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Planning Function of Management in
Words: 1529 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93259027
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(iii) he mounting significance of the role of the corporate and public affairs function in companies (iv) the transforming roles of the HRM function in corporate and especially the significance of strategic HRM. he narrow role of HRM in corporate social responsibility has relevantly unfavorable connotations for HR profession itself as corporate social responsibility has attained spheres of more strategic relevance in case of companies. (Corporate Citizenship & Human Resource Management: A new tool or a missed opportunity?)


Building Level Administrators" Retrieved at Accessed on 5 August, 2005

Ethics, Excellence and the Los Angeles Unified District School" Retrieved at Accessed on 5 August, 2005

he Functions of School Management" Retrieved from http://library.unesco- http://library.unesco- Accessed on 5 August, 2005

Zappala, Gianni. (February, 2004) "Corporate Citizenship & Human Resource Management:

new tool or a missed opportunity?" Retrieved at Accessed on 5 August, 2005

The Functions of School Management" Retrieved from http://library.unesco- http://library.unesco- Accessed on 5 August, 2005

Zappala, Gianni. (February, 2004) "Corporate Citizenship & Human Resource Management:

new tool or a missed opportunity?" Retrieved at Accessed on 5 August, 2005

Organizing Function of Management Milwaukee
Words: 1076 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37992167
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Further, it is the role of Human esources in such organizations, to treat employees as "ends in themselves, with dignity and respect" and with treatment that encourages "physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual health" (Greenberg, 2003, p. 54). To achieve the best possible environment, one that promotes efficient operations and reduces conflict and ambiguity in the workplace, a human resources representative or leader must focus on "preventive management," which includes evaluating human nature within the organizational context to predict possible stressors and then forming cooperative agreements with institutions including the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to ensure workers needs, concerns and potential stressors are addressed (Greenberg, 2003, p. 54). This in turn prevents problems before they arise and promotes cohesiveness in the workplace and among work units.

Milwaukee's commitment to technology and state-of-the-art technologies is evident in their policies, place in the market and procedures, adhering to the…


Greenburg, J. (2003). Organizational behavior: The state of science. Mahwah: Lawrence

Erlbaum Associates.

Milwaukee Electric Tool Company. (2007). "History." Accessed 11, May, 2007:

Organizing Function of Management The
Words: 1197 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 65585921
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Asking a local organization to donate their services in terms of website design might be one way to improve the appearance of the website.

Another under-use of human capital at the Night Ministry is the emphasis on food and clothing drives from student-run and charity-affiliated organization. Soliciting different forms of financial charity from businesses that can afford to donate funds and resources to the organization, when funds are scarce from individuals and government would enable the organization to more easily meet its financial goals. Traditional sources of Ministry funding, including people, state and local authorities, and charities are cash-strapped due to the dip in funding in the wake of the lagging economy. All donations to the Ministry are tax-deductible, and a business could also improve its public image by stressing how it gives back to community organizations.

Given the stress put on volunteerism today by prominent national leaders like President…


Financials. (2008). The Night Ministry. Retrieved February 3, 2010 at 

Volunteer. (2010). The Night Ministry. Retrieved February 3, 2010 at

Organizing Function of Management at
Words: 696 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57624791
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While the managers at Microsoft certainly have the authority to provide immediate rewards for excellent performance, there is seldom a transaction-based leadership mindset used for control of groups. Instead, as managers and many senior technical staff members have stock options and vested stock grants the transformational leadership approach of seeing how their specific project can help to keep the company has proven to be far more effective.

The managing of knowledge and technology isn't completely optimized in Microsoft yet it has significant gains over competitors. First, the smaller teams and groups the high level of accountability serves as an effective means of control of knowledge transfer and technology use. Smaller teams also make for a higher tolerance for change and help organizations overcome resistance to change (Aguirre, Calderone, Jones, 2004). As a result, Microsoft has been able to stay agile and focused on market requirements as a result. The control…


Aguirre, Calderone, Jones (2004) -10 Principles of Change Management. Resilience Report, Booz, Allen Hamilton. New York, NY.

Alan Melkman. (2000). The 12 Simple Secrets of Microsoft Management: How to Think and Act Like a Microsoft Manager and Take Your Company to the Top. Long-Range Planning, 33(2), 275-276.

Raymond E. Miles (2007). Innovation and Leadership Values. California Management Review, 50(1), 192-201.

Organizing Function of Management Microsoft
Words: 1592 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38099487
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When employees have a high level of ownership regarding an initiative, product or strategy they feel a higher level of control, and commit themselves at a more personal level to its success (Spector 1986). Microsoft's it department, in striving to be a responsive resource to the rest of the company, often relies on these internal reviews of new applications from the company to find new approaches to delivering higher levels of effectiveness throughout the organization. It learns from software development what could potentially assist internal departments to be more effective in their use of systems, software and processes, becoming a more efficient and responsive internal resource in the process.


Microsoft's unique culture is based on the need to be continually innovating new software applications and solutions to an increasingly wide breadth of markets globally. For Microsoft to continually be competitive in both their Human esources and it organizations, the…


French, J.R.P., & Raven, B.H. (1959). The bases of social power. In D. Cartwright (Ed.), Studies in social power (pp. 150-167). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

Schein, E. (1983). "The Role of the Founder in the Creation of Organizational Culture" MIT Sloan Working Papers. Accessed from the Internet on October 13, 2007 

Spector, Paul (1986) Perceived Control by Employees - a Meta-Analysis of Studies Concerning Autonomy and Participation at Work. Human Relations Volume 39, Number 11 Pages 1005-1016.

Organizing Function of Management in
Words: 1316 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12988439
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Besides, the customer can get a single bill for his Verizon local and Verizon Wireless services by removing headaches and piles of bills. (Wireless)

We shall now discuss the organization function of management as it relates to knowledge. Verizon's presence in the knowledge domain is equally superior. As per a latest report, Southern Illinois University Carbondale will expand its endeavor to bring students, faculty and the community up to speed in the world of e-commerce. Verizon has been funding this venture. Executives representing Verizon and the University declared the $75,000 grant at the SIUC's student Centre. The SIUC's College of Business and Administration will utilize the money to grow the endeavor that started during 1999 with a $50,000 grant from GTE, Verizon's predecessor. The funding for the second phase has been given by the Verizon Foundation that is the philanthropic wing of the company. This fresh grant will back the…


Entertainment: TV With real power" Retrieved 8 March, 2007 at

HDTV" Retrieved 8 March, 2007 at 

Home Media DVR" Retrieved 8 March, 2007 at 

On Demand & PPV" Retrieved 8 March, 2007 at

Organizing Function of Management
Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8097925
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Organizing Function of Management

Legend Group Ltd. Of China

Legend Group Ltd. is a Chinese giant company in China that started its business in 1984. Through its years in the computer industry business, Legend enjoys continuous profits despite of the existence of big international companies competing in the Chinese market such as Dell, HP, and IM. Until recently, Legend faces financial growth problem as other companies in the PC market face. In its last fiscal year report, the company accounted a 2% drop in profits and a 5% increase in revenues [1].

To overcome the slow growth Legend experiences in its PC industry, the company embarks new products such as mobile phones, notebook computers, digital cameras, MP3 players, and servers. It also plans to get in the market of providing IT services. And among the major steps the company prepares for and looks forward is entering the international market and…


Buckman, Rebecca, et. al. (2003). Legend Goes for the Big League.

Far Eastern Economic Review, 32-35.

1] Buckman, Rebecca, et. al.

2] Buckman, Rebecca, et. al.

Boeing Planning Function of Management
Words: 1537 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7596221
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The Large Cargo Freighter (Dreamlifter) delivered major assemblies in the first half of 2007, and the company expects final assembly of the first 787 later in the second quarter of 2007. Boeing also expects to fly 787 engines on an airplane test bed sometime in the first quarter of 2007.

In summary, the three dominant factors of commercial aircraft demand, business jet demand, and supply chain planning, forecasting, and manufacturing fulfillment are central to Boeings' strategic and contingency planning. In addition to all of these significant new opportunities, the role of the Internal Governance Officer to provide a higher level of oversight and ethical guidance is making the audits from the Justice Department less intrusive on daily work in the company. The governance office now has 90 employees full-time working on ethics programs and preventative action plans to keep the company out of the ethical problems faced in the past,…


Ameet Sachdev (2006). Making Boeing fly right: Bonnie Soodik, who leads the internal governance office at the aircraft maker, oversees compliance with all ethics rules. May 20, 2006. Knight Ridder Tribune Business News, 1. Retrieved October 12, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Dateline database. (Document ID: 1039557211).

Atkins (2006) - Boeing and Toyota Beef Up Training in Response to Recent Scandals. August 4, 2006. Shanti Atkins. Accessed from the Internet on October 12, 2007 from location: 

Boeing Market Forecasts (2006) - Based on Boeing Internal Market Research. Accessed from the Internet on October 12, 2007 at

Management the Four Functions of
Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70228968
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It is the totality of a company's identity: the quality of its people, the value of its brand, its standing in the community and its performance in the marketplace. Building reputation, in this broad sense of the term, is what great companies are all about" ("Message from Verizon's Chairman and CEO," 2006, About Verizon).

Notice how this rhetoric makes every employee at the company feel involved in a commitment to quality, yet also stresses Verizon's mission of putting the customer first. It is not just the CEO who leads, however, rather every manager must ensure that the functions and employees he or she oversee fulfill their necessary functions, and also want to do so. Leadership, in other words, is more than telling people what they must do; it is making people feel motivated to do so and to do their best, and to understand how they fit into the 'big…

Works Cited

Four Functions of Management." (2006). Slide 8. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved 18 Feb 2007 at

Message from Verizon's Chairman and CEO." (2006). About Verizon. Retrieved 18 Feb 2007 at

McNamara, Carter. (1997). "Basics -- Definitions (and Misconceptions)

About Management." Management Help Retrieved 18 Feb 2007 at t

Management and Leadership in Nowadays
Words: 2137 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34010655
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"The most important issues which have to be addressed here are precise monitoring (diagnosis) of current results and their comparison with what has been planned. Effective managerial control must always be followed by feedback for correcting initial plans " (

The observation of the way in which people within an organization behave is of extreme importance. ut leaders and managers obtain feedback not just from observations, but directly from people. This provides them with a better understanding of the relation between the actions performed by the individuals and the beliefs which guide their behaviour. An efficacious control upon these factors implies the contribution to the creation and maintenance of a healthy organizational culture.

There are various strategies that an organization can choose to implement in order to make sure it preserves a healthy organizational culture. Among them we can mention the adoption of various principles, such as the following: a…


Baker, Kathryn (2002), Organizational Culture, 19 May, 2007, <

Four Management Functions, 19 May, 2007, 

Schein, Edgar, H (1992), Organizational Culture and Leadership, San Francisco: Jossey -Bass Publishers

Management and Leadership All the
Words: 1873 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47405364
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Indeed, the control function will create a feedback mechanism that will allow the leader or manager (at all levels of the organization) to be constantly informed as to the way that benchmarks are reached, as well as to any potential problems that might appear along the way. This means that the control function is the first phase in actually correcting the potential errors that might appear in the organization.

In Jack Welch's case, the control function as he applied it allowed him to monitor his group of human resources so as to emphasize the most important and most productive 20% and the underperforming 10%. y monitoring and controlling this benchmark, he was able to induce and maintain an organizational culture based on performance as one of the fundamental and defining goals.

5) One of the strategies by which a healthy organizational culture can be maintained proposes to support a close…


1. Welch, Jack. 2005. Straight from the Gut. Warner Books.

2. Welch, Jack. 2005. Winning. Collins

Management and Leadership Examine the
Words: 2461 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99285054
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He wished to build the happiest place on the planet and this message continues to be handed over to the new recruits who join the organization presently also. Disney exists to give a guarantee to the Americans that are there for real. Disneyland is not just unreal, rather it is hyper-real. As a result it is possible to express of the corporate culture of Disney as being created. ("eading Organizations from behavior and experience to representation and experience," n. d.)

4) Explain how the four functions of management support the creation and maintenance of a healthy organizational culture

The four functions of management support the creation and maintenance of a healthy organizational culture as it leads to planning, organizing, leading and coordinating of resources and it is these 4 activities which recur across the institution and are extremely unified. Present features relating to management cover claims leading are distinct from…


Arnold, Paul. V. (2002) "Fixing manufacturing" MRO Today Magazine, Retrieved at 

Bryman, Alan. (1995) "Disney and His World"


N.A. (2007) "Disney Institute Homepage" Retrieved at

Management Strategy the Document States the Plan
Words: 1770 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 56836479
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Management Strategy

The document states the plan of an organization in different phases. For each phase there will be a different management strategy. The document has described the management strategy and the effects that they will have on the performance of the business and why that particular management strategy has been chosen.

Management structure needs to be examined carefully when a new business venture is setup. In order to develop and build on the business plan a compact management structure is necessary. The managers are the people who are responsible for steering an organization towards achieving the business objectives. In the second phase the business plan will be implemented on the basis of geographical region and the management structure will be based accordingly.

The four key functions of management are planning, organizing, leading and controlling the business. The type of managers which are selected for the business venture must be…


Gomez-Mejia, Luis R.; David B. Balkin and Robert L. Cardy (2008). Management: People, Performance, Change, 3rd edition. New York, New York USA: McGraw-Hill. pp. 19.

Kleiman, Lawrence S. (2010). " Management and Executive Development" Reference for Business: Encyclopedia of Business

Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries (2003). The Dark Side of Leadership - Business Strategy Review 14(3), Autumn Page 26

Richard Barrett (2003). Vocational Business: Training, Developing and Motivating People, - Business & Economics - 2003. - Page 51

Management-Verizon Management Verizon in the
Words: 1434 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50461570
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A cheap product will not be able to survive in this rapidly changing business environment. Organization is another extremely important aspect of the necessary managerial skills for any manager desiring guaranteed success at their individual Verizon location. Organization can be as simple as instituting training at work in a pattern that overlooks no single employee. A good manager cannot expect employees to train themselves or improve their work manners without additional help. A strong organized training program is sure to enhance even the most successful company.

A strong leadership team is another necessary important aspect for businesses engaged in the phone industry. Verizon's leadership team must be instituted and adopted without fear at the workplace, because employees who fear their supervisors simply cannot evolve into successful employees interested in the growth of the company. A strong leadership team will effectively manage the business with the overall objective of accomplishing the…


Bass, B.M. (1996). A new paradigm of leadership: An inquiry into transformational leadership. Alexandria: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.

Oak, C. & Schoeffler, B. (2002). Management for the 21st Century. Retrieved March 13, 2007, from Insurance Journal Web site: .

Verizon. (2007). Verizon. Retrieved March 17, 2007, at .

Management Accounting the Purpose of
Words: 1609 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91616829
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The two basics to keep in mind is that managerial accounting should be used early and often and not just internal stakeholders should be heeded and listened to (, 2013).


In conclusion, Thai Airlines would benefit greatly from an entrenched and well-managed managerial accounting framework. It should supplement and complement both the financial accounting mechanisms of Thai Airlines as well as general process management, general product management, marketing, other accounting matters and general business decision making for Thai Airlines. Part and parcel of all of that is integrating stakeholder's expectations and conversely managing the expectations and perceptions of those same stakeholders is also vital on a number of levels. However, if all of the above is managed and managed well, then the outcomes for firms like Thai Airlines that use managerial accounting effectively will tend to be very good.


Holtzman, M. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting for Dummies…


Holtzman, M. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting for Dummies Cheat Sheet - for Dummies . How-to Help and Videos - for Dummies. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from (2013, May 12). Financial vs. Managerial Accounting. Home Page. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from 

Singha Beer International. (2013, May 14). Singha Beer International. Singha Beer International. Retrieved May 14, 2013, from (2013, May 12). Accounting - Introduction to Stakeholders. tutor2u | Economics | Business Studies | Politics | Sociology | History | Law | Marketing | Accounting | Business Strategy. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from

Management and Leadership There Is
Words: 2296 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 45273767
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Another trait of leadership Zinni and Klotz (2009) explore is the ability of a leader to communicate clearly and articulately with the organization and the public. He can no longer afford to be the faceless top of a chain of command. It behooves the modern leader to develop a variety of decision making skills, such as honing his intuition, learning to quickly recognize developing patterns and trends, and quickly communicating his directions and intentions. This also means that today's leader must be able to show the way through times of crisis and change. A leader's ability to calmly steer a course in times of turmoil is crucial to the survival of any enterprise. Finally, a modern leader needs to think and act strategically. He must plan out the future course of action and guide the organization toward achieving the vision he has articulated. He must be able to hold fast…


Cooper, I.D., (2007, May/June). The impotence of importance -- reflections on leadership. Annals of family medicine, 5:261-262. Retrieved June 28, 2010, from (25)

Li, C., (2010). Open Leadership: How social technology can transform the way you lead. San Fransico, CA: Jossey-Bass Wiley.

Shulstad, R.A., (2009, summer). Perspectives on leadership and management. Air & space power journal, 11-17. Superintendent of Documents. Retrived June 28,2010, from (24)

Spurgeon, P., & Cragg, R., (2007). Is it leadership or management? Clinician in management. 15: 123-125. In R. Chambers, K. Mohanna, P. Spurgeon, & D. Wall, (Eds.). How to succeed as a leader. Oxford, U.K.: Radcliffe Publishing. (21)

Management and Leadership Are Both
Words: 475 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17525497
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Whereas the other functions of management focus on methods, and operations, and policies, and organizational structure, leadership pertains exclusively to people. Management also includes various functions that relate to personnel, such as the establishment of hierarchical structure, and supervisory policies and practices. However, even in these personnel-oriented functions, management and leadership are substantially different.

Leadership includes the use of specific styles (such as transactional, charismatic, transformational, and servant leadership). On one hand, certain leadership styles have proven to be more appropriate or likely to be successful in specific types of organizations and industries; on the other hand, leadership style is ultimately a matter of choice and any leadership style could (at least in principle) be used in any organization. However, management functions are largely determined by the nature of the industry and the processes required for organizations to function properly in given industries. Therefore, unlike leadership style, approaches to business…

Management These Descriptions Fit in
Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 38632738
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This concept originated with the principles of Total Quality Management (TQM).

The notion that only managers play a role in controlling work activities is based on two false ideas. One is the antiquated notion of totalitarian management. Modern management does not follow this style, as it is often not consistent with organizational objectives. The second false idea is that the manager can control the employee at all times. In practice, managers merely provide instruction and guidance with respect to work activities. Employees often devise their own ways of performing different tasks, and it would be near impossible for management to control this. Thus, employees do exert some control over work activities.

Q3. Operations management can be applied to any managerial function.

Operations management techniques are based around analysis of processes. Control is merely one aspect of the role, even within the operations setting. In fact, operations management also consists of…

Management's Workout Is a Tool
Words: 589 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88680707
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This is also favorable for organizations as a whole, as enhanced leadership skills within employees, means better performance within the company. This is historically proven by the many companies who have implemented the program.

2. Workout can certainly be adapted to any type of organization. It is however emphasized that the program is fairly expensive to implement in terms of outside facilitators and training venues, which might present a challenge to not-for-profit organizations. However, this depends upon the specific resources and needs of an organization.

A not-for-profit organization might for example need only one outside facilitator to train facilitators within the company itself. Existing company facilities could be used for this, as initial training sessions will be small. If there is a need for more funding resources, sponsors can be contacted in this regard. In this it is important that the involved sponsors be aware of the benefits of Workout.…

Management as Organizations Become Larger in Both
Words: 912 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 15924444
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As organizations become larger in both scope and scale, the need for both management and leadership compounds. Many organization problems today, correlate heavily to a lack of true management. Aspects such as fraud, high employee turnover, product recalls, and strikes, all have origins with management. To better combat many of these negative influences, companies must hire, attract and retain talented management. In order to do so, many companies use the administrative management theory of management. This theory emphasizes the use of planned procedures, job specialization, and merit pay to help facilitate business objectives. I believe this theory to be the most useful in regards to managing an organization. For one, specialization of labor helps increase operational efficiencies with a business. In addition, planned procedures allow both employees and management to have clearly defined goals and job expectations. Finally pay based on merit provides incentive for employee and management to…


1) Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries The Dark Side of Leadership - Business Strategy Review 14(3), Autumn Page 26 (2003).

2) Stroh, L.K., Northcraft, G.B., & Neale, M.A. (2002). Organizational behavior: A management challenge. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

3) Paul C. Dinsmore et al. (2005) The right projects done right! John Wiley and Sons, 2005. ISBN 0-7879-7113-8. p.35-42

4) Lewis R. Ireland (2006) Project Management. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2006. ISBN 0-07-147160-X p.110- 116

Management Undercover Boss Is a Great Show
Words: 993 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36530988
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Undercover Boss is a great show for illustrating core management concepts. A season five episode features the CEO of the Larry H. Miller Company, owner of the Utah Jazz along with eighty other concerns. This episode features issues related to occupational health and safety, customer service and marketing. In the episode about Modell's Sporting Goods, a family-owned business that has been around since 1889, issues related to logistics, wages, and social justice come to the fore. In the first season episode featuring the CEO and president of 7-11, issues related to management and corporate structure, customer service, and quality assurance are brought to light. These three episodes can all be used to better understand textbook concepts, from the particular skills managers need to succeed to ethics and social responsibility. Of these three episodes, the most engaging was the one about Modell's because of the way the owner came to…


Schermerhorn, J.R. (2012). Exploring Management. 3rd edition.

Undercover Boss Utah Jazz: 

Undercover Boss Modell's: 

Undercover Boss 7-11:

Functions Management the Purpose of This Report
Words: 2839 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30583822
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Functions Management

The purpose of this report is to analyze the leadership and planning systems at Apple Inc. Apple has been one of the success stories of the past decade. Leadership has played a strong role in Apple's success, with the company generally thriving under Steve Jobs and struggling under other leaders. ith Jobs' passing, the company faces a challenge of adapting its leadership and planning systems, both of which were centered around Jobs' charismatic leadership.

The study focuses on two sources of information. There is little academic literature on Apple, in part because of the company's famous secrecy. The business press, however, has analyzed the company's leadership and planning processes and was used as a source of information. In addition, literature focusing on the leadership and planning theories was used to develop the frameworks for analysis.

The findings of this report are that Apple's success in the past has…

Works Cited:

Arora, N. (2011). Tim Cook's leadership determines whether Apple hits $100 or $1,000 next. Forbes. Retrieved November 3, 2011 from (2011). Charismatic leadership. Changing Retrieved November 2, 2011 from 

Funding Universe. (2011). Apple Computer Inc. Funding Universe. Retrieved November 2, 2011 from

Helft, M. & Miller, C. (2011). A deep bench of leadership at Apple. New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2011 from

Management the Manager's Basic Responsibility it Has
Words: 1498 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27966302
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The Manager's Basic esponsibility

It has been said that the manager's most basic responsibility is to focus people toward performance of work activities to achieve desired outcomes. Is this a true statement? Certainly, it describes part of the manager's role and that part of the manager's role is a significant one. However, focusing people towards the performance of work activities is only part of the manager's role and may not be the most crucial part. A manager might have other responsibilities that are more basic and more essential to their role. At the same time, this description of the manager's role may actually undermine the manager's ability to perform their job effectively. These issues will now be considered further.

Management is defined as "the attainment of organisational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organising, leading, and controlling organisational resources" (Daft 1997, p. 8). This definition includes…


Bruch, H & Ghoshal, S 2002, 'Beware the busy manager', Harvard Business Review, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 62-69.

Daft, R 1997, Management, The Dryden Press, Sydney.

Furedi, F 2005, 'Treat employees like adults', Harvard Business Review, vol. 83, no. 5, pp. 22-23.

Mintzberg, N 1975, 'The manager's job: Folklore and fact', Harvard Business Review, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 49-61.

Management and Leadership Department of
Words: 1738 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89325979
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Most audit managers assign supervisory tasks to senior auditors and, in general, consistently encourage more senior auditors to fulfill a mentor role within the audit team.

The dual benefit of this practice is that it fosters greater team unity and a healthier organizational culture, in addition to enabling junior auditors to learn technical skills from their more senior associates. Very often, the types of relationships maintained by senior auditors within their audit teams is one of the most important criteria considered in conjunction with possible recommendations for future promotion of senior (GS-13) auditors to management at the GS-14 level. By the time auditors reach the GS-13 level, they are not readily distinguishable from one another in technical skill (or they would not have risen above the GS-12 level).

Therefore, it is precisely their performance in the unofficial role of "supervisory" auditor that is most often considered the difference between auditors…


Kinicki, a., Williams, B. (2005) Management: A Practical Approach. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Nowalinski, G. (2001) a Brief History of the HHS Office of Inspector General USDHHS Office of Inspections and Evaluations. Washington, DC: GAO

U.S. Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General Public Website, Retrieved March 24, 2008, at

Functions of Public Relations PR
Words: 1191 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79467869
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Therefore the pubic relations specialist has to be conscious and fully aware of his or her role as intermediary between the organization and the public. This is particularly true of P specialists who work for government and organizations affecting health and the environment.

An example of social responsible P marketing is marketing that;

Identifies areas where the firm can make a positive difference.

Makes sure local media are aware.

Informs and involve employees.

Invests in advertising and public relations to highlight the firm's efforts.

Public elations, egulations and Sponsorship Programs)

In terms of the external responsibilities and functions of the P officer in an organization, media relations often take priority. The P specialist is trained to communicate and to enable the media to write and present the organization in a light that is conducive to the good image of the company.

In order to achieve these functions the public relations…


Public Relations Specialists. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at 

Public Relations, Regulations and Sponsorship Programs. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at 

Virtual Communities - Social Implications of Public Relations. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at

Management Planning The Failure of
Words: 1317 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8702206
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By "spreading these large expenses over decades rather than years," WorldCom's appeared to do the impossible: "cut annual expenses, acknowledge all MCI revenue, and boost profits from the acquisition" (Moberg & omar 2008).

Who wouldn't want to invest in such a profitable company? Investors, mislead by such accounting data, flocked to buy the stock, Based upon analysts' recommendations, many people used the stock to bolster investment portfolios designated for retirement and college savings. While it is acknowledged that buying stocks always entails some risk, WorldCom's inaccurate financial reporting made an objective evaluation of its policy impossible. Upon acquiring companies, WorldCom management chose also chose to ignore credit department lists of customers who had not paid their bills for a long time, thus discounting the financial drain of non-collectable bills.

Management planning: Contingency planning and corporate social responsibility

The complete lack of contingency planning on the part of WorldCom management was…


Moberg, Dennis & Edward Romar. (2008). WorldCom. Mark Kula Center of Applied Ethics.

Santa Clara University. Retrieved January 3, 2010 at 

Planning function. (2009). Management study guide. Retrieved January 3, 2010 at

Management in Accounting Profitable Business
Words: 1974 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34348555
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Process redesign is central to cost control. The notion of focus groups as a means to reduce costs and enhance process control is notable for its two-pronged approach.

Focus groups (Bannon, 2001) also enable manufacturers to identify early in the process whether a product will be a hit among the consumer base or if it is expected to flop. The earlier the product is identified to flop, the better the savings for the company and potential for greater profits through the pipeline of alternative toys used in the focus group process.

Other measures pertinent to the cost control process include securing an earlier production schedule (Bannon, 2001) and utilizing a smaller number of molds or casts necessary to manufacture the facsimile toy product. "The difference is important, since molds can cost as much as $100,000 each. Says Mr. Bousquette. "For 30 years, the company has been talking about doing this,"…


Bannon L. New Playbook: Taking Cues from GE, Mattel's CEO Wants Toy Maker to Grow Up - the Former Cheese Whiz Puts Financial Discipline Ahead of Marketing Flash - but is Barbie Unpredictable? Wall Street Journal. (Eastern Edition). New York, NY.: Nov 14, 2001. Pg a.1

HEYMAN, S. (1975). Expense control for retail companies. Retail Business Review, 44(2), 2. Retrieved from

Landers, B. (1989). Overhead cost management in retailing. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management,17(3), 14. Retrieved from 

Trozzi, M. (1974). Managing the Cost Reduction Process. Retail Business Review 42.9 (Jun/Jul) 14. Retrieved from

Management Discuss Some of Your Work Experiences
Words: 892 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Discussion Chapter Paper #: 5654399
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discuss some of your work experiences that relate to planning and organizing, as well as some facts about the companies we study

During my service as a manager, my main role was to plan and organize several activities of the organization. In view of planning, I had to set targets that are crucial for offering directions to the activities within the organizations. Objectives and goals of any project require enough planning in order to enhance the volume of production and quality of the outcome. Whenever leaders fail to plan, they are on the path of failure since the risks in the contemporary world need proper and extensive planning. The other area where I learnt substantially as a manger is organization. In organizing the activities of the business entity, efficient and effective development strategies experience implementation. It determines the structure of the organization. Organization is vital for the process of…

Functions of Leadership Are Described
Words: 4688 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79238998
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The leadership style at McDonald's relies on the three legs of the stool. For the most part, the innovation and vision part of the leadership process is with McDonald's head office, while the more autocratic style comes through the suppliers and the owner/operators, whose job it is to undertake the actions that will allow the company to implement strategy. The company has its own leadership school that helps to ensure all senior managers -- and many lower-level managers as well -- are trained in the leadership functions. Thus, there is a high level of congruence between the leadership training that different McDonald's leaders receive. This allows for the managers to work together better, but it also facilitates management at McDonald's all adhering to the same culture, and the same values.


McDonald's is a pioneer in control. The company believes strongly in measurement as a means of helping to…


Burrows, P., Grover, R., & Green, H. (2006). Steve Job's Magic Kingdom. New York. Business Week, February 6, 2006, Issue 3970,-page 62, retrieved on November 10, 2010 at: 

David, Leonard. (2010). Commentary: The Last Pitchamn. Business Week online, June 10, 2010, retrieved November 10, 2010, at: 

Koehn, Nancy F.. Fortune, 11/23/2009, Vol. 160 Issue 10, p110-114. Retrieved on June 1, 2012, at: 

Wilson, J. (2010). Wanted: inspirational leaders. Business Week. Retrieved June 1, 2012 from

Management Leading and Collaborating in a Competitive World
Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68460987
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Bank of America: Organizing Function of Management

Bank of America is the leading commercial financial institution of the United States. Founded in 1874, the bank has a long history of offering financial services to large and small businesses and individuals in America and abroad. Bank of America couldn't possibly have been where it is today without an efficient Human resource management system and good and effective use of technology. The company places great emphasis on human resource development right from the start. For starters it has a good hiring policy that ignores differences of race, sex, color and creed. The bank has truly been an equal opportunity employer. BoA has also been focusing on appropriate job design by offering job rotation and enlargement so each individual can get the best out of the position at which he/she is serving. It has been trying to improve its job design so every…


Bank of America. Press Releases.

HRM REPORT. Accessed online 18th May 2011

Functions of Business Management
Words: 575 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98376323
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Business management is defined as a social process that incorporates planning and controlling the operations of a business enterprise towards the achievement of specified goals and objectives. The process of business management is multi-faceted because of the various sectors, activities, and operative functions. In addition to planning and controlling operations towards realizing certain objectives, business management also entails motivating employees and solving problems creatively. Given the multi-faceted nature of business management, there are five functions of management. These functions are planning, staffing, organizing, controlling, and directing or coordinating. These functions play an important process in business management through separating processes from other business functions (oberts, n.d.). The fundamental functions of management are separate from business processes like finance, information technology management, marketing, and accounting.

Each of the essential functions of management is important for effective business management for various reasons. Planning is important because it entails coordinating the organization's management…


Barnat, R. (2014). Management Skills. Retrieved October 17, 2016, from 

Roberts, C. (n.d.). Five Functions of Management and Leading. Retrieved October 17, 2016, from

Management in a School System
Words: 1011 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87302671
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Evaluation of Decision to Close and Closure Process
It seems as though FBPS was trying to fulfill the more popular of the Six PESTEL factors, technology. The launch of its International Baccalaureate Programs seemed promising; however, it came at the worst possible economic time. The US economic recession of 2005 took toll on not only the FBPS campuses but other reputable schools surrounding it. This indication quickly started impacting the FBPS organization. The closure of several schools and the announcement of others not continuing with certain academics.
The fact that only two campuses would remain open—the Richmond and the North Richmond campuses—rankled parents, and the fact that news of the closing of the Staunton campus school came after the enrollment deadline at other neighboring schools was a shock that parents simply were not inclined to accept. The FBPS assured parents that the closures were not the result of finances—but Moody’s…

Evolution of Management Principle
Words: 1258 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 28649614
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Management Evolution

Evolution of Management

A Brief History of the Evolution of Management Principles and Models

The evolution of management theories and principles in modern management thought began in the late nineteenth century and advanced rapidly all through the twentieth century up until the present day. The need to define management and the role of managers became a vital part of production as well as the need to effectively complete many business functions. This led to the foundation of various management theories that were aimed at orchestrating different business functions in an environment where the separation of labor demand some level of coordination. Classical management theories focused on the best methods for assigning the labor of various individuals and there related tasks. This line of thinking was not only necessary, but evolved into a robust field of academic study as well as professional practitioners that specialize in management. This paper…

Works Cited

Deming, W. (2011, September 22). The Deming System of Profound Knowledge. Retrieved from The W. Edwards Deming Institute: 

Mind Tools. (N.d.). Henri Fayol's Principles of Management. Retrieved from Mind Tools:

Analysis of My Management Philosophy
Words: 1005 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71702013
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Management philosophy refers to an individual's opinion regarding to the best management practice. In other words, a management philosophy is the best strategy to communicate the work ethics to organizational employee, which can serve as a mission statement to serve as a guideline to perform management duties. My management philosophy is to provide guideline, leadership, direction, as well as delivering a good example to the subordinates. In other words, my management philosophy is to design an environment that will assist me to lead employee productively. I have been able to achieve productivity from the employee through conflict management, provide encouragement to low performing employees, as well as rewarding a strong performer among employee.

The objective of this paper is to discuss my management philosophy.

My management Philosophy

My management philosophy is to set a good example to influence other employee's to work diligently through decision making, planning, organizing, leading, controlling…

Functions Management What Are the Different Functions
Words: 1032 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43254751
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Functions Management

What are the different functions involved in management? How do they help one to achieve success in the workplace? In what ways does each of them enhance the organizational culture? One will study in depth the various aspects of managing others and apply them to a city Police Department setting.

The four areas of management consist of planning, organizing, leading and controlling. Anyone that is in law enforcement has some level of planning on a regular basis, whether he or she is the chief or a police officer in his or her district. This means establishing goals to get crime down (Dessler, 2005). Each person is law enforcement is held to a higher standard with their ethical conduct, and within a given location citizens are allowed to complain to those in authority to reprimand anyone behaving unethical and unprofessional (Forte, 2001). However, anyone that is above the person…


Dessler, G. (2005). Human resource management. Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Forte, A. (2001). Business ethics: a study of the moral reasoning of selected business managers.

Bell & Howell Information and Learning Company, 1-240.

Function Outsourcing it Function Outsourcing the Advancements
Words: 1244 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96551661
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Function Outsourcing

IT Function Outsourcing

The advancements in the field of information technology have paved way for digitization of operations and automation of functions. In the recent decade it has become a need which is the source of cost reduction, efficient operation and competitive advantage as well. This is the reason; almost every organization is seriously considering the option of introducing IT in its operations. Since information technology is the combination of computer technology and communication technology, it has specialised body of knowledge and people with specialised skills are required in the field. Many organizations have developed an altogether new department of IT to look after the routine operations, maintenance of IT hardware and software and perform support functions whenever required.

Keeping in view the vast scale at which IT operations are conducted and the standardized software tools coming in the market to meet the requirements of many organizations in…


Corbett, M.F. (2004). The outsourcing Revolution. USA: Kaplan Publishing.

Hudson, H.E. (2006). From Rural Village to Global Village. New Jersey: Routledge.

Mclvor, R., Wall, A. And Humphreys, P. (2009). A study of Performance Measurement in outsourcing decision. UK: CIMA Publishing.

Tho, I. (2005). Managing the Risk of IT outsourcing. USA: Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann.

Management Strategies the History of Apple Corporation
Words: 1607 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 30336085
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Management Strategies

The History of Apple Corporation

Strategy Development and Implementation

The History of Apple Corporation

The corporation has an exciting history, as it has transformed to the biggest and most successful technology firms in the world, under the best managers of time. Both the employees of the firm, the management and the product consumers have been linked to the firm's success. The firm was started with the two Steves, who from their early lives had shown considerable interest in electronics. Steve Jobs and Steve Woznlak were former employees at Atari and HP respectively. However, in April 1976, the two conceptualized the Apple computer, which was among the first personal computers at that time. The company has focused on products that are innovative and new in the market ever since it was started. It is Job that started developed the legendary Macintosh, which is known to many as 'Mac'. There…


Lamb, C.W., Hair, J.F. & McDaniel, C. (2011). Essentials of Marketing. New York: Cengage Learning.

Quelch, J.A. & Deshpande, R. (2004). The Global Market: Developing a Strategy to Manage Across Borders. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Schermerhorn, J.R. (2011). Exploring Management. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Managing Information Systems Introduction in
Words: 2760 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 55736802
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Furuholt, (2006) argues that lack of management engagement to the acceptance of information systems has been a barrier to the implementation of information systems. The issues are even common with organizations in the developing countries where management does not give enough priority to the information systems implementation. Importantly, implementation of information systems requires management support since management will need to approve fund that would be used for IS implementation. Generally, younger people are more interested in the it tools than older people. In a situation where number of older working team outnumbers younger working team within an organization, the IS implementation may be cumbersome.

More importantly, lack of knowledge of information systems may serve as barrier to its implementation. In the developed countries, private and public organizations have already aware the importance of information systems to the organizations. Many organizations in developed countries already realize that it tool is a…


Abukhzam, M. & Lee, a. (2010). Factors affecting Bank Staff attitude towards E-banking adoption in Libya. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries: 42(2): 1-15.

Ali, S.N.A. (2010). E-government services: an exploration of the main factors that contribute to successful implementation in Libya. PhD thesis, University of Portsmouth.

Bartol, K.M. (1982). Managing Information Systems Personnel: A Review of the Literature and Managerial Implications. MIS Quarterly.

Boh, W.F. & Yelling, D. (2007). Using Organizational Architecture Standards in Managing Information Technology. Journal of Management Information Systems. 23 (3): 163 -- 207.

Management Functions and Roles Please
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78371104
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Trending analysis through a balanced scorecard methodology is used to evaluate the level of performance of each practice relative to another based on patients served, costs, and support costs. The use of balanced scorecards as part of the strategic planning process in healthcare organizations is a best practice that delivers insights and intelligence that drives ROI strategies (Niles, 2010). This is certainly the case with the healthcare organization interviewed.

3. What are some of the most important practices or activities related to this function? What is your involvement?

Managing the underlying IT systems that make the reporting performance evaluation and improvement processes possible is the most important activity related to that specific function. As the acting CIO for the healthcare organization, the person interviewed must also manage the teams that keep the computer systems up and running over time. The have completely accountability and responsibility for keeping the entire IT…

Management Functions One of the
Words: 2023 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 42678843
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Should the outcomes perform well against the goals, then the performance appraisal process must undergo a re-evaluation. Theories about the underperformance of key outcomes can be matched against feedback from the appraisers and the employees. From that point, a course of action can be developed that will alter the appraisal process to better align it with its objectives. The final step in the control mechanism is the adjustment process. The new ideas must be incorporated into the existing appraisal system. These new ideas must then be tested to determine if they have been as effective as intended, or if they have even moved the outcomes further from the objectives. At this point, the manager is engaged in a feedback loop that exists to continuously improve the performance appraisal process.


Performance appraisals are often conducted poorly, and this has led to considerable criticism of the tool. There are three fundamental…

Works Cited

Heskett, Jim (2006). What's to be Done About Performance Reviews? Harvard Business School. Retrieved November 26, 2008 at 

No author. (2008). Performance Reviews. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved November 26, 2008 at 

Culbert, Samuel a. (2008) Get Rid of the Performance Review! MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved November 26, 2008 at 

No author. (2004) Performance Appraisal Handbook. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved November 26, 2008 at