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Non-Profit Management PALS 4 Paws Case Study
Words: 2220 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 64819046
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Fundraising for PALS 4 Paws

Financing for Non-profit Organization

PALS 4 paws is a non-profit organization interested in safeguarding pets in the U.S.A. To protect them from abuse, neglect, abandonment, and euthanasia. The goal of PALS 4 Paws is to decrease the number of animals that are going into animal shelters and increase the number of local adoptions to ensure better lives for pets. As a non-profit, PALS 4 paws will manage the rescue of pets that fall victim to issues of mistreat, tragedy or other forms of animal suffering. One the other hand, it will provide pet lovers with low cost pets by facilitating the adoption process through owner-to-adopter communication. This paper discusses the fundraising aspect of Pals 4 Paws as well as details of the organization's financial policies.

Fundraising plan


Based on the assessment of the organization, three key areas of strength are identified. The first is…


Burnett, K. (2012). Relationship Fundraising: A Donor-Based Approach to the Business of Raising Money. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Cannon, C.M. (2012). An Executive's Guide to Fundraising Operations: Principles, Tools & Trends. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Ciconte, L.B., & Jacob, J. (2012). Fundraising Basics: A Complete Guide. Chicago: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Klein, K. (2012). Fundraising for Social Change. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Worthy Causes Worldwide That Charities
Words: 1049 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34881730
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Donors want to be sure there is a purpose for their gift; they want to know their money will be used wisely and will make a difference in the lives of others.

It seems counterintuitive that long letters would make effective appeals, but Clark (as cited in Kluth) recommends long letters as the best means to evoke a response from potential donors. Clark cites research that has demonstrated time and again that long letters are effective. By "long," she means two-sided copy on standard business letterhead paper and up to three or four pages. Such letters provide donors with information on which to make their funding decisions. It is part of ensuring donors that their "hard-earned dollars" will be well spent on a mission that has a clear purpose and is well thought out in terms of implentation.

Sims and ees (2010 caution fundraisers to anticipate campaign results realistically. House,…


Brickmill Agency. (2010). Brickmill direct mail tips. Nov. 10, 2010. Retrieved 

Crouch, L. (2009). Boy Scouts of America: Direct mail fund-raising manual. Boy Scouts of America.

Kluth, B. (n.d.) 18 proven ideas for better direct mail fundraising. Retrieved from

Sales Plan for a Non-Profit
Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 91018323
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The different types of fundraisers are numerous. Some groups choose to hold auctions or raffles in which they make profits off the sale goods that have been donated. Others choose from many different types of activities such as a walk-a-thon or bowl -a-thon. During these events money is raised by donations from supporters based on how many times, or for how long a specific activity is accomplished (What are the Different Types of Fundraisers, 2009). Tele-a-thons are also very popular ways for some nonprofit organizations to raise money.

Fundraising is not always an easy thing to do but it is a very vital function for all nonprofit organizations. It is so vital because this is the way that these organizations obtain the funds that they need to go about doing what their organization was originally set up to do. These campaigns are usually their only source of income. So in…


Fund Development Plan. (2009). Retrieved December 5, 2009, from Florida Philanthropic

Advisors Web site:

Non-profit organizations. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2009, from Cornell University Law

School Web site:

Charitable Institutions -- Development Director
Words: 506 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 41588332
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Katz describes as a "very delicate touch" that recognizes the legitimate financial concerns of many contributors to SCC charitable initiatives.

Managerial and Planning Aspects of Fundraising:

Mr. Katz emphasized the importance of identifying the optimal timing for charitable fundraising initiatives to coincide with times of the year when charitable donations are least likely to conflict with other financial demands of anticipated contributors. Similarly, many of the SCC fundraising efforts naturally coincide with Jewish holidays, in particular those with especially prominent altruistic themes and a traditional focus on community service and charity for the less fortunate.

Mr. Katz also referred to the importance of using customer relationship management principles and tools to assist fundraising planning by personalizing outreach initiatives. Specifically, the SCC fundraising department has been using proprietary CM software to keep track of personal facts and family circumstances of donors and other contributing members of the SCC community. Mr. Katz…


Sephardic Community Center Public Website (2009). Retrieved September 23, 2009,


Pana Fete the Red Carpet
Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80237885
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An impressive collection of over 300 guests are expected to attend, including international designers, models, philanthropists, celebrities, buyers, stylists, journalists, executives and socialites. Ticket prices will begin from U.S. $150 for general individual tickets, U.S. $250 for VIP cocktail tables, and U.S. $350 for access to the exclusive VVIP reception with the designers for photographs and meetings. The evening features a full program of fashion festivities and live entertainment along with hors d'oeuvres and open bar with wine and champagne.


The annual Pana Fete raises awareness and creates an opportunity for cultural exchange, building a lasting network of support for the friends of Africa's emerging fashion scene. The event offers its valued sponsors a rare opportunity to align their brand with the unique platform provided by the premier public relations experience in the African fashion industry. For fashion professionals hoping to capture their share of the growing market…

Hba and the Building Trade the Liabilities of a Professional Association
Words: 2949 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63063273
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Non-Profit and for-Profit Ethical and Liability Issues

This paper examines the ethical and liability issues that non-profit corporations and for-profit businesses face, and compares them.

Non-Profit Corporations and For-Profit Business: Comparison of the Ethical and Liability Issues that are Faced by Both There have been a lot of scandals lately regarding large for-profit businesses. These scandals stem from both ethical and legal issues. Many of these scandals have resulted in lawsuits and even criminal proceedings against those who have been involved with them. The true extent of corporate liability is just beginning to be seen in our society. We are watching the large corporations of this country ever more closely now, in order to make sure that they are acting in an ethical manner. The corporations, for their part, are being extra careful in their actions and words, fully aware of the liability that they are under should anything they…

Accession no.:70437218).


Roanoke Times & World News p. A9 Roanoke Retrieved October 6, 2003, from ProQuest database. (Accession no.:47787202).

A T Still University History of
Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 77433401
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The school's Mesa campus in Arizona must compete for funding its Missouri campus. However, the presence of online options to take some coursework and to complete some of a.T. Still's offered degrees could reduce some of the resource strain upon the University.

Goals of the organization

The organization's goals are to maintain and expand its high-quality instruction to students in a wide variety of medical fields. Affordability and expanded online offerings are part of its overall plan, as are expanding its research efforts and clinical training initiatives.

Research, given the foundational role of a.T. Still University in the development of osteopathic medicine, is a central goal of the University in the context of its short- and long-term future. The University's Research Institute focuses on creating a new generation of clinical-investigator physicians to further biomedical research and to improve the education of all physicians in the basic skills of conducting clinical…

Works Cited

A.T. Still. (2009). Official Website. Retrieved September 11, 2009 at

Fundraiser to Benefit Children With Learning Disabilities
Words: 1185 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69869863
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fundraiser to benefit children with learning disabilities. The money raised from the event will be earmarked for needed equipment by the various local organizations that sponsor and maintain programs designed to assist these individuals. The site will need to accommodate between 130 -- 200 patrons in a comfortable manner and will also need to be large enough to allow for dancing and entertainment. The proposed date of the event is May, 2012 and the time will be from approximately 6 pm to midnight.


It was originally thought that this type of event would best be hosted by an outdoor facility, and in the long run that assumption might hold true. However, in the process of finding a facility, a large downtown hotel has expressed interest in hosting, and being a sponsor of the event. The hotel's contribution would be a number of conference rooms (to be decided) that could…


Rushmore, S. (2011) Lodging Hospitality, accessed at , on January 27, 2012

Student Make a Presentation a Macro-Level Practice
Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10341945
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student make a presentation a Macro-level practice skill obtained internship. Examples include developing an assessment, developing a program agency, fundraising, grant writing. If developed a macro skill participated a macro activity, responsibility discuss Field Instructor develop a plan complete.

Macro-level practice skill: Needs assessment

Conducting an effective needs assessment is a critical component of working as a sociologist. Needs assessment requires an understanding of the needs of the community which the agency is designed to serve. Methods of needs assessment will vary depending on the resources of the organization. In my case, it involved reviewing the relevant statistical data available from government agencies about the general population along with conducting more informal qualitative interviews of the community. Needs assessment may also entail a review of the relevant scholarly literature on different ways similar communities have been served. "Needs assessment is the formal process of identifying needs as gaps between current…

There are many different forms of needs assessment. This article first offers a working definition of needs assessment, followed by a recommendation for using the Organizational Elements Model which links "what organizations use, do, produce, and deliver to the value-added that all of these elements have on external clients and society" (Leigh et al. 2000). As well as the needs of the specific population being cared for, the interactions between the agency and the exterior world must also be addressed. Needs assessment must integrate all levels of the process of providing care, from the agency itself and beyond.

Epstein, M.H., Quinn, K., Cumblad, C., & Holderness, D. (1996). Needs assessment of community-based services for children and youth with emotional or behavioral disorders and their families: Part 1. A conceptual model. Journal of Mental Health Administration, 23(4), 418-431.

Meeting the needs of client populations that have multiple challenges, including emotional and behavioral disorders is essential. Providing care that does not meet all of the patient's need, or, conversely, is overly restrictive, can inhibit rather than promote healing. This article discusses the various components of such a needs assessment, suggesting a family-based and environmental strategy that is equally attuned to the external factors affecting the patient's state of mental health.

Organizational Behavior Case Study
Words: 1948 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 6563198
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Organizational Behavior Case Study


esidential care facility's staff plays an important role in the daily lives of residents; unfortunately these facilities are usually faced with organizational obstacles and lack of information that prevents them from taking proper care of residents (Smith, 1998). This organizational behavioral case study is about a residential care facility which is part of a parent company that runs six different residential care facilities. The management of the company observed, this residential care facility facing serious problems. Turnover rate was high, performance was poor and economic losses were high.

In order to diagnose and solve the problem; parent company conducted a culture survey in all of its residential care facilities in which each member was bound to participate. The results were satisfactory for all residential care facilities except this care facility which showed totally negative results.

Looking at this serious situation; management hired a new…


Atchison, J. (1998). Perceived job satisfaction factors of nursing assistants employed in Midwest Nursing

Homes. Geriatric Nursing.

Cunningham, J.B. & Eberle, T. (1990). A Guide to Job Enrichment and Redesign. Personnel, Feb 1990,

p.57 in Newstrom, J. & Davis, K. (1993). Organization Behavior: Human Behavior at Work.

Resource Development Strategy Every NPO
Words: 4577 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71046059
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Volunteer activities

Volunteers are considered to be compassionate, patience, unselfish caring and just plain love which are expressed by an individual to another. Voluntarism is considered to be in kind donation in that it is where a person donates his skills and manpower to the organization by performing duties a signed to him. Management and leadership of nonprofit organizations should ensure that they get highly skilled volunteers who come and stay through the extension of the visions of the volunteering through creating an experience which is meaningful, develops skills, demonstrate impact and ability to tap into the volunteers' capabilities and interest.

Volunteers my stop rendering their services due to poor management practices. Nonprofit organizations should tap volunteers to help in doing charitable work in their organization. Most people do not volunteer because they are never given a chance by the nonprofit organizations.

According to the Context for Nonprofit esource Development…


Ethics and Accountability (2011)

The Nonprofit Sector: Resource Development and Management (2001)

The Resource development Process (n.d)

The Context for Nonprofit Resource Development (2011)

Project Data
Words: 768 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93176321
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The FEP (Fundraising Effectiveness Project) aims at helping non-profits quicken fundraising. The Project strives towards the above objective by offering yearly charity growth tracking and evaluation features to nonprofits. An increase in giving may be defined as net gains minus net losses in contribution (Tools - Fundraising Effectiveness Project). Nonprofit entities raise a larger sum of money via investments in growth-focused fundraising methods which amplify gains as well as decrease losses. FEP's emphasis is "effectiveness" (or charity growth maximization) instead of "efficiency" (or cost minimization). A yearly survey is performed, helpful performance measurement instruments for gauging increase in giving are provided, and loss/gain statistics are issued via an annual report, by partnering with The Urban Institute, the Association of Fundraising Professionals (AFP), and participant donor software companies. FEP resources back growth-focused fundraising initiatives. The Gig (Growth in Giving) program endeavors to increase philanthropy's GDP (gross domestic product) share. This initiative…

Public Admin Issues
Words: 5174 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41038897
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The role of the non-profit organization has transformed in many ways as society and the values inherent within that society also change and transform. The ability to create an organization with purpose and a sense of a greater duty is what makes the non-profit sector of exchange such a unique and important facet within the constructs of our society. The purpose of this essay is to address a situation where a recommendation is needed to determine the best route of approach for raising funds for a hypothetical nonprofit agency.

The background of this case deals with selecting between two options of fundraising method to improve and increase community services. This general situation is encountered by most nonprofit organizations and provides a solid background for discussing the ideas and principles inherent within the public sector. The first option imposes a user fee for individuals who currently request assistance. The second…


Association of Fundraising Professionals (nd). Donor Bill of Rights. Viewed 29 Sep 2014. Retrieved from 

Bennet, J. (2012). The New Price of American Politics. The Atlantic, Oct 2012. Retrieved from 

Frumkin, P., & Kim, M.T. (2001). Strategic positioning and the financing of nonprofit organizations: Is efficiency rewarded in the contributions marketplace?. Public Administration Review, 61(3), 266-275.

Funkhouser, M. (2014). The Failure and the Promise of Public Participation. Governing, 6 Jan 2014. Retrieved from

Non-Profit Management
Words: 1461 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19798170
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Non Profit Management

The primary objective of forming a nonprofit organization is to provide services to the community. The term "nonprofit" is used for those types of business, which are formed on the principle that profits will not be distributed to the owners. Majority of the non-profit organizations are organized under the cover of corporations, which are formed under the corporation law of the state in which they are operating. States have their own legislations for the formation of non-profit corporations and some of them allow the formation of other forms of organizations such as a trust or an unincorporated association. The Internal evenue Service (IS) has exempted those organizations from taxes, which are serving any kind of charitable, religious, scientific or educational purposes.

The typical structure of a non-profit organization includes three major areas. These are control, programs and central administration. The control or governance function of a non-profit…


Kent E. Dove: Conducting a Successful Capital Campaign: The New, Revised and Expanded Edition of the Leading Guide to Planning and Implementing a Capital Campaign: Jossey-Bass: 2nd edition: October 1999

Stanley Weinstein & Robert F. Hartsook: The Complete Guide to Fund-Raising Management: John Wiley & Sons: 2nd edition: February 2002

Michael Allison & Jude Kaye: Strategic Planning for Nonprofit Organizations: A Practical Guide and Workbook: John Wiley & Sons: July 1997

Non-profit Management

Operational Plan and Correlating Budget Project Description
Words: 2029 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48204037
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Operational Plan and Correlating Budget

Project Description

The 4 West is an organization that delivers health care for the community. ecently, the organization has decided to replace the existing medical-surgical unit into a new acute care oncology unit. The oncology is a specialty in medicine that deals with cancer. The CNO (Chief Nursing Officer) has informed the nurse director that 4 west is to become a specialized oncology unit. Since the hospital is planning the transition from the medical-surgical unit to the oncology unit, the hospital will need a new operational plan and correlating budget to assist the hospital to deliver high quality healthcare at lower costs.

Objective of this project is to develop an operational plan and correlating budget for the hospital to assist in effective transition from the medical-surgical unit to the oncology unit,

Project Details and Data

To start the budget plan, it is critical to use…


Bureau of Labor Statistics.(2014). Healthcare Occupations. Occupational Outlook Handbook. USA.

Clarke, S.P. & Donaldson, N.E. (2010). Chapter 25. Nurse Staffing and Patient Care Quality

and Safety.

Goodman, A.(2012). Oncology Nurse Staffing Is Variable and Multifactorial. Nursing News.

Look Up to the Sky
Words: 2318 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 22764118
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FDS Marketing Plan

The purpose of this marketing plan is to describe the conditions, issues and solutions to the future operational prowess of oyal Flying Doctor Services. The plan will highlight the need to continue fund raising operations to supply the resources that are need to continue the services of the FDS. This plan focuses on the Look Up in the Sky Program, an educational promotional system, that has been implemented in a different area of Australia. This plan attempts to expand this program in the Queensland area and eventually garner the organization more power to raise funds in future years.

The unique services that oyal Flying Doctor Services provides also demonstrates the need for a unique and powerful marketing plan that can help elaborate and spread knowledge about the business itself. In an effort to create such awareness FDS created an education program entitled Look Up in the Sky…


Balancing Australia (2014). Royal Flying Doctor Service Queensland Section. Viewed 20 Sep 2014. Retrieved from 

Chapman, S. (2010). Royal Flying Doctor Service, Innovation of a National Icon. Australian Innovation, Dec 2010. Retrieved from

Latimer, C. (2014). Royal Flying Doctors Launch New Safety Program. Ferret, 22 Aug 2014. Retrieved from 

Royal Flying Doctor Service web page (nd). Viewed 20 Sep 2014. Retrieved from

Auction Denver Ventures Priority Screening
Words: 1128 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 38910147
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This may be a useful starting point for future discussions.

8. What do we know about management?

The management team appears to be competent and mature, with a large amount of collective experience in their respective fields. Sam Mortensen, founder and CEO for example hols a number nonprofit board positions. Dr. Steve Sherill, VP of Technology, has more than 25 years of software industry experience and comes from a CIO and VP position in Engineering. President Brian Carlson also previously held financial and IT positions, and VP of Sales and Marketing Brad Nelson comes from a sales management background. Finally, Jon Liberman, VP of Business Development, has experience in both start-up and established companies.

All members of the management team therefore bring a large amount of experience and maturity to the Q&E Auctions venture.

Key Diligence Items: (Key risks / questions to be answered)

A. Customers / Competition:



Marketing in Healthcare Management Over
Words: 3563 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 47724235
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It was especially effective when evaluated for the specific demographic segmentation the organization was targeting. Young adult males were particularly inclined to watch the commercial, thanks to the buxom, bikini-clad beauty as the star. In addition, young adult females were more likely to relate to the star of commercial, more so than if they had cast a middle-aged housewife. Although these demographics were more likely to watch the commercial, such a small portion of the commercial was devoted to the actual message, it's difficult to determine the effectiveness on whether or not these viewers would take action, such as learning more about breast cancer or conducting monthly self breast exams, or other behaviors that would help with early detection of breast cancer, to ensure the likelihood of survival.

egarding the seven Ps of marketing, the Save the Boobs campaign was more effective than originally anticipated regarding the place of the…


Aggarwal, V.B., & Gupta, V.S. 2001, Handbook of journalism and mass communication, Concept, New Delhi.

Anselmo, D. 2010, Marketing demystified a self-teaching guide,.McGraw-Hill, New York.

Assael, H. 2005, Consumer behavior and marketing action (3rd ed.), Kent Pub. Co., Boston.

Crane, F.G. 2001, Professional services marketing: strategy and tactics, Haworth Press, New York.

Political Science Themes Issues and
Words: 2469 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49839970
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He commonly regales his backers with strong, repetitive phrases that carry a sermon-like quality of affirmation: "Yes we can." Obama's catchphrase has helped to attract even greater media support in the form of entertainment industry backing of the kind that appeals to the candidate's often young, white base. The musical group, the lack Eyed Peas recorded as song entitled "Yes We Can," that contains words from Obama's speeches as lyrics, and provides a powerful musical beat to his campaign while giving it the cachet of popular culture.

The media's love affair with arack Obama recently became a theme of the Clinton campaign when, beginning at the Texas debate, Hillary Clinton drew attention to a Saturday Night Live skit in which, during a simulated debate, arack Obama was offered a pillow to make him comfortable rather than asked the hardball questions that were hurled at his opponent.

The televised lampoon of…


Colmes, Alan and Hannity, Sean.

Discussion of the Media's Treatment of Sen. Hillary Clinton." Hannity & Colmes, 27 February 2008.

Espo, David.

Clinton, Obama Trade Jabs on Health Care." Associated Press, 28 February 2008.

Trends in Campaign Finance and Its Effect on Outcomes of Elections
Words: 3540 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 55151844
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Campaign Finance and its effect on Outcomes of Elections

In this paper, we are examining the underlying trends in campaign finance. To do this we will look at four different gubernatorial campaigns. Once this takes place, is when we will be able to see what patterns are developing in how campaigns are financed.

Over the last several decades, the issue of campaign finance and its outcome on elections has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because the relationship between politics and special interests will come together during an election. As political candidates, are forced to run for office through spending massive amounts of money. While having to accept funds; from a number of special interest groups that have active memberships throughout the country. This has led to a host of scandals with names such as Watergate, illustrating how this relationship between political and…


2002 General Election. (2002), Election Returns. Retrieved from: 

Contributor Results. (2011). Follow the Money. Retrieved from: 

Candidate Election Results. (2011). Vote. Retrieved from:

Contributor Results. (2011). Follow the Money. Retrieved from:

Business -- Political Science the
Words: 6973 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 39808881
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Today the outbound telephone marketing industry has given political campaigns the ability to reach out to a large group of targeted voters in a quick and quiet way, just below the radar. This notion went way beyond the small volunteer call centers that have existed for over forty years. It was essential for the technology to be in place and widely utilized. Political campaigns could not have put into production a complete industry of dissimilar companies, large and small, with many thousands of telephones in call centers. This was a revolution as one could target using any criteria from gender, age, vote propensity, income, level of education, to presence of children. One could shape the message even within a single calling agenda, so that they may be calling all women, but the script may be different for younger women in comparison to older women. And maybe most importantly, one can…


Bimber, B., and Davis, R. 2003. Campaigning Online: TheInternet in U.S. Elections, New

York: Oxford University Press.

Cornfield, M. 2005. Commentary on the Impact of the Internet onthe 2004 Election,

Washington, DC: Pew Internet and American Life Project, March 3.

B & S Consulting LLC
Words: 961 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 58012639
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HTC and violation of Internal evenue Service (IS) standards. If not addressed, these issues could have serious legal ramifications on HTC, not to mention the potential loss of public confidence.

Whether in for-profit or non-profit organizations, ethical challenges exist in virtually all types of organizations (hode & Packel, 2009). For non-profit organizations, expectations of ethical conduct are particularly higher as the organizations are generally involved in charitable causes. Nonetheless, achieving absolute ethical behavior remains a daunting challenge for most non-profit organizations. On its part, HTC engages in "ethical' behavior solely for the purpose of gaining profits for the goodwill in generates. In other words, the organization is involved in a charitable cause not for the purpose of enhancing community welfare, but as a means toward a self-serving end (profits and the accumulation of wealth). Taking advantage of non-profit status to make profit and accumulate wealth amounts to unlawful and unethical…


Internal Revenue Service (IRS). (2017). Exemption requirements -- 501(c)(3) organizations. Retrieved from organizations/exemption-requirements-section-501-c-3-organizations

Rhode, D., & Packel, A. (2009). Ethics and non-profits. Stanford Social Innovation Review, 29-35.

Richard Male and Associates (RMA). (2012). Ethical conduct in the nonprofit sector. Retrieved from 

U.S. Tax Court. (2013). Capital Gymnastics Booster Club, Inc., Petitioner v. Commission of Internal Revenue, Respondent. Retrieved from

Pressing Leadership Challenges
Words: 997 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57327766
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Higher education [...] challenge of financial funding and fund raising in today's complex economy. The American and world economies are in crisis, and one area where many states are cutting costs is education, especially higher education. University presidents must deal with numerous challenges throughout their tenure, but one of the greatest right now may be the crisis of shrinking educational funds. Dealing with this crisis is difficult for any university president, regardless of the stature or level of the university.

As the text notes, true leadership "is a process that is concerned with change" (Astin & Astin, 2000, p.8). College presidents qualify as true leaders in that they are always dealing with change in some way, from changing education models and curriculums to funding. In the current economy, funding has become a major issue for many colleges and universities across the nation. They also note throughout the text that good…


Astin & Astin (2000). Leadership reconsidered: Engaging higher education in social change.

Bornstein, R. (2008). Presidents and the big picture. Chronicle of Higher Education. 54 (40) A38.

Managing Non-Profit Organisations Organizations Management
Words: 810 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83986981
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Therefore, it is important that they understand the influence of violence on their behavior.

The most important objectives of this campaign are represented by:

Increasing awareness on this issue

Improving the activity of authorities in such situations

Changing violent behaviors

The resources that the campaign is based on are represented by supporters, reputation from other campaigns, and the help of authorities. It is important that the campaign benefits from an increased number of supports. This is because they can help promote the campaign and its objectives. The reputation from other campaigns is intended to attract a higher number of sponsors. The success of this campaign relies on the relationship between the ed Cross and the authorities in these countries.

The targets of this campaign are represented by:


People that observe violent behavior in others

People that practice such violent behaviors

There are several messages addressed by the campaign. The…

Reference list:

1. Annual Report (2010). ICRC. Retrieved March 9, 2012.

2. Kimbarovsky, R. (2009). 10 Small Business Social Media Marketing Tips. Retrieved March 9, 2012 from .

3. Guion, M. (2008). Internet Usage Gaps in Developing Countries: Challenges and Solutions. InfoTech. Retrieved March 9, 2012 from .

Disrupting Terror Group Finances to
Words: 2847 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 20790868
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Financial and law enforcers, military and reporting of intelligence are carried out by respective agencies drawn on limited coordination efforts (Whitmore, 2002). While agencies can pull and push intelligence data, these structures lack a centralized system for collecting intelligence. This limits the ability to conduct a meta-analysis of data across inter-agencies systems. Lack of proper coordination efforts reduces the usefulness of financial intelligence thus making it difficult to link the financial intelligence with other useful information. Critics claim that financial evidence is useful in supporting a case; it does not lead to prevention of terrorism attacks (Linden, 2007).

However, a centralized system of coordination may be an effective way of exploring financial data through linking it with other useful information. This can be made useful if the agencies improve their overall understanding of the financial networks of terrorists. The new homeland security departments are signals that there are efforts for…


Amos, M. & Petraeus, D. (2009). The U.S. Army Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field

Manual. New York: Signalman Publishing

Center for Excellence Defense against Terrorism (2008). Responses to Cyber Terrorism.

California: IOS Press

Desired State of School
Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52496827
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Dunn School

No public school in the United States is so perfectly administered that is cannot be improved. Dunn School in Trenton, New Jersey, is certainly not close to being perfect but there are signs that the school is improving. A school improvement plan has been approved and enabled and it includes: a) effective instruction; b) promotion of a positive school climate and culture; and c) effective community and family empowerment. The last two goals could become pivotal to the future of the school, if they are approached with solid background thought and good communication between the school leadership, the community, and families.

Promoting a positive school environment & involving the community

According to the ISLLC Standards #1 and #2 emphasize the need to create a "widely shared vision for learning" and to develop a "school culture and instructional program" that promotes learning while helping the staff become more professional.…

Works Cited

ISLLC Standards. (2012). School Leadership Briefing / Ideas, Insights, and Inspiration for Professional Growth. Retrieved November 5, 2013, from

U.S. Department of Education. (2011). Social-Emotional Environment. Retrieved November

5, 2013, from

Financial Perspective and Balanced Scorecard
Words: 954 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 8052225
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The Balanced corecard & the Financial Perspective

CCRC (Cattaraugus County Rehabilitation Center) is a non-profit organization that focuses on the rehabilitation of disabled people in order to improve their quality of life. The organization also delivers the comprehensive services for disabled people to achieve maximum independence. imilar to the for-profit organizations that used balanced scored to maximize their revenues, the Center also attempted to use the strategy planning tools to enhance its effectiveness, however, the organization faced several challenges in its implementation. The new Director of the trategic Planning introduced the Balanced corecards tool "to cascade strategic planning throughout the entire organization." (Martello, Watson, Fischer, 2008, p 72). The goal of using the corecard is to align each area of the organization with the overall strategic plan.

This paper argues that the organization has done a good job by implementing the Balanced corecard…



Total Contributions


Program Service Revenue

Case Study Improving the Performance of Skill International
Words: 1505 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17127535
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Skills International School: Case Study/Case Study: Improving the Performance of Skill


Mission Statement

Distributed Leadership

Fundraising Ideas

Communication plan (To Staff And Parents)

Philosophy of staff development and retention

This paper is a case study on issues that concern Skill International School leadership. Its major aim is to analyze the major approach employed in school leadership for complete improvement that lead to academic success. In an environment that is decentralized, school districts are adopting varied approaches to school leadership cooperation and distribution. They do this with the aim of responding to the pressures that emanate from ebbing school resources and enrolments (Hargreaves et al., 2007).


The Skill International School has the lowest performance in the municipality, Title 1 school (89% receive reduced or free lunch), very high staff/faculty turnover ratio, and very low support from PTO/PTA organizations. There is a great need to build on innovative ideas for…


BSR. (2015). School Principal Resume. Retrieved on 7th October, 2015 from 

Dickinson, B. (2013). How to Prepare a Parent Teacher Communication Plan. Member Hub. Five Points Solution, Inc. Retrieved on 7th October, 2015 from 

Exforsys. (2006). Sample Resume -- Principal Resume. IT Training and Consulting. Retrieved on 7th October, 2015 from 

Jeff Career Approach. (2015). School Principal Resume Sample Two. Retrieved on 7th October, 2015 from

Why Ethics is Important at Universities
Words: 1545 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16659740
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Higher Education and Ethics

Higher Education is a realm of academic life that requires ethical parameters -- a framework by which all members and stakeholders of institutions within this sector voluntarily utilize so as to achieve a common goal. That goal enable leaders in Higher Education to assess the right way forward and the core principles or values that should govern decision-making and various activities within the institutions. Ethical guidelines can be a significant tool of governance towards a better quality of life within the Higher Education realm, therefore it is essential that a substantial understanding of the role that ethical governance plays in Higher Education be achieved. This paper will discuss Higher Education ethical governance and how leaders assure ethical procedures are in place within their institution.

Higher Education Institutional Governance

Institutional governance is very important when it comes to higher education, because it not sets the bar in…


Committee of University Chairs. (2015). The Higher Education code of governance.

Retrieved from 

Council for Industry and Higher Education. (2014). Brunel University West London.

Retrieved from

St Jude Children's Research Hospital
Words: 489 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 79237709
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Survival rates of patients at the St. Jude Children's esearch Hospital for many of the cancers treated there are significantly higher than in other hospitals, which is another highly favorable outcome (SJCH 2010).


As previously detailed above, St. Jude Children's esearch Hospital manages to put eighty-one cents of every dollar raised by ALSAC to direct use in treating patients at the hospital and researching new treatments (SJCH 2010). This makes the organization one of the most successful and efficient both as a charity and in the hospital/medical research field. Volunteer efforts help to minimize costs, and streamlined administration with a clear dedication to the true and full mission of the hospital contribute to the hospital's efficiency.


In 2004, fundraising efforts got a significant boost from a new program of celebrity endorsement called the Thanks and Giving program; as with previous fundraising efforts, the money was put to immediate…


SJCRH. (2010). "Public information guide." Accessed 17 February 2010.

Leadership in the Girl Scouts Before Becoming
Words: 1702 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21252877
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Leadership in the Girl Scouts

Before becoming involved as a Girl Scout Leader, I would have minimized the amount of leadership necessary for the position. ather than being a true leader, I envisioned that a Girl Scout Leader would simply be the person organizing Scouting activities. What I did not realize is that leading a Girl Scout troop is a true exercise of one's leadership skills. After all, a Girl Scout troop leader must lead not only girls, but also the other parents in the group. Moreover, while troops are generally organized by age, they generally contain girls with a variety of backgrounds and experiences, so that the skills necessary for leading in one scenario are not the same ones required for leading in another scenario. Therefore, while I had hoped to be a transformational leader when I began my role as troop leader, inspiring each of the girls to…


Cherry, K. (2011). Transformational leadership: what is transformational leadership? Retrieved

April 18, 2011, from website: 

Girl Scouts of the United States of America. (2011). Girl Scouts cookie program. Retrieved from 

Girl Scouts of the United States of America. (2010). Safety tips. Retrieved from

Business Management Re-Managing the Past
Words: 2244 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73716513
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Bringing in a larger number of outside vendors -- perhaps contractually obligated to the convention to provide part of their proceeds to the convention in the form of donations -- could improve the donations secured by the organizers for the convention, all the while encouraging competition and expanding the array of products and merchandise available to attendees of the convention.

Solution #3: Technology with a grain of salt

In their haste to incorporate new technology into the 2000 Democratic National Convention, organizers may have bitten off more than they could chew. Previous conventions were successfully run without such an extreme reliance and integration of telecommunications and Internet solutions into the basic structure of the convention. This suggests that the success of the convention is not a function of the available computing power of the organizers. ather, the success will be based on successful management of the event.

With late pre-planning…


Giroux, G. 2000, July, 'Los Angeles hosts Democratic convention', Campaigns & Elections, vol. 21, no. 6, p. 8.

Jacobson, L. 2000, August 3, 'No panic among the button pushers', National Journal, vol. 32, no. 32, p. 2552.

Ray, D. 2000, August 7, 'Who is pulling the levers?', Insight on the News, vol. 16, no. 29, p. 14.

Solomon, B. 2000, August 19, 'They spoke, we're late', National Journal, p. 2653.

Non-Profit CAFR Nonprofit Accounting Is Based on
Words: 1384 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55748072
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Non-Profit CAFR

Nonprofit accounting is based on the fund accounting, making it very complicated and different from for profit accounting. Fund accounting financial statements are divided into government wide, proprietary, and fiduciary statements. Nonprofit actually has three sets of financial statements compared to one set of financial statements for a for profit entity. Government wide statements basically cover the operations of the government in general. The government wide statements are the ones that are basically the same as for profit financial statements, except they are done differently. Proprietary statements cover funds that are restricted for certain items, such as capital infractures. Fiduciary statements are funds the government is responsible for that are for held other entities, such as the hospital district.

Differences in Missions

There are key differences between non-profit and for profit accounting. (Nonprofit (Not-for-Profit) Accounting) The primary mission of nonprofit is to provide needed services to the community,…


Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. (2010, Nov 30). Retrieved from Cook County, Illinois:,%20Bureau%20of/Downloads/2010_CAFR,pdf 

Kieso, e. a. (2008). ACC 303/304/305 Intermediate Accounting I, II, & III. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Nonprofit (Not-for-Profit) Accounting. (n.d.). Retrieved from Accounting Coach:

Leading Change
Words: 1286 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 97698567
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Leading Change

Positive Change at the Library

One of the most profound change efforts I have been a part of took place shortly after I completed my undergraduate degree. My town's local library was undergoing severe budget cuts due to some decidedly impecunious actions on the part of civic leaders, who essentially squandered away my town's budget (for their personal gain) so badly that many of its programs were being cut due to lack of funding. It did notmatter that those civic leaders were facing criminal charges and possibly impending civil charges. For the time being, the library was facing some drastic changes that would involve a reduction of hours and the loss of its two principle librarians, both of whom were immensely popular with the townspeople and as congenial and as helpful as anyone could want them to be.

When news of the impeding changes were published in the…


Fitzgerald, S.P., Murrell, K.L., Miller, M.G. (2003). "Appreciative inquiry: accentuating the positive." Business Strategy Review. 14 (1): 5-7.

Yukl, G., Gordon, A., Taber, T. (2002). "A hierarchical taxonomy of leadership behavior: integrating a half century of behavior research." Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies. 9 (1): 15-32.

Hickman, G.R. (2010). Leading Change in Multiple Contexts. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publishing.

Teaching if I Had the Opportunity to
Words: 749 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30339081
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If I had the opportunity to teach a skill to someone else, I would show how to conduct fundraising campaigns for a worthy nonprofit organization. Once a leader in a nonprofit group has the skills and the experience he or she could use those skills to help raised needed funds.

We would start with some basic fundamentals. A nonprofit group should be incorporated so that donations people and businesses make can be tax-deductible. There are groups representing the American Bar Association in nearly every city in America and they offer a half hour free consultation to nonprofits. This is a good starting point for a group, to achieve the ranking of a 501(c)3, a federally licensed nonprofit corporation.

Benefit Concert

There are many ways to raise funds other than just asking for handouts or sponsoring a bake sale. A good starting point is to plan a community benefit concert.…

Ethical or Social Justice
Words: 3148 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8427475
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Aboriginal people are the Indians who live in Canada. Over the years, they have been characterized by poor living conditions, low social status, poverty, discrimination, and social injustices. Government organizations should be on the front ensuring proper treatment and social justice for the Aboriginal people. ed Cross is an example of non-profit organization, which seeks to improve the status of the Aboriginal people, regardless of their social status and with equal treatment to all, as discussed in the paper.

Non-profit organization aims at providing services to the public, while profit organizations aim at profit maximization. Public interest comes first, for the non-profit organization, rather than their interests. The ed Cross is recognized as the non-profit organization, and it is chartered by the U.S. congress. It provides services worldwide, and the general population during times of disaster and the workforce is predominantly volunteers.

ed Cross society

Nonprofit organizations have to be…


Journal of Education Controversy:. (1997). The Give Away Spirit.

Australia, N.L. (1992). Australian Public Affairs Information Service. Australia: National Library of Australia.

Ciconte, B.J. (2011). Fundraising Basics: A Complete Guide. Atlanta: Jonnes and Bartlett Learning.

Crooks, C.T. (2007). Engaging and Empowering Aboriginal Youth. Chicago: Trafford Publishing.

Obesity Prevention Marketing Plan Obesity Prevention Nonprofit
Words: 3245 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 4268443
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Obesity Prevention

Marketing Plan

Obesity Prevention Nonprofit Organizational Marketing Plan

The primary purpose of this report is to help investors understand the need for a program which will help reduce obesity throughout the UK and then less developed countries in Eastern Europe. The problem is that the environment that many developed countries have created for themselves advances obesity without intending to. There is also the danger among less developed countries, that are beginning to see some amount of prosperity, that they could have the same issues that the rest of the developed world is having (Hill, Wyatt & Peters, 2005).

The goal is to use a program that has been proven to be effective to make sure that people have the tools that they need to be able to combat obesity. The issue is that the predominance of obesity is among the poor and especially with women and children. Therefore,…


Arozian, M. (2003). Branding for nonprofits: How a community nonprofit can establish a presence among those it serves and those it depends on for support by linking its name to a very recognizable symbol. The Public Manager, 32(2), 9-11.

Barreto, R.A., & Hughes, A.W. (2004). Under performers and over achievers: A quantile regression analysis of growth. Economic Record, 80(248), 17-33.

Colls, R., & Evans, B. (2010). Challenging assumptions: Re-thinking the "obesity problem." Geography, 95, 99-104.

Frumkin, P., & Kim, M.T. (2001). Strategic positioning and the financing of nonprofit organizations: Is efficiency rewarded in the contributions marketplace? Public Administration Review, 61(3), 266-277.

Academy as Part of Its Attempt to
Words: 844 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65211972
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Academy, as part of its attempt to instill reflective learning in students has created the GOWTH program, a school, community-based program in which students who have interpersonal difficulties are given specific assignments to promote reflection and change. "Every student that serves a GOWTH lunch is required to do a GOWTH CENTE EFLECTION SHEET that consists of various questions and an apology letter. The purpose of the sheet is to allow students to reflect on the choice that they made, why the choice was wrong, how they could've handled the situation differently using better choices, and what they have learned from their experience" (GOWTH, 2013). Thus, relationships between students and deans are fostered via GOWTH; however there is no little direct family contact in the program -- the emphasis is on personal responsibility for the student.

The program is considered community-based given that it relies upon concepts of conflict diffusion embraced…


GROWTH. (2013). See All Academy. Retrieved:!deans 

Minutes. (2012). PTA. Retrieved:!__pta/minutes

Midterm Elections Reminded Us - If We
Words: 2610 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27500913
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midterm elections reminded us - if we needed reminding - that the United States is indeed a two-party country, with Democrats and epublicans capturing the vast majority of officers from the local to the federal level. However, even as this is the case it is also true that there are serious third-party candidates running for many of those offices.

This paper examines the question of whether the coverage of the three candidates running for governor in New York were fairly covered by the press and in particular whether Tom Golisano, running as a third-party candidate for the office of the governor of New York in the past mid-term elections, received an appropriate degree of coverage in the region's newspapers.

One of the important questions in American politics is why the two parties have so much power, in contrast to many nations in which numerous political parties are represented both in…


Florida District 15
Words: 1953 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27712981
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Political Savvy

inning the Election in Florida's 15th District

Running and winning a political campaign today has moved steadfastly from issues to an overwhelming focus on how much money a candidate can spend. In most political races, the dollars allocated to a campaign far exceed the salary that will be paid once the successful politician is voted into office.

ith this in mind, it is important to understand that in order to win an election in Florida's 15th district it is key that a campaign strategy is designed and expertly implemented. The strategy must focus on maximizing the impact of the candidates message to the people, generate as much frequency to voters in the district as possible and keep advertising costs to an absolute minimum.

Before we focus on the campaign it is important to analyze and understand the needs and trends of voters in Florida's 15th district. According to…

Works Cited

Complete Ed. Complete Campaigns. 07 Apr. 2003

Keena, J. Bradley. "Recalculating Campaign Finance." The World & I 01 Dec. 1998: 80.

Marshalling Black Voting Power to Increase African-American Higher Education." Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (1998): 94.

Pinkleton, Bruce E., et al. "An Exploration of the Effects of Negative Political Advertising on Political Decision Making." Journal of Advertising (2002): 13.

International Crime Terrorism and Organized Crime Trends
Words: 3182 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30816158
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International Crime, Terrorism, And Organized Crime Trends

Comparing contrasting topics international crime, terrorism, organized crime trends

This research has confirmed the possibility of close correlation between money laundering activities, Islamic terrorist fundraising, organized crime, and corruption of public officials throughout Brazilian Hizballah region. The organized crime networks and the Islamic extremists of Brazil must be examined in collaboration because they are connected to wider networks in Latin America zone and across the world. All the organized activities and terrorists in Brazilian Hizballah were facilitated by corrupt officials, which were driven by the benefits of lucrative criminal activities conducted such as business ventures by terrorists and organized crime groups. Consequently, there was a mutually beneficial association among the three sectors. In this study, Brazilian Hizballah will serve as a microcosm.


A number of free-Trade American regions with massive Middle Eastern populations permit organized crime mafias, Islamic terrorist groups, and corrupt…


Almeida, J. (2008). Brazil in focus: Economic, political and social issues. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Duyan, A., & NATO Emerging Security Challenges Division. (2012). Defence against terrorism: Different dimensions and trends of an emerging threat: [proceedings of the NATO Advanced Training Course on Defence Against Terrorism: Different Dimensions and Trends of the Emerging Threat - Terrorism, Kabul, Afghanistan, 23-27 May 2010]. Amsterdam: Ios Pres in cooperation with NATO Emerging Security Challenges Division.

Friedlander, R.A., Levie, H.S. & Lovelace, D.C. (2009). Terrorism: Documents of international and local control. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y: Oceana Publications.

Giraldo, J.K. (2007). Terrorism financing and state responses: A comparative perspective. Stanford, Calif: Stanford Univ. Press.

Crowd-Sourcing Service User Funding for Participation in
Words: 2829 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8451181
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Crowd-Sourcing Service User Funding for Participation in Educational Conferences

eporting on the Joint World Social Work conference held in Melbourne, Australia, Peter Beresford wrote, "There are fears that policymakers have lost interest in ensuring the users of care services have their voices heard" (2014). Social workers established the involvement of service users and carers as a key priority in social service, pioneering efforts to forward user involvement on an international level (Beresford, 2014). As a profession, social work has led service user and carer engagement in education, policy, practice, and research (Beresford, 2014). The long-term impact goal of these efforts has been to equalize relationships between service providers and service users as a means to tapping into their experiential knowledge for the purposes of fostering authentic co-production and improving service provision (Beresford, 2014).

That interest in these goals seems to waning or neglected was manifested by the attendance at the…


Anderson, A. (2005). The community builder's approach to theory of change: A practical guide to theory and development. New York: The Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change.

Beresford, P. (2014). Could Melbourne social work conference have done more for service users? The Guardian. Retrieved from 

Beresford, P. And Carr, S. (2012). Social care, service users, and user involvement. British Journal of Social Work, 43(4), 820-821. DOI: 10.1093/bjsw/bct093. Retrieved from 

P Beresford (2002). User involvement in research and evaluation: liberation or regulation? Social Policy and Society, 1 (02), 95-105.

Educational Challenges Spelled Out in Specifics
Words: 3347 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37702565
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diversity of learning styles and needs represented in a typical 21st century classroom. As the United States continues to see an increase in multi-ethnic, multinational populations, the children of immigrants that bring diverse cultures and ethnicities to American shores are represented in the classroom. This presents a serious challenge for the educator, since the diversity of students reflect a wide range of competencies, skills and levels of intellectual comprehension. Within the context of that diversity the instructor must embrace a pivotal 21st century learning challenge -- meeting the learning needs of students who may fall behind without one-on-one instruction and the learning needs of more advanced students seeking to surge ahead while many students in the classroom may be struggling simply to stay up with the assignments.

In order for students to reach their optimum level of academic achievement, the system must change and the philosophy of instruction must change…


Ashford University (2014). Assessment in the 21st century. Retrieved November 30,

2014, from .

Framework for 21st Century Revision. Creativity and Innovation.

Leston-Banderia, C. (2013). Methods Teaching through a Discipline Research-Oriented

Paul's Early Life Birth Upbringing and Early
Words: 1854 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94746152
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Paul's Early Life (birth, Upbringing, And Early Education)

Paul's early life can be dated back from 1-33 A.D. His upbringing comprised of being born in Tarsus of Cilicia, where he was raised under another name, Saul. He was raised in a Jewish, strict household. Because Paul was Jewish, he received abbinic training in Jerusalem from abbi Gamaliel. As he received his training, he also learned the traditions of the Pharisees. Later on in this period, Paul worked with the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem as well as adopting the Sanhedrin policies. The Sanhedrin were in opposition of the church and so was Paul. Including Jewish culture, Paul received immersion into Hellenistic culture of the era, which meant he went to the gymnasium, attended Greek dramas at the Amphitheatre, and was knowledge on the various schools of Greek Philosophy. Gamaliel taught Paul the Scriptures including the traditional lessons of the Pharisees. This meant…


GCU Media,. (2014). Paul Timeline. Retrieved 16 December 2014, from 

Greg, P. (2014). Paul through Mediterranean eyes: cultural studies in 1 Corinthians. International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 38(3), 163-164.

Parable,. (2014). Life Application Study Bible. Retrieved 15 December 2014, from

Polhill, J. (1999). Paul and his letters. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman.

Not for Profit Enterprises
Words: 707 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 21476766
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Budgeting and Finance

ne organization is the ASPCA, which is a registered charity. They are funded primarily through donations and they spend these donations to perform services that are related to animal welfare. The organization has its own shelter and offices but it also serves as a national branch that provides support for local SPCA offices around the country. It has very limited capacity to collect revenue through fees, and those fees typically do not cover even basic costs, so the organization relies fairly heavily on fundraising activities to meet its daily operational needs. Fundraising drives are often required for capital projects.

The ASPCA can apply a number of budgeting concepts and techniques to its organization. For example, there is the process of setting a budget. The incremental process reflects a means of budgeting that builds upon the prior budget, making adjustments to that budget to the next year, with…

One of the most important things in public and non-profit budgeting is making sure that the organization has the ability to meet its cash needs. It is important, therefore to have a sense ahead of time as to how much money it will need for the coming period, but also for it to know if there are any issues with expenditures. For example, at the ASPCA there are peak periods for the number of adoptions, and there are also peak periods for the number of animals that it takes in. Knowing these things can help to target when to fundraise.

Accounting (2015). What is incremental budgeting? Accounting Retrieved December 3, 2015 from

McNamara, C. (2015). All about financial management in nonprofits. Free Management Library. Retrieved December 3, 2015 from

Institution's Plan for Capital Campaign
Words: 1062 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64664208
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Capital Campaign in Higher Education

A capital campaign is defined as a targeted fundraising effort that normally takes place over a defined or set out period of time (Lysakowski, 2013). This is normally an intense effort on the part of the higher education institution to raise significant money for a given purpose and within the specified timeframe. Before a capital campaign can begin the purpose for the funds should be clearly outlined and the targets of the campaign determined. This will ensure that everyone is on board and they understand the role they have to play. Capital campaigns are normally initiated to fund extraordinary expenditures that an institution is not able to fund under normal circumstances. These might include the purchase of new equipment, renovating a building, building a new educational block, or expanding an existing facility. There should be an endowment portion added to the capital campaign goal. Institutions…


List, J. A., & Lucking-Reiley, D. (2002). The effects of seed money and refunds on charitable giving: Experimental evidence from a university capital campaign. Journal of Political Economy, 110(1), 215-233.

Lysakowski, L. (2013). What is a Capital Campaign, and When Do You Need One?, from 

Meyers, H. (2014). Capital campaign strategies you may be missing. from

Policy Reform to Promote the
Words: 7175 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 67566472
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In other, more charter-friendly states, there are multiple authorizers -- universities, state boards, even specially created bodies with expertise in charter school creation. The new bill before the state House and Senate will give the Board of Education an advising role on charter school applications prior to going before the local school board.

Patrick Henry School of Science and Arts opened Aug. 11, 2010 making it the 10th charter school to open in the state of Virginia since charter schools were allowed to open in 1998. However, if history repeats itself, Patrick Henry will have a bumpy road ahead. Including Patrick Henry only three charter schools are operating currently in the state of Virginia and Patrick Henry is the only one operating in the city of ichmond. At one time there were nine charter schools in Virginia, but most of them closed due to financial reasons. (citation)

According to the…


Lawrence F. Garrison, & Mitchell Holifield. (2005). ARE CHARTER SCHOOLS EFFECTIVE? Planning and Changing, 36(1/2), 90-103. Retrieved December 17, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 877541691).

CHARTER SCHOOLS: LESSONS in SCHOOL REFORM [review of the Charter Schools: Lessons in School Reform. (2005). Harvard Educational Review, 75(3), 341-343. Retrieved December 17, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 920579091).

Victoria Benning. (1998, October 15). Fairfax Studies Charter School Plan; Measure's Guidelines Allow Only Special-Need Applications: [FINAL Edition]. The Washington Post, p. B05. Retrieved December 17, 2010, from ProQuest National Newspapers Premier. (Document ID: 35117762).

Kraft, M. & Furlong, S. (2007). Public Policy: Politics, Analysis, and Alternatives.

Children's Defense Fund Approach Statement
Words: 622 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Business Proposal Paper #: 6111391
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Children in urban areas may lack support for physical education, because of the absence of safe places to play in their environments. While the contributing factors to obesity may be the same -- too many calories and not enough physical activity -- the reasons that an activity and caloric balance occurs must be addressed locally, and not in a generic fashion.


Within six months: aise awareness about the organization. Contact local, state, and national leaders. Touch base with leaders who are sympathetic to the goals of the organization. Disseminating the message of obesity reduction through public service messages as well as replicating existing programs and advocacy messages will be part of the organization's efforts to make connections with sympathetic leaders.

Within a year: esearch and target critical programs and initiatives that will become the focus of fundraising of the organization.

Ongoing, but within a year to six months to…


Edible schoolyard. (2010). Official website. Retrieved October 27, 2010 at 

Fast food near schools means fatter kids. (2009, January 10). Reuters. Retrieved October 27,

2010 at 

Hellmich, Nina. (2010, January 20). Michelle Obama to launch initiative fighting childhood obesity. USA Today. Retrieved October 27, 2010 at

Golda Meir's Multinational Upbringing Along
Words: 1531 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47483373
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Although the issue of women's liberation is a topic many nations, including estern nations, has faced, the topic, according to AbuKahlil, is even more controversial and sensitive in the Arab world. The two most problematic aspects of the subject revolve around the interpretations of Islam and the legacy of what

Leila Ahmed calls "colonial feminism."Colonial feminism, according to Ahmed, refers to the tendency of colonial officials in the region to raise the banner of women's liberation in the Arab/Muslim world while these same officials take misogynist stances in their own countries. It refers to the exploitation of the women's question by colonial administrators for purely political purposes. This exploitation left the region with a legacy that allowed misogynist thinkers and clerics to discredit feminism by associating women's liberation with colonialism, Zionism, and even Freemasonry.

Meir offered a combination of threats to this cultural norm, being both a woman and Jewish.…

Works Cited

Axelrod-Contrada, J. "Golda Meir Israeli Pioneer and Prime Minister." Women Who Led Nations (1999): 14-31. Print.

"Golda Meir." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2011. Web. 17 Feb. 2011. .

Martin, Patricia. "Golda Meir." Golda Meir (2005): 1-3. Print.

Medzini, Meron. "Israel's Midwife: Golda Meir in the Closing Years of the British Mandate." Israel Affairs 14.3 (2008): 374-397. Print.

Tsiotsou R 2006 Investigating Differences
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 99147764
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Nevertheless, the findings seem interesting. The researcher missed, I believe the most interesting finding, which is that the two most important determinants -- the two most important factors -- in their decision to become a donor, is family income and personal income. Women listed as most important priority seating and then family income and then attendance, and then personal income. It is as if all men are sports fans -- they just need to have the money, and they'll do it. Women, on the other hand want value first and then they will consider whether they can afford.

I think the author of the study would have made a stronger study by diving up the motives from Influences. Motivescould have included such factors as seating access and attendance. This is the value sought. Then the Influences could have been listed, including income and past experiences, for example. The researcher could…


Alger N. 1969. A survey of fiind raising methods for intercollegiate athletics in the Western Athletic Conference. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Utah.

American Association of Fundraising Counsel. 2004.

Build -- History and Mission
Words: 1645 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 15461704
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ReBuild has little free cash at this point in its life and relies heavily on volunteers to sustain itself. As such, it must pay close attention to finding ways to raise more funds and improve communications without increasing the charity's cost structure. Social networking meets all of these needs.

It is recommended that ReBuild sign up for Facebook, at least in part because of that sites ability to allow ReBuild to accept donations. The charity should sign up for Twitter, to help promote events and announce newly arriving items. LinkedIn will allow ReBuild to become better connected with contractors and renovators in the area, bringing in more donations and more customers. As such, all three are recommended as methods for ReBuild arehouse to build a social networking presence.

orks Cited:

ReBuild arehouse website, various pages. (2009). Retrieved September 13, 2009 from

Ray, Sean. (2009). Social Network Benefits. eZine Articles.…

Works Cited:

ReBuild Warehouse website, various pages. (2009). Retrieved September 13, 2009 from 

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Goff, Karen Goldberg. (2009). Social Networking Benefits Validated. Washington Times. Retrieved September 13, 2009 from 

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UNICEF Diversity in UNICEF Diversity
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There are also challenges UNICEF faces as its diversity grows. The English requirement of its employees is necessary at this point to facilitate easy intra-organization communication; as the diversity of operations and volunteer networks grows, speakers of other languages will become more vital, yet difficult to find amongst English speakers. Non-English speakers will become necessary, and this will make communication more difficult for the organization.


"Employment." (2004). UNICEF Official Website. Accessed 27 August 2009.

eeves, B. "GW UNICEF festival raises awareness of child labor." The GW Hatchet. Accessed 27 August 2009.

UNICEF. (2009). Official Website. Accessed 27 August 2009.


"Employment." (2004). UNICEF Official Website. Accessed 27 August 2009. 

Reeves, B. "GW UNICEF festival raises awareness of child labor." The GW Hatchet. Accessed 27 August 2009.

UNICEF. (2009). Official Website. Accessed 27 August 2009.