their parents -- may well have different ideas and ideals. It is important to learn about the different cultures that are present in my classroom, as a starting point for understanding. A lot of developing an inclusive classroom involves listening to students and parents, so as to understand their cultures better, and how that pertains to the classroom. My plan would have specific Tier 1 rules, governing the basics of classroom behavior that are not subject to question on the basis of culture. But there will also need to be more of an individualized (Tier 2) approach, where some students from other cultures might receive special attention, or…
Author's note with contact information and further details on collegiate affiliation, etc.
Article Summary on Behavioral Disorders
In the article, "The Impact of Targeted Classroom Interventions and Function-Based Behavior Interventions on Problem Behaviors of Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders," the authors focus upon assessment based interventions in special education. The authors want to study the changes functional behavior assessments have on the daily routines of and the problem behaviors in special education settings. The authors begin their article with a historical review of literature and research on what makes for an effective classroom. There is substantial evidence that shows a direct relationship between the students' social and academic behaviors and the classroom setting or ecology. The focus of this particular study is upon the physical and environmental factors in a classroom that contribution to the reduction of problem behaviors in emotionally disturbed students in a special education environment.…
Trussell, R.P., Lewis, T.J., & Stichter, J.P. (2008) The Impact of Targeted Classroom Interventions and Function-Based Behavior Interventions on Problem Behaviors of Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders. Behavioral Disorders, 33(3), 153 -- 166.
Leonard's behavior should be considered as challenging behavior. His behavior is disruptive to the class. When he is told to do something or to stop doing something, he does not follow instructions. He does not pay attention or follow through on work assignments. His need to move around is constant.
Leonard's behavior should be changed through the functional assessment and intervention model described by Chandler and Dahlquist (2014). It should be a team-based process with teachers and parents working together to help Leonard overcome the sensory obstacles that are limiting his ability to concentrate, sit still, study, and succeed in class (Chandler, Dahlquist, 2014, p. 40). Not only is a parent-teacher team work needed, but also the "whole school," as Sugai et al. (2000, p. 131) observe in their analysis of how to apply functional assessment in schools. What is meant by the "whole school" is the collective…
Chandler, L., Dahlquist, C. (2014). Functional Assessment: Strategies to Prevent and Remediate Challenging Behaviors in School Settings. NY: Pearson.
Sugai, G., et al. (2000). Applying positive behavior support and functional behavioral assessment in schools. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2(3): 131-143.
18). In this manner, the public and private sectors can ascertain that via reflection and debate, the appropriate issues are addressed, the product is truly what it is with no erroneous and misleading claims attached, and that consultation will be implemented in a manner equitable to all. This was the way, for instance that Pollard et al. (2001) and Roos et al. (2002) implemented food and nutrition policy schemes at the local, state, and national levels, for instance, in the case of Pollard et al. (2001), in child care centers.
Questions that involved in policy evaluation include:
Have the stated goals and performance indicators of the policy been achieved -- for instance, is corruption impeded and all foods truly styled for what they are including their potential negatives?
Are there changes in the area that the policy was supposed to be influencing?
Has the policy really caused the claimed change…
Alma Ata Declaration of Health for All (1978) http://www.who.int/hpr/NPH/docs/declaration_almaata.pdf ,
Bridgeman, P., & Davis, G. (2002). A policy cycle. In the Australian policy handbook (pp. 23-33). Canberra: AGPS.
Busch, L. (2002). The homiletics of risk. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 15, 17-29.
Cummins, S., & Macintyre, S. (2002). "Food deserts" -- evidence and assumption in health policy making. British Medical Journal, 325, 436-438.
Gordon's Functional Health Pattern (Teen)
Adolescent Summary - Gordon's Functional Health Pattern
Date of Visit: 8/31/2012, 10:30am.
ace/Gender Hispanic, Female
Weight: 34 kg.
Height: 4ft. 7 inches
BMI: Normal ange 16.6 kg/m2
eason for Visit: Evidence of exasperated asthmatic conditions. (Not an acute asthma attack). Became overexerted at school, 8/30/12. estless night and complaints of tightness in chest and inability to catch breath. Slight wheezing can be heard during exhales. Potential asthma complications; albuterol has proven slightly ineffective in easing symptoms and discomfort.
Financial History: Patient is fully covered under parent's insurance. Mother works; serving as informant and escort to physician. Single parent household.
Past Health History: Patient is fully immunized and receives all routine health and wellness physicals and exams as appropriate. Last physical exam 5/30/2011, prior to beginning of summer camp. History includes struggle with exercise-induced asthma (albuterol use via bronchodilator).…
Hull, J., Hull, P., Parsons, J., Dickinson, J., & Ansley, L. (2009). Approach to the diagnosis and management of suspected exercise-induced bronchoconstriction by primary care physicians. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 929.
The learning atmosphere in schools have changed drastically over the years and the schools which were once considered safe are becoming sites of bullying, violence and anti-social activities, Presently the school administration and also the teachers are under tremendous pressure for ensuring a safe, disciplined and effective learning environment, enabling students to acquire academic and social skills that would equip them in academic achievement and assist them in the overall development of the students. This recent increase in the pressure is greatly due to the increasing incidences of violence in the schools and played up by the media and the challenges faced by the teachers in deciding the most appropriate disciplinary measures to set the problem student back on the learning path. This brings to light the changing profiles of teachers, from that of good academicians to that of a versatile educator-cum-counsellor-disciplinarian, capable of guiding his students through…
Gresham, F.M. (1998). Social skills training: Should we raze, remodel, or rebuild? Behavioral Disorders, 24, 19-25.
Grusec, J.E. (1982). The socialisation of altruism. In N. Eisenberg (ed), The Development of Prosocial behavior, 135-57.New York: Academic Press
Hartup, W.W. (1996) The company they keep: Friendships and their developmental significance. Child Development, 67, 1-13.
Horner, R.H. & Sugai, G. (2002). Overview of Positive Behavior Support. Paper presented at the 2002 Convention of the Council for Exceptional Children, New York.
Depending on the child's abilities and self-awareness, these could include avoidance of triggers, self-soothing strategies, and learning to process the feelings and choose more healthy alternative responses. Results of the -B-C assessment can be shared with other educators and parents and can assist in the planning of the next set of goals in the student's education plan.
second assessment strategy is monitoring achievement in the classroom. s shown in the short video available through the IRIS Center (http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/gpm/challenge.htm), test scores alone do not give teachers enough information about why their students are struggling and what kind of interventions would be effective in helping them. Curriculum-based measurement (CBM) on student progress can be used to inform instruction, estimate and then document student progress, and share information about student progress with parents and other educators.
The CBM process requires that the teacher first select appropriate tests (probes) for the students' grade and…
A second assessment strategy is monitoring achievement in the classroom. As shown in the short video available through the IRIS Center ( http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/gpm/challenge.htm ), test scores alone do not give teachers enough information about why their students are struggling and what kind of interventions would be effective in helping them. Curriculum-based measurement (CBM) on student progress can be used to inform instruction, estimate and then document student progress, and share information about student progress with parents and other educators.
The CBM process requires that the teacher first select appropriate tests (probes) for the students' grade and skill levels. As the school year progresses, students are given similar items on probes and should get more of these items correct as learning takes place. Probes must be administered on a regular basis, whether that is weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly, and must be scored the same way each time. In the third step of the process, the teacher graphs the results, providing a visual that is easy and quick to use, both for students and teachers. The graphs can also help with goal-setting, which is the final step in the process.
CBM serves as both formative and summative assessments. The formative aspect allows the teacher to change instruction in response to a student's needs. It allows students, educators and parents to focus on current achievements and deficits. The summative aspect allows student, teacher and parent to see what the student has accomplished over the entire year. It is an important component in goal-setting for the next academic year.
Behavior Change Chart
Janesta takes the doll Emily was playing with.
Emily bit Janesta.
Emily was picked up and told, "We don't bite," and held in lap for a few minutes before she runs to play with blocks.
Emily bit someone that was taking something from her in order to defend herself and received individual attention.
Without provocation Emily bites a boy
Emily bit the boy on the shoulder.
Emily was picked up by the assistant and moved her to the reading area where a book is read to her. Emily stayed there for ten minutes, quietly turning pages.
Emily bit the boy because she learned that she would get individual attention when she acted out in this way.
CE300 Unit 6 Project: Behavior Change Chart
How would you change the antecedent?
What do you expect to happen and why?
Behavior unraveled. (2011). Retrieved from http://behaviorunraveled.com/
therapy is usually applied in cases such as the one exhibited by Kong, following the loss of a loved one. The procedure is outlined below:
The Semi-Structured Clinical Interview
The informal assessment of individuals faced with the effects of the loss of a loved one such as Kong's case is the semi structured interview. This approach allows the therapist to classify victims according to the symptoms that they exhibit. The approach allows for the recording of changes in profile symptoms demonstrated over time. The information below should be collected from a client.
The mental illness history of the family
Ones medical history
Any past visits or interactions with a psychiatrist
One's social history
Varying aspects of one's specific information should be collected regarding the loss of a loved one
There is need to focus the interview details on the secondary and primary…
Identify the Student's Behavior
The student's behavior is focusing on how their condition (i.e. attention deficit disorder) is negatively affecting their relationship with others in the class and the teacher. This is problematic, as they have not learned constructive ways to deal with their issues or how to use specific strategies to address these challenges. Over the course of time, this has a negative impact on them by changing their attitudes and making it difficult to interact with their peers and educators. This is the point, they can become disconnected with everyone else and fall behind the class. (Jordan, 2011) (Scott, 2010)
The student's problem behavior is for their inability to focus for long periods of time. This makes it difficult for them to concentrate and quietly listen to different ideas. Instead, they will misbehave and act out. This disrupts the class and it makes it difficult for…
Jordan, D. (2011). Functional Behavioral Assessment and Positive Interventions. Families and Advocates Partnership for Education. Retrieved from: www.fape.org
Scott, T. (2010). Functional Behavior Assessment. Intervention in School and Clinic, 46 (2), 87-94.
FBA and IDEA in Our School District
The functional behavioral assessment (FBA) is a method of solving a problem of student behavior by determining the cause of the problem and developing an intervention to address and correct it. It includes identifying the behavior that is the target and how it can be reached based on the information gathered about the student. Ideally, the entire school will participate in the process of addressing the issue, as each member of the school body brings a perspective and shared level of experience that can positively shape outcomes (Sugai et al., 2000). Likewise, based on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendents (IDEA), the need to implement an IEP (individualized education program) is imperative and should be aligned with the FBA (Drasgow, Bradley, Shriner, 1999). This paper will provide the steps used by my school district to complete an FBA, review the IDEA criteria…
Chandler, L., Dahlquist, C. (2014). Functional Assessment: Strategies to Prevent and Remediate Challenging Behaviors in School Settings. NY: Pearson.
Drasgow, E., Bradley, R., Shriner, J. (1999). The IDEA amendments of 1997.
Education and Treatment of Children, 22(3): 244-266.
New Mexico Public Education Department. (2015). Functional Behavioral Assessment.
In fact, PBS is an inclusive approach since it becomes increasingly applicable to different segments of society such as multicultural youth and urban youth (Utley, Kozleski, Smith, & Draper, 2002). Perhaps, the reason this form of support applies so universally because it uses a collaborative team of people whom know and care about the troubled teenager. hese individuals such as family members, teachers, counselors, and administrators come together and determine functionally the processes which this individual performs and which ones he/she has trouble with or, in other words, together -- with the assistance of the student too -- they put together a functional behavioral assessment and then determine the specific, individualized needs of the student (Carr, 2002). Based upon that particular student's needs, the team derives approaches to help reduce the problem behavior and replace it with appropriate behavior. he reason that this process is said to have lasting effects…
Twenty-second Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disability Act. Washington, D.C.: Author.
Utley, C.A., Kozleski, E., Smith, A., & Draper, I.L. (2002). Positive Behavior Support: A Proactive Strategy for Minimizing Behavior Problems in Urban Multicultural Youth. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4(4), 196+. doi:10.1177/10983007020040040301
doi:10.1177/10983007030050020301Warren, J.S., Edmonson, H.M., Griggs, P., Lassen, S.R., Mccart, A., Turnbull, A., et al. (2003). Urban Applications of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support: Critical Issues and Lessons Learned. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 5(2), 80+.
Date of Birth: May 1, 2003
121 Lincoln Street
Chronological Age: 9 years 10 months
eferring District: Elmer Public Schools
Greg, age 9, lives in Boston with his mother Eileen, his father visits a few times a year and he has no other siblings. Greg has lived with Eileen since birth and only lived with his father until after the divorce when he was 7. Mother has recently remarried. Currently he attends an integrated-preschool classroom at the Briarcliff School in the Elmer Public School district.
Descriptions of Problem Behavior Operationally Defined
This functional behavior assessment is being completed at the request of the Elmer Public Schools Special Education department in response to Mrs. Smith's request for recommendations to assess Greg's behavior regarding sensory integration and behavior disorder.
Measure the Problem: Exhibits lack of desire to socialize with peers along with…
Barnhill, G.P. (2005). Functional behavioral assessment in schools. Intervention in School and Clinic, 40(3), 131-143.
Fox, J.J., & Conroy, M.A. (2000). FBA for children and youth with emotional-behavioral disorders: Where we should go in the twenty-first century. Preventing School Failure, 44(4), 140-142.
Neff, N.A., & Iwata, B.A. (1994). Current research on functional analysis methodologies: An introduction. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27, 211-214.
Risley, T. (2005). Montrose M. Wolf (1935-2004). Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 38(2), 279-287.
Do you think this student might have a learning disability? Why or why not?
learning disability is referred to as affecting acquisition, organization, retention, and understanding of information, both verbal and nonverbal, as gauged from perceiving, thinking, remembering, or learning. The student understands information, memorizes information, understands science concepts, and has fairly good math skills.
Do you think this student might have ADHD? Why or why not?
ADHD is defined through three main groups of symptoms; inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Inattention; the student has messy writing, lacks focus -- struggles to read class materials, and forgets to complete homework. Hyperactivity; the student has difficulty staying at his desk, and is very talkative in class. Impulsivity; has difficulty following rules, and talks out inappropriately without raising his hand.
What assessment tools would be used to determine whether or not this student has ADHD?
There is not an established criterion…
Danielson, M. (2015, October). "The Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD Among Children in Foster Care Using Medicaid Claims Data, 2011." In 2015 AAP National Conference and Exhibition. American Academy of Pediatrics.
Siu, A. L. (2015). Screening for speech and language delay and disorders in children aged 5 years or younger: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Pediatrics, 136(2), e474-e481.
EHAVIORAL APPROACHES FOR INCLUSION
Students with emotional or behavioral problems face serious hurdles both in school and when their education has ended. Few receive services outside the school, making school the only place they receive any help (Mannella et. al., 2002). In recent years, professionals have devised better ways for dealing with these students (Childs et. al., 2001). The approaches include inclusion in regular settings instead of isolating the students in special settings whenever possible, using tools such as functional behavioral analyses (FA), and using the results of behavioral analyses to plan positive educational and behavioral interventions.
One problem with using inclusion with any kind of student, but especially students with emotional or behavioral disorders, is that schools often think they're using inclusion when they are not. Some schools have claimed to be using inclusion when all special-needs students remained in special classes (Mamlin, 1999). In one case, students…
Anderson, Cynthia M., Proctor, Briley; and Shriver, Mark D. 2001. "Evaluating the Validity of Functional Behavior Assessment." School Psychology Review Vol. 30.
Bustamante, Selina; Harrower, Joshua K.; Kincaid, Donald; Knoster, Tim; and Shannon, Patrick. 2002. "Measuring the Impact of Positive Behavior Support." Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, Vol. 4.
Childs, Karen; Clarke, Shelly; Delaney, Beth; Dunlap, Glen; and Kern, Lee. 2001. "Improving the Classroom Behavior of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders Using Individualized Curricular Modifications."
Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders Vol. 9.
intervention to deal with the reading problems of a North Philadelphia classroom hat the author will discuss first of all is the deficiencies of the Title 1 program itself. The we will examine the following issues:
a) Setting and Sample Population
b) Data Collection Procedures
c) Discussion of Action (Intervention)
The Federal Muddle
hile it may seem academic, one must understand the limits of the Title 1 program itself. hile Federal funding is allowed for the program, federally mandated curricula is not (" 20 usc," 2011). Unfortunately, the entire controversy was born in genius of bureaucratic overreach. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 explicitly forbids federally determined curricula. Indeed, the U.S. Constitution doe not authorize it either. In other words, the government threw money at the problem in the hope that it would increase Federal influence. Obviously, this was done, but in such a watered down manner that…
Evers, W. (2000, January 17). Secretary riley reignites the math wars. Retrieved from http://www.hoover.org/news/daily-report/24316
Fairbanks, S., Sugai, G., Guardino, D., & Lathrop, M. (2007). Response to intervention: examining classroom behavior support in second grade. Council for Exceptional Children., 73(3), 288-310.
Foorman, B. (2001). Critical elements of classroom and small-group instruction promote reading success in all children. Learning Disabilities and Research Practice, 16(5), 203-212.
Foorman, B., Francis, D., Fletcher, J., LaSchatschneiderst, C., & Mehta, P. (1998). The role of instruction in learning to read: preventing reading failure in at risk children . Journal of Educational Instruction, 90(1), 37-55.
Behavioral Approach Instruction Criticism
There are different benefits and strengths of instruction and classroom management that is done on the basis of behavioral theory. For starters, human beings learn by acting on the environment that they are in. This is in the sense that individuals act on the world, and transform it, and are in turn transformed by the implication of their actions. In particular, individuals effectively learn in a responsive environment. Having instruction and classroom management that is based on behavior provides such a setting. Teachers that use praise and also rewards with respect to the behavior and performance of the students facilitate the creation of such a learning setting. Another key advantage of this approach is the maintenance of inherent motivation. Through the use of tangible rewards dependent on the performance of a certain task or are rendered unexpectedly, fundamental motivation is maintained. According to Eisenberg et al.…
The orchestration of all aspects of B2B marketing is significantly more complex and challenging as well, a point shown in the discussions. The researchers did find enough causality to create a model of value-driven marketing, and it does show that only through a continual focus and auditing of customer needs will B2B marketing reach the levels of performance in B2 markets (Leek, hristodoulides, 2012). There are also many limitations of this study, including the lack of an empirically sounds research methodology, more effective sampling frame, and the inclusion of more diverse respondents to better represent the markets of interest. The model has also created a model of causality based on limited data and the transformation of brand value to relationships strength, initially proven with the sample, is tenuous when evaluated from the context of am empirical study. Due to these factors the research needs to be considered anecdotal at best,…
Chang, S., Wang, K., Chih, W., & Tsai, W. (2012). Building customer commitment in business-to-business markets. Industrial Marketing Management, 41(6), 940.
Leek, S., & Christodoulides, G. (2012). A framework of brand value in B2B markets: The contributing role of functional and emotional components. Industrial Marketing Management, 41(1), 106.
Singh, R., & Koshy, A. (2011). Does salesperson's customer orientation create value in B2B relationships? empirical evidence from India. Industrial Marketing Management, 40(1), 78.
Alcoholism researchers developed this model. The model presumes that a consumer is in one phase of change at any given time. This model entails Maintenance, action, maintenance, preparation or pre-contemplation (Patrick 189). The concept is that consumers have to shift from one stage to the next. The stages prepare them to move to the next ones sequentially. This suggests that if consumers hurry through or if they skip stages they are likely to experience setbacks. In addition, different stages apply different strategies. For instance, a person who is addicted to smoking and is at the pre-contemplation stage: this means that the person is not even thinking of quitting the habit. Probably, such a person is always not ready to consider making a list of alternatives (Lucas 920).
This model has been successful in areas such as drug abuse, smoking, and alcohol. However, the model has been applied in changing health…
Biederman, J et al. Are girls with ADHD at risk for eating disorders? Results from a controlled, five-year prospective study. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2007 Aug;28(4):302-7.
Busko, Marlene. Girls With ADHD Are at Increased Risk for Eating Disorders and Depression.
Nov 08, 2007. Medscape News Today. Web.
Activities to Reduce Inappopiate Behavios Displayed by Childen With Autism and Othe Developmental Disabilities
The pupose of this dissetation study is to test the effectiveness of an eveyday activities-based potocol (Holm, Santangelo, Fomuth, Bown & Walte, 2000) fo managing challenging and disuptive behavios of 13- to 23-yea-old esidential students (male and female) with Autism who live at Melmak Homes, Inc., of southeasten Pennsylvania, and attend school o adult day pogams. Applied behavio analysis and a focus on eveyday occupations (activities) will be combined duing the intevention phase. Reinfocement will be fo subtask completion and duation of paticipation, NOT fo absence of taget maladaptive o disuptive behavios. Behavio analysts, howeve, will document the fequency/duation of the taget behavios duing each condition. Inteventions will occu daily, Monday though Fiday. A single-subject, multiple-baseline, acoss-subjects design with nine subjects will be used to evaluate change in behavios unde altenating conditions. Data will be analyzed…
references, and favorites)
Child and Family Assets
(Abilities, strengths, skills, accomplishments, and capabilities)
Functional and Meaningful Interactions
(Purposeful interactions; ways interests and assets are used in everyday life)
(1994) relates that a bond "establishes a linkage between a pair of actors" and it is this bond that is the key building block of a Virtual Team. According to Katz and Lazer (nd) inclusive within the scope of this bond are other characteristics such as respect, friendship, collaboration, affect, change and spatial propinquity." (Katz and Lazer, nd) it is additionally related by Katz and Lazer that the network needs of a team "are shaped by a variety of moderating variables." (Katz and Lazer, nd) the following chart illustrates both the 'functional' and the 'network' need.
Functional and Network Need of the Team
Source: Katz and Lazer (nd)
In the work entitled: "uilding locks for Teams" published by Penn State it is stated that there are "...several configurations for a virtual team, but probably the most important characteristic is that the members cannot always meet face-to-face for one reason or…
Building and Leading Virtual Teams (2005) Contour Consulting. April 2005
Katz, Nancy and Lazer, David (nd) Building Effective Intra-Organizational Networks.
Wasserman, S. & Faust, K. 1994. Social network analysis. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Newman, Laurel Vaughn (2005) Building Effective Virtual Teams: Using Selection Interviews and Peer Assessment. 18th Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning.
" child who has disabilities certainly is expected to lack at least "some of the skills" that are required for participation in class activities, and hence, "need special assistance to develop" the needed skills vis-a-vis "the typical preschool" setting. So, that is where ecological assessment comes into the picture, in specific the "development of daily inclusion patterns of the preschool setting" based on the careful assessment of activity demands, "routines, and interactional patterns (both peer and adult)."
The article goes on to point out that "there must be a strong, direct link between assessment, child goals, and intervention content and activities" to make absolutely certain that the child is deriving "maximum benefits from an intervention program" that is to be delivered in inclusive preschool environments.
In the article, Quality Teaching for Diverse Students in Schooling: Best Evidence Synthesis (Alton-Lee, 2003), the author points out that a way to go about…
Akos, Patrick. (2005). The Unique Nature of Middle School Counseling. Professional School
Counseling, 9(2), 95-104.
Alton-Lee, Adrienne. (2003). Quality Teaching for Diverse Students in Schooling: Best
Evidence Synthesis. Wellington: Ministry of Education. ISBN: 0-478-18742-4
Managing Behaviors & Teaching Social Skills
Antisocial behavior in schools in on the rise and has become a concern in school systems, from both a learning perspective and from a safety perspective, as well. Previously, schools have dealt with such behaviors using punitive measures such as expulsion, or even law enforcement measures to attempt to discourage youth from behaving in an undesirable manner. These programs have had little or no effect on curbing behavior problems in schools. Second Step and Boys Town are programs, which implement a positive approach to behavior management. These programs teach youth alternatives to violence and stress problem solving, coping, and conflict management. These programs have had considerably greater success than their predecessors. This research will qualitatively explore the theoretical issues behind the success of these two programs and take a critical look at them to explore ways in which they may be further improved for…
Butterworth, F. (1998, July 26). Why the South's murder rate is so high. The New York Times on the Web. ( http://www.nytimes.com )
Capra. F. (1996). The Web of Life. New York: Anchor Books.
Carlson, N.R. (1994). Physiology of behavior. Boston: Allyn & Bacon
Cohen, D., Nisbett, R.E., & Bowdle, B.F. (1996). Insult, aggression, and the southern culture of honor: an "experimental ethnography." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 945-960.
HSMS Gap Analysis and Hazard Identification Risk Assessments
Description of APM Terminals
Review of the Health and Safety Management System
Health and Welfare Hazards
Physical Hazard -- Working at Height - Scaffolding
Health & Welfare Hazard -- Noise
Action Plan 1 - Management System
Action Plan 2 -- Hazards and Risks
Barbour Checklist: BS OHSAS 18001 Audit Checklist
Occupational health and safety management has numerous benefits for business, not only an employer's duty of care, a legal and moral obligation but also critical part of business equal in importance to other business functions like finance, marketing and production. When health and safety is embedded as part of business, results would be, good company image and reputation, better employee motivation and morale, improved efficiency and ultimately increased profitability.
The implementation of a sound health, safety and environment (HSE)…
However, the scores in the test reveal that my opinion and self-assessment might not be objective.
The organizational business test also revealed some interesting facts. The results in the survey are the following: autocratic -- 18, custodial -- 19, supportive -- 20, and collegial -- 18. The scores in these categories are quite close, making it difficult to determine what the regular behavior of the company is. However, given the fact that the supportive behavior has the highest scores, it means that the company encourages this type of behavior. Based on my observations at the workplace, this is mostly true. The environment within the company is supportive of employees' development and encourages collegial relationships. However, there are situations that require autocratic and custodial management.
It is obvious that my leadership style that seems to not be clearly perceived needs improvement. Therefore, I intend to continue with professional assessment and with…
1. Miner, J. (2007). Organizational Behavior M.E. Sharpe, Inc. Retrieved March 2, 2011 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=E_NoJzUp1dcC&printsec=frontcover&dq=organizational+behavior&source=bl&ots=hZLt3eh1jo&sig=O6uVpr5ycF8z2y1l0WaR4dtH5ak&hl=ro#v=onepage&q&f=false .
Hence, variables that occur outside of the classroom have an impact on the teacher's ability to institute positive behavior support (PBS). That makes it all the more vital that strategies are in place in the classroom designed to deal with all setting events, distant and recent, when possible.
Body of Paper -- Distant Setting Events & Antecedents
How do antecedents effect the behavior of students? Antecedents have a tendency to either pull individuals or push individuals into doing something, or feeling a certain way. Author Edward P. Sarafino points out that a stimulus serves as an antecedent; for example, children seeing other children rope jumping before class starts is a stimulus for an antecedent because it sets the table for behavior. The rope jumping is orderly, fun, and children have smiles when they to their rope jumping (Sarafino, 2010, 71).
Children learn through stimulus generalization, by responding to stimuli, and…
Baron, Grace M. (2006). Stress and Coping in Autism. New York: Oxford University Press.
Demchak, MaryAnn, and Greenfield, Robin G. (2003). Transition Portfolios for Students with Disabilities: How to Help Students, Teachers, and Families Handle New Settings. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Durand, Vincent Mark. (1990). Severe Behavior Problems: A Functional Communication
Training Approach. New York: Guilford Press.
I would always focus on being the person to extend a hand and make sure the sting of ostracism didn't hurt someone else. That value is very strong in me today as the assessment shows with my affiliative value at percentile at 99% percentile. I also realized that throughout my childhood that achievement and hard work are unassailable. People and circumstances may take away where you live and force you to move, but hard work leading to achievement lasts forever. I began to believe that excellence is really all that matters, and that affiliative style I have kept me at least grounded with people. These events made me who I am and over the many moves (nine by the time I was in high school) I realized that compassion and kindness matter so much more than appearing to be important.
Conclusion and eflection
This is an excellent exercise because it…
Arond-Thomas, M. (2004). Resilient leadership for challenging times. Physician Executive, 30(4), 18-21.
Gurley, K., & Wilson, D. (2011). Developing leadership skills in a virtual simulation: Coaching the affiliative style leader. Journal of Instructional Pedagogies, 5, 1-15.
Warfield, A. (2011). The right way: The top 10 traits of a leader who instills trust and accountability. AFP Exchange, 31(8), 65.
Kizilos and others showed that diverse organizations portrayed reduced pro-social organizational behavior compared to homogenous groups, and Pelled and others, showed proof that increased standards of ethnic diversity are linked to more emotional contradiction in organizations. iordan and Shore showed that in diverse organizations, employees are less considered to be committed or view that they are prone to grow in the organization. (Pitts; Jarry, 2005)
With this contextual understanding we could have a comprehension of the 'Social Identification and Categorization Theory'. The social identification theory shows that people involve in several social comparisons to others on the basis of ethnicity, gender, religion, and socio-economic standing, amongst others. Empirical research has indicated that people mostly accord negative features to members of the out-group due to this process, understanding the out-group to be consisting of persons who are less honest, faithful, and cooperative or being intelligent. The procedures of categorization mostly include…
Dessler, Gary. (2002). "Human Resource Management."
Ely, Robin J; Thomas, David a. (2001, Jun) "Cultural Diversity at Work: The Effects of Diversity Perspectives on Work Group Processes and Outcomes" Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 229-273.
Fine, Marlene G. (1996) "Cultural Diversity in the Workplace: The State of the Field" Journal of Business Communication, vol. 33, no. 4, pp: 485-502.
ASDA Stores is a large scale retailer in the United Kingdom. It has grown over the decades by regularly expanding its business operations all over the country. Currently, ASDA Stores is present in more than 564 locations and offers a wide array of grocery items, general merchandise, and financial services. The business operations of ASDA Stores are affected by a large number of environmental factors. These factors fall under political and governmental forces, economic forces, social, cultural, and demographical forces, technological forces, legal forces, and environmental forces. All these forces have a direct impact on the company's sales, operations, and financial performance. In order to encounter the environmental challenges and operate in the most competitive and profitable fashion, ASDA Stores has to carefully analyze these forces and design its strategic directions in the best interest of its business affairs.
The resource management practices of…
Armstrong, M. 2007, A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice, (10th ed.). London: Kogan Page
Armstrong, M. 2000, A Handbook of Management Techniques, (3rd ed.). London: Kogan Page
ASDA, 2013, About ASDA. Available from
[Accessed January 31st, 2013]
This could pose additional threats (Brimacombe, Antunes and McIntyre, 2001).
There are also two arguments which reveal the overstatement of the estimations. The first refers to the fact that the tax structures are taken as constants, when in fact modifications could occur and result in the allocation of more funds to the health care sector. Then, the second argument is that the business, technology and administrative communities present the population and the markets with various scenarios and tools for improvements in efficiencies (Brimacombe, Antunes and McIntyre, 2001).
5. Approaches of Federal and Provincial Governments
The federal and provincial governments often encounter difficulties in adequately collaborating for the well-being of the Canadians. The provincial governments for instance blame the federal one for decreasing its health care payment from 50 cents per dollar in the 1960s to 16 cents per dollar in 2004. The federals on the other hand argue that the…
Brimacombe, G.G., Antunes, P., McIntyre, J., 2001, the Future Cost of Health Care in Canada, 2000 to 2020, the Conference Board of Canada
Frankel, J., Orszag, P.R., 2002, American Economic Policy in the 1990s, Universal Music International
Freund, D., Smeeding, T.M., 2002, the Future Cost of Health Care in Aging Societies: Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty? Seminar on Ageing Societies, UNSW
Irvine, B., Ferguson, S., Cackett, B., 2005, Background Briefing: The Canadian Health Care System, Retrieved at http://www.civitas.org.uk/pdf/Canada.pdfon November 7, 2008
Competitive Advantage through Human esource Management Practices
Human esource Management Practices
Competitive Advantage through Human esource Management Practices
HUMAN ESOUCE Management
Human esource Management involves all those activities which are related to the management of workforce or employees of an organization. It is also one of the core functions which managers perform at the workplace. Human esource Management entails activities like recruitment and selection, training and development, performance assessment, compensation, leadership, and motivation at large (Chadwick & Dabu 2009). Basically, Human esource Management focuses on recruitment, management, guidance, and motivation of employees in an organization. In the past, HM was just restricted to two core functions: employee management and motivation. Now, it has emerged as one of the biggest strategic issues in the business world (Kandula 2007).
With the passage of time, the scope and functions of Human esource Management have also increased. Now, it also involves employee…
Armstrong, M. 2007, A handbook of Human Resource Management Practice, 10th Edition. London: Kogan Page
Baudler, C.R. 2011, Employee Engagement: Through Effective Performance Management by Edward M. Mone and Manuel London, Personnel Psychology, 64 (3): 813-816.
Birdi, K., Clegg, C., Patterson, M., Robinson, A., Stride, C.B., Wall, T.D., & Wood, S.J. 2008, The Impact of Human Resource and Operational Management Practices on Company Productivity: A Longitudinal Study, Personnel Psychology, 61 (1): 467-501.
Browning, V., Edgar, F., Gray, B., & Garrett, T. 2009, Realizing Competitive Advantage through HRM in New Zealand Service Industries, The Service Industries Journal, 29 (6): 741-760.
Organizational behavior is the study of the way people interact within an organization. The aim of organizational behavior is to facilitate efficiency within the organization. The better understood the interaction of workers within a group, the more likely it will be for the group to achieve its outcomes, as management will adopt strategies designed to support the group. Since patterns of behavior can impact and affect any organization, especially a healthcare organization. The provision of quality care relies upon health care providers working together to provide continuity of care, safe care and effective care—and if the organizational behavior of the healthcare facility is subpar, the patients and care providers themselves will suffer as a result. Leadership plays a substantial role in overseeing organizational behavior and, as Schyns and Schilling (2013) have shown, the less effective an organization’s leaders are, the less likely the organizational behavior of the workplace is…
Figure 2, Guiding Principles at Toyota, shows the conceptual model of this initiative in the context of Toyota's strategic human resources plan.
Figure 2: The Toyota Way 2001
Source: (Toyota Code of Conduct, 2007)
Training a Core Cultural Component
What has become accentuated in the Toyota culture is the intense focus on training and certifications. For production staff members to be promoted they must go through three weeks of pre-promotion training and review of key production center and lean manufacturing concepts. In order to advance in manufacturing it is critical for employees to both study intensively for these courses, and also pass the assessments, then get the recommendations of their current supervisors to gain a promotion. For managers, the training requirements are even more intensive, with this group of employees required to spend up to four months a year in complex problem-solving and personnel system training and education programs. In…
Environmental and Social Report (2003) - From Toyota Corporation, Japan.. Comprehensive Report on all aspects of their operations. Employee Section. Accessed from the Internet on August 19, 2007 from location:
Environmental and Social Report (2005) - From Toyota Corporation, Japan.. Comprehensive Report on all aspects of their operations. Employee Section. Accessed from the Internet on August 19, 2007 from location:
Dynatronics Corporation (formerly Dynatronics Laser Corporation) was started in 1979 with the initial intent of developing laser technology for use in medical procedures. Unable to acquire the necessary FDA approval required to market the technology the company turned to other areas within the medical rehabilitation market. Seeing an opening in the market for ultrasound electrotherapy technology the company soon found a distribution channel that could support the new product offerings. Subsequent years led to the company developing additional products that have been used to treat chronic pain, test physical ability with computer software and to provide other forms of therapy. In addition, the company has ventured into the aesthetic market and has patented and distributed microdermabrasion technology for use by both aestheticians and plastic surgeons. Dynatronics has made several acquisitions over the years that have met with mixed results. The purchase of a rehabilitation…
Drucker, P.F. (1954). The Practice of Management. New York: Harper & Row.
Duane, M.J. (1993). The Grievance Process in Labor-Management Cooperation. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Olson, M.H., & Symposium on Technological Support for Work Group Collaboration New York University, Graduate School of Business. (1989). Technological Support for Work Group Collaboration. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
What Lies Ahead. (2003, January). T& D, 57, 32+. Retrieved February 21, 2005, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com .
For the most part, I would probably not want to work at Cisco. The convoluted structure devalues individual responsibility, which to my mind removes incentive for individual excellence. A manager's output is dependent on others, but there does not appear to be a mechanism to hold underperforming managers responsible. hen the team is entirely comprised of internally motivated individuals, Cisco's system will work brilliantly. However, the system encourages managers to be passengers, allowing the best managers to carry the teams to everybody's benefit. The result of this is that over time managers will be encouraged to be passengers and elite managers will leave for organizations where their compensation is more directly tied to their own abilities.
hile the textbook description of Cisco's culture does not explicitly outline a problem to be solved, Cisco has to consider the long-term impacts of its current organizational culture and structure. The collaborative approach has…
Organizational Behavior, 9th Edition, Chapter 3. In possession of the author.
Cisco. (2010). Corporate overview. Retrieved June 18, 2011 from http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/ekits/Public_Corporate_Overview_FY11Q2_NewBackground.pdf
Cisco.com (2011). Corporate overview. Retrieved June 18, 2011 from http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/corpinfo/corporate_overview.html
Functional Assessment eport
Summarization of Case
Luther, 80 years of age, was admitted to a nursing hospital due to Alzheimer's disease complications. As a farmer, Luther spent most of his life moving freely unlike what he was experiencing in the nursing home. However, he had to adapt to the new life. Despite his impairment memory problem, Luther was psychically fit as he managed to walk around the nursing premises. Later, he started experienced a problem in that he walked alone. For safety reasons, he was not allowed to go outside alone. Despite the warnings, he managed to walk go outside alone, even during cold periods without a coat. Each time he went out, the nursing staff had to bring him back. The architecture of the nursing home depicts one main door at the station, another one near the business office, and three fire doors at the sides and back of…
Cooper, J. O., Heron, T. E., & Heward, W. L. (2007). Applied Behavior Analysis (second Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall. ISBN: 9780131421134.
Lu, L. & Bludau, J. (2011). Alzheimer's Disease. New York: ABC-CLIO
Miltenberger, R. G. (2015). Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures (Sixth Ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning. ISBN: 9781305109391.
Brand Equity and Customer Purchasing Behavior
Taking into account the numerous modifications witnessed in the marketing milieu- viz. The accessibility to plethora of knowledge through various electronic devices, the emergence of modern methods of buying, the ability of the companies to use technology to target consumer more specifically, getting a feel of customer tendencies is still more difficult. Purchasing activities is the sequence of choice and actions of individuals occupied in procuring and consuming the same. An enterprise must evaluate its purchasing activities. Purchaser's responses to the marketing technique of the enterprise put an enormous influence on the achievement of the enterprise. The marketing perception highlights that an enterprise must build up a unique blend of marketing initiatives that makes the customers happy, and hence the urgency to evaluate the substance, the place, the time and the purchasing pattern of consumers and by way of addressing this, marketing personnel can…
Aaker, David A. 1996. "Measuring Brand Equity across Products and Markets" California Management Review. Volume: 16; No; 2; pp: 43-47
AMR Research Report. 2004. "POS Data: The Beginning of DDSN for Consumer Products Manufacturers" February.
Anderson, J.C; Cleveland, G; Schroeder, R. 1989. "Operations Strategy: A Literature Review" Journal of Operations Management. Volume: 8; No: 1; pp: 56-64
Baker, M. 2000. Marketing Management and Strategy" Macmillan Business.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy- A Case Study
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) Case Study
K is a forty-eight-year female who referred to Midlothian's clinical psychology psychosis service. K has a twenty-year history of mental health conditions. She first decided to contact mental health services because of the episodes of paranoia and severe depression she had experienced. During her initial contact with the mental health services she was diagnosed with schizo-affective disorder in 1996. When she was first referred to the mental health services department she was a single. She told of having only two close relationships in her past life. She however also said that she found these relationships challenging when it came to intimate contact. She also generally described that she found it somewhat difficult to form friendships or to trust people in her life. Despite the mental health conditions her general physical well-being was good. K was prescribed…
Bladek, M. (2014). Against memory: Acts of remembering in Jamaica Kincaid's My Brother. Retrieved from http://criticism.english.illinois.edu/2007%20Fall%20Documents/Affect%20Abstracts/Abstracts.htm
DeJong, P. & . Berg I.K (1998): Interviewing for solutions. Thomson: Brooks/Cole.
Drisko, J. (2014). Research Evidence and Social Work Practice: The Place of Evidence-Based Practice. Clin Soc Work J. 42:123-133 DOI 10.1007/s10615-013-0459-9
Freud, S. (1924) A general introduction to psychoanalysis. New York: Boni & Liveright.
Job edesign and Workplace ewards Assessment:
Advertising art director at an advertising agency
Job components, tasks, or responsibilities
Employees whose work focuses on designing the content of advertising often have a greater deal of leeway in terms of governing their day than other types of employees. Advertising professionals are 'creatives,' meaning that their output is more subjective in its value than, say, a factory employee that must produce so much of a particular product per diem or even an accounting professional that must perform an audit. An advertising art director's role is serving the customer. "An art director usually works alongside a copywriter to form a 'creative team'. Traditionally, the copywriter produces the words to go with the visuals created by the art director" (Advertising art director, 2014, AGCAS). Working with the client closely from the beginning to gain a sense of what the client needs from a particular project;…
Advertising art director. (2014). AGCAS. Retrieved from:
Cutler, Z. (2014). The best ways to reward employees. Entrepreneur. Retrieved from:
The elder is expected to have learned from the previous elder, developed more knowledge and expertise, and is now passing this on to the workers that are employed. This ostensibly a function of the cultural fabric within the framework of Mexican societal mores that establishes the knowledge transfer relationship.
Therefore, business operations in Mexico, as a Mexican workforce is to be hired, are a direct reflection of these cultural mores within the rigid chain-of-command. Similar to a banking operation, the role of the employee is subject to protocol and oversight by the manager. The manager is not an embodiment of the 'chain-of-command'. In fact, Mexican office environments appear to be autonomous and horizontal rather than vertical in control.
The use of hierarchy would be to establish the rapport necessary to engage the Mexican market. Therefore, client engagements will be hierarchical with the manager-employee relationship expressing the chain-of-command as the functional…
Geert-Hofstede (2011).Mexico & Germany. http://www.geert-hofstede.com
Kwintessential (2011). Mexico & Germany. www.kwintessential.co.uk
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011) Mexico & Germany. www.tradecommissioner.gc.ca/
Trans Lead OB
Solutions at a NPO radio station
In response to a series of unattended Board of Directors meetings in the last several Quarters, the following is an organizational analysis intended to support communications on Company activities for report to investors and stakeholders. The document outlines information on human resource operations, and the organization's strategic plan of transformation. The report will serve as introduction to the forthcoming 4th Quarter Meeting, where presentation of operations will serve as starting point for more general discussion on organizational behavior (OB) changes as they pertain to human resource management. Short-term and long-term strategic objectives, goals and updated strategic plan are inserted for review in preface to the upcoming, annual board retreat and training.
As you are aware of, in the recent past the number of meetings in the Company increased gradually from monthly to biweekly, and finally to once a week in response…
Burke, W.W (2007) Organization change: Theory and practice. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Hitt, Black & Porter (1995). Management. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, Prentice Hall.
Pynes, J.E. (2008). Human Resources Management for Public and Nonprofit Organizations: A Strategic Approach. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, John & Sons, Inc.
Thill, John V. & Courtland L. Bovee (2005). Excellence in Business Communications, 6th Edition. Upper Saddle River: New Jersey.
personal conflict style. This assessment is based upon scores received from the Conflict Management Style Survey. This essay will address several key issues related to management styles including my primary conflict management style and my least preferred style. The different types of conflict associated with my style will also be discussed to give some context to the application. The essay will conclude with ideas on how to successfully integrate and improve my style into a better and more functional management tool.
The following data represent my test results: Collaborator: 20, Compromiser: 28, Accommodator: 18, Controller 30, Avoider: 24. The results of this test survey suggest that my preferred style is Controller and my least preferred is Accommodator.
When Controlling Works Best
While not one single approach is generally considered better than another, it is important that the right style is adopted by the person who can best utilize…
The author of this report has been charged with doing a family assessment project. The largest part of this report shall be the genogram and ecogram. The personal version of these two diagrams as authored and put together by the author of this report are shown in the appendix. There will be some additional supporting and complementary information as well. This will include the Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) and the Calgary Family Intervention Model. Both of those models will be discussed and reviewed in this report. Also worthy of mention will be the stages of the family life cycle. The rest of the report will be important information about the family members identified in the genogram. This information will include three generations of information, each family member being identified, the family relationship involved, the current age of the person (or age at death), the martial/relationship status of…
Konradsdottir, E. & Svavarsdottir, E. (2011). How effective is a short-term educational and support intervention for families of an adolescent with type 1 diabetes?. Journal For Specialists In Pediatric Nursing, 16(4), 295-304. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6155.2011.00297.x
Sveinbjarnardottir, E., Svavarsdottir, E., & Wright, L. (2013). What are the benefits of a short therapeutic conversation intervention with acute psychiatric patients and their families? A controlled before and after study. International Journal Of Nursing Studies, 50(5), 593-602. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.10.009
West, C., Bell, J., Woodgate, R., & Moules, N. (2015). Waiting to Return to Normal: An Exploration of Family Systems Intervention in Childhood Cancer. Journal Of Family Nursing, 21(2), 261-294. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1074840715576795
Wright, L. & Leahey, M. (2012). Nurses and families.
There is also the need to concentrate on the interaction of these personal demographic factors as the foundation for group factors analysis.
Group Factors Analysis
The accumulated effects of the personal factors defined in the first section of this paper are put into relevance when the social factors are quantified and measured specifically relating to the retail home furnishings industry. One of the most commonly used is the VALS2 methodology (Piirto, 1996) which has its basis in the following set of metrics as shown in Figure 2, Lifestyle Orientation Definitions.
Table 2: Lifestyle Orientation Definitions
Source: (Piirto, 1996)
I am successful and deeply committed to work, family, and community.
A like predictability and consistency over risk.
My work affords me material rewards and prestige that shows success to my friends.
Strivers like to be trendy want to be stylish and admire people who are well-known for their…
Bennington, R. (2001) Furniture Marketing,
NY Fairchild Publications.
Jason M. Carpenter. 2008. Demographics and patronage motives of supercenter shoppers in the United States. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management 36, no. 1 (January 1): 5-16. http://www.proquest.com (Accessed February 9, 2009).
Deshpande, Rohit, Farley, John U, Webster, Frederick E. Jr. 1993. Corporate culture, customer orientation, and innovativeness. Journal of Marketing
Personal Conflict Style Assessment
Using the conflict management style survey to determine my conflict management style was an insightful experience. The scores from the analysis show the role of collaborator (45), compromiser (30), controller (21), accommodator (19) and avoider (13) are the order of conflict management styles must relied on in work-related conflict situations. Conflict-handling styles are predicated on the aggregation of experiences, perceptions, successful and unsuccessful interactions, and outcomes over an extended period of time, defining a person's leadership style in the process (Cerni, Curtis, Colmar, 2012).
The dominant style of collaborator is best aligned with complex situations where each side of a conflict, including multiple sides of a conflict, each have specific requirements or needs to be met within the conflicted situation. Concentrating on creating a shared sense of ownership with regard to collaboration can significantly improve the probability of a successful outcome (Shetach, 2012). Collaboration is also…
Cerni, T., Curtis, G.J., & Colmar, S.H. (2012). Cognitive-experiential self-theory and conflict-handling styles. International Journal of Conflict Management, 23(4), 362-381.
Romer, M., Rispens, S., Giebels, E., & Euwema, M.C. (2012). A helping hand? The moderating role of leaders' conflict management behavior on the conflict-stress relationship of employees. Negotiation Journal, 28(3), 253-277.
Shetach, A. (2012). Conflict leadership: Navigating toward effective and efficient team outcomes. The Journal for Quality and Participation, 35(2), 25-30.
Autism is one of the most severe and disruptive of all childhood disorders - a level of disruption that of course lasts well into adulthood. With both genetic and environmental elements at work, autism (which affects boys at least three times more often than girls and is found in all races and throughout the world) is a communicative disorder that interferes with an individual's ability to form social relationships as well as to communicate with others.
The inability to communicate easily with others is devastating for many children with autism. Being disconnected from other members of the human community is always a difficult condition, but it is especially difficult to the young. An adult who finds himself or herself unable to communicate will already have established connections with other people.
But a child with autism often has the greatest possible difficulties communicating and so establishing those connections to begin with.…
Einfeld, S., & Tonge, B. (1994). The Developmental Behavior Checklist: The development and validation of an instrument to assess behavioral and emotional disturbance in children and adolescents with mental retardation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 25, 81-101. http://www.behavior.org/autism/index.cfm?page=http%3A//www.behavior.org/autism/autism_causes.cfm http://cecp.air.org/fba/default.htm
Koegel, R., Rincover, A., & Egel, A. (1982). Educating and Understanding Autistic Children. San Diego: College-Hill.
Kozloff, M. (1983). Reaching the autistic child: A parent teaching program. Cambridge, MA: Brookline Books.
Paluszny, M. (1979). Autism: A Practical Guide for Parents and Professionals. NY: Syracuse University Press.
In examining this issue, the authors identify several key issues that may play a part in creating barriers to positive behavior support implementation by educators and administrators. These issues include a questioning of the essential functionality of this relatively new way of approaching classroom and behavior management, a lack of familiarity with the principles and practices of positive behaviors support, and other factors including administrative and parental concerns. The authors conclude this article by making suggestions for future research to determine how these barriers might be overcome, while at the same time making certain recommendations of their own in this regard.
The article is written in a very direct and simplistic manner, retaining a high degree of accessibility without showing any detriment to the quality or thoroughness of the information presented. The authors have a clear purpose that is stated in the opening paragraphs of the article, and the remaining…
Abnormal psychology is a field in psychology that addresses dysfunctions in behavior which are determined abnormally by standards of behavior .These standards have been established by clinical professionals in the field such as medical doctors, psychiatrists and psychologists. Behaviors considered to be abnormal are; schizophrenia, depression, attention deficit disorder, eating disorder, sexual deviance, obsessive compulsive disorder and anti-social disorder (Cherry, 2012). These disordered function outside the normal parameters of the functional behaviors considered to be standard. The paper will look at the origins of abnormal psychology and challenges when it comes to the classification and definition of normal and abnormal behavior. It will also look at how abnormal psychology has evolved into a scientific discipline. It will finally look at the theoretical models that have led to the advancement of understanding psychopathology.
Origins of Abnormal psychology
Abnormal psychology has been undergoing tremendous changes and progress. It is a very controversial…
Cherry, K. (2012).What is Abnormal Psychology? Retrieved May 10, 2013 from http://psychology.about.com/od/abnormalpsychology/f/abnormal-psychology.htm
Crawford, O. (2010). Psychopathology Analysis: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives of Abnormal Behavior and Psychopathology. Retrieved May 10, 2013 from http://voices.yahoo.com/psychopathology-analysis-6147988.html
There are six stages to the pre-referral strategy to help students like Miguel attain not only better performance, but also better integration into the school environment. The first stage is initial concern regarding the student's progress. This has been completed with the approach of Miguel's educators and the school psychiatrist requesting the assistance of the special education teacher in a pre-referral team meeting.
Stage 2 concerns information gathering, during which information will be collected regarding Miguel's classroom situation, home situation, and his own background knowledge and experiences. The behavior management techniques used in his classroom will also be determined. Informal assessments will be made by approaching family members, other classroom teachers, student portfolios for Miguel, observing his classrooms, and collecting school records, attendance records, and formal assessments. Particularly concerning the family, the information must be collected in such a way that nobody feels attacked or highlighted as a "problem."…
The IRIS Center. Functional Behavioral Assessment. Retrieved from: http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/module/fba/#content
The IRIS Center. The Pre-Referral Process. Retrieved from: http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/module/preref/
The "least restrictive environment" clause of the IDEA requires the student be placed in a standard learning environment whenever it is practical (Beard, Carpenter, & Johnston, 2011).
Technology allows students who have visual impairments to be able to admission to the general curriculum, to increase their options towards literacy, and to improve communication. There are a variety of assistive technology tools that are designed for students with visual impairments, but most require specialized instruction. Depending on the level of the child's visual level of impairment such devices include range from electronic Braille note takers to video magnifiers to screen reader software to auditory conversion devices.
eading and writing are the fundamental tools that young students learn in the early grades and assistive devices for Emily should concentrate on developing these skills. Students with impaired vision that are not blind may benefit from changes in the size of print…
Beard, L.A., Carpenter, L.B., & Johnston, L.B. (2011). Assistive technology: Access for all students (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Clark, R. (1983). Reconsidering research on learning from media. Review of Educational Research, 53(4), 445 -- 459.
Cramer, M., Hirano, S.H., Tentori, M., Yeganyan, M.T., & Hayes G.R. (2011). Classroom- based assistive technology: Collective use of interactive visual schedules by students with autism. Proceedings of the CHI 2011, 1-10.
Hasselbring, T.S., & Bausch, M.E. (2006). Learning in a digital age: Assistive technologies for reading. Educational Leadership, 63(4), 72-75.
NI observed a fourth grade classroom during a science lesson. Bob is an intelligent ten-year-old child, but he has a difficult time paying attention to his teacher. He likes to get a lot of attention and when he gets bored he turns his focus to other destructive matters, such as throwing pencils up into the ceiling. Throwing pencils at the ceiling has gotten him in trouble many times. The teacher told me that once he was kicked out of the classroom for it. From the general disruption of the class, I can see why. Bob is the "class clown." He likes to get the other children involved in the disruption of the class along with him. In the 45 minute class time, the teacher did not get much done due the need to punish Bob. This included sending him to the principal's office and then a good amount of time…
Problem behaviors in the classroom: What they mean and how to help functional behavioral assessment. Child Study Center, (2002), 7(2), 1-6. Retrieved from www.aboutourkids.org/files/articles/nov_dec_2.pdf
Reducing behavior problems in the elementary school classroom. (2011). Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/practiceguide.aspx?sid=4 .
Richert, K. (2012). How to approach behavior problems in class. Retrieved from http://teaching.monster.com/benefits/articles/1956-how-to-approach-behavior-problems -.
Schools are increasingly using lengthy expulsions of students for offenses committed on school property. Expulsion is basically the permanent removal of a student from school for breaking serious rules or policies in the school. While the discipline code of every school varies, expulsion is usually regarded as the highest form of punishment. In most cases, expulsion of students from school is utilized after other forms of discipline and punishment are ineffective in correcting a student’s behaviors. Additionally, decisions on expulsions of students are usually recommended by the school principal and include an explanation of the specific offense or reason contributing to this form of punishment.
The determination of when expulsion would be an appropriate form of discipline or punishment varies across different schools. This variation is also attributable to the lack of statutory lists of grounds for expulsion since schools have different policies on what constitutes a suitable cause for…
Depression: Not just a Bad Mood
MDD: Not Just Another Bad Mood
The term "Prozac Nation" says a lot. This catch-phrase had begun to describe the current state in the U.S. when cases of clinical depression began blooming and treatment turned to medication as a first response. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, over fourteen million of the adult U.S. population suffers from Major Depressive Disorder. Major Depressive Disorder, or MDD, is the leading cause of disability in people ages 15-44. The average age of onset is 32 (U.S. Department of, 2011.) It is often also found co-occurring with other mental disorders, such as anxiety and substance abuse. Perhaps it is worth taking a closer look at a case example in order to better understand this often debilitating disorder in our times.
Taylor is a 24-year-old single, Jewish female presenting with symptoms of depression. She reports that for…
Burns, D.D. (1989). The feeling good handbook. New York, NY: Plume.
Cornes, C.L., & Frank, E. (1994). Interpersonal psychotherapy for depression. The Clinical
Psychologist, 47(3), 9-10.
Cuijpers, P, van Straten, A, Hollon, S.D., & Andersson, G. (2010). The contribution of active medication to combined treatments of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy for adult depression: a meta-analysis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 121(6), Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?hid=13&sid=568ccfe5-0fe6-4429-92a3 - cb159b2e4044%40sessionmgr115&vid=5&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3
Organizational Analysis: Defining Your General Organizational ealities for the Case Study
The structure of the organization is hierarchical and pyramidal with a two-way flow that allows that communication from bottom-up and from top-down to be implemented. The chain of command is indicated in the following: the principal is at the top, followed by the vice-principal. Under the vice-principal are the counselors, guidance committee, academic deans of various subjects, department heads of special educations and of all grade levels, faculty/staff, and finally students. The formal authority in the organization is the principal and administrators, all of whom are overseen by the board of directors. Economic authority rests with the board of directors; they assume legal, contractual and collegial authority, although in the daily monitoring of business affairs, the school H is responsible for hiring, contracting, and financial affairs. The board merely operates as an oversight committee.
The span of control in…
Chandler, L., Dahlquist, C. (2014). Functional Assessment: Strategies to Prevent and Remediate Challenging Behaviors in School Settings. NY: Pearson.
Drasgow, E., Bradley, R., Shriner, J. (1999). The IDEA amendments of 1997.
Education and Treatment of Children, 22(3): 244-266.
Morgan, G. (2006). Images of organizations (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Innovations in technology and calls for increased accountability have combined to create an environment in which it is reasonable to expect significant changes in education over the next several years. This paper identifies three potential issues in education, multiple assessments and evaluations, assistive technology, and assessment in special education followed by an explanation concerning why these three topics will be worthy of consideration.
Multiple assessments and evaluations
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and the Third International Mathematics and Science Study already provide the ability for educators to administer multiple assessments and evaluations (Scott and Bagaka 70). One of the main advantages of using multiple assessments is that it provides educators with the ability to evaluate a wide range of student progress indicators, including experiments, written assignments, portfolios and others that require the application of critical thinking skills that may not be accurately or timely evaluated otherwise (Dietel 33).…
Demski, Jennifer. (2008, December). Assistive technology and access for all: A slight revision to existing legislation has expanded the base of students eligible to receive assistive technologies, creating major changes in their implementation. Technological Horizons In Education 35(12): 30-33. Print.
Dietel, Ron. (2011, May). "Testing to the Top Everything but the Kitchen Sink? Many Questions Remain Unanswered as the United States Forges Ahead into Greater Uses of Performance Assessments-Potentially Even Linking Them to Teacher and Principal Evaluations." Phi Delta Kappan 92(8): 32-35. Print.
Rhodes, Terrei. (2009, Winter). "The VALUE Project Overview." Peer Review11(1): 4-7. Print.
Scott, Caitlin and Bagaka, Joshua G. (2009, Spring). "Moving District Reform into Schools: Links between Teachers' Perceptions of District-Wide Reform Efforts, Participation in Professional Activities, and Student Achievement." Planning and Changing 35(1/2): 69-72. Print.
Early Childhood Special Education Curriculum, Instruction and Methods Projects
This beginning chapter delineates education to the young children with special needs. In particular, early childhood special education mirrors impact and acclaimed practices resultant from the special education and early childhood fields. In the present, emphasis that is laid on early childhood does not encompass whether these young children can be provided with special needs service in typical settings but focus is rather on how the design of these inclusive programs can be most efficacious. Therefore, taking this into consideration, it is necessary to have early intervention for children with disabilities. However, an important element that is delineated in the chapter is that in as much as these children have special needs, they ought not to be treated in a dissimilar manner. The programs of early intervention for kids and preschoolers with special needs have to be centered on the similar…
Blackwell, W. H., & Rossetti, Z. S. (2014). The Development of Individualized Education Programs. Sage Open, 4(2), 2158244014530411.
Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University. (2011). Inbrief: The Science of Early Childhood Development. Retrieved from: http://developingchild.harvard.edu/index.php/resources/multimedia/videos/inbrief_series/inbrief_science_of_ecd/
Cook, R. E., Klein, M. D., Chen, D. (2012). Adapting Early Childhood Curricula for Children with Special Needs, 8th Edition. New York: Prentice Hall.
Edutopia. (2007). Smart Hearts: Social and Emotional Learning Overview. Retrieved from: http://www.edutopia.org/social-emotional-learning-overview-video