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However, she admits the likelihood that her grief and distraction had prevented her from tending with the proper attention to her garden. She denotes that though she is not entirely certain that she believes the superstition applies in practical reality, she tends to communicate her feelings to her plants on a regular basis now. She feels a greater emotional connection to them now as she strives to keep her garden vibrant.
From my discussion with my neighbor, I actually found that the superstition had rendered an interesting condition in her. Namely, she has chosen to perpetuate the superstition not just based on an experience which suggested only a specious connection between death and her garden but perhaps based on the unconscious connection between the memory of her husband and the vibrancy of her garden. In this regard, it must be seen as a positive condition of belief for my neighbor,…
Phipps, N. (2007). Superstitions in the Garden Realm. Associated Content.
Somerville, C.A. (2009). Farming Superstitions and Superstitions About Plants. Associated Content.
Similarly, the niche audience will consist of members who typically eat at home, rather than those whose busy lifestyle leads more toward eating out. Thus, the niche audience for this message consists of financially comfortable people who do a household's shopping, are moderately concerned with their health, and who already enjoy buying and eating fresh produce at home.
Because this lifestyle message is targeting those who are at least moderately concerned about their health, it is assumed that they have a rather active lifestyle. Additionally, shopping at the market each week suggests that these people get out quite often. For this reason, the best media in which to present this media is a recorded radio commercial. The commercial should be short, to the point, and include the catchy slogan as well as facts regarding an organic lifestyle. By using this target audience and media for the lifestyle message, many will…
Does Epsom Salt Help in the Growth of House Plants?
Project Design Plan
The growth of house plants is a relatively complex process because these plants require various elements in order to grow. Some of these elements that contribute to the growth of house plants include water and some amount of sun light, which are crucial in the health and strength of house plants. Epsom salt has been regarded as an important element for the growth and health of plants because it contains magnesium and sulfur.
Problem Statement: Epsom salt could help a gardener to grow strong and healthy plants without using chemicals though the salt contains sulfur and magnesium. While all plants require water and a certain amount of sunlight in order to growth strong and healthy, gardeners are faced with the need to maximize plant growth as much as possible. As a result, some gardeners utilize different chemicals…
Bender, S. (2017). Are Epsom Salts Really Good for Plants? Retrieved July 24, 2017, from http://www.southernliving.com/garden/grumpy-gardener/are-epsom-salts-really-good-for-plants
Chalker-Scott, L. (2007). Epsom Salts. Retrieved from Puyallup Research and Extension Center – Washington State University website: https://puyallup.wsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/403/2015/03/epsom-salts.pdf
Hanna, M. (2012, December 30). Why is Replication So Important? Retrieved July 24, 2017, from https://honestuniverse.com/2012/12/30/why-is-replication-so-important/
Salt Works. (2017). Gardening with Epsom Salt. Retrieved July 24, 2017, from https://www.seasalt.com/gardening-with-epsom-salt
Tilley, N. (2016, November 27). Information About Using Epsom Salts for Plants. Retrieved July 24, 2017, from https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/garden-how-to/soil-fertilizers/epsom-salt-gardening.htm
Organic Agriculture, Gardening and Retail
Global Emerging Industry
The purpose of this work is to explore the feasibility of entering into the industry of either retail of organic food or perhaps the possible agricultural realm of the organic food industry. This work will examine all aspects of the organic food industry in brief as well as exploring the marketing possibilities as well as the financial report of a sampling of those doing business within this industry.
Organic food products are growing in terms of customer demand and that is good news for those in the business and indeed for those who desire to see this industry expand which will offer more choices in health wise consumption to consumers as well as providing employment for those who may be otherwise considered non-employable due to educational limitations and finally this industry may very well provide at least some of the…
10 Reasons to Buy Local Food (2004) [Online] available at: http://www.mariquita.com/articles/10reasons.local.htm
Whole Food Market Investor Relations [Online] located at: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/investor/fiscal04highlights.html
United States Department of Agriculture (2004) (USDA) News Release No. 0423.04[Online] available at: http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/p/s.70a/7010B?contentidonly=true& ; contentid=
Whole Foods Market: Our History [Online] available at: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/company/history.html
Dibsa should turn towards the market-based pricing strategy, which sees the implementation of competitive prices for the 3-in-1 Lawnmower. The selection of this combination of strategies would generate several impacts upon the company, but most of them would be obvious at product lifecycle level. In this order of ideas:
The sales revenues would be significantly high throughout the first six months and they would allow the company to cover for the large costs incurred in the manufacturing of the product as well as register profits; they would however decrease with the implementation of the market pricing strategy and the 3-in-1 Lawnmower would metamorphose from a star product into a cash cow
The costs incurred in the manufacturing of the new lawnmower have already begun to decrease and will continue to do so; the actual impact of the pricing strategy is limited, with the specification however that these costs will not…
Berman, K., Knight, J., Case, J., 2006, Financial Intelligence: A Manager's Guide to Knowing what the Numbers Really Mean, Harvard Business Press
Bolander, S.F., Gooding, C.W., Mister, W.G., 1999, Transfer Pricing Strategies and Lot Sizing Decisions, Journal of Managerial Issues, Vol. 11
Drudy, C., 2004, Management and Cost Accounting, 6th Edition, Cengage Learning EMEA
Goetz, Jr., J.F., 1985, the Pricing Decision: A Service Industry's Experience, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol. 23
Elisa Allen is the protagonist of John Steinbeck's short story “The Chrysanthemums,” and Louise Mallard is the protagonist of Kate Chopin's “The Story of An Hour.” Both Elisa and Louise are products of their social and historical contexts, particularly when it comes to gender norms. Elisa and Louise are passive protagonists, because patriarchy has stripped them of political agency. By creating passive protagonists in their respective short stories, Steinbeck and Chopin make powerful social commentary about the role of women in their private and public lives.
Both Elisa and Louise feel stuck in their marriage, but perceive liberation as impossible within the confines of their culture. In both short stories, nature symbolizes wasted potential. For example, Elisa is capable of so much more than gardening: "The chrysanthemum stems seemed too small and easy for her energy," (Steinbeck). Similarly, Louise realizes that she has wasted her life when she sees nature…
Do not sit on the bottom of the tub, this causes too much bending of the hip. Use liquid soap to avoid dropping the bar of soap. A long-handles bath sponge will help in bathing below the knees."
The necessary precautions for the post-operative housekeeping process, according to the Center for Patient and Community Education (2009), "sit for rest breaks as needed. Slide objects along the countertop rather than carrying then. Use a utility cart with wheels to transfer items to and from the table. Attach a bag or basket to your walker or wear a fanny pack to carry small items. Use a long-handled reacher to reach objects on the floor. emove all throw rugs and long electrical cords to avoid tripping in your home. Watch out for slippery/wet areas on the floor." (Center for Patient and Community Education, 2009) Certainly watch out for slippery floors if pets are…
Case-Smith, J. (2003). Outcomes in hand rehabilitation using occupational therapy services. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 57, 409-506
(2009) Center for Patient and Community Education in association with the Department of Outcomes Management and the Communications & Marketing Department at California Pacific Medical Center. http://www.cpmc.org/learning/documents/rg-thr-home.html
Cipriano, L.E., Chesworth, B.M., Anderson, C.K., & Zaric, G.S. (2007). Predicting joint replacement waiting times. Health Care Management Science, 10(2), 195. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/227985557?accountid=13044
Cleveland Clinic (2011) Total Hip Replacement. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/hip_replacement/or_overview.aspx
marketing plan for an online lawn care company. The writer provides information about products, services and other objectives of the company. It performs a SWOT analysis as well and provides target markets and other important features that are needed to launch and maintain a successful business.
The company is called, Complete Lawn Care.
This name was chosen for several reasons. The first reason it was chosen was because it indicates to the public what it is the company does. It will provide complete lawn care products to its customers that can be shipped once they have been ordered online.
A second reason it was chosen is because the word Complete falls at the beginning of the name and that places it at the front of alphabetized things such as phone book, Internet searches etc.
The name Complete Lawn Care Products indicates the customer does not need to go elsewhere for…
Leadership Learning & Development
The reorganization of a business can take many forms. One of the most crucial areas for reorganization when expanding a business, buying a new business, or even restructuring because of bankruptcy, is to focus the new management team and to incorporate viable solutions for leadership learning & development protection. This report aims to draw up a management development program, devise a program that ensures that the learning needs of the organization are met in a sound and reliable strategic plan and illustrate how a well formatted strategic plan can tie in the objectives associated with learning and development planning.
In addition, the report must also justify the management development program including the strengths and weaknesses of this type of program. By explaining the importance of learning and development in the strategic direction of an organization, the management team is more likely to successfully evaluate what…
Ciulla, Joanne B. (1998). Ethics, the Heart of Leadership. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishing.
Daft, Richard L. (1997). Management (4th ed.). New York, NY: The Dryden Press.
Dew, John R. (1997). Empowerment and Democracy in the Workplace: Applying Adult Education Theory and Practice for Cultivating Empowerment. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Durgee, Jeffrey F., Gina Colarelli O'Connor, and Robert W. Veryzer. (1996) Translating Values Into Product Wants. Journal of Advertising Research. Vol. 36.
social media plan a company organization. There restrictions company choose. The organization a small company (a local company a modest web presence ) a larger company, plan replicate company, choose a company room improving social media strategy.
Social media plan for Home Depot
Home Depot is one of the favorite stores of the American population, having established a powerful name within the communities. The company also operates outside the United States, through stores located in Mexico, Canada and China. The format of Home Depot is that of large size stores, where customers can buy virtually any home related products, including gardening tools, furniture or remodeling materials.
The success of the organization is due to a multitude of elements, such as the positive relationship established with the customer, the strong financial results obtained by the firm, the powerful managerial model, the strength of the brand or a powerful internal culture (Davila,…
Davila, A., Epstein, M.J., Manzoni, J.F. (2010). Performance management and management control: innovative concepts and practices / Emerald Publishing Group.
Evans, D. (2012). Social media marketing: an hour a day. 2nd edition. John Wiley and Sons.
Hines, K. (2012). Pinterest business accounts: the definitive guide to getting started. Social Media Examiner. http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/pinterest-guide-business-pages/#more-30199 accessed on December 13, 2012
Zarella, D. (2009). The social media marketing book. O'Reilly Media Inc.
Small business management principles are important considerations in relation to a landscaping or gardening business. Like other small businesses, an owner or manager of a landscaping business must have a clear understanding of entrepreneurialism, business plans, legal aspects of business in the United States, finance, and pricing. An understanding of these concepts can help the landscaping business owner overcome many of the potential setbacks of small business, and help them enjoy the rewards that come with running a small business.
Entrepreneurialism is an important concept for the manager of a small landscaping business to understand. The Global Entrepreneurship Institute defines entrepreneurialism as a person who wants to start his or her own business, as well as finding new opportunities for business and expansion at the same company. Some of the traits of entrepreneurialism include risk-taking, and personal management of that risk. Innovators, small business owners, and executives can be seen…
Business Town. WHY PLAN YOUR Business? 25 April 2004. http://www.businesstown.com/planning/creating-why2.asp
Find Law. Torts. http://sv.biz.findlaw.com/legal/tort.html
Global Entrepreneurship Institute. Entrepreneurship. 26 April 2004. http://www.gcase.org/gcase.org-Entrepreneurship.htm
McNamara, Carter. Legal Forms and Traditional Structures of U.S. Business Organizations. 25 April 2004. http://www.managementhelp.org/org_thry/forms.htm
Nestle Scientists Find Method to Cut Sugar in Chocolate by 40%
Scientists have invented some new alternatives that can be used in place of sugar but still have the same palatability, appearance and preservative power as the original, natural sweetener. his INNOVAIVE discovery will hopefully be embraced by several SUCESSIVE SEGEMENS of consumers, beginning with EARLY ADOPERS and then spreading out to more reluctant LAGGARDS. Producers of candy such as Nestle are seeking an edge upon their competition…
This smart garden turned me into the laziest gardeners ever
EARLY ADOPTERS with green thumbs who have a favorable attitude to SCIENCE are always seeking to find better ways to grow their gardens. Gardeners with EMPATHY may feel sad when the plants that they have carefully cultivated die. This is where Click and Grow Smart Garden can be useful. This INNOVATION lets ADOPTERS grow plants with minimal effort. The device specifically alerts the gardener when plants need water. It is plugged into a power source. It also includes a plastic tank that the gardener can fill with water and a cover to insulate the garden. The gardener can plant the included plant capsules in the garden's smart soil. Despite its INNOVATIVENESS, there are fears that gardeners whom the manufacturer CHARACTERIZES as LAGGARDS will feel that the machine takes away the pleasure of caring for a plant and reduces gardening to and preprogrammed electronic gadget.
Al Sadeem Garden Landscape is a company that provides landscaping, gardening and maintenance services to a variety of clients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This case study provides a strategic analysis of the company, with specific attention to the operational history of the company, its internal and external environments, as well as successful strategies. The case study also identifies the challenges facing the company and provides recommendations for overcoming the challenges. The case study was compiled based on secondary data.
Al Sadeem was established in 2014 with the aim of providing landscaping, gardening and maintenance services to small, medium-sized and large organizations in the UAE. Though the company has experienced fairly impressive growth in the two years it has been in existence, it faces significant challenges relating to marketing and financing. Based on a careful analysis of the company's internal and external environments, this case…
In Jamaica, like many other physicians abroad, Sloane collected specimen; later, he acquired the collections of others. Among the botanical material in his collection were exotic plants and bird skins, "unique albums of Durer's prints and drawings" "a vast library of manuscripts and printed books" (Geographical 2003 26+,the second two items of which probably contained abundant botanical engravings.
Not all of the items Sloane collected survived. One that id, however, was cocoa, which he brought back to England and "marketed shrewdly as a medicinal drink valued for its 'Lightness on the Stomach'" (Sterns 2003 411+). The financial incentive was strong in many of the collectors, although with Sloane, it also had a practical side as he went in search of remedies. In 1712, for example, Sloane became keen to purchase the collection of the German physician, Engelbert Kaempfer. A chapter of Kaempfer's book, Exotic Pleasures, mentioned a number of Oriental…
Bell, Susan Groag. 1990. Art Essay: Women Create Gardens in Male Landscapes: a Revisionist Approach to Eighteenth- Century English Garden History. Feminist Studies 16, no. 3: 471-491.
Claude Aubriet www.rhs.org.uk/.../pubs/garden0603/library.asp
Eighteenth century textiles, http://www.costumes.org/tara/1pages/USITT4.htm
Fara, Patricia. 1998. Images of a Man of Science. History Today, October, 42+. http://www.questia.com/ .
Apart from what an individual does for a living, which usually takes up only about 8 hours a day, he also finds time to do some other work. This is really what he often wants to do, but since this job does not get him enough money for a living, he usually takes it up as a part time activity in which he has a lot of interest. Naturally due to his own personal interest, he also develops a lot of knowledge about the matter.
Having a hobby is something which humans have been associated with for a long time and thus it can be seen in many areas related to humans. Let us look at some of them, as there may be other hobbies also that are not listed here. Some hobbies are animal-related and can be further broken down into beekeeping, dog breeding, herpeto-culture, animal fancy meaning…
Coin Collecting Faq: What's It Worth? Retrieved from http://www.telesphere.com/faq.html Accessed 6 October, 2005
Coin collecting news, information and commentary. 5 October, 2005. Retrieved from http://coincollector.org / Accessed 5 October, 2005
Coin collecting. Retrieved from http://www.worldhistory.com/wiki/C/Coin-collecting.htm Accessed 6 October, 2005
List of hobbies. Retrieved from http://www.worldhistory.com/wiki/L/List-of-hobbies.htm Accessed 5 October, 2005
These are shaped by real conditions.
I use my lawn for recreational activities and fear that this would impede on these.
Special breeds of grass can be used to create lawns and recreational spaces that carry the characteristics of a traditional lawn.
I am afraid that it would be too costly to create a specialized garden.
Argument from Ignorance
A xeriscaped garden will ultimately reduce the amount of waste which is produced by the use of water, fertilizers or pesticides. It will also reduce the amount of money spent on these resources. The xeriscaped garden will actually be far more cost effective in the long run.
I don't want to be limited in plant choices for my landscape.
Base Rate Fallacy
The assumption that xeriscaping limits plant choices to the extent of being undesirable is only…
California Department of Resources, Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle). (2003). Xeriscaping. CA.gov.
Teamwork is highly valued at Spectrum, and a matrix structure would exploit this advantage in a flexible and effective manner. A matrix structure also reduces costs, because it allows top talent to be shared between divisions: "because key people can be shared, the project cost is minimized" (Matrix organization, 2010, VisitAsk). The disadvantage to a matrix structure is the diffusion of responsibility. Shared authority and responsibility can reduce accountability -- although it can inspire a corresponding increase in innovation. The greater bureaucracy of a multidivisional firm, in contrast, seems less well-suited for the current market environment and the company's desire for greater flexibility in its approach.
Three examples of potential communication problems: Correctives
Matrix structures are hardly problem-free, of course. There can be confusion regarding who is in charge -- the project manager or functional manager -- regarding specific decisions. While matrix teams may make use of shared synergies, there…
Hoskisson, Robert E., Charles W. Hill, & H. Kim. (1993). The multidivisional structure:
organizational fossil or source of value? Journal of Management. Retrieved August 3,
2010 from FindArticles.co at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4256/is_n2_v19/ai_14561089/
Matrix organization and project management. (2010). VisitAsk. Retrieved August 3, 2010 at http://www.visitask.com/matrix-organization.asp
At the end of the 20-week study period, total weights will be tabulated and compared across treatments (fertilizer type). Analysis will also consider whether type of vegetable impacts results. Journals will be examined for gardening care and experience, and results may be re-analyzed to exclude outliers or other unexpected events.
What are the limitations to your experiment?
Vegetable yield can vary by a number of factors, of which fertilizer type is only one. The randomization of treatment type should minimize underlying differences between intervening variables such as volunteer efficacy, initial plant condition, initial soil condition, etc. Moreover, the analysis of results will use the weekly journals in order to control for outside factors. Still, we should use caution when attempting to generalize results from a limited sample over a single growing season.
This research design also relies heavily on self-reporting from participants. Thus, results are subject to measurement error and…
"She relaxed limply in the seat. "Oh, no. No. I don't want to go. I'm sure I don't." Her face was turned away from him. "It will be enough if we can have wine. It will be plenty." She turned up her coat collar so he could not see that she was crying weakly -- like an old woman" (Steinbeck).
There are a number of fairly eminent points to be made about this quotation -- the first of which is that Allen's husband has taken her away from her source of power -- her garden. Away from that source, she is described by imagery that is rather enervating and in opposition to the vivacity she previously personified. The imagery of her sitting "limply" and weeping "weakly" is strongly contrasted with the images of her cutting through plants and powerfully gripping handfuls of earth -- which symbolizes the source of her…
Budnichuk, Monica. "The Chrysanthemums: Exposing Sexual Tension Through Setting And Character." Universal Journal. No date. Web. http://ayjw.org/print_articles.php?id=647033
Hemingway, Ernest. "Hills Like White Elephants." Men Without Women. New York: Scribner's Sons, 1927. Online reprint. Scribd.com, 2011. Web.
Hashmi, Nilofer. "Hills Like White Elephants": The Jilting of Jig." The Hemingway Review. (2003): 72-83. Print.
Hunt, D. "Steinbeck's Allegory of the Cave: Deconstructing Elisa Allen in "The Chrysanthemums." Universal Journal. No date. Web. http://www.ayjw.org/articles.php?id=582962
Children in this program would learn practical skills needed to grow the plants. The food produced could be donated to the area families and to shelters, helping the participants develop the bond of commitment to their community. Furthermore, since gardening demands significant involvement in terms of time, children who participate in the gardening program would have less time to be idle or to participate in criminal activities.
The development of the last bond - belief - is a long-term goal, one that students achieve when they accept social values as their own. It is hoped that by helping to develop the bonds of attachment, commitment and involvement, Bowers Park After-school gardening program will nurture the growth of children who will grow into productive, well-adjusted citizens who develop the bonds…
The gradual decrease in income, eventual dependency on other people and the government for financial resource, lack of activities to do, and the onset of physical and/or physical limitations as a result of aging are known causes of frustration, stress, and even depression among elderly people who have retired (Blekesaune and Solem, 2005, p. 80). In the case of Mrs. a, she has not experienced these negative feelings or emotions as she had been flexibly and intermittently engaging herself in house-, family- and community-related pursuits. However, she did admit that her husband's death had been a pivotal point in her life, when she felt that she, too, must be with her husband because, as far as she is concerned, she has already accomplished what she was supposed to do as a "wife, mother, and woman."
Interestingly, with Mrs. a, work and retirement is not the conventional kind of retirement one…
Bassuk, S. (2002). "Socioeconomic status and mortality among the elderly: findings from four U.S. communities." American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 155, No. 6.
Blekesaune, M. And P. Solem. (2005). "Working conditions and early retirement: a prospective study of retirement behavior." Research on Aging, Vol. 22.
Kilminski, a. (2007). "Cumulative index of health disorders as an indicator of the aging-associated processes in elderly." Mech. Ageing Development, Vol. 128, No. 3.
Maciejewski, P. (2007). "An empirical examination of the stage theory of grief." Journal of American Medical Association, Vol. 297, No. 7.
In the novel The Stone Diaries by author Carol Shields, a young woman deals with the pressures of being expected to conform to gender binaries in western civilization. The theme of the story is shown early in the text when Shields writes, "Life is an endless recruiting of witnesses. It seems we need to be observed in our postures of extravagance or shame, we need attention paid to us" (36). Daisy's life is a reflection of how she is seen more than how she sees herself it seems which is odd given that her entire existence is a figment of imagination. In the story that Daisy tells, her own mother died during the process of giving birth to the infant Daisy, which may serve as a psychological basis for why death is such an all-consuming passion in her life. The birth was marked by death and so the…
Shields, Carol. The Stone Diaries. New York: Viking, 1994. Print.
Medieval Herb Gardens
In ancient medieval times, the omans created landscape gardens, as well as formal gardens. While the tradition of landscape gardens did not survive the fall of ome or the breakdown of the Western Empire, the tradition of formal gardens did survive in medieval monasteries, which were abbeys ruled by abbesses or abbotts.
However, while the omans' formal gardens focused on agriculture, the herb gardens in the monasteries concentrated on practical gardening. Still, the formal structure stayed the same.
Historians have not determined exactly what the early monastic gardens looked like. The earliest information about the appearance of monastic gardens comes from the plan of the monastery of Saint Gall, which was written in Switzerland in the 9th Century.
Saint Gall's plan revealed that these medieval herb gardens consisted of rectangular beds separated by narrow paths. This style of garden was dominant in Western Europe up until the…
Brookes, J. (1987). Gardens of paradise. New York: New Amsterdam Books.
MacDougall, Elisabeth. (1986). Medieval Gardens. New York: Dumbarton Oaks Pub Service.
Vignola began his career as an architect in ologna and supported himself by painting and making perspective templates for inlay craftsmen, later traveling to Rome to work and study. His talent and skill was utilized by the papacy, including Pope Julius III and the papal family of the Farnese. He worked with Michelangelo and was deeply influenced by his style.
It is believed that Cardinal Gianfrancesco Gambara commissioned Vignola to design the Villa Lante in 1566. The first casino was completed immediately, but the second one was not finished until after 1587 when the Cardinal passed away. The two casini differ mainly in the style of frescoes. The first casino uses a riotous highlight of color used to highlight the architecture, while the second casino was done in a more classical style of fresco and plaster sculpture combination.
The gardens of the Villa Lante incorporate water features in "a visual…
Coffin, D.R. 2003. Pirro Ligorio: The Renaissance Artist, Architect, and Antiquarian. Pennsylvania: Penn State Press.
Lees, Frederick. 1997. The Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte. Architectural Record. pp. 413-433.
Pater, Peter. 1976. Renaissance Rome. California: University of California Press.
Rogers, Elizabeth Barlow. 2001. Landscape Design: A Cultural and Architectural History. New York: Harry Abrams, Inc.
Additionally, participating teachers will be drawn from public schools in the same state to mitigate the possibility that geographic factors will intervene to too great a degree. That said, consideration will be made to distinguish the specific school districts, socioeconomic conditions and racial factors present in different schools. Without making any preemptive deductions, these preliminary details may be used to help yield evidence of connections which might be used for future study.
The Likert Scale model of survey will be distributed through the email listserv at participating schools, requesting respondents to rate on a scale of 1 to 5 to what extent they agree or disagree with statements provided in the survey. These statements will primarily concern the presence or absence of sufficient outdoor recreational opportunities and the connection between said opportunities and academic performance.
This would be considered a true experimental quantitative study, where a control and experimental group…
Brown, P.; Sutterby, J.A. & Thornton, C.D. (2002). Dramatic play in outdoor play environments. Parent Teacher Organization Today.
Burberry, J. & Learoyd, B. (2005). Leeds Childhood Obesity Prevention and Weight Management Strategy. Leeds Children & Young People. Online at .
Montessori, M. (1986). The Discovery of the Child. 4th. New York: Ballantine Books.
Office of Communications (Ofcom). (2004). Children's food choices, parents' understanding and influence, and the role of food promotions. Office of Communications. Online at http://www.ofcom.org.uk/research/tv/reports/food_ads/ .
S. production value. Exports account for approximately half this amount (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). Figure 2 portrays three views of bamboo. One: A bamboo forrest; Two: A bamboos shoot; Three: A bamboo grove walkway.
Figure 2: Three Views of Bamboo (adapted from Stickman).
As bamboo production levels have risen, the amounts of raw materials needed to facilitate the production have simultaneously increased. The bamboo industry in Anji predominantly harvests bamboo from plantations, as it primarily grows a fast growing and easily cultivated, bamboo species, locally known as "maozhu" or "moso bamboo" (phyllostachys heterocycla) (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). .
Currently in Anji, the cultivation of moso bamboo encompasses 60% of the forest area, with the percentage rising as plantations expand. Along with the hefty production of bamboo, the intense cultivation bamboo industry uses mammoth amounts of fertilizers and pesticides; which contributes to negative environmental effects. In reference to the bamboo production…
Applegate, Ed and Johnsen, Art. Cases in advertising and marketing management: real =
situations for tomorrow's managers Plymouth, United Kingdom: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007. Print.
Adhikary, Nripal. "Treatment Process." Abari Adobe and Bamboo Research Institute. 2009.
Web. Available at: . 09 October 2009.
Less need for more landfill space reduces the cost and resources needed to secure new landfill space. "Composting also extends municipal landfill life by diverting organic materials from landfills and provides a less costly alternative to conventional methods of remediating… contaminated soil." (EPA, 2008)
It is evident that the advantages and benefits of composting are quite substantial, and arguably outweigh the disadvantages or issues involved with the process. Nevertheless, the previously discussed issues can be impeding to achieving the full benefits of composting, and thereby need to be dealt with suitably. For a government intending to implement a mandatory composting regulation, it would be necessary for them to also ensure that all residents within the region are properly educated on the procedure. Also, the government would need to make appropriate arrangements for residents living in apartments, business owners who are not in charge of their building's waste management, and…
Brown, Sally. "ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS of COMPOST USE." BioCycle. June 2007 http://www.jgpress.com/archives/_free/001355.html .
CBS Broadcasting. "SF Mandatory Compost Law Is Food for Thought." CBS. 2 August 2009 http://cbs5.com/food/recycling.composting.sf.2.1039894.html .
Coker, Craig. "Environmental remediation by composting." BioCycle. December 2006 http://www.jgpress.com/archives/_free/001206.html .
Environment Canterbury. "Types of Composting Systems." New Zealand Government. 2 August 2009 http://www.ecan.govt.nz/Our+Environment/Waste/ReuseRecycleRethink/Composting/CompostingTypes.htm .
Thus, the garden may have produced only $2 but it was certainly valuable.
But the vines of lines are still wrapped tight around the fast food drive through lanes, making me convinced that this, too, must have some kind of value. Certainly, it is not valuable in terms of money -- although food producers make some of the highest profits because they can sell a meal that cost them $1 to make for $10. The value is, likely not in the taste either, as such food is generally pleasing but not delectable. Thus, the value must be in the convenience, in the knowing that there will be no dirty dishes, no complaining family members, no hours or minutes over a hot stove or a hot pot in the middle of an even hotter summer day. Perhaps value is as subjective as interests, hobbies, and personalities. Perhaps nothing can really be…
S., experts estimate the genuine number of incidents of abuse and neglect ranges three times higher than reported. (National Child Abuse Statistics, 2006) in light of these critical contemporary concerns for youth, this researcher chose to document the application of Object elation, Attachment Theories, and Self-Psychology to clinical practice, specifically focusing on a patient who experienced abuse when a child. Consequently, this researcher contends this clinical case study dissertation proves to be vital venture, which will contribute to enhancing research in the field of psychology.
For this clinical case study dissertation exploring Object elation, Attachment Theories, and Self-Psychology, along with researching information for the application of these theories to clinical practice, this researcher answered the following research questions.
What is Winnicott's elational Model Theory?
What is Bowlby's Attachment Theory?
What is Kohut's Self-Psychology?
How may components of these three theories be applied to the clinical case chosen for…
American Psychiatric Association, (2004). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Test Revised. Washington DC.
Blatt, S. (1974). Levels of object representation in anaclytic and introjective depression. New York: International University Press.
Bowlby, J. (1969) Attachment. Volume One of Attachment and Loss, New York: Basic
The different tastes in personal pleasure can be seen in the leisure industry as a whole. Some people seek out community service vacations, some seek adventure vacations, and other people simply want a nice, pretty beach and warm sun. All seek, I believe, to become better people, even if only simply through relaxation. My standards for happiness and my virtue ethics are less stringent than Aristotle's standards. So long as pleasure does not impinge upon the lives and productivity of native inhabitants, or the pleasures of others, varied quests in the pursuit of leisure are all honorable, from the vacationing volunteer in Dafur to the Disneyland tourist seeking to give memories to a child, and finding pleasure in the child's reactions to new sights and sounds.
Defense of Rule-Based Ethics." NYU Philosophy Homepage. Retrieved 29 May 2007 at: http://homepages.nyu.edu/~rpm213/philosophy.html
McLean, Donald & Yoder, Daniel. (2005). Issues in Recreation…
Defense of Rule-Based Ethics." NYU Philosophy Homepage. Retrieved 29 May 2007 at: http://homepages.nyu.edu/~rpm213/philosophy.html
McLean, Donald & Yoder, Daniel. (2005). Issues in Recreation and Leisure-- Ethical
Decision Making. New York: Human Kinetics Publishers.
Nussbaum, Martha C. (22 March 2004). "Mill between Aristotle & Bentham."
Women organized themselves into small teams formed along friendship and interest lines, and split the chores among them" (p. 69).
Fatima describes the women's gardens. The men's garden was quiet and formal. But in the women's garden, "each co-wife claimed her own little plot of land which she declared to be her garden, where she raised vegetables, hens, ducks, and peacocks" (p. 50). The women's gardens bustled with activity. Gardening was the favorite work of Fatima's grandmother, Yasmina, whose apartment was simple because she didn't "care about all that, as long as she could...have enough space to experiment with trees and flowers, and raise all kinds of ducks and peacocks" (p. 50) Yasmina also "took care of Tamou when she was sick..." Tamou had a nervous breakdown (actually, post-stress disorder) after her family was killed in the war. Yasmina "cared for her for months until she recovered" (p. 52).
Following is the plan that I intend to pursue in coming five years of my academic life. A s currently I am enrolled in Bachelors academic program, I intend to accomplish Master's degree in coming three years. Prior to applying for the postgraduate program, I plan to take up a job in a medium sized organization so as to gain some professional experience. This will aid in the development of practical know how regarding the organizational management field. Having gained an experience of a year in a management firm, I shall complete my thesis work for the postgraduate degree. Having successfully accomplished postgraduate level of studies, I then plan to pursue doctors in organizational development. Concluding, I intend to achieve highest possible academic degree in the field of organizational management with specific focus on organizational development (OD).
My personal goals are in consistency with…
MGMT895: Research Continuation
Live Concet Analysis
How Doing Good Makes Us Feel Poweful and Poweless at the Same Time
Design Activism vs. Design fo Social Change
The Awakening Consciousness of Designes 1960's
Thee has been lukewam inteest in public sevice design, social impact and design activism. But in most convesations, all othe designs wok to enhance the standad of living of the people; some of it must be activism. The agument is seldom boosted by the notion that achitectue has been impacted by intellectual movements and ats fo instance, modenism which fuels an idea of a evolutionay society. These movements had ideal poposals fo society's efoms. They wee elated deeply to commece and aesthetics as well (Jose et al., 2008). Conside the diffeence between modenism and activism fo that matte. The modenism idea states that people stand equals to each othe, while society became united in evey aspect fo instance uniting laboes,…
references and charitable habits of Generation Y, Generation X, Baby Boomers and Matures. Convio and Edge Research. (2010).
Boehnert, J. "In the Front Line," Creative Review, October 2008.
Borasi, G., & Zardini, M. (Eds.). Actions: What you can do with the city. Canadian Centre for Architecture. (2008).
Brown, T., Sklar, A., Speicher, S., Solomon D. And Wyatt, J. "Design For Social Impact," (New York: The Rockefeller Foundation, 2009), 80-81.
Cowan, G. "Street Protest Architecture," Bad Subjects, January 2004.
conservative orientation in Public Administration, a concern with order, stability and continuity. I'm not sure that's all bad."
The above statement addresses one of the central concerns - and in many ways the central paradox - of public administration, both in the practice and in the study of this field. A society that is overly resistant to change stagnates. A species that does not adapt to changing environmental and competitive conditions will decline and even become extinct; this is true of societies as well. There must be change, or there will be decline and death.
But just as lack of change can be terribly damaging if not lethal to a society, too much change can also be dangerous. Societies that prosper are those that allow for change within an established structure - and both the change and the structure are important. (This does assume, of course, that the structure is…
A. Elisa Allen is the protagonist of John Steinbeck’s short story “The Chrysanthemums.” Louise Mallard is the protagonist of Kate Chopin’s “The Story of An Hour.”
B. Both Elisa and Louise are products of their social and historical contexts, particularly when it comes to gender norms.
C. Elisa and Louise are passive protagonists, because patriarchy has stripped them of political agency.
Thesis: By creating passive protagonists in their respective short stories, Steinbeck and Chopin make powerful social commentary about the role of women in their private and public lives.
A. Topic Sentence: Both Elisa and Louise feel stuck in their marriage, but perceive liberation as impossible within the confines of their culture.
1. First concrete detail: Nature symbolizes wasted potential.
a. Elisa is capable of so much more than gardening: “The chrysanthemum stems seemed too small and easy for her energy,” (Steinbeck)
b. Louise receives her…
Where, he would portray himself as a staunch anti-communist that supported the ideas of liberty. Yet, when he had taken control of the country he immediately began to rule with an iron fist. This authoritarian rule and the way that Diem was able to single-handedly throw elections, would set the tone as to what kind of President he would be. Then, when you combine this with the fact that just 10% of the country was Catholic; and that the Catholics held a position of privilege in the country. Meant that the actions by Diem; would be seen as even more illegitimate by the people. This is especially troubling when the French had raised concerns about a rising uddhist threat, as 70% of the population was uddhist. These two elements allowed for the overall actions against the Diem government to increase during his reign as President. Where, both the North and…
South Vietnam -- DCI Briefing. GWU. 1963. 21 Feb. 2010
Carter, James. Inventing Vietnam: The United States and State Building 1954 -1968. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Jacobs, Seth. America's Miracle Man in Vietnam: Ngo Dinh Diem, Religion,
and U.S. Intervention in Southeast Asia. Durham, Duke University Press, 2005.
Macy's Flower Show has been ongoing annually for over 60 years. Many special events and charitable events are held during and in conjunction with the show. Whether organizations are raising money related things, such as the Conservatory of Flowers in Golden Gate Park, or organizations are making donations to local areas throughout the cities involved in the show, Macy's Flower Show definitely has a big impact on local areas each year.
For many visitors to the shows from state-to-state, Macy's offers a gorgeous environment for shoppers to experience a gigantic indoor and artistic shopping environment, free of charge. Many charitable events cost visitors donations ranging from $5 up to $300, depending on what the donation is for, but the events offer a great deal of enjoyment for families each year and gives local area people something fun to do.
he shows usually go on for a few days in major…
The shows usually go on for a few days in major U.S. cities and start at the end of March and goes through mid-April. Visitors to the shows can walk through several floors of exhibits and displays on their own or can take a 20-minute guided tour.
Each event from city to city offers unique and different events. For example, at the 2010 Herald Square Show in New York City, the Macy's Flower Show offered the world's largest living history museum. Operated by the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, the historic show showcases the lives of the people who build and inspire America as a nation. The Colonial Williamsburg Pleasure Garden features herbs, ornamental plants and 18th century gardening tools.
Offering a unique display of history, artistic vision and charitable events, Macy's Flower Show is unlike any other flower show and can be counted on each year. People from across the United States visit the show to become inspired and to help area charities and events.
Large number of respondents will require large number of questionnaires to be given to the individuals and this would have high financial implications.
Due to the problem of fear of the information that if the Facebook members disclose will be used against them in future, I intend to guarantee them anonymity on any information given and confidentiality by ensuring no names or sensitive information is required in the questionnaires. On the time constraint, the questionnaires will be designed so that it takes small amount of time with few open ended questions. On the financial, the samples taken will be done randomly so that even if it's quite small compared to the whole Facebook membership, it will be representative.
Social networking is considered the as the manner of communication in the 21st century. It refers to the individuals grouping into groups…
hen economic conditions plummet, as they did in 2008, anti-immigrant sentiment may increase even more. Blaming immigrants is a popular pastime but it doesn't change the facts.
As America braces for a bruising round of political debate on the immigration issue, having a sense of which facts are accurate and which are myths will help both citizens and policy-makers. elfare reform and immigration reform policies can change the process for obtaining public benefits and obtaining legal status, respectively. But these differences will impact the economic sector only in minor ways. The bottom line is clear. Immigrants benefit the American economy in many ways, both obvious and subtle, both long-term and immediate, both as workers and as consumers. Those who favor a strong economic engine in the U.S. would do well to welcome our neighbors from around the world.
American Civil Liberties Union. 2002. Immigrants Rights: Immigrants and…
American Civil Liberties Union. 2002. Immigrants Rights: Immigrants and the Economy.
Available at: http://www.aclu.org/immigrants-rights/immigrants-and-economy
Anrig, Greg and Tova Wang. 2004. Immigration, Jobs, and the American Economy. The Century Foundation. Available at:
For example, one of the interesting points that grabbed my attention was Dill's discussion of gender relations among African slaves. Slave men and women had a more egalitarian relationship than free white men and women. That is because slave men did not possess the power and authority of free men. So, power is inherently corrupting? At least, this is what Dill's description of gender relations in antebellum America suggest.
I wish, as a professor of sociology, Dill could have made more direct relations with the present (describing history just for the sake of history is the job of historians). I also wish, she could have allotted as much space to the story of Chinese-Americans that she does to White, African-American, and Chicano families. But I still admired this essay because it powerfully tells how society often subjects women to double or triple burdens. In colonial and antebellum America, the society…
Andersen, M.L, & Collins, P.H. (2010) Race, Class & Gender: An Anthology, 7th Edition. Wadsworth Publishing.
The grass borders at Nymphenburg convey a sense of nature and freedom.
The spaces between the edges of the various rooms at Versailles are filled with baroque style patterns. The spaces between the edges of the various rooms at Nymphenburg are meadows of luscious and inviting grass. Nymphenburg has numerous benches, inviting the guest to sit and relax. Versailles has miles of walking space, but few places to just sit, by comparison. These features makes Nymphenburg a more inviting place for tourists. Versailles is more suitable for conducting formal discussions of state. Nymphenburg creates a sense of harmony and peace. Versailles captures the opulence of the wealthy at the time.
Both Nymphenburg and Versailles make extensive use of Greek statues as key features. The statues are used in many ways throughout the gardens. They are used to frame other portions of the garden, addition a sense of continuity and balance.…
Garden Visit. (2008). Nymphenburg garden designer. In History of Garden Design and Gardening, Chapter 3: European Gardens (500 AD-1850). Retrieved November 23, 2010 from http://www.gardenvisit.com/book/history_of_garden_design_and_gardening/chapter_3_european_gardens_%28500 AD-1850%29/nymphenburg_garden_designer
The seeking of salvation is an admission of ignorance while authority-based communication is an assertion of knowledge. The two are incompatible.
Instead, communication has to be understanding-based. All communication should recognize the suffering of the human beings and have the aim of discovering the nature of that suffering, to understand that suffering. Christians have heard it in the Prayer of Saint Francis, which reads: "..grant that I may not so much seek to be consoled as to console; to be understood, as to understand..."
Even secular thinkers understand this concept, as demonstrated by popular Personal Development guru Stephen Covey's principle of "Seek First to Understand, Then Be Understood."
In understanding-based communication, disagreements would no longer express judgment and authority, but trust and compassion. Trust that the other person has your best interests at heart and compassion for the other person who shares your suffering. Although doctrine and theology will inevitably…
Majesty and Meekness: A Comparative Study of Contrast and Harmony in the Concept of God, Craman.
Understanding Buddhism, Jacobson.
Buddhism and the Contemorary World, Jacobson
Beyond Ideology: Religion and the Future of Western Civilization, Smart
Though landscapers are not required to receive licensing in order to perform landscaping services, wee take great pride in the fact that we have obtained voluntary licensing and maintained our skills and knowledge in a way that allows to maintain ranking in the highest standards of the landscaping industry (BGH 2010). You can rest assured that we use only top-quality plants suited to the area, and perform our services with the highest dedication to quality and professionalism.
It is often assumed that something that is cheap cannot possibly be good. Many landscapers try to take advantage of this belief, and charge exorbitant prices for their services. Our services are provided at what we believe is a fair price, and for most projects our charges are far less than the industry standard. All materials and plants used are provided at cost, without any additional charges to increase our profits (and…
BGH. (2010). "Working with landscape professionals." Better Homes & Gardens. Accessed 11 November 2010. http://www.bhg.com/gardening/design/styles/working-with-landscape-professionals/
Mann, S. (2010). "The importance of landscaping." The Garden Blog. Accessed 11 November 2010. http://blog.behnkes.com/the-importance-of-landscaping.html
5-8). This demonstrates that while Jefferson highly prized his collection of books and his ownership of them, he also did not see education and access to it as a luxury afforded to the rich, or as a means of demonstrating wealth.
Following the death of his father, Thomas Jefferson was left the large estate on which he was born, and would eventually build his famous house Monticello on the same grounds (Hayes 2008; Schouler 2005; Malone 1986, pp. 11). There was a lot of life he had ahead of him before his grand estate was completed, however, and a great deal of education ahead of him as well. His upbringing to this point had provided him with a solid grounding as well as the beginnings of the philosophy towards education that would continue to develop and come to light for the rest of his life; the next stage…
References (Primary Documents)
Jefferson, T. (1781-2). Notes on the State of Virginia. Accessed 5 November 2010. http://etext.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/JefVirg.html
Jefferson, T. (1806). "6th Annual Message." Accessed 5 November 2010. http://etext.virginia.edu/jefferson/quotations/jeff1370.htm
Jefferson, T. (1810). "Letter to John Tyler." Accessed 5 November 2010.
Children in urban areas may lack support for physical education, because of the absence of safe places to play in their environments. While the contributing factors to obesity may be the same -- too many calories and not enough physical activity -- the reasons that an activity and caloric balance occurs must be addressed locally, and not in a generic fashion.
Within six months: aise awareness about the organization. Contact local, state, and national leaders. Touch base with leaders who are sympathetic to the goals of the organization. Disseminating the message of obesity reduction through public service messages as well as replicating existing programs and advocacy messages will be part of the organization's efforts to make connections with sympathetic leaders.
Within a year: esearch and target critical programs and initiatives that will become the focus of fundraising of the organization.
Ongoing, but within a year to six months to…
Edible schoolyard. (2010). Official website. Retrieved October 27, 2010 at http://www.edibleschoolyard.org/
Fast food near schools means fatter kids. (2009, January 10). Reuters. Retrieved October 27,
2010 at http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE5013LU20090102
Hellmich, Nina. (2010, January 20). Michelle Obama to launch initiative fighting childhood obesity. USA Today. Retrieved October 27, 2010 at http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/weightloss/2010-01-20-michelle-obama-obesity_N.htm
Former bestsellers, now in paperback, discounts on hardcover.
For those who prefer having hardcover books.
Allows price of Hardback to be within range of trade or PB.
More for gifts of collectibles.
Deep discounts at Amazon's outlet
All product categories
Deals dependent on close out, etc.
Designed to drive traffic to site on low e-commerce day.
Gift cards sent or emailed to anyone, anywhere
Keeping fiscal shopping with Amazon even if one cannot decide on a particular gift.
Gift cards are extremely popular in the contemporary gift giving market.
Also can be used as part of a wedding or baby registry.
Timed deals in all merchandise, changes every 4 hours.
Up to 70% discounts on many items.
People who like to shop; ex. HSN and ShopNBC types.
Sometimes great bargains, but one must check regularly to find them.
References Not Citied
Barnes, S. (2007). E-Commerce and V-Business: Digital Enterprise in the
21st Century. New York: Butterworth.
Barsh, J. et.al. (2000). How E-Tailing Can Rise from the Ashes. The McKinsey
Branching out into new sectors of retailing - Wal-Mart has become a major pharmacy, an automotive repair shop, and a grocery retailer. This is just one example of success. It demonstrates Sam Walton's vision of being the best retailer around. After a store expands physically and geographically, it must then expand in terms of what they sell by branching out and competing with other businesses.
The conventional retail business of Wal-Mart has been to sell discount and house wares and plastic goods, clothing, sporting goods, and toys. Other departments have include but have not been limited to stationary and office supplies, hardware, home improvement, paint supplies, arts and crafts, cosmetics and toiletries, shoes, books and magazines, greeting cards, and confectionery. Wal-Mart has also branched out into home electronics, automotive supplies, pharmaceuticals, jewelry sales, photo finishing, travel planning, along with home gardening. After that Wal-Mart moved into the grocery store business…
Caban, Jennifer. (2007). Financial Success of Wal-Mart. Retrieved July 23, 2010, from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/260675/financial_success_of_walmart_pg2.ht ml?cat=55
Carmichael, Evan. (2010). Wal-Mart - Sam Walton's Success Story. Retrieved July 23, 2010,
from Ezine Articles Web site: http://ezinearticles.com/?Wal-Mart-Sam-Waltons -
Most of our human society is guided by greed causing an imbalance in nature. Consumerism has led to an energy crisis and a pollution problem at the same time. At this rate it does not surprise me that most of our crucial energy sources are getting depleted. I believe in being a part of nature and accepting all its gifts. However my religion teaches me to give back as much as we take. The sooner people realize this; the easier it will be to solve our problems. I support a lot of environmental campaigns in my society. I have participated in various events organized by them which carried out cleaning operations in the neighborhood and their front yards.
Our family has had a garden since I was very young. It has been a part of my life and I would probably have a garden when I get my own house…
This image has lasted for nearly three thousand years but may now be in need of renewal. "God" may be longing for release from His immolation in the structure of our beliefs. To use a gardening metaphor, God has become pot-bound, fixed and constricted by the anthropomorphic, gender-biased, paternalistic image that we have projected onto Him. As Teilhard de Chardin suggested, we need to formulate a new image of God that is related to the phenomenal discoveries science has made about the new dimensions of the universe.
What have we done to God? The old image we have inherited from the Iron Age portrays God creating the Earth from a distance; God as something transcendent to, different from, creation and ourselves; God as male; God as fearful Judge, God as both punishing and loving Father. We have divided life into two - spirit and nature - and have lost the…
Edinger, E. (1985). Anatomy of the psyche: Alchemical symbolism in psychotherapy. La Salle, IL: Open Court
Edinger, E. (1996). The new god-image: A study of Jung's key letters concerning the evolution of the western god-image. Wilmette, IL; Chiron publications.
Goodchild, V. (2001). Eros and chaos: the sacred mysteries and dark shadows of love. York Beach, ME Nicolas-Hays, Inc.
Goodchild. V. (2006). Psychoid, psychophysical, P-subtle! Alchemy and a New Worldview. In Spring: A journal of archetype and culture, 74, "Alchemy." New Orleans, LA: Spring Journal Inc.
Custom Woodworks, Inc.
Overview of Small Business in America
Finding a definition of what is meant by small business can be difficult. Even the small business administration has difficulty agreeing as to what is meant by a small business. Currently, the small business administration considers a small business to be one that has fewer than 250 employees, or wholesalers whose annual sales amount to less than $5 million. For retail establishments, they must have less than $1 million a year (Blackford, 2003). This was the definition that has been used since 1953. However, 30 years later, of the size of businesses grew and the small business administration adjusted their definition to any firm with 500 or fewer employees. However, it also noted that an acceptable number of employees differed by industry group. etail sales only firms must have 100 or fewer employees to be considered in the small business category…
Arkansas Small Business and Technology Center (ASBTDC) (n.d.) Marketing for Small Businesses. Retrieved February 16, 2011 from http://asbdc.ualr.edu/business-information/4502-small-business-marketing.asp
Bassi, L., & McMurrer, D. (2005) What to do when people are your most important asset, Handbook of Business Strategy, 6 (1): 219-224.
Black, T. (2010). How to Improve Your E-Mail Marketing. Inc.com. Retrieved February 16, 2010 from http://www.inc.com/guides/2010/05/email-marketing-tips.html
Blackford, M. (2003). A History of Small Business in America. Chapel Hill University of North Carolina Press,
The garden was located at the back of the unit, and instead of watching television or aimlessly wandering the halls, I witnessed the residents spend hours tilling the soil, planting seeds, tending the young shoots, harvesting the fruits of their labor, and finally cooking and serving their creations. What can be more inspiring than knowing you can feed yourself and your friends? The change in their appearance was remarkable. Gardening and cooking was not just a hobby, it was a metaphor for their ability to regenerate themselves in mind and body.
My dream is to own my own restaurant, a place where all of the food on the menu is grown and raised on-premises. I would also like to employ members of the community along with professional hospitality staff to serve in the restaurant and tend the garden. My hero is Dan Barber, a man who has successfully united his…
In this regard, Norton points out that, "Once xeriscaping becomes an element of the community's identity, and citizens encourage a change in the tastes of their neighbors, a trend toward less water use and more native habitat might build on itself, providing increasing returns on a small investment. Investments such as this could pay increasing returns in lowering per capita demand for scarce resources and buffer the economy against shortages and rising prices" (2002: 265). Likewise, Vogel reports that because the technique can help to save water in all types of climates, xeriscaping has become increasingly popular in many regions of the United States.
In reality, xeriscaping is not a mysterious or difficult process, but it does require taking several principles into account that can help reduce water usage. First and foremost, the area to be xeriscaped must be regarded as an interrelated network of soil, plants and water. Despite…
Hepner, Ruth. 2006, October 11. "Selecting Drought-Resistant Plants." The Washington Times:
Hughes, Donald J. An Environmental History of the World: Humankind's Changing Role
in the Community of Life. London: Routledge, 2001.
Adult education [...] three major elements regarding the history of adult education that have had the greatest impact on adult education today. Three of the most important elements that still impact adult education today are the U.S. Department of Agriculture and The Land Grant Act (The Morrill Act) that helped form Land Grant educational institutions, and formed the backbone of the Cooperative Extension System formed in 1914, as well. Cooperative Extension services continue today in all the states, they are a large area of adult education in society, offering classes in everything from gardening to health, and often they are free. Next, is the Chautauqua Institution, and finally is the American Association of Adult Education, formed in 1926.
The Morrill Act, passed in 1862, helped create colleges in every state in the union. These colleges would teach the necessities of life at the time, including agriculture, mechanical arts, and homemaking.…
Hiemstra, R. (2009). An annotated chronology of landmarks in the history and development of adult education with particular reference to the U.S.A. Retrieved 30 Nov. 2009 from the Syracuse University Web site: http://www-distance.syr.edu/historychron.htm.
Merriam, S.B. And Brockett, R.G. (2007). The profession and practice of adult education: An introduction. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
022 million was registered in 1998 and the lowest of $308.670 million was registered in 2001
The operating expenses fluctuated between the high value of $24.745 million in 2000 and the low value of $15.737 million in 1998
The operating profit also fluctuated between $21.250 million in 1997 to a negative 17.591 million in 2000
The net income followed a constant descendant trend, decreasing from $12.368 million in 1997 to -$26.393 in 2001 (Keystone Workbook, Historical Common Size Income Statements)
elative to financial ratios, the following must be considered:
All ratios of operational analysis are larger than the industry averages, meaning that the company operates at high levels of quality and performance
With the exception of payable turnover and cash conversion cycle, all resource management ratios are superior to the industry averages, meaning that Keystone is fairly able to use its resources and transform them into money
Profitability ratios are…
Third is a series of passwords and personal information chosen by the customer. On top of this they guarantee customers that if they are victims of fraudulent activity on their Egg accounts, any losses are covered in full. "This has never happened," says Andrew. "There has never been any breach of internet security." ("- -- : Safety Net for" 2001:44)
Again internet and bank security are largely overexagertated yet they are occurring more frequently all banks and many other institutions are taking daily active precautions to reduce risk to customers and they are largely successful in doing so Electronic banking can take many forms. A recent trend that is a direct threat to banks is the development of e-money which takes the jurisdiction of stored financial value away from banks. The trend is growing as an alternative way in which to do online commerce transactions without utilizing bank systems including…
Figure 5 Online Banking and Ecommerce in Europe (Meyer 2006: http://www.dbresearch.com/PROD/DBR_INTERNET_EN-PROD/PROD0000000000196129.pdf )
Figure 6 Security Breech Experience is Rare in Europe (Meyer 2006:
As the largest mass merchandiser in the world, Wal-Mart's work in supply chain execution, research, and policies defines best practices for the broader high volume retailing industry worldwide. Wal-Mart is comprised of three operating segments including the Wal-Mart stores, Sam's lub and the International Stores. The typical Wal-Mart discount store as 50 departments or more and a few are offering groceries in addition to apparel, fabrics, stationery and books, shoes, house wares, hardware, electronics, home furnishings, small appliances, automotive accessories, gardening accessories, sporting goods, toys, and pet food. Wal-Mart moved into the Superenter retailing concept in the 1990s and has at this point 1,700 of these Superenters worldwide (Sampson, 2008).
These Superenters range in size from slightly over 90,000 square feet to 260,000 square feet. These are substantially larger than its normal stores, ranging in size from 90,000 square feet to 261,000 square feet. Wal-Mart also runs smaller…
Concentrating on supply chain efficiencies to support is primary messaging of its Low Price Everyday (LPED) value proposition, Wal-mart is differentiating itself by concentrating on the two most critical aspects that consumers consider when purchasing more commodity like products, which are price and availability. The general marketing strategy is to concentrate on what Wal-Mart calls the price value shopper, which comprises 16% of its total customer base, followed by brand Aspirational (29%) and price-Sensitive Affluents (15%). This segmentation strategy is how the company defines its strategic objectives for creating a demand-driven supply chain as well.
The value chain for Wal-Mart is integral to its overarching marketing strategy. Only by having a high enough level of inventory turns and logistics, supply chain and operational efficiencies can Wal-Mart support is LPED value proposition. Further, the role of each SuperCenter as a Distribution Center (DC) in the supply chain also underscores the other critical elements of the LPED strategy, which is to focus on price and availability over premium product or pricing positioning. Strategic marketing planning at Wal-Mart centers on the Price Value Shopper Segment, the majority of which are women who shop for their families whose household income (HH) is $40,000 or less per year (Birchall, 2008). Wal-Mart has successfully defined itself as a shopping strategy for making ends meet in the Value-Shopper segment and as a result has been able to sustain strong customer loyalty. In the customer segmentation discussion Wal-Mart's specific approaches to managing each segments' unique requirements is discussed. Market Strategy
The Wal-Mart market strategy concentrates on the Price Value Shopper segment as its top priority followed by the Brand Aspirationals who comprise 29% of their total sales. With the primary
It could be as simple as a high-five, pat on the back, praise, a kiss, or a hug. It could also be simple words and actions that could make her mom feel needed around the house since being needed gives the person a feel of being important -- a form of favorable stimulus.
To strengthen the independent behavior, Dorothy may choose to remove the aversive stimulus in her mom's environment. If it irritates Dorothy's mom to be looked over most of the day (aversive stimulus in this case) because it reminds her of her disability, she could be allowed to spend the whole afternoon by herself if she was able to go to the bathroom on her own. Her mom can also be allowed to skip a chore she dislikes, such as feeding the dogs (aversive stimulus in this case), if she was able to prepare their breakfast all by…
Santrock, J.W. (2005). Psychology (7th Ed.). McGraw Hill: New York.
Quelle is a company specialized in mail ordering. The company's website provides full information on the company's products and services, pricing, delivery and payment conditions. However, in my opinion, the main problem is the overall aspect of the website. The website is simply quite crowded. It is quite difficult for a new user to orient around the website and to find the items of interest to him.
Through this website, customers can purchase new or used cars, and bikes and scooters. The design is quite simple, the information is easy to access. The website is consistent in using design features and colors. All in all, this website is very easy to use for anyone.
egarding the issue of serious eCommerce websites that might be making mistakes, my opinion is that if an eCommerce website makes such errors, this is not a serious…
Company history (2008). Quelle. Retrieved August 30, 2008 at http://www.quelle.com/en/unternehmen/sicherung_firmengeschichte/2005/.
IBM Products (2008). IBM United States. Retrieved August 31, 2008 at http://www.ibm.com/products/us/en/ .
Altova Named to EContent's "Top 100 Digital Content Companies to Watch." Market Wire online. Retrieved August 31, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_pwwi/is_200212/ai_mark02049773 .
Selling Digital Content Resource Center (2008). Deitel & Associates, Inc. Retrieved August 31, 2008 at http://www.deitel.com/ResourceCenters/InternetBusiness/SellingDigitalContent/SellingDigitalContentCompanies/tabid/2428/Default.aspx .
In poor neighborhoods, overreliance on fast food, a lack of safe places to exercise, emotional depression, and cultural acceptance of a larger body type may be the cause.
Even in more affluent populations, however, there may be a history of poverty, such as an Italian-American family where they have been exposed to the cultural ideal of thinness, know that a normal BMI is healthy, but still remember grandma telling them to 'eat up that lasagna, chubby cheeks mean a healthy child.' The extent to which different influences create a complex behavior -- overeating and under-exercising -- and produce a medical condition (obesity) are hard to determine, and other cultural and biological variables that affect individual behavior can be hard to isolate. Exploratory research is necessary to arrive at a satisfactory, final study design that is more causal, focused, and specific in nature.
Do you agree with the Chamber…
In each individuals identified responsibilities, there is an aspect in which accountability is designated. In each instance, it will be this team member's role to keep others on task and moving according to the consult of scheduling.
3. At the start of the project, responsibilities and leadership roles have been distributed ensuring that every member is aware both of the steps necessary to complete the project and of the individual expectations pertaining to them within the scope of the project. In distribution, we would determine that the skills are present to suggest this plan is executable.
Likewise, based on the enthusiasm shown by all team members for entering into the context of the inner-city for project execution, it is fair to argue that the courage for proper implementation is present amongst us. The confidence also present is strengthened by the projection of schedule, which gives us roughly ten months across…